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Asian Spine Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994797/spinal-cord-stimulation-in-failed-back-surgery-syndrome-review-of-clinical-use-quality-of-life-and-cost-effectiveness
#1
REVIEW
Przemyslaw M Waszak, Marta Modrić, Agnieszka Paturej, Stanislav M Malyshev, Agnieszka Przygocka, Hanna Garnier, Tomasz Szmuda
Failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) is complex and recurrent chronic pain after spinal surgery. Several important patient and surgery related risk factors play roles in development of FBSS. Inadequate selection of the candidates for the spinal surgeries is one of the most crucial causes. The guidelines suggest that conservative management featuring pharmacologic approaches and rehabilitation should be introduced first. For therapy-refractory FBSS, spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is recommended in selected patients...
December 2016: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994796/a-comparison-of-patient-reported-outcome-measures-following-different-treatment-approaches-for-adolescents-with-severe-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Josette Bettany-Saltikov, Hans-Rudolf Weiss, Nachiappan Chockalingam, Gokulakannan Kandasamy, Tracey Arnell
Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a three-dimensional deformity of the spine which is usually not symptomatic and which can progress during growth and cause a surface deformity. In adulthood, if the final spinal curvature surpasses a certain critical threshold, the risk of health problems and curve progression is increased. Although surgery is usually recommended for curvatures exceeding 40° to 50° to stop curvature progression, recent reviews have shed some light on the long-term complications of such surgery and to the lack of evidence for such complicated procedures within the scientific literature...
December 2016: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994795/long-term-effects-of-untreated-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-review-of-the-literature
#3
REVIEW
Hans-Rudolf Weiss, Nikos Karavidas, Marc Moramarco, Kathryn Moramarco
Currently, adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is principally regarded as benign, but some researchers have cited serious or extreme effects, including severe pain, cardiopulmonary compromise, social isolation, and even early death. Therefore, exploration of the long-term effects of AIS, the most common type of idiopathic scoliosis, is warranted. The purpose of this review was to examine the long-term studies on the natural history of AIS and/or reviews concerning the long-term effects of untreated AIS. A PubMed search was conducted using the key words idiopathic scoliosis, long-term effects and idiopathic scoliosis, natural history...
December 2016: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994794/a-new-radiological-sign-for-severe-angular-kyphosis-the-baltalimani-sign
#4
Yunus Atici, Osman Emre Aycan, Muhammed Mert, Deniz Kargin, Akif Albayrak, Mehmet Bulent Balioglu
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective diagnostic study. PURPOSE: To define a new radiological sign, "Baltalimani sign," in severe angular kyphosis (SAK) and to report its relationship with the risk of neurological deficits and deformity severity. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Baltalimani sign was previously undefined in the literature. METHODS: We propose Baltalimani sign as the axial orientation of the vertebrae that are located above or below the apex of angular kyphosis on anteroposterior radiographs...
December 2016: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994793/bone-union-rate-following-instrumented-posterolateral-lumbar-fusion-comparison-between-demineralized-bone-matrix-versus-hydroxyapatite
#5
Woo Dong Nam, Jemin Yi
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. PURPOSE: To compare the union rate of posterolateral lumbar fusion (PLF) using demineralized bone matrix (DBM) versus hydroxyapatite (HA) as bone graft extender. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: To our knowledge, there has been no clinical trial to compare the outcomes of DBM versus HA as a graft material for PLF. METHODS: We analyzed prospectively collected data from consecutive 79 patients who underwent instrumented PLF...
December 2016: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994792/prevalence-of-high-riding-vertebral-artery-and-morphometry-of-c2-pedicles-using-a-novel-computed-tomography-reconstruction-technique
#6
Wiwat Wajanavisit, Thamrong Lertudomphonwanit, Praman Fuangfa, Pongsthorn Chanplakorn, Chaiwat Kraiwattanapong, Supaneewan Jaovisidha
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional, matched-pair comparative study. PURPOSE: To determine whether a thin-sliced pedicular-oriented computed tomography (TPCT) scan reconstructed from an existing conventional computed tomography (CCT) scan is more accurate for identifying vertebral artery groove (VAG) anomalies than CCT. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Posterior atlantoaxial transarticular screw fixation and C2 pedicle screws can cause vertebral artery (VA) injury...
December 2016: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994791/analysis-of-the-relationship-between-ligamentum-flavum-thickening-and-lumbar-segmental-instability-disc-degeneration-and-facet-joint-osteoarthritis-in-lumbar-spinal-stenosis
#7
Toyomi Yoshiiwa, Masashi Miyazaki, Naoki Notani, Toshinobu Ishihara, Masanori Kawano, Hiroshi Tsumura
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between ligamentum flavum (LF) thickening and lumbar segmental instability and disc degeneration and facet joint osteoarthritis. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Posterior spinal structures, including LF thickness, play a major role in lumbar spinal canal stenosis pathogenesis. The cause of LF thickening is multifactorial and includes activity level, age, and mechanical stress...
