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Brazilian Oral Research

Renato Quirino Ramos, João Luiz Bastos, Marco Aurélio Peres
Population-based studies assessing self-reported periodontal questions in low-income countries are lacking, and therefore we aimed to assess the accuracy of self-reported periodontal items in Brazil. One thousand one hundred and forty adults from Florianópolis, Brazil, had their periodontium clinically examined, and responded to the following self-reported items on periodontal conditions: Question (Q)1, Do you have any wobbly teeth?; Q2, Do your gums usually bleed?; and Q3, Has your dentist ever told you that you have gum disease? Periodontitis was defined as: a...
October 10, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
Lorena Oliveira Pedroche, Sérgio Rocha Bernardes, Moira Pedroso Leão, Cibele Cândida de Almeida Kintopp, Gisele Maria Correr, Bárbara Pick Ornaghi, Carla Castiglia Gonzaga
The objective of this study was to evaluate the marginal and internal fit of zirconia copings obtained with different digital scanning methods. A human mandibular first molar was set in a typodont with its adjacent and antagonist teeth and prepared for an all-ceramic crown. Digital impressions were made using an intraoral scanner (3Shape). Polyvinyl siloxane impressions and Type IV gypsum models were also obtained and scanned with a benchtop laboratory scanner (3Shape D700). Ten zirconia copings were fabricated for each group using CAD-CAM technology...
October 10, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
Bernardo Antonio Agostini, Lisara Tosatto Pinto, Mariangélica Koehler, Bruno Emmanuelli, Chaiana Piovesan, Thiago Machado Ardenghi
The aim of this study was to assess trends in traumatic crown injuries (TCIs), their prevalence, and association with socioeconomic and clinical factors in preschool children over a 5-year period. A series of cross-sectional surveys was conducted in Santa Maria, Brazil, on children attending a National Day of Children's Vaccination. The same protocol was used in all surveys conducted in 2008, 2010, and 2013. Clinical examinations were performed to evaluate types of traumatic crown injuries using the O'brien index...
October 10, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
Raydsa Raíssa Moura Rosa, Francielle Karoline Santos Calazans, Ruchele Dias Nogueira, Ailla Carla Rocha Acosta Lancellotti, Luciano de Sousa Gonçalves, Vinícius Rangel Geraldo-Martins
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of diode laser and a desensitizing dentifrice on dentin permeability. Fifty-two root dentin fragments were obtained (5 × 5mm) and treated with 24% EDTA gel. The samples were divided into 4 groups (n = 13): G1, control (no treatment); G2, diode laser (λ = 908 nm, 1.5 W, continuous mode, 20s); G3, application of abrasive dentifrice for 1 minute (Elmex Sensitive Professional (International Gaba); and G4, application of abrasive dentifrice for 1 minute followed by irradiation with diode laser...
October 10, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
Tania Mercedes López Martínez, Marília Leão Goettems, Marina Sousa Azevedo, Marcos Britto Correa, Flávio Fernando Demarco, Ana Regina Romano
The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of black stains (BS) and factors associated with their occurrence and to investigate the association of BS with caries experience after adjusting for other risk indicators. A school-based, cross-sectional study using multistage sampling of children aged 10-12 years from 20 private and public schools in Pelotas/Southern Brazil was conducted (n = 706). Children were evaluated for BS and dental caries (DMFT/dmft index) and socioeconomic information was collected by questionnaire...
October 10, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
Fernanda Paula Yamamoto Silva, Andrielle Dias, Carolinne Almeida Coelho, Eliete Neves Guerra, Ana Elizia Mascarenhas Marques, Daniel de Almeida Decurcio, Andrea Mantesso, Sérgio Elias Vieira Cury, Brunno Santos de Freitas Silva
Multicystic and unicystic ameloblastomas are benign odontogenic tumors that present distinct biological behavior. The investigation of stem cells has become an important branch of tumor biology, with several studies addressing the possible role of these cells in tumor growth, angiogenesis, progression, infiltration and invasiveness. This study evaluated the immunohistochemical expression of CD90(Thy-1) and P75NTR stem cell markers in multicystic and unicystic ameloblastomas. Seventeen (17) samples of ameloblastomas (multicystic, n = 10; unicystic, n = 7) were submitted to immunohistochemical reactions and graded semi-quantitatively...
October 10, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
Norberto Nobuo Sugaya, Érica Fernanda Patrício da Silva, Ilka Tiemi Kato, Renato Prates, Camila de Barros Gallo, Vivian Diane Pellegrini
The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of low intensity laser therapy in patients with Burning Mouth Syndrome (BMS). Thirty BMS subjects were randomized into two groups - Laser (LG) and Placebo (CG). Seven patients dropped out, leaving 13 patients in LG and 10 patients in CG. Each patient received 4 irradiations (laser or placebo) twice a week, for two consecutive weeks (blinded to the type of irradiation received). Infrared laser (AsGaAI) irradiations were applied to the affected mucosa in scanning mode, wavelength of 790 nm, output power of 20 mW and fluence of 6 J/cm2...
