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Clinical Respiratory Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332341/risk-factors-for-acute-exacerbation-of-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Meihua Qiu, Yuqing Chen, Qiao Ye
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic andprogressive fibrotic disease limited to the lungs.The course of disease varies widely, with some patients experiencing acute respiratory deterioration, a conditioncalled acute exacerbations of IPF (AE-IPF). The risk factors contributing to AE-IPF are unclear. This systematic review and meta-analysis investigatedthe risk factors for AE-IPF. METHODS: Studies ofrisk factors for AE-IPF were identified in Medline, EMBASE and Cochrane databases...
March 23, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319358/albendazole-therapy-in-human-lung-and-liver-hydatid-cysts-a-13-year-experience
#2
Seyed Hossein Fattahi Masoom, Shahrzad Mohammadzadeh Lari, Asieh Sadat Fattahi, Negin Ahmadnia, Mahla Rajabi, Maliheh NaderiKalat
BACKGROUND: Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is an endemic disease in Iran. This study has aimed to report the efficacy of Albendazole therapy in patients with CE. METHOD: Among 164 patients with echinococcosis who were referred to the surgery clinic, Ghaem hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences between 2001 and 2013, two were diagnosed with alveolar echinococcosis (AE) and 162 with CE; 43 of whom underwent surgery. The rest 119 patients received medical therapy by Albendazole 15 mg/kg/day for three phases...
March 20, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296234/association-between-fractional-exhaled-nitric-oxide-and-clinical-characteristics-and-outcomes-in-patients-with-subacute-cough
#3
Mingming Jiang, Min Liu, Ying Wang, Lili Xu, Xiaoning Bu, Li An, Hong Zhang, Kewu Huang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationships between fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FENO) and clinical characteristics and outcomes in patients with subacute cough. METHODS: Patients with subacute cough (n = 189) after upper respiratory tract infection were enrolled in this single-center prospective study, and were divided into low- (<25 ppb) and high- (≥25 ppb) FENO groups. Empirical therapies (without inhaled or systemic corticosteroids) were prescribed based on clinical experience and follow-up until the disease course reached 8 weeks...
March 15, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296266/comparision-between-traditional-and-small-diameter-tube-assisted-bronchoscopic-balloon-dilatation-in-the-treatment-of-benign-tracheal-stenosis
#4
Li-Hua Li, Yi-Lin Liang, Yu Li, Ming-Peng Xu, Wen-Tao Li, Guang-Nan Liu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the safety and efficacy between using a small-diameter tube-assisted bronchoscopic balloon dilatation (BBD) and the traditional BBD in the treatment of benign tracheal stenosis. METHODS: A retrospective study included fifty-eight patients with benign tracheal stenosis from August 2009 to December 2014 was made. The patients who underwent traditional BBD were divided into group A, and who underwent a small-diameter tube-assisted BBD were divided into group B...
March 14, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294547/brain-natriuretic-peptide-levels-in-middle-aged-subjects-with-normal-left-ventricular-function-in-relation-to-mild-moderate-copd
#5
M Kraen, S Frantz, U Nihlén, G Engström, C G Löfdahl, P Wollmer, M Dencker
BACKGROUND: Levels of plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) have been shown to be elevated in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) especially in connection with cor pulmonale (CP) and the late stages of the disease. BNP is also raised in left sided heart failure which sometimes coincides with COPD. Whether BNP is elevated in subjects with mild-moderate stable COPD and normal left ventricular function is not clear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate BNP levels in subjects with mild-moderate COPD and normal left ventricular function...
March 14, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296212/red-cell-distribution-width-and-uric-acid-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#6
A Sunnetcioglu, H Gunbatar, H Yıldız
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), characterized by recurrent partial or complete pharyngeal closure, resulting in apnea or hypopnea, is closely associated with cardiovascular disorders (CVDs). Elevated red cell distribution width (RDW) and serum uric acid (SUA) levels have also been associated with CVDs and the consequent mortality. The aim of this study is to determine SUA levels and RDW in patients with OSA which is major a risk factor for CVDs. METHODS: This was a retrospective study involving 600 subjects evaluated by polysomnography...
March 13, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294545/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-depending-on-oral-health-and-specific-factors-in-patients-after-lung-transplantation
#7
Gerhard Schmalz, Horst Wendorff, Anna Marcinkowski, Gerhard Weinreich, Helmut Teschler, Rainer Haak, Urte Sommerwerck, Dirk Ziebolz
INTRODUCTION: Patients after lung transplantation (LuTx) were found to present oral health deficiencies. The investigation of potentially underlying or influencing factors appears to be of clinical relevance. OBJECTIVES: Aim of this study was to evaluate the oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL) in a group of patients after LuTx and compare this to a healthy control group (HC). Furthermore, the influence of dental and periodontal condition, as well as specific factors like immunosuppression, time after LuTx and causal underlying disease should be investigated...
