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Developmental Neurorehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816582/effects-of-a-conductive-education-course-in-young-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Hilde Tinderholt Myrhaug, Jan Odgaard-Jensen, Sigrid Østensjø, Nina Køpke Vøllestad, Reidun Jahnsen
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of a conductive education (CE) course followed by conventional practice, on gross motor function, other functional skills, quality of life, and parents' experiences of family-centered services in young children with cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: Twenty-one children with CP, 3-6 years old, were randomized to one 3-week CE course followed by conventional practice or conventional practice on a waiting list. Outcomes were measured 4 months after baseline...
August 17, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816566/five-year-motor-functional-outcome-in-children-with-acquired-brain-injury-yet-to-the-end-of-the-story
#2
Elena Beretta, Erika Molteni, Sara Galbiati, Giuseppe Stefanoni, Sandra Strazzer
PURPOSE: The description of motor changes and clinical evolution of a pediatric cohort with acquired brain injury (ABI) over 5 years by the functional independence measure for children (WeeFIM). METHODS: We analyzed retrospective data from 496 patients (aged 0-18 years) with severe ABI admitted for rehabilitation. WeeFIM scores and disability rating scale (reference scale) were collected at admission, discharge and yearly, up to year 5. RESULTS: Functional limitations gradually reduced after ABI, but children still had residual disabilities at the endpoint...
August 17, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816558/effect-of-feedback-from-a-socially-interactive-humanoid-robot-on-reaching-kinematics-in-children-with-and-without-cerebral-palsy-a-pilot-study
#3
Yuping Chen, Sergio Garcia-Vergara, Ayanna M Howard
PURPOSE: To examine whether children with or without cerebral palsy (CP) would follow a humanoid robot's (i.e., Darwin) feedback to move their arm faster when playing virtual reality (VR) games. METHODS: Seven children with mild CP and 10 able-bodied children participated. Real-time reaching was evaluated by playing the Super Pop VR(TM) system, including 2-game baseline, 3-game acquisition, and another 2-game extinction. During acquisition, Darwin provided verbal feedback to direct the child to reach a kinematically defined target goal (i...
August 17, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762860/intensive-strength-and-balance-training-with-the-kinect-console-xbox-360-in-a-patient-with-cmt1a
#4
Emanuela Pagliano, Maria Foscan, Alessia Marchi, Alice Corlatti, Giorgia Aprile, Daria Riva
BACKGROUND: Effective drugs for type 1A Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT1A) disease are not available. Various forms of moderate exercise are beneficial, but few data are available on the effectiveness of exercise in CMT1A children. AIM: To investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of exercises to improve ankle strength and limb function in a child with CMT1A. SETTING: Outpatient clinic. POPULATION: Nine-year-old boy with CMT1A...
August 1, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762859/social-participation-and-navigation-span-description-and-usability-of-app-based-coaching-intervention-for-adolescents-with-tbi
#5
Megan E Narad, Gary Bedell, Jessica A King, Jeremy Johnson, Lyn S Turkstra, Julie Haarbauer-Krupa, Shari L Wade
BACKGROUND: Adolescents with brain injury (BI) often experience impairment in participation, which is an important predictor of outcomes. OBJECTIVE: Describe the Social Participation and Navigation (SPAN) program, and report participant feedback and preliminary outcomes. METHOD: Four adolescents and four coaches participated. SPAN included a mobile app, online didactic information, and peer coaching. Adolescents met weekly with coaches via video-conference, developed participation goals, and plans to achieve goals...
August 1, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727477/national-survey-describing-and-quantifying-students-with-communication-needs
#6
Natalie R Andzik, John M Schaefer, Robert T Nichols, Yun-Ching Chung
PURPOSE: Research literature has yet to quantify and describe how students with complex communication needs are supported in the classroom and how special educators are being prepared to offer support. This study sought out special educators to complete a survey about their students with complex communication needs. METHOD: Over 4,000 teachers representing 50 states reported on the communicative and behavioral characteristics of 15,643 students. Teachers described the training they have received and instructional approaches they used...
