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Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30407158/is-there-an-increased-risk-of-an-infected-prosthetic-joint-after-cystoscopy-or-transurethral-prostatectomy
#1
LETTER
Nahid Punjani, J Andrew Mcclure, Brent Lanting, Blayne Welk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 5, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30407157/standardized-reporting-templates-with-mandatory-reporting-fields-and-pick-list-options-improve-use-of-prostate-imaging-and-data-reporting-system-version-2-in-clinical-practice-a-plan-do-study-act-analysis
#2
LETTER
Kevin Moran, Rodney H Breau, Ilias Cagiannos, Luke T Lavallée, Christopher Morash, Joseph O'sullivan, Nicola Schieda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 5, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30407156/a-new-model-for-delivering-care-for-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms
#3
Richard Baverstock, R Trafford Crump, Andrea Civitarese, Kevin Carlson
INTRODUCTION: Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are being treated in secondary care settings, resulting in delayed access for all patients. The objectives of this study were to examine the effects of an integrated delivery model on 1) the volume of care delivered in the secondary care setting; and 2) the use of potentially unnecessary care associated with LUTS. METHODS: This study was based on a retrospective analysis of administrative data collected before and after the integrated LUTS clinic was introduced in Calgary, Alberta...
November 5, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30407155/identification-of-subgroups-of-metastatic-castrate-resistant-prostate-cancer-mcrpc-patients-treated-with-abiraterone-plus-prednisone-at-low-vs-high-risk-of-radiographic-progression-an-analysis-of-cou-aa-302
#4
Lisa J Martin, Shabbir M H Alibhai, Maria Komisarenko, Narhari Timilshina, Antonio Finelli
INTRODUCTION: Radiographic imaging is used to monitor disease progression for men with metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). The optimal frequency of imaging, a costly and limited resource, is not known. Our objective was to identify predictors of radiographic progression to inform the frequency of imaging for men with mCRPC. METHODS: We accessed data for men with chemotherapy-naive mCRPC in the abiraterone acetate plus prednisone (AA-P) group of a randomized trial (COU-AA-302) (n=546)...
November 5, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30407154/contemporary-management-of-renal-trauma-in-canada-a-10-year-experience-at-a-level-1-trauma-centre
#5
Uday Mann, Logan Zemp, Keith F Rourke
INTRODUCTION: Contemporary Canadian renal trauma data is lacking. Our objective is to describe 10-year outcomes of renal trauma at a Canadian level 1 trauma centre using a conservative approach. METHODS: The Alberta Trauma Registry at the University of Alberta was used to identify renal trauma patients from October 2004 to December 2014. Hospital records and imaging were reviewed to identify clinicoradiographical factors, including patient age, gender, Injury Severity Score (ISS), American Association of the Surgery for Trauma (AAST) grade, computerized tomography (CT) findings, urological interventions, length of stay, transfusion and death rates...
November 5, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30407153/robotic-surgery-improves-transfusion-rate-and-perioperative-outcomes-using-a-broad-implementation-process-and-multiple-surgeon-learning-curves
#6
Kristen Mcalpine, Alan J Forster Md, Rodney H Breau, Daniel Mcisaac, Jocelyn Tufts, Ranjeeta Mallick, Ilias Cagiannos, Christopher Morash, Luke T Lavallée
INTRODUCTION: Data from a randomized trial suggest transfusion rates are similar for robotic and open prostatectomy. The objective of this study was to compare perioperative outcomes of robotic and open prostatectomy at a Canadian academic centre. METHODS: A retrospective review of all prostatectomies performed by all surgeons at The Ottawa Hospital between 2009 and 2016 was completed. Cases and outcomes were identified using an administrative data warehouse. Extracted data included patient factors (age, body mass index, American Society of Anesthesiologists score, Elixhauser comorbidity score), operative factors (length of operation, surgical approach, anesthesia type) and perioperative outcomes (length of recovery room and hospital stay, transfusion rate, hospital cost)...
November 5, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30407152/avoiding-routine-postoperative-voiding-cystourethrogram-predicting-radiologic-success-for-endoscopically-treated-vesicoureteral-reflux
#7
Peter Zhan Tao Wang, Ahmed Abdelhalim, Arman Walia, Elias Wehbi, Sumit Dave, Antoine Khoury
INTRODUCTION: Variability in the success rates for the endoscopic correction of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) has prompted a debate regarding the use of routine postoperative voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG). This study examines the predictive performance of intraoperative mound morphology (IMM) and the presence of a postoperative ultrasound mound (PUM) on radiologic success, as well as investigates the role of using these two predictive factors as a composite tool to predict VUR resolution after endoscopic treatment...
