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Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH

Haiqing Zhang, Yuqian Li, Zhenxing Mao, Min Liu, Wenqian Huo, Ruihua Liu, Xiaotian Liu, Runqi Tu, Kaili Yang, Xinling Qian, Jingjing Jiang, Xia Zhang, Zhongyan Tian, Ronghai Bie, Chongjian Wang
The purpose of the study was to determine if there was a relationship between night sleep duration and hypertension, and to evaluate as to whether blood lipid levels played a role in this relationship. A total of 37,317 participants aged 18-79 years were included in this study. Night sleep duration was classified as <5, 5-, 6-, 7-, 8-, 9-, and ≥10 hours. Logistic regression and restricted cubic spline analysis was carried out to evaluate the association of sleep duration with hypertension. Compared with reference sleep duration (7 hours), in males, the multivariate odds ratios (ORs) (95% confidence interval [95% CI]) of the groups with longest sleep duration (≥10 hours) and shortest sleep duration (<5 hours) for hypertension was 1...
October 24, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
Leandro C Brito, Rafael Y Fecchio, Tiago Peçanha, Aluisio Andrade-Lima, John R Halliwill, Claudia L M Forjaz
After an exercise session, a reduction of blood pressure (BP) is expected, a phenomenon called postexercise hypotension (PEH). PEH as a predictor of chronic training responses for BP has been broadly explored. It suggests that when PEH occurs after each exercise sessions, its benefits may summate over time, contributing to the chronic adaptation. Thus, PEH is an important clinical tool, acting as a "single brick" in the wall, and building the chronic effect of decreasing BP. However, there is large variation in the literature regarding methodology and results, creating barriers for understanding comparisons among PEH studies...
October 24, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
Tomas Jurko, Michal Mestanik, Alexander Jurko, Bart Spronck, Alberto Avolio, Andrea Mestanikova, Nikola Sekaninova, Ingrid Tonhajzerova
The process of arteriosclerosis begins early in life, and cardiovascular risk factors identified in childhood tend to persist into adulthood. Cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI), a recent parameter of arterial stiffness, is considered an independent predictor of cardiovascular risk. However, there are no studies reporting sex- and age-specific physiological values of CAVI in childhood. We aimed to establish reference values for CAVI and its blood pressure-corrected variant (CAVI0 ) in 500 healthy children and adolescents aged 7 to 19 years and to study potential relationships with anthropometric indices...
October 22, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
Gulam Muhammed Al Kibria, Krystal Swasey, Md Zabir Hasan, Allysha Choudhury, Rajat Das Gupta, Samuel A Abariga, Atia Sharmeen, Vanessa Burrowes
We investigated determinants of hypertension in Bangladesh using both Joint National Committee 7 (JNC7) and 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Hypertension Association (2017 ACC/AHA) guidelines. After reporting background characteristics, odds ratios (ORs) were obtained by multilevel logistic regression. Among 7839 respondents aged ≥35 years, 25.7% (n = 2016) and 48.0% (n = 3767) respondents had hypertension as per the JNC7 and 2017 ACC/AHA guidelines, respectively. The following factors were significant according to the 2017 ACC/AHA guideline: ≥65 years (adjusted OR [AOR]: 2...
October 22, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
Elizabeth M Goldberg, Sarah J Marks, Roland C Merchant
Emergency department (ED)-based screening and referral of patients with elevated blood pressure (BP) are recommended by 2006 and 2013 American College of Emergency Physicians guidelines; however, it is unknown if these recommendations or disparities in care impact clinical practice. The objectives of the study were to assess temporal trends in antihypertensive prescriptions, outpatient follow-up referrals, and diagnosis of hypertension (HTN)/elevated BP and to identify potential disparities by patient characteristics...
October 14, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
Chinedum O Ojinnaka, Colleen Heflin
The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is a public policy program that aims to reduce food insecurity-a social determinant of health that has been associated with suboptimal blood pressure control in the United States. The aim of the article was to explore the association between SNAP benefit timing and size and probability of hypertension-related emergency department (ED) claims. This study used the SNAP data from the Missouri's Department of Social Services for January 2010 to December 2013 linked to Medicaid ED claims data...
