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Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072572/can-zero-hour-cortical-biopsy-predict-early-graft-outcomes-after-living-donor-renal-transplantation
#1
Ranjeet Singh Rathore, Nisarg Mehta, Sony Bhaskar Mehta, Manas Babu, Devesh Bansal, Biju S Pillai, Mohan P Sam, H Krishnamoorthy
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to identify relevance of subclinical pathological findings in the kidneys of living donors and correlate these with early graft renal function. METHODS: This was a prospective study on 84 living donor kidney transplant recipients over a period of two years. In all the donors, cortical wedge biopsy was taken and sent for assessment of glomerular, mesangial, and tubule status. The graft function of patients with normal histology was compared with those of abnormal histological findings at one, three, and six months, and one year post-surgery...
November 11, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072571/efficacy-of-thermobalancing-therapy-for-chronic-prostatitis-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome-confirmed-by-clinical-study-may-suggest-etiology-and-pathophysiology-of-this-disease
#2
Simon Allen, Ivan Gerasimovich Aghajanyan
INTRODUCTION: Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) type-III is a common disorder characterized by pelvic pain and lower urinary tract symptoms in the absence of active infection. The aim of this clinical study is to evaluate the results of thermobalancing therapy (TT) and to discus the possible etiology and pathophysiology of CP/CPPS. METHODS: 45 patients with CP/CPPS used TT by applying therapeutic device, namely Dr Allen's therapeutic device (DATD), for six months as monotherapy...
November 11, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072570/a-nationwide-analysis-of-re-operation-after-kidney-transplant
#3
Linda J Chen, Zhobin Moghadamyeghaneh, Mahmoud Alameddine, Joshua S Jue, Anupam K Gupta, George Burke, Gaetano Ciancio
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to report the rate and short-term outcomes of patients undergoing reoperation following kidney transplant in the U.S. METHODS: The ationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) database was used to examine the clinical data of patients undergoing kidney transplant and reoperation during same the hospitalization from 2002-2012. Multivariate regression analysis was performed to compare outcomes of patients with and without re-operation. RESULTS: We sampled a total of 35 058 patients who underwent kidney transplant...
November 11, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072569/comprehension-and-construct-validity-of-the-visual-prostate-symptom-score-vpss-by-men-with-obstructive-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-rural-africa
#4
Lynn Stothers, S Mutabazi, F Bajunirwe, Andrew Macnab
INTRODUCTION: The Visual Prostate Symptom Score (VPSS) is an image-based interpretation of the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) intended to quantify frequency, nocturia, weak stream, and quality of life (QoL) in a literacy-independent manner. METHODS: Ugandan men presenting with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) to a rural clinic completed VPSS and IPSS independently and then with assistance. They verbally interpreted VPSS images, rated question usefulness, and suggested improvements...
November 11, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072568/eosinophilic-cystitis-presenting-as-a-bladder-mass-in-an-11-year-old-girl
#5
Elsa Bey, Youssef Teklali, Pierre-Yves Rabattu, Simon Grandjean Lapierre, C Piolat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 11, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072567/never-events-and-hospital-acquired-conditions-after-kidney-transplant
#6
Linda J Chen, Zhobin Moghadamyeghaneh, Mahmoud Alameddine, Anupam K Gupta, George W Burke, Gaetano Ciancio
INTRODUCTION: Never events (NE) and hospital-acquired conditions (HAC) after surgery have been designated as quality metrics in healthcare by the centres for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). METHODS: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) database 2002-2012 was used to identify patients underwent kidney transplant. Multivariate analysis using logistic regression was used to identify outcomes and risk factors of HAC and NE after transplantation; however, we were limited by using a retrospective database missing some important variables specified for the kidney transplant, such as some operative factors, donor factors, and cold and warm ischemia times...
November 11, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072566/does-cranberry-have-a-role-in-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infections
#7
Dominique Thomas, Matthew Rutman, Kimberly Cooper, Andrew Abrams, Julia Finkelstein, Bilal Chughtai
INTRODUCTION: Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CA-UTIs) are a prevalent and costly condition, with very few therapeutic options. We sought to evaluate the efficacy of an oral cranberry supplement on catheter-associated urinary tracts infections over a six-month period. METHODS: Subjects with long-term indwelling catheters and recurrent symptomatic CA-UTIs were enrolled to take a once-daily cranberry supplement - an oral cranberry supplement with 36 mg of the active ingredient proanthocyanidin (PACs)...
November 11, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072565/positive-surgical-margin-rates-during-the-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-radical-prostatectomy-learning-curve-of-an-experienced-laparoscopic-surgeon
#8
Anthony F Adili, Julia Di Giovanni, Emma Kolesar, Nathan C Wong, Jen Hoogenes, Shawn Dason, Bobby Shayegan
INTRODUCTION: Since its introduction, robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RARP) has gained widespread popularity, but is associated with a variable learning curve. Herein, we report the positive surgical margin (PSM) rates during the RARP learning curve of a single surgeon with significant previous laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) experience. METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort study of the first 400 men with prostate cancer treated with RARP by a single surgeon (BS) with significant LRP experience...
