journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Addiction Science & Clinical Practice

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409539/eligibility-for-heroin-assisted-treatment-hat-among-people-who-inject-opioids-and-are-living-with-hiv-in-a-canadian-setting
#1
Jan Klimas, Huiru Dong, Nadia Fairbairn, Eugenia Socías, Rolando Barrios, Evan Wood, Thomas Kerr, Julio Montaner, M-J Milloy
OBJECTIVES: A growing body of evidence supports the effectiveness of injectable diacetylmorphine (i.e., heroin) for individuals with treatment-refractory opioid use disorder. Despite this evidence, and the increasing toll of opioid-associated morbidity and mortality, it remains controversial in some settings. To investigate the possible contribution of heroin-assisted treatment (HAT) to HIV treatment-related outcomes, we sought to estimate the proportion and characteristics of HIV-positive people who inject opioids that might be eligible for HAT in Vancouver, Canada...
February 7, 2018: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353555/racial-ethnic-differences-in-the-association-between-alcohol-use-and-mortality-among-men-living-with-hiv
#2
Kara M Bensley, Kathleen A McGinnis, David A Fiellin, Adam J Gordon, Kevin L Kraemer, Kendall J Bryant, E Jennifer Edelman, Stephen Crystal, Julie R Gaither, P Todd Korthuis, Brandon D L Marshall, India J Ornelas, K C Gary Chan, Julia C Dombrowski, John C Fortney, Amy C Justice, Emily C Williams
BACKGROUND: Increasing alcohol use is associated with increased risk of mortality among patients living with HIV (PLWH). This association varies by race/ethnicity among general outpatients, but racial/ethnic variation has not been investigated among PLWH, among whom racial/ethnic minorities are disproportionately represented. METHODS: VA electronic health record data from the Veterans Aging Cohort Study (2008-2012) were used to describe and compare mortality rates across race/ethnicity and levels of alcohol use defined by the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test-Consumption (AUDIT-C) questionnaire...
January 22, 2018: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338767/effect-of-exercise-versus-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-or-no-intervention-on-anxiety-depression-fitness-and-quality-of-life-in-adults-with-previous-methamphetamine-dependency-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Linzette Morris, Jessica Stander, Wardah Ebrahim, Stephanie Eksteen, Orissa Anna Meaden, Ané Ras, Annemarie Wessels
BACKGROUND: Methamphetamine (MA) is a highly addictive psychostimulant used by approximately 52 million people worldwide. Chronic MA abuse leads to detrimental physiological and neurological changes, as well as increases in anxiety and depression, and decreases in overall fitness and quality of life. Exercise has been reported to possibly reverse physiological and neurological damage caused by previous MA use, and to reduce anxiety and depression in this population. The aim of this systematic review was to identify, clinically appraise and synthesise the available evidence for the effectiveness of exercise, compared to cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), standard care or no intervention, on decreasing anxiety and depression and improving fitness and quality of life in previous MA users...
January 16, 2018: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370875/substance-use-patterns-and-in-hospital-care-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-attending-music-concerts
#4
Stephanie M Ruest, Alexander M Stephan, Peter T Masiakos, Paul D Biddinger, Carlos A Camargo, Sigmund Kharasch
BACKGROUND: Few studies describe medical complaints and substance use patterns related to attending music concerts. As such, the objective of this study is to describe patient demographics, substance use and intoxication patterns, and medical interventions provided to adolescents and young adults assessed in an emergency department (ED) for complaints directly related to concert attendance. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients 13-30 years old who were transported to the ED directly from music concerts between January 2011 and December 2015 was conducted...
January 9, 2018: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29254500/developing-adaptive-interventions-for-adolescent-substance-use-treatment-settings-protocol-of-an-observational-mixed-methods-project
#5
Sean Grant, Denis Agniel, Daniel Almirall, Q Burkhart, Sarah B Hunter, Daniel F McCaffrey, Eric R Pedersen, Rajeev Ramchand, Beth Ann Griffin
BACKGROUND: Over 1.6 million adolescents in the United States meet criteria for substance use disorders (SUDs). While there are promising treatments for SUDs, adolescents respond to these treatments differentially in part based on the setting in which treatments are delivered. One way to address such individualized response to treatment is through the development of adaptive interventions (AIs): sequences of decision rules for altering treatment based on an individual's needs. This protocol describes a project with the overarching goal of beginning the development of AIs that provide recommendations for altering the setting of an adolescent's substance use treatment...