March 13, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268258/cha2ds2-vasc-scores-predict-major-adverse-cardiovascular-events-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#8
Hean Ooi, Li-Hsiou Chen, Yung-Lun Ni, Huan-Ting Shen, Yen-Hsien Lee, Yi-Chun Chu, Ke-Chih Fang, I-Hung Chen, Shu-Lan Hsu, Hsing-Chun Chen, Chien-Hsiu Huang, Kuo-Sheng Fan, Chun-Liang Lai, Liang-Wen Hang
INTRODUCTION: Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) frequently experience concurrent comorbidities; therefore, risk assessment for major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) is very important. OBJECTIVES: We explored the association between COPD and risk of MACEs with three common clinical events: acute myocardial infarction (AMI), ischemic stroke (IS), and cardiovascular death (CVD). METHODS: We evaluated the predictive value of the CHA2DS2-VASc score (congestive heart failure [C], hypertension [H), age [A], diabetes [D), stroke [S], and vascular disease [VASc]) for MACEs in COPD patients...
March 7, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268257/risk-factors-for-incident-asthma-and-copd-in-a-cohort-of-young-adults
#9
Lisbet Krogh Traulsen, Jesper Baelum, Anders Halling, Gert Thomsen, Trine Thilsing, David Sherson, Torben Sigsgaard, Øyvind Omland, Tine Malling, Lars Rauff Skadhauge
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to describe potential shared risk factors for incident asthma and COPD in a population-based, nine-year follow-up study. METHODS: From a cohort of 1,191 individuals, aged 20-44, who participated in baseline survey including spirometry, bronchial challenge, and skin prick test (SPT) 742 subjects (62%) were reexamined at follow-up in 2012-2014. RESULTS: A total of 27 incident cases of asthma and 22 cases of COPD were identified at follow-up corresponding to an incidence rate of 5...
March 7, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268255/association-of-migraine-with-asthma-risk-a-retrospective-population-based-cohort-study
#10
Yi-Hao Peng, Kuan-Fei Chen, Wei-Chih Liao, Te-Chun Hsia, Hsuan-Ju Chen, Ming-Chien Yin, Wen-Chao Ho
BACKGROUND: Both migraine and asthma are common health problems in the general population. However, the association between these two disorders is yet to be fully explored. OBJECTIVE: We examined whether adult patients with migraine are at a higher risk of asthma development. METHODS: We used data retrieved from the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan to conduct this nationwide population-based cohort study. We identified 6647 patients aged 20-60 years who were newly diagnosed with migraine between 2000 and 2005 for the migraine group and identified 26 588 patients without migraine for the nonmigraine group...
March 7, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268242/tuberculosis-associated-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#11
REVIEW
Malay Sarkar, Srinivas Gowda, Irappa Madabhavi, Kushal Dogra
OBJECTIVES: Reviewed the epidemiology, clinical characteristics, mechanisms and treatment of tuberculosis associated chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. DATA SOURCE: We searched PubMed, EMBASE and the CINAHL from inception to June 2016. We used the following search terms: Tuberculosis, COPD, Tuberculosis associated COPD etc. All types of study were chosen. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and tuberculosis are significant public health problems, particularly in developing countries...
March 7, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257607/dync2h1-mutation-causes-jeune-syndrome-and-recurrent-lung-infections-associated-with-ciliopathy
#12
Nagehan Emiralioglu, Julia Wallmeier, Heike Olbrich, Heymut Omran, Ugur Ozcelik
Asphyxiating thoracic dystrophy, also known as Jeune syndrome, is included in a group of syndromic skeletal ciliopathies associated with mutations in genes encoding proteins involved in the formation or function of motile cilia. Herein, we report a 6-month-old male admitted to hospital with recurrent lung infections, thoracic dystrophy, and respiratory distress that was diagnosed as Jeune syndrome; DYNC2H1 mutation was detected via genetic analysis and ciliary dysfunction was noted via high-speed video microscopy...
March 3, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245530/positive-pleural-cytology-is-an-indicator-for-visceral-pleural-invasion-in-metastatic-pleural-effusions
#13
Marios E Froudarakis, Jerôme Plojoux, Elise Kaspi, Stavros Anevlavis, Sophie Laroumagne, Georgia Karpathiou, Elisa Roca, Daniel Adler, Hervé Dutau, Philippe Astoul
INTRODUCTION: In case of undiagnosed pleural effusions, it is necessary to conduct thoracentesis with pleural fluid (PF) cytology. Yet, sensitivity of PF cytology is widely variable as a result of sample size, experience and preparation method. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess whether pleural fluid (PF) cytology is correlated to visceral or parietal pleural invasion as assessed by thoracoscopy in metastatic pleural effusions. METHODS: All records of patients with pleural effusion were reviewed...
February 28, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224727/molecular-identification-and-distribution-of-non-tuberculous-mycobacteria-isolated-from-clinical-specimens-by-pcr-sequencing-method-in-west-of-iran
#14
Mahsa Dastranj, Abbas Farahani, Abdolrazagh Hashemi Shahraki, Sara Atashi, Parviz Mohajeri
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Infections by Non-tuberculous Mycobacteria (NTM) has rapidly increased in recent years, due to high infection rates related to the populations at risk like immunocompromised individuals, patients predisposed by prior pulmonary. The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of NTM in clinical samples and genetic diversity using 16S rRNA and rpoB sequence analysis. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 45 diverse isolates collected from sputum in two years 2014-2015 using standard decontamination procedure...
