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Journal of Infection in Developing Countries

Rodrigo Buzinaro Suzuki, Aline Diniz Cabral, Luciamare Perinetti Alves Martins, Marcia Aparecida Sperança
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Elena Sevillano, Mirella Moreno, Fatima Funes, Magaly Espinoza, Zulema Bustamante, Lucía Gallego
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Maurício Cabral Dutra, Luisa Zanolli Moreno, Cristina Roman Amigo, Maria Roberta Felizardo, Thais Sebastiana Porfida Ferreira, Tania Alen Coutinho, Alexandre Abelardo Sanches, Jason Ardila Galvis, Marina Moreno, Andrea Micke Moreno
INTRODUCTION: Porcine cytomegalovirus (PCMV) causes rhinitis in both young and older pigs. The present study describes the detection and characterization of shedding profiles of PCMV in nine farrow-to-finish Brazilian swine herds. METHODOLOGY: Tonsil swabs from sows, nursery and grow-finish pigs of nine farrow-to-finish commercial herds (n = 756) were evaluated for the presence of PCMV by PCR. RESULTS: The virus was detected in all herds. Positive samples were concentrated in piglets of ages varying from 40 to 60 days (nursery phase), while none of the sows were positive for PCMV detection...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Guergana Petrova, Tanya Strateva, Dimitrinka Miteva, Snezhina Lazova, Penka Perenovska
INTRODUCTION: In aim to achieve better infection control and possible eradication of the pathogens involved in chronic infections of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) scientists have developed a new way to administer antimicrobials - inhalation. The first and so far the only available inhalable antimicrobial in Bulgaria is inhaled tobramycin (TOBI), introduced in 2009. We aimed to evaluate the antimicrobial susceptibility of Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from cystic fibrosis (CF) patients before and after initiation of TOBI in the regular treatment regimen...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Taisa Guimarães de Souza, Annelita Almeida Oliveira Reiners, Rosemeiry Capriata de Souza Azevedo, Cor Jesus Fernandes Fontes, Rita Graziela Ferreira, Priscilla Uiara Do Carmo
INTRODUCTION: Malaria remains an important public health problem despite recent scientific breakthroughs regarding knowledge about malaria and treatment strategies. The objective of this study was to analyze malaria patients' knowledge about the disease, its treatment and prevention, linking it to drug treatment adherence. METHODOLOGY: A descriptive, cross-sectional, epidemiological survey study was conducted in the district of Três Fronteiras-MT. The study included 618 individuals who were interviewed and examined for Plasmodium infection...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Elham Am El-Feky, Doa'a A Saleh, Jehan El-Kholy, Ahmed Mahmoud Sayed, Yasmeen Mansi, Mohamed Hashem
INTRODUCTION: Personal digital assistants (PDAs) used in electronic laboratory-based surveillance are a promising alternative to conventional surveillance to detect healthcare-associated infections (HAIs). The aim of the study was to monitor, detect, and analyze HAIs using PDAs in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODOLOGY: In this descriptive study, 1,053 neonates admitted to the NICU in the obstetrics and gynecology ward at the Cairo University hospital were included and evaluated for HAIs by collecting data using PDAs programmed by Naval Medical Research Unit 3, Cairo, with the definitions for HAIs provided by the National Healthcare Safety Network of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Dawn Dineo Pereko, Martie S Lubbe, Sabiha Y Essack
INTRODUCTION: Antibiotics are among the most commonly used therapeutic agents for humans globally, and their use has been associated with the development of resistance. The objective of this study was to identify sources for quantifying antibiotic usage patterns and to assess such use in ambulatory patients in the private health sector of Namibia. METHODOLOGY: A retrospective analysis of prescription claims data and sales data for the period 2008 to 2011 was conducted...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Godofreda Ruiz Vergeire-Dalmacion, Jill Rafols Itable, Emmanuel Saporna Baja
INTRODUCTION: Hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) are associated with increased morbidity and mortality, especially in developing countries. However, limited information is available about the risk of HAIs in naturally ventilated wards (NVWs) and mechanically ventilated intensive care units (MVICUs) of public hospitals in the Philippines. We aimed to assess the association between HAIs and type of ventilation in an urban tertiary care hospital in the Philippines. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional point-prevalence survey of infections was done in NVWs and MVICUs of a tertiary care hospital in December 2013...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Jelalu Kemal, Berhanu Sibhat, Sissay Menkir, Desta Beyene
INTRODUCTION: The presence of antimicrobial-resistant Salmonella in poultry and poultry products, including eggs, is a global public health concern. This study aimed to estimate the levels and patterns of antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella from chicken eggs and assess consumers' raw egg consumption and farmers' handling practices. METHODOLOGY: A total of 300 egg samples were collected from Haramaya open market (n = 150) and Haramaya University poultry farm (n = 150) in Ethiopia...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Won Sup Oh, Yeon-Sook Kim, Joon Sup Yeom, Hee Kyoung Choi, Yee Gyung Kwak, Jae-Bum Jun, Seong Yeon Park, Jin-Won Chung, Ji-Young Rhee, Baek-Nam Kim
INTRODUCTION: Among patients with urinary tract infection (UTI), bacteremic cases show higher mortality rates than do nonbacteremic cases. Early identification of bacteremic cases is crucial for severity assessment of patients with febrile UTI. This study aimed to identify predictors associated with bacteremia in women with community-onset febrile UTI and to develop a prediction model to estimate the probability of bacteremic cases. METHODOLOGY: This cross-sectional study included women consecutively hospitalized with community-onset febrile UTI at 10 hospitals in Korea...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Christiana O Shobo, Linda Antionette Bester, Sooraj Baijnath, Anou M Somboro, Abdool K C Peer, Sabiha Y Essack