December 19, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229000/changes-in-specific-substance-involvement-scores-among-sbirt-recipients-in-an-hiv-primary-care-setting
#6
Carol Dawson-Rose, Jessica E Draughon, Yvette Cuca, Roland Zepf, Emily Huang, Bruce A Cooper, Paula J Lum
BACKGROUND: Substance use is common among people living with HIV (PLHIV) and is associated with worse outcomes along the HIV care continuum. One potentially effective clinic-based approach to addressing unhealthy substance use is screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT). METHODS: We conducted a two-arm randomized trial to examine the effects of a self-administered, computerized SBIRT intervention compared to a clinician-administered SBIRT intervention in an HIV primary clinic...
December 12, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212532/delivery-of-screening-and-brief-intervention-for-unhealthy-alcohol-use-in-an-urban-academic-federally-qualified-health-center
#7
Marcus A Bachhuber, Megan A O'Grady, Henry Chung, Charles J Neighbors, Joseph DeLuca, Elenita M D'Aloia, Arelis Diaz, Chinazo O Cunningham
BACKGROUND: Screening and brief intervention (SBI) for unhealthy drinking has not been widely implemented in primary care partly due to reliance on physicians to perform it. METHODS: We implemented a model of nursing staff-delivered SBI for unhealthy drinking for adult patients receiving primary care at an academically-affiliated Federally Qualified Health Center in the Bronx, NY. Our model consisted of nursing staff screening all patients with the alcohol use disorders identification test consumption questions (AUDIT-C) and, if screening positive, providing BI or referral to specialty services...
December 7, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202872/patterns-of-hiv-testing-drug-use-and-sexual-behaviors-in-people-who-use-drugs-findings-from-a-community-based-outreach-program-in-phnom-penh-cambodia
#8
Gitau Mburu, Chanrith Ngin, Sovannary Tuot, Pheak Chhoun, Khuondyla Pal, Siyan Yi
BACKGROUND: People who use drugs are an important priority for HIV programs. However, data related to their utilization of HIV services are limited. This paper reports patterns of HIV testing, drug use, and risk and service perception among people who use drugs. Study participants were receiving HIV and harm reduction services from a community-based program in Phnom Penh, comprised of itinerant peer-led outreach and static drop-in centers. METHODS: This was a mixed-methods study conducted in 2014, comprising of a quantitative survey using a structured questionnaire, followed by two focus group discussions among a sub-sample of survey participants...
December 5, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198186/screening-in-trauma-for-opioid-misuse-prevention-stomp-study-protocol-for-the-development-of-an-opioid-risk-screening-tool-for-victims-of-injury
#9
Randall Brown, Brienna Deyo, Chelsea Riley, Andrew Quanbeck, Joseph E Glass, Rebecca Turpin, Scott Hetzel, Christopher Nicholas, Maireni Cruz, Suresh Agarwal
BACKGROUND: Opioid addiction and overdose are epidemic in the U.S. Victims of traumatic injury are at greater than average risk for opioid misuse and related complications. Potential risk screens and preventive interventions in this clinical population remain under-investigated. The current project seeks to develop and pilot the implementation of a screening tool for opioid risk at American College of Surgeons (ACS) Level I and Level II trauma centers. METHODS: The project began with an online survey, which was sent to Wisconsin trauma center medical directors and trauma coordinators for the purpose of gathering information on current substance use screening practices...
