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Developmental Neurorehabilitation

Steve Berggren, Sue Fletcher-Watson, Nina Milenkovic, Peter B Marschik, Sven Bölte, Ulf Jonsson
PURPOSE: To assess the generalizability of findings from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating emotion recognition (ER) training for children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS: We present a systematic review and narrative synthesis of the determinants of external validity in RCTs on ER training. Generalizability of the findings across situations, populations, settings, treatment delivery, and intervention formats was considered...
April 10, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Katie S Williams, David K Young, G A Amos Burke, Daniel M Fountain
INTRODUCTION: We sought to compare the suitability of the Functional Independence Measure for Children (WeeFIM) and the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI) as outcome measures in rehabilitation of children with acquired brain injury (ABI). METHODS: We performed a systematic review of the evidence base using five databases. PRISMA guidelines were adhered to and the review was registered with the PROSPERO international prospective register of systematic reviews (registration number CRD42015025370)...
March 9, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Pieter Meyns, Tine Roman de Mettelinge, Judith van der Spank, Marieke Coussens, Hilde Van Waelvelde
OBJECTIVE: Motivation is suggested as an important factor in pediatric motor rehabilitation. Therefore, we reviewed the existing evidence of (motivational) motor rehabilitation paradigms, and how motivation influences rehabilitation outcome using self-determination theory as conceptual framework. METHODS: PubMed and Web-of-Science databases were systematically searched until June 2015. Data were independently extracted and critiqued for quality by three authors...
March 9, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Lauren A Kryzak, Emily A Jones
The present study taught typically developing (TD) siblings of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) social-communicative and self-management skills. The authors' hypothesized that the acquisition of self-management skills would support generalization of targeted social-communicative responses. A multiple baseline probe design across sibling dyads was used to decrease exposure to unnecessary sessions in the absence of intervention. Four TD siblings were taught self-management of a social skills curriculum using behavioral skills training, which consisted of instructions, modeling, practice, and subsequent feedback...
March 9, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Anastasia Kyvelidou, Regina T Harbourne, Joshua Haworth, Kendra K Schmid, Nick Stergiou
PURPOSE: Determine sitting postural control changes for children with cerebral palsy (CP), using a perceptual-motor intervention and the same intervention plus stochastic vibration through the sitting surface. METHODS: Two groups of children with moderate or severe CP participated in the 12 week interventions. The primary outcome measure was center of pressure data from which linear and nonlinear variables were extracted and the gross motor function measure (GMFM)...
March 9, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Amy C McPherson, Laura McAdam, Sarah Keenan, Heidi Schwellnus, Elaine Biddiss, Andrea DeFinney, Kirsten English
PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of a coaching intervention (Solution-Focused Coaching in pediatric rehabilitation [SFC-Peds]) related to physical activity and diet in males with Duchenne muscular dystrophy. METHODS: A pre-post design was employed. Participants had five coaching sessions over 8 weeks. The first session was face-to-face, followed by four virtual sessions. Feasibility criteria included recruitment rates, attrition, and intervention fidelity...
March 8, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Michelle Bickell, Courtney Barton, Kim Dow, Sandra Fucile
PURPOSE: To describe the clinical properties and psychometric soundness of infant oral motor feeding assessments available for practice. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted using six databases (PubMed, Ovid [Medline], CINHAL, EMBASE, psycINFO, and COCHRANE) to retrieve articles. Assessments were analyzed for their clinical characteristics and psychometric robustness. RESULTS: Ten assessment tools were identified to meet the inclusion/exclusion criteria...
March 8, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Jans S van Ool, Petra P M Hurks, Francesca M Snoeijen-Schouwenaars, In Y Tan, Helenius J Schelhaas, Sylvia Klinkenberg, Albert P Aldenkamp, Jos G M Hendriksen
The assessment of intellectual abilities is intensive, time-consuming, and might be considered burdensome for patients. We examined psychometric qualities of short forms (SFs) of the Wechsler Intelligence Scales for Children (WISC-third edition) and for adults (WAIS-fourth edition), in children (n = 986; Mage = 10.9) and adults (n = 324; Mage = 40.9) with neurological disorders. SF estimates were compared with Full Scale IQ (FSIQ), obtained by a complete administration, for the entire sample and for the subgroups FSIQ < 80 and FSIQ ≥ 80...
February 2, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Brooke R Ingersoll, Allison L Wainer, Natalie I Berger, Katherine M Walton
Project ImPACT is a Naturalistic Developmental Behavioral Intervention (NDBI) for young children with ASD. Preliminary research supports its feasibility and efficacy as a parent-mediated intervention; however, its efficacy as a low-intensity, therapist-implemented intervention is unclear. A single-case, multiple-baseline design evaluated the effect of 2 h per week of therapist-implemented Project ImPACT on social engagement, language, and play in nine children with ASD. Language and play skills were targeted separately for five children and together for four children...
February 2, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Stacey L Cleary, Nicholas F Taylor, Karen J Dodd, Nora Shields
PURPOSE: To explore the perceived effects of an aerobic exercise program delivered in specialist schools for young people with cerebral palsy with high support needs. METHODS: In-depth interviews were completed with 8 students with cerebral palsy, 10 parents, 8 teachers and 7 physiotherapists. Interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim and independently coded by two researchers. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis. RESULTS: Two themes emerged: one about program impact and the second about influential design features...
