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International Journal of Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643029/impact-of-preventable-risk-factors-on-stroke-in-the-epicor-study-does-gender-matter
#1
Slavica Trajkova, Angelo d'Errico, Fulvio Ricceri, Francesca Fasanelli, Valeria Pala, Claudia Agnoli, Rosario Tumino, Graziella Frasca, Giovanna Masala, Calogero Saieva, Paolo Chiodini, Amalia Mattiello, Carlotta Sacerdote, Salvatore Panico
OBJECTIVES: The effect of modifiable stroke risk factors in terms of prevented cases remains unclear due to sex-specific disease rate and risk factors prevalence. Our aim was to estimate their impact on stroke by gender through population-attributable fraction (PAF), preventive fraction (PF) and their combination in EPIC-Italian cohort. METHODS: 43,976 participants, age 34-75, and free of cardiovascular disease at baseline (1993-1998) were followed up for almost 11 years...
June 22, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638978/screening-score-for-early-detection-of-cardio-metabolic-risk-in-indian-adults
#2
Deepa Pandit-Agrawal, Anuradha Khadilkar, Shashi Chiplonkar, Vaman Khadilkar, Vivek Patwardhan
OBJECTIVES: To develop and to evaluate efficacy of screening score for early detection of cardio-metabolic risk (CMR) in adults. METHODS: Cross-sectional data on anthropometry, lipids, sugar levels, diet, and physical activity were collected on 720 adults (361 men, 35-50 year) using standardized techniques. Screening score was developed using regression analysis-cluster of risk conditions (blood pressure, lipids, and sugar levels) was dependent variable against age, sex, waist, diet, and physical activity as independent variables...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620770/access-to-information-on-home-and-community-based-services-and-functional-status
#3
Anne Cattagni Kleiner, Brigitte Santos-Eggimann, Sarah Fustinoni, Laurence Seematter-Bagnoud
OBJECTIVES: To examine differences in access to home- and community-based service (HCBS) information among older adults of different functional status. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey of 5435 out of 11,000 randomly selected Swiss older community dwellers from the state of Vaud. Analyses stratified by functional status examined characteristics associated with limited access to HCBS information, based on self-reported knowledge on where to find information on 13 HCBS...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612100/costs-and-outcomes-of-improving-population-health-through-better-social-housing-a-cohort-study-and-economic-analysis
#4
Nathan Bray, Paul Burns, Alice Jones, Eira Winrow, Rhiannon Tudor Edwards
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the impact of warmth-related housing improvements on the health, well-being, and quality of life of families living in social housing. METHODS: An historical cohort study design was used. Households were recruited by Gentoo, a social housing contractor in North East England. Recruited households were asked to complete a quality of life, well-being, and health service use questionnaire before receiving housing improvements (new energy-efficient boiler and double-glazing) and again 12 months afterwards...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612099/sexual-violence-as-a-risk-factor-for-family-planning-related-outcomes-among-young-burundian-women
#5
Yajna Elouard, Carine Weiss, Adriane Martin-Hilber, Sonja Merten
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to examine associations between experience of sexual violence and family planning-related outcomes. METHODS: A multi-stage cluster survey was conducted among a representative sample of 744 young women aged 15-24 in eight provinces in Burundi. RESULTS: The prevalence of young women who reported having ever been physically forced to have sexual intercourse was 26.1%. Young women who had experienced sexual violence (ever) were 2...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593332/population-health-intervention-research-myths-and-misconceptions
#6
EDITORIAL
Janet Martin, Davy Cheng, Saverio Stranges
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 7, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593331/clustering-of-energy-balance-related-behaviours-sleep-and-overweight-among-finnish-adolescents
#7
Teija Nuutinen, Elviira Lehto, Carola Ray, Eva Roos, Jari Villberg, Jorma Tynjälä
OBJECTIVES: To examine how clusters of energy balance-related behaviours (EBRBs), including sleep related factors, were associated with overweight among adolescents. METHODS: In Finland, 4262 adolescents, aged 13-15, participated in the cross-national Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study. The adolescents completed questionnaires assessing EBRBs [sleep duration, discrepancy and quality, physical activity (PA), screen time, junk food, fruit, and vegetable intake] and height and weight...
