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International Journal of Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434029/health-of-midlife-and-older-adults-in-china-the-role-of-regional-economic-development-inequality-and-institutional-setting
#1
Xuejie Ding, Francesco C Billari, Stuart Gietel-Basten
OBJECTIVES: To document the association between economic development, income inequality, and health-related public infrastructure, and health outcomes among Chinese adults in midlife and older age. METHODS: We use a series of multi-level regression models with individual-level baseline data from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Survey (CHARLS). Provincial-level data are obtained both from official statistics and from CHARLS itself. Multi-level models are estimated with different subjective and objective health outcomes...
April 22, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424832/setting-up-a-community-based-cervical-screening-service-in-a-low-income-country-a-pilot-study-from-north-western-tanzania
#2
Nestory Masalu, Patrizia Serra, Dino Amadori, Jackson Kahima, Charles Majinge, Joyce Rwehabura, Oriana Nanni, Sara Bravaccini, Maurizio Puccetti, Rosario Tumino, Lauro Bucchi
OBJECTIVES: To report the results of a pilot study for a service for cervical cancer screening and diagnosis in north-western Tanzania. METHODS: The pilot study was launched in 2012 after a community-level information campaign. Women aged 15-64 years were encouraged to attend the district health centres. Attendees were offered a conventional Pap smear and a visual inspection of the cervix with acetic acid (VIA). RESULTS: The first 2500 women were evaluated...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421238/the-impact-of-low-education-and-poor-health-on-unemployment-varies-by-work-life-stage
#3
Sander K R van Zon, Sijmen A Reijneveld, Carlos F Mendes de Leon, Ute Bültmann
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to examine associations and interactions of education, and physical and mental health with unemployment in early, mid, and late work life. METHODS: This cross-sectional study uses data from 69,118 respondents from Lifelines. Health status was measured with the RAND-36, education was self-reported, and participants working <12 h per week or indicating to be unemployed were considered unemployed. The relative excess risk due to interaction (RERI) was calculated to measure interaction on the additive scale...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401249/socioeconomic-gradients-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-china-and-india-results-from-the-china-health-and-retirement-longitudinal-study-and-longitudinal-aging-study-in-india
#4
Peifeng Hu, Serena Wang, Jinkook Lee
OBJECTIVES: Cardiovascular disease has become a major public health challenge in developing countries. The goal of this study is to compare socioeconomic status (SES) gradients of cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) both within and between China and India. METHODS: We used multivariable logistic regression models to examine the associations between SES and CVRF, using data from the China health and retirement longitudinal study and the longitudinal aging study in India...
April 12, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389844/neighbourhood-green-space-social-environment-and-mental-health-an-examination-in-four-european-cities
#5
Annemarie Ruijsbroek, Sigrid M Mohnen, Mariël Droomers, Hanneke Kruize, Christopher Gidlow, Regina Gražulevičiene, Sandra Andrusaityte, Jolanda Maas, Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen, Margarita Triguero-Mas, Daniel Masterson, Naomi Ellis, Elise van Kempen, Wim Hardyns, Karien Stronks, Peter P Groenewegen
OBJECTIVES: This study examines the relationship between neighbourhood green space, the neighbourhood social environment (social cohesion, neighbourhood attachment, social contacts), and mental health in four European cities. METHODS: The PHENOTYPE study was carried out in 2013 in Barcelona (Spain), Stoke-on-Trent (United Kingdom), Doetinchem (The Netherlands), and Kaunas (Lithuania). 3771 adults living in 124 neighbourhoods answered questions on mental health, neighbourhood social environment, and amount and quality of green space...
April 7, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361292/evidence-of-social-deprivation-on-the-spatial-patterns-of-excess-winter-mortality
#6
Ricardo Almendra, Paula Santana, João Vasconcelos
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study are to identify the patterns of excess winter mortality (due to diseases of the circulatory system) and to analyse the association between the excess winter deaths (EWD) and socio-economic deprivation in Portugal. METHODS: The number of EWD in 2002-2011 was estimated by comparing the number of deaths in winter months with the average number in non-winter months. The EWD ratio of each municipality was calculated by following the indirect standardization method and then compared with two deprivation indexes (socio-material and housing deprivation index) through ecological regression models...
March 30, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357446/impact-of-light-rail-transit-on-traffic-related-pollution-and-stroke-mortality
#7
Eun Sug Park, Ipek Nese Sener
OBJECTIVES: This paper evaluates the changes in vehicle exhaust and stroke mortality for the general public residing in the surrounding area of the light rail transit (LRT) in Houston, Texas, after its opening. METHODS: The number of daily deaths due to stroke for 2002-2005 from the surrounding area of the original LRT line (exposure group) and the control groups was analyzed using an interrupted time-series analysis. Ambient concentrations of acetylene before and after the opening of LRT were also compared...
