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Hepatology International

Haruki Kimura, Kazuyoshi Ohkawa, Masanori Miyazaki, Mitsuru Sakakibara, Kazuho Imanaka, Takeshi Tamura, Hironari Sueyoshi, Ryoji Takada, Nobuyasu Fukutake, Hiroyuki Uehara, Reiko Ashida, Tatsuya Ioka, Tetsuro Nakazawa, Katsuyuki Nakanishi, Kazuhiro Katayama
BACKGROUND: Intermediate-stage [Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage-B (BCLC-B)] hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) comprises of a heterogeneous population of patients with a wide range of tumor burdens. We therefore formulated a subclassification of BCLC-B HCC using the up-to-seven criteria and tumor markers according to the results of a retrospective analysis of these patients. METHODS: This study included 125 patients newly diagnosed with BCLC-B HCC who underwent transarterial chemoembolization...
October 20, 2016: Hepatology International
Gamal Shiha, Alaa Ibrahim, Ahmed Helmy, Shiv Kumar Sarin, Masao Omata, Ashish Kumar, David Bernstien, Hitushi Maruyama, Vivek Saraswat, Yogesh Chawla, Saeed Hamid, Zaigham Abbas, Pierre Bedossa, Puja Sakhuja, Mamun Elmahatab, Seng Gee Lim, Laurentius Lesmana, Jose Sollano, Ji-Dong Jia, Bahaa Abbas, Ashraf Omar, Barjesh Sharma, Diana Payawal, Ahmed Abdallah, Abdelhamid Serwah, Abdelkhalek Hamed, Aly Elsayed, Amany AbdelMaqsod, Tarek Hassanein, Ahmed Ihab, Hamsik GHaziuan, Nizar Zein, Manoj Kumar
Hepatic fibrosis is a common pathway leading to liver cirrhosis, which is the end result of any injury to the liver. Accurate assessment of the degree of fibrosis is important clinically, especially when treatments aimed at reversing fibrosis are being evolved. Despite the fact that liver biopsy (LB) has been considered the "gold standard" of assessment of hepatic fibrosis, LB is not favored by patients or physicians owing to its invasiveness, limitations, sampling errors, etc. Therefore, many alternative approaches to assess liver fibrosis are gaining more popularity and have assumed great importance, and many data on such approaches are being generated...
October 6, 2016: Hepatology International
Ashwani K Singal, Patrick S Kamath
Liver transplantation is a definitive therapy for patients with end-stage liver disease and cirrhosis, with improvement in survival and quality of life. Patients are carefully screened and selected for this modality of treatment to achieve maximum survival benefit. For example, a patient with hepatocellular carcinoma is a candidate if he or she is within Milan criteria and has no significant comorbidity. Similarly, patients with alcoholic cirrhosis are transplant candidates if they are deemed to have been rehabilitated from abusive alcohol consumption and are at low risk for recidivism...
October 6, 2016: Hepatology International
Serge J Zweers, Elisabeth M de Vries, Martin Lenicek, Dagmar Tolenaars, D Rudi de Waart, Kiran V K Koelfat, Albert K Groen, Steven W M Olde Damink, Ulrich Beuers, Cyriel Ponsioen, Peter L M Jansen, Frank G Schaap
BACKGROUND: Bile salts likely contribute to liver injury in patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) and primary biliary cholangitis (PBC). Fibroblast growth factor 19 (FGF19) is a bile salt-induced enterokine with hepatoprotective potential as it suppresses de novo bile salt synthesis. Here, we evaluated the bile salt receptor FXR/FGF19 gut-liver axis in PSC and PBC patients. METHODS: Fasted patients with PSC (n = 12) and PBC (n = 10), and healthy controls (HC; n = 10) were orally challenged with the natural FXR agonist chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA 15 mg/kg)...
September 30, 2016: Hepatology International
Sukriti Sukriti, Nirupma Trehanpati, Manoj Kumar, Chandana Pande, Syed S Hissar, Shiv Kumar Sarin
BACKGROUND: Dendritic cells (DCs) promote pathogen recognition, uptake and presentation of antigen through DC-specific intercellular adhesion molecule 3-grabbing non-integrin (DC-SIGN) and toll-like receptors (TLRs). AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: We aimed to study temporal changes in DCs, TLRs and DC-SIGN during acute viral hepatitis B (AVHB) infection and compare them to chronic (CHB) and to investigate the earliest time point of activated pathogen recognition receptors in hepatitis B viral infection...
