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Developmental Neurorehabilitation

Jans S van Ool, Petra P M Hurks, Francesca M Snoeijen-Schouwenaars, In Y Tan, Helenius J Schelhaas, Sylvia Klinkenberg, Albert P Aldenkamp, Jos G M Hendriksen
The assessment of intellectual abilities is intensive, time-consuming, and might be considered burdensome for patients. We examined psychometric qualities of short forms (SFs) of the Wechsler Intelligence Scales for Children (WISC-third edition) and for adults (WAIS-fourth edition), in children (n = 986; Mage = 10.9) and adults (n = 324; Mage = 40.9) with neurological disorders. SF estimates were compared with Full Scale IQ (FSIQ), obtained by a complete administration, for the entire sample and for the subgroups FSIQ < 80 and FSIQ ≥ 80...
February 2, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Brooke R Ingersoll, Allison L Wainer, Natalie I Berger, Katherine M Walton
Project ImPACT is a Naturalistic Developmental Behavioral Intervention (NDBI) for young children with ASD. Preliminary research supports its feasibility and efficacy as a parent-mediated intervention; however, its efficacy as a low-intensity, therapist-implemented intervention is unclear. A single-case, multiple-baseline design evaluated the effect of 2 h per week of therapist-implemented Project ImPACT on social engagement, language, and play in nine children with ASD. Language and play skills were targeted separately for five children and together for four children...
February 2, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Stacey L Cleary, Nicholas F Taylor, Karen J Dodd, Nora Shields
PURPOSE: To explore the perceived effects of an aerobic exercise program delivered in specialist schools for young people with cerebral palsy with high support needs. METHODS: In-depth interviews were completed with 8 students with cerebral palsy, 10 parents, 8 teachers and 7 physiotherapists. Interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim and independently coded by two researchers. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis. RESULTS: Two themes emerged: one about program impact and the second about influential design features...
February 2, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Stacey L Cleary, Nicholas F Taylor, Karen J Dodd, Nora Shields
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety, adherence, and estimates of effect of an aerobic exercise program in specialist schools for young people with cerebral palsy. METHODS: Nineteen students with cerebral palsy were randomly allocated to an intervention group who completed an aerobic exercise program (27 sessions over nine weeks) or a control group who completed social/art activities over the same time. RESULTS: There were no serious adverse events and the exercise program was completed with high rates of attendance (77%) and adherence to target heart rate zones (79%)...
January 3, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Derek John Curtis, Marjorie Woollacott, Jesper Bencke, Hanne Bloch Lauridsen, Sandy Saavedra, Thomas Bandholm, Stig Sonne-Holm
PURPOSE: To determine whether segmental training is more effective in improving gross motor function in children and young people with moderate-to-severe cerebral palsy than conventional physiotherapy. METHODS: Twenty-eight participants were randomized to a segmental training or control group. Outcomes were Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM), Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI), Segmental Assessment of Trunk Control (SATCo), and postural sway at baseline, at primary endpoint (6 months), and at follow-up (12 months)...
January 3, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Agata Krasny-Pacini, Leila Francillette, Hanna Toure, Dominique Brugel, Anne Laurent-Vannier, Philippe Meyer, Jonathan Evans, Mathilde Chevignard
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the long-term outcome in prospective memory (PM), seven years after childhood severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), in a prospective longitudinal cohort. PARTICIPANTS: 76 young individuals (aged 7-22 years): 39 patients with a severe accidental TBI included prospectively seven years earlier, aged 0-15 years at injury, and 37 controls individually matched on age, gender and parental education. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Three novel short PM tasks varying in the delay, motivation and context (ecological versus paper and pencil task)...
December 23, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Sinéad Lydon, Laura Moran, Olive Healy, Teresa Mulhern, Kerie Enright Young
PURPOSE: Stereotypy is pervasive among persons with autism and may impact negatively on social inclusion and learning. The implementation of resource-intensive behavioral interventions to decrease these behaviors has been questioned. Inhibitory stimulus control procedures (ISCPs) comprise a type of antecedent-based intervention that has been proposed as an effective treatment approach for stereotypy but has received limited research attention to date. METHOD: The current systematic review sought to examine and synthesize the literature reporting applications of ISCPs in the treatment of stereotypy among persons with autism...
December 23, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Joy Noelle Yumul, Audrey McKinlay
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the adult cognitive outcomes of one versus multiple childhood mTBI and to examine the potential predictors of the outcomes. METHODS: Review of neurosurgical files and hospital records, as well as community recruitment, yielded 169 participants, who were injured between ages 0-17 years and assessed between ages 18-30 years with at least five years post-injury. Each participant underwent a three-hour assessment. For data analysis, participants were grouped by type and number of injury...
December 7, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Audra Sterling, Steven F Warren
Children with Down syndrome (DS) and fragile X syndrome (FXS) struggle with language development. Parenting variables, such as responsiveness to children's communication attempts (Maternal Responsivity), and techniques used to support and teach appropriate behavior (Behavior Management) are known to have a significant impact on early child development. We examined these two aspects of parenting style via coded, videotaped parent-child interactions in two groups of participants matched on child age (2-5 years) and child expressive language level: mothers of children with DS and mothers of children with FXS...
December 7, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Erica Morales-Monforte, Caridad Bagur-Calafat, Neus Suc-Lerin, Montserrat Fornaguera-Martí, Engracia Cazorla-Sánchez, Montserrat Girabent-Farrés
OBJECTIVES: Validity and reliability of the cross-cultural adaptive translation of the Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS), to monitor gross motor development in infants from 0 to 18 months of age, were evaluated. METHODS: A cross-cultural translation was used to generate a Spanish version of the AIMS. Fifty infants at risk or with diagnosis of motor delay, 0-18 months of age, participated in this study. Two independent physical therapists scored infants on the AIMS...
