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Obesity Research & Clinical Practice

Kerem Karaman, Mehmet Aziret, Ali Bal, Volkan Öter, Metin Ercan, Erdal Birol Bostancı
INTRODUCTION: Porto-mesenteric venous thrombosis (PMVT) is a rare but fatal complication after bariatric surgery. However, an increasing number of PMVT complications have been observed in the last years after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) operations. CASE REPORT: A 35-year-old male was admitted to the emergency clinic in a septic status with a sudden once of abdominal pain and vomiting. The patient underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) 15 days ago...
January 5, 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Yoshitaka Hashimoto, Masahide Hamaguchi, Muhei Tanaka, Akihiro Obora, Takao Kojima, Michiaki Fukui
OBJECTIVE: A meta-analysis indicated that metabolically healthy obesity (MHO) presents a risk of incident type 2 diabetes, but it has not yet been established whether MHO without fatty liver (w/o FL) also presents a risk of incident diabetes. METHODS: We searched the MEDLINE and Embase databases to identify relevant prospective cohort studies and we supplemented the search with original data from the NAGALA (NAfld in Gifu Area, Longitudinal Analysis) study, defining MHO as a body mass index (BMI) ≥25 kg/m2 plus the presence of non or one of the following factors: hypertension, impaired fasting glucose, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and hypertriglyceridemia...
January 4, 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Tzu-I Tsai, Shoou-Yih D Lee
OBJECTIVE: Develop/validate a weight-specific health literacy instrument. METHODS: The development of weight-specific health literacy measurement consisted of seven phases: (a) a literature review; (b) consultation with weight management experts; (c) generation of an item pool; (d) selection of items via the Delphi method; (e) pilot testing; (f) a national survey; and (g) examination of the psychometric properties of the results. RESULTS: A random sample of 362 Taiwanese adults completed the face-toface survey...
December 18, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Stéphane Frayon, Yolande Cavaloc, Guillaume Wattelez, Sophie Cherrier, Yannick Lerrant, Margaret Ashwell, Olivier Galy
INTRODUCTION: Waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) is a simple anthropometric proxy for central body fat; it is easy to use from a health education perspective. A WHtR value >0.5 has been proposed as a first level indicator of health risk. The first aim of this study was to compare WHtR with values based on body mass index (BMI) in their prediction of the percentage of body fat (%BF) in a multi-ethnic population of adolescents from New-Caledonia (age 11-16year). Secondly, to see whether WHtR >0...
December 15, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Hsien-Yu Fan, Yungling Leo Lee, Shwu-Huey Yang, Yi-Wen Chien, Jane C-J Chao, Yang-Ching Chen
OBJECTIVE: To fully explain the dynamic and comprehensive etiology of the trajectory associated with adiposity indices. METHODS: This study involved data of 5572 children, aged 6-11 years, as part of the Taiwan Children Health Study (TCHS). The present study introduced four distinct BMI trajectories, identified previously among children: persistently healthy weight; late-onset overweight or obesity; persistent overweight or obesity; and declining BMI class. Logistic regression was used to examine the effect of non-modifiable factors on BMI trajectory classes...
December 6, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
C R Sacha, C M Page, R H Goldman, E S Ginsburg, C A Zera
OBJECTIVE: To assess attitudes towards weight loss interventions in patients seeking infertility treatment. METHODS: We evaluated prior weight loss experiences, attitudes towards future interventions by body mass index (BMI), and willingness to delay fertility treatment for weight loss interventions stratified by BMI using logistic regression amongst women ≤45years old with infertility over three months or recurrent pregnancy loss. RESULTS: The average age of our convenience sample of respondents (148 of 794 eligible women, 19%) was 34...
December 5, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Ya-Fen Wang, Soonyoung Ha, Jaclene A Zauszniewski, Ratchneewan Ross
The Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ) appraises overeating styles that may contribute to weight gain in adults. The purpose of this analysis was to assess the psychometric properties of a Chinese version of the DEBQ (C-DEBQ) in a sample of parents of school-age children in Taiwan. The C-DEBQ encompassing three subscales that including emotional eating, external eating, and restrained eating. Each subscale's reliability was assessed with Cronbach's alpha internal consistency. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was conducted to validate the model fit...
