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Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30380905/-ethical-challenges-posed-by-the-use-of-artificial-intelligence-in-the-diagnosis-and-clinical-treatment
#1
LETTER
Ángel Guerra, Ricardo García-Mayor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30380904/-commentary-on-the-case-of-the-patient-admitted-to-the-icu
#2
Antonio Pardo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30380903/-case-no-admission-to-the-icu-as-a-limitation-of-life-support
#3
Gumersindo González Díaz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30380902/-thee-coethical-thought-of-robert-spaemann-ethics-of-benevolence-and-the-care-of-the-natural-world
#4
María Luisa Pro Velasco
In this work we intend to show the reflections of the contemporary philosopher Robert Spaemann in what refers to ecology. For this reason, in first place, I will make use of the fundamental ethical category of his thought (benevolent love), as extensible also to the natural world. Following that, I will propose a universal hierarchy of the benevolent love in the ordo amoris. Once we have talked about how to extend this rational love to all beings, I will present Spaemann's view of the world based on two interests of the reason: one dominative and the other one contemplative...
September 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30380901/there-relations-between-professionals-in-the-deontology-codes-of-several-professions-of-health
#5
Pedro Cía Gómez, M Teresa Delgado-Marroquín
A good care of people in the health field requires coordination among the professionals responsible for such care, both interdisciplinary and between levels of care. The ethical considerations that underlie, being fundamental, have been little studied in a specific way, although all the Codes of Deontology of the professions related to the health collect recommendations and suggestions regarding the relations between professionals. This article makes a reflective review on these recommendations and their importance in our care environment...
September 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30380900/-hastening-death-by-voluntary-stopping-of-eating-and-drinking-a-new-mode-of-assisted-suicide
#6
Pablo Requena, Antonio de Pádua Andrade Dos Santos
In the last few years, the new catch phrase ″voluntary stopping of eating and drinking″ has made its appearance in the medical and bioethical literature. The practice, whose ″primary intention″ is to hasten the death of a person who does not want to continue living, has been proposed as an alternative to euthanasia and assisted suicide. Some authors present it as a valid option from both the ethical and legal point of view arguing that it is basically a ″natural death″ in the same line as a limitation of treatment and does not involve suicide...
September 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30380899/-assessment-of-the-suppression-of-puberty-in-children-with-gender-identity-problems
#7
José López Guzmán, Carmen González Vázquez
The objective of this article is to reflect on the opportunity and risk of the proposed treatments to address gender identity problems in that sector of the population. In most of the protocols for the care of minors with gender identity problems, the abolition of puberty is proposed as a method of choice. This technique consists in the administration of reversible agonists of GnRH to provoke a suppression of the hormonal expression of the minor and, thus, the development of the sexual characters of their gender...
September 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30380898/-pain-and-disease-as-a-transformation-an-analysis-from-phenomenology-and-narration
#8
Isabel Morales Benito
Pain and disease are life experiences difficult to be understood due to different reasons: they both fall under subjective limits; the sufferer feels imprisoned in his own pain and perceives a radical rupture within himself, and the sufferer feels he is alone to himself, unable to communicate. All these reasons explain that suffering is a transforming element in life. In modern scientific medicine, regarding the treatment of pain, the physiological approach is the preponderant one. Therefore, other intrinsic dimensions of the person, like the psychic, the spiritual, the relational or the identity are not viewed as detrimental...
September 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30380897/an-overview-of-trends-in-the-regulation-of-clinical-ethics-committees-an-opinion-from-the-italian-national-bioethics-committee-article
#9
Gianluca Montanari Vergallo, Carlo Petrini
In 2017, the Italian National Bioethics Committee (INBC) released an opinion paper titled ″Clinical ethics committees″. Said document advocates for the creation of ″clinical bioethics committees″ in every suitable setting and lays out a set of guidelines aimed at regulating such committees' functions. The recommendations deal primarily with the independence, requirements for counselling, structures, composition, tasks, placement, coordination, requisite competences, regulations. In the opinion's contents there are: a) the need to entrust counselling and training on ethical issues within clinical practice to different committees than those that deal with ethical assessments of scientific trials and experimentation; b) the laying out of all the various functions and related competencies required of the ethics committees' members; c) the necessity that all counselling practices be carried out by each committee as a whole, rather than by a single expert member; d) Committee's independence...
September 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777606/human-capital-and-self-entrepreneurship-the-concept-of-robbed-time
#10
Alessio Musio
The notions of ″human capital″ and ″self-entrepreneurship″ are by now widespread. The present work takes a critical look at their pervasive acceptance and stresses the self-exploitation to which they give rise. The concept of self-entrepreneurship needs to take into account, in fact, the nature of a revolution in temporal phenomenology. This revolution not only blurs the distinction between time dedicated to life and time dedicated to one's profession. It means that time spent on whatever is traditionally irrelevant to work is potentially time robbed from successful self-entrepreneurship...
May 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777605/ethics-and-or-aesthetics-reflections-on-cosmetic-surgery-for-adolescents
#11
Gianluca Montanari Vergallo, Enrico Marinelli, Simona Napoletano, Natale Mario Di Luca, Simona Zaami
Cosmetic surgery entails various ethical issues, even more so in cases involving adolescent patients. Cosmetic surgeons need to take into account how modern societies consider physical appearance an essential component of everyday life, as well as the vulnerability of youths and adolescents. For that reason, it is imperative to thoroughly assess the psychological and emotional states, in addition to the motivations, of minor patients. That goal can be achieved through the use of the DAS-59, (the Derriford Appearance Scale)1 , an effective and dependable tool devised to evaluate the psychological difficulties and distress experienced by people living with problems of appearance...
