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International Journal of Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534061/educational-inequalities-in-self-rated-health-across-us-states-and-european-countries
#1
Patrick Präg, S V Subramanian
OBJECTIVES: The US shows a distinct health disadvantage when compared to other high-income nations. A potential lever to reduce this disadvantage is to improve the health situation of lower socioeconomic groups. Our objective is to explore how the considerable within-US variation in health inequalities compares to the health inequalities across other Western countries. METHODS: Representative survey data from 44 European countries and the US federal states were obtained from the fourth wave of the European Values Study (EVS) and the 2008 wave of the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534060/food-swamps-by-area-socioeconomic-deprivation-in-new-zealand-a-national-study
#2
Zaynel Sushil, Stefanie Vandevijvere, Daniel J Exeter, Boyd Swinburn
OBJECTIVES: A nationwide spatial analysis of community retail food environments in relation to area socioeconomic deprivation was conducted in New Zealand. METHODS: Addresses from about 20,000 registered food outlets were retrieved from all 66 Councils. Outlets were classified, geocoded and (spatially) validated. The analysis included 4087 convenience, 4316 fast food/takeaway and 1271 supermarket and fruit/vegetable outlets and excluded outlets not considered 'healthy' or 'unhealthy'...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523366/the-effect-of-cigarette-price-increases-on-cigarette-consumption-tax-revenue-and-smoking-related-death-in-africa-from-1999-to-2013
#3
Li-Ming Ho, Christian Schafferer, Jie-Min Lee, Chun-Yuan Yeh, Chi-Jung Hsieh
OBJECTIVES: This study investigates the effects of price hikes on cigarette consumption, tobacco tax revenues, and reduction in smoking-caused mortality in 36 African countries. METHODS: Using panel data from the 1999-2013 Euromonitor International, the World Bank and the World Health Organization, we applied fixed-effects and random-effects regression models of panel data to estimate the elasticity of cigarette prices and simulate the effect of price fluctuations...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509992/learning-about-cause-and-effect-through-well-designed-studies-of-air-quality-interventions
#4
EDITORIAL
Dan S Greenbaum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508943/perceived-ethnic-discrimination-in-relation-to-smoking-and-alcohol-consumption-in-ethnic-minority-groups-in-the-netherlands-the-helius-study
#5
Marlies J Visser, Umar Z Ikram, Eske M Derks, Marieke B Snijder, Anton E Kunst
OBJECTIVES: We examined the associations of perceived ethnic discrimination (PED) with smoking and alcohol consumption in ethnic minority groups residing in a middle-sized European city. METHODS: Data were derived from the HELIUS study in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. We included 23,126 participants aged 18-70 years of Dutch, South-Asian Surinamese, African Surinamese, Ghanaian, Turkish, and Moroccan origin. We collected self-reported data on PED, current smoking, heavy smoking, nicotine dependence, current drinking, excessive drinking, and alcohol dependence...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497238/obesity-related-mortality-in-france-italy-and-the-united-states-a-comparison-using-multiple-cause-of-death-analysis
#6
Magali Barbieri, Aline Désesquelles, Viviana Egidi, Elena Demuru, Luisa Frova, France Meslé, Marilena Pappagallo
OBJECTIVES: We investigate the reporting of obesity on death certificates in three countries (France, Italy, and the United States) with different levels of prevalence, and we examine which causes are frequently associated with obesity. METHODS: We use cause-of-death data for all deaths at ages 50-89 in 2010-2011. Since obesity may not be the underlying cause (UC) of death, we compute age- and sex-standardized death rates considering all mentions of obesity (multiple causes or MC)...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488098/association-between-long-term-smoking-and-leisure-time-physical-inactivity-a-cohort-study-among-finnish-twins-with-a-35-year-follow-up
#7
Maarit Piirtola, Jaakko Kaprio, Karri Silventoinen, Pia Svedberg, Tellervo Korhonen, Annina Ropponen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate longitudinal associations of smoking and a change in smoking status with leisure-time physical inactivity. In addition, to control whether familial confounding (genetics and shared environment) influences the associations. METHODS: Data were based on the population-based Finnish Adult Twin Cohort of 5254 twin individuals born in 1945-1957 (41% men) and who participated in all four surveys over a 35-year follow-up (1975-2011). Logistic and conditional logistic regression models with multiple covariates were used for analyses...
