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Obesity Research & Clinical Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455224/comparison-of-anthropometric-measurements-associated-with-the-risk-of-endoscopic-erosive-esophagitis-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Jae Keun Park, Yaeji Lim, Hyuk Lee, Tae Jun Kim, Yoon-Ho Choi, Yang Won Min, Byung-Hoon Min, Jun Haeng Lee, Poong-Lyul Rhee, Jae J Kim
BACKGROUND: In this cross-sectional study, we assessed five anthropometric measurements to determine the most reliable indicator of the erosive esophagitis (EE) risk: body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist to height ratio (WHtR), a body shape index (ABSI), and body roundness index (BRI). METHODS: This study included 182,407 participants who underwent an esophagogastroduodenoscopy as part of a routine health check-up. We used the area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve (AUC) to assess the discriminatory power of each anthropometric measure as an indicator of EE risk...
April 25, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442280/kidney-disease-in-patients-with-obesity-it-is-not-always-obesity-related-glomerulopathy-alone
#2
Steven P Salvatore, James M Chevalier, Sheng F Kuo, Pat F Audia, Surya V Seshan
OBJECTIVE: Patients with obesity are at risk for chronic kidney disease. The aim is to characterize the spectrum of kidney disease in these patients, which may be related to obesity, termed obesity-related glomerulopathy (ORG), or may have other diseases secondary to associated or unassociated medical conditions. METHODS: Native kidney biopsies from 2000 to 2012 were retrospectively reviewed from all patients with body mass index >30kg/m(2). Glomerular diameter was measured using a standard micrometer and clinicopathologic characteristics were analyzed...
April 22, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420589/associations-between-language-acculturation-age-of-immigration-and-obesity-in-the-mexican-american-mano-a-mano-cohort
#3
Matthew Chrisman, Wong-Ho Chow, Carrie R Daniel, Xifeng Wu, Hua Zhao
INTRODUCTION: As Mexican immigrants to the U.S. become acculturated, they face worsening health outcomes such as obesity. The role of language acculturation in the development of obesity has not been thoroughly examined. METHODS: To examine associations between language acculturation and obesity, data were drawn from the Mexican-American Mano A Mano cohort study. Participants aged 20 years and over (n=18,298) completed baseline questionnaires on socio-demographic and behavioural factors, including physical activity and sitting time...
April 15, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420588/comparison-of-an-electronic-versus-traditional-food-diary-for-assessing-dietary-intake-a-validation-study
#4
Nicholas R Fuller, Mackenzie Fong, James Gerofi, Fatima Ferkh, Chloris Leung, Lisa Leung, Shaoyu Zhang, Michael Skilton, Ian D Caterson
BACKGROUND: Paper-based estimated food diaries are often used in research to collect dietary data, despite this method being burdensome for both participants and researchers. Such food diaries are often time consuming, labour intensive, and rely on participant literacy and therefore may lead to greater rates of under-reporting. METHODS: This study assessed the validity of the 'Boden Food Plate', a novel web-based electronic application, compared to a paper-based three-day estimated food diary...
April 15, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416385/abdominal-adiposity-and-low-physical-activity-are-independently-and-inversely-associated-with-bone-mineral-density
#5
Chandramouli Krishnan, Palak Choksi, Mark D Peterson
BACKGROUND AND METHODS: Obesity is a highly heterogeneous condition, and the link between adiposity distribution profiles and skeletal health is not well understood. This study examined the association between adiposity and bone mineral density (BMD) in a large cohort (5268 individuals) of US adults aged 20-85 years. RESULTS: Body mass index (BMI) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity were positively associated with BMD. Conversely, abdominal adiposity was negatively associated with BMD, even after adjusting for age, race, BMI, and objectively-measured physical activity...
April 14, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411022/the-prevalence-of-obesity-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-tibetan-immigrants-living-in-high-altitude-areas-in-ladakh-india
#6
Belle Yanyu Lin, Karma Genden, Wei Shen, Po-Shu Wu, Wen-Chien Yang, Hui-Fang Hung, Chun-Min Fu, Kuen-Cheh Yang
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence of obesity and related cardiovascular disease risk factors among Tibetan immigrants living in high altitude areas. RESEARCH METHODS & PROCEDURES: A total of 149 Tibetan immigrants aged 20 years and over were recruited in 2016 in Ladakh, India. Anthropometric indices and biochemical factors were measured. Using the provided Asia-Pacific criteria from the World Health Organization, overweight and obese status were determined. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) was defined according to the American Heart Association...
April 12, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392264/effects-of-bodypump-and-resistance-training-with-and-without-a-personal-trainer-on-muscle-strength-and-body-composition-in-overweight-and-obese-women-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Anne Mette Rustaden, Lene A H Haakstad, Gøran Paulsen, Kari Bø
OBJECTIVES: Overweight and obese individuals are recommended to perform regular resistance training, and the health- and fitness industry offer several exercise programs with purpose to improve muscle strength and body composition. This randomised controlled trial aimed to compare 12 weeks (45-60min, 3 sessions/weeks) of popular exercise programs, available at health- and fitness centers worldwide. METHODS: Previous untrained women with BMI≥25 were allocated to either BodyPump (a high-repetition group session) (n=25), individual resistance training with a personal trainer (n=25), non-supervised individual resistance training (n=21) and non-exercising control group (n=21)...
