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International Journal of Public Health

Kyoung-Bok Min, Hyun-Jin Kim, Hye-Jin Kim, Jin-Young Min
OBJECTIVES: There is increasing evidence that parks and green areas have beneficial effects on mental health; however, most studies have been limited to a certain or small geographic area. This study investigated whether parks and green areas were associated with the risk for depression or suicidal indicators among adults. METHODS: We used the 2009 Korean Community Health Survey data (n = 169,029). Residential geographical codes were used to determine the amount of parks and green areas in each administrative district...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
Jung Min Park, Ukchan Oh, Beop-Rae Roh, Yeongmin Moon
OBJECTIVES: This longitudinal study examines to what extent the risk of mortality-all-cause, natural death, suicide, and unintentional injury mortality-differs by types and severity of disabilities as well as disability status. METHODS: Data were the National Sample Cohort of 1,025,340 individuals in South Korea followed from 2002 to 2013. Cox regression with time-variant variables was used to estimate the hazard ratio of mortality by disability. RESULTS: Individuals with disabilities had a higher risk of mortality compared to those without (HR 1...
March 18, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
S Ahmad, S Shanmugasegaram, K L Walker, S A Prince
OBJECTIVES: The objective was to systematically review the literature to determine whether sedentary time was associated with cardiometabolic diseases and their risk factors among South Asian adults. METHODS: Six electronic databases were searched to identify all studies that examined the association between sedentary time and cardiometabolic diseases (e.g., diabetes, cardiovascular disease) and their risk factors [e.g., body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), lipids, blood pressure (BP), glucose] among South Asian adults...
March 16, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
Marie-Eve Héroux, H Ross Anderson, Richard Atkinson, Bert Brunekreef, Aaron Cohen, Francesco Forastiere, Fintan Hurley, Klea Katsouyanni, Daniel Krewski, Michal Krzyzanowski, Nino Künzli, Inga Mills, Xavier Querol, Bart Ostro, Heather Walton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
Alina Cosma, Ross Whitehead, Fergus Neville, Dorothy Currie, Jo Inchley
OBJECTIVES: Bullying victimization among schoolchildren is a major public health concern. This paper aims to analyse the changing associations over two decades between bullying victimization and mental well-being in a representative Scottish schoolchildren sample. METHODS: Data were collected in six rounds of the cross-sectional Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study in Scotland, with 42,312 adolescents (aged 11, 13 and 15 years). Logistic and linear regressions were used to examine changes in the association between bullying victimization and mental well-being...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
Chee Hon Chan, Ho Kit Wong, Paul Siu Fai Yip
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association of relative income deprivation (RID) with perceived happiness and self-rated health in Hong Kong. METHODS: We measured RID on Yitzhaki indices constructed using multiple reference groups and used multilevel ordinal logistic regression models to assess its linkages with the two outcomes, using data from 6272 respondents from a large-scale representative household survey. RESULTS: Among the overall population, increased RID was found to be consistently associated with reduced perceived happiness, even after adjusting for respondents' level of absolute income and other socio-demographic covariates; however, there were no consistent associations between RID and self-rated health...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
Juliane Tetzlaff, Denise Muschik, Jelena Epping, Sveja Eberhard, Siegfried Geyer
OBJECTIVES: Our study examined how life years spent in multimorbidity changed over a period of 10 years (2005-2014) and whether morbidity expansion or compression has taken place. There is a little evidence on whether life years gained due to increasing life expectancy are spent in good health, or if they are accompanied by morbidity expansion. METHODS: The analyses are based on German administrative claims data. Multimorbidity was defined as a combination of at least six chronic conditions and polypharmacy...
March 10, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
Sophia Lin, Take Naseri, Christine Linhart, Stephen Morrell, Richard Taylor, Stephen T Mcgarvey, Dianna J Magliano, Paul Zimmet
OBJECTIVES: This study estimates type 2 diabetes (T2DM) incidence in Samoans aged 25-64 years from sequential, irregularly spaced, cross-sectional population prevalence surveys. METHODS: T2DM prevalence from eight population surveys conducted over 1978-2013 (n = 12,516) was adjusted for census region, sex, and 5-year age group to the nearest previous census. Annual T2DM incidence was calculated from adjusted prevalences (by sex), using birth cohorts constructed from age-period matrices...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
Katrien Beeckman, Lucy Frith, Helga Gottfreðsdóttir, Annette Bernloehr
OBJECTIVES: Measuring of antenatal care utilisation is important from a public health perspective. The Content and Timing of care in Pregnancy tool (CTP) focuses on the care process and includes aspects on quality of care. The aim of the study is to gain insight in the applicability of the CTP tool across Europe. METHODS: National guidelines for routine antenatal care were examined, analysing the degree to which the four items in the CTP tool were included in these guidelines...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
Peter Kolarcik, Eva Cepova, Andrea Madarasova Geckova, Gerald R Elsworth, Roy W Batterham, Richard H Osborne
OBJECTIVES: Health literacy is an important determinant of health and health equity and therefore requires robust measurement. The aim was to examine the psychometric properties of the Slovak version of the Health Literacy Questionnaire (HLQ) including revised wording of response categories. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of the general Slovak adult population (N = 360, mean age 39) was conducted with the HLQ following its translation and cultural adaptation...
