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Journal of Infection in Developing Countries

Anubrata Ghosal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Haroon Ahmed, Muhammad Sohail Afzal, Ozge Ozyalin, Mobushir Riaz Khan, Sami Simsek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Melissa Saravia, Cristopher Segovia, Katherinne Valderrama, Javier Santander
Colibacillosis is a disease caused by Escherichia coli in a variety of animals, including humans. Rabbit colibacillosis is infrequent or with an incipient description in Chile. Here, we describe an E. coli case in a white New Zealand rabbit at an animal facility in Santiago, Chile. Necropsy, histology, bacteriology, and 16S sequencing indicated an E. coli systemic infection. Phylogenetic analysis suggested that this E. coli J305 isolate is closely related to Shigella spp.
February 28, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Abdul Rahman M Alnemri, Adnan Hadid, Shaik Asfaq Hussain, Ali M Somily, Badr H Sobaih, Abdulkarim Alrabiaah, Awad Alanazi, Zahid Shakoor, Sarah AlSubaie, Naema Meriki, Abdelmageed M Kambal
Although brucellosis is not uncommon in Saudi Arabia, neonatal brucellosis has been infrequently reported. In this case of neonatal brucellosis, Brucella abortus was isolated by blood culture from both the mother and the neonate. Serology was positive only in the mother.
February 28, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Raghda Yahya, Wafaa Alyousef, Abdelwahab Omara, Suha Alamoudi, Alanoud Alshami, Baha Abdalhamid
Cupriavidus pauculus is an emerging organism causing infections in immunocompromised and immunocompetent patients. We report a C.pauculus pneumonia case susceptible to cefepime in an infant with end-stage renal failure. To our knowledge, this is the first case report of C. pauculus causing respiratory infections in the Gulf Cooperation Council.
February 28, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Nedime Şahinoğlu Keşkek, Fikret Ünal, Selim Cevher, Şakir Özgür Keşkek
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to report the causes of visual impairment in patients with the classic clinical presentation of ocular toxoplasmosis (OT). METHODOLOGY: Eight patients with OT underwent standardized ophthalmologic examination and fundus imaging. Macula and the lesions that could be visualized were evaluated by spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SOCT) at presentation. The scan acquisition protocols for SOCT included a radial line scan through the retinochoroiditis lesion, radial line macular scan, and horizontal volume scans at the macula...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Emine Dilek Eruz, Aysun Yalci, Eriz Ozden, Halide Aslaner, Suna Ogucu-Durgun, Deniz Derya Koseoglu-Taymur, Kemal Osman Memikoglu, Hakan Erdem, Halil Kurt
INTRODUCTION: In this study, we aimed to identify risk factors for the development of infectious complications after prostate biopsy and to investigate the role of intestinal colonization of bacteria that are resistant to prophylactic antibiotics. METHODOLOGY: A total of 168 patients who had undergone transrectal prostate biopsy (TRPB) under ciprofloxacin and gentamycin prophylaxis were included in the study. Stool cultures and subsequent antibiotic susceptibility testing were performed in all patients before the start of antibiotic prophylaxis...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Patricia Catalina García-Cervantes, María Elena Báez-Flores, Francisco Delgado-Vargas, Martha Ponce-Macotela, Yukifumi Nawa, María Del-Carmen De-la-Cruz-Otero, Mario N Martínez-Gordillo, Sylvia Páz Díaz-Camacho
INTRODUCTION: Giardiasis is a human health concern worldwide, especially among schoolchildren. Giardia duodenalis genotypes A and B are infective to humans, but their zoonotic potential remains controversial. In Mexico, the most prevalent genotype is A, but B was also detected in southeastern Mexico. In Sinaloa state, northwestern Mexico, giardiasis is highly prevalent, but Giardia genotypes have been poorly studied. METHODOLOGY: This study aimed to investigate the distribution and clinical-epidemiological correlation of G...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Boniface Nwofoke Ukwah, Ifeoma Maureen Ezeonu, Chinonyelum Thecla Ezeonu, Dawn Roellig, Lihua Xiao
