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World Health & Population

Shahram Khademvatan, Maryam Izadi-Mazidi, Jasem Saki, Niloufar Khajeddin
AIM: There is evidence to suggest that the protozoan Toxoplasma gondii affects the mental health of people who are infected with it. The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship between T. gondii and mental health. METHODS: A total of 200 students (87 men and 113 women) of Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences (Ahvaz, Iran) were tested for the presence of anti-Toxoplasma antibodies and completed the General Health Questionnaire (see Appendix 1, available at: http://www...
2016: World Health & Population
E Scott Sills, Luca P Fernandez, Christopher A Jones
OBJECTIVE: Although hysteroscopic sterilization (HS) (Essure ®) has been available in the US since 2002, there is disagreement regarding its efficacy, and there has been no study of the economic impact of HS failure. Our investigation examined the economic consequences of contraceptive failure with Essure in the US. METHODS: Contraceptive failure rates (CFR) of 5.7%, 7.7% and 9.6% were applied to the US cohort of HS patients (n = 600,000). Direct economic impact of productivity losses resulting from unplanned conceptions after HS was calculated by factoring Essure failure rate, the exposed population, US female labour force participation, unemployment rate, time away from work owing to vaginal delivery or pregnancy termination and weekly wages...
2016: World Health & Population
Suzanne Ehlers, Jonathan Rucks, Dilly Severin
Dyer et al.'s (2016) analysis offers key insights into religious conservatives' perceptions of family planning. It also provides the basis for a messaging platform which could help grow support for sexual and reproductive health programming in a highly politicized environment. However, Dyer et al. have put forth a potentially harmful premise in their exclusive focus on "healthy timing and spacing of pregnancies" (HTSP), while ignoring the benefits of making "contraceptives" central to messaging efforts to increase the support of religious conservatives...
2016: World Health & Population
Wendy V Norman, Danielle Mazza
Dyer et al., in their article "International Family Planning: How Political and Religious Conservatives Respond and How to Shape Messaging for Successful Advocacy" (2016), have found that American religious and political conservatives respond favorably to the concepts underlying Family Planning, yet unfavorably to the term itself. We cite Canadian and Australian perspectives to argue that the Dyer finding that the term "Family Planning" is synonymous with abortion (or so nearly so to make it "unfundable" without a term change) is not a consideration in at least two countries, and may not be relevant outside the American context...
2016: World Health & Population
Douglas Huber, Raymond Martin, Mona Bormet
Advocating for international family planning while avoiding miscommunications with politically and religiously conservative policy makers and the public requires care and clarity with language. We find that terms such as "international family planning" are well received when the meaning is clearly explained, such as "enabling couples to determine the number and timing of pregnancies, including the voluntary use of methods for preventing pregnancy - not including abortion - harmonious with their beliefs and values"...
2016: World Health & Population
Jenny Eaton Dyer, Brian L Heuser, Shannon Franklin
As a global health organization committed to advocacy and research, Hope Through Healing Hands directed two national polling projects. The 2016 National Survey of Registered Voters Tracking was a longitudinal study to compare and contrast the results from a 2013 national polling project with the same sampling and questionnaire. The primary finding here was that in 2016, conservatives show a statistically significant shift indicating greater, more positive, beliefs in the correlation of contraceptives and women in developing nations and saving lives, although the rest of the populace (moderates and liberals) remained unchanged...
2016: World Health & Population
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: World Health & Population
Marie-Pascale Pomey, Paule Lebel
The issue on "The Patient Experience in Ontario 2020: What is Possible?" taught us how Ontario is trying to shift to a consistent culture of patient engagement at all levels of its healthcare system, from clinical to organizational and political. In this commentary, the authors share some of the avenues that have been taken in Quebec to structure patient engagement in a comprehensive way within and across stakeholder and patient populations. The model selected in Quebec is based on partnership of care and services, which includes not only patient involvement, but also interprofessional collaboration among professionals (Pomey et al...
2016: World Health & Population
Samir K Sinha
In trying to cope with the needs of the growing number of people living with dementia (PLWD), jurisdictions around the world have been implementing a variety of strategies, policies and programs to enable better access to the supports they and those who care for them require. Despite considerable efforts that have been undertaken, PLWD and their caregivers still face considerable challenges in pursuing care pathways and community-based supports that can help them avoid premature institutionalization. Morton-Chang et al...
2016: World Health & Population
Henk Nies
In their paper, Morton-Chang et al. (2016) discuss how aging societies are struggling and trying to cope with the rapidly increasing numbers of persons living with dementia (PLWD). In that sense, the Canadian case is not unique. On the contrary, it is very similar to other developing countries. Therefore, it is worthwhile to reflect from another country's perspective on this unprecedented societal development. In this paper, I will consider the challenge of dealing with increasing numbers of PLWD from the European and, in particular, Dutch perspectives...
