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Social Work in Public Health

Bankole Henry Oladeinde, Richard Omoregie, Ikpomwonsa Odia, Eguagie Osareniro Osakue
This study aimed at assessing knowledge of HIV/AIDS among residents of three rural communities in Nigeria. A total of 371 persons residing in selected rural communities were recruited for this study. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data from all participants. Results of the study showed a generally high level of awareness of HIV/AIDS in all communities surveyed. However, among study participants, knowledge of mode of prevention and management of HIV infection was poor as was knowledge of HIV status and readiness to utilize free voluntary counseling and testing for HIV/AIDS services...
October 8, 2016: Social Work in Public Health
Hyunah Kang, Ick-Joong Chung, JongSerl Chun, Choong Rai Nho, Seokjin Woo
The main purpose of this study is to assess whether the physical health of Korean adolescents in out-of-home care is affected directly by traumatic childhood experiences and/or indirectly through depression and anxiety. Study participants are 460 adolescents who are included in the first and second wave of the Panel Study on Korean Children in Out-of-Home Care. The data are analyzed using structural equation modeling. Our structural model finds no direct effects of traumatic experiences on physical health. Among the two types of trauma experiences, namely, family instability and violence experiences, only violence experiences affect physical health indirectly through depression and anxiety...
October 8, 2016: Social Work in Public Health
Elaine Hsieh
In this narrative review, the author synthesizes the literature on homelessness across various disciplines (e.g., public health, social work, sociology, and communication) to demonstrate how the experiences of homelessness can be created, maintained, and reinforced through communication, including interpersonal interactions and public discourse. By conceptualizing homelessness as a culturally constructed and socially situated phenomenon, the author examines (a) the complex conceptualization of homelessness, (b) everyday violence faced by people who are homeless, and (c) coping strategies of people who are homeless...
October 7, 2016: Social Work in Public Health
Bum Jung Kim, Susan Nakaoka, Charna Underwood
Research has demonstrated a relationship between social support, cognitive function, and depression among older adults, yet fewer studies have explored this association with Japanese American elders. This study aims to examine depression and describe its relationship with social support, cognitive function, and socioeconomic condition among Japanese American elders. A cross-sectional study of 205 Japanese American elders was conducted in Honolulu and Los Angeles County. A hierarchical regression model was used with depression as a dependent variable and with independent variables such as social support, cognitive function, and socioeconomic status...
September 23, 2016: Social Work in Public Health
Shaoguo Zhai, Qi Zhuang, Pei Wang, Zhaoxi Wang, Peter C Coyte
This study used quantitative and qualitative data collected in the Guanzhong Qinling area of China to examine living conditions and perceived needs for social security among men and women of the clergy. The survey finds that most respondent clergy are Buddhists. When the clergy have economic difficulties, their main types of support include self-support (28.8%), help from other believers (25.6%), and assistance from other community residents (18.4%). When the clergy are old, they tend to live alone (25%), receive institutional care from religious organizations (19%), and receive support from other believers (18%)...
September 1, 2016: Social Work in Public Health
Yichao Wu, Di Qi
China has experienced rapid socioeconomic transitions during the last three decades, which may result in a rising prevalence of overweight and obese children in China. This article aims to fill in the existing knowledge gap by an analysis of the China Health and Nutrition Survey data to study the national prevalence of children who are overweight and obese as well as how the regional disparities and age differences in prevalence have changed between 1989 and 2009.
August 25, 2016: Social Work in Public Health
Ali Kitis, Umut Eraslan, Vural Koc, Ferudun Giresun, Hande Usta
The purpose of this study is to investigate the disability level, leisure satisfaction, and quality of life in employees who were disabled. Six hundred twenty-seven employees who were disabled were included in this study and classified according to age, gender and disability level. In quality of life, there was significant difference between genders and age groups (p <  .05). There was no significant difference neither in leisure satisfaction nor in disability level between groups (p > .05). In disability assessment, males were better and there was a significant difference in leisure satisfaction (p <  ...
August 5, 2016: Social Work in Public Health
Bret J Blackmon, Joohee Lee, David M Cochran, Bandana Kar, Timothy A Rehner, Alvin M Baker
The purpose of this study was to examine relationships among depression, psychological resilience, and other sociodemographic factors of individuals who were highly exposed to Hurricane Katrina in 2005 and the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in 2010. A spatially stratified random sample of 294 Mississippi Gulf Coast residents living in close proximity to the Gulf of Mexico were surveyed. Findings indicated that low education attainment, financial hardship, and disaster-related damages increased the likelihood of depression, whereas psychological resilience and having health insurance reduced the odds of depression...
July 28, 2016: Social Work in Public Health
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Social Work in Public Health
Zeynep Sofuoğlu, Görkem Sariyer, Fulya Aydin, Sinem Cankarde, Birsu Kandemirci
Child abuse and neglect (CAN), and dropping out of school have long been recognized as pervasive social problems globally, and Turkey is no exception. This study aims to explore the prevalence and incidence of CAN in children who drop out of school of Turkey, using the ISPCAN Child abuse Screening Tool, Children's Version, which is an appropriate tool for multinational comparisons. Data from a convenience sample of children who drop out of school age 11, 13, and 16 from Izmir were collected either by interviews or by self-completion...
