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Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine

Mahlagha Dehghan, Sima Mokhtarabadi, Fatemeh Ghaedi Heidari
Background The aim of this study was to determine the status of utilizing some complementary and alternative medicine techniques in infertile couples. Methods This was a cross-sectional study conducted on 250 infertile couples referred to a hospital in Kerman using convenience sampling. A researcher-made questionnaire was used to study the prevalence and user satisfaction of complementary and alternative medicines. Results Results indicated that 49.6% of the infertile couples used at least one of the complementary and alternative medicines during the past year...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Khalid Ghazanfar, Showkat A Dar, Tazeen Nazir, Seema Akbar
Background Habb-e-Suranjan (HS) is a Unani pharmacopoeial formulation used for treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. The present study was carried to evaluate the toxic potential of HS in albino Wistar rats. Methods The subchronic was carried out at the dose levels of 2440 mg/kg of body weight in both sexes. The rats were observed carefully for any behavioral change for next 24 hours (hr) after the administration of the drug and daily twice thereafter till the completion of experimentation. Water/feed consumption and body weight were recorded on weekly basis...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Giovanni Cilia, Filippo Fratini
Snail and slug mucus is a viscous-elastic substance secreted by specific glands with adhesive and lubricants properties that allows them to adhere tenaciously to many different surfaces. It has been used since ancient times for care and human health and it is still very important in traditional and folkloristic medicine. Recently, mucus from snail and slugs and its protein and components have been subjected to some investigations on their antibacterial, antiviral and antifungal activity due to extensive traditional uses and for a future application in medicine...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Pankaj Gupta, Heeresh Shetty
The use of traditional means of oral hygiene maintenance has a long-recorded history, with widespread usage in rural areas of Africa, South America and the Indian subcontinent till date. Though dental healthcare professionals and the general population, especially in the urban areas can have the temptation of out-rightly rejecting them as ineffective, the usage of these natural products is based on time-tested scientific principles. The present article provides an overview of the major traditional practices of oral hygiene maintenance and how they compare against the modern-day armamentarium of oral hygiene maintenance...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Khaled M M Koriem, Mahmoud S Arbid
Background Favism is an acute hemolytic anemia occurs in glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6-PD) deficient individuals. β-Carotene occurs in vegetables such as carrots. This study aimed to establish the therapeutic effect of β-carotene to rebalance the testicular and blood proteins disturbances in favism. Methods Forty-eight male rats were divided into six equal groups; Groups 1, 2 and 3: normal rats were daily oral administrated with 1 ml saline, 1 ml corn oil and β-carotene (60 mg/kg dissolved in 1 ml corn oil), respectively, once a day over 15 days period...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Yasser A Khadrawy, Hussein G Sawie, Eman N Hosny
Background The present study aims to investigate the neuroprotective effect of curcumin nanoparticles (Cur-NP) on the rat model of status epilepticus (SE) induced by pilocarpine. Methods In the present study, animals were divided into three groups: control animals, rat model of SE induced by a single dose of pilocarpine (380 mg/kg) injected intraperitoneally, and rat model of SE that received a daily intraperitoneal injection of Cur-NP (50 mg/kg) for four consecutive days prior to pilocarpine administration...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Nafiseh Ghassab Abdollahi, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Sanaz Mollazadeh
Introduction Fennel has many medicinal properties and is used in the treatment of dysmenorrhea. Given the widespread use of herbal medicine among women for menstrual problems and considering the fact that there has been no study to date about the effect of fennel on menstrual bleeding and duration of menstrual bleeding through systematic review, the present study was conducted to determine the effect of fennel on the amount (primary outcome) and duration of menstrual bleeding and its side-effects (secondary outcomes)...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Leila Vahedi, Alireza Ostadrahimi, Fatemeh Edalati-Fard, Hossein Aslani, Azizeh Farshbaf-Khalili