March 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
Laís Fajersztajn, Paulo Saldiva, Luiz Alberto Amador Pereira, Victor Figueiredo Leite, Anna Maria Buehler
OBJECTIVES: Ambient air pollution is among the leading risks for health worldwide and by 2050 will largely overcome deaths due to unsafe sanitation and malaria, but local evidence from Latin America (LA) is scarce. We aimed to summarize the effect of short-term exposure to fine particulate air pollution (PM2.5) on morbidity and mortality in Latin America and evaluate evidence coverage and quality, using systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: The comprehensive search (six online databases and hand-searching) identified studies investigating the short-term associations between PM2...
March 2, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
Tilman Brand, Florence Samkange-Zeeb, Ute Ellert, Thomas Keil, Lilian Krist, Nico Dragano, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Oliver Razum, Katharina Reiss, Karin Halina Greiser, Heiko Zimmermann, Heiko Becher, Hajo Zeeb
OBJECTIVES: We assessed the association between acculturation and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among persons with a Turkish migrant background in Germany. METHODS: 1226 adults of Turkish origin were recruited in four German cities. Acculturation was assessed using the Frankfurt Acculturation Scale resulting in four groups (integration, assimilation, separation and marginalization). Short Form-8 physical and mental components were used to assess the HRQoL...
March 2, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
Benjamin A Jones
OBJECTIVES: Long-term social costs associated with underground uranium mining are largely unknown. This study estimated health costs of Native American and white (Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin) uranium miners in the US Public Health Service Colorado Plateau cohort study. METHODS: Elevated uranium miner person-years of life lost (PYLL) were calculated from the most recent study of the Colorado Plateau cohort over 1960-2005. Nine causes of death categories were included...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
Meltem Kutlar Joss, Marloes Eeftens, Emily Gintowt, Ron Kappeler, Nino Künzli
OBJECTIVES: The World Health Organization has developed ambient air quality guidelines at levels considered to be safe or of acceptable risk for human health. These guidelines are meant to support governments in defining national standards. It is unclear how they are followed. METHODS: We compiled an inventory of ambient air quality standards for 194 countries worldwide for six air pollutants: PM2.5, PM10, ozone, nitrogen dioxide, sulphur dioxide and carbon monoxide...
February 27, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
Matias Reus-Pons, Eva U B Kibele, Fanny Janssen
OBJECTIVES: We analysed differences in healthy life expectancy at age 50 (HLE50) between migrants and non-migrants in Belgium , the Netherlands, and England and Wales, and their trends over time between 2001 and 2011 in the latter two countries. METHODS: Population, mortality and health data were derived from registers, census or surveys. HLE50 and the share of remaining healthy life years were calculated for non-migrants, western and non-western migrants by sex...
February 26, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
Nazaret Alonso-Fernández, Rodrigo Jiménez-García, Leticia Alonso-Fernández, Valentín Hernández-Barrera, Domingo Palacios-Ceña
OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence of unintentional injuries in children and adolescents aged 6-18 years and to identify factors associated with a greater risk of suffering accidents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted with data collected from three consecutive Spanish National Health Surveys. Data were analyzed using multivariate logistic models. RESULTS: The reported prevalence of unintentional injuries in children and adolescents decreased from 12...
February 25, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
Pam Kumparatana, Francine Cournos, Assel Terlikbayeva, Yelena Rozental, Louisa Gilbert
OBJECTIVES: To determine factors associated with SRH among migrant workers in Almaty, Kazakhstan. METHODS: In 2007, 805 vendors were screened. Approximately half were eligible (n =450), defined as at least 18 years old, a worker/owner in a randomly selected stall, having traveled 2 + hours outside of Almaty within the past year, and being an internal/external migrant. 28 non-migrants were excluded, leaving 422 participants. Logistic regression was used to examine the relationship between SRH, mental health, and psychosocial problems...
February 23, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
Giovanni Mario Pes, Federica Cocco, Stefano Bibbò, Giuseppina Marras, Maria Pina Dore
OBJECTIVES: To examine cancer trend using age-period-cohort analysis with a cohort of patients in Sardinia, Italy, where epidemiological transition occurred between 1950 and 1960. METHODS: Poisson log-linear regression models were used to analyze time trend in patients undergoing upper endoscopy between 1995 and 2013. RESULTS: A total of 10,546 clinical records (62.2% women) were retrieved. In 541 patients (5.1%), a diagnosis of cancer was reported, more often in men (5...
February 23, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
Moniek C M de Goeij, Jan-Willem Bruggink, Ferdy Otten, Anton E Kunst
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated, among the Dutch working population, whether job loss during the post-2008 economic crisis is associated with harmful drinking and whether this association is stronger than before the crisis. METHODS: Repeated cross-sectional data from the Dutch Health Interview Survey 2004-2013 were used to define episodic drinking (≥6 glasses on 1 day ≥1/week) and chronic drinking (≥14 glasses/week for women and ≥21 for men). These data were linked to longitudinal data from tax registries, to measure the experience and duration of job loss during a 5-year working history...
February 22, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
Jonas Bech Andersen, Gabriel Gulis
OBJECTIVES: To provide a fundament for practical guidance on implementation of HiAP to Danish Municipalities HiAP. METHODS: This study is based on a descriptive case study design where a mixed method is used. A questionnaire survey with 64 respondents was conducted in the five political sectors of Esbjerg municipality and it was followed up by four semi-structured interviews with key respondents based on a Dutch prototype model from 2014; The Capability Maturity Model for HiAP...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
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