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Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794297/re-association-between-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-level-and-inflammatory-and-nutritional-factors-in-hemodialysis-and-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-in-qom-iran
#1
Behzad Einollahi, Aidin Lotfiazar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794296/recurrent-aa-amyloidosis-combined-with-chronic-active-antibody-mediated-rejection-after-kidney-transplantation
#2
Min-Kyung Yeo, Young Rok Ham, Song-Yi Choi, Yong-Moon Lee, Moon Hyang Park, Kwang-Sun Suh
Kidney transplantation for amyloidosis remains a contentious issue. Recurrence of amyloidosis is one of the risks of transplantation. Chronic active antibody-mediated rejection is an important cause of chronic allograft dysfunction. A 47-year-old woman underwent kidney transplantation due to renal AA amyloidosis with unknown etiology. Six years posttransplantation, a kidney biopsy showed AA amyloidosis with chronic active antibody-mediated rejection. Donor-specific antibody class II was positive. The patient underwent intravenous plasmapheresis and treatment with rituximab and colchicine...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794295/foreign-body-reaction-to-dialysis-chatheter-and-peritoneal-fluid-eosinophilia-in-a-child-on-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis
#3
Nuran Cetin, Nadide Melike Sav, Evrim Ciftci, Bilal Yildiz
Foreign body reaction is a tissue response against implanted materials. We described for the first time the eosinophilic peritonitis and foreign body giant cell reaction to dialysis catheter in a nonatopic child on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. We found tenderness, redness, and swelling without purulent discharge around the peritoneal catheter; increased eosinophil count in cloudy dialysis fluid; and blood and hyperechoic granulomatous formation appearance surrounding the peritoneal catheter on ultrasonography and foreign body giant cell reaction to dialysis catheter in pathologic examination of granulomatous lesionin in our patient...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794294/upregulated-expression-of-circulating-micrornas-in-kidney-transplant-recipients-with-interstitial-fibrosis-and-tubular-atrophy
#4
Sepideh Zununi Vahed, Ahmad Poursadegh Zonouzi, Hossein Ghanbarian, Moteza Ghojazadeh, Nasser Samadi, Mohammadreza Ardalan
INTRODUCTION: The discovery of circulating microRNAs (miRNAs), as potential noninvasive diagnostic biomarkers, has opened new avenues of research for identifying transplant patients with chronic allograft dysfunction. The present study aimed to investigate the expression levels of 4 immune-related miRNAs, miR-21, miR-31, miR-142-3p, and miR-155, in plasma samples of kidney allograft recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The plasma expression levels of the miRNAs were evaluated by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction in 53 kidney recipients with long-term stable allograft function (n = 27), biopsy-proven interstitial fibrosis and tubular atrophy (n = 26), and healthy controls (n = 15)...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794293/association-of-pulmonary-hypertension-with-inflammation-and-fluid-overload-in-hemodialysis-patients
#5
Hugo Hyung Bok Yoo, Roberto Dos Reis, Wagner Moneda Telini, Lidiane Rodrigues Telini, João Carlos Hueb, Silmeia Garcia Zanati Bazan, Pasqual Barretti, Luis Cuadrado Martin, Thais Thomaz Queluz
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) has been reported in hemodialysis patients, but data regarding its pathogenesis are scarce. This study aimed to evaluate the role of fluid overload in PH and its interrelationships with the usual biomarkers of micro-inflammatory state in hemodialysis patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In is a cross-sectional and prospective study, 119 consecutive hemodialysis patients at a Brazilian referral university hospital were evaluated between March 2007 and February 2013...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794292/cross-linked-polyelectrolyte-and-its-function-in-adsorption-of-fluid-and-excess-nitrogen-waste-products-an-experimental-study-on-dialysate-effluent-fluid
#6
Hamid Tayebi Khosroshahi, Behzad Abedi, Sabalan Daneshvar, Effat Alizadeh, Mohammadreza Khalilzadeh, Yaghoub Abedi
INTRODUCTION: One of the most important issues in patients with chronic kidney disease is fluid retention and volume overload accompanied by retention of nitrogenous waste products and some electrolytes. Bowel fluid contains high levels of urea, creatinine, uric acid, and electrolytes, which make it a potential candidate for intestinal excretion of nitrogen wastes and electrolytes. Cross-linked polyelectrolyte (CLP) is a polymer that, given orally, absorbs excess fluid, electrolyte, and nitrogenous waste products...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794291/allopurinol-against-progression-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#7
Sima Golmohammadi, Afshin Almasi, M Manouchehri, Hamid Reza Omrani, Mohammad Reza Zandkarimi
