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Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine

Atul Kumar Goyal, Jaimanti Bakshi, Sushma Rani, Bk Anita Didi, Akshay Anand
The present study is the case of a breast cancer patient who visited the local unit of the Brahma Kumaris (BK). Conversations with the patient revealed that the patient was being treated in the Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India. The treatment of the patient included the surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy. The patient narrated her ability to manage the psychological stress associated with the cancer treatment. She ascribed it to the positive attitude developed by her practice of the Rajyoga meditation from last 15 years...
November 7, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Mitchell Manway, Stephanie Blackburn, Jason Barr, Elizabeth Hull, Richard Averitte, Yang Ahn
Background Conduct a pilot study addressing the efficacy of acupuncture in the treatment of chronic idiopathic pruritus to aid in the design of a larger clinical trial. Routine laboratory tests to assess systemic inflammation in addition to subjective patient surveys were performed provide documentation of efficacy of treatment. Methods Patients with chronic pruritus who did not respond to standard treatment were recruited to participate. After exclusion of systemic or known reversible causes, each patient received up to 10 treatments which were performed approximately one week apart...
November 3, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Mohammad Hashem Hashempur, Seyed Hamdollah Mosavat, Mojtaba Heydari, Mesbah Shams
Background Despite growing demand for medicinal plants, there is little data about their use by patients with dyslipidemia. We aimed to determine the prevalence, pattern, and associated factors for the use of medicinal plants among patients with dyslipidemia. Methods A 17-item semi-structured questionnaire was filled out by 195 patients with dyslipidemia in a cross-sectional study carried out in two academic endocrinology clinics in Shiraz, Iran. The questionnaire comprised of three main domains of demographic data (6 questions), clinical data (2 of them), and data related to the use of medicinal plants (totally 9 questions)...
November 3, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Olufunke Olubunmi Falayi, Ademola Adetokunbo Oyagbemi, Temidayo Olutayo Omobowale, Emmanuel Abiodun Ayodele, Aduragbenro Deborah Adedapo, Momoh Audu Yakubu, Adeolu Alex Adedapo
Background The use of plants for the treatment and prevention of diseases in man and his animals has led to a renewed scientific interest in the use of medicinal plants for therapeutic purposes. The nephroprotective properties of methanol stem bark extract of Abrus precatorius against gentamicin-induced renal damage in rats was evaluated in this study. Methods Thirty male Wistar rats were divided into five equal groups. Group A was the negative control group while B was the positive control group which received gentamicin 100 mg/kg intra-peritoneally for 6 days...
October 26, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Ifeoma C Ezenyi, John O Igoli
Background Syzygium guineense (Myrtaceae) has been used in traditional medicine against various ailments, including diarrhoea. This study was conducted to scientifically evaluate the antidiarrheal effects of S. guineense extract and fractions. Methods An ethanol extract of S. guineense leaves was prepared and tested for its effect on small intestinal propulsion in mice and castor oil-induced fluid accumulation in rats. The extract was also evaluated for its effect on itopride-induced small intestine propulsion in mice...
October 23, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Yuni Wang, Kashinath G Metri, Amit Singh, Nagaratna Raghuram
Background Mind sound resonance technique (MSRT) is a yoga-based relaxation technique. Previous studies on MSRT demonstrated its potential health-benefiting effects in both clinical and nonclinical population. Present study intended to assess the acute effect of MSRT intervention on blood pressure, heart rate (HR), and state anxiety in patients with essential hypertension (HTN). Methods Thirty participants (13 females) with HTN, within the age range 30-60 years (with mean±SD: 57.23±11.3 years), who visited SVYASA University campus to attend 1-week residential yoga program for HTN treatment, were considered for this study based on inclusion and exclusion criteria...
October 20, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Janmejaya Samal, Ranjit Kumar Dehury
Background Albeit Indian system of medicine has been practised since long however it has got recent prominence after some policy decisions made to make it more accessible to the people of India. Methods A two fold search strategy was adopted to obtain the literature; search through PUBMED and hand search through cross references. Of the 58 articles obtained through both the search approaches 13 articles were finally included in the review. Results The studies reviewed assessed the utilization, preference, perception and characteristics of people adopting traditional and AYUSH systems of medicine in India...
