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Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine

Christian Demitri, Antonella Giuri, Vincenzo Maria De Benedictis, Maria Grazia Raucci, Daniela Giugliano, Alessandro Sannino, Luigi Ambrosio
In this study, a new foaming method, based on physical foaming combined with microwave-induced curing, is proposed in combination with a surface bioactivation to develop scaffold for bone tissue regeneration. In the first step of the process, a stable physical foaming was induced using a surfactant (Pluronic) as blowing agent of a homogeneous blend of Chitosan and polyethylene glycol diacrylate (PEGDA700) solutions. In the second step, the porous structure of the foaming was chemically stabilized by radical polymerization induced by homogeneous heating of the sample in a microwave reactor...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Mei-Chi Chang, Hsiao-Hua Chang, Po-Shuan Lin, Yu-An Huang, Chiu-Po Chan, Yi-Ling Tsai, Shen-Yang Lee, Po-Yuan Jeng, Han-Yueh Kuo, Sin-Yuet Yeung, Jiiang-Huei Jeng
Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) plays an important role in the pulpal repair and dentinogenesis. Plasminogen activation (PA) system regulates extracellular matrix turnover. In this study, we investigated the effects of TGF-β1 on PA system of dental pulp cells and its signaling pathways. Dental pulp cells were treated with different concentrations of TGF-β1. MTT assay, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), western blotting and enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA) were used to detect the effect of TGF-β1 on cell viability, mRNA and protein expression of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA), uPA receptor (uPAR), plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) as well as their secretion...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Valeria Perugini, Anna L Guildford, Joana Silva-Correia, Joaquim M Oliveira, Steven T Meikle, Rui L Reis, Matteo Santin
Damage of non-vascularised tissues such as cartilage and cornea can result in healing processes accompanied by a non-physiological angiogenesis. Peptidic aptamers have recently been reported to block the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). However, the therapeutic applications of these aptamers is limited due to their short half-life in vivo. In this work, an enhanced stability and bioavailability of a known VEGF blocker aptamer sequence (WHLPFKC) was pursued through its tethering of molecular scaffolds based on hyperbranched peptides, the poly(ɛ-lysine) dendrons, bearing three branching generations...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Karin V Greco, Lydia Francis, Honglei Huang, Rutger Ploeg, Aldo R Boccaccini, Tahera Ansari
As biocompatible matrices, porcine dermal scaffolds have limited application in tissue engineering due to rapid degradation following implantation. This study compared the physical, chemical, and biomechanical changes that occurred when genipin and quercetin were used to crosslink dermal scaffolds and to determine whether quercetin could be used as an alternative to genipin. Physicochemical changes in the collagen were assessed using spectroscopic methods (XRD and NMR analysis). Crosslinking reaction was evaluated by quantification of amino acids and the degree of this reaction by ninhydrin assay...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Rui Tostoes, John R Dodgson, Ben Weil, Spyridon Gerontas, Chris Mason, Farlan Veraitch
The cell therapy industry would greatly benefit from a simple point of care solution to remove dimethylsulphoxide (DMSO) from small-volume thawed cell suspensions before injection. A novel dead-end filtration device has been designed and validated, which takes advantage of the higher density of thawed cell suspensions to remove the DMSO and protein impurities from the cell suspension without fouling the filter membrane. The filter was designed to avoid fluid circuits and minimize the surface area that is contacted by the cell suspension, thus reducing cell losses by design...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
O G Davies, L M Grover, M P Lewis, Y Liu
Heterotopic ossification (HO) is a debilitating condition defined by the rapid formation of bone in soft tissues. What makes HO fascinating is firstly the rate at which bone is deposited, and secondly the fact that this bone is structurally and compositionally similar to that of a healthy adult. If the mechanisms governing HO are understood, they have the potential to be exploited for the development of potent osteoinductive therapies. With this aim, we utilised a tissue engineered skeletal muscle model to better understand the role of inflammation on this debilitating phenomenon...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Yang-Hee Kim, Yasuhiko Tabata
