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International Journal of Public Health

Rehab Auf, Mary Jo Trepka, Mazen Selim, Ziyad Ben Taleb, Mario De La Rosa, Elena Bastida, Miguel Ángel Cano
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether tobacco initiation via e-cigarettes increases the likelihood of subsequent tobacco use among a large representative sample of US adolescents. METHODS: This study is a retrospective longitudinal analysis from a representative sample of US middle and high school students (n = 39,718) who completed the 2014 and 2015 National Youth Tobacco Survey. The adjusted odds ratios of lifetime and current use of tobacco use were estimated by logistic regression analysis while controlling for important socio-ecological factors associated with tobacco use...
November 9, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Harris Hyun-Soo Kim
OBJECTIVES: Research on youth suicide behavior has emphasized parent-child relations as a critical protective factor. This study investigates whether "too much" regulation of children, i.e., overprotection, may actually increase the likelihoods of youth suicide intent and plan. METHODS: Data are drawn from the subset of the Global School-based Student Health Survey (2000-2012), consisting of children living in 48 low- and middle-income countries. Two-level hierarchical linear models are fitted to examine the potential curvilinear (U-shaped) association between parental monitoring and suicide behavior among youth...
November 7, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Miriam Harris, Anne Gadermann, Monica Norena, Matthew To, Anita M Hubley, Tim Aubry, Stephen Hwang, Anita Palepu
OBJECTIVES: To determine the relationship between housing instability, as measured by the number of residential moves, with problematic substance use, unmet healthcare needs, and acute care utilization. METHODS: A cohort of homeless or vulnerably housed persons from Vancouver (n = 387), Toronto (n = 390), and Ottawa (n = 396) completed interviewer-administered surveys at baseline and annually for 4 years from 2009 to 2013. Generalized mixed effects logistic regression models were used to examine the association between the number of residential moves and each of the three outcome variables, adjusting for potential confounders...
October 31, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Natasa Zenic, Admir Terzic, Ljerka Ostojic, Nedim Sisic, Jose M Saavedra, Hafrún Kristjánsdóttir, Margrét L Guðmundsdóttir, Damir Sekulic
OBJECTIVES: The cause-effect relationship between educational and sport factors, and alcohol drinking in adolescents is rarely prospectively investigated. This study aimed to establish the possible influence of sport, scholastic and socio-demographic factors on harmful alcohol drinking (HD) and the initiation of HD in adolescents from Bosnia-Herzegovina. METHODS: Study included 881 adolescents (49% females) and consisted of (1) baseline tests (16 years of age) and (2) follow-up testing (18 years of age)...
October 31, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Panagiotis Petrou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Alberto Borraccino, Lorena Charrier, Paola Berchialla, Giacomo Lazzeri, Alessio Vieno, Paola Dalmasso, Patrizia Lemma
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this work was to explore whether adolescent immigrants have worse or better perceived well-being, and whether this perception varies by ethnic background or between first- and second-generation immigrants, when compared with adolescents from the host population. METHODS: A representative sample of 47,799 students (13.4% immigrants) aged 11, 13, and 15 years were recruited throughout all Italian regions within the framework of the Italian 2013/2014 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study...
December 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Katherine Clegg Smith, K Welding, C Kleb, C Washington, J Cohen
OBJECTIVES: Low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are vital to the global tobacco market. The pack is key to cigarette branding, and review of cigarette packs revealed English as a common feature. The prevalence of English and its potential branding utility is explored. METHODS: Every available unique cigarette pack was purchased from diverse retailers in six LMICs where English is not the official language (Bangladesh, Brazil, China, Egypt, Ukraine, Vietnam)...
December 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Anke Berger, Nino Künzli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Stefanie Vandevijvere, Janine Molloy, Naadira Hassen de Medeiros, Boyd Swinburn
OBJECTIVES: This is the first nationwide analysis of food marketing around New Zealand (NZ) schools. METHODS: Zones (500-m network buffers) were created around a sample of 950 schools (37.5% of total) using ArcGIS. Foods advertised were classified according to the NZ Food and Beverage Classification System and the World Health Organization (WHO) Europe Nutrient Profile Model. Convenience, fast food and takeaway outlets were mapped. RESULTS: About 65% of foods were not permitted to be marketed to children by the WHO model...
