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Andrew M Swiergosz, J Stephen Gunn, Steven A Schulz, Joshua T Henderson, Joshua H Choo, Arian Mowlavi, Bradon J Wilhelmi
Background : An estimated 125,711 face-lifts and 54,281 neck-lifts were performed in 2015. Regardless of the technique employed, facial and neck flap elevation carries with it anatomical risk of which any surgeon performing these procedures should be aware of. Statistics related to anterior jugular vein injury during these procedures have not been published. Objective : To define a "danger zone" that will contain both of the anterior jugular veins on the basis of anatomical landmarks to aid surgeons with planning their surgical approach during rhytidectomy in the anterior neck region...
2018: Eplasty
Eric Clayman, Bahar Abbassi, Anthony W Watt, Wyatt G Payne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Eplasty
Haripriya S Ayyala, Ian C Hoppe, Allison M Rathmann, Frank S Ciminello
Introduction: The techniques used to fixate osteotomized segments of bone have evolved alongside the treatment of craniosynostosis. The use of nonresorbable metal plates and screws offered a method of rigidly stabilizing repositioned segments of bone. Several reports specify the tendency for these fixation systems to "migrate" transcranially. Methods: We present a unique case of a patient who initially underwent treatment of multisuture craniosynostosis utilizing titanium miniplates at 6 months of age. At 16 years of age, the patient was returned to the operating room with complaints of pain and contour irregularities, and intracranial migration of the screws and plates was observed...
2018: Eplasty
David Buziashvili, Richard S Zeri, Tom Reisler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Eplasty
Stephen R Ali, Hussein Mohamedbahi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Eplasty
Taryn E Travis, Pejhman Ghassemi, Nicholas J Prindeze, Lauren T Moffatt, Bonnie C Carney, Abdulnaser Alkhalil, Jessica C Ramella-Roman, Jeffrey W Shupp
Objective: Proteins of the matrix metalloproteinases family play a vital role in extracellular matrix maintenance and basic physiological processes in tissue homeostasis. The function and activities of matrix metalloproteinases in response to compression therapies have yet to be defined. Here, a swine model of hypertrophic scar was used to profile the transcription of all known 26 matrix metalloproteinases in scars treated with a precise compression dose. Methods: Full-thickness excisional wounds were created...
2018: Eplasty
Andrea Hiller, Jared Davis, Steven Schulz, Josh Henderson, B J Wilhelmi
Objective: Recipient vessel caliber may be the single most important variable for flow to free tissue transfer. We performed cadaveric dissection of the external carotid artery and its branches to analyze average diameter in order to determine an algorithm for recipient vessel selection in head and neck reconstruction. Methods: The external carotid artery and branches were exposed on 3 lightly embalmed male human cadavers, aged 82 to 85 years. Each vessel was dissected, and luminal diameters were recorded with calipers...
2017: Eplasty
Aditya Sood, Erica Y Xue, Christopher Sangiovanni, Paul J Therattil, Edward S Lee
Objective: Capsular contracture, the most common complication following breast augmentation with implants, is a complex inflammatory reaction that ultimately leads to fibrosis at the contact site between the implant and tissue. A number of peri-, pre-, and postoperative techniques have been postulated and implemented by many surgeons to reduce the incidence of capsular contracture. Breast massage and implant displacement technique is a commonly recommended practice that has not been well studied in regard to capsular contracture prevention...
2017: Eplasty
Waseem Mohiuddin, Guillaume S Chevrollier, Patrick J Greaney, Matthew P Jenkins, Steven E Copit
Objective: Postmastectomy radiation therapy is a well-established risk factor for complications after breast reconstruction. Even if the surgeon has a suspicion that radiation therapy may be needed, it may be beneficial to place tissue expanders during the mastectomy procedure as a temporizing measure, complete radiation therapy, and then reconstruct the breast with a latissimus flap. The purpose of this study was to examine the complication rates of the latissimus dorsi flap as compared with the complication rates of implant-based reconstruction in the setting of radiation therapy...
2017: Eplasty
Shizu Itsukage, Yoshihiro Sowa, Mariko Goto, Tetsuya Taguchi, Toshiaki Numajiri
Objective: Preoperative prediction of breast volume is important in the planning of breast reconstructive surgery. In this study, we prospectively estimated the accuracy of measurement of breast volume using data from 2 routine modalities, mammography and magnetic resonance imaging, by comparison with volumes of mastectomy specimens. Methods: The subjects were 22 patients (24 breasts) who were scheduled to undergo total mastectomy for breast cancer. Preoperatively, magnetic resonance imaging volume measurement was performed using a medical imaging system and the mammographic volume was calculated using a previously proposed formula...
2017: Eplasty
Lee W T Alkureishi, Mihir K Bhayani, Mark Sisco
Introduction: The superficial inferior epigastric artery flap offers ample volume for reconstruction, an inconspicuous scar, and no functional donor site deficit. This report details its use for volume replacement after parotidectomy. Methods: We report a 27-year-old woman with recurrent acinic cell carcinoma, requiring left total parotidectomy and partial mastoidectomy. In anticipation of significant contour deficit and postoperative radiation, reconstruction with a superficial inferior epigastric artery adipose-free flap was performed...
