journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Obesity Research & Clinical Practice

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629668/underestimating-the-size-of-the-problem-uk-anaesthesia-for-patients-with-obesity
#1
James Palmer, Mike Sury, Claire Nightingale, Jaideep Pandit, Tim Cook
We analysed data from 14,000 patients in the 2013 United Kingdom Anaesthesia Activity Survey of the Fifth National Audit Project of the Royal College of Anaesthetists and Association of Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland to examine anaesthetic, organisational and clinical practice for patients with obesity. We compared practice then with current guidance on management of this patient group. Obesity was reported in 22%, mainly Black, Afro-Caribbean and White Caucasian patients. There was minimal variation in surgical timing, anaesthetic seniority, induction location or day-case procedure rates...
June 16, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619601/ldl-cholesterol-was-more-strongly-associated-with-percent-body-fat-than-body-mass-index-and-waist-circumference-in-a-health-screening-population
#2
Eiji Oda
AIMS: To compare correlations between changes in cardiovascular risk factors and those in obesity indices and to compare associations with incident hyper-LDL cholesterolemia among obesity indices. METHODS: Correlation coefficients were calculated between 7-year changes in cardiovascular risk factors and those in body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and percent body fat (PBF) in 634 men and 396 women who used no antihypertensive, antidiabetic or antihyperlipidemic drugs...
June 12, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610944/bilateral-leg-oedema-after-bariatric-surgery-a-selenium-deficient-cardiomyopathy
#3
Pierre-Laurent Massoure, Olivier Camus, Laurent Fourcade, Fabrice Simon
This report describes a case of selenium-deficient cardiomyopathy secondary to bariatric surgery (Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery). A 40 year-old woman presented with bilateral leg oedema nine months after the surgical procedure. Timely diagnosis of selenium-deficient cardiomyopathy was due to the recognition of symptoms of heart failure, increased NT pro-BNP level, detection of myocardial diastolic dysfunction and impaired left ventricular global longitudinal strain by echocardiography, and early identification of selenium deficiency...
June 10, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602634/dp1-receptor-agonist-bw245c-inhibits-diet-induced-obesity-in-apoe-mice
#4
Sunil Kumar, Thomas Palaia, Christopher Hall, Louis Ragolia
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Lipocalin Prostaglandin D2 synthase (LPGDS) contributes to the production of PGD2, which has been associated with adipogenesis. In this study, we aimed to investigate the role of PGD2 on obesity through its DP1 and DP2 receptor signaling using intraperitoneal injection of their respective agonists and antagonists. METHODS: ApoE(-/-) mice were divided into five groups: vehicle control (n=5), DP1 receptor agonist (n=5), DP1 receptor antagonist (n=5), DP2 receptor agonist (n=5), and DP2 receptor antagonist (n=5), and the study was carried out for 10 weeks...
June 8, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552671/morbid-obesity-and-psoriasis-disease-remission-after-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy
#5
Graziella Babino, Alessandro Giunta, Luca Bianchi, Maria Esposito
Psoriasis is more frequent and severe in populations with obesity, and both have been associated with a higher cardiovascular risk. Recent studies suggest that weight loss may improve psoriasis and metabolic comorbidities in individuals with obesity. We present a case of a female patient affected by psoriasis, morbid obesity and other metabolic comorbidities, who experienced dramatic improvement in skin and joint symptoms and metabolic parameters after weight loss surgery with sleeve gastrectomy.
May 25, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552670/altered-brain-correlates-of-response-inhibition-and-error-processing-in-females-with-obesity-and-sweet-food-addiction-a-functional-magnetic-imaging-study
#6
Jui-Sheng Hsu, Peng-Wei Wang, Chih-Hung Ko, Tsyh-Jyi Hsieh, Chiao-Yun Chen, Ju-Yu Yen
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impulsivity and brain correlates of response inhibition and error processing among females with obesity and sweet food addiction (O & SFA). METHODS: We evaluated the response inhibition and error processing by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in subjects with O & SFA and controls. Twenty females with O & SFA and 20 controls were recruited. All subjects performed the event-related designed Go/No-go task under fMRI and completed questionnaires related to food craving and impulsivity...
May 25, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552669/psychometric-properties-of-the-kids-child-feeding-questionnaire-restriction
#7
LETTER
Sarah E Stromberg, Samantha Minski, Paris B Wheeler, Marie L Chardon, David M Janicke
BACKGROUND: Research exploring parental restrictive feeding is mixed and shows that it both negatively and positively affects children's dietary intake. One hypothesis for these inconsistent findings is the use of parent-report vs. youth-report measures of parental restrictive feeding, but there are limited psychometrically-sound youth-report measures of this construct. Therefore, the current study aims to evaluate the psychometric properties of a measure of parent restrictive feeding practices, the Kids' Child Feeding Questionnaire-Restriction (KCFQ-R), from the youth perspective...