April 6, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389205/accuracy-of-using-self-reported-data-to-screen-children-and-adolescents-for-overweight-and-obesity-status-a-diagnostic-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Jinbo He, Zhihui Cai, Xitao Fan
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the accuracy of using the self-reported body mass index (BMIsr) for screening children and adolescents for overweight and obesity status by quantitatively synthesizing individual studies in the research literature. METHOD: Three databases, namely PubMed, Web of Science, and EBSCOhost were searched up to September 2016. Studies were included that collected both the self-reported data (BMIsr) and direct measurement data (i.e., BMI based on measured height and weight, BMIm) to screen children and adolescents for overweight and obesity status, and provided sufficient data on sensitivity and specificity...
April 4, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385559/outcome-in-terms-of-percentage-excess-body-weight-loss-ebwl-after-weight-loss-surgery-experience-of-a-large-volume-centre
#9
LETTER
Vittal S R Rao, Mark Peter, Rupa Sarkar, E Salim, Prashant K Jain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363705/relationship-between-plasma-adropin-levels-and-body-composition-and-lipid-characteristics-amongst-young-adolescents-in-taiwan
#10
Jin-Biou Chang, Nain-Feng Chu, Fu-Huang Lin, Jhu-Ting Hsu, Pi-Yun Chen
Adropin is a 76 amino acid peptide hormone with a molecular weight of 4999.9Da that may be associated with energy homeostasis, insulin resistance and lipid metabolism in mice and human. There is only a few studies that examine plasma adropin levels and body composition in children. This study is to evaluate the relationship between plasma adropin levels, body composition and lipid variables amongst young adolescents in Taiwan. We examined 492 adolescents (269 females and 223 males) ranging from 12 to 15 years old, with a mean age of 13...
March 28, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320596/phillyrin-lowers-body-weight-in-obese-mice-via-the-modulation-of-ppar-beta-delta-angptl-4-pathway
#11
Hong-Bo Xiao, Guo-Guang Sui, Xiang-Yang Lu
OBJECTIVE: Previous investigations have shown that the peroxisome proliferator activated receptor beta/delta (PPAR<beta>/<delta>)-angiopoietin-like protein 4 (ANGPTL4) pathways may be a new pharmacologic target for treatment of obesity. The present study was conducted to test the effect of phillyrin, ‎a glucoside, on obesity in mice. METHOD: Fifty mice were randomly divided into 5 groups (n=10): control group (C57BL/6J mice), obese mice group, two groups of obese mice treated with phillyrin (15 or 45mg/kg/day), one group of obese mice treated with PPAR<beta>/<delta> agonist GW0742 (3mg/kg/day)...
March 17, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285960/weight-reduction-via-life-style-modifications-results-in-reverse-remodelling-and-cardiac-functional-improvement-in-a-patient-with-obesity
#12
Chang Hou, Bo Zheng, Ying Yang, Xin-Gang Wang, Bin Zhang, Qiu-Ping Shi, Ming Chen
The prevalence of obesity has increased strikingly in recent years. Obesity is associated with increased left ventricular end-diastolic dimension (LVEDD), ventricular wall thickness, left ventricular (LV) mass, left atrial diameter, subtle myocardial systolic as well as diastolic dysfunction and has been identified as an independent predictor of these changes. It's convinced that weight reduction results in cardiac reverse remodelling, while the functional changes after weight reduction are variable. Here, we present a recent case of man with moderate obesity who acquires favourable regression in chamber size, wall thickness and significant improvement in cardiac function...
March 9, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228348/carbon-dioxide-in-carbonated-beverages-induces-ghrelin-release-and-increased-food-consumption-in-male-rats-implications-on-the-onset-of-obesity
#13
Dureen Samandar Eweis, Fida Abed, Johnny Stiban
BACKGROUND: The dangerous health risks associated with obesity makes it a very serious public health issue. Numerous studies verified a correlation between the increase in obesity and the parallel increase in soft drink consumption among world populations. The effects of one main component in soft drinks namely the carbon dioxide gas has not been studied thoroughly in any previous research. METHODS: Male rats were subjected to different categories of drinks and evaluated for over a year...
February 19, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215850/predictors-of-adolescents-weight-misclassification-a-longitudinal-study
#14
Abdulaziz D Aloufi, Jake M Najman, Abdullah A Mamun
OBJECTIVE: To examine adolescents' and mothers' misclassification of the adolescents' body weight and associated early life predictors. METHODS: Data are from a sample of women and their children who were part of a longitudinal Australian birth cohort study. We analysed data of 3925 adolescents, 3721 mothers, and 2593 mother-offspring pairs. At the 14-year follow up, we derived adolescents' body weight category (underweight, normal or overweight) based on their measured height and weight and adolescents reported their similar subjective weight categories...
