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BMC Proceedings

Maryam Foroozesh, Marguerite Giguette, Kathleen Morgan, Kelly Johanson, Gene D'Amour, Tiera Coston, Clair Wilkins-Green
Background and purpose: Xavier University of Louisiana is a historically Black and Catholic university that is nationally recognized for its science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) curricula. Approximately 73% of Xavier's students are African American, and about 77% major in the biomedical sciences. Xavier is a national leader in the number of STEM majors who go on to receive M.D. degrees and Ph.D. degrees in science and engineering. Despite Xavier's advances in this area, African Americans still earn about 7...
2017: BMC Proceedings
Heather E McCreath, Keith C Norris, Nancy E Calderόn, Dawn L Purnell, Nicole M G Maccalla, Teresa E Seeman
Background: The National Institutes of Health (NIH)-funded Diversity Program Consortium (DPC) includes a Coordination and Evaluation Center (CEC) to conduct a longitudinal evaluation of the two signature, national NIH initiatives - the Building Infrastructure Leading to Diversity (BUILD) and the National Research Mentoring Network (NRMN) programs - designed to promote diversity in the NIH-funded biomedical, behavioral, clinical, and social sciences research workforce. Evaluation is central to understanding the impact of the consortium activities...
2017: BMC Proceedings
Guido G Urizar, Laura Henriques, Chi-Ah Chun, Paul Buonora, Kim-Phuong L Vu, Gino Galvez, Laura Kingsford
Background and purpose: First-generation college graduates, racial and ethnic minorities, people with disabilities, and those from disadvantaged backgrounds are gravely underrepresented in the health research workforce representing behavioral health sciences and biomedical sciences and engineering (BHS/BSE). Furthermore, relative to their peers, very few students from these underrepresented groups (URGs) earn scientific bachelor's degrees with even fewer earning doctorate degrees. Therefore, programs that engage and retain URGs in health-related research careers early on in their career path are imperative to promote the diversity of well-trained research scientists who have the ability to address the nation's complex health challenges in an interdisciplinary way...
2017: BMC Proceedings
Mica Estrada, Alegra Eroy-Reveles, Avi Ben-Zeev, Teaster Baird, Carmen Domingo, Cynthia A Gómez, Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, Audrey Parangan-Smith, Leticia Márquez-Magaña
Background: The underrepresentation of minority students in the sciences constrains innovation and productivity in the U.S. The SF BUILD project mission is to remove barriers to diversity by taking a "fix the institution" approach rather than a "fix the student" one. SF BUILD is transforming education, research, training, and mentoring at San Francisco State University, a premiere public university that primarily serves undergraduates and ethnic minority students. It boasts a large number of faculty members from underrepresented groups (URGs), including many of the project leaders...
2017: BMC Proceedings
William R LaCourse, Kathy Lee Sutphin, Laura E Ott, Kenneth I Maton, Patrice McDermott, Charles Bieberich, Philip Farabaugh, Philip Rous
Background: UMBC, a diverse public research university, "builds" upon its reputation in producing highly capable undergraduate scholars to create a comprehensive new model, STEM BUILD at UMBC. This program is designed to help more students develop the skills, experience and motivation to excel in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). This article provides an in-depth description of STEM BUILD at UMBC and provides the context of this initiative within UMBC's vision and mission...
2017: BMC Proceedings
Jeanne M Andreoli, Andrew Feig, Steven Chang, Sally Welch, Ambika Mathur, Gary Kuleck
Background and purpose: Faced with decades of severe economic decline, the city of Detroit, Michigan (USA) is on the cusp or reinventing itself. A Consortium was formed of three higher education institutions that have an established mission to serve an urban population and a vested interest in the revitalization of the health, welfare, and economic opportunity in the Detroit metro region that is synergistic with national goals to diversify the biomedical workforce. The purpose of this article is to describe the rationale, approach, and model of the Research Enhancement for BUILDing Detroit (ReBUILDetroit) Consortium, as a cross-campus collaborative for students, faculty, and institutional development...
