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Developmental Neurorehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083944/the-relation-between-emotional-intelligence-and-resilience-in-at-risk-populations
#1
Adam W McCrimmon, Emma A Climie, Stephany Huynh
PURPOSE: Resilience factors and their relation to emotional intelligence (EI) as a potential strength for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (HFASD) were investigated. Children with either ADHD or HFASD were hypothesized to demonstrate reduced EI and differential relations between EI and resilience as compared to typically developing (TD) children. METHODS: Fifty-four children aged 8-12 years (18 with ADHD, 18 with HFASD, and 18 TD controls) completed the Resilience Scales for Children and Adolescents and BarOn Emotional Quotient Inventory...
October 30, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968151/cerebellar-pilocytic-astrocytoma-in-childhood-investigating-the-long-term-impact-of-surgery-on-cognitive-performance-and-functional-outcome
#2
Thomas Pletschko, Anna Felnhofer, Doris Lamplmair, Christian Dorfer, Thomas Czech, Monika Chocholous, Irene Slavc, Ulrike Leiss
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies differ regarding the long-term effects of surgically removed pediatric cerebellar pilocytic astrocytomas (CPA). Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the long-term impact on neurocognitive and functional outcome and to analyze age as an influencing factor. METHODS: Fourteen CPA patients were compared to the age norm and to a group of 14 high-achieving peers regarding cognitive functioning, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and stress regulation...
October 2, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960125/-it-s-all-about-incentive-social-technology-as-a-potential-facilitator-for-self-determined-physical-activity-participation-for-young-people-with-physical-disabilities
#3
Tara Joy Knibbe, Amy C McPherson, Brenda Gladstone, Elaine Biddiss
PURPOSE: To investigate the perceived role of social technologies in promoting physical activity participation for young people with physical disabilities and to identify design considerations that should be addressed when creating social technologies to promote physical activity. METHOD: Interactive design workshops for young people with physical disabilities aged 12-18 (n = 8) were held. Data were analyzed using interpretive thematic analysis. RESULTS: Young people perceived significant benefit for social technologies to promote physical activity as they have the potential to overcome many barriers to physical activity participation...
September 29, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956679/distance-delivery-of-a-spoken-language-intervention-for-school-aged-and-adolescent-boys-with-fragile-x-syndrome
#4
Andrea McDuffie, Amy Banasik, Lauren Bullard, Sarah Nelson, Robyn Tempero Feigles, Randi Hagerman, Leonard Abbeduto
A small randomized group design (N = 20) was used to examine a parent-implemented intervention designed to improve the spoken language skills of school-aged and adolescent boys with FXS, the leading cause of inherited intellectual disability. The intervention was implemented by speech-language pathologists who used distance video-teleconferencing to deliver the intervention. The intervention taught mothers to use a set of language facilitation strategies while interacting with their children in the context of shared story-telling...
September 28, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956673/effects-of-a-lag-schedule-of-reinforcement-with-progressive-time-delay-on-topographical-mand-variability-in-children-with-autism
#5
Bryant C Silbaugh, Terry S Falcomata, Raechal H Ferguson
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effects of a Lag 1 schedule of reinforcement and progressive time delay (TD) on topographical mand variability in children with autism. METHODS: Using single-subject design methodology, a multiple baseline across behaviors with embedded reversal design was employed. During Lag 0, reinforcement was delivered contingent on any independent instances of manding. During Lag 1 + TD, prompts were faded and reinforcement was delivered contingent on independent or prompted variant mand topographies...
September 28, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933983/addition-of-kinesio-taping-of-the-orbicularis-oris-muscles-to-speech-therapy-rapidly-improves-drooling-in-children-with-neurological-disorders
#6
Denise Lica Yoshimura Mikami, Cristina Lemos Barbosa Furia, Alexis Fonseca Welker
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of Kinesio Taping (KT) of the orbicularis oris muscles as an adjunct to standard therapy for drooling. METHODS: Fifteen children with neurological disorders and drooling received speech therapy and twice-weekly KT of the orbicularis muscles over a 30-day period. Drooling was assessed by six parameters: impact on the life of the child and caregiver; severity of drooling; frequency of drooling; drooling volume (estimated by number of bibs used); salivary leak; and interlabial gap...
