journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Asian Spine Journal

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279758/the-role-of-dynamic-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy
#1
REVIEW
John Paul Kolcun, Lee Onn Chieng, Karthik Madhavan, Michael Y Wang
Dynamic spinal cord compression has been investigated for several years, but until the advent of open MRI, the use of dynamic MRI (dMRI) did not gain popularity. Several publications have shown that cervical cord compression is both static and dynamic. On many occasions the evaluation of cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) is straightforward, but patients are frequently encountered with a significantly worse clinical examination than would be suggested by radiological images. In this paper, we present an extensive review of the literature in order to describe the importance of dMRI in various settings and applications...
December 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279757/safety-of-pedicle-screws-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-surgery
#2
REVIEW
Chris Yin Wei Chan, Mun Keong Kwan
To review existing publications on the safety of pedicle screw insertions in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Despite having increased risk for neurological and visceral injuries, the use of pedicle screws have led to increased correction rates in scoliosis surgery. A review was performed on topics pertinent to pedicle screw insertion in AIS, which included pedicle morphometry in AIS, structures at risk during pedicle screw insertion, and accuracy and safety of various pedicle screw insertion techniques...
December 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279756/prevalence-of-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain-and-its-associated-factors-among-middle-aged-and-elderly-people-an-analysis-based-on-data-from-a-musculoskeletal-examination-in-japan
#3
Yoichi Iizuka, Haku Iizuka, Tokue Mieda, Daisuke Tsunoda, Tsuyoshi Sasaki, Tsuyoshi Tajika, Atsushi Yamamoto, Kenji Takagishi
Study Design: A cross-sectional study. Purpose: To clarify the prevalence of chronic nonspecific low back pain (CNSLBP) and its associated factors among middle-aged and elderly Japanese individuals using data from a musculoskeletal examination conducted in general Japanese populations. Overview of Literature: Most studies evaluating low back pain-associated factors have been conducted in Western countries, but they have not always evaluated CNSLBP...
December 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279755/delayed-neurological-deficits-after-osteoporotic-vertebral-fractures-clinical-outcomes-after-surgery
#4
Yip-Kan Yeung, Sheung-Tung Ho
Study Design: Retrospective cohort. Purpose: To review the clinical presentation of operated patients with delayed neurological deficits after osteoporotic vertebral fractures (OVFs). Overview of Literature: Delayed neurological deficits can occur from 1 week to 5.7 months after OVFs. Baba has reported 78% good-to-excellent improvement (i.e., ≥50%) after 20 posterior (Cotrel-Dubousset) and 7 anterior (Kaneda in 4, Zielke ventral derotational spondylodesis in 2, and un-instrumented anterior fusion in 1) fusions...
December 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279754/assessment-of-the-relationship-between-pelvic-tilt-and-the-sacro-femoral-pubic-angle-in-middle-aged-and-elderly-asian-individuals
#5
Takanori Kitagawa, Yoichi Iizuka, Hiroki Kobayashi, Tokue Mieda, Daisuke Tsunoda, Atsushi Yamamoto, Tsuyoshi Tajika, Haku Iizuka, Kenji Takagishi
Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlation between pelvic tilt (PT) and the sacro-femoral-pubic (SFP) angle, which is easier to identify than PT, in middle-aged and elderly Asian subjects from the general population. Overview of Literature: Measuring PT is important in the diagnosis and treatment of adult spinal deformity. However, identifying femoral heads, which are necessary to determine PT, using sagittal radiographs is often difficult...
December 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279753/area-of-ostectomy-in-posterior-percutaneous-endoscopic-cervical-foraminotomy-images-and-mid-term-outcomes
#6
Shu Nakamura, Mitsuto Taguchi
Study Design: Retrospective. Purpose: To analyze whether the cross-sectional area of the intervertebral foramen at the outermost edge of the resection site is associated with postoperative outcomes and whether our fluoroscopic method for determining the resection area is appropriate. Overview of Literature: There is no consensus on the criteria for determining an optimal resection area to obtain sufficient decompression while maintaining intervertebral stability in posterior percutaneous endoscopic cervical foraminotomy...
