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Nutrition Research and Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209464/erratum-agrobacterium-sp-derived-%C3%AE-1-3-glucan-enhances-natural-killer-cell-activity-in-healthy-adults-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-parallel-group-study
#1
Yeon Joo Lee, Doo-Jin Paik, Dae Young Kwon, Hye Jeong Yang, Yongsoon Park
[This corrects the article on p. 43 in vol. 11, PMID: 28194264.].
December 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209463/eating-patterns-of-children-s-favorite-foods-and-its-related-factors-among-elementary-middle-and-high-school-students-in-korea
#2
YuJin Lee, Seungmin Lee, KyoungAe Lee, Kyung-Hea Lee, Inkyung Baik
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: There are limited studies investigating the eating patterns of children's favorite foods. The present study aimed to evaluate a wide range of children's favorite foods, derive its eating patterns, and identify factors related to the patterns. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A nationwide cross-sectional study included 5,458 students in elementary, middle, and high schools. The survey was conducted at each school to evaluate children's favorite food intake, including the intake frequency of 31 food items or food groups, and its related factors, such as demographic, economic, and environmental characteristics and awareness of policies on children's favorite foods...
December 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209462/dietary-intakes-of-adolescents-from-food-insecure-households-analysis-of-data-from-the-6th-2013-2015-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#3
Mariam Nakitto, Kana Asano, Injoo Choi, Jihyun Yoon
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at evaluating the dietary intakes of Korean adolescents affected by food insecurity, in comparison with those who were food secure. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The study used one day 24-hour dietary recall data from the 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The study subjects consisted of 1,453 adolescents of whom 695 were middle school-aged and 758 were high school-aged. Food security status was assessed using the 18-item questionnaire...
December 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209461/selection-of-key-foods-for-the-systematic-management-of-a-food-and-nutrient-composition-database
#4
Jee-Seon Shim, Jung-Sug Lee, Ki Nam Kim, Hyun Sook Lee, Hye Young Kim, Moon-Jeong Chang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Food composition databases are necessary for assessing dietary intakes. Developing and maintaining a high quality database is difficult because of the high cost of analyzing nutrient profiles and the recent fast-changing food marketplace. Thus, priorities have to be set for developing and updating the database. We aimed to identify key foods in the Korean diet to set priorities for future analysis of foods. SUBJECTS/METHODS: modified the US Department of Agriculture's key food approach...
December 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209460/association-of-dietary-patterns-with-overweight-risk-and-all-cause-mortality-in-children-with-cancer
#5
Eunjin So, Jeeyeon Kim, Sehwa Joo, Jisun Lee, Hyojee Joung
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the association of dietary patterns with overweight risk and all-cause mortality in pediatric cancer patients. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Prospective cohort study was undertaken; 83 cancer patients admitted to the pediatric cancer ward at a university hospital in Seoul were included and followed for obesity and death over 24 months. Food consumption data were collected from patients using validated meal order sheets for breakfast, lunch, and dinner at the pediatric cancer ward over 3 days...
December 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209459/effects-of-zinc-supplementation-on-catch-up-growth-in-children-with-failure-to-thrive
#6
Seul-Gi Park, Ha-Neul Choi, Hye-Ran Yang, Jung-Eun Yim
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Although globally the numbers of children diagnosed with failure to thrive (FTT) have decreased, FTT is still a serious pediatric problem. We aimed to investigate the effects of zinc supplementation for 6 months on growth parameters of infants and children with FTT. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In this retrospective study, of the 114 participants aged between 4 months and 6 years, 89 were included in the zinc supplementation group and were provided with nutrition counseling plus an oral zinc supplement for 6 months...
December 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209458/the-effects-of-daily-intake-timing-of-almond-on-the-body-composition-and-blood-lipid-profile-of-healthy-adults
#7
Yanan Liu, Hyo-Jeong Hwang, Hyesook Ryu, You-Suk Lee, Hyun-Sook Kim, Hyunjin Park
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Timing of almond intake during a day may result differently in the perspectives of body composition and changes of lipid profile. The current study was conducted to compare the effects of daily almond intake as a preload versus as a snack on body composition, blood lipid profile, and oxidative and inflammation indicators among young Korean adults aged 20-39 years old. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Participants were randomly assigned to one of three groups: a pre-meal almond group (PM), a snack almond group (SN) in which participants were instructed to consume 56 g of almonds either as a preload before meals or as a snack between meals, respectively, and a control group (CL) in which participants were provided high-carbohydrate iso-caloric control food...