INTRODUCTION: There is a dearth of surveillance data on clinical Campylobacter in South Africa, particularly in the private healthcare environment. We investigated the prevalence of resistance to first-line antibiotics used to treat campylobacterioses in clinical Campylobacter isolates from a private pathology laboratory. METHODOLOGY: Identification of the Campylobacter specific genes were confirmed by PCR. Minimum inhibitory concentrations were determined using the broth micro-dilution method against macrolides (erythromycin, azithromycin), fluoroquinolones (ciprofloxacin, gatifloxacin) and tetracycline...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Joseph Michael Ochieng' Oduor, Nyamongo Onkoba, Fredrick Maloba, Washingtone Ouma Arodi, Atunga Nyachieo
INTRODUCTION: The use of bacteriophages as an alternative treatment method against multidrug-resistant bacteria has not been explored in Kenya. This study sought to determine the efficacy of environmentally obtained lytic bacteriophage against multidrug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MDRSA) bacterium in mice. METHODOLOGY: Staphylococcus aureus bacterium and S. aureus-specific lytic phage were isolated from sewage and wastewater collected within Nairobi County, Kenya...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Lei Jia, Changying Lin, Zhiyong Gao, Mei Qu, Junyong Yang, Jingyi Sun, He Chen, Quanyi Wang
INTRODUCTION: Only a small proportion of patients with diarrhea are diagnosed with laboratory tests in China, and most are diagnosed based on clinical symptoms. Therefore, understanding the prevalence of different diarrheal pathogens and their specific symptoms is important. METHODOLOGY: Data from a prospective study in Beijing of acute diarrhea and the related pathogens were used to study the association between different pathogen groups and the infected patients' characteristics...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Nabila Benamrouche, Hassiba Tali Maamar, Malika Lazri, Sonia Hasnaoui, Abdelkarim Radoui, Ourida Lafer, Rachida Boukari, Chawki Kaddache, Zakia Arrada, Kheira Rahal
INTRODUCTION: Pertussis outbreaks continue to occur in many countries despite high vaccination coverage. Under-diagnosed cases in adolescents and adults may result in increased transmission to infants, who are at risk of severe pertussis. Additional measures to protect both groups should be considered. METHODOLOGY: Nasopharyngeal samples and sera were collected from patients and household contacts with clinically suspected pertussis. Diagnoses were confirmed by culture, real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and serology...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Mahsuk Taylan, Melike Demir, Sureyya Yılmaz, Halide Kaya, Hadice Selimoglu Sen, Menduh Oruc, Mustafa Icer, Ercan Gunduz, Cengizhan Sezgi
INTRODUCTION: A country's development level is measured with a quantitative parameter called the human development index (HDI). The present study researched the effects of HDI parameters (such as healthcare standards, income, and education level) on the incidence of tuberculosis. METHODOLOGY: HDI data of 36 provinces of Turkey and the tuberculosis surveillance data were obtained from the Ministry of Development and the Ministry of Health, respectively. The associations between the incidence of tuberculosis and other HDI parameters were analyzed...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Fulya Bayındır Bilman, Mehmet Özdemir, Birol Baysal, Muhammed Güzel Kurtoğlu
INTRODUCTION: Helicobacter pylori is a Gram-negative, microaerophilic bacterium that colonizes human gastric mucosa. Gastric ulcer, duodenal ulcer, chronic atrophic gastritis, mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma, and stomach adenocarcinoma are associated with H. pylori as the etiological agent. Cytotoxin-associated gene A (cagA), which is one of the most important virulence factors of H. pylori, encodes a 120-145 kDa protein. The prevalence of cagA genes shows differences in H...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Adem Hiko, Herlinde Irsigler, Gobena Ameni, Karl-Hans Zessin, Reinhard Fries
INTRODUCTION: Salmonella has been reported from foods and the food production environment, with outbreaks occurring in the human population worldwide. METHODOLOGY: A survey on Salmonella in two beef production lines (a beef abattoir line and a processing line) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia was conducted, with a total of 668 various samples randomly collected from animal-related materials, the environment, and a beef product (mortadella). RESULTS: Overall, a 12...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Vladimir Guriev, Constantin Spinu, Octavian Sajen, Maria Isac, Igor Spinu, Svetlana Cebotari, Ala Donos
Viral hepatitis, especially those with parenteral and sexual transmission, still remain a major problem of public health, both globally and for the Republic of Moldova, due to wide spreading, endemicity, increased morbidity and mortality and high rate of invalidity following the chronization of infection, but usually neglected by population and public health authorities. This paper describes the epidemiology and preventive and control measures of hepatitis C in Moldova. Epidemiological analysis of the surveillance data on hepatitis C incidence in the Republic of Moldova was conducted...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Antonella Santona, Elisa Taviani, Massimo Deligios, Ahmed A Al-Qahtani, Mohammed N Al-Ahdal, Salvatore Rubino, Bianca Paglietti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 31, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Hiram Villanueva-Lozano, Rogelio de J Treviño-Rangel, Cristina L Hernández-Balboa, Gloria M González, Michel F Martínez-Reséndez
We present a case report of a fungal bloodstream infection due to an unusual pathogen. This is a 30 years-old female patient diagnosed with Crohn's disease and a disseminated Mycobacterium bovis infection subsequently complicated by fungemia due to the emergent yeast pathogen Candida ciferrii, who was unresponsive to fluconazole and made a full recovery after treatment with posaconazole. To our knowledge, this is the first report of Candida ciferrii isolation from blood in an adult associated to a central venous catheter and which was successfully treated with posaconazole...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
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