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Developmental Neurorehabilitation

Marilyn Cohen-Holzer, Gilad Sorek, Julie Kerem, Michal Katz-Leurer
OBJECTIVE: To assess change in perceived hand-use experience following a combined bimanual with constraint intervention and to examine its relationship regarding objective hand-function among children with unilateral cerebral palsy (UCP). METHODS: Twenty-six children with UCP received 6 hours of combined intervention daily for 10 days. The Children's Hand-use Experience Questionnaire (CHEQ), Assisting Hand Assessment (AHA), and the Jebsen-Taylor Test of Hand Function (JTTHF) assessed independence and experience, bimanual and unimanual function at baseline and 3-months post-intervention...
October 14, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Matthew T Brodhead, Mandy J Rispoli
A primary effort of preference assessment research has been to develop strategies to identify potential reinforcers for educational, social, and behavioral programming for individuals with disabilities, including children with autism. However, little attention has been paid to the identification of preferred stimuli children with autism may not have previous experience with. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the extent to which a video-based preference assessment may accurately identify preference for novel stimuli...
October 14, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Tomomi McAuliffe, Sharmila Vaz, Torbjörn Falkmer, Reinie Cordier
PURPOSE: To explore whether family routines, service usage, and stress levels in families of children with autism spectrum disorder differ as a function of regionality. METHODS: Secondary analysis of data was undertaken from 535 surveys. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to investigate differences between families living in densely populated (DP) areas and less densely populated (LDP) areas. RESULTS: Families living in LDP areas were found to: (1) have reduced employment hours (a two-parent household: Exp (B) = 3...
October 14, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Jan J W van der Burg, Jody Sohier, Peter H Jongerius
In this case series (n = 10) with a non-concurrent multiple baseline design, a self-management program was shown to be effective during inpatient training in eight participants with oral-motor problems and normal intelligence or mild intellectual disabilities. They were taught to perform a self-management routine and to remain dry for increasing time intervals. In addition, the program provided differential (self-) reinforcement of swallowing, controlling and wiping behavior, explicit formulation of motivational factors, instruction and feedback for parents and teachers, and continued practice after discharge...
October 7, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Simone Gazzellini, Antonio Napolitano, Graziella Bauleo, Eleonora Bisozzi, Maria Luisa Lispi, Eleonora Ardu, Enrico Castelli, Francesco Benso
PURPOSE: The literature on patients with attention deficit reports peculiar reaction time (RT) oscillation at very low frequencies (VLFO=0.06-0.2 Hz). The data were explained as default mode network (DMN) intrusion in goal-oriented activity. The present study investigates whether a pattern of recurrent lapses in attention can be detected in TBI patients and whether VLFO can be generalized to the sustained attention deficit, regardless of etiology. METHODS: Groups of pediatric TBIs and healthy controls performed four attentional tasks...
September 14, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Rajib Lodh, Poppy Siddell, Jonathan Jones, Matthew C H J Morrall
INTRODUCTION: The majority of severely injured children in England have a significant head injury and will be seen in Major Trauma Centers (MTCs). The period following brain injury represents an opportunity to influence recovery of neurological function. The study sought to determine whether children who had sustained a head injury were referred for neurorehabilitation. METHOD: The study was conducted over one year at one center. Children sustaining a moderate or severe head injury were identified and compared to those referred for neurorehabilitation...
September 2, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Valeska Gatica-Rojas, Ricardo Cartes-Velásquez, Guillermo Méndez-Rebolledo, Eduardo Guzman-Muñoz, L Eduardo Cofré Lizama
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to evaluate the effects of a Nintendo Wii Balance Board (NWBB) intervention on ankle spasticity and static standing balance in young people with spastic cerebral palsy (SCP). METHODS: Ten children and adolescents (aged 72-204 months) with SCP participated in an exercise program with NWBB. The intervention lasted 6 weeks, 3 sessions per week, 25 minutes for each session. Ankle spasticity was assessed using the Modified Modified Ashworth Scale (MMAS), and static standing balance was quantified using posturographic measures (center-of-pressure [CoP] measures)...
August 18, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Tamara Germani, Lonnie Zwaigenbaum, Joyce Magill-Evans, Sandy Hodgetts, Geoff Ball
OBJECTIVE: To determine (a) the essential components of social participation for preschool children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) using stakeholders' perspectives and (b) the facilitators and barriers experienced in promoting social participation. METHODS: A mixed-methods, web-based survey utilizing the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health - Child and Youth version (ICF-CY) taxonomy was circulated across Canada through purposeful snowball sampling...
August 18, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Maria Borgestig, Patrik Rytterström, Helena Hemmingsson
OBJECTIVE: To describe and explore parents' experiences when their children with severe physical impairments receive gaze-based assistive technology (gaze-based assistive technology (AT)) for use in daily life. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted twice, with one year in between, with parents of eight children with cerebral palsy that used gaze-based AT in their daily activities. To understand the parents' experiences, hermeneutical interpretations were used during data analysis...
August 18, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Nicole Neil, Emily A Jones
OBJECTIVE: A systematic review was conducted to identify effective intervention strategies for communication in individuals with Down syndrome. METHODS: We updated and extended previous reviews by examining: (1) participant characteristics; (2) study characteristics; (3) characteristics of effective interventions (e.g., strategies and intensity); (4) whether interventions are tailored to the Down syndrome behavior phenotype; and (5) the effectiveness (i.e., percentage nonoverlapping data and Cohen's d) of interventions...
