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European Journal of Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30369812/patient-centered-rehabilitation-of-single-partial-and-complete-edentulism-with-cemented-or-screw-retained-fixed-dental-prosthesis-the-first-osstem-advanced-dental-implant-research-and-education-center-consensus-conference-2017
#1
Marco Tallarico, Marco Caneva, Nicola Baldini, Fulvio Gatti, Marco Duvina, Mauro Billi, Gaetano Iannello, Giacomo Piacentini, Silvio Mario Meloni, Marco Cicciù
The aim of this consensus conference was to provide clinical guidelines, based on the available evidence and on the author's daily practice and experience, for general dentistry and dental practitioners to allow them to delivery long-term successful restorations. Three groups of expert clinicians and dental technicians were invited to evaluate all of the scientific literature from 1967 up to March 2017 to identify relevant studies on assigned topics and to prepare in advance narrative/systematic review, written according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines, to fulfill the consensus statement criteria...
October 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30369811/magnification-in-endodontics-a-review-of-its-application-and-acceptance-among-dental-practitioners
#2
REVIEW
Jun Fay Low, Tuti Ningseh Mohd Dom, Safura Anita Baharin
The application of magnification devices in endodontics is mainly meant for visual enhancement and improved ergonomics. This is crucial especially when long hours are spent in a narrow operating space to treat obscure microanatomy. Nevertheless, application of magnification in endodontics has yet to be introduced into the mainstream practice due to various influences in behavioral patterns. By conducting an extensive literature search in the PubMed database, this narrative review paper depicts the present state of magnification devices, their applications within the endodontic practice, factors that influence their usage, the advantages, and shortcomings, as well as the significances of magnification in the field of endodontics...
October 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30369810/assessment-of-in-vivo-bond-strength-studies-of-the-orthodontic-bracket-adhesive-system-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Tamzid Ahmed, Norma Ab Rahman, Mohammad Khursheed Alam
The aim of this study was to systematically review the available studies measuring the bond strength of orthodontic bracket-adhesive system under different experimental conditions in vivo . Literature search was performed in four different databases: PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane, and Scopus using the keywords - bond strength, orthodontic brackets, bracket-adhesive, and in vivo . A total of six full-text articles were selected based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria of our study after a careful assessment by the two independent reviewers...
October 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30369809/history-and-application-of-artificial-neural-networks-in-dentistry
#4
REVIEW
Wook Joo Park, Jun-Beom Park
Artificial intelligence (AI) is a commonly used term in daily life, and there are now two subconcepts that divide the entire range of meanings currently encompassed by the term. The coexistence of the concepts of strong and weak AI can be seen as a result of the recognition of the limits of mathematical and engineering concepts that have dominated the definition. This presentation reviewed the concept, history, and the current application of AI in daily life. Applications of AI are becoming a reality that is commonplace in all areas of modern human life...
October 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30369808/esthetic-rehabilitation-of-anterior-teeth-with-different-thicknesses-of-porcelain-laminate-veneers-an-8-year-follow-up-clinical-evaluation
#5
Tassiana Cançado Melo Sá, Monize Ferreira Figueiredo de Carvalho, Julio Celso M de Sá, Claudia Silami Magalhães, Allyson Nogueira Moreira, Monica Yamauti
This clinical report describes an 8-year follow-up evaluation using different thicknesses of porcelain laminate veneers of diastema and malformed anterior teeth. Minimally invasive treatment with no preparation or minimal reduction options could be considered and chosen based on the characteristics of each case. Laminate veneers with or without reduction can offer an excellent result regarding esthetics and function. Despite its failure without reduction, this treatment is indicated because it can be applied regardless of the structure of the teeth...
October 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30369807/cytotoxicity-evaluation-of-a-new-ozonized-olive-oil
#6
Marco Colombo, Matteo Ceci, Eleonora Felisa, Claudio Poggio, Giampiero Pietrocola
Objective: The cytocompatibility of a new ozonized olive oil toward immortalized human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs) was evaluated and compared with two common antimicrobial agents based on chlorhexidine digluconate (CHX). Materials and Methods: The cytocompatibility of the samples was tested on immortalized HGF-1 cells by 3-(4, 5-dimethyl thiazolyl-2)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. The cells were incubated for 2 or 24 h with increasing dilution of ozonized olive oil or CHX agents...
October 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30369806/first-dental-visit-age-reason-and-experiences-of-saudi-children
#7
Nourah Falah Alshahrani, Ayesha Nasser A Alshahrani, Maram Awdah Alahmari, Asrar Mohammed Almanie, Abrar Mohammed Alosbi, Rafi A Togoo
Objective: A study was conducted among parents/guardians of children attending the Outpatient Department of King Khalid University College of Dentistry, Abha, to assess the attitude and knowledge regarding children's first dental visit and related aspects. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based study was conducted among a convenient sample of 320 parents/guardians. All the parents/guardians willing to participate in the study and whose children visiting the dentist for the first time were included in the study...
