Read by QxMD icon Read

Cardiovascular Journal of Africa

Mihnea Zdrenghea, Adela Sitar-Tăut, Gabriel Cismaru, Dumitru Zdrenghea, Dana Pop
Increased uric acid levels are correlated with cardiovascular disease, particularly with ischaemic heart disease. Xanthine oxidase inhibitors, especially allopurinol, lower the risk of ischaemic heart disease due to their effects on reactive oxygen species and endothelial function. In chronic stable angina pectoris, allopurinol increases the median time to ST depression, time to chest pain, and total exercise time. On the other hand, it has been reported that allopurinol has a beneficial effect on ischaemic patients referred for angioplasty, but there are insufficient data regarding its effect on acute myocardial infarction patients...
September 9, 2016: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Wilson E Sadoh, Paul Ikhurionan, Charles Imarengiaye
BACKGROUND: A pre-anaesthestic echocardiogram (echo) is requested for most non-cardiac surgeries to identify possible cardiac structural anomalies. OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence and spectrum of structural cardiac abnormalities seen in various non-cardiac conditions. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective review of pre-anaesthetic echos performed over five years on children scheduled for non-cardiac surgery. The requests were categorised according to referring specialities, and the biodata and echo findings were noted...
September 9, 2016: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Julius Chacha Mwita, Matthew J Dewhurst, Mgaywa G Magafu, Monkgogi Goepamang, Bernard Omech, Koketso Lister Majuta, Marea Gaenamong, Tommy Baboloki Palai, Mosepele Mosepele, Yohana Mashalla
INTRODUCTION: Heart failure is a common cause of hospitalisation and therefore contributes to in-hospital outcomes such as mortality. In this study we describe patient characteristics and outcomes of acute heart failure (AHF) in Botswana. METHODS: Socio-demographic, clinical and laboratory data were collected from 193 consecutive patients admitted with AHF at Princess Marina Hospital in Gaborone between February 2014 and February 2015. The length of hospital stay and 30-, 90- and 180-day in-hospital mortality rates were assessed...
August 24, 2016: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Samuel Kingue, Solofonirina Rakotoarimanana, Nirina Rabearivony, Francois Lepira Bompera
AIM: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are a global challenge but the burden in sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries is less well documented than elsewhere. We aimed to describe the key cardiometabolic risk factors in four SSA countries. METHODS: A cross-sectional, multi-national, hospital-based study was carried out among adults (> 35 years) across four SSA countries from 12 December 2011 to 7 February 2013. Risk factors were defined using the World Health Organisation and International Diabetes Federation guidelines...
August 22, 2016: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Ahmet Yavuz Balci, Unsal Vural, Rezan Aksoy, M Fatih Özdemir, Seçkin Satilmiş, Mehmet Kizilay, Mutlu Şenocak, Huseyin Şaşkin, Ilyas Kayacioğlu, Ibrahim Yekeler
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to determine the short- and long-term effects of proximal aortic anastomosis, performed during isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with dilatation of the ascending aorta who did not require surgical intervention. METHODS: The study was performed on 192 (38 female and 160 male patients; mean age, 62.1 ± 9.2 years; range, 42-80 years) patients with dilatation of the ascending aorta who underwent CABG surgery between 1 June 2006 and 31 May 2014...
August 22, 2016: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Ekanem N Ekure, Wilson E Sadoh, Fidelia Bode-Thomas, Adeola A Orogade, Adeola B Animasahun, Oluwatoyin O Ogunkunle, Iretiola Babaniyi, Maxwell U Anah, Barbara E Otaigbe, Adebiyi Olowu, Frances Okpokowuruk, Samuel I Omokhodion, Ogechi C Maduka, Uvie U Onakpoya, Daberechi K Adiele, Usman M Sani, Mustapha Asani, Christopher S Yilgwan, Queennette Daniels, Chinyere C Uzodimma, Chika O Duru, Mohammad B Abdulkadir, Joseph K Afolabi, John A Okeniyi
BACKGROUND: Paediatric cardiac services in Nigeria have been perceived to be inadequate but no formal documentation of availability and distribution of facilities and services has been done. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and document the currently available paediatric cardiac services in Nigeria. METHODS: In this questionnaire-based, cross-sectional descriptive study, an audit was undertaken from January 2010 to December 2014, of the personnel and infrastructure, with their distributions according to geopolitical zones of Nigeria...
