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Developmental Neurorehabilitation

Crystal Jiang, Christianne J Lane, Emily Perkins, Derek Schiesel, Beth A Smith
PURPOSE: There is interest in using wearable sensors to measure infant leg movement patterns; however, they were not developed for infant use and their presence may adversely affect infant movement production. Their weight may discourage leg movement production, or their presence may annoy an infant and encourage higher rates of leg movement production. Our purpose was to determine whether wearable sensors affected the frequency of infant leg movements produced. METHOD: We included 10 infants with typical development and 10 infants at risk of developmental delay, between 2 and 10 months' chronological age...
June 14, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Canan Sanal-Top, Evrim Karadag-Saygi, Rekib Saçaklıdır, Mehmet Tuncay Duruöz
PURPOSE: To investigate the validity and reliability of the Duruöz Hand Index (DHI) in patients with unilateral cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: Assessments of patients (n = 23) were performed using the Modified Ashworth Scale (MAS), the Manual Ability Classification System (MACS), the grip and pinch strength tests, and DHI. Following the data collection, retest of DHI was administered telephonically within a 2-week period. RESULTS: Test-retest reliability and internal consistency of DHI were found to be excellent with a Cronbach's alpha value of 0...
June 12, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Angela Sim, Sharmila Vaz, Reinie Cordier, Annette Joosten, Dave Parsons, Cally Smith, Torbjörn Falkmer
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify key factors associated with severe stress in families raising a child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS: Questionnaires were mailed to families with one or more children with a diagnosis of ASD. Data from 543 surveys were analyzed using univariate and multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS: Forty-four percent (n = 241) of the caregivers reported severe family stress related to raising a child with ASD...
June 9, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Yasuko Okumura, Yosuke Kita, Mikimasa Omori, Kota Suzuki, Akira Yasumura, Ayako Fukuda, Masumi Inagaki
INTRODUCTION: Neurofeedback (NF) training aims the enhancement of self-regulation over brain activities. While it is largely recognized as an effective treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), the existence of non-learners has also been reported. The present study explored pre-training assessment indices that could predict learners prior to NF training. METHODS: Twenty-two children with ADHD participated in slow cortical potential (SCP) NF training and completed pre- and post-training assessments...
June 8, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
David Salisbury, Katherine Meredith
PURPOSE: To present a unique case involving a 31-year-old male with Danon disease (diagnosed at 14) who received cardiac transplant and subsequent cardiac re-transplant. RESEARCH DESIGN: Brief report/case study. METHODS: Serial neuropsychological assessment across a 23-year span along with a review of school records and prior psychoeducational assessment. RESULTS: A consistent pattern of higher level cognitive impairment from childhood through adulthood was found...
June 8, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Plínio Luna de Albuquerque, Miriam Queiroz de Farias Guerra, Marília de Carvalho Lima, Sophie Helena Eickmann
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the concurrent validity of AIMS in relation to the gross motor subtest of the Bayley Scale III/GM in preterm infants. METHODS: A total of 159 gross motor development assessments were performed with the AIMS and Bayley-III/GM. Linear regression was used to assess the correlation between AIMS and Bayley-III/GM scores. The intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) and the Bland-Altman plot were used to analyze intra- and inter-rater reliability...
May 24, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Sathya Vadivelu, Sudhakar Vadivelu, Maureen Mealy, Smurti Patel, Libby Kosnik-Infinger, Daniel Becker
PURPOSE: Transverse myelitis (TM) is an acute inflammatory spinal cord injury. Asymptomatic Chiari I malformation (CMI) management is highly controversial, particularly when associated with a spinal syrinx. Here, we assess the occurrence of CMI in the pediatric TM population and management outcomes. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study based on 61 consecutively identified pediatric TM cases over an -8-year period. We reviewed demographic characteristics, radiographic findings, presenting symptoms, and long-term outcomes...
May 24, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Keith C Radley, Evan H Dart, James W Moore, John D K Lum, Jamie Pasqua
OBJECTIVE: The present study utilized lag schedules of reinforcement, in conjunction with training multiple exemplars and provision of prompts, to promote appropriate variability of social skills. METHODS: Participants included in three children between the ages of 5 and 7 with ASD. Participants attended a social skills training program twice per week for eight weeks. A multiple probe design across target social skills was used to assess the effects of intervention...
May 24, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Laura R Hartman, Amy C McPherson, Joanne Maxwell, Sally Lindsay
OBJECTIVE: To explore the utility of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health-Children and Youth Version (ICF-CY) for informing transition-related programs for youth with chronic conditions moving into adult healthcare settings, using an exemplar spina bifida program. METHODS: Semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with 53 participants (9 youth and 11 parents who participated in a spina bifida transition program, 12 young adults who did not, 12 clinicians, and 9 key informants involved in development/implementation)...
May 23, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Donna C Thomas, Patricia McCabe, Kirrie J Ballard, Geraldine Bricker-Katz
PURPOSE: To understand parents' perceptions of Rapid Syllable Transition (ReST) treatment and their experience of either telehealth or combined parent-clinician delivery of speech-language pathology. METHOD: Thematic analyses of semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 parents (5 telehealth, 5 parent-clinician) after their child completed 12 sessions of ReST treatment. RESULTS: Three themes were unique to telehealth: "telehealth was a million times easier," "technical problems weren't deal breakers," and "telehealth therapy has different boundaries...