December 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279752/difference-in-spinal-sagittal-alignment-and-health-related-quality-of-life-between-males-and-females-with-cervical-deformity
#7
Shin Oe, Daisuke Togawa, Go Yoshida, Tomohiko Hasegawa, Yu Yamato, Sho Kobayashi, Tatsuya Yasuda, Tomohiro Banno, Yuki Mihara, Yukihiro Matsuyama
Study Design: Large cohort study. Purpose: To clarify spinal sagittal alignment and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) according to sex in volunteers aged >50 years with cervical deformity (CD). Overview of Literature: Adult spinal deformities, especially those associated with lumbosacral lesions, are more frequent in females; however, CD is observed to a greater extent in males. Methods: We divided 656 volunteers (263 males, 393 females; age, 50-89 years [mean, 73 years]) as follows: males with CD (CDM; 82 patients); males without CD (NCDM, 181); females with CD (CDF, 36); and females without CD (NCDF, 357)...
December 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279751/thoracolumbar-vertebral-injuries-with-neurological-deficit-treated-with-posterior-decompression-short-segment-pedicle-screw-fixation-and-interlaminar-fusion
#8
Sachin Kumar, Satish Kumar, Rajender Kumar Arya, Avinash Kumar
Study Design: Prospective clinical study. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of interlaminar fusion and short segment pedicle screw fixation on thoracolumbar vertebral injuries for preventing pain and post-traumatic kyphosis. Overview of Literature: The treatment of thoracolumbar injuries continues to be one of the most controversial areas in spine care. The main aim of surgical treatment is to decompress the spinal cord or nerve roots, realign the spine, and correct or prevent post-traumatic kyphosis...
December 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279750/anterior-longitudinal-ligament-reconstruction-to-reduce-hypermobility-of-cervical-and-lumbar-disc-arthroplasty
#9
Ralph J Mobbs, Jia Xi Julian Li, Kevin Phan
Study Design: Retrospective case series. Purpose: This study aims to present the early clinical and radiological outcomes of anterior longitudinal ligament (ALL) reconstruction following disc arthroplasty. Overview of Literature: Although cervical and lumbar disc arthroplasty have entered the clinical setting, there are still concerns regarding the short and long term complications arising from hypermobility of current prosthesis designs. Reconstruction of the ALL is a potential solution to disc arthroplasty hypermobility...
December 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279749/a-safe-surgical-procedure-for-old-distractive-flexion-injuries-of-the-subaxial-cervical-spine
#10
Osamu Kawano, Takeshi Maeda, Eiji Mori, Itaru Yugue, Takayoshi Ueta, Keiichiro Shiba
Study Design: Retrospective review. Purpose: To describe a safe and effective surgical procedure for old distractive flexion (DF) injuries of the subaxial cervical spine. Overview of Literature: Surgical treatment is required in old cases when a progression of the kyphotic deformity and/or persistent neck pain and/or the appearance of new neurological symptoms are observed. Since surgical treatment is more complicated and dangerous in old cases than in acute distractive-flexion cases, the indications for surgery and the selection of the surgical procedure must be carefully conducted...
December 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279748/surgical-outcomes-of-cervical-myelopathy-in-patients-with-athetoid-cerebral-palsy-a-5-year-follow-up
#11
Kazuyuki Watanabe, Koji Otani, Takuya Nikaido, Kinshi Kato, Hiroshi Kobayashi, Shoji Yabuki, Shin-Ichi Kikuchi, Shin-Ichi Konno
Study Design: Observational cohort study. Purpose: To assess the surgical outcomes of posterior decompression and fusion for cervical myelopathy in patients with athetoid cerebral palsy. Overview of Literature: Patients with athetoid cerebral palsy demonstrate involuntary movements and develop severe cervical spondylosis with kyphosis. In these patients, surgery is often performed at an early age because of myelopathy. A few studies have reported about the long-term outcomes of surgical treatment; however, they contain insufficient information...
