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Social Work in Public Health

Marcella Smith, Gracie Brownell
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a widespread inherited blood disorder, which leaves lasting effects on the health, social functioning, and finances of individuals, families, communities, and health care systems. A nonexperimental, cross-sectional research design was used to assess 415 college students' knowledge about SCD. Data was obtained through an online survey derived from a modified version of the SCD Knowledge Assessment Tool. The majority of participants (79%) reported previous SCD knowledge; however, 21% of the participants reported no previous SCD knowledge...
May 16, 2018: Social Work in Public Health
Rachel Hagues, Sarah Stotz, Austin Childers, Joe Phua, Judy Hibbs, Deborah Murray, Jung Sun Lee
As access to healthy food (or lack thereof) could be considered a social justice issue, social workers should be concerned about this issue and willing to collaborate with colleagues of various disciplines to address it. This study was a formative evaluation conducted to understand best practices, recommendations, and feasibility of a social-marketing-based nutrition education program tailored to the needs of adults with limited income. The authors report findings from focus groups conducted with Cooperative Extension Agents (CEAs) and region coordinators (n = 45) and Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Education (SNAP-Ed) (n = 69) eligible participants to inform the development of a social marketing nutrition intervention for SNAP-Ed in Georgia...
May 14, 2018: Social Work in Public Health
Samuel Ojima Adejoh, Olusegun M Temilola, Funmilayo F Adejuwon
The increase in the use, abuse and misuse of psychoactive substances is not just of concern to national government of different countries but poses a big problem to the international community as well as of a global public health challenge. The study explored the perceived influence of perceptions, relationships and family support on rehabilitation of drug abusers undergoing rehabilitation in a rehabilitation centre. The non-experimental study design was used. The study population was that of drug abuse patients undergoing rehabilitation in the Neuropsychiatric Hospital in Lagos...
May 14, 2018: Social Work in Public Health
Yan Searcy
Market-based approaches to addressing racial disparities have essentially re-commodified Blackness. Utilizing Hartford, which contains the largest percentage of Blacks per capita in Connecticut, this article examines market-based approaches to address racial disparities while discussing Blackness as an enduring commodity that is tied to private sector profit. The study argues that market based approaches incentivize punitive approaches to social problems associated with Blackness. The study concludes by suggesting that addressing disparities utilizing markets requires reimagining policy incentives to focus on prevention and treatment of social problems associated with Blackness...
May 14, 2018: Social Work in Public Health
Louanne Bakk, Tamara J Cadet
Using nationally representative data from the Health and Retirement Study, this study examined (1) whether awareness of the Medicare Part D Low-Income Subsidy (LIS) varies by race and ethnicity among beneficiaries age 65 and older (N = 1,504), and (2) the impact of factors associated with health benefits knowledge and need for assistance on LIS awareness. Logistic regression results showed that compared with older non-Hispanic Whites, older non-Hispanic Blacks (odds ratio [OR] = .61, p < .001) and Hispanics (OR = ...
April 25, 2018: Social Work in Public Health
Donalee Unal
The health disparities that are prevalent among American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) communities are connected to the ideology of sovereignty and often ignored in social work and public health literature. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to examine the health outcomes of American Indians from the time of contact with European settlers to the present through the ideology of sovereignty and federal government AI health policy. The foundation for the health outcomes of AIs and the governmental policies affecting them lie in the ideology of tribal sovereignty...
April 19, 2018: Social Work in Public Health
Christopher W Blackwell
The incidence of new HIV infections in the United States continues to be greatest among men who have sex with men (MSM). MSM infected with HIV often seek seroconcordant sexual partners based on intent to limit psychosocial, legal, and health risks they perceive as higher with serodiscordant sexual partners. However, the rationales for limiting sexual relationships exclusively with other MSM infected with HIV may be rooted in misinformation or misperception. Thus, these clients may have a unique sexual health knowledge deficit that nurses, social workers, and other clinicians need to address to help them reduce risk...
April 10, 2018: Social Work in Public Health
Aparecida de Fatima Cordeiro Dutra, Wilma Cordova, Freddie Avant
This study aimed to give voice to 13 men of African descent from Salvador, Brazil, and East Texas, United States, living with HIV/AIDS regarding their perceptions on accessibility of services, and the stigma and discrimination they experience. Phenomenological research using in-depth interviews was used as methodology. Five themes emerged from the data analysis: perception of positive health, services and accessibility, not disclosing HIV status is a way to be protected, health professionals untrained in treating people living with HIV/AIDS, being of African descent increases discrimination in both countries, education would decrease stigma and discrimination...
April 4, 2018: Social Work in Public Health
Janet Bronstein, Bisakha Sen, Michael Morrisey, Justin Blackburn, Meredith Kilgore, Sally Engler, Wilson Smith
State Medicaid programs increasingly use case management to manage enrollees with chronic conditions who may become cost intensive for the program. The authors examined the impact of Alabama Department of Public Health (ADPH)'s case management on care expenditures for Medicaid enrollees with various chronic diseases, over 2011 to 2014. The authors matched case-managed enrollees with three controls per case using health conditions and sociodemographics. Thereafter, the authors used a quasi-experimental approach to estimate how per-member-per-month costs changed following case management...
April 2, 2018: Social Work in Public Health
Hamed Rezakhani Moghaddam, Hamid Allahverdipour, Hossein Matlabi
Along with health development in general terms, women's involvement in health programs can be effective in raising their self-confidence and their health promotion. This study was carried out to unveil the barriers to and challenges of the health volunteers and to present the solutions to its promotion using active women participants' experiences and the authorities of the program. The study was carried out using qualitative method along with content analysis in city of Tabriz East-Azerbaijan province, Iran...
