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Obesity Research & Clinical Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089658/utility-of-body-mass-index-waist-to-height-ratio-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-thresholds-for-identifying-cardiometabolic-risk-in-10-4-17-6-year-old-children
#1
Duncan S Buchan, Julien S Baker
OBJECTIVE: To examine the utility of Body Mass Index (BMI), Waist-to-Height-Ratio (WHtR) and cardiorespiratory fitness thresholds to identify cardiometabolic risk in youth. METHODS: Cross-sectional cardiometabolic risk factor variables on 534 children aged 10.4-17.6 years of age (52% boys) from the United Kingdom were used. Binary logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic curves were used to examine the utility of established age and gender specific thresholds for BMI, WHtR and cardiorespiratory fitness to identify individuals with increased cardiometabolic risk (increased clustered triglycerides, HDL-cholesterol, systolic blood pressure and glucose)...
January 12, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089396/comparison-between-measured-and-perceived-weight-status-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-australian-adults
#2
Jessica Herbert, Karen Louise Peterson, Laura Alston, Steven Allender, Melanie Nichols
BACKGROUND: Many individuals may not accurately perceive whether their weight status poses a health risk. This paper aimed to determine how accurately Australians perceived their weight status compared to objective measurements, and to determine what factors were associated with underestimating weight status. METHODS: Participants were 7947 non-pregnant adults from the 2011 to 2012 Australian National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey, with complete data for self-reported and measured weight status...
January 11, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089395/royal-jelly-ameliorates-diet-induced-obesity-and-glucose-intolerance-by-promoting-brown-adipose-tissue-thermogenesis-in-mice
#3
Takeshi Yoneshiro, Ryuji Kaede, Kazuki Nagaya, Julia Aoyama, Mana Saito, Yuko Okamatsu-Ogura, Kazuhiro Kimura, Akira Terao
INTRODUCTION: Identification of thermogenic food ingredients is potentially a useful strategy for the prevention of obesity and related metabolic disorders. It has been reported that royal jelly (RJ) supplementation improves insulin sensitivity; however, its impacts on energy expenditure and adiposity remain elusive. We investigated anti-obesity effects of RJ supplementation and their relation to physical activity levels and thermogenic capacities of brown (BAT) and white adipose tissue (WAT)...
January 11, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073639/association-between-volume-and-glucose-metabolism-of-abdominal-adipose-tissue-in-healthy-population
#4
Hyun Woo Kwon, Sang Mi Lee, Jeong Won Lee, Jung-Eun Oh, Se-Whan Lee, Shin Young Kim
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association of adipose tissue volume and metabolic activity with cardiometabolic risk factors. METHODS: 232 healthy subjects (43.23±4.09y) having (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) results were included. Clinical information, anthropometry and laboratory results were obtained. Volume and metabolic activity of subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) was obtained from FDG PET/CT...
January 7, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065384/the-effects-of-fat-induced-obesity-on-bone-metabolism-in-rats
#5
Wei Li, Peng Xu, Cuizhe Wang, Xiaodan Ha, Yajuan Gu, Yan Wang, Jun Zhang, Jianxin Xie
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study was to investigate the effects of obesity, induced via a high-fat diet, on bone metabolism in rats. METHODS: Two hundred healthy Wistar male rats aged 4 weeks were fed a standard diet and a high-fat diet. At specific time points (week 0, 4, 6, 8, and 10), plasma was collected to determine the levels of glucose and lipid metabolism. Additionally, enzyme-linked immunoassays were performed to determine the plasma levels of adipocyte and bone metabolism factors...
January 3, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057417/long-term-effects-of-bariatric-surgery-on-peripheral-endothelial-function-and-coronary-microvascular-function
#6
LETTER
Pierpaolo Tarzia, Gaetano A Lanza, Alfonso Sestito, Angelo Villano, Giulio Russo, Stefano Figliozzi, Priscilla Lamendola, Antonio De Vita, Filippo Crea
BACKGROUND: We previously demonstrated that bariatric surgery (BS) leads to a short-term significant improvement of endothelial function and coronary microvascular function. In this study we assessed whether BS maintains its beneficial effect at long-term follow up. DESIGN: We studied 19 morbidly obese patients (age 43±9years, 12 women) without any evidence of cardiovascular disease who underwent BS. Patients were studied before BS, at 3 months and at 4.0±1.5years follow up...
January 2, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057416/laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-modifies-cholesterol-synthesis-but-not-cholesterol-absorption
#7
LETTER
S De Vuono, M A Ricci, D Siepi, M Boni, A Gentili, M Scavizzi, G Daviddi, P Labate, A R Roscini, G Lupattelli
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Each bariatric surgery procedure impacts differently on cholesterol synthesis and absorption. Although a restrictive procedure, sleeve gastrectomy resolves diabetes mellitus and, like mixed-type procedures, induces early changes in gastrointestinal hormones. To our knowledge the present study is the first to assess the effects of sleeve gastrectomy on cholesterol synthesis and absorption. METHODS AND RESULTS: 42 consecutive subjects with obesity and sleeve gastrectomy candidates were included in the study together with a control group of 20 subjects without obesity...
