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International Journal of Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819765/reducing-health-disparities-among-indigenous-populations-the-role-of-collaborative-approaches-to-improve-public-health-systems
#1
EDITORIAL
Piotr Wilk, Martin Cooke, Saverio Stranges, Alana Maltby
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801690/ethical-issues-in-obesity-prevention-for-school-children-a-systematic-qualitative-review
#2
REVIEW
Hannes Kahrass, Daniel Strech, Marcel Mertz
OBJECTIVES: Planning and conducting preventive measures against obesity for school children is beset with ethical issues which should be known to make well-informed decisions. The goal of this study was to provide a comprehensive spectrum of these ethical issues by means of a systematic review. In this context, the study also assesses the value of different search strategies for ethical literature in public health. METHODS: Literature was searched in Medline, EBSCO and others...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795205/changes-in-support-for-bans-of-illicit-drugs-tobacco-and-alcohol-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-in-europe-2008-2014
#3
Raffaele Palladino, Thomas Hone, Filippos T Filippidis
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the support for bans for tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drugs in adolescents and young adults across the European Union (EU). METHODS: Data were analysed for the years 2008, 2011, and 2014 for 27 EU member states. 37,253 individuals aged 15-24 years were interviewed ascertaining their support for banning tobacco, alcohol, cannabis, cocaine, heroin, and ecstasy. Changes over time were assessed using multilevel logistic regression. RESULTS: Support for banning heroin, ecstasy, and cocaine was constantly greater than 90%, although support fell over time...
August 9, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776255/transport-injuries-and-deaths-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-2015-study
#4
Ali H Mokdad
OBJECTIVES: Transport injuries (TI) are ranked as one of the leading causes of death, disability, and property loss worldwide. This paper provides an overview of the burden of TI in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) by age and sex from 1990 to 2015. METHODS: Transport injuries mortality in the EMR was estimated using the Global Burden of Disease mortality database, with corrections for ill-defined causes of death, using the cause of death ensemble modeling tool...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776254/burden-of-cancer-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-2005-2015-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-2015-study
#5
Christina Fitzmaurice
OBJECTIVES: To estimate incidence, mortality, and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) caused by cancer in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) between 2005 and 2015. METHODS: Vital registration system and cancer registry data from the EMR region were analyzed for 29 cancer groups in 22 EMR countries using the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 methodology. RESULTS: In 2015, cancer was responsible for 9.4% of all deaths and 5.1% of all DALYs...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776253/adolescent-health-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-2015-study
#6
Ali H Mokdad
OBJECTIVES: The 22 countries of the East Mediterranean Region (EMR) have large populations of adolescents aged 10-24 years. These adolescents are central to assuring the health, development, and peace of this region. We described their health needs. METHODS: Using data from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 (GBD 2015), we report the leading causes of mortality and morbidity for adolescents in the EMR from 1990 to 2015. We also report the prevalence of key health risk behaviors and determinants...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776252/maternal-mortality-and-morbidity-burden-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-2015-study
#7
Ali H Mokdad
OBJECTIVES: Assessing the burden of maternal mortality is important for tracking progress and identifying public health gaps. This paper provides an overview of the burden of maternal mortality in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) by underlying cause and age from 1990 to 2015. METHODS: We used the results of the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study to explore maternal mortality in the EMR countries. RESULTS: The maternal mortality ratio in the EMR decreased 16...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776251/intentional-injuries-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-1990-2015-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-2015-study
#8
Ali H Mokdad
OBJECTIVES: We used GBD 2015 findings to measure the burden of intentional injuries in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) between 1990 and 2015. METHODS: The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study defines intentional injuries as a combination of self-harm (including suicide), interpersonal violence, collective violence (war), and legal intervention. We estimated number of deaths, years of life lost (YLLs), years lived with disability (YLDs), and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for each type of intentional injuries...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776250/burden-of-vision-loss-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-1990-2015-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-2015-study
#9
Ali H Mokdad
OBJECTIVES: To report the estimated trend in prevalence and years lived with disability (YLDs) due to vision loss (VL) in the Eastern Mediterranean region (EMR) from 1990 to 2015. METHODS: The estimated trends in age-standardized prevalence and the YLDs rate due to VL in 22 EMR countries were extracted from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2015 study. The association of Socio-demographic Index (SDI) with changes in prevalence and YLDs of VL was evaluated using a multilevel mixed model...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776249/trends-in-hiv-aids-morbidity-and-mortality-in-eastern-mediterranean-countries-1990-2015-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-2015-study
