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Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211681/effect-of-mindfulness-meditation-on-short-term-weight-loss-and-eating-behaviors-in-overweight-and-obese-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Kathleen C Spadaro, Kelliann K Davis, Susan M Sereika, Bethany B Gibbs, John M Jakicic, Susan M Cohen
Background There is a significant health crisis with rates of obesity continuing to increase despite research and clinical standard behavioral weight loss programs (SBWP). Mindfulness meditation (MM), with demonstrated benefits on physical, psychological health, and self-regulation behaviors was explored with SBWP. Methods Forty-six adults (BMI=32.5±3.7 kg/m2; age=45.2±8.2 years, 87 % female, 21.7 % African American) were randomly assigned to a 6-month SBWP only (n=24) or SBWP+MM (n=22) at a university-based physical activity and weight management research center in a northeastern US city...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206644/antinociceptive-and-antioxidant-activities-of-hunteria-umbellata-stem-bark-possible-role-of-the-serotonergic-opioidergic-and-dopaminergic-pathways
#2
Osaze Edosuyi, Ighodaro Igbe, Loretta Oghenekome Iniaghe
Background Hunteria umbellata (HU) (K. Schum) is used in ethnomedicine for the management of pain, diabetes mellitus and dysmenorrhoea. This study evaluated the analgesic and antioxidant activities of aqueous extract of HU stem bark and the possible mechanism(s) of action. Methods The antinociceptive effect of HU was evaluated using acetic acid mouse writhing, tail flick, hot plate and formalin-induced paw licking models. To establish the possible mechanism(s) of action of HU, separate group of animals were pretreated with naloxone (1 mg/kg, i...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206643/emblica-officinalis-anti-obesity-activity
#3
Iram Nazish, Shahid H Ansari
Context Emblica officinalis Gaertn. (family-Phyllanthaceae) fruits, known commonly as amla, is extensively used in Indian traditional system of medicine for the treatment of various disorders. The ethanolic E. officinalis extract is reported to have various activity such as antidiabetic, antihyperlipidemic and antioxidant activity in experimental animals. Objective To evaluate anti-obesity effect of aqueous E. officinalis extract in murine model of high fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity. Materials and methods Male Wistar rats fed with HFD (20 g/day/rat, p...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197218/the-effect-of-electro-acupuncture-on-pro-oxidant-antioxidant-balance-values-in-overweight-and-obese-subjects-a-randomized-controlled-trial-study
#4
M Mazidi, P Abbasi-Parizad, H Abdi, B Zhao, A A Rahsepar, S Tavallaie, S M Parizadeh, P Rezaie, M Safariyan, M Nematy, M Mohammadi, M Darbandi, S Darbandi, M Ghayour-Mobarhan, G A Ferns
Objective To undertake a randomized controlled trial in 196 obese subjects to examine the effect of electro-acupuncture on serum pro-oxidant antioxidant balance (PAB) values. Methods Subjects received authentic acupuncture (cases) or sham acupuncture (controls) for 6 weeks in combination with a low-calorie diet. In the following 6 weeks, they received the low-calorie diet alone. Serum PAB was measured at baseline, and 6 and 12 weeks later. Results We found that serum PAB values decreased significantly in the group receiving the authentic acupuncture compared to the sham treatment (p<0...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148981/walnut-leaf-extract-acts-as-a-fertility-agent-in-male-wistar-albino-rats-a-search-for-herbal-male-fertility-enhancer
#5
Seun F Akomolafe, Ganiyu Oboh
Background Walnut leaf is one of the many medicinal plants used in folklore as male fertility enhancers. The present work was therefore undertaken with an aim to scientifically validate this claim. As such, we evaluated the effect of the aqueous extract from walnut leaves on biomolecules related to fertility in adult male rats and its mode of action as fertility-enhancing agent. Methods Twenty-five rats were randomly divided into five groups of five animals each; Group 1 served as control and received normal (0...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148980/-just-don-t-be-creepy-a-phenomenological-study-of-the-experiences-of-men-in-massage-therapy
#6
Amanda Baskwill, Meredith Vanstone
