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Developmental Neurorehabilitation

Stacey L Cleary, Nicholas F Taylor, Karen J Dodd, Nora Shields
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety, adherence, and estimates of effect of an aerobic exercise program in specialist schools for young people with cerebral palsy. METHODS: Nineteen students with cerebral palsy were randomly allocated to an intervention group who completed an aerobic exercise program (27 sessions over nine weeks) or a control group who completed social/art activities over the same time. RESULTS: There were no serious adverse events and the exercise program was completed with high rates of attendance (77%) and adherence to target heart rate zones (79%)...
January 3, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Derek John Curtis, Marjorie Woollacott, Jesper Bencke, Hanne Bloch Lauridsen, Sandy Saavedra, Thomas Bandholm, Stig Sonne-Holm
PURPOSE: To determine whether segmental training is more effective in improving gross motor function in children and young people with moderate-to-severe cerebral palsy than conventional physiotherapy. METHODS: Twenty-eight participants were randomized to a segmental training or control group. Outcomes were Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM), Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI), Segmental Assessment of Trunk Control (SATCo), and postural sway at baseline, at primary endpoint (6 months), and at follow-up (12 months)...
January 3, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Agata Krasny-Pacini, Leila Francillette, Hanna Toure, Dominique Brugel, Anne Laurent-Vannier, Philippe Meyer, Jonathan Evans, Mathilde Chevignard
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the long-term outcome in prospective memory (PM), seven years after childhood severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), in a prospective longitudinal cohort. PARTICIPANTS: 76 young individuals (aged 7-22 years): 39 patients with a severe accidental TBI included prospectively seven years earlier, aged 0-15 years at injury, and 37 controls individually matched on age, gender and parental education. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Three novel short PM tasks varying in the delay, motivation and context (ecological versus paper and pencil task)...
December 23, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Sinéad Lydon, Laura Moran, Olive Healy, Teresa Mulhern, Kerie Enright Young
PURPOSE: Stereotypy is pervasive among persons with autism and may impact negatively on social inclusion and learning. The implementation of resource-intensive behavioral interventions to decrease these behaviors has been questioned. Inhibitory stimulus control procedures (ISCPs) comprise a type of antecedent-based intervention that has been proposed as an effective treatment approach for stereotypy but has received limited research attention to date. METHOD: The current systematic review sought to examine and synthesize the literature reporting applications of ISCPs in the treatment of stereotypy among persons with autism...
December 23, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Joy Noelle Yumul, Audrey McKinlay
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the adult cognitive outcomes of one versus multiple childhood mTBI and to examine the potential predictors of the outcomes. METHODS: Review of neurosurgical files and hospital records, as well as community recruitment, yielded 169 participants, who were injured between ages 0-17 years and assessed between ages 18-30 years with at least five years post-injury. Each participant underwent a three-hour assessment. For data analysis, participants were grouped by type and number of injury...
December 7, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Audra Sterling, Steven F Warren
Children with Down syndrome (DS) and fragile X syndrome (FXS) struggle with language development. Parenting variables, such as responsiveness to children's communication attempts (Maternal Responsivity), and techniques used to support and teach appropriate behavior (Behavior Management) are known to have a significant impact on early child development. We examined these two aspects of parenting style via coded, videotaped parent-child interactions in two groups of participants matched on child age (2-5 years) and child expressive language level: mothers of children with DS and mothers of children with FXS...
December 7, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Jane Elizabeth Sajan, Judy Ann John, Pearlin Grace, Sneha Sara Sabu, George Tharion
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of interactive video gaming (IVG) with Nintendo Wii (Wii) supplemented to conventional therapy in rehabilitation of children with cerebral palsy (CP). DESIGN: Randomized, controlled, assessor-blinded study. PARTICIPANTS: Children with CP; 10 children each in the control and intervention groups. INTERVENTION: IVG using Wii, given as a supplement to conventional therapy, for 45 min per day, 6 days a week for 3 weeks...
November 15, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Estelle Yvon, Delphine Lamotte, Anne Tiberghien, Ingrid Godard, Alain Mardaye, Anne Laurent-Vannier, Maria De Agostini, Mathilde Chevignard
OBJECTIVE: To study the long-term outcomes following childhood ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke. METHODS: This was a retrospective study, looking at children consecutively admitted to a rehabilitation department following childhood stroke. We collected demographic, medical, and severity data, motor deficit, cognitive assessment, and long-term academic outcome. RESULTS: One hundred and twenty-eight children were included, following arterial ischemic (AIS; n = 46) or hemorrhagic (HS; n = 82) stroke...
November 14, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Matteo Paci, Giuditta Mini, Mariangela Marchettini, Francesco Ferrarello
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to verify if the amount of experience or the specific professional field of the raters may influence inter-rater reliability of the Salford Gait Tool (SF-GT). METHODS: Standardized videos of gait of seven children with cerebral palsy were recorded and assessed by three physiotherapists with experience in pediatrics (PPTs), three physiotherapists with experience with adult individuals (n-PPTs), and three students of physiotherapy...
November 7, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Gary M Bedell, Shari L Wade, Lyn S Turkstra, Juliet Haarbauer-Krupa, Jessica A King
OBJECTIVE: To examine perspectives of multiple stakeholders to inform the design of an app-based coaching intervention to promote social participation in teenagers with traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: Teenagers and college students with and without TBI and parents of teenagers with TBI were recruited from two children's hospitals and two universities in the USA (n = 39). Data were collected via interviews, focus groups, and surveys and examined using descriptive statistics and content analyses...
