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World Health & Population

Larissa Fast, Christina Wille
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: World Health & Population
Phuong N Pham, Patrick Vinck, Rob Grace, Adrienne Fricke, Michael VanRooyen
The valuable efforts that have arisen in recent years to document attacks against healthcare workers and infrastructure during armed conflicts have brought this issue to the forefront of the policy agendas of many health, public health, humanitarian and human rights organizations. However, although professionals and activists have highlighted the importance of accountability in deterring these attacks, considerations of international criminal responsibility in data-gathering efforts remain underexplored. This paper suggests an approach that could direct further accountability efforts for organizations interested in engaging in documentation...
2016: World Health & Population
Simon Bagshaw
Attacks against healthcare in situations of armed conflict have emerged as an issue of increasing concern with explosive weapons - such as aircraft bombs, mortars and improvised explosive devices - accounting for more deaths, injuries and damage than any other type of weapon in attacks on healthcare facilities. While this is perhaps unsurprising, it offers some insight into a possible course of action for dealing with the problem of attacks against healthcare - by curbing the use of explosive weapons in populated areas...
2016: World Health & Population
Aladeen Alloubani, Ibrahim Mbarak Abdelhafiz, Abdulmoneam A Saleh
OBJECTIVE: This relative study includes categorical exploration of the economics, demographic, political, social and financial data to realize the basic reasons of the present healthcare systems in these countries. METHODS: Descriptive and comparative methods were used. This study tries to relate the healthcare systems of Jordan with that of France to produce effective lessons that can be helpful for guiding future developments down the correct path. RESULTS: Depending on many factors such as life expectancy, the mortality rate in infants, universal medical coverage and availability of healthcare services to the masses, significant disparities between the two systems were found...
2016: World Health & Population
Michael M Costello
Like many other nations, China believed the key to restricting national health expenditures for pharmaceuticals was the use of governmentally imposed price caps. Given the recent growth in pharmaceutical expenditures, China is moving away from price caps to a new process that includes locally negotiated prices in the hope that such price competition will lower national pharmaceutical pricing. The success of this policy endeavour will depend significantly on managing other aspects of pharmaceutical purchasing...
2016: World Health & Population
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: World Health & Population
Mitra Safari, Mohammad Hosien Bahadornegad, Behrouz Yazdanpanah, Marjan Safari
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Prenatal care knowledge is critical for pregnant women's use of antenatal services. The aim of the study was to assess the extent of prenatal healthcare knowledge among pregnant women of the Boyer-Ahmad and Dena County of Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Province, Iran. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted between April and June 2013. Pregnant women who came for delivery to the only available public hospital were interviewed by trained research assistants...
2016: World Health & Population
Adetayo Olorunlana, Ayodele Samuel Jegede, Olajumoke Morenikeji, Adesola A Hassan, Roseangela I Nwuba, Chiaka I Anumudu, Oyetunde T Salawu, Alexander B Odaibo
Transmission of schistosomiasis is aided by human behaviour. Globally, about 800 million people are at risk of schistosomiasis infection. Data exist on biomedical understanding of the disease transmission; there is a dearth of information from the social science perspective. Hence, this study explored the social and cultural context of schistosomiasis transmission among Yewa People in Nigeria. Qualitative methods were employed with purposive sampling, using the key informant interviews and focus group discussions, among 57 participants aged 17 to 54 years...
2016: World Health & Population
María L Ciarmela, Betina C Pezzani, Marina Isla Larrain, Cecilia P Martínez, María C Apezteguía, Marta C Minvielle
We present the results of the first stage of the Program for the Control of Intestinal Parasitosis and Nutrition, analyzing the frequency of anemia and its relation with intestinal parasitic infections and socio-cultural and environmental factors present in school children from a semirural community of Argentina. A total of 123 children aged 4-8 years were interviewed; 93 (75.6%) of them showed up for blood extraction and a fecal sample was taken properly. The frequency of anemia was 33.3%; 45.0% in children aged 4-5 years and 24...
2016: World Health & Population
Ndeyapo Nickanor, Lawrence N Kazembe
Rapid urbanization and increasing urban poverty characterize much of Southern Africa, resulting in poor urban health. This study investigates inter-urban differences and determinants of undernutrition among marginalized communities. Using the 1992, 2000 and 2006/2007 Namibia Demographic and Health Survey data, we fitted hierarchical random intercept logit models, applied at 52 enumeration areas in the capital city (Windhoek), to estimate trends in undernutrition, and investigate risk factors associated with stunting and underweight...
2016: World Health & Population
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: World Health & Population
Lastina Tembo Lwatula, Peter Johnson, Anel Bowa, David Lusale, Joseph Nikisi, Martha Ndhlovu, Catherine Carr
Task analysis methodology was used to identify gaps in the education and practice of Medical Licentiates, a cadre of primary care health providers in Zambia, related to the provision of anesthesia. Findings of the analysis indicate that Medical Licentiates who work in facilities where there are no fully qualified anesthesiologists or physicians often feel obligated to provide these services in order to save lives although they lack sufficient formal education or clinical practice opportunities. The government translated the findings into immediate modifications to the education, training and practice of anesthetic tasks by Medical Licentiates by developing an elective course within the pre-service education program and upgrading the certification of Medical Licentiates to a bachelor's degree...