December 4, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Ying Xin, Elisabeth Hertle, Carla J H van der Kallen, Casper G Schalkwijk, Coen D A Stehouwer, Marleen M J van Greevenbroek
OBJECTIVE: To investigate longitudinal associations of components of the alternative (C3, C3a, Bb, factor D [FD], factor H [FH], and properdin) and the terminal complement pathway (C5a, sC5b-9) with adiposity. METHODS: A prospective human cohort study (n=574 at baseline, n=489 after 7 years follow-up) was analyzed. Generalized estimating equations were used to evaluate the longitudinal associations between complement components (standardized values) and adiposity (main outcome BMI [kg/m2])...
November 21, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Priya Sumithran, Christine Houlihan, Alexis Shub, Leonid Churilov, Natasha Pritchard, Sarah Price, Elif Ekinci, Joseph Proietto, Michael Permezel
BACKGROUND: Although population-based studies indicate that on average, women gain 1-2kg between pregnancies, women with obesity often attribute its development to childbearing. There is little contemporary data available regarding how commonly this occurs, particularly in women of different body mass index (BMI) categories. The aim of this study was to examine inter-pregnancy weight changes among women at a tertiary obstetric hospital in Melbourne, Australia. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of data from the Birthing Outcomes System electronic record of 19,617 women aged 20 years or older, who delivered at least two consecutive singleton infants at ≥37 weeks' gestation at Mercy Hospital for Women between December 1994 and December 2015...
November 20, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Zahra Arab Sadeghabadi, Mitra Nourbakhsh, Parvin Pasalar, Solaleh Emamgholipour, Abolfazl Golestani, Bagher Larijani, Maryam Razzaghy-Azar
BACKGROUND: Sirtuins, including SIRT1 and SIRT2, are longevity-associated deacetylase enzymes that modulate metabolic homeostasis in response to the cellular energy state. Adenosine monophosphate activated protein kinase (AMPK) and SIRT1 are interrelated and share several common target pathways. This study aimed to evaluate the SIRT1 and SIRT2 gene expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) as well as plasma levels of AMPK, in obese children and adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants included 60 children and adolescents (30 obese and 30 age- and gender-matched control subjects)...
November 14, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Juliana Zabatiero, Anne Smith, Kylie Hill, Jeffrey M Hamdorf, Susan F Taylor, Martin S Hagger, Daniel F Gucciardi
AIMS: To explore participants' ability to participate in physical activity (PA), and barriers and facilitators to PA, at 12 months following restrictive bariatric surgery, and how these differed from participants' pre-surgery perceptions. Motivators for PA post-surgery were also explored. METHODS: Qualitative one-on-one in-depth interviews were conducted pre- and 12 months post-surgery. Data were analysed using inductive thematic analysis. RESULTS: Fourteen adults (12 females), with a mean (range) age of 41...
November 14, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Nobuo Sasaki, Saeko Fujiwara, Hidehisa Yamashita, Ryoji Ozono, Yuko Monzen, Kazushi Teramen, Yasuki Kihara
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the association between obesity and sleep habits, including bedtime, wake-up time, and sleep duration variability over a week. METHODS: We analyzed 9289 participants in this study. Following a health examination, each participant self-reported their sleep habits using a standardized 19-item questionnaire. High sleep duration variability was defined as sleep varying ≥3h of the difference between the longest and shortest sleep durations reported over a week-long period...
November 8, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Evelyn M S Litwinoff, Merav Y Gold, Karan Singh, Jiyuan Hu, Huilin Li, Ken Cadwell, Ann Marie Schmidt
BACKGROUND: An influx of lipid-loaded macrophages characterizes visceral adipose tissue (VAT) inflammation, which is an important factor in the development of insulin resistance (IR) in obesity. Depletion of macrophage lipids accompanies increased whole body insulin sensitivity, but the underlying mechanism is unknown. Deficiency of autophagy protein ATG16L1 is associated with increases in inflammatory diseases and lipid metabolism, but the connection between ATG16L1, IR, and obesity remains elusive...
