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Disability and Health Journal

Michelle L Stransky, Amanda Reichard
BACKGROUND: Persons with disabilities experience health disparities while having usual providers more frequently than persons without disabilities. Provider discontinuity may help to explain these paradoxical findings, but research on the topic is nascent. OBJECTIVE: To provide initial insight into whether persons with disabilities more frequently experience provider discontinuity than persons without disabilities. METHODS: Pooled 2-year data from panels 14-16 (2009-2012) of the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey were examined...
September 15, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Kwok W Ng, Pauli Rintala, Pauliina Husu, Jari Villberg, Tommi Vasankari, Sami Kokko
BACKGROUND: Monitoring physical activity among young adolescents with disabilities is a top academic priority. People with disabilities are a diverse group with various abilities in different human functioning. Therefore, we used a novel approach through functional limitations as a marker for disabilities and examined physical activity levels. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the levels and differences in light (LPA) and moderate-to-vigorous (MVPA) intensity physical activity between young adolescents with and without functional limitations...
September 14, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Eva Joanovič, Helena Kisvetrová, Dagmar Nemček, Petra Kurková, Barbora Švejdíková, Jana Zapletalová, Yukari Yamada
BACKGROUND: Age-related hearing loss is the third most common reason for disability in the world and has a significant impact on quality of life (QoL) amongst older adults. OBJECTIVE: To determine how the QoL assessment in older-person-specific domains differs between older men and women with age-related hearing loss before and after hearing-aid fittings. METHODS: The present study was carried out with 105 hearing-impaired outpatients (aged ≥ 60 years) before and after hearing-aid fittings at the University Hospital Olomouc, Czech Republic...
September 14, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Kevin J Bennett, Joshua R Mann, Lijing Ouyang
BACKGROUND: There is a need to examine health care utilization of individuals with the rare conditions muscular dystrophies, spina bifida, and fragile X syndrome. These individuals have a greater need for health care services, particularly inpatient admissions. Prior studies have not yet assessed 30-day all-cause readmission rates. OBJECTIVE: To estimate 30-day hospital readmission rates among individuals with three rare conditions. HYPOTHESIS: Rare conditions patients will have a higher 30-day all-cause readmission rate than those without...
September 12, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Qin Zhou, Nicholas J Glasgow, Wei Du
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have reported people with disabilities are more likely to be obese and engaged in unhealthy lifestyles. Few studies explored the mechanism of health-related lifestyles and obesity among people with disabilities. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate health-related lifestyles and obesity in relation to disability among Australian adults. We further aimed to explore the potential mediating effect of psychological distress for disability in relation to health related lifestyles and obesity...
August 28, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Bo Hee Lee, Yun Jeong Lee
BACKGROUND: Visual impairment poses various challenges to individuals in taking their medications, but there is a lack of studies on visually impaired population and their use of medications and pharmacy services. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we aimed to examine (1) the usage pattern of medications and pharmacy services in visually impaired persons and (2) the status of medication counseling conducted to the visually impaired persons by the community pharmacists. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted both to visually impaired and community pharmacists...
August 16, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
L Tedesco Triccas, B McLening, W Hendrie, G Peryer
BACKGROUND: Assistive devices are currently provided to people with neuro-disabling conditions to promote or maintain independence in activities of daily living. However, it is unclear whether assessment procedures performed by health care professionals to guide the provision of assistive devices are standardized. OBJECTIVE: To explore the assessment and service-delivery processes of assistive devices for people with multiple sclerosis, cerebrovascular disease and Parkinson's disease experiencing physical disability by health care professionals in the United Kingdom...
August 11, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Alyson J Littman, Jodie K Haselkorn, David E Arterburn, Edward J Boyko
BACKGROUND: Obesity and inactivity are common and burdensome for people with lower extremity amputation (LEA). The extent to which home-based physical activity/weight management programs are effective and safe for people with LEA is unknown. Translating effective interventions for understudied disability groups is needed. OBJECTIVE: To test the feasibility, acceptability, and safety of a weight management and physical activity intervention and obtain preliminary efficacy estimates for changes in weight, body composition, and physical functioning...
August 10, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Jayajit Chakraborty
BACKGROUND: While numerous studies have found socially disadvantaged groups such as minorities and low-income individuals to be disproportionately distributed with respect to various health hazards and pollution sources, previous research has not examined if people with disabilities reside near facilities where accidental releases of extremely hazardous substances are likely to occur. OBJECTIVE: Using data from the 2011-2015 American Community Survey estimates and facilities submitting Risk Management Plans (RMPs) to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the distribution of proximity to RMP facilities is compared to the disability characteristics of the civilian noninstitutionalized population in Harris County, Texas...
