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Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575889/a-very-unique-case-of-boric-acid-intoxication-with-very-high-magnitude-rhabdomyolysis
#1
Ugo Vertolli, Marianna Alessi, Elena Naso, Agostino Naso, Lorenzo A Calò
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575888/renal-involvement-in-2-siblings-with-cockayne-syndrome
#2
Amel Ben Chehida, Narjess Ghali, Rim Ben Abdelaziz, Fatma Ben Moussa, Neji Tebib
Renal involvement in Cockayne syndrome is rare and its pathogenesis is yet unknown. We report herein 2 cases (siblings) with Cockayne syndrome type A confirmed by biochemical and molecular assays. The first case was a 13-year-old girl who presented with nephritic syndrome and a rapidly progressive kidney failure. Her younger sister, 7 years old, exhibited hypertension, hyperfiltration, and microalbuminuria. She had hyperreninemia and hyperaldosteronemia without kidney failure or renal arterial stenosis. Renal biopsy, performed the older sister, revealed cystic focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, arteriosclerosis, tubulointerstitial fibrosis, and tubular atrophy...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575887/glomerulonephritis-as-a-type-of-kidney-injury-in-multiple-myeloma-a-report-of-2-cases
#3
Mohsen Vakili Sadeghi, Roghaeh Akbari
Renal involvement in multiple myeloma has multiple etiologies. Glomerulonephritis rarely occurs in multiple myeloma and numerous case reports in the literature explain their correlation. We report 2 cases of glomerulonephritis, one membranous glomerulonephritis and the other focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, in which multiple myeloma was confirmed after several months in the first case and synchronous with the second. Glomerulonephritis can be an uncommon, but not rare, cause of proteinuria in multiple myeloma...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575886/role-of-donors-and-recipients-glutathione-s-transferase-gene-polymorphisms-in-association-of-oxidative-stress-with-delayed-graft-function-in-kidney-allograft-recipients
#4
Jalal Azmandian, Ali Mandegary, Mahboobeh Pootari, Mohamad-Hadi Nematolahi, Mohammad-Reza Ebadzadeh, Simin-Dokht Habibzadeh, Mohammad-Hassan Dehghani-Firouzabadi, Abbas Etminan, Faramarz Fazeli, Maryamalsadat Mousavi
INTRODUCTION: Oxidative stress contributes to delayed graft function (DGF). Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are polymorphic genes which produce enzymes with protective effect against oxidative stress. This study aimed to investigate the association between donors' and recipients' GSTM1 and GSTT1 polymorphisms and DGF, creatinine clearance, and oxidative stress parameters in kidney allograft recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and eighty-two donor-recipient pairs were studied...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575885/helicobacter-pylori-eradication-with-levofloxacin-or-clarithromycin-in-dialysis-versus-nonuremic-patients
#5
Amirhesam Alirezaei, Ali Jamshidi Fard, Hasan Argani, Ramin Talaie, Sahar Nooraninia, Majid Iranshahi, Parichehr Darvish
INTRODUCTION: Various medication regimens have been used to eradicate Helicobacter pylori in dialysis patients; however, optimal response to treatment is still a challenge. This study aimed to compare response to H pylori eradication in dialysis and nonuremic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a randomized controlled trial, dialysis patients with dyspepsia and confirmed positive endoscopic biopsy for H pylori were compared to nonuremic patients. Participants were randomly assigned to receive clarithromycin or levofloxacin...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575884/predictors-of-clinical-outcomes-in-hemodialysis-patients-a-multicenter-observational-study
#6
Tayebeh Soleymanian, Hossein Niyazi, Shaghayegh Noorbakhsh Jafari Dehkordi, Shokoufeh Savaj, Hassan Argani, Iraj Najafi
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular and noncardiovascular mortality and morbidity rates of hemodialysis patients are high despite improvement in dialysis delivery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hemodialysis patients (n = 532) from 9 hemodialysis facilities were enrolled in this cohort study in September 2012. Causes of death, hospitalization, and hemodialysis exit were recorded during a 28-month follow-up period. A Cox proportional hazard model was used to predict death adjusting for case-mix variables, nutrition variables, bone mineral variables, Kt/V, vascular access, and Charlson comorbidities index...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575883/effects-of-erythropoiesis-stimulating-agents-on-intestinal-flora-in-peritoneal-fibrosis
#7
Muammer Bilici, Ibrahim Ilker Oz, Sevil Uygun Ilikhan, Ali Borazan
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to investigate the effects of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) on intestinal flora in peritoneal fibrosis. METHODS AND METHODS: Twenty-four Wistar albino rats were divided into 3 groups as the control group, which received 0.9% saline (3 mL/d) intraperitoneally; the chlorhexidine gluconate (CH) group, which received 3 mL/d injections of 0.1% CH intraperitoneally, and the ESA group, which received 3 mL/d injections of 0.1% CH intraperitoneally and epoetin beta (3 doses of 20 IU/kg/wk) subcutaneously...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575882/relationship-between-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-gene-polymorphism-and-qt-dispersion-in-hemodialysis-patients
