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Social Work in Public Health

Nadine S Murshid, Gretchen E Ely
In this study the authors assessed the association between the types contraceptive use (unreliable or traditional methods vs. modern methods) and number of abortions among a nationally representative sample of abortion patients in the United States from the Abortion Patients Survey 2008. Unadjusted and adjusted prevalence ratios were calculated to determine the association between unreliable contraceptive methods and number of abortions. Results from the unadjusted and adjusted prevalence ratios revealed that women who used modern methods of contraception were more likely to have had previous abortions compared to women who did not use contraceptives and those who used traditional methods of contraception...
January 3, 2018: Social Work in Public Health
Michelle L Kaiser, Anne Cafer
The United States is facing two interconnected social and public health crises of severe obesity and food insecurity within the social-ecological environment. Marginalized groups experience the highest rates and the greatest impacts in terms of morbidity, mortality, and financial burdens. Consequences include experiencing multimorbidities, mental health issues, and decreased quality of life. Food pantries have served as spaces to obtain food to meet household needs, but for some, food pantries have become long-term solutions...
January 3, 2018: Social Work in Public Health
A E Okafor, P C Agwu, U O Okoye, O A Uche, E K Oyeoku
This study investigates factors that influence exclusive breastfeeding practice. Focus group discussions involving 60 nursing mothers from selected rural areas of Enugu State, Nigeria, was adopted. Thematic analysis was adopted in analyzing data collected. Findings show that nursing mothers in the study area are yet to fully accept the 6 months' practice of exclusive breastfeeding. Issues relating to culture, economic hardship, and support networks were revealed to exercise gross influence on practice of exclusive breastfeeding...
December 27, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
Say Şahin Deniz, Özlem Özer, Cuma Sonğur
This study has been conducted to look through the effects of health literacy levels of individuals age 65 years and older on their health perceptions. The application part of study is composed of persons being age 65 years or older who live in Burdur province and districts of Turkey. The sampling of study has been determined by a nonclustered, single-step random probability sampling method based on primary mass ratios. Thereby, totally 611 questionnaires have been implemented by means of the face-to-face interview method...
December 19, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
Young Sam Oh, Eun Young Choi, Young Sun Kim
The purpose of this research is to examine the predictors of smartphone uses for health information-seeking (SHIS) in the Korean elderly. This research applies the comprehensive model of information seeking as a theoretical framework. Data reported in this study are from the 2016 Dementia Literacy Survey, and 235 elderly smartphone users were included in logistic regression model. SHIS was significantly predicted by younger age, higher education levels, having a regular exercise, higher medical expenditures, and health literacy...
December 19, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
Athena K Ramos, Dejun Su, Antonia Correa, Natalia Trinidad
Ensuring the health and well-being of Latinas is critical given the size of the population and its rapid growth across the United States. Social capital may be a tool for alleviating some of the individual, neighborhood, and societal challenges that Latina immigrants face. This study uses bivariate tests and multivariate regression to assess the association between social capital and self-efficacy among Latina immigrants in the Midwest (N = 94). Self-efficacy was positively correlated with bonding and bridging social capital...
December 6, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
Eun Joo Go, Jung Won Kong, Ko Eun Kim
The aim of this meta-analysis is to examine synthesized correlation outcomes between maltreatment, witnessing domestic violence, and bullying among youths in South Korea. The study examined 42 studies from between 2000 and 2015; the results showed that there is a medium effect size for this association among youths. Specifically, the effect size of the association was found to be larger for physical and verbal/emotional abuse and neglect than exposure to domestic violence for youths. The authors suggest that effective prevention and intervention for youths who are at risk of suffering maltreatment and witnessing domestic violence may help them avoid developing bullying behaviors...
December 6, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
Brandon N Respress, Ndidiamaka N Amutah-Onukagha, Ijeoma Opara
Social inequalities are at the heart of disparities in sexual health outcomes among African American and Latino/a adolescents living in the United States. Schools are typically the largest and primary context in youth development. School characteristics such as peer and teacher discrimination and school performance were examined to determine whether such characteristics predict sexual behavior in adolescents of color. This study utilized a representative sample of high school age students to assess sexual risk behavior...
December 4, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
Schnavia Smith Hatcher, Dione Moultrie King, Anne Nordberg, Dante Bryant, Christopher C Woolen
This study investigates suicidality and health-risk behaviors among female juvenile detainees and identifies the extent to which suicidal behaviors are correlated with other risky activities. This study also explores 12 health risk behaviors, their prevalence, and relative associations to suicidal behaviors within the sample-population. Researchers collected data from 104 female adolescents, ages 12 to 20, residing in a long-term, detention center in the southeastern region of the United States. Descriptive statistics and regression analysis were utilized...
2018: Social Work in Public Health
Eun Koh
Despite the significant growth of the Asian population in the United States, current knowledge on their mental health and service utilization behaviors is very limited. The study examined the prevalence and predictors of depression and anxiety among Korean Americans in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area. A total of 602 Koreans completed a self-administered survey on physical and mental well-being, and the study found that 18.2% and 16.9% of the participants had severe symptoms of depression and anxiety, respectively...