The objective of the present study is to evaluate the effects of the release patterns of stromal derived factor (SDF)-1 and sphingosine-1 phosphate agonist (SEW2871), used as MSC and macrophage recruitment agents, on the wound closure of diabetic mouse skin defects. To achieve different release patterns, hydrogels were prepared using two types of gelatin with isoelectric points (IEP) of 5 and 9, into which SDF-1 and SEW2871 were then incorporated in various combinations. When the hydrogels incorporating SDF-1 and SEW2871 were applied into wound defects of diabetic mice, the number of MSCs and macrophages recruited to the defects and the levels of pro- and anti- inflammatory cytokines were found to be dependent on the release profiles of SDF-1 and SEW2871...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Rachel Bayley, Forhad Ahmed, Katie Glen, Mark McCall, Adrian Stacey, Robert Thomas
Manufacture of red blood cells (RBCs) from progenitors has been proposed as a method to reduce reliance on donors. Such a process would need to be extremely efficient for economic viability given a relatively low value product and high 2E12 cell dose. Therefore, the aim of these studies was to define the productivity of an industry standard stirred-tank bioreactor and determine engineering limitations of commercial RBC production. Cord blood derived CD34+ cells were cultured under erythroid differentiation conditions in a stirred micro-bioreactor (ambr™)...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
A Eweida, O Frisch, F A Giordano, J Fleckenstein, F Wenz, M A Brockmann, M Schulte, V J Schmidt, U Kneser, L Harhaus
In order to introduce bone tissue engineering to the field of oncologic reconstruction, we are investigating for the first time the effect of various doses of ionizing irradiation on axially vascularized bone constructs. Synthetic bone constructs were created and implanted in 32 Lewis rats. Each construct was axially vascularized through an arteriovenous loop made by direct anastomosis of the saphenous vessels. After 2 weeks, the animals received ionizing irradiation of 9Gy, 12Gy and 15Gy and were accordingly classified to groups I, II and III, respectively...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Emanuela S Fioretta, Petra E Dijkman, Maximilian Y Emmert, Simon P Hoerstrup
Heart valve replacement is often the only solution for patients suffering from valvular heart disease. However, currently available valve replacements require either life-long anti-coagulation or are associated with valve degeneration and calcification. Moreover, they are suboptimal for young patients, because they do not adapt to the somatic growth. Tissue-engineering has been proposed as a promising approach to fulfill the urgent need for heart valve replacements with regenerative and growth capacity. This review will start with an overview on the currently available valve substitutes and the techniques for heart valve replacement...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Yinghong Zhou, Rong Huang, Wei Fan, Indira Prasadam, Ross Crawford, Yin Xiao
INTRODUCTION: Cell-cell interaction is believed to play a critical role in the cell-based therapy for bone regeneration. However, the mechanisms involved in the interaction between donor cells and host cells during the bone healing process are still not clear. This study investigated the potential effect of vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) produced by osteogenically differentiated mesenchymal stem cells (O-MSCs) on the recruitment and regulation of un-differentiated MSCs and macrophages during osteogenesis...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
G Portocarrero Huang, A Molina, N Tran, G Collins, T Livingston Arinzeh
Articular cartilage has a limited capacity to heal and currently, no treatment exists that can restore normal hyaline cartilage. Creating tissue engineering scaffolds that more closely mimic the native extracellular matrix may be an attractive approach. Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), which are present in native cartilage tissue, provide signaling and structural cues to cells. This study evaluated the use of a GAG mimetic, derived from cellulose, as a potential scaffold for cartilage repair applications. Fully sulfated, sodium cellulose sulfate (NaCS) was initially evaluated in soluble form as an additive to cell culture media...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Naimisha Beeravolu, Jared Brougham, Irfan Khan, Christina McKee, Mick Perez-Cruet, Rasul G Chaudhry
Intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration is characterized by the loss of nucleus pulposus (NP), which is a common cause for lower back pain. Although, currently, there is no cure for the degenerative disc disease (DDD), stem cell therapy is increasingly being considered for its treatment. In this study, we investigated the feasibility and efficacy of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs) and chondroprogenitor cells (CPCs) derived from those cells to regenerate damaged IVD in a rabbit model. Transplanted cells survived, engrafted and dispersed into nucleus pulposus (NP) in situ...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Holly E Weiss-Bilka, Megan E McGann, Matthew J Meagher, Ryan K Roeder, Diane R Wagner