January 2, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034698/laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-on-a-morbidly-obese-patient-with-situs-inversus-totalis-a-case-study-and-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#8
Mehmet Aziret, Kerem Karaman, Metin Ercan, Erdal Birol Bostancı, Musa Akoğlu
INTRODUCTION: Situs inversus totalis (SIT) is a condition where the internal organs or organ systems are located contra-laterally to the norm, forming a mirror image. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is an effective bariatric procedure that has become more common over the last two decades. We report on a morbidly obese patient with SIT who underwent a successful LSG. CASE REPORT: A 54-year-old female morbidly obese patient (136k; 167cm; body mass index (BMI): 48kg/m(2)) was admitted for bariatric surgery...
December 26, 2016: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007535/association-between-weight-status-and-men-s-positive-mental-health-the-influence-of-marital-status
#9
Francine de Montigny, Lyne Cloutier, Sophie Meunier, Caroline Cyr, Simon Coulombe, Gilles Tremblay, Nathalie Auger, Bernard Roy, Isabelle Gaboury, Brigitte Lavoie, Harold Dion, Janie Houle
The purpose of this study was to (1) examine the association between weight status and men's positive mental health, defined as the presence of symptoms of emotional, psychological, and social well-being, and (2) evaluate the moderating effect of marital status. A total of 645 men aged between 19 and 71 years self-reported their height and weight and answered a questionnaire measuring their emotional, psychological, and social well-being. Analysis of variance revealed that mean levels of emotional, psychological, and social well-being did not significantly differ according to men's weight status...
December 19, 2016: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007534/fkbp5-polymorphism-is-associated-with-insulin-resistance-in-children-and-adolescents-with-obesity
#10
Marta Fichna, Izabela Krzyśko-Pieczka, Magdalena Żurawek, Bogda Skowrońska, Danuta Januszkiewicz-Lewandowska, Piotr Fichna
OBJECTIVE: Since metabolic syndrome shares several clinical features with hypercortisolism, it was hypothesised that genes altering individual glucocorticoid (GC) sensitivity might be implicated in pathogenesis of obesity and its adverse outcomes. FKBP5 gene encodes a chaperon protein in the GC receptor (GR) complex, which modulates steroid action upon target genes. Its functional variant, rs1360780, may enhance FKBP5 gene transcription, affect GR signalling and thereby influence the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis...
December 19, 2016: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956218/an-intensive-lifestyle-intervention-reduces-circulating-oxidised-low-density-lipoprotein-and-increases-human-paraoxonase-activity-in-obese-subjects
#11
Angelo Russo, Irene Pirisinu, Carmine Vacca, Elisa Reginato, Emilia Sbroma Tomaro, Roberto Pippi, Cristina Aiello, Vincenzo Nicola Talesa, Pierpaolo De Feo, Rita Romani
OBJECTIVE: Obesity has a great impact on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, the treatment of this pathological state is important given the significant health consequences. Lifestyle and behaviour changes play a significant role in weight management. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of an intensive multidisciplinary lifestyle intervention on well-known atherogenic factors in a group of overweight and obese subjects. METHODS: A total of 44 people with overweight/obesity underwent a lifestyle intervention based on nutritional education, psychological support and a 3-month exercise training program with a frequency of twice a week...
December 9, 2016: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939216/the-value-of-health-and-weight-loss-among-primary-care-patients-with-moderate-to-severe-obesity-do-quality-of-life-factors-have-a-larger-influence-than-comorbidities
#12
LETTER
Christina C Wee, Mary B Hamel, Karen W Huskey, Roger B Davis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2016: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931766/a-comparison-of-move-versus-telemove-programs-for-weight-loss-in-veterans-with-obesity
#13
Thomas Rutledge, Jane A Skoyen, Julie A Wiese, Kathleen M Ober, Gina N Woods
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a leading contributor to disability. Treatment approaches incorporating telehealth technologies are becoming increasingly popular in treating obesity, but their benefits relative to established behavioural weight loss therapies are poorly understood. The objective of this study was to compare a new telehealth treatment (TeleMOVE) to an established behavioural treatment (MOVE!) among Veterans with obesity. METHODS: This was an observational study of Veterans in the TeleMOVE or MOVE! programs between October, 2011 and March, 2013...