November 5, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30332597/the-impact-of-marriage-on-the-overall-survival-of-prostate-cancer-patients-a-surveillance-epidemiology-and-end-results-seer-analysis
#8
Yu Liu, Qi Xia, Jianling Xia, Hua Zhu, Haihong Jiang, Xiangjian Chen, Yuancai Zheng, Fangyi Zhang, Shi Li
INTRODUCTION: Marital status has long been associated with positive patient outcomes in several malignances; however, little is known about its influence on prostate cancer. We analyzed data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database to evaluate whether married patients with prostate cancer had a better prognosis than the unmarried. METHODS: We identified 824 554 patients diagnosed with prostate cancer between 1973 and 2012 in the SEER database...
October 15, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30332596/opportunities-for-augmentation-cystoplasty-revision-without-additional-bowel-harvest-hourglass-deformity-or-non-detubularized-augment
#9
Joseph J Pariser, Sean P Elliott
INTRODUCTION: We describe our experience performing bladder augmentation revision without additional bowel harvest for certain suboptimal cystoplasty configurations. METHODS: We identified patients with prior bladder augmentation who underwent augmentation revision without additional bowel harvest at our institution. These patients were identified to have either "hourglass" deformity or non-detubularized augment previously. Revision was performed using an open technique by detaching the prior augment and performing detubularization and/or completion cystotomy as needed...
October 15, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30332595/prediction-of-prostate-cancer-by-deep-learning-with-multilayer-artificial-neural-network
#10
Takumi Takeuchi, Mami Hattori-Kato, Yumiko Okuno, Satoshi Iwai, Koji Mikami
INTRODUCTION: To predict the rate of prostate cancer detection on prostate biopsy more accurately, the performance of deep learning using a multilayer artificial neural network was investigated. METHODS: A total of 334 patients who underwent multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging before ultrasonography-guided transrectal 12-core prostate biopsy were enrolled in the analysis. Twenty-two non-selected variables, as well as selected ones by least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (Lasso) regression analysis and by stepwise logistic regression analysis were input into the constructed multilayer artificial neural network (ANN) programs; 232 patients were used as training cases of ANN programs, and the remaining 102 patients were for the test to output the probability of prostate cancer existence, accuracy of prostate cancer prediction, and area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve with the learned model...
October 15, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30332594/techniques-orthotopic-kidney-transplantation-in-patients-with-diseased-inferior-vena-cavas
#11
E Chan, Alp Sener, Vivian C Mcalister, Patrick P Luke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 15, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30332593/perioperative-predictors-for-post-prostatectomy-urinary-incontinence-in-prostate-cancer-patients-following-robotic-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-long-term-results-of-a-canadian-prospective-cohort
#12
Emad Rajih, Malek Meskawi, Abdullah M Alenizi, Kevin C Zorn, Mansour Alnazari, Marc Zanaty, Naif Alhathal, Assaad El-Hakim
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to report the impact of perioperative factors that have not been well-studied on continence recovery following robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). METHODS: We analyzed data of 322 men with localized prostate cancer who underwent RARP between October 2006 and May 2015 in a single Canadian centre. All patients were assessed at one, three, six, 12, and 24 months after surgery. We evaluated risk factors for post-prostatectomy urinary incontinence from a prospectively collected database in multivariate Cox regression analysis...
October 15, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30332592/the-effect-of-race-on-survival-after-local-therapy-in-metastatic-prostate-cancer-patients
#13
Elio Mazzone, Marco Bandini, Felix Preisser, Sebastiano Nazzani, Zhe Tian, Firas Abdollah, Denis Soulieres, Markus Graefen, Francesco Montorsi, Shahrokh Shariat, Fred Saad, Alberto Briganti, Pierre Karakiewicz
INTRODUCTION: Local therapy (LT) may offer a survival advantage in highly select newly diagnosed metastatic prostate cancer (mPCa) patients. However, it is unknown whether the benefits vary according to Caucasian vs. African American (AA) patients. METHODS: Within the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results database (2004-2014), we focused on Caucasians and AA patients with newly diagnosed mPCa treated with LT: radical prostatectomy (RP) and brachytherapy (RT)...