Key aspects of native endochondral bone development and fracture healing can be mimicked in mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) through standard in vitro chondrogenic induction. Exploiting this phenomenon has recently emerged as an attractive technique to engineer bone tissue, however relatively little is known about the best conditions for doing so. The objective of this study was to compare the bone forming capacity and angiogenic induction of hypertrophic cell constructs containing human adipose-derived stem cells (hASCs) primed for chondrogenesis in two different culture systems: high-density pellets and alginate bead hydrogels...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
A Ronca, S Ronca, G Forte, S Zeppetelli, A Gloria, R De Santis, L Ambrosio
A vinyl-terminated Polycaprolactone has been developed for tissue engineering applications using a one-step synthesis and functionalization method based on Ring Opening Polymerization (ROP) of ԑ-caprolactone, with Hydroxyl Ethyl Vinyl Ether (HEVE) acting both as the initiator of ROP and as photo-curable functional group. The proposed method employs a catalyst based on Al, instead of the most popular Tin(II) 2-ethylhexanoate, to reduce the cytotoxicity. Following the synthesis of the vinyl-terminated polycaprolactone, its reaction with Fumaryl Chloride (FuCl) results in a divinyl-fumarate polycaprolactone (VPCLF)...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Makoto Iijima, Hug Aubin, Meike Steinbrink, Franziska Schiffer, Alexander Assmann, Richard D Weisel, Yoshiro Matsui, Ren-Ke Li, Artur Lichtenberg, Payam Akhyari
The ideal small-diameter vascular graft for widespread clinical application has not yet been developed and current approaches still suffer from graft failure because of thrombosis or degeneration. Decellularized vascular grafts are a promising strategy as they preserve native vessel architecture while eliminating cell-based antigens and allowing for autologous recellularization. In this study, we used a functional in vivo rodent aortic transplantation model in order to evaluate the benefit of bio-active coating of decellularized vascular grafts with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) conjugated to a temperature-sensitive aliphatic polyester hydrogel (HG)...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Emily S Fuller, Cindy Shu, Margaret M Smith, Christopher B Little, James Melrose
The role of hyaluronan (HA) oligosaccharides in disc cell mediated matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) and anabolic gene expression in-vitro and annular repair in-vivo were examined in this study. Monolayer and alginate bead cultures of ovine intervertebral disc cells were stimulated with 10-12 mer hyaluronan oligosaccharides (HA-oligos). Annulus fibrosus (AF) monolayers were poorly responsive to the HA-oligos, proMMP-2 levels were marginally elevated and MMP-9 unaffected. ProMMP-2 displayed a strong dose dependant increase in the nucleus pulposus (NP) monolayers...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Andrea V Bagdadi, Maryam Safari, Prachi Dubey, Pooja Basnett, Panagiotis Sofokleous, Eleanor Humphrey, Ian Locke, Mohan Edirisinghe, Cesare Terracciano, Aldo R Boccaccini, Jonathan C Knowles, Sian E Harding, Ipsita Roy
Cardiac tissue engineering (CTE) is currently a prime focus of research due to an enormous clinical need. In this work, a novel functional material, Poly(3-hydroxyoctanoate), P(3HO), a medium chain length polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA), produced using bacterial fermentation, was studied as a new potential material for CTE. Engineered constructs with improved mechanical properties, crucial for supporting the organ during new tissue regeneration, and enhanced surface topography, to allow efficient cell adhesion and proliferation, were fabricated...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Can Tepeköylü, Daniela Lobenwein, Anja Urbschat, Michael Graber, Elisabeth Judith Pechriggl, Helga Fritsch, Patrick Paulus, Michael Grimm, Johannes Holfeld
BACKGROUND: Shock wave therapy (SWT) has been shown to induce angiogenesis in ischemic muscle. However, the mechanism of action remains unknown. Macrophages are crucial for angiogenic responses after ischemic injury. The M2 macrophage subset enables tissue repair and induces angiogenesis. We hypothesized that the angiogenic effects of SWT are at least partly caused by enhanced macrophage recruitment. METHODS: C57BL/6 mice were subjected to hind limb ischemia with subsequent SWT or sham treatment...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Kuei-Chang Li, Shih-Chun Lo, Li-Yu Sung, Ya-Hsin Liao, Yu-Han Chang, Yu-Chen Hu
Repairing large calvarial bone defects remains a challenging task. Previously, it was discovered that that miR-148b, when acting in concert with bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2), enhanced the osteogenesis of human adipose-derived stem cells (hASCs) and improved calvarial bone healing in nude mice. However, the molecular target of miR-148b remained elusive. Here it is revealed that miR-148b directly targets NOG, whose gene product (noggin) is an antagonist to BMPs and negatively regulates BMP-induced osteogenic differentiation and bone formation...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
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