September 21, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933977/use-of-virtual-reality-intervention-to-improve-reaction-time-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Morteza Pourazar, Fatemeh Mirakhori, Rasool Hemayattalab, Fazlolah Bagherzadeh
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the training effects of Virtual Reality (VR) intervention program on reaction time in children with cerebral palsy. METHODS: Thirty boys ranging from 7 to 12 years (mean = 11.20; SD = .76) were selected by available sampling method and randomly divided into the experimental and control groups. Simple Reaction Time (SRT) and Discriminative Reaction Time (DRT) were measured at baseline and 1 day after completion of VR intervention...
September 21, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933572/what-areas-of-functioning-are-influenced-by-aquatic-physiotherapy-experiences-of-parents-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#8
Javier Güeita-Rodríguez, Francisco García-Muro, Ángel L Rodríguez-Fernández, Johan Lambeck, Cesar Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, Domingo Palacios-Ceña
OBJECTIVES: To explore the experiences regarding aquatic physiotherapy among parents of children with cerebral palsy and to identify a list of relevant intervention categories for aquatic physiotherapy treatments. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews and focus groups using the components of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) as a frame of reference to explore and code experiences regarding aquatic physiotherapy...
September 21, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053433/editorial-board-page-eov
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692332/correspondence-between-the-results-of-functional-analyses-and-brief-functional-analyses
#10
Colin S Muething, Nathan A Call, Joanna Lomas Mevers, Amanda N Zangrillo, Seth B Clark, Andrea R Reavis
PURPOSE: This study sought to examine the correspondence between brief functional analyses and more thorough functional analyses as described in the model of functional assessment proposed by Vollmer et al.(1) Methods: A panel of trained clinicians indicated the presence/absence of specific functions of problem behavior based on graphic results from brief functional analyses and functional analyses conducted with 19 participants. These conclusions were compared across assessments. RESULTS: The functions identified by the panel based on results of brief functional analyses had low correspondence with those of the more thorough functional analysis conducted with the same participants...
November 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632464/effects-of-video-modeling-with-video-feedback-on-vocational-skills-of-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#11
Derek L English, Sadhana Gounden, Richard E Dagher, Shu Fen Chan, Brett E Furlonger, Angelika Anderson, Dennis W Moore
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of a video modeling (VM) with video feedback (VFB) intervention to teach vocational gardening skills to three adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHOD: A multiple probe design across skills was used to assess the effects of the intervention on the three participants' ability to perform skills accurately. RESULTS: The use of VM with VFB led to improvements across skills for two of the participants...
November 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537444/enhancing-appropriate-and-variable-responding-in-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
Keith C Radley, Evan H Dart, James W Moore, John D K Lum, Jamie Pasqua
OBJECTIVE: The present study utilized lag schedules of reinforcement, in conjunction with training multiple exemplars and provision of prompts, to promote appropriate variability of social skills. METHODS: Participants included in three children between the ages of 5 and 7 with ASD. Participants attended a social skills training program twice per week for eight weeks. A multiple probe design across target social skills was used to assess the effects of intervention...
November 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277816/sibling-self-management-programming-for-generalization-to-improve-interactions-between-typically-developing-siblings-and-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#13
Lauren A Kryzak, Emily A Jones
The present study taught typically developing (TD) siblings of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) social-communicative and self-management skills. The authors' hypothesized that the acquisition of self-management skills would support generalization of targeted social-communicative responses. A multiple baseline probe design across sibling dyads was used to decrease exposure to unnecessary sessions in the absence of intervention. Four TD siblings were taught self-management of a social skills curriculum using behavioral skills training, which consisted of instructions, modeling, practice, and subsequent feedback...
