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Obesity Research & Clinical Practice

Yvonne C Anderson, William Leung, Cameron C Grant, Tami L Cave, José G B Derraik, Wayne S Cutfield, Nicola M Pereira, Paul L Hofman, Trudy A Sullivan
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether Whānau Pakari, a home-based, 12-month multi-disciplinary child obesity intervention programme was cost-effective when compared with the prior conventional hospital-based model of care. METHODS: Whānau Pakari trial participants were recruited January 2012-August 2014, and randomised to either a high-intensity intervention (weekly sessions for 12 months with home-based assessments and advice, n=100) or low-intensity control (home-based assessments and advice only, n=99)...
May 17, 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Shwetha Iyer, Melanie Jay, William Southern, Sheira Schlair
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate obesity counseling competence among residents in a primary care training program METHODS: We delivered a 3h obesity curriculum to 28 Primary Care residents and administered a pre-curriculum and post curriculum survey looking specifically at self-assessed obesity counseling competence. RESULTS: Nineteen residents completed both the pre curriculum survey and the post curriculum survey. The curriculum had a positive impact on residents' ability to ascertain patient's stage of change, use different methods to obtain diet history (including 24h recall, food record or food frequency questionnaire), respond to patient's questions regarding treatment options, assist patients in setting realistic goals for weight loss based on making permanent lifestyle changes, and use of motivational interviewing to change behavior...
March 16, 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Mirjam C M Wever, Alexandra E Dingemans, Tiny Geerets, Unna N Danner
The Risk factors for Binge Eating Disorder in Overweight (REO) questionnaire is a screening tool for nutritionists to discriminate between individuals with obesity with and without Binge Eating Disorder (BED). The first study tested the discriminative ability of the REO and identified an optimal cut-off value. In the second study this cut-off value was used to identify individuals with and without BED from a sample of individuals with obesity visiting a nutritionist and compared clinical and personality characteristics with a group of individuals officially diagnosed with BED...
March 9, 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Kevin M Fitzpatrick, Xuan Shi, Don Willis, Jill Niemeier
OBJECTIVES: Extant research clearly points to a correlation between place and health, specifically as it pertains to chronic diseases like obesity. The present study examines this relationship among a diverse set of compositional place indicators and obesity rates across census tracts in the 500 largest cities in the United States. METHODS: Using data compiled from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation 500 Cities project and the Census' American Community Survey, the analyses examined aggregate relationships between sociodemographic, socioeconomic, and housing characteristics of census tracts and crude prevalence obesity rates in over 27,000 census tracts located in the 500 largest cities in the United States...
March 8, 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Veronica Moreno-Viedma, Matteo Tardelli, Maximilian Zeyda, Maria Sibilia, J Deborah Burks, Thomas M Stulnig
OBJECTIVE: Osteopontin (OPN, Spp1) is a protein upregulated in white adipose tissue (WAT) of obese subjects. Deletion of OPN protects mice from high-fat diet-induced WAT inflammation and insulin resistance. However, the alterations mediated by loss of OPN in WAT before the obesogenic challenge have not yet been investigated. Therefore, we hypothesised that the lack of OPN might enhance the pro-adipogenic micro environment before obesity driven inflammation. METHODS: OPN deficiency was tested in visceral (V) and subcutaneous (SC) WAT from WT and Spp1-/- female mice...
March 6, 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Priya Sumithran, Christine Houlihan, Alexis Shub, Leonid Churilov, Natasha Pritchard, Sarah Price, Elif Ekinci, Joseph Proietto, Michael Permezel
BACKGROUND: Although population-based studies indicate that on average, women gain 1-2kg between pregnancies, women with obesity often attribute its development to childbearing. There is little contemporary data available regarding how commonly this occurs, particularly in women of different body mass index (BMI) categories. The aim of this study was to examine inter-pregnancy weight changes among women at a tertiary obstetric hospital in Melbourne, Australia. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of data from the Birthing Outcomes System electronic record of 19,617 women aged 20 years or older, who delivered at least two consecutive singleton infants at ≥37 weeks' gestation at Mercy Hospital for Women between December 1994 and December 2015...
March 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Khurshid Choudhry, David Armstrong, Alexandru Dregan
OBJECTIVES: To review current studies on obesity and weight within male prisoners. Including assessment of factors which influence obesity and weight change during imprisonment. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review. METHODS: The systematic review was conducted according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses checklist. A literature search was conducted using defined exclusion and inclusion criteria for relevant studies published between 2000 and 2016...
February 22, 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Cécile Bétry, Stéphane Thobois, Martine Laville, Emmanuel Disse
Despite a better understanding of obesity pathophysiology, treating this disease remains a challenge. New therapeutic options are needed. Targeting the brain is a promising way, considering both the brain abnormalities in obesity and the effects of bariatric surgery on the gut-brain axis. Deep brain stimulation could be an alternative treatment for obesity since this safe and reversible neurosurgical procedure modulates neural circuits for therapeutic purposes. We aimed to provide a critical review of published clinical and preclinical studies in this field...
February 20, 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Aleksandra Tarasiuk, Paula Mosińska, Jakub Fichna
Obesity, characterised as a chronic low-grade inflammation is a crucial risk factor for colon cancer. The expansion of the adipose tissue is related to elevated triglyceride and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels and hyperinsulinemia, which all are presumed mediators of the tumour development. Obesity is also believed to support carcinogenesis by activating the insulin/IGF-1 pathway. Moreover, obesity increases the level of proinflammatory cytokines (e.g. TNF-α, IL-1, and IL-6) and has a significant impact on selected adipokines...
