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Journal of Genetics and Genomics, Yi Chuan Xue Bao

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890545/organic-acid-anions-an-effective-defensive-weapon-for-plants-against-aluminum-toxicity-and-phosphorus-deficiency-in-acidic-soils
#1
REVIEW
Zhi Chang Chen, Hong Liao
Aluminum (Al) toxicity and phosphorous (P) deficiency are two major limiting factors for plant growth on acidic soils. Thus, the physiological mechanisms for Al tolerance and P acquisition have been intensively studied. A commonly observed trait is that plants have developed the ability to utilize organic acid anions (OAs; mainly malate, citrate and oxalate) to combat Al toxicity and P deficiency. OAs secreted by roots into the rhizosphere can externally chelate Al(3+) and mobilize phosphate (Pi), while OAs synthesized in the cell can internally sequester Al(3+) into the vacuole and release free Pi for metabolism...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Genetics and Genomics, Yi Chuan Xue Bao
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889500/enhancing-phosphorus-uptake-efficiency-through-qtl-based-selection-for-root-system-architecture-in-maize
#2
Riliang Gu, Fanjun Chen, Lizhi Long, Hongguang Cai, Zhigang Liu, Jiabo Yang, Lifeng Wang, Huiyong Li, Junhui Li, Wenxin Liu, Guohua Mi, Fusuo Zhang, Lixing Yuan
Root system architecture (RSA) plays an important role in phosphorus (P) acquisition, but enhancing P use efficiency (PUE) in maize via genetic manipulation of RSA has not yet been reported. Here, using a maize recombinant inbred line (RIL) population, we investigated the genetic relationships between PUE and RSA, and developed P-efficient lines by selection of quantitative trait loci (QTLs) that coincide for both traits. In low-P (LP) fields, P uptake efficiency (PupE) was more closely correlated with PUE (r = 0...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Genetics and Genomics, Yi Chuan Xue Bao
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889499/the-osamt1-1-gene-functions-in-ammonium-uptake-and-ammonium-potassium-homeostasis-over-low-and-high-ammonium-concentration-ranges
#3
Chang Li, Zhong Tang, Jia Wei, Hongye Qu, Yanjie Xie, Guohua Xu
Rice (Oryza sativa) grown in paddy fields is an ammonium (NH4(+))-preferring crop; however, its AMT-type NH4(+) transporters that mediate root N acquisition have not been well characterized yet. In this study, we analyzed the expression pattern and physiological function of the OsAMT1.1 gene of the AMT1 subfamily in rice. OsAMT1.1 is located in the plasma membrane and is mainly expressed in the root epidermis, stele and mesophyll cells. Disruption of the OsAMT1.1 gene decreased the uptake of NH4(+), and the growth of roots and shoots under both low NH4(+) and high NH4(+) conditions...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Genetics and Genomics, Yi Chuan Xue Bao
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889498/bloc-2-subunit-hps6-deficiency-affects-the-tubulation-and-secretion-of-von-willebrand-factor-from-mouse-endothelial-cells
#4
Jing Ma, Zhe Zhang, Lin Yang, Janos Kriston-Vizi, Daniel F Cutler, Wei Li
Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS) is a recessive disorder with bleeding diathesis, which has been linked to platelet granule defects. Both platelet granules and endothelial Weibel-Palade bodies (WPBs) are members of lysosome-related organelles (LROs) whose formation is regulated by HPS protein associated complexes such as BLOC (biogenesis of lysosome organelles complex) -1, -2, -3, AP-3 (adaptor protein complex-3) and HOPS (homotypic fusion and protein sorting complex). Von Willebrand factor (VWF) is critical to hemostasis, which is stored in a highly-multimerized form as tubules in the WPBs...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Genetics and Genomics, Yi Chuan Xue Bao
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769691/the-rising-zebrafish-research-in-china-meeting-report-of-the-3rd-chinese-zebrafish-principal-investigator-meeting-the-inaugural-meeting-of-china-zebrafish-society
#5
Dongyuan Ma, Yuanyuan Xue, Yifan Zhang, Yonghua Sun, Anming Meng, Feng Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 6, 2016: Journal of Genetics and Genomics, Yi Chuan Xue Bao
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765484/sequencing-and-comparative-analysis-of-aegilops-tauschii-chromosome-arm-3ds-reveal-rapid-evolution-of-triticeae-genomes
#6
Jingzhong Xie, Naxin Huo, Shenghui Zhou, Yi Wang, Guanghao Guo, Karin R Deal, Shuhong Ouyang, Yong Liang, Zhenzhong Wang, Lichan Xiao, Tingting Zhu, Tiezhu Hu, Vijay Tiwari, Jianwei Zhang, Hongxia Li, Zhongfu Ni, Yingyin Yao, Huiru Peng, Shengli Zhang, Olin D Anderson, Patrick E McGuire, Jan Dvorak, Ming-Cheng Luo, Zhiyong Liu, Yong Q Gu, Qixin Sun
Bread wheat (Triticum aestivum, AABBDD) is an allohexaploid species derived from two rounds of interspecific hybridizations. A high-quality genome sequence assembly of diploid Aegilops tauschii, the donor of the wheat D genome, will provide a useful platform to study polyploid wheat evolution. A combined approach of BAC pooling and next-generation sequencing technology was employed to sequence the minimum tiling path (MTP) of 3176 BAC clones from the short arm of Ae. tauschii chromosome 3 (At3DS). The final assembly of 135 super-scaffolds with an N50 of 4...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Genetics and Genomics, Yi Chuan Xue Bao
