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Developmental Neurorehabilitation

Philip R Richard, George H Noell
Video-Based Interventions (VBIs) are those that make use of pre-recorded video footage to assist in the acquisition of a variety of skills and behaviours. This study examined one type of VBI, video prompting, and its effectiveness when combined with backward chaining. Prior research suggests that both VBIs and backward chaining are effective intervention methods for skill acquisition. Using a single-subject multiple baseline design, this experiment expands the current literature by thoroughlyexamining backward chaining and a VBI for the acquisition of the shoe-tying behavior in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder...
September 13, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Wendy Aertssen, Ellen Smulders, Bouwien Smits-Engelsman, Eugene Rameckers
PURPOSE:  No instrument exists that measures functional strength in both lower and upper extremities in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Therefore, the functional strength measurement (FSM) was tested for feasibility, test-retest reliability and validity in CP. METHODS:  Thirty-seven children with CP (aged 4-10 years, Gross Motor Function Classification System I and II) participated. The most common compensations for CP were described; new item descriptions were standardized, and one item was removed...
September 12, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Belinda McLean, Sonya Girdler, Susan Taylor, Jane Valentine, Leeanne Carey, Catherine Elliott
BACKGROUND: To successfully modify an intervention from an adult population for use with children with cerebral palsy, it is important to understand the components that support a child's motivation and engagement. METHOD: Ten children who had participated in the Sense© intervention (mean age = 11 years 2 m [SD = 2 years]; four males; Manual Ability Classification System level I = 1, II = 9) and their primary caregivers (N = 11, 10 females) were interviewed...
August 16, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Sibel Çağlar Okur, Mahir Uğur, Kazım Şenel
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to assess the change in their ambulatory capacity and spasticity in children with cerebral palsy (CP) who received botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) injection and underwent rehabilitation therapy. METHODS: Thirty patients with CP, 3-13 years who had varied functional levels and lower extremity spasticity, were randomized in two groups. In Group 1(n = 15), BoNT-A was administered to the affected extremity and underwent rehabilitation...
August 10, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Micheal Sandbank, Carissa Cascio
PURPOSE: Conducting neurological scans of children with disabilities is difficult because participants exhibit excessive motion. We examined whether a motion-tracking system that combined real-time visual feedback with positive reinforcement and shaping could facilitate motion control in two children with autism spectrum disorder. METHODS: Using a modified changing criterion design, we evaluated whether the intervention could facilitate decreases in the participants' range of motion and increases in duration of motion control in a mock scanner...
August 6, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Abigail Issarraras, Johnny L Matson, Maya Matheis, Claire O Burns
PURPOSE: Parents/caregivers of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have varying types of initial concerns regarding their child's development, which may be culturally bound to parents' perceptions of their child's development. This study investigated differences in the types of initial developmental concerns reported by parents or caregivers of different racial/ethnic groups with children in an early intervention program. METHOD: This study examined the frequency of endorsement of different types of concerns in African American, Caucasian, and Hispanic families...
August 6, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Gillian King, Amy C McPherson, Shauna Kingsnorth, Jan Willem Gorter, Andrea DeFinney
OBJECTIVE: To examine intervention strategy use in residential immersive life skills (RILS) programs. METHODS: The Service Provider Strategies-Checklist was used to record the strategies used in 100 activity settings across two summers at three RILS program sites. Activity settings were categorized by activity type and session format. Relative occurrence of the strategies was examined using percentages. RESULTS: Socially mediated strategies (listening, engaging youth) and teaching/learning techniques (verbal cues, verbal instruction) were used in over 75% of the settings...
August 1, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Anneke Jurgens, Angelika Anderson, Dennis W Moore
PURPOSE: To conduct a follow-up assessment of the maintenance of communication skills of a 7-year-old child with autism spectrum disorder, 3 years 7 months post PECS training; and investigate the effects of environmental adaptations on the child's PECS and vocal communications. METHODS: An alternating-treatments design enabled comparison of the effects of two treatment conditions (an environmental adaptation to increase need and opportunities for communication, versus a continuation of baseline procedures) on the child's PECS and vocal communications in the child's home...
August 1, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Sarah Benson, Amy M Bender, Hayley Wickenheiser, Alexandra Naylor, Margaret Clarke, Charles H Samuels, Penny Werthner
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the differences in sleep, sleepiness, and physical activity (PA) between young adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and typically developing controls (TDC). METHOD: Actigraphic data and questionnaires on sleep, sleepiness, and PA were compared between fifteen adults with ASD (ADOS range 7-19; ages 22.8 ± 4.5 years) and TDC. RESULTS: In comparison to the TDC group, the ASD group slept longer on average per night but took longer to fall asleep...
August 1, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Ya-Shu Kang, Yao-Jen Chang
OBJECTIVE: This paper contributes to research investigating the effectiveness of video game intervention in shower training of children with autism spectrum disorders. Previous studies have supported the use of video games in special education. METHODS: We employed the Kinect sensor to gamify shower training. Specifically, a non-concurrent multiple baseline design was adopted to demonstrate the relation between game-based intervention and taking a shower independently...
