Read by QxMD icon Read

Forensic Science International. Genetics

Diana W Williams, Greg Gibson
A potential application of microbial genetics in forensic science is detection of transfer of the pubic hair microbiome between individuals during sexual intercourse using high-throughput sequencing. In addition to the primary need to show whether the pubic hair microbiome is individualizing, one aspect that must be addressed before using the microbiome in criminal casework involves the impact of storage on the microbiome of samples recovered for forensic testing. To test the effects of short-term storage, pubic hair samples were collected from volunteers and stored at room temperature (∼20°C), refrigerated (4°C), and frozen (-20°C) for 1 week, 2 weeks, 4 weeks, and 6 weeks along with a baseline sample...
October 7, 2016: Forensic Science International. Genetics
Habteab Habtom, Sandrine Demanèche, Lorna Dawson, Chen Azulay, Ofra Matan, Patrick Robe, Ron Gafny, Pascal Simonet, Edouard Jurkevitch, Zohar Pasternak
The ubiquity and transferability of soil makes it a resource for the forensic investigator, as it can provide a link between agents and scenes. However, the information contained in soils, such as chemical compounds, physical particles or biological entities, is seldom used in forensic investigations; due mainly to the associated costs, lack of available expertise, and the lack of soil databases. The microbial DNA in soil is relatively easy to access and analyse, having thus the potential to provide a powerful means for discriminating soil samples or linking them to a common origin...
October 6, 2016: Forensic Science International. Genetics
Michelle Breathnach, Linda Williams, Louise McKenna, Elizabeth Moore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2016: Forensic Science International. Genetics
Allan Jamieson, Scott Bader
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2016: Forensic Science International. Genetics
Molly M Rathbun, Jennifer A McElhoe, Walther Parson, Mitchell M Holland
Resolution of mitochondrial (mt) DNA heteroplasmy is now possible when applying a massively parallel sequencing (MPS) approach, including minor components down to 1%. However, reporting thresholds and interpretation criteria will need to be established for calling heteroplasmic variants that address a number of important topics, one of which is DNA damage. We assessed the impact of increasing amounts of DNA damage on the interpretation of minor component sequence variants in the mtDNA control region, including low-level mixed sites...
September 28, 2016: Forensic Science International. Genetics
Nicole M M Novroski, Jonathan L King, Jennifer D Churchill, Lay Hong Seah, Bruce Budowle
Massively parallel sequencing (MPS) can identify sequence variation within short tandem repeat (STR) alleles as well as their nominal allele lengths that traditionally have been obtained by capillary electrophoresis. Using the MiSeq FGx Forensic Genomics System (Illumina), STRait Razor, and in-house excel workbooks, genetic variation was characterized within STR repeat and flanking regions of 27 autosomal, 7 X chromosome and 24 Y-chromosome STR markers in 777 unrelated individuals from four population groups...
September 28, 2016: Forensic Science International. Genetics
Frank R Wendt, David H Warshauer, Xiangpei Zeng, Jennifer D Churchill, Nicole M M Novroski, Bing Song, Jonathan L King, Bobby L LaRue, Bruce Budowle
Short tandem repeat (STR) loci are the traditional markers used for kinship, missing persons, and direct comparison human identity testing. These markers hold considerable value due to their highly polymorphic nature, amplicon size, and ability to be multiplexed. However, many STRs are still too large for use in analysis of highly degraded DNA. Small bi-allelic polymorphisms, such as insertions/deletions (INDELs), may be better suited for analyzing compromised samples, and their allele size differences are amenable to analysis by capillary electrophoresis...
September 20, 2016: Forensic Science International. Genetics
António Amorim, Manuel Crespillo, Juan A Luque, Lourdes Prieto, Oscar Garcia, Leonor Gusmão, Mercedes Aler, Pedro A Barrio, Victor G Saragoni, Nadia Pinto
Communicating and interpreting genetic evidence in the administration of justice is currently a matter of great concern, due to the theoretical and technical complexity of the evaluative reporting and large difference in expertise between forensic experts and law professionals. A large number of initiatives have been taken trying to bridge this gap, contributing to the education of both parties. Results however have not been very encouraging, as most of these initiatives try to cope globally with the problem, addressing simultaneously theoretical and technical approaches which are in a quite heterogeneous state of development and validation...
September 7, 2016: Forensic Science International. Genetics
M D Coble, J Buckleton, J M Butler, T Egeland, R Fimmers, P Gill, L Gusmão, B Guttman, M Krawczak, N Morling, W Parson, N Pinto, P M Schneider, S T Sherry, S Willuweit, M Prinz
The use of biostatistical software programs to assist in data interpretation and calculate likelihood ratios is essential to forensic geneticists and part of the daily case work flow for both kinship and DNA identification laboratories. Previous recommendations issued by the DNA Commission of the International Society for Forensic Genetics (ISFG) covered the application of bio-statistical evaluations for STR typing results in identification and kinship cases, and this is now being expanded to provide best practices regarding validation and verification of the software required for these calculations...
September 4, 2016: Forensic Science International. Genetics
Maria-Bernadette Madel, Harald Niederstätter, Walther Parson
Sexing of biological evidence is an important aspect in forensic investigations. A routinely used molecular-genetic approach to this endeavour is the amelogenin sex test, which is integrated in most commercially available polymerase chain reaction (PCR) kits for human identification. However, this assay is not entirely effective in respect to highly degraded DNA samples. This study presents a homogeneous PCR assay for robust sex diagnosis, especially for the analysis of severely fragmented DNA. The introduced triplex for the X and Y chromosome (TriXY) is based on real-time PCR amplification of short intergenic sequences (<50bp) on both gonosomes...
