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International Journal of Public Health

Marta Cecilia Jaramillo-Mejía, Dov Chernichovsky
OBJECTIVES: Desertification affected more than 24% of Colombia's land mass in 2012. The study aims to establish the singular impact of desertification on under-five mortality in Colombia. METHODS: Descriptive statistics and multivariate logit regressions are applied to the population of live births and under-five deaths in Colombia 2008-2011. RESULTS: Children have a higher probability to die in rural communities and among mothers with low education who also have inferior health insurance...
July 17, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Andrew Donkor, Tim Luckett, Sanchia Aranda, Jane Phillips
OBJECTIVES: To appraise improvement strategies adopted by low- and middle-income countries to increase access to cancer treatments and palliative care; and identify the facilitators and barriers to implementation. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted and reported in accordance with PRISMA statement. MEDLINE, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Library databases were searched. Bias was assessed using the Standards for Quality Improvement Reporting Excellence, and evidence graded using the Australian National Health and Medical Research Council system...
July 5, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Prabal K De, Nadine Shaanta Murshid
OBJECTIVES: We examined the association between intimate partner violence (IPV) and screening for depression in Bangladesh, a country with high prevalence of IPV and lack of data, awareness and provider infrastructure for mental illness. METHODS: We used data from a representative sample of 11,202 women from the 2006 Bangladesh Urban Health Survey. Elements of social learning theory were used to examine the association. Additionally, we examined the interaction effect of experiencing IPV and justification of IPV on screening for mental health disorders...
July 5, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Sharon Goldman, Irina Radomislensky, Arnona Ziv, Kobi Peleg
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between neighborhood socioeconomic level (NSEL) and injury-related hospitalization. METHODS: The National Trauma Registry (INTR) and the National Population Census (NPC), including NSEL, were linked by individual identity number. Age-adjusted logistic regression predicted injury hospitalization. Mantel-Haenszel  X2 was used for linear trends. NSEL was divided into 20 clusters. RESULTS: The population comprised 7,412,592 residents, of which 125,829 (1...
July 3, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Luis A Bonilla-Soto
OBJECTIVES: Analyze the role of two members of the United States Congress, two private enterprises, and the government of Puerto Rico in the approval of the counterproductive law "Ban on the Deposit and Disposal of Coal Ash or Coal Combustion Residuals in Puerto Rico" (Law No. 40) in the framework of the four principles for environmental policy making. METHODS: The gathered text documents were structured, reviewed, and coded using a content analysis protocol to produce coding categories and the final analysis...
July 2, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Eun Young Lee, Sugie Lee, Bo Youl Choi
OBJECTIVES: In the present study, the association between objectively measured built environments and physical activity (PA) was examined. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Korean Community Health Survey (KCHS). A total of 82,419 individuals living in 546 neighborhoods of Gyeonggi province were analyzed. Built environments were measured by geographic information systems (GIS) using Korean government databases. PA was assessed using the IPAQ-short form. Multilevel logistic regression was performed...
June 30, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Fabrice Kämpfen, Nilmini Wijemunige, Benedict Evangelista
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 28, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Oskar Mittag, Toomas Kotkas, Christina Reese, Hanna Kampling, Henning Groskreutz, Wouter de Boer, Felix Welti
OBJECTIVES: Working age disability is a major challenge for policymakers in European countries. This pertains to both occupational reintegration and social benefits for work incapacity. In many states reforms have been initiated aimed at reducing disability scheme inflow and fostering return to work. Our study was motivated by the question as to which aspects of these reforms seem to have been effective. METHODS: Three different approaches were utilized: case vignettes, interviews and expert workshops in the respective countries (Netherlands and Germany in 2012; Finland in 2015), and a systematic search for relevant studies on occupational reintegration was performed...
June 20, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Janmille Valdivino da Silva, Angelo Guiseppe Roncalli
OBJECTIVES: Assessing the prevalence of sexual violence in Brazil and its association with individual and contextual factors. METHODS: A multilevel analysis performed with cross-sectional data from 2010. The adjusted prevalence ratio was estimated through Poisson multilevel modelling. Cross-level interactions were evaluated by the inclusion of interaction terms between socio-economic variables from the two levels. RESULTS: Sexual violence is more prevalent in federal units that presented lower years of schooling expectancy at 18 years old (PR 1...
June 20, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Chris G Buse, Valerie Lai, Katie Cornish, Margot W Parkes
OBJECTIVES: As global environmental change drives inequitable health outcomes, novel health equity assessment methodologies are increasingly required. We review literatures on equity-focused HIA to clarify how equity is informing HIA practice, and to surface innovations for assessing health equity in relation to a range of exposures across geographic and temporal scales. METHODS: A narrative review of the health equity and HIA literatures analysed English articles published between 2003 and 2017 across PubMed, PubMed Central, Biomed Central and Ovid Medline...
