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Developmental Neurorehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787338/learning-to-cope-with-mirror-movements-in-unilateral-spastic-cerebral-palsy-a-brief-report
#1
Caroline Adler, Melanie Hessenauer, Johanna Lipp, Silke Kunze, Carina Geigenberger, Andrea Hörning, Martina Schaudeck, Steffen Berweck, Martin Staudt
PURPOSE: Mirror movements (MM) in unilateral spastic cerebral palsy (USCP) interfere with many bimanual activities of daily living. METHODS: Here, we developed a specific bimanual therapeutic regimen, focusing on asymmetric simultaneous movements of the two hands. Twelve children (6-17 years old; complete data available in ten children) with USCP and MM were included. RESULTS: After three weeks of inpatient rehabilitation, we observed significant improvements for two self-defined bimanual goal activities (Goal Attainment Scaling, Canadian Occupational Performance Measure) and for bimanual performance in general (Assisting Hand Assessment)...
May 22, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787329/sensitivity-to-change-and-responsiveness-of-the-segmental-assessment-of-trunk-control-satco-in-children-with-spinal-cord-injury
#2
Laura C Argetsinger, Shelley A Trimble, MacKenzie T Roberts, Jennifer E Thompson, Beatrice Ugiliweneza, Andrea L Behrman
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the sensitivity and responsiveness of the Segmental Assessment of Trunk Control (SATCo) for evaluating trunk control in children with spinal cord injury (SCI) receiving activity-based locomotor training (AB-LT). METHODS: Prospective study of nine outcomes for consecutively enrolled children in outpatient AB-LT. To evaluate sensitivity to change, linear-mixed models were constructed and adjusted for covariates: age at and time since SCI...
May 22, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781743/a-treatment-comparison-study-of-a-photo-activity-schedule-and-social-stories-for-teaching-social-skills-to-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-brief-report
#3
Sabrina D Daneshvar, Marjorie H Charlop, Debra Berry Malmberg
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of two procedures, a photo activity schedule intervention and Social Stories, to teach social skills to four children diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). METHODS: An adapted alternating treatments design with an additional multiple baseline control was used, and two social skills were targeted for each of the four participants, one under each intervention condition. RESULTS: Results indicated that all four participants learned the target social behaviours with the photo activity schedule intervention, but did not learn target social behaviours with Social Stories...
May 21, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771624/virtual-reality-training-to-enhance-behavior-and-cognitive-function-among-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-brief-report
#4
Shirley Shema-Shiratzky, Marina Brozgol, Pablo Cornejo-Thumm, Karen Geva-Dayan, Michael Rotstein, Yael Leitner, Jeffrey M Hausdorff, Anat Mirelman
PURPOSE: To examine the feasibility and efficacy of a combined motor-cognitive training using virtual reality to enhance behavior, cognitive function and dual-tasking in children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). METHODS: Fourteen non-medicated school-aged children with ADHD, received 18 training sessions during 6 weeks. Training included walking on a treadmill while negotiating virtual obstacles. Behavioral symptoms, cognition and gait were tested before and after the training and at 6-weeks follow-up...
May 17, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746800/determinants-of-playfulness-of-young-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#5
Lisa A Chiarello, Doreen J Bartlett, Robert J Palisano, Sarah Westcott McCoy, Lynn Jeffries, Alyssa LaForme Fiss, Piotr Wilk
PURPOSE: To identify child, family, and service determinants of playfulness of young children with cerebral palsy. METHODS: Participants were 429 children, 18-60 months. Children were divided into two groups, Gross Motor Function Classification System levels I-II and III-V. Therapists collected data on body functions and gross motor function; parents provided information about children's health conditions and adaptive behavior, family life, and services. One year after the beginning of the study, therapists assessed children's playfulness...
May 10, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658831/short-burst-interval-treadmill-training-walking-capacity-and-performance-in-cerebral-palsy-a-pilot-study
#6
Kristie F Bjornson, Noelle Moreau, Amy Winter Bodkin
PURPOSE: To examine the effect of short-burst interval locomotor treadmill training (SBLTT) on walking capacity and performance in cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: Twelve children with spastic diplegic CP (average 8.6 years) across Gross Motor Function Classification System levels II (8) and III (4) were randomized to 20 SBLTT sessions over 4 or 10 weeks. SBLTT consisted of alternating 30 seconds of slow and fast walking for 30 minutes/session. Outcomes included the 10 m walk test, one-minute walk test (1MWT), and timed-up-and go (TUG) (capacity) and StepWatch (performance) collected at baseline, post, and 6 weeks post...
