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Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases

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September 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Ivana Dedinská, Daniel Svetlík, Katarina Adamicova, Katarina Machalekova, Pavel Makovicky, Alena Jezikova, Ludovít Laca, Juraj Miklusica, Peter Galajda, Marian Mokan
Treatment of retroperitoneal fibrosis usually involves corticosteroids with or without other immunomodulating medications or tamoxifen.  Rituximab, a monoclonal antibody that specifically targets CD20 on the surface of B-cells, is effective in achieving complete remission of proteinuria in patients with idiopathic membranous nephropathy. We describe a case of a 45 years old man with idiopathic membranous glomerulonephritis (with proteinuria of more than 30 grams/24 hours) and simultaneously with idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis (with large number of cells CD20 in the histologic image)...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Yi Zhou, Bao-Ying Li, Xiao-Li Li, Ya-Juan Wang, Zhen Zhang, Fei Pei, Quan-Zhen Wang, Jun Zhang, Ya-Wei Cai, Mei Cheng, Hai-Qing Gao
Grape seed procyanidin B2 (GSPB2) exerts a variety of potent protective pharmacological effects on diabetic complications. The renal protective effects of GSPB2 and the target protein mimecan regulated by GSPB2, discovered in a previous quantitative proteomic analysis, were assessed in mice with diabetic nephropathy Twenty-four db/db mice were divided into 2 groups of the vehicle-treated and GSPB2-treated (30 mg/kg/d) diabetic groups. All animals were observed for 10 weeks. Treatment with GSPB2 resulted in an improvement in body weight increase and serum levels of triglyceride, total cholesterol, advanced glycation end products, and urinary albumin excretion in comparison with the vehicle-treated diabetic mice (P < ...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Mahbobeh Sajadi, Zohreh Gholami, Davood Hekmatpour, Parvin Soltani, Farshid Haghverdi
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of cold dialysis on fatigue in hemodialysis patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a double-blinded cross-over clinical trial, 46 participants were recruited from a hemodialysis unit in Iran. The participants were allocated into 2 groups through simple random sampling method. Each group received 3 sessions of hemodialysis with a dialysis solution temperature of either 37°C 3 or 35.5°C during the first week and then with for another week with the other temperature...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Afshin Gharekhani, Simin Dashti-Khavidaki, Mahboob Lessan-Pezeshki, Mohammad-Reza Khatami
INTRODUCTION: Insulin resistance (IR), a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality, is prevalent among maintenance hemodialysis patients. Effects of omega-3 fatty acids on IR in hemodialysis patients have not been well understood. This study aimed to determine the effects of omega-3 fatty acids on IR and serum lipids of hemodialysis patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-four adult patients on hemodialysis were randomly assigned to receive either 1800 mg of omega-3 fatty acids or placebo daily for 4 months...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Marie-Patrice Halle, Simeon-Pierre Choukem, Francois Folefack Kaze, Gloria Ashuntantang, Vanessa Tchamago, Yannick Mboue-Djieka, Elvis Temfack, Henry Namme Luma
INTRODUCTION: Maintenance hemodialysis is a high-risk environment for transmission of blood-borne viruses. We aimed to assess the seroconversion rates of hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and human immune deficiency virus (HIV) infections in patients on maintenance hemodialysis in a tertiary care hospital in Cameroon. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with serology records at initiation of hemodialysis, and a minimum duration on hemodialysis of 4 months were included...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Parvin Soltani, Pardis Ketabi Moghaddam, Farshid Haghverdi, Ali Cheraghi
INTRODUCTION:  C-reactive protein (CRP) is increased among patients on maintenance hemodialysis. Such inflammatory markers can result in protein-energy deficit syndromes and low adequacy of dialysis in these patients. This study evaluated the effect of pentoxifylline on serum CRP level and KT/V in end-stage renal disease patients on maintenance hemodialysis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This 1-month randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial involving 73 patients with end-stage renal disease on maintenance hemodialysis assessed the effectiveness of 400 mg/d of pentoxifylline on serum CRP level decrease and improvement of dialysis adequacy...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Farzanehsadat Minoo, Mahboob Lessan-Pezeshki, Ata Firouzi, Salman Nikfarjam, Seyed Mansoor Gatmiri, Elham Ramezanzade