November 2, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Bingyuan Wang, Ming Zhang, Shu Wang, Chongjian Wang, Jinjin Wang, Linlin Li, Lu Zhang, Yongcheng Ren, Chengyi Han, Yang Zhao, Junmei Zhou, Guo'an Wang, Yanxia Shen, Dongting Wu, Chao Pang, Lei Yin, Tianping Feng, Jingzhi Zhao, Xinping Luo, Dongsheng Hu
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine dynamic status of metabolically healthy overweight or obesity (MHO) and metabolically unhealthy and normal weight (MUNW) and the risk of incident type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: Body mass index and metabolic health were assessed on 11,865 eligible participants ≥18 years from 6-year follow-up cohort study of a rural Chinese population. Participants were classified as metabolically healthy and normal weight (MHNW), MHO, MUNW and metabolically unhealthy overweight or obesity (MUO) at both baseline and follow-up examinations...
October 31, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Oliver Huse, Janitha Hettiarachchi, Emma Gearon, Melanie Nichols, Steven Allender, Anna Peeters
OBJECTIVES: To describe prevalence and trends for overweight and obesity in Australia and to critique the quality of available data on this public health priority. DESIGN: Comparison of aggregate prevalence data on adult and childhood overweight and obesity in publicly available national or state-based cross sectional surveys and survey series. PARTICIPANTS: All representative population surveys, conducted since 1995, with measured height and weight at a national or state level...
October 30, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Narelle Kennedy, Ann Quinton, Chris Brown, Michael John Peek, Ron Benzie, Ralph Nanan
BACKGROUND: Abdominal adiposity and subcutaneous fat (SF), an important endocrine organ for health outcomes, can be divided into two layers, superficial (SSAT) and deep subcutaneous adipose tissue (DSAT) each with a different histological and metabolic function. The aim was to investigate longitudinal changes in maternal abdominal SF thickness and its layers throughout pregnancy and post-partum within body mass index (BMI) categories. METHODS: A prospective longitudinal study of 214 women was performed measuring abdominal SF using ultrasound at 12-14(M1), 18-20(M2), 26-29(M3) and 33-36 weeks' gestation (M4) and 6-8 weeks post-partum...
November 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Sarah Alulis, Dan Grabowski
BACKGROUND: Child and adolescent obesity trends are rising throughout the world, revealing treatment difficulties and a lack of consensus about treatment. The family system is broadly viewed as a potential setting for facilitation of behaviour change. Therefore, family-based interventions have come into focus. However, the use of theoretical frameworks to strengthen these interventions is rare and very uneven. OBJECTIVE AND METHOD: To conduct a qualitative meta-synthesis of family-based interventions for child and adolescent obesity to identify the theoretical frameworks applied, thus understanding how theory is used in practice...
November 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
David C R Kerr, Gianluca Gini
OBJECTIVE: Being teased and otherwise victimised by peers during childhood increases risk for obesity. However, few prospective studies have considered whether risk extends to adulthood. We tested whether being teased in childhood predicted higher body mass index (BMI) and increased odds of obesity in early adulthood in a community sample of American males. METHOD: Boys (n=206) were classified as victims of peer teasing or non-victims (n=55 and 151, respectively) based on mother, father, and teacher reports at ages 10-12 years...
November 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
A Rom Kwon, Yeong Sook Yoon, Kyong Pil Min, Yoon Kyung Lee, Ji Ho Jeon
Eating alone has been an emerging social concern in modern life. However, there is little research on the association between eating alone and Metabolic syndrome (MetS). We aimed to assess the association between eating alone and the MetS and to identify whether sociodemographic factors modify this association. This study included 7725 adults (≥19 years) who participated in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2013-2014. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used for assessing the association of eating alone (none, 1 time/day, and ≥2 times/day) with MetS...
October 20, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Ellen Geets, Evi Aerts, An Verrijken, Kim Van Hoorenbeeck, Stijn Verhulst, Luc Van Gaal, Wim Van Hul
BACKGROUND: Prader Willi Syndrome (PWS) is a syndromic form of obesity caused by a chromosomal aberration on chromosome 15q11.2-q13. Patients with a comparable phenotype to PWS not carrying the 15q11.2-q13 defect are classified as Prader Willi like (PWL). In literature, PWL patients do frequently harbor deletions at 6q16, which led to the identification of the single-minded 1 (SIM1) gene as a possible cause for the presence of obesity in these patients. However, our previous work in a PWL cohort showed a rather limited involvement of SIM1 in the obesity phenotype...
October 20, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
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