2015: World Health & Population
Firew Ayalew, Adrienne Kols, Young-Mi Kim, Anne Schuster, Mark R Emerson, J van Roosmalen, Jelle Stekelenburg, Damtew Woldemariam, Hannah Gibson
BACKGROUND: Reducing turnover is essential to address health worker shortages in the public sector and improve the quality of services. This study examines factors associated with Ethiopian nurses' intention to leave their jobs. METHODS: Survey respondents (a sample of 425 nurses at 122 facilities) rated the importance of 20 items in decisions to leave their jobs and reported whether they intended to leave their jobs in the next year. Descriptive and inferential statistical analyses were used to identify predictors of nurses' intentions to leave their jobs...
2015: World Health & Population
Martha Appiagyei, Alison Trump, Evans Danso, Alex Yeboah, Sarah Searle, Catherine Carr
The issues and challenges of implementing eLearning in pre-service health education were explored through a pilot study conducted in six nurse-midwifery education programs in Ghana. Case-based, interactive computer mediated eLearning modules, targeted to basic emergency and obstetrical signal functions, were delivered both online and offline using a free-for-use eLearning platform, skoool HE(®). Key success factors included broad stakeholder support, an established curriculum and student and tutor interest...
2015: World Health & Population
Alice Christensen, Semakaleng Phafoli, Johannah Butler, Isabel Nyangu, Laura Skolnik, Stacie C Stender
In Lesotho, primary healthcare is the main access point for health services. While nurses and midwives provide most of the care at this level, assessments of the clinical education programs have highlighted gaps in primary healthcare experiences for nursing and midwifery students. This case study examines placement of nursing and midwifery students in primary health clinics alongside preceptors. The placements provide students with varied clinical experience, better preparing them to practice in primary healthcare clinics...
2015: World Health & Population
Young-Mi Kim, Zaeem-Ul Haq, Jamila Soomro, Zia Sultana, Azeema Faizunnisa, Sohail Agha
A 2013-2014 media campaign in Sindh Province, Pakistan, promoted healthy breastfeeding practices. According to data from annual household surveys, 26.7% of mothers saw one television spot and 19.4% saw another. The proportion of mothers who received breastfeeding information via television increased from 8.3% to 29.4% after the campaign (p≤0.05) and the percentage receiving information from doctors, mothers-in-law and relatives/friends nearly doubled (p≤0.05). However, no improvements in breastfeeding practices were reported...
2015: World Health & Population
Barbara Rawlins, Young-Mi Kim, Jaime Haver, Aleisha Rozario, Adrienne Kols, Hillary Chiguvare, Matias Anjos, Emmanuel Otolorin, Jacqueline Aribot
The Standards-Based Management and Recognition (SBM-R(®)) approach to quality improvement was applied to maternal and newborn health services in Guinea, Mozambique, Nigeria and Zimbabwe. In every country, the quality of service delivery, as measured by clinical performance standards, improved following the intervention. The performance of evidence-based service delivery practices, as measured through service statistics, also increased and institutional rates of postpartum hemorrhage and very early neonatal deaths exhibited declining trends...
2015: World Health & Population
Maxwell Muganda, Rosemary Njogu, Stephen Mutwiwa, Lucy Kiraithe, Edward Munyi, Leonard Mulase, Stanley Bii, Mildred Mudany
Globally, countries have made significant achievements in reducing rates of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV. In Kenya, MTCT rates were most recently estimated at 8%, with 220,000 children under 15 years of age living with HIV. In 2013, the World Health Organization recommended highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) for all HIV-infected pregnant and lactating women. APHIAPLUSKAMILI supported rollout of a county-level, targeted, rapid scale-up of HAART in 152 high-volume facilities in Kenya. A review and comparison of data from these facilities in 2013 and 2014 revealed a significant increase in the proportion of women started on HAART and a reduction in MTCT...
2015: World Health & Population
Dwirani Amelia, Stephanie Suhowatsky, Mohammad Baharuddin, Maya Tholandi, Anne Hyre, Reena Sethi
Clinical governance is a concept used to improve management, accountability and the provision of quality healthcare. An approach to strengthen clinical governance as a means to improve the quality of maternal and newborn care in Indonesia was developed by the Expanding Maternal and Neonatal Survival (EMAS) Program. This case study presents findings and lessons learned from EMAS program experience in 22 hospitals where peer-to-peer mentoring supported staff in strengthening clinical governance from 2012-2015...
2015: World Health & Population
Leslie Mancuso, Peter Johnson, Leah Hart, Kate Austin
Globally, each year 289,000 mothers die in childbirth and three million infants die in the first four weeks of life. The shortcomings in maternal and newborn health are particularly devastating in low-resource countries. This qualitative study describes the experience of an international nongovernmental organization, Jhpiego, which has been implementing public health programs to address maternal and newborn health outcomes for more than 40 years. Themes emerged from interviews with leaders of offices in a variety of countries with unique challenges related to health systems, human resources and infrastructure...
2015: World Health & Population
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