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876244/overexpression-of-osspl9-enhances-accumulation-of-cu-in-rice-grain-and-improves-its-digestibility-and-metabolism
#7
LETTER
Mingfeng Tang, Chuanshe Zhou, Lu Meng, Donghai Mao, Can Peng, Yuxing Zhu, Daoyou Huang, Zhiliang Tan, Caiyan Chen, Chengbing Liu, Dechun Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 25, 2016: Journal of Genetics and Genomics, Yi Chuan Xue Bao
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771326/identification-of-a-tspy-co-expression-network-associated-with-dna-hypomethylation-and-tumor-gene-expression-in-somatic-cancers
#8
Tatsuo Kido, Yun-Fai Chris Lau
Testis specific protein Y-encoded (TSPY) is a Y-located proto-oncogene predominantly expressed in normal male germ cells and various types of germ cell tumor. Significantly, TSPY is frequently expressed in somatic cancers including liver cancer but not in adjacent normal tissues, suggesting that ectopic TSPY expression could be associated with oncogenesis in non-germ cell cancers. Various studies demonstrated that TSPY expression promotes growth and proliferation in cancer cells; however, its relationship to other oncogenic events in TSPY-positive cancers remains unknown...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Genetics and Genomics, Yi Chuan Xue Bao
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760723/osptac2-encodes-a-pentatricopeptide-repeat-protein-and-regulates-rice-chloroplast-development
#9
Dekai Wang, Heqin Liu, Guowei Zhai, Liangsheng Wang, Jianfeng Shao, Yuezhi Tao
Functional chloroplast generation depends on the precise coordination of gene expression between the plastid and the nucleus and is essential for plant growth and development. In this study, a rice (Oryza sativa) mutant that exhibited albino and seedling-lethal phenotypes was isolated from a(60)Co-irradiated rice population. The mutant gene was identified as an ortholog of the Arabidopsis plastid transcriptionally active chromosome protein 2 (pTAC2) gene, and the mutant strain was designated osptac2. Sequence and transcription analyses showed that OspTAC2 encodes a putative chloroplast protein consisting of 10 pentratricopeptide repeat (PPR) domains and a C-terminal small MutS-related (SMR) domain...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Genetics and Genomics, Yi Chuan Xue Bao
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618166/genetic-and-epigenetic-control-of-transfer-cell-development-in-plants
#10
REVIEW
Jing Yuan, Perry Bateman, Jose Gutierrez-Marcos
The inter-cellular translocation of nutrients in plant is mediated by highly specialized transfer cells (TCs). TCs share similar functional and structural features across a wide range of plant species, including location at plant exchange surfaces, rich in secondary wall ingrowths, facilitation of nutrient flow, and passage of select molecules. The fate of endosperm TCs is determined in the TC fate acquisition stage (TCF), before the structure features are formed in the TC differentiation stage (TCD). At present, the molecular basis of TC development in plants remains largely unknown...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Genetics and Genomics, Yi Chuan Xue Bao
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614705/literature-based-knowledgebase-of-pancreatic-cancer-gene-to-prioritize-the-key-genes-and-pathways
#11
LETTER
Yining Liu, Jingchun Sun, Min Zhao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2016: Journal of Genetics and Genomics, Yi Chuan Xue Bao
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614704/a-rare-variant-in-col11a1-is-strongly-associated-with-adult-height-in-chinese-han-population
#12
Changbing Shen, Xiaodong Zheng, Jing Gao, Caihong Zhu, Randy Ko, Xianfa Tang, Chao Yang, Jinfa Dou, Yan Lin, Yuyan Cheng, Lu Liu, Shuangjun Xu, Gang Chen, Xianbo Zuo, Xianyong Yin, Liangdan Sun, Yong Cui, Sen Yang, Xuejun Zhang, Fusheng Zhou
Human height is a highly heritable trait in which multiple genes are involved. Recent genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have identified that COL11A1 is an important susceptibility gene for human height. To determine whether the variants of COL11A1 are associated with adult and children height, we analyzed splicing and coding single-nucleotide variants across COL11A1 through exome-targeted sequencing and two validation stages with a total 20,426 Chinese Han samples. A total of 105 variants were identified by exome-targeted sequencing, of which 30 SNPs were located in coding region...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Genetics and Genomics, Yi Chuan Xue Bao
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613197/establishment-and-characterization-of-new-wheat-thinopyrum-ponticum-addition-and-translocation-lines-with-resistance-to-ug99-races
#13
LETTER
Hongwei Li, Qi Zheng, Zacharias A Pretorius, Bin Li, Dingzhong Tang, Zhensheng Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2016: Journal of Genetics and Genomics, Yi Chuan Xue Bao
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599922/clinical-applications-of-marsala-for-preimplantation-genetic-diagnosis-of-spinal-muscular-atrophy
#14
