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Cardiovascular Journal of Africa

Serkan F Çelik, Elif Çelik
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the association between the severity of acute rheumatic carditis (ARC) and the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and mean platelet volume (MPV). METHODS: Paediatric patients diagnosed with ARC between 2010 and 2016 and age- and gender-matched controls were retrospectively analysed. At the time of diagnosis, we reviewed the demographic features obtained: echocardiographic data, complete blood count reports, acute-phase reactants, including C-reactive protein, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate values...
September 10, 2018: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Mehmet Kucuk, Cem Karadeniz, Rahmi Ozdemir, Timur Meşe
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have shown that the Tp-e interval, which on an electrocardiogram (ECG) is the interval between the peak and the end of the T wave, can be used as an index of transmural dispersion of ventricular repolarisation (TDR). Both Tp-e/QT and Tp-e/QTc ratios have also been used in that capacity. However, these novel repolarisation indices have not previously been studied in children with acute rheumaticcarditis (ARC). METHODS: A hundred and thirty-nine children who were diagnosed with ARC and 153 age- and gender-matched healthy controls were retrospectively reviewed...
August 30, 2018: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Émilie Laflamme, Audrey Vachon, Sylvain Gilbert, Julie Boisvert, Vincent Leclerc, Mathieu Bernier, Pierre Voisine, Mario Sénéchal, Sébastien Bergeron
OBJECTIVE: A reduction in the rate of death and hospitalisations in patients with heart failure (HF) with reduced ejection fraction receiving sacubitril/valsartan compared to enalapril was demonstrated in the PARADIGM-HF study. However, tolerability when initiating and optimising sacubitril/valsartan treatment in real clinical practice is unknown. METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort study of clinical and biochemical parameters of the first 100 patients receiving sacubitril/valsartan in a tertiary HF clinic...
August 28, 2018: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
S Le Roux, G A Lotter, H S Steyn, L Malan
OBJECTIVE: In past studies, a lack of social support has been associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, particularly in black Africans. However, whether or not coping strategies have beneficial effects on blood pressure (BP) and emotional well-being is not clear. We therefore assessed the relationship between BP levels, depression and coping strategies. METHODS: A prospective bi-ethnic cohort followed 359 black and white South African school teachers (aged 20-65 years) over a three-year period...
August 22, 2018: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
I Bhorat, M Pillay, T Reddy
AIM: To determine whether a single elevated myocardial performance index (MPI) value in the third trimester of pregnancy is a marker for later adverse obstetric outcomes in stable placental-mediated disease, defined as well-controlled pre-eclampsia (PE) on a single agent and/or uncompensated intra-uterine growth restriction (IUGR). METHODS: Fifty-five foetuses whose mothers had stable placental-mediated disease, either mild pre-eclampsia controlled on a single agent, and/or uncompensated IUGR in the third trimester, attending the Foetal Unit at Inkosi Albert Luthuli Hospital, Durban, South Africa were prospectively recruited with 55 matched controls...
August 15, 2018: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Yongzeng Chen, Xi Wang, Qian Yu, Fan Wang, Haijun Wang, Hongbin Liu
AIM: This study evaluated, using thrombo-elastography (TEG), the efficacy of antiplatelet therapies in retired Chinese officers and explored the factors influencing the efficacy of antiplatelet therapies. METHODS: Nine hundred and fifty-five retired male Chinese officers (≥ 60 years old), who had undergone TEG between June and August 2015 at the Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital (PLAGH), were enrolled in this study. The subjects were divided into four groups according to the antiplatelet drug(s) that they were administered: aspirin, clopidogrel, dual drugs (combination of aspirin and clopidogrel) and no antiplatelet drug...
August 10, 2018: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Gokhan Ilhan, Sahin Bozok, Berkan Ozpak, Hakan Kara, Serkan Yazman, Serdar Bayrak, Ibrahim Ozsoyler, Ali Gurbuz
OBJECTIVE: To date, there is no consensus on the selection of type and size of prosthetic valve for aortic valve replacement (AVR). The aim of this study was to compare anatomical and functional changes occurring in the left ventricle after AVR with different sizes of mechanical valves. METHODS: A total of 92 patients with serious aortic valve stenosis, who underwent AVR between March 2001 and June 2008 using mechanical valves of different sizes, were retrospectively analysed...