April 16, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658801/the-effects-of-tandem-skiing-on-posture-and-heart-rate-in-children-with-profound-intellectual-and-multiple-disabilities
#7
F Degache, A Bonjour, D Michaud, L Mondada, C J Newman
PURPOSE: The objective of study was to determine the effect of tandem ski (TS) activity on postural control and cardiac activity in children with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities (PIMDs). METHOD: Twenty children with PIMD and 20 age-matched controls (typically developed (TD) children) participated. Body segment movements were measured with inertial sensors (Physilog®) placed on the head, C7, trunk (including ECG) and pelvis with a seat reference...
April 16, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652216/psychophysiological-measures-of-stress-in-caregivers-of-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-review
#8
Ciara Padden, Carolina Concialdi-McGlynn, Sinead Lydon
PURPOSE: Parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often self-report heightened levels of stress and physical health problems. This paper reviewed studies assessing physiological measures of stress among parents of children with ASD. METHODS: Systematic database searches identified 15 studies meeting inclusion criteria. Studies were reviewed to determine: (a) control group characteristics; (b) caregiver and care recipient characteristics; (c) setting; (d) physiological measures employed; (e) physiological outcomes; and (f) stressor type...
April 13, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652209/neurological-outcome-in-children-and-youth-with-acquired-brain-injury-2-year-post-injury
#9
Suzanne A M Lambregts, Frederike Van Markus-Doornbosch, Coriene E Catsman-Berrevoets, Monique A M Berger, Arend J De Kloet, Sander R Hilberink, Marij E Roebroeck
OBJECTIVE: To determine neurological outcome in children and youth with acquired brain injury (ABI) and explore associated factors. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study, two-years post-injury. PATIENTS: Hospital-based sample (n=112) aged 6-22 years. METHODS: Neurological outcome and participation were assessed with a multidimensional neurological examination and the Child and Adolescent Scale of Participation. Logistic regression analyses were used to explore the relationships...
April 13, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652207/a-consecutive-case-series-analysis-of-a-behavioral-intervention-for-enuresis-in-children-with-developmental-disabilities
#10
Joanna Lomas Mevers, Colin Muething, Nathan A Call, Mindy Scheithauer, Shannon Hewett
Children with developmental disabilities (DD) are more likely than typically developing peers to have issues with enuresis. Past research has shown the success of behavioral treatments consisting of scheduled sits and reinforcement for continent voids. However, this research has included small sample sizes, while studies with larger numbers have lacked key information (i.e., baseline rates and follow-up data to evaluate maintenance and generalization). The current study conducted a consecutive case series analysis of 44 individuals with developmental disabilities who completed a 2-week program for enuresis...
April 13, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652201/trunk-control-and-functionality-in-children-with-spastic-cerebral-palsy
#11
Gulce Kallem Seyyar, Bahar Aras, Ozgen Aras
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between trunk control in sitting and functionality in children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: Fifty-eight children with spastic CP were included in the study. Functional abilities were evaluated with the Gross Motor Function Measurement-88 (GMFM-88) and the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory Functional Skills domain (PEDI-FSD). Trunk control in sitting was tested with the Trunk Control Measurement Scale (TCMS) and the Trunk Impairment Scale (TIS)...
April 13, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648488/the-long-term-effects-of-conductive-education-courses-in-young-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Hilde Tinderholt Myrhaug, Jan Odgaard-Jensen, Reidun Jahnsen
PURPOSE: To assess the additional long-term effects of multiple conductive education (CE) courses followed by conventional practice on functional skills and quality of life in children with cerebral palsy (CP) compared to a 4-month CE-course delay including conventional practice. METHODS: Twenty-one children with CP, 3-6 years and varied functional levels, were randomized to 3-week CE course(s) followed by conventional practice or 4 months on a waiting list, including conventional practice and followed by CE-courses...
April 12, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648487/bdnf-expression-increases-without-changes-in-play-behavior-following-concussion-in-juvenile-rats-rattus-norvegicus-brief-report
#13
Allison C F Dyck, Tammy L Ivanco
PURPOSE: Young children have a high risk of concussion or mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Children often appear healthy soon after mTBI, but some have pervasive cognitive and/or motor impairments. Understanding underlying mechanisms recruited after concussion may help for return to play protocols and mitigating what might be lifelong impairments. METHODS: We investigated molecular and behavioral changes in a rat model of childhood concussion. Rats received an injury or sham procedure at an age approximately equivalent to the human period of early childhood...
