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Journal of Ultrasound

Giulio Cocco, Vincenzo Ricci, Andrea Boccatonda, Giovanni Iannetti, Cosima Schiavone
Calcific tendinopathy is characterized by the deposition of calcium, mostly hydroxyapatite crystals, in tendons. Women are more frequently affected than men, with prevalence in the fourth and fifth decades of life. This condition has been reported between 2.5 and 7.5% of healthy shoulders in adults, but other tendons may also be affected. A complication of this condition is the migration of calcium deposits from tendons, usually the supraspinatus, into the subacromial-subdeltoid bursa. We reported a rare complication of calcific tendinopathy, that is, calcium deposits migrated from the long head of the biceps tendon over the proximal tract of the biceps brachii muscle...
November 10, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Marco Sperandeo, Elisabettamaria Frongillo, Salvatore De Cosmo, Cristiana Cipriani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Dinesh Kumbhare, Saurabh Shaw, Sara Ahmed, Michael D Noseworthy
PURPOSE: Ultrasound is a non-invasive quantitative method to characterize sonographic textures of skeletal muscles. To date, there is no information available on the trapezius muscle. This study assessed the trapezius muscles of patients with myofascial pain compared with normal healthy participants. METHODS: The trapezius muscles of 15 healthy and 17 myofascial pain participants were assessed using B-mode ultrasound to obtain 120 images for healthy and 162 images from myofascial pain participants...
November 9, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Luigi Barbuto, Marco Di Serafino, Nicoletta Della Vecchia, Gaetano Rea, Francesco Esposito, Norberto Vezzali, Federica Ferro, Maria Grazia Caprio, Elena Augusta Vola, Valeria Romeo, Gianfranco Vallone
Ultrasound (US) is the main imaging modality for the evaluation of pediatric patients with musculoskeletal diseases; particularly, it is an appropriate and reliable tool for diagnosis, follow-up and treatment of several musculoskeletal pathologies affecting the pediatric age. High-frequency (10-15 MHz) and high-resolution probes provide very lofty quality images, allowing a detailed study of the pediatric musculoskeletal system. Among the well-known advantages of this technique-such as the absence of ionizing radiations, its low cost and wide availability-US can as well rely on some intrinsic characteristics of the pediatric musculoskeletal system that can improve its diagnostic capability...
November 9, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Oscar H Del Brutto, Gautam Matcha, Robertino M Mera, Victor J Del Brutto, Aldo F Costa, Pablo R Castillo
INTRODUCTION: Information on the relationship between the diameters of the abdominal aorta (AA) and the basilar artery (BA) is limited. Using the Atahualpa Project cohort, we aimed to assess this association in Atahualpa residents aged ≥ 60 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Atahualpa residents aged ≥ 60 years underwent abdominal ultrasound and MRA of intracranial vessels. The independent association between both arterial diameters was estimated in a generalized linear model adjusted for demographics, cardiovascular risk factors, the presence of a fetal-type Circle of Willis, and severity of white matter hyperintensities...
November 9, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Pierfrancesco Fusco, Vincenza Cofini, Stefano Di Carlo, Antonio Luciani, Paolo Scimia, Emiliano Petrucci, Astrid U Behr, Stefano Necozione, Laura Brigitta Colantonio, Gilberto Fiore, Alessandro Vergallo, Franco Marinangeli
PURPOSE: In recent years, ultrasound has seen a rapid development with numerous applications in anesthesia, intensive-care medicine, and pain medicine, increasing efficacy and safety of procedures. We investigated the prevalence of ultrasound use among Italian anesthetists. METHODS: A cross-sectional prevalence study was carried out on a sample of 735 anesthetists. The research was conducted during the ultrasound training in anesthesia and intensive care, in the Italian Associazione Anestesisti Rianimatori Ospedalieri - Emergenza Area Critica "SimuLearn® " training centre (Bologna, Italy)...
November 1, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Maria Grazia Caprio, Marco Di Serafino, Giuseppe Pontillo, Norberto Vezzali, Eugenio Rossi, Francesco Esposito, Massimo Zeccolini, Gianfranco Vallone
Unfortunately, the following figure captions and text were incorrectly published in the original publication.