October 18, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Kavitha Yuvaraj, Arumugam Geetha
Background Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is a persistent inflammation of the pancreas clinically presented with severe abdominal pain, progressive fibrosis, and loss of exocrine and endocrine functions. Inflammasomes, cytosolic multiprotein complexes which regulate the formation of proinflammatory cytokines, are influenced by various factors including heat shock proteins (HSPs). Morus alba L., or white mulberry root bark is a valued traditional Asian medicine with a diverse array of phytochemicals. The aim of this investigation was to define the modulatory action of methanolic extract of Morus alba root bark (MEMARB) on NLRP3 inflammasome, and HSPs in pancreas subjected to inflammatory insult...
October 18, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Saeed Ahmad, Waheed Mumtaz Abbasi, Tayyeba Rehman
Background Belladonna and Pyrogenium are commonly used to treat fever in homeopathy. But in vivo antipyretic activity of these medicines is not reported yet. The study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of ultrahigh dilutions of Belladonna (Bell) and Pyrogenium (Pyro) in fever model of rabbits induced by Baker's yeast. Methods Healthy, local strain rabbits (♂ and ♀) were divided into seven groups (n=42): Normal control, negative control, standard control, pyro 1000c, pyro 200c, Bell 1000c and Bell 200c...
October 17, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Arundhati Goley, A Mooventhan, N K Manjunath
Background Hydrotherapeutic applications to the head and spine have shown to improve cardiovascular and autonomic functions. There is lack of study reporting the effect of either neutral spinal bath (NSB) or neutral spinal spray (NSS). Hence, the present study was conducted to evaluate and compare the effects of both NSB and NSS in healthy volunteers. Methods Thirty healthy subjects were recruited and randomized into either neutral spinal bath group (NSBG) or neutral spinal spray group (NSSG). A single session of NSB, NSS was given for 15 min to the NSBG and NSSG, respectively...
October 17, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Leila Riahi, Hanen Chakroun, Imen Klay, Ahmed Slaheddine Masmoudi, Ameur Cherif, Nejia Zoghlami
Background The Mentha rotundifolia L. (Lamiaceae family), is a medicinal herb used since the ancient times as an antiseptic, analgesic and anti-inflammatory agent. In the present work, metabolomic profiling of two Mentha rotundifolia L. ecotypes leaf tissues spontaneously growing in the North of Tunisia was achieved. Methods Phenolic contents (TPC, TFC and TTC) were assessed using colorimetric methods. Metabolomic profiling of leaf tissues extracts was assessed based on Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS) analysis...
October 17, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Naiara Coelho Ximenes, Manuel Alves Dos Santos Júnior, Germana Silva Vasconcelos, Kátia Cilene Ferreira Dias, Mércia Marques Jucá, Aline Holanda Silva, Luzia Kalyne Almeida Moreira Leal, Glauce Socorro Barros Viana, Francisca Cléa Florenço de Sousa, Silvânia Maria Mendes Vasconcelos
Background Schizophrenia is a chronic mental disorder, characterized by positive, negative and cognitive symptoms. In general, several plants have shown activity in diseases related to the central nervous system (e.g., Erythrina velutina (EEEV), also known as "mulungu"). For this reason, we aimed to investigate the effects of standardized ethanol extract obtained from the stem bark of EEEV on the schizophrenia-like behaviors induced by ketamine (KET) administration. Methods Swiss mice were treated with KET (20 mg/kg, i...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Saeed Ahmad, Samya Perveen, Muhammad Adeel Arshad, Tayyeba Rehman
Background Euphorbia granulata is herb of family Euphorbiaceae having several traditional uses. The aim of the study is to summarize reported nutritional and medicinal value along with ethnomedical records. Methods The papers on nutritional and medicinal value of E. granulata are collected from electronic search engines (Google Scholar, PubMed). Synonyms are confirmed from "The plant List." Results Pharmacological studies suggest that the extracts of E. granulata possess antioxidant, antibacterial, antifungal, diuretic, antiulcerative colitis and spasmolytic properties...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Hajar F Karaali, Ragaee R Fahmi, Jamilah M Borjac
Background Acetaminophen (APAP) is one of the most widely used drugs to treat pain. Its overdose is lethal causing liver and kidney failure. Nephrotoxicity and hepatotoxicity are mostly due to the overproduction of reactive oxygen species. Ocimum basilicum, known as basil, is a commonly used medicinal plant due to its versatile role as antibacterial, antifungal, and anti-oxidative. We aim in this study to investigate the preventive and protective effect of basil leaves aqueous extract against APAP-induced hepatorenal toxicity in BALB/c mice...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Amera Anjum, Arshiya Sultana
