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International Journal of Public Health

Bernadette W A van der Linden, Delphine S Courvoisier, Boris Cheval, Stefan Sieber, Piet Bracke, Idris Guessous, Claudine Burton-Jeangros, Matthias Kliegel, Stéphane Cullati
OBJECTIVES: Living in low socioeconomic conditions during childhood is associated with poor health outcomes in later life. Whether this link also applies to cancer is unclear. We examined whether childhood socioeconomic conditions (CSCs) are associated with cancer risk in later life and whether this effect remained after adjusting for adulthood socioeconomic conditions (ASCs). METHODS: Data for 26,431 individuals ≥ 50 years old included in SHARE were analysed...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Erica Di Ruggiero, Zee Leung, Modi Mwatsama, Greg Hallen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Vesna Bjegovic-Mikanovic, Milena Santric-Milicevic, Anna Cichowska, Martin Krayer von Krauss, Galina Perfilieva, Boris Rebac, Ingrid Zuleta-Marin, Marjolein Dieleman, Prisca Zwanikken
OBJECTIVES: To map out the Public Health Workforce (PHW) involved in successful public health interventions. METHODS: We did a pilot assessment of human resources involved in successful interventions addressing public health challenges in the countries of South-Eastern Europe (SEE). High-level representatives of eight countries reported about success stories through the coaching by experts. During synthesizing qualitative data, experts applied triangulation by contacting additional sources of evidence and used the framework method in data analysis...
May 7, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Carine Weiss, Yajna Elouard, Jana Gerold, Sonja Merten
OBJECTIVES: This survey investigates whether relevant training and availability of guidelines improve self-reported competencies of nurses in the provision of youth-friendly sexual and reproductive health services in South-Kivu Province in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Burundi, and Rwanda. METHODS: A quantitative baseline survey was conducted among nurses in randomly selected health facilities. Nurses providing youth-friendly sexual and reproductive health services were asked to self-rate their competencies with regards to technical knowledge, clinical, and communication skills...
May 5, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Trude Andreassen, Adriana Melnic, Rejane Figueiredo, Kåre Moen, Ofelia Şuteu, Florian Nicula, Giske Ursin, Elisabete Weiderpass
OBJECTIVES: Romania has Europe's highest incidence and mortality rates of cervical cancer. Participation in the national cervical cancer-screening programme is low, especially among minority Roma women. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study, using a structured questionnaire aiming to quantify reasons for screening attendance among women in North-Western region of Romania. RESULTS: 980 women were enrolled in this study. Data were analysed using logistic regression, estimating odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI)...
April 27, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Cauane Blumenberg, Aluísio J D Barros
OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the literature and compare response rates (RRs) of web surveys to alternative data collection methods in the context of epidemiologic and public health studies. METHODS: We reviewed the literature using PubMed, LILACS, SciELO, WebSM, and Google Scholar databases. We selected epidemiologic and public health studies that considered the general population and used two parallel data collection methods, being one web-based. RR differences were analyzed using two-sample test of proportions, and pooled using random effects...
April 24, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Emma Gearon, Anna Peeters, Winda Ng, Allison Hodge, Kathryn Backholer
OBJECTIVES: To quantify the mediating role of leisure time physical activity (LTPA) and five dietary behaviours on educational differences in 13-year body mass index (BMI) gain across adulthood. METHODS: Participants from the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study (4791 women; 3103 men) who maintained or gained BMI over 1990-1994 to 2003-2007 and met our inclusion criteria were selected. Education, potential mediators and confounders (age, alcohol, and smoking) were measured at baseline...
April 23, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Saima S Hirani, Colleen M Norris, K Jessica Van Vliet, Sander Veldhuyzen Van Zanten, Rozina Karmaliani, Gerri Lasiuk
OBJECTIVES: This study tested the efficacy of a 6-week social support intervention for enhancing resilience and quality of life among women living in low socioeconomic areas of Karachi, Pakistan. METHODS: One hundred and twenty women were randomly allocated to the intervention (n = 60) or control group (n = 60). Women in the intervention group attended a 6-week social support program, while those in the control group attended a single mental health awareness session...
April 21, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Raphaël Andler, Chloé Cogordan, Anne Pasquereau, Jean-François Buyck, Viêt Nguyen-Thanh
OBJECTIVES: Our study aims to describe French general practitioners' (GPs') practices toward pregnant patients regarding alcohol consumption and smoking and to highlight factors associated with specific practices. METHODS: In 2015, a representative sample of 1414 French GPs completed a telephone survey based on a stratified random sampling. RESULTS: 61% of GPs declared screening for alcohol use and 82% for smoking at least once with each pregnant patient; quitting was not systematically advised either for alcohol or for smoking...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Sotiris Vardoulakis, Rachel Kettle, Paul Cosford, Paul Lincoln, Stephen Holgate, Jonathan Grigg, Frank Kelly, David Pencheon
OBJECTIVES: The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, jointly with Public Health England, have developed a guideline on outdoor air pollution and its links to health. The guideline makes recommendations on local interventions that can help improve air quality and prevent a range of adverse health outcomes associated with road-traffic-related air pollution. METHODS: The guideline was based on a rigorous assessment of the scientific evidence by an independent advisory committee, with input from public health professionals and other professional groups...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Ekkehardt Altpeter, Monica N Wymann, Jean-Luc Richard, Mirjam Mäusezahl-Feuz
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of the Swiss measles elimination strategy-including a mass media campaign-on vaccination coverage and awareness among young adults aged 20-29 years. METHODS: Comparison of the results of two cross-sectional population surveys in 2012 and 2015. RESULTS: Documented vaccination coverage increased from 77 to 88% for two doses of measles vaccine. Major determinants of complete vaccination were survey year, birth cohort, sex and the absence of prior measles disease...