2017: BMC Proceedings
Christine A Sorkness, Christine Pfund, Elizabeth O Ofili, Kolawole S Okuyemi, Jamboor K Vishwanatha, Maria Elena Zavala, Theresa Pesavento, Mary Fernandez, Anthony Tissera, Alp Deveci, Damaris Javier, Alexis Short, Paige Cooper, Harlan Jones, Spero Manson, Dedra Buchwald, Kristin Eide, Andrea Gouldy, Erin Kelly, Nicole Langford, Richard McGee, Clifford Steer, Thad Unold, Anne Marie Weber-Main, Adriana Báez, Jonathan Stiles, Priscilla Pemu, Winston Thompson, Judith Gwathmey, Kimberly Lawson, Japera Johnson, Meldra Hall, Douglas Paulsen, Mona Fouad, Ann Smith, Rafael Luna, Donald Wilson, Greg Adelsberger, Drew Simenson, Abby Cook, Monica Feliu-Mojer, Eileen Harwood, Amy Jones, Janet Branchaw, Stephen Thomas, Amanda Butz, Angela Byars-Winston, Stephanie House, Melissa McDaniels, Sandra Quinn, Jenna Rogers, Kim Spencer, Emily Utzerath, Duplicate Of Weber-Main, Veronica Womack
Background and purpose: Effective mentorship is critical to the success of early stage investigators, and has been linked to enhanced mentee productivity, self-efficacy, and career satisfaction. The mission of the National Research Mentoring Network (NRMN) is to provide all trainees across the biomedical, behavioral, clinical, and social sciences with evidence-based mentorship and professional development programming that emphasizes the benefits and challenges of diversity, inclusivity, and culture within mentoring relationships, and more broadly the research workforce...
2017: BMC Proceedings
Carrie L Saetermoe, Gabriela Chavira, Crist S Khachikian, David Boyns, Beverly Cabello
Background and purpose: Unconscious bias and explicit forms of discrimination continue to pervade academic institutions. Multicultural and diversity training activities have not been sufficient in making structural and social changes leading to equity, therefore, a new form of critical consciousness is needed to train diverse scientists with new research questions, methods, and perspectives. The purpose of this paper is to describe Building Infrastructure Leading to Diversity (BUILD); Promoting Opportunities for Diversity in Education and Research (PODER), which is an undergraduate biomedical research training program based on transformative framework rooted in Critical Race Theory (CRT)...
2017: BMC Proceedings
Dawn M Richardson, Thomas E Keller, De' Sha S Wolf, Adrienne Zell, Cynthia Morris, Carlos J Crespo
Background and purpose: As part of the NIH BUILD initiative to diversify the scientific workforce, the EXITO project is a large multi-institutional effort to provide comprehensive support and training for undergraduates from traditionally underrepresented student populations who aspire to health-related research careers. Portland State University, a major public urban university that prioritizes student access and opportunity, and Oregon Health & Science University, a research-intensive academic health center, lead the EXITO network comprised of eleven 2-year and 4-year institutions of higher education spanning Oregon, Washington, Alaska, Hawaii, Guam, American Samoa, and the Northern Mariana Islands...
2017: BMC Proceedings
Farin Kamangar, Gillian Silver, Christine Hohmann, Cleo Hughes-Darden, Jocelyn Turner-Musa, Robert Trent Haines, Avis Jackson, Nelson Aguila, Payam Sheikhattari
Background: Undergraduate students who are interested in biomedical research typically work on a faculty member's research project, conduct one distinct task (e.g., running gels), and, step by step, enhance their skills. This "apprenticeship" model has been helpful in training many distinguished scientists over the years, but it has several potential drawbacks. For example, the students have limited autonomy, and may not understand the big picture, which may result in students giving up on their goals for a research career...
