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Journal of Infection in Developing Countries

Song Li, Junhe Liu, Yufa Zhou, Zengmin Miao
INTRODUCTION: Animals are considered to be reservoirs of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing bacteria, but few epidemiological data on ESBL-producing Escherichia coli urinary tract isolates in pet dogs are available in China. METHODOLOGY: This study was conducted to describe the prevalence and characterization of ESBL producers among E. coli urinary tract isolates from pet dogs in Tai'an, China. RESULTS: A total of 118 E. coli were obtained from urinary samples of 80 companion dogs suffering from acute or chronic cystitis, of which three isolates from different dogs were ESBL producers...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Svetoslav Nanev Slavov, Katia Kaori Otaguiri, Mariana Tomazini Pinto, Vanderléia Bárbaro Valente, Eugênia Maria Amorim Ubiali, Dimas Tadeu Covas, Simone Kashima
INTRODUCTION: American tripanosomiasis (Chagas disease), the second most neglected disease in the world, is caused by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi. Though natural transmission by insect vectors has been controlled, there is significant risk of T. cruzi transmission by blood transfusion in non-endemic regions, generally due to immigration processes from endemic areas. METHODOLOGY: The objective of this study was to evaluate anti-T. cruzi seroprevalence in blood donors from the western part of São Paulo State, Brazil, by serologic and immunofluorescence confirmation tests for the period between 2012 and 2014...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Mateus De Paula von Glehn, Lana Cristina Evangelista Ferreira Sá, Hian Delfino Ferreira da Silva, Eleuza Rodrigues Machado
INTRODUCTION: Trichomonas vaginalis is considered the most prevalent curable sexually transmitted infection, and its occurrence exceeds that of gonococcal and chlamydia infections. This parasite has been identified as responsible for the increased risk of transmission of HIV and has also been associated with prostate and cervical cancer. Many carriers of T. vaginalis are asymptomatic and, when experiencing a health problem, they most often have nonspecific symptoms. The aim of this research was to estimate the presence of T...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Hany Khalil, Mohamed Arfa, Samir El-Masrey, Sherif M El-Sherbini, Amal A Abd-Elaziz
INTRODUCTION: Hepatitis C is a liver disease caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV). It can cause both acute and chronic hepatitis infection. Based on secretion of required cytokines upon infection, HCV can improve its own RNA and successfully complete the replication cycle. Importantly, single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are the most common type of genetic variation and have been found to play a critical role in modulation of cellular cytokine production and interaction. METHODOLOGY: A total of 100 blood samples were obtained from HCV patients, and 120 samples were obtained from healthy individuals who served as controls...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Ariel Antonio Arteta, Hernan Carvajal-Restrepo, Miryan Margot Sánchez-Jiménez, Sergio Diaz-Rodriguez, Nora Cardona-Castro
INTRODUCTION: Gallbladder stones are a very frequently occurring condition. Despite bile bactericidal activity, many bacteria have been detected inside the gallbladder, and gallstones facilitate their presence. Between 3% and 5% of the patients with Salmonella spp. infection develop the carrier stage, with the bacteria persisting inside the gallbladder, shedding bacteria in their feces without signs of infection. The aim of this study was to isolate bacteria from Colombian patients with gallstones, using standard culturing methods, and to identify Salmonella spp...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Ibrahim Mehmeti, Hysen Bytyqi, Skender Muji, Ingolf F Nes, Dzung B Diep
INTRODUCTION: Milk is considered to be a healthy, nutritious food product. Microbiological quality is an important aspect in evaluating the quality of milk. METHODOLOGY: A total of 603 bulk tank milk samples from 221 farms distributed across ten different regions were collected for milk quality assessment. Quality was judged by total viable count, and the prevalence of two foodborne pathogens (Listeria monocytogenes and Staphylococcus aureus) by using selective media and 16S rRNA gene sequencing...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Omar Nafi, Yasseen Tarawnah, Amjad Tarawnah
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiological patterns of Mediterranean spotted fever (MSF) as well as its treatment and outcomes in children in south Jordan. METHODOLOGY: A retrospective observational study was conducted from June 2013 to December 2015. Data regarding demographics, clinical presentation, laboratory findings, treatment, and outcomes were collected. RESULTS: In total, 35 male and 20 female patients (mean age: 6 years ± 3...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Sara Chandy, Lokeshwaran Kirubanandhan, Priya Hemavathy, Anees Mohammad Khadeeja, Siby Jacob Kurian, Krishnan Venkataraman, Kristine Mørch, Dilip Mathai, Anand Manoharan
INTRODUCTION: Leptospirosis is a major public health problem in India. However, it has been underreported and under-diagnosed due to a lack of awareness of the disease, a functional surveillance system, and appropriate laboratory diagnostic facilities. METHODOLOGY: This multicenter study aimed to understand the Leptospira serovars causing leptospirosis in seven secondary-level hospitals in six states in India. Since early and accurate diagnosis of leptospirosis is one of the challenges faced by clinicians in India due to the poor specificity and sensitivity of commercially available diagnostic systems, an in-house indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Hernán Carvajal-Restrepo, Miryan Margot Sánchez-Jiménez, Sergio Diaz-Rodríguez, Nora Cardona-Castro
INTRODUCTION: Salmonellosis, a zoonotic and foodborne disease, is a public health problem in developing countries. With the aim of identifying human carriers of Salmonella, a survey was performed in five regions of Colombia with reported salmonellosis outbreaks. METHODOLOGY: The general population and cholecystectomy surgical patients were included in this study. Stool samples from 667 volunteers and gallbladder bile samples from 199 surgical patients were examined...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Kannika Sukkua, Somruthai Manothong, Pharanai Sukhumungoon