October 12, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
Jeongok G Logan, Hyojung Kang, Jennifer Mason Lobo, Min-Woong Sohn, Gen-Min Lin, Joao A C Lima, Naresh M Punjabi, Susan Redline, Younghoon Kwon
The study aimed to examine the association between objective estimates of sleep duration and quality and aortic stiffness while accounting for the potential confounding effect of sleep-disordered breathing. Participants were part of the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis Sleep study. Sleep duration and quality were assessed by 7-day wrist actigraphy, sleep-disordered breathing by home polysomnography, and aortic stiffness by magnetic resonance imaging-based aortic pulse wave velocity (aPWV), ascending and descending aorta distensibility...
September 29, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
Benjamin D H Gordon, Erin Vinoski Thomas, Jan Warren-Findlow, Joseph S Marino, Jeanette M Bennett, Adam M Reitzel, Larry J Leamy, Ian Swaine, Reuben Howden
Isometric exercise training (IET)-induced reductions in resting blood pressure (RBP) have been achieved in laboratory environments, but data in support of IET outside the laboratory are scarce. The aim of this study was to compare 12 weeks of home-based (HOM) IET with laboratory-based, face-to-face (LAB) IET in hypertensive adults. Twenty-two hypertensive participants (24-60 years) were randomized to three conditions: HOM, LAB, or control (CON). IET involved isometric handgrip training (4 × 2 minutes at 30% maximum voluntary contraction, 3 days per week)...
September 22, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
Michael G Buhnerkempe, Albert Botchway, Carlos E Nolasco Morales, Vivek Prakash, Lowell Hedquist, John M Flack
Apparent treatment-resistant hypertension (aTRH) is associated with higher prevalence of secondary hypertension, greater risk for adverse pressure-related clinical outcomes, and influences diagnostic and therapeutic decision-making. We previously showed that cross-sectional prevalence estimates of aTRH are lower than its true prevalence as patients with uncontrolled hypertension undergoing intensification/optimization of therapy will, over time, increasingly satisfy diagnostic criteria for aTRH. aTRH was assessed in an urban referral hypertension clinic using a 140/90 mm Hg goal blood pressure target in 745 patients with uncontrolled blood pressure, who were predominately African-American (86%) and female (65%)...
September 20, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
William J Kostis, Javier Cabrera
A recent publication reported that Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial participants with 10-year cardiovascular disease risk less than 11.5% derived more harm than benefit from intensive treatment. The authors consider that serious adverse events (SAEs) are of equal importance to that of either all-cause death or the primary composite outcome (myocardial infarction, other acute coronary syndromes, stroke, heart failure, or death from cardiovascular causes). Under this premise, one death would correspond to 2...
September 20, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
Ambarish Dutta, Adukadukam Kambikanam Kavitha, Sudipta Samal, Pinaki Panigrahi, Shubhashisa Swain, Lipika Nanda, Sanghamitra Pati
Among older Indians, more cardiovascular diseases and risk factors are observed in the city dwellers than in the rural population. Clustering of socioeconomic privileges and consequent obesity in the Indian cities are known to underlie this phenomenon. But, it is unclear whether an independent urban effect exists on age-related ailments, unexplained by concentration of privileges and excess weight in the Indian cities. Hence, we aimed to estimate the independent urban effect on hypertension among older Indians after controlling for these factors...
September 19, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
Rohan Samson, Gregory Milligan, Eliza Lewine, Fareed Sindi, Joseph Garagliano, Camilo Fernandez, Rachel Moore, Christopher DuCoin, Suzanne Oparil, Thierry H LE Jemtel
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) on blood pressure in private practice settings. This study involved a retrospective review of 870 consecutive adult patients >18 y of age who underwent LSG over a period of 12 mo in a private bariatric surgery center. Data were collected from the preoperative and postoperative follow-up visits at 1, 3, 6, and 12 mo. The study population consists of 694 hypertensive and 176 normotensive patients. From the baseline to 12 mo after LSG, (1) mean body weight/body mass index decreased from 123 kg/44 kg/m2 to 94 kg/34 kg/m2 (P < ...
