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International Journal of Public Health

Pablo Villalobos Dintrans, Claire Chaumont
OBJECTIVES: Relationship between human resources for health and mortality remains inconclusive despite numerous studies published on the topic in the last decades. This paper investigates how and why methodological trade-offs implicitly made by researchers when using macro-data can in part explains this puzzling lack of agreement. METHODS: Using data from the Global Health Observatory, we build a model of the relationship between human resources and mortality, which we progressively alter by changing its scope, variables and analysis period...
December 20, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Gisela Cardoso, Elizabeth Moreira Dos Santos, Yibeltal Kiflie, Kifle Woldemichael, Suzanne Wilson, Wuleta Lemma
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at conducting a strategic analysis of Tuberculosis prevention and control actions in Brazil and Ethiopia, looking at the potential of directly observed treatment short-course strategy (DOTS) and community DOTS in both countries. METHODS: Literature review was conducted using PubMed, Medline-Ovid, EMBASE, and SCIELO databases. The reviewed terms were Tuberculosis, prevention and control and Brazil (or Brasil) or Ethiopia (or Etiopia)...
December 18, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Adilson Marques, Miguel Peralta, João Martins, Margarida Gaspar de Matos, Ross C Brownson
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the relationship between physical activity (PA) and chronic diseases in European older adults, using a prospective analysis with data from 2011 and 2013. METHODS: Participants were 37,524 older adults (16,204 men) who responded to the fourth (in 2011) and fifth (in 2013) wave of SHARE project, from 13 European countries. Participants' answers to interview questions about the presence of chronic conditions and PA. The cross-sectional and prospective association between PA and the number of chronic diseases was assessed using general linear models...
December 17, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Petr Badura, Dagmar Sigmundova, Erik Sigmund, Andrea Madarasova Geckova, Jitse P van Dijk, Sijmen A Reijneveld
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to assess the associations between participation in organized leisure-time activities (OLTA) and risk behaviors, and whether the associations differed by gender, age, and pattern of OLTA involvement. METHODS: Data from the 2013/2014 Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children study on 10,279 11-, 13-, and 15-year-old Czech adolescents (49.2% boys) were used. We assessed the associations between OLTA participation and risk behaviors, and modification by age and gender...
December 10, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Yerko Rojas
OBJECTIVES: This study sets out to explore whether being forcibly removed from one's home is related to all-cause mortality. METHODS: With the help of unique register data covering all middle-aged persons registered at the Swedish Enforcement Authority with a case closed by an eviction during the period 2009-2011 (n = 2092), evictees' deaths from any cause that occurred within 3 years of the date of the eviction are compared with the all-cause mortality of a random sample of the Swedish population (n = 426,117)...
December 9, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Agnes Erzse, Pascal Bovet, Fred Paccaud, Oleg Chestnov, Nicholas Banatvala
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of a 1-week training seminar jointly developed and conducted by the World Health Organization and the University Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine of Lausanne targeting senior policy-makers in low- and middle-income countries on public health aspects of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). METHODS: A short qualitative questionnaire was emailed to all participants to one of the nine seminars organized between 2010 and 2015. RESULTS: From the 195 participants from 96 different countries, 122 (63%) completed the questionnaire...
December 9, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Rianne de Gelder, Gwenn Menvielle, Giuseppe Costa, Katalin Kovács, Pekka Martikainen, Bjørn Heine Strand, Johan P Mackenbach
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess whether trends in inequalities in mortality during the period 1970-2010 differed between Finland, Norway, England and Wales, France, Italy (Turin) and Hungary. METHODS: Total and cause-specific mortality data by educational level and, if available, occupational class were collected and harmonized. Both relative and absolute measures of inequality in mortality were calculated. RESULTS: In all countries except Hungary, all-cause mortality declined strongly over time in all socioeconomic groups...
December 9, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
David M Wright, Michael Rosato, Dermot O'Reilly
OBJECTIVES: To investigate associations between a widely used measure of self-assessed health (limiting long-term illness, LLTI) and 11 long-term health conditions. METHODS: Information on LLTI and health conditions was obtained from 2011 Census returns for a 28% representative sample of the Northern Ireland population (n = 342,868). Logistic regression was used to predict LLTI by sex and age group for each condition found in isolation, adjusting for marital status, social class, household car access, housing tenure, and educational attainment...
December 9, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Hung Nguyen-Viet, Suwit Chotinun, Esther Schelling, Winda Widyastuti, Nguyen Viet Khong, Manish Kakkar, Arlyne Beeche, Fang Jing, Boualam Khamlome, Sothyra Tum, Wiku Adisasmito
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 9, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Hoang Van Minh, Hung Nguyen-Viet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 9, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Matias Berthelon, Diana I Kruger
OBJECTIVES: We analyze the impact of adolescent motherhood on several education and labor market outcomes in Chile over the 1990-2013 period. We explore whether effects are different across income levels, timing of adolescent births, and three sub-periods. METHODS: Using the CASEN national household survey, we applied propensity score-matching methods on two samples of women aged 24: one for women in the 2009-2013 period and another sample of 24-year-old women living with their mother between 1990-2013...