Background To compare the efficacy and safety of herbal decoction (pods of Cassia fistula Linn. and Arils of Myristica fragrans Houtt) with mefenamic acid in spasmodic dysmenorrhoea. Methods In this single-blind, prospective, parallel, standard controlled study, dysmenorrheic patients (n=64) were randomly allocated to receive herbal decoction (n=31) or mefenamic acid (n=33) for two consecutive menstrual cycles. Treatment group received 180 mL herbal decoction of post amaltas (Cassia fistula L pod's pericarp) (21 g), bisbasah (Myristica fragrans Houtt arils) (3 g) and qand siyah (jaggery) (30 g) which were orally administered at morning for 3 days before the expected start of menstruation...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Herney Andrés García-Perdomo, Laura M Montealegre Cardona, Maria Juliana Cordoba-Wagner, James A Zapata-Copete
Background To assess the effectiveness and harms of music to reduce anxiety and pain in cystoscopy. Methods We searched MEDLINE (OVID), EMBASE, LILACS and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) from inception to nowadays. We included clinical trials, involving the assessment of the effect of music in cystoscopy. The primary outcomes were pain and anxiety measured by any scale and the secondary outcomes were length of stay, physiological parameters (blood pressure or heart rate) and adverse effects...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Élida Mara Carneiro, Rafaela Miranda Carneiro Borges, Helia Morais Nomelini de Assis, Lohanna Gutierrez Bazaga, Janaíne Machado Tomé, Adriana Paula da Silva, Maria de Fátima Borges
Background Complementary Spiritist Therapy includes prayer, Spiritist "passe", fluid therapy (fluidic water or magnetized water), and spiritual education, among other therapeutic resources. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of Complementary Spiritist Therapy with conventional treatment on emotional status, muscle tension and wellbeing of hospitalized patients with HIV/AIDS. Methods Patients were randomly assigned into either the experimental (3 days [10 mins per day/session] of Complementary Spiritist Therapy alongside conventional treatment; n=20) or control (conventional treatment alone; n=21) group...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Ilana Levy, Samuel Attias, Lior Cohen, Nadav Stoppelmann, Dan Steinberger, Ofra Grimberg, Eran Ben-Arye, Ibrahim Matter, Gideon Sroka, Mostafa Somri, Elad Schiff
Background Postoperative pain is common in patients hospitalized in surgical departments, yet it is currently not sufficiently controlled by analgesics. Acupuncture, a complementary medical practice, has been evaluated for its benefits in postoperative pain with heterogeneous results. We tested the feasibility of a controlled study comparing the postoperative analgesic effect of acupuncture together with standard-of-care to standard-of-care only. Methods In this pilot non-randomized controlled study conducted at a tertiary medical center in Israel, patients received either acupuncture with standard-of-care pain treatment (acupuncture group) or standard-of-care treatment only (control group) following surgery...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Ika Fidianingsih, Nur Aisyah Jamil, Russy Novita Andriani, Wira Muhammad Rindra
Background A high prevalence of anxiety in the elderly often leads to decreased quality of life (QOL). A restrictive diet can increase the production of ketone bodies that encourage mood enhancement, neural protection and pain reduction. This study aimed to identify whether Dawood fasting could increase the QOL of the elderly by reducing anxiety. Methods This research was a quasi-experimental study involving a pretest-post-test control group design. The subjects were pre-elderly and elderly or healthy people aged more than 50, and a consecutive sampling method was employed...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Acharaporn Duangjai, Surasak Saokaew
Background Natural supplements and herbal medicines have been attracted to use for managing elevated cholesterol levels. Tiliacora triandra (Colebr.) Diels (TT) or Yanang (in Thai) is commonly used as an ingredient in various types of Thai foods. In this study, we investigated the effect of methanolic TT leaf extract on cholesterol absorption by measuring the uptake and the efflux of cholesterol and cholesterol micellar solubility. In addition, we tested the effect of TT leaf extract on pancreatic lipase activity...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
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