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International Journal of Public Health

Marita Crivelli, Kaspar Wyss, Leticia Grize, Barbara Matthys, Thomas Aebi, Elisabeth Zemp
OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between overweight/obesity and anemia in early childhood in Tajikistan. METHODS: Using a two-stage-cluster sampling, a representative sample of 1342 children (48.7% girls) aged 25-60 months was included in a nationwide survey in Tajikistan in 2009. Weight status was defined by age- and gender-specific body mass index, anemia by hemoglobin < 11 g/dl, according to WHO cut-off values for children, adjusted for altitude...
March 19, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Isabel Iguacel, Laura Escartín, Juan M Fernández-Alvira, Iris Iglesia, Idoia Labayen, Luis A Moreno, María Pilar Samper, Gerardo Rodríguez
OBJECTIVES: To explore early life risk factors of overweight/obesity at age 6 years and their cumulative effects on overweight/obesity at ages 2, 4 and 6 years. METHODS: Altogether 1031 Spanish children were evaluated at birth and during a 6-year follow-up. Early life risk factors included: parental overweight/obesity, parental origin/ethnicity, maternal smoking during pregnancy, gestational weight gain, gestational age, birth weight, caesarean section, breastfeeding practices and rapid infant weight gain collected via hospital records...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Sahar Saeed, Erica E M Moodie, Erin C Strumpf, Marina B Klein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Kimberly Coughlin, R David Hayward, Mary Fessler, Elango Edhayan
OBJECTIVES: Although individual socioeconomic status has been linked with risk of traumatic injury, there has been relatively little research into the question of how economic changes may impact trauma admission rates in neighborhoods with different socioeconomic backgrounds. METHODS: This study pairs ZIP code-level data on trauma admissions with county-level data on unemployment to assess differences in the type of changes experienced in more and less affluent neighborhoods of the Detroit metropolitan area between 2006 and 2014...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Shadi Saleh, Mohamad Alameddine, Angie Farah, Nour El Arnaout, Hani Dimassi, Carles Muntaner, Christo El Morr
OBJECTIVES: Assess the effect of selected low-cost eHealth tools on diabetes/hypertension detection and referrals rates in rural settings and refugee camps in Lebanon and explore the barriers to showing-up to scheduled appointments at Primary Healthcare Centers (PHC). METHODS: Community-based screening for diabetes and hypertension was conducted in five rural and three refugee camp PHCs using an eHealth netbook application. Remote referrals were generated based on pre-set criteria...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Erica Di Ruggiero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Bandy X Lee, David Sells, Michele Klimczak, Charles Barber, Lisa DeMatteis-Lepore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Katarzyna Orlewska, Andrzej Sliwczynski, Ewa Orlewska
OBJECTIVES: To assess the link between the risks of most frequent cancer sites in Poland and selected socioeconomic variables that potentially affect health outcomes throughout the life course. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional ecological study. Incidence of lung, breast, and colon cancer by voivodeships in 2014 was calculated based on Polish National Cancer Registry. Socioeconomic variables in individual voivodeships were assessed based on Polish Social Cohesion Survey for 2015...
March 5, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Karimen León-Flández, Miguel Ángel Royo-Bordonada, María Ángeles Moya-Geromini, María José Bosqued-Estefanía, Lázaro López-Jurado, Javier Damián
OBJECTIVES: To analyse marketing techniques used in television advertisements of food and drinks (AFDs) directed to children, and their nutritional quality. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of television AFDs directed to children in Spain over 7 days in 2012. Primary appeal, persuasive and nutritional marketing techniques, and links to Internet were registered. The foods were classified according to their nutritional quality using an international codification system and the UK nutrient profile model...
March 2, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Ana Isabel Ribeiro, Elias Teixeira Krainski, Marilia Sá Carvalho, Guy Launoy, Carole Pornet, Maria de Fátima de Pina
OBJECTIVES: Analyze the association between socioeconomic deprivation and old-age survival in Europe, and investigate whether it varies by country and gender. METHODS: Our study incorporated five countries (Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, and England). A 10-year survival rate expressing the proportion of population aged 75-84 years who reached 85-94 years old was calculated at area-level for 2001-11. To estimate associations, we used Bayesian spatial models and a transnational measure of deprivation...
February 26, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Josefin Wångdahl, Per Lytsy, Lena Mårtensson, Ragnar Westerling
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were to explore the distributions of comprehensive health literacy (CHL), general health, psychological well-being, and having refrained from seeking healthcare among refugees in Sweden. Further objectives were to examine associations between CHL and the above-mentioned factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 513 refugees speaking Arabic, Dari, and Somali. Participants in the civic orientation course in Sweden responded to a questionnaire...