April 12, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648486/physicians-attitudes-when-faced-with-life-threatening-events-in-children-with-severe-neurological-disabilities
#14
Benjy Wosinski, Christopher J Newman
PURPOSE: Children with severe neurological disabilities are at an increased risk of acute, life-threatening events. We assessed physicians' attitudes when making decisions in these situations. METHODS: We surveyed physicians in pediatric intensive care, neurology, and rehabilitation units in Swiss hospitals. The questionnaire explored participants' attitudes toward life-threatening situations in two scenarios: a child with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities (PIMD) and an infant with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) type I...
April 12, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29634386/physiological-self-regulation-and-mindfulness-in-children-with-a-diagnosis-of-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder
#15
Natasha Reid, Paul Harnett, Frances O'Callaghan, Doug Shelton, Melissa Wyllie, Sharon Dawe
OBJECTIVE: To explore the differences in baseline respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) between children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) and typically developing children (TDC) and to investigate whether children with FASD have the capacity to engage in a brief mindfulness exercise. METHODS: Participants were 14 children with FASD and 20 TDC. RSA was measured at baseline, during, and following a mindfulness exercise. A mindfulness compliance checklist was completed to ascertain if children could follow the task instructions...
April 10, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528280/a-whole-new-world-a-qualitative-investigation-of-parents-experiences-in-transitioning-their-preterm-child-with-cerebral-palsy-to-developmental-rehabilitation-services
#16
Marilyn Ballantyne, Stephanie Bernardo, Aubrey Sozer, Taryn Orava, Amy C McPherson, Paige Church, Darcy Fehlings
BACKGROUND: Parents' experiences transitioning their children from neonatal to developmental/rehabilitation services (DRS) are unknown. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive approach was used, including interviews with 18 parents (13 mothers and 5 fathers) of children born preterm and diagnosed with cerebral palsy (CP), located in a large urban center in Canada. Interview data underwent thematic analysis. RESULTS: Parents' experiences with transition to DRS were a whole new world with three key themes: Wanting to know what to expect, feeling supported in their transition, and getting there emotionally and physically...
March 12, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485349/parental-experiences-using-the-therapy-outcomes-by-you-toby-application-to-deliver-early-intervention-to-their-child-with-autism
#17
Jessica Rogerson, Marita Falkmer, Belinda Cuomo, Torbjorn Falkmer, Andrew J O Whitehouse, Joanna Granich, Sharmila Vaz
PURPOSE: As computer-based interventions become commonplace for parents of children with neurodevelopmental disorders, this study sought to understand the experience of using a parent-delivered supplementary early intervention therapy for children with autism spectrum disorder grounded in a variety of behavioral, sensory, developmental, and relationship-based approaches and delivered via a tablet device. METHODS: Parental experiences using the 'Therapy Outcomes by You' (TOBY) application were collected through semi-structured interviews with 17 parents...
February 27, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482472/a-magic-themed-upper-limb-intervention-for-children-with-unilateral-cerebral-palsy-the-perspectives-of-parents
#18
A Hines, A C Bundy, M Haertsch, M Wallen
AIM: To explore parent's perspective of their child's participation in a magic-themed intervention called Amazing Magic Club (AMC), and to further our understanding of motivated engagement and the impact of themed group-based interventions for children with unilateral cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: Twenty-nine parents of children with unilateral CP completed semi-structured interviews. The child participants (n = 28) attended one of three AMCs; average age of the children was 10y 6mo (SD 2y 2mo)...
February 26, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461904/an-investigation-of-the-association-between-seizures-autism-symptomology-and-developmental-functioning-in-young-children
#19
Claire O Burns, Johnny L Matson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to explore whether a history of seizures was associated with autism symptom severity and developmental functioning in young children. METHODS: Autism symptom severity and developmental functioning were compared between children with and without a history or seizures who either had atypical development or met criteria for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) based on review of records by a licensed clinical psychologist. RESULTS: Parents of children who met criteria for ASD reported lower levels of autism symptomology when the child had a history of seizures, while the opposite trend was found for children with atypical development...
April 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446700/an-interview-informed-synthesized-contingency-analysis-to-inform-the-treatment-of-challenging-behavior-in-a-young-child-with-autism
#20
Ciara Herman, Olive Healy, Sinéad Lydon
PURPOSE: Experimental Functional analysis (EFA) is considered the "gold standard" of behavioural assessment and its use is predictive of treatment success. However, EFA has a number of limitations including its lengthy nature, the high level of expertise required, and the reinforcement of challenging behaviour. This study aimed to further validate a novel interview-informed synthesised contingency analysis (IISCA). METHODS: An open-ended interview and brief direct observation informed an IISCA for a young boy with autism who engaged in challenging behaviour...
April 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
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