February 2, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Brooke Ingersoll, Natalie Berger, Danielle Carlsen, Theresa Hamlin
There is a lack of effective social interventions for youths with ASD and co-morbid intellectual disability (ID). A previous single-case design study indicated that reciprocal imitation training (RIT) may improve social interaction and challenging behavior in this population. The current pilot study examined the feasibility of conducting an RCT to investigate the effectiveness of RIT for improving social functioning and challenging behaviors in 20 adolescents with ASD and severe ID in a residential program...
May 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Maya Matheis, Johnny L Matson, Claire O Burns, Xinrui Jiang, W Jason Peters, Michael Moore, Kaitlin A de Back, Jasper Estabillo
PURPOSE: The age of first concern (AOC) of parents of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) has substantial implications for early diagnosis and intervention. The current study sought to determine the average AOC, what types of first concerns are most common, and what factors predict earlier AOC in toddlers with ASD. METHODS: This study analyzed the predictive influence of the type of concern, symptom severity, medical diagnoses, and other independent variables on AOC among toddlers with ASD using multiple regressions...
May 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Teresa Mulhern, Sinéad Lydon, Olive Healy, Gerard Mollaghan, Devon Ramey, Mauro Leoni
OBJECTIVE: Deficits in vocal speech are common among those with developmental disabilities. This review examines interventions for teaching speech to individuals who presented as nonspeaking, or with low levels of vocalizations at baseline, and assesses evidence-based practice in this area. METHODS: Systematic searches identified 78 studies suitable for inclusion. These studies were evaluated in terms of (a) participants, (b) intervention, (c) intervention setting, (d) intervention agent, (e) treatment efficacy, (f) generalization and maintenance of treatment effects, and (g) research rigor...
May 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Deepa Jeevanantham, Doreen Bartlett
PURPOSE: Classifying children with heterogeneous health conditions is challenging. The purposes of this perspective are to explore the prevailing classifications in children with the three selected neurodisabilities using the underlying framework of ICF/ICF-CY, explore the utility of the identified classifications, and make recommendations aimed at improving classifications. METHODS: A literature search on six databases and Google was conducted. Articles published between the years 2000 and 2013 were included if they provided information on classification of cerebral palsy (CP), and/or developmental coordination disorder (DCD) and/or autism spectrum disorders (ASD)...
May 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Fabrizio Stasolla, Viviana Perilli, Rita Damiani, Vincenza Albano
OBJECTIVES: To extend the use of assistive technology (AT) for promoting a new adaptive response and to reduce hand mouthing, by three boys with fragile X syndrome. To monitor the effects of the intervention program on the positive mood. To carry out a three month follow-up phases. To conduct a social validation assessment involving 30 parents of children who presented multiple disabilities as raters. METHODS: The study was implemented according to an ABAB experimental design, where A represented baseline phases (technology available but inactive) and B represented intervention phases (the technology ensured 7 s of positive stimulation)...
May 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Craig W Strohmeier, Ashley Murphy, Julia T O'Connor
PURPOSE: Analog functional analysis (FA) represents the gold standard practice in the functional assessment of problem behavior. In some cases, modifications to typical FA test conditions are required to isolate the environmental variables that evoke and maintain problem behavior. The purpose of the current study was to describe the development of an individualized FA test condition that included combined establishing operations (EOs). METHODS: After an inconclusive standard FA, an individualized FA was conducted based on semi-structured descriptive assessment data collected by parents in the home setting...
May 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Juul Vera Alewijnse, Ellen M van Rooijen, Mick Kreulen, Mark Jc Smeulders, Siok Swan Tan
OBJECTIVE: Determine healthcare costs of upper-extremity surgical correction in children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP). METHOD: This cohort study included 39 children with spastic CP who had surgery for their upper extremity at a Dutch hospital. A retrospective cost analysis was performed including both hospital and rehabilitation costs. Hospital costs were determined using microcosting methodology. Rehabilitation costs were estimated using reference prices. RESULTS: Hospital costs averaged €6813 per child...
April 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Silvia L Pavão, Fernanda P S Silva, Stacey C Dusing, Nelci Adriana C F Rocha
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to list the tools used by rehabilitation professionals to test motor abilities in children with cerebral palsy (CP), to determine if these tools have psychometric properties specifically measured for CP, and to identify the main characteristics of these tools. METHOD: Web of Science, PEDro, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Direct, and SciELO databases were searched to identify the tools. PubMed/MEDLINE was then searched to identify the studies assessing those tools' psychometric properties...
April 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Luanda André Collange Grecco, Claudia Santos Oliveira, Natália de Almeida Carvalho Duarte, Vânia L C Carvalho Lima, Nelci Zanon, Felipe Fregni
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to analyze the use of anodal tDCS of the cerebellar region combined with treadmill training to improve balance and functional performance in children with ataxic cerebral palsy. DESIGN: Single-blind, sham-controlled, crossover, pilot study. SETTING: Rehabilitation center and research motion analysis laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Children (N = 6) with ataxic cerebral palsy and balance deficit...
April 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Catherine M Capio, Jamie M Poolton, Kathlynne F Eguia, Cynthia S Y Choi, Rich S W Masters
OBJECTIVES: This paper reports the effects of error-reduced learning on movement components and mastery of overhand throwing in children with and without intellectual disability. METHODS: Secondary data analysis was performed on two samples of children (typically developing, TD; intellectual disability, ID) who practiced overhand throwing in either an error-reduced (ER) or error-strewn (ES) condition. Movement pattern components were assessed using a sub-skill of Test of Gross Motor Development-2...
April 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
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