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International Journal of Public Health

Fabián Méndez, Lyda Osorio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Erika E Atienzo, Susan K Baxter, Eva Kaltenthaler
OBJECTIVES: This review aims to summarise evidence on the effectiveness of interventions to prevent youth violence in Latin America. METHODS: A systematic search on 13 academic databases was conducted to locate studies evaluating a primary or secondary prevention intervention in Latin America. Studies could use any type of quantitative design to assess outcomes related to youth violence. A search of websites, references and citation searching was also carried out...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Aneta Grajda, Zbigniew Kułaga, Beata Gurzkowska, Magdalena Góźdź, Małgorzata Wojtyło, Mieczysław Litwin
OBJECTIVES: To examine the pattern and trend of deaths due to external causes among Polish children and adolescents in 1999-2012, and to compare trends in Poland's neighboring countries. METHODS: Death records were obtained from the Central Statistical Office of Poland. External causes mortality rates (MR) with 95 % confidence interval were calculated. The annual percentage change of MR was examined using linear regression. To compare MR with Belarus, Ukraine, Czech Republic and Germany, data from the European Mortality Database were used...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Michael Knipper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Antonis A Kousoulis, Myrsini Ioakeim-Ioannidou, Konstantinos P Economopoulos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Hongying Dai, Michael J Deem, Jianqiang Hao
OBJECTIVES: Studies have identified a proliferation of e-cigarette advertisements on Twitter. We investigate whether the prevalence of e-cigarette related advertising is associated with state tobacco regulations after taking socio-economic characteristics into account. METHODS: We collected e-cigarette related tweets from July 23 to October 14, 2015 (n = 757,167) on Twitter. State regulations and smoking prevalence were provided by the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids program...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Cut Novianti Rachmi, Kingsley Emwinyore Agho, Mu Li, Louise Alison Baur
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether stunted young children are at greater risk of (1) overweight/obesity or thinness, and (2) high blood pressure (HBP) in adolescence. METHODS: A secondary data analysis using the Indonesian Family Life Survey waves 1 (1993) to 4 (2007). We generated a 14-year follow-up cohort (1993-2007) and two 7-year cohorts (1993-2000 and 2000-2007) of children aged 2.0-4.9 years. Stunting (HAZ < -2), thinness (BMIZ < -2), and overweight/obesity (BMIZ > +1) were determined based upon the WHO Child Growth Standards...
October 4, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Vu Duy Kien, Hoang Van Minh, Kim Bao Giang, Vu Quynh Mai, Ngo Tri Tuan, Mikkel B Quam
OBJECTIVES: To describe trends in measles vaccine coverage rates and their association with socioeconomic characteristics among children from age 12 to 23 months in Vietnam from the year 2000 to 2014. METHODS: Data were drawn from the Vietnam Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys in years 2000, 2006, 2011, and 2014. Concentration indices were used to determine the magnitude of socioeconomic inequalities in measles vaccine coverage. Associations between measles vaccine coverage and relevant social factors were assessed using logistic regression...
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Diana Kietzmann, Daniela Knuth, Silke Schmidt
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to explore the utilization and non-utilization of pre-hospital emergency care by migrants and non-migrants, and the factors that influence this behaviour. METHODS: A cross-sectional representative German survey was conducted in a sample of 2.175 people, 295 of whom had a migration background. An additional sample of 50 people with Turkish migration background was conducted, partially in the Turkish language. Apart from socio-demographics, the utilization of emergency services and the reasons for non-utilization were assessed...
September 22, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Neisha Sundaram, Christian Schaetti, Leticia Grize, Vidula Purohit, Saju Joseph, Christian Schindler, Abhay Kudale, Mitchell G Weiss
OBJECTIVES: To investigate community priority and determinants of pandemic influenza vaccine acceptance in Pune, India. Community willingness to accept vaccines is often neglected in pandemic preparedness. Despite an acknowledged need, few such studies have been done in lower income countries. METHODS: A cross-sectional, mixed-methods study used semi-structured explanatory model interviews to assess anticipated acceptance of nasal and injectable vaccines at different prices among 436 urban and rural residents...
September 22, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Ellen Klemera, Fiona M Brooks, Kayleigh L Chester, Josefine Magnusson, Neil Spencer
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper was to examine if the multiple environments of the adolescent including family, peers, school and neighbourhood might function as protective health assets against self-harming behaviour during adolescence. METHODS: The present study utilised data collected from 1608 respondents aged 15 years as part of the England WHO Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) Study. Multilevel modelling was undertaken using the package MLwiN (version 2...
