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Developmental Neurorehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461904/an-investigation-of-the-association-between-seizures-autism-symptomology-and-developmental-functioning-in-young-children
#1
Claire O Burns, Johnny L Matson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to explore whether a history of seizures was associated with autism symptom severity and developmental functioning in young children. METHODS: Autism symptom severity and developmental functioning were compared between children with and without a history or seizures who either had atypical development or met criteria for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) based on review of records by a licensed clinical psychologist. RESULTS: Parents of children who met criteria for ASD reported lower levels of autism symptomology when the child had a history of seizures, while the opposite trend was found for children with atypical development...
February 20, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461903/habilitation-of-very-preterm-infants-at-a-post-acute-care-inpatient-rehabilitation-pacir-center-after-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-nicu-discharge
#2
Meenakshi Singh, Boriana Parvez, Agnes Banquet, Jordan S Kase
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether Post-Acute Care Inpatient Rehabilitation (PACIR) admission after NICU stay affects the total length of stay (LOS) of very preterm (VPT: ≤30 weeks of gestation) infants. METHODS: A retrospective case control study of VPT infants d/c'd from the NICU at Maria Fareri Children's Hospital (MFCH) to either a PACIR (Blythedale Children's Hospital: BH) for convalescent care (cases) or directly home (controls). RESULTS: 35 cases and 70 controls...
February 20, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452026/general-movements-and-motor-outcomes-in-two-infants-exposed-to-zika-virus-brief-report
#3
Daniele de Almeida Soares-Marangoni, Natália Matos Tedesco, Andressa Lagoa Nascimento, Priscila Rimoli De Almeida, Caroline Neder Dos Santos Pereira
OBJECTIVE: We described the general movements (GMs) in the fidgety period and the motor performance of two infants who were exposed to Zika virus (ZIKV) during distinct trimesters of gestation. METHODS: Infants were assessed at 4 and 12 months of age. Prechtl's GM assessment and the Alberta Infant Motor Scale were used. RESULTS: In Case 1, the mother presented confirmed ZIKV infection in the 10th week of gestation and the infant was born full-term with brain abnormalities and microcephaly...
February 16, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446700/an-interview-informed-synthesized-contingency-analysis-to-inform-the-treatment-of-challenging-behavior-in-a-young-child-with-autism
#4
Ciara Herman, Olive Healy, Sinéad Lydon
PURPOSE: Experimental Functional analysis (EFA) is considered the "gold standard" of behavioural assessment and its use is predictive of treatment success. However, EFA has a number of limitations including its lengthy nature, the high level of expertise required, and the reinforcement of challenging behaviour. This study aimed to further validate a novel interview-informed synthesised contingency analysis (IISCA). METHODS: An open-ended interview and brief direct observation informed an IISCA for a young boy with autism who engaged in challenging behaviour...
February 15, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431564/transferring-picture-exchange-requests-to-receptive-identification-for-children-with-asd
#5
Jennifer Ninci, Mandy Rispoli, Leslie C Neely, Samantha Guz
The purpose of this study was to evaluate a procedure to transfer stimulus control from picture exchange requests to receptive identification. Three children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and absent receptive identification repertoires participated. An adapted alternating treatment design was used. During intervention, two high-preferred and two low-preferred targets were available during picture exchange requesting sessions. Participants requested primarily for one or both high-preferred targets. During receptive identification instructional sessions, one participant acquired one high-preferred target, one participant acquired all targets, and one participant demonstrated no improvements...
February 12, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420102/family-appraisal-of-paediatric-acquired-brain-injury-a-social-work-clinical-intervention-trial
#6
Lyndal Hickey, Vicki Anderson, Stephen Hearps, Brigid Jordan
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of a new intervention 'Family Forward' with 'Usual Care' social work practice in optimising family appraisal of a child's acquired brain injury to ensure better adaptation during the inpatient rehabilitation phase of care and early transition home. RESEARCH DESIGN: Single site, prospective, sequential comparison group design. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Families were recruited on admission to an inpatient rehabilitation service based at a tertiary paediatric hospital...