October 15, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30332591/case-combined-endoscopic-cautery-and-over-the-scope-clip-closure-of-an-acquired-rectourethral-fistula-a-novel-surgical-repair-technique
#14
Justin D Oake, Darrel E Drachenberg, David Hochman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 15, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30332590/adjuvant-vs-salvage-radiation-therapy-in-men-with-high-risk-features-after-radical-prostatectomy-survey-of-north-american-genitourinary-expert-radiation-oncologists
#15
Shearwood Mcclelland, Kiri A Sandler, Catherine Degnin, Yiyi Chen, Timur Mitin
INTRODUCTION: The management of patients with high-risk features after radical prostatectomy is controversial. Level 1 evidence demonstrates that adjuvant RT improves survival compared to no treatment; however, it may overtreat up to 30% of patients, as randomized clinical trials (RCTs) using salvage RT on observation arms failed to reveal a survival advantage of adjuvant RT. We, therefore, sought to determine the current view of adjuvant vs. salvage RT among North American genitourinary (GU) radiation oncology experts...
October 15, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30332589/aquablation-among-novice-users-in-canada-a-water-ii-subpopulation-analysis
#16
Kevin C Zorn, S Larry Goldenberg, Ryan Paterson, Alan So, Dean Elterman, Naeem Bhojani
INTRODUCTION: Surgical management options for lower urinary tract symptoms/benign prostatic hyperplasia (LUTS/BPH) associated with prostates of small to moderate volume (<80 cc) are numerous, however, for men with enlarged prostates (>80 cc), many of these options are neither safe nor effective. Recently, Aquablation (PROCEPT BioRobotics, Inc., U.S.), a precise ultrasound-guided, robotically executed prostatic ablative procedure, has become available with U.S. Food and Drug Administration approval...
October 15, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30273120/composite-health-behaviour-classifier-as-the-basis-for-targeted-interventions-and-global-comparisons-in-men-s-health
#17
Ryan Kendrick Flannigan, John L Oliffe, Donald R Mccreary, Nahid Punjani, Khushabu Kasabwala, Nick Black, Joe Rachert, Larry S Goldenberg
INTRODUCTION: Lifestyle-related diseases are the leading cause of death among North American men. We evaluated health behaviours and their predictors that contribute to morbidity and mortality among Canadian men as a means to making recommendations for targeted interventions. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of Canadian men drawn from 5362 visitors to our online survey page was conducted. The current study sample of 2000 men (inclusion: male and >18 years; exclusion: incomplete surveys) were stratified to the 2016 Canadian census...
September 27, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30273119/assessment-of-risk-factors-for-surgical-complications-in-neonatal-circumcision-clinic
#18
Jin Kyu Kim, Martin A Koyle, Michael E Chua, Jessica M Ming, Min Joon Lee, Amre Kesavan, Megan Saunders, Joana Dos Santos
INTRODUCTION: Despite the widespread use of circumcision, there is little understanding regarding risk factors associated with its complications. This investigation assesses potential risk factors contributing to complications of circumcision. METHODS: A retrospective review of all males who underwent a neonatal circumcision in our institution's pediatric urology clinic between January 2015 and June 2017 was performed. Continuous variables were dichotomized to determine a clinically relevant cutoff value...
September 27, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30273118/preoperative-pad-usage-is-independently-associated-with-failure-of-non-adjustable-male-trans-obturator-slings-in-otherwise-well-selected-patients
#19
Logan Zemp, Stephen Tong, Nathan Hoy, Keith Rourke
INTRODUCTION: Our objective was to determine which clinical factors are associated with failure to achieve continence after non-adjustable trans-obturator sling in otherwise well-selected men undergoing treatment for post-prostatectomy incontinence (PPI). METHODS: A retrospective review of Advance/Advance XP male sling procedures was performed from December 2006 to May 2017. Patients with known risk factors for sling failure, including severe incontinence (>5 pads), radiation therapy, or detrusor dysfunction, were excluded...
September 27, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30273117/a-comprehensive-review-of-adult-enuresis
#20
REVIEW
Hamed Akhavizadegan, Jennifer A Locke, Lynn Stothers, Alex Kavanagh
Nocturnal enuresis (NE) is a combined symptom of nocturia and urinary incontinence. In this review, we aim to summarize the current literature on NE in terms of its definition, diagnosis, and management. Recommended diagnostic evaluation of NE includes a focused history and physical examination, urinalysis, and when indicated, ultrasound examination, flow rate, urine volume chart, urodynamics, and cystoscopy. Therapeutic options include lifestyle modification and medications (i.e., desmopressin and anticholinergics)...
September 27, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
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