INTRODUCTION: Hyperuricemia is common in approximately 50% of patients with kidney failure due to decreased uric acid excretion, and it has been recently known as an independent factor in the progression of renal insufficiency. Allopurinol inhibits the production of uric acid. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of allopurinol on chronic kidney disease progression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a clinical trial, patients with stages 3 and 4 of chronic kidney disease were divided into two groups to receive allopurinol, 100 mg, daily and placebo for 12 months...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794290/e-learning-model-in-chronic-kidney-disease-management-a-controlled-clinical-trial
#8
Hamid Barahimi, Mitra Zolfaghari, Farid Abolhassani, Abass Rahimi Foroushani, Aeen Mohammadi, Farahnaz Rajaee
INTRODUCTION: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a challenging health problem. The present study examined impact of self-care education through e-learning on improving kidney function among individuals with CKD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The studied population consisted of CKD patients receiving care at 10 centers for treating noncommunicable diseases in Tehran. Three centers were randomly selected and 39 patients with a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) less than 60 mL/min/1...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794289/differentiation-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-towards-nephrogenic-lineage-and-their-enhanced-resistance-to-oxygen-peroxide-induced-oxidative-stress
#9
Asima Tayyeb, Naveed Shahzad, Gibran Ali
INTRODUCTION: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been publicized to ameliorate kidney injury both in vitro and in vivo. However, very less is known if MSCs can be differentiated towards renal lineages and their further application potential in kidney injuries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study developed a conditioning system of growth factors fibroblast growth factor 2, transforming growth factor-β2, and leukemia inhibitory factor for in vitro differentiation of MSCs isolated from different sources towards nephrogenic lineage...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794288/kidney-disease-in-oman-a-view-of-the-current-and-future-landscapes
#10
Intisar Hamed Al Alawi, Issa Al Salmi, Adhra Al Mawali, John A Sayer
Oman is located in the southeast of Arabian Peninsula with a relatively young population of about 3 831 553 people. The Ministry of Health, which is the healthcare provider, is facing a challenge with the increased levels of noncommunicable diseases including chronic kidney disease. A growing number of patients progress to end-stage kidney disease (ESKD), demanding renal replacement therapy. In 2014, there were 1339 of ESKD patients receiving dialysis and almost 1400 patients received kidney transplants. The estimated annual incidence of ESKD is 120 patients per million population...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794287/point-of-care-ultrasonography-is-it-time-nephrologists-were-equipped-with-the-21th-century-s-stethoscope
#11
Afagh Hassanzadeh Rad, Hamidreza Badeli
In the past 3 decades, ultrasonography has gifted internal organs visualization to physicians to have a better detection of various diseases. Previously performed solely by radiologists as a method with high feasibility and accuracy, recently ultrasonography is being recommended and used by many other physicians in practice. Ultrasonography not only can be used to diagnose and manage kidney diseases, but also is an essential tool in nephrology for the guidance of invasive procedures. This method of bedside ultrasonography by physicians in real time is called point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS)...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575889/a-very-unique-case-of-boric-acid-intoxication-with-very-high-magnitude-rhabdomyolysis
#12
Ugo Vertolli, Marianna Alessi, Elena Naso, Agostino Naso, Lorenzo A Calò
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575888/renal-involvement-in-2-siblings-with-cockayne-syndrome
#13
Amel Ben Chehida, Narjess Ghali, Rim Ben Abdelaziz, Fatma Ben Moussa, Neji Tebib
Renal involvement in Cockayne syndrome is rare and its pathogenesis is yet unknown. We report herein 2 cases (siblings) with Cockayne syndrome type A confirmed by biochemical and molecular assays. The first case was a 13-year-old girl who presented with nephritic syndrome and a rapidly progressive kidney failure. Her younger sister, 7 years old, exhibited hypertension, hyperfiltration, and microalbuminuria. She had hyperreninemia and hyperaldosteronemia without kidney failure or renal arterial stenosis. Renal biopsy, performed the older sister, revealed cystic focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, arteriosclerosis, tubulointerstitial fibrosis, and tubular atrophy...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575887/glomerulonephritis-as-a-type-of-kidney-injury-in-multiple-myeloma-a-report-of-2-cases
#14
Mohsen Vakili Sadeghi, Roghaeh Akbari