May 25, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528799/a-multifactorial-obesity-model-developed-from-nationwide-public-health-exposome-data-and-modern-computational-analyses
#8
LisaAnn S Gittner, Barbara J Kilbourne, Ravi Vadapalli, Hafiz M K Khan, Michael A Langston
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Obesity is both multifactorial and multimodal, making it difficult to identify, unravel and distinguish causative and contributing factors. The lack of a clear model of aetiology hampers the design and evaluation of interventions to prevent and reduce obesity. METHODS: Using modern graph-theoretical algorithms, we are able to coalesce and analyse thousands of inter-dependent variables and interpret their putative relationships to obesity...
May 18, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522388/trends-in-socioeconomic-costs-of-morbid-obesity-among-korean-adults-2009-2013-data-from-national-health-insurance-service
#9
Jae-Woo Lee, Young-Eun Choi, Dong-Wook Kim, Sunmi Lee, Kyung-Hee Cho
As the prevalence of morbid obesity increased in Korea, the estimation of the accurate socioeconomic costs by morbid obesity was required; we analysed national medical costs through the big data. From 2009 year to 2013 year, Direct Costs (DC) for medical costs, transit costs and nursing costs and Indirect Costs (IC) for Future Income Loss (FIL) and Productivity Loss (PL) of morbid obesity (BMI≥30) were calculated, and socioeconomic costs were estimated by applying Population Attributable Risk (PAR) proportion according to obesity related diseases...
May 15, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506856/bariatric-surgery-revisions-and-private-health-insurance
#10
Samantha B Meyer, Campbell Thompson, Paul Hakendorf, Chris Horwood, Darlene McNaughton, John Gray, Paul R Ward, Lillian Mwanri, Sue Booth, Lilian Kow, Jacob Chisholm
OBJECTIVE: To identify: 1. The percentage of bariatric procedures that are revisions; 2. What proportion of bariatric revision procedures in public hospitals are for patients whose primary weight loss procedure occurred in a private hospital; 3. The age, sex and level of socioeconomic disadvantage of patients needing revisions. METHODS: An analysis of patient level admission data from the Integrated South Australian Activity Collection (ISAAC) was performed. Data were collected on all revisions for weight loss related procedures at all South Australian public and private hospitals, between 2000-2015 using the ISAAC codes for revision procedures...
May 12, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499848/understanding-obesity-in-the-context-of-an-indigenous-population-a-qualitative-study
#11
Ricky Bell, Catherine Smith, Leigh Hale, Geoffrey Kira, Steve Tumilty
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a progressive global phenomenon that is disparately prevalent amongst Indigenous populations. While there is a growing body of literature investigating the extrinsic contributors to obesity, there is a lack of evidence to elucidate intrinsic drivers in the context of an Indigenous population. METHODS: Qualitative research theory, inclusive of Indigenous knowledge systems, was applied to the narratives of 15 Indigenous (Māori) people aged between 18 and 65 to contextualise their understandings of obesity...
May 9, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483477/trends-in-the-prevalence-of-underweight-obesity-abdominal-obesity-and-their-related-lifestyle-factors-in-korean-young-adults-1998-2012
#12
Jisun Lim, Hye Soon Park
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess trends of underweight, obesity, and abdominal obesity and related lifestyle factors in young Korean adults. METHODS: The analysis focused on adults aged 19-39 years using data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) I-V (1998-2012). Underweight was defined as body mass index (BMI) <18.5kg/m(2); obesity as BMI≥30kg/m(2); and abdominal obesity as waist circumference ≥90cm in men and ≥85cm in women...
May 5, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455224/comparison-of-anthropometric-measurements-associated-with-the-risk-of-endoscopic-erosive-esophagitis-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Jae Keun Park, Yaeji Lim, Hyuk Lee, Tae Jun Kim, Yoon-Ho Choi, Yang Won Min, Byung-Hoon Min, Jun Haeng Lee, Poong-Lyul Rhee, Jae J Kim
BACKGROUND: In this cross-sectional study, we assessed five anthropometric measurements to determine the most reliable indicator of the erosive esophagitis (EE) risk: body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist to height ratio (WHtR), a body shape index (ABSI), and body roundness index (BRI). METHODS: This study included 182,407 participants who underwent an esophagogastroduodenoscopy as part of a routine health check-up. We used the area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve (AUC) to assess the discriminatory power of each anthropometric measure as an indicator of EE risk...
April 25, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442280/kidney-disease-in-patients-with-obesity-it-is-not-always-obesity-related-glomerulopathy-alone
#14
Steven P Salvatore, James M Chevalier, Sheng F Kuo, Pat F Audia, Surya V Seshan
OBJECTIVE: Patients with obesity are at risk for chronic kidney disease. The aim is to characterize the spectrum of kidney disease in these patients, which may be related to obesity, termed obesity-related glomerulopathy (ORG), or may have other diseases secondary to associated or unassociated medical conditions. METHODS: Native kidney biopsies from 2000 to 2012 were retrospectively reviewed from all patients with body mass index >30kg/m(2). Glomerular diameter was measured using a standard micrometer and clinicopathologic characteristics were analyzed...