May 23, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Peter B Marschik, Sanne Lemcke, Christa Einspieler, Dajie Zhang, Sven Bölte, Gillian S Townend, Marlene B Lauritsen
PURPOSES: Typically, early (pre-diagnostic) development in individuals later diagnosed with Rett syndrome (RTT) has been investigated retrospectively using parent reports, medical records and analysis of home videos. In recent years, prospective research designs have been increasingly applied to the investigation of early development in individuals with late phenotypical onset disorders, for example, autism spectrum disorder. METHODS: In this study, data collected by the Danish National Birth Cohort lent itself to prospective exploration of the early development of RTT, in particular early motor-, speech-language, and socio-communicative behaviors, mood, and sleep...
May 23, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Steve Berggren, Sue Fletcher-Watson, Nina Milenkovic, Peter B Marschik, Sven Bölte, Ulf Jonsson
PURPOSE: To assess the generalizability of findings from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating emotion recognition (ER) training for children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS: We present a systematic review and narrative synthesis of the determinants of external validity in RCTs on ER training. Generalizability of the findings across situations, populations, settings, treatment delivery, and intervention formats was considered...
April 10, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Brooke Ingersoll, Natalie Berger, Danielle Carlsen, Theresa Hamlin
There is a lack of effective social interventions for youths with ASD and co-morbid intellectual disability (ID). A previous single-case design study indicated that reciprocal imitation training (RIT) may improve social interaction and challenging behavior in this population. The current pilot study examined the feasibility of conducting an RCT to investigate the effectiveness of RIT for improving social functioning and challenging behaviors in 20 adolescents with ASD and severe ID in a residential program...
May 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Maya Matheis, Johnny L Matson, Claire O Burns, Xinrui Jiang, W Jason Peters, Michael Moore, Kaitlin A de Back, Jasper Estabillo
PURPOSE: The age of first concern (AOC) of parents of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) has substantial implications for early diagnosis and intervention. The current study sought to determine the average AOC, what types of first concerns are most common, and what factors predict earlier AOC in toddlers with ASD. METHODS: This study analyzed the predictive influence of the type of concern, symptom severity, medical diagnoses, and other independent variables on AOC among toddlers with ASD using multiple regressions...
May 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Teresa Mulhern, Sinéad Lydon, Olive Healy, Gerard Mollaghan, Devon Ramey, Mauro Leoni
OBJECTIVE: Deficits in vocal speech are common among those with developmental disabilities. This review examines interventions for teaching speech to individuals who presented as nonspeaking, or with low levels of vocalizations at baseline, and assesses evidence-based practice in this area. METHODS: Systematic searches identified 78 studies suitable for inclusion. These studies were evaluated in terms of (a) participants, (b) intervention, (c) intervention setting, (d) intervention agent, (e) treatment efficacy, (f) generalization and maintenance of treatment effects, and (g) research rigor...
May 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Deepa Jeevanantham, Doreen Bartlett
PURPOSE: Classifying children with heterogeneous health conditions is challenging. The purposes of this perspective are to explore the prevailing classifications in children with the three selected neurodisabilities using the underlying framework of ICF/ICF-CY, explore the utility of the identified classifications, and make recommendations aimed at improving classifications. METHODS: A literature search on six databases and Google was conducted. Articles published between the years 2000 and 2013 were included if they provided information on classification of cerebral palsy (CP), and/or developmental coordination disorder (DCD) and/or autism spectrum disorders (ASD)...
May 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Fabrizio Stasolla, Viviana Perilli, Rita Damiani, Vincenza Albano
OBJECTIVES: To extend the use of assistive technology (AT) for promoting a new adaptive response and to reduce hand mouthing, by three boys with fragile X syndrome. To monitor the effects of the intervention program on the positive mood. To carry out a three month follow-up phases. To conduct a social validation assessment involving 30 parents of children who presented multiple disabilities as raters. METHODS: The study was implemented according to an ABAB experimental design, where A represented baseline phases (technology available but inactive) and B represented intervention phases (the technology ensured 7 s of positive stimulation)...
May 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Craig W Strohmeier, Ashley Murphy, Julia T O'Connor
PURPOSE: Analog functional analysis (FA) represents the gold standard practice in the functional assessment of problem behavior. In some cases, modifications to typical FA test conditions are required to isolate the environmental variables that evoke and maintain problem behavior. The purpose of the current study was to describe the development of an individualized FA test condition that included combined establishing operations (EOs). METHODS: After an inconclusive standard FA, an individualized FA was conducted based on semi-structured descriptive assessment data collected by parents in the home setting...
May 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Juul Vera Alewijnse, Ellen M van Rooijen, Mick Kreulen, Mark Jc Smeulders, Siok Swan Tan
OBJECTIVE: Determine healthcare costs of upper-extremity surgical correction in children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP). METHOD: This cohort study included 39 children with spastic CP who had surgery for their upper extremity at a Dutch hospital. A retrospective cost analysis was performed including both hospital and rehabilitation costs. Hospital costs were determined using microcosting methodology. Rehabilitation costs were estimated using reference prices. RESULTS: Hospital costs averaged €6813 per child...
April 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Silvia L Pavão, Fernanda P S Silva, Stacey C Dusing, Nelci Adriana C F Rocha
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to list the tools used by rehabilitation professionals to test motor abilities in children with cerebral palsy (CP), to determine if these tools have psychometric properties specifically measured for CP, and to identify the main characteristics of these tools. METHOD: Web of Science, PEDro, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Direct, and SciELO databases were searched to identify the tools. PubMed/MEDLINE was then searched to identify the studies assessing those tools' psychometric properties...
April 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
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