October 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30369805/optimization-of-scanning-electron-microscope-technique-for-amniotic-membrane-investigation-a-preliminary-study
#8
Saaid Al Shehadat, Mehmet Omer Gorduysus, Suzina Sheikh Abdul Hamid, Nurul Asma Abdullah, Abdul Rani Samsudin, Azlina Ahmad
Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare the two scanning electron microscope (SEM) preparation protocols and determine the better SEM preparation technique to study stem cells on human amniotic membrane (hAM) scaffold. Materials and Methods: Formaldehyde-based protocol and glutaraldehyde-based protocol were compared to evaluate the quality of SEM images for stem cells cultured on hAM scaffold. Results: The results suggested that formaldehyde-based protocol is better than glutaraldehyde-based protocol in terms of showing clearer topography of the membrane as well as the boarders of the cells...
October 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30369804/bone-alkaline-phosphatase-and-osteocalcin-expression-of-rat-s-gingival-mesenchymal-stem-cells-cultured-in-platelet-rich-fibrin-for-bone-remodeling-in-vitro-study
#9
Alexander Patera Nugraha, Ida Bagus Narmada, Diah Savitri Ernawati, Aristika Dinaryanti, Eryk Hendrianto, Wibi Riawan, Fedik Abdul Rantam
Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze the osteogenic differentiation of rat GMSCs cultured in PRF for bone remodeling. Materials and Methods: GMSCs were isolated from the lower gingival tissue of four healthy, 250 g, 1-month old, male rats ( Rattus norvegicus ) cut into small fragments, cultured for 2 weeks, and subsequently passaged every 4-5 days. GMSCs isolated in passage 3 were characterized by CD34, CD45, CD44, CD73, CD90, and CD105 using fluorescein isothiocyanate immunocytochemistry (ICC) examination...
October 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30369803/mechanical-and-surface-properties-analysis-of-restorative-materials-submitted-to-erosive-challenges-in-situ
#10
Ana Paula Albuquerque Guedes, Bruna Oliveira-Reis, Anderson Catelan, Thaís Yumi Umeda Suzuki, André Luíz Fraga Briso, Paulo Henrique Dos Santos
Objective: This study aims to evaluate the effect of acidic solutions (AS) on surface roughness (Ra) and microhardness of restorative materials (RM). Materials and Methods: Eight volunteers wore intraoral palatal devices (IPD) containing samples of RM: Ketac Nano (KN); Ketac Nano + Biscover LV (KN-B); Esthet-X (EX); Esthet-X + Biscover LV (EX-B); Supreme XT (SXT); Supreme XT + Biscover LV (SXT-B); and bovine enamel. The samples were submitted to three phases: (1) immersion in 0...
October 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30369802/effect-of-adhesive-mode-and-chlorhexidine-on-microtensile-strength-of-universal-bonding-agent-to-sound-and-caries-affected-dentins
#11
Joyce Figueiredo Macedo de Lima, Danielle Wajngarten, Fariya Islam, Johanna Clifford, Ana Carolina Botta
Objective: The main objective of this study is to assess the effect of the adhesive mode and chlorhexidine (CHX) on the microtensile strength of a universal bonding agent to sound and caries-affected dentins. Materials and Methods: Six intact third molars and six decayed third molars were sectioned to obtain two middle dentin specimens per tooth. Prime and Bond Elect Universal (Dentsply) was applied to specimens in two different modes: Etch-and-rinse (ER, phosphoric acid for 15s) and self-etch (SE, no phosphoric acid)...
October 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30369801/surface-roughness-implant-retained-mandibular-bar-and-ball-joint-overdentures-and-adherence-of-microorganisms
#12
Rocío Valenzuela, Daniel Valenzuela
Objective: The aim of this study is to assess the surface roughness of the implant-retained mandibular bar overdenture (BOD) and the implant-retained mandibular ball joint overdenture (BJOD) in jaw and its relation with the adhesion of molds and yeasts and mesophyll aerobe, in time 30 and 180 days in mouth. Materials and Methods: Five-systems titanium bar CARES® and synOcta® Straumann® Dental Implant System, Holding AG Inc., Basel, Switzerland (BOD), and five-systems joint ball Klockner® Implant System; Soadco Inc...
October 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30369800/assessment-of-the-success-rate-of-endodontically-treated-patients-attending-outpatient-polyclinic
#13
Nazih Shaaban Mustafa, Muhannad Ali Kashmoola, Kais Raad Abdul Majeed, Omar Abdul Jabbar Abdul Qader
Objectives: The aim of this study is to determine the success rate of the endodontically treated teeth in patients attending the Polyclinic, Kulliyyah of Dentistry, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), from 2012 to 2015. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study involved endodontically treated teeth of patients attending the Polyclinic, Kulliyyah of Dentistry, IIUM, from 2012 to 2015. Clinical and radiographic data were recorded and classified as successful or failed, and further analyzed by Fisher's exact test to measure the correlation between the variables using SPSS software version 16...