November 11, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072564/the-histopathological-effects-of-intracavernosal-mitomycin-c-injection-in-a-rat-peyronie-s-disease-model
#9
Engin Kaya, Yusuf Kibar, Sercan Yilmaz, Ayhan Ozcan, Burak Kopru, Turgay Ebiloglu, Hasan Cem Irkılata
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to evaluate whether or not nitomycin-C (MMC) has an anti-fibrotic effect on transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β)-induced Peyronie's disease (PD) in a rat model. METHODS: Eighteen 12-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into three groups: Group 1= TGF-β1 (n:7); Group 2= TGF-β1+MMC (n:7); and Group 3= Sham group (0.25 ml bovine serum albumin injected) (n:4). All groups were sacrificed on the sixth week of the procedure and their penises were excised...
November 11, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072563/secondary-polycythemia-due-to-pazopanib-in-patients-with-metastatic-renal-cell-carcinoma
#10
Nedal Bukhari, Eric Winquist
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 11, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072562/platelet-to-white-blood-cell-ratio-predicts-30-day-postoperative-infectious-complications-in-patients-undergoing-radical-nephrectomy-for-renal-malignancy
#11
Alaina Garbens, Christopher J D Wallis, Georg Bjarnason, Girish S Kulkarni, Avery B Nathens, Robert K Nam, Raj Satkunasivam
INTRODUCTION: We sought to examine the relationship between preoperative platelet to white blood cell ratio (PLT/WBC), a hematologic marker of the systemic inflammatory response, and postoperative infectious complications following radical nephrectomy for localized renal cell carcinoma. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of patients treated with radical nephrectomy for localized kidney cancer between January 1, 2005 and December 31, 2014 (n=6235) using the American College of Surgeons (ACS) National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database...
November 11, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106369/partial-cystectomy-for-urothelial-carcinoma-of-the-bladder-practice-patterns-and-outcomes-in-the-general-population
#12
Michael J Leveridge, D Robert Siemens, Jason Izard, Xuejiao Wei, Christopher M Booth
INTRODUCTION: Partial cystectomy (PC) for urothelial carcinoma (UC) in selected patients may avoid the morbidity of radical cystectomy (RC). We describe utilization and outcomes of PC for UC in routine clinical practice. METHODS: All patients with urothelial carcinoma of the bladder (UCB) undergoing PC or RC in Ontario from 1994-2008 were identified using the Ontario Cancer Registry and linked electronic records. Pathology reports were reviewed. Variables associated with PC use were identified using logistic regression...
November 1, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106368/pop-psychology-and-predatory-journals
#13
EDITORIAL
D Robert Siemens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106367/telephone-consultations-in-urology-who-when-where-and-why
#14
Anne-Sophie Blais, Joanie Pelletier, Katherine Moore
INTRODUCTION: Telephone consultations are part of a strategy to allow access to medical expertise. Telephone consultations have been fee-for-services benefits in the province of Quebec since 2012.(1) Recent studies have shown that adequate communication is one of the most common means to prevent disability and death.(2) We sought to determine the characteristics of phone consultations made to a tertiary centre's urologists and to characterize their experience. METHODS: We performed a prospective study using all billing receipts filed by 15 academic urologists for phone consultations received during a 10-month period...
November 1, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106366/in-memoriam
#15
John Vallely
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106365/validation-of-the-french-canadian-version-of-the-expanded-prostate-cancer-index-composite-epic-in-a-french-canadian-population
#16
Éric Vigneault, Josée Savard, Marie-Hélène Savard, Hans Ivers, Philippe Després, William Foster, André-Guy Martin, Vincent Fradet
INTRODUCTION: This study aims to empirically validate the French-Canadian version of the Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite (EPIC), a measure of health-related quality of life for prostate cancer patients. METHODS: 251 participants completed a battery of self-report scales including the French-Canadian version of the EPIC, after having received radiation therapy or radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer. RESULTS: The internal consistency for the urinary incontinence, bowel, and sexual domains of the EPIC-26 was high (Cronbach's alpha coefficients from ...
November 1, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106364/the-kidney-cancer-research-priority-setting-partnership-identifying-the-top-10-research-priorities-as-defined-by-patients-caregivers-and-expert-clinicians
#17
Jennifer Jones, Jaimin Bhatt, Jonathan Avery, Andreas Laupacis, Katherine Cowan, Naveen Basappa, Joan Basiuk, Christina Canil, Sohaib Al-Asaaed, Daniel Heng, Lori Wood, Dawn Stacey, Christian Kollmannsberger, Michael A S Jewett
It is critically important to define disease-specific research priorities to better allocate limited resources. There is growing recognition of the value of involving patients and caregivers, as well as expert clinicians in this process. To our knowledge, this has not been done this way for kidney cancer. Using the transparent and inclusive process established by the James Lind Alliance, the Kidney Cancer Research Network of Canada (KCRNC) sponsored a collaborative consensus-based priority-setting partnership (PSP) to identify research priorities in the management of kidney cancer...
November 1, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106363/renal-transplant-complications-moving-toward-comparison-of-relevant-parameters-and-further-improvement-in-outcomes
#18
Ronald B Moore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106362/preoperative-nutritional-factors-and-outcomes-after-radical-cystectomy-a-narrative-review
#19
REVIEW
Janie Allaire, Tal Ben-Zvi, Benoît Lamarche, Karine Robitaille, Yves Fradet, Louis Lacombe, Vincent Fradet
Only a few nutritional factors have been identified to predict the risk of developing complications after radical cystectomy (RC). This narrative review delineates the current known effects of preoperative nutritional status factors in this context. The report highlighted the heterogeneity between study methods and results. We determined that low albuminemia values increase mortality risk and overall complications. In addition, obesity tends to increase the risk of developing venous thromboembolism and adverse events...
November 1, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106361/in-memoriam
#20
Barry Caplan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
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