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to investigate the efficacy of nasal oxygen as a supplementation to hydration therapy in reducing the risk of developing contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a randomized controlled trial, 348 patients scheduled to undergo elective coronary angiography were randomly allocated to standard hydration plus 2 L/min to 3 L/min nasal oxygen (from 10 minutes before the procedure until the end of the procedure) (n = 176) or standard hydration alone (n = 176)...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Alireza Khoshdel, Shane Carney, Saxon White, Alastair Gillies
INTRODUCTION: Kidney disease increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. The corollary of that observation should be that cardiovascular disease would not only increase the risk of kidney dysfunction, but also cause kidney damage, a concept not previously proposed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hemodynamic response to a graded exercise stress test was measured in 70 candidates to evaluate the association of heart rate and blood pressure change, heart rate reserve, chronotropic incompetence (percentage of achievement of maximal predicted heart rate), and circulatory power with development of kidney failure (glomerular filtration rate < 30 mL/min/1...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Mohammad Hossein Panahi, Farzad Hadaegh, Parvin Yavari, Sara Kazempour-Ardebili, Yadollah Mehrabi, Fereidoun Azizi, Davood Khalili
INTRODUCTION: Controversial findings are reported on the risk of cardiovascular disease in chronic kidney disease (CKD). There are some interactions between CKD and other metabolic disorders including metabolic syndrome (MS) and obesity regarding coronary heart disease (CHD) outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 2823 men and 3684 women aged 30 years and older, without cardiovascular disease, were followed for 10 years. Multivariable adjusted hazard ratio of CHD was estimated for those who developed CKD, MS or both by sex and body mass index levels below and above 27 kg/m2...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Tahere Sadat Kalantarian, Iraj Najafi
After 20 years of peritoneal dialysis in Iran, we have encountered with several cases of encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) in past few years. Many of these cases remained undiagnosed until advanced stages due to lack of suspicion. In centers with more experience about EPS, mortality has decreased by early diagnostic interventions. Peritoneal dialysis nurses may not be aware of EPS and radiologists are usually not familiar with EPS, either. To increase knowledge about this condition, we decided to present this review article with the case study of one of the 1st patients with EPS at our center...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Fariba Samadian, Nooshin Dalili, Ali Jamalian
Hypertension is the most important, modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease and mortality. High salt intake may predispose children to develop hypertension later. A modest reduction in population salt intake worldwide would result in a major improvement in public health. Regarding smoking as another risk factor, there are various strategies that can be used to promote smoking cessation. Physicians are in an excellent position to help their patients stop smoking. Targeted weight loss interventions in population subgroups might be more effective for the prevention of hypertension than a general-population approach...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Manouchehr Amini, Ali Ghorbani Abdehgah, Behnam Molavi, Amir Reza Radmard, Ali Ali Askari
Esophageal perforation is a rupture of the esophageal wall, caused by iatrogenesis in 56% of cases. Perforation of the esophagus remains a challenge, and its incidence has increased as the use of endoscopic procedures has become more frequent. We report a 54-year-old woman with esophageal perforation 8 days after kidney transplantation. She had received a gastrointestinal consultation prior to her transplantation. This report highlights the fact that perforation may occur after any organ transplantation, especially during the initial 2 weeks after transplantation, when mycophenolate mofetil and cyclosporine as well as and high doses of corticosteroid are administered...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Sepideh Darougar, Farin Rashid Farokhi, Shaghayegh Tajik, Nooshin Baghaie, Mehrdad Amirmoini, Bahram Bashardoust, Seyed Karen Hashemitari, Seyed Alireza Mahdaviani
