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Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777606/human-capital-and-self-entrepreneurship-the-concept-of-robbed-time
#1
Alessio Musio
The notions of ″human capital″ and ″self-entrepreneurship″ are by now widespread. The present work takes a critical look at their pervasive acceptance and stresses the self-exploitation to which they give rise. The concept of self-entrepreneurship needs to take into account, in fact, the nature of a revolution in temporal phenomenology. This revolution not only blurs the distinction between time dedicated to life and time dedicated to one's profession. It means that time spent on whatever is traditionally irrelevant to work is potentially time robbed from successful self-entrepreneurship...
May 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777605/ethics-and-or-aesthetics-reflections-on-cosmetic-surgery-for-adolescents
#2
Gianluca Montanari Vergallo, Enrico Marinelli, Simona Napoletano, Natale Mario Di Luca, Simona Zaami
Cosmetic surgery entails various ethical issues, even more so in cases involving adolescent patients. Cosmetic surgeons need to take into account how modern societies consider physical appearance an essential component of everyday life, as well as the vulnerability of youths and adolescents. For that reason, it is imperative to thoroughly assess the psychological and emotional states, in addition to the motivations, of minor patients. That goal can be achieved through the use of the DAS-59, (the Derriford Appearance Scale)1 , an effective and dependable tool devised to evaluate the psychological difficulties and distress experienced by people living with problems of appearance...
May 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777604/-ethical-aspects-of-the-use-of-mirena-r-iud-in-the-treatment-of-heavy-menstrual-bleeding
#3
Miriam Turiel Miranda, Pau Agulles Simó
The levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine device known as Mirena IUD(r) (20mcg/24h) is nowadays considered among the leading resources in the treatment of heavy menstrual bleeding. Nonetheless, due to either its effect of prevention of conception and especially to the possibility that it may also have an anti-implantation effect, there is a founded concern on whether its therapeutic use may be ethically licit. This article engages in an exhaustive literature review in order to ascertain the mechanism of action of Mirena(r) IUD, in view of an ethical evaluation of its therapeutic use, keeping in mind those two unwanted effects...
May 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777603/-communication-of-the-diagnosis-of-down-syndrome-mother-s-stories
#4
Teresa Vargas Aldecoa, José Luis Martin Conty, Rosa María Conty Serrano, Cristina Fernández Pérez
The article studies the way in which health professionals communicate the diagnosis of Down syndrome to parents. For that the personal stories of the mothers collected in the answers given by them to the open questions of a questionnaire on ″communication of the diagnosis″ are analyzed. The results show the mothers' dissatisfaction with the information received during the prenatal and postnatal diagnosis of Down síndrome.
May 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777602/-suspension-of-respiratory-support-in-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#5
Agustín A Silberberg, Josefina Robetto, Mora Achával
Decision making in advanced Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) patients keeps on being a controversial issue. The aim of this work is to discuss ethical implications of withdrawing respiratory support treatment in patients with ALS. Through a bibliographic search on Pubmed database (2010-2016) we investigated whether or not the use of Non-Invasive Ventilation (NIV) and Mechanical Ventilation (MV) would increase survival and quality of life. We included 38 review articles. From these papers, results and ethical implications of initiating and mainly withdrawing respiratory support were analyzed...
May 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777601/-informed-consent-something-unresolved-in-the-penitentiary-setting
#6
Julio García Guerrero
INTRODUCTION: The exercise of Informed Consent within the penitentiary environment contradicts the ordinary exercise of the same towards the rest of the population. METHODOLOGY: review of legal regulations and constitutional doctrine on IC. Review of the judicial outcomes when a prisoner refuses medical treatment. RESULTS: Normative on IC (Ley 41/2002 y Convenio de Oviedo, Spanish legal framework): with the exception of cases in which IC cannot be taken or under the risk of causong damage to third parties, competent and capable persons can decide over their life and health, and such decisions need to be respected...
May 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406766/-retraction-notice-is-sexual-identity-optional-a-study-of-the-genetics-of-transsexuality-cuadernos-de-bio%C3%A3-tica-2017-28-94-343-353
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406765/-descriptive-study-on-the-application-of-informed-consent-in-health-centers-of-galicia-spain
#8
José Emilio Rodríguez Piñero, María Jesús Tabernero Duque, María Sol Rodríguez Calvo
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to know the opinion and general knowledge of patients about the informed consent (IC), and their participation in the decision-making (DM) process. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A descriptive, transversal, observational, qualitative and quantitative study was designed with 120 patients randomly surveyed at the 8 University Hospital Complexes of Galicia, Spain. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: The mean age was 52.14 years, with 50% of men...
January 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406764/-doctor-patient-relationship-from-the-perspective-of-medical-students-portfolio
#9
Beatriz Girela Pérez, María Araceli Rodríguez Cano, Eloy Girela López
Doctor-patient relationship is of paramount importance for a good medical practice, however as long as medicine has been increasingly influenced by technology and science, it may be at risk of losing contact with basic human values of respect for the beliefs and preferences of the other person. In this study, we have analyzed the deontological vision of the physician-patient relationship perceived through clinical situations reflected in the portfolios carried out by 225 students of the 5th year of the Degree of Medicine at the University of Córdoba, during the courses 2014/15 and 2015/16...