August 9, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Eric A Lauer, Emily Lauer
BACKGROUND: Over 40 million people in the U.S. experience mental illness and/or disabilities. However, there has been limited characterization of the relationship between mental health and disability in national surveys. OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between current indicators for psychological distress, serious mental illness, and disability in the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). METHODS: Secondary analysis (univariate and multivariate log-binomial estimation of relative risk) of non-specific psychological distress, duration of serious mental illness, disability types, and demographic factors in adults from the NHIS...
August 9, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Suzanne Perea Burns, Martina Mueller, Gayenell Magwood, Brandi M White, Daniel Lackland, Charles Ellis
BACKGROUND: Racial and ethnic minorities consistently demonstrate disparate post-stroke outcomes. However, there is a paucity of literature related to whether this disparity exists specifically in post-stroke cognitive decline. OBJECTIVE: To determine if racial and ethnic disparities exist in post-stroke subjective cognitive decline (SCD) among non-Hispanic Blacks (Blacks), American Indians or Alaska Natives (AI/ANs), Hispanics, and non-Hispanic Whites (Whites) in the United States using data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS)...
August 9, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Margaret A Turk, Suzanne McDermott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Catalina Devandas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Emanuela Calandri, Federica Graziano, Martina Borghi, Silvia Bonino
BACKGROUND: Although multiple sclerosis (MS) is often diagnosed during young adulthood (18-30 years), there is a lack of knowledge on the psychological adjustment to the illness among recently diagnosed young adult patients. OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: The aims of the study were to describe the adjustment to MS (depression, positive and negative affect) in a group of young adult patients and to investigate the role of identity satisfaction and self-efficacy in MS on adjustment...
August 1, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Reem Mutwali, Eleanor Ross
BACKGROUND: In South Africa barriers to accessing health services by persons with a disability would appear to be exacerbated by the overburdened state of public healthcare. OBJECTIVES: /Hypotheses: The study examined physical access to and utilization of healthcare services by persons with and without a disability. It was hypothesized (1) that households with disabled members were less likely than households with non-disabled members to have good physical access to healthcare; and (2) households with disabled members were less likely to have visited a health facility in the preceding 12 months...
August 1, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Miles Saitta, Hemakumar Devan, Pauline Boland, Meredith A Perry
BACKGROUND: Park-based physical activity (PA) interventions improve health in the general population, but it is unknown if the evidence can be translated to persons with disabilities. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a mixed-methods systematic synthesis of the evidence for park-based physical activity interventions for persons with disabilities and secondarily, to consider the health benefits across the lifespan (children and adolescents, young, middle, and older adults)...
July 31, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Michael M McKee, Frank R Lin, Philip Zazove
Hearing loss is common with a growing body of evidence of its global impact on our patient population. There remains much to learn about the mechanisms and epidemiologic, genetic, and other biobehavioral risk factors associated with hearing loss and its chronic disease sequelae, as well as how hearing healthcare, surveillance, and clinician-based training programs can best reduce the overall health burden among older individuals with hearing loss. This paper provides an update on the state of research for adults with hearing loss...
July 31, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Julie Lynch, Jason Last, Philip Dodd, Daniela Stancila, Christine Linehan
BACKGROUND: Health disparities and disparities in the provision of healthcare to people with disabilities remains a topic of concern. Research demonstrates that attitudes of healthcare providers contribute to this disparity. The approach to disability education and training in medical school warrants evaluation. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate the efficacy of an educational intervention in cultivating positive attitudes towards disability in medical students, and determine the specific impact of an interaction-based hospital visit to patients undergoing neurological rehabilitation...
July 25, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Manfred Mörchen, Te Serey Bonn, David Lewis
BACKGROUND: Universal access and equity are salient principles of the World Health Organization global action plan 'Towards Universal Eye Health'. However, collection of disability-disaggregated data to measure access to eye hospitals in low- and middle income countries, including referral to rehabilitative services, are not routinely integrated into Health Management Information Systems. OBJECTIVE: This report presents secondary-data analysis of disability-disaggregated data collection that was introduced at a tertiary eye hospital in a rural province in Cambodia...
July 25, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Julius Jooste, Alliance N Kubayi
BACKGROUND: An understanding of psychological welfare in sport is essential for the advancement of coach development frameworks and practices to meet the needs of contemporary disabled athletes. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the perceived coach leadership style and psychological well-being (PWB) of South African senior national level male wheelchair basketball players (n = 16, Mage  = 32.13, SD = 6.62 years). METHODS: An exploratory, quantitative cross-sectional study design was employed in which the Leadership Scale for Sport, Subjective Vitality Scale, and Ryff's Psychological Well-being Scale were utilised to collect the data...
July 25, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
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