August 2, 2016: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Levent Cerit, Hatice Kemal, Kamil Gulsen, Barcin Ozcem, Zeynep Cerit, Hamza Duygu
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency is associated with many diverse cardiovascular disorders, such as hypertension, heart failure, stroke, coronary artery disease and atrial fibrillation. The relationship between Vitamin D and the development of atrial fibrillation after coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) has not been studied. Therefore, we assessed the relationship between Vitamin D and the development of postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) after CABG. METHODS: Medical records of consecutive patients who underwent CABG surgery were retrospectively reviewed for the development of atrial fibrillation in the postoperative period...
August 2, 2016: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Deniz Çevirme, Taylan Adademir, Mehmet Aksüt, Tülay Örki, Kamil Cantürk Çakalağaoğlu, Mete Alp, Kaan Kirali
INTRODUCTION: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) results in higher morbidity and mortality rates in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patient populations than in patients with normal renal function. This study aimed to identify the early results of CABG performed on ESRD patients, and the factors that affected the mortality rates of those patients. METHODS: A retrospective evaluation of our hospital database revealed 84 haemodialysis-receiving patients who underwent CABG during the years 2006 to 2012...
July 22, 2016: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Chimaobi James Ononamadu, Chinwe Nonyelum Ezekwesili, Onyemaechi Faith Onyeukwu, Uchenna Francis Umeoguaju, Obiajulu Christian Ezeigwe, Godwin Okwudiri Ihegboro
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a well-established independent risk factor for hypertension and other cardiometabolic disorders. However, the best anthropometric index of obesity that predicts or associates strongly with hypertension and related conditions remains controversial and inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: This study compared the performance of eight anthropometric indices of obesity: body mass index (BMI), ponderal index (PI), waist circumference (WC), hip circumference (HC), waist-hip ratio (WHR), waist-height ratio (WHtR), body adiposity index (BAI) and conicity index (CI) as correlates and potential predictors of risk of hypertension and prehypertension in a Nigerian population, and also the possible effect of combining two or more indices in that regard...
July 13, 2016: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Sevil Özkan, Fatih Özdemir, Oğuz Uğur, Refik Demirtunç, Ahmet Yavuz Balci, Mehmet Kizilay, Ünsal Vural, Mehmet Kaplan, Ibrahim Yekeler
BACKGROUND: The metabolic syndrome (MS) is a clustering of factors that are associated with increased cardiovascular risk. A low-grade inflammatory process acts as the underlying pathophysiology, which suggests that the MS may have a detrimental effect on coronary interventions, including coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery performed with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). We aimed to evaluate the effect of the MS on morbidity and mortality rates in the early postoperative period in patients undergoing CABG...
July 13, 2016: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Hakan Akbayrak, Serkan Yildirim, Murat Simsek, Mehmet Oc
Pericardial cysts are rare benign lesions of the thoracic cavity and are mostly congenital anomalies. They are induced by an incomplete coalescence of foetal lacunae during the development of the pericardium. Pericardial cysts are usually unilocular, well marginated spherical or teardrop shaped and may be attached to the pericardium directly or by a pedicle. Of all pericardial cysts, 70 to 75% are located at the right cardiophrenic angle. We report a case that was incidentally diagnosed with only chest magnetic resonance imaging because of a paracardiac mass...
July 12, 2016: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Churchill Lukwiya Onen
INTRODUCTION: Country-specific cut-off points for defining central obesity in black Africans are long overdue. METHODS: Anthropometric data from 215 (51.4%) male and 203 (48.6%) female patients seen in Gaborone between 2005 and 2015 were analysed to establish appropriate cut-off points for waist circumference (WC) corresponding to a body mass index (BMI) of 30 kg/m(2). Relative risks for cardiometabolic disorders were calculated for different BMI and WC categories using MedCalc(®)...
July 4, 2016: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
R Oluyombo, P O Akinwusi, M O Olamoyegun, O E Ayodele, M B Fawale, O O Okunola, T O Olanrewaju, A Akinsola
BACKGROUND: In addition to poor socio-economic indices and a high prevalence of infectious diseases, there have been various reports of a rising prevalence of cardiovascular diseases, with associated morbidity and mortality in developing countries. These factors co-exist, resulting in a synergy, with serious complications, difficult-to-treat conditions and fatal outcomes. Hence this study was conducted to determine the clustering of cardiovascular disease risk factors and its pattern in semi-urban communities in south-western Nigeria...