Background Societal expectations around traditional binary gender roles result in some professions being considered "men's work" or "women's work". Massage therapy (MT) is one such profession that, despite being predominantly female, is joined by an increasing number of men with a desire to help others. Methods This descriptive phenomenological study asked male massage therapists in Ontario, Canada, about their experience of gender in their professional lives. Fourteen men shared their experiences of practice, which included discriminatory hiring and patient preferences for female practitioners...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148979/role-of-caftaric-acid-in-lead-associated-nephrotoxicity-in-rats-via-antidiuretic-antioxidant-and-anti-apoptotic-activities
#7
Khaled M M Koriem, Mahmoud S Arbid
Background Lead is a toxic metal that is widely distributed in the environment where caftaric acid (CA) is the ester form of caffeic acid where CA is the major dietary polyphenol present in various foods and beverages. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of CA in lead acetate (LA)-associated nephrotoxicity through antidiuretic, antioxidant and anti-apoptotic activities. Methods Forty-eight male albino rats divided into six equal groups; group 1 control injected intraperitoneally (ip) with saline (1 mL/kg of bw) over two weeks period, group 2 injected ip with CA (80 mg/kg of bw) over two weeks period, groups 3, 4, 5 and 6 injected ip with 100 μmol/kg of bw LA over two weeks period where groups 4, 5 & 6 co-injected ip with 1-deamino-8-D-arginine vasopressin (dDAVP) drug (1 mg/kg of bw), CA (40 mg/kg of bw), and CA (80 mg/kg of bw), respectively...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148978/antidiabetic-and-in-vitro-antioxidant-effects-of-hydromethanol-extract-of-paullinia-pinnata-root-bark-in-alloxan-induced-diabetic-rat
#8
Onoja Samuel Okwudili, Nwachukwu Glory Chimaobi, Ezeja Maxwell Ikechukwu, Omeh Yusuf Ndukaku
Background The study evaluated phytochemical composition, antidiabetic, oral glucose tolerance test and in vitro antioxidant activities of hydromethanol extract of Paullinia pinnata root bark. Methods Cold maceration method was used in extract preparation and scavenging of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radicals was used to evaluate antioxidant properties of the extract. Diabetes was induced with alloxan at the dose of 160 mg/kg. The antidiabetic activity of the extract was tested at doses of 50, 100 and 200 mg/kg, and glibenclamide was used as reference drug...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068790/yogic-practices-on-oxidative-stress-and-of-antioxidant-level-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#9
Rameswar Pal, Navin Gupta
Background Many clinical trials have evaluated the oxidative stress reduction and enhancement of antioxidant status following yogic practices, but a review has not been reported earlier. Present study is designed to systematically review the effect of yogic practices on oxidative stress and antioxidant status. Content Using the MEDLINE, EMBASE SCOPEMED, and Indian database electronic searches were performed through August 2016 using the keywords yoga AND oxidative stress OR antioxidant which yielded 97 studies...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068789/the-beneficial-effects-of-pumpkin-extract-on-atherogenic-lipid-insulin-resistance-and-oxidative-stress-status-in-high-fat-diet-induced-obese-rats
#10
Atefe Ghahremanloo, Reza Hajipour, Mina Hemmati, Maryam Moossavi, Zabihullah Mohaqiq
Background Prevention and treatment of obesity is a way to reduce cardiovascular disease, diabetes and depression. Pumpkin as a favorable plant has different properties notably antioxidant, lipid-lowering and anti-diabetic potential. The aim of this study was to assess the anti-obesity effects of pumpkin in diet-induced obese rats. Methods Thirty adult male Wistar rats were randomly divided into five groups (n=6) of healthy control, dietary fatty control rats, and three experimental dietary fatty rats that received hydro-alcoholic extract of pumpkin once daily at doses 100 and 200 and 400 mg/kg, respectively...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055172/evaluation-of-the-antioxidant-impact-of-ginger-based-kombucha-on-the-murine-breast-cancer-model
#11
Samaneh Salafzoon, Hamideh Mahmoodzadeh Hosseini, Raheleh Halabian
Background Abnormal metabolism is a common event in cancerous cells. For example, the increase of reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, particularly due to aerobic respiration during invasive stage, results in cancer progression. Herein, the impact of kombucha tea prepared from ginger on the alteration of antioxidant agents was assessed in the breast cancer animal model. Methods Two types of kombucha tea with or without ginger were administered to BALB/c mice before and after tumor challenge. Superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, glutathione (GSH) and malondialdehyde (MDA) were evaluated in tumor, liver and kidney...