September 22, 2016: Hepatology International
Atsushi Tanaka, Xiong Ma, Osamu Yokosuka, Martin Weltman, Hong You, Deepak N Amarapurkar, Yoon Jun Kim, Zaigham Abbas, Diana A Payawal, Ming-Ling Chang, Cumali Efe, Ersan Ozaslan, Masanori Abe, Robert Mitchell-Thain, Mikio Zeniya, Kwang Hyub Han, John M Vierling, Hajime Takikawa
During the 25th annual meeting of the Asia-Pacific Association for the Study of the Liver (APASL 2016) in Tokyo, we organized and moderated an inaugural satellite symposium on the autoimmune liver diseases, autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) and primary biliary cholangitis (PBC). Following the keynote lecture by John M. Vierling (USA), speakers from the Asia-Pacific region provided an up-to-date perspective on the epidemiology, clinical practice and research in AIH and PBC in the Asia-Pacific region. Although epidemiology and clinical features of AIH seem to be similar in East Asia compared to those in western countries, the majority of patients with AIH are detected at an advanced stage and have higher mortality rates in South Asia, indicating an unmet need for earlier diagnosis and the initiation of appropriate immunosuppressive treatment...
September 20, 2016: Hepatology International
Joaquin Cabezas, Ramon Bataller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2016: Hepatology International
Vipin Gupta, Ramakant Rawat, Shalimar, Anoop Saraya
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Endoscopic variceal ligation (EVL) plus beta blocker is the mainstay treatment after index bleed to prevent rebleed. Primary objective of this study was to compare EVL plus propranolol versus EVL plus carvedilol on reduction of HVPG after 1 month of therapy. METHODS: Patients of cirrhosis presenting with index esophageal variceal bleed received standard treatment (Somatostatin therapy f/b EVL) following which HVPG was measured and patients were randomized to propranolol or carvedilol group if HVPG was >12 mmHg...
September 13, 2016: Hepatology International
Masafumi Haraguchi, Hisamitsu Miyaaki, Tatsuki Ichikawa, Hidetaka Shibata, Takuya Honda, Eisuke Ozawa, Satoshi Miuma, Naota Taura, Fuminao Takeshima, Kazuhiko Nakao
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance and decreased health-related quality of life (HRQOL) are significant complaints in patients with liver cirrhosis. Although the etiology of these complications is unclear, we propose that glucose intolerance may be a predisposing factor. Therefore, our aim was to investigate the relationship between glucose intolerance and these complications. METHODS: We assessed continuous glucose monitoring in 43 patients with chronic liver disease...
September 13, 2016: Hepatology International
Chandana Papudesu, Shyamasundaran Kottilil, Shashwatee Bagchi
Hepatitis C is the leading cause of progressive liver fibrosis worldwide and results in cirrhosis, liver cancer, liver failure and death. Successful treatment for hepatitis C virus (HCV) has rapidly evolved in recent years to a well-tolerated, highly efficacious all-oral therapy. Elbasvir/grazoprevir (Zepatier) is the newest of the oral combinations of HCV direct-acting agents that was approved by the US Federal Drug Administration. This review focuses on the pharmacology, mechanism of action and clinical trial data that support the use of this new combination treatment for HCV infection...
September 13, 2016: Hepatology International
Hartono Gunardi, Melanie Y Iskandar, Turyadi, Susan I Ie, Pramita G Dwipoerwantoro, Rino A Gani, David H Muljono
BACKGROUND: HBV-infected patients are potential sources of intra-familial transmission. We studied HBV transmission and molecular characteristics within families of HBV-related chronic liver disease (CLD) patients. METHODS: Family members [index cases (ICs), spouses, and 1-18-year-old children] of HBV-related CLD patients were tested for HBsAg, anti-HBc, and anti-HBs. HBsAg-positive subjects were tested for HBeAg/anti-HBe. Anti-HBc-positive children together with their family members were further investigated for HBV DNA...
September 13, 2016: Hepatology International
Evangelos Cholongitas, Ioannis Goulis, Maria Ioannidou, Stergios Soulaidopoulos, Parthenis Chalevas, Evangelos Akriviadis
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To investigate if urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR) is associated with the presence of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) <60 mL/min, severity of liver disease and survival in patients with stable decompensated cirrhosis. METHODS: We evaluated prospectively 220 patients (73 % male, age 52.8 ± 12 years). In each patient, assessment of GFR was based on (51)chromium-EDTA. Random urine samples were obtained for measurement of UACR...
