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Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine

Mohammad-Hossein Beigi, Atefeh Atefi, Hamid-Reza Ghanaei, Sheyda Labbaf, Fatemeh Ejeian, Mohammad-Hossein Nasr-Esfahani
In the current study the effect of superimposing platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on different culture mediums in a three-dimensional (3D) alginate scaffold encapsulated with adipose mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) for cartilage tissue repair is reported. The 3D alginate scaffolds with co-administration of PRP and/or chondrogenic supplements had a significant effect on the differentiation of ADSCs into mature cartilage, as assessed by evaluation of the expression of cartilage related markers of Sox9, Collagen II, Aggrecan and collagen and glycosaminoglycan assays...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Pujiang Shi, Tan Yong Sheng Edgar, Wai Yee Yeong, Li Hoi Yeung, Augustinus Laude
ARPE-19 and Y79 cells were precisely and effectively delivered to form an in vitro retinal tissue model via 3D cell bioprinting technology. The samples were characterized by cell viability assay, hematoxylin and eosin (HE) and immunofluorescent staining, scanning electrical microscopy (SEM) and confocal microscopy etc. The bioprinted ARPE-19 cells formed a high-quality cell monolayer in 14 days. Manually seeded ARPE-19 cells were poorly controlled during and after cell seeding, and they aggregated to form uneven cell layer...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
M D Tang-Schomer, W B Wu, D L Kaplan, M J Bookland
In vitro culture of primary neurons are widely adapted with embryonic but not mature brain tissue. Here, we extended a previously developed bioengineered 3D embryonic brain tissue model to resected normal patient brain tissue in an attempt to regenerate human neurons in vitro. Single cells and small sized (diameter < 100 μm) spheroids from dissociated brain tissue were seeded into 3D silk fibroin-based scaffolds, with or without collagen or Matrigel, and compared with 2D cultures and scaffold-free suspension cultures...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Viktoriia Starokozhko, Mette Hemmingsen, Layla Larsen, Soumyaranjan Mohanty, Marjolijn Merema, C Rodrigo Pimentel, Anders Wolff, Jenny Emnéus, Anders Aspegren, Geny Groothuis, Martin Dufva
Hepatic differentiation of hiPSCs under flow conditions in a 3D scaffold is expected to be a major step forward for construction of bioartificial livers. The aims of this study were to induce hepatic differentiation of hiPSCs under perfusion conditions and to perform functional comparisons with fresh human precision cut liver slices (hPCLS), an excellent benchmark for the human liver in vivo. The majority of the mRNA expression of CYP isoenzymes and transporters and the tested CYP activities, phase II metabolism, and albumin, urea and bile acid synthesis in the hiPSC derived cells reached values that overlap those of hPCLS, which indicates a higher degree of hepatic differentiation than observed until now...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Rajesh Guruswamy Damodaran, Patrick Vermette
Diabetes Mellitus involves the loss of function and/or absolute numbers of insulin-producing β-cells in pancreatic islets. Islet transplantation is currently being investigated as a potential cure, and advances in tissue engineering methods can be used to improve pancreatic islets survival and functionality. Transplanted islets experience anoikis, hypoxia and inflammation-mediated immune response, leading to early damage and subsequent failure of the graft. Recent development in tissue engineering enables the use of decellularized organs as scaffolds for cell therapies...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Yi Cui, Yao Yao, Yannan Zhao, Zhifeng Xiao, Zongfu Cao, Sufang Han, Xing Li, Yong Huan, Juli Pan, Jianwu Dai
Numerous studies have focused on the development of novel and innovative approaches for the treatment of peripheral nerve injury using artificial nerve guide conduits. In this study, we attempted to bridge 3.5-cm defects of the sciatic nerve with a longitudinally-oriented collagen conduit (LOCC) loaded with human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs). The LOCC contains a bundle of longitudinally-aligned collagenous fibers enclosed in a hollow collagen tube. Our previous studies showed that an LOCC combined with neurotrophic factors enhances peripheral nerve regeneration...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Rongyao Xu, Guanghui Shi, Ling Xu, Qinyi Gu, Yu Fu, Ping Zhang, Jie Cheng, Hongbing Jiang
Dental implants have become a widely accepted and successful treatment for fully and partially edentulous patients. Simvastatin has been applied to improve and accelerate the osseointegration of implants by increasing the quantity and quality of bone tissue. However, its potential mechanism has not been elucidated completely. Here, we found that simvastatin significantly enhanced the autophagy level of jaw-derived bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) and alleviated production of reactive oxygen species under unfavourable conditions...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Povilas Daugela, Mindaugas Pranskunas, Gintaras Juodzbalys, Jolanta Liesiene, Odeta Baniukaitiene, Américo Afonso, Pedro de Sousa Gomes
