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Clinical Respiratory Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168816/lactate-levels-and-pneumonia-severity-index-are-good-predictors-of-in-hospital-mortality-in-pneumonia
#1
Bulut Demirel
INTRODUCTION: Pneumonia is an inflammatory disease caused by micro-organisms. The pneumonia severity index (PSI) and CURB_65 scores are widely used to predict the mortality risk. We wanted to calculate the value of lactic acid level in predicting the mortality risk. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional study performed in a third level education and research hospital. The pneumonia diagnosis was determined by symptoms, physical examination findings, and radiological findings...
February 7, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139879/differences-in-inflammatory-marker-patterns-for-adult-community-acquired-pneumonia-patients-induced-by-different-pathogens
#2
Meng Liu, Hui Li, Chun Xue Xue, Li Gu, Jiu Xin Qu, Yi Min Wang, Ying Mei Liu, Bin Cao, Meng Liu, Hui Li, Chun Xue Xue, Li Gu, Jiu Xin Qu, Yi Min Wang, Ying Mei Liu, Bin Cao
INTRODUCTION: The inflammatory marker patterns of Community-acquired Pneumonia (CAP) induced by different microorganisms in adult patients remained unclear. OBJECTIVES: We aim to explore the inflammatory marker patterns of adult CAP patients induced by different pathogens. METHODS: Adult CAP patients with definite etiologies were enrolled from September 2010 to June 2012. They were divided into three groups according to the causative pathogens: typical bacteria, Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP), and viruses...
January 31, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127951/diagnostic-value-of-soluble-b7-h4-and-carcinoembryonic-antigen-in-distinguishing-malignant-from-benign-pleural-effusion
#3
Xiaogang Jing, Fei Wei, Jing Li, Lingling Dai, Xi Wang, Liuqun Jia, Huan Wang, Lin An, Yuanjian Yang, Guojun Zhang, Zhe Cheng
OBJECTIVE: To explore the diagnostic value of joint detection of soluble B7-H4 (sB7-H4) and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) in identifying malignant pleural effusion (MPE) from benign pleural effusion (BPE). METHODS: 97 patients with pleural effusion specimens were enrolled from the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University between June 2014 and December 2015. All cases were categorized into malignant pleural effusion group (n=55) and benign pleural effusion group (n=42) according to etiologies...
January 27, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085229/importance-of-pulmonary-artery-to-ascending-aorta-ratio-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#4
Sinem Iliaz, Elif Tanriverdio, Efsun Gonca Ugur Chousein, Sakine Ozturk, Raim Iliaz, Erdogan Cetinkaya, Emel Caglar
INTRODUCTION: Recent articles revealed that an increased main pulmonary artery to ascending aorta ratio (PA/A) in thorax computed tomography (CT) correlated with pulmonary hypertension, and might be linked to a high probability of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations. OBJECTIVES: In this study, our aim was to evaluate the clinical importance of PA/A in patients with exacerbations of COPD and investigate its relationship with the number of exacerbations in one year or short/long-term mortality after hospital discharge...
January 13, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085227/snoring-and-components-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-southeastern-chinese-adults-a-community-based-study
#5
Jianchai Huang, Jiachao Qi, Qichang Lin, Shuqi Li, Gongping Chen, Haibo Ding, Jianming Zhao
INTRODUCTION: Snoring has been associated with a number of abnormal conditions, but little work has been done on its association with components of metabolic syndrome based on the epidemiology in Chinese adults. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the association between snoring and components of metabolic syndrome in southeastern Chinese adults. METHODS: A two-stage, cross-sectional community-based study was performed in Fuzhou, Southeast China, from 2005 to 2009...
January 13, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063201/relation-between-dynamic-change-of-red-cell-distribution-width-and-30-day-mortality-in-patients-with-acute-pulmonary-embolism
#6
Selçuk Yazıcı, Tuncay Kırış, Ufuk Sadık Ceylan, Sait Terzi, Ahmet Okan Uzun, Ayşe Emre, Kemal Yeşilçimen
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Recent studies suggest that an increase in red cell distribution width (RDW) levels have a better prognostic value than a single measurement. In the current study, we investigated the predictive value of increasing RDW levels for mortality in acute pulmonary emboli (APE) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For the study, 199 APE patients who were hospitalized were enrolled. Patients were divided into three groups according to their admission and 24th hour RDW values...
January 7, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063199/diagnostic-accuracy-of-echocardiography-combined-with-chest-ct-in-pulmonary-hypertension
#7
Adil Shujaat, Abubakr A Bajwa, Farah Al-Saffar, Jason Bellardini, Lisa Jones, James D Cury
BACKGROUND: Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and computerized axial tomography (CT) are complementary imaging techniques. It is possible that a combination of the two may offer a better way of identifying pulmonary hypertension (PH) than either one alone. OBJECTIVES: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of TTE combined with chest CT in pulmonary hypertension. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of consecutive patients who had undergone TTE, CT and right heart catheterization (RHC) between 7/1/2008 and 6/30/2012...
