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Developmental Neurorehabilitation

Stephanie Vanclooster, Johan Bilsen, Lieve Peremans, Jutte Van der Werff Ten Bosch, Geneviève Laureys, Elsie Willems, Sophie Genin, Patrick Van Bogaert, Philippe Paquier, Anna Jansen
OBJECTIVE: To discover short-term changes in perspectives of parents and teachers of childhood brain tumour survivors on school reintegration, in order to reveal similarities and differences between them over time. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with parents and teachers of five children at the start and the end of a 1-year period following the child's school re-entry. RESULTS: Thematic analysis of data resulted in three main themes: 'the child's performance and wellbeing', 'the school's attitude and approach' and 'communication and working together'...
July 17, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Simone Darling, Cinzia Rachele De Luca, Vicki Anderson, Maria McCarthy, Stephen Hearps, Marc Seal
BACKGROUND: Approximately 50% of survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) demonstrate cognitive impairments. However, the trajectory of change and contributing neuropathology is unclear, limiting our ability to tailor intervention content and timing. This study aimed to explore information processing abilities and brain morphology early post-treatment for pediatric ALL. PROCEDURE: Twenty-one children at the end of ALL treatment and 18 controls underwent neuropsychological assessment...
July 3, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 27, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Jennifer Glenna Donenberg, Linda Fetters, Robert Johnson
PURPOSE: Discuss the effectiveness of locomotor training (LT) in children following spinal cord injury (SCI). This intervention was assessed following an exhaustive search of the literature using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta- Analyses: The PRISMA Statement as a guideline. METHOD: Six databases were searched including PubMed, PEDro, CINAHL, Cochrane, PsycINFO, and Web of Knowledge in January 2016 and November 2016, without date restrictions...
June 19, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Frédéric Loiselle, Annie Rochette, Sylvie Tétreault, Michel Lafortune, Josée Bastien
PURPOSE: To explore the perceived impact of a social circus program on the participation level of young adults' living with physical disabilities from their own and their parents' perspective. METHOD: Exploratory phenomenological qualitative design. A social circus program was offered for nine months. Perceived participation level was documented through pre and post semi-structured interviews. A pretested interview guide was used. Interviews were transcribed and coded by two independent researchers...
May 29, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Caroline Adler, Melanie Hessenauer, Johanna Lipp, Silke Kunze, Carina Geigenberger, Andrea Hörning, Martina Schaudeck, Steffen Berweck, Martin Staudt
PURPOSE: Mirror movements (MM) in unilateral spastic cerebral palsy (USCP) interfere with many bimanual activities of daily living. METHODS: Here, we developed a specific bimanual therapeutic regimen, focusing on asymmetric simultaneous movements of the two hands. Twelve children (6-17 years old; complete data available in ten children) with USCP and MM were included. RESULTS: After three weeks of inpatient rehabilitation, we observed significant improvements for two self-defined bimanual goal activities (Goal Attainment Scaling, Canadian Occupational Performance Measure) and for bimanual performance in general (Assisting Hand Assessment)...
May 22, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Laura C Argetsinger, Shelley A Trimble, MacKenzie T Roberts, Jennifer E Thompson, Beatrice Ugiliweneza, Andrea L Behrman
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the sensitivity and responsiveness of the Segmental Assessment of Trunk Control (SATCo) for evaluating trunk control in children with spinal cord injury (SCI) receiving activity-based locomotor training (AB-LT). METHODS: Prospective study of nine outcomes for consecutively enrolled children in outpatient AB-LT. To evaluate sensitivity to change, linear-mixed models were constructed and adjusted for covariates: age at and time since SCI...
May 22, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Sabrina D Daneshvar, Marjorie H Charlop, Debra Berry Malmberg
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of two procedures, a photo activity schedule intervention and Social Stories, to teach social skills to four children diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). METHODS: An adapted alternating treatments design with an additional multiple baseline control was used, and two social skills were targeted for each of the four participants, one under each intervention condition. RESULTS: Results indicated that all four participants learned the target social behaviours with the photo activity schedule intervention, but did not learn target social behaviours with Social Stories...
May 21, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Shirley Shema-Shiratzky, Marina Brozgol, Pablo Cornejo-Thumm, Karen Geva-Dayan, Michael Rotstein, Yael Leitner, Jeffrey M Hausdorff, Anat Mirelman
PURPOSE: To examine the feasibility and efficacy of a combined motor-cognitive training using virtual reality to enhance behavior, cognitive function and dual-tasking in children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). METHODS: Fourteen non-medicated school-aged children with ADHD, received 18 training sessions during 6 weeks. Training included walking on a treadmill while negotiating virtual obstacles. Behavioral symptoms, cognition and gait were tested before and after the training and at 6-weeks follow-up...
May 17, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Lisa A Chiarello, Doreen J Bartlett, Robert J Palisano, Sarah Westcott McCoy, Lynn Jeffries, Alyssa LaForme Fiss, Piotr Wilk
PURPOSE: To identify child, family, and service determinants of playfulness of young children with cerebral palsy. METHODS: Participants were 429 children, 18-60 months. Children were divided into two groups, Gross Motor Function Classification System levels I-II and III-V. Therapists collected data on body functions and gross motor function; parents provided information about children's health conditions and adaptive behavior, family life, and services. One year after the beginning of the study, therapists assessed children's playfulness...