Cellulose scaffolds containing nano- or micro-hydroxyapatite (nHA or μHA) were prepared by the regeneration of cellulose from its acetylated derivative and the mechanical immobilization of inorganic particles, followed by freeze-drying. Microtomographic (μCT) evaluation revealed that both scaffolds presented a highly interconnected porous structure, with a mean pore diameter of 490±94 μm and 540±132 μm for cellulose/nHA and cellulose/μHA, respectively. In vitro and in vivo characterizations of the developed scaffolds were investigated...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Trudy Christiansen-Weber, Alexander Noskov, Dylan Cardiff, Ibon Garitaonandia, Alexa Dillberger, Andrey Semechkin, Rodolfo Gonzalez, Russell Kern
Repair or regeneration of hyaline cartilage in knees, shoulders, intervertebral discs and other assorted joints is a major therapeutic target. To date, therapeutic strategies utilizing chondrocytes or mesenchymal stem cells are limited by expandability or the generation of mechanically inferior cartilage. Our objective is to generate robust cartilage-specific matrix from human mesenchymal stem cells suitable for further therapeutic development. Human mesenchymal stem cells, in an alginate 3D format, were supplied with individual sugars and chains which comprise the glycan component of proteoglycans in articular cartilage (galactose, hyaluronic acid, glucuronic acid and xylose) during chondrogenesis...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Timothy E L Douglas, Michal Dziadek, Svetlana Gorodzha, Jana Lišková, Gilles Brackman, Valérie Vanhoorne, Chris Vervaet, Lieve Balcaen, Maria Del Rosario Florez Garcia, Aldo R Boccaccini, Venera Weinhardt, Tilo Baumbach, Frank Vanhaecke, Tom Coenye, Lucie Bačáková, Maria A Surmeneva, Roman A Surmenev, Katarzyna Cholewa-Kowalska, Andre G Skirtach
Mineralization of hydrogel biomaterials is desirable to improve their suitability as materials for bone regeneration. In this study, gellan gum (GG) hydrogels were formed by simple mixing of GG solution with bioactive glass microparticles of 45S5 composition, leading to hydrogel formation by ion release from the amorphous bioactive glass microparticles. This resulted in novel injectable, self-gelling composites of GG hydrogels containing 20% bioactive glass. Gelation occurred within 20 minutes. Composites containing the standard 45S5 bioactive glass preparation were markedly less stiff...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
L Figueiredo, R Pace, C d'Arros, G Réthoré, J Guicheux, C Le Visage, P Weiss
Hydrogels are attractive biomaterials for replicating cellular microenvironments, but attention needs to be given to hydrogels diffusion properties. A large body of literature shows the promise of hydrogels as 3D culture models, cell expansion systems, cell delivery vehicles and tissue constructs. Surprisingly, literature seems to have overlooked the important effects of nutrient diffusion on the viability of hydrogel-encapsulated cells. In this paper, we present the methods and results of an investigation into glucose and oxygen diffusion into a silated-hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (Si-HPMC) hydrogel...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Nopporn Sawatjui, Temduang Limpaiboon, Karsten Schrobback, Travis Klein
Adult chondrocytes are surrounded by a protein- and glycosaminoglycan-rich extracellular matrix and are subjected to dynamic mechanical compression during daily activities. The extracellular matrix and mechanical stimuli play an important role in chondrocyte biosynthesis and homeostasis. In this study, we aimed to develop scaffold and compressive loading conditions that mimic the native cartilage microenvironment and enable enhanced chondrogenesis for tissue engineering applications. Towards this aim, we fabricated porous scaffolds based on silk fibroin (SF) and SF with gelatin/chondroitin sulfate/hyaluronate (SF-GCH), seeded the scaffolds with either human bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (BM-MSCs) or chondrocytes, and evaluated their performance with and without dynamic compression...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Sabine Kuchler-Bopp, Dominique Bagnard, Michael Van-der-Heyden, Ysia Idoux-Gillet, Marion Strub, Hervé Gegout, Hervé Lesot, Nadia Benkirane-Jessel, Laetitia Keller
The sensory innervation of the dental pulp is essential for tooth function and protection. It is mediated by axons originating from the trigeminal ganglia and is spatio-temporally regulated. We have previously shown that the innervation of bioengineered teeth can be achieved only under immunosuppressive conditions. The aim of this study was to develop a model to determine the role of Semaphorin 3A (Sema3A) in the innervation of bioengineered teeth. We first analyzed innervation of the dental pulp of mandibular first molars in newborn (postnatal day 0: PN0) mice deficient for Sema3A (Sema3A-/- ), a strong inhibitor of axon growth...