May 9, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480498/erratum-to-the-decade-of-roma-inclusion-did-it-make-a-difference-to-health-and-use-of-health-care-services
#8
János Sándor, Zsigmond Kósa, Klára Boruzs, Julianna Boros, Ildikó Tokaji, Martin McKee, Róza Ádány
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470413/sample-substitution-can-be-an-acceptable-data-collection-strategy-the-case-of-the-belgian-health-interview-survey
#9
Stefaan Demarest, Geert Molenberghs, Johan Van der Heyden, Lydia Gisle, Herman Van Oyen, Sandrine de Waleffe, Guido Van Hal
OBJECTIVES: Substitution of non-participating households is used in the Belgian Health Interview Survey (BHIS) as a method to obtain the predefined net sample size. Yet, possible effects of applying substitution on response rates and health estimates remain uncertain. In this article, the process of substitution with its impact on response rates and health estimates is assessed. METHODS: The response rates (RR)-both at household and individual level-according to the sampling criteria were calculated for each stage of the substitution process, together with the individual accrual rate (AR)...
May 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451723/comment-on-diabetes-incidence-and-projections-from-prevalence-surveys-in-samoa-over-1978-2013
#10
LETTER
Annika Hoyer, Ralph Brinks
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434029/health-of-midlife-and-older-adults-in-china-the-role-of-regional-economic-development-inequality-and-institutional-setting
#11
Xuejie Ding, Francesco C Billari, Stuart Gietel-Basten
OBJECTIVES: To document the association between economic development, income inequality, and health-related public infrastructure, and health outcomes among Chinese adults in midlife and older age. METHODS: We use a series of multi-level regression models with individual-level baseline data from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Survey (CHARLS). Provincial-level data are obtained both from official statistics and from CHARLS itself. Multi-level models are estimated with different subjective and objective health outcomes...
April 22, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424832/setting-up-a-community-based-cervical-screening-service-in-a-low-income-country-a-pilot-study-from-north-western-tanzania
#12
Nestory Masalu, Patrizia Serra, Dino Amadori, Jackson Kahima, Charles Majinge, Joyce Rwehabura, Oriana Nanni, Sara Bravaccini, Maurizio Puccetti, Rosario Tumino, Lauro Bucchi
OBJECTIVES: To report the results of a pilot study for a service for cervical cancer screening and diagnosis in north-western Tanzania. METHODS: The pilot study was launched in 2012 after a community-level information campaign. Women aged 15-64 years were encouraged to attend the district health centres. Attendees were offered a conventional Pap smear and a visual inspection of the cervix with acetic acid (VIA). RESULTS: The first 2500 women were evaluated...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421238/the-impact-of-low-education-and-poor-health-on-unemployment-varies-by-work-life-stage
#13
Sander K R van Zon, Sijmen A Reijneveld, Carlos F Mendes de Leon, Ute Bültmann
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to examine associations and interactions of education, and physical and mental health with unemployment in early, mid, and late work life. METHODS: This cross-sectional study uses data from 69,118 respondents from Lifelines. Health status was measured with the RAND-36, education was self-reported, and participants working <12 h per week or indicating to be unemployed were considered unemployed. The relative excess risk due to interaction (RERI) was calculated to measure interaction on the additive scale...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401249/socioeconomic-gradients-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-china-and-india-results-from-the-china-health-and-retirement-longitudinal-study-and-longitudinal-aging-study-in-india
#14
Peifeng Hu, Serena Wang, Jinkook Lee
OBJECTIVES: Cardiovascular disease has become a major public health challenge in developing countries. The goal of this study is to compare socioeconomic status (SES) gradients of cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) both within and between China and India. METHODS: We used multivariable logistic regression models to examine the associations between SES and CVRF, using data from the China health and retirement longitudinal study and the longitudinal aging study in India...
