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European Journal of Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30147419/erratum-increase-in-the-glide-path-diameter-improves-the-centering-ability-of-f6-skytaper
#1
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 89 in vol. 12, PMID: 29657530.].
July 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30147418/endodontic-irrigants-different-methods-to-improve-efficacy-and-related-problems
#2
REVIEW
Mario Dioguardi, Giovanni Di Gioia, Gaetano Illuzzi, Enrica Laneve, Armando Cocco, Giuseppe Troiano
Shaping and cleaning a root canal system along with the preservation of the surrounding periodontal tissues are the principal goals of an endodontic treatment. While most of the attention is paid to the mechanical aspects of a root canal treatment, an essential feature of it is the irrigation. All over the years, many materials have been used to clean the root canal of a tooth, and certainly, the sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid solutions are the most used and most reliable ones...
July 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30147417/diagnosis-treatment-and-rehabilitation-of-a-patient-with-inflammatory-pseudotumor
#3
Flávio Tendolo Fayad, Matheus Cavalcante Tomaz Bezerra, Marina Rolo Pinheiro da Rosa, Tiago Novaes Pinheiro
Inflammatory pseudotumors are a group of lesions of unknown etiology that mimic clinically and radiographically neoplasms. In the maxilla, inflammatory pseudotumors are presented with bone alterations of erosion, remodeling, and sclerosis. The diagnosis is of exclusion, where multiple biopsies are required. The present study aims to report the case of a male patient who presented with increased volume in the left maxillary region, with diagnosis after total left maxillectomy being inflammatory pseudotumor. The patient did not present recurrences with 3 years of preservation and underwent by multidisciplinary treatment with esthetic and functional rehabilitation with the preparation of a bucomaxilo prosthesis...
July 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30147416/endodontic-management-of-root-perforating-internal-replacement-resorption
#4
Rustem Kemal Subay, Melike Ordulu Subay, Sirin Baloglu Tuzcu
This case report presents the management of a case of rarely seen perforating internal replacement resorption using calcium hydroxide (CH) medication and mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) root canal obturation. A maxillary central incisor of a 20-year-old female was showing a sinus track on the mucosa. Radiographically, an irregularly shaped and perforating internal resorption area was seen at the middle third of the root canal. Appearances of the bone-like fuzzy material were observed inside the resorption site...
July 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30147415/minimum-intervention-management-of-diastema-closure-using-cordless-displacement-system-and-laminate-veneers-a-2-year-follow-up
#5
Ana Teresa Maluly-Proni, Bruna Oliveira-Reis, Wirley Gonçalves Assunção, Paulo Henrique Dos Santos
This case report presents a minimally invasive diastema treatment using cordless gingival displacement system allowing a very conservative intervention. A 32-year-old female patient who presented with diastema in her upper front teeth opted for a treatment using laminate veneers to ensure achieving adequate tooth proportion and gingival levels. Having a displacement material that exerts excessive pressure during the displacement process can lead to disruption of the junctional epithelium and damage to periodontal tissues...
July 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30147414/toothache-as-the-initial-symptom-of-plasma-cell-myeloma
#6
Tobias Wehrhahn, Mario Bargetzi, Carlos Buitrago-Tellez, Gianni Cantelmi
Patients with plasma cell myeloma may initially present to their dentists or dental surgeons with toothache, loose teeth, or gingival masses. An X-ray of the jaw can reveal osteolyses. In addition, accumulation of monoclonal light chains in AL-amyloidosis can lead to macroglossia. It is prudent that the dentist or dental surgeon recognizes the underlying disease and refers the patient to the oncologist or hematologist for further workup to prevent the complications of plasma cell myeloma such as renal impairment, fractures, bone pain, infections, hypercalcemia, anemia, or heart failure...
July 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30147413/oral-health-literacy-and-its-determinants-among-adults-in-southeast-iran
#7
Tayebeh Malek Mohammadi, Mahsa Malekmohammadi, Hamid Reza Hajizamani, Shahla Ayobi Mahani
Objectives: The present study aimed to assess oral health literacy level and its related factors among adult patients visiting Kerman Dental School. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Kerman Dental School clinic, among the first-time adult visitors. Individuals were selected randomly from volunteers who signed study consent forms. Background information and oral health literacy levels were acquired through the oral health literacy-adult questionnaire...
July 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30147412/cone-beam-computed-tomographic-analysