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Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases

Behzad Einollahi, Shima Shahyad, Aidin Lotfiazar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Bahman Bashardoust, Esmaeil Farzaneh, Afshin Habibzadeh, Mir Salim Seyyed Sadeghi
Aluminum phosphide poisoning is common in our region. It can cause severe metabolic acidosis and persistent hypotension, which lead to cardiogenic shock and subsequently mortality. Oliguric or anuric acute kidney injury is seen in almost all patients with aluminum phosphide poisoning. Renal replacement therapies are recommended in these patients to improve metabolic acidosis and increase the rate of survival. We report 2 cases of severe acute aluminum phosphide poisoning treated successfully with peritoneal dialysis...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Ali Abbasian Ardakani, Afshin Mohammadi, Bahareh Khalili Najafabad, Jamileh Abolghasemi
INTRODUCTION: Ultrasonography is the preferable imaging technique for monitoring and assessing complications in kidney allograft transplants. Computer-aided diagnostic system based on texture analysis in ultrasonographic imaging is recommended to identify changes in kidney function after allograft transplantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 61 biopsy-proven kidney allograft recipients (11 rejected and 50 unrejected) were assessed by a computer-aided diagnostic system...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Maryam Zaare Nahandi, Mohamad Reza Ardalan, Ali Banagozar Mohamadi, Amir Ghorbani Haghjo, Morteza Jabbarpor Bonyadi, Tahere Mohamadian
INTRODUCTION: The kidney is the main source of serum Klotho production. Immunosuppressive agents could affect the kidney in this regard. The effect of the ACE gene polymorphism on Klotho production is a less studied area. This study aimed to assess serum Klotho and ACE gene in a group of stable kidney transplant recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 30 kidney transplant recipients with stable allograft function and 27 healthy young individuals were assessed for their serum Klotho levels...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Cyrus Jalili, Mohammad Reza Salahshoor, Mohsen Hoseini, Shiva Roshankhah, Maryam Sohrabi, Ahmad Shabanizadeh
INTRODUCTION: Thymoquinone is a phytochemical compound found in the plant Nigella sativa. It has various pharmacological effects such as antioxidant and anti-apoptotic. Morphine can increase the generation of free radicals. It is mainly excreted through the kidneys and causes disturbing effects. This study was designed to evaluate protective effects of thymoquinone against morphine-induced damages to the kidneys of mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Various doses of thymoquinone (4...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Saeedeh Fazaeli, Saeideh Ashouri, Majid Kheirollahi, Mehrdad Mohammadi, Mohammad Fazilati
INTRODUCTION: Cystinuria is an inherited disorder affecting luminal transport of cystine and dibasic amino acids. Because of the poor solubility of cystine in urine, stone formation in the kidney occurs frequently. Cystinuria is associated with mutations in the SLC3A1 and SLC7A9 genes. Despite the population-specific distribution of mutations in the SLC7A9 genes, there are few genetic data reported for cystinuric patients from the Middle East. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Exon 4 of the SLC7A9 gene was sequenced in 21 patients with cystinuria, using the polymerase chain reaction and sequencing methods...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Azar Nickavar, Azadeh Qmarsi, Shahla Ansari, Elham Zarei
INTRODUCTION: Renal involvement is a rare complication of β-thalassemia. Both tubular and glomerular dysfunction might occur in these patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare kidney function in the major, intermedia, and minor variants of β-thalassemia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Renal tubular and glomerular function of 72 patients with β-thalassemia (25 major, 23 intermedia, and 24 minor) were evaluated. Patients older than 40 years and those with chronic kidney disease, diabetes mellitus, congestive heart failure, associated infections, congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract were excluded...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Sayad Kocahan, Zumrut Dogan, Erman Erdemli, Eylem Taskin
INTRODUCTION: Doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide are widely used anticancer drugs with substantial toxicity in noncancerous tissue resulting from oxidative damage. Quercetin is a potent antioxidant compound. We hypothesized that quercetin administration would ameliorate the toxic effects of doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide prior to pregnancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cyclophosphamide, 27 mg/kg, and doxorubicin, 1.8 mg/kg, were administered to rats as intraperitoneal doses once every 3 weeks for a total of 10 weeks with or without concurrent treatment with quercetin, 10 mg/kg/d...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Sumaira Talib, Fatima Sharif, Sidra Manzoor, Sonia Yaqub, Waqar Kashif
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to determine predictors of outcomes in critically ill patients with acute kidney injury (AKI), and to study the impact of the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) as a prognostic indicator. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included critically ill patients who were admitted with AKI or developed AKI during their hospital stay. The impact of comorbidity was evaluated by the CCI, while severity of AKI was assessed by the RIFLE criteria...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Mehtap Akbalik Kara, Beltinge Demircioglu Kilic, Nilgun Col, Ayse Aysima Ozcelik, Mithat Buyukcelik, Ayse Balat
INTRODUCTION: Although preventative nephrology is the effective management of childhood kidney diseases, it is hard to provide it in this undesirable conditions. In this study, we aimed to document the kidney disease profile of Syrian refugee children admitted to our hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and thirty Syrian refugee children were admitted to the Pediatric Nephrology Department of the University of Gaziantep from September 2012 to January 2015...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Csaba P Kovesdy, Susan Furth, Carmine Zoccali, / World Kidney Day Steering Committee