August 18, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Ronit Aviram, Netta Harries, Ibtisam Namourah, Akram Amro, Simona Bar-Haim
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether goal-directed group circuit progressive resistance exercise training (GT) can improve motor function in adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP) and to compare outcomes with a treadmill training (TT) intervention. METHODS: In a multi-centered matched pairs study, 95 adolescents with spastic CP (GMFCS II-III) were allocated to GT or TT interventions for 30 bi-weekly one hour training. Outcome measures of GMFM-66, GMFM-D%, GMFM-E%, TUG, 10 meter walk test (10 MWT), and 6 minute walk test (6 MWT) were made at baseline (T1), after interventions (T2) and 6 months post training (T3)...
August 18, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Haruhiko Sato, Mika Kondo, Itaru Ojima, Hiroaki Fukasawa, Shigeru Higuchi
PURPOSE: To assess reliability and validity of a trunk deformity evaluation method expressed as rotational and lateral lean angles between the upper and the lower trunk and between the lower trunk and the pelvis using 3D positions of six front body surface landmarks. METHODS: Inter- and intra-rater reliabilities of the proposed method in adults with typical development (n = 22) were assessed, and its validity was also assessed through correlations between the Cobb angle and the analyzed trunk deformity parameters in adults with severe physical disabilities (n = 22)...
August 12, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Marie-Michèle Dufour, Marc J Lanovaz
PURPOSE: The purpose of our study was to compare the effects of serial and concurrent training on the generalization of receptive identification in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). METHODS: We taught one to three pairs of stimulus sets to nine children with ASD between the ages of three and six. One stimulus set within each pair was taught using concurrent training and the other using serial training. We alternated the training sessions within a multielement design and staggered the introduction of subsequent pairs for each participant as in a multiple baseline design...
August 11, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Paige E Cervantes, Johnny L Matson, W Jason Peters
PURPOSE: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) screening is recommended for all children aged 18-24 months. However, healthcare providers may be burdened with the responsibility of conducting these screens in addition to necessary services. Therefore, developing a time-efficient screener with sound psychometric properties is essential. METHODS: This study sought to update the abbreviated scoring algorithm of the Baby and Infant Screen for Children with aUtIsm Traits (BISCUIT) and increase its clinical utility...
August 11, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Brooke Ingersoll, Natalie Berger, Danielle Carlsen, Theresa Hamlin
There is a lack of effective social interventions for youths with ASD and co-morbid intellectual disability (ID). A previous single-case design study indicated that reciprocal imitation training (RIT) may improve social interaction and challenging behavior in this population. The current pilot study examined the feasibility of conducting an RCT to investigate the effectiveness of RIT for improving social functioning and challenging behaviors in 20 adolescents with ASD and severe ID in a residential program...
August 11, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Tara Joy Knibbe, Elaine Biddiss, Brenda Gladstone, Amy C McPherson
PURPOSE: To explore the experiences of young people with physical disabilities relating to social inclusion and physical activity, in order to describe the characteristics of social environments that support participation in physical activity. METHOD: An iterative, qualitative design employed in-depth, semi-structured interviews with young people with physical disabilities aged 12-18 (n = 11). Data were analyzed using interpretive thematic analysis. RESULTS: Young people described several ways that their social environments help motivate and support them in their physical activity participation...
August 11, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Maya Matheis, Johnny L Matson, Claire O Burns, Xinrui Jiang, W Jason Peters, Michael Moore, Kaitlin A de Back, Jasper Estabillo
PURPOSE: The age of first concern (AOC) of parents of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) has substantial implications for early diagnosis and intervention. The current study sought to determine the average AOC, what types of first concerns are most common, and what factors predict earlier AOC in toddlers with ASD. METHODS: This study analyzed the predictive influence of the type of concern, symptom severity, medical diagnoses, and other independent variables on AOC among toddlers with ASD using multiple regressions...
August 11, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Reem M Al-Whaibi
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: It has long been suggested that a neonate's movement and responses to external stimuli are the product of reflexive reactions rather than purposeful movements. However, several studies have demonstrated that this is not the case. Rationale of literature included: This study seeks to review reports showing that sensory stimuli resulted in newborns recognising and responding to different stimuli with active head or upper limb movements. We also discuss this in the context of current literature about early training on the advancement of movement and brain development...
October 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Danúbia C Sá-Caputo, Rebeca Costa-Cavalcanti, Rafaelle P Carvalho-Lima, Adriano Arnóbio, Raquel M Bernardo, Pedro Ronikeile-Costa, Cristiane Kutter, Paula M Giehl, Nasser R Asad, Dulciane N Paiva, Heloisa V F S Pereira, Marianne Unger, Pedro J Marin, Mario Bernardo-Filho
OBJECTIVE: Whole body vibration (WBV) is increasingly being used to improve balance and motor function and reduce the secondary complications associated with cerebral palsy (CP). The purpose of this study was to systematically appraise published research regarding the effects of static and/or dynamic exercise performed on a vibrating platform on gait, strength, spasticity and bone mineral density (BMD) within this population. METHODS: Systematic searches of six electronic databases identified five studies that met our inclusion criteria (2 at Level II and 3 at Level III-2)...
October 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Mathew David Sewell, Charles Wallace, Alex Gibson, Hilali Noordeen, Stewart Tucker, Sean Molloy, Jan Lehovsky
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates outcome of scoliosis treatment for 11 children with Angelman syndrome (AS), with particular focus on activity, participation and the musculoskeletal factors that may affect these outcomes. METHODS: Retrospective review of medical records, radiographs and questionnaires administered to caregivers of 11 children (8M:3F) with AS and scoliosis. Six underwent observational treatment during childhood and five underwent spinal fusion...
October 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
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