June 10, 2016: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Levent Cerit
BACKGROUND: ST-segment elevation in lead aVR (STEaVR) anticipates left main and/or three-vessel disease (LM/3VD) in patients with acute coronary syndromes. STEaVR is generally reciprocal to and accompanied by ST-segment depression (STD) in the precordial leads. SYNTAX score (SS) is an angiographic scoring system and is widely used to evaluate the severity and complexity of coronary artery disease. The purpose of our study was to assess the relationship between STEaVR and SS. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 117 patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTEACS)...
June 8, 2016: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Zhouping Wang, Xiaoyi Cai
Scimitar syndrome is a rare congenital heart disease characterised by anomalous pulmonary venous drainage to the inferior vena cava, aortopulmonary collaterals, hypoplasia of the right lung and intracardiac defects. Surgical correction remains the gold-standard therapy. However, non-surgical intervention has been reported effective in selected cases with scimitar syndrome. We report on a one-year-old boy with scimitar syndrome who underwent stepwise transcatheter intervention as an alternative treatment. Embolisation of the aortopulmonary collaterals and occlusion of the atrial septal defect were performed using detachable coils and an Amplatzer septal occluder, respectively...
June 8, 2016: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Ozge Korkmaz, Sabahattin Göksel, Burçak Söylemez, Kasim Durmuş, Ahmet Cemil Işbir, Öcal Berkan
Vertebral artery cannulation is an unusual complication during internal jugular vein cannulation. We report a case of vertebral artery cannulation, which occurred during an attempt to cannulate the right internal jugular vein, and we discuss the management of such a rare complication.
May 27, 2016: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Dheshnie Keswell, Mehreen Tootla, Julia H Goedecke
AIM: The aim was to examine differences in body fat distribution between premenopausal black and white South African (SA) women and explore the ethnic-specific associations with cardiometabolic risk. METHODS: Body composition, using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and computerised tomography, insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and lipid levels were assessed in 288 black and 197 white premenopausal SA women. RESULTS: Compared to the white women, black women had less central and more peripheral (lower-body) fat, and lower serum lipid and glucose concentrations, but similar homeostasis models for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) values...
May 25, 2016: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Sarah Chantler, Kasha Dickie, Lisa K Micklesfield, Julia H Goedecke
OBJECTIVE: To identify socio-demographic and lifestyle determinants of weight gain in a sample of premenopasual black South African (SA) women. METHODS: Changes in body composition (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, computerised tomography), socio-economic status (SES) and behavioural/lifestyle factors were measured in 64 black SA women at baseline (27 ± 8 years) and after 5.5 years. RESULTS: A lower body mass index (BMI) and nulliparity, together with access to sanitation, were significant determinants of weight gain and change in body fat distribution over 5...
May 25, 2016: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Suna Aydin, Mehmet Nesimi Eren, Musa Yilmaz, Mehmet Kalayci, Meltem Yardim, Omer Dogan Alatas, Tuncay Kuloglu, Huseyin Balaban, Tolga Cakmak, Mehmet Ali Kobalt, Ahmet Çelik, Suleyman Aydin
AIM: Enzyme-positive acute coronary syndrome (EPACS) can cause injury to or death of the heart muscle owing to prolonged ischaemia. Recent research has indicated that in addition to liver and brain cells, cardiomyocytes also produce adropin. We hypothesised that adropin is released into the bloodstream during myocardial injury caused by acute coronary syndrome (ACS), so serum and saliva levels rise as the myocytes die. Therefore, it could be useful to investigate how ACS affects the timing and significance of adropin release in human subjects...
May 19, 2016: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
A Meeme, G A Buga, M Mammen, A Namugowa
OBJECTIVES: The EndoPAT method has been used as a non-invasive method for assessing endothelial function in several non-pregnant populations. We investigated its possible use in assessing endothelial dysfunction in pre-eclampsia. METHODS: Two hundred and fifteen participants were recruited and grouped as pre-eclamptic cases (105) and normotensive controls (110). Endothelial function and arterial stiffness were measured as reactive hyperaemia index and augmentation index, respectively, using the EndoPAT 2000 machine...
May 19, 2016: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"