Chronic granulomatous disease is a rare primary immunodeficiency disorder, which leads to increased susceptibility to recurrent infections and severe inflammatory manifestations.  There have been reports regarding different aspects of genitourinary involvement in chronic granulomatous disease, some of which are hydronephrosis, granulomatous cystitis, and glomerulonephritis, but among these complications, amyloidosis is rather rare. We report a patient with chronic granulomatous disease that developed amyloidosis later in the course of the disease...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Seyed Saman Nazemian, Mahin Ghorban Sabbaq, Fatemeh Nazemian, Maryam Salehi, Faezeh Madanisani
We studied plasma vitamin D level in 96 kidney transplant recipients and its circannual rhythm. Blood samples were tested for 25-hydroxy vitamin D, parathyroid hormone, creatinine, phosphate, and calcium levels in winter and summer 2014. The mean age was 41 years, and the mean transplant age was 6.1 years. Plasma levels of 25-hydroxy vitamin D were 18.0 ± 15.0 ng/mL in winter and 18.3 ± 14.7 ng/mL in summer (P = .64). Parathyroid hormone was inversely correlated with vitamin D level in both seasons (r = -0...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Majlinda Cafka, Merita Rroji, Saimir Seferi, Myftar Barbullushi, Genc Burazeri, Nereida Spahia, Alma Idrizi, Erjola Likaj, Joana Seiti, Jonida Lazaj, Artan Goda
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate ventricular geometry, its relationship with the inflammatory markers, and mortality of patients with end-stage renal disease on peritoneal and hemodialysis treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled adult patients on long-term dialysis (hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis) for more than 3 months. Two-dimensional echocardiography was performed by an experienced cardiologist who was blinded to all clinical details of patients...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Parsa Yousefichaijan, Mahdyieh Naziri, Hassan Taherahmadi, Manijeh Kahbazi, Aram Tabaei
INTRODUCTION: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is very common in children. Precocious diagnosis and appropriate treatment are important because of the permanent disease complications. Zinc increases the response to treatment in many infections. In this study, we explored the effect of zinc in treating UTI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred children with UTI were divided into 2 groups of 100 who were comparable in terms of age, sex, urine laboratory profiles, and clinical signs and symptoms...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Elham Mirchi, Hossein Saghafi, Mohammad Gharehbeglou, Mohammad Aghaali, Zahra Rezaian, Masoomeh Ghaviahd
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of vitamin D inadequacy in patients receiving maintenance hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis (PD) and its association with inflammatory and nutritional factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 176 hemodialysis and 32 PD patients participated in the study. Serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D, albumin, parathyroid hormone, calcium, phosphorus, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (HSCRP), and neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) were measured...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Seyyed Mehdi Mirhashemi, Faeze Rahimi, Alireza Soleimani, Zatollah Asemi
INTRODUCTION: This study was performed to evaluate the effects of omega-3 fatty acid supplementation on inflammatory cytokines and advanced glycation end products (AGEs) in patients with diabetic nephropathy (DN). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial was done on 60 patients with DN who were randomly divided into 2 groups to receive either 1000 mg/d of omega-3 fatty acid from flaxseed oil (n = 30) or placebo (n = 30) for 12 weeks...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Parisa Valipour, Esfandiar Heidarian, Abolfazl Khoshdel, Mostafa Gholami-Arjenaki
INTRODUCTION: Gentamicin can lead to acute tubular injury and kidney dysfunction. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of Ferulago angulata on kidney function and other markers in rats with gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-eight male Wistar rats were divided into the following groups: group 1, the controls; group 2, rats receiving gentamicin (120 mg/kg body weight per day, intraperitoneal) for 7 days without treatment; groups 3, 4 and 5, rats receiving gentamicin for 7 days and oral treatment with 200 mg/kg, 400 mg/kg, and 800 mg/kg body weight per day of Ferulago angulate extract, respectively...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
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