March 29, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357445/the-decade-of-roma-inclusion-did-it-make-a-difference-to-health-and-use-of-health-care-services
#8
Sándor János, Kósa Zsigmond, Boruzs Klára, Boros Julianna, Tokaji Ildikó, McKee Martin, Ádány Róza
OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether the severely disadvantaged health of Hungarian Roma adults living in segregated settlements changed by the Decade of Roma Inclusion program. METHODS: We compared the results of two paired health interview surveys that we carried out using the same methodology before and after the Decade, on the general Hungarian and Roma populations. RESULTS: Self-perceived health status of younger Roma worsened, while it improved among older Roma...
March 29, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337512/parks-and-green-areas-and-the-risk-for-depression-and-suicidal-indicators
#9
Kyoung-Bok Min, Hyun-Jin Kim, Hye-Jin Kim, Jin-Young Min
OBJECTIVES: There is increasing evidence that parks and green areas have beneficial effects on mental health; however, most studies have been limited to a certain or small geographic area. This study investigated whether parks and green areas were associated with the risk for depression or suicidal indicators among adults. METHODS: We used the 2009 Korean Community Health Survey data (n = 169,029). Residential geographical codes were used to determine the amount of parks and green areas in each administrative district...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315930/disparities-in-mortality-by-disability-an-11-year-follow-up-study-of-1%C3%A2-million-individuals
#10
Jung Min Park, Ukchan Oh, Beop-Rae Roh, Yeongmin Moon
OBJECTIVES: This longitudinal study examines to what extent the risk of mortality-all-cause, natural death, suicide, and unintentional injury mortality-differs by types and severity of disabilities as well as disability status. METHODS: Data were the National Sample Cohort of 1,025,340 individuals in South Korea followed from 2002 to 2013. Cox regression with time-variant variables was used to estimate the hazard ratio of mortality by disability. RESULTS: Individuals with disabilities had a higher risk of mortality compared to those without (HR 1...
March 18, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299390/trends-in-bullying-victimization-in-scottish-adolescents-1994-2014-changing-associations-with-mental-well-being
#11
Alina Cosma, Ross Whitehead, Fergus Neville, Dorothy Currie, Jo Inchley
OBJECTIVES: Bullying victimization among schoolchildren is a major public health concern. This paper aims to analyse the changing associations over two decades between bullying victimization and mental well-being in a representative Scottish schoolchildren sample. METHODS: Data were collected in six rounds of the cross-sectional Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study in Scotland, with 42,312 adolescents (aged 11, 13 and 15 years). Logistic and linear regressions were used to examine changes in the association between bullying victimization and mental well-being...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293717/associations-of-relative-income-deprivation-with-perceived-happiness-and-self-rated-health-among-the-hong-kong-chinese-population
#12
Chee Hon Chan, Ho Kit Wong, Paul Siu Fai Yip
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association of relative income deprivation (RID) with perceived happiness and self-rated health in Hong Kong. METHODS: We measured RID on Yitzhaki indices constructed using multiple reference groups and used multilevel ordinal logistic regression models to assess its linkages with the two outcomes, using data from 6272 respondents from a large-scale representative household survey. RESULTS: Among the overall population, increased RID was found to be consistently associated with reduced perceived happiness, even after adjusting for respondents' level of absolute income and other socio-demographic covariates; however, there were no consistent associations between RID and self-rated health...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283685/expansion-or-compression-of-multimorbidity-10-year-development-of-life-years-spent-in-multimorbidity-based-on-health-insurance-claims-data-of-lower-saxony-germany
#13
Juliane Tetzlaff, Denise Muschik, Jelena Epping, Sveja Eberhard, Siegfried Geyer
OBJECTIVES: Our study examined how life years spent in multimorbidity changed over a period of 10 years (2005-2014) and whether morbidity expansion or compression has taken place. There is a little evidence on whether life years gained due to increasing life expectancy are spent in good health, or if they are accompanied by morbidity expansion. METHODS: The analyses are based on German administrative claims data. Multimorbidity was defined as a combination of at least six chronic conditions and polypharmacy...