April 19, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Louise Sundberg, Neda Agahi, Johan Fritzell, Stefan Fors
OBJECTIVES: To enhance the understanding of the current increase in life expectancy and decreasing gender gap in life expectancy. METHODS: We obtained data on underlying cause of death from the National Board of Health and Welfare in Sweden for 1997 and 2014 and used Arriaga's method to decompose life expectancy by age group and 24 causes of death. RESULTS: Decreased mortality from ischemic heart disease had the largest impact on the increased life expectancy of both men and women and on the decreased gender gap in life expectancy...
April 13, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Rodrigo Luiz Carregaro, Everton Nunes da Silva, Maurits van Tulder
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the direct healthcare costs of spinal disorders in Brazil, over 2016. METHODS: Prevalence-based cost-of-illness study, top-down approach and public healthcare system's perspective. International Classification of Diseases codes related to spinal disorders were included. The following costs were obtained: (1) hospitalization; medical professional service costs; intensive care unit costs; companion daily stay; (2) outpatient (services/procedures)...
April 12, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Geoff Wong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Perihan Torun, Meltem Mücaz Karaaslan, Büşra Sandıklı, Ceyda Acar, Ellyn Shurtleff, Sophia Dhrolia, Bülent Herek
OBJECTIVES: The study was conducted to assess the health needs of urban refugees living in İstanbul. METHODS: A mixed methods approach was adopted to interview Syrian women from households, doctors, decision makers and NGO representatives. The data were collected between June and October 2015. RESULTS: The main challenges were the cost of living in İstanbul, increased rent and language barrier. Almost half (49.6%) of the interviewed women did not know about free health care rights for Syrians...
April 9, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Daniel Demant, Oscar Oviedo-Trespalacios, Julie-Anne Carroll, Jason A Ferris, Larissa Maier, Monica J Barratt, Adam R Winstock
OBJECTIVES: We examined protective and non-protective effects of disadvantaged social identities and their intersections on lifetime substance use and risky alcohol consumption. METHODS: Data from 90,941 participants of the Global Drug Survey 2015 were analysed. Multivariable logistic regressions were used to calculate adjusted odds ratios for lifetime use of nine psychoactive substances, as well as high-risk/harmful alcohol use. Disadvantaged identities from three categories (ethnicity, sexual identity, gender), and interactions between these were compared...
March 31, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Marc Marí-Dell'Olmo, Aurelio Tobías, Anna Gómez-Gutiérrez, Maica Rodríguez-Sanz, Patricia García de Olalla, Esteve Camprubí, Antonio Gasparrini, Carme Borrell
OBJECTIVES: To analyse social inequalities in the association between ambient temperature and mortality by sex, age and educational level, in the city of Barcelona for the period 1992-2015. METHODS: Mortality data are represented by daily counts for natural mortality. As a measure of socioeconomic position, we used the educational level of the deceased. We also considered age group and sex. We considered, as a measure of exposure, the daily maximum temperatures...
March 26, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Mulu Abraha Woldegiorgis, Janet E Hiller, Wubegzier Mekonnen, Jahar Bhowmik
OBJECTIVES: To examine the progress of and disparities in the provision of key maternal health services in the sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) region. METHODS: A time-trend analysis of disparities in antenatal care (ANC) and skilled birth attendance (SBA) coverage in SSA over the last 25 years was conducted. The average values of each country's 5-year period data were used for analysis. Absolute and relative disparities were examined by time period, economic class, geographic group and clusters...
March 23, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Marita Crivelli, Kaspar Wyss, Leticia Grize, Barbara Matthys, Thomas Aebi, Elisabeth Zemp
OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between overweight/obesity and anemia in early childhood in Tajikistan. METHODS: Using a two-stage-cluster sampling, a representative sample of 1342 children (48.7% girls) aged 25-60 months was included in a nationwide survey in Tajikistan in 2009. Weight status was defined by age- and gender-specific body mass index, anemia by hemoglobin < 11 g/dl, according to WHO cut-off values for children, adjusted for altitude...
March 19, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Isabel Iguacel, Laura Escartín, Juan M Fernández-Alvira, Iris Iglesia, Idoia Labayen, Luis A Moreno, María Pilar Samper, Gerardo Rodríguez
OBJECTIVES: To explore early life risk factors of overweight/obesity at age 6 years and their cumulative effects on overweight/obesity at ages 2, 4 and 6 years. METHODS: Altogether 1031 Spanish children were evaluated at birth and during a 6-year follow-up. Early life risk factors included: parental overweight/obesity, parental origin/ethnicity, maternal smoking during pregnancy, gestational weight gain, gestational age, birth weight, caesarean section, breastfeeding practices and rapid infant weight gain collected via hospital records...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
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