June 18, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Andrej Belak, Andrea Madarasova Geckova, Jitse P van Dijk, Sijmen A Reijneveld
OBJECTIVES: The health status of segregated Roma is poor. To understand why segregated Roma engage in health-endangering practices, we explored their nonadherence to clinical and public health recommendations. METHODS: We examined one segregated Roma settlement of 260 inhabitants in Slovakia. To obtain qualitative data on local-level mechanisms supporting Roma nonadherence, we combined ethnography and systematic interviewing over 10 years. We then performed a qualitative content analysis based on sociological and public health theories...
June 16, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Panayotes Demakakos, Georgios P Chrousos, Jane P Biddulph
OBJECTIVES: Despite the importance of childhood experiences for adult health and psychosocial factors for cancer development, parenting, a key childhood psychosocial exposure, has yet to be studied in relation to cancer risk at older ages. We examined whether childhood experiences of poor-quality parenting are associated with an increased risk of cancer at older ages. METHODS: We used a sample of 4471 community dwellers aged ≥ 55 years in 2007. Poor-quality parenting was defined as low levels of parental care and high levels of parental overprotection...
June 14, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Marie Jonassen, Amira Shaheen, Mohammed Duraidi, Khaled Qalalwa, Bernard Jeune, Henrik Brønnum-Hansen
OBJECTIVES: The study investigated the association between socio-economic status (SES) and self-reported chronic disease (CD) among the Palestinian population in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, and whether this association was similar in the refugee camps. METHODS: We used data from representative samples in 2006 and 2010 collected by the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. SES was defined by education, wealth and employment status. Associations between SES and CD were analysed and stratified by living in or outside refugee camps...
June 14, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Amir Salimiha, Francisco Perales, Janeen Baxter
OBJECTIVES: Among children, poor socio-emotional functioning leads to poor health and well-being during childhood and later in life, and so understanding its social determinants is important. This study's objective is to examine how maternal employment influences children's socio-emotional outcomes in an Australian sample of families with two biological parents, testing the mediating role of maternal mental health, parenting practices, and parental income. METHODS: We analyze six waves of panel data from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (n = 7524 children, 29,701 observations) using random-effect models...
June 14, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Ming Chen, Huiyun Zhu, Yiqi Du, Geliang Yang
OBJECTIVES: This review assessed the complex longitudinal processes involved in cancer etiology during life course to understand how the social inequality may be embodied in and influence cancer risk. METHODS: A narrative literature review was performed with a keyword search conducted using PubMed, Scientific Electronic Library Online and Google. Three aspects of literatures were mainly included: social environmental mechanisms of cancer, life course of cancer development and social inequality of cancer risk...
June 11, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Sander K R van Zon, Sijmen A Reijneveld, Carlos F Mendes de Leon, Ute Bültmann
During the calculation of the physical component score and the mental component score, the score of the RAND 1 was erroneously coded in the opposite direction. After correcting this mistake, the interaction between low education and poor physical health on unemployment in early work life becomes statistically significant.
June 11, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Michele Rubbini, Tjama Tjivikua
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 9, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Yuriy Nesterko, Carmen Meiwes Turrión, Michael Friedrich, Heide Glaesmer
OBJECTIVES: Due to a lack of longitudinal studies on health in immigrants, the purpose of the present study is to investigate trajectories of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in immigrants and non-immigrants in Germany by considering the impact of immigration-related factors. METHODS: Based on longitudinal SOEP data from 2002 to 2012, the trajectories of the mental (MCS) and physical component (PCS) of HRQoL (assessed with SF-12v2) were analyzed in 8546 subjects, including 1064 immigrants by conducting hierarchical linear models...
June 8, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Lee Liu
OBJECTIVES: This paper examines rural-urban inequities in mortality and cancer mortality amid rapid economic growth and environmental degradation in China. METHODS: SPSS and Joinpoint Regression were used to analyze the 2002-2015 datasets from all death registries in China and associated economic and environmental data. RESULTS: Death and cancer mortality rates among rural residents were higher and increased faster than urban residents. In particular, rural men 30-34 years old were 44% more likely to die from cancer and over 67% more likely to die from all causes, compared to their urban counterparts...
June 8, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Kai Liu, Benjamin Cook, Chunling Lu
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the inequality in medical care utilization and household catastrophic health spending (HCHS) between the poverty and non-poverty residents in rural Rwanda and their links with community-based health insurance (Mutuelles). METHODS: We used the 2005 and 2010 nationally representative Integrated Living Conditions Surveys. We estimated multilevel logistic regression models to obtain the adjusted levels and trends of both absolute and relative inequalities and examined associations between Mutuelles status and these inequalities...
June 8, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
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