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Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography

Michael J Blaha, Seamus P Whelton, Mahmoud Al Rifai, Zeina A Dardari, Leslee J Shaw, Mouaz H Al-Mallah, Kuni Matsushita, John A Rumberger, Daniel S Berman, Matthew J Budoff, Michael D Miedema, Khurram Nasir
BACKGROUND: Although coronary artery calcium (CAC) has been investigated for over two decades, there is very limited data on the association of CAC with cause of death. The CAC Consortium is a large ongoing multi-center observational cohort of individuals who underwent non-contrast cardiac-gated CAC testing and systematic, prospective, long-term follow-up for mortality with ascertainment of cause of death. METHODS: Four participating institutions from three states within the US (California, Minnesota, and Ohio) have contributed individual-level patient data to the CAC Consortium (spanning years 1991-2010)...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
Robbert Willem van Hamersvelt, Pim A de Jong, Thomas C Dessing, Tim Leiner, Martin J Willemink
In this case report dual energy CT information was used to reveal a pseudo leakage of a frozen elephant trunk stent. Different materials, which could not be distinguished based on attenuation number, were distinguished with the use of material decomposition algorithms using DECT acquisitions. By using material decomposition imaging, the DECT system proved that in this case the extraluminal densities were not caused by leakage but by a Teflon Felt supported suture.
November 10, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
Eriko Maeda, Nobuo Tomizawa, Shigeaki Kanno, Koichiro Yasaka, Takatoshi Kubo, Kenji Ino, Rumiko Torigoe, Kuni Ohtomo
BACKGROUND: We aimed to assess and compare the influence of Forward projected model-based Iterative Reconstruction SoluTion (FIRST), a recently introduced full iterative reconstruction method, on radiation doses and image quality with that of Adaptive Iterative Dose Reduction (AIDR) 3D for 320-row cardiac computed tomography (CT). METHODS: A total of 184 patients subjected to single-beat reconstruction cardiac CT were retrospectively included. The first 89 patients received standard radiation doses; their data were reconstructed using AIDR 3D, whereas the last 95 patients received in average 20% reduction in tube current; their data were reconstructed using FIRST...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
Sushilkumar Satish Gupta, Eduardo Pozo, Maria Eduarda Menezes de Siqueira, Javier Sanz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
Madelien V Regeer, Bryan Martina, Michel I M Versteegh, Arend de Weger, Robert J M Klautz, Martin J Schalij, Jeroen J Bax, Nina Ajmone Marsan, Victoria Delgado
BACKGROUND: The present study assessed whether descending thoracic aorta growth can be measured reliably by volumetric analysis using multi-detector row computed tomography (MDCT) and whether growth influences the need for future aortic interventions in survivors of acute type A aortic dissection. METHODS: A total of 51 patients (58 ± 11 years, 61% male) who underwent surgery for type A aortic dissection with ≥2 postoperative MDCT scans ≥5 months apart were included...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
Mathias Holm Sørgaard, Klaus Fuglsang Kofoed, Jesper James Linde, Richard Thomas George, Carlos Eduardo Rochitte, Gudrun Feuchtner, Joao A C Lima, Jawdat Abdulla
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to provide a meta-analysis of all published studies assessing the diagnostic accuracy of stress CT myocardial perfusion imaging (CTP) in patients suspected of or with known coronary artery disease. This analysis is limited to static stress CTP. METHODS: Systematic literature review and meta-analysis of studies examining the diagnostic accuracy of static CTP imaging alone or combined with coronary CT angiography (CTA) in comparison to single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), magnetic resonance perfusion (MRP), and/or invasive coronary angiography with and without fractional flow reserve (FFR)...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
Leslee J Shaw, Ahmad Slim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 14, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
Lea Azour, Michael A Kadoch, Thomas J Ward, Corey D Eber, Adam H Jacobi
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery calcium (CAC) is often identified on routine chest computed tomography (CT). The purpose of our study was to evaluate whether ordinal scoring of CAC on non-gated, routine chest CT is an accurate predictor of Agatston score ranges in a community-based population, and in particular to determine the accuracy of an ordinal score of zero on routine chest CT. METHODS: Two thoracic radiologists reviewed consecutive same-day ECG-gated and routine non-gated chest CT scans of 222 individuals...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
Helle Precht, Pieter H Kitslaar, Alexander Broersen, Jouke Dijkstra, Oke Gerke, Jesper Thygesen, Kenneth Egstrup, Jess Lambrechtsen
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to study the effect of iterative reconstruction (IR) software on quantitative plaque measurements in coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA). METHODS: Thirty patients with a three clinical risk factors for coronary artery disease (CAD) had one CCTA performed. Images were reconstructed using FBP, 30% and 60% adaptive statistical IR (ASIR). Coronary plaque analysis was performed as per patient and per vessel (LM, LAD, CX and RCA) measurements...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
Ricardo P J Budde, Nanko de Graaf, Rene M Wijnen, Ingrid M van Beynum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
Philipp Blanke, Jeanette Soon, Danny Dvir, Jong K Park, Christopher Naoum, Shaw-Hua Kueh, David A Wood, Bjarne L Norgaard, Kapilan Selvakumar, Jian Ye, Anson Cheung, John G Webb, Jonathon Leipsic
Valve-in-valve implantation of a transcatheter heart valve into a failed bioprosthetic heart valve has emerged as a treatment alternative to repeat conventional surgery. This requires careful pre-procedural assessment using non-invasive imaging to identify patients at risk for procedure related adverse events, such as ostial coronary occlusion. Herein we report how to comprehensively assess aortic root anatomy using computed tomography prior to transcatheter valve implantation for failed bioprosthetic aortic valves...
