Read by QxMD icon Read

Journal of Biological Engineering

Matthew L Paff, Scott L Nuismer, Andrew D Ellington, Ian J Molineux, Ryan H May, James J Bull
BACKGROUND: We propose, model, and implement a novel system of population-level intervention against a virus. One context is a treatment against a chronic infection such as HIV. The underlying principle is a form of virus 'wars' in which a benign, transmissible agent is engineered to protect against infection by and spread of a lethal virus. In our specific case, the protective agent consists of two entities, a benign virus and a gene therapy vector mobilized by the benign virus. RESULTS: Numerical analysis of a mathematical model identified parameter ranges in which adequate, population-wide protection is achieved...
2016: Journal of Biological Engineering
Georg Wandrey, Joel Wurzel, Kyra Hoffmann, Tobias Ladner, Jochen Büchs, Lorenz Meinel, Tessa Lühmann
BACKGROUND: Genetic code expansion has developed into an elegant tool to incorporate unnatural amino acids (uAA) at predefined sites in the protein backbone in response to an amber codon. However, recombinant production and yield of uAA comprising proteins are challenged due to the additional translation machinery required for uAA incorporation. RESULTS: We developed a microtiter plate-based high-throughput monitoring system (HTMS) to study and optimize uAA integration in the model protein enhanced green fluorescence protein (eGFP)...
2016: Journal of Biological Engineering
Ritu Raman, Marlon Mitchell, Pablo Perez-Pinera, Rashid Bashir, Lizanne DeStefano
BACKGROUND: The rapidly evolving discipline of biological and biomedical engineering requires adaptive instructional approaches that teach students to target and solve multi-pronged and ill-structured problems at the cutting edge of scientific research. Here we present a modular approach to designing a lab-based course in the emerging field of biofabrication and biological design, leading to a final capstone design project that requires students to formulate and test a hypothesis using the scientific method...
2016: Journal of Biological Engineering
N Salmanikhas, M Tizghadam, A Rashidi Mehrabadi
BACKGROUND: In this study, a hybrid treatment system (Fluidized Bed positioned in a biological reactor of an Activated Sludge process) was used to treat saline domestic wastewater. The performance of the mentioned hybrid system was compared with the conventional activated sludge. A pilot study was conducted, and Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Electrical Conductivity (EC), Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) and pH were measured to investigate treatment efficiency. Three saline wastewater samples with salt concentrations of 0...
2016: Journal of Biological Engineering
Shengli Yang, Hui Zhang
BACKGROUND: Cordyceps sobolifera (C. sobolifera) isolated from cicadae was used as the starting fungus to produce selenium-enriched C. sobolifera extracellular polysaccharide (Se-CEPS). An orthogonal experimental design based on a single-factor experiment was used to optimize the C. sobolifera fermentation conditions, including the potato juice, peptone, and KH2PO4 concentrations. Ultraviolet (UV) and infrared (IR) analyses of CEPS and Se-CEPS were conducted, as well as an in vivo anti-tumor analysis...
2016: Journal of Biological Engineering
Hendrik Laube, Frank-Michael Matysik, Andreas Schmidberger, Kerstin Mehlmann, Andreas Toursel, Jana Boden
BACKGROUND: During the downstream process of bio-based bulk chemicals, organic impurities, mostly residues from the fermentation process, must be separated to obtain a pure and ready-to-market chemical. In this study, capillary electrophoresis was investigated for the non-targeting downstream process monitoring of organic impurities and simultaneous quantitative detection of lactic acid during the purification process of fermentatively produced lactic acid. The downstream process incorporated 11 separation units, ranging from filtration, adsorption and ion exchange to electrodialysis and distillation, and 15 different second-generation renewable feedstocks were processed into lactic acid...
2016: Journal of Biological Engineering
Damien Biot-Pelletier, Vincent J J Martin
CRISPR assisted homology directed repair enables the introduction of virtually any modification to the Saccharomyces cerevisiae genome. Of obvious interest is the marker-free and seamless introduction of point mutations. To fulfill this promise, a strategy that effects single nucleotide changes while preventing repeated recognition and cutting by the gRNA/Cas9 complex is needed. We demonstrate a two-step method to introduce point mutations at 17 positions in the S. cerevisiae genome. We show the general applicability of the method, enabling the seamless introduction of single nucleotide changes at any location, including essential genes and non-coding regions...