Background Fish oil contains polyunsaturated fatty acids including eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) which were considered as essential fatty acids. The purpose of present study was to evaluate the effects of fish oil supplementation on maternal serum fasting blood sugar (FBS), oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), hemoglobin (Hb), and hematocrit (Hct). Methods In this randomized triple-blind clinical trial, 150 pregnant women were allocated into two groups randomly. In the intervention group, women received one fish oil capsule daily (1,000 mg consisted of 120 mg DHA and 180 mg EPA), and control group received placebo from the end of twentieth week of pregnancy until delivery (140 capsules)...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Nidal Jaradat, Saad Al-Lahham
Background Many recent studies have shown that medicinal plants, which have been used worldwide through the past history in the folkloric medicine, harbor a significant number of novel metabolic compounds with potent pharmacological properties. In several countries, the aerial parts of the Scolymus angiospermus plant have been used as a food supply and as a folkloric medicinal plant. The current study aimed is to investigate the antimicrobial, antilipase, antioxidant activities and phytochemical profile of methanolic, hexane, aqueous and ethyl acetate fractions obtained from the aerial parts of S...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Hanae Naceiri Mrabti, Karima Sayah, Nidal Jaradat, Faouzi Kichou, Abdelaziz Ed-Dra, Badiaa Belarj, Yahia Cherrah, My El Abbes Faouzi
Background Diabetes mellitus (DM) is currently a major health problem and the most common chronic disease worldwide. Traditional medicinal plants remedies remain a potential adjunct therapy to maintain better glycemic control while also imparting few side-effects. Arbutus unedo L. has been traditionally used to manage several diseases including diabetes. This study was undertaken to contribute the validation of the traditional use of Arbutus unedoL. (Ericaceae) in the treatment of diabetes. Methods In-vitro antidiabetic effect of the A...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Venugopal Vijayakumar, Nagashree R Shankar, Ramesh Mavathur, A Mooventhan, Sood Anju, N K Manjunath
Background There exist controversies about the health effects of coconut. Fresh coconut consumption on human health has not been studied substantially. Fresh coconut consumption is a regular part of the diet for many people in tropical countries like India, and thus there is an increasing need to understand the effects of fresh coconut on various aspects of health. Aim To compare the effects of increased saturated fatty acid (SFA) and fiber intake, provided by fresh coconut, versus monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA) and fiber intake, provided by a combination of groundnut oil and groundnuts, on anthropometry, serum insulin, glucose levels and blood pressure in healthy adults...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Mansoor Keshavarz, Maryam Kashanian, Soodabeh Bioos, Yasaman Vazani
wufjhjdkf Background Traditional Persian Medicine (TPM) is an ancient medical system that provides suggestions to improve the health of mothers and children during pregnancy and labor. Persian physicians believed that these instructions made labor easier, safer, and less painful. Methods The present randomized clinical trial was conducted among women at 33-38 weeks of pregnancy in Tehran, Iran. TPM instructions consisted of diet, bathing, and application of oil from the 38th week of pregnancy to the onset of labor...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Hanjabam Barun Sharma, Soniya Vyas, Jayant Kumar, Soumen Manna
Background Ghee (G) is attributed with numerous health benefits in Ayurveda. However, due to the high saturated fat content, it has been predicted to increase the cardiovascular disease risk. Hence, the current study was performed to evaluate the effect of G consumption as compared to mustard oil (MO) on lipid profile. Methods Two hundred (100 males) apparently healthy adults (≥40 years) were randomly selected out of the total individuals interviewed in a house-to-house survey. They were divided into three groups based on G and MO consumption: (A) MO >1 L/month, G<0...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Rajnish Gupta
