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Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29940139/multiparametric-magnetic-resonance-imaging-transrectal-ultrasound-guided-cognitive-fusion-biopsy-of-the-prostate-clinically-significant-cancer-detection-rates-stratified-by-the-prostate-imaging-and-data-reporting-system-version-2-assessment-category
#1
Susan John, Steven Cooper, Rodney H Breau, Trevor A Flood, Ilias Cagiannos, Luke T Lavallee, Christopher Morash, Joseph O'sullivan, Nicola Schieda
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to report the clinically significant prostate cancer (PCa) detection rate in men undergoing magnetic resonance imaging-transrectal ultrasound (MRI-TRUS)-cognitive fusion (CF) targeted biopsies stratified by the Prostate Imaging and Data Reporting System (PI-RADS) version 2 (v2) scores. METHODS: With a quality assurance waiver from the IRB, we identified a cohort of men who underwent MRI-TRUS-CF and synchronous template biopsy from 2015-2017...
June 19, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29940138/a-survey-of-canadian-renal-transplant-surgeons-use-of-ureteric-stents-and-technique-of-the-ureteroneocystotomy
#2
Luke F Reynolds, Tad Kroczak, R John Honey, Kenneth T Pace, Jason Y Lee, Michael Ordon
INTRODUCTION: The role of ureteric stenting in renal transplant has been well-demonstrated. The goal of this survey was to determine the utilization of ureteric stents by Canadian transplant surgeons, and how the ureteroneocystotomy and followup is performed. METHODS: An online survey was sent to the 40 surgeon members of the Canadian Society of Transplantation. The primary outcome was the rate of ureteric stent use at the time of renal transplantation. The secondary outcomes were the ureteric stent dwell time, use and type of prophylactic antibiotics, and the use of routine post-transplant ultrasonography...
June 19, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29940137/cost-analysis-of-greenlight-photoselective-vaporization-of-the-prostate-compared-to-transurethral-resection-of-the-prostate-for-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#3
Lisa Masucci, Aysegul Erman, Murray D Krahn, Dean Elterman
INTRODUCTION: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate gland, which results in the development of lower urinary tract symptoms that can interfere with a patient's daily activities and negatively impact their quality of life. The gold standard treatment for moderate to severe BPH has been transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP), however, this procedure is associated with prolonged hospitalizations and increased complications. An alternative to TURP is Greenlight photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP), which is associated with better perioperative safety...
June 19, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29940136/the-association-between-physician-trust-and-prostate-specific-antigen-screening-implications-for-shared-decision-making
#4
Zachary Klaassen, Christopher J D Wallis, Hanan Goldberg, Thenappan Chandrasekar, Neil E Fleshner, Antonio Finelli, Girish S Kulkarni, Allan S Detsky, Raj Satkunasivam
INTRODUCTION: Shared decision-making is widely recommended when men are considering prostate cancer screening with prostate-specific antigen (PSA). The role of patients' trust in cancer information from their physician in such decisions is unknown. METHODS: We identified male respondents ≥18 years of age from the Health Information National Trends Survey, a population-based survey of people living in the U.S. (2011-014). We assessed the association between degree of trust in cancer information from respondent's physician with patient-reported receipt of PSA-screening and patient-reported discussion of PSA screening with their physician...
June 19, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29940135/pediatric-cystogram-are-we-considering-age-adjusted-bladder-capacity
#5
Luis A Guerra, Melise A Keays, M J Purser, S Y Wang, Michael P Leonard
INTRODUCTION: There are a small number of reports in the literature describing bladder rupture during cystograms in children. We hypothesized that children undergoing cystograms may have their bladder overfilled during the test. We aimed to evaluate the current practice when performing cystograms in our institution, contrasting actual volume used to fill the bladder to the age-adjusted bladder capacity. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all voiding cystourethrograms(VCUG) and radionuclide cystograms (RNC) performed at the Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario from 2006-2013...
June 19, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29940134/external-validation-of-the-novel-international-society-of-urological-pathology-isup-gleason-grading-groups-in-a-large-contemporary-canadian-cohort
#6
Helen Davis Bondarenko, Marc Zanaty, Sabrina S Harmouch, Cristina Negrean, Raisa S Pompe, Daniel Liberman, Naeem Bhojani, Pierre I Karakiewicz, Kevin C Zorn, Assaad El-Hakim
INTRODUCTION: We sought to test the discriminatory ability of the 2014 International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) Gleason grading groups (GGG) for predicting biochemical recurrence (BCR) after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) in a large, contemporary, Canadian cohort. METHODS: A total of 621 patients who underwent RARP in two major Canadian centres were identified in a prospectively maintained Canadian database between 2006 and 2016. Followup endpoint was BCR...