2017: BMC Proceedings
Harlan P Jones, Richard McGee, Anne Marie Weber-Main, Dedra S Buchwald, Spero M Manson, Jamboor K Vishwanatha, Kolawole S Okuyemi
Background and purpose: Preparing a successful research proposal is one of the most complex skills required of professional scientists, yet this skill is rarely if ever, taught. A major goal of the National Research Mentoring Network (NRMN) in the United States (U.S.) is to support the professional advancement of postdoctoral fellows and junior faculty from diverse populations by offering intensive coaching in the development of grant proposals early in their careers. This article highlights the National Institutes of Health's (NIH) NRMN initiative to prepare diverse constituencies of early-stage biomedicine scientists for research careers by implementation of an evidence-based nationwide program of comprehensive grant writing and professional development...
2017: BMC Proceedings
Pamela L Davidson, Nicole M G Maccalla, Abdelmonem A Afifi, Lourdes Guerrero, Terry T Nakazono, Shujin Zhong, Steven P Wallace
Background and purpose: The National Institutes of Health (NIH) funds training programs to increase the numbers and skills of scientists who obtain NIH research grants, but few programs have been rigorously evaluated. The sizeable recent NIH investment in developing programs to increase the diversity of the NIH-funded workforce, implemented through the Diversity Program Consortium (DPC), is unusual in that it also funds a Consortium-wide evaluation plan, which spans the activities of the 10 BUilding Infrastructure Leading to Diversity (BUILD) awardees and the National Research Mentoring Network (NRMN)...
2017: BMC Proceedings
Lourdes R Guerrero, Jennifer Ho, Christina Christie, Eileen Harwood, Christine Pfund, Teresa Seeman, Heather McCreath, Steven P Wallace
Background and purpose: The NIH-funded National Research Mentoring Network (NRMN) aims to increase the representation and success of underrepresented groups (URGs) in biomedical research by enhancing the training and career development of individuals from diverse backgrounds, communities, and cultures. The national scope of NRMN, its wide array of innovative programs in mentor and mentee matching and training across the career spectrum, requires a collaborative evaluation strategy that addresses both internal and external evaluation needs...
2017: BMC Proceedings
Barbara E Taylor, Arleigh J Reynolds, Kathy E Etz, Nicole M G MacCalla, Paul A Cotter, Tiffany L DeRuyter, Karsten Hueffer
Background and purpose: Most postsecondary institutions in the state of Alaska (USA) have a broad mission to serve diverse students, many of whom come from schools in rural villages that are accessible only by plane, boat, or snowmobile. The major research university, the University of Alaska in Fairbanks (UAF), serves a population whereby 40% are from groups recognized as underrepresented in the biomedical workforce. The purpose of this article is to describe the Building Infrastructure Leading to Diversity (BUILD)-supported program in the state of Alaska that seeks to engage students from rural areas with a culturally relevant approach that is centered on the One Health paradigm, integrating human, animal, and environmental health...
2017: BMC Proceedings
Timothy W Collins, Stephen B Aley, Thomas Boland, Guadalupe Corral, Marc B Cox, Lourdes E Echegoyen, Sara E Grineski, Osvaldo F Morera, Homer Nazeran
Background and purpose: With funding from the National Institutes of Health, BUILDing SCHOLARS was established at The University of Texas at El Paso with the goal of implementing, evaluating and sustaining a suite of institutional, faculty and student development interventions in order to train the next generation of biomedical researchers from the U.S. Southwest region, where the need is dire among underserved communities. The focus is on supporting the infrastructure necessary to train and mentor students so they persist on pathways across a range of biomedical research fields...