September 3, 2016: Forensic Science International. Genetics
Yu-Chih Lin, Li-Chin Tsai, James Chun-I Lee, Chih-Wen Su, Jason Tze-Cheng Tzen, Adrian Linacre, Hsing-Mei Hsieh
The identification of a specific body fluid encountered in a forensic investigation can give crucial information. This identification can be aided by methylation profiles based on selected markers specific to a range of biofluids. In this study, the open database of Infinium HumanMethylation450 BeadChip was searched for markers specific for semen, vaginal fluids, saliva, venous blood and menstrual blood. A total of 8 biofluid-specific methylated markers and 2 control markers were combined into a 10-plex methylation sensitive restriction enzyme-PCR (MSRE-PCR) system...
September 3, 2016: Forensic Science International. Genetics
So Yeun Kwon, Hwan Young Lee, Eun Hye Kim, Eun Young Lee, Kyoung-Jin Shin
Next-generation sequencing (NGS) can produce massively parallel sequencing (MPS) data for many targeted regions with a high depth of coverage, suggesting its successful application to the amplicons of forensic genetic markers. In the present study, we evaluated the practical utility of MPS in Y-chromosome short tandem repeat (Y-STR) analysis using a multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) system. The multiplex PCR system simultaneously amplified 24 Y-chromosomal markers, including the PowerPlex(®) Y23 loci (DYS19, DYS385ab, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS481, DYS533, DYS549, DYS570, DYS576, DYS635, DYS643, and YGATAH4) and the M175 marker with the small-sized amplicons ranging from 85 to 253bp...
August 28, 2016: Forensic Science International. Genetics
Allah Rakha, Min-Sheng Peng, Rui Bi, Jiao-Jiao Song, Zeenat Salahudin, Atif Adan, Muhammad Israr, Yong-Gang Yao
The mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) control region (nucleotide position 16024-576) sequences were generated through Sanger sequencing method for 317 self-identified Kashmiris from all districts of Azad Jammu & Kashmir Pakistan. The population sample set showed a total of 251 haplotypes, with a relatively high haplotype diversity (0.9977) and a low random match probability (0.54%). The containing matrilineal lineages belonging to three different phylogeographic origins of Western Eurasian (48.9%), South Asian (47...
August 28, 2016: Forensic Science International. Genetics
Angelo Della Manna, Jeffrey V Nye, Christopher Carney, Jennifer S Hammons, Michael Mann, Farida Al Shamali, Peter M Vallone, Erica L Romsos, Beth Ann Marne, Eugene Tan, Rosemary S Turingan, Catherine Hogan, Richard F Selden, Julie L French
Since the implementation of forensic DNA typing in labs more than 20 years ago, the analysis procedures and data interpretation have always been conducted in a laboratory by highly trained and qualified scientific personnel. Rapid DNA technology has the potential to expand testing capabilities within forensic laboratories and to allow forensic STR analysis to be performed outside the physical boundaries of the traditional laboratory. The developmental validation of the DNAscan/ANDE Rapid DNA Analysis System was completed using a BioChipSet™ Cassette consumable designed for high DNA content samples, such as single source buccal swabs...
August 26, 2016: Forensic Science International. Genetics
Hui Sun, Sixian Xu, Fei Long, Jia Luo, Xiaojian Lin, Li Jin, Liming Li, Shilin Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 23, 2016: Forensic Science International. Genetics
C Tomas, L Poulsen, K Drobnič, V Ivanova, J Jankauskiene, D Bunokiene, C Børsting, N Morling
Thirty autosomal insertion-deletion (InDel) polymorphisms were analyzed in four populations from Iraq, Lithuania, Slovenia, and Turkey using the commercial kit Investigator(®) DIPplex. Genotyping issues were encountered for five of the 30 InDels. They were most probably caused by polymorphisms located in the primer binding sites. Population and forensic parameters were calculated. No significant deviations from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium or significant linkage disequilibrium were detected. The observed heterozygosities ranged from 33% to 61% depending on the marker and the population...
August 20, 2016: Forensic Science International. Genetics
Jacob de Zoete, Wessel Oosterman, Bas Kokshoorn, Marjan Sjerps
In forensic casework, evidence regarding the type of cell material contained in a stain can be crucial in determining what happened. For example, a DNA match in a sexual offense can become substantially more incriminating when there is evidence supporting that semen cells are present. Besides the question which cell types are present in a sample, also the question who donated what (association) is very relevant. This question is surprisingly difficult, even for stains with a single donor. The evidential value of a DNA profile needs to be combined with knowledge regarding the specificity and sensitivity of cell type tests...
August 10, 2016: Forensic Science International. Genetics
Silvano Presciuttini, Thore Egeland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2016: Forensic Science International. Genetics
Carlos Vullo, Martina Rotondo, Natalia Daguerre, Alfredo Quiroz, Vanessa Velázquez, Patricia Machado, Horacio Serra, Alicia Borosky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 8, 2016: Forensic Science International. Genetics
M R Whittle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 8, 2016: Forensic Science International. Genetics
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"