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Journal of Infection in Developing Countries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036317/complicated-skin-and-soft-tissue-infection-with-mycobacterium-fortuitum-following-excision-of-a-sebaceous-cyst-in-taiwan
#1
Shih-Chen Tsai, Li-Hsin Chen, Hsien-Hua Liao, Chih-Yu Chiang, Wea-Lung Lin, Shiuan-Chih Chen, Shih-Ming Tsao, Hung-Chang Hung, Yuan-Ti Lee
Mycobacterium fortuitum group (M. fortuitum), also known as rapidly growing Mycobacteria, can cause pyogenic infections in human beings, most commonly in immunocompromised patients. Herein, we present a 40-year-old immunocompetent male patient who underwent planned excision of a sebaceous cyst in the abdominal wall. He suffered from tender erythematous lesions with purulent discharge around the healing wound that developed 2 weeks after surgery. Gram stain, bacterial and fungal culture results of the wound were negative...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036316/post-delivery-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-infection-misdiagnosed-as-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#2
Li Yu Ting, Bikash Shrestha, Yi Lu Lu, Fu Ping
Tuberculosis is a common infectious mycobacterial disease having a wide range of clinical and serological manifestations that are similar to rheumatic disease. Differential diagnosis is a crucial aspect in any rheumatic disease as many other infectious diseases portray clinical similarities and autoantibody positivity. Our case report illustrates of a young woman just after the delivery of a child presented an unusual case of extrapulmonary tuberculosis infection initially misdiagnosed as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036315/evaluation-of-the-immunogenic-property-of-nt-h-influenzae-protein-d-with-neisseria-meningitidis-omv-in-balb-c
#3
Ava Behrouzi, Saeid Bouzari, Seyed Davar Siadat, Mana Oloomi, Mehdi Davari, Hoora Mazaheri
INTRODUCTION: Identifying ideal non typeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) vaccine candidates has not been easy due to extensive sequence and antigenic variation among gene products interacting with the immune system. Protein D (PD) is a highly conserved 42 kDa surface lipoprotein available in all H. influenzae, including NTHi. METHODOLOGY: In this study, the gene encoding PD was cloned from H. influenzae and expressed in Escheriachia coli TOPO10 cell in pBAD vector...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036314/etiology-of-early-onset-septicemia-among-neonates-at-the-university-college-hospital-ibadan-nigeria
#4
Abimbola Ellen Akindolire, Olukemi Tongo, Hannah Dada-Adegbola, Olusegun Akinyinka
INTRODUCTION: Neonatal septicemia remains a major cause of newborn deaths in developing countries. Its burden is further compounded by the emergence of multidrug-resistant pathogens, which is related to a lack of antibiotic protocols resulting in unrestricted use of antibiotics. The absence of reliable antibiotic sensitivity testing makes the formulation of antibiotic guidelines and judicious use of antibiotics difficult. This study sought to identify the current bacterial agents associated with early onset septicemia (EOS; age <72 hours) and their antibiotic susceptibility patterns among neonates at the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036313/pretreatment-elevated-erythrocyte-sedimentation-rate-and-c-reactive-protein-as-a-predictor-of-malarial-complications
#5
Sachin Vemula, Vidyalakshmi Katara, Unnikrishnan Bhaskaran, Sushma Adappa, Mahabala Chakrapani
INTRODUCTION: Complications of malaria can develop suddenly and unexpectedly. Although various parameters have been associated with severity of malaria, they have not been studied as predictors of these events. Many of the malarial complications are inflammatory in nature, and C-reactive protein (CRP) and elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) could be early markers of these complications and might precede and predict the development of complications. METHODOLOGY: A total of 122 inpatients with uncomplicated newly diagnosed malaria were studied...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036312/antimicrobial-resistance-of-selected-invasive-bacteria-in-a-tertiary-care-center-results-of-a-prospective-surveillance-study
#6
Olivera Djuric, Snezana Jovanovic, Branka Stosovic, Tanja Tosic, Milica Jovanovic, Ljiljana Markovic-Denic
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to report the distribution and resistance patterns of eight invasive clinically relevant bacteria surveyed in the Clinical Center of Serbia (CCS) in Belgrade. METHODOLOGY: A total of 477 clinical blood stream isolates of Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Enterococcus faecium, Enterococcus faecalis, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Acinetobacter spp. were collected in the period from January to December 2013...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036311/etiological-profile-of-early-neonatal-bacterial-sepsis-by-multiplex-qpcr
#7
Walter P Silva-Junior, Almir S Martins, Paula C N Xavier, Kelly L A Appel, Silvio A Oliveira Junior, Durval B Palhares
