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International Journal of Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932872/self-efficacy-and-barriers-to-disaster-evacuation-in-hong-kong
#1
Elizabeth A Newnham, Satchit Balsari, Rex Pui Kin Lam, Shraddha Kashyap, Phuong Pham, Emily Y Y Chan, Kaylie Patrick, Jennifer Leaning
OBJECTIVES: To investigate specific challenges to Hong Kong's capacity for effective disaster response, we assessed perceived barriers to evacuation and citizens' self-efficacy. METHODS: Global positioning system software was used to determine random sampling locations across Hong Kong, weighted by population density. The resulting sample of 1023 participants (46.5% female, mean age 40.74 years) were invited to complete questionnaires on emergency preparedness, barriers to evacuation and self-efficacy...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929182/public-awareness-of-poverty-as-a-determinant-of-health-survey-results-from-23-countries
#2
Olaf von dem Knesebeck, Nico Vonneilich, Tae Jun Kim
OBJECTIVES: We aim to examine (1) variations in the public awareness of poverty as a determinant of health and (2) associations of individual and macro level factors with awareness. METHODS: Analyses are based on the International Social Survey Programme. Data stem from 23 countries (N = 37,228) that were assigned to six welfare states. Sociodemographic, socio-economic, and health-related factors were considered as individual level characteristics. Gross domestic product, relative poverty rate, Gini coefficient, and magnitude of health inequalities were additionally introduced as macro level factors...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924741/spectrum-of-infectious-diseases-among-newly-arrived-eritrean-refugees-in-switzerland-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Afona Chernet, Andreas Neumayr, Christoph Hatz, Kerstin Kling, Véronique Sydow, Katharina Rentsch, Jürg Utzinger, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Hanspeter Marti, Beatrice Nickel, Niklaus D Labhardt
OBJECTIVES: Our study aimed at determining the prevalence of selected infectious diseases among recently arrived Eritrean refugees in Switzerland. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, asymptomatic Eritrean migrants aged ≥16 years who arrived <24 months ago were recruited at refugee centres in Switzerland. Infectious disease screening included serology for HIV, hepatitis B and C, syphilis and schistosomiasis, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for malaria, stool microscopy for helminths and intestinal protozoa and circulating cathodic antigen (CCA) testing in urine for schistosomiasis...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914326/negative-attitudes-related-to-violence-against-women-gender-and-ethnic-differences-among-youth-living-in-serbia
#4
Bosiljka Djikanovic, Željka Stamenkovic, Vesna Bjegovic Mikanovic, Dejana Vukovic, Vladimir S Gordeev, Natasa Maksimovic
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify to what extent negative attitudes towards intimate partner violence against women are present among young women and men living in Serbia, in Roma and non-Roma settlements. METHODS: We used the data from the 2010 Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey conducted in Serbia, for the respondents who were 15-24 years old. Regression analyses were used to examine the association between judgmental attitudes, socio-demographic factors and life satisfaction...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861618/why-do-people-participate-in-health-related-studies
#5
Hannah Bongartz, Nicole Rübsamen, Heike Raupach-Rosin, Manas K Akmatov, Rafael T Mikolajczyk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 31, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835983/the-contribution-of-alcohol-consumption-and-smoking-to-educational-inequalities-in-life-expectancy-among-swedish-men-and-women-during-1991-2008
#6
Olof Östergren, Pekka Martikainen, Olle Lundberg
OBJECTIVES: To assess the level and changes in contribution of smoking and alcohol-related mortality to educational differences in life expectancy in Sweden. METHODS: We used register data on the Swedish population at ages 30-74 during 1991-2008. Cause of death was used to identify alcohol-related deaths, while smoking-related mortality was estimated using lung cancer mortality to indirectly assess the impact of smoking on all-cause mortality. RESULTS: Alcohol consumption and smoking contributed to educational differences in life expectancy...
August 23, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835980/can-routine-data-from-prisoners-files-be-used-to-estimate-prevalence-rates-of-illicit-drug-use-among-prisoners
#7
Beatrice Annaheim, Tenzin Wangmo, Wiebke Bretschneider, Marc Vogel, Bernice S Elger
OBJECTIVES: The paper examines whether routine data from prisoners' files is a useful basis to estimate prevalence rates of illicit drug use among prisoners. METHODS: Medico-legal files of 190 younger (20-49 years) and 190 older (50-75 years) male prisoners from 13 prisons in Switzerland were analysed. Indications of illicit drug use were extracted based on recorded legal measures, notes from health care professionals, diagnoses related to the use of illicit substances, prescribed medications, other treatment indicators, and results from mandatory drug tests in prison...