June 19, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29940133/costs-variations-for-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-in-the-u-s-from-2003-2015-a-contemporary-analysis-of-an-all-payer-discharge-database
#7
Jeffrey J Leow, Anne-Sophie Valiquette, Benjamin I Chung, Steven L Chang, Quoc-Dien Trinh, Rus Korets, Naeem Bhojani
INTRODUCTION: We sought to evaluate population-based costs variations and predictors of outlier costs for percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in the U.S. METHODS: Using the Premier Healthcare Database, we identified all patients diagnosed with kidney/ureter calculus who underwent PCNL from 2003-2015. We evaluated 90-day direct hospital costs, defining high- and low-cost surgery as those >90th and <10th percentile, respectively. We constructed a multilevel, hierarchical regression model and calculated the pseudo-R2 of each variable, which translates to the percentage variability contributed by that variable on 90-day direct hospital costs...
June 19, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29940132/the-burden-of-symptomatic-skeletal-events-in-castrate-resistant-prostate-cancer-patients-with-bone-metastases-at-three-canadian-uro-oncology-centres
#8
Fred Saad, Neil E Fleshner, Alan So, Jacques Le Lorier, Louise Perrault, Melanie Poulin-Costello, Raina Rogoza, Ewan J D Robson
INTRODUCTION: Metastatic bone disease in castrate-resistant prostate cancer risks significant morbidity, including symptomatic skeletal events. We estimated the healthcare resource costs of managing skeletal events. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted for patients who died from or were treated palliatively for metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer from 2006-2013 at Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (Montreal), Princess Margaret Cancer Centre (Toronto), or Vancouver General Hospital (Vancouver)...
June 19, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29989889/prevalence-estimates-for-lower-urinary-tract-symptom-severity-among-men-in-uganda-and-sub-saharan-africa-based-on-regional-prevalence-data
#9
Francis Bajunirwe, Lynn Stothers, Jonathan Berkowitz, Andrew J Macnab
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of urinary symptoms in the developing world is currently estimated in the absence of specific regional data. Regional prevalence data and estimates based on them have relevance for accurate planning/provision of future healthcare. We sought to extrapolate prevalence estimates for lower urinary tract symptom (LUTS) severity and associated sexual dysfunction for Uganda as a whole and sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) using newly available regional data from a community-based cohort of men in Uganda...
June 8, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29989888/prospective-evaluation-of-kidney-displacement-during-supine-mini-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-incidence-significance-and-analysis-of-predictive-factors
#10
Başak Gülpınar, Aykut Akıncı, Evren Süer, Adem Sancı, Muammer Babayiğit, Yaşar Bedük, Sümer Baltacı, Mehmet İlker Gökce
INTRODUCTION: Kidney displacement may alter the quality of renal puncture during percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). The aim of this study was to identify the rate of kidney displacement, and parameters associated with kidney displacement in patients who underwent supine mini-PCNL. METHODS: Data of 98 consecutive patients who underwent mini-PCNL was collected prospectively. The patients were grouped as displacement-positive vs. -negative. The parameters collected were age, gender, body mass index, side of the kidney, punctured calyx, fluoroscopy time to successful puncture and tract dilation, stone-free and complication rates, stone diameter, length of the renal artery, quantity of peri-renal and abdominal fat...
June 8, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29989887/first-canadian-experience-with-robotic-laparoendoscopic-single-site-vs-standard-laparoscopic-living-donor-nephrectomy-a-prospective-comparative-study
#11
Patrick P Luke, Shahid Aquil, Bijad Alharbi, Hemant Sharma, Alp Sener
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to compare the outcomes of robotic laparoendoscopic single-site living donor nephrectomy (R-LESS LDN) vs. standard laparoscopic living donor nephrectomy (LLDN). METHODS: Between October 2013 and November 2015, 39 patients were allocated to either standard laparoscopic living donor nephrectomy (LLDN; n=25) or robotic-assisted laparoendoscopic single-site living donor nephrectomy (R-LESS LDN; n=14). Patient demographics, perioperative outcomes, analgesic requirement, visual analogue scale of pain at postoperative days 1, 3, 7, and 30, and a health-related quality of life and body image questionnaire were prospectively collected...