December 2016: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994790/a-nationwide-retrospective-study-of-opioid-management-patterns-in-2-468-patients-with-spinal-pain-in-korea
#8
Sung-Soo Chung, Chun-Kun Park, Kyu-Jung Cho, Kyoung Hyo Choi, Jin-Hyok Kim, Sung-Bum Kim, Sung-Uk Kuh, Jae Chul Lee, Jae Hyup Lee, Kyu-Yeol Lee, Sun-Ho Lee, Seong-Hwan Moon, Si-Young Park, Jae Hang Shim, Byung-Chul Son, Myung Ha Yoon, Hye-Jeong Park
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective patient data collection and investigator survey. PURPOSE: To investigate patterns of opioid treatment for pain caused by spinal disorders in Korea. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Opioid analgesic prescription and adequacy of consumption measures in Korea have markedly increased in the past decade, suggesting changing patterns in pain management practice; however, there is lack of integrated data specific to Korean population...
December 2016: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994789/correlation-of-1-5-tesla-magnetic-resonance-imaging-with-clinical-and-intraoperative-findings-for-lumbar-disc-herniation
#9
Shumayou Dutta, Arvind Bhave, Sanjay Patil
STUDY DESIGN: A single-center prospective study. PURPOSE: A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan is undeniably the gold standard for the diagnosis of a lumbar disc prolapse. Unfortunately it shares a strong association with incidental findings. In this study, we aimed to determine the extent to which a 1.5 Tesla MRI correlates with the clinical features and intraoperative findings in cases of lumbar disc prolapse. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Few studies have correlated MRI with clinical findings, and none have extended this correlation to intraoperative findings...
December 2016: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994788/results-of-single-staged-posterior-decompression-and-circumferential-fusion-using-a-transpedicular-approach-to-correct-a-kyphotic-deformity-due-to-thoracolumbar-spinal-tuberculosis
#10
Shaival Dalal, Jayprakash Modi, Shardul Soman, Harshil Patel, Shrikant Dhanani
STUDY DESIGN: This is a prospective study. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the results of single-staged posterior decompression and circumferential fusion using a transpedicular approach to correct a kyphotic deformity due to thoracolumbar spinal tuberculosis. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Surgical management is frequently an imperative choice to achieve spinal decompression and deformity correction due to tuberculosis to relieve pain, improve neurology, and reconstruct the spine stability...
December 2016: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994787/long-term-outcomes-of-posterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-using-stand-alone-ray-threaded-cage-for-degenerative-disk-disease-a-20-year-follow-up
#11
Saleh S Baeesa, Belen G Medrano, David C Noriega
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. PURPOSE: To analyze outcomes of posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) stand-alone cages. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: PLIF for degenerative disk disease using stand-alone cages has lost its popularity owing to implant-related complications and pseudoarthrosis. METHODS: We analyzed the records of 45 patients (18 women, 27 men), operated between January 1994 and December 1996, with a mean follow-up of 18 years 3 months (20 years 3 months-22 years 3 months)...
December 2016: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994786/bone-morphogenic-protein-is-a-viable-adjunct-for-fusion-in-minimally-invasive-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion
#12
M Mashfiqul Arafin Siddiqui, Ana Rosario P Sta Ana, William Yeo, Wai-Mun Yue
STUDY DESIGN: Comparison of prospectively collected data of patients undergoing minimally invasive surgery transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) with and without recombinant human bone morphogenic protein 2 (BMP). PURPOSE: To compare the clinical, radiological outcome and complications of patients undergoing MIS-TLIF with and without BMP. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: BMP is an effective fusion enhancer with potential complications. Direct comparison of MIS-TLIF with and without BMP is limited to retrospective studies with short follow-up...
December 2016: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994785/baastrup-s-disease-is-associated-with-recurrent-of-sciatica-after-posterior-lumbar-spinal-decompressions-utilizing-floating-spinous-process-procedures
#13
Masao Koda, Chikato Mannoji, Masazumi Murakami, Tomoaki Kinoshita, Jiro Hirayama, Tomohiro Miyashita, Yawara Eguchi, Masashi Yamazaki, Takane Suzuki, Masaaki Aramomi, Mitsutoshi Ota, Satoshi Maki, Kazuhisa Takahashi, Takeo Furuya
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. PURPOSE: To determine whether kissing spine is a risk factor for recurrence of sciatica after lumbar posterior decompression using a spinous process floating approach. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Kissing spine is defined by apposition and sclerotic change of the facing spinous processes as shown in X-ray images, and is often accompanied by marked disc degeneration and decrement of disc height. If kissing spine significantly contributes to weight bearing and the stability of the lumbar spine, trauma to the spinous process might induce a breakdown of lumbar spine stability after posterior decompression surgery in cases of kissing spine...
