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Disability and Health Journal

Karen Lucia de Araújo Freitas Moreira, Gracia María Ábalos-Medina, Carmen Villaverde-Gutiérrez, Neide María Gomes de Lucena, Anderson Belmont Correia de Oliveira, José Manuel Pérez-Mármol
BACKGROUND: Informal caregivers of post-stroke patients usually undergo high levels of pain and stress and have a reduced quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of two home ergonomic interventions aimed at reducing pain intensity and perceived stress and enhancing the quality of life in informal caregivers of chronic post-stroke patients. METHODS: A randomized single-blind controlled clinical trial was conducted, with a sample of 33 informal caregivers of patients with stroke...
February 13, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Kendall A Leser, Phyllis L Pirie, Amy K Ferketich, Susan M Havercamp, Mary Ellen Wewers
BACKGROUND: People with developmental disabilities are not immune from the addictive effects and poor health outcomes associated with cigarette use. Direct support professionals often play a large role in the social environments of people with developmental disabilities and the literature suggests that one's environment can influence behavior. OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between the smoking behaviors of people with developmental disabilities and their direct support professional providers...
February 3, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Brian Barger, Catherine Rice, Rebecca Wolf, Andrew Roach
BACKGROUND: Widely recommended developmental surveillance methods include developmental monitoring (DM) and development screening (DS). Much research has been done on DS, but very little research has compared the effectiveness of DM and DS together. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between DM and DS in Part C early intervention (EI) service receipt. METHODS: Authors used data from the 2007/2008 and 2011/2012 National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH)...
February 2, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Robert S Dembo, Monika Mitra, Michael McKee
BACKGROUND: People with disabilities experience mental health disparities and higher rates of violence compared to people without disabilities. Few studies have examined the psychological consequences of violence against people with disabilities, and whether they differ from those experienced by people without disabilities. OBJECTIVE: This study compared psychological consequences of violence among men and women with and without disabilities. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2008-2014 waves of the National Crime Victimization Survey...
February 1, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Elaine Eisenbaum, Diana M DiNitto, Lauren Bishop-Fitzpatrick
BACKGROUND: The rise in women's tobacco use and subsequent health complications has generated an increase in gender-related tobacco use research. However, no research has examined gender's influence on tobacco use among people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). OBJECTIVE: To examine 1) tobacco use prevalence rates among men and women with IDD, and 2) correlates of tobacco use among men and women with IDD. METHODS: This study examined gender differences in tobacco use among a sample of 3587 adult U...
February 1, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Ariane Camoin, Lionel Dany, Corinne Tardieu, Michel Ruquet, Pierre Le Coz
BACKGROUND: The provision of dental care for children with intellectual disability raises many ethical questions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this qualitative study was to explore approaches to dental treatment in an anxious child with intellectual disability and the ethical dilemmas that ensue. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted between February and May 2012. A clinical scenario was used to establish a starting point for a discussion of the clinical approach and lead to an ethical reflection...
January 29, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Stephen P Gulley, Elizabeth K Rasch, Christina D Bethell, Adam C Carle, Benjamin G Druss, Amy J Houtrow, Amanda Reichard, Leighton Chan
BACKGROUND: There is a concerted effort underway to evaluate and reform our nation's approach to the health of people with ongoing or elevated needs for care, particularly persons with chronic conditions and/or disabilities. OBJECTIVE: This literature review characterizes the current state of knowledge on the measurement of chronic disease and disability in population-based health services research on working age adults (age 18-64). METHODS: Scoping review methods were used to scan the health services research literature published since the year 2000, including medline, psycINFO and manual searches...
January 10, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Abdulgafoor M Bachani, Jacob A Bentley, Nukhba Zia, Edward Galiwango, Jeremiah Lum, Gulnar Tuli, Shuen-En Ho
BACKGROUND: Disability is highly prevalent in low-and-middle-income countries (LMICs), but there is a relative dearth of disability and caregiving research from LMICs. OBJECTIVE: To examine type and severity of disability experienced by individuals 60 years and older, caregivers and type of caregiving assistance, and the interrelationships between sociodemographic factors involved in Uganda. METHODS: Data was collected from two Eastern Ugandan districts using the WHO Disability Assessment Schedule 2...
December 31, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
Heather F McClintock, Jibby E Kurichi, Frances K Barg, Alice Krueger, Patrice M Colletti, Krizia A Wearing, Hillary R Bogner
BACKGROUND: Significant disparities in health care access and quality persist between persons with disabilities (PWD) and persons without disabilities (PWOD). Little research has examined recommendations of patients and providers to improve health care for PWD. OBJECTIVE: We sought to explore patient and health care provider recommendations to improve health care access and quality for PWD through focus groups in the physical world in a community center and in the virtual world in an online community...
December 30, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
Mónica Pinilla-Roncancio
BACKGROUND: Disability and poverty are interconnected and although this relationship has been recognised, there is a lack of empirical evidence to support any possible causal relationship in this topic, particularly in the context of Latin America (LA). HYPOTHESIS: This study tests the hypothesis "Disability increases the risk of multidimensional poverty of people living with disabilities and their families". METHODS: Using national census data from Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica and Mexico, the Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (Global MPI) was calculated with the aim of measuring and comparing the levels of multidimensional poverty of people living in households with and without disabled members in the five countries...