October 28, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
David M Richman, Laura Grubb, Samuel Thompson
OBJECTIVE: Strategic Incremental Rehearsal (SIR) is an effective method for teaching sight-word acquisition, but has neither been evaluated for use in adults with an intellectual disability, nor directly compared to the ongoing instruction in the natural environment. METHODS: Experimental analysis of sight word acquisition via an alternating treatment design was conducted with a 23-year-old woman with Down syndrome. SIR was compared to the current reading instruction (CRI) in a classroom for young adults with intellectual disabilities...
October 28, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Nancy M Daraiseh, Lauren A Summerville, Li Lin, DaVona Tucker, Adam K Hill, Katherine Salisbury, Michael A Lind
PURPOSE: Hospitalized patients with a developmental or intellectual disability and a psychiatric disorder (dual-diagnosis) often pose a risk to themselves or others leading to high injury rates for their providers. Therefore, evidence-based strategies to reduce employee injuries resulting from interactions are necessary. METHODS: To reduce injuries resulting from interactions with dual-diagnosis patients, the Initial Behavioural Assessment (IBA) and Protective Equipment Decision Key (PEDK) were used in inpatient neuropsychiatry...
October 28, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Katherine C Hustad, Kristen M Allison, Ashley Sakash, Emily McFadd, Aimee Teo Broman, Paul J Rathouz
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether communication at 2 years predicted communication at 4 years in children with cerebral palsy (CP); and whether the age a child first produces words imitatively predicts change in speech production. METHOD: 30 children (15 males) with CP participated and were seen 5 times at 6-month intervals between 24 and 53 months (mean age at time 1 = 26.9 months (SD 1.9)). Variables were communication classification at 24 and 53 months, age that children were first able to produce words imitatively, single-word intelligibility, and longest utterance produced...
October 28, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Gillian King, Michelle Servais, Tracy A Shepherd, Colleen Willoughby, Linda Bolack, Sheila Moodie, Patricia Baldwin, Deborah Strachan, Kerry Knickle, Madhu Pinto, Kathryn Parker, Nancy McNaughton
OBJECTIVE: To prepare for an RCT by examining the effects of an educational intervention on the listening skills of pediatric rehabilitation clinicians, piloting study procedures, and investigating participants' learning experiences. METHODS: Six experienced clinicians received the intervention, consisting of video simulations and solution-focused coaching regarding personal listening goals. Self- and observer-rated measures of listening skill were completed and qualitative information was gathered in interviews and a member checking session...
January 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Agata Krasny-Pacini, Violette Servant, Christine Alzieu, Mathilde Chevignard
Prospective memory (PM) has been shown to be impaired in children with acquired brain injuries (ABI) and is a major concern for parents. Few studies have addressed this issue and most used tasks that are not ecologically valid. The aims of this study were (1) to explore if children who have sustained an ABI suffer PM impairment, measured both by the Children's Cooking task (CCT) PM score and using the 2 PM subtests of the Rivermead Behavioral Memory Test (RBMT), and (2) to explore if the CCT PM score is sensitive to developmental changes in PM in typically developing children and in children with ABI...
January 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Christine Wigston, Marita Falkmer, Sharmila Vaz, Richard Parsons, Torbjörn Falkmer
OBJECTIVE: To compare the number, frequency, enjoyment and performance in extracurricular activities of siblings of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) to their typically developing (TD) peers, and to identify differences between actual and desired participation. METHODS: A case-control study with 30 siblings of children with ASD and 30 siblings of TD children was conducted using the Paediatric Interest Profiles and a questionnaire. RESULTS: Siblings of children with ASD participated in fewer extracurricular activities than those with TD siblings...
January 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Regula Everts, Ines Mürner-Lavanchy, Gerhard Schroth, Maja Steinlin
OBJECTIVE: There is mixed evidence regarding neural change following cognitive training. Brain activation increase, decrease, or a combination of both may occur. We investigated training-induced neural change using two different memory training approaches. METHODS: Very preterm born children (aged 7-12 years) were randomly allocated to a memory strategy training, an intensive working memory practice or a waiting control group. Before and immediately after the trainings and the waiting period, brain activation during a visual working memory task was measured using fMRI and cognitive performance was assessed...
January 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Ignatius S B Nip
The current study investigates how interarticulator coordination changes across speaking tasks varying in articulatory and linguistic demands for children with CP and their typically-developing peers. Articulatory movements from 12 children with spastic CP (7M, 5F, 4-15 years of age) and 12 typically-developing age- and sex-matched peers were cross-correlated to determine the degree of spatial and temporal coupling between the upper lip and jaw, lower lip and jaw, and upper and lower lips. Spatial and temporal coupling were also correlated with intelligibility...
January 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Martin Agran, Fredda Brown
OBJECTIVE: This article discusses how self-determination is central to positive behavior support, provides recommendations on how to promote it, and identifies future areas of research. BACKGROUND: The value of incorporating self-determination strategies in positive behavior support plans is receiving increased attention. Rather than continue to rely on an externally controlled behavior change model in which "others" (e.g., teachers, service providers) determine the method to use to modify the behavior of a service recipient (student, client), self-determination shifts the responsibility over to that person; that is, he or she is integrally involved in selecting an appropriate strategy, executing it and monitoring how well he or she is doing...
December 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Rachna Mutreja, Curtis Craig, Michael W O'Boyle
STATEMENT OF PURPOSE: Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often demonstrate deficient attentional ability, but the specific nature of the deficit is unclear. The Attention Networks model provides a useful approach to deconstruct this attentional deficit into its component parts. METHOD: Fifty-two neurotypical (NT) children and 14 children with ASD performed the child version of the Attention Network Test (ANT). The latter requires participants to indicate the direction of a centre target stimulus, which is presented above/below fixation and sometimes flanked by either congruent or incongruent distractor stimuli...
December 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
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