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Disability and Health Journal

Chao-Yin Lin, Tsung-Chi Cheng
BACKGROUND: Two important dimensions of subjective well-being are self-reported 'health status' and 'life satisfaction', both of which are generally perceived as being lower among people with disabilities. Although the factors associated with health status and life satisfaction have been well documented among the general population, relevant research relating to disabled people remains limited, indeed, almost non-existent in Taiwan. OBJECTIVE: Our aim in the present study is to explore the levels of, and the factors associated with, self-reported health status and life satisfaction among people with disabilities in Taiwan...
October 28, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Margaret A Turk, Suzanne McDermott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 28, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Ali Brian, Adam Pennell, Pamela Haibach-Beach, John Foley, Sally Taunton, Lauren J Lieberman
BACKGROUND: Children with visual impairments (VI) often reveal higher levels of sedentary time and lower levels of fundamental motor skills (FMS), health-related fitness (HRF) and physical activity (PA) than peers without visual impairments. Extrapolating correlates of HRF and PA are important to develop targeted intervention strategies aimed at improving health- and movement-based outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine associations among FMS (divided into locomotor and object control skills), HRF, and home- and sport-camp based PA measures in children with VI...
October 26, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
N Alhusein, K Killick, L Macaden, A Smith, K Stoddart, A Taylor, T Kroll, M C Watson
BACKGROUND: In most developed countries there is an increasing ageing population living in the community with long-term conditions and sensory impairment (sight; hearing; dual impairment). Community pharmacy personnel are key providers of pharmaceutical care to this patient population. OBJECTIVE: This study explored community pharmacy personnel's experiences with providing pharmaceutical care for older people with sensory impairment. METHODS: Semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with community pharmacy personnel across Scotland between 2015 and 2016...
October 26, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Prasath Jayakaran, Meredith Perry, Leigh Hale
BACKGROUND: Decreased physical ability of individuals with a dysvascular amputation when compared with non-dysvascular counterpart may impact on their ability to participate in regular physical activity and concomitant quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To compare physical activity, quality of life (QoL), and perceptions towards exercise between individuals with dysvascular and individuals with non-dysvascular amputation. METHODS: A random sample of individuals identified from the New Zealand Artificial Limb Service database, aged 18 years and over, with a unilateral below-knee amputation due to a dysvascular condition (n = 61) and trauma (n = 116) completed the self-reported survey...
October 24, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Nicole Fran Kahn, Chirayath M Suchindran, Carolyn Tucker Halpern
BACKGROUND: Timing of first sex has important implications for later sexual health, but little research has considered this in populations with physical disabilities. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper was to examine timing of sexual experiences among populations with physical disabilities in the United States from adolescence to early adulthood, and how timing varies by biological sex, race/ethnicity, and sexual orientation. We hypothesized that those with physical disabilities would exhibit earlier initiation of each type of sexual activity compared to those without disabilities, but the degree of differences would depend on disability severity...
October 24, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Rahul Mopari, Bhawna Garg, Jacob Puliyel, Sara Varughese
BACKGROUND: The UN recommends that the 'Washington Group questionnaire (WGQ) on functioning' is used for data collection on disability. There are few studies on the WGQ from India. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of disability in a community-health project, using this tool: to examine if the use of the WGQ identifies more people with disability than the tools used previously. METHOD: We performed a systematic sample survey using the WGQ in the community-health project covering a population of 50,000 residents...
October 16, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Wolfgang B Lindemann, Chloé D Langer, Mathias Bärtl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 9, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Julie Ratcliffe, Claire Hutchinson, Rachel Milte
Consistent with policy reforms originating in the US, and subsequently adopted in the UK and Europe, the Australian disability sector is currently experiencing an era of unprecedented and transformative policy change towards personalisation and self-directed care. The National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) introduces the use of personalised budgets, the main objective of which is to support the social and economic participation of people with disabilities. Against this background, this article discusses the potential for health economic techniques to be usefully applied in the disability sector from two main perspectives...
October 9, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Lidia Perenc
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 9, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Colleen M Heflin, Claire E Altman, Laura L Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: Households with a disabled adult are disproportionately food insecure, yet the mechanisms linking food insecurity to disability are under-specified. OBJECTIVE: To develop and empirically examine a model of the potential pathways connecting specific types of disability with food insecurity. METHODS: With pooled, repeated cross-sectional National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data (1999-2014) including 38,354 participants, we ran probit models to estimate the probability of being food insecure as a function of different sets of disability measures and our control variables...
