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Developmental Neurorehabilitation

Wei-Peng Lu, Wen-Hui Tsai, Ling-Yi Lin, Rong-Bin Hong, Yea-Shwu Hwang
PURPOSE: We investigated the effects of massage on young children with developmental delay but no clear diagnosis (e.g., cerebral palsy, genetic diseases, or autism). METHODS: Thirty-six children with DD, at 1-3 years of age, were randomly assigned to the massage (n = 18) or control group (n = 18) after being stratified by age and motor developmental quotient. The two groups continued to receive routine rehabilitation intervention, whereas the massage group additionally received 20 min of massage twice a week for 12 weeks...
October 30, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Ş Tükel, A C Eliasson, B Böhm, A C Smedler
PURPOSE: To elucidate the association between developmental stage of human figure drawing(HFD) and fine motor control, visual perception, and further investigate its potential to be used for screening developmental delay. METHODS: Participants were 301 children at 5½ years of age, 176 born preterm and 125 at term, whose HFDs were categorized into six developmental stages. Motor-Free-Visual-Perception Test, Movement-ABC, Performance Intelligence Quotient (PIQ: Wechsler Scale), and the Visual-Motor Integration test were used...
October 17, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Joel R Levin, Boris S Gafurov
PURPOSE: To overcome the constraint of common multiple-baseline designs that only one case per stagger position is permitted. METHODS: Three alternative strategies for assigning more than one case to each stagger position are examined. RESULTS: The three recommended strategies achieve the objective while maintaining the study's internal and statistical-conclusion validities. CONCLUSIONS: ExPRT, a freely available Excel-based randomization-test package, can be used to assist in both the design and statistical analysis associated with each of the strategies...
October 16, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Meaghan Walker, Stephanie Nixon, Jess Haines, Amy C McPherson
Globally, overweight and obesity (OW/OB) levels are high among children, with rates surpassing the adult population. With such high pediatric OW/OB rates, it is imperative that risk factors are identified and explored. Thus, Davison and Birch developed an adapted framework, based on Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Systems Theory, which identifies and categorizes the factors in a child's life that put them at risk for OW/OB. While a socioecological perspective has been a useful tool for examining risk factors in typically developing pediatric populations, this holistic approach has not yet been applied to populations of children with disabilities, who are at an even higher risk of OW/OB than their typically developing peers...
October 11, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Rhylee Sulek, David Trembath, Jessica Paynter, Deb Keen
OBJECTIVE: To examine teachers' knowledge and use of empirically supported treatments (ESTs) for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and the extent to which they deem them socially valid in general education settings. METHOD: Totally, 155 general education teachers completed an online survey examining knowledge, use, and perceived social validity of ESTs targeting school readiness skills. Sources of information accessed and the relationship of knowledge, use, and social validity with demographic variables were investigated...
October 11, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Ana I Pinto, Catarina Grande, Vera Coelho, Susana Castro, Mats Granlund, Eva Björck-Åkesson
PURPOSE: This study aims to explore the role of three specific factors within the child-environment interaction process - engagement, independence and social interactions - in influencing development and learning of children with disabilities in inclusive preschool settings. The main question is whether children can be categorised in homogenous groups based on engagement, independence and social interactions (proximal variables within a biopsychosocial framework of human development)...
October 5, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Keith C Radley, Evan H Dart, Kate A Helbig, Stefanie R Schrieber, Mary E Ware
Lag schedules of reinforcement represent an increasingly researched strategy for addressing restricted and repetitive social communication of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Although the body of literature suggests that lag schedules of reinforcement are generally effective for this purpose, studies have varied in their utilization of verbal rules describing the contingency. Furthermore, research has yet to evaluate generalized effects of lag schedules of reinforcement to social communication with peers...
October 5, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Sabrina Agnihotri, Sivaniya Subramaniapillai, Michelle Keightley, Carmen Rasmussen, Debra Cameron, Jennifer Ryan, Joanne Rovet
PURPOSE: To investigate whether significant differences exist in everyday memory between youth with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum (FASD) compared with a nonexposed (NE) control group, while controlling for socioeconomic status and other comorbidities. METHODS: Caregiver ratings using the Everyday Memory Questionnaire were obtained for 105 youth (9-17 years of age). Scores were compared between youth with a FASD diagnosis (N = 41; 56% male) and the NE group (N = 64; 53% male) using multivariate analysis of variance...
October 5, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Megan B Flores, Carolyn P Da Silva
OBJECTIVE: To explore the impact of a body weight supported treadmill training (BWSTT) intervention on postural control and gross motor function in three young children with cerebral palsy (CP) classified as Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) levels IV or V. METHOD: Children (N = 3) between the ages of 2-3 years who were diagnosed with CP classified as GMFCS levels IV and V participated in BWSTT three times per week. The Segmental Assessment of Trunk Control (SATCo) and the gross motor function measure (GMFM-66) were assessed before and after the 6-week intervention...
October 5, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Olive Healy, Sinéad Lydon, Thérèse Brady, Mandy Rispoli, Jennifer Holloway, Leslie Neely, Ian Grey
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the efficacy of an inhibitory stimulus control procedure (ISCP) for the management of vocal stereotypy in three children with autism. METHOD: During discrimination training, implemented within a changing criterion design, participants were taught that there were no consequences for vocal stereotypy in the absence of an inhibitory stimulus but that differential reinforcement procedures were in effect in the presence of the stimulus...