February 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Heather M O'Leary, Peter B Marschik, Omar S Khwaja, Eugenia Ho, Katherine V Barnes, Tessa W Clarkson, Natalie M Bruck, Walter E Kaufmann
OBJECTIVE: To quantify pain response in girls affected by Rett syndrome (RTT) using electrodermal activity (EDA), a measure of skin conductance, reflecting sympathetic activity known to be modulated by physical and environmental stress. METHODS: EDA increase, heart rate (HR) increase and Face Legs Activity Cry Consolability (FLACC) values calculated during venipuncture (invasive) and vital signs collection (non-invasive) events were compared with values calculated during a prior baseline and a RTT clinical severity score (CSS)...
February 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Sabine Weyand, Tom Chau
PURPOSE: Near-infrared spectroscopy brain-computer interfaces (NIRS-BCIs) have been proposed as potential motor-free communication pathways. This paper documents the challenges of implementing an NIRS-BCI with a non-verbal, severely and congenitally impaired, but cognitively intact young adult. METHODS: A 5-session personalized mental task NIRS-BCI training paradigm was invoked, whereby participant-specific mental tasks were selected either by the researcher or by the user, on the basis of prior performance or user preference...
February 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Nora Shields, Juliette Hussey, Joan Murphy, John Gormley, Hilary Hoey
OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between physical activity, cardiovascular fitness and body size among children with Down syndrome. METHOD: Physical activity, cardiovascular fitness and body size were measured by accelerometry, maximal fitness test and anthropometric measurements (BMI, waist circumference), respectively. RESULTS: Fourteen children with Down syndrome (8 boys, 6 girls; mean age 12.9 years) participated. There was no significant correlation between physical activity and cardiovascular fitness or physical activity and body size...
February 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Angela Sim, Reinie Cordier, Sharmila Vaz, Julie Netto, Torbjörn Falkmer
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify key factors associated with negative co-parenting experiences in parents raising a child with autism spectrum disorder. METHODS: Questionnaires were sent to families with one or more children with a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder. Parents of 142 children with autism spectrum disorder indicated that the diagnosis had a very negative impact on their co-parent relationship. A multivariate logistic regression model was run to analyze the association of these experiences with various demographic, family and community factors...
February 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Daniel M Fountain, G A Amos Burke
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing need to assess the evidence of a multidisciplinary approach for both short-term and long-term management of neurological sequelae arising from the diagnosis and treatment of brain tumors in childhood. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of the evidence base for multidisciplinary paediatric brain tumor rehabilitation using seven databases. PRISMA guidelines were adhered to and the review was registered with the PROSPERO international prospective register of systematic reviews (registration number CRD42014015070)...
February 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Maria Almberg, Helena Selander, Marita Falkmer, Sharmila Vaz, Marina Ciccarelli, Torbjörn Falkmer
BACKGROUND: Little is known about whether individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD) experience any specific facilitators or barriers to driving education. OBJECTIVE: To explore the facilitators or barriers to driving education experienced by individuals with ASD or ADHD who obtained a learner's permit, from the perspective of the learner drivers and their driving instructors. METHODS: Data were collected from 33 participants with ASD or ADHD, and nine of their driving instructors...
February 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Gillian King, Michelle Servais, Tracy A Shepherd, Colleen Willoughby, Linda Bolack, Sheila Moodie, Patricia Baldwin, Deborah Strachan, Kerry Knickle, Madhu Pinto, Kathryn Parker, Nancy McNaughton
OBJECTIVE: To prepare for an RCT by examining the effects of an educational intervention on the listening skills of pediatric rehabilitation clinicians, piloting study procedures, and investigating participants' learning experiences. METHODS: Six experienced clinicians received the intervention, consisting of video simulations and solution-focused coaching regarding personal listening goals. Self- and observer-rated measures of listening skill were completed and qualitative information was gathered in interviews and a member checking session...
January 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Agata Krasny-Pacini, Violette Servant, Christine Alzieu, Mathilde Chevignard
Prospective memory (PM) has been shown to be impaired in children with acquired brain injuries (ABI) and is a major concern for parents. Few studies have addressed this issue and most used tasks that are not ecologically valid. The aims of this study were (1) to explore if children who have sustained an ABI suffer PM impairment, measured both by the Children's Cooking task (CCT) PM score and using the 2 PM subtests of the Rivermead Behavioral Memory Test (RBMT), and (2) to explore if the CCT PM score is sensitive to developmental changes in PM in typically developing children and in children with ABI...
January 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Christine Wigston, Marita Falkmer, Sharmila Vaz, Richard Parsons, Torbjörn Falkmer
OBJECTIVE: To compare the number, frequency, enjoyment and performance in extracurricular activities of siblings of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) to their typically developing (TD) peers, and to identify differences between actual and desired participation. METHODS: A case-control study with 30 siblings of children with ASD and 30 siblings of TD children was conducted using the Paediatric Interest Profiles and a questionnaire. RESULTS: Siblings of children with ASD participated in fewer extracurricular activities than those with TD siblings...
January 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Regula Everts, Ines Mürner-Lavanchy, Gerhard Schroth, Maja Steinlin
OBJECTIVE: There is mixed evidence regarding neural change following cognitive training. Brain activation increase, decrease, or a combination of both may occur. We investigated training-induced neural change using two different memory training approaches. METHODS: Very preterm born children (aged 7-12 years) were randomly allocated to a memory strategy training, an intensive working memory practice or a waiting control group. Before and immediately after the trainings and the waiting period, brain activation during a visual working memory task was measured using fMRI and cognitive performance was assessed...
January 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
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