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International Journal of Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220234/prevalence-of-dieting-and-fear-of-weight-gain-across-ages-a-community-sample-from-adolescents-to-the-elderly
#1
Margarita C T Slof-Op 't Landt, Eric F van Furth, Catharina E M van Beijsterveldt, Meike Bartels, Gonneke Willemsen, Eco J de Geus, Lannie Ligthart, Dorret I Boomsma
OBJECTIVES: The current study aimed to define the prevalence of dieting and fear of weight gain among men and women across the entire lifespan and identify factors associated with them. METHODS: Data were available for 31,636 participants (60.2% women; age 13-98 years) from the Netherlands Twin Register. Dieting and fear of weight gain were described by age and sex. Associations with BMI, exercise behavior, urbanization and educational attainment were examined by regression analyses in 19,294 participants...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213785/passive-smoking-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-mortality-findings-from-the-japan-collaborative-cohort-study
#2
Shigekazu Ukawa, Akiko Tamakoshi, Hiroshi Yatsuya, Kazumasa Yamagishi, Masahiko Ando, Hiroyasu Iso
OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the association between passive smoking at home and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) mortality via a large-scale nationwide cohort study in Japan. METHODS: Never smokers (n = 34,604) aged 40-79 years at baseline (1988-1990; 4884 men, 29,720 women) were included in the analysis. Passive smoking at home was measured based on self-reported frequency of weekly exposure to passive smoking at home. An inverse probability of treatment-weighted competing risk model was used to calculate the hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for COPD mortality...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204947/an-empirical-assessment-of-the-relationship-between-official-development-aid-and-child-mortality-2000-2015
#3
Taylor Fahy Winkleman, Grace Bagwell Adams
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the effect of Official Development Aid (ODA) dollars on child mortality over the course of the United Nation's Millennium Development Goals initiative. METHODS: The relationship between child mortality and Official Development Aid over the duration of the Millennium Development Goals (2000-2015) is examined here using a longitudinal panel of country-level data from the World Bank and the United Nations. An Ordinary Least Squares regression approach was used with country-level fixed effects...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160044/clinical-characteristics-of-pediatric-hiv-1-patients-treated-with-first-line-antiretroviral-therapy-in-vietnam-a-nested-case-control-study
#4
Minh Diem Dang, Duc Minh Nguyen, Huu Bich Tran, Viet Hung Pham, Daryl Spak, Linh Chi Pham, Thi Quynh Phan, Thi Thanh Dinh, Thi Kim Anh Le, Van Lam Nguyen, Thanh Hai Le, Son Ngoc Hoang, Vu Phuong Linh Dang
OBJECTIVES: Over the past decades, Vietnam has made great strides in reducing the rate of mortality in HIV-related deaths, due to increased access of antiretroviral therapy (ART); however, given the significantly high level of treatment failure (TF), it is essential to identify markers that describe the failure of ART in HIV-1 infected children. METHODS: A nested case-control study was conducted with clinical data collected from 101 HIV-infected children [26 TF and 75 treatment success (TS)] at National Hospital of Pediatrics, Vietnam (2008-2012)...
February 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130563/chronic-diseases-and-mortality-among-immigrants-to-israel-from-areas-contaminated-by-the-chernobyl-disaster-a-follow-up-study
#5
Danna A Slusky, Julie Cwikel, Michael R Quastel
OBJECTIVES: To examine six chronic diseases and all-cause mortality among immigrants to Israel from areas contaminated by the Chernobyl accident. METHODS: The medical data were obtained from the two largest HMOs in Israel. In the assessment of chronic diseases, individuals were divided into three groups: less exposed (n = 480), more exposed (n = 359), and liquidators (n = 45) and in the mortality analysis, into two groups: less exposed (n = 792) and more exposed (n = 590)...
January 27, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120008/acknowledgement-to-reviewers-2016
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 25, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110395/relative-contribution-of-health-related-behaviours-and-chronic-diseases-to-the-socioeconomic-patterning-of-low-grade-inflammation
#7
Marialaura Bonaccio, Augusto Di Castelnuovo, George Pounis, Amalia De Curtis, Simona Costanzo, Mariarosaria Persichillo, Chiara Cerletti, Maria Benedetta Donati, Giovanni de Gaetano, Licia Iacoviello
OBJECTIVES: To test the association of low-grade inflammation with socioeconomic status (SES) and determine the relative contribution of prevalent chronic diseases and health-related behaviours in explaining such association. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis on 19,867 subjects (age ≥35, 48.1% men) recruited within the Moli-sani study from 2005 to 2010 (Italy). A score of low-grade inflammation, including platelet and leukocyte counts, the granulocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio, and C-reactive protein was applied...
