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Developmental Neurorehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537470/concurrent-validity-of-the-alberta-infant-motor-scale-to-detect-delayed-gross-motor-development-in-preterm-infants-a-comparative-study-with-the-bayley-iii
#1
Plínio Luna de Albuquerque, Miriam Queiroz de Farias Guerra, Marília de Carvalho Lima, Sophie Helena Eickmann
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the concurrent validity of AIMS in relation to the gross motor subtest of the Bayley Scale III/GM in preterm infants. METHODS: A total of 159 gross motor development assessments were performed with the AIMS and Bayley-III/GM. Linear regression was used to assess the correlation between AIMS and Bayley-III/GM scores. The intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) and the Bland-Altman plot were used to analyze intra- and inter-rater reliability...
May 24, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537458/chiari-i-malformation-in-children-with-transverse-myelitis
#2
Sathya Vadivelu, Sudhakar Vadivelu, Maureen Mealy, Smurti Patel, Libby Kosnik-Infinger, Daniel Becker
PURPOSE: Transverse myelitis (TM) is an acute inflammatory spinal cord injury. Asymptomatic Chiari I malformation (CMI) management is highly controversial, particularly when associated with a spinal syrinx. Here, we assess the occurrence of CMI in the pediatric TM population and management outcomes. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study based on 61 consecutively identified pediatric TM cases over an -8-year period. We reviewed demographic characteristics, radiographic findings, presenting symptoms, and long-term outcomes...
May 24, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537444/enhancing-appropriate-and-variable-responding-in-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
Keith C Radley, Evan H Dart, James W Moore, John D K Lum, Jamie Pasqua
OBJECTIVE: The present study utilized lag schedules of reinforcement, in conjunction with training multiple exemplars and provision of prompts, to promote appropriate variability of social skills. METHODS: Participants included in three children between the ages of 5 and 7 with ASD. Participants attended a social skills training program twice per week for eight weeks. A multiple probe design across target social skills was used to assess the effects of intervention...
May 24, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534693/exploring-the-icf-cy-as-a-framework-to-inform-transition-programs-from-pediatric-to-adult-healthcare
#4
Laura R Hartman, Amy C McPherson, Joanne Maxwell, Sally Lindsay
OBJECTIVE: To explore the utility of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health-Children and Youth Version (ICF-CY) for informing transition-related programs for youth with chronic conditions moving into adult healthcare settings, using an exemplar spina bifida program. METHODS: Semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with 53 participants (9 youth and 11 parents who participated in a spina bifida transition program, 12 young adults who did not, 12 clinicians, and 9 key informants involved in development/implementation)...
May 23, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534689/parent-experiences-of-variations-in-service-delivery-of-rapid-syllable-transition-rest-treatment-for-childhood-apraxia-of-speech
#5
Donna C Thomas, Patricia McCabe, Kirrie J Ballard, Geraldine Bricker-Katz
PURPOSE: To understand parents' perceptions of Rapid Syllable Transition (ReST) treatment and their experience of either telehealth or combined parent-clinician delivery of speech-language pathology. METHOD: Thematic analyses of semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 parents (5 telehealth, 5 parent-clinician) after their child completed 12 sessions of ReST treatment. RESULTS: Three themes were unique to telehealth: "telehealth was a million times easier," "technical problems weren't deal breakers," and "telehealth therapy has different boundaries...
May 23, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534656/early-development-in-rett-syndrome-the-benefits-and-difficulties-of-a-birth-cohort-approach
#6
Peter B Marschik, Sanne Lemcke, Christa Einspieler, Dajie Zhang, Sven Bölte, Gillian S Townend, Marlene B Lauritsen
PURPOSES: Typically, early (pre-diagnostic) development in individuals later diagnosed with Rett syndrome (RTT) has been investigated retrospectively using parent reports, medical records and analysis of home videos. In recent years, prospective research designs have been increasingly applied to the investigation of early development in individuals with late phenotypical onset disorders, for example, autism spectrum disorder. METHODS: In this study, data collected by the Danish National Birth Cohort lent itself to prospective exploration of the early development of RTT, in particular early motor-, speech-language, and socio-communicative behaviors, mood, and sleep...
May 23, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394669/emotion-recognition-training-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-review-of-challenges-related-to-generalizability
#7
Steve Berggren, Sue Fletcher-Watson, Nina Milenkovic, Peter B Marschik, Sven Bölte, Ulf Jonsson
PURPOSE: To assess the generalizability of findings from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating emotion recognition (ER) training for children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS: We present a systematic review and narrative synthesis of the determinants of external validity in RCTs on ER training. Generalizability of the findings across situations, populations, settings, treatment delivery, and intervention formats was considered...