February 11, 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Huijie Jianga, Pengzhen Chenga, Donglin Lia, Junqin Lia, Jimeng Wanga, Yi Gaoa, Shuaishuai Zhanga, Tianqing Caoa, Chunmei Wanga, Liu Yanga, Guoxian Peia
Massive bone defects are a challenge in orthopedic research. Defective regeneration leads to bone atrophy, non-union of bone and physical morbidity. Large animals are important models, however, production costs are high, nursing is complex and evaluation methods are limited. A suitable laboratory animal model is required to explore the underlying molecular mechanism and cellular process of bone tissue engineering. We designed a stainless steel plate with eight holes; the middle two holes were used as a guide to create a standardized critical size defect in the femur of anesthetized rats...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Anna Löwa, Annika Vogt, Sabine Kaessmeyer, Sarah Hedtrich
Skin equivalents are increasingly used as human-based test systems for basic and preclinical research. Most of the established skin equivalents are composed of primary keratinocytes and fibroblasts, isolated either from excised human skin or juvenile foreskin following circumcisions. Although the potential of hair follicle-derived cells for the generation of skin equivalents has been shown, this approach normally requires microdissections from the scalp for which there is limitted subject compliance or ethical approval...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Takanobu Mashiko, Hitomi Takada, Szu-Hsien Wu, Koji Kanayama, Jingwei Feng, Kensuke Tashiro, Rintaro Asahi, Ataru Sunaga, Kazuto Hoshi, Akira Kurisaki, Tsuyoshi Takato, Kotaro Yoshimura
Chronic changes following radiotherapy include alterations in tissue-resident stem cells and vasculatures, which can lead to impaired wound healing. In this study, novel recombinant human collagen peptide (rhCP) scaffolds were evaluated as a biomaterial carrier for cellular regenerative therapy. Human adipose-derived stem cells (hASCs) were successfully cultured on rhCP scaffolds. By hASC culture on rhCP, microarray assay indicated that expression of genes related to cell proliferation and extracellular matrix production was upregulated...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Sang-Ho Lee, Heon-Seok Park, Yeoree Yang, Eun-Young Lee, Ji-Won Kim, Gilson Khang, Kun-Ho Yoon
Hypoxic injury of islets is a major obstacle for encapsulated islet transplantation into the peritoneal cavity. To improve oxygen delivery to encapsulated islets, we integrated 20% of the oxygen carrier material, perfluorodecalin (PFD), in alginate capsules mixed with islets (PFD-alginate). Integration of PFD clearly improved islet viability and decreased reactive oxygen species production compared to islets encapsulated with alginate only (alginate) and naked islets exposed to hypoxia in vitro. In PFD-alginate capsules, HIF-1α expression was minimal, and insulin expression was well maintained...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
C I Lorda-Diez, J A Montero, C Sanchez-Fernandez, J A Garcia-Porrero, J Chimal-Monroy, J M Hurle
FHL2 is a multifunctional scaffolding protein of well-known function regulating cell signaling cascades and gene transcription in cancer tissues. However, its function in embryonic systems is poorly characterized. Here, we show that Fhl2 is involved in the differentiation of connective tissues of developing limb autopod. We show that Fhl2 exhibits spatially restricted and temporally dynamic expression around the tendons of developing digits, interphalangeal joint capsules, and fibrous peridigital tissue. Immunolabeling analysis of the skeletal progenitors identified a predominant, but not exclusive, cytoplasmic distribution of FHL2 being associated with focal adhesions and actin cytoskeleton...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Iwan Jones, Liudmila N Novikova, Lev N Novikov, Monika Renardy, Andreas Ullrich, Mikael Wiberg, Leif Carlsson, Paul J Kingham
Surgical intervention is the current gold standard treatment following peripheral nerve injury. However, this approach has limitations and full recovery of both motor and sensory modalities often remains incomplete. The development of artificial nerve grafts that either complement or replace current surgical procedures is therefore of paramount importance. An essential component of artificial grafts are biodegradable conduits and transplanted cells that provide trophic support during the regenerative process...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Shuying Hu, Yi Zhou, Yantao Zhao, Yang Xu, Feimin Zhang, Ning Gu, Junqing Ma, Mark A Reynolds, Yang Xia, Hockin H K Xu
A main challenge for use of scaffolds in bone engineering involves non-invasive monitoring in vivo and enhanced bone regeneration. The tissue-repair effect of super-paramagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) was demonstrated previously by our group. However, testing in vivo is needed to confirm in vitro results. Here, SPIONs loaded gelatin sponge (GS) was used as a scaffold (SPIONs-GS) and implanted in the incisor sockets of Sprague-Dawley rats. Incisor sockets filled with nothing and filled with GS served as controls...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
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