2016: World Health & Population
Nisha Sutherland, Elaine Wiersma
To guide action towards a community-based dementia care strategy, Morton-Chang et al. provide the following three key strategic pillars: putting people with dementia first, supporting informal caregivers and enabling local communities to support people with dementia. While, in principle we agree with these pillars, the ways in which we interpret and implement them differ. We propose three values that should underlie any discussion of dementia policy, strategy and change and that place people with dementia at the heart of these discussions: that of the rights of people with dementia, of diversity and equity, and inclusion...
2016: World Health & Population
Nancy Rushford, David Harvey
In their article "Toward a Community-Based Dementia Care Strategy: How Do We Get There from Here?" Morton-Chang et al. draw attention to the urgent need for a community-based dementia care strategy in Canada. Drawing from national and international experience, including an illustrative case study of policy in Ontario, they identify three key strategic pillars to guide strategic action: 1. Engage persons living with dementia (PLWD) to any extent possible in decisions around their own care. 2. Acknowledge and support informal caregivers in their pivotal roles supporting PLWD and consequently the formal care...
2016: World Health & Population
Claire Godard-Sebillotte, Isabelle Vedel, Howard Bergman
Morton-Chang et al. highlighted in their article the key strategic pillars of a community-based dementia care strategy: put "people first," support informal caregiving and enable "ground up" innovation and change. In our commentary, we draw upon our experience as authors of the Quebec Alzheimer Plan and evaluators of its implementation by the Quebec Ministry of Health and Social Services (MSSS). To us, a sustainable dementia care strategy entails a patient-centred approach, grounded in primary care, caring for persons with dementia at every stage of the disease...
2016: World Health & Population
Melissa K Andrew
Improving dementia care in Canada is a challenge to which we must rise. Dementia care strategies with a strong community focus are a key means of doing so. This paper outlines and expands upon the following five core areas that will contribute to the success of dementia care strategies: 1) the relationship between frailty and dementia is critical to understanding and addressing dementia risk and management; 2) social circumstances are important to formally consider, both as risk factors for adverse outcomes and as practical factors that contribute to care and support planning; 3) a dementia care strategy must span the continuum of care, which has important ramifications for our systems of primary, acute and long-term care; 4) prevention and public education are essential components of dementia care strategies; 5) research and evaluation are critically important to any dementia care strategy, and must be seen as core components as we strive to learn what works in dementia care...
2016: World Health & Population
Frances Morton-Chang, A Paul Williams, Whitney Berta, Audrey Laporte
As recent policy reports in Ontario and elsewhere have emphasized, most older persons would prefer to age at home. This desire does not diminish for the growing numbers of persons living with dementia (PLWD). Nevertheless, many PLWD end up in residential long-term care (LTC) or in hospital beds. While LTC is valuable for PLWD with highly progressed cognitive and functional impairment requiring high-intensity care, it can be a costly and avoidable option for those who could remain at home if given early access to a coordinated mix of community-based supports...
2016: World Health & Population
Adalsteinn D Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: World Health & Population
Larissa Fast, Christina Wille
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: World Health & Population
Phuong N Pham, Patrick Vinck, Rob Grace, Adrienne Fricke, Michael VanRooyen
The valuable efforts that have arisen in recent years to document attacks against healthcare workers and infrastructure during armed conflicts have brought this issue to the forefront of the policy agendas of many health, public health, humanitarian and human rights organizations. However, although professionals and activists have highlighted the importance of accountability in deterring these attacks, considerations of international criminal responsibility in data-gathering efforts remain underexplored. This paper suggests an approach that could direct further accountability efforts for organizations interested in engaging in documentation...
2016: World Health & Population
Simon Bagshaw
Attacks against healthcare in situations of armed conflict have emerged as an issue of increasing concern with explosive weapons - such as aircraft bombs, mortars and improvised explosive devices - accounting for more deaths, injuries and damage than any other type of weapon in attacks on healthcare facilities. While this is perhaps unsurprising, it offers some insight into a possible course of action for dealing with the problem of attacks against healthcare - by curbing the use of explosive weapons in populated areas...
2016: World Health & Population
Aladeen Alloubani, Ibrahim Mbarak Abdelhafiz, Abdulmoneam A Saleh
OBJECTIVE: This relative study includes categorical exploration of the economics, demographic, political, social and financial data to realize the basic reasons of the present healthcare systems in these countries. METHODS: Descriptive and comparative methods were used. This study tries to relate the healthcare systems of Jordan with that of France to produce effective lessons that can be helpful for guiding future developments down the correct path. RESULTS: Depending on many factors such as life expectancy, the mortality rate in infants, universal medical coverage and availability of healthcare services to the masses, significant disparities between the two systems were found...
2016: World Health & Population
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