November 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152327/efficacy-of-low-intensity-therapist-implemented-project-impact-for-increasing-social-communication-skills-in-young-children-with-asd
#14
Brooke R Ingersoll, Allison L Wainer, Natalie I Berger, Katherine M Walton
Project ImPACT is a Naturalistic Developmental Behavioral Intervention (NDBI) for young children with ASD. Preliminary research supports its feasibility and efficacy as a parent-mediated intervention; however, its efficacy as a low-intensity, therapist-implemented intervention is unclear. A single-case, multiple-baseline design evaluated the effect of 2 h per week of therapist-implemented Project ImPACT on social engagement, language, and play in nine children with ASD. Language and play skills were targeted separately for five children and together for four children...
November 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010153/a-systematic-review-and-evaluation-of-inhibitory-stimulus-control-procedures-as-a-treatment-for-stereotyped-behavior-among-individuals-with-autism
#15
Sinéad Lydon, Laura Moran, Olive Healy, Teresa Mulhern, Kerie Enright Young
PURPOSE: Stereotypy is pervasive among persons with autism and may impact negatively on social inclusion and learning. The implementation of resource-intensive behavioral interventions to decrease these behaviors has been questioned. Inhibitory stimulus control procedures (ISCPs) comprise a type of antecedent-based intervention that has been proposed as an effective treatment approach for stereotypy but has received limited research attention to date. METHOD: The current systematic review sought to examine and synthesize the literature reporting applications of ISCPs in the treatment of stereotypy among persons with autism...
November 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739912/using-videos-to-assess-preference-for-novel-stimuli-in-children-with-autism
#16
Matthew T Brodhead, Mandy J Rispoli
A primary effort of preference assessment research has been to develop strategies to identify potential reinforcers for educational, social, and behavioral programming for individuals with disabilities, including children with autism. However, little attention has been paid to the identification of preferred stimuli children with autism may not have previous experience with. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the extent to which a video-based preference assessment may accurately identify preference for novel stimuli...
November 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739909/a-comparison-of-families-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-family-daily-routines-service-usage-and-stress-levels-by-regionality
#17
Tomomi McAuliffe, Sharmila Vaz, Torbjörn Falkmer, Reinie Cordier
PURPOSE: To explore whether family routines, service usage, and stress levels in families of children with autism spectrum disorder differ as a function of regionality. METHODS: Secondary analysis of data was undertaken from 535 surveys. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to investigate differences between families living in densely populated (DP) areas and less densely populated (LDP) areas. RESULTS: Families living in LDP areas were found to: (1) have reduced employment hours (a two-parent household: Exp (B) = 3...
November 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715382/comparing-two-methods-to-promote-generalization-of-receptive-identification-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#18
Marie-Michèle Dufour, Marc J Lanovaz
PURPOSE: The purpose of our study was to compare the effects of serial and concurrent training on the generalization of receptive identification in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). METHODS: We taught one to three pairs of stimulus sets to nine children with ASD between the ages of three and six. One stimulus set within each pair was taught using concurrent training and the other using serial training. We alternated the training sessions within a multielement design and staggered the introduction of subsequent pairs for each participant as in a multiple baseline design...
November 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27538030/stakeholders-perspectives-on-social-participation-in-preschool-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#19
Tamara Germani, Lonnie Zwaigenbaum, Joyce Magill-Evans, Sandy Hodgetts, Geoff Ball
OBJECTIVE: To determine (a) the essential components of social participation for preschool children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) using stakeholders' perspectives and (b) the facilitators and barriers experienced in promoting social participation. METHODS: A mixed-methods, web-based survey utilizing the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health - Child and Youth version (ICF-CY) taxonomy was circulated across Canada through purposeful snowball sampling...
November 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632465/psychosocial-outcome-and-quality-of-life-following-childhood-stroke-a-systematic-review
#20
Fiadhnait O'Keeffe, Daniel Stark, Orlagh Murphy, Vijeya Ganesan, John King, Tara Murphy
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper was to critically review the recent literature on psychosocial and behavioral outcome following childhood stroke, to assess whether quality of life is affected and to investigate the factors related to psychosocial outcome. METHODS: Literature searches were conducted and identified 36 relevant papers from the period 1908-2016. RESULTS: The systematic review found that many children experience difficulties in a wide range of psychosocial domains...
October 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
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