September 24, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
J Tobias Kühl, Thomas S Kristensen, Anna F Thomsen, Louise Hindsø, Kristoffer L Hansen, Olav W Nielsen, Henning Kelbæk, Klaus F Kofoed
BACKGROUND: Signs of pulmonary congestion obtained from cardiac computed tomography angiographic (coronary CTA) images have not previously been related to clinical congestion or outcome and the clinical value is, therefore, unknown. Our objective was to test the hypothesis that signs of pulmonary congestion predict clinical heart failure and adverse outcome in patients with myocardial infarction. METHODS: Coronary CTA was performed before invasive treatment in 400 prospectively included patients with non ST segment elevation myocardial infarction in an observational study...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
Stefania Rosmini, Thomas A Treibel, Steve Bandula, Tyler Stroud, Marianna Fontana, Philip N Hawkins, James C Moon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
Suhny Abbara, Philipp Blanke, Christopher D Maroules, Michael Cheezum, Andrew D Choi, B Kelly Han, Mohamed Marwan, Chris Naoum, Bjarne L Norgaard, Ronen Rubinshtein, Paul Schoenhagen, Todd Villines, Jonathon Leipsic
In response to recent technological advancements in acquisition techniques as well as a growing body of evidence regarding the optimal performance of coronary computed tomography angiography (coronary CTA), the Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography Guidelines Committee has produced this update to its previously established 2009 "Guidelines for the Performance of Coronary CTA" (1). The purpose of this document is to provide standards meant to ensure reliable practice methods and quality outcomes based on the best available data in order to improve the diagnostic care of patients...
November 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
Marcio Sommer Bittencourt, Ron Blankstein, Songshou Mao, Juan J Rivera, Alain G Bertoni, Leslee J Shaw, Roger S Blumenthal, Matthew J Budoff, Khurram Nasir
BACKGROUND: The use of non-contrast cardiac computed tomography measurements to predict heart failure (HF) has not been studied. In the present study we evaluated the prognostic value of left ventricular area adjusted for the body surface area (LVA-BSA) measured by non-contrast cardiac CT to predict incident HF and cardiovascular disease (CVD) events. METHODS: We studied left ventricular dimensions and calculated LVA-BSA in 6781 participants of the MESA study (mean age: was 62 ± 10 years, 53% females; 62% non-white) free from prior HF who underwent non-contrast cardiac CT to evaluate the coronary artery calcium score (CAC) at baseline and were followed up for a median of 10...
November 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
Andrew D Choi, Eric S Leifer, Jeannie Yu, Sujata M Shanbhag, Kathie Bronson, Andrew E Arai, Marcus Y Chen
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery calcium (CAC) predicts coronary heart disease events and is important for individualized cardiac risk assessment. This report assesses the interscan variability of CT for coronary calcium quantification using image acquisition with standard and reduced radiation dose protocols and whether the use of reduced radiation dose acquisition with iterative reconstruction (IR; "reduced-dose/IR ") allows for similar image quality and reproducibility when compared to standard radiation dose acquisition with filtered back projection (FBP; "standard-dose/FBP") on 320-detector row computed tomography (320-CT)...
September 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
Kristian Altern Øvrehus, Damini Dey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
Jeanette Soon, Nada Sulaiman, Jong Kwan Park, Shaw-Hua Anthony Kueh, Christopher Naoum, Darra Murphy, Jennifer Ellis, Cameron J Hague, Philipp Blanke, Jonathon Leipsic
BACKGROUND: Motion correction (MC) algorithms have been shown to improve image quality, interpretability and diagnostic accuracy in coronary CT angiography. We sought to determine whether MC extended to the whole heart would demonstrate improved image quality and reproducibility of aortic annular measurements in pre-TAVR CT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-two consecutive contrast enhanced CT data sets acquired for pre TAVR evaluation using retrospective ECG synchronization during a single heart beat were retrospectively identified...
September 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
Leslee J Shaw, Todd Villines, Jonathon Leipsic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
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