December 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279747/prevalence-of-neuropathic-pain-and-patient-reported-outcomes-in-korean-adults-with-chronic-low-back-pain-resulting-from-neuropathic-low-back-pain
#12
Jin-Hwan Kim, Jae Taek Hong, Chong-Suh Lee, Keun-Su Kim, Kyung-Soo Suk, Jin-Hyok Kim, Ye-Soo Park, Bong-Soon Chang, Deuk Soo Jun, Young-Hoon Kim, Jung-Hee Lee, Woo-Kie Min, Jung-Sub Lee, Si-Young Park, In-Soo Oh, Jae-Young Hong, Hyun-Chul Shin, Woo-Kyung Kim, Joo-Han Kim, Jung-Kil Lee, In-Soo Kim, Yoon Ha, Soo-Bin Im, Sang Woo Kim, In-Ho Han, Jun-Jae Shin, Byeong Cheol Rim, Bo-Jeong Seo, Young-Joo Kim, Juneyoung Lee
Study Design: A noninterventional, multicenter, cross-sectional study. Purpose: We investigated the prevalence of neuropathic pain (NP) and patient-reported outcomes (PROs) of the quality of life (QoL) and functional disability in Korean adults with chronic low back pain (CLBP). Overview of Literature: Among patients with CLBP, 20%-55% had NP. Methods: Patients older than 20 years with CLBP lasting for longer than three months, with a visual analog scale (VAS) pain score higher than four, and with pain medications being used for at least four weeks before enrollment were recruited from 27 general hospitals between December 2014 and May 2015...
December 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279746/epidemiology-and-clinical-management-of-traumatic-spine-injuries-at-a-major-government-hospital-in-cambodia
#13
Jee-Hye Choi, Paul J Park, Vuthy Din, Nang Sam, Vycheth Iv, Kee B Park
Study Design: Cross sectional study. Purpose: To characterize the pattern of injury, describe the current clinical management, and determine the outcomes in traumatic spine injury (TSI) patients presenting to a major government hospital in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. Overview of Literature: There is a paucity of literature on epidemiology or current clinical practices for TSIs in Cambodia. The findings from this study can thus serve as a valuable resource for future progress in treating TSIs in low-income countries...
December 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279745/effects-of-atorvastatin-in-patients-with-acute-spinal-cord-injury
#14
Javad Aghazadeh, Parviz Samadi Motlagh, Firooz Salehpour, Ali Meshkini, Majid Fatehi, Farhad Mirzaei, Seyed Ahmad Naseri Alavi
Study Design: Clinical trial study. Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of atorvastatin on sensory and motor function in patients with acute spinal cord injury. Overview of Literature: The prevalence and incidence of traumatic spinal cord injury are increasing. Statins are well established for use in hypercholesterolemia as well as during anti-inflammatory events. Methods: This clinical trial study included 60 patients with acute spinal cord injury...
December 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279744/postoperative-spinal-epidural-hematoma-the-danger-caused-by-the-misuse-of-thrombin-containing-local-hemostatics
#15
Dong Ki Ahn, Won Shik Shin, Go We Kim, Ki Hyuk Koo
Study Design: Retrospective case-control study. Purpose: To examine the hypothesis that the misuse of thrombin-containing local hemostatics (TCLH) increases the risk of postoperative spinal epidural hematoma (POSEH). Overview of Literature: Many studies have focused on hypocoagulability as a risk factor for POSEH. However, there are no prior reports on the increased risk of POSEH in hypercoagulable states. Methods: Posterior instrumented lumbar spine surgery cases over 2 consecutive years were divided into two groups: a study group (98 patients in whom TCLH was used) and a control group (176 patients in whom TCLH was not used)...