December 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209457/anti-fibrotic-effects-of-orostachys-japonicus-a-berger-crassulaceae-on-hepatic-stellate-cells-and-thioacetamide-induced-fibrosis-in-rats
#8
Sushruta Koppula, Mun-Jeong Yum, Jin-Seoub Kim, Gwang-Mo Shin, Yun-Jin Chae, Tony Yoon, Chi-Su Chun, Jae-Dong Lee, MinDong Song
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Orostachys japonicus A. Berger (Crassulaceae) has been used in traditional herbal medicines in Korea and other Asian countries to treat various diseases, including liver disorders. In the present study, the anti-fibrotic effects of O. japonicus extract (OJE) in cellular and experimental hepatofibrotic rat models were investigated. MATERIALS/METHODS: An in vitro hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) system was used to estimate cell viability, cell cycle and apoptosis by MTT assay, flow cytometry, and Annexin V-FITC/PI staining techniques, respectively...
December 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209456/novel-glutathione-containing-dry-yeast-extracts-inhibit-eosinophilia-and-mucus-overproduction-in-a-murine-model-of-asthma
#9
Yun-Ho Kim, Yean-Jung Choi, Eun-Jung Lee, Min-Kyung Kang, Sin-Hye Park, Dong Yeon Kim, Hyeongjoo Oh, Sang-Jae Park, Young-Hee Kang
BACKGROUND/OBSECTIVE: Airway inflammation by eosinophils, neutrophils and alveolar macrophages is a characteristic feature of asthma that leads to pathological subepithelial thickening and remodeling. Our previous study showed that oxidative stress in airways resulted in eosinophilia and epithelial apoptosis. The current study investigated whether glutathione-containing dry yeast extract (dry-YE) ameliorated eosinophilia, goblet cell hyperplasia and mucus overproduction. MATERIALS/METHOD: This study employed 2 µg/mL lipopolysaccharide (LPS)- or 20 ng/mL eotaxin-1-exposed human bronchial epithelial cells and ovalbumin (OVA)-challenged mice...
December 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209455/acute-and-13-week-subchronic-toxicological-evaluations-of-turanose-in-mice
#10
Joo-Yeon Chung, Jihye Lee, Daeyeon Lee, Eunju Kim, Jae-Ho Shin, Pu Reum Seok, Sang-Ho Yoo, Yuri Kim
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Turanose, α-D-glucosyl-(1→3)-α-D-fructose, is a sucrose isomer which naturally exists in honey. To evaluate toxicity of turanose, acute and subchronic oral toxicity studies were conducted with ICR mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For the acute oral toxicity study, turanose was administered as a single oral dose [10 g/kg body weight (b.w.)]. In the subchronic toxicity study, ICR mice were administered 0, 1.75, 3.5, and 7 g/kg b.w. doses of turanose daily for 13 weeks...
December 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209454/kimchi-attenuates-fatty-streak-formation-in-the-aorta-of-low-density-lipoprotein-receptor-knockout-mice-via-inhibition-of-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-and-apoptosis
#11
Minji Woo, Mijeong Kim, Jeong Sook Noh, Chan Hum Park, Yeong Ok Song
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is positively associated with atherosclerosis via elevating macrophage cell death and plaque formation, in which oxidative stress plays a pivotal role. Antioxidative, lipid-lowering, and anti-atherogenic effects of kimchi, a Korean fermented vegetable, have been established, wherein capsaicin, ascorbic acid, quercetin, 3-(4'-hydroxyl-3',5'-dimethoxyphenyl)propionic acid, and lactic acids were identified. In this study, mechanisms of action of kimchi methanol extracts (KME) on fatty streak formation via suppression of ER stress and apoptosis in aorta were examined in low-density lipoprotein receptor knockout mice...
December 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989581/erratum-effects-of-disturbed-liver-growth-and-oxidative-stress-of-high-fat-diet-fed-dams-on-cholesterol-metabolism-in-offspring-mice
#12
Juyoung Kim, Juhae Kim, Young Hye Kwon
[This corrects the article on p. 386 in vol. 10, PMID: 27478544.].
October 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989580/luteolin-and-fisetin-suppress-oxidative-stress-by-modulating-sirtuins-and-forkhead-box-o3a-expression-under-in-vitro-diabetic-conditions
#13
Arang Kim, Wooje Lee, Jung-Mi Yun
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Chronic hyperglycemia induces oxidative stress via accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and contributes to diabetic complications. Hyperglycemia induces mitochondrial superoxide anion production through the increased activity of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase. This study aimed to determine whether fisetin and luteolin treatments suppress the oxidative stress by modulating the expression of sirtuins (SIRTs) and forkhead box O3a (FOXO3a) under hyperglycemic conditions in human monocytes...
