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Asian Spine Journal

Ki-Chan An, Gyu-Min Kong, Dae-Hyun Park, Jong-Min Baik, Ji-Hong Youn, Woon-Seong Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Asian Spine Journal
Vibhu Krishnan Viswanathan, Surabhi Subramanian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Asian Spine Journal
Samer Alabed, Maurizio Belci, Joost J Van Middendorp, Ahmed Al Halabi, Tom M Meagher
To review the evidence of thromboembolism incidence and prophylaxis in the sub-acute phase of spinal cord injury (SCI) 3-6 months post injury. All observational and experimental studies with any length of follow-up and no limitations on language or publication status published up to March 2015 were included. Two review authors independently selected trials for inclusion and extracted data. Outcomes studied were incidence of pulmonary embolism (PE) and deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in the sub-acute phase of SCI...
October 2016: Asian Spine Journal
Luming Nong, Yongjing Huang, Shujie Zhao, Nanwei Xu
Several studies have evaluated the association between vitamin D receptor, matrix metalloproteinase 3 (MMP-3) polymorphisms and the risk of intervertebral disc degeneration susceptibility. The findings were inconsistent. This meta-analysis aimed to systematically assess the association between vitamin D receptor, MMP-3 polymorphisms and the risk of intervertebral disc degeneration susceptibility. A search of various databases was done covering all papers published until December 31th, 2014. Eight, 4, 3 studies were finally included that addressed the risk of intervertebral disc degeneration susceptibility and vitamin D receptor FokI (rs2228570), ApaI (rs7975232), and MMP-3 (rs731236) polymorphisms, respectively...
October 2016: Asian Spine Journal
Farzad Omidi-Kashani, Hamid Hejrati, Shahrara Ariamanesh
Lumbar disc herniation is a common spinal disorder that usually responds favorably to conservative treatment. In a small percentage of the patients, surgical decompression is necessary. Even though lumbar discectomy constitutes the most common and easiest spine surgery globally, adverse or even catastrophic events can occur. Appropriate patient selection and effective neural decompression constitute the most important points for better surgical outcomes and avoidance of unpleasant complications. Other important tips include timely performance of magnetic resonance imaging, correct interpretation of scan data, preoperative detection of underlying instability, exclusion of non-discogenic sciatica, determination of the main cause of clinical pathology, avoidance of the wrong side or level, and being sure that the more detailed procedure does not necessarily mean the more effective procedure...
October 2016: Asian Spine Journal
Jun Takahashi, Hiroki Hirabayashi, Hiroyuki Hashidate, Nobuhide Ogihara, Keijiro Mukaiyama, Masatoshi Komatsu, Yuji Inaba, Tomoki Kosho, Hiroyuki Kato
Surgical procedures for atlantoaxial (C1-C2) fusion in young children are relatively uncommon. The purpose of this study was to report on a surgical treatment for a case of atlantoaxial instability caused by os-odontoideum in association with quadriparesis and respiratory paralysis in a 5-year-old girl. We present the patient's history, physical examination, and radiographic findings, describe the surgical treatment and a five year follow-up, and provide a literature review. The instability was treated by halo immobilization, followed by C1-C2 transarticular screw fixation using a computed tomography-based navigation system...
October 2016: Asian Spine Journal
Simret Singh Randhawa, Angel Khor Nee Kwan, Chee Kidd Chiu, Chris Yin Wei Chan, Mun Keong Kwan
We report two patients with cauda equina syndrome (CES) secondary to L5 giant cell tumour (GCT) who achieved good neurological recovery after treatment with denosumab without surgery. The first patient was a 26-year-old man with L5 GCT causing CES who regained bowel and urinary control, muscle power improvement from grade 2 to grade 4 and Oswestry disability index (ODI) improvement from 48 to 23 after denosumab treatment. The second patient was a 25-year-old woman with L5 GCT causing CES who regained bowel and urinary control, muscle power improvement from grade 0 to grade 4 and ODI improvement from 42 to 20 after denosumab treatment...
October 2016: Asian Spine Journal
Toshitaka Seki, Kazutoshi Hida, Shunsuke Yano, Toru Sasamori, Shuji Hamauch, Izumi Koyanagi, Kiyohiro Houkin
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. PURPOSE: To compare long-term results of surgery with the outcomes of symptomatic and asymptomatic tethered cord syndrome (TCS) in children and adolescents and to assess the surgery duration for those with TCS. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Pediatric patients with TCS continue to pose significant diagnostic and management challenges. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the outcomes of 31 patients (16 males, 15 females) with TCS, including 21 with lumbosacral lipoma...
October 2016: Asian Spine Journal
Takeshi Sasagawa, Takuya Nakamura
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. PURPOSE: To determine the presence and frequency of factors for degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS) in patients with hip osteoarthritis (OA). OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: OA of the hip joint (hip OA) in Japanese patients is associated with a high incidence of degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis (DS). However the associated factors for DS in patients with hip OA are unclear. METHODS: The study included 518 patients (59 men and 459 women) with a mean age of 63...
October 2016: Asian Spine Journal
Jo Watanabe, Seiji Ohtori, Sumihisa Orita, Kazuyo Yamauchi, Yawara Eguchi, Yasuchika Aoki, Junichi Nakamura, Miyako Suzuki, Kazuhide Inage, Jun Sato, Yasuhiro Shiga, Koki Abe, Kazuki Fujimoto, Hirohito Kanamoto, Eiji Hanaoka, Kazuhisa Takahashi
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. PURPOSE: To examine the efficacy of TachoSil for vessel injury in 6 patients who underwent anterior lumbar fusion surgery (ALF). OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: ALF for the lumbar spine has a high rate of success, although intraoperative concerns and iatrogenic complications are known, and injury of a major vessel is sometimes a complication. The efficacy of TachoSil, a fibrin-based hemostat, has been reported for several types of surgery; however, use of TachoSil for ALF surgery has not been described...
