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Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214348/organo-protective-and-antioxidant-properties-of-leaf-extracts-of-syzygium-guineense-var-macrocarpum-against-ferric-nitriloacetate-induced-stress-of-wistar-rats
#1
Francine Tankeu Nzufo, Constant Anatole Pieme, Jacques Romain Njimou, Prosper Cabral Biapa Nya, Bruno Moukette Moukette, Bravi Marco, Chianese Angelo, Ngogang Jeanne Yonkeu
Background The present study focused on the antioxidant, phenolic profile and free radical scavenging-mediated protective effect of leaves extracts of Syzygium guineense var. macrocarpum against ferric nitriloacetate-induced stress in the liver, heart, kidney and brain tissues of Wistar rats homogenates. Methods Spectrophotometric standardized methods were used to determine the free radical scavenging potential, antioxidant and protective properties of plant extracts on rat homogenates. Results All the extracts showed a concentration-dependent free radical quenching potential, and the ability to protect all the tested organs by inhibiting the lipid peroxidation and potentiating or restoring the activity of enzymatic and non enzymatic markers...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207415/attitudes-skill-and-use-of-evidence-based-practice-among-us-western-herbal-medicine-providers-a-national-survey
#2
James E Snow, Matthew J Leach, Bevin A Clare
Background Evidence-based practice (EBP) has been the focus of increasing attention in the teaching and delivery of both complementary and conventional healthcare. Western herbal medicine (WHM) is a system of complementary healthcare rooted in tradition. How WHM practitioners perceive, are prepared for, and use EBP, has to date been largely ignored. We therefore examined the use, opinion, skills, and training in EBP, and barriers and facilitators of EBP uptake, among herbal practitioners in the United States (US)...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199216/acupuncture-decreases-competitive-anxiety-prior-to-a-competition-in-young-athletes-a-randomized-controlled-trial-pilot-study
#3
Sahar Zarei, Monir Shayestehfar, Amir-Hossein Memari, Tohid SeifBarghi, Vahid Sobhani
Background Although a certain level of competitive anxiety may increase performance, many athletes with anxiety experience uncontrolled negative feelings and cognition that in turn can have overwhelming effects on their performance. Methods We aimed to assess the effect of acupuncture on competitive anxiety of the adolescent football players prior to the competition using psychological and physiological markers. A total of 30 athletes were randomly and equally allocated to either acupuncture or sham control group...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195549/dendrobium-chrysanthum-ethanolic-extract-induces-apoptosis-via-p53-up-regulation-in-hela-cells-and-inhibits-tumor-progression-in-mice
#4
Ritika Prasad, Nishant Kumar Rana, Biplob Koch
Background Dendrobium is one of the diverse genus of orchid plants. It possesses a number of pharmacological activities and has long been used in traditional system of medicine. The goal of this study was to investigate the apoptosis inducing property of the ethanolic extract from the leaves of Dendrobium chrysanthum, a species of Dendrobium whose anticancer role has not been ascertained yet. Methods To evaluate the anticancer activity of the ethanolic extract of D. chrysanthum in vitro in HeLa (human cervical cancer) cells, cytotoxic activity, generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), induction of apoptosis and effect on cell cycle were determined...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195548/herbal-approach-in-the-treatment-of-pancytopenia
#5
Siddhi Manohar Bagwe, Pravin Popatrao Kale, Lokesh Kumar Bhatt, Kedar S Prabhavalkar
Pancytopenia is a health condition in which there is a reduction in the amount of leucocytes, erythrocytes and thrombocytes. If more than one of the blood cells is low then the condition is called as bicytopenia. The pancytopenic condition is observed in treatment of diseased conditions like thalassemia and hepatitis C. Iatrogenically pancytopenia is caused by some antibiotics and anti-HCV drugs. Medical conditions like aplastic anaemia, lymphoma, copper deficiency, and so forth can also cause pancytopenia...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195547/phenolic-compounds-from-citrus-leaves-antioxidant-activity-and-enzymatic-browning-inhibition
#6
Bachra Khettal, Nabil Kadri, Karim Tighilet, Ahmed Adjebli, Farid Dahmoune, Fadila Maiza-Benabdeslam
Background Phenolic compounds from Citrus are known to be a topic of many studies due to their biological properties including antioxidant activity. Methods Methanolic and aqueous extracts were isolated from Citrus leaves of different species (C. clementina, C. limon, C. hamlin, C. navel, C. aurantifolia, C. aurantium and C. grandis) harvested in Algeria. Results The results showed that aqueous extracts of all species are rich in total phenolic compounds and flavonoids (from 68.23 to 125.28 mg GAE/g DM) and (from 11...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195546/naturopaths-in-ontario-canada-geographic-patterns-in-intermediately-sized-metropolitan-areas-and-integration-implications
#7
Stephen P Meyer
Evaluating conventional medicine (CM) and complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) with respect to integration opportunities (such as patient referrals and professional knowledge sharing) and possible geographic implications is novel. This research utilizes nearest neighbour and local spatial autocorrelation statistical analyses and surveys directed towards Doctors of Naturopathic Medicine (NDs) and their patients to better understand the geographic patterns of NDs and potential integration qualities. While the statistical tests reveal that the offices of NDs and Doctors of Medicine (MDs) display clustered patterns in intermediately-sized census metropolitan areas in Ontario and that the majority of NDs are near MDs, proximity is not manifesting in discernible integration tendencies between NDs and MDs...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195545/berberis-vulgaris-l-effects-on-oxidative-stress-and-liver-injury-in-lead-intoxicated-mice
#8
Jawhar Laamech, Jaouad El-Hilaly, Hamadi Fetoui, Yassine Chtourou, Hanane Gouitaa, Adel Tahraoui, Badiaa Lyoussi
Background Berberis vulgaris L. (BV), commonly known as "Aghriss" in Moroccan pharmacopoeia, is used to cure liver disorders and other diseases. The present study aimed to investigate the protective effect of BV aqueous extract against lead-induced toxicity in mice liver. Methods Sixty IOPS mice were divided into six groups and were treated as follows: group 1 (normal control) received double distilled water; group 2 (toxic control) received lead acetate (5 mg/kg body weight/day) in double distilled water for 40 days; groups 3-6 received BV aqueous extract at doses of 25, 50, 100 and 150 mg/kg body weight , respectively, once daily for 30 days from 11 day after beginning of lead acetate exposure to the end of the experiment...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783560/2016-incam-research-symposium-expanding-person-centred-care-through-integrative-health-research
#9
Heather Boon, Isabelle Gaboury, Lynda G Balneaves, Teresa Tsui, Jeremy Y Ng, Natalie Bozinovski
The following are abstracts of research presentations given at the 9th INCAM Research Symposium. The theme for this year's conference was "Expanding Person-Centred Care through Integrative Health Research", which was held on November 18 and 19, 2016 at the Toronto Marriott Bloor Yorkville Hotel in Ontario, Canada. The abstracts are grouped under the categories of oral or poster presentation based on their presentation at the Symposium. For more information, please visit: http://www.iscmr.org/content/canadian-chapter---public...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682716/alleviation-of-5-fluorouracil-induced-intestinal-mucositis-in-rats-by-vitamin-e-via-targeting-oxidative-stress-and-inflammatory-markers
#10
Abdulrahman Khazim Al-Asmari, Abdul Quaiyoom Khan, Sarah A Al-Asmari, Abdulqadir Al-Rawi, Saud Al-Omani
BackgroundIntestinal mucositis is a major concern related with cancer therapy. It is well established that overproduction of reactive oxygen species and inflammatory mediators plays vital role in the pathogenesis of mucositis. The aim of the study was to investigate the modulatory effect of vitamin E (vit. E) on 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-induced intestinal mucositis by targeting oxidative stress and inflammatory markers in rats. MethodsRats were randomly divided into four groups of six animals each. All four-group animals received normal standard diet and water throughout the experimental period which last up to 10 days...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567600/anti-adenovirus-activity-antioxidant-potential-and-phenolic-content-of-black-tea-camellia-sinensis-kuntze-extract
#11
Ali Karimi, Mohammad-Taghi Moradi, Somayeh Alidadi, Leila Hashemi
BackgroundAdenovirus (ADV) causes a number of diseases in human, and to date, no specific antiviral therapy is approved against this virus. Thus, searching for effective anti-ADV agents seems to be an urgent requirement. Many studies have shown that components derived from medicinal plants have antiviral activity. Therefore, the present study was aimed to evaluate in vitro anti-ADV activity and also antioxidant potential and total phenolic compounds of black tea (Camellia sinensis) crude extract. MethodsIn this study, the hydroalchoholic extract of black tea was prepared and its anti-ADV activity was evaluated on HEp2 cell line using MTT [3-(4,5-Dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide] assay...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27476103/biochemical-fingerprint-and-pharmacological-applications-of-barleria-noctiflora-l-f-leaves
#12
Sangilimuthu Alagar Yadav, Sathishkumar Ramalingam, Anitha Jebamalairaj, Ravi Subban, Karpagavalli Mennakshi Sundaram
Background Antioxidant and antihistamine agents from Barleria noctiflora L.f. as natural source due to the existing modern medicine give various adverse effects to overcome these problems with natural products. MethodsB. noctiflora leaves extract was fractionated with column chromatography; the homogenized fractions were monitored with thin layer chromatography (TLC) and characterized by using UV-visible, FT-IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR and mass spectrometry spectral studies. The volatile phytoconstituents of B. noctiflora extract were analysed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27451997/dlbs3233-a-combined-bioactive-fraction-of-cinnamomum-burmanii-and-lagerstroemia-speciosa-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-inadequately-controlled-by-metformin-and-other-oral-antidiabetic-agents
#13
Askandar Tjokroprawiro, Sri Murtiwi, Raymond R Tjandrawinata
BackgroundDLBS3233, a combined bioactive fraction of Cinnamomum burmanii and Lagerstroemia speciosa, has preclinically demonstrated its beneficial effects on glucose and lipid metabolism through the upregulation of insulin-signal transduction. This study evaluated the clinical efficacy of an add-on therapy with DLBS3233 in type-2 diabetes mellitus subjects inadequately controlled by metformin and other oral antidiabetes. MethodsThis was an open and prospective clinical study for 12 weeks of therapy, involving type-2 diabetes mellitus patients who had been treated with two oral antidiabetic agents for at least 3 months prior to screening, yet, with HbA1c level was still beyond 7...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27451996/medical-student-attitudes-towards-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-cam-in-medical-education-a-critical-review
#14
Paul Joyce, Jon Wardle, Chris Zaslawski
Background This paper aims to remedy a gap in the knowledge by presenting the first critical review of the literature on major themes relating to medical students perceptions and attitudes towards the exponentially growing field of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). MethodsAfter a comprehensive database search of the literature, 21 papers were chosen as suitable for the review. The results from these papers were tabled and discussed. ResultsThe results indicated that medical students lacked knowledge of CAM and are generally positive towards CAM education (especially in the preclinical years, if it provided evidence of efficacy and post-placement)...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27416619/diuretic-activity-and-toxicity-study-of-the-aqueous-extract-of-cola-nitida-seed-on-markers-of-renal-function-and-electrolytes-in-rats
#15
Mirian Nnemdi Ashibuogwu, Olukayode Isaac Adeosun, Rufus Ojo Akomolafe, Douglas Olaniyi Sanni, Olaoluwa Sesan Olukiran
BackgroundCola nitida is a plant, conventionally used in Africa in the treatment of various ailments such as migraine, morning sickness and indigestion. The aim of the present study was to explore the diuretic activity of the aqueous extract of C. nitida seed (AECONS) and alteration caused by its subchronic administration on the structure and function of the kidney of male Wistar rats. MethodsThe study was divided into diuretic and subchronic studies. Twenty-five male Wistar rats weighing between 140 and 180 g were divided into five groups of five rats each...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27404904/a-comparative-study-of-the-antacid-effect-of-raw-spinach-juice-and-spinach-extract-in-an-artificial-stomach-model
#16
Vandana Sanjeev Panda, Priyanka Mangesh Shinde
BackgroundSpinacia oleracea known as spinach is a green-leafy vegetable consumed by people across the globe. It is reported to possess potent medicinal properties by virtue of its numerous antioxidant phytoconstituents, together termed as the natural antioxidant mixture (NAO). The present study compares the antacid effect of raw spinach juice with an antioxidant-rich methanolic extract of spinach (NAOE) in an artificial stomach model. MethodsThe pH of NAOE at various concentrations (50, 100 and 200 mg/mL) and its neutralizing effect on artificial gastric acid was determined and compared with that of raw spinach juice, water, the active control sodium bicarbonate (SB) and a marketed antacid preparation ENO...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27404903/advancing-medical-education-connecting-interprofessional-collaboration-and-education-opportunities-with-integrative-medicine-initiatives-to-build-shared-learning
#17
Kate Templeman, Anske Robinson, Lisa McKenna
BackgroundImproved teamwork between conventional and complementary medicine (CM) practitioners is indicated to achieve effective healthcare. However, little is known about interprofessional collaboration and education in the context of integrative medicine (IM). MethodsThis paper reports the findings from a constructivist-grounded theory method study that explored and highlighted Australian medical students' experiences and opportunities for linking interprofessional collaboration and learning in the context of IM...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27404902/the-effects-of-the-bali-yoga-program-byp-bc-on-reducing-psychological-symptoms-in-breast-cancer-patients-receiving-chemotherapy-results-of-a-randomized-partially-blinded-controlled-trial
#18
Dominique Lanctôt, Gilles Dupuis, Roger Marcaurell, Annélie S Anestin, Madan Bali
Background Several cognitive behavioral interventions have been reported to reduce psychological symptoms in breast cancer (BC) patients. The goal of this study was to evaluate the effects of a yoga intervention in reducing depression and anxiety symptoms in BC patients. Methods This study was a randomized, partially blinded, controlled trial comparing a standardized yoga intervention to standard care. It was conducted at three medical centers in Montreal, Canada. Eligible patients were women diagnosed with stage I-III BC receiving chemotherapy...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27394050/new-horizon-in-the-treatment-of-sepsis-a-systematic-review-of-alternative-medicine
#19
Sarah Mousavi, Alireza Ghannadi, Mohsen Meidani
BackgroundDespite great advancement in treatment of sepsis, mortality of sepsis remains unacceptably high, even with the modern antibiotic and intensive care technologies. Considering the key role of immune dysfunction in sepsis pathophysiology, different treatments were evaluated, but failed to improve survival of patients. Natural remedies have been tested in various studies to overcome sepsis. In this study, we aim to review some of the evidence from clinical, in vitro and in vivo studies about the effect of alternative medicine on sepsis management...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27379905/a-potential-case-of-remission-of-parkinson-s-disease
#20
Karishma Smart, Raymon Durso, Jonathan Morgan, Patrick McNamara
We present the case of a 78-year-old male who, 16 years ago, was diagnosed with Parkinson's disease (PD) by a neurologist. He initially presented with left-hand tremor, stooped posture, shuffling gait, and frequent falls, which eventually progressed to bilateral motor symptoms after 3 years. Since 2012, his symptoms and signs have almost completely remitted, and he has been off all pharmacotherapy for that time. The accuracy of the initial PD diagnosis is supported by an appropriate clinical presentation, history of positive response to Sinemet, and an abnormal SPECT DaT scan; thus this case suggests the possibility of remission of symptoms in some patients...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
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