October 2016: Social Work in Public Health
Yichao Wu, Di Qi
This article investigates how the nutritional deprivation and inequality among children in China by provinces and urban/rural areas has changed over time from 1991 to 2009 using the China Health and Nutrition Survey data. The children who were undernourished in stunting and underweight have declined over years, but provincial disparities were significant and urban children performed better than the rural peers. The nutritional deprivation of children has been alleviated in China over time, but more efforts should be made by the government to improve the nutritional condition in less developed provinces and for those children who are severely undernourished...
October 2016: Social Work in Public Health
Omar T Sims, Quentin R Maynard, Pam A Melton
Alcohol use is a barrier to pharmacologic treatment for hepatitis C virus (HCV). It is advantageous for medical and clinical social workers engaged in HCV care to be knowledgeable of behavioral interventions that can be used to reduce alcohol use among patients with HCV. This article identifies and describes studies that designed and implemented behavioral interventions to reduce alcohol use among patients with HCV in clinical settings. To achieve this goal, this article conducts a rigorous systematic review to identify peer-reviewed articles, describes each behavioral intervention, and reports primary outcomes of each study included in the review...
October 2016: Social Work in Public Health
Renee Mestad, Sandra D Lane, Meghan Hall, Carrie J Smith, D Bruce Carter, Robert A Rubinstein, Robert H Keefe, Chevelle Jones-Moore
This study uses prenatal clinical chart reviews of 245 women who were screened for depression while receiving antenatal care services at an urban hospital-based clinic in Syracuse, New York. The results indicate that more than one half of the mothers who screened positive are not being adequately referred and followed-up on to ensure they are receiving proper treatment. Among the mothers who are not being successfully referred are women who are non-English speaking, facing multiple life stressors, and inadequately insured...
October 2016: Social Work in Public Health
Donna L Schuman, Donald L Schuman
A few years after the advent of the Global War on Terror, veteran and service member suicide emerged on the national forefront as a public health issue of significant concern. This social policy analysis applies a value-critical choice model to the military suicide prevention provisions mandated by Section 2 of Exec. Order No. 13625 (2012): Improving Access to Mental Health Services for Veterans, Service Members, and Military Families. Results reveal that the suicide prevention provisions mandated by the order have not been fully and effectively implemented and the goal of reducing military suicide remains elusive...
October 2016: Social Work in Public Health
Miao Yu, McClain Sampson
Although perinatal depression (PND) is one of the most common maternal morbidities, it is frequently undetected. Screening for early detection and intervention has the potential to prevent depressive symptoms from worsening. In the United States, five states have enacted legislation in relation to screening for PND, but a gap remains between policy and practice in providing continuum of care for mothers who may be suffering from depressive symptoms. From the perspective of policy formation, the reasons for this gap include a discrepancy between policy and practice goals, lack of regulations on capability building among perinatal care providers, and few pathways for establishing collaborations between medical providers and mental health professionals...
October 2016: Social Work in Public Health
Carlos Siordia
In the United States, 10.9 million people are receiving Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) benefits with an average pay of $12,000 per year. If the U.S. House of Congress fails to enact a new bill by the end of fiscal-year 2016, SSDI benefits are estimated to be reduced by $2,300 per-person per year. In the pass, the U.S. Congress has always found a way to enact new bills capable of maintains benefits at existing levels. The specific aim of this project was to report the number of people potentially at risk for experiencing an economic impact if SSDI benefits are reduced...
October 2016: Social Work in Public Health
Lesley M Harris, Victoria Boggiano, Duy Thang Nguyen
Grandparent caregivers are vital to the survival of grandchildren who are orphaned and who have been affected by HIV/AIDS. The purpose of this qualitative study was to understand the meaning of HIV as a disease among grandparents raising grandchildren orphaned by HIV/AIDS in northern Vietnam and to gain insight into how this understanding affected grandparents' relationships and health-seeking decisions. Results indicated that grandparents had knowledge deficits about the biomedical aspects of the disease and often hid their grandchildren's HIV status or preferred not to seek testing...
October 2016: Social Work in Public Health
Jaclynn Hawkins, Daphne C Watkins, Timethia Bonner, Terry L Thompson
Diabetes and depression are two of the most frequently diagnosed health conditions in the United States and often co-occur. The present study examines racial/ethnic differences in predictors of mental health service use among a national sample of African Americans, Hispanics, and non-Hispanic Whites with a self-reported diabetes and depression diagnosis. Multiple logistic regression was used to analyze a cross-sectional sample (N = 3377) of the 2012 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), a nationally representative, cross-sectional survey...
October 2016: Social Work in Public Health
Tracy Stecker, Leslie Adams, Elizabeth Carpenter-Song, Joanne Nicholson, Nicholas Streltzov, Haiyi Xie
This study examined racial differences among Black and White Veterans who screened positive for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) but were not in PTSD treatment and were participating in an intervention trial. Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) Veterans with PTSD but not yet engaged in treatment were recruited and randomly assigned to control or intervention conditions. Intervention participants received a cognitive-behavioral engagement intervention by phone. All participants received follow-up calls to assess symptoms and utilization of treatment...
October 2016: Social Work in Public Health
Jung Youn Park, Jin Won Kim
The aim of the current study is to investigate the association between social capital and self-rated health among people who are elderly with disabilities in South Korea. For this purpose, the authors analyzed the fourth wave data of the Korean Health Panel Survey (KHPS) that included a sample of 408 people who are elderly with disabilities. The authors found that the unmet health care needs were significantly associated with self-rated health of the people who are elderly with disabilities (β = - .286, p < ...
October 2016: Social Work in Public Health
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