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International Journal of Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332173/is-the-use-of-emergency-departments-socially-patterned
#1
Hélène Colineaux, Fanny Le Querrec, Laure Pourcel, Jean-Christophe Gallart, Olivier Azéma, Thierry Lang, Michelle Kelly-Irving, Sandrine Charpentier, Sébastien Lamy
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the association between patients' socioeconomic position (SEP) and the use of emergency departments (EDs). METHODS: This population-based study included all visits to ED in 2012 by inhabitants of the French Midi-Pyrénées region, recorded by the Regional Emergency Departments Observatory. We compared ED visit rates and the proportion of non-severe visits according to the patients' SEP as assessed by the European Deprivation Index. RESULTS: We analysed 496,388 visits...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332172/spirituality-as-a-protective-health-asset-for-young-people-an-international-comparative-analysis-from-three-countries
#2
Fiona Brooks, Valerie Michaelson, Nathan King, Jo Inchley, William Pickett
OBJECTIVES: Spirituality has been proposed as a potential health asset a 'developmental engine' that works by fostering the search for connectedness, meaning and purpose. The aim is to examine to what extent spiritual health might be protective of young people's overall health and well-being. METHODS: In 2014, young people aged 11, 13, and 15 years in England, Scotland and Canada were surveyed as part of the HBSC study (n = 26,701). The perceived importance of spiritual health and domains (connections with self, others, nature, and the transcendent) was measured in these countries...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302722/parental-transmission-of-smoking-among-middle-aged-and-older-populations-in-russia-and-belarus
#3
Alexi Gugushvili, Martin McKee, Aytalina Azarova, Michael Murphy, Darja Irdam, Lawrence King
OBJECTIVES: The very high rates of smoking among men and the rapid changes among women in the Post-Soviet countries mean that this region offers an opportunity to understand better the intergenerational role of parental influences on smoking. METHODS: In this study, we exploit a unique data set, the PrivMort cohort study conducted in 30 Russian and 20 Belarusian towns in 2014-2015, which collects information on behaviours of middle-aged and older individuals and their parents, including smoking...
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299613/the-effectiveness-of-critical-time-intervention-for-abused-women-leaving-women-s-shelters-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Danielle A M Lako, Mariëlle D Beijersbergen, Irene E Jonker, Renée de Vet, Daniel B Herman, Albert M van Hemert, Judith R L M Wolf
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of critical time intervention (CTI)-an evidence-based intervention-for abused women transitioning from women's shelters to community living. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted in nine women's shelters across the Netherlands. 136 women were assigned to CTI (n = 70) or care-as-usual (n = 66). Data were analyzed using intention-to-treat three-level mixed-effects models. RESULTS: Women in the CTI group had significant fewer symptoms of post-traumatic stress (secondary outcome) (adjusted mean difference - 7...
January 3, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275443/a-framework-for-designing-hand-hygiene-educational-interventions-in-schools
#5
REVIEW
Emmanuel Appiah-Brempong, Muriel J Harris, Samuel Newton, Gabriel Gulis
OBJECTIVES: Hygiene education appears to be the commonest school-based intervention for preventing infectious diseases, especially in the developing world. Nevertheless, there remains a gap in literature regarding a school-specific theory-based framework for designing a hand hygiene educational intervention in schools. We sought to suggest a framework underpinned by psychosocial theories towards bridging this knowledge gap. Furthermore, we sought to propound a more comprehensive definition of hand hygiene which could guide the conceptualisation of hand hygiene interventions in varied settings...
December 23, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273838/ethnic-inequalities-in-health-between-arabs-and-jews-in-israel-the-relative-contribution-of-individual-level-factors-and-the-living-environment
#6
Nihaya Daoud, Varda Soskolne, Jennifer S Mindell, Marilyn A Roth, Orly Manor
OBJECTIVES: Ethnic inequalities in health (EIH) are unjust public health problem that emerge across societies. In Israel, despite uniform healthcare coverage, marked EIH persist between Arabs and Jews. METHODS: We draw on the ecosocial approach to examine the relative contributions of individual socioeconomic status (SES), psychosocial and health behavioral factors, and the living environment (neighborhood problems, social capital, and social participation) to explaining ethnic differences in self-rated health (SRH)...
December 22, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270723/are-school-factors-and-urbanization-supportive-for-being-physically-active-and-engaging-in-less-screen-based-activities
#7
Jaroslava Kopcakova, Zuzana Dankulincova Veselska, Andrea Madarasova Geckova, Daniel Klein, Jitse P van Dijk, Sijmen A Reijneveld
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to assess the association between physical activity and screen-based activities in adolescents and selected school factors and urbanization and whether these associations were modified by degree of urbanization. METHODS: We obtained data regarding the fifth-ninth grade students from 130 schools in 2014 via the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children cross-sectional study in Slovakia (n = 9743, mean age = 13.5, 50.3% boys). We explored the associations using multilevel logistic regression...
December 21, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250722/micro-macro-but-what-about-meso-the-institutional-context-of-health-inequalities
#8
EDITORIAL
Matthias Richter, Nico Dragano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 18, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222577/occupational-prestige-trajectory-and-the-risk-of-lung-and-head-and-neck-cancer-among-men-and-women-in-france
#9
Gwenn Menvielle, Julien Dugas, Jeanna-Eve Franck, Matthieu Carton, Brigitte Trétarre, Isabelle Stücker, Danièle Luce
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at investigating the associations between occupational prestige trajectories and lung and head and neck (HN) cancer risk and to assess to what extent smoking, alcohol drinking, and occupational exposures contribute to these associations. METHODS: Using data from the ICARE case-control study (controls (2676 men/715 women), lung cancers (2019 men/558 women), HN cancers (1793 men/305 women), we defined occupational prestige trajectories using group-based modeling of longitudinal data...