June 7, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589239/population-health-intervention-research-three-important-advancements
#8
EDITORIAL
Till Bärnighausen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 6, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550368/association-of-poverty-and-social-exclusion-with-body-mass-index-among-special-olympics-athletes-in-europe
#9
Pauli Rintala, Viviene A Temple, Meghann Lloyd, Chris Faro, John T Foley
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association of a risk of poverty and social exclusion (AROPE), age, and gender with the body mass index (BMI) status of European Special Olympics athletes. METHODS: BMI records were available for 1905 children and youth and 5517 adults from the Special Olympics International (SOI) Health Promotion database. AROPE was extracted from EU Eurostat statistics. Logistic regression analyses were used to predict BMI status. RESULTS: For children/youth and adults, respectively, 9...
May 26, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536842/partnering-and-parenting-transitions-associate-with-changing-smoking-status-a-cohort-study-in-young-australians
#10
Jing Tian, Seana Gall, George Patton, Terry Dwyer, Alison Venn
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of partnering and parenting transitions on smoking continuity in young adults. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted involving 1084 young smokers and former smokers who completed questionnaires at baseline (2004-2006, aged 26-36 years) and 5 years later. RESULTS: 233/570 (40.9%) smokers quit and 58/514 (11.3%) former smokers resumed smoking during follow-up. For partnering transitions, compared with remaining not partnered, the likelihood of quitting was higher among men who became (RR 2...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534060/food-swamps-by-area-socioeconomic-deprivation-in-new-zealand-a-national-study
#11
Zaynel Sushil, Stefanie Vandevijvere, Daniel J Exeter, Boyd Swinburn
OBJECTIVES: A nationwide spatial analysis of community retail food environments in relation to area socioeconomic deprivation was conducted in New Zealand. METHODS: Addresses from about 20,000 registered food outlets were retrieved from all 66 Councils. Outlets were classified, geocoded and (spatially) validated. The analysis included 4087 convenience, 4316 fast food/takeaway and 1271 supermarket and fruit/vegetable outlets and excluded outlets not considered 'healthy' or 'unhealthy'...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523366/the-effect-of-cigarette-price-increases-on-cigarette-consumption-tax-revenue-and-smoking-related-death-in-africa-from-1999-to-2013
#12
Li-Ming Ho, Christian Schafferer, Jie-Min Lee, Chun-Yuan Yeh, Chi-Jung Hsieh
OBJECTIVES: This study investigates the effects of price hikes on cigarette consumption, tobacco tax revenues, and reduction in smoking-caused mortality in 36 African countries. METHODS: Using panel data from the 1999-2013 Euromonitor International, the World Bank and the World Health Organization, we applied fixed-effects and random-effects regression models of panel data to estimate the elasticity of cigarette prices and simulate the effect of price fluctuations...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509992/learning-about-cause-and-effect-through-well-designed-studies-of-air-quality-interventions
#13
EDITORIAL
Dan S Greenbaum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508943/perceived-ethnic-discrimination-in-relation-to-smoking-and-alcohol-consumption-in-ethnic-minority-groups-in-the-netherlands-the-helius-study
#14
Marlies J Visser, Umar Z Ikram, Eske M Derks, Marieke B Snijder, Anton E Kunst
OBJECTIVES: We examined the associations of perceived ethnic discrimination (PED) with smoking and alcohol consumption in ethnic minority groups residing in a middle-sized European city. METHODS: Data were derived from the HELIUS study in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. We included 23,126 participants aged 18-70 years of Dutch, South-Asian Surinamese, African Surinamese, Ghanaian, Turkish, and Moroccan origin. We collected self-reported data on PED, current smoking, heavy smoking, nicotine dependence, current drinking, excessive drinking, and alcohol dependence...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488098/association-between-long-term-smoking-and-leisure-time-physical-inactivity-a-cohort-study-among-finnish-twins-with-a-35-year-follow-up
#15
Maarit Piirtola, Jaakko Kaprio, Karri Silventoinen, Pia Svedberg, Tellervo Korhonen, Annina Ropponen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate longitudinal associations of smoking and a change in smoking status with leisure-time physical inactivity. In addition, to control whether familial confounding (genetics and shared environment) influences the associations. METHODS: Data were based on the population-based Finnish Adult Twin Cohort of 5254 twin individuals born in 1945-1957 (41% men) and who participated in all four surveys over a 35-year follow-up (1975-2011). Logistic and conditional logistic regression models with multiple covariates were used for analyses...
