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Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases

Niloofar Basharzad, Meysam Mojtabaee, Abbas Fadaei
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Laurynas Rimsevicius, Diana Sukakiene, Giedre Tamulyte, Greta Kirkilaite, Marius Miglinas
Psoriasis vulgaris is not frequently seen in patients with renal replacement therapy, especially in patients on peritoneal dialysis. Dialysis also has been reported to improve psoriatic skin lesions with a much higher response rate for peritoneal dialysis than haemodialysis. Conversely, we present a case of a man who developed psoriasis after 16 months of peritoneal dialysis. Discontinuation of icodextrin as a possible factor provoking systemic inflammation had no impact on the course of the disease. In this report, we review the existing studies and counsel caution against optimistic expectations of benefits from dialysis in patients with psoriasis...
2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Mojgan Jalalzadeh, Mohammad Hassan Ghadiani
Treatment of snakebite complications is challenging, as it is difficult to distinguish what kind of antivenins should be used. Kidney failure as a result of rhabdomyolysis or hemolysis may happen due to accumulated fluids that increase the pressure in the abdomen. This case report describes acute kidney failure probably due to intra-abdominal hypertension following an unknown bite.
2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Mohsen Nafar, Shiva Samavat, Alireza Khoshdel, Behrang Alipour-Abedi
INTRODUCTION: Both anemia and high doses of erythropoietin have been associated with increased mortality among dialysis patients. This study was conducted to evaluate the effective dose of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This multicenter nationwide cross-sectional study assessed adult patients on hemodialysis for at least 3 months from 80 hemodialysis centers in Iran. Demographic data, erythropoietin dose, and laboratory data were collected...
2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Mehdi Mahmudpour, Jamshid Roozbeh, Ghanbar Ali Raiss Jalali, Maryam Pakfetrat, Shahrokh Ezzat Zadegan, Mohammad Mehdi Sagheb
INTRODUCTION: Uremic pruritus is one of the most common disabling symptoms in patients with end-stage renal disease. We aimed to study the effect of montelukast sodium for the treatment of uremic pruritus lasting more than 3 months in patients undergoing hemodialysis and compare it with placebo. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Eighty patients undergoing hemodialysis at 3 centers in Shiraz, Iran, were recruited to a randomized double-blinded controlled trial to receive 10 mg of montelukast or placebo, daily for 30 days...
2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Kyubok Jin, Nosratola D Vaziri
INTRODUCTION: Cyclophillin A has emerged as a novel mediator of oxidative stress and inflammation and a major player in cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, viral infections, and neurodegenerative and thrombotic disorders. Cyclophillin A is released by certain cell types spontaneously or in response to inflammatory mediators, hypoxia, oxidative stress, and hyperglycemia. Many of these conditions are either present or frequently occur in patients with end-stage renal disease and can stimulate release of cyclophillin A, thereby amplifying systemic inflammation...
2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Behnood Abbasi, Reza Ghiasvand, Maryam Mirlohi
INTRODUCTION: Even with the ultimate medical management, more than one-third of diabetic patients develop diabetic nephropathy. To our knowledge, there is no study that has examined the effect of probiotic soy milk on kidney function in type 2 diabetic patients with nephropathy. This clinical trial aimed to assess the effects of consumption of probiotic soy milk, compared with conventional soy milk, on kidney-related indexes in patients with diabetic nephropathy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a randomized double-blinded placebo-controlled trial, 44 patients were randomly assigned to receive 200 mL/d of either soy milk containing Lactobacillus plantarum A7 or conventional soy milk for 8 weeks...
2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Raziyeh Aghakhani, Mahboobeh Nasiri, Dariush Irani
INTRODUCTION: Nephrolithiasis is a common multifactorial kidney disease with worldwide distribution. Compelling evidence, regarding the function of kidney in maintaining the body homeostasis, suggests the role of oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of nephrolithiasis. Glutathione peroxidase 1 is a major antioxidant enzyme, preventing oxidative damage to renal cells by detoxifying hydrogen and lipid peroxides, which may involve in its pathogenesis. The purpose of the present study was to determine the possible association of glutathione peroxidase 1 gene (GPX1) proline-to-leucine substitution at amino acid 198 (Pro198Leu polymorphism) with the risk of developing nephrolithiasis in south Iranian patients...
2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Ibrahim Silfeler, Harun Alp, Bayram Ali Dorum, Emel Nacar, Selda Arslan, Veli Uygur
INTRODUCTION: Paraquat is a commonly used highly toxic herbicide. Despite many studies on detoxification of paraquat, an efficient and safe antidote has not been introduced for toxic cases in human being. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of ellagic acid (EA) on paraquat-induced kidney hazards in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty rats were randomly assigned as controls and 5 treatment groups (n = 10 each) receiving EA only, paraquat at doses of 15 mg/kg and 45 mg/kg, and paraquat at the same doses plus EA...
2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Orhan Tezcan, Ahmet Caliskan, Sinan Demirtas, Celal Yavuz, Mahir Kuyumcu, Yusuf Nergiz, Abdulmenap Guzel, Oguz Karahan, Seyhmus Ari, Sevda Soker, Ibrahim Yalinkilic, Kenan Ahmet Turkdogan
INTRODUCTION: Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) treatment is steadily increasing as a therapeutic modality for various types of diseases. Although good clinical outcomes were reported with HBO treatment for various diseases, the multisystemic effects of this modality are still unclear. This study aimed to investigate the renal effects of HBO experimentally. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourteen New Zealand White rabbits were divided into 2 groups randomly as the control group and the study group...
