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Developmental Neurorehabilitation

Jane Elizabeth Sajan, Judy Ann John, Pearlin Grace, Sneha Sara Sabu, George Tharion
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of interactive video gaming (IVG) with Nintendo Wii (Wii) supplemented to conventional therapy in rehabilitation of children with cerebral palsy (CP). DESIGN: Randomized, controlled, assessor-blinded study. PARTICIPANTS: Children with CP; 10 children each in the control and intervention groups. INTERVENTION: IVG using Wii, given as a supplement to conventional therapy, for 45 min per day, 6 days a week for 3 weeks...
November 15, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Estelle Yvon, Delphine Lamotte, Anne Tiberghien, Ingrid Godard, Alain Mardaye, Anne Laurent-Vannier, Maria De Agostini, Mathilde Chevignard
OBJECTIVE: To study the long-term outcomes following childhood ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke. METHODS: This was a retrospective study, looking at children consecutively admitted to a rehabilitation department following childhood stroke. We collected demographic, medical, and severity data, motor deficit, cognitive assessment, and long-term academic outcome. RESULTS: One hundred and twenty-eight children were included, following arterial ischemic (AIS; n = 46) or hemorrhagic (HS; n = 82) stroke...
November 14, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Matteo Paci, Giuditta Mini, Mariangela Marchettini, Francesco Ferrarello
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to verify if the amount of experience or the specific professional field of the raters may influence inter-rater reliability of the Salford Gait Tool (SF-GT). METHODS: Standardized videos of gait of seven children with cerebral palsy were recorded and assessed by three physiotherapists with experience in pediatrics (PPTs), three physiotherapists with experience with adult individuals (n-PPTs), and three students of physiotherapy...
November 7, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Gary M Bedell, Shari L Wade, Lyn S Turkstra, Juliet Haarbauer-Krupa, Jessica A King
OBJECTIVE: To examine perspectives of multiple stakeholders to inform the design of an app-based coaching intervention to promote social participation in teenagers with traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: Teenagers and college students with and without TBI and parents of teenagers with TBI were recruited from two children's hospitals and two universities in the USA (n = 39). Data were collected via interviews, focus groups, and surveys and examined using descriptive statistics and content analyses...
October 28, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
David M Richman, Laura Grubb, Samuel Thompson
OBJECTIVE: Strategic Incremental Rehearsal (SIR) is an effective method for teaching sight-word acquisition, but has neither been evaluated for use in adults with an intellectual disability, nor directly compared to the ongoing instruction in the natural environment. METHODS: Experimental analysis of sight word acquisition via an alternating treatment design was conducted with a 23-year-old woman with Down syndrome. SIR was compared to the current reading instruction (CRI) in a classroom for young adults with intellectual disabilities...
October 28, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Nancy M Daraiseh, Lauren A Summerville, Li Lin, DaVona Tucker, Adam K Hill, Katherine Salisbury, Michael A Lind
PURPOSE: Hospitalized patients with a developmental or intellectual disability and a psychiatric disorder (dual-diagnosis) often pose a risk to themselves or others leading to high injury rates for their providers. Therefore, evidence-based strategies to reduce employee injuries resulting from interactions are necessary. METHODS: To reduce injuries resulting from interactions with dual-diagnosis patients, the Initial Behavioural Assessment (IBA) and Protective Equipment Decision Key (PEDK) were used in inpatient neuropsychiatry...
October 28, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Katherine C Hustad, Kristen M Allison, Ashley Sakash, Emily McFadd, Aimee Teo Broman, Paul J Rathouz
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether communication at 2 years predicted communication at 4 years in children with cerebral palsy (CP); and whether the age a child first produces words imitatively predicts change in speech production. METHOD: 30 children (15 males) with CP participated and were seen 5 times at 6-month intervals between 24 and 53 months (mean age at time 1 = 26.9 months (SD 1.9)). Variables were communication classification at 24 and 53 months, age that children were first able to produce words imitatively, single-word intelligibility, and longest utterance produced...
October 28, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Marilyn Cohen-Holzer, Gilad Sorek, Julie Kerem, Michal Katz-Leurer
OBJECTIVE: To assess change in perceived hand-use experience following a combined bimanual with constraint intervention and to examine its relationship regarding objective hand-function among children with unilateral cerebral palsy (UCP). METHODS: Twenty-six children with UCP received 6 hours of combined intervention daily for 10 days. The Children's Hand-use Experience Questionnaire (CHEQ), Assisting Hand Assessment (AHA), and the Jebsen-Taylor Test of Hand Function (JTTHF) assessed independence and experience, bimanual and unimanual function at baseline and 3-months post-intervention...
October 14, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Matthew T Brodhead, Mandy J Rispoli
A primary effort of preference assessment research has been to develop strategies to identify potential reinforcers for educational, social, and behavioral programming for individuals with disabilities, including children with autism. However, little attention has been paid to the identification of preferred stimuli children with autism may not have previous experience with. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the extent to which a video-based preference assessment may accurately identify preference for novel stimuli...
October 14, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Tomomi McAuliffe, Sharmila Vaz, Torbjörn Falkmer, Reinie Cordier
PURPOSE: To explore whether family routines, service usage, and stress levels in families of children with autism spectrum disorder differ as a function of regionality. METHODS: Secondary analysis of data was undertaken from 535 surveys. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to investigate differences between families living in densely populated (DP) areas and less densely populated (LDP) areas. RESULTS: Families living in LDP areas were found to: (1) have reduced employment hours (a two-parent household: Exp (B) = 3...