May 9, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480498/erratum-to-the-decade-of-roma-inclusion-did-it-make-a-difference-to-health-and-use-of-health-care-services
#16
János Sándor, Zsigmond Kósa, Klára Boruzs, Julianna Boros, Ildikó Tokaji, Martin McKee, Róza Ádány
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470413/sample-substitution-can-be-an-acceptable-data-collection-strategy-the-case-of-the-belgian-health-interview-survey
#17
Stefaan Demarest, Geert Molenberghs, Johan Van der Heyden, Lydia Gisle, Herman Van Oyen, Sandrine de Waleffe, Guido Van Hal
OBJECTIVES: Substitution of non-participating households is used in the Belgian Health Interview Survey (BHIS) as a method to obtain the predefined net sample size. Yet, possible effects of applying substitution on response rates and health estimates remain uncertain. In this article, the process of substitution with its impact on response rates and health estimates is assessed. METHODS: The response rates (RR)-both at household and individual level-according to the sampling criteria were calculated for each stage of the substitution process, together with the individual accrual rate (AR)...
May 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434029/health-of-midlife-and-older-adults-in-china-the-role-of-regional-economic-development-inequality-and-institutional-setting
#18
Xuejie Ding, Francesco C Billari, Stuart Gietel-Basten
OBJECTIVES: To document the association between economic development, income inequality, and health-related public infrastructure, and health outcomes among Chinese adults in midlife and older age. METHODS: We use a series of multi-level regression models with individual-level baseline data from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Survey (CHARLS). Provincial-level data are obtained both from official statistics and from CHARLS itself. Multi-level models are estimated with different subjective and objective health outcomes...
April 22, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424832/setting-up-a-community-based-cervical-screening-service-in-a-low-income-country-a-pilot-study-from-north-western-tanzania
#19
Nestory Masalu, Patrizia Serra, Dino Amadori, Jackson Kahima, Charles Majinge, Joyce Rwehabura, Oriana Nanni, Sara Bravaccini, Maurizio Puccetti, Rosario Tumino, Lauro Bucchi
OBJECTIVES: To report the results of a pilot study for a service for cervical cancer screening and diagnosis in north-western Tanzania. METHODS: The pilot study was launched in 2012 after a community-level information campaign. Women aged 15-64 years were encouraged to attend the district health centres. Attendees were offered a conventional Pap smear and a visual inspection of the cervix with acetic acid (VIA). RESULTS: The first 2500 women were evaluated...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421238/the-impact-of-low-education-and-poor-health-on-unemployment-varies-by-work-life-stage
#20
Sander K R van Zon, Sijmen A Reijneveld, Carlos F Mendes de Leon, Ute Bültmann
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to examine associations and interactions of education, and physical and mental health with unemployment in early, mid, and late work life. METHODS: This cross-sectional study uses data from 69,118 respondents from Lifelines. Health status was measured with the RAND-36, education was self-reported, and participants working <12 h per week or indicating to be unemployed were considered unemployed. The relative excess risk due to interaction (RERI) was calculated to measure interaction on the additive scale...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
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