July 20, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692408/preliminary-findings-of-altered-functional-connectivity-of-the-default-mode-network-linked-to-functional-outcomes-one-year-after-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury
#7
Jaclyn A Stephens, Cynthia F Salorio, Anita D Barber, Sarah R Risen, Stewart H Mostofsky, Stacy J Suskauer
PURPOSE AND METHOD: This study examined functional connectivity of the default mode network (DMN) and examined brain-behavior relationships in a pilot cohort of children with chronic mild to moderate traumatic brain injury (TBI). RESULTS: Compared to uninjured peers, children with TBI demonstrated less anti-correlated functional connectivity between DMN and right Brodmann Area 40 (BA 40). In children with TBI, more anomalous less anti-correlated) connectivity between DMN and right BA 40 was linked to poorer performance on response inhibition tasks...
July 10, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692352/responsiveness-and-discriminant-validity-of-the-child-and-adolescent-scale-of-participation-across-three-years-for-children-and-youth-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#8
Anat Golos, Gary Bedell
PURPOSE: To examine responsiveness and discriminant validity of the Child and Adolescent Scale of Participation (CASP) across three years. METHODS: Examined longitudinal data on 515 children and youth with TBI and arm injuries. Repeated measures analyses of variance were used to examine CASP scores (pre-injury; 3, 12, 24, 36 months post-injury). RESULTS: Scores decreased from pre-injury to 3 months, but significantly only for moderate and severe TBI groups...
July 10, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692332/correspondence-between-the-results-of-functional-analyses-and-brief-functional-analyses
#9
Colin S Muething, Nathan A Call, Joanna Lomas Mevers, Amanda N Zangrillo, Seth B Clark, Andrea R Reavis
PURPOSE: This study sought to examine the correspondence between brief functional analyses and more thorough functional analyses as described in the model of functional assessment proposed by Vollmer et al.(1) Methods: A panel of trained clinicians indicated the presence/absence of specific functions of problem behavior based on graphic results from brief functional analyses and functional analyses conducted with 19 participants. These conclusions were compared across assessments. RESULTS: The functions identified by the panel based on results of brief functional analyses had low correspondence with those of the more thorough functional analysis conducted with the same participants...
July 10, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692325/reliability-of-the-gross-motor-function-classification-system-and-the-manual-ability-classification-system-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-in-tanzania
#10
Daniele Piscitelli, Stefano Vercelli, Roberto Meroni, Giulia Zagnoni, Leonardo Pellicciari
OBJECTIVES: Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) and Manual Ability Classification System (MACS) are broadly studied in high-income countries, but data concerning their functioning are lacking in developing countries. Therefore, we analyzed their reliability and sensitivity to change in children with cerebral palsy in Tanzania. METHODS: GMFCS and MACS are two ordinal grading systems used to assess motor functions while observing children's performances...
July 10, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613085/determining-if-wearable-sensors-affect-infant-leg-movement-frequency
#11
Crystal Jiang, Christianne J Lane, Emily Perkins, Derek Schiesel, Beth A Smith
PURPOSE: There is interest in using wearable sensors to measure infant leg movement patterns; however, they were not developed for infant use and their presence may adversely affect infant movement production. Their weight may discourage leg movement production, or their presence may annoy an infant and encourage higher rates of leg movement production. Our purpose was to determine whether wearable sensors affected the frequency of infant leg movements produced. METHOD: We included 10 infants with typical development and 10 infants at risk of developmental delay, between 2 and 10 months' chronological age...
June 14, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604242/duru%C3%A3-z-hand-index-is-it-valid-and-reliable-in-children-with-unilateral-cerebral-palsy
#12
Canan Sanal-Top, Evrim Karadag-Saygi, Rekib Saçaklıdır, Mehmet Tuncay Duruöz
PURPOSE: To investigate the validity and reliability of the Duruöz Hand Index (DHI) in patients with unilateral cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: Assessments of patients (n = 23) were performed using the Modified Ashworth Scale (MAS), the Manual Ability Classification System (MACS), the grip and pinch strength tests, and DHI. Following the data collection, retest of DHI was administered telephonically within a 2-week period. RESULTS: Test-retest reliability and internal consistency of DHI were found to be excellent with a Cronbach's alpha value of 0...
June 12, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598245/factors-associated-with-stress-in-families-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#13
Angela Sim, Sharmila Vaz, Reinie Cordier, Annette Joosten, Dave Parsons, Cally Smith, Torbjörn Falkmer
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify key factors associated with severe stress in families raising a child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS: Questionnaires were mailed to families with one or more children with a diagnosis of ASD. Data from 543 surveys were analyzed using univariate and multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS: Forty-four percent (n = 241) of the caregivers reported severe family stress related to raising a child with ASD...