2017: BMC Proceedings
M Larissa Avilés-Santa, John Heintzman, Nangel M Lindberg, Rafael Guerrero-Preston, Kenneth Ramos, Ana L Abraído-Lanza, Jonca Bull, Adolph Falcón, Mary Ann McBurnie, Ernest Moy, George Papanicolaou, Ileana L Piña, Jennifer Popovic, Shakira F Suglia, Miguel A Vázquez
Persons of Hispanic/Latino descent may represent different ancestries, ethnic and cultural groups and countries of birth. In the U.S., the Hispanic/Latino population is projected to constitute 29% of the population by 2060. A personalized approach focusing on individual variability in genetics, environment, lifestyle and socioeconomic determinants of health may advance the understanding of some of the major factors contributing to the health disparities experienced by Hispanics/Latinos and other groups in the U...
2017: BMC Proceedings
Celso Khosa, Krutarth Patel, Karlygash Abdiyeva, Nurkeldi Turebekov, Bettina Prüller, Norbert Heinrich
The 5th CIH(LMU) Infectious Disease Symposium, Munich, Germany, March 12, 2016 brought together Tuberculosis Experts from developed and low middle-income countries to discuss the control of drug resistance Tuberculosis. The meeting featured 9 presentations: Tuberculosis history and current scenario, Tuberculosis and migration - current scenario in Germany, Mechanism of Tuberculosis resistance development, Epidemiology of resistance - transmission vs. new generation of resistance, The impact of diagnostic in patients beyond - sensitivity and specificity, The Bangladesh regimen - new hope trough old drugs, New drugs and regimens - an overview on studies and Multi and Extensively Drug Resistant Tuberculosis from Europe...
2017: BMC Proceedings
Aline Munier, Berthe-Marie Njanpop-Lafourcade, Delphine Sauvageot, Raymond B Mhlanga, Léonard Heyerdahl, Johara Nadri, Richard Wood, Issaka Ouedraogo, Alexandre Blake, Laurent Akilimali Mukelenge, Jean-Claude B Anné, Abiba Banla Kere, Lucienne Dempouo, Sakoba Keita, José P M Langa, Issa Makumbi, Elibariki R Mwakapeje, Ian J Njeru, Olubunmi E Ojo, Isaac Phiri, Lorenzo Pezzoli, Bradford D Gessner, Martin Mengel
The fifth annual meeting of the African cholera surveillance network (Africhol) took place on 10-11 June 2015 in Lomé, Togo. Together with international partners, representatives from the 11 member countries -Cameroon, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo, Guinea, Kenya, Mozambique, Nigeria, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zimbabwe- and an invited country (Malawi) shared their experience. The meeting featured three sessions: i) cholera surveillance, prevention and control in participating countries, ii) cholera surveillance methodology, such as cholera mapping, cost-effectiveness studies and the issue of overlapping epidemics from different diseases, iii) cholera laboratory diagnostics tools and capacity building...
2017: BMC Proceedings
Valorie A Crooks, Meghann Ormond, Ki Nam Jin
In October 2016, the Global Healthcare Policy and Management Forum was held at Yonsei University, Seoul, South Korea. The goal of the forum was to discuss the role of the state in regulating and supporting the development of medical tourism. Forum attendees came from 10 countries. In this short report article, we identify key lessons from the forum that can inform the direction of future scholarly engagement with medical tourism. In so doing, we reference on-going scholarly debates about this global health services practice that have appeared in multiple venues, including this very journal...
2017: BMC Proceedings
Kieran Michael Moore, Nicholas Papadomanolakis-Pakis, Adrienne Hansen-Taugher, Tianxiu H Guan, Brian Schwartz, Paula Stewart, Pamela Leece, Richard Bochenek
Given the steady rise of overdose morbidity and mortality in North America, and increasing frequency of sudden clusters of non-fatal and fatal overdoses in other jurisdictions, regional preparedness plans to respond effectively to clusters of overdoses may reduce the impact of such events on the population. On the 27th of February 2017 in Kingston, Ontario, KFL&A Public Health, in collaboration with public health partners, hosted a full-day workshop involving table-top exercises and discussions for service partners on how to prepare for, respond to, and manage a mass-casualty event secondary to opioid overdose in Southeastern Ontario...
2017: BMC Proceedings
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