December 2016: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994784/tumor-occupation-in-the-spinal-canal-and-clinical-symptoms-of-cauda-equina-schwannoma-an-analysis-of-22-cases
#14
Kengo Fujii, Masataka Sakane, Tetsuya Abe, Tsukasa Nakagawa, Shinsuke Sakai, Masaki Tatsumura, Toru Funayama, Masashi Yamazaki
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, radiological study. PURPOSE: To determine the relationship between clinical symptoms and the extent of tumor occupation of the spinal canal by cauda equina schwannoma. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Little is known about the relationship between the size of tumors of the cauda equina and the manifestation of clinical symptoms. We analyzed this relationship by estimating the percentage of tumor occupation (PTO) in the spinal canal in cauda equina schwannomas and by correlating this parameter with the presence and severity of clinical symptoms...
December 2016: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994783/closed-drainage-versus-non-drainage-for-single-level-lumbar-disc-surgery-relationship-between-epidural-hematoma-and-fibrosis
#15
Kadir Kotil
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective clinical series with prospectively collected data. PURPOSE: The efficacy of using closed suction drains (CSD) after single-level lumbar disc surgery was evaluated. Postoperative CSD are regularly fitted to prevent postoperative epidural hematomas (EH) after multilevel lumbar decompression, although it remains unclear whether CSD also reduces postoperative EH following single-level lumbar disc surgery. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Few articles have addressed the clinical outcome in patients with single-level lumbar disc disease who were treated by two different operative methods (with and without drainage)...
December 2016: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994782/non-caseating-granulomatous-infective-spondylitis-melioidotic-spondylitis
#16
Justin Arockiaraj, Rajiv Karthik, Veena Jeyaraj, Rohit Amritanand, Venkatesh Krishnan, Kenny Samuel David, Gabriel David Sundararaj
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical analysis. PURPOSE: To delineate the clinical presentation of melioidosis in the spine and to create awareness among healthcare professionals, particularly spine surgeons, regarding the diagnosis and treatment of melioidotic spondylitis. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Melioidosis is an emerging disease, particularly in developing countries, associated with a high mortality rate. Its causative pathogen, Burkholderia pseudomallei, has been labeled as a bio-terrorism agent...
December 2016: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994781/traumatic-cervical-spondyloptosis-of-the-subaxial-cervical-spine-a-case-series-with-a-literature-review-and-a-new-classification
#17
Jayprakash Vrajlal Modi, Shardul Madhav Soman, Shaival Dalal
STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective study on patients with traumatic subaxial cervical spondyloptosis and includes a review of the available literature regarding the management of this injury. PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the biomechanics and varied clinical presentations of this rare but devastating injury. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: This is a case series of three patients and a review of the available literature on subaxial cervical spondyloptosis...
December 2016: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994780/single-posterior-approach-for-en-bloc-resection-and-stabilization-for-locally-advanced-pancoast-tumors-involving-the-spine-single-centre-experience
#18
Fahed Zairi, Tarek Sunna, Moishe Liberman, Ghassan Boubez, Zhi Wang, Daniel Shedid
STUDY DESIGN: Monocentric prospective study. PURPOSE: To assess the safety and effectiveness of the posterior approach for resection of advanced Pancoast tumors. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: In patients with advanced Pancoast tumors invading the spine, most surgical teams consider the combined approach to be necessary for "en-bloc" resection to control visceral, vascular, and neurological structures. We report our preliminary experience with a single-stage posterior approach...
December 2016: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994779/lymphopenia-at-4-days-postoperatively-is-the-most-significant-laboratory-marker-for-early-detection-of-surgical-site-infection-following-posterior-lumbar-instrumentation-surgery
#19
Eiichiro Iwata, Hideki Shigematsu, Akinori Okuda, Yasuhiko Morimoto, Keisuke Masuda, Hiroshi Nakajima, Munehisa Koizumi, Yasuhito Tanaka
STUDY DESIGN: Case control study. PURPOSE: To identify the most significant laboratory marker for early detection of surgical site infection (SSI) using multiple logistic regression analysis. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: SSI is a serious complication of spinal instrumentation surgery. Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the laboratory data of patients who underwent posterior lumbar instrumentation surgery for degenerative spinal disease from January 2003 to December 2014...
December 2016: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994778/intrinsic-vertebral-markers-for-spinal-level-localization-in-anterior-cervical-spine-surgery-a-preliminary-report
#20
Deepak Kumar Jha, Anil Thakur, Mukul Jain, Arvind Arya, Chandrabhushan Tripathi, Rima Kumari, Suman Kushwaha
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. PURPOSE: To observe the usefulness of anterior cervical osteophytes as intrinsic markers for spinal level localization (SLL) during sub-axial cervical spinal surgery via the anterior approach. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Various landmarks, such as the mandibular angle, hyoid bone, thyroid cartilage, first cricoid ring, and C6 carotid tubercle, are used for gross cervical SLL; however, none are used during cervical spinal surgery via the anterior approach...
December 2016: Asian Spine Journal
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