February 8, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405815/the-impact-of-breathing-rate-on-the-cardiac-autonomic-dynamics-among-children-with-cerebral-palsy-compared-to-typically-developed-controls
#7
Taly Amichai, Sharon Eylon, Itai Berger, Michal Katz-Leurer
PURPOSE: To describe the immediate effect of breathing rate on heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HRV) in children with cerebral palsy (CP) and a control group of typically developed (TD) age and gender-matched children. METHODS: Twenty children with CP at gross motor function classification system levels I-III and 20 TD children aged 6-11 participated in the study. HR was monitored at rest and during paced breathing with biofeedback. Respiratory measures were assessed by KoKo spirometry...
February 6, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400610/psychosocial-functioning-in-adolescents-results-according-to-amiel-tison-neurological-assessment-in-a-group-of-preterm-infants
#8
Jana Kodric, Breda Sustersic, Darja Paro-Panjan
OBJECTIVE: This prospective study investigated the relationship between Amiel-Tison neurological assessment (ATNA) in preterm children and their psychosocial functioning in adolescence. METHODS: From the initial group of 45 children regularly assessed by the ATNA from term until the age of 2 years, 27 participated in the follow-up at 13 years. RESULTS: Of the three groups categorized by neurological signs as normal, intermediate or abnormal, parents of adolescents with normal ATNA reported the lowest number of executive function problems (p = 0...
February 5, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400605/comparing-the-effectiveness-of-virtual-reality-and-video-modelling-as-an-intervention-strategy-for-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-brief-report
#9
Emily Fitzgerald, Hui Kee Yap, Charlotte Ashton, Dennis W Moore, Brett Furlonger, Angelika Anderson, Richard Kickbush, James Donald, Margherita Busacca, Derek L English
The increasing numbers of individuals diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) has foreshadowed a greater need for effective intervention procedures to aid learning. PURPOSE: This study compared the effectiveness of video modelling (VM) and virtual reality (VR) for teaching adults with ASD. METHODS: Using an alternating treatments design without baseline two participants completed paper folding projects of varying difficulty following exposure to either VM or VR task modelling...
February 5, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370557/patient-and-caregiver-identified-preferences-dimensions-of-change-in-developmental-therapy-treatment-goals
#10
Jennifer M Angeli, Karen L Harpster, Elizabeth Hanson, Amber Sheehan, Sarah M Schwab
OBJECTIVE: To describe patterns in preferred dimensions of change in therapy goals identified by individuals with developmental disability and their caregivers. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of Goal Attainment Scaling (GAS) goals for patients aged 2-32 years (n = 124) participating in a program of episodic care was conducted. Dimensions of change were analyzed through a mixed-methods study design. Co-occurrence rates and descriptor-to-code comparisons were computed in order to relate the dimension of change to diagnosis, International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) goal domain, gender, age, and goal setter...
January 25, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341797/visual-dependence-affects-postural-sway-responses-to-continuous-visual-field-motion-in-individuals-with-cerebral-palsy
#11
Yawen Yu, Richard T Lauer, Carole A Tucker, Elizabeth D Thompson, Emily A Keshner
The current study aimed to explore the impact of visual dependence on sensorimotor coupling of postural sway and visual motion in adults and teens with spastic cerebral palsy (CP). We hypothesized that individuals with CP would exhibit greater magnitudes of sway than healthy individuals, and the presence of visual dependence (VD) would produce instability in the direction of visual motion. Participants stood in a virtual environment in which the visual scene remained static or continuously rotated 30 degree/second in pitch-up or pitch-down...
January 17, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336639/intellectual-educational-and-situation-based-social-outcome-in-adult-survivors-of-childhood-medulloblastoma
#12
Virginie Kieffer, Mathilde P Chevignard, Georges Dellatolas, Stephanie Puget, Frederic Dhermain, Jacques Grill, Dominique Valteau-Couanet, Christelle Dufour
PURPOSE: To investigate intellectual and situation-based social outcome and educational achievement in adult survivors of childhood medulloblastoma and analyse factors influencing outcome Methods: We collected demographic, medical and cognitive data, and social and educational outcome at a mean time since the end of treatments of 14.9 years in 58 adults, aged 19-35 years, consecutively treated in a single cancer center between 1989 and 2005. RESULTS: Ten survivors had severe intellectual disability, 12 were still studying, 23 had a regular employment and 13 were unemployed...