June 9, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594254/predictive-factors-of-success-in-neurofeedback-training-for-children-with-adhd
#14
Yasuko Okumura, Yosuke Kita, Mikimasa Omori, Kota Suzuki, Akira Yasumura, Ayako Fukuda, Masumi Inagaki
INTRODUCTION: Neurofeedback (NF) training aims the enhancement of self-regulation over brain activities. While it is largely recognized as an effective treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), the existence of non-learners has also been reported. The present study explored pre-training assessment indices that could predict learners prior to NF training. METHODS: Twenty-two children with ADHD participated in slow cortical potential (SCP) NF training and completed pre- and post-training assessments...
June 8, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594253/neuropsychological-functioning-following-cardiac-transplant-in-danon-disease
#15
David Salisbury, Katherine Meredith
PURPOSE: To present a unique case involving a 31-year-old male with Danon disease (diagnosed at 14) who received cardiac transplant and subsequent cardiac re-transplant. RESEARCH DESIGN: Brief report/case study. METHODS: Serial neuropsychological assessment across a 23-year span along with a review of school records and prior psychoeducational assessment. RESULTS: A consistent pattern of higher level cognitive impairment from childhood through adulthood was found...
June 8, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632467/effects-of-a-single-session-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-on-upper-limb-movements-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-randomized-sham-controlled-study
#16
Renata Calhes Franco Moura, Cibele Santos, Luanda Collange Grecco, Giorgio Albertini, Veronica Cimolin, Manuela Galli, Claudia Oliveira
INTRODUCTION: Motor impairment in children with spastic hemiparetic cerebral palsy (CP) is generally more prominent in the affected upper limb, leading to limitations in hand function stemming from deficiencies in motor coordination and selective motor control as well as muscle weakness, slower execution of movements and deficient integration of sensory-motor information. OBJECTIVE: Determine the effect of a single session of anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) combined with functional training on the spatiotemporal variables of upper arm movements in children with spastic hemiparesis...
August 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632463/the-effects-of-dosage-time-and-frequency-on-motor-outcomes-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#17
Steven Cope, Samantha Mohn-Johnsen
PURPOSE: Provide an updated review regarding treatment dosage for children with cerebral palsy (CP) by examining the variables of type, time, frequency, and intensity. METHODS: A systematic review was performed with 30 articles meeting the inclusion criteria. Two authors independently extracted data including information about risk of bias. Ten articles were included in the review. RESULTS: Eight studies manipulated time, two studies manipulated frequency, and three studies manipulated both variables...
August 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152322/a-qualitative-evaluation-of-an-aerobic-exercise-program-for-young-people-with-cerebral-palsy-in-specialist-schools
#18
Stacey L Cleary, Nicholas F Taylor, Karen J Dodd, Nora Shields
PURPOSE: To explore the perceived effects of an aerobic exercise program delivered in specialist schools for young people with cerebral palsy with high support needs. METHODS: In-depth interviews were completed with 8 students with cerebral palsy, 10 parents, 8 teachers and 7 physiotherapists. Interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim and independently coded by two researchers. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis. RESULTS: Two themes emerged: one about program impact and the second about influential design features...
August 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045554/an-aerobic-exercise-program-for-young-people-with-cerebral-palsy-in-specialist-schools-a-phase-i-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Stacey L Cleary, Nicholas F Taylor, Karen J Dodd, Nora Shields
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety, adherence, and estimates of effect of an aerobic exercise program in specialist schools for young people with cerebral palsy. METHODS: Nineteen students with cerebral palsy were randomly allocated to an intervention group who completed an aerobic exercise program (27 sessions over nine weeks) or a control group who completed social/art activities over the same time. RESULTS: There were no serious adverse events and the exercise program was completed with high rates of attendance (77%) and adherence to target heart rate zones (79%)...
August 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846366/wii-based-interactive-video-games-as-a-supplement-to-conventional-therapy-for-rehabilitation-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Jane Elizabeth Sajan, Judy Ann John, Pearlin Grace, Sneha Sara Sabu, George Tharion
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of interactive video gaming (IVG) with Nintendo Wii (Wii) supplemented to conventional therapy in rehabilitation of children with cerebral palsy (CP). DESIGN: Randomized, controlled, assessor-blinded study. PARTICIPANTS: Children with CP; 10 children each in the control and intervention groups. INTERVENTION: IVG using Wii, given as a supplement to conventional therapy, for 45 min per day, 6 days a week for 3 weeks...
August 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
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