INTRODUCTION: Cryptosporidiosis is a common disease of children and immune-compromised persons. This study evaluated the diversity and distribution of Cryptosporidium species in diarrheal children and HIV-infected persons on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and those not on HAART. METHODOLOGY: A total of 394 fecal specimens were collected from patients attending clinics in Nsukka and Ebonyi, Nigeria. Detection and identification of Cryptosporidium species were conducted by PCR-RFLP of the small subunit (SSU) rRNA gene, whereas subtyping was done by sequence analysis of the 60 kDa glycoprotein (gp60) gene...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Carlos Rodrigo Camara-Lemarroy, Guillermo Delgado-Garcia, Juan Gilberto De la Cruz-Gonzalez, Hector Jorge Villareal-Velazquez, Fernando Gongora-Rivera
INTRODUCTION: Mean platelet volume (MPV) has been shown to reflect the inflammatory burden in different inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. Our objective was to analyze the MPV in patients with tuberculous (TBM) and bacterial meningitis (BM). METHODOLOGY: The demographic and clinical data of 73 consecutive patients that presented with either BM (n = 35) or TBM (n = 38) were retrospectively analyzed, as well as that of 28 age- and sex-matched controls. RESULTS: MPV was 8...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Kaisen Chen, Yangyi Zhang, Yiping Peng
INTRODUCTION: Characterizing Mycobacterium intracellulare responsible for nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) infections may aid in controlling outbreaks. This study aimed to compare 16S ribosomal ribonucleic acid (rRNA) sequencing and variable-number tandem repeat (VNTR) genotyping of M. intracellulare strains isolated from clinical samples, and to characterize VNTR clusters associated with NTM infections or cavity formation. METHODOLOGY: Sputum samples were obtained from 77 HIV-negative patients with pulmonary disease between 2009 and 2013...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Hulya Ozdemir, Hulya Bilgen, Ahmet Topuzoglu, Senay Coskun, Guner Soyletir, Mustafa Bakir, Eren Ozek
INTRODUCTION: There is still some uncertainty on cord care practices all around the world, especially in developing countries. The aim of our study was to investigate the effects of six different umbilical cord care practices on the rate of colonization and cord separation time. METHODOLOGY: A total of 516 newborns were randomly allocated to the following six umbilical cord care groups: group 1 received dry care; groups 2-4 received a single application of 70% alcohol, 4% chlorhexidine, or povidon-iodine in the delivery room, respectively, which were discontinued thereafter; groups 5 and 6 received a single application of 70% alcohol or 4% chlorhexidine, respectively, starting in the delivery room and continuing every six hours until discharge...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Meradi Laarem, Abouddihaj Barguigua, Kaotar Nayme, Abdi Akila, Khalid Zerouali, Naima El Mdaghri, Mohammed Timinouni
INTRODUCTION: The emergence and spread of quinolone-resistant Escherichia coli in poultry products puts consumers at risk of exposure to the strains of E. coli that resist antibiotic treatment. The objective of this study was to define the prevalence and virulence potential of poultry-associated nalidixic acid (NAL)-resistant E. coli in the Annaba city, Algeria. METHODOLOGY: In total, 33 samples of retail chicken meat were purchased from various butcher shops and examined for bacterial contamination with NAL-resistant E...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Nadia Amajoud, Brahim Bouchrif, Mohammed El Maadoudi, Nadia Skalli Senhaji, Bouchra Karraouan, Abdeltif El Harsal, Jamal El Abrini
INTRODUCTION: Salmonellosis is one of the most common foodborne diseases worldwide. The irrational use of antibiotics in medicine and in animal feed has greatly promoted the emergence and spread of resistant strains of non-typhoidal Salmonella. METHODOLOGY: A total of 464 food products were collected in Tetouan from January 2010 to December 2012. The isolation and identification of Salmonella were performed according to Moroccan standard 08.0.116. All isolates were serotyped and were then tested for antibiotic resistance using the disk diffusion method...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Tsiry Rasamiravaka, Tojo Tiana Andriatsitohanana, Andry Rasamindrakotroka
