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World Health & Population

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400276/the-collaboration-challenge-global-partnerships-to-achieve-global-goals
#1
Michael Bzdak
As capitalism is being re-invented and the voices of multiple stakeholders are becoming more prevalent and demanding, it is the perfect time for the private sector to embrace large-scale collaboration and a shared sense of purpose. Since the explosive growth of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in the 1990s, a new era of responsibility, purpose and a re-envisioned capitalism are dramatically apparent. Beyond financial support, business leaders have the opportunity to galvanize networks, advocate for regulation and policy change, and form supporting consortia to support global development...
2017: World Health & Population
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400275/transforming-health-workers-education-for-universal-health-coverage-global-challenges-and-recommendations
#2
Timothy Grant Evans, Edson Correia Araujo, Christopher Herbst, Ok Pannenborg
Health workforce challenges remain a critical bottleneck in achieving universal health coverage (UHC) goals in most countries. As it stands, health professional training is primarily clinical, curricular and delinked from the needs of the health system. To achieve global health goals and maximize opportunities for employment and economic growth, all in the context of limited fiscal realities, a paradigm shift is needed with respect to the health workforce and corresponding education systems. There is a need to shift towards fair, gender friendly employment at a rate that matches the overall growth of the health economy, which acknowledges the role of the private sector in education and training...
2017: World Health & Population
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400274/a-formative-assessment-of-nurses-leadership-role-in-zambia-s-community-health-system
#3
Allison Annette Foster, Fastone M Goma, Judith Shamian, Carolyn Moore, Marjorie Kabinga-Makukula, Nellisiwe Luyando Chizuni, Charity Kapenda, Stembile Mugore, Claire Viadro, Laura Hollod, Gail Tomblin Murphy
BACKGROUND: Despite its achievements in decreasing HIV prevalence and under-five mortality, Zambia still faces high maternal and neonatal mortality, particularly in the rural and remote areas where almost 60% of the population resides. After significant investments in developing its community health system, the Zambian Ministry of Health was interested to understand how to leverage the role of nurses to sustain achievements made and further improve the quality of care in rural communities...
2017: World Health & Population
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400273/accelerating-harmonization-in-digital-health
#4
Carolyn Moore, Laurie Werner, Amanda Puckett BenDor, Mike Bailey, Nighat Khan
Digital tools play an important role in supporting front-line health workers who deliver primary care. This paper explores the current state of efforts undertaken to move away from single-purpose applications of digital health towards integrated systems and solutions that align with national strategies. Through examples from health information systems, data and health worker training, this paper demonstrates how governments and stakeholders are working to integrate digital health services. We emphasize three factors as crucial for this integration: development and implementation of national digital health strategies; technical interoperability and collaborative approaches to ensure that digital health has an impact on the primary care level...
2017: World Health & Population
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400272/there-is-much-to-learn-when-you-listen-exploring-citizen-engagement-in-high-and-low-income-countries
#5
Moriah E Ellen, Ruth Shach, Maryse C Kok, Katherine Fatta
The need for engaging citizens in healthcare policy making is critical, and different approaches are gaining traction internationally. However, citizen engagement seems more difficult to implement in low- and middle-income countries because of political, practical and cultural reasons. Despite this, countries such as India, Malawi, Tanzania, Ethiopia, Rwanda, Mozambique, Egypt have initiated community engagement initiatives, which are contextually unique, and can be used as examples to learn from for the future...
2017: World Health & Population
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400271/enhancing-harmonization-to-ensure-alignment-of-partners-implementation-and-priorities-for-provision-of-quality-primary-healthcare-to-communities-in-rural-zambia
#6
Fastone M Goma
This paper discusses the processes of harmonization of various approaches by partners that have been implemented in Zambia, in an attempt to overcome the fragmented implementation of Community based primary healthcare (CBPHC) systems strengthening, facilitated by multiple non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and donors, impeding country ownership and nationalization. To achieve equitable and sustained improvements in health, social and economic development outcomes for all, there is evidence that governments should consider building CBPHC systems based on three legs namely: 1...