October 31, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
N Di Leo, L Venturini, V de Soccio, V Forte, P Lucchetti, G Cerone, G Alagna, M Caratozzolo, D Messineo, C Di Gioia, L Di Marzo, D Fresilli, C De Vito, G Pugliese, V Cantisani, F D'Ambrosio
PURPOSE: To assess the diagnostic effectiveness of Multiparametric ultrasound (MPUS), which includes color Doppler ultrasound (CDUS), CEUS and Shear wave elastography (SWE), for evaluating carotid plaque as compared with CT-angiography (CTA) and histology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-three consecutive patients scheduled to undergo carotid endarterectomy underwent MPUS. Then, after periods ranging from 2 days to 2 weeks, all underwent CTA. Each plaque was classified by means of dedicated scores for CEUS and SWE as compared with CTA features...
October 31, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Stefania Tamburrini, Francesca Rosa Setola, Maria Paola Belfiore, Pietro Paolo Saturnino, Maria Gabriella Della Casa, Giuseppe Sarti, Roberta Abete, Ines Marano
PURPOSE: Typhlitis, also known as neutropenic colitis, is a rare inflammatory condition and a potentially life-threatening disease process that typically involves the cecum. Delay in diagnosis may lead to a fatal prognosis with a death rate of 21-48%. Ultrasound evaluation of right lower quadrant may lead to an accurate and rapid diagnosis. METHODS: We describe the case of a 59-year-old female with advanced Churg-Strauss syndrome treated with cyclophosphamide, with acute right lower quadrant pain...
October 27, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Giorgio Carlino, Pierluigi Rinaldi, Michela Giuliani, Rossella Rella, Enida Bufi, Federico Padovano, Chiara Ciardi, Maurizio Romani, Paolo Belli, Riccardo Manfredi
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to verify whether ultrasound (US)-guided preoperative localization of breast lesions is an adequate technique for correct and safe surgical resection and to contribute positively and effectively to this topic in the literature with our results. METHODS: From June 2016 to November 2016, 155 patients with both benign and malignant breast lesions were selected from our institute to undergo US localization before surgery. The lesions included were: sonographically visible and nonpalpable lesions; palpable lesions for which a surgeon had requested US localization to better evaluate the site and extension; sonographically visible, multifocal breast lesions, both palpable and nonpalpable...
October 26, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Claudia Lucia Piccolo, Margherita Trinci, Antonio Pinto, Luca Brunese, Vittorio Miele
Splenic injuries are common emergencies in the setting of abdominal trauma, as the spleen is the second most frequently injured abdominal organ after the liver. The treatment of splenic injuries underwent a severe shift from operative to non-operative due to an increased awareness of the double physiological function, both immunological and hematological, of the spleen. This, in turn, led to an increased application of splenic preservation techniques. The non-operative approach has been strengthened through radiological imaging and interventional radiology...
October 25, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
P Lomoro, I Simonetti, G Vinci, V Fichera, M S Prevedoni Gorone
Renal ectopia and fusion anomalies are Congenital Anomalies of the Kidney and the Urinary Tract (CAKUT) that are usually incidentally detected and asymptomatic. Patients affected present a higher risk of complications like recurrent urinary tract infections or obstruction. Pancake kidney (PK) is one of the rarest types of renal anomaly with complete fusion of the superior, mild and inferior poles of both kidneys in the pelvic cavity. Each kidney has its own excretory system with two ureters that do not cross the midline...
October 25, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Francesca Romana Ponziani, Mariella Faccia, Maria Assunta Zocco, Valerio Giannelli, Adriano Pellicelli, Giuseppe Maria Ettorre, Nicoletta De Matthaeis, Fabrizio Pizzolante, Anna Maria De Gaetano, Laura Riccardi, Maurizio Pompili, Gian Ludovico Rapaccini
Congenital extrahepatic portosystemic shunt (CEPS), also known as Abernethy malformation, is a rare condition in which the splenomesenteric blood drains directly into a systemic vein, bypassing the liver through a complete or partial shunt. The diagnosis is frequently made during childhood in the setting of neonatal cholestasis, hypergalactosemia, failure to thrive, mental retardation or other congenital defects. In adulthood, CEPS is usually found incidentally during diagnostic work-up for abdominal pain, liver test abnormalities, liver nodules, portopulmonary hypertension, portopulmonary syndrome or portosystemic encephalopathy...