#10
Ali H Mokdad
OBJECTIVES: We used the results of the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study to estimate trends of HIV/AIDS burden in Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) countries between 1990 and 2015. METHODS: Tailored estimation methods were used to produce final estimates of mortality. Years of life lost (YLLs) were calculated by multiplying the mortality rate by population by age-specific life expectancy. Years lived with disability (YLDs) were computed as the prevalence of a sequela multiplied by its disability weight...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776248/when-violence-becomes-endemic
#11
Leslie F Roberts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776247/the-burden-of-mental-disorders-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-1990-2015-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-2015-study
#12
Ali H Mokdad
OBJECTIVES: Mental disorders are among the leading causes of nonfatal burden of disease globally. METHODS: We used the global burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors study 2015 to examine the burden of mental disorders in the Eastern Mediterranean region (EMR). We defined mental disorders according to criteria proposed in the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders IV and the 10th International Classification of Diseases. RESULTS: Mental disorders contributed to 4...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776246/burden-of-lower-respiratory-infections-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-between-1990-and-2015-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-2015-study
#13
Ali H Mokdad
OBJECTIVES: We used data from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study (GBD) to calculate the burden of lower respiratory infections (LRIs) in the 22 countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) from 1990 to 2015. METHODS: We conducted a systematic analysis of mortality and morbidity data for LRI and its specific etiologic factors, including pneumococcus, Haemophilus influenzae type b, Respiratory syncytial virus, and influenza virus. We used modeling methods to estimate incidence, deaths, and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs)...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776245/burden-of-cardiovascular-diseases-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-1990-2015-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-2015-study
#14
Ali H Mokdad
OBJECTIVES: To report the burden of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) during 1990-2015. METHODS: We used the 2015 Global Burden of Disease study for estimates of mortality and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) of different CVD in 22 countries of EMR. RESULTS: A total of 1.4 million CVD deaths (95% UI: 1.3-1.5) occurred in 2015 in the EMR, with the highest number of deaths in Pakistan (465,116) and the lowest number of deaths in Qatar (723)...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776244/mental-disorders-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region
#15
EDITORIAL
Atif Rahman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776243/burden-of-obesity-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-2015-study
#16
Ali H Mokdad
OBJECTIVES: We used the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2015 study results to explore the burden of high body mass index (BMI) in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR). METHODS: We estimated the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children (2-19 years) and adults (≥20 years) in 1980 and 2015. The burden of disease related to high BMI was calculated using the GBD comparative risk assessment approach. RESULTS: The prevalence of obesity increased for adults from 15...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776242/neonatal-infant-and-under-5-mortality-and-morbidity-burden-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-2015-study
#17
Ali H Mokdad
OBJECTIVES: Although substantial reductions in under-5 mortality have been observed during the past 35 years, progress in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) has been uneven. This paper provides an overview of child mortality and morbidity in the EMR based on the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study. METHODS: We used GBD 2015 study results to explore under-5 mortality and morbidity in EMR countries. RESULTS: In 2015, 755,844 (95% uncertainty interval (UI) 712,064-801,565) children under 5 died in the EMR...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776241/moving-to-action-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region
#18
EDITORIAL
Ala Alwan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776240/diabetes-mellitus-and-chronic-kidney-disease-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-2015-study
#19
Ali H Mokdad
OBJECTIVES: We used findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study to update our previous publication on the burden of diabetes and chronic kidney disease due to diabetes (CKD-DM) during 1990-2015. METHODS: We extracted GBD 2015 estimates for prevalence, mortality, and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) of diabetes (including burden of low vision due to diabetes, neuropathy, and amputations and CKD-DM for 22 countries of the EMR from the GBD visualization tools...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776239/burden-of-diarrhea-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-1990-2015-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-2015-study
#20
Ali H Mokdad
OBJECTIVES: Diarrheal diseases (DD) are an important cause of disease burden, especially in children in low-income settings. DD can also impact children's potential livelihood through growth faltering, cognitive impairment, and other sequelae. METHODS: As part of the Global Burden of Disease study, we estimated DD burden, and the burden attributable to specific risk factors and etiologies, in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) between 1990 and 2015. We calculated disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs)-the sum of years of life lost and years lived with disability-for both sexes and all ages...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
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