August 23, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821908/predicting-homeless-people-s-perceived-health-after-entering-the-social-relief-system-in-the-netherlands
#8
Jorien van der Laan, Barbara van Straaten, Sandra N Boersma, Gerda Rodenburg, Dike van de Mheen, Judith R L M Wolf
OBJECTIVES: We explored whether changes in the perceived health of homeless people after entering the social relief system (SRS) in The Netherlands were predicted by housing, income, hours of work, social support, unmet care needs, arrests, physical and mental health, substance use, and experiences of autonomy, competence and relatedness, in addition to perceived health at baseline, demographics, suspected intellectual disability, the duration of homelessness and the company of children in the shelter facility...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819765/reducing-health-disparities-among-indigenous-populations-the-role-of-collaborative-approaches-to-improve-public-health-systems
#9
EDITORIAL
Piotr Wilk, Martin Cooke, Saverio Stranges, Alana Maltby
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801690/ethical-issues-in-obesity-prevention-for-school-children-a-systematic-qualitative-review
#10
REVIEW
Hannes Kahrass, Daniel Strech, Marcel Mertz
OBJECTIVES: Planning and conducting preventive measures against obesity for school children is beset with ethical issues which should be known to make well-informed decisions. The goal of this study was to provide a comprehensive spectrum of these ethical issues by means of a systematic review. In this context, the study also assesses the value of different search strategies for ethical literature in public health. METHODS: Literature was searched in Medline, EBSCO and others...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795205/changes-in-support-for-bans-of-illicit-drugs-tobacco-and-alcohol-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-in-europe-2008-2014
#11
Raffaele Palladino, Thomas Hone, Filippos T Filippidis
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the support for bans for tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drugs in adolescents and young adults across the European Union (EU). METHODS: Data were analysed for the years 2008, 2011, and 2014 for 27 EU member states. 37,253 individuals aged 15-24 years were interviewed ascertaining their support for banning tobacco, alcohol, cannabis, cocaine, heroin, and ecstasy. Changes over time were assessed using multilevel logistic regression. RESULTS: Support for banning heroin, ecstasy, and cocaine was constantly greater than 90%, although support fell over time...
August 9, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776255/transport-injuries-and-deaths-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-2015-study
#12
Ali H Mokdad
OBJECTIVES: Transport injuries (TI) are ranked as one of the leading causes of death, disability, and property loss worldwide. This paper provides an overview of the burden of TI in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) by age and sex from 1990 to 2015. METHODS: Transport injuries mortality in the EMR was estimated using the Global Burden of Disease mortality database, with corrections for ill-defined causes of death, using the cause of death ensemble modeling tool...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776254/burden-of-cancer-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-2005-2015-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-2015-study
#13
Christina Fitzmaurice
OBJECTIVES: To estimate incidence, mortality, and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) caused by cancer in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) between 2005 and 2015. METHODS: Vital registration system and cancer registry data from the EMR region were analyzed for 29 cancer groups in 22 EMR countries using the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 methodology. RESULTS: In 2015, cancer was responsible for 9.4% of all deaths and 5.1% of all DALYs...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776253/adolescent-health-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-2015-study
#14
Ali H Mokdad
OBJECTIVES: The 22 countries of the East Mediterranean Region (EMR) have large populations of adolescents aged 10-24 years. These adolescents are central to assuring the health, development, and peace of this region. We described their health needs. METHODS: Using data from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 (GBD 2015), we report the leading causes of mortality and morbidity for adolescents in the EMR from 1990 to 2015. We also report the prevalence of key health risk behaviors and determinants...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776252/maternal-mortality-and-morbidity-burden-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-2015-study
#15
Ali H Mokdad
OBJECTIVES: Assessing the burden of maternal mortality is important for tracking progress and identifying public health gaps. This paper provides an overview of the burden of maternal mortality in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) by underlying cause and age from 1990 to 2015. METHODS: We used the results of the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study to explore maternal mortality in the EMR countries. RESULTS: The maternal mortality ratio in the EMR decreased 16...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776251/intentional-injuries-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-1990-2015-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-2015-study
#16
Ali H Mokdad
OBJECTIVES: We used GBD 2015 findings to measure the burden of intentional injuries in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) between 1990 and 2015. METHODS: The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study defines intentional injuries as a combination of self-harm (including suicide), interpersonal violence, collective violence (war), and legal intervention. We estimated number of deaths, years of life lost (YLLs), years lived with disability (YLDs), and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for each type of intentional injuries...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776250/burden-of-vision-loss-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-1990-2015-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-2015-study
#17
Ali H Mokdad
OBJECTIVES: To report the estimated trend in prevalence and years lived with disability (YLDs) due to vision loss (VL) in the Eastern Mediterranean region (EMR) from 1990 to 2015. METHODS: The estimated trends in age-standardized prevalence and the YLDs rate due to VL in 22 EMR countries were extracted from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2015 study. The association of Socio-demographic Index (SDI) with changes in prevalence and YLDs of VL was evaluated using a multilevel mixed model...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776249/trends-in-hiv-aids-morbidity-and-mortality-in-eastern-mediterranean-countries-1990-2015-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-2015-study
#18
Ali H Mokdad
OBJECTIVES: We used the results of the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study to estimate trends of HIV/AIDS burden in Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) countries between 1990 and 2015. METHODS: Tailored estimation methods were used to produce final estimates of mortality. Years of life lost (YLLs) were calculated by multiplying the mortality rate by population by age-specific life expectancy. Years lived with disability (YLDs) were computed as the prevalence of a sequela multiplied by its disability weight...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776248/when-violence-becomes-endemic
#19
Leslie F Roberts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776247/the-burden-of-mental-disorders-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-1990-2015-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-2015-study
#20
Ali H Mokdad
OBJECTIVES: Mental disorders are among the leading causes of nonfatal burden of disease globally. METHODS: We used the global burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors study 2015 to examine the burden of mental disorders in the Eastern Mediterranean region (EMR). We defined mental disorders according to criteria proposed in the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders IV and the 10th International Classification of Diseases. RESULTS: Mental disorders contributed to 4...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
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