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General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439697/heart-transplantation-for-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease-current-status-and-future-prospects
#1
REVIEW
Hikaru Matsuda, Hajime Ichikawa, Takayoshi Ueno, Yoshiki Sawa
Increased survival rates after corrective or palliative surgery for complex congenital heart disease (CHD) in infancy and childhood are now being coupled with increased numbers of patients who survive to adulthood with various residual lesions or sequelae. These patients are likely to deteriorate in cardiac function or end-organ function, eventually requiring lifesaving treatment including heart transplantation. Although early and late outcomes of heart transplantation have been improving for adult survivors of CHD, outcomes and pretransplant management could still be improved...
April 24, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434140/radiation-therapy-for-recurrent-cardiac-undifferentiated-pleomorphic-sarcoma-after-three-operations
#2
Kazunobu Hirooka, Masahiro Oonuki, Susumu Manabe, Daisuke Hiraoka, Takashi Yasukawa, Keiko Suzuki
We report the case of a 57-year-old female suffering from recurrent malignant undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma of the left atrium. Metastasis to the posterior mediastinum was detected upon first presentation. Incomplete resections were carried out twice before mitral valve replacement was finally performed. The tumor recurred 16 months later and was treated with radiation therapy, which has proved to be effective in bringing about tumor regression for 2 years, to date. The patient has survived for 7 years since the first surgery...
April 22, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432576/clinical-benefit-of-neoadjuvant-chemoradiotherapy-for-the-avoidance-of-pneumonectomy-assessment-in-12-consecutive-centrally-located-non-small-cell-lung-cancers
#3
Keizo Misumi, Hiroaki Harada, Norifumi Tsubokawa, Yasuhiro Tsutani, Kotaro Matsumoto, Yoshihiro Miyata, Yoshinori Yamashita, Morihito Okada
BACKGROUND: Considering that pneumonectomy itself is a disease, avoidance of pneumonectomy needs to be deliberated. Herein, we evaluated the role of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy for avoidance of pneumonectomy in patients with centrally located locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer. METHODS: Patients who underwent neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy after being judged to require pneumonectomy by cancer board between 1997 and 2011 were retrospectively evaluated. RESULTS: Twelve patients, including 10 males and 2 females with median age 63...
April 21, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425027/10-year-results-of-on-x-bileaflet-mechanical-heart-valve-in-the-aortic-position-low-target-inr-regimen-in-japanese
#4
Hideki Teshima, Masahiko Ikebuchi, Yosuke Miyamoto, Ryuta Tai, Toshikazu Sano, Yusuke Kinugasa, Hiroyuki Irie
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to establish clinical outcomes after aortic valve replacement (AVR) with On-X bileaflet mechanical heart valve. METHODS: Between 2006 and 2014, AVR was performed to 686 patients. Of them, 78 patients using On-X valve were enrolled. The mean age was 65 ± 11 years (ranged 33-85); 65% were men; and 81% were in sinus rhythm preoperatively. Calcific or degenerative tricuspid aortic valve was present in 73%. Concomitant procedures included coronary artery bypass grafting (22%), Bentall (8%), mitral valve procedure (3%) and other (9%)...
April 19, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391520/neonatal-repair-of-left-atrial-diverticulum-with-gigantic-thrombus-without-cardiopulmonary-bypass
#5
Akihiko Higashida, Takaya Hoashi, Heima Sakaguchi, Hajime Ichikawa
A 5-day-old neonate with coarctation of the aorta, hypoplastic aortic arch, large apical muscular ventricular septal defect, and patent ductus arteriosus developed pulmonary over-circulation and systemic hypoperfusion underwent bilateral pulmonary artery banding through median sternotomy as a part of hybrid stage I palliation. At operation, left atrial diverticulum with gigantic thrombus formation at the base of the left atrial appendage was incidentally detected by intraoperative direct echocardiography, and therefore, was successfully resected with the whole thrombus inside it without use of cardiopulmonary bypass...
April 8, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386812/a-novel-technique-of-total-debranching-tevar-with-inflow-from-the-descending-aorta
#6
Saiki Munehiro, Yunoki Keiji, Sakoda Naoya, Hattori Shigeru, Uchino Gaku, Kawabata Takuya, Fujita Yasufumi, Hisamochi Kunikazu, Yoshida Hideo
An 82-year-old male with TAA was considered high risk for conventional surgery because of previous CABG. Therefore, a hybrid repair was performed. First, the arch vessels were debranched extra-anatomical bypass. Second, left thoracotomy was performed. The proximal side of a bifurcated graft was anastomosed to the descending aorta. To arch vessels' debranch graft, two bifurcated graft distal limbs were anastomosed with a 10-mm distance. Two stentgrafts were deployed from the ascending to descending aorta. Postoperative CT did not reveal any endoleak, and all debranch grafts were patent...
