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Disability and Health Journal

Craig Ravesloot, Cathy Berendts, Alex Schiwal
BACKGROUND: Measurement of the environment is taking on increased importance for understanding variability in participation. Most measures of the environment use subjective ratings, yet little is known about how people appraise the environment. OBJECTIVE: /Hypothesis: We conducted this post-hoc study to examine whether or not catastrophizing, an important variable for understanding how pain contributes to disability, may be related to ratings of the environment...
October 5, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
Nancy Bagatell, Dara Chan, Kimberly Karrat Rauch, Deborah Thorpe
BACKGROUND: The transition to adulthood, the gradual change in roles and responsibilities, is identified as a challenging time for adolescents and young adults with physical disabilities, including those with cerebral palsy. Health care, education, employment, independent living, and community engagement have been identified as areas of concern. However, relatively little research has been done to understand the experiences, perceptions, and needs of individuals with cerebral palsy as they transition toward adulthood...
October 3, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
Emma Gibbons, Amanda Faith Casey, Keith Z Brewster
BACKGROUND: Rates of morbid obesity are higher for individuals with intellectual disability (ID). Individuals with ID may find nutritional guidelines difficult to follow and many face personal and environmental barriers for physical activity. Bariatric surgery may reduce obesity related health comorbidities while promoting sustained weight loss in diverse populations. Yet no study has reviewed the feasibility of conducting bariatric surgery on individuals with ID. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a scoping review of literature on bariatric procedures performed on individuals with ID...
September 16, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
Cheryl Anderson, Robert L Grant, Michael V Hurley
BACKGROUND: People with neurological disabilities (pwND) face many barriers to undertaking physical activity. One option for exercise alongside formal physiotherapy is local fitness facilities but accessibility is often found wanting and gyms are seen as unwelcoming to pwND. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this exploratory study was to investigate the perceptions of fitness facility managers with respect to exercise for pwND in a gym environment. The aim was to identify potential barriers to provision by the fitness industry for pwND...
September 16, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
Robert B Shaw, Kylie D Mallory, Jane Arkell, Kathleen A Martin Ginis
BACKGROUND: The internet is an important information source for people with disabilities. Unfortunately, little is known about the quality of online leisure time physical activity resources provided for people with physical disabilities. OBJECTIVE: To assess the quality of leisure time physical activity resources available online for people with physical disabilities. METHODS: A purposive internet search was conducted to locate Canadian-developed resources that promoted leisure time physical activity for people with physical disabilities...
September 13, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
Kevin J Bennett, Suzanne McDermott, Joshua R Mann, James Hardin
BACKGROUND: Receiving recommended services for patients with diabetes is associated with improved outcomes and reduced morbidity. People with diabetes who also have a condition associated with disability represent one group that is at risk for health disparities. OBJECTIVE: To examine service utilization among persons with selected disabling conditions and diabetes, compared to those without. METHODS: 2007-2012 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Full-Year Consolidated files, medical conditions files, and the 1996-2012 pooled linkage files were merged for this analysis...
September 13, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
Mary Adams
BACKGROUND: Limited study has been done on proxy responses for non-respondents with subjective cognitive decline (SCD) on the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). OBJECTIVE: To directly compare results for survey respondents with SCD with those for proxies provided for non-respondents with SCD. METHODS: Publicly available 2011 BRFSS data from 120,485 households in 21 states were analyzed using Stata. Respondents ages 40 and older with SCD (n = 10,831) were compared with proxy responses for non-respondents ages 40 and older with SCD (n = 4296) living in households where the respondent did not have SCD...
September 13, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
Jamie Valis, Michelle Gonzalez
BACKGROUND: Previous literature suggests that individuals with disabilities have increased rates of obesity and decreased participation in physical activity contributing to overall higher incidence of secondary health conditions compared to the general population without disabilities. OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this research study was to examine the differences in physical activity rates for college students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Learning Disabilities (LD)...
September 13, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
Carlos Ayán-Pérez, R Iván Martínez-Lemos, José M Cancela-Carral
BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence about the psychometric properties of field tests to measure cardiorespiratory fitness in people with Down syndrome. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at analyzing the reliability and convergent validity of the 6-min run test when performed by young adults with Down syndrome (DS). METHODS: In a cross-sectional design fifty-one young adults with DS (mean age 26.20 ± 7.14 years; 54% women) performed the 6-min run test and the 16-min shuttle run test twice with a one week-interval between test and retest...
August 10, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
Christina G S Palmer, Patrick Boudreault, Barbara A Berman, Alicia Wolfson, Lionel Duarte, Vickie L Venne, Janet S Sinsheimer
INTRODUCTION: Deaf American Sign Language-users (ASL) have limited access to cancer genetics information they can readily understand, increasing risk for health disparities. We compared effectiveness of online cancer genetics information presented using a bilingual approach (ASL with English closed captioning) and a monolingual approach (English text). HYPOTHESIS: Bilingual modality would increase cancer genetics knowledge and confidence to create a family tree; education would interact with modality...