April 10, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277891/comparing-the-weefim-and-pedi-in-neurorehabilitation-for-children-with-acquired-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#8
Katie S Williams, David K Young, G A Amos Burke, Daniel M Fountain
INTRODUCTION: We sought to compare the suitability of the Functional Independence Measure for Children (WeeFIM) and the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI) as outcome measures in rehabilitation of children with acquired brain injury (ABI). METHODS: We performed a systematic review of the evidence base using five databases. PRISMA guidelines were adhered to and the review was registered with the PROSPERO international prospective register of systematic reviews (registration number CRD42015025370)...
March 9, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277817/motivation-in-pediatric-motor-rehabilitation-a-systematic-search-of-the-literature-using-the-self-determination-theory-as-a-conceptual-framework
#9
Pieter Meyns, Tine Roman de Mettelinge, Judith van der Spank, Marieke Coussens, Hilde Van Waelvelde
OBJECTIVE: Motivation is suggested as an important factor in pediatric motor rehabilitation. Therefore, we reviewed the existing evidence of (motivational) motor rehabilitation paradigms, and how motivation influences rehabilitation outcome using self-determination theory as conceptual framework. METHODS: PubMed and Web-of-Science databases were systematically searched until June 2015. Data were independently extracted and critiqued for quality by three authors...
March 9, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277816/sibling-self-management-programming-for-generalization-to-improve-interactions-between-typically-developing-siblings-and-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#10
Lauren A Kryzak, Emily A Jones
The present study taught typically developing (TD) siblings of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) social-communicative and self-management skills. The authors' hypothesized that the acquisition of self-management skills would support generalization of targeted social-communicative responses. A multiple baseline probe design across sibling dyads was used to decrease exposure to unnecessary sessions in the absence of intervention. Four TD siblings were taught self-management of a social skills curriculum using behavioral skills training, which consisted of instructions, modeling, practice, and subsequent feedback...
March 9, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277811/children-with-moderate-to-severe-cerebral-palsy-may-not-benefit-from-stochastic-vibration-when-developing-independent-sitting
#11
Anastasia Kyvelidou, Regina T Harbourne, Joshua Haworth, Kendra K Schmid, Nick Stergiou
PURPOSE: Determine sitting postural control changes for children with cerebral palsy (CP), using a perceptual-motor intervention and the same intervention plus stochastic vibration through the sitting surface. METHODS: Two groups of children with moderate or severe CP participated in the 12 week interventions. The primary outcome measure was center of pressure data from which linear and nonlinear variables were extracted and the gross motor function measure (GMFM)...
March 9, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272972/a-feasibility-study-using-solution-focused-coaching-for-health-promotion-in-children-and-young-people-with-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy
#12
Amy C McPherson, Laura McAdam, Sarah Keenan, Heidi Schwellnus, Elaine Biddiss, Andrea DeFinney, Kirsten English
PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of a coaching intervention (Solution-Focused Coaching in pediatric rehabilitation [SFC-Peds]) related to physical activity and diet in males with Duchenne muscular dystrophy. METHODS: A pre-post design was employed. Participants had five coaching sessions over 8 weeks. The first session was face-to-face, followed by four virtual sessions. Feasibility criteria included recruitment rates, attrition, and intervention fidelity...
March 8, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272918/a-systematic-review-of-clinical-and-psychometric-properties-of-infant-oral-motor-feeding-assessments
#13
Michelle Bickell, Courtney Barton, Kim Dow, Sandra Fucile
PURPOSE: To describe the clinical properties and psychometric soundness of infant oral motor feeding assessments available for practice. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted using six databases (PubMed, Ovid [Medline], CINHAL, EMBASE, psycINFO, and COCHRANE) to retrieve articles. Assessments were analyzed for their clinical characteristics and psychometric robustness. RESULTS: Ten assessment tools were identified to meet the inclusion/exclusion criteria...
March 8, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715368/improving-social-functioning-and-challenging-behaviors-in-adolescents-with-asd-and-significant-id-a-randomized-pilot-feasibility-trial-of-reciprocal-imitation-training-in-a-residential-setting
#14
Brooke Ingersoll, Natalie Berger, Danielle Carlsen, Theresa Hamlin
There is a lack of effective social interventions for youths with ASD and co-morbid intellectual disability (ID). A previous single-case design study indicated that reciprocal imitation training (RIT) may improve social interaction and challenging behavior in this population. The current pilot study examined the feasibility of conducting an RCT to investigate the effectiveness of RIT for improving social functioning and challenging behaviors in 20 adolescents with ASD and severe ID in a residential program...