December 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Fabienne El-Khoury Lesueur, Anne-Laure Sutter-Dallay, Lidia Panico, Elie Azria, Judith Van der Waerden, Nolwenn Regnault Vauvillier, Marie-Aline Charles, Maria Melchior
OBJECTIVES: Despite the healthy migrant effect, immigrants and descendants of immigrants face health challenges and socio-economic difficulties. The objective of this study is to examine the perinatal health of women of migrant origin. METHODS: The nationwide French ELFE (Etude Longitudinale Française Depuis l'Enfance) birth cohort study recruited approximately 18,000 women. We studied pre-pregnancy BMI, gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), as well as tobacco, and alcohol consumption during pregnancy according to migrant status and region of origin...
December 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Lenny M W Nahar-van Venrooij, Esha Marhe, Christel Antonius-Smits, Ingrid S Krishnadath
OBJECTIVES: To explore food consumption among different sex, age, ethnic, urban, education and income groups in Suriname. METHODS: Data from a cross-sectional population study (n = 5748; 15-64 year) were used. Food consumption was defined adequate if (1) fruit and vegetable intake was conformable to WHO recommendations, (2) mostly vegetable oil was used, and (3) whole-wheat products were used ≥ 3 days/week. Food consumption was defined excessive if 3 out of the following 5 items scored positive: consumption of (1) snack, (2) sweet, (3) fast food, or (4) soft drink ≥ 3 days/week, or (5) salt was always added while preparing a hot meal...
December 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Jennie Popay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Andrew Donkor, Tim Luckett, Sanchia Aranda, Jane Phillips
OBJECTIVES: To appraise improvement strategies adopted by low- and middle-income countries to increase access to cancer treatments and palliative care; and identify the facilitators and barriers to implementation. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted and reported in accordance with PRISMA statement. MEDLINE, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Library databases were searched. Bias was assessed using the Standards for Quality Improvement Reporting Excellence, and evidence graded using the Australian National Health and Medical Research Council system...
December 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Eun Young Lee, Sugie Lee, Bo Youl Choi
OBJECTIVES: In the present study, the association between objectively measured built environments and physical activity (PA) was examined. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Korean Community Health Survey (KCHS). A total of 82,419 individuals living in 546 neighborhoods of Gyeonggi province were analyzed. Built environments were measured by geographic information systems (GIS) using Korean government databases. PA was assessed using the IPAQ-short form. Multilevel logistic regression was performed...
December 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Fabrice Kämpfen, Nilmini Wijemunige, Benedict Evangelista
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Amir Salimiha, Francisco Perales, Janeen Baxter
OBJECTIVES: Among children, poor socio-emotional functioning leads to poor health and well-being during childhood and later in life, and so understanding its social determinants is important. This study's objective is to examine how maternal employment influences children's socio-emotional outcomes in an Australian sample of families with two biological parents, testing the mediating role of maternal mental health, parenting practices, and parental income. METHODS: We analyze six waves of panel data from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (n = 7524 children, 29,701 observations) using random-effect models...
December 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Michele Rubbini, Tjama Tjivikua
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Markus Gnädinger, Lilli Herzig, Alessandro Ceschi, Dieter Conen, Alfred Staehelin, Marco Zoller, Milo A Puhan
OBJECTIVES: To provide estimates of the prevalence of chronic conditions in Swiss primary care. METHODS: In total, 175 general practitioners (GP) or pediatricians (PED) reporting to the Swiss Sentinel Surveillance Network collected morbidity data. RESULTS: In 26,853 patient contacts, mean (± SD) age was 55.8 ± 21.6 or 6.1 ± 5.7 years (in GPs vs. PEDs, respectively) and 47% were males. In GP patients, median Thurgau Morbidity Index was 2 (IQR 1-3)...
December 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Bandy X Lee, Manuel P Eisner, Maya Prabhu, Charles C Dike
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Elizabeth Ward, Kaodi McGaw, Damian Hutchinson, Erica Calogero
OBJECTIVES: Communities throughout the world are investigating various approaches to reduce violence, especially gun violence. The objective of this study is to determine the cost-effectiveness of the Peace Management Initiative as an intervention to reduce the homicide rate in volatile community in Kingston, Jamaica. METHODS: A preliminary longitudinal study tracked the homicide rate in a selected volatile community in Kingston, Jamaica, over the 5-year period of PMI intervention in this community...
November 2018: International Journal of Public Health
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