April 12, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389844/neighbourhood-green-space-social-environment-and-mental-health-an-examination-in-four-european-cities
#15
Annemarie Ruijsbroek, Sigrid M Mohnen, Mariël Droomers, Hanneke Kruize, Christopher Gidlow, Regina Gražulevičiene, Sandra Andrusaityte, Jolanda Maas, Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen, Margarita Triguero-Mas, Daniel Masterson, Naomi Ellis, Elise van Kempen, Wim Hardyns, Karien Stronks, Peter P Groenewegen
OBJECTIVES: This study examines the relationship between neighbourhood green space, the neighbourhood social environment (social cohesion, neighbourhood attachment, social contacts), and mental health in four European cities. METHODS: The PHENOTYPE study was carried out in 2013 in Barcelona (Spain), Stoke-on-Trent (United Kingdom), Doetinchem (The Netherlands), and Kaunas (Lithuania). 3771 adults living in 124 neighbourhoods answered questions on mental health, neighbourhood social environment, and amount and quality of green space...
April 7, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361292/evidence-of-social-deprivation-on-the-spatial-patterns-of-excess-winter-mortality
#16
Ricardo Almendra, Paula Santana, João Vasconcelos
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study are to identify the patterns of excess winter mortality (due to diseases of the circulatory system) and to analyse the association between the excess winter deaths (EWD) and socio-economic deprivation in Portugal. METHODS: The number of EWD in 2002-2011 was estimated by comparing the number of deaths in winter months with the average number in non-winter months. The EWD ratio of each municipality was calculated by following the indirect standardization method and then compared with two deprivation indexes (socio-material and housing deprivation index) through ecological regression models...
March 30, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357446/impact-of-light-rail-transit-on-traffic-related-pollution-and-stroke-mortality
#17
Eun Sug Park, Ipek Nese Sener
OBJECTIVES: This paper evaluates the changes in vehicle exhaust and stroke mortality for the general public residing in the surrounding area of the light rail transit (LRT) in Houston, Texas, after its opening. METHODS: The number of daily deaths due to stroke for 2002-2005 from the surrounding area of the original LRT line (exposure group) and the control groups was analyzed using an interrupted time-series analysis. Ambient concentrations of acetylene before and after the opening of LRT were also compared...
March 29, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357445/the-decade-of-roma-inclusion-did-it-make-a-difference-to-health-and-use-of-health-care-services
#18
János Sándor, Zsigmond Kósa, Klára Boruzs, Julianna Boros, Ildikó Tokaji, Martin McKee, Róza Ádány
OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether the severely disadvantaged health of Hungarian Roma adults living in segregated settlements changed by the Decade of Roma Inclusion program. METHODS: We compared the results of two paired health interview surveys that we carried out using the same methodology before and after the Decade, on the general Hungarian and Roma populations. RESULTS: Self-perceived health status of younger Roma worsened, while it improved among older Roma...
March 29, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337512/parks-and-green-areas-and-the-risk-for-depression-and-suicidal-indicators
#19
Kyoung-Bok Min, Hyun-Jin Kim, Hye-Jin Kim, Jin-Young Min
OBJECTIVES: There is increasing evidence that parks and green areas have beneficial effects on mental health; however, most studies have been limited to a certain or small geographic area. This study investigated whether parks and green areas were associated with the risk for depression or suicidal indicators among adults. METHODS: We used the 2009 Korean Community Health Survey data (n = 169,029). Residential geographical codes were used to determine the amount of parks and green areas in each administrative district...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315930/disparities-in-mortality-by-disability-an-11-year-follow-up-study-of-1%C3%A2-million-individuals
#20
Jung Min Park, Ukchan Oh, Beop-Rae Roh, Yeongmin Moon
OBJECTIVES: This longitudinal study examines to what extent the risk of mortality-all-cause, natural death, suicide, and unintentional injury mortality-differs by types and severity of disabilities as well as disability status. METHODS: Data were the National Sample Cohort of 1,025,340 individuals in South Korea followed from 2002 to 2013. Cox regression with time-variant variables was used to estimate the hazard ratio of mortality by disability. RESULTS: Individuals with disabilities had a higher risk of mortality compared to those without (HR 1...
March 18, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
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