August 30, 2016: Hepatology International
Meena B Bansal
Since their original identification, our understanding of the role of hepatic stellate cells in both health and disease continues to grow. Numerous studies have delineated the role of stellate cell activation in contributing to the pool of myofibroblasts responsible for liver fibrosis, and these have resulted in the development of a number of anti-fibrotic strategies targeting this cell. However, their potential role in liver regeneration, both initiation and termination, is also emerging and needs to be contemplated when considering targeted therapy...
August 30, 2016: Hepatology International
Namita Roy-Chowdhury, Xia Wang, Chandan Guha, Jayanta Roy-Chowdhury
The discovery that coordinated expression of a limited number of genes can reprogram differentiated somatic cells to induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) has opened novel possibilities for developing cell-based models of diseases and regenerative medicine utilizing cell reprogramming or cell transplantation. Directed differentiation of iPSCs can potentially generate differentiated cells belonging to any germ layer, including cells with hepatocyte-like morphology and function. Such cells, termed iHeps, can be derived by sequential cell signaling using available information on embryological development or by forced expression of hepatocyte-enriched transcription factors...
August 17, 2016: Hepatology International
Hong Zang, Fangfang Liu, Hongling Liu, Shaoli You, Bing Zhu, Zhihong Wan, Shaojie Xin
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a life-threatening complication in patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) of underlying cirrhosis. However, the characteristics of AKI in these patients have not been clarified. Our aim was to determine the incidence and risk factors of AKI and the association between AKI severity and 180-day transplant-free survival. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort analysis of patients with ACLF of underlying cirrhosis in a single center from January 2009 through December 2014...
September 2016: Hepatology International
Wajahat Mehal, Uyen To
Liver fibrosis is a dynamic process of fibrinogenesis and fibrinolysis. It is sequelae of recurrent injury and inflammation to the liver. Only recently has there been significant progress in understanding the pathophysiology behind liver fibrosis. This has allowed for the development of identifiable targets for potential therapies. In this article we will discuss the underlying general cellular mechanisms that play a key role in the pathway of fibrinogenesis and fibrinolysis and then focus on the mechanisms that are key in alcohol-induced liver fibrosis...
September 2016: Hepatology International
Dong Ji, Guo-Feng Chen, Cheng Wang, Yu-Dong Wang, Qing Shao, Bing Li, Jun Zhao, Shao-Li You, Jin-Hua Hu, Jia-Liang Liu, Xiao-Xia Niu, Jing Chen, Lei Lu, Vanessa Wu, George Lau
BACKGROUND: Treatment-experienced chronic hepatitis C (CHC) genotype (GT) 1b represents a major medical burden in China. We evaluate the efficacy, safety and cost-effectiveness of ribavirin (RBV)-free pan-oral direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) in treatment-experienced Chinese with GT1b CHC, including patients with cirrhosis. METHODS: One hundred forty treatment-experienced GT1b CHC Chinese with and without cirrhosis were included in this study. Ninety-four patients were treated with either daclatasvir (DCV, 60 mg)-sofosbuvir (SOF, 400 mg) (group 1, n = 46) or ledipasvir (LDV, 90 mg)-SOF (400 mg) (group 2, n = 48) for 12 weeks...
September 2016: Hepatology International
Dinesh Jothimani, Sanjay Govil, Mohamed Rela
Recurrent HCV infection (rHCV) of the liver allograft following transplantation is universal and is associated with poor graft and patient survival in comparison with other indications. Treatment of rHCV infection in the previous era with pegylated interferon and ribavirin was associated with low sustained virological response (SVR) due to poor tolerability, adverse events and graft rejection. Recently, directly acting antiviral drugs (DAA) have been approved for the treatment of hepatitis C infection and a number of clinical trials have been conducted across various centers in the management of rHCV infection of the graft...
September 2016: Hepatology International
G Liamis, T D Filippatos, A Liontos, M S Elisaf
Hyponatremia (Na(+) <135 mmol/l) is the most common electrolyte disorder. Cirrhosis represents a rather frequent cause of hyponatremia mainly due to systemic and splanchnic vasodilation resulting in decreased effective arterial blood volume, which leads to excessive non-osmotic secretion of antidiuretic hormone. However, hyponatremia of multifactorial origin may be seen in patients with liver diseases. The review focuses on the factors and pathogenetic mechanisms of decreased sodium levels other than the hemodynamic compromise of cirrhosis in patients with liver diseases...
September 2016: Hepatology International
Pau Sancho-Bru, Pere Ginès
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Hepatology International
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