October 21, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055171/safer-and-healthier-reduced-nitrites-turkey-meat-sausages-using-lyophilized-cystoseira-barbata-seaweed-extract
#12
Sabrine Sellimi, Abdelkarim Benslima, Ghada Ksouda, Veronique Barragan Montero, Mohamed Hajji, Moncef Nasri
Background Nitrite salts are still common additives in the meat industry. The present study provides a first approach on the employment of the lyophilized aqueous extract (WE) of the Tunisian seaweed Cystoseira barbata for the quality enhancement of turkey meat sausage. Methods WE was supplemented as a natural antioxidant agent to investigate its effectiveness in delaying lipid oxidation turkey meat sausages containing reduced amounts of sodium nitrites. Results On storage day 5, all concentrations of WE (0...
October 21, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045235/the-aqueous-tuber-extract-of-pueraria-tuberosa-willd-d-c-caused-cytotoxic-effect-on-ht-29-cell-lines-with-down-regulation-of-nuclear-factor-kappa-b-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb
#13
Adeolu Alex Adedapo, Olusegun A Fagbohun, Christianah Dawurung, Ademola Adetokunbo Oyagbemi, Temidayo Olutayo Omobowale, Momoh Audu Yakubu
Background Pueraria tuberosa (Willd) D.C. (Fabaceae) tubers are already used in traditional medicine by Ayurvedic physicians for the management of fertility disorders, general weakness, and also as anti-ageing therapies. Other known pharmacological properties include: anti-hyperglycemics, hepatoprotective, anti-hyperlipidemic, diuretic, nutritive, and anti-fertility agents in male rats. Methods The anti-proliferative effect of the aqueous tuberous root extract of Pueraria tuberosa on vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and Human Colorectal Adenocarcinoma Cell lines (HT-29) was investigated using the Cell Titer 96 MTT Proliferation Assay where the viable cells were seeded at a density of 5 × 104 (100 µL/well)...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985183/the-effect-of-celery-apium-graveolens-l-on-fertility-a-systematic-review
#14
Wesam Kooti, Maryam Moradi, Khadijeh Peyro, Maedeh Sharghi, Fatima Alamiri, Milad Azami, Mohammad Firoozbakht, Mehri Ghafourian
Background Fertility and infertility problems are among the complex issues in medicine. The use of herbal products in the treatment of fertility has been considered as an alternative to synthetic drugs. Celery containing known compounds can have an impact on the fertility rate. The aim of this study was to do a systematic review on conducted studies in conjunction with the celery and reproduction. Methods Required papers were searched from databases like Science direct, PubMed, Scopus, and Springer. Keywords used in this study were "Apium graveolens L...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981445/comparison-of-honey-and-phenytoin-pht-cream-effects-on-intensity-of-pain-and-episiotomy-wound-healing-in-nulliparous-women
#15
Mohadesseh Lavaf, Masoumeh Simbar, Faraz Mojab, Hamid Alavi Majd, Mansoureh Samimi
Background This study investigates and compares the effect of phenytoin and honey cream on intensity of pain and episiotomy wound healing in nulliparous women. Methods This research was conducted by double-blinded randomized clinical trial method on 120 nulliparous women in three groups of phenytoin, honey and placebo. After delivery and episiotomy, mothers used a knuckle of the prescribed creams on their episiotomy area, every night until 10-night. Evaluation of wound healing using REEDA scale and pain intensity with numerical rating scale of pain took place within the first 24 h and after 7 and 14 days of delivery...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972943/kolaviron-and-garcinia-kola-attenuate-doxorubicin-induced-cardiotoxicity-in-wistar-rats
#16
Ademola Adetokunbo Oyagbemi, Temitayo Olutayo Omobowale, James Olukayode Olopade, Ebenezer Olatunde Farombi