December 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279743/prevalence-of-lumbosacral-transitional-vertebra-in-individuals-with-low-back-pain-evaluation-using-plain-radiography-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#16
Asra Shaikh, Sohail Ahmed Khan, Munawar Hussain, Sadia Soomro, Hatem Adel, Syed Omair Adil, Farheen Huda, Usman Khanzada
Study Design: Descriptive cross-sectional study. Purpose: To determine the frequency of lumbosacral transitional vertebrae (LSTV) in patients with low back pain (LBP) and the role of iliolumbar ligament (ILL) origin from L5 in LSTV cases. Overview of Literature: Transitional vertebrae are developmental variants of the spine. LSTV is a common congenital abnormality, and failure to recognize this anomaly may result in serious consequences during surgery...
December 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279742/prevalence-and-complications-of-postoperative-transfusion-for-cervical-fusion-procedures-in-spine-surgery-an-analysis-of-11-588-patients-from-the-american-college-of-surgeons-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program-database
#17
Ahmed Aoude, Sultan Aldebeyan, Maryse Fortin, Anas Nooh, Peter Jarzem, Jean A Ouellet, Michael H Weber
Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the rate of blood transfusion after cervical fusion surgery, and its effect on complication rates. Overview of Literature: Cervical spine fusions have gained interest in the literature since these procedures are now ever more frequently being performed in an outpatient setting with few complications. Methods: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database was used to identify patients that underwent cervical fusion from 2010 to 2013...
December 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279741/generation-of-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-and-neural-stem-progenitor-cells-from-newborns-with-spina-bifida-aperta
#18
Yohei Bamba, Masahiro Nonaka, Natsu Sasaki, Tomoko Shofuda, Daisuke Kanematsu, Hiroshi Suemizu, Yuichiro Higuchi, Ritsuko K Pooh, Yonehiro Kanemura, Hideyuki Okano, Mami Yamasaki
Study Design: We established induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) and neural stem/progenitor cells (NSPCs) from three newborns with spina bifida aperta (SBa) using clinically practical methods. Purpose: We aimed to develop stem cell lines derived from newborns with SBa for future therapeutic use. Overview of Literature: SBa is a common congenital spinal cord abnormality that causes defects in neurological and urological functions. Stem cell transplantation therapies are predicted to provide beneficial effects for patients with SBa...
December 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279740/detection-of-o-linked-n-acetylglucosamine-modification-and-its-associated-enzymes-in-human-degenerated-intervertebral-discs
#19
Georgios Nikolaou, Aristeidis H Zibis, Apostolos H Fyllos, Antonios Katsioulis, Sotirios Sotiriou, Anastasios Kotrotsios, Markos Sgantzos, Aikaterini Vassiou, Dimitrios L Arvanitis
Study Design: Human herniated discs were obtained from discectomy specimens for the immunohistochemical detection of O-GlcNAc and O-GlcNAcase (OGA)/O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT). Purpose: This study aimed to quantify the extent of O-GlcNAcylation and its associated enzymes (OGT/OGA) in human degenerated intervertebral discs. Overview of Literature: The O-GlcNAcylation of nuclear, cytoplasmic, and mitochondrial proteins as well as the effects of such post-translational modifications are currently the focus of extensive research...
December 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279739/evaluation-of-two-novel-integrated-stand-alone-spacer-designs-compared-with-anterior-and-anterior-posterior-single-level-lumbar-fusion-techniques-an-in-vitro-biomechanical-investigation
#20
Craig A Kuhns, Jonathan A Harris, Mir M Hussain, Aditya Muzumdar, Brandon S Bucklen, Saif Khalil
Study Design: In vitro biomechanical investigation. Purpose: To compare the biomechanics of integrated three-screw and four-screw anterior interbody spacer devices and traditional techniques for treatment of degenerative disc disease. Overview of Literature: Biomechanical literature describes investigations of operative techniques and integrated devices with four dual-stacked, diverging interbody screws; four alternating, converging screws through a polyether-ether-ketone (PEEK) spacer; and four converging screws threaded within the PEEK spacer...
December 2017: Asian Spine Journal
journal
journal
41721
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"