December 4, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198185/role-of-substance-use-in-hiv-care-cascade-outcomes-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-russia
#10
Bulat Idrisov, Karsten Lunze, Debbie M Cheng, Elena Blokhina, Natalia Gnatienko, Emily Quinn, Carly Bridden, Alexander Y Walley, Kendall J Bryant, Dmitry Lioznov, Evgeny Krupitsky, Jeffrey H Samet
BACKGROUND: Engaging people who drink alcohol or inject drugs in HIV care can be challenging, particularly in Eastern Europe. Healthcare facilities in Russia are organized by specialty; therefore linking patients from addiction care to HIV hospitals has been difficult. The HIV care cascade outlines stages of HIV care (e.g., linkage to care, prescribed antiretroviral therapy [ART], and achieving HIV viral suppression). We hypothesized that unhealthy alcohol use, injection drug use, and opioid craving are associated with unfavorable HIV care cascade outcomes...
December 4, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149914/testing-the-effectiveness-of-a-motivational-interviewing-based-brief-intervention-for-substance-use-as-an-adjunct-to-usual-care-in-community-based-aids-service-organizations-study-protocol-for-a-multisite-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Bryan R Garner, Heather J Gotham, Stephen J Tueller, Elizabeth L Ball, David Kaiser, Patricia Stilen, Kathryn Speck, Denna Vandersloot, Traci R Rieckmann, Michael Chaple, Erika G Martin, Steve Martino
BACKGROUND: In 2010, the first comprehensive National HIV/AIDS Strategy for the United States was released and included three goals: (1) reducing the number of people who become infected with HIV, (2) increasing access to care and improving health outcomes for people living with HIV, and (3) reducing HIV-related health disparities and health inequities. In 2013, as part of its effort to help address the National HIV/AIDS Strategy, the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) funded a type 2 effectiveness-implementation hybrid trial titled the Substance Abuse Treatment to HIV Care (SAT2HIV) Project...
November 17, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149909/testing-the-implementation-and-sustainment-facilitation-isf-strategy-as-an-effective-adjunct-to-the-addiction-technology-transfer-center-attc-strategy-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#12
Bryan R Garner, Mark Zehner, Mathew R Roosa, Steve Martino, Heather J Gotham, Elizabeth L Ball, Patricia Stilen, Kathryn Speck, Denna Vandersloot, Traci R Rieckmann, Michael Chaple, Erika G Martin, David Kaiser, James H Ford
BACKGROUND: Improving the extent to which evidence-based practices (EBPs)-treatments that have been empirically shown to be efficacious or effective-are integrated within routine practice is a well-documented challenge across numerous areas of health. In 2014, the National Institute on Drug Abuse funded a type 2 effectiveness-implementation hybrid trial titled the substance abuse treatment to HIV Care (SAT2HIV) Project. Aim 1 of the SAT2HIV Project tests the effectiveness of a motivational interviewing-based brief intervention (MIBI) for substance use as an adjunct to usual care within AIDS service organizations (ASOs) as part of its MIBI Experiment...
November 17, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141667/more-beds-are-not-the-answer-transforming-detoxification-units-into-medication-induction-centers-to-address-the-opioid-epidemic
#13
LETTER
Peter D Friedmann, Joji Suzuki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089054/factors-influencing-the-long-term-sustainment-of-quality-improvements-made-in-addiction-treatment-facilities-a-qualitative-study
#14
Scott P Stumbo, James H Ford, Carla A Green
BACKGROUND: A greater understanding of the factors that influence long-term sustainment of quality improvement (QI) initiatives is needed to promote organizational ability to sustain QI practices over time, help improve future interventions, and increase the value of QI investments. METHODS: We approached 83 of 201 executive sponsors or change leaders at addiction treatment organizations that participated in the 2007-2009 NIATx200 QI intervention. We completed semi-structured interviews with 33 individuals between November 2015 and April 2016...
November 1, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041950/convenience-without-disclosure-a-formative-research-study-of-a-proposed-integrated-methadone-and-antiretroviral-therapy-service-delivery-model-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#15
Alexis Cooke, Haneefa Saleem, Dorothy Mushi, Jessie Mbwambo, Saria Hassan, Barrot H Lambdin
BACKGROUND: Though timely initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) is a vital component of effective HIV prevention, care and treatment, people who inject drugs are less likely to receive ART than their non-drug using counterparts. In an effort to increase access to ART for people who inject drugs, we examined perceived benefits, challenges, and recommendations for implementing an integrated methadone and ART service delivery model at an opioid treatment program (OTP) clinic in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania...