May 10, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Wendy Machalicek, Robert H Horner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Ming Ming Chiu, Carly A Roberts
This project identifies some difficulties when analyzing single-case data and showcases a new method, dynamic multilevel analysis (DMA). We re-analyze a published, meta-analysis of single-case interventions for participants with autism. Analytic difficulties include missing data, nested data, baseline trends, time periods, recency effects, many hypotheses' false positives, interactions among explanatory variables, indirect effects (including false negatives), and sampling errors. Furthermore, non-overlapping analyses can yield contested results, overvalue data near overlap boundaries, lose statistical power, and lack estimates of explained variance or unexplained residuals...
May 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Yooyeun Hwang, Joel R Levin, Evan W Johnson
An innovative single-case crossover design containing multiple forms of randomization was implemented with eight participants in seven weekly sessions, during which instruction was given in the use of two different pictorial mnemonic (memory-enhancing) strategies: one designed to improve the children's learning of the dates of various inventions and the other designed to improve the children's acquisition of unfamiliar vocabulary items. A composite randomization statistical test revealed that when compared with the children's own preferred learning methods, the mnemonic-strategy approach produced the predicted facilitation effects...
May 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Nicole A M Zelinsky, William Shadish
OBJECTIVE: This paper demonstrates how to conduct a meta-analysis that includes both between-group and single-case design (SCD) studies. The example studies whether choice-making interventions decrease challenging behaviors performed by people with disabilities. METHODS: We used a between-case d-statistic to conduct a meta-analysis of 15 between-group and SCD studies of 70 people with a disability, who received a choice intervention or control. We used robust variance estimation to adjust for dependencies caused by multiple effect sizes per study, and conducted moderator, sensitivity, influence, and publication bias analyses...
May 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Rumen Manolov, Antonio Solanas
The current paper is a call for and illustration of a way of closing the gap between basic research and professional practice in the field of neurorehabilitation. Methodologically, single-case experimental designs and the guidelines created regarding their conduct are highlighted. Statistically, we review two data analytical options, namely (a) indices quantifying the difference between pairs of conditions in the same metric as the target behavior and (b) a formal statistical procedure offering a standardized overall quantification...
May 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Blair P Lloyd, Crystal I Finley, Emily S Weaver
INTRODUCTION: Stereotypy is common in individuals with developmental disabilities and may become disruptive in the context of instruction. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to embed brief experimental analyses in the context of reading instruction to evaluate effects of antecedent and consequent variables on latencies to and durations of stereotypy. METHOD: We trained a reading instructor to implement a trial-based functional analysis and a subsequent antecedent analysis of stimulus features for an adolescent with autism in a reading clinic...
May 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Kristie F Bjornson, Noelle Moreau, Amy Winter Bodkin
PURPOSE: To examine the effect of short-burst interval locomotor treadmill training (SBLTT) on walking capacity and performance in cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: Twelve children with spastic diplegic CP (average 8.6 years) across Gross Motor Function Classification System levels II (8) and III (4) were randomized to 20 SBLTT sessions over 4 or 10 weeks. SBLTT consisted of alternating 30 seconds of slow and fast walking for 30 minutes/session. Outcomes included the 10 m walk test, one-minute walk test (1MWT), and timed-up-and go (TUG) (capacity) and StepWatch (performance) collected at baseline, post, and 6 weeks post...
April 16, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
F Degache, A Bonjour, D Michaud, L Mondada, C J Newman
PURPOSE: The objective of study was to determine the effect of tandem ski (TS) activity on postural control and cardiac activity in children with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities (PIMDs). METHOD: Twenty children with PIMD and 20 age-matched controls (typically developed (TD) children) participated. Body segment movements were measured with inertial sensors (Physilog®) placed on the head, C7, trunk (including ECG) and pelvis with a seat reference...
April 16, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Ciara Padden, Carolina Concialdi-McGlynn, Sinead Lydon
PURPOSE: Parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often self-report heightened levels of stress and physical health problems. This paper reviewed studies assessing physiological measures of stress among parents of children with ASD. METHODS: Systematic database searches identified 15 studies meeting inclusion criteria. Studies were reviewed to determine: (a) control group characteristics; (b) caregiver and care recipient characteristics; (c) setting; (d) physiological measures employed; (e) physiological outcomes; and (f) stressor type...
April 13, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Suzanne A M Lambregts, Frederike Van Markus-Doornbosch, Coriene E Catsman-Berrevoets, Monique A M Berger, Arend J De Kloet, Sander R Hilberink, Marij E Roebroeck
OBJECTIVE: To determine neurological outcome in children and youth with acquired brain injury (ABI) and explore associated factors. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study, two-years post-injury. PATIENTS: Hospital-based sample (n=112) aged 6-22 years. METHODS: Neurological outcome and participation were assessed with a multidimensional neurological examination and the Child and Adolescent Scale of Participation. Logistic regression analyses were used to explore the relationships...
April 13, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
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