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Journal of Ultrasound

B Kuzmanović Elabjer, M Bušić, D Miletić, M Bjeloš, N Vukojević, D Bosnar
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of standardized A-scan echography (ASE) complementing ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) to propose the most efficient method as grounds for the diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of anterior eye-segment tumors. METHODS: The inclusion criteria were tumors of the ciliary body and peripheral choroidal tumors, whose anterior border could not be visualized with a 10 MHz ultrasound probe. The largest basal dimension and the highest prominence of the tumor were measured with a UBM Lin 50 probe...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Edward L Sutherland, Agnieszka Choromanska, Sayf Al-Katib, Mary Coffey
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the rate of nondiagnostic ultrasound-guided renal mass biopsies (RMBs) at our institution and to determine what patient, procedural, and focal renal mass (FRM) factors were associated with nondiagnostic ultrasound-guided RMBs. METHODS: Eighty-two ultrasound-guided renal mass biopsies performed between January 2014 and October 2016 were included in our study. Biopsy outcomes (diagnostic vs. nondiagnostic) and patient, procedural, and FRM characteristics were retrospectively reviewed and recorded...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Manuela Nestola, Nicoletta De Matthaeis, Pietro Manuel Ferraro, Paola Fuso, Stefano Costanzi, Gian Franco Zannoni, Fabrizio Pizzolante, Sabina Vasquez Quadra, Giovanni Gambaro, Gian Ludovico Rapaccini
PURPOSE: To compare contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS)-derived time-intensity (TI) curves with histological findings in kidneys of patients affected by chronic glomerulonephritides (GN) in the early stage of disease. METHODS: Research ethics committee approval and patient written informed consent were obtained. Thirty-one patients who showed clinical and laboratory signs of GN, with preserved renal function, were consecutively enrolled. They underwent kidney CEUS, from which TI curves were obtained, and kidney biopsy...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Mattia Di Segni, Valeria de Soccio, Vito Cantisani, Giacomo Bonito, Antonello Rubini, Gabriele Di Segni, Sveva Lamorte, Valentina Magri, Corrado De Vito, Giuseppe Migliara, Tommaso Vincenzo Bartolotta, Alessio Metere, Laura Giacomelli, Carlo de Felice, Ferdinando D'Ambrosio
PURPOSE: To assess the diagnostic performance and the potential as a teaching tool of S-detect in the assessment of focal breast lesions. METHODS: 61 patients (age 21-84 years) with benign breast lesions in follow-up or candidate to pathological sampling or with suspicious lesions candidate to biopsy were enrolled. The study was based on a prospective and on a retrospective phase. In the prospective phase, after completion of baseline US by an experienced breast radiologist and S-detect assessment, 5 operators with different experience and dedication to breast radiology performed elastographic exams...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Jennifer Murphy, Sharon McGarry, Anish Patel, A Mark Davies, Steven L James, Rajesh Botchu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 7, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Ashraf Talaat Youssef
The current study evaluated two cases of pervaginal bleeding subsequent of intrauterine arterial pseudoaneurysm. Each case was complaining of intermittent attacks of heavy vaginal bleeding: one case with history of cesarean section and the other case after uterine curettage. Intrauterine arterial pseudoaneurysm can be caused by a traumatic injury to the vessel wall with subsequent formation of periarterial hematoma that liquefies forming periarterial bloody cyst, which communicates through the narrow neck with the arterial lumen...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Prateek Sihag, Anupama Tandon, Raj Pal, B K Jain, Shuchi Bhatt, Simranjeet Kaur, Arpita Sinha
Infertility affects 15-20% of the reproductive age range population; the male factor accounts for up to 40-60% of these. With female factor infertility catching most of the limelight in research, diagnosis and treatment, the other half of the problem has not been duly addressed. Imaging has an important role to play in the evaluation of male infertility, especially to identify correctible (obstructive) causes. We review the scrotal, trans-rectal sonographic and Doppler findings in infertile men to aid in the accurate diagnosis and proper management of such patients...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
L Mulazzani, V Salvatore, F Ravaioli, G Allegretti, F Matassoni, R Granata, A Ferrarini, H Stefanescu, Fabio Piscaglia
Unfortunately, in the first sentence under the section head "Point shear wave elastography", the transducer name was misspelled as CA541 (rather than CA451).
