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Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047103/correction-to-adjacent-level-disease-background-and-update-based-on-disc-replacement-data
#1
I David Kaye, Alan S Hilibrand
This article was published and transmitted with the lead author's name listed incorrectly in the citation. The correct citation is, in full: Kaye, I.D. & Hilibrand, A.S. Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med (2017) 10: 147. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12178-017-9396-5 .
October 18, 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103156/treatment-for-recurrent-lumbar-disc-herniation
#2
REVIEW
Randall J Hlubek, Gregory M Mundis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recurrent lumbar disc herniation (RLDH) is the most common indication for reoperation after a lumbar discectomy. The purpose of this manuscript is to review the incidence, risk factors, and treatment for RLDH. RECENT FINDINGS: Patients who require revision surgery for RLDH improved significantly compared to baseline; however, the magnitude of improvement is less than in primary discectomy patients. Treatment with either repeat discectomy or instrumented fusion has comparable clinical outcomes...
December 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101634/understanding-the-hill-sachs-lesion-in-its-role-in-patients-with-recurrent-anterior-shoulder-instability
#3
REVIEW
Jake A Fox, Anthony Sanchez, Tyler J Zajac, Matthew T Provencher
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this study is to provide an update to the orthopedic field in regard to treatment of the Hill-Sachs lesion and anterior shoulder instability. The review highlights the most current knowledge of epidemiology, clinical evaluation, and surgical methods used to treat Hill-Sachs lesions. It also details the relevant clinical and surgical findings that have been made throughout the literature in the past couple of years. RECENT FINDINGS: The most recent literature covering the Hill-Sachs lesion has focused on the relatively new and unexplored topic of the importance of concomitant injuries while treating a humeral head defect...
December 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076042/interbody-fusion-techniques-in-the-surgical-management-of-degenerative-lumbar-spondylolisthesis
#4
REVIEW
Peter B Derman, Todd J Albert
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The various lumbar interbody fusion (IBF) techniques and the evidence for their use in the treatment of degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis (DLS) are described in this review. RECENT FINDINGS: The existing evidence is mixed regarding the indications for and utility of IBF in DLS, but its use in the setting of pre-operative instability is most strongly supported. Anterior (ALIF), lateral (LLIF), posterior (PLIF), transforaminal (TLIF), and axial (AxiaLIF) lumbar IBF approaches have been described...
December 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076041/return-to-sports-after-shoulder-stabilization-surgery-for-anterior-shoulder-instability
#5
REVIEW
Michael J Elsenbeck, Jonathan F Dickens
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Young athletes continue to experience traumatic shoulder instability and are often plagued by recurrent instability, limiting their return to sport. The purpose of this paper was to review return to sport in athletes after shoulder stabilization surgery for anterior shoulder instability. RECENT FINDINGS: Athletes managed nonoperatively demonstrate unacceptably high rates of recurrent instability and are less likely to successfully return to sport...
December 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064004/outpatient-total-joint-arthroplasty
#6
REVIEW
Jack M Bert, Jessica Hooper, Sam Moen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Outpatient total joint arthroplasty (OTJA) allows for a safe, cost effective pathway for appropriately selected patients. With current pressures on arthroplasty surgeons and their associated institutions to reduce costs per episode of care, it is important to define the steps and challenges associated with establishing an outpatient arthroplasty program. RECENT FINDINGS: Several studies have outlined techniques of selecting patients suitable for this type of postoperative pathway...
December 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043566/clinical-evaluation-and-physical-exam-findings-in-patients-with-anterior-shoulder-instability
#7
REVIEW
Vincent A Lizzio, Fabien Meta, Mohsin Fidai, Eric C Makhni
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The goal of this paper is to provide an overview in evaluating the patient with suspected or known anteroinferior glenohumeral instability. RECENT FINDINGS: There is a high rate of recurrent subluxations or dislocations in young patients with history of anterior shoulder dislocation, and recurrent instability will increase likelihood of further damage to the glenohumeral joint. Proper identification and treatment of anterior shoulder instability can dramatically reduce the rate of recurrent dislocation and prevent subsequent complications...
