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Journal of Ultrasound

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30187386/paediatric-neck-ultrasonography-a-pictorial-essay
#1
Maria Grazia Caprio, Marco Di Serafino, Giuseppe Pontillo, Norberto Vezzali, Eugenio Rossi, Francesco Esposito, Massimo Zeccolini, Gianfranco Vallone
The neck structures are located very superficially and are therefore easy to explore by ultrasound examination. Ultrasonography is crucial for the detection of neck pathologies in children. High-frequency probes (10-15 MHz) are used for the ultrasound examination on the patient lying in supine decubitus and with their neck stretched out. The outcome of the exam depends mainly on the child's cooperation-hence the need for warm sonographic gel and a comfortable cushion to place under the patient's shoulders...
September 5, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30132201/mantle-cell-lymphoma-from-ultrasound-examination-to-histological-diagnosis
#2
REVIEW
G Cocco, A Boccatonda, D D'Ardes, S Galletti, C Schiavone
We report the case of a 42-year-old patient referred to our department for the examination of two large, symmetrical inguinal lumps. The ultrasound examination of the swollen lymph node demonstrated a cortical echogenicity greater than the medullary echogenicity, and the vascularization stop around the cortical zone suggested a pathological pattern of mantle cell lymphoma. In this type of lymphoma, lymphocytes are localized in a mantle zone, inducing a thickening of the lumps. Therefore, for the first time, ultrasound examination detected sonographic vascular features of mantle cell lymphoma, allowing the identification of the disease and suggesting the specific histological diagnosis...
August 21, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30097901/ultrasound-morphology-of-cecal-appendix-in-pet-rabbits
#3
Annalisa Nicoletti, Nicola Di Girolamo, Ulrich Zeyen, Paolo Selleri, Marco Masi, Paolo Fonti
PURPOSE: Cecal appendix is the terminal part of cecum and is characteristic of rabbit, among domestic animals. The purpose of this work is to evaluate its morphology upon ultrasound. METHODS: A prospective study was planned for the duration of approximately 1 year. Rabbits presented in the study period for abdominal ultrasound with no clinically evident alterations of the gastrointestinal tract were eligible for inclusion in the study. Abdominal ultrasound was performed under manual restrain with a high frequency linear probe (8-18 MHz)...
August 10, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30051234/renal-cortical-stiffness-obtained-by-shear-wave-elastography-imaging-is-increased-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-without-diabetic-nephropathy
#4
Ayse Selcan Koc, Hılmı Erdem Sumbul
PURPOSE: It is known that patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) who develop diabetic nephropathy have increased renal cortical stiffness (CS) determined by shear wave elastography (SWE). However, there is no data in the literature to our knowledge related to CS values determined by SWE in type 2 DM patients with normal renal function. In this study, we aimed to investigate the change of renal CS obtained by SWE examination in type 2 DM patients with normal renal function compared to non DM patients...
July 26, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30019288/ultrasound-facilitates-the-diagnosis-of-tarsal-tunnel-syndrome-intraneural-ganglion-cyst-of-the-tibial-nerve
#5
Wei-Ting Wu, Ke-Vin Chang, Levent Özçakar
The tibial nerve intraneural ganglion cyst-which presents with fluid accumulated inside the nerve epineurium-is a rare etiology of tarsal tunnel syndrome. We report a case with insidious onset of numbness over his left medial ankle. Ultrasound imaging revealed that the tibial nerve was encircled by crescent-shaped anechoic substances, spanning from the distal leg to the sole. Magnetic resonance imaging disclosed a thickened tibial nerve wrapped by hyperintense materials in the tarsal tunnel. Some effusion was observed besides the tibialis posterior and flexor digitorum tendons as well...
July 17, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30019287/intraoperative-transvaginal-ultrasound-examination-during-myomectomy
#6
LETTER
F Moro, G Bitonti, F Mascilini, A C Testa, G Scambia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 17, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30008152/occult-isolated-fracture-of-the-trapezoid-diagnosed-by-ultrasonography
#7
Daniel L Ault, Aimee R Jokerst, Norman W Kettner
PURPOSE: To describe a patient with an occult isolated trapezoid fracture of the wrist. Isolated trapezoid fractures are very difficult to detect without advanced radiological imaging, since the fragment displacement does not occur in the sagittal plane. A discussion regarding the investigation of trapezoid fractures utilizing multiple imaging modalities includes the first demonstration of its detection via ultrasonography (US). METHODS: A 26-year-old male presented to a chiropractic teaching clinic with pain involving the left wrist, after vaulting over the handlebars of his bicycle 2 days prior...