March 22, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Santi Di Pietro, Francesco Falaschi, Alice Bruno, Tiziano Perrone, Valeria Musella, Stefano Perlini
PURPOSE: The sonographic evaluation of inferior vena cava diameters and its collapsibility-that is also defined as the caval index-has become a popular way to easily obtain a noninvasive estimate of central venous pressure. This is generally considered an easy sonographic task to perform, and according to the American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) Guidelines 25 repetitions of this procedure should be sufficient to reach proficiency. However, little is known about the learning process for this sonographic technique...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Massimo Valentino, Mauro Liberatore, Fabrizio Maghella, Valeria De Soccio, Carlo De Felice, Daniela Messineo, Francesco Maria Drudi
Desmoid-type fibromatosis (DF), also known as aggressive fibromatosis, is a locally aggressive benign fibroblastic neoplasm that can infiltrate or recur but cannot metastasize. It is rare, with an estimated annual incidence of two to four new cases per million people. Most DFs occur sporadically, but it may also be associated with the hereditary syndrome familial adenomatous polyposis. Treatment is necessary when the disease is symptomatic, especially in case of compression of critical structures. When possible, surgical resection is the treatment of choice; however, recurrence is common...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Misun Hwang, Matthew A Thimm, Anthony L Guerrerio
PURPOSE: Cavernous transformation of the portal vein can be missed on color Doppler exam or arterial phase cross-sectional imaging due to their slow flow and delayed enhancement. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) offers many advantages over other imaging techniques and can be used to successfully detect cavernous transformations of the portal vein. METHODS: A 10-month-old female was followed for repeat episodes of hematemesis. Computed tomography angiography (CTA) and magnetic resonance arteriogram (MRA) and portal venography were performed...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Ashraf Talaat Youssef
INTRODUCTION: Many uncommon obstetric and gynecologic problems associated with pregnancy and the early postpartum period can lead to severe abdominal pain and be life-threatening. The patient will be in urgent need of a quick and accurate decision. The means of management will depend on the ability to differentiate between these problems to achieve an optimal diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 30 pregnant females attended a private obstetric ultrasound clinic with clinical picture of acute abdomen with pregnancy...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Igino Simonetti, Piero Trovato, Francesco Verde, Luca Tarotto, Roberto Della Casa, Maria Concetta Lonardo, Gianfranco Vallone, Maria Grazia Caprio
Persistent urogenital sinus (PUGS) is a congenital pathological condition characterized by an abnormal communication between the urethra and vagina, which has an estimated incidence of 0.6/10,000 female births. It could be the only known malformation or part of a syndrome. PUGS is commonly shown by a pelvic mass, related to a distended bladder, hydrometrocolpos which is due to an obstruction leading to the dilation of the vagina and uterus (i.e., imperforate hymen, transverse vaginal septum or atresia, and PUGS) or both...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Nikolaos Mamas, Konstantinos Andreanos, Dimitrios Brouzas, Andreas Diagourtas, Andreas Droulias, Ilias Georgalas, Dimitrios Papaconstantinou
PURPOSE: To report the case of a 65-year-old metalworker with no known history of ocular trauma, who suffered from intense ocular pain during magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain, due to a retained intraocular metallic foreign body (IOFB). CASE REPORT: Meticulous ophthalmological examination was inconclusive. An IOFB was confirmed with X-ray scan, whereas its exact localization was enabled by means of ultrasonography and ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM). CONCLUSIONS: Despite appropriate screening protocols, MRI-related ocular complications might occur in the presence of a hidden metallic IOFB...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Rodolfo Gialletti, Andrea Marchegiani, Tiziana Valeriani, Sara Nannarone, Francesca Beccati, Alessandro Fruganti, Fulvio Laus
PURPOSE: To describe the association of clinical and ultrasonographic (US) findings in horses affected by visual impairments, to estimate the most frequent ultrasonographic alteration as well importance and limits of US as a part of ophthalmic evaluation in equine patients. METHODS: One-hundred-forty-five horses referred to the Veterinary Teaching Hospitals of the University of Perugia and Camerino for ocular problems were submitted to ophthalmic examination and ocular ultrasound...
March 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Caterina Pizzicaroli, Carlotta Montagnoli, Ilaria Simonelli, Maria Grazia Frigo, Herbert Valensise, Mario Filippo Segatore, Giovanni Larciprete
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the progression and rotation of the fetal head during the second stage of labor using translabial ultrasound and to compare ultrasonographic data obtained in nulliparous women both receiving and not receiving neuraxial analgesia. METHODS: The 49 patients enrolled in the study were divided into two groups according to receiving or not receiving neuraxial analgesia. Every half hour from full dilation to delivery, the ultrasonographic translabial parameters of Angle of Progression, Head Symphysis Distance, and Midline Angle were obtained and recorded by a single operator...
March 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Claudio M Pacella
The original version of this article unfortunately was incorrect. The correct title should read: "Comment to article: "Image-guided thermal ablation of benign thyroid nodules" by A. Mainini, et al. J Ultrasound (2017) ".
March 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Pablo Blanco, Anselmo Abdo-Cuza
Multimodality monitoring is a common practice in caring for neurocritically ill patients, and consists mainly in clinical assessment, intracranial pressure monitoring and using several imaging methods. Of these imaging methods, transcranial Doppler (TCD) is an interesting tool that provides a non-invasive, portable and radiation-free way to assess cerebral circulation and diagnose and follow-up (duplex method) intracranial mass-occupying lesions, such as hematomas and midline shift. This article reviews the basics of TCD applied to neurocritical care patients, offering a rationale for its use as well as tips for practitioners...
March 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Giovanni Mauri, Anna Pisani Mainini, Cristian Monaco, Lorenzo Carlo Pescatori, Chiara De Angelis, Luca Maria Sconfienza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Julio César Gómez-Tamayo, Jorge Iván Puerta-Guarín, Claudia Marcela Rojas-Camejo, Juan Pablo Caicedo, José Andrés Calvache
INTRODUCTION: Sonography has gained a broad field of applications in current anesthetic practice. During airway management, it could have an important role, because it allows real-time measurement of anatomical aspects and a functional evaluation with high safety profile. However, assessment of the reliability and precision of these measurements is critical if sonography is used as a clinical diagnostic tool. The aim of the study was to estimate inter-rater and intra-rater reliability of the airway diameter measured by sonography in heathy volunteers...
March 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
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