July 30, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Inmaculada Riquelme, Carlyne Arnould, Samar M Hatem, Yannick Bleyenheuft
BACKGROUND: Tools to assess bimanual coordination are scant. We aimed to: 1) provide normative data of maturation of bimanual coordination in tipically developing (TD) children measured by the Two Arm Coordination Test (TACT), and 2) validate the TACT as an instrument to specifically discriminate impairment of bimanual coordination in children with unilateral cerebral palsy (UCP). PROCEDURE: Cross-sectional observational study. 252 TD children and 26 children with UCP performed 8 trials of TACT (following a star pattern with a pointer steered by coordinated movements of both arms)...
July 19, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Stephanie Vanclooster, Johan Bilsen, Lieve Peremans, Jutte Van der Werff Ten Bosch, Geneviève Laureys, Elsie Willems, Sophie Genin, Patrick Van Bogaert, Philippe Paquier, Anna Jansen
OBJECTIVE: To discover short-term changes in perspectives of parents and teachers of childhood brain tumour survivors on school reintegration, in order to reveal similarities and differences between them over time. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with parents and teachers of five children at the start and the end of a 1-year period following the child's school re-entry. RESULTS: Thematic analysis of data resulted in three main themes: 'the child's performance and wellbeing', 'the school's attitude and approach' and 'communication and working together'...
July 17, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Simone Darling, Cinzia Rachele De Luca, Vicki Anderson, Maria McCarthy, Stephen Hearps, Marc Seal
BACKGROUND: Approximately 50% of survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) demonstrate cognitive impairments. However, the trajectory of change and contributing neuropathology is unclear, limiting our ability to tailor intervention content and timing. This study aimed to explore information processing abilities and brain morphology early post-treatment for pediatric ALL. PROCEDURE: Twenty-one children at the end of ALL treatment and 18 controls underwent neuropsychological assessment...
July 3, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
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June 27, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Suzanne A M Lambregts, Frederike Van Markus-Doornbosch, Coriene E Catsman-Berrevoets, Monique A M Berger, Arend J De Kloet, Sander R Hilberink, Marij E Roebroeck
OBJECTIVE: To determine neurological outcome in children and youth with acquired brain injury (ABI) and explore associated factors. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study, two-years post-injury. PATIENTS: Hospital-based sample (n=112) aged 6-22 years. METHODS: Neurological outcome and participation were assessed with a multidimensional neurological examination and the Child and Adolescent Scale of Participation. Logistic regression analyses were used to explore the relationships...
October 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Allison C F Dyck, Tammy L Ivanco
PURPOSE: Young children have a high risk of concussion or mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Children often appear healthy soon after mTBI, but some have pervasive cognitive and/or motor impairments. Understanding underlying mechanisms recruited after concussion may help for return to play protocols and mitigating what might be lifelong impairments. METHODS: We investigated molecular and behavioral changes in a rat model of childhood concussion. Rats received an injury or sham procedure at an age approximately equivalent to the human period of early childhood...
October 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Lyndal Hickey, Vicki Anderson, Stephen Hearps, Brigid Jordan
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of a new intervention 'Family Forward' with 'Usual Care' social work practice in optimising family appraisal of a child's acquired brain injury to ensure better adaptation during the inpatient rehabilitation phase of care and early transition home. RESEARCH DESIGN: Single site, prospective, sequential comparison group design. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Families were recruited on admission to an inpatient rehabilitation service based at a tertiary paediatric hospital...
October 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Elena Beretta, Erika Molteni, Sara Galbiati, Giuseppe Stefanoni, Sandra Strazzer
PURPOSE: The description of motor changes and clinical evolution of a pediatric cohort with acquired brain injury (ABI) over 5 years by the functional independence measure for children (WeeFIM). METHODS: We analyzed retrospective data from 496 patients (aged 0-18 years) with severe ABI admitted for rehabilitation. WeeFIM scores and disability rating scale (reference scale) were collected at admission, discharge and yearly, up to year 5. RESULTS: Functional limitations gradually reduced after ABI, but children still had residual disabilities at the endpoint...
October 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Megan E Narad, Gary Bedell, Jessica A King, Jeremy Johnson, Lyn S Turkstra, Julie Haarbauer-Krupa, Shari L Wade
BACKGROUND: Adolescents with brain injury (BI) often experience impairment in participation, which is an important predictor of outcomes. OBJECTIVE: Describe the Social Participation and Navigation (SPAN) program, and report participant feedback and preliminary outcomes. METHOD: Four adolescents and four coaches participated. SPAN included a mobile app, online didactic information, and peer coaching. Adolescents met weekly with coaches via video-conference, developed participation goals, and plans to achieve goals...
October 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Jaclyn A Stephens, Cynthia F Salorio, Anita D Barber, Sarah R Risen, Stewart H Mostofsky, Stacy J Suskauer
PURPOSE AND METHOD: This study examined functional connectivity of the default mode network (DMN) and examined brain-behavior relationships in a pilot cohort of children with chronic mild to moderate traumatic brain injury (TBI). RESULTS: Compared to uninjured peers, children with TBI demonstrated less anti-correlated functional connectivity between DMN and right Brodmann Area 40 (BA 40). In children with TBI, more anomalous less anti-correlated) connectivity between DMN and right BA 40 was linked to poorer performance on response inhibition tasks...
October 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
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