February 26, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Wasim Maziak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Toby Freeman, Sara Javanparast, Fran Baum, Anna Ziersch, Tamara Mackean
OBJECTIVES: Regional primary health-care organisations plan, co-ordinate, and fund some primary health-care services in a designated region. This article presents a framework for examining the equity performance of regional primary health-care organisations, and applies it to Australian Medicare Locals (funded from 2011 to 2015). METHODS: The framework was developed based on theory, literature, and researcher deliberation. Data were drawn from Medicare Local documents, an online survey of 210 senior Medicare Local staff, and interviews with 50 survey respondents...
February 16, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Núria Obradors-Rial, Carles Ariza, Luis Rajmil, Carles Muntaner
OBJECTIVES: To compare different measures of socioeconomic position (SEP) and occupational social class (OSC) and to evaluate their association with risky alcohol consumption among adolescents attending the last mandatory secondary school (ages 15-17 years). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. 1268 adolescents in Catalonia (Spain) participated in the study. Family affluence scale (FAS), parents' OSC, parents' level of education and monthly familiar income were used to compare socioeconomic indicators...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Cristiano Piccinelli, Paolo Carnà, Silvia Stringhini, Gabriella Sebastiani, Moreno Demaria, Michele Marra, Giuseppe Costa, Angelo d'Errico
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess social inequalities in overall mortality in a representative sample of the Italian population, and to evaluate the contribution of behavioural and metabolic risk (BMF) factors to these inequalities. METHODS: 85,308 participants aged 25-74 years from the Italian Longitudinal Study were included in the study population and followed up for mortality (1999-2012). Level of education was used as a proxy for socioeconomic status...
January 30, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Isabel Aguilar-Palacio, Ana Isabel Gil-Lacruz, Raquel Sánchez-Recio, Mª José Rabanaque
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the influence of micro- and macro-factors on self-rated health, and the role of generation on this relationship. METHODS: Cross-sectional study using data from European Health Interview Surveys from 14 European countries. Individuals were divided into four generations ("silent generation", "baby boomers", and "generation X" and "Y"). We conducted multilevel analyses for each generation to study the influence of individual and national explanatory variables on self-rated health...
January 30, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Daniel D Reidpath, Ireneous Soyiri, Nowrozy K Jahan, Devi Mohan, Badariah Ahmad, Mohtar Pungut Ahmad, Zaid Bin Kassim, Pascale Allotey
OBJECTIVES: The lack of population-based evidence on the risk factors for poor glycaemic control in diabetics, particularly in resource-poor settings, is a challenge for the prevention of long-term complications. This study aimed to identify the metabolic and demographic risk factors for poor glycaemic control among diabetics in a rural community in Malaysia. METHODS: A total of 1844 (780 males and 1064 females) known diabetics aged ≥ 35 years were identified from the South East Asia Community Observatory (SEACO) health and demographic surveillance site database...
January 25, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Shama Virani, Hutcha Sriplung, Surichai Bilheem, Patumrat Sripan, Puttachart Maneesai, Narate Waisri, Imjai Chitapanarux
OBJECTIVES: Cervical cancer has posed a serious problem in Thailand for decades. In 2002, a systematic screening program was implemented under universal healthcare coverage for all Thai women. However, there has been little research on how screening affected particular aspects of cervical cancer, such as stage distribution. This screening program has a target group; therefore, it is necessary to assess stage and incidence trends by age of those within and outside the screening target group...
January 23, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Brice Lionel Batomen Kuimi, Oduro Oppong-Nkrumah, Jay Kaufman, Jose Ignacio Nazif-Munoz, Arijit Nandi
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to synthesise the available knowledge, identify unexplored areas and discuss general limits of the published evidence. We focused on outcomes commonly hypothesised to be affected by child labour: nutritional status, harmful exposures and injuries. METHODS: Four electronic databases (EMBASE, MEDLINE, Scopus, ISI Web of Science) were searched in November 2017. All articles published since 1996, without restrictions on language, were considered for inclusion...
January 20, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Hélène Colineaux, Fanny Le Querrec, Laure Pourcel, Jean-Christophe Gallart, Olivier Azéma, Thierry Lang, Michelle Kelly-Irving, Sandrine Charpentier, Sébastien Lamy
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the association between patients' socioeconomic position (SEP) and the use of emergency departments (EDs). METHODS: This population-based study included all visits to ED in 2012 by inhabitants of the French Midi-Pyrénées region, recorded by the Regional Emergency Departments Observatory. We compared ED visit rates and the proportion of non-severe visits according to the patients' SEP as assessed by the European Deprivation Index. RESULTS: We analysed 496,388 visits...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
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