January 16, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333915/gaze-avoidance-and-perseverative-language-in-fragile-x-syndrome-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-brief-report
#13
Laura Friedman, Audra Sterling, Andrea Barton-Hulsey
Gaze avoidance and perseverative language impact pragmatics in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and fragile X syndrome (FXS). We examined these features during conversation samples in boys with ASD (n = 10) and boys with FXS and ASD (FXS+ASD; n = 10). Both groups had similar high rates of gaze avoidance and topic and conversation device perseverations, yet these features were not correlated with one another. Boys with FXS+ASD produced a higher proportion of single utterance perseverations. Results from this study highlight the need for future research to identify potential mechanisms influencing the presence of language perseverations and gaze avoidance...
January 15, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313401/participation-profiles-in-domestic-life-and-peer-relations-as-experienced-by-adolescents-with-and-without-impairments-and-long-term-health-conditions
#14
Frida Lygnegård, Lena Almqvist, Mats Granlund, Karina Huus
PURPOSE: To investigate how individual and environmental factors relate to self-reported participation profiles in adolescents with and without impairments or long-term health conditions. METHODS: A person-oriented approach (hierarchical cluster analysis) was used to identify cluster groups of individuals sharing participation patterns in the outcome variables frequency perceived importance in domestic life and peer relations. Cluster groups were compared using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA)...
January 9, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313400/gofar-improving-attention-behavior-and-adaptive-functioning-in-children-with-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders-brief-report
#15
Claire D Coles, Julie A Kable, Elles Taddeo, Dorothy Strickland
OBJECTIVE: This brief report describes the GoFAR intervention designed to improve attention, behavior, and adaptive functioning in children with FASD, ages 5 to 10 years. METHODS: Thirty children were randomized to one of three conditions: GoFAR; FACELAND, and CONTROL; 25 completed the interventions. Over 10 sessions children and caregivers learned a metacognitive strategy (FAR) designed to improve cognitive control of behavior and adaptive functioning and practiced it during behavior analog therapy...
January 9, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053433/editorial-board-page-eov
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692332/correspondence-between-the-results-of-functional-analyses-and-brief-functional-analyses
#17
Colin S Muething, Nathan A Call, Joanna Lomas Mevers, Amanda N Zangrillo, Seth B Clark, Andrea R Reavis
PURPOSE: This study sought to examine the correspondence between brief functional analyses and more thorough functional analyses as described in the model of functional assessment proposed by Vollmer et al.(1) Methods: A panel of trained clinicians indicated the presence/absence of specific functions of problem behavior based on graphic results from brief functional analyses and functional analyses conducted with 19 participants. These conclusions were compared across assessments. RESULTS: The functions identified by the panel based on results of brief functional analyses had low correspondence with those of the more thorough functional analysis conducted with the same participants...
November 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632464/effects-of-video-modeling-with-video-feedback-on-vocational-skills-of-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#18
Derek L English, Sadhana Gounden, Richard E Dagher, Shu Fen Chan, Brett E Furlonger, Angelika Anderson, Dennis W Moore
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of a video modeling (VM) with video feedback (VFB) intervention to teach vocational gardening skills to three adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHOD: A multiple probe design across skills was used to assess the effects of the intervention on the three participants' ability to perform skills accurately. RESULTS: The use of VM with VFB led to improvements across skills for two of the participants...
November 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537444/enhancing-appropriate-and-variable-responding-in-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#19
Keith C Radley, Evan H Dart, James W Moore, John D K Lum, Jamie Pasqua
OBJECTIVE: The present study utilized lag schedules of reinforcement, in conjunction with training multiple exemplars and provision of prompts, to promote appropriate variability of social skills. METHODS: Participants included in three children between the ages of 5 and 7 with ASD. Participants attended a social skills training program twice per week for eight weeks. A multiple probe design across target social skills was used to assess the effects of intervention...
November 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277816/sibling-self-management-programming-for-generalization-to-improve-interactions-between-typically-developing-siblings-and-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#20
Lauren A Kryzak, Emily A Jones
The present study taught typically developing (TD) siblings of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) social-communicative and self-management skills. The authors' hypothesized that the acquisition of self-management skills would support generalization of targeted social-communicative responses. A multiple baseline probe design across sibling dyads was used to decrease exposure to unnecessary sessions in the absence of intervention. Four TD siblings were taught self-management of a social skills curriculum using behavioral skills training, which consisted of instructions, modeling, practice, and subsequent feedback...
November 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
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