January 7, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054460/clinical-importance-of-cross-sectional-area-of-intercostal-muscles-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#8
Sunmi Ju, Seung Jun Lee, Mi Jung Park, Yu Ji Cho, Yi Yeong Jeong, Kyung Nyeo Jeon, Kyung Soo Bae, Ho Cheol Kim, Jong Deog Lee
INTRODUCTION: Limb muscle wasting is one of main systemic manifestation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the change of respiratory muscle is unclear. OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the cross-sectional area (CSA) of the intercostal muscles (ICMs) in patients with COPD, using chest computed tomography (CT) and determined its association with the clinical characteristics of COPD. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 60 patients with stable COPD and compared them with 30 controls...
January 5, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052583/pulmonary-hypertension-in-advanced-lung-diseases-echocardiography-as-an-important-part-of-patient-evaluation-for-lung-transplantation
#9
Jolanta Nowak, Bartosz Hudzik, Dariusz Jastrze Bski, Jacek T Niedziela, Piotr Rozentryt, Jacek Wojarski, Marek Ochman, Wojciech Karolak, Sławomir Żegleń, Marek Gierlotka, Mariusz Gąsior
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is common complication in advanced lung disease. Echocardiography provides additional information and may be useful to assess PH probability. OBJECTIVES: The usefulness of combination of well-known echocardiographic parameters in detecting PH in patients with advanced lung disease referred for lung transplantation was evaluated. METHODS: The study population consisted of 37 consecutive patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), 20 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and 8 patients with other interstitial lung diseases...
January 4, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052531/is-the-electrocardiogram-still-useful-in-detecting-right-ventricular-abnormalities-in-patients-with-pulmonary-hypertension-when-compared-to-echocardiography
#10
LETTER
Alfredo E Lamela Domenech, Angel López-Candales
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 4, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033666/response-letter-to-letter-to-the-editor-regarding-article-entitled-what-should-be-taken-into-account-during-study-on-immunoregulatory-effects-of-helminths-a-critical-analyzing-on-downregulation-of-immune-responses-in-asthmatic-patients-by-es-products-of-marshallagia
#11
Farahzad Jabbari Azad, Fatemeh Kiaee, Abdorahim Rezaei, Reza Farid Hosseini, Nushinmehr Soleimani, Hassan Borji
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 29, 2016: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026153/clinical-and-hemodynamic-characteristics-of-pulmonary-hypertension-associated-with-interstitial-lung-disease-in-china
#12
Lan Wang, Qin-Hua Zhao, Bigyan Pudasaini, Rong Jiang, Su-Gang Gong, Jing He, Ping Yuan, Jin-Ming Liu
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is an important complication of interstitial lung disease (ILD). The aim of the present study was to investigate characteristics and prognosis of ILD associated PH in a predominantly Chinese patient cohort. METHODS: Consecutive patients with ILD associated PH, confirmed by right heart catheterization at shanghai pulmonary hospital were included in the study. Characteristics at baseline and during follow-up, as well as survival, were analyzed...
December 27, 2016: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026144/deciduoid-mesothelioma-of-the-thorax-a-comprehensive-review-of-the-scientific-literature
#13
REVIEW
Panagiotis Paliogiannis, Carlo Putzu, Giorgio Carlo Ginesu, Maria Laura Cossu, Claudio Francesco Feo, Federico Attene, Fabrizio Scognamillo, Rita Nonnis, Antonio Cossu, Giuseppe Palmieri, Pietro Pirina, Alessandro Fois
OBJECTIVE: Deciduoid mesothelioma is a rare variant of malignant epithelioid mesothelioma. It often involves the peritoneum, but also thoracic cases have been reported. The aim of the present review is to describe the demographic, clinical, radiological, and pathological features of such a rare variant of thoracic mesothelioma, and the state of the art regarding the therapeutic approaches currently available. DATA SOURCE: English-language articles published from 1985 to June 2016, and related to thoracic deciduoid mesothelioma cases were retrieved using the Pubmed database...
December 27, 2016: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026133/role-of-increased-mean-platelet-volume-mpv-and-decreased-mpv-platelet-count-ratio-as-poor-prognostic-factors-in-lung-cancer
#14
Muhyettin Omar, Ozgur Tanriverdi, Suna Cokmert, Esin Oktay, Ozlem Yersal, Kezban Nur Pilancı, Serkan Menekse, Muharrem Kocar, Cenk Ahmet Sen, Cetin Ordu, Gamze Goksel, Nezih Meydan, Sabri Barutca
OBJECTIVES: In this study, they investigated whether mean thrombocyte volume (MPV) and MPV/platelet count ratio have a prognostic significance in advanced NSCLC or not. METHODS: A total of 496 NSCLC patients at stage IIIB/IV and did not meet exclusion criteria were included in the study. The demographic features (age, gender, smoking habit), clinical characteristics (performance status, weight loss, disease stage, first-line treatment regimen), laboratory tests (levels of hemoglobin, lactate dehydrogenase and calcium as well as MPV, MPV/platelet count ratio and counts of white blood cell, platelet), and histological features (histologic type, tumor grade) were recorded...