April 22, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420589/associations-between-language-acculturation-age-of-immigration-and-obesity-in-the-mexican-american-mano-a-mano-cohort
#15
Matthew Chrisman, Wong-Ho Chow, Carrie R Daniel, Xifeng Wu, Hua Zhao
INTRODUCTION: As Mexican immigrants to the U.S. become acculturated, they face worsening health outcomes such as obesity. The role of language acculturation in the development of obesity has not been thoroughly examined. METHODS: To examine associations between language acculturation and obesity, data were drawn from the Mexican-American Mano A Mano cohort study. Participants aged 20 years and over (n=18,298) completed baseline questionnaires on socio-demographic and behavioural factors, including physical activity and sitting time...
April 15, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420588/comparison-of-an-electronic-versus-traditional-food-diary-for-assessing-dietary-intake-a-validation-study
#16
Nicholas R Fuller, Mackenzie Fong, James Gerofi, Fatima Ferkh, Chloris Leung, Lisa Leung, Shaoyu Zhang, Michael Skilton, Ian D Caterson
BACKGROUND: Paper-based estimated food diaries are often used in research to collect dietary data, despite this method being burdensome for both participants and researchers. Such food diaries are often time consuming, labour intensive, and rely on participant literacy and therefore may lead to greater rates of under-reporting. METHODS: This study assessed the validity of the 'Boden Food Plate', a novel web-based electronic application, compared to a paper-based three-day estimated food diary...
April 15, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416385/abdominal-adiposity-and-low-physical-activity-are-independently-and-inversely-associated-with-bone-mineral-density
#17
Chandramouli Krishnan, Palak Choksi, Mark D Peterson
BACKGROUND AND METHODS: Obesity is a highly heterogeneous condition, and the link between adiposity distribution profiles and skeletal health is not well understood. This study examined the association between adiposity and bone mineral density (BMD) in a large cohort (5268 individuals) of US adults aged 20-85 years. RESULTS: Body mass index (BMI) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity were positively associated with BMD. Conversely, abdominal adiposity was negatively associated with BMD, even after adjusting for age, race, BMI, and objectively-measured physical activity...
April 14, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411022/the-prevalence-of-obesity-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-tibetan-immigrants-living-in-high-altitude-areas-in-ladakh-india
#18
Belle Yanyu Lin, Karma Genden, Wei Shen, Po-Shu Wu, Wen-Chien Yang, Hui-Fang Hung, Chun-Min Fu, Kuen-Cheh Yang
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence of obesity and related cardiovascular disease risk factors among Tibetan immigrants living in high altitude areas. RESEARCH METHODS & PROCEDURES: A total of 149 Tibetan immigrants aged 20 years and over were recruited in 2016 in Ladakh, India. Anthropometric indices and biochemical factors were measured. Using the provided Asia-Pacific criteria from the World Health Organization, overweight and obese status were determined. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) was defined according to the American Heart Association...
April 12, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392264/effects-of-bodypump-and-resistance-training-with-and-without-a-personal-trainer-on-muscle-strength-and-body-composition-in-overweight-and-obese-women-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Anne Mette Rustaden, Lene A H Haakstad, Gøran Paulsen, Kari Bø
OBJECTIVES: Overweight and obese individuals are recommended to perform regular resistance training, and the health- and fitness industry offer several exercise programs with purpose to improve muscle strength and body composition. This randomised controlled trial aimed to compare 12 weeks (45-60min, 3 sessions/weeks) of popular exercise programs, available at health- and fitness centers worldwide. METHODS: Previous untrained women with BMI≥25 were allocated to either BodyPump (a high-repetition group session) (n=25), individual resistance training with a personal trainer (n=25), non-supervised individual resistance training (n=21) and non-exercising control group (n=21)...
April 6, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389205/accuracy-of-using-self-reported-data-to-screen-children-and-adolescents-for-overweight-and-obesity-status-a-diagnostic-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Jinbo He, Zhihui Cai, Xitao Fan
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the accuracy of using the self-reported body mass index (BMIsr) for screening children and adolescents for overweight and obesity status by quantitatively synthesizing individual studies in the research literature. METHOD: Three databases, namely PubMed, Web of Science, and EBSCOhost were searched up to September 2016. Studies were included that collected both the self-reported data (BMIsr) and direct measurement data (i.e., BMI based on measured height and weight, BMIm) to screen children and adolescents for overweight and obesity status, and provided sufficient data on sensitivity and specificity...
April 4, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
journal
journal
41614
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"