Yixin Ren, Xu Zhi, Xiaohui Zhu, Jin Huang, Ying Lian, Rong Li, Hongyan Jin, Yan Zhang, Wenxin Zhang, Yanli Nie, Yuan Wei, Zhaohui Liu, Donghong Song, Ping Liu, Jie Qiao, Liying Yan
Conventional PCR methods combined with linkage analysis based on short tandem repeats (STRs) or Karyomapping with single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) arrays, have been applied to preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) for spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), an autosome recessive disorder. However, it has limitations in SMA diagnosis by Karyomapping, and these methods are unable to distinguish wild-type embryos with carriers effectively. Mutated allele revealed by sequencing with aneuploidy and linkage analyses (MARSALA) is a new method allowing embryo selection by a one-step next-generation sequencing (NGS) procedure, which has been applied in PGD for both autosome dominant and X-linked diseases in our group previously...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Genetics and Genomics, Yi Chuan Xue Bao
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599921/estrogen-estrogen-receptor-signaling-suppresses-the-transcription-of-errf-in-breast-cancer-cells
#15
LETTER
Ang Luo, Dan Su, Xuan Zhang, Leilei Qi, Liya Fu, Jin-Tang Dong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2016: Journal of Genetics and Genomics, Yi Chuan Xue Bao
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27523280/the-arabidopsis-b-box-protein-bzs1-bbx20-interacts-with-hy5-and-mediates-strigolactone-regulation-of-photomorphogenesis
#16
Chuang-Qi Wei, Chih-Wei Chien, Lian-Feng Ai, Jun Zhao, Zhenzhen Zhang, Kathy H Li, Alma L Burlingame, Yu Sun, Zhi-Yong Wang
Plant growth is controlled by integration of hormonal and light-signaling pathways. BZS1 is a B-box zinc finger protein previously characterized as a negative regulator in the brassinosteroid (BR)-signaling pathway and a positive regulator in the light-signaling pathway. However, the mechanisms by which BZS1/BBX20 integrates light and hormonal pathways are not fully understood. Here, using a quantitative proteomic workflow, we identified several BZS1-associated proteins, including light-signaling components COP1 and HY5...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Genetics and Genomics, Yi Chuan Xue Bao
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751705/cebp%C3%AE-is-essential-for-the-embryonic-myeloid-progenitor-and-neutrophil-maintenance-in-zebrafish
#17
Yimei Dai, Lu Zhu, Zhibin Huang, Minyu Zhou, Wan Jin, Wei Liu, Mengchang Xu, Tao Yu, Yiyue Zhang, Zilong Wen, Wangjun Liao, Wenqing Zhang
In vertebrates, myeloid cells arise from multiple waves of development: the first or embryonic wave of myelopoiesis initiates early from non-hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) precursors and gives rise to myeloid cells transiently during early development; whereas the second or adult wave of myelopoiesis emerges later from HSCs and produces myeloid cells continually during fetal and adult life. In the past decades, a great deal has been learnt about the development of myeloid cells from adult myelopoiesis, yet the genetic network governing embryonic myelopoiesis remains poorly defined...
September 3, 2016: Journal of Genetics and Genomics, Yi Chuan Xue Bao
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637381/zebrafish-cdh5-negatively-regulates-mobilization-of-aorta-gonad-mesonephros-derived-hematopoietic-stem-cells
#18
Ping Meng, Yongxiang Liu, Xiaohui Chen, Wenqing Zhang, Yiyue Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 25, 2016: Journal of Genetics and Genomics, Yi Chuan Xue Bao
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27569398/argonaute-the-executor-of-small-rna-function
#19
REVIEW
Azali Azlan, Najat Dzaki, Ghows Azzam
The discovery of small non-coding RNAs - microRNA (miRNA), short interfering RNA (siRNA) and PIWI-interacting RNA (piRNA) - represents one of the most exciting frontiers in biology specifically on the mechanism of gene regulation. In order to execute their functions, these small RNAs require physical interactions with their protein partners, the Argonaute (AGO) family proteins. Over the years, numerous studies have made tremendous progress on understanding the roles of AGO in gene silencing in various organisms...
August 20, 2016: Journal of Genetics and Genomics, Yi Chuan Xue Bao
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27569397/epigenetic-modulations-rendering-cell-to-cell-variability-and-phenotypic-metastability
#20
Shawal Spencer, Agustina Gugliotta, Natascha Gödecke, Hansjörg Hauser, Dagmar Wirth
Tumor cells display phenotypic plasticity and heterogeneity due to genetic and epigenetic variations which limit the predictability of therapeutic interventions. Chromatin modifications can arise stochastically but can also be a consequence of environmental influences such as the microenvironment of cancer cells. A better understanding of the impact and dynamics of epigenetic modulation at defined chromosomal sites is required to get access to the underlying mechanisms. We investigated the epigenetic modulations leading to cell-to-cell heterogeneity in a tumor cell line model...
August 20, 2016: Journal of Genetics and Genomics, Yi Chuan Xue Bao
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