2017: World Health & Population
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400270/the-un-high-level-commission-on-health-employment-and-economic-growth-the-opportunity-for-communities-and-their-primary-health-systems
#7
Judith Shamian, Kate Tulenko, Sandra MacDonald-Rencz
Focusing on the UN High-Level Commission on Health Employment and Economic Growth, this paper examines its potential impact on primary health-care to communities. It contains a set of curated interviews with key decision-makers who are determining how health workers are trained and employed all over the world. The commentaries come from individuals who have either been or have not been directly involved in the work of the Commission, exploring the necessary actions needed in support of implementing these recommendations, highlighting the ultimate potential impact at the local level - health systems and health workers working in communities and their primary health systems...
2017: World Health & Population
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400269/facing-a-paradigm-shift-in-the-sustainable-development-goal-era
#8
Allison Annette Foster, Gail Tomblin Murphy, Vic Neufeld
The Sustainable Development Goals challenge us to step beyond traditional development approaches and to consider strategies that are evidence informed and innovative. The concepts are familiar; themes aligned with Harmonization, Primary Healthcare, Leadership, Public Private Partnerships, Community Engagement, and Integrated Technologies. However, to optimize resources and overcome today's challenge with sustainable solutions, we must capture lessons learned and apply evidence developed to inform and expand the thinking to shape and inform new paradigms...
2017: World Health & Population
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677524/poverty-in-ukraine-development-validity-and-reliability-of-a-new-measure-of-financial-strain-for-young-adults
#9
Iryna Balabukha, Ambika Krishnakumar, Lutchmie Narine
The purpose of this paper was to develop a valid and reliable measure of financial strain for use with college-attending young adults in Ukraine. The newly developed measure represents an alternative approach to currently used objective measures of poverty and economic hardship. Objective measures are not adequate or applicable for use with Ukrainian young adults who are mainly dependent on their families for economic support. Financial strain was conceptualized as the financial adjustments that young adults have to make to meet their basic housing, food and clothing needs...
2017: World Health & Population
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677523/making-public-consultations-in-health-work-a-contextual-approach
#10
Shomikho Raha, Helene Grandvoinnet
Public health consultations are a fundamental part of public health policy design and implementation. However, one cannot assume that these consultations will automatically be inclusive, that their inputs will indeed influence policy makers, and that this will lead to progress towards UHC. Assessing how public consultations can be more inclusive and influential for stronger results needs to be part of the consultation design. This commentary offers some suggestions on how to do so.
2017: World Health & Population
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677522/population-engagement-and-consultation-at-the-local-level-thailand-experience
#11
Weerasak Putthasri, Nanoot Mathurapote, Orapan Srisookwattana
The World Health Organization handbook on Strategizing National Health in the 21st Century has emphasized the importance of the process of population consultation on needs and expectations. According to Thailand National Health Act 2007, three innovative social tools for participatory healthy public policy process were proposed, i.e., health assembly, health impact assessment and health system statute (charter). In practice, population consultation process is required in the process of the tools implementation...
2017: World Health & Population
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677521/population-consultations-the-experience-in-guinea
#12
Mohammed Lamine Yansané
Dr. Yansané is the senior policy advisor to the Minister of Health in Guinea and the former Head of the Minister's Office and former Secretary General, Health. He has been instrumental in advocating for and co-organizing the États Généraux de la Santé in Guinea in 2014. His perspective is clearly one of a policy and decision-maker who has a particular interest in bringing population views, needs and expertise into the policy-making process in the hope that it will lead to improved buy-in of the policy and better implementation...
2017: World Health & Population
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677520/citizen-involvement-in-tunisia
#13
Benoit Mathivet
Tunisia embarked on a process of population consultation in 2013, the first phase of which is often presented as an example, including in the paper in this issue by Rohrer, Rajan and Schmets (2017). The present commentary aims to provide an update on the development and challenges encountered in recent years and also explore their causes and possible ways to move ahead.