July 14, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30003454/sonographic-early-findings-in-a-case-of-bladder-schistosomiasis
#8
Dolores Ferrara, Francesco Esposito, Marco Di Serafino, Chiara Gullotto, Andrea Baglioni, Leonardo Martinelli, Massimo Zeccolini
Urinary schistosomiasis is a tropical infection with a high endemicity in the developing countries and is included in the list of "Neglected Tropical Diseases". It is caused by a parasitic worm, Schistosoma haematobium, and it has come into the spotlight as a major cause of urogenital disease. Furthermore, it is linked to bladder cancer and it is a predisposing factor for HIV/AIDS. In this case, we describe a bladder schistosomal disease in a young African boy with persistent macroscopic hematuria and its ultrasound diagnostic bladder imaging...
July 12, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30062440/accurate-validation-of-ultrasound-imaging-of-prostate-cancer-a-review-of-challenges-in-registration-of-imaging-and-histopathology
#9
REVIEW
Rogier R Wildeboer, Ruud J G van Sloun, Arnoud W Postema, Christophe K Mannaerts, Maudy Gayet, Harrie P Beerlage, Hessel Wijkstra, Massimo Mischi
As the development of modalities for prostate cancer (PCa) imaging advances, the challenge of accurate registration between images and histopathologic ground truth becomes more pressing. Localization of PCa, rather than detection, requires a pixel-to-pixel validation of imaging based on histopathology after radical prostatectomy. Such a registration procedure is challenging for ultrasound modalities; not only the deformations of the prostate after resection have to be taken into account, but also the deformation due to the employed transrectal probe and the mismatch in orientation between imaging planes and pathology slices...
September 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30056591/intrapartum-ultrasound-assessment-of-cervical-dilatation-and-its-value-in-detecting-active-labor
#10
Yaw A Wiafe, Bill Whitehead, Heather Venables, Edward T Dassah, Torbjørn M Eggebø
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to examine the agreement between ultrasound and digital vaginal examination in assessing cervical dilatation in an African population and to assess the value of ultrasound in detecting active labor. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a teaching hospital in Ghana between April and September of 2016. Anterior-posterior and transverse diameters of cervical dilatation were measured with ultrasound and the mean value was compared with digital vaginal examination in 195 women in labor...
September 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30030747/use-of-ultrasound-shear-wave-to-measure-muscle-stiffness-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#11
E A Vola, M Albano, C Di Luise, V Servodidio, M Sansone, S Russo, B Corrado, C Servodio Iammarrone, M G Caprio, G Vallone
PURPOSE: Cerebral palsy (CP) is a disorder characterized by an increased muscle stiffness that can be contingent on both neurological and biomechanical factors. The neurological aspects are related to hyper-excitability of the stretch reflex, while the biomechanical factors are related to modifications in muscle structure. We used smart-shear wave elastography (S-SWE) to analyze muscle properties and to compare shear wave speed in soleus muscles of patients affected by CP and typically developing children...
September 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29949119/quality-assurance-of-ultrasound-systems-current-status-and-review-of-literature
#12
REVIEW
H Grazhdani, E David, O Ventura Spagnolo, F Buemi, A Perri, N Orsogna, S Gigli, R Chimenz
Diagnostic ultrasound (US) images can be obtained from a quality device, in optimal working conditions, combined with the capable actions of the operator in tweaking the equipment's characteristics. The quality assurance (QA) is the topic of this review article, and it is addressed in an US practice through proper selection of the equipment when purchasing, and through care and preventive maintenance of the machine for ensuring accurate performance. For optimal US system functioning, QA steps carried out on the basis of a scheduled program are needed in any US practice or department...
September 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29943051/on-january-29-2018-corrado-colagrande-passed-away-in-rome
#13
EDITORIAL
Gian Ludovico Rapaccini, Cosima Schiavone, Stefania Speca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774459/possible-role-of-standardized-echography-complementing-ultrasound-biomicroscopy-in-tumors-of-the-anterior-eye-segment-a-study-in-a-series-of-13-patients
#14
B Kuzmanović Elabjer, M Bušić, D Miletić, M Bjeloš, N Vukojević, D Bosnar
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of standardized A-scan echography (ASE) complementing ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) to propose the most efficient method as grounds for the diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of anterior eye-segment tumors. METHODS: The inclusion criteria were tumors of the ciliary body and peripheral choroidal tumors, whose anterior border could not be visualized with a 10 MHz ultrasound probe. The largest basal dimension and the highest prominence of the tumor were measured with a UBM Lin 50 probe...