2018: Social Work in Public Health
Eveline Ndinelao Kalomo, Minli Liao
This study examined the correlates of burden of caregivers providing care to people living with HIV/AIDS in rural northern Namibia and the consequences of caregivers' burden on their physical health and mental health. A purposive sampling method was used to recruit a total of 97 primary caregivers (N = 97) in rural Namibia. We found that hunger and HIV stigma were both positively associated with caregiver burden. Caregiver burden was positively related to depression and negatively related to quality of life...
2018: Social Work in Public Health
Matthew T Walton, Martin T Hall
Although each state in the United States legally authorizes involuntary civil commitment on the grounds of severe mental illness, a considerable number do not have comparable laws to mandate drug addiction treatment. This discrepancy is due, in part, to differing ethical positions regarding whether a substance use disorder diagnosis provides sufficient justification to suspend individual liberty rights. This article chronicles some of the legal and ethical thinking on the subject and applies them to a social work-specific context...
June 15, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
Maya Kagan, Michal Itzick, Patricia Tal-Katz
The current study assesses the association between demographic factors, attitudes toward social workers, the stigma attached to seeking social worker help, perceived social support, and psychological distress-and the self-reported likelihood of seeking social worker help, among people with physical disabilities in Israel. Data collection utilized structured questionnaires, administered to a sample of 435 people with physical disabilities. The findings suggest that women, older respondents, people with more positive attitudes toward social workers, with higher levels of psychological distress and of social support, and with a lower level of stigma, reported a greater likelihood of seeking social workers help...
June 14, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
Tina L Peterson
This research study explores health perceptions before and after becoming a primary caregiver among older grandparents raising adolescent grandchildren. Qualitative, in-depth face-to-face interviews were conducted with grandparents age 40 and older (N = 15) who were raising adolescent grandchildren age 12 and older. Most grandparents were female, had some college education, White/Non-Hispanic, were married, had an average age of 65 years, and reported never attending a grandparent support group. Before assuming the primary caregiver role, older grandparents described their physical health as good, filled with physical activity, and reasonably free of health conditions...
June 14, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
Scott James Smith
Latinas in the United States are less likely than their non-Hispanic peers to use condoms. Previous research has identified acculturation and religiosity as two key determinants of Latina condom use, but results are inconsistent, impairing the translation of findings to practice. The current study examines these constructs together and addresses methodological concerns noted in the literature. Structural equation modeling performed on a nationally representative sample of Latinas indicated that intrinsic religiosity increased condom use whereas acculturation decreased condom use...
April 3, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
Perihan Polat, Fatma Ersin
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of breast cancer fear levels of female seasonal agricultural laborers between ages 40 and 60 on breast cancer early-diagnosis behaviors and perceptions. This is a cross-sectional study. The data of the study were collected between February and September 2014 in Şanlıurfa, Turkey. A sample of the study group consisted of 350 women. The data were assessed by using SPSS 16.0 statistics package software. Descriptive statistics, t test, chi-square, and correlation analysis were used to analyze the data...
April 3, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
Tina Maschi, Qiuhu Shi, Kirsten Forseth, Pedro Laureano, Deborah Viola
One of the little known ironies in the field of prison health is the notion that prison may actually have health-stabilizing effects for some groups. This study contributes to this line of inquiry by examining a variety of physical and mental health indicators among an older cohort of prisoners. Furthermore, this study's focus on race addresses a notable gap in the growing literature on older prisoner health. A cross-section of 625 males who were incarcerated residing in a northeastern state prison system was surveyed and data on self-reported health status and stress and individual demographics characteristics were collected...
April 3, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
Jennifer Coleman
Homeless treatment programs have focused on physical solutions rather than attending to all aspects of well-being. Support services that address overall well-being have demonstrated effectiveness. Previous research suggests that overall well-being is defined as satisfaction within all life spheres. Objective life indices have been the primary evidence of success among various programs, which include food, housing, income, leisure, health, access to psychiatric and medical services, and maintenance of positive support networks...
April 3, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
Margaret S Zimmerman
It is commonly known that in the United States women who are low income do not access reproductive healthcare services and information with the same reliability and regularity of women who are higher income. A qualitative research approach was undertaken to assess the root cause of this disparity. In-depth semistructured interviews were conducted with 15 women divided among socioeconomic lines. The primary barriers to care for women who are low income are clinical staff attitudes, knowledge of care available and needed, and cost or lack of insurance...
April 3, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
Vedat Isıkhan
Palliative care, which is a special type of care including alleviation of physical and psychosocial symptoms of individuals with life-limiting serious diseases, has long been neglected in Turkey. This has also affected the activity of social work and social workers in the presentation of health services. In the present study, the present status of social work in palliative care services in Turkey was analyzed. It has also been attempted to explain the historical place of social work in palliative care services from 2002 on under the guidance of the World Health Organization and Ministry of Health...
April 3, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
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