December 9, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197969/the-association-of-early-life-socioeconomic-position-on-breast-cancer-incidence-and-mortality-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Tomi F Akinyemiju, Joshua Demb, Monika A Izano, David H Rehkopf, Min-Lin Fang, Robert A Hiatt, Dejana Braithwaite
OBJECTIVES: We conducted a systematic review of the literature relating early life socioeconomic position (SEP) to breast cancer incidence and mortality from a critical period and life-course trajectory perspective. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE and Web of Science were searched to identify cohort studies that evaluated the impact of early life SEP indicators on the incidence and/or mortality from breast cancer in adulthood. RESULTS: Nine distinct studies evaluated the relationship between early life SEP and breast cancer between 1990 and 2016...
December 2, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184967/towards-a-national-child-and-adolescent-health-strategy-in-switzerland-strengthening-surveillance-to-improve-prevention-and-care
#11
EDITORIAL
Julia Dratva, Susanne Stronski, Arnaud Chiolero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181614/maternal-mortality-in-sierra-leone-from-civil-war-to-ebola-and-the-sustainable-development-goals
#12
EDITORIAL
Carah Alyssa Figueroa, Christine Lois Linhart, Walton Beckley, Jerico Franciscus Pardosi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 27, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177711/what-makes-the-difference-in-people-s-lives-when-they-have-a-mental-disorder
#13
Kaloyan Kamenov, María Cabello, Carolina Saskia Ballert, Alarcos Cieza, Somnath Chatterji, Diego Rojas, Gloria Cerón, Jerome Bickenbach, José Luis Ayuso-Mateos, Carla Sabariego
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to identify which environmental factors are the most responsible for the disability experienced by persons with mental disorders and whether they differ (1) from those in cardiovascular diseases, chronic respiratory conditions, diabetes, and cancer, and (2) depending on the capacity level-a proxy for the impact of health conditions on the health state of individuals. METHODS: Nationally representative data from 12,265 adults in Chile collected in 2015 with the WHO Model Disability Survey was analyzed...
November 25, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170882/the-association-of-unemployment-with-glucose-metabolism-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Tuulia Varanka-Ruuska, Nina Rautio, Heli Lehtiniemi, Jouko Miettunen, Sirkka Keinänen-Kiukaanniemi, Sylvain Sebert, Leena Ala-Mursula
OBJECTIVES: Unemployment has been linked with poor health. We hypothesized that being unemployed is associated with disorders of glucose metabolism and performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature to ascertain the relationship. METHODS: We searched the databases of Scopus, Medline Ovid and Web of Science for population-based original studies for past 20 years. Random effects meta-analyses were used to estimate odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes among the unemployed as compared to those employed, separately for men and women when possible...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159537/relationship-between-empowerment-and-wealth-trends-and-predictors-in-kenya-between-2003-and-2008-2009
#15
Delia Voronca, Rebekah J Walker, Leonard E Egede
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the association between women's empowerment and wealth over time in Kenya. METHODS: Kenya Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) for 2003 and 2008-2009 were used. Eligible women and men were either married or living with a partner. Two scales were used for empowerment: female participation in decision-making, and attitudes toward domestic violence against female partners. Hierarchical linear models were used based on theoretical blocks of covariates...
November 20, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151165/methods-for-understanding-childhood-trauma-modifying-the-adverse-childhood-experiences-international-questionnaire-for-cultural-competency
#16
Megan Quinn, Gabrielle Caldara, Kathleen Collins, Heather Owens, Ifeoma Ozodiegwu, Elaine Loudermilk, Jill D Stinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 18, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143849/water-system-unreliability-and-diarrhea-incidence-among-children-in-guatemala
#17
Jennifer Trudeau, Anna-Maria Aksan, William F Vásquez
OBJECTIVES: This article examines the effect of water system unreliability on diarrhea incidence among children aged 0-5 in Guatemala. METHODS: We use secondary data from a nationally representative sample of 7579 children to estimate the effects of uninterrupted and interrupted water services on diarrhea incidence. The national scope of this study imposes some methodological challenges due to unobserved geographical heterogeneity. To address this issue, we estimate mixed-effects logit models that control for unobserved heterogeneity by estimating random effects of selected covariates that can vary across geographical areas (i...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143071/cluster-of-risk-and-protective-factors-for-obesity-among-brazilian-adolescents
#18
Emanuella Gomes Maia, Larissa Loures Mendes, Adriano Marçal Pimenta, Renata Bertazzi Levy, Rafael Moreira Claro
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to identify and analyze clusters formed by risk and protective factors for obesity among Brazilian adolescents. METHODS: Cross-sectional data collected in a national representative sample of adolescents by the Brazilian National School Health Survey of 2012 were used (n = 109,104). Cluster analysis was applied to identify clusters involving dietary intake, eating behavior, physical activity and sedentary behaviors. Logistic regression was employed to contextualize the clusters according to students' sociodemographics and schools' characteristics...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143070/the-use-of-critical-incident-technique-in-population-health-intervention-research-lessons-learned
#19
Achille Dadly Borvil, Natalie Kishchuk, Louise Potvin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138894/injustice-at-work-affects-work-ability-and-role-functioning-findings-of-a-cohort-study
#20
Katja Spanier, Elliot Michel, Elke Peters, Friedrich Michael Radoschewski, Matthias Bethge
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to analyze the longitudinal effects of organizational injustice (OIJ) and effort-reward imbalance (ERI) on work ability, emotional role functioning and physical role functioning. METHODS: Longitudinal data with a two-year follow-up of people previously receiving sickness absence benefits were used for analyses. OIJ and ERI were included separately and mutually in logistic regression models. Effects were tested for additivity. All analyses were additionally performed stratified by sex...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
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