December 3, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Dayse Rodrigues de Sousa Andrade, Lidyane V Camelo, Rodrigo Citton P Dos Reis, Itamar S Santos, Antonio Luiz Ribeiro, Luana Giatti, Sandhi Maria Barreto
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether life course exposure to adverse socioeconomic positions (SEP) as well as maintaining a low SEP or decreasing the SEP intra- and intergeneration was associated with an increased 10-year cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk predicted by the Framingham Risk Score. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data (2008-2010) of 13,544 active workers from ELSA-Brasil cohort. Maternal education, leg length, social class of first occupation and education were used to evaluate childhood, youth and adulthood SEP...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Maren Kraft, Koos Arts, Tanja Traag, Ferdy Otten, Hans Bosma
OBJECTIVES: To relate personality characteristics at the age of 12 to socioeconomic differences in health care use in young adulthood. And thereby examining the extent to which socioeconomic differences in the use of health care in young adulthood are based on differences in personality characteristics, independent of the (parental) socioeconomic background. METHODS: Personality of more than 13,000 Dutch 12-year old participants was related to their health and socioeconomic position after a follow-up of 13 years (when the participants had become young adults)...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Candace Lewis-Laietmark, Ashley Wettlaufer, Kevin D Shield, Norman Giesbrecht, Nicole April, Mark Asbridge, Colleen Dell, Jürgen Rehm, Tim Stockwell
OBJECTIVES: To examine (1) the harms related to the drinking of others in five Canadian provinces, stratified by socio-demographic variables, and (2) the relationship between these harms and mental well-being. METHODS: A telephone survey sampled 375 adults from British Columbia, Saskatchewan, Ontario, Quebec, and Nova Scotia. Harms related to the drinking of others were measured through 16 questions in the domains of psychological, physical, social, and financial harms...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Duong Thi Thuy Doan, Huong Thi Thu Nguyen, Ha Thi Thu Bui
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at understanding the patterns of the utilization of prenatal diagnostic (PND) services among pregnant women, their satisfaction and its associated factors at three regional prenatal diagnostic centres in Viet Nam. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used, with a consecutive sampling method to recruit pregnant women who used PND services at the three biggest regional PND services centres in Viet Nam between January and June, 2014. A total of 298 participants, about 100 participants per centre were interviewed and included in data analysis...
November 23, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Tu Vu-Van, Phuc Pham-Duc, Mirko S Winkler, Christian Zurbrügg, Jakob Zinsstag, Huong Le Thi Thanh, Tran Huu Bich, Hung Nguyen-Viet
OBJECTIVES: We studied the influence of different additive materials (lime, and rice husk) and aeration conditions on Ascaris lumbricoides egg die-off in 24 vaults of an experimental excreta storage unit. METHODS: Excreta samples were collected once every two weeks over a 181-day period. Temperature, pH, and moisture content were recorded. A. lumbricoides eggs were quantitatively analyzed by the Romanenko method, which identified and counted live and dead eggs. RESULTS: From the first sampling (0 storage day) to the final sampling (181 storage days) the average percentage of viable A...
November 22, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Sinh Dang-Xuan, Hung Nguyen-Viet, Fred Unger, Phuc Pham-Duc, Delia Grace, Ngan Tran-Thi, Max Barot, Ngoc Pham-Thi, Kohei Makita
OBJECTIVES: To quantify salmonellosis risk in humans through consumption of boiled pork in urban Hung Yen Province, Vietnam, using a quantitative microbial risk assessment. METHODS: We collected 302 samples along the pork value chain in Hung Yen between April 2014 and February 2015. We developed a model in @Risk, based on microbiological, market, and household surveys on cooking, cross-contamination and consumption, and conducted sensitivity analysis. RESULTS: Salmonella prevalence of pen floor swabs, slaughterhouse carcasses and cut pork were 33...
November 11, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Thu Le-Thi, Phuc Pham-Duc, Christian Zurbrügg, Toan Luu-Quoc, Huong Nguyen-Mai, Tu Vu-Van, Hung Nguyen-Viet
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper was to assess the diarrhea risks caused by various pathogens among those exposed to biogas wastewater through different activities. METHODS: Application of quantitative microbial risk assessment (QMRA) of biogas wastewater was conducted in Hanam Province, Vietnam. A total of 451 representatives from households that use biogas were interviewed about their practices of handling biogas plant and reuse of biogas effluent for irrigation...
November 11, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Tran Thi Tuyet-Hanh, Dang Xuan Sinh, Pham Duc Phuc, Tran Thi Ngan, Chu Van Tuat, Delia Grace, Fred Unger, Hung Nguyen-Viet
OBJECTIVES: This study assesses the risk of exposure to hazardous chemical residues in pork meat, liver, and kidney collected at wet markets in Nghe An and Hung Yen provinces and discusses health impact implication. METHODS: 514 pig feed, kidney, liver, and pork samples were pooled and qualitatively and quantitatively analyzed for tetracyclines, fluoroquinolones, sulphonamide, chloramphenicol, β-agonists, and heavy metals. We compare the results with current regulations on chemical residues and discuss health implications...
November 5, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Daniel Mønsted Shabanzadeh, Lars Tue Sørensen, Torben Jørgensen
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this cohort study was to determine whether subjects with gallstone disease identified by screening of a general population had increased overall mortality when compared to gallstone-free participants and to explore causes of death. METHODS: The study population (N = 5928) was examined 1982-1992 and included an abdominal ultrasound examination to assess gallstone status, a physical examination, blood samples, and a questionnaire about medical history...
November 4, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
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