2017: World Health & Population
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677519/population-consultation-a-powerful-means-to-ensure-that-health-strategies-are-oriented-towards-universal-health-coverage
#14
Katja Rohrer, Dheepa Rajan, Gerard Schmets
BACKGROUND: We seek to highlight why population consultations need to be promoted more strongly as a powerful means to move health reforms towards Universal Health Coverage (UHC). However, despite this increasing recognition that the "population" is the key factor of successful health planning and high-quality service delivery, there has been very little systematic reflection and only limited (international) attention brought to the idea of specifically consulting the population to improve the quality and soundness of health policies and strategies and to strengthen the national health planning process and implementation...
2017: World Health & Population
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677518/from-the-editors
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: World Health & Population
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332976/mental-health-and-latent-toxoplasmosis-comparison-of-individuals-with-and-without-anti-toxoplasma-antibodies
#16
Shahram Khademvatan, Maryam Izadi-Mazidi, Jasem Saki, Niloufar Khajeddin
AIM: There is evidence to suggest that the protozoan Toxoplasma gondii affects the mental health of people who are infected with it. The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship between T. gondii and mental health. METHODS: A total of 200 students (87 men and 113 women) of Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences (Ahvaz, Iran) were tested for the presence of anti-Toxoplasma antibodies and completed the General Health Questionnaire (see Appendix 1, available at: http://www...
2016: World Health & Population
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332975/what-is-the-economic-cost-of-unplanned-pregnancy-following-hysteroscopic-sterilization-in-the-us-a-new-national-estimate-based-on-essure%C3%A2-procedure-prevalence-failure-rates-and-workforce-productivity
#17
E Scott Sills, Luca P Fernandez, Christopher A Jones
OBJECTIVE: Although hysteroscopic sterilization (HS) (Essure ®) has been available in the US since 2002, there is disagreement regarding its efficacy, and there has been no study of the economic impact of HS failure. Our investigation examined the economic consequences of contraceptive failure with Essure in the US. METHODS: Contraceptive failure rates (CFR) of 5.7%, 7.7% and 9.6% were applied to the US cohort of HS patients (n = 600,000). Direct economic impact of productivity losses resulting from unplanned conceptions after HS was calculated by factoring Essure failure rate, the exposed population, US female labour force participation, unemployment rate, time away from work owing to vaginal delivery or pregnancy termination and weekly wages...
2016: World Health & Population
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332974/contraceptives-can-unite-us
#18
Suzanne Ehlers, Jonathan Rucks, Dilly Severin
Dyer et al.'s (2016) analysis offers key insights into religious conservatives' perceptions of family planning. It also provides the basis for a messaging platform which could help grow support for sexual and reproductive health programming in a highly politicized environment. However, Dyer et al. have put forth a potentially harmful premise in their exclusive focus on "healthy timing and spacing of pregnancies" (HTSP), while ignoring the benefits of making "contraceptives" central to messaging efforts to increase the support of religious conservatives...
2016: World Health & Population
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332973/calling-a-spade-a-spoon-are-non-american-donors-likely-to-need-the-same-reshaping-of-terms-for-international-family-planning
#19
Wendy V Norman, Danielle Mazza
Dyer et al., in their article "International Family Planning: How Political and Religious Conservatives Respond and How to Shape Messaging for Successful Advocacy" (2016), have found that American religious and political conservatives respond favorably to the concepts underlying Family Planning, yet unfavorably to the term itself. We cite Canadian and Australian perspectives to argue that the Dyer finding that the term "Family Planning" is synonymous with abortion (or so nearly so to make it "unfundable" without a term change) is not a consideration in at least two countries, and may not be relevant outside the American context...
2016: World Health & Population
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332972/advocacy-for-international-family-planning-what-terminology-works
#20
Douglas Huber, Raymond Martin, Mona Bormet
Advocating for international family planning while avoiding miscommunications with politically and religiously conservative policy makers and the public requires care and clarity with language. We find that terms such as "international family planning" are well received when the meaning is clearly explained, such as "enabling couples to determine the number and timing of pregnancies, including the voluntary use of methods for preventing pregnancy - not including abortion - harmonious with their beliefs and values"...
2016: World Health & Population
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