#8
Aysun Toraman, Hulya Colak, Hikmet Tekce, Sirri Cam, Seyhun Kursat
INTRODUCTION: The angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene insertion or deletion in long-term hemodialysis patients may be associated with corrected QT interval prolongation, leading to fatal arrhythmias. The ACE D allele is known to increase the risk of malignant ventricular arrhythmias and is also associated with increased QT dispersion after myocardial infarction and hypertension. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between ACE gene polymorphism and QT dispersion in hemodialysis patients...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575881/fourier-transform-infrared-analysis-of-urinary-calculi-and-metabolic-studies-in-a-group-of-sicilian-children
#9
Maria Michela D'Alessandro, Giuseppe Gennaro, Pietro Tralongo, Silvio Maringhini
INTRODUCTION: Prevalence of urinary calculi in children has been increasing in the past years. We performed an analysis of the chemical composition of stones formers of the pediatric population in our geographical area over the years 2005 to 2013. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy was employed for the determination of the calculus composition of a group of Sicilian children, and metabolic studies were performed to formulate the correct diagnosis and establish therapy...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575880/urinary-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-as-a-biomarker-of-kidney-injury-in-hematologic-oncologic-patients-receiving-amphotericin-b
#10
Iman Karimzadeh, Marziyeh Heydari, Mani Ramzi, Mohammad Mahdi Sagheb, Kamiar Zomorodian
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to compare the changing pattern of urine neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) with serum as well as urine creatinine during amphotericin B treatment and determine its accuracy in the early detection of amphotericin B nephrotoxicity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort study was performed during 9 months at 3 hematology-oncology services. Patients aged 15 years and greater with no documented history of acute kidney injury or chronic kidney disease, planned to receive any formulation of amphotericin B for at least 1 week, were included...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575879/changes-in-kidney-function-in-a-population-with-essential-hypertension-in-real-life-settings
#11
Anastasia G Ptinopoulou, Maria I Pikilidou, Ioannis M Tziolas, Anna-Bettina Haidich, Patrick B Mark, Pantelis E Zebekakis, Anastasios N Lasaridis
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension has been identified as one of the commonest modifiable determinants for chronic kidney disease progression. A variety of antihypertensive drugs are available and their effect on kidney function has been investigated by a large number of randomized controlled trials. Observational studies, although scarcely been used, outpatient can reflect everyday practice, where drug exposures vary over time, and may provide an alternative for detecting longitudinal changes in kidney function...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575878/kidney-calculi-pathophysiology-and-as-a-systemic-disorder
#12
Arash Shadman, Bahar Bastani
The pathophysiology of urinary stone formation is complex, involving a combination of metabolic, genetic, and environmental factors. Over the past decades, remarkable advances have been emerged in the understanding of the pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of calcium kidney calculi. For this review, both original and review articles were found via PubMed search on pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management of urinary calculi. These resources were integrated with the authors' knowledge of the field. Nephrolithiasis is suggested to be associated with systemic disorders, including chronic kidney insufficiency, hematologic malignancies, endocrine disorders, autoimmune diseases, inflammatory bowel diseases, bone loss and fractures, hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome, and vascular diseases like coronary heart diseases and most recently ischemic strokes...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575877/drug-induced-nephrotoxicity-and-medicinal-plants
#13
Abolfazl Khajavi Rad, Reza Mohebbati, Sara Hosseinian
Drug-induced nephrotoxicity is one of the most common causes of acute kidney injury. There are various agents that exert nephrotoxic effects through different pathogenic mechanisms. Aminoglycoside antibiotics, chemotherapeutic agents, radiocontrast media, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are among common nephrotoxic agents. In recent years, natural compounds are being increasingly used in the treatment of kidney diseases. Given many reports available on the curative effects of a variety of medicinal plants against drug-associated nephrotoxicity, we aimed to review the protective effects of medicinal plants on certain nephrotoxic drugs...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270651/re-clinical-and-biochemical-parameters-of-hemodialysis-patients-before-and-during-the-islamic-ramadan-month