INTRODUCTION: Several Escherichia coli pathotypes have been reported in Thailand; however, information on enteroaggregative heat-stable enterotoxin 1 (EAST1)-carrying E. coli (EAST1-EC) is insufficient. Previous reports show that consumption of raw meats causes diarrheagenic E. coli infections. In this study, we investigated the seroprevalence and genetic relationship of EAST1-EC from clinical and raw meat samples. METHODOLOGY: Diarrheal patients and raw meat samples were investigated for the presence of EAST1-EC by performing polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to detect astA...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Yeh Fong Tan, Cheong Lieng Teng, Kaw Bing Chua, Kenny Voon
INTRODUCTION: Pteropine orthoreovirus (PRV) is an emerging zoonotic respiratory virus that has spilled over from bats to humans. Though initially found only in bats, further case studies have found viable virus in ill patients. METHODOLOGY: PubMed was queried with the keywords of Nelson Bay orthoreovirus OR Pteropine orthoreovirus OR Melaka orthoreovirus OR Kampar orthoreovirus, and returned 17 hits. RESULTS: Based on prevalence studies, the presence of PRV has been reported in Malaysia and Vietnam, both developing countries...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Anubrata Ghosal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Haroon Ahmed, Muhammad Sohail Afzal, Ozge Ozyalin, Mobushir Riaz Khan, Sami Simsek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Melissa Saravia, Cristopher Segovia, Katherinne Valderrama, Javier Santander
Colibacillosis is a disease caused by Escherichia coli in a variety of animals, including humans. Rabbit colibacillosis is infrequent or with an incipient description in Chile. Here, we describe an E. coli case in a white New Zealand rabbit at an animal facility in Santiago, Chile. Necropsy, histology, bacteriology, and 16S sequencing indicated an E. coli systemic infection. Phylogenetic analysis suggested that this E. coli J305 isolate is closely related to Shigella spp.
February 28, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Abdul Rahman M Alnemri, Adnan Hadid, Shaik Asfaq Hussain, Ali M Somily, Badr H Sobaih, Abdulkarim Alrabiaah, Awad Alanazi, Zahid Shakoor, Sarah AlSubaie, Naema Meriki, Abdelmageed M Kambal
Although brucellosis is not uncommon in Saudi Arabia, neonatal brucellosis has been infrequently reported. In this case of neonatal brucellosis, Brucella abortus was isolated by blood culture from both the mother and the neonate. Serology was positive only in the mother.
February 28, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Raghda Yahya, Wafaa Alyousef, Abdelwahab Omara, Suha Alamoudi, Alanoud Alshami, Baha Abdalhamid
Cupriavidus pauculus is an emerging organism causing infections in immunocompromised and immunocompetent patients. We report a C.pauculus pneumonia case susceptible to cefepime in an infant with end-stage renal failure. To our knowledge, this is the first case report of C. pauculus causing respiratory infections in the Gulf Cooperation Council.
February 28, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Nedime Şahinoğlu Keşkek, Fikret Ünal, Selim Cevher, Şakir Özgür Keşkek
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to report the causes of visual impairment in patients with the classic clinical presentation of ocular toxoplasmosis (OT). METHODOLOGY: Eight patients with OT underwent standardized ophthalmologic examination and fundus imaging. Macula and the lesions that could be visualized were evaluated by spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SOCT) at presentation. The scan acquisition protocols for SOCT included a radial line scan through the retinochoroiditis lesion, radial line macular scan, and horizontal volume scans at the macula...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Emine Dilek Eruz, Aysun Yalci, Eriz Ozden, Halide Aslaner, Suna Ogucu-Durgun, Deniz Derya Koseoglu-Taymur, Kemal Osman Memikoglu, Hakan Erdem, Halil Kurt
INTRODUCTION: In this study, we aimed to identify risk factors for the development of infectious complications after prostate biopsy and to investigate the role of intestinal colonization of bacteria that are resistant to prophylactic antibiotics. METHODOLOGY: A total of 168 patients who had undergone transrectal prostate biopsy (TRPB) under ciprofloxacin and gentamycin prophylaxis were included in the study. Stool cultures and subsequent antibiotic susceptibility testing were performed in all patients before the start of antibiotic prophylaxis...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Patricia Catalina García-Cervantes, María Elena Báez-Flores, Francisco Delgado-Vargas, Martha Ponce-Macotela, Yukifumi Nawa, María Del-Carmen De-la-Cruz-Otero, Mario N Martínez-Gordillo, Sylvia Páz Díaz-Camacho
INTRODUCTION: Giardiasis is a human health concern worldwide, especially among schoolchildren. Giardia duodenalis genotypes A and B are infective to humans, but their zoonotic potential remains controversial. In Mexico, the most prevalent genotype is A, but B was also detected in southeastern Mexico. In Sinaloa state, northwestern Mexico, giardiasis is highly prevalent, but Giardia genotypes have been poorly studied. METHODOLOGY: This study aimed to investigate the distribution and clinical-epidemiological correlation of G...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Boniface Nwofoke Ukwah, Ifeoma Maureen Ezeonu, Chinonyelum Thecla Ezeonu, Dawn Roellig, Lihua Xiao
INTRODUCTION: Cryptosporidiosis is a common disease of children and immune-compromised persons. This study evaluated the diversity and distribution of Cryptosporidium species in diarrheal children and HIV-infected persons on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and those not on HAART. METHODOLOGY: A total of 394 fecal specimens were collected from patients attending clinics in Nsukka and Ebonyi, Nigeria. Detection and identification of Cryptosporidium species were conducted by PCR-RFLP of the small subunit (SSU) rRNA gene, whereas subtyping was done by sequence analysis of the 60 kDa glycoprotein (gp60) gene...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
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