July 17, 2018: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Hatice Selcuk, Mehmet Timur Selcuk, Orhan Maden, Kevser Gülcihan Balci, Mustafa Mücahit Balci, Sebahat Tekeli, Elif Hande Çetin, Ahmet Temizhan, Mustafa Balci, Nihal Karabiber
BACKGROUND: Although tremendous advances have been made in preventative and therapeutic approaches in heart failure (HF), the hospitalisation and mortality rates for patients with HF is high. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between cystatin C and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels and in- and out-of-hospital mortality rates in acute decompensated HF (ADHF). METHODS: Between February 2008 and November 2011, 57 consecutive patients who were admitted with ADHF were included in this prospective study...
July 13, 2018: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Judith Namuyonga, Peter Solomon Lwabi, John Omagino, Magdi Yacoub, Ana Olga Mocumbi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Ahmed Ali Suliman, Nauman Naseer, Bernard Gersh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
O S Ogah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Paul Ernest Adams, Matthew Francis Chersich, Antoinette Cilliers
BACKGROUND: Methods of closing patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) have evolved over time. We review this development in our setting. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of children who had transcatheter PDA closure at Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospital between 1993 and 2008. RESULTS: Over 15 years, 1 254 PDAs were diagnosed, of which 293 required intervention; 139 patients had transcatheter closure, the median age was 1.8 years (interquartile range = 1-4...
July 2018: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Özge Korkmaz, Sabahattin Göksel, Müslim Gül, Hasan Başçil, Yavuz Yildir, Öcal Berkan
INTRODUCTION: In this study we used N-butyl-2 cyanoacrylate (NBCA), including dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), via the endovenous route, for mechanochemical ablation in the treatment of superficial venous insufficiency, in an attempt to establish whether an early systemic inflammatory response and an allergic reaction occurred in the patients. METHODS: A total of 102 patients were treated with endovenous medical ablation in two centres between October 2015 and February 2016...
July 2018: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Mpiko Ntsekhe, Patrick Commerford, Paul Brink, Salim Yusuf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Peter Zilla, Liesl Zühlke, Karen Sliwa, Patrick Commerford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Adele Greyling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Pride Tlhakudi, Lehlohonolo John Mathibe
AIM: Angina pectoris continues to affect multitudes of people around the world. In this study the management of stable angina pectoris in private healthcare settings in South Africa (SA) was investigated. In particular, we reviewed the frequency of medical versus surgical interventions when used as first-line therapy. METHODS: This was a retrospective inferential study carried out using records of patients in private healthcare settings. All cases that were authorised for reimbursement by medical aid schemes for revascularisation between 2009 and 2014 were retrieved and a database was created...
July 2018: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
P Zilla, R Morton Bolman, Magdi H Yacoub, Friedhelm Beyersdorf, Karen Sliwa, Liesl Zühlke, Robert S Higgins, Bongani M Mayosi, Alain Carpentier, David Williams
to urge all relevant entities within the international cardiac surgery, industry and government sectors to commit to develop and implement an effective strategy to address the scourge of rheumatic heart disease in the developing world through increased access to life-saving cardiac surgery.
July 2018: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Anastase Dzudie, Bonaventure Suiru Dzekem, Cabral Tantchou Tchoumi, Leopold Ndemnge Aminde, Ana O Mocumbi, Martin Abanda, Friedrich Thienemann, Andre Pascal Kengne, Karen Sliwa
INTRODUCTION: The epidemiology of pulmonary hypertension (PH) in low- to middle-income countries is poorly characterised. We assessed the prevalence, baseline characteristics and mortality rate in patients with echocardiographically diagnosed PH at a rural cardiac centre in Cameroon. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study in a subsample of 150 participants, aged 18 years and older, diagnosed with PH [defined as right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP) ≥ 35 mmHg in the absence of pulmonary stenosis and right heart failure]...
July 2018: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Servet Ergün, Mehmet Dedemoğlu, Murat Bülent Rabuş, Baburhan Özbek, Mustafa Mert Özgür, Mehmet Altuğ Tuncer, Mehmet Balkanay, Mehmet Kaan Kirali
AIM: Even though the Bentall de Bono procedure is widely used for the treatment of aortic root aneurysms, the procedure is under scrutiny nowadays because of complications due to mechanical prosthetic valves and the need for life-long anticoagulation. Due to these complications, aortic valve-sparing operations are being researched. In this study we compared the short-term morbidity and mortality rates of both Bentall de Bono and valve-sparing David V procedures. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated data from 70 patients who had undergone surgery for aortic root aneurysm between April 2009 and June 2013...
July 2018: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
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