#14
Behzad Einollahi, Shima Shahyad, Aidin Lotfiazar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270650/successful-treatment-of-severe-metabolic-acidosis-due-to-acute-aluminum-phosphide-poisoning-with-peritoneal-dialysis-a-report-of-2-cases
#15
Bahman Bashardoust, Esmaeil Farzaneh, Afshin Habibzadeh, Mir Salim Seyyed Sadeghi
Aluminum phosphide poisoning is common in our region. It can cause severe metabolic acidosis and persistent hypotension, which lead to cardiogenic shock and subsequently mortality. Oliguric or anuric acute kidney injury is seen in almost all patients with aluminum phosphide poisoning. Renal replacement therapies are recommended in these patients to improve metabolic acidosis and increase the rate of survival. We report 2 cases of severe acute aluminum phosphide poisoning treated successfully with peritoneal dialysis...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270649/assessment-of-kidney-function-after-allograft-transplantation-by-texture-analysis
#16
Ali Abbasian Ardakani, Afshin Mohammadi, Bahareh Khalili Najafabad, Jamileh Abolghasemi
INTRODUCTION: Ultrasonography is the preferable imaging technique for monitoring and assessing complications in kidney allograft transplants. Computer-aided diagnostic system based on texture analysis in ultrasonographic imaging is recommended to identify changes in kidney function after allograft transplantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 61 biopsy-proven kidney allograft recipients (11 rejected and 50 unrejected) were assessed by a computer-aided diagnostic system...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270648/relationship-of-serum-klotho-level-with-ace-gene-polymorphism-in-stable-kidney-allograft-recipients
#17
Maryam Zaare Nahandi, Mohamad Reza Ardalan, Ali Banagozar Mohamadi, Amir Ghorbani Haghjo, Morteza Jabbarpor Bonyadi, Tahere Mohamadian
INTRODUCTION: The kidney is the main source of serum Klotho production. Immunosuppressive agents could affect the kidney in this regard. The effect of the ACE gene polymorphism on Klotho production is a less studied area. This study aimed to assess serum Klotho and ACE gene in a group of stable kidney transplant recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 30 kidney transplant recipients with stable allograft function and 27 healthy young individuals were assessed for their serum Klotho levels...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270647/protective-effect-of-thymoquinone-against-morphine-injuries-to-kidneys-of-mice
#18
Cyrus Jalili, Mohammad Reza Salahshoor, Mohsen Hoseini, Shiva Roshankhah, Maryam Sohrabi, Ahmad Shabanizadeh
INTRODUCTION: Thymoquinone is a phytochemical compound found in the plant Nigella sativa. It has various pharmacological effects such as antioxidant and anti-apoptotic. Morphine can increase the generation of free radicals. It is mainly excreted through the kidneys and causes disturbing effects. This study was designed to evaluate protective effects of thymoquinone against morphine-induced damages to the kidneys of mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Various doses of thymoquinone (4...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270646/a-novel-mutation-in-slc7a9-gene-in-cystinuria
#19
Saeedeh Fazaeli, Saeideh Ashouri, Majid Kheirollahi, Mehrdad Mohammadi, Mohammad Fazilati
INTRODUCTION: Cystinuria is an inherited disorder affecting luminal transport of cystine and dibasic amino acids. Because of the poor solubility of cystine in urine, stone formation in the kidney occurs frequently. Cystinuria is associated with mutations in the SLC3A1 and SLC7A9 genes. Despite the population-specific distribution of mutations in the SLC7A9 genes, there are few genetic data reported for cystinuric patients from the Middle East. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Exon 4 of the SLC7A9 gene was sequenced in 21 patients with cystinuria, using the polymerase chain reaction and sequencing methods...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270645/kidney-function-in-patients-with-different-variants-of-beta-thalassemia
#20
Azar Nickavar, Azadeh Qmarsi, Shahla Ansari, Elham Zarei
INTRODUCTION: Renal involvement is a rare complication of β-thalassemia. Both tubular and glomerular dysfunction might occur in these patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare kidney function in the major, intermedia, and minor variants of β-thalassemia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Renal tubular and glomerular function of 72 patients with β-thalassemia (25 major, 23 intermedia, and 24 minor) were evaluated. Patients older than 40 years and those with chronic kidney disease, diabetes mellitus, congestive heart failure, associated infections, congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract were excluded...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
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