October 18, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965489/barriers-and-facilitators-of-the-hiv-care-continuum-in-southern-new-england-for-people-with-drug-or-alcohol-use-and-living-with-hiv-aids-perspectives-of-hiv-surveillance-experts-and-service-providers
#16
Lauretta E Grau, Abbie Griffiths-Kundishora, Robert Heimer, Marguerite Hutcheson, Amy Nunn, Caitlin Towey, Thomas J Stopka
BACKGROUND: Contemporary studies about HIV care continuum (HCC) outcomes within substance using populations primarily focus on individual risk factors rather than provider- or systems-level influences. Over 25% of people living with HIV (PLWH) have substance use disorders that can alter their path through the HCC. As part of a study of HCC outcomes in nine small cities in Southern New England (population 100,000-200,000 and relatively high HIV prevalence particularly among substance users), this qualitative analysis sought to understand public health staff and HIV service providers' perspectives on how substance use may influence HCC outcomes...
October 2, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950912/alcohol-consumption-patterns-and-hiv-viral-suppression-among-persons-receiving-hiv-care-in-florida-an-observational-study
#17
R L Cook, Z Zhou, N E Kelso-Chichetto, J Janelle, J P Morano, C Somboonwit, W Carter, G E Ibanez, N Ennis, C L Cook, R A Cohen, B Brumback, K Bryant
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption has been associated with poor antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence but less is known about its relationship to HIV viral suppression, or whether certain drinking patterns have a stronger association than others. The objectives of this study were to determine the association of different patterns of alcohol consumption to HIV viral suppression and ART adherence, and to determine whether any associations of alcohol with HIV viral suppression were mediated by poor ART adherence...
September 27, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927448/barriers-and-facilitators-to-implementing-addiction-medicine-fellowships-a-qualitative-study-with-fellows-medical-students-residents-and-preceptors
#18
J Klimas, W Small, K Ahamad, W Cullen, A Mead, L Rieb, E Wood, R McNeil
BACKGROUND: Although progress in science has driven advances in addiction medicine, this subject has not been adequately taught to medical trainees and physicians. As a result, there has been poor integration of evidence-based practices in addiction medicine into physician training which has impeded addiction treatment and care. Recently, a number of training initiatives have emerged internationally, including the addiction medicine fellowships in Vancouver, Canada. This study was undertaken to examine barriers and facilitators of implementing addiction medicine fellowships...
September 20, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870232/hiv-treatment-cascade-among-female-entertainment-and-sex-workers-in-cambodia-impact-of-amphetamine-use-and-an-hiv-prevention-program
#19
Sokunny Muth, Aynar Len, Jennifer L Evans, Maly Phou, Sophal Chhit, Yuthea Neak, Song Ngak, Ellen S Stein, Adam W Carrico, Lisa Maher, Kimberly Page
BACKGROUND: HIV prevalence remains high in Cambodia among female entertainment and sex workers (FESW), and amphetamine-type stimulant (ATS) use significantly increases risk of infection. A successful continuum of care (CoC) is key to effective clinical care and prevention. This study aimed to describe the HIV CoC in HIV-positive FESW. We examined CoC outcomes among HIV-positive FESW participating in the Cambodia Integrated HIV and Drug Prevention Implementation (CIPI) study, being implemented in ten provinces...
September 5, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826401/integrated-hiv-care-is-associated-with-improved-engagement-in-treatment-in-an-urban-methadone-clinic
#20
Claire Simeone, Brad Shapiro, Paula J Lum
BACKGROUND: Persons living with HIV and unhealthy substance use are often less engaged in HIV care, have higher morbidity and mortality and are at increased risk of transmitting HIV to uninfected partners. We developed a quality-improvement tracking system at an urban methadone clinic to monitor patients along the HIV care continuum and identify patients needing intervention. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate patient outcomes along the HIV Care Continuum at an urban methadone clinic and explore the relationship of HIV primary care site and patient demographic characteristics with retention in HIV treatment and viral suppression...
August 22, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
journal
journal
41751
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"