February 7, 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Antonio Gangemi, Sarah Russel, Krupa Patel, Hazbar Khalaf, Mario Masrur, Chandra Hassan
No universal consensus has been achieved as to whether the laparoscopic adjustable gastric band to laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy conversion should be performed in one or two steps. To determine the differences in operative outcomes and cost, a systematic, comprehensive review of the literature was conducted using the PubMed database from the National Institutes of Health. Nine studies were included with 809 patients. Weighted averages were calculated to compare operative outcomes, and cost analyses were conducted with these averages...
February 5, 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
James D Nobles, Arnaldo Perez, Joseph A Skelton, Nicholas D Spence, Geoff D Ball
Engagement denotes the extent to which, and how, individuals participate in weight management (WM) services. Effective WM services should generate meaningful outcomes and promote high participant engagement; however, research is predominantly focused on the former. Given that engagement is a poorly understood phenomenon, and that engagement-related concepts are often used synonymously (e.g., dropout and attrition), the engagement pathway is hereby introduced. This pathway defines key concepts (e.g., recruitment, adherence, attrition) and their relationships in the enrolment, intervention, and maintenance stages of treatment...
January 29, 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Xiao Luo, Kaicheng Li, Y L Jia, Qingze Zeng, Yerfan Jiaerken, Tiantian Qiu, Peiyu Huang, Xiaojun Xu, Minming Zhang
BACKGROUND: There is a growing literature documenting a variety of brain abnormalities associated with obesity. However, little is known about the effects of obesity on inter-hemispheric connectivity in aging people. METHODS: Participants included 61 cognitively intact elderly (including people with obesity, overweight, and lean controls) who underwent structural MRI, resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rsfMRI) and standard neuropsychological batteries...
January 29, 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Seon-Joo Park, Hae-Jeung Lee
OBJECTIVE: Breastfeeding is generally known to reduce the risk of childhood overweight and obesity. However, the results are controversial between countries, and nationwide data are rare. This study assessed the relationship between breastfeeding types and overweight incidence using nationwide longitudinal data in Korea. METHODS: We analysed 774,764 infants who participated in the longitudinal nationwide data from the Korea National Children's Health Examination 2007-2013...
January 27, 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Maryam Kebbe, Arnaldo Perez, Geoff D C Ball
Shared decision-making (SDM) is central to personalising health and medical decisions. This decisional model encourages patients to act as managers of their own care while maintaining a partnership with health professionals. Although applied to some conditions, SDM has been used infrequently in pediatric weight management (PWM). Herein, we highlight the applicability and usefulness of SDM in making several important decisions related to PWM, including referral-making to different levels of care and treatment initiation and implementation...
January 27, 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Kerem Karaman, Mehmet Aziret, Ali Bal, Volkan Öter, Metin Ercan, Erdal Birol Bostancı
INTRODUCTION: Porto-mesenteric venous thrombosis (PMVT) is a rare but fatal complication after bariatric surgery. However, an increasing number of PMVT complications have been observed in the last years after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) operations. CASE REPORT: A 35-year-old male was admitted to the emergency clinic in a septic status with a sudden once of abdominal pain and vomiting. The patient underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) 15 days ago...
January 5, 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Gary Wittert, Brett Huang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Ahmad Jayedi, Sakineh Shab-Bidar
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the dose-response association of body mass index (BMI) and risk of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in patients with existing hypertension. METHOD: A systematic search was done using PubMed and Scopus, from their inception up to January 25, 2017. Prospective and retrospective cohort studies reporting risk estimates of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality for three or more quantitative categories of BMI were included...
January 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Yoshitaka Hashimoto, Masahide Hamaguchi, Muhei Tanaka, Akihiro Obora, Takao Kojima, Michiaki Fukui
OBJECTIVE: A meta-analysis indicated that metabolically healthy obesity (MHO) presents a risk of incident type 2 diabetes, but it has not yet been established whether MHO without fatty liver (w/o FL) also presents a risk of incident diabetes. METHODS: We searched the MEDLINE and Embase databases to identify relevant prospective cohort studies and we supplemented the search with original data from the NAGALA (NAfld in Gifu Area, Longitudinal Analysis) study, defining MHO as a body mass index (BMI) ≥25 kg/m2 plus the presence of non or one of the following factors: hypertension, impaired fasting glucose, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and hypertriglyceridemia...
January 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
C R Sacha, C M Page, R H Goldman, E S Ginsburg, C A Zera
OBJECTIVE: To assess attitudes towards weight loss interventions in patients seeking infertility treatment. METHODS: We evaluated prior weight loss experiences, attitudes towards future interventions by body mass index (BMI), and willingness to delay fertility treatment for weight loss interventions stratified by BMI using logistic regression amongst women ≤45years old with infertility over three months or recurrent pregnancy loss. RESULTS: The average age of our convenience sample of respondents (148 of 794 eligible women, 19%) was 34...
January 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Ya-Fen Wang, Soonyoung Ha, Jaclene A Zauszniewski, Ratchneewan Ross
The Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ) appraises overeating styles that may contribute to weight gain in adults. The purpose of this analysis was to assess the psychometric properties of a Chinese version of the DEBQ (C-DEBQ) in a sample of parents of school-age children in Taiwan. The C-DEBQ encompassing three subscales that including emotional eating, external eating, and restrained eating. Each subscale's reliability was assessed with Cronbach's alpha internal consistency. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was conducted to validate the model fit...
January 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
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