INTRODUCTION: Given the major impact in terms of morbidity and mortality that episodes of early neonatal sepsis (ENS) have on both newborns and health systems, this study aimed to identify the etiological profile of early neonatal bacterial sepsis by a multiplex quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). METHODOLOGY: Blood samples from newborns diagnosed with clinical ENS and hospitalized in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) were collected and analyzed using the multiplex qPCR method to detect Streptococcus agalactiae, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Enterobacter sp...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036310/comparison-of-hrm-analysis-and-three-rep-pcr-genomic-fingerprint-methods-for-rapid-typing-of-mrsa-at-a-brazilian-hospital
#8
Giovana Carolina Bodnar, Heloísa Moreira Martins, Caio Ferreira De Oliveira, Alexandre Tadachi Morey, Eliandro Reis Tavares, Juscélio Donizete Cardoso, Marcia Regina Eches Perugini, Lucy Megumi Yamauchi Lioni, Sueli Fumie Yamada-Ogatta, Renata Katsuko Takayama Kobayashi, Gerson Nakazato
INTRODUCTION: Infections caused by multidrug-resistant bacteria are increasingly common and represent a serious problem for public health. Staphylococcus aureus is one of the major agents of infections, and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) has spread worldwide. The aim of this study was to phenotypically and genotypically characterize 55 MRSAs isolated in the University Hospital of Londrina, Paraná, Brazil, during 2010. METHODOLOGY: Bacterial isolates were characterized based on their antimicrobial susceptibility profile, biofilm production capacity, and staphylococcal chromosome cassette mec (SCCmec) type...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036309/rapid-transmission-of-multidrug-resistant-corynebacterium-striatum-among-susceptible-patients-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-china
#9
Junrui Wang, Yanyan Wang, Xiaoli Du, Jinghua Cui, Kai Wang, Lipeng Zhang, Yanqiu Han
INTRODUCTION: With increasing reports about Corynebacterium striatum, its potential pathogenicity and clinical significance are drawing more attention in recent years. METHODOLOGY: During a 14-month period, Corynebacterium striatum strains were routinely isolated in lower respiratory tract samples of the inpatients in a tertiary hospital in China, and the suspected isolates were identified with VITEK-2 ANC card and 16S rRNA sequencing technique, respectively. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) was employed to discriminate different clones, and biofilm-producing abilities of different strains were compared...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036308/early-detection-and-control-of-an-acinetobacter-baumannii-multi-resistant-outbreak-in-a-hospital-in-quito-ecuador
#10
Monica Cartelle Gestal, Jeannete Zurita, Gabriela Gualpa, Cecibel Gonzalez, Ariane Paz Y Mino
INTRODUCTION: Acinetobacter baumannii (ABA) is an important opportunistic pathogen associated with high mortality rates in intensive care units (ICUs). An outbreak in the ICU of a secondary-level hospital in Quito, Ecuador, occurred during April and May 2015 and was successfully controlled. METHODOLOGY: Enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus polymerase chain reaction (ERIC-PCR) and repetitive element palindromic (REP)-PCR was conducted on all isolates recovered from patients, as well as environmental samples, to confirm the presence of an outbreak...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036307/an-overview-of-mosquitoes-and-emerging-arboviral-infections-in-the-zagreb-area-croatia
#11
Ana Klobucar, Nikola Benic, Darko Krajcar, Mirjana Lana Kosanovic-Licina, Vanja Tesic, Enrih Merdic, Ivana Vrucina, Vladimir Savic, Ljubo Barbic, Vladimir Stevanovic, Iva Pem-Novosel, Tatjana Vilibic-Cavlek
Mosquito control in the Zagreb area has been conducted for many years, whereas the fauna has only been investigated in the last 20 years. So far 30 mosquito species have been detected in the city area. Culex pipiens form molestus is the dominant mosquito species in indoor breeding sites. In forested areas and areas exposed to flooding, the active period is early spring and the dominant species are Ochlerotatus sticticus, Ochlerotatus cantans, Ochlerotatus geniculatus and Aedes vexans. The eudominant mosquito species found in the artificial breeding sites are Culex pipiens and the Asian tiger mosquito, Aedes albopictus...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036306/infections-with-biological-therapy-strategies-for-risk-minimization-in-tropical-and-developing-countries
#12
Carlos E Pérez-Díaz, Erika Uribe-Pardo, Omar-Javier Calixto, Álvaro A Faccini-Martínez, Alfonso J Rodriguez-Morales
In recent decades, biological therapy has enabled disease activity control and improved quality of life in patients with autoimmune diseases. These therapies that are involved in immune response modifications and change multiple immunological pathways induce an incremental risk for certain infectious diseases. Though there have been recent advances in risk assessment for biological therapy, there is a lack of data and recommendations for assessing risks in populations with high prevalence of infectious diseases, such as those located in tropical areas and developing countries...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886044/a-highly-sensitive-leishmania-infantum-chagasi-isolation-method-from-bone-marrow-and-peripheral-blood-of-adults-and-children
#13
Rodrigo Buzinaro Suzuki, Aline Diniz Cabral, Luciamare Perinetti Alves Martins, Marcia Aparecida Sperança
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886043/first-detection-of-the-blaoxa-23-gene-in-a-multidrug-resistant-a-baumannii-clinical-isolate-from-cochabamba-bolivia