September 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627905/a-cost-saving-measure-for-ultrasound-guided-musculoskeletal-injections
#15
LETTER
Jennifer Murphy, Sharon McGarry, Anish Patel, A Mark Davies, Steven L James, Rajesh Botchu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594932/sonography-in-male-infertility-a-look-beyond-the-obvious
#16
Prateek Sihag, Anupama Tandon, Raj Pal, B K Jain, Shuchi Bhatt, Simranjeet Kaur, Arpita Sinha
Infertility affects 15-20% of the reproductive age range population; the male factor accounts for up to 40-60% of these. With female factor infertility catching most of the limelight in research, diagnosis and treatment, the other half of the problem has not been duly addressed. Imaging has an important role to play in the evaluation of male infertility, especially to identify correctible (obstructive) causes. We review the scrotal, trans-rectal sonographic and Doppler findings in infertile men to aid in the accurate diagnosis and proper management of such patients...
September 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564660/diagnostic-imaging-and-ceus-findings-in-a-rare-case-of-desmoid-type-fibromatosis-a-case-report
#17
REVIEW
Massimo Valentino, Mauro Liberatore, Fabrizio Maghella, Valeria De Soccio, Carlo De Felice, Daniela Messineo, Francesco Maria Drudi
Desmoid-type fibromatosis (DF), also known as aggressive fibromatosis, is a locally aggressive benign fibroblastic neoplasm that can infiltrate or recur but cannot metastasize. It is rare, with an estimated annual incidence of two to four new cases per million people. Most DFs occur sporadically, but it may also be associated with the hereditary syndrome familial adenomatous polyposis. Treatment is necessary when the disease is symptomatic, especially in case of compression of critical structures. When possible, surgical resection is the treatment of choice; however, recurrence is common...
September 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502244/a-rare-case-of-hydrometrocolpos-from-persistent-urogenital-sinus-in-patient-affected-by-adrenogenital-syndrome
#18
REVIEW
Igino Simonetti, Piero Trovato, Francesco Verde, Luca Tarotto, Roberto Della Casa, Maria Concetta Lonardo, Gianfranco Vallone, Maria Grazia Caprio
Persistent urogenital sinus (PUGS) is a congenital pathological condition characterized by an abnormal communication between the urethra and vagina, which has an estimated incidence of 0.6/10,000 female births. It could be the only known malformation or part of a syndrome. PUGS is commonly shown by a pelvic mass, related to a distended bladder, hydrometrocolpos which is due to an obstruction leading to the dilation of the vagina and uterus (i.e., imperforate hymen, transverse vaginal septum or atresia, and PUGS) or both...
September 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931473/lung-ultrasound-in-diagnosing-pneumonia-in-childhood-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Daniele Orso, Alessio Ban, Nicola Guglielmo
PURPOSE: Pneumonia is the third leading cause of death in children under 5 years of age worldwide. In pediatrics, both the accuracy and safety of diagnostic tools are important. Lung ultrasound (LUS) could be a safe diagnostic tool for this reason. We searched in the literature for diagnostic studies about LUS to predict pneumonia in pediatric patients using systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: The Medline, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, Embase, SPORTDiscus, ScienceDirect, and Web of Science databases from inception to September 2017 were searched...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909505/ultrasonographic-reference-values-for-the-deep-branch-of-the-radial-nerve-at-the-arcade-of-frohse
#20
Arash Babaei-Ghazani, Peyman Roomizadeh, Golshan Sanaei, Saeideh Najarzadeh-Mehdikhani, Kimia Habibi, Shahin Nikmanzar, Yadollah Kheyrollah
PURPOSE: The deep branch of the radial nerve (DBRN) enters the forearm as it passes under the arcade of Frohse. This is the most common entrapment site of the DBRN in the forearm. In this study, we investigated the ultrasonographic reference values for the diameters and cross-sectional area (CSA) of the DBRN at the level of the arcade of Frohse in a healthy sample of the population. METHODS: Sixty-five healthy Caucasian volunteers (130 nerves) were recruited for this study...
June 16, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
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