December 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038953/current-concepts-in-rehabilitation-for-traumatic-anterior-shoulder-instability
#8
REVIEW
Richard Ma, Olubusola A Brimmo, Xinning Li, Lindsey Colbert
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The objectives of this review are to evaluate the current evidence-based literature and concepts surrounding rehabilitation in patients with anterior shoulder instability injuries and surgical repair. RECENT FINDINGS: The current literature evidence for shoulder rehabilitation for anterior shoulder instability and labral repair is limited. As a result, there are variations among surgeons and physical therapists in rehabilitation protocols after anterior shoulder instability injuries and repair...
December 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038952/lateral-lumbar-interbody-fusion-outcomes-and-complications
#9
REVIEW
Stephan N Salzmann, Jennifer Shue, Alexander P Hughes
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) is a relatively new, minimally invasive technique for interbody fusion. The goal of this review is to provide a general overview of LLIF with a special focus on outcomes and complications. RECENT FINDINGS: Since the first description of the technique in 2006, the indications for LLIF have expanded and the rate of LLIF procedures performed in the USA has increased. LLIF has several theoretical advantages compared to other approaches including the preservation of the anterior and posterior annular/ligamentous structures, insertion of wide cages resting on the dense apophyseal ring bilaterally, and augmentation of disc height with indirect decompression of neural elements...
December 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038951/the-epidemiology-and-natural-history-of-anterior-shoulder-instability
#10
REVIEW
Joseph W Galvin, Justin J Ernat, Brian R Waterman, Monica J Stadecker, Stephen A Parada
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to outline the natural history and best clinical practices for nonoperative management of anterior shoulder instability. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies continue to demonstrate a role for nonoperative treatment in the successful long-term management of anterior glenohumeral instability. The success of different positions of shoulder immobilization is reviewed as well. There are specific patients who may be best treated with nonoperative means after anterior glenohumeral instability...
December 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027622/minimally-invasive-techniques-for-lumbar-decompressions-and-fusions
#11
REVIEW
Ankur S Narain, Fady Y Hijji, Jonathan S Markowitz, Krishna T Kudaravalli, Kelly H Yom, Kern Singh
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this study is to summarize the recent literature investigating the use of minimally invasive (MIS) techniques in the treatment of lumbar degenerative stenosis, spondylolisthesis, and scoliosis. RECENT FINDINGS: MIS lumbar decompression and fusion techniques for degenerative pathology are associated with reduced operative morbidity, shortened length of hospital stay, and reduced postoperative pain and narcotics utilization. Recent studies with long-term clinical follow-up have demonstrated equivalence in clinical outcomes between open and MIS surgical procedures...
December 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994028/treatment-for-degenerative-lumbar-spondylolisthesis-current-concepts-and-new-evidence
#12
REVIEW
Andre M Samuel, Harold G Moore, Matthew E Cunningham
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Current guidelines for the optimal treatment degenerative spondylolisthesis are weak and based on limited high-quality evidence. RECENT FINDINGS: There is some moderate evidence that decompression alone may be a feasible treatment with lower surgical morbidity and similar outcomes to fusion when performed in a select population with a low-grade slip. Similarly, addition of interbody fusion may be best suited to a subset of patients with high-grade degenerative spondylolisthesis, although this remains controversial...
December 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994027/management-of-glenoid-bone-loss-with-anterior-shoulder-instability-indications-and-outcomes
#13
REVIEW
Justin Rabinowitz, Richard Friedman, Josef K Eichinger
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Glenoid Bone Loss is a commonly encountered problem in anterior shoulder instability. In this article, we review current techniques for diagnosis, indications and management of glenoid bone loss. RECENT FINDINGS: Multiple bone grafting techniques are available depending on the glenoid defect size including the coracoid, distal clavicle, iliac crest, and allograft distal tibia. Advancement in imaging methods allows for more accurate quantification of bone loss...
