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Social Work in Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323539/guns-in-the-home-and-the-possibility-of-aggressive-tendencies-exploring-a-community-sample-of-adolescents-in-low-income-communities
#1
Brad Lian, Beatrice Abiero, Paula Kamara
Firearm violence has been the second leading cause of death among adolescents and young adults in the United States since 2000 and is a major public health concern. But firearms may be related to less lethal forms of violence as well. Here we examine the relationship between the presence of a gun in the home and several behavioral and psychosocial measures related to aggression and violence among adolescents using data from a community-based survey of nearly 2,000 youths living in low-income neighborhoods. Our results indicate that adolescents living in homes where a gun is present display more aggressive attitudes and behaviors than their counterparts living in homes with no gun present...
March 21, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266903/the-drug-abuse-prevention-and-control-act-of-1970-retrospective-assessments-of-disparate-treatment-and-consequential-impact
#2
Hide Yamatani, Marvin Feit, Aaron Mann
Although the basic paradigm of the U.S. federal drug policy targeting the supply and demand reduction has not changed since its enactment in 1970, there have been seriously undesirable disparate treatments and impacts among various population groups. Although U.S. Congress could not define what is discrimination, it did provide two major criteria for the assessment of discriminatory practices as follows: (a) disparate treatment-basing a key decision on association with any of the five prohibited individual's demographic classifications (race, color, religion, sex, or national origin); and (b) disparate impact-correlation between any of the five prohibited demographic classifications and the key outcomes...
March 7, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276893/what-about-us-economic-and-policy-changes-affecting-rural-hiv-aids-services-and-care
#3
Tashuna Albritton, Isabel Martinez, Crystal Gibson, Meghan Angley, Valen R Grandelski
Health care budgets and policies are chief drivers in the delivery and access to health services. Place is also a factor that affects patient and provider experiences within the health care system. We examine the impact of policy changes and subsequent budget cuts on rural HIV/AIDS care, support services, and prevention. We interviewed 11 social workers, case managers, and outreach workers who serve rural people living with HIV/AIDS. We conducted telephone interviews inquiring about the effect of economics and policies on direct practice with rural clients...
March 6, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276892/mixed-methods-in-prostate-cancer-prevention-and-service-utilization-planning-combining-focus-groups-survey-research-and-community-engagement
#4
David Besong Tataw, Olúgbémiga T Ekúndayò
This article reports on the use of sequential and integrated mixed-methods approach in a focused population and small-area analysis. The study framework integrates focus groups, survey research, and community engagement strategies in a search for evidence related to prostate cancer screening services utilization as a component of cancer prevention planning in a marginalized African American community in the United States. Research and data analysis methods are synthesized by aggregation, configuration, and interpretive analysis...
March 6, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276894/women-s-autonomy-and-attitudes-toward-condom-use-a-multicountry-analysis
#5
Bonita B Sharma, Eusebius Small, Cecilia Mengo, Paula Ude
Autonomy gives women the ability to negotiate safe sex and make decisions on their health. This study explores the gender stratification framework to understand the intertwined nature of HIV and women's autonomy using the nationally representative Demographic Health Survey. It examines women's autonomy and attitudes toward condom use for prevention of HIV/AIDS in four culturally diverse countries. Findings from the logistic regression indicate that labor force participation, individual autonomy, and decision making significantly increased the odds of always using a condom during sex in all countries...
February 17, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276895/the-influence-of-stress-on-juvenile-delinquency-focusing-on-the-buffering-effects-of-protective-factors-among-korean-adolescents
#6
Hye Sook Jeon, JongSerl Chun
The present study sought to examine self-control, parental support, and peer support as internal and external protective factors that buffer the influence of adolescent stress on delinquency among Korean adolescents. To this end, the paper utilized the 1st-year data from the Korea Youth Panel Study (KYPS) conducted by the National Youth Policy Institute; the study surveyed a total of 3,449 2nd-year middle school students. The results of the hierarchical regression analysis indicated that despite high levels of stress, high self-control mitigated the negative influence of stress on delinquency in adolescents...