Background The Garcinia kola seeds have been reported for its antibacterial, antioxidant, antidiabetic and also for its chemoprevention property. The use of doxorubicin as an anticancer drug has been accompanied with avalanche of side effects including cardiotoxicity. The aim of this study was to investigate the cardioprotective effect of Kolaviron and Garcinia kola and their mechanisms of action. Methods Sixty male rats (Wistar strain) were used in this study. They were divided into 6 groups (A-F) each containing 10 animals...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941354/modulatory-effect-of-caffeic-acid-on-cholinesterases-inhibitory-properties-of-donepezil
#17
Odunayo Michael Agunloye, Ganiyu Oboh
Background Donepezil hydrochloride commonly used in the management of Alzheimer's disease (AD), exhibiting its inhibitory effects on acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase activity thereby enhance cognitive function. Caffeic acid member of hydroxycinnamic acid is widely present in human diet. This study aims to investigate influence of caffeic acid on acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase inhibitory properties of donepezil (in vitro). Methods 5 mg of donepezil was dissolved in 50 mL distilled water while 10 mg of caffeic acid was dissolved in 100 mL distilled water...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915115/anti-arthritic-and-gastroprotective-activities-of-ardisia-crispa-root-partially-mediated-via-its-antioxidant-effect
#18
Roslida Abdul Hamid, Lau Moi Fong, Yeong Looi Ting
Background Ardisia crispa Thunb A.DC (Myrsinaceae), commonly known as "hen's eyes", has been traditionally used in treating various inflammatory diseases. The present study evaluated anti-arthritic, gastroprotective and antioxidant activities of Ardisia crispa root hexane extract (ACRH) in various animal models. Methods Anti-arthritic activity was evaluated in complete Freund adjuvant (CFA)-induced adjuvant arthritis and gastroprotective effect was studied in the ethanol-induced ulcer model in rats. ACRH was further isolated to yield quinone-rich fraction (QRF) and both were analyzed for their total phenolic content, total flavonoid content and antioxidant activities in various antioxidant assays...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915116/a-review-of-tunisian-medicinal-plants-with-anticancer-activity
#19
Wissem Aidi Wannes, Moufida Saidani Tounsi, Brahim Marzouk
Cancer is a major public health problem in the world. The use of the medicinal plants in cancer prevention and management is frequent in Africa, especially in Tunisia, and it is transmitted from generation to generation within cultures. Many previous studies showed that a wide range of Tunisian medicinal plants exerted cytotoxic and anticancer activity. A comprehensive review was conducted to collect information from scientific journal articles, including indigenous knowledge researches, about Tunisian medicinal plants used for the prevention and management of cancer...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865203/pharmacological-and-phytochemical-screening-of-palestinian-traditional-medicinal-plants-erodium-laciniatum-and-lactuca-orientalis
#20
Nidal Jaradat, Motasem AlMasri, Abdel Naser Zaid, Dua'a Ghazi Othman
BACKGROUND: Various epidemiological studies showed that herbal remedies containing polyphenols may protect against various diseases such as cancers, vascular diseases and inflammatory pathologies. Currently, such groups of bioactive compounds have become a subject of many antimicrobials and antioxidant investigations. Accordingly, the current study aimed to conduct biological and phytochemical screening for two Palestinian traditional medicinal plants, Erodium laciniatum and Lactuca orientalis...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
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