July 28, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
Margaret A Turk, Suzanne McDermott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Disability and Health Journal
Jeroen S de Munter, Per Tynelius, Gerd Ahlström, Finn Rasmussen
BACKGROUND: Obesity is more common in people with mobility disability than in non-disabled individuals, but less is known about the longitudinal effects leading to this health state. OBJECTIVE: To explore the potential bidirectional association between mobility disability and obesity. METHODS: Participants were identified in the population-based Stockholm Public Health Cohort (2002-2010, n = 17 945). Observations with schizophrenia, depression, eating disorder, or cancer within 5 years during and prior to baseline were excluded...
October 2016: Disability and Health Journal
Lynn H Gerber, Andrew Nava, Steven Garfinkel, Divya Goel, Ali A Weinstein, Cindy Cai
There is a need for additional strategies for performing systematic reviews (SRs) to improve translation of findings into practice and to influence health policy. SRs critically appraise research methodology and determine level of evidence of research findings. The standard type of SR identifies randomized controlled trials (RCTs) as providing the most valid data and highest level of evidence. RCTs are not among the most frequently used research design in disability and health research. RCTs usually measure impairments for the primary research outcome rather than improved function, participation or societal integration...
October 2016: Disability and Health Journal
Alicia Dixon-Ibarra, Gloria Krahn, Heidi Fredine, Anthony Cahill, Susan Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Survival for many individuals with paralysis is increasing, making this population a larger subset of the aging population (Molton, & Jensen, 2010). Yet little is known about the demographics and health of this population (Freedman, 2014). OBJECTIVE: This study is one of the first evaluations of the differences in etiology, sociodemographic and health characteristics (i.e., health status, chronic, and secondary and medical conditions) of adults aging with versus into disability...
October 2016: Disability and Health Journal
Monika T Wicki, Florian Riese
BACKGROUND: With higher life expectancy an increasing number of people with intellectual disability (PWID) are at risk for developing dementia. OBJECTIVE: Since PWID are an often neglected patient population, the objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of dementia in residential disability homes in Switzerland and to describe how residential homes organize dementia care. METHODS: All residential homes for adults with disabilities in Switzerland (N = 437) were invited to participate in a cross-sectional survey...
October 2016: Disability and Health Journal
Allison Houston, Anne-Marie Gomes, Toni Naccarato
BACKGROUND: Studies of mental health care received by persons with disabilities who make up a significant group of the U.S. population are limited. OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional study examined the relationship between disability and non-receipt of past year visits to a mental health professional among individuals with moderate to severe psychological distress. METHODS: Study participants included a nationally representative sample of 5,566 people with moderate to severe psychological distress, extracted from 2011 to 2013 Integrated Health Interview using the 6-item Kessler Psychological Distress Scale...
October 2016: Disability and Health Journal
Vidya Sundar, Debra L Brucker, Megan A Pollack, Hong Chang
BACKGROUND: Community and social participation is a complex phenomenon that is influenced by personal and environmental factors and is linked to a good quality of life and well-being. Individuals with mobility impairments are at risk of experiencing limitations in participating in community activities due to a wide range of factors. OBJECTIVE: To understand community participation as defined by adults with mobility impairments and to examine relationships among factors that influence community participation...
October 2016: Disability and Health Journal
Olufemi O Oyewole, Michael O Ogunlana, Kolawole S Oritogun, Caleb A Gbiri
BACKGROUND: Despite stroke is a major cause of disability, the predictors of the disability among stroke survivors has not been sufficiently delineated. OBJECTIVE: To assess post-stroke disability and determine its predictors among Nigerian stroke survivors. METHODS: This study involved 121 consecutive stroke survivors with at least 3 months of stroke from two tertiary health institutions in South-Western Nigeria. The World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule was used to assess their disability...
October 2016: Disability and Health Journal
Mary E Sheppard, Nancy Vitalone-Raccaro
BACKGROUND: The American Association of Pediatricians (AAP), in collaboration with the Council for Children with Disabilities and the Council on School Health, recommends that physicians learn special education law and practices in order to increase their ability to work with schools to support children with disabilities and their families. However, there is limited research that examines how doctors perceive their role as collaborators with families and school personnel. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions and collaborative experiences of doctors treating children with disabilities in order to develop an initial understanding of how doctors collaborate within the doctor/family/school triad...
October 2016: Disability and Health Journal
Sally Lindsay, Melissa Fellin, Heather Cruickshank, Amy McPherson, Joanne Maxwell
BACKGROUND: Young adults with spina bifida are underserved in health care and are at risk as they transition to adult health care. A pediatric rehabilitation hospital and an adult community health center partnered to help address this gap. Although some research has explored general transition experiences of youth with disabilities, little is known about their experiences in a transition model that involves an inter-agency partnership, continuous, age-appropriate, and client-centered care...
October 2016: Disability and Health Journal
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