October 10, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
Sandra Regina Torres, Carlos Henrique Silva Pedrazas, Marcos Paulo Veloso Correia, Mario Newton Leitão de Azevedo, Thaís Zamprogno, Arley Silva, Lucio Souza Gonçalves, José Angelo de Souza Papi
Oral complications of RA may include temporomandibular joint disorders, mucosa alterations and symptoms of dry mouth. The aim of this study was to evaluate the salivary gland function of subjects with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) comparing it to healthy controls. Subjects with other systemic conditions known to affect salivary functions were excluded. A questionnaire was applied for the evaluation of xerostomia. Resting and chewing-stimulated salivary flow rates (SFR) were obtained under standard conditions. There were 145 subjects included of the study (104 RA and 38 controls)...
October 10, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
Virginia Régia Souza Silveira, Suzane Cristina Pigossi, Raquel Mantuaneli Scarel-Caminaga, Joni Augusto Cirelli, Rodrigo Rêgo, Nádia Accioly Pinto Nogueira
The objective of this study was to investigate the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the IL10, NOS2A, and ESR2 genes and chronic periodontitis (CP) and aggressive periodontitis (AgP). Three groups of patients underwent periodontal and radiographic evaluations: CP (n = 61), AgP (n = 50), and periodontally healthy (control group=61). Genomic DNA was extracted from oral epithelial cells and used for genotyping by real-time polymerase chain reaction using TaqMan® probes. The investigated SNPs were: -1087G > A, -819C > T and -592C > A in the IL10; +2087G > A in the NOS2A, and +1730G > A in the ESR2 gene...
October 10, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
Catarina Ribeiro Barros de Alencar, Fernanda Lyrio Mendonça, Luísa Belluco Guerrini, Maisa Camillo Jordão, Gabriela Cristina de Oliveira, Heitor Marques Honório, Ana Carolina Magalhães, Daniela Rios
This in situ study assessed the effect of different times of salivary exposure on the rehardening of acid-softened enamel. Bovine enamel blocks were subjected in vitro to a short-term acidic exposure by immersion in 0.05 M (pH 2.5) citric acid for 30 s, resulting in surface softening. Then, 40 selected eroded enamel blocks were randomly assigned to 10 volunteers. Intraoral palatal appliances containing 4 enamel blocks were constructed for each volunteer, who wore the appliance for 12 nonconsecutive hours: initial 30 min, followed by an additional 30, and then by an additional 1 hour...
October 10, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
Letícia Maria Menezes Nóbrega, Francisco Montagner, Adriana Costa Ribeiro, Márcia Alves Pinto Mayer, Brenda Paula Figueiredo de Almeida Gomes
The aim of this study was to explore the bacterial diversity of 10 root canals with acute apical abscess using clonal analysis. Samples were collected from 10 patients and submitted to bacterial DNA isolation, 16S rRNA gene amplification, cloning, and sequencing. A bacterial genomic library was constructed and bacterial diversity was estimated. The mean number of taxa per canal was 15, ranging from 11 to 21. A total of 689 clones were analyzed and 76 phylotypes identified, of which 47 (61.84%) were different species and 29 (38...
October 10, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
Rachel Gomes Cardoso, Laércio Almeida de Melo, Gustavo Augusto Seabra Barbosa, Patrícia Dos Santos Calderon, Adriano Rocha Germano, Wilson Mestriner, Adriana da Fonte Porto Carreiro
The aim of this non-randomized controlled clinical trial was to evaluate the oral health-related quality of life and masticatory efficiency of patients rehabilitated with mandibular two-implant overdentures with immediate loading or conventional dentures. Fifty completely edentulous patients wearing bimaxillary conventional dentures, for at least one year, were recruited. The patients were then assigned to either two treatment groups: mandibular overdentures supported by two implants with bar-clip system and a maxillary conventional denture (n = 25), and new maxillary and mandibular conventional complete dentures (n = 25)...
October 10, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
Ritu Tiwari, Chaya Manoranjini David, Datturao Ramanand Mahesh, Uma Sambargi, Kademadkal Javaraiah Rashmi, Prabhavati Benakanal
Potentially malignant disorders (PMDs) of oral cavity and oral cancer remain a cause of serious concern despite intensive research and development. Diet and immunity have been identified to play a crucial role as modifying factors in these diseases. Our study intended to explore this relationship by estimating and comparing the serum levels of copper, iron and circulating immune complexes (CICs) in patients diagnosed with PMDs and oral cancer and normal healthy individuals. In this study, 40 histopathologically diagnosed cases of PMDs and oral cancer were included along with 30 healthy controls and 5 ml of venous blood was drawn using venipuncture...