Obesity has become a worldwide epidemic, and its prevalence has been projected to grow by 40% in the next decade. This increasing prevalence has implications for the risk of diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, and also for chronic kidney disease. A high body mass index is one of the strongest risk factors for new-onset chronic kidney disease. In individuals affected by obesity, a compensatory hyperfiltration occurs to meet the heightened metabolic demands of the increased body weight. The increase in intraglomerular pressure can damage the kidneys and raise the risk of developing chronic kidney disease in the long-term...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Hamid Ravaghi, Masoud Behzadifar, Meysam Behzadifar, Masood Taheri Mirghaed, Aidin Aryankhesal, Morteza Salemi, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi
INTRODUCTION: Chronic kidney disease is a public health problem worldwide that is highly associated with psychological disorders. This study aimed to assess prevalence of depression in hemodialysis patients in Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Relevant studies were identified from the PubMed, ISI Web of Science, Ovid, Scopus, EMBase, and Iranian databases including Magiran, SID, IranMedex, and Irandoc, up to December 2015. The DerSimonian-Laird random effects model was employed to estimate the overall pooled prevalence...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Fariba Samadian, Nooshin Dalili, Ali Jamalian
Renovascular disease includes renal artery stenosis, renovascular hypertension, and azotemic renovascular disease (ischemic nephropathy). Renovascular hypertension is defined as an elevated blood pressure caused by renal hypoperfusion, usually resulting from anatomic stenosis of the renal artery and activation of the renin-angiotensin system. It accounts for 1% to 2 % of all cases of hypertension in the general population and 5.8 % of secondary hypertension, but it plays a major role in treatable causes of hypertension in the young individuals...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Niloofar Basharzad, Meysam Mojtabaee, Abbas Fadaei
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Laurynas Rimsevicius, Diana Sukakiene, Giedre Tamulyte, Greta Kirkilaite, Marius Miglinas
Psoriasis vulgaris is not frequently seen in patients with renal replacement therapy, especially in patients on peritoneal dialysis. Dialysis also has been reported to improve psoriatic skin lesions with a much higher response rate for peritoneal dialysis than haemodialysis. Conversely, we present a case of a man who developed psoriasis after 16 months of peritoneal dialysis. Discontinuation of icodextrin as a possible factor provoking systemic inflammation had no impact on the course of the disease. In this report, we review the existing studies and counsel caution against optimistic expectations of benefits from dialysis in patients with psoriasis...
2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Mojgan Jalalzadeh, Mohammad Hassan Ghadiani
Treatment of snakebite complications is challenging, as it is difficult to distinguish what kind of antivenins should be used. Kidney failure as a result of rhabdomyolysis or hemolysis may happen due to accumulated fluids that increase the pressure in the abdomen. This case report describes acute kidney failure probably due to intra-abdominal hypertension following an unknown bite.
2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Mohsen Nafar, Shiva Samavat, Alireza Khoshdel, Behrang Alipour-Abedi
INTRODUCTION: Both anemia and high doses of erythropoietin have been associated with increased mortality among dialysis patients. This study was conducted to evaluate the effective dose of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This multicenter nationwide cross-sectional study assessed adult patients on hemodialysis for at least 3 months from 80 hemodialysis centers in Iran. Demographic data, erythropoietin dose, and laboratory data were collected...
2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Mehdi Mahmudpour, Jamshid Roozbeh, Ghanbar Ali Raiss Jalali, Maryam Pakfetrat, Shahrokh Ezzat Zadegan, Mohammad Mehdi Sagheb
INTRODUCTION: Uremic pruritus is one of the most common disabling symptoms in patients with end-stage renal disease. We aimed to study the effect of montelukast sodium for the treatment of uremic pruritus lasting more than 3 months in patients undergoing hemodialysis and compare it with placebo. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Eighty patients undergoing hemodialysis at 3 centers in Shiraz, Iran, were recruited to a randomized double-blinded controlled trial to receive 10 mg of montelukast or placebo, daily for 30 days...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Kyubok Jin, Nosratola D Vaziri
INTRODUCTION: Cyclophillin A has emerged as a novel mediator of oxidative stress and inflammation and a major player in cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, viral infections, and neurodegenerative and thrombotic disorders. Cyclophillin A is released by certain cell types spontaneously or in response to inflammatory mediators, hypoxia, oxidative stress, and hyperglycemia. Many of these conditions are either present or frequently occur in patients with end-stage renal disease and can stimulate release of cyclophillin A, thereby amplifying systemic inflammation...
2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Behnood Abbasi, Reza Ghiasvand, Maryam Mirlohi
INTRODUCTION: Even with the ultimate medical management, more than one-third of diabetic patients develop diabetic nephropathy. To our knowledge, there is no study that has examined the effect of probiotic soy milk on kidney function in type 2 diabetic patients with nephropathy. This clinical trial aimed to assess the effects of consumption of probiotic soy milk, compared with conventional soy milk, on kidney-related indexes in patients with diabetic nephropathy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a randomized double-blinded placebo-controlled trial, 44 patients were randomly assigned to receive 200 mL/d of either soy milk containing Lactobacillus plantarum A7 or conventional soy milk for 8 weeks...
2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
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