December 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994025/applying-the-glenoid-track-concept-in-the-management-of-patients-with-anterior-shoulder-instability
#14
REVIEW
Amit M Momaya, John M Tokish
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the recent evolution in the treatment of anterior shoulder instability and the dynamic interaction between the glenoid and Hill-Sachs lesion. RECENT FINDINGS: Through the glenoid track concept, glenoid- and humeral-sided bone loss are evolving away from being approached as separate entities. Recent cadaveric studies have validated the glenoid track concept. Moreover, a recent clinical study has demonstrated a much higher rate of failure after arthroscopic Bankart repair for shoulders that were off track...
December 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988351/management-of-complex-anterior-shoulder-instability-a-case-based-approach
#15
REVIEW
Nathan Olszewski, Michael Gustin, Emily J Curry, Xinning Li
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: The goal of this review is to provide a guide on surgical decision-making options for complex anterior shoulder instability using a case-based approach. RECENT FINDINGS: Arthroscopic Bankart repair is well documented for having successful outcomes in patients with isolated labral tear involvement with minimal bone loss. Latarjet is a generally accepted procedure in patients with 20-30% glenoid bone loss. When bone loss exceeds that which cannot be managed through Latarjet, a range of options exist and are highly dependent upon the extent of osseous deficiency on both the glenoid and humeral sides, surgeon experience, and patient-specific factors...
December 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980275/lumbar-disc-herniation
#16
REVIEW
Raj M Amin, Nicholas S Andrade, Brian J Neuman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Substantial advancements have been made in the cause, diagnosis, imaging, and treatment options available for patients with lumbar disc herniation (LDH). We examined the current evidence and highlight the concepts on the frontline of discovery in LDH. RECENT FINDINGS: There are a myriad of novel etiologies of LDH detailed in recent literature including inflammatory factors and infectious microbes. In the clinical setting, recent data focuses on improvements in computer tomography as a diagnostic tool and non-traditional injection options including tumor necrosis alpha inhibitors and platelet-rich plasma...
December 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980155/degenerative-scoliosis
#17
REVIEW
Philip J York, Han Jo Kim
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to provide an updated review of adult degenerative scoliosis (ADS). Epidemiology, classification, pathophysiology, and natural history are discussed along with a summary of commonly used outcome measures. Operative vs non-operative outcomes and new surgical techniques are discussed. RECENT FINDINGS: The SRS-Schwab classification (2012) combines clinical and radiographic evaluation including overall global alignment...
December 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971317/arthroscopic-bankart-repair-for-the-management-of-anterior-shoulder-instability-indications-and-outcomes
#18
REVIEW
Steven DeFroda, Steven Bokshan, Evan Stern, Kayleigh Sullivan, Brett D Owens
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Arthroscopic Bankart repair is commonly utilized for shoulder stabilization in patients with anterior shoulder instability with minimum glenoid bone loss. The purpose of this review is to provide the indications, surgical technique, complications, and recent outcomes in arthroscopic Bankart repair for shoulder instability. RECENT FINDINGS: Improvements in arthroscopic techniques have led to better patient outcomes, as well as an improved understanding of the pathoanatomy of instability...
December 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965317/radiographic-evaluation-of-patients-with-anterior-shoulder-instability
#19
REVIEW
Andrew J Kompel, Xinning Li, Ali Guermazi, Akira M Murakami
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Injuries to the labrum, joint capsule (in particular the inferior glenohumeral ligament), cartilage, and glenoid periosteum are associated with anterior shoulder instability. The goal of this review is to provide common radiographic images and findings in patients with anterior shoulder instability. Furthermore, we will demonstrate the best methods for measuring anterior glenoid bone loss. RECENT FINDINGS: Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is highly relied upon for evaluating anterior shoulder instability and can diagnose soft tissue injuries with high sensitivity...
December 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836160/perioperative-medication-management-in-the-rheumatic-diseases
#20
EDITORIAL
C Ronald MacKenzie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
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