October 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989579/circulating-folate-levels-and-colorectal-adenoma-a-case-control-study-and-a-meta-analysis
#14
Yeong Mi Park, Jiyoung Youn, Chang Ho Cho, Sung Hi Kim, Jung Eun Lee
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The relationship between folate and colorectal neoplasia remains controversial. We examined the association between serum folate concentrations and colorectal adenomas in a case-control study of Korean adults and conducted a meta-analysis. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Our case-control study included 113 pairs of case and control who underwent colonoscopy and provided blood samples. We used multivariable conditional logistic regression models to obtain the odds ratios and 95% confidence interval (CIs)...
October 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989578/chia-seed-salvia-hispanica-l-added-yogurt-reduces-short-term-food-intake-and-increases-satiety-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Aylin Ayaz, Asli Akyol, Elif Inan-Eroglu, Arzu Kabasakal Cetin, Gulhan Samur, Filiz Akbiyik
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Several studies have reported that consumption of Salvia Hispanica L.,commonly known as chia seed, may exert beneficial effects on health outcomes. The main purpose of this study was to examine the influence of chia seed consumption as a mid-morning snack on short-term satiety. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Subjects (n = 24) were tested using a randomized, cross-over design consisting of three mid-morning snacks. Yogurt with no chia seed, yogurt with 7 g chia seed, and yogurt with 14 g chia seed were given to subjects on different test days...
October 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989577/creating-a-school-nutrition-environment-index-and-pilot-testing-it-in-elementary-and-middle-schools-in-urban-south-korea
#16
Sohyun Park, Kwang-Il Kwon, Soon Ju Kweon, Youfa Wang, Joel Gittelsohn
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The role of a school's nutrition environment in explaining students' eating behaviors and weight status has not been examined in an Asian setting. The purpose of this study was to create a school nutrition environment index and to pilot test the index in elementary and middle schools in urban South Korea. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This study used a mixed-methods approach. Environment assessment tools were developed based on formative research, which comprised literature reviews, in-depth interviews, and focus group discussions...
October 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989576/antihypertensive-effect-of-an-enzymatic-hydrolysate-from-styela-clava-flesh-tissue-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-with-hypertension
#17
Seok-Chun Ko, Won-Kyo Jung, Seung-Hong Lee, Dae Ho Lee, You-Jin Jeon
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: In this randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study, we evaluated the antihypertensive effects of enzymatic hydrolysate from Styela clava flesh tissue in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and hypertension. SUBJECTS/METHODS: S. clava flesh tissue hydrolysate (SFTH) (n = 34) and placebo (n = 22) were randomly allocated to the study subjects. Each subject ingested two test capsules (500 mg) containing powdered SFTH (SFTH group) or placebo capsules (placebo group) during four weeks...
October 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989575/antihypertensive-effect-of-ganjang-traditional-korean-soy-sauce-on-sprague-dawley-rats
#18
Eun-Gyung Mun, Hee-Sook Sohn, Mi-Sun Kim, Youn-Soo Cha
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Although Korean fermented foods contain large amounts of salt, which is known to exacerbate health problems, these foods still have beneficial effects such as anti-hypertension, anti-cancer, and anti-colitis properties. We hypothesized that ganjang may have different effects on blood pressure compared to same concentrations of salt. MATERIALS/METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into control (CT), NaCl (NC), and ganjang (GJ) groups and orally administered with 8% NaCl concentration for 9 weeks...
October 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989574/protection-of-the-brain-through-supplementation-with-larch-arabinogalactan-in-a-rat-model-of-vascular-dementia
#19
Sun Ha Lim, Jongwon Lee
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Vascular dementia (VaD) caused by reduced blood supply to the brain manifests as white matter lesions accompanying demyelination and glial activation. We previously showed that arabinoxylan consisting of arabinose and xylose, and arabinose itself attenuated white matter injury in a rat model of VaD. Here, we investigated whether larch arabinogalactan (LAG) consisting of arabinose and galactose could also reduce white matter injury. MATERIALS/METHODS: We used a rat model of bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (BCCAO), in which the bilateral common carotid arteries were exposed and ligated permanently with silk sutures...
October 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989573/corn-silk-extract-improves-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-in-experimental-rat-model
#20
So Ra Kim, Ae Wha Ha, Hyun Ji Choi, Sun Lim Kim, Hyeon Jung Kang, Myung Hwan Kim, Woo Kyoung Kim
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to investigate the effect of a corn silk extract on improving benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). MATERIALS/METHODS: The experimental animals, 6-week-old male Wistar rats, were divided into sham-operated control (Sham) and experimental groups. The experimental group, which underwent orchiectomy and received subcutaneous injection of 10 mg/kg of testosterone propionate to induce BPH, was divided into a Testo Only group that received only testosterone, a Testo+Fina group that received testosterone and 5 mg/kg finasteride, a Testo+CSE10 group that received testosterone and 10 mg/kg of corn silk extract, and a Testo+CSE100 group that received testosterone and 100 mg/kg of corn silk extract...
October 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
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