January 21, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999921/examining-the-relationship-between-human-resources-and-mortality-the-effects-of-methodological-choices
#8
Pablo Villalobos Dintrans, Claire Chaumont
OBJECTIVES: Relationship between human resources for health and mortality remains inconclusive despite numerous studies published on the topic in the last decades. This paper investigates how and why methodological trade-offs implicitly made by researchers when using macro-data can in part explains this puzzling lack of agreement. METHODS: Using data from the Global Health Observatory, we build a model of the relationship between human resources and mortality, which we progressively alter by changing its scope, variables and analysis period...
December 20, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990571/strategic-analysis-of-tuberculosis-prevention-and-control-actions-in-brazil-and-ethiopia-one-size-fits-all
#9
REVIEW
Gisela Cardoso, Elizabeth Moreira Dos Santos, Yibeltal Kiflie, Kifle Woldemichael, Suzanne Wilson, Wuleta Lemma
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at conducting a strategic analysis of Tuberculosis prevention and control actions in Brazil and Ethiopia, looking at the potential of directly observed treatment short-course strategy (DOTS) and community DOTS in both countries. METHODS: Literature review was conducted using PubMed, Medline-Ovid, EMBASE, and SCIELO databases. The reviewed terms were Tuberculosis, prevention and control and Brazil (or Brasil) or Ethiopia (or Etiopia)...
December 18, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988796/cross-sectional-and-prospective-relationship-between-physical-activity-and-chronic-diseases-in-european-older-adults
#10
Adilson Marques, Miguel Peralta, João Martins, Margarida Gaspar de Matos, Ross C Brownson
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the relationship between physical activity (PA) and chronic diseases in European older adults, using a prospective analysis with data from 2011 and 2013. METHODS: Participants were 37,524 older adults (16,204 men) who responded to the fourth (in 2011) and fifth (in 2013) wave of SHARE project, from 13 European countries. Participants' answers to interview questions about the presence of chronic conditions and PA. The cross-sectional and prospective association between PA and the number of chronic diseases was assessed using general linear models...
December 17, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942752/participation-in-organized-leisure-time-activities-and-risk-behaviors-in-czech-adolescents
#11
Petr Badura, Dagmar Sigmundova, Erik Sigmund, Andrea Madarasova Geckova, Jitse P van Dijk, Sijmen A Reijneveld
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to assess the associations between participation in organized leisure-time activities (OLTA) and risk behaviors, and whether the associations differed by gender, age, and pattern of OLTA involvement. METHODS: Data from the 2013/2014 Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children study on 10,279 11-, 13-, and 15-year-old Czech adolescents (49.2% boys) were used. We assessed the associations between OLTA participation and risk behaviors, and modification by age and gender...
December 10, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942747/evictions-and-short-term-all-cause-mortality-a-3-year-follow-up-study-of-a-middle-aged-swedish-population
#12
Yerko Rojas
OBJECTIVES: This study sets out to explore whether being forcibly removed from one's home is related to all-cause mortality. METHODS: With the help of unique register data covering all middle-aged persons registered at the Swedish Enforcement Authority with a case closed by an eviction during the period 2009-2011 (n = 2092), evictees' deaths from any cause that occurred within 3 years of the date of the eviction are compared with the all-cause mortality of a random sample of the Swedish population (n = 426,117)...
December 9, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942746/building-leadership-capacity-to-prevent-and-control-noncommunicable-diseases-evaluation-of-an-international-short-term-training-program-for-program-managers-from-low-and-middle-income-countries
#13
Agnes Erzse, Pascal Bovet, Fred Paccaud, Oleg Chestnov, Nicholas Banatvala
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of a 1-week training seminar jointly developed and conducted by the World Health Organization and the University Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine of Lausanne targeting senior policy-makers in low- and middle-income countries on public health aspects of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). METHODS: A short qualitative questionnaire was emailed to all participants to one of the nine seminars organized between 2010 and 2015. RESULTS: From the 195 participants from 96 different countries, 122 (63%) completed the questionnaire...