December 30, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
Lisa I Iezzoni, Amy J Wint, Alexy Arauz Boudreau, Cheri A Blauwet, Karen A Kuhlthau
BACKGROUND: Few U.S. studies have explored how children experience a parent's mobility disability and its effects on their daily lives. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to engage youth ages 13-17 who had at least one parent with mobility disability in describing their perceptions of their parent's disability and its consequences for their daily and family life. METHODS: Participants videoed and photographed their experiences following general guidelines from the researchers about topics of interest...
December 29, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
Michele Polfuss, Kathleen J Sawin, Paula E Papanek, Linda Bandini, Bethany Forseth, Andrea Moosreiner, Kimberley Zvara, Dale A Schoeller
BACKGROUND: Obesity prevalence is increased in children with developmental disabilities, specifically in children with spina bifida and Down syndrome. Energy expenditure, a critical aspect of weight management, has been extensively studied in the typically developing population, but not adequately studied in children with developmental disabilities. OBJECTIVE: Determine energy expenditure, fat-free mass and body fat percentile and the impact of these findings on recommended caloric intake in children with spina bifida and Down syndrome...
December 28, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
Sunha Choi
BACKGROUND: Arthritis is the most common cause of disability among U.S. adults. OBJECTIVE: This study examined how the onset of arthritis-attributable disability affects midlife individuals. METHODS: Using the 2014-2015 National Health Interview Survey, this study compared three groups of midlife adults (ages 50-64): individuals without any physical limitations (n = 13,779); individuals with early-onset arthritis that has limited their functioning for more than 20 years (n = 330); and individuals suffering from late-onset arthritis-attributable disability for less than five years (n = 299), in relation to five domains in the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) framework...
December 28, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
Katherine E McDonald, Nicole E Conroy, Robert S Olick
BACKGROUND: Attitudes toward the research participation of adults with intellectual disability inform research policy and practice, impact interest in and support for research participation, and promote or discourage the generation of new knowledge to promote health among adults with intellectual disability. Yet we know little about these beliefs among the public and the scientific community. OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: We quantitatively studied attitudes among adults with intellectual disability, family and friends, disability service providers, researchers, and Institutional Review Board (IRB) members...
December 13, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
Judy Kruger, Cynthia F Hinton, Lisa Bundara Sinclair, Brenda Silverman
Preparedness planning is essential to minimizing the impact of disasters on communities and individuals. Attention to the needs of people with disabilities is vital as they have additional needs before, during and after a disaster that are specific to the disabling condition. In this Commentary, we emphasize national guidelines on disability inclusion in emergency preparedness. We examine some potential areas of planning and response that need attention as suggested by preparedness data for people with self-reported disabilities (also referred to as access and functional needs) and highlight selected resources (e...
December 13, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
Carli Friedman
BACKGROUND: The Personal Outcome Measures® is a person-centered tool to measure the quality of life (QOL) of people with disabilities, especially those who receive long term services and supports. While the outcomes examine people's satisfaction with their lives in a wide range of areas, the organizational supports determine if service agencies are appropriately supporting people with disabilities to ensure people with disabilities have the best possible QOL. The Personal Outcome Measures® has been administered to tens of thousands of people with disabilities and older adults over its twenty-five years of existence...
December 13, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
Marica Cassarino, Vincent O'Sullivan, Rose A Kenny, Annalisa Setti
BACKGROUND: Geographical variations in cognitive health have been extensively explored, but the evidence on adult individuals with disabilities is inconclusive. While urban living is suggested as more cognitively stimulating than rural dwelling in epidemiological research, both rurality and urbanity can present barriers that may negatively impact cognitive health, the former due to limited accessibility to stimulation, and the latter because presenting environmental stressors. OBJECTIVE: To bridge this gap in the literature, we investigated geographical variations in multiple cognitive skills in adult age based on neighbourhood urbanity and having disabilities...
December 13, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
Elena S Rotarou, Dikaios Sakellariou
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests there is an association between depressive symptoms and disability. OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: The objective of this study was to examine whether people with disabilities in the United Kingdom and Greece face more depressive symptoms than people without disabilities. The hypothesis was that people with disabilities in both countries are more likely to experience depressive symptoms. METHODS: We used data from the 2014 European Health Interview Survey (wave 2)...
December 13, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
Catherine Ipsen, Cathy Chambless, Noelle Kurth, Sara McCormick, Rebecca Goe, Jean Hall
BACKGROUND: Disability prevalence estimates are used to identify populations, establish priorities and allocate funding for a broad range of federal, state, and local initiatives. Increasingly, these estimates are based on a set of six questions developed and tested for use in the American Community Survey (ACS). A key assumption about the ACS disability screeners is that they sufficiently capture the entire population of people with disabilities, but some studies indicate that certain disability groups are underrepresented...
November 29, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
Shivani R Khan, Allyson G Hall, Rebecca J Tanner, Nicole M Marlow
BACKGROUND: Individuals living with a disability or are a member of a certain racial/ethnic group may be at heightened risk for not receiving important vaccinations. OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether race/ethnicity and disability status are associated with the receipt of two vaccines (influenza and pneumococcal) among older adults living in Florida. METHODS: Using the 2011-2015 Florida Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, a cross-sectional survey, we ran bivariate and multivariate analyses to determine the associations for race/ethnicity and disability status with receipt of vaccinations among individuals 65 years and older...
November 28, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
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