February 15, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253135/condoms-culture-and-conviction-the-effect-of-acculturation-and-religiosity-on-latina-condom-use-during-first-sex-with-new-partners
#7
Scott James Smith
Latinas in the United States are less likely than their non-Hispanic peers to use condoms. Previous research has identified acculturation and religiosity as two key determinants of Latina condom use, but results are inconsistent, impairing the translation of findings to practice. The current study examines these constructs together and addresses methodological concerns noted in the literature. Structural equation modeling performed on a nationally representative sample of Latinas indicated that intrinsic religiosity increased condom use whereas acculturation decreased condom use...
April 3, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253134/the-effect-of-breast-cancer-fear-levels-of-female-seasonal-agricultural-laborers-on-early-diagnosis-behaviors-and-perceptions-of-breast-cancer
#8
Perihan Polat, Fatma Ersin
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of breast cancer fear levels of female seasonal agricultural laborers between ages 40 and 60 on breast cancer early-diagnosis behaviors and perceptions. This is a cross-sectional study. The data of the study were collected between February and September 2014 in Şanlıurfa, Turkey. A sample of the study group consisted of 350 women. The data were assessed by using SPSS 16.0 statistics package software. Descriptive statistics, t test, chi-square, and correlation analysis were used to analyze the data...
April 3, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157438/exploring-the-association-between-race-and-health-among-older-adults-who-are-incarcerated
#9
Tina Maschi, Qiuhu Shi, Kirsten Forseth, Pedro Laureano, Deborah Viola
One of the little known ironies in the field of prison health is the notion that prison may actually have health-stabilizing effects for some groups. This study contributes to this line of inquiry by examining a variety of physical and mental health indicators among an older cohort of prisoners. Furthermore, this study's focus on race addresses a notable gap in the growing literature on older prisoner health. A cross-section of 625 males who were incarcerated residing in a northeastern state prison system was surveyed and data on self-reported health status and stress and individual demographics characteristics were collected...
April 3, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129091/increasing-overall-well-being-is-salient-in-treating-homelessness
#10
Jennifer Coleman
Homeless treatment programs have focused on physical solutions rather than attending to all aspects of well-being. Support services that address overall well-being have demonstrated effectiveness. Previous research suggests that overall well-being is defined as satisfaction within all life spheres. Objective life indices have been the primary evidence of success among various programs, which include food, housing, income, leisure, health, access to psychiatric and medical services, and maintenance of positive support networks...
April 3, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129076/information-poverty-and-reproductive-healthcare-assessing-the-reasons-for-inequity-between-income-groups
#11
Margaret S Zimmerman
It is commonly known that in the United States women who are low income do not access reproductive healthcare services and information with the same reliability and regularity of women who are higher income. A qualitative research approach was undertaken to assess the root cause of this disparity. In-depth semistructured interviews were conducted with 15 women divided among socioeconomic lines. The primary barriers to care for women who are low income are clinical staff attitudes, knowledge of care available and needed, and cost or lack of insurance...
April 3, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976990/the-place-and-future-of-social-work-in-palliative-care-services-in-turkey-state-of-the-art
#12
Vedat Isıkhan
Palliative care, which is a special type of care including alleviation of physical and psychosocial symptoms of individuals with life-limiting serious diseases, has long been neglected in Turkey. This has also affected the activity of social work and social workers in the presentation of health services. In the present study, the present status of social work in palliative care services in Turkey was analyzed. It has also been attempted to explain the historical place of social work in palliative care services from 2002 on under the guidance of the World Health Organization and Ministry of Health...