December 9, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942744/which-long-term-illnesses-do-patients-find-most-limiting-a-census-based-cross-sectional-study-of-340-000-people
#14
David M Wright, Michael Rosato, Dermot O'Reilly
OBJECTIVES: To investigate associations between a widely used measure of self-assessed health (limiting long-term illness, LLTI) and 11 long-term health conditions. METHODS: Information on LLTI and health conditions was obtained from 2011 Census returns for a 28% representative sample of the Northern Ireland population (n = 342,868). Logistic regression was used to predict LLTI by sex and age group for each condition found in isolation, adjusting for marital status, social class, household car access, housing tenure, and educational attainment...
December 9, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942743/reduction-of-antimicrobial-use-and-resistance-needs-sectoral-collaborations-with-a-one-health-approach-perspectives-from-asia
#15
EDITORIAL
Hung Nguyen-Viet, Suwit Chotinun, Esther Schelling, Winda Widyastuti, Nguyen Viet Khong, Manish Kakkar, Arlyne Beeche, Fang Jing, Boualam Khamlome, Sothyra Tum, Wiku Adisasmito
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 9, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942742/health-and-social-determinants-of-health-in-vietnam-local-evidence-and-international-implications
#16
EDITORIAL
Hoang Van Minh, Hung Nguyen-Viet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 9, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915409/does-adolescent-motherhood-affect-education-and-labor-market-outcomes-of-mothers-a-study-on-young-adult-women-in-chile-during-1990-2013
#17
Matias Berthelon, Diana I Kruger
OBJECTIVES: We analyze the impact of adolescent motherhood on several education and labor market outcomes in Chile over the 1990-2013 period. We explore whether effects are different across income levels, timing of adolescent births, and three sub-periods. METHODS: Using the CASEN national household survey, we applied propensity score-matching methods on two samples of women aged 24: one for women in the 2009-2013 period and another sample of 24-year-old women living with their mother between 1990-2013...
December 3, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913814/life-course-socioeconomic-adversities-and-10-year-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health
#18
Dayse Rodrigues de Sousa Andrade, Lidyane V Camelo, Rodrigo Citton P Dos Reis, Itamar S Santos, Antonio Luiz Ribeiro, Luana Giatti, Sandhi Maria Barreto
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether life course exposure to adverse socioeconomic positions (SEP) as well as maintaining a low SEP or decreasing the SEP intra- and intergeneration was associated with an increased 10-year cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk predicted by the Framingham Risk Score. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data (2008-2010) of 13,544 active workers from ELSA-Brasil cohort. Maternal education, leg length, social class of first occupation and education were used to evaluate childhood, youth and adulthood SEP...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900392/is-personality-a-driving-force-for-socioeconomic-differences-in-young-adults-health-care-use-a-prospective-cohort-study
#19
Maren Kraft, Koos Arts, Tanja Traag, Ferdy Otten, Hans Bosma
OBJECTIVES: To relate personality characteristics at the age of 12 to socioeconomic differences in health care use in young adulthood. And thereby examining the extent to which socioeconomic differences in the use of health care in young adulthood are based on differences in personality characteristics, independent of the (parental) socioeconomic background. METHODS: Personality of more than 13,000 Dutch 12-year old participants was related to their health and socioeconomic position after a follow-up of 13 years (when the participants had become young adults)...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900393/the-effects-of-alcohol-related-harms-to-others-on-self-perceived-mental-well-being-in-a-canadian-sample
#20
Candace Lewis-Laietmark, Ashley Wettlaufer, Kevin D Shield, Norman Giesbrecht, Nicole April, Mark Asbridge, Colleen Dell, Jürgen Rehm, Tim Stockwell
OBJECTIVES: To examine (1) the harms related to the drinking of others in five Canadian provinces, stratified by socio-demographic variables, and (2) the relationship between these harms and mental well-being. METHODS: A telephone survey sampled 375 adults from British Columbia, Saskatchewan, Ontario, Quebec, and Nova Scotia. Harms related to the drinking of others were measured through 16 questions in the domains of psychological, physical, social, and financial harms...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
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