March 30, 2018: Social Work in Public Health
Maasoumeh Mangeli, Masoud Rayyani, Mohammad Ali Cheraghi, Batool Tirgari
Early motherhood is a major health challenge in most developing countries. The aim of this study was to explore Iranian mothers' experiences of the outcomes of early motherhood. This qualitative study was done using the conventional inductive content analysis approach. A purposive sample of 18 Iranian mothers, with the experience of early motherhood, was recruited with maximum variation in terms of their age at their first pregnancy, their children's age, place of residence, and financial status. Data collection was done via in-depth semistructured interviews and continued up to data saturation...
January 25, 2018: Social Work in Public Health
Rogério M Pinto, Anya Y Spector, Susan S Witte, Prema Filippone, C Jean Choi, Melanie Wall
Providers of social and public health services ("providers") often use HIV prevention strategies with substance-using clients to decrease HIV transmission and infection. This article examines factors that facilitate providers' use of select HIV-prevention strategies. Sample comprises 379 providers from 36 agencies in New York City. OUTCOMES: sexual risk assessments; risk reduction counseling; condom demonstration; and referrals to HIV testing. PREDICTORS: training; job satisfaction; staff collaboration...
2018: Social Work in Public Health
Laura Hoyt D'Anna, Marissa Hansen, Brittney Mull, Carol Canjura, Esther Lee, Stephanie Sumstine
The study aims to describe the perceived discriminatory health care treatment experiences and its impact on care among minority urban-dwelling adults. Semistructured qualitative interviews (N = 51) were conducted with patients from community-based health care settings, and systematic, grounded theory approach was used. Three distinct themes emerged: (a) the sources of discriminatory experiences, (b) its impact on health care, and (c) the provider/organization recommendations to address discriminatory practices...
2018: Social Work in Public Health
Derek Falk
Reviews have assessed studies of breast and cervical cancer screening access and utilization for rural women, but none analyze interventions to increase screening rates. A mixed methods literature search identified studies of breast and/or cervical cancer prevention education and patient navigation interventions for rural women. Rural areas need greater implementation and evaluation of screening interventions as these services address the challenges of delivering patient-centered cancer care to un-/underserved communities...
2018: Social Work in Public Health
Kimberly Bender, Stephanie Begun, Rebecca Durbahn, Kristin Ferguson, Nick Schau
Although homeless youth face extreme adversities, they are often hesitant to seek help from formal and informal supports. The current study qualitatively explored homeless youths' reasons for coping independently and their strategies for doing so. Youth accessing services (N = 145) in three U.S. cities were interviewed about their rationales for not seeking help from others regarding distressing experiences. Analyses illustrated specific barriers to help seeking that prompted homeless youth to cope on their own by utilizing soothing, avoidant, aggressive, and introspective coping strategies...
2018: Social Work in Public Health
Schnavia Smith Hatcher, Dione Moultrie King, Anne Nordberg, Dante Bryant, Christopher C Woolen
This study investigates suicidality and health-risk behaviors among female juvenile detainees and identifies the extent to which suicidal behaviors are correlated with other risky activities. This study also explores 12 health risk behaviors, their prevalence, and relative associations to suicidal behaviors within the sample-population. Researchers collected data from 104 female adolescents, ages 12 to 20, residing in a long-term, detention center in the southeastern region of the United States. Descriptive statistics and regression analysis were utilized...
2018: Social Work in Public Health
Eun Koh
Despite the significant growth of the Asian population in the United States, current knowledge on their mental health and service utilization behaviors is very limited. The study examined the prevalence and predictors of depression and anxiety among Korean Americans in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area. A total of 602 Koreans completed a self-administered survey on physical and mental well-being, and the study found that 18.2% and 16.9% of the participants had severe symptoms of depression and anxiety, respectively...
2018: Social Work in Public Health
Eveline Ndinelao Kalomo, Minli Liao
This study examined the correlates of burden of caregivers providing care to people living with HIV/AIDS in rural northern Namibia and the consequences of caregivers' burden on their physical health and mental health. A purposive sampling method was used to recruit a total of 97 primary caregivers (N = 97) in rural Namibia. We found that hunger and HIV stigma were both positively associated with caregiver burden. Caregiver burden was positively related to depression and negatively related to quality of life...
2018: Social Work in Public Health
Nadine S Murshid, Gretchen E Ely
In this study the authors assessed the association between the types contraceptive use (unreliable or traditional methods vs. modern methods) and number of abortions among a nationally representative sample of abortion patients in the United States from the Abortion Patients Survey 2008. Unadjusted and adjusted prevalence ratios were calculated to determine the association between unreliable contraceptive methods and number of abortions. Results from the unadjusted and adjusted prevalence ratios revealed that women who used modern methods of contraception were more likely to have had previous abortions compared to women who did not use contraceptives and those who used traditional methods of contraception...
2018: Social Work in Public Health
Michelle L Kaiser, Anne Cafer
The United States is facing two interconnected social and public health crises of severe obesity and food insecurity within the social-ecological environment. Marginalized groups experience the highest rates and the greatest impacts in terms of morbidity, mortality, and financial burdens. Consequences include experiencing multimorbidities, mental health issues, and decreased quality of life. Food pantries have served as spaces to obtain food to meet household needs, but for some, food pantries have become long-term solutions...
2018: Social Work in Public Health
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