October 6, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Rocío de la Vega, Ivan R Molton, Jordi Miró, Amanda E Smith, Mark P Jensen
BACKGROUND: Perceived social support has been found to be associated with depression, subjective well-being and psychological health in cross-sectional studies in people with physical disabilities. No longitudinal studies have been conducted to examine these associations over time using a comprehensive measure of social support. OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that: (1) the amount of perceived social support would be similar across individuals with different diagnoses often associated with disability (i...
October 5, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Rebecca Ellis, Maria Kosma, Sarah Agnew, Jeremy J Bauer
BACKGROUND: Adults with physical disabilities typically engage in low levels of physical activity (PA), thus a better understanding of how motivational factors and behavior vary over time and in relation to disability type and severity is needed. OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: To examine temporal changes in theory of planned behavior (TPB) constructs and PA by disability type (multiple sclerosis vs. spinal cord injury) and severity (mild, moderate, and severe). METHODS: Participants were 77 adults with physical disabilities who completed a web-based survey that assessed the TPB constructs and PA participation...
September 28, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
David J Tybor, Misha Eliasziw, Tanja V E Kral, Mary Segal, Nancy E Sherwood, Linmarie Sikich, Heidi Stanish, Linda Bandini, Carol Curtin, Aviva Must
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) exceeds that of the general population, but the level of parental concern about obesity in these children is unexplored. OBJECTIVE: We estimate the prevalence of obesity in children 10-17 years in the redesigned National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH) 2016, and compare parental concern about obesity between parents of children with and without ASD. METHODS: The nationally representative NSCH 2016 oversampled parents of children with parent-report of special health care needs, including ASD...
September 27, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Michelle L Stransky, Amanda Reichard
BACKGROUND: Persons with disabilities experience health disparities while having usual providers more frequently than persons without disabilities. Provider discontinuity may help to explain these paradoxical findings, but research on the topic is nascent. OBJECTIVE: To provide initial insight into whether persons with disabilities more frequently experience provider discontinuity than persons without disabilities. METHODS: Pooled 2-year data from panels 14-16 (2009-2012) of the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey were examined...
September 15, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
John A Bourke, Joanne L Nunnerley, Martin Sullivan, Sarah Derrett
BACKGROUND: Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) can have substantial consequences for the injured person, and also their family/whānau (Māori word for extended family and social networks). Family members can adopt either formal or informal care roles when the person returns home, and people with high-level care requirements may also need non-family support workers. OBJECTIVE: This study considers how SCI can impact relationships during the transition from spinal rehabilitation units to home...
September 14, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Kwok W Ng, Pauli Rintala, Pauliina Husu, Jari Villberg, Tommi Vasankari, Sami Kokko
BACKGROUND: Monitoring physical activity among young adolescents with disabilities is a top academic priority. People with disabilities are a diverse group with various abilities in different human functioning. Therefore, we used a novel approach through functional limitations as a marker for disabilities and examined physical activity levels. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the levels and differences in light (LPA) and moderate-to-vigorous (MVPA) intensity physical activity between young adolescents with and without functional limitations...
September 14, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Eva Joanovič, Helena Kisvetrová, Dagmar Nemček, Petra Kurková, Barbora Švejdíková, Jana Zapletalová, Yukari Yamada
BACKGROUND: Age-related hearing loss is the third most common reason for disability in the world and has a significant impact on quality of life (QoL) amongst older adults. OBJECTIVE: To determine how the QoL assessment in older-person-specific domains differs between older men and women with age-related hearing loss before and after hearing-aid fittings. METHODS: The present study was carried out with 105 hearing-impaired outpatients (aged ≥ 60 years) before and after hearing-aid fittings at the University Hospital Olomouc, Czech Republic...
September 14, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Eric A Lauer, Megan Henly, Rachel Coleman
BACKGROUND: The National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) is changing the annual inclusion of standardized disability identifiers, reinvigorating the priority to examine existing disability question sets. These sets include questions developed by the United States (U.S.) National Center for Health Statistics in conjunction with the U.S. Census Bureau (the American Community Survey questions, ACS) and United Nations (the Washington Group Short Set questions, WGSS), that are policy relevant, comparable across populations, and short enough to be included in censuses and surveys across countries...
September 13, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Kevin J Bennett, Joshua R Mann, Lijing Ouyang
BACKGROUND: There is a need to examine health care utilization of individuals with the rare conditions muscular dystrophies, spina bifida, and fragile X syndrome. These individuals have a greater need for health care services, particularly inpatient admissions. Prior studies have not yet assessed 30-day all-cause readmission rates. OBJECTIVE: To estimate 30-day hospital readmission rates among individuals with three rare conditions. HYPOTHESIS: Rare conditions patients will have a higher 30-day all-cause readmission rate than those without...
September 12, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
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