April 6, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386811/left-main-coronary-malperfusion-from-acute-non-communicating-aortic-dissection
#7
Mototsugu Tamaki, Hideki Kitamura, Yutaka Koyama, Arishige Kimura, Yasuhide Okawa
A 64-year-old man was admitted with sudden back and chest pain. He had undergone aortic valve replacement 5 years earlier. Enhanced computed tomography showed acute type A non-communicating aortic dissection. He was initially treated with supportive medical therapy. Since he was restless, he was placed on a respirator. He went into sudden shock 6 h after onset. Percutaneous cardiopulmonary support was administered, and coronary arteriography showed progression of the dissection to the left main trunk. Percutaneous coronary intervention was performed...
April 6, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374271/effect-of-preoperative-left-ventricular-diastolic-dysfunction-on-mid-term-outcomes-after-surgical-ventricular-restoration-for-ischemic-cardiomyopathy
#8
Koji Furukawa, Mitsuhiro Yano, Eisaku Nakamura, Masakazu Matsuyama, Masanori Nishimura, Katsuya Kawagoe, Kunihide Nakamura
OBJECTIVES: The impact of surgical ventricular restoration (SVR) on survival and major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) is still controversial. The purposes of this study were to analyze our surgical experience with SVR for ischemic cardiomyopathy and to determine the effect of preoperative left ventricular diastolic dysfunction on mid-term outcomes after SVR. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between April 2010 and May 2016, 19 patients underwent SVR. The mean age was 60 ± 11 years and the mean New York Heart Association functional class was 2...
April 4, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349384/extended-surgery-for-t4-lung-cancer-a-30-years-experience
#9
P G Dartevelle, D Mitilian, E Fadel
T4 non-small cell lung carcinomas (NSCLC) were deemed unresectable. Advances in surgery have challenged this dogma. We describe technical aspects and result on superior vena cava (SVC), carinal, thoracic inlet tumor surgeries, and resection under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). SVC reconstruction requires hemodynamic control to reverse SVC clamping cerebral effects and excellent cephalic venous bed patency. Among 50 SVC resections, including 25 carinal pneumonectomies, post-operative mortality rate was 8%. In the N0-N1 group, 5- and 10-year survival rates were 46...
March 27, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332089/surgery-for-total-anomalous-pulmonary-venous-connection-primary-sutureless-repair-vs-conventional-repair
#10
REVIEW
Naoki Yoshimura, Kazuaki Fukahara, Akio Yamashita, Toshio Doi, Katsunori Takeuchi, Shigeyuki Yamashita, Takahiro Homma, Shigeki Yokoyama, Masaya Aoki, Yuki Ikeno
Despite recent advances in surgical technique and perioperative care, the surgical correction of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) remains a challenge. The major complication and the main cause of reoperation in TAPVC surgery are the occurrence of pulmonary venous obstruction (PVO). In the 1990s, sutureless repair was introduced as a technique to relieve PVO after TAPVC repair. Following the favorable outcomes for postoperative PVO, the indications for sutureless repair as a primary operation have been expanded to include infants who have preoperative PVO or those at risk of developing PVO after the repair of TAPVC...
March 22, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332088/simple-technique-of-repair-for-barlow-syndrome-with-posterior-resection-and-chordal-transfer-via-minimally-invasive-approach-primary-experience-in-a-consecutive-series-of-22-patients
#11
H Kamiya, Payam Akhyari, J-P Minol, A C Ites, T Weinreich, S Sixt, P Rellecke, U Boeken, A Albert, A Lichtenberg
OBJECTIVE: Current techniques for mitral valve repair (MVR) in Barlow's disease require high level of surgical expertise due to a complex anatomy. A novel and simple standardized technique that particularly considers the pathological changes of the mitral valve in Barlow's disease has been developed. METHODS: Between 2009 and 2013, 22 patients underwent minimally invasive MVR for Barlow's disease and severe mitral regurgitation (MR). A simple, standardized technique was applied, including resection of P2 segment of posterior mitral leaflet (PML) with preservation of the shortest chordae, transfer of the preserved chordae to A2, and implantation of a semi-rigid open ring...
March 22, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315045/late-onset-chest-wall-abscess-due-to-a-biodegradable-rib-pin-infection-after-lung-transplantation
#12
Yasufumi Goda, Toyofumi F Chen-Yoshikawa, Masaaki Kusunose, Masatsugu Hamaji, Hideki Motoyama, Kyoko Hijiya, Akihiro Aoyama, Hiroshi Date
A 55-year-old man with end-stage emphysema underwent a right single-lung transplantation through a posterolateral thoracotomy. The fifth rib was divided and fused back using a biodegradable pin made of polylactide acid and hydroxyapatite. Two weeks postoperatively, he suffered from central vein catheter-related sepsis due to methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus. After being successfully treated for sepsis, he was discharged. However, 3 months later, computed tomography revealed multiple loculated abscesses in the chest wall and the right pleural space...
March 17, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283793/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-experience-at-a-single-institution-for-10%C3%A2-years
#13
In-Hag Song, Seock Yeol Lee, Seung Jin Lee, Won Suk Choi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify appropriate method of diagnosis and treatment of spontaneous pneumomediastinum (SPM) based on our experience. METHODS: The medical records of patients who were diagnosed with SPM and treated at our hospital between April 2006 and July 2015 were, retrospectively, analyzed. The data included characteristics of the patients, method of diagnosis, treatment and clinical course. RESULTS: Forty-five patients were diagnosed with SPM and treated at our hospital...