May 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715357/factors-related-to-parental-age-of-first-concern-in-toddlers-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#15
Maya Matheis, Johnny L Matson, Claire O Burns, Xinrui Jiang, W Jason Peters, Michael Moore, Kaitlin A de Back, Jasper Estabillo
PURPOSE: The age of first concern (AOC) of parents of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) has substantial implications for early diagnosis and intervention. The current study sought to determine the average AOC, what types of first concerns are most common, and what factors predict earlier AOC in toddlers with ASD. METHODS: This study analyzed the predictive influence of the type of concern, symptom severity, medical diagnoses, and other independent variables on AOC among toddlers with ASD using multiple regressions...
May 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27058303/a-systematic-review-and-evaluation-of-procedures-for-the-induction-of-speech-among-persons-with-developmental-disabilities
#16
Teresa Mulhern, Sinéad Lydon, Olive Healy, Gerard Mollaghan, Devon Ramey, Mauro Leoni
OBJECTIVE: Deficits in vocal speech are common among those with developmental disabilities. This review examines interventions for teaching speech to individuals who presented as nonspeaking, or with low levels of vocalizations at baseline, and assesses evidence-based practice in this area. METHODS: Systematic searches identified 78 studies suitable for inclusion. These studies were evaluated in terms of (a) participants, (b) intervention, (c) intervention setting, (d) intervention agent, (e) treatment efficacy, (f) generalization and maintenance of treatment effects, and (g) research rigor...
May 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27057781/perspectives-on-classification-of-selected-childhood-neurodisabilities-based-on-a-review-of-literature
#17
Deepa Jeevanantham, Doreen Bartlett
PURPOSE: Classifying children with heterogeneous health conditions is challenging. The purposes of this perspective are to explore the prevailing classifications in children with the three selected neurodisabilities using the underlying framework of ICF/ICF-CY, explore the utility of the identified classifications, and make recommendations aimed at improving classifications. METHODS: A literature search on six databases and Google was conducted. Articles published between the years 2000 and 2013 were included if they provided information on classification of cerebral palsy (CP), and/or developmental coordination disorder (DCD) and/or autism spectrum disorders (ASD)...
May 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27054947/assistive-technology-to-promote-occupation-and-reduce-mouthing-by-three-boys-with-fragile-x-syndrome
#18
Fabrizio Stasolla, Viviana Perilli, Rita Damiani, Vincenza Albano
OBJECTIVES: To extend the use of assistive technology (AT) for promoting a new adaptive response and to reduce hand mouthing, by three boys with fragile X syndrome. To monitor the effects of the intervention program on the positive mood. To carry out a three month follow-up phases. To conduct a social validation assessment involving 30 parents of children who presented multiple disabilities as raters. METHODS: The study was implemented according to an ABAB experimental design, where A represented baseline phases (technology available but inactive) and B represented intervention phases (the technology ensured 7 s of positive stimulation)...
May 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26890042/parent-informed-test-control-functional-analysis-and-treatment-of-problem-behavior-related-to-combined-establishing-operations
#19
Craig W Strohmeier, Ashley Murphy, Julia T O'Connor
PURPOSE: Analog functional analysis (FA) represents the gold standard practice in the functional assessment of problem behavior. In some cases, modifications to typical FA test conditions are required to isolate the environmental variables that evoke and maintain problem behavior. The purpose of the current study was to describe the development of an individualized FA test condition that included combined establishing operations (EOs). METHODS: After an inconclusive standard FA, an individualized FA was conducted based on semi-structured descriptive assessment data collected by parents in the home setting...
May 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27055081/a-microcosting-study-of-the-surgical-correction-of-upper-extremity-deformity-in-children-with-spastic-cerebral-palsy
#20
Juul Vera Alewijnse, Ellen M van Rooijen, Mick Kreulen, Mark Jc Smeulders, Siok Swan Tan
OBJECTIVE: Determine healthcare costs of upper-extremity surgical correction in children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP). METHOD: This cohort study included 39 children with spastic CP who had surgery for their upper extremity at a Dutch hospital. A retrospective cost analysis was performed including both hospital and rehabilitation costs. Hospital costs were determined using microcosting methodology. Rehabilitation costs were estimated using reference prices. RESULTS: Hospital costs averaged €6813 per child...
April 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
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