October 24, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Giovanni Mariano Vitetta, Alberto Ravera, Giovanni Mensa, Luca Fuso, Pierluigi Neri, Alessandro Carriero, Stefano Cirillo
PURPOSE: Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is a frequent endocrine pathology that has surgical treatment as its only decisive measure. High-Resolution Neck Ultrasonography with color-Doppler (CDHR-NUS) and 99m Technetium-SestaMIBI Parathyroid Scintigraphy (99m Tc-MIBI PS) are the two instrumental exams more commonly used in the preoperatory localization of pathologic parathyroids. The aim of this observational study was to outline-in accordance with the latest scientific literature-the precise role of CDHR-NUS in the environment of PHPT, comparing it with that of Parathyroid Scintigraphy...
October 24, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Andrea Giannetti, Marco Matergi, Marco Biscontri, Francesco Tedone, Lucia Falconi, Luca Giovannelli, Valeria Ussia, Luca Franci
Strain elastography is a recently developed ultrasound method that seems to contribute to the diagnosis and monitoring of inflammatory bowel diseases. This pictorial essay aims to present the feasibility of strain elastography in clinical practice by comparing visual observation and semiquantitative parameters with endoscopic or radiological images in some common cases of Crohn's disease. In our opinion, strain elastography with visual observation is easily performed in connection with B-mode ultrasound and color Doppler imaging and may provide relevant information...
October 20, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Antonio Furlan, Roberto Stramare
PURPOSE: To investigate the frequency of thickening of pulleys for flexor tendons in patients with early arthritis in their hands, and to evaluate it as a predictive sign of PsA. METHODS: A prospective observational study involving 228 consecutive patients presenting with recent onset of arthritis in their hands was conducted at rheumatology outpatient clinics in the Veneto region of Italy between October 2014 and September 2017. Diabetic patients were excluded because of the high frequency of trigger finger...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Dolores Ferrara, Francesco Esposito, Roberta Blasio, Rosanna Mamone, Rosa Severino, Marco Di Serafino, Carmine Pecoraro, Massimo Zeccolini
Percutaneous renal biopsy (PRB) is an important procedure in the diagnostic and prognostic evaluation of renal disorders. Despite the relative simplicity, it can be a possible cause of iatrogenic renovascular injury. We describe two cases of iatrogenic pseudoaneurysm, a major post-biopsy complication, in two pediatric patients with persistent micro- and macro-hematuria, promptly diagnosed using color Doppler ultrasound, confirmed with renal arteriography and treated with embolization.
October 11, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Matteo Garcovich, Mariella Faccia, Franca Meloni, Emanuela Bertolini, Ilario de Sio, Giosuele Calabria, Giampiero Francica, Gianpaolo Vidili, Laura Riccardi, Maria Assunta Zocco, Maria Elena Ainora, Francesca Romana Ponziani, Anna Maria De Gaetano, Antonio Gasbarrini, Gian Ludovico Rapaccini, Maurizio Pompili
PURPOSE: Hepatocellular adenoma (HCA) is a rare benign monoclonal neoplasm, recently categorized on genetic and histopathological basis into four subtypes with different biological behaviors. Since contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) is nowadays a well-established technique for liver nodule characterization, the aim of our study was to assess CEUS features of HCAs to identify criteria that correlate with different HCA subtypes as compared to histopathologic examination and other imaging modalities...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Noritaka Wakui, Hidenari Nagai, Yu Ogino, Kojiro Kobayashi, Daigo Matsui, Takanori Mukozu, Yasushi Matsukiyo, Teppei Matsui, Yasuko Daido, Koichi Momiyama, Mie Shinohara, Takahide Kudo, Kenichi Maruyama, Yasukiyo Sumino, Yoshinori Igarashi
PURPOSE: Arrival time parametric imaging (At-PI) using contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) is a procedure for evaluating liver disease progression in chronic hepatitis C infection (CHC). We investigated At-PI diagnostic efficacy in predicting development of collateral veins. METHODS: In total, 171 CHC patients underwent CEUS and upper gastrointestinal (UGI) endoscopy before liver biopsy. Conventional US was performed before CEUS to identify paraumbilical veins (PV) or splenorenal shunts (SRS)...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Deniz Özel, Tamer Aydın
PURPOSE: It is critical to obtain sufficient tissue, both in quality and quantity, in biopsy applications for histopathological review. Our aim was to compare fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) and core needle biopsy (CNB) techniques in terms of their diagnostic performance in lymph node biopsies. This was a clinical compilation, and histopathological results from biopsies were also evaluated. METHODS: A total of 242 patients and 246 lymph nodes were prospectively evaluated...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
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