#14
Elena Sevillano, Mirella Moreno, Fatima Funes, Magaly Espinoza, Zulema Bustamante, Lucía Gallego
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886042/molecular-survey-of-cytomegalovirus-shedding-profile-in-commercial-pig-herds-in-brazil
#15
Maurício Cabral Dutra, Luisa Zanolli Moreno, Cristina Roman Amigo, Maria Roberta Felizardo, Thais Sebastiana Porfida Ferreira, Tania Alen Coutinho, Alexandre Abelardo Sanches, Jason Ardila Galvis, Marina Moreno, Andrea Micke Moreno
INTRODUCTION: Porcine cytomegalovirus (PCMV) causes rhinitis in both young and older pigs. The present study describes the detection and characterization of shedding profiles of PCMV in nine farrow-to-finish Brazilian swine herds. METHODOLOGY: Tonsil swabs from sows, nursery and grow-finish pigs of nine farrow-to-finish commercial herds (n = 756) were evaluated for the presence of PCMV by PCR. RESULTS: The virus was detected in all herds. Positive samples were concentrated in piglets of ages varying from 40 to 60 days (nursery phase), while none of the sows were positive for PCMV detection...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886041/antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-before-and-after-initiation-of-inhaled-tobramycin-in-bulgaria
#16
Guergana Petrova, Tanya Strateva, Dimitrinka Miteva, Snezhina Lazova, Penka Perenovska
INTRODUCTION: In aim to achieve better infection control and possible eradication of the pathogens involved in chronic infections of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) scientists have developed a new way to administer antimicrobials - inhalation. The first and so far the only available inhalable antimicrobial in Bulgaria is inhaled tobramycin (TOBI), introduced in 2009. We aimed to evaluate the antimicrobial susceptibility of Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from cystic fibrosis (CF) patients before and after initiation of TOBI in the regular treatment regimen...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886040/malaria-knowledge-and-treatment-adherence-in-a-brazilian-amazon-community
#17
Taisa Guimarães de Souza, Annelita Almeida Oliveira Reiners, Rosemeiry Capriata de Souza Azevedo, Cor Jesus Fernandes Fontes, Rita Graziela Ferreira, Priscilla Uiara Do Carmo
INTRODUCTION: Malaria remains an important public health problem despite recent scientific breakthroughs regarding knowledge about malaria and treatment strategies. The objective of this study was to analyze malaria patients' knowledge about the disease, its treatment and prevention, linking it to drug treatment adherence. METHODOLOGY: A descriptive, cross-sectional, epidemiological survey study was conducted in the district of Três Fronteiras-MT. The study included 618 individuals who were interviewed and examined for Plasmodium infection...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886039/use-of-personal-digital-assistants-to-detect-healthcare-associated-infections-in-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-in-egypt
#18
Elham Am El-Feky, Doa'a A Saleh, Jehan El-Kholy, Ahmed Mahmoud Sayed, Yasmeen Mansi, Mohamed Hashem
INTRODUCTION: Personal digital assistants (PDAs) used in electronic laboratory-based surveillance are a promising alternative to conventional surveillance to detect healthcare-associated infections (HAIs). The aim of the study was to monitor, detect, and analyze HAIs using PDAs in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODOLOGY: In this descriptive study, 1,053 neonates admitted to the NICU in the obstetrics and gynecology ward at the Cairo University hospital were included and evaluated for HAIs by collecting data using PDAs programmed by Naval Medical Research Unit 3, Cairo, with the definitions for HAIs provided by the National Healthcare Safety Network of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886038/surveillance-of-antibiotic-use-in-the-private-sector-in-namibia-using-sales-and-claims-data
#19
Dawn Dineo Pereko, Martie S Lubbe, Sabiha Y Essack
INTRODUCTION: Antibiotics are among the most commonly used therapeutic agents for humans globally, and their use has been associated with the development of resistance. The objective of this study was to identify sources for quantifying antibiotic usage patterns and to assess such use in ambulatory patients in the private health sector of Namibia. METHODOLOGY: A retrospective analysis of prescription claims data and sales data for the period 2008 to 2011 was conducted...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886037/hospital-acquired-infection-in-public-hospital-buildings-in-the-philippines-is-the-type-of-ventilation-increasing-the-risk
#20
Godofreda Ruiz Vergeire-Dalmacion, Jill Rafols Itable, Emmanuel Saporna Baja
INTRODUCTION: Hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) are associated with increased morbidity and mortality, especially in developing countries. However, limited information is available about the risk of HAIs in naturally ventilated wards (NVWs) and mechanically ventilated intensive care units (MVICUs) of public hospitals in the Philippines. We aimed to assess the association between HAIs and type of ventilation in an urban tertiary care hospital in the Philippines. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional point-prevalence survey of infections was done in NVWs and MVICUs of a tertiary care hospital in December 2013...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
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