Renal involvement in multiple myeloma has multiple etiologies. Glomerulonephritis rarely occurs in multiple myeloma and numerous case reports in the literature explain their correlation. We report 2 cases of glomerulonephritis, one membranous glomerulonephritis and the other focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, in which multiple myeloma was confirmed after several months in the first case and synchronous with the second. Glomerulonephritis can be an uncommon, but not rare, cause of proteinuria in multiple myeloma...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575886/role-of-donors-and-recipients-glutathione-s-transferase-gene-polymorphisms-in-association-of-oxidative-stress-with-delayed-graft-function-in-kidney-allograft-recipients
#15
Jalal Azmandian, Ali Mandegary, Mahboobeh Pootari, Mohamad-Hadi Nematolahi, Mohammad-Reza Ebadzadeh, Simin-Dokht Habibzadeh, Mohammad-Hassan Dehghani-Firouzabadi, Abbas Etminan, Faramarz Fazeli, Maryamalsadat Mousavi
INTRODUCTION: Oxidative stress contributes to delayed graft function (DGF). Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are polymorphic genes which produce enzymes with protective effect against oxidative stress. This study aimed to investigate the association between donors' and recipients' GSTM1 and GSTT1 polymorphisms and DGF, creatinine clearance, and oxidative stress parameters in kidney allograft recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and eighty-two donor-recipient pairs were studied...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575885/helicobacter-pylori-eradication-with-levofloxacin-or-clarithromycin-in-dialysis-versus-nonuremic-patients
#16
Amirhesam Alirezaei, Ali Jamshidi Fard, Hasan Argani, Ramin Talaie, Sahar Nooraninia, Majid Iranshahi, Parichehr Darvish
INTRODUCTION: Various medication regimens have been used to eradicate Helicobacter pylori in dialysis patients; however, optimal response to treatment is still a challenge. This study aimed to compare response to H pylori eradication in dialysis and nonuremic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a randomized controlled trial, dialysis patients with dyspepsia and confirmed positive endoscopic biopsy for H pylori were compared to nonuremic patients. Participants were randomly assigned to receive clarithromycin or levofloxacin...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575884/predictors-of-clinical-outcomes-in-hemodialysis-patients-a-multicenter-observational-study
#17
Tayebeh Soleymanian, Hossein Niyazi, Shaghayegh Noorbakhsh Jafari Dehkordi, Shokoufeh Savaj, Hassan Argani, Iraj Najafi
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular and noncardiovascular mortality and morbidity rates of hemodialysis patients are high despite improvement in dialysis delivery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hemodialysis patients (n = 532) from 9 hemodialysis facilities were enrolled in this cohort study in September 2012. Causes of death, hospitalization, and hemodialysis exit were recorded during a 28-month follow-up period. A Cox proportional hazard model was used to predict death adjusting for case-mix variables, nutrition variables, bone mineral variables, Kt/V, vascular access, and Charlson comorbidities index...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575883/effects-of-erythropoiesis-stimulating-agents-on-intestinal-flora-in-peritoneal-fibrosis
#18
Muammer Bilici, Ibrahim Ilker Oz, Sevil Uygun Ilikhan, Ali Borazan
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to investigate the effects of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) on intestinal flora in peritoneal fibrosis. METHODS AND METHODS: Twenty-four Wistar albino rats were divided into 3 groups as the control group, which received 0.9% saline (3 mL/d) intraperitoneally; the chlorhexidine gluconate (CH) group, which received 3 mL/d injections of 0.1% CH intraperitoneally, and the ESA group, which received 3 mL/d injections of 0.1% CH intraperitoneally and epoetin beta (3 doses of 20 IU/kg/wk) subcutaneously...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575882/relationship-between-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-gene-polymorphism-and-qt-dispersion-in-hemodialysis-patients
#19
Aysun Toraman, Hulya Colak, Hikmet Tekce, Sirri Cam, Seyhun Kursat
INTRODUCTION: The angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene insertion or deletion in long-term hemodialysis patients may be associated with corrected QT interval prolongation, leading to fatal arrhythmias. The ACE D allele is known to increase the risk of malignant ventricular arrhythmias and is also associated with increased QT dispersion after myocardial infarction and hypertension. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between ACE gene polymorphism and QT dispersion in hemodialysis patients...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575881/fourier-transform-infrared-analysis-of-urinary-calculi-and-metabolic-studies-in-a-group-of-sicilian-children
#20
Maria Michela D'Alessandro, Giuseppe Gennaro, Pietro Tralongo, Silvio Maringhini
INTRODUCTION: Prevalence of urinary calculi in children has been increasing in the past years. We performed an analysis of the chemical composition of stones formers of the pediatric population in our geographical area over the years 2005 to 2013. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy was employed for the determination of the calculus composition of a group of Sicilian children, and metabolic studies were performed to formulate the correct diagnosis and establish therapy...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
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