March 10, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280865/diabetes-incidence-and-projections-from-prevalence-surveys-in-samoa-over-1978-2013
#14
Sophia Lin, Take Naseri, Christine Linhart, Stephen Morrell, Richard Taylor, Stephen T Mcgarvey, Dianna J Magliano, Paul Zimmet
OBJECTIVES: This study estimates type 2 diabetes (T2DM) incidence in Samoans aged 25-64 years from sequential, irregularly spaced, cross-sectional population prevalence surveys. METHODS: T2DM prevalence from eight population surveys conducted over 1978-2013 (n = 12,516) was adjusted for census region, sex, and 5-year age group to the nearest previous census. Annual T2DM incidence was calculated from adjusted prevalences (by sex), using birth cohorts constructed from age-period matrices...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280864/measuring-antenatal-care-use-in-europe-is-the-content-and-timing-of-care-in-pregnancy-tool-applicable
#15
Katrien Beeckman, Lucy Frith, Helga Gottfreðsdóttir, Annette Bernloehr
OBJECTIVES: Measuring of antenatal care utilisation is important from a public health perspective. The Content and Timing of care in Pregnancy tool (CTP) focuses on the care process and includes aspects on quality of care. The aim of the study is to gain insight in the applicability of the CTP tool across Europe. METHODS: National guidelines for routine antenatal care were examined, analysing the degree to which the four items in the CTP tool were included in these guidelines...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258403/structural-properties-and-psychometric-improvements-of-the-health-literacy-questionnaire-in-a-slovak-population
#16
Peter Kolarcik, Eva Cepova, Andrea Madarasova Geckova, Gerald R Elsworth, Roy W Batterham, Richard H Osborne
OBJECTIVES: Health literacy is an important determinant of health and health equity and therefore requires robust measurement. The aim was to examine the psychometric properties of the Slovak version of the Health Literacy Questionnaire (HLQ) including revised wording of response categories. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of the general Slovak adult population (N = 360, mean age 39) was conducted with the HLQ following its translation and cultural adaptation...
March 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255648/short-term-effects-of-fine-particulate-matter-pollution-on-daily-health-events-in-latin-america-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Laís Fajersztajn, Paulo Saldiva, Luiz Alberto Amador Pereira, Victor Figueiredo Leite, Anna Maria Buehler
OBJECTIVES: Ambient air pollution is among the leading risks for health worldwide and by 2050 will largely overcome deaths due to unsafe sanitation and malaria, but local evidence from Latin America (LA) is scarce. We aimed to summarize the effect of short-term exposure to fine particulate air pollution (PM2.5) on morbidity and mortality in Latin America and evaluate evidence coverage and quality, using systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: The comprehensive search (six online databases and hand-searching) identified studies investigating the short-term associations between PM2...
March 2, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255647/acculturation-and-health-related-quality-of-life-results-from-the-german-national-cohort-migrant-feasibility-study
#18
Tilman Brand, Florence Samkange-Zeeb, Ute Ellert, Thomas Keil, Lilian Krist, Nico Dragano, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Oliver Razum, Katharina Reiss, Karin Halina Greiser, Heiko Zimmermann, Heiko Becher, Hajo Zeeb
OBJECTIVES: We assessed the association between acculturation and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among persons with a Turkish migrant background in Germany. METHODS: 1226 adults of Turkish origin were recruited in four German cities. Acculturation was assessed using the Frankfurt Acculturation Scale resulting in four groups (integration, assimilation, separation and marginalization). Short Form-8 physical and mental components were used to assess the HRQoL...
March 2, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239745/differences-in-healthy-life-expectancy-between-older-migrants-and-non-migrants-in-three-european-countries-over-time
#19
Matias Reus-Pons, Eva U B Kibele, Fanny Janssen
OBJECTIVES: We analysed differences in healthy life expectancy at age 50 (HLE50) between migrants and non-migrants in Belgium , the Netherlands, and England and Wales, and their trends over time between 2001 and 2011 in the latter two countries. METHODS: Population, mortality and health data were derived from registers, census or surveys. HLE50 and the share of remaining healthy life years were calculated for non-migrants, western and non-western migrants by sex...
February 26, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238192/unintentional-injuries-and-associated-factors-among-children-and-adolescents-an-analysis-of-the-spanish-national-health-survey
#20
Nazaret Alonso-Fernández, Rodrigo Jiménez-García, Leticia Alonso-Fernández, Valentín Hernández-Barrera, Domingo Palacios-Ceña
OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence of unintentional injuries in children and adolescents aged 6-18 years and to identify factors associated with a greater risk of suffering accidents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted with data collected from three consecutive Spanish National Health Surveys. Data were analyzed using multivariate logistic models. RESULTS: The reported prevalence of unintentional injuries in children and adolescents decreased from 12...
February 25, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
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