April 3, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880090/the-differential-impact-of-alcohol-and-interpersonal-violence-on-the-severity-of-violent-traumatic-brain-injuries-among-american-indians
#13
Kristen F Linton, Paul B Perrin
Research shows connections between substance use and traumatic brain injury (TBI), high rates of substance use and interpersonal violence (IPV) in American Indians with TBI, and connections between IPV and TBI. This study assessed the effects of substance use at the time of a violent TBI and possible mediators such as American Indian race on injury severity (injury severity score [ISS]). A secondary data analysis of 3,351 individuals who experienced a TBI due to violence was conducted. American Indians with TBI were more likely to experience IPV (χ(2) = 4...
April 3, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898271/corrigendum
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898269/corrigendum
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719508/public-knowledge-of-hiv-aids-in-three-rural-communities-of-nigeria
#16
Bankole Henry Oladeinde, Richard Omoregie, Ikpomwonsa Odia, Eguagie Osareniro Osakue
This study aimed at assessing knowledge of HIV/AIDS among residents of three rural communities in Nigeria. A total of 371 persons residing in selected rural communities were recruited for this study. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data from all participants. Results of the study showed a generally high level of awareness of HIV/AIDS in all communities surveyed. However, among study participants, knowledge of mode of prevention and management of HIV infection was poor as was knowledge of HIV status and readiness to utilize free voluntary counseling and testing for HIV/AIDS services...
February 17, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719380/linking-traumatic-childhood-experiences-to-the-physical-health-of-korean-adolescents-in-out-of-home-care-through-depression-and-anxiety
#17
Hyunah Kang, Ick-Joong Chung, JongSerl Chun, Choong Rai Nho, Seokjin Woo
The main purpose of this study is to assess whether the physical health of Korean adolescents in out-of-home care is affected directly by traumatic childhood experiences and/or indirectly through depression and anxiety. Study participants are 460 adolescents who are included in the first and second wave of the Panel Study on Korean Children in Out-of-Home Care. The data are analyzed using structural equation modeling. Our structural model finds no direct effects of traumatic experiences on physical health. Among the two types of trauma experiences, namely, family instability and violence experiences, only violence experiences affect physical health indirectly through depression and anxiety...
February 17, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715771/surviving-violence-in-everyday-life-a-communicative-approach-to-homelessness
#18
Elaine Hsieh
In this narrative review, the author synthesizes the literature on homelessness across various disciplines (e.g., public health, social work, sociology, and communication) to demonstrate how the experiences of homelessness can be created, maintained, and reinforced through communication, including interpersonal interactions and public discourse. By conceptualizing homelessness as a culturally constructed and socially situated phenomenon, the author examines (a) the complex conceptualization of homelessness, (b) everyday violence faced by people who are homeless, and (c) coping strategies of people who are homeless...
February 17, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662114/the-impacts-of-social-support-and-cognitive-function-on-depression-among-community-dwelling-older-japanese-americans
#19
Bum Jung Kim, Susan Nakaoka, Charna Underwood
Research has demonstrated a relationship between social support, cognitive function, and depression among older adults, yet fewer studies have explored this association with Japanese American elders. This study aims to examine depression and describe its relationship with social support, cognitive function, and socioeconomic condition among Japanese American elders. A cross-sectional study of 205 Japanese American elders was conducted in Honolulu and Los Angeles County. A hierarchical regression model was used with depression as a dependent variable and with independent variables such as social support, cognitive function, and socioeconomic status...
February 17, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586160/the-study-of-living-conditions-and-perceived-needs-for-social-security-among-clergy-in-china-a-case-study-of-guanzhong-qinling-area
#20
Shaoguo Zhai, Qi Zhuang, Pei Wang, Zhaoxi Wang, Peter C Coyte
This study used quantitative and qualitative data collected in the Guanzhong Qinling area of China to examine living conditions and perceived needs for social security among men and women of the clergy. The survey finds that most respondent clergy are Buddhists. When the clergy have economic difficulties, their main types of support include self-support (28.8%), help from other believers (25.6%), and assistance from other community residents (18.4%). When the clergy are old, they tend to live alone (25%), receive institutional care from religious organizations (19%), and receive support from other believers (18%)...
February 17, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
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