October 1, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Peter B Marschik, Iris Tomantschger, Florian B Pokorny, Miha Tavčar, Jeff Sigafoos
PURPOSE: To investigate the extent to which medical students demonstrate politeness. With respect to patient-physician interactions, politeness appears to be a factor in therapeutic success, perhaps because it might induce greater patient compliance. METHOD: We assessed 354 third-semester medical students on one type of politeness, that is the percentage of students who greeted the teacher upon entering the lecture room. RESULTS: Overall, 47% of the students initiated a greeting and this percentage did not change when the lecturers wore white coats...
October 1, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Daisuke Hirano, Takamichi Taniguchi
BACKGROUND: Stereotypical hand movements have been observed in most individuals diagnosed with Rett syndrome. OBJECTIVES: To investigate factors that increase or decrease hand stereotypies in individuals with Rett syndrome. METHODS: A questionnaire regarding hand stereotypies or purposeful hand behaviours was sent to 1016 schools for special needs education and 204 facilities in Japan. RESULTS: Information was acquired from 216 cases (3-53 years old) with Rett syndrome; 81...
October 1, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Chantal Camden, Mélanie Couture, Gabrielle Pratte, Mélanie Morin, Pasquale Roberge, Thomas Poder, Désirée B Maltais, Emmanuelle Jasmin, Karen Hurtubise, Edwige Ducreux, France Léger, Jill Zwicker, Jade Berbari, Florence Fallon, Michel Tousignant
OBJECTIVES: To determine the feasibility of recruiting families of children with suspected or diagnosed developmental coordination disorder (sdDCD) and explore their satisfaction with a web-based intervention Design. A feasibility randomized trial was conducted. Participants were the parents of 5-12-year-old children with sdDCD. The intervention group had access to online resources, group and private forums, and videoconferencing with a therapist. Main outcomes were recruitement and retention rates...
October 1, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Samuel R Pierce, Julie Skorup, Allyson Miller, Athylia C Paremski, Laura A Prosser
PURPOSE: The Early Clinical Assessment of Balance (ECAB) is a measure of postural stability for children with cerebral palsy (CP). The purpose of this research was to investigate the relationship between the ECAB and Gross Motor Function Measure-66 (GMFM-66) and to determine the responsiveness of the ECAB in children with CP under three years of age. METHODS: Twenty seven children (mean age of 25 months) participated. Data were collected before and after 3 and 6 months of physical therapy...
September 25, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Petra Karlsson, Anna Bech, Helen Stone, Cecily Vale, Suzan Griffin, Elegast Monbaliu, Margaret Wallen
PURPOSE: This study aims to identify eye-gaze control technology outcomes, parent perception of the technology and support received, and gauge the feasibility of available measures. METHODS: Five children with dyskinetic cerebral palsy, mean age 4 years, 4 months (1 year, 0 months); n = 4 males; trialled two eye-gaze control technology systems, each for six weeks. Parents completed pre- and post-questionnaires. RESULTS: Parents found the 6-week home-based trial period to be the right length...
September 25, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Megan E Narad, Amery Treble-Barna, Huaiyu Zang, Nanhua Zhang, Julia Smith, Keith O Yeates, H Gerry Taylor, Terry Stancin, Shari L Wade
PURPOSE: Examine the impact of traumatic brain injury (TBI) on parenting behavior over time. METHOD: Included 206 children (3-7 years old) with moderate to severe TBI or orthopedic injury, using a prospective longitudinal cohort study design. Assessments completed at baseline, 6-months, 12-months, 18-months, 3.5 years, and 6.8 years after injury. Dependent variables included authoritative, permissive, and authoritarian parenting. RESULTS: Injury characteristics had limited impact on parenting behaviors over time...
September 20, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Elaine Biddiss, Tara Joy Knibbe, Darcy Fehlings, Patricia McKeever, Amy McPherson
PURPOSE: To investigate the value of shared opportunities for positive distraction in pediatric healthcare environments. METHODS: Self-selected activities of 271 young people (5-19 years) with diverse neurodevelopmental conditions were observed in an ambulatory pediatric rehabilitation clinic. Shared opportunities included hands-free media (nature video or interactive media) and an aquarium. Anxiety was self-reported on the State Trait Anxiety Scale upon arrival and after 10 minutes in the waiting space...
September 20, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Philip R Richard, George H Noell
Video-Based Interventions (VBIs) are those that make use of pre-recorded video footage to assist in the acquisition of a variety of skills and behaviours. This study examined one type of VBI, video prompting, and its effectiveness when combined with backward chaining. Prior research suggests that both VBIs and backward chaining are effective intervention methods for skill acquisition. Using a single-subject multiple baseline design, this experiment expands the current literature by thoroughlyexamining backward chaining and a VBI for the acquisition of the shoe-tying behavior in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder...
September 13, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Wendy Aertssen, Ellen Smulders, Bouwien Smits-Engelsman, Eugene Rameckers
PURPOSE:  No instrument exists that measures functional strength in both lower and upper extremities in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Therefore, the functional strength measurement (FSM) was tested for feasibility, test-retest reliability and validity in CP. METHODS:  Thirty-seven children with CP (aged 4-10 years, Gross Motor Function Classification System I and II) participated. The most common compensations for CP were described; new item descriptions were standardized, and one item was removed...
September 12, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Yawen Yu, Richard T Lauer, Carole A Tucker, Elizabeth D Thompson, Emily A Keshner
The current study aimed to explore the impact of visual dependence on sensorimotor coupling of postural sway and visual motion in adults and teens with spastic cerebral palsy (CP). We hypothesized that individuals with CP would exhibit greater magnitudes of sway than healthy individuals, and the presence of visual dependence (VD) would produce instability in the direction of visual motion. Participants stood in a virtual environment in which the visual scene remained static or continuously rotated 30 degree/second in pitch-up or pitch-down...
November 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
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