May 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777604/-ethical-aspects-of-the-use-of-mirena-r-iud-in-the-treatment-of-heavy-menstrual-bleeding
#12
Miriam Turiel Miranda, Pau Agulles Simó
The levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine device known as Mirena IUD(r) (20mcg/24h) is nowadays considered among the leading resources in the treatment of heavy menstrual bleeding. Nonetheless, due to either its effect of prevention of conception and especially to the possibility that it may also have an anti-implantation effect, there is a founded concern on whether its therapeutic use may be ethically licit. This article engages in an exhaustive literature review in order to ascertain the mechanism of action of Mirena(r) IUD, in view of an ethical evaluation of its therapeutic use, keeping in mind those two unwanted effects...
May 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777603/-communication-of-the-diagnosis-of-down-syndrome-mother-s-stories
#13
Teresa Vargas Aldecoa, José Luis Martin Conty, Rosa María Conty Serrano, Cristina Fernández Pérez
The article studies the way in which health professionals communicate the diagnosis of Down syndrome to parents. For that the personal stories of the mothers collected in the answers given by them to the open questions of a questionnaire on ″communication of the diagnosis″ are analyzed. The results show the mothers' dissatisfaction with the information received during the prenatal and postnatal diagnosis of Down síndrome.
May 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777602/-suspension-of-respiratory-support-in-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#14
Agustín A Silberberg, Josefina Robetto, Mora Achával
Decision making in advanced Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) patients keeps on being a controversial issue. The aim of this work is to discuss ethical implications of withdrawing respiratory support treatment in patients with ALS. Through a bibliographic search on Pubmed database (2010-2016) we investigated whether or not the use of Non-Invasive Ventilation (NIV) and Mechanical Ventilation (MV) would increase survival and quality of life. We included 38 review articles. From these papers, results and ethical implications of initiating and mainly withdrawing respiratory support were analyzed...
May 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777601/-informed-consent-something-unresolved-in-the-penitentiary-setting
#15
Julio García Guerrero
INTRODUCTION: The exercise of Informed Consent within the penitentiary environment contradicts the ordinary exercise of the same towards the rest of the population. METHODOLOGY: review of legal regulations and constitutional doctrine on IC. Review of the judicial outcomes when a prisoner refuses medical treatment. RESULTS: Normative on IC (Ley 41/2002 y Convenio de Oviedo, Spanish legal framework): with the exception of cases in which IC cannot be taken or under the risk of causong damage to third parties, competent and capable persons can decide over their life and health, and such decisions need to be respected...
May 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406766/-retraction-notice-is-sexual-identity-optional-a-study-of-the-genetics-of-transsexuality-cuadernos-de-bio%C3%A3-tica-2017-28-94-343-353
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406765/-descriptive-study-on-the-application-of-informed-consent-in-health-centers-of-galicia-spain
#17
José Emilio Rodríguez Piñero, María Jesús Tabernero Duque, María Sol Rodríguez Calvo
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to know the opinion and general knowledge of patients about the informed consent (IC), and their participation in the decision-making (DM) process. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A descriptive, transversal, observational, qualitative and quantitative study was designed with 120 patients randomly surveyed at the 8 University Hospital Complexes of Galicia, Spain. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: The mean age was 52.14 years, with 50% of men...
January 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406764/-doctor-patient-relationship-from-the-perspective-of-medical-students-portfolio
#18
Beatriz Girela Pérez, María Araceli Rodríguez Cano, Eloy Girela López
Doctor-patient relationship is of paramount importance for a good medical practice, however as long as medicine has been increasingly influenced by technology and science, it may be at risk of losing contact with basic human values of respect for the beliefs and preferences of the other person. In this study, we have analyzed the deontological vision of the physician-patient relationship perceived through clinical situations reflected in the portfolios carried out by 225 students of the 5th year of the Degree of Medicine at the University of Córdoba, during the courses 2014/15 and 2015/16...
January 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406763/-surrogacy-in-maternity-a-depersonalising-human-relationship-phenomenology
#19
Antonio Casciano
Ethical and bioethical problems, which are typical of the practice of surrogate motherhood, refer to its protagonists: the couple that orders it, due to its demand to satisfy the desire of paternity and maternity and the promptness of having a female body to fulfill its aspirations; the expectant mother, and the physical and psychic repercussions coming from the role performed in the surrogacy contract, as well as the risks of manipulation and exploitation, related to her position; the baby and his right to grow counting on the certainty of his parental relationships and on the preservation of his emotional balance...
January 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406762/-critical-review-of-gender-ideology-in-the-light-of-metaphysical-realism
#20
REVIEW
Enrique Eduardo Burguete Miguel
The implementing of gender ideology in the imaginary of current welfare-state societies owes much to a long process in the history of thought, which has culminated in an accommodation of post-feminist discourse. This paper sets out the epistemological principles that are present in gender ideology, as a response to both its recent and more-remote antecedents. It is furthermore framed by an urge for emancipation that began with medieval scholasticism, the latest manifestation of which lies in the post-structuralist deconstructionism that outlines the concept of queer...
January 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
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