September 22, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Michelle Dey, Anthony Francis Jorm
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether mental health services utilization in Switzerland is equitably distributed (i.e., predicted only by the need of a person). METHODS: Data on 17,789 participants of the Swiss Health Survey 2012 (≥15 years) was analysed. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to predict: having been in treatment for a psychological problem; having used psychotropic medication; having had medical treatment for depression; and having visited a psychologist or psychotherapist...
September 15, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Bui Thi Thu Ha, Nguyen Thi Thu Huong, Doan Thi Thuy Duong
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to give information on the prenatal diagnostic (PND) services provided in three major regional PND centers in Vietnam. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in early 2014. An inventory of services, human resources, facilities, and equipment and in-depth interviews were carried out. RESULTS: Three regional PND centers were set up between 2007 and 2014, and technical guidelines on PND tests were released by the Ministry of Health in 2010...
September 15, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Živa Korošec, Igor Pravst
OBJECTIVES: The marketing of energy-dense foods is recognised as a probable causal factor in children's overweight and obesity. To stimulate policymakers to start using nutrient profiling to restrict food marketing, a harmonised model was recently proposed by the WHO. Our objective is to evaluate the television advertising of foods in Slovenia using the above-mentioned model. METHODS: An analysis is performed using a representative dataset of 93,902 food-related advertisements broadcast in Slovenia in year 2013...
September 15, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Fabiana R de Sousa-Mast, Arianne C Reis, Marcelo C Vieira, Sandro Sperandei, Luilma A Gurgel, Uwe Pühse
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Doris W Campbell, Jacquelyn C Campbell, Hossein N Yarandi, Annie Lewis O'Connor, Emily Dollar, Cheryl Killion, Elizabeth Sloand, Gloria B Callwood, Nicole M Cesar, Mona Hassan, Faye Gary
OBJECTIVES: Limited research following disasters suggests that internally displaced women are disproportionately vulnerable to violence and abuse. An interdisciplinary collaborative of researchers and practitioners in Haiti, the US Virgin Islands, and the US Mainland investigated gender-based violence (GBV) pre- and post-earthquake and health outcomes among Haitian women living in tent cities/camps following the 2010 earthquake. METHODS: A comparative descriptive correlational design using culturally sensitive and language appropriate computer-assisted interviews of 208 internally displaced women 2011-2013...
September 14, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Jennifer A Wagman, Blake Charvat, Marie E Thoma, Anthony Ndyanabo, Fred Nalugoda, Joseph Ssekasanvu, Grace Kigozi, David Serwadda, Joseph Kagaayi, Maria J Wawer, Ronald H Gray
OBJECTIVES: We assessed the association between intimate partner violence (IPV) and union disruption (divorce or separation) in the rural Ugandan setting of Rakai District. METHODS: We analyzed longitudinal data collected from April 1999 to June 2006, from 6834 women (15-49 years) living in 50 communities in Rakai. Participants were either officially married, traditionally married or in a consensual union during one or more surveys and completed at least one follow-up survey...
September 13, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Christine A Goodall, Fergus G Neville, Damien J Williams, Peter D Donnelly
OBJECTIVES: To explore the views of Scottish offenders on the impact of alcohol on their experience of offending and their lives in general. Furthermore, to explore their views on the concept of remote alcohol monitoring (RAM) as a way to address alcohol misuse upon liberation from prison. METHODS: A convenience sample of 12 serving offenders participated in one of three focus groups. Data were analysed using the principles of thematic analysis. RESULTS: Analysis of the data revealed the significant impact of alcohol on the lives of the participants...
September 13, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Lianne A Urada, Janie Simmons, Betty Wong, Kiyomi Tsuyuki, Gerlita Condino-Enrera, Laufred I Hernandez, Nymia Pimentel Simbulan, Anita Raj
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated a brief human rights-focused HIV community mobilization intervention for sex workers in the Philippines, a country with one of the fastest rising number of HIV cases worldwide. METHODS: Five single-session group interventions to reduce sexual risk and increase HIV testing among 86 sex workers in Manila were evaluated with pre-post-test data via Wilcoxon's signed-ranks and Mann-Whitney tests. The 4-h intervention, Kapihan (August-November, 2013), integrated human rights with HIV skill-building...
September 6, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Edrisa Sanyang, Jaime Butler-Dawson, Marek A Mikulski, Thomas Cook, Rex A Kuye, Kristina Venzke, Laurence J Fuortes
OBJECTIVES: Data are lacking on environmental and occupational health risks and resources available for the prevention of related diseases in the West African subregion. METHODS: A needs assessment survey was conducted to identify environmental and occupational health concerns, and needs and strategies for skills training in the region. The survey was followed by a consensus-building workshop to discuss research and training priorities with representatives from countries participating in the study...
September 3, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
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