December 27, 2016: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026127/well-differentiated-bronchial-neuroendocrine-tumors-clinical-management-and-outcomes-in-105-patients
#15
Marinos Pericleous, Anna Karpathakis, Christos Toumpanakis, Heather Lumgair, Jonathan Reiner, Laura Marelli, Christina Thirlwell, Martyn E Caplin
INTRODUCTION: Bronchial neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are rare tumors representing approximately 20%-30% of all neuroendocrine tumors and 2%-3% of all adult lung cancers. Here, they present a large case series of well-differentiated bronchial NETs with the aim of investigating the behavior of these tumors and long-term outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of 105 patients with bronchial NETs managed in a tertiary referral center in the period between January 1998 and January 2012...
December 27, 2016: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026119/bench-evaluation-of-commercially-available-and-newly-developed-interfaces-for-mouthpiece-ventilation
#16
Adam Ogna, Helene Prigent, Line Falaize, Karl Leroux, Dante Santos, Isabelle Vaugier, David Orlikowski, Frederic Lofaso
INTRODUCTION: Mouthpiece ventilation represents a valuable treatment for patients needing daytime non-invasive ventilation. This modality is however underused, in part because of limitations in the available equipment. OBJECTIVE: To develop a new flexible and moldable mouthpiece, aiming to address some of the issues of the currently available interfaces. METHODS: We compared two commercially available and the newly developed mouthpieces in a bench test using four life-support home ventilators and three settings per ventilator...
December 27, 2016: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026118/mounier-kuhn-syndrome-tracheobronchomegaly-an-analysis-of-eleven-cases
#17
Recep Akgedik, Harun Karamanli, Deniz Kizilirmak, Ali Bekir Kurt, Hasan Öztürk, Berna Botan Yildirim, Lütfullah Çakir
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Mounier-Kuhn syndrome (MKS) is a congenital disorder characterized by tracheobronchomegaly resulting from the absence of elastic fibers in the trachea and main bronchi or atrophy and thinning of the smooth muscle layer. In this syndrome, dead space associated with tracheobronchomegaly increases and discharge of secretions decreases because of ineffective coughing. The most common complications are recurrent lower respiratory tract infections and bronchiectasis. We examined the clinical characteristics, radiological features, and related complications of patients with MKS...
December 27, 2016: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026113/prognostic-evaluation-by-oxygenation-with-positive-end-expiratory-pressure-in-acute-exacerbation-of-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#18
Atsushi Suzuki, Hiroyuki Taniguchi, Masahiko Ando, Yasuhiro Kondoh, Tomoki Kimura, Kensuke Kataoka, Toshiaki Matsuda, Toshiki Yokoyama, Koji Sakamoto, Yoshinori Hasegawa
INTRODUCTION: Acute exacerbation (AE) is a severe complication of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), which shares some common pathological features with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The new definition of ARDS requires positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) to assess gas exchange and has better predictive validity for short-term mortality compared with the previous definition. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic utility of oxygenation with PEEP in AE-IPF...
December 27, 2016: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019716/assessment-by-airway-ellipticity-on-cine-mri-to-differentiate-severe-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#19
Tsukasa Kojima, Masateru Kawakubo, Mari K Nishizaka, Anita Rahmawati, Shin-Ichi Ando, Akiko Chishaki, Yasuhiko Nakamura, Michinobu Nagao
INTRODUCTION: The severity of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is assessed by the apnea-hypopnea-index (AHI) determined from polysomnography (PSG). However, PSG requires a specialized facility with well-trained specialists and takes overnight. Therefore, simple tools, which could distinguish severe OSA, have been needed before performing PSG. OBJECTIVES: We propose the new index using cine-MRI as a screening test to differentiate severe OSA patients, who would need PSG and proper treatment...
December 26, 2016: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997741/advances-in-pleuroscopy
#20
REVIEW
Stavros Anevlavis, Marios E Froudarakis
OBJECTIVES: To describe the technique of pleuroscopy, its clinical uses such as diagnosis of exudative pleural effusion, treatment of pleural infection, treatment of pneumothorax and diagnosis and pleurodesis of malignant pleural mesothelioma. Also to describe the newer techniques developed such as minothoracoscopy, semirigid thoracoscopy, narrow band imaging pleuroscopy, infrared pleuroscopy, autofluorescence pleuroscopy. DATA SOURCE: We searched the pubmed the last decade for publications with the key words pleuroscopy, medical thoracoscopy, pneumothorax and pleuroscopy, malignant pleural mesothelioma, minothoracoscopy, semirigid thoracoscopy, autofluorescence pleuroscopy...
December 20, 2016: Clinical Respiratory Journal
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