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Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319488/canadian-urological-association-pediatric-urologists-of-canada-guidelines-on-the-investigation-and-management-of-antenatally-detected-hydronephrosis
#1
John-Paul Capolicchio, Luis H Braga, Konrad M Szymanski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 22, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319487/validation-of-predictors-for-lymph-node-status-in-penile-cancer-results-from-a-population-based-cohort
#2
X Melody Qu, D Robert Siemens, Alexander V Louie, Darwin Yip, Aamer Mahmud
INTRODUCTION: The ability to predict lymph node (LN) status is essential in the management of men with localized squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the penis. There has been limited external validation of available risk stratification tools, particularly in routine clinical care. The objective of this study was to evaluate the predictive variables of LN metastases within a large population-based cohort of patients. METHODS: In this population-based cohort study, surgical pathology reports were linked to the population-based Ontario Cancer Registry to identify all patients who were diagnosed with penile cancer in Ontario, Canada...
December 22, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319486/evaluating-factors-that-dictate-struvite-stone-composition-a-multi-institutional-clinical-experience-from-the-edge-research-consortium
#3
Ryan Kendrick Flannigan, Andrew Battison, Shubha De, Mitchell R Humphreys, Markus Bader, Ekaterina Lellig, Manoj Monga, Ben H Chew, Dirk Lange
INTRODUCTION: Struvite stones account for 15% of urinary calculi and are typically associated with urease-producing urinary tract infections and carry significant morbidity. This study aims to characterize struvite stones based on purity of stone composition, bacterial speciation, risk factors, and clinical features. METHODS: Retrospective data was collected from patients diagnosed with infection stones between 2008 and 2012. Stone analysis, perioperative urine cultures, bacterial speciation, and clinical data were collected and analyzed...
December 22, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319485/attitudes-of-graduating-canadian-urology-residents-on-the-job-market-is-it-getting-better-or-are-we-just-spinning-our-wheels
#4
Gregory William Hosier, Naji Touma
INTRODUCTION: There has been increasing awareness of employment difficulties for physicians, especially surgeons, in Canada over the past few years. Our objective was to elucidate the attitudes and experiences of graduating Canadian urology residents in obtaining employment. METHODS: We surveyed four separate cohorts of graduating urology residents in 2010, 2011, 2016, and 2017. Responses from the 2010 and 2011 cohorts were combined and compared to the combined results of the 2016 and 2017 cohorts...
December 22, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319484/pitfalls-of-prioritizing-cost-effectiveness-in-the-assessment-of-medical-innovation-a-comment-on-wallis-and-detsky-editorial
#5
Mike Paulden, Christopher Mccabe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 22, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319483/the-use-of-polyacrylamide-hydrogel-in-the-setting-of-failed-female-stress-incontinence-surgery
#6
LETTER
Roderick Clark, Blayne Welk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 22, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319482/perioperative-chemotherapy-for-bladder-cancer-a-qualitative-study-of-physician-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviour
#7
Melanie Walker, R Christopher Doiron, Simon D French, Deb Feldman-Stewart, D Robert Siemens, William J Mackillop, Christopher M Booth
INTRODUCTION: Use of chemotherapy for muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) is known to be low. To understand factors driving practice we use the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) to identify barriers and enablers of chemotherapy use. METHODS: A convenience sample of Canadian urologists, medical oncologists (MOs) and radiation oncologists (ROs) participated in individual, semi-structured, one-hour telephone interviews. An interview guide was developed using the TDF to assess potential barriers and enablers of chemotherapy use...
December 22, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319481/a-critical-review-of-recent-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-pediatric-urinary-tract-infection
#8
Michael Chua, Jessica Ming, Shang-Jen Chang, Joana Dos Santos, Niraj Mistry, Jan Michael Silangcruz, Mark Bayley, Martin Koyle
INTRODUCTION: Concerns regarding the quality, credibility, and applicability of recently published pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI) clinical practice guidelines have been raised due to the inconsistencies of recommendations between them. We aimed to determine the quality of the recent clinical practice guidelines on pediatric UTI by using the Appraisal of Guidelines Research and Evaluation (AGREE II) instrument, and summarize the standard of care in diagnosis and management of pediatric UTI from the top three clinical practice guidelines...
December 22, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319480/the-impact-of-patient-disease-and-treatment-related-factors-on-survival-in-patients-with-adrenocortical-carcinoma
#9
Nahid Punjani, Roderick Clark, Jonathan Izawa, Joseph Chin, Stephen E Pautler, Nicholas Power
INTRODUCTION: Adrenal cortical carcinoma (ACC) is a rare and aggressive endocrine tumour. Most present with advanced disease and have poor prognosis. Optimal treatment includes complete surgical resection. There is limited evidence for the efficacy of chemotherapy and radiation at different stages in this disease. There remain many inconsistencies with respect to diagnosis and workup. There is a lack of uniform guideline recommendations and consensus data. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of all patients at London Health Sciences Centre between 1990 and 2015 using ICD coding...
December 22, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319479/urologist-burnout-frequency-causes-and-potential-solutions-to-an-unspoken-entity
#10
REVIEW
Julie Franc-Guimond, Brian Mcneil, Steven M Schlossberg, Amanda C North, Alp Sener
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 22, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319478/moses-technology-in-a-stone-simulator
#11
Ahmed Ibrahim, Shadi Badaan, Mostafa M Elhilali, Sero Andonian
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to compare fragmentation efficiency of the conventional regular mode of holmium laser to the Moses contact mode on a stone simulator. METHODS: The Lumenis® PulseTM P120H holmium laser system together with Moses D/F/L fibers were used to compare regular mode with Moses contact mode in a stone simulator model using flexible ureteroscopy with artificial stones. Efficiency of laser lithotripsy was measured by procedural time...
