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Journal of Ultrasound

Misun Hwang, Matthew A Thimm, Anthony L Guerrerio
PURPOSE: Cavernous transformation of the portal vein can be missed on color Doppler exam or arterial phase cross-sectional imaging due to their slow flow and delayed enhancement. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) offers many advantages over other imaging techniques and can be used to successfully detect cavernous transformations of the portal vein. METHODS: A 10-month-old female was followed for repeat episodes of hematemesis. Computed tomography angiography (CTA) and magnetic resonance arteriogram (MRA) and portal venography were performed...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Ashraf Talaat Youssef
INTRODUCTION: Many uncommon obstetric and gynecologic problems associated with pregnancy and the early postpartum period can lead to severe abdominal pain and be life-threatening. The patient will be in urgent need of a quick and accurate decision. The means of management will depend on the ability to differentiate between these problems to achieve an optimal diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 30 pregnant females attended a private obstetric ultrasound clinic with clinical picture of acute abdomen with pregnancy...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Igino Simonetti, Piero Trovato, Francesco Verde, Luca Tarotto, Roberto Della Casa, Maria Concetta Lonardo, Gianfranco Vallone, Maria Grazia Caprio
Persistent urogenital sinus (PUGS) is a congenital pathological condition characterized by an abnormal communication between the urethra and vagina, which has an estimated incidence of 0.6/10,000 female births. It could be the only known malformation or part of a syndrome. PUGS is commonly shown by a pelvic mass, related to a distended bladder, hydrometrocolpos which is due to an obstruction leading to the dilation of the vagina and uterus (i.e., imperforate hymen, transverse vaginal septum or atresia, and PUGS) or both...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Nikolaos Mamas, Konstantinos Andreanos, Dimitrios Brouzas, Andreas Diagourtas, Andreas Droulias, Ilias Georgalas, Dimitrios Papaconstantinou
PURPOSE: To report the case of a 65-year-old metalworker with no known history of ocular trauma, who suffered from intense ocular pain during magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain, due to a retained intraocular metallic foreign body (IOFB). CASE REPORT: Meticulous ophthalmological examination was inconclusive. An IOFB was confirmed with X-ray scan, whereas its exact localization was enabled by means of ultrasonography and ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM). CONCLUSIONS: Despite appropriate screening protocols, MRI-related ocular complications might occur in the presence of a hidden metallic IOFB...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Rodolfo Gialletti, Andrea Marchegiani, Tiziana Valeriani, Sara Nannarone, Francesca Beccati, Alessandro Fruganti, Fulvio Laus
PURPOSE: To describe the association of clinical and ultrasonographic (US) findings in horses affected by visual impairments, to estimate the most frequent ultrasonographic alteration as well importance and limits of US as a part of ophthalmic evaluation in equine patients. METHODS: One-hundred-forty-five horses referred to the Veterinary Teaching Hospitals of the University of Perugia and Camerino for ocular problems were submitted to ophthalmic examination and ocular ultrasound...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Caterina Pizzicaroli, Carlotta Montagnoli, Ilaria Simonelli, Maria Grazia Frigo, Herbert Valensise, Mario Filippo Segatore, Giovanni Larciprete
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the progression and rotation of the fetal head during the second stage of labor using translabial ultrasound and to compare ultrasonographic data obtained in nulliparous women both receiving and not receiving neuraxial analgesia. METHODS: The 49 patients enrolled in the study were divided into two groups according to receiving or not receiving neuraxial analgesia. Every half hour from full dilation to delivery, the ultrasonographic translabial parameters of Angle of Progression, Head Symphysis Distance, and Midline Angle were obtained and recorded by a single operator...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Carla Serra, Cristina Felicani, Elena Mazzotta, Veronica Gabusi, Valentina Grasso, Antonio De Cinque, Lydia Giannitrapani, Maurizio Soresi
PURPOSE: Conventional grayscale ultrasound (US) is accurate in the diagnosis of gallbladder disease (GD), but in some cases, it is not decisive. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) improves the diagnostic accuracy of US. The primary objective of this study is to assess the reliability of CEUS in the diagnosis of sludge; the secondary objective is to assess the ability of CEUS to diagnose cancer. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the US of 4137 patients positive for GD...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Claudio M Pacella
The original version of this article unfortunately was incorrect. The correct title should read: "Comment to article: "Image-guided thermal ablation of benign thyroid nodules" by A. Mainini, et al. J Ultrasound (2017) ".