2016: Journal of Biological Engineering
Toby P Call, M Kalim Akhtar, Frank Baganz, Chris Grant
BACKGROUND: In recent years, there have been intensive efforts to develop synthetic microbial platforms for the production, biosensing and bio-remediation of fossil fuel constituents such as alkanes. Building predictable engineered systems for these applications will require the ability to tightly control and modulate the rate of import of alkanes into the host cell. The native components responsible for the import of alkanes within these systems have yet to be elucidated. To shed further insights on this, we used the AlkBGT alkane monooxygenase complex from Pseudomonas putida GPo1 as a reporter system for assessing alkane import in Escherichia coli...
2016: Journal of Biological Engineering
Arthur T Johnson
Respiratory protective masks are used whenever it is too costly or impractical to remove airborne contamination from the atmosphere. Respirators are used in a wide range of occupations, form the military to medicine. Respirators have been found to interfere with many physiological and psychological aspects of task performance at levels from resting to maximum exertion. Many of these limitations have been investigated in order to determine quantitatively how much performance decrement can be expected from different levels of respirator properties...
2016: Journal of Biological Engineering
Gregory Linshiz, Erik Jensen, Nina Stawski, Changhao Bi, Nick Elsbree, Hong Jiao, Jungkyu Kim, Richard Mathies, Jay D Keasling, Nathan J Hillson
BACKGROUND: Synthetic biology aims to engineer biological systems for desired behaviors. The construction of these systems can be complex, often requiring genetic reprogramming, extensive de novo DNA synthesis, and functional screening. RESULTS: Herein, we present a programmable, multipurpose microfluidic platform and associated software and apply the platform to major steps of the synthetic biology research cycle: design, construction, testing, and analysis. We show the platform's capabilities for multiple automated DNA assembly methods, including a new method for Isothermal Hierarchical DNA Construction, and for Escherichia coli and Saccharomyces cerevisiae transformation...
2016: Journal of Biological Engineering
Afnan Azizi, Wilson Lam, Hilary Phenix, Lioudmila Tepliakova, Ian J Roney, Daniel Jedrysiak, Alex Power, Vaibhav Gupta, Nada Elnour, Martin Hanzel, Alexandra C Tzahristos, Shihab Sarwar, Mads Kærn
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s13036-015-0006-z.].
2016: Journal of Biological Engineering
Nathan D Israelsen, Donald Wooley, Cynthia Hanson, Elizabeth Vargis
BACKGROUND: Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) is a powerful light scattering technique that can be used for sensitive immunoassay development and cell labeling. A major obstacle to using SERS is the complexity of fabricating SERS probes since they require nanoscale characterization and optical uniformity. The light scattering response of SERS probes may also be modulated by the substrate used for SERS analysis. A typical SERS substrate such as quartz can be expensive. Polystyrene is a cheaper substrate option but can decrease the SERS response due to interfering Raman emission peaks and high background fluorescence...
2016: Journal of Biological Engineering
Thiyagarajan Gnanasekaran, Konstantinos Vavitsas, Johan Andersen-Ranberg, Agnieszka Zygadlo Nielsen, Carl Erik Olsen, Björn Hamberger, Poul Erik Jensen
BACKGROUND: Plant terpenoids are known for their diversity, stereochemical complexity, and their commercial interest as pharmaceuticals, food additives, and cosmetics. Developing biotechnology approaches for the production of these compounds in heterologous hosts can increase their market availability, reduce their cost, and provide sustainable production platforms. In this context, we aimed at producing the antimicrobial diterpenoid isopimaric acid from Sitka spruce. Isopimaric acid is synthesized using geranylgeranyl diphosphate as a precursor molecule that is cyclized by a diterpene synthase in the chloroplast and subsequently oxidized by a cytochrome P450, CYP720B4...
2015: Journal of Biological Engineering
Shasha Zhang, Xuejin Zhao, Yong Tao, Chunbo Lou
BACKGROUND: Imbalances in gene expression of a metabolic pathway can result in less-yield of the desired products. Several targets were intensively investigated to balance the gene expression, such as promoter, ribosome binding site (RBS), the order of genes, as well as the species of the enzymes. However, the capability of simultaneous manipulation of multiple targets still needs to be explored. RESULTS: We reported a new DNA assembling method to vary all the above types of regulatory targets simultaneously, named oligo-linker mediated assembly (OLMA) method, which can incorporate up to 8 targets in a single assembly step...