December 5, 2016: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889358/the-hypertriglyceridemic-waist-and-waist-to-height-ratio-phenotypes-and-chronic-kidney-disease-cross-sectional-and-prospective-investigations
#14
Azra Ramezankhani, Fereidoun Azizi, Arash Ghanbarian, Donna Parizadeh, Farzad Hadaegh
AIMS: We investigated the association between two hypertriglyceridemic waist (HW) and waist-to height ratio (HWHtR) phenotypes and chronic kidney disease (CKD) using cross sectional and prospective analysis. METHODS: Data of 12,012 individuals (44% men) of the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (TLGS) at two phases [(1999-2001) and (2002-2005)], were used for cross-sectional analysis. This population was followed until 2014 with median follow-up 12.4 years (95% confidence interval (CI): 11...
November 23, 2016: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889357/the-impact-of-overweight-obesity-duration-and-physical-activity-on-telomere-length-an-application-of-the-watch-paradigm
#15
Scott J Dankel, Jeremy P Loenneke, Paul D Loprinzi
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity may protect against health consequences associated with obesity, yet less is known on how the duration of obesity alters this association, specifically as it relates to leukocyte telomere length. METHODS: The 1999-2002 NHANES was used to place individuals into 6 mutually exclusive groups based on physical activity status and weight status/duration. RESULTS: All active individuals, except for those overweight/obese for longer durations, were associated with longer telomeres in comparison to sedentary individuals...
November 23, 2016: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887923/the-association-between-obesity-and-mental-rotation-ability-in-an-adolescent-sample
#16
LETTER
Sandra Kaltner, Anja Schulz, Petra Jansen
Obesity has been related to deficient mental rotation performance. We assessed object-based and egocentric MR tasks in 19 obese and 19 normal-weight participants. Results showed slower response times of obese adolescents only for high angular disparities. This finding might emerge because of impairments in working memory, motor skills or perspective taking processes in obese youth.
November 22, 2016: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887922/obesity-foot-pain-and-foot-disorders-in-older-men-and-women
#17
Alyssa B Dufour, Elena Losina, Hylton B Menz, Michael P LaValley, Marian T Hannan
OBJECTIVE: We investigated obesity, foot pain and selected foot disorders, and determined if associations differed by foot posture or dynamic foot function. METHODS: We included 2445 men and women (4888 feet) from the Framingham Foot Study (2002-2008). A foot examination assessed presence of disorders and pain on each foot. Body mass index (BMI, kg/m(2)) was categorized as normal (<25), overweight (25-29.99), moderate-obesity (30-34.99) severe-obesity (35+). Foot posture (normal, cavus, planus) and dynamic foot function (normal, supinated, pronated) were defined using plantar pressure measurement system...
November 22, 2016: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27839673/perceived-not-actual-overweight-is-associated-with-excessive-school-absenteeism-among-u-s-adolescents
#18
Dustin T Duncan, Andrew R Hansen, Jennifer Woo Baidal, Rodney Lyn, Ashley Hill, Jian Zhang
BACKGROUND: Excess body weight has been reported to be associated with excessive school absenteeism (ESA), but less is known about the association with perceived body weight. The study objective was to weigh the relative influence of perceived and measured weight status on school attendance. METHODS: We used the data from 3113 adolescents age 12-19 years who were interviewed as a part of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES), 2003-2008. Body weight and height were measured during the physical examination, while self-perceived body weight and the number of school days missed was assessed using questionnaires...
November 7, 2016: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793573/are-overeating-and-food-addiction-related-to-distress-tolerance-an-examination-of-residents-with-obesity-from-a-u-s-metropolitan-area
#19
Andrea T Kozak, Jessica Davis, Ryan Brown, Matthew Grabowski
OBJECTIVE: Low distress tolerance (DT) is an inability to handle negative emotions. There is strong support for the connection between low DT and substance addiction, which suggests that the former might be related to food addiction (FA). Previous work found that low DT was related to overeating in a college sample. The current study had two primary aims: (1) to determine whether low DT is associated with overeating in a sample of participants with diverse races and incomes, and (2) to investigate the relationships among DT and body mass index (BMI) as well as DT and FA symptoms...
October 25, 2016: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789201/why-do-parents-discontinue-health-services-for-managing-paediatric-obesity-a-multi-centre-qualitative-study
#20
Jasmine Dhaliwal, Arnaldo J Perez, Nicholas L Holt, Rebecca Gokiert, Jean-Pierre Chanoine, Katherine M Morrison, Laurent Legault, Arya M Sharma, Geoff D C Ball
OBJECTIVE: To explore parents' reasons for discontinuing tertiary-level care for paediatric weight management. METHODS: Participants were parents of 10-17year olds (body mass index [BMI] ≥85th percentile) who were referred for paediatric weight management. Parents were recruited from three Canadian sites (Vancouver, BC; Edmonton, AB; Hamilton, ON) and were eligible if their children attended at least one clinical appointment and subsequently discontinued care...
October 24, 2016: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
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