October 14, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Jan J W van der Burg, Jody Sohier, Peter H Jongerius
In this case series (n = 10) with a non-concurrent multiple baseline design, a self-management program was shown to be effective during inpatient training in eight participants with oral-motor problems and normal intelligence or mild intellectual disabilities. They were taught to perform a self-management routine and to remain dry for increasing time intervals. In addition, the program provided differential (self-) reinforcement of swallowing, controlling and wiping behavior, explicit formulation of motivational factors, instruction and feedback for parents and teachers, and continued practice after discharge...
October 7, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Simone Gazzellini, Antonio Napolitano, Graziella Bauleo, Eleonora Bisozzi, Maria Luisa Lispi, Eleonora Ardu, Enrico Castelli, Francesco Benso
PURPOSE: The literature on patients with attention deficit reports peculiar reaction time (RT) oscillation at very low frequencies (VLFO=0.06-0.2 Hz). The data were explained as default mode network (DMN) intrusion in goal-oriented activity. The present study investigates whether a pattern of recurrent lapses in attention can be detected in TBI patients and whether VLFO can be generalized to the sustained attention deficit, regardless of etiology. METHODS: Groups of pediatric TBIs and healthy controls performed four attentional tasks...
September 14, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Rajib Lodh, Poppy Siddell, Jonathan Jones, Matthew C H J Morrall
INTRODUCTION: The majority of severely injured children in England have a significant head injury and will be seen in Major Trauma Centers (MTCs). The period following brain injury represents an opportunity to influence recovery of neurological function. The study sought to determine whether children who had sustained a head injury were referred for neurorehabilitation. METHOD: The study was conducted over one year at one center. Children sustaining a moderate or severe head injury were identified and compared to those referred for neurorehabilitation...
September 2, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Valeska Gatica-Rojas, Ricardo Cartes-Velásquez, Guillermo Méndez-Rebolledo, Eduardo Guzman-Muñoz, L Eduardo Cofré Lizama
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to evaluate the effects of a Nintendo Wii Balance Board (NWBB) intervention on ankle spasticity and static standing balance in young people with spastic cerebral palsy (SCP). METHODS: Ten children and adolescents (aged 72-204 months) with SCP participated in an exercise program with NWBB. The intervention lasted 6 weeks, 3 sessions per week, 25 minutes for each session. Ankle spasticity was assessed using the Modified Modified Ashworth Scale (MMAS), and static standing balance was quantified using posturographic measures (center-of-pressure [CoP] measures)...
August 18, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Tamara Germani, Lonnie Zwaigenbaum, Joyce Magill-Evans, Sandy Hodgetts, Geoff Ball
OBJECTIVE: To determine (a) the essential components of social participation for preschool children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) using stakeholders' perspectives and (b) the facilitators and barriers experienced in promoting social participation. METHODS: A mixed-methods, web-based survey utilizing the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health - Child and Youth version (ICF-CY) taxonomy was circulated across Canada through purposeful snowball sampling...
August 18, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Maria Borgestig, Patrik Rytterström, Helena Hemmingsson
OBJECTIVE: To describe and explore parents' experiences when their children with severe physical impairments receive gaze-based assistive technology (gaze-based assistive technology (AT)) for use in daily life. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted twice, with one year in between, with parents of eight children with cerebral palsy that used gaze-based AT in their daily activities. To understand the parents' experiences, hermeneutical interpretations were used during data analysis...
August 18, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Nicole Neil, Emily A Jones
OBJECTIVE: A systematic review was conducted to identify effective intervention strategies for communication in individuals with Down syndrome. METHODS: We updated and extended previous reviews by examining: (1) participant characteristics; (2) study characteristics; (3) characteristics of effective interventions (e.g., strategies and intensity); (4) whether interventions are tailored to the Down syndrome behavior phenotype; and (5) the effectiveness (i.e., percentage nonoverlapping data and Cohen's d) of interventions...
August 18, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Ronit Aviram, Netta Harries, Ibtisam Namourah, Akram Amro, Simona Bar-Haim
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether goal-directed group circuit progressive resistance exercise training (GT) can improve motor function in adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP) and to compare outcomes with a treadmill training (TT) intervention. METHODS: In a multi-centered matched pairs study, 95 adolescents with spastic CP (GMFCS II-III) were allocated to GT or TT interventions for 30 bi-weekly one hour training. Outcome measures of GMFM-66, GMFM-D%, GMFM-E%, TUG, 10 meter walk test (10 MWT), and 6 minute walk test (6 MWT) were made at baseline (T1), after interventions (T2) and 6 months post training (T3)...
August 18, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Haruhiko Sato, Mika Kondo, Itaru Ojima, Hiroaki Fukasawa, Shigeru Higuchi
PURPOSE: To assess reliability and validity of a trunk deformity evaluation method expressed as rotational and lateral lean angles between the upper and the lower trunk and between the lower trunk and the pelvis using 3D positions of six front body surface landmarks. METHODS: Inter- and intra-rater reliabilities of the proposed method in adults with typical development (n = 22) were assessed, and its validity was also assessed through correlations between the Cobb angle and the analyzed trunk deformity parameters in adults with severe physical disabilities (n = 22)...
August 12, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Marie-Michèle Dufour, Marc J Lanovaz
PURPOSE: The purpose of our study was to compare the effects of serial and concurrent training on the generalization of receptive identification in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). METHODS: We taught one to three pairs of stimulus sets to nine children with ASD between the ages of three and six. One stimulus set within each pair was taught using concurrent training and the other using serial training. We alternated the training sessions within a multielement design and staggered the introduction of subsequent pairs for each participant as in a multiple baseline design...
August 11, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
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