March 10, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281043/preoperative-management-using-inhalation-therapy-for-pulmonary-complications-in-lung-cancer-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#14
Kyoshiro Takegahara, Jitsuo Usuda, Tatsuya Inoue, Takayuki Ibi, Akira Sato
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate whether perioperative inhalations of long-acting beta-agonists (LABAs) or long-acting muscarinic antagonists (LAMAs) might decrease the incidence of postoperative complications in lung cancer patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 108 patients with COPD who underwent pulmonary resections for primary lung cancer at our hospital between January 2013 and January 2016 to determine the association between the incidence of postoperative complications (e...
March 9, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281042/valve-sparing-aortic-root-re-implantation-for-commissural-detachment-with-fibrous-strand
#15
Seiji Matsukuma, Taku Inoue, Kazuyoshi Tanigawa, Takashi Miura, Ichiro Matsumaru, Mizuki Sumi, Takeshi Murakami, Kikuko Obase, Kiyoyuki Eishi
Both aortic valve commissural detachment and commissural fenestration are rare causes of aortic regurgitation. In general, aortic valve replacement is the mainstay treatment for aortic regurgitation caused by commissural detachment or commissural fenestration. We herein describe valve-sparing aortic root re-implantation and aortic valve repair for aortic regurgitation and aortic root dilatation in an extremely rare case accompanied by both commissural detachment and commissural fibrous strand of fenestrated cusp...
March 9, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281041/post-infarction-ventricular-septal-rupture-yet-hard-to-treat-disease
#16
EDITORIAL
Toshiaki Ito
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271362/mesothelioid-reaction-following-talc-pleurodesis-a-case-report
#17
Tatyana Faynberg, Neha Patel, Amrit P Nayar, Alan J Shienbaum
INTRODUCTION: Talc pleurodesis is a well-established procedure performed to obliterate the pleural space to prevent recurrent pleural effusion and/or recurrent pneumothorax. Pleurodesis is commonly accomplished by draining the pleural fluid, if present, followed by either a mechanical procedure, such as abrasion, pleurectomy, or instillation of a chemical irritant into the pleural space, which results in inflammation and fibrosis which obliterates the pleural space. The reported complications of talc pleurodesis are hypoxemia, hypotension, tachycardia, dyspnea, chest pain, and fever...
March 7, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260150/importance-of-multidisciplinary-management-for-pulmonary-atresia-ventricular-septal-defect-major-aorto-pulmonary-collateral-arteries-and-completely-absent-central-pulmonary-arteries
#18
Takaya Hoashi, Satoshi Yazaki, Koji Kagisaki, Masataka Kitano, Masatoshi Shimada, Isao Shiraishi, Hajime Ichikawa
BACKGROUND: To review long-term clinical outcomes for pulmonary atresia, ventricular septal defect (PA/VSD), major aorto-pulmonary collateral arteries (MAPCAs) and completely absent central pulmonary arteries (cPAs). METHODS: Of all 120 surgically treated patients with PA/VSD, MAPCAs between 1981 and 2011, 15 patients (12.5%) with completely absent cPAs were enrolled. The median age at initial surgery was 3.8 ± 4.9 years old (range 0.1-17.6) and 3.5 (2-6)...
March 4, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258482/a-rare-malformation-of-bilateral-superior-vena-cava-with-bilateral-partial-anomalous-pulmonary-venous-connection-in-the-presence-of-ostium-secundum-atrial-septal-defect-management-strategies-and-pitfalls
#19
Malkesh Tarsaria, Kartik Patel, Amber Malhotra, Pranav Sharma, Vivek Wadhawa, Jaydeep Ramani
Bilateral superior vena cava (SVC) with bilateral partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection is a very rare congenital cardiac malformation. Here, we are reporting a case of 18-year-old male who had bilateral SVC with bilateral anomalous pulmonary venous connection associated with ostium secundum atrial septal defect. The patient underwent successful surgical correction for the same.
March 3, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255781/a-non-randomized-confirmatory-trial-of-segmentectomy-for-clinical-t1n0-lung-cancer-with-dominant-ground-glass-opacity-based-on-thin-section-computed-tomography-jcog1211
#20
Keiju Aokage, Hisashi Saji, Kenji Suzuki, Tomonori Mizutani, Hiroshi Katayama, Taro Shibata, Syunichi Watanabe, Hisao Asamura
INTRODUCTION: Lobectomy has been the standard surgery for even stage I lung cancer since the validity of limited resection for stage I lung cancer was denied by the randomized study reported in 1995. The aim of this non-randomized confirmatory going on since September 2013 is to confirm the efficacy of a segmentectomy for clinical T1N0 lung cancer with dominant ground glass opacity based on thin-slice computed tomography. METHOD: A total of 390 patients from 42 Japanese institutions are recruited within 4 years...
March 2, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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