February 16, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163011/aerobic-endurance-training-improves-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-nafld-features-via-mir-33-dependent-autophagy-induction-in-high-fat-diet-fed-mice
#15
Parvin Ghareghani, Mehrnoosh Shanaki, Saeideh Ahmadi, Ali Reza Khoshdel, Neda Rezvan, Reza Meshkani, Maryam Delfan, Sattar Gorgani-Firuzjaee
Due to changes in life style, obesity and obesity related complication such as insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease caused worldwide health problems. Regular exercise has been frequently prescribed to combat metabolic complication of obesity but its molecular mechanism has not been fully illustrated. We investigated molecular mechanism of lipid lowering effect of exercise training in high fat diet fed mice by focusing on miR-33 expression and autophagy pathway. 24 mice were assigned to normal chow (NC) (n=8), high-fat diet (HFD) (n=16) group and subjected to NC and HFD for 13-weeks...
February 2, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161303/comparison-of-exenatide-and-acarbose-on-intra-abdominal-fat-content-in-patients-with-obesity-and-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Li Shi, Jing Zhu, Ping Yang, Xiaoqiang Tang, Wenlong Yu, Changjie Pan, Moyu Shen, Dalong Zhu, Jinluo Cheng, Xinhua Ye
OBJECTIVE: To investigate exenatide, a GLP-1 analogue, compared with acarbose, for intra-abdominal fat reduction in patients with obesity and type-2 diabetes. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial included 36 patients with obesity and type-2 diabetes, who were metformin-unresponsive, receiving metformin/exenatide (GLP-1 group) or metformin/acarbose (control group) for 3 months. Primary end-point: intra-abdominal fat content from baseline to 3 months; Secondary end-points: changes in fasting blood glucose, glycated haemoglobin (HbAlc), fasting insulin, blood lipids, weight, body mass index, and inflammatory cytokines from baseline to 3 months...
February 1, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111084/prepregnancy-maternal-diabetes-combined-with-obesity-impairs-placental-mitochondrial-function-involving-nrf2-are-pathway-and-detrimentally-alters-metabolism-of-offspring
#17
Yang Duan, Fuqiang Sun, Shengshun Que, Yueqin Li, Suyan Yang, Geli Liu
Metabolic disorders usually increase the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and damage mitochondrial function. The placenta supplies nutrients and hormonal signals to the fetus for regulating fetal metabolism, and is also prone to injury by oxidants. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of pre-existing maternal type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) combined with obesity on placental mitochondrial function and metabolism disorders of offspring. The study included 96 pregnant women. The women were put into the following groups: healthy women (control, n=24), women with DM (DM, n=24), women with obesity (OB, n=24) and women with both DM and obesity (DM+OB, n=24)...
January 19, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094226/relationship-between-age-and-cardiometabolic-index-in-japanese-men-and-women
#18
Ichiro Wakabayashi
BACKGROUND: Cardiometabolic index (CMI) is a new discriminator of the risk of diabetes and has been reported to be associated with the degree of atherosclerosis. However, it is unknown whether and how age influences CMI. METHODS: The subjects were Japanese men (n=35684) and women (n=18793) aged ≥35 and ≤70 years who had received periodic health examinations at workplaces. CMI and its association with diabetes were compared among different age groups in men and women...
January 13, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089658/utility-of-body-mass-index-waist-to-height-ratio-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-thresholds-for-identifying-cardiometabolic-risk-in-10-4-17-6-year-old-children
#19
Duncan S Buchan, Julien S Baker
OBJECTIVE: To examine the utility of Body Mass Index (BMI), Waist-to-Height-Ratio (WHtR) and cardiorespiratory fitness thresholds to identify cardiometabolic risk in youth. METHODS: Cross-sectional cardiometabolic risk factor variables on 534 children aged 10.4-17.6 years of age (52% boys) from the United Kingdom were used. Binary logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic curves were used to examine the utility of established age and gender specific thresholds for BMI, WHtR and cardiorespiratory fitness to identify individuals with increased cardiometabolic risk (increased clustered triglycerides, HDL-cholesterol, systolic blood pressure and glucose)...
January 12, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089396/comparison-between-measured-and-perceived-weight-status-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-australian-adults
#20
Jessica Herbert, Karen Louise Peterson, Laura Alston, Steven Allender, Melanie Nichols
BACKGROUND: Many individuals may not accurately perceive whether their weight status poses a health risk. This paper aimed to determine how accurately Australians perceived their weight status compared to objective measurements, and to determine what factors were associated with underestimating weight status. METHODS: Participants were 7947 non-pregnant adults from the 2011 to 2012 Australian National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey, with complete data for self-reported and measured weight status...
January 11, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
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