Diabetes is a metabolic syndrome increasing rapidly due to occupational stress, lack of physical activity, sedentary lifestyle and increasing occurrence of obesity, associated with rapidly growing urbanization and industrialization. Due to erroneous carbohydrate metabolism, diabetics are more prone to chronic complications like nephropathy, neuropathy, retinopathy, coronary artery disease and peripheral arterial disease resulting in tissue damage. Current treatment protocols to these problems produce more serious adverse effects and are costly too...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Nagwa Mohammed, Hemat Allam, Eman Elghoroury, Emad N Zikri, Ghada A Helmy, Aliaa Elgendy
Background Laser acupuncture is one of the complementary modalities used for treating osteoarthritis. The study was performed to evaluate the effectiveness of laser acupuncture in the treatment of grade 2 knee osteoarthritis. Patients and methods Forty patients having bilateral knee osteoarthritis were divided into two groups (20 patients in each group). The patients of the first group were subjected to 12 laser sessions at the following acupoints (St 35, St36, Sp9, Sp10 and Gb 34). During each session, laser of 90 mw was directed to each acupoint for 1 min giving energy of 5...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Alireza Ebrahimi, Amir Atashi, Masoud Soleimani, Maedeh Mashhadikhan, Ahmadreza Barahimi, Saeid Kaviani
Background Recent studies have introduced Pleurotus ostreatus (Pleurotaceae) as a herbal medicine for treating different types of cancer. This survey utilizes P. ostreatus and doxorubicin hydrochloride (DOX) alone and then with hyperthermia to investigate the erythroleukemia cell line. This study evaluates and compares the apoptotic and necrotic effects of various treatments on the KG-1 cell line. Methods The proliferation of KG-1 cells was measured by using a tetrazolium salt (MTT)-based colorimetric assay during 96 h after treatment by gradient dilutions of 100 ng/mL to 100 mg/mL of P...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Tabasum Ali Bhat, Wajeeha Begum
Background At least 25 % of women attending genitourinary medicine (GUM) clinics receive treatment for one of the three common causes of abnormal vaginal discharge: bacterial vaginosis, candidiasis and trichomoniasis. Syndromic diagnostic approach was adopted by National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO) India, at the primary health centre level. Syndromic management implies the simultaneous treatment of two or more infections. The aim of this study was to assess efficacy of sandal sufaid, maghze tukhme bakayin and khaste tamar hindi in syndromic management of Sailanur rehm...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Olufunmilayo O Adeyemi, Ismail O Ishola, Ifeoluwa D Ajani
Background Cisplatin-induced acute liver and kidney injuries are serious problems in cancer patients during treatment of solid tumours. Objective This study sought to investigate possible protective effect of ethanolic fruit extract of Citrullus colocynthis (CC) against cisplatin-induced hepato-renal toxicity in rats. Methods Thirty male albino rats (150-200 g) were divided into five groups (n=6) and treated as follows: group 1: vehicle (10 mL/kg, p.o.; normal control); group 2: vehicle (10 mL/kg); groups 3-5: CC (100, 200 or 400 mg/kg, p...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Kathleen C Spadaro, Kelliann K Davis, Susan M Sereika, Bethany B Gibbs, John M Jakicic, Susan M Cohen
Background There is a significant health crisis with rates of obesity continuing to increase despite research and clinical standard behavioral weight loss programs (SBWP). Mindfulness meditation (MM), with demonstrated benefits on physical, psychological health, and self-regulation behaviors was explored with SBWP. Methods Forty-six adults (BMI=32.5±3.7 kg/m2; age=45.2±8.2 years, 87 % female, 21.7 % African American) were randomly assigned to a 6-month SBWP only (n=24) or SBWP+MM (n=22) at a university-based physical activity and weight management research center in a northeastern US city...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Osaze Edosuyi, Ighodaro Igbe, Loretta Oghenekome Iniaghe
Background Hunteria umbellata (HU) (K. Schum) is used in ethnomedicine for the management of pain, diabetes mellitus and dysmenorrhoea. This study evaluated the analgesic and antioxidant activities of aqueous extract of HU stem bark and the possible mechanism(s) of action. Methods The antinociceptive effect of HU was evaluated using acetic acid mouse writhing, tail flick, hot plate and formalin-induced paw licking models. To establish the possible mechanism(s) of action of HU, separate group of animals were pretreated with naloxone (1 mg/kg, i...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
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