December 22, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319477/publicly-funded-overactive-bladder-drug-treatment-patterns-in-ontario-over-15-years-an-ecologic-study
#12
Mina Tadrous, Dean Elterman, Wayne Khuu, Muhammad M Mamdani, David N Juurlink, Tara Gomes
INTRODUCTION: Medication is an important option for patients with overactive bladder (OAB), with four different drugs approved over the last 10 years including the first non-anticholinergic treatment, mirabegron. We set out to describe the number and rate of users of medication for the management of OAB over the last 15 years among residents of Ontario, Canada covered by the public drug programs. METHODS: We conducted a population-based, repeated cross-sectional study examining quarterly publically-funded prescription claims for OAB medications from January 2000 to June 2016 in Ontario, Canada...
December 22, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319476/canmeds-scholars-a-national-survey-on-urology-residents-attitudes-towards-research-during-training
#13
Ogi Solaja, Thomas A A Skinner, Thomas B Mcgregor, D Robert Siemens
INTRODUCTION: Participation in scholarly activity is an important tenet of residency training and is firmly entrenched in Canada since the introduction of CANMEDS roles by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons. As Canadian residency programs transition to competency-based training, it will remain important to understand how to best implement and encourage scholarly pursuits among resident trainees. The objective of this study was to understand the experiences, attitudes, and barriers that surgical residents face when pursuing research during their training...
December 22, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283092/trends-in-the-training-of-female-urology-residents-in-canada
#14
Katherine Anderson, Karthik Tennankore, Ashley Cox
INTRODUCTION: There is limited research on why females do or do not choose a career in urology. Considering the increasing proportion of female medical students, we assessed for trends in female applicants to urology programs in Canada and their post-residency career choices. METHODS: Data from the Canadian Residency Matching Service (CaRMS) was used (1998-2015). Trends in the proportions of females applying and matching to surgical subspecialties, and applying and matching to urology were computed...
December 22, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283091/the-management-of-rectal-bleeding-following-transrectal-prostate-biopsy-a-review-of-the-current-literature
#15
Mark R Quinlan, Bolton D Damien, Rowan G Casey
INTRODUCTION: Since the advent of prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-based testing, transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided prostate biopsy has become a standard part of the diagnostic pathway for prostate cancer (PCa). Rectal bleeding is one of the common side effects of this transrectal route. While rectal bleeding is usually mild and self-limiting, it can be life-threatening. In this article, we examine rectal bleeding post TRUS-guided prostate biopsy and explore the literature to evaluate techniques and strategies aimed at preventing and managing this common and important complication...
December 22, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283090/prenatally-detected-unilateral-high-grade-hydronephrosis-can-we-predict-the-natural-history
#16
Osama M Sarhan, Ahmed El Helaly, Abdul Hakim Al Otay, Mustafa Al Ghanbar, Ziad Nakshabandi
INTRODUCTION: Fetal hydronephrosis (HN) occurs in around 5% of pregnancies and its prognosis depends mainly on the grade of the dilation. We attempted to determine the fate of isolated, unilateral, high-grade HN in children with antenatal diagnosis, emphasizing the risk factors for progression. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 424 children (690 kidney units) with antenatal HN in the period between 2010 and 2014. We included only those patients with isolated showed SFU Grade 3 HN in 24 (54%) and SFU Grade 4 HN in 20 (46%)...
December 22, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283089/epidemiology-of-renal-cancer-in-developing-countries-review-of-the-literature
#17
Mauricio Medina-Rico, Hugo López Ramos, Manuel Lobo, Jorge Romo, Juan Guillermo Prada
INTRODUCTION: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the ninth most common cancer in men, and the 14th most common cancer in women. It has been reported that the incidence of RCC is rising. These changes are more common in developed countries because of better screening programs and disease registry. The aim of this article is to review the epidemiology of RCC around the world. METHODS: A literature review on four databases was performed: PubMed, Embase, Lilacs, and Scielo...
December 22, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283088/compliance-of-the-recurrent-renal-stone-former-with-current-best-practice-guidelines
#18
Derek Bos, Kevin Kim, Jen Hoogenes, Shahid Lambe, Bobby Shayegan, Edward D Matsumoto
INTRODUCTION: Patient compliance to best practice guidelines is a significant factor in preventing renal stone recurrence. While patient compliance has been historically poor, there remains a paucity of data in the renal stone setting. We evaluated compliance of the recurrent renal stone former with current Canadian Urological Association (CUA) best practice guidelines. METHODS: A prospective, cross-sectional study design was used to evaluate patient compliance...
December 22, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283087/the-preoperative-sarcopenia-status-is-associated-with-lymphovascular-invasion-in-upper-tract-urothelial-carcinoma-patients-treated-with-radical-nephroureterectomy
#19
Tadatsugu Anno, Eiji Kikuchi, Keishiro Fukumoto, Koichiro Ogihara, Mototsugu Oya
INTRODUCTION: Sarcopenia is a novel concept representing skeletal muscle wasting and has been identified as a prognostic factor for several cancers. The aims of this study were to evaluate the prognostic significance of sarcopenia and the relationship between sarcopenia and poor pathological findings in upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) patients who underwent radical nephroureterectomy (RNU). METHODS: We identified 123 UTUC patients who underwent RNU between 2003 and 2014...
December 22, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283086/images-port-site-recurrence-on-followup-imaging-after-adrenalectomy-for-adrenocortical-carcinoma-first-indicator-of-carcinomatosis
#20
Kristen Mcalpine, Nikhile Mookerji, Luke T Lavallée, James Watterson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 22, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
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