2015: Journal of Biological Engineering
Yong Cheol Shin, Jong Ho Lee, Min Jeong Kim, Suck Won Hong, Bongju Kim, Jung Keun Hyun, Yu Suk Choi, Jong-Chul Park, Dong-Wook Han
BACKGROUND: In the field of biomedical engineering, many studies have focused on the possible applications of graphene and related nanomaterials due to their potential for use as scaffolds, coating materials and delivery carriers. On the other hand, electrospun nanofiber matrices composed of diverse biocompatible polymers have attracted tremendous attention for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. However, their combination is intriguing and still challenging. RESULTS: In the present study, we fabricated nanofiber matrices composed of M13 bacteriophage with RGD peptide displayed on its surface (RGD-M13 phage) and poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid, PLGA) and characterized their physicochemical properties...
2015: Journal of Biological Engineering
Kathy Y Wei, Christina D Smolke
BACKGROUND: The cell cycle plays a key role in human health and disease, including development and cancer. The ability to easily and reversibly control the mammalian cell cycle could mean improved cellular reprogramming, better tools for studying cancer, more efficient gene therapy, and improved heterologous protein production for medical or industrial applications. RESULTS: We engineered RNA-based control devices to provide specific and modular control of gene expression in response to exogenous inputs in living cells...
2015: Journal of Biological Engineering
Xiuli Dong, Liju Yang
BACKGROUND: Removal of pathogens from water is one way to prevent waterborne illness. In this paper, we developed dual functional carbon nanotube (CNT) modified filters for bacterial capture and inactivation, utilizing multi-walled CNTs (MWCNTs) to coat on commercially available filters and making use of the exceptional adsorption property of CNTs to adsorb a natural antimicrobial peptide-nisin on it. Two types of MWCNTs with different outer layer diameters were used (MWCNTs1: <8 nm in diameter; MWCNTs2: 10-20 nm in diameter)...
2015: Journal of Biological Engineering
Kaitlyn R Ammann, Katrina J DeCook, Phat L Tran, Valerie M Merkle, Pak K Wong, Marvin J Slepian
BACKGROUND: Cell migration is a vital process for growth and repair. In vitro migration assays, utilized to study cell migration, often rely on physical scraping of a cell monolayer to induce cell migration. The physical act of scrape injury results in numerous factors stimulating cell migration - some injury-related, some solely due to gap creation and loss of contact inhibition. Eliminating the effects of cell injury would be useful to examine the relative contribution of injury versus other mechanisms to cell migration...
2015: Journal of Biological Engineering
Lucas H Hofmeister, Lino Costa, Daniel A Balikov, Spencer W Crowder, Alexander Terekhov, Hak-Joon Sung, William H Hofmeister
BACKGROUND: The interaction of stem cells with their culture substrates is critical in controlling their fate and function. Declining stemness of adult-derived human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) during in vitro expansion on tissue culture polystyrene (TCPS) severely limits their therapeutic efficacy prior to cell transplantation into damaged tissues. Thus, various formats of natural and synthetic materials have been manipulated in attempts to reproduce in vivo matrix environments in which hMSCs reside...
2015: Journal of Biological Engineering
Cristina Vilanova, Kristie Tanner, Pedro Dorado-Morales, Paula Villaescusa, Divya Chugani, Alba Frías, Ernesto Segredo, Xavier Molero, Marco Fritschi, Lucas Morales, Daniel Ramón, Carlos Peña, Juli Peretó, Manuel Porcar
There is a general assent on the key role of standards in Synthetic Biology. In two consecutive letters to this journal, suggestions on the assembly methods for the Registry of standard biological parts have been described. We fully agree with those authors on the need of a more flexible building strategy and we highlight in the present work two major functional challenges standardization efforts have to deal with: the need of both universal and orthogonal behaviors. We provide experimental data that clearly indicate that such engineering requirements should not be taken for granted in Synthetic Biology...
2015: Journal of Biological Engineering
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"