October 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30369799/can-probiotic-cleaning-solutions-replace-chemical-disinfectants-in-dental-clinics
#14
Farah Al-Marzooq, Shahad Al Bayat, Farah Sayyar, Hamdah Ishaq, Husain Nasralla, Rayan Koutaich, Sausan Al Kawas
Objectives: We aim to assess the antibacterial effectiveness of probiotic cleaning in a dental clinic at the University Dental Hospital Sharjah (UDHS), UAE. Materials and Methods: The current cleaning protocol of UDHS was evaluated by the surface swabbing of three dental clinics routinely cleaned using regular chemical disinfectants. Then, a new probiotic cleaning solution containing Bacillus subtilis was applied for 3 weeks in a selected clinic. Bacteria were grown onto selective culture media for colony counting from surfaces cleaned with probiotic solution compared to those obtained from the same surfaces cleaned with the regular chemical solutions...
October 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30369798/the-anti-inflammatory-effect-of-the-platelet-rich-plasma-in-the-periodontal-pocket
#15
Lubaba A Abdul Ameer, Zainab J Raheem, Saif Saadedeen Abdulrazaq, Basima Gh Ali, Maysaa Mahdi Nasser, Azza Wala Aldeen Khairi
Objective: Chronic periodontitis (CP) is a common inflammatory disease that causes destruction to the supporting tissues of the teeth. Many treatment modalities tried to stop the disease progression. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is one of the regenerative methods that used in adjunct to conventional periodontal treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the anti-inflammatory effect of PRP by monitoring the lymphocyte count before and after its application to the periodontal pocket...
October 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30369797/evaluation-of-home-bleaching-gel-modified-by-different-thickeners-on-the-physical-properties-of-enamel-an-in-situ-study
#16
Bruna Guerra Silva, Thayla Helle Nunes Gouveia, Marcelo de Assumpção Pereira da Silva, Gláucia Maria Bovi Ambrosano, Flávio Henrique Baggio Aguiar, Débora Alves Nunes Leite Lima
Objective: This in situ study evaluated the influence of 10% carbamide peroxide (CP) in combination with different thickeners on physical characteristics of enamel. Materials and Methods: Eighty-four bovine blocks of enamel and dentin (4 mm × 4 mm × 2.5 mm) were divided into seven groups ( n = 12), fixed in palatal intraoral devices, and submitted to different treatments: CP + carbopol (FGM), CP + carbopol + glycerin (ultradent), CP + natrosol (experimental gel), carbopol, carbopol + glycerin, and natrosol, without treatment (control group)...
October 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30369796/comparison-of-professional-and-laypeople-evaluation-of-nasolabial-esthetics-following-unilateral-cleft-lip-repair
#17
Adekunle Moses Adetayo, Modupe Olusola Adetayo, A Oguntade Funmi, Mayowa Solomon Somoye, Michael O Adeyemi, Wasiu Lanre Adeyemo
Objectives: The objective is to know the extent of agreement of clinicians' perception of nasolabial esthetic compared to that of laypeople (parents). Materials and Methods: This was a prospective study of comparison of clinician's perception of nasolabial esthetics with that of laypeople following surgical repair of UCL. Participants were recruited from the Cleft Clinic of the Lagos University Teaching Hospital, and surgical repair of the cleft was performed under general anesthesia...
October 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30369795/a-cross-sectional-study-of-dentists-about-the-need-for-a-practice-management-course-in-undergraduate-dental-program
#18
Muhammad Ashraf Nazir, Faisal Izhar, Kalsoom Tariq, Khalid Mehmood Anjum, Zaid Bin Sohail, Khalid Almas
Objective: To evaluate dentists' opinions about the need for a practice management course in the undergraduate dental program. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2017 on practicing dentists in Lahore, Pakistan. A self-administered pilot-tested questionnaire was distributed among 588 dentists using a convenience sampling method to obtain their responses about the need for a practice management course. Descriptive statistics and bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed...
October 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30369794/dental-trauma-education-intervention-as-a-positive-influence-among-undergraduate-students
#19
Juliana Yuri Nagata, Vanessa Lima de Andrade Góis, Eliseu Aldright Münchow, Maria Tereza Pedrosa Albuquerque
Objective: To investigate the effect of dental trauma educational intervention among undergraduate students of a Federal University in Brazil. Materials and Methods: Students ( n = 125) enrolled in the dentistry ( n = 70), nursing ( n = 33), and speech therapy ( n = 22) courses were invited to attend a dental trauma lecture and also to answer a questionnaire about their confidence in managing crown fracture and tooth avulsion, before (T0) and immediately after (T1) the lecture...
October 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30369793/usefulness-of-measuring-radiographic-density-of-axis-vertebra-in-patients-at-risk-of-osteoporosis-a-cone-beam-computed-tomography-study
#20
Mustafa Alkhader, Mohammad S Alrashdan, Yousef Khader
Objective: Using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images, the aim of the study was to evaluate the usefulness of measuring radiographic density of the axis vertebra (RDAV) in patients at risk of osteoporosis. Materials and Methods: Two hundred and forty-seven old patients (109 males and 138 females) aged between 50 and 80 years (mean age: 59.68 ± 7.27) were examined by CBCT. Using InVivoDental, v. 5.0 (Anatomage Inc., San Jose, CA), RDAV and mental index (MI) were measured twice and correlated using Pearson's correlation coefficients...
October 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
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