February 22, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224726/a%C3%A4-rway-and-sleep-d%C3%A4-sorders-%C3%A4-n-pat%C3%A4-ents-w%C3%A4-th-acromegaly
#15
Onur Turan, Barış Akıncı, Ahmet Omer Ikız, Oya Itıl, Ibrahim Oztura, Emel Ada, Bahri Akdenız, Serkan Yener, Murat Kaya, Arzu Gedık, Abdurrahman Comlekcı
INTRODUCTION-OBJECTIVE: Acromegaly is a multisystemic disorder caused by excessive secretion of growth hormone (GH). Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) such as sleep apnea syndrome (SAS) may occur in acromegaly. The aim of study was to assess the presence of sleep disorders and evaluate the systemic complications on respiratory, cardiovascular and upper airway systems in acromegalic patients. METHODS: The study group consisted of 30 acromegaly outpatients. GH and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) measurements were obtained; body pletysmography, arterial blood gas analysis,tissue-doppler imaging,echocardiography,polysomnography,otorhinolaryngologic examination and head-neck computed tomography were performed...
February 22, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168816/lactate-levels-and-pneumonia-severity-index-are-good-predictors-of-in-hospital-mortality-in-pneumonia
#16
Bulut Demirel
INTRODUCTION: Pneumonia is an inflammatory disease caused by micro-organisms. The pneumonia severity index (PSI) and CURB_65 scores are widely used to predict the mortality risk. We wanted to calculate the value of lactic acid level in predicting the mortality risk. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional study performed in a third level education and research hospital. The pneumonia diagnosis was determined by symptoms, physical examination findings, and radiological findings...
February 7, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139879/differences-in-inflammatory-marker-patterns-for-adult-community-acquired-pneumonia-patients-induced-by-different-pathogens
#17
Meng Liu, Hui Li, Chun Xue Xue, Li Gu, Jiu Xin Qu, Yi Min Wang, Ying Mei Liu, Bin Cao, Meng Liu, Hui Li, Chun Xue Xue, Li Gu, Jiu Xin Qu, Yi Min Wang, Ying Mei Liu, Bin Cao
INTRODUCTION: The inflammatory marker patterns of Community-acquired Pneumonia (CAP) induced by different microorganisms in adult patients remained unclear. OBJECTIVES: We aim to explore the inflammatory marker patterns of adult CAP patients induced by different pathogens. METHODS: Adult CAP patients with definite etiologies were enrolled from September 2010 to June 2012. They were divided into three groups according to the causative pathogens: typical bacteria, Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP), and viruses...
January 31, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127951/diagnostic-value-of-soluble-b7-h4-and-carcinoembryonic-antigen-in-distinguishing-malignant-from-benign-pleural-effusion
#18
Xiaogang Jing, Fei Wei, Jing Li, Lingling Dai, Xi Wang, Liuqun Jia, Huan Wang, Lin An, Yuanjian Yang, Guojun Zhang, Zhe Cheng
OBJECTIVE: To explore the diagnostic value of joint detection of soluble B7-H4 (sB7-H4) and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) in identifying malignant pleural effusion (MPE) from benign pleural effusion (BPE). METHODS: 97 patients with pleural effusion specimens were enrolled from the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University between June 2014 and December 2015. All cases were categorized into malignant pleural effusion group (n=55) and benign pleural effusion group (n=42) according to etiologies...
January 27, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085229/importance-of-pulmonary-artery-to-ascending-aorta-ratio-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#19
Sinem Iliaz, Elif Tanriverdio, Efsun Gonca Ugur Chousein, Sakine Ozturk, Raim Iliaz, Erdogan Cetinkaya, Emel Caglar
INTRODUCTION: Recent articles revealed that an increased main pulmonary artery to ascending aorta ratio (PA/A) in thorax computed tomography (CT) correlated with pulmonary hypertension, and might be linked to a high probability of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations. OBJECTIVES: In this study, our aim was to evaluate the clinical importance of PA/A in patients with exacerbations of COPD and investigate its relationship with the number of exacerbations in one year or short/long-term mortality after hospital discharge...
January 13, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085227/snoring-and-components-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-southeastern-chinese-adults-a-community-based-study
#20
Jianchai Huang, Jiachao Qi, Qichang Lin, Shuqi Li, Gongping Chen, Haibo Ding, Jianming Zhao
INTRODUCTION: Snoring has been associated with a number of abnormal conditions, but little work has been done on its association with components of metabolic syndrome based on the epidemiology in Chinese adults. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the association between snoring and components of metabolic syndrome in southeastern Chinese adults. METHODS: A two-stage, cross-sectional community-based study was performed in Fuzhou, Southeast China, from 2005 to 2009...
January 13, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
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