September 19, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
Dechen Liu, Ming Zhang, Yu Liu, Xizhuo Sun, Zhaoxia Yin, Honghui Li, Xinping Luo, Linlin Li, Lu Zhang, Bingyuan Wang, Yongcheng Ren, Yang Zhao, Cheng Cheng, Leilei Liu, Xu Chen, Ruiyuan Zhang, Feiyan Liu, Qionggui Zhou, Junmei Zhou, Chengyi Han, Hongyan Zhang, Chongjian Wang, Dongsheng Hu
A cross-sectional study was conducted; information for 9247 women living in rural China was collected by questionnaire interview and anthropometric and laboratory measurements during July to August 2013 and July to October 2014. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to examine the association between parity and hypertension, estimating odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). The biological interaction between parity and body mass index was estimated by the relative excess risk due to interaction, attributable proportion due to the interaction, and synergy index...
September 19, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
Yali Yan, Ye Zhang, Qian Yang, Kaiyan Dong, Fujiao Duan, Shuying Liang, Nan Ma, Wei Nie, Chunhua Song, Kaijuan Wang
Elevated resting heart rate (RHR) and obesity are important risk factors for hypertension. However, studies are rare on the combined impact of RHR and obesity on prehypertension and hypertension. This study aimed to investigate the association between RHR and hypertension with different waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) in Chinese. The population-based cross-sectional study was conducted during 2013-2015 in Henan province, China, and 15,536 participants aged ≥15 years were included. RHR was classified according to sex-specific quartiles...
September 5, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
Eugenia Gkaliagkousi, Panagiota Anyfanti, Antonios Lazaridis, Areti Triantafyllou, Anastasios Vamvakis, Nikolaos Koletsos, Panagiotis Dolgyras, Stella Douma
The significance of nondipping and increased nighttime systolic blood pressure (SBP) in established hypertension is well defined. We investigated whether these factors alone or combined correlate with vascular damage in early-stage hypertension. Newly diagnosed, untreated hypertensives were classified as dippers and nondippers according to ambulatory blood pressure (BP). Twenty-four-hour urinary albumin excretion and markers of arterial stiffness (pulse wave velocity, augmentation index, central and peripheral pulse pressure, central BP) and atherosclerosis (carotid intima-media thickness) were assessed...
August 27, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
Ayelet Grupper, Doron Schwartz, Shlomo Berliner, Moshe Shashar, Avishay Grupper, Roni Baruch, Idit F Schwartz, Talia Weinstein, Orit Kliuk Ben-Bassat, Ori Rogowski, David Zeltser, Itzhak Shapira, Shani Shenhar-Tsarfaty
Albuminuria is a prognostic factor for mortality and cardiovascular events, even at low levels. Changes in albumin excretion are associated with end-stage renal disease and hypertension (HTN) in cohorts including high-risk participants. We aimed to investigate the evolvement of albumin excretion in healthy individuals with normal kidney function and normoalbuminuria, and possible associations with HTN and metabolic outcomes. The study cohort consisted of 1967 healthy adults with normal kidney function (estimated glomerular filtration rate ≥ 90 mL/min/1...
August 23, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
Daniel Levy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
Tomoyuki Kawada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
Lihua Hu, Yihua Zhou, Xiao Huang, Qian Liang, Chunjiao You, Wei Zhou, Juxiang Li, Ping Li, Yanqing Wu, Qinghua Wu, Zengwu Wang, Runlin Gao, Huihui Bao, Xiaoshu Cheng
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between sleep duration on workdays or non-workdays and unsatisfactory blood pressure (BP) control in Southern China. METHODS: We analyzed 4370 hypertensive patients, including their self-reported sleep duration on workdays or non-workdays and their BP. Unsatisfactory BP control was defined as systolic BP of ≥140 mm Hg or diastolic BP of ≥90 mm Hg. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to evaluate the association between sleep duration and unsatisfactory BP control...
October 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
Kalliopi Karatzi, George Moschonis, Sofia Botelli, Odysseas Androutsos, George P Chrousos, Christos Lionis, Yannis Manios
Hypertension phenotypes may represent differential pathophysiologic mechanisms and clinical impact, yet they have been poorly investigated. The study aimed to examine the associations of physical activity and sedentary behavior with hypertension phenotypes in a large group of Greek children and to identify thresholds regarding risk of hypertension. This was a cross-sectional study with a regionally representative sample of 2473 schoolchildren aged 9-13 years, with full data on physical activity and sedentary behavior indices, as well as arterial blood pressure measurements, physical examination, and anthropometry...
October 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
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