October 2016: Asian Spine Journal
Saurabh Shrinivas Pagdal, Sunil Nadkarni, Sharad Moreshwar Hardikar, Madan Sharad Hardikar
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. PURPOSE: To identify the role of percutaneous vertebral biopsy in histopathological diagnosis of vertebral compression fractures and to identify the frequency of unexpected malignancy in vertebral compression fractures. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Vertebral compression fractures are common in the Indian population. Magnetic resonance imaging and nuclear imaging have some limitations in the diagnosis of definitive pathology of vertebral compression fractures...
October 2016: Asian Spine Journal
Rouzbeh Motiei-Langroudi, Homa Sadeghian
STUDY DESIGN: Case series. PURPOSE: To present results of conservative management in patients with pure C2 body fractures. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Axis body fractures, a less common subgroup of C2 fractures, are commonly classified as vertical coronal, vertical sagittal, and transverse subtypes. While the treatment paradigm for other C2 fractures is clear, there is insufficient evidence to support treatment guidelines for C2 body fractures...
October 2016: Asian Spine Journal
Manish Kundanmal Kothari, Kunal Chandrakant Shah, Agnivesh Tikoo, Abhay Madhusudan Nene
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. PURPOSE: To evaluate the factors affecting immediate postoperative mortality in elderly patients with tuberculous spondylodiscitis. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Treatment of spinal tuberculosis in the elderly involves consideration of age and co-morbidities, and often leads to an extended conservative management. Surgical intervention in these patients becomes a complex decision. There are no studies on risk factors of mortality in surgically treated elderly with tuberculous spondylodiscitis...
October 2016: Asian Spine Journal
Kotaro Satake, Tokumi Kanemura, Hidetoshi Yamaguchi, Naoki Segi, Jun Ouchida
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. PURPOSE: To compare intraoperative endplate injury cases and no injury cases in consecutive series and to identify predisposing factors for intraoperative endplate injury. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Unintended endplate violation and subsequent cage subsidence is an intraoperative complication of extreme lateral interbody fusion (XLIF). It is still unknown whether it is derived from inexperienced surgical technique or patients' inherent problems...
October 2016: Asian Spine Journal
Koshi Ninomiya, Koichi Iwatsuki, Yu-Ichiro Ohnishi, Toshika Ohkawa, Toshiki Yoshimine
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. PURPOSE: Cortical bone trajectory (CBT), a more medial-to-lateral and shorter path than the traditional one for spinal fusion, is thought to be effective for severely degenerated vertebrae because screws are primarily stabilized at the posterior elements. We evaluated the efficacy of this approach through in vivo insertional torque measurement. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: There has been only one prior in vivo study on CBT insertional torque...
October 2016: Asian Spine Journal
Kentaro Yamane, Tomoyuki Takigawa, Masato Tanaka, Yoshihisa Sugimoto, Shinya Arataki, Toshifumi Ozaki
STUDY DESIGN: Level 4 retrospective review. PURPOSE: Brace treatment is the standard nonoperative treatment for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Rotation correction is also important, because AIS involves a rotation deformity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of rotation correction after Osaka Medical College (OMC) brace treatment on clinical outcomes in AIS. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Brace treatment has a significant effect on the progression of AIS...
October 2016: Asian Spine Journal
Kazuhiro Sugawara, Masaki Katayose, Kota Watanabe
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of healthy volunteers. PURPOSE: We aimed to investigate the variation in the lumbar facet joint orientation in an adult Asian population. The relationship between the facet joint orientation and muscle cross-sectional area (CSA) of multifidus and erector spinae was also clarified. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Several studies have reported that lumbar pathologies, such as lumbar spondylolysis and degenerative spondylolisthesis, were related to the horizontally shaped lumbar facet joint orientation at the lower lumbar level...
October 2016: Asian Spine Journal
Jung Sub Lee, Seung Min Son, Tae Sik Goh, Taek Hoon Kim, Eun Yeong Noh
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. PURPOSE: To evaluate the reliability and validity of the adapted Korean version of the Quality of Life Questionnaire of the European Foundation for Osteoporosis (ECOS-16). OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: The validity of the Korean version of ECOS-16 has not been completely demonstrated. METHODS: Translation/retranslation of the English version of ECOS-16, and full cross-cultural adaptation were performed...
October 2016: Asian Spine Journal
Hossam Elnoamany
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical and radiological results of percutaneous selective vertebroplasty (PSV) as first-line treatment options in the setting of well-confined spinal metastases. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Recent technological advances combined with innovative interventional techniques enable an alternative less invasive treatment option for many patients with malignant vertebral body infiltration...
October 2016: Asian Spine Journal
Myung-Sang Moon, Min-Geun Yoon, Bong-Keun Park, Min-Suk Park
STUDY DESIGN: Cervical spine radiograms of 460 Jeju islanders. PURPOSE: To investigate the age-matched incidences and severity of the cervical disc degeneration and associated pathologic findings. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Several related studies on the incidences of disc and Luschka's and facet joint degeneration have provided some basic data for clinicians. METHODS: Cervical radiographs of 460 (220 males and 240 females) patients in their fourth to ninth decade were analyzed...
October 2016: Asian Spine Journal
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