INTRODUCTION: The laboratory of Training and Research in Medical Biology of Madagascar conducted a cross-sectional study to estimate the rate of S. aureus nasal carriage of pig and poultry Malagasy farmers. METHODOLOGY: Pig and poultry farmers from capital town of Madagascar were selected for nasal swabs collection with information on potential risk factors for S. aureus colonization, including animal exposure. RESULTS: Nasal swabs from 180 farmers (M/F sex ratio: 0...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Aybars Bilgeturk, Hanefi Cem Gul, Ahmet Karakas, Gurkan Mert, Cumhur Artuk, Can Polat Eyigun
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to identify a follow-up modality that can be used to evaluate therapeutic responses in patients receiving treatment for brucellar sacroillitis and to determine whether antibiotherapy can be stopped. METHODOLOGY: A total of 32 patients with sacroiliac joint involvement demonstrated via magnetic resonance imaging or bone scintigraphy were followed up and treated. Patients received 200 mg/day of doxycycline and 600-900 mg/day of rifampicin for 3-21 months, and 1 g/day of streptomycin for 21 days...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Mohamed Gedi Qayad, Gianfranco Tarsitani
INTRODUCTION: The Borama TB program in Somalia lost resources for TB operations in 2003. We evaluated the impact of the loss on the program. METHODOLOGY: Pre-event (2002-2003) and post-event (2007) design were used. All TB patients registered in Borama and a sample of four months from Hargeisa (comparison) TB patients in both periods were abstracted. The following TB treatment outcomes were estimated: treatment success, treatment failure, case fatality, treatment interruption and transfer rates, along with percentage of patients with sputum specimen prior to treatment, percentage of patients from neighboring countries, and monthly average patients enrolled in treatment...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Angelo Maximo Batista de Amorim, Janaína Dos Santos Nascimento
The increasing prevalence of foodborne diseases observed in developing countries has been linked to a rise in the consumption of raw foods. However, unlike the classical pathogens that are commonly implicated in foodborne illnesses, members of the genus Acinetobacter are rarely associated with diarrheal disease, probably because of the difficulty in isolating these Gram-negative bacteria from food sources. Nevertheless, several species of Acinetobacter, especially A. baumannii, possess many of the characteristics associated with successful pathogens and exhibit a prodigious ability to acquire the multiple-drug resistance (MDR) phenotype...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Federica Dassoni, Frehiwot Daba, Bernard Naafs, Aldo Morrone
Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is endemic in Ethiopia. An unusual clinical form of this disease is leishmaniasis recidivans (LR), a prolonged, relapsing form of cutaneous leishmaniasis resembling tuberculosis of the skin that may persist for many years with a chronic and relapsing course. This rare variant has been shown to be caused by Leishmania tropica species in the Old World and by Leishmania braziliensis, Leishmania amazonensis, Leishmania panamensis, and Leishmania guyanensis in the New World, as reported in various studies...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Mehmet Burak Selek, Bayhan Bektöre, Ogün Sezer, Tuğba Kula Atik, Orhan Baylan, Mustafa Özyurt
INTRODUCTION: Urine culture is the gold standard test for revealing the microbial agent causing urinary tract infection (UTI). Culture results are affected by sampling techniques; improper sampling leads to contamination of urine and thus contamination of the culture with urogenital flora. We aimed to evaluate the effect of urogenital cleansing, performed with chlorhexidine-containing genital region cleansing wipes (GRCW) on contamination rates. METHODOLOGY: A total of 2,665 patients with UTI-related complaints and with urine culture requests from various outpatient clinics were enrolled in the study...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
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