2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Editor Ijkd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Abidi Kamel, Taha Sayari, Manel Jellouli, Yousra Hammi, Rim Ghoucha Louzir, Tahar Gargah
Dyskeratosis congenita (DC) is a very rare inherited disorder. It is caused by dysfunction of telomere maintenance. It involves RNA telomerase components relevant to various mutations leading to a classic triad of physical findings consisting of nail dystrophy of the hands and feet, mucosal leukoplakia, and reticular pigmentation of the skin, most commonly on the head, neck, and trunk. Bone marrow failure along with pulmonary complications and malignancies are all common causes of premature death in patients with DC as well as other abnormalities...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Min Jung Kim, Joo Hui Kim, Il Young Kim, Dong Won Lee, Soo Bong Lee
Reninoma is a tumor that secretes excessive renin and is a rare cause of secondary hypertension. We report a case of reninoma with delayed diagnosis in a 33-year-old woman taking an angiotensin receptor blocker. During angiotensin receptor blocker medication, she had exhibited no electrolyte abnormality. The angiotensin receptor blocker was stopped for pregnancy planning purposes, and subsequent hypokalemia was observed. Abdominal computed tomography showed an enhanced round mass in the right kidney. Right partial nephrectomy was performed and the renal mass was removed...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Maryam Mirfatahi, Hadi Tabibi, Alireza Nasrollahi, Mehdi Hedayati
INTRODUCTION: One of the major risk factors for cardiovascular disease is lipid abnormalities among hemodialysis patients. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of flaxseed oil consumption on serum lipids and lipoproteins in hemodialysis patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a randomized double-blinded controlled trial, 34 hemodialysis patients were assigned to either the flaxseed oil or the control group. The patients in the flaxseed oil group received 6 g/d of flaxseed oil for 8 weeks, whereas the control group received 6 g/d of medium chain triglycerides oil...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Ayten Karakoc, Murvet Yilmaz, Nilufer Alcalar, Bennur Esen, Hasan Kayabasi, Dede Sit
INTRODUCTION: Burnout, a syndrome with 3 dimensions of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduction of personal accomplishment, is very common among hemodialysis nurses, while data are scarce regarding the prevalence of burnout syndrome (BS) among peritoneal dialysis (PD) nurses. This study aimed to assess and compare demographic and professional characteristics and burnout levels in hemodialysis and PD nurses, and to investigate factors that increase the level of burnout in dialysis nurses...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Petar S Djuric, Aleksandar Jankovic, Jovan Popovic, Jelena Tosic Dragovic, Ana Bulatovic, Zivka Djuric, Milos Mitrovic, Nada Dimkovic
INTRODUCTION:  Patients on dialysis have a high rate of death, mainly of cardiovascular cause. Nephrologists are actively looking for ways to improve patients' outcomes, and alternative dialysis strategies, such as long conventional hemodialysis and hemodiafiltration, are currently being investigated. The aim of this study was to compare anemia, nutrition, inflammation, mineral metabolism, and 3-year survival rates between patients treated with hemodiafiltration and prolonged high-flux hemodialysis (HFH)...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Firouzeh Moeinzadeh, Shahrzad Shahidi, Mojgan Mortazavi, Shahaboddin Dolatkhah, Mohammadhossein Kajbaf, Shaghayegh Haghjooy Javanmard, Alireza Moghtaderi
INTRODUCTION: Patients on long-term hemodialysis are at a higher risk of cardiovascular disease and premature mortality. It is generally believed that omega-3 supplementation can prevent cardiovascular events due to its anti-inflammatory and anti-atherosclerotic effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-two hemodialysis patients were divided into 2 groups to receive omega-3 and placebo for 6 six months. Serum biomarkers and inflammatory agents were measured in both groups before and after the intervention...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Shahrzad Ossareh, Farhat Farrokhi, Marjan Zebarjadi
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate the outcome and predictors of survival in hemodialysis patients of Hasheminejad Kidney Center where a comprehensive dialysis care program has been placed since 2004. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of 560 hemodialysis patients were used to evaluate 9-year survival rates and predictors of mortality. Cox regression models included comorbidities as well as averaged and 6-month-averaged time-dependent values of laboratory findings as independent factors...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Hamidreza Badeli, Amir Hassankhani, Zahra Naeemi, Sahar Hosseinzadeh, Shima Mehrabi, Motahhareh Pourkarimi, Sajjad Hosseini, Pourya Rahbar Nikoukar, Reza Nezamdoust, Alireza Rahimi, Asemeh Pourrajabi
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension is a worldwide health concern. Complications of hypertension not only affect adult patients, but also involve children. Given the importance of assessing children with hypertension in order to decrease adulthood complications, we aimed to assess the prevalence of hypertension in urban school-aged children in Rasht, Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 2072 school-aged children in Rasht, Iran, from January 2013 to December 2015...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Hamideh Dehghani, Fatemeh Heidari, Hassan Mozaffari-Khosravi, Nader Nouri-Majelan, Ali Dehghani
INTRODUCTION: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a progressive and irreversible impairment of kidney function; if it progresses to the end-stage of CKD, dialysis or kidney transplant is needed. In general, there are no definitive treatment to slow the progression of CKD. This study aimed to determine the effect of synbiotic supplementations on azotemia in patients with CKD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted on 66 patients with CKD (stages 3 and 4)...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
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