February 21, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Pablo Blanco, Anselmo Abdo-Cuza
Multimodality monitoring is a common practice in caring for neurocritically ill patients, and consists mainly in clinical assessment, intracranial pressure monitoring and using several imaging methods. Of these imaging methods, transcranial Doppler (TCD) is an interesting tool that provides a non-invasive, portable and radiation-free way to assess cerebral circulation and diagnose and follow-up (duplex method) intracranial mass-occupying lesions, such as hematomas and midline shift. This article reviews the basics of TCD applied to neurocritical care patients, offering a rationale for its use as well as tips for practitioners...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
A Vidoni, M Shrivastava, Rajesh Botchu
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) represents the most common entrapment neuropathy of the upper extremity. Intermittent CTS has been reported in the surgical literature and usually, related to masses associated to flexor tendons. We describe a patient with an intrasynovial lipoma involving the deep flexor of the middle finger causing intermittent CTS and snapping on flexion-extension.
February 10, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
M A Rahil
A pseudoaneurysm or a false aneurysm is the consequence of a persistent blood leak caused generally by iatrogenic rupture of a vessel wall. In hemodialysis fistula, pseudoaneurysm results from repeated puncturing of the vein at the same site. Surgery and endovascular treatment stay widely used as the treatment of pseudoaneurysm compared to the ultrasound-guided manual compression (UGMC). UGMC is a non-invasive and effective procedure which could be attempted before invasive procedures. We reported two cases of successful treatment of pseudoaneurysm by ultrasound-guided compression...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Giovanni Mauri, Anna Pisani Mainini, Cristian Monaco, Lorenzo Carlo Pescatori, Chiara De Angelis, Luca Maria Sconfienza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Julio César Gómez-Tamayo, Jorge Iván Puerta-Guarín, Claudia Marcela Rojas-Camejo, Juan Pablo Caicedo, José Andrés Calvache
INTRODUCTION: Sonography has gained a broad field of applications in current anesthetic practice. During airway management, it could have an important role, because it allows real-time measurement of anatomical aspects and a functional evaluation with high safety profile. However, assessment of the reliability and precision of these measurements is critical if sonography is used as a clinical diagnostic tool. The aim of the study was to estimate inter-rater and intra-rater reliability of the airway diameter measured by sonography in heathy volunteers...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Mustafa Erden, Hannah G van Velzen, Myrthe E Menting, Annemien E van den Bosch, Ben Ren, Michelle Michels, Wim B Vletter, Ron T van Domburg, Arend F L Schinkel
BACKGROUND: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC) is characterized by left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and associated with papillary muscle (PM) abnormalities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) for the geometric assessment of LV hypertrophy and PM morphology. METHODS: The study included 24 patients with an established diagnosis of HC and 31 healthy controls. 3DE was performed using an iE33 or EPIQ 7C ultrasound system with an X5-1 transducer...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Cletus Uche Eze, Charles Ugwoke Eze, Adekunle Adeyomoye
AIM: To evaluate the role of kidney echogenicity and morphology in the diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus-associated nephropathy (HIVAN). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In the cross-sectional study, a sample of 340 anti-retroviral therapy (ART)-naïve AIDS patients underwent laboratory CD4+ count, serum creatinine determination and sonographic renal echogenicity grading and size measurement. Rounded kidneys were described as bulbous while bean-shaped kidneys were described as reniform; echogenicity was categorized into grades 0, 1, 2 and 3...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Michael Doctor, Anne Katz, Shannon O McNamara, Jessica H Leifer, Gabriela Bambrick-Santoyo, Turandot Saul, Keith M Rose
Simulation based procedural training is an effective and frequently used method for teaching vascular access techniques which often require commercial trainers. These can be prohibitively expensive, which allows for homemade trainers made of gelatin to be a more cost-effective and attractive option. Previously described trainers are often rectangular with a flat surface that is dissimilar to human anatomy. We describe a novel method to create a more anatomically realistic trainer using ballistic gelatin, household items, and supplies commonly found in an emergency department such as the plaster wrap typically used to make splints...
March 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Rajesh Botchu, Amit Bharath, Okezika Uhiara, Mark Davies, Steven James
Peripheral venous cannulation is one of the most commonly performed medical procedures in hospital medicine. The dorsal metacarpal veins are typically used for cannulation as they are easily accessible. We present the first case of an iatrogenic intratendinous ganglion cyst of the extensor digitorum tendon of the middle finger following intravenous cannulation.
December 16, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound
Alice Chandra Verticchio Vercellin, Carlo A Cutolo, Carolina Dellafiore, Massimiliano Lava, Carmine Tinelli, Annalisa De Silvestri, Fabrizio Calliada, Giovanni Milano
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1007/s40477-016-0194-5.].
December 2017: Journal of Ultrasound
U Romeo, M Fioravanti, E Fioravanti, F Rocchetti, G Tenore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Ultrasound
Claudio M Pacella
Purpose: To clarify some relevant and significant inconsistencies and inaccuracies in review by Mainini et al. entitled "Image-guided thermal ablation of benign thyroid nodules" published in Journal of Ultrasound to avoid giving incorrect information to the reader and prevent that operators make wrong choices in the use of various devices and technologies available. Results: Total cases treated with radiofrequency would be 2388 and not 2435 as reported in Table 1 of this review...
December 2017: Journal of Ultrasound
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