October 10, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
Gislene Inoue, Ecinele Francisca Rosa, Elaine Fueta Gomes, Mariana Rocha Guglielmetti, Priscila Corraini, Ricardo Koji Takano, Viviane Lé Ferreira, Giuseppe Alexandre Romito, João Paulo Becker Lotufo, Edinalva Tanajura Cruz Souza, Cláudio Mendes Pannuti
The purpose of this 24-month study was to identify predictors of smoking cessation in a cohort of smokers with chronic periodontitis, attending a multidisciplinary smoking cessation program. Of the 286 subjects screened, 116 were included and received non-surgical periodontal treatment and smoking cessation therapy, which consisted of lectures, cognitive behavioral therapy, and pharmacotherapy, according to their individual needs. During initial periodontal treatment, dentists actively motivated the study subjects to stop smoking, using motivational interviewing techniques...
October 10, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
Luiz Alexandre Chisini, Marcus Cristian Muniz Conde, Jose Carlos Bernedo Alcázar, Adriana Fernandes da Silva, Jacques Eduardo Nör, Sandra Beatriz Chaves Tarquinio, Flávio Fernando Demarco
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the expression of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and osteonectin (ON) in pulp-like tissues developed by tissue engineering and to compare it with the expression of these proteins in pulps treated with Ca(OH)2 therapy. Tooth slices were obtained from non-carious human third molars under sterile procedures. The residual periodontal and pulp soft tissues were removed. Empty pulp spaces of the tooth slice were filled with sodium chloride particles (250-425 µm)...
October 10, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
Karen Pintado-Palomino, Cecília Vilela Matias Vasconcelos, Roberto Juns da Silva, Andre Luiz de Macedo Fressatti, Bianka Jurca Gonçalves da Motta, Fernanda de Carvalho Panzeri Pires-DE-Souza, Camila Tirapelli
The aim of this clinical study was to evaluate tooth color changes (ΔE) and tooth sensitivity (TS) associated with whitening dentifrices. Sixty participants were selected according to inclusion and exclusion criteria and then allocated to three groups (n = 20): Colgate Luminous White (G1), Close Up White Now (G2) and Sorriso dentifrice (G3-control). The participants were instructed to use only the provided dentifrice and toothbrush in standardized oral hygiene procedures for 4 weeks. ΔE was assessed by spectrophotometry (CIELab System) whereas TS was determined by a visual analog scale at baseline and weekly using four assessment points...
October 10, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
Christine Men Martins, Hajime Sasaki, Kimito Hirai, Ana Cristina Andrada, João Eduardo Gomes-Filho
The aim of this study was to compare potential aspects of periapical lesion formation in hypertensive and normotensive conditions using hypertensive (BPH/2J) and wild-type control (BPN/3J) mice. The mandibular first molars of both strains had their dental pulp exposed. At day 21 the mice were euthanized and right mandibular molars were used to evaluate the size and phenotype of apical periodontitis by microCT. Proteins were extracted from periapical lesion on the left side and the expressions of IL1α, IL1β and TNFα were analyzed by ELISA...
October 10, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
Victor Ricardo Manuel Muñoz Lora, Giancarlo De la Torre Canales, Leticia Machado Gonçalves, Carolina Beraldo Meloto, Celia Marisa Rizzatti Barbosa
The prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) is higher in females, reaching their high peak during reproductive years, probably because of the action of some female hormones, which alter pain threshold. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of TMD in postmenopausal women and its relationship with pain and hormone replacement therapy (HRT). In total, 284 patients were evaluated and classified using the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD). Pain was measured using the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), and patients were also asked about the use of HRT...
August 22, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
Alexander Pompermayer Jardine, Ricardo Abreu da Rosa, Manuela Favarin Santini, Ivana Maria Zaccara, Marcus Vinicius Reis Só, Patrícia Maria Poli Kopper
This study aimed to compare apical transportation, centering ratio, and working time during root canal preparation with Wizard Navigator (WN), WaveOne (WO), or ProTaper Universal (PT) and to describe deformation and fracture of these instruments. Thirty-six mesiobuccal roots from maxillary molars were micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) scanned and then sorted into three groups (n = 12): Wizard Navigator (WN), WaveOne (WO), and ProTaper Universal (PT). The root canals were prepared using WN, WO, or PT; the time of each canal preparation was timed; and the specimens were micro-CT re-scanned...
June 14, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
Rodrigo Dantas Pereira, Manoel Brito-Júnior, André Luis Faria-E-Silva, Karine Rodrigues Guimarães, Laís de Oliveira Mendes, Carlos José Soares, Manoel Damião Sousa-Neto
This study evaluated the effect of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) on the retention of fiber posts in repaired root canal perforations. Ten-millimeter post spaces were prepared in 60 endodontically treated bovine incisors. Root perforations were created in half of the root canals in the cervical area prior to being filled with white MTA-Angelus. Fiber posts were luted into the root canals with two self-adhesive (RelyX Unicem or Set) or self-etching (Panavia F) resin cements. The posts were submitted to a pull-out test, and the data were submitted to two-way ANOVA and Tukey's post hoc tests (α = 0...
June 14, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
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