2017: Eplasty
Hiroyuki Takasu, Kazunobu Hashikawa, Tadashi Nomura, Shunsuke Sakakibara, Takeo Osaki, Hiroto Terashi
Objective: Thrombosis of a site of anastomosis in microsurgical free tissue transfer can result in tissue necrosis. To salvage potentially failing free flap, various methods of monitoring the viability of tissue have been described. We report a novel method of monitoring free flaps using near-infrared spectroscopy. Methods: After microsurgical operation, we monitored the regional oxygen saturation of the flap with using the In-Vivo Optical Spectroscopy. A total of 57 patients participated in this study. Results: Of 57 cases, arterial insufficiency was detected in 1 case and venous insufficiency was detected in 3 cases...
2017: Eplasty
Daniel P Donato, Alvin C Kwok, Michael O Bishop, Angela P Presson, Jayant P Agarwal
Objective: In an era of controlling cost and improving care, 30-day readmission rates have become an important quality measure. The purpose of this study was to identify the rates of 30-day unplanned readmission and the associated risk factors in patients undergoing outpatient hand surgery. Methods: The 2011-2014 National Surgical Quality Improvement Project data were queried for patients who met 368 hand-specific Current Procedural Terminology codes. Univariable and multivariable analyses were performed to identify patient- and surgery-specific risk factors associated with unplanned readmission within 30 days...
2017: Eplasty
Yoshichika Yasunaga, Kiyoshi Matsuo, Yohei Tanaka, Shunsuke Yuzuriha
Objective: We previously reported that near-infrared irradiation nonthermally induces long-lasting vasodilation of the subdermal plexus by causing apoptosis of vascular smooth muscle cells. To clarify the possible application of near-infrared irradiation to prevent skin flap necrosis, we evaluated the length of axial pattern flap survival in rats by near-infrared irradiation. Methods: A bilaterally symmetric island skin flap was elevated under the panniculus carnosus on the rat dorsum. Half of the flap was subjected to near-infrared irradiation just before flap elevation with a device that simulates solar radiation, which has a specialized contact cooling apparatus to avoid thermal effects...
2017: Eplasty
Yangshu L Pan, Albert H Chao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Eplasty
Takeshi Kitazawa, Masato Shiba
Objective: Lipomas are very common benign tumors located in any part of the body in which fat is normally present, but lipomas containing both osseous and cartilaginous elements are rare. Methods: A case of osteochondrolipoma in a 72-year-old man is reported. The tumor in the mental region was 2×1.5×1.5 cm. Results: After resection of the tumor, there has been no recurrence during the 6-month postoperative follow-up. Histological examination confirmed the definitive diagnosis. Conclusions: Osteochondrolipoma is an extremely unusual lesion that should be kept in mind in the differential diagnosis of soft-tissue tumors...
2017: Eplasty
Rahul K Nath, Sean G Boutros, Chandra Somasundaram
Background: Functional free gracilis muscle transfer is an operative procedure for elbow reconstruction in patients with complete brachial plexus nerve and avulsion injuries and in delayed or prolonged nerve denervation, as well as in patients with inadequate upper extremity function after primary nerve reconstruction. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed our patient records and identified 24 patients with complete brachial plexus nerve injury (13 obstetric, 11 males and 2 females; 11 traumatic, 9 males and 2 females) whose affected arm and shoulder were totally paralyzed and their voluntary elbow flexion or the biceps function was poor preoperatively (mean M0-1/5 in MRC grade)...
2017: Eplasty
Steven Schulz, Matthew R Zeiderman, J Stephen Gunn, Charles A Riccio, Saeed Chowdhry, Ronald Brooks, Joshua H Choo, Bradon J Wilhelmi
Background: Since its inception, reduction mammoplasty has matured considerably. Primary evolution in clinical research and practice initially focused on developing techniques to preserve tissue viability; breast parenchyma, skin, and nipple tissue that has expanded to include sensation and erectile function play a large role in the physical intimacy of women. Studies regarding primary innervation to the nipple are few and often contradictory. Our past anatomical study demonstrated that primary innervation to the nipple to come from the lateral branch of the fourth intercostal nerve...
2017: Eplasty
Matthew R Zeiderman, Shahrooz Sean Kelishadi, John Paul Tutela, Saeed Chowdhry, Ronald M Brooks, Bradon J Wilhelmi
Background: Despite the efficacy of reduction mammoplasty and demonstration that resection weight does not predict symptomatic relief of macromastia, many insurers still rely on the Schnur scale or predetermined resection weight for reimbursement. Insurers review pathology reports to determine reimbursement. Tissue desiccation and handling decrease specimen weight prior to pathology evaluation. Surgeons often make judgments based on intraoperative weight. Our goal was to determine whether (1) discrepancies exist between intraoperative and pathology weights, and (2) how differences may impact reimbursement and medical practice...
2017: Eplasty
Naohiro Ishii, Shigeki Sakai, Kazuo Kishi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Eplasty
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