June 8, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29989886/case-azoospermia-with-bilateral-varicocele-and-normal-follicle-stimulating-hormone
#12
John Michael Masterson, Ranjith Ramasamy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 8, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29989885/relevance-of-open-magnetic-resonance-imaging-position-sitting-and-standing-to-quantify-pelvic-organ-prolapse-in-women
#13
Marwa Abdulaziz, Alex Kavanagh, Lynn Stothers, Andrew Macnab
INTRODUCTION: In pelvic organ prolapse (POP), posture and gravity impact organ position and symptom severity. The advanced magnet configuration in open magnetic resonance imaging (MRO) allows patients to be imaged when sitting and standing, as well in a conventional supine position. This study evaluated if sitting and standing MRO images are relevant as a means of improving quantification of POP because they allow differences in organ position not seen on supine imaging to be identified...
June 8, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29989884/images-ruptured-intratesticular-arteriovenous-malformation
#14
Mario Capitano, Nicola Schieda, Susan J Robertson, Chris Morash, Rodney H Breau, Conrad Maciejewski, Trevor A Flood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 8, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29989883/overnight-continuous-saline-irrigation-after-transurethral-resection-for-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-is-helpful-in-prevention-of-early-recurrence
#15
LETTER
Jungmo Do, Sin Woo Lee, Seong Uk Jeh, Jeong Seok Hwa, Jae Seog Hyun, See Min Choi
INTRODUCTION: It has been reported that many methods prevent recurrence after transurethral resection of bladder tumour (TURB) for non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC), but it has rarely been reported that overnight continuous saline irrigation is effective in preventing recurrence. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of overnight continuous saline irrigation in preventing recurrence after TURB. METHODS: We retrospectively studied patients with NMIBC who underwent TURB from January 2010 to May 2015 at our institution...
June 8, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29989882/bladder-neck-placement-of-a-synthetic-polypropylene-sling-for-the-treatment-of-stress-urinary-incontinence
#16
Louise C Mcloughlin, M Gleeson, S Francis, C O'rourke, H D Flood
INTRODUCTION: Pubo-vaginal sling placed at the bladder neck has been the gold standard treatment for stress urinary incontinence (SUI). The synthetic midurethral sling (MUS) is now widely used, as morbidity rates with this technique are substantially reduced. This is an initial report on long-term outcomes of a polypropylene sling (PPS) placed in the traditional bladder neck location. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all patients who underwent PPS insertion at our institution between 2006 and 2014 was conducted...
June 8, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29989881/case-causation-vs-correlation-naturopathic-medicine-vs-natural-history-of-a-disease
#17
Roshan Navaratnam, Hassan Razvi, Nicholas Power
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 8, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29989880/comparison-of-three-different-antibiotic-protocols-in-transurethral-resection-of-bladder-tumour-and-the-possible-infectious-risk-factors-a-non-randomized-prospective-study
#18
Jorge Panach-Navarrete, Lorena Valls-González, Eduardo Sánchez-Cano, María Medina-González, Ana Castelló-Porcar, José María Martínez Jabaloyas
INTRODUCTION: We sought to investigate three different antibiotic protocols in transurethral resection of a bladder tumour (TURBT), and the possible infectious risk factors of this surgery. METHODS: We conducted a non-randomized, prospective study, gathering cases of patients in whom TURBT had been performed. The sample was divided into three groups based on those who received antibiotics as: a single preoperative dose (Group A); a preoperative dose, plus a long protocol during the hospitalization (Group B); a preoperative dose, plus a long protocol during the hospitalization, plus five days at home (Group C)...
June 8, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29989919/exposure-to-radiation-and-medical-oncology-training-a-survey-of-canadian-urology-residents-and-fellows
#19
Amandeep S Taggar, Kevin Martell, Siraj Husain, Michael Peacock, Michael Sia, Geoffrey Gotto
INTRODUCTION: Residency experiences and teaching in oncology among urology residents are variable across Canada. We sought to identify how radiation and medical oncology concepts, as they pertain to genitourinary malignancies, are taught to urology residents. METHODS: A total of 190 trainees enrolled in Canadian urology residency training programs were invited to participate in the study from January 2016 to June 2016. Participants completed an online questionnaire addressing the training they received...
May 28, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29989918/malignant-websites-analyzing-the-quality-of-prostate-cancer-education-web-resources
#20
Kevin Kobes, Ilene B Harris, Glenn Regehr, Ara Tekian, Paris-Ann Ingledew
INTRODUCTION: Prostate cancer patients are using more web-resources to inform themselves about their cancer. However, patients may receive out-of-date or inaccurate information due to lack of regulation. The current study looks to systematically analyze the quality of websites accessed by patients with prostate cancer. METHODS: The term "prostate cancer" was searched in Google and the metasearch engines, Yippy and Dogpile, and the top 100 hits related to patient information were compiled from over 32 million hits...
May 28, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
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