January 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406763/-surrogacy-in-maternity-a-depersonalising-human-relationship-phenomenology
#10
Antonio Casciano
Ethical and bioethical problems, which are typical of the practice of surrogate motherhood, refer to its protagonists: the couple that orders it, due to its demand to satisfy the desire of paternity and maternity and the promptness of having a female body to fulfill its aspirations; the expectant mother, and the physical and psychic repercussions coming from the role performed in the surrogacy contract, as well as the risks of manipulation and exploitation, related to her position; the baby and his right to grow counting on the certainty of his parental relationships and on the preservation of his emotional balance...
January 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406762/-critical-review-of-gender-ideology-in-the-light-of-metaphysical-realism
#11
Enrique Eduardo Burguete Miguel
The implementing of gender ideology in the imaginary of current welfare-state societies owes much to a long process in the history of thought, which has culminated in an accommodation of post-feminist discourse. This paper sets out the epistemological principles that are present in gender ideology, as a response to both its recent and more-remote antecedents. It is furthermore framed by an urge for emancipation that began with medieval scholasticism, the latest manifestation of which lies in the post-structuralist deconstructionism that outlines the concept of queer...
January 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406761/-is-ethic-the-use-of-electroconvulsive-therapy
#12
Álvaro Romero-Tapia, Gilberto A Gamboa-Bernal
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is an effective and safety medical procedure, broadly utilized in several countries for the treatment of multiple mental disorders, including major depressive disorder, which is a prevalent disease. However, due the records of their use, technical inappropriate of application, adverse effects and even cases of death associated to the procedure, it has been stigmatized, disused and considered unethical treatment. This paper reviews the main components of ECT and discuss in it is a bioethical treatment...
January 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964003/-commentary-on-the-case-of-therapeutic-indocility
#13
Antonio Pardo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964002/-case-hiv-positive-male-that-does-not-follow-the-patient-treatment-but-it-may-go-to-revised-consultations
#14
Comité de Ética Asistencial Hospital Comarcal de Laredo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964001/-is-sexual-identity-optional-a-study-of-the-genetics-of-transsexuality
#15
Rosa M Fernández García, Eduardo Pásaro Méndez
Transsexualism in the ICD-10 (International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision), Gender Dysphoria in adolescents and adults in the DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition), is characterized by a marked incongruence between one's experienced gender and biological sex. The etiology is complex, but some hypotheses suggest that Gender Dysphoria (GD) arises from discrepant cerebral and biological sexual differentiation. Increasing evidence supports the idea of genetic vulnerability...
September 2017: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964000/-the-hypertrophy-of-autonomy-in-the-bioethical-debate
#16
Juan María Martínez Otero
In the current bioethical debate personal autonomy is frequently used as an argument to justify the legalization of new options for the subject. This is the case, for instance, of the controversies around surrogated motherhood, organ free market, euthanasia or egg freezing in order to postpone motherhood. This paper aims to show how legalizing certain options can be harmful to people, and would justify and perpetuate situations of domination of some human beings over others. In this regard, the importance of recognizing the unavailability of certain goods and human rights is underlined...
September 2017: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963999/-communicate-medical-errors-or-hide-them-in-relation-to-the-henry-marsh-s-memoirs
#17
Eugenio Moure González
″Do no harm″ is the work of Henry Marsh, an English neurosurgeon who, in the epilogue of his professional career at the National Health Service, remembers not only his professional successes but also his failures. This is the starting point to propose a system of notification of medical errors in Spain that allows to comply with the hippocratic key principle that gives title to the book: ″primum non nocere″. With this objective, our proposal is, in first place, to analyze the extent to which there is a conflict of loyalties in the professional performance of any doctor (institution vs...
September 2017: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963998/preventive-newborn-male-circumcision-what-is-the-child-s-best-interest
#18
Maria Luisa Di Pietro, Adele A Teleman, Maria Luisa Di Pietro, Andrea Poscia, Fermín J González-Melado, Nicola Panocchia
Preventive newborn male circumcision has been at the center of scientific debate for many years. The reason for promoting preventive newborn male circumcision, is the reduction of the incidence of UTIs (in the first six months of life), penile cancer, transmission of STDs/HIV infection/AIDS. However preventive interventions in the newborn involving violations of bodily integrity elicit several ethical questions. In this article, we reviewed the literature regarding circumcision, the prevention of UTIs, penile cancer, transmission of STDs/HIV infection/AIDS and complications of this practice in the neonatal period...
September 2017: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963997/-the-woman-and-the-care-of-life-historical-understanding-and-future-perspectives
#19
M Carmen Massé García
Over the ages of humanity, women has established a special relationship life care's with the most vulnerable. Women dedicated to the professional care have always existed, also to the unpaid home care of the sick, elderly, with some disability, and children. This study has been carried out a historical and current verification of this question, marking its most characteristic and significant features. From that perspective, we tried to answer these key questions: causes that have motivated this fact, its social consequences and, finally, the most important future implications for all, men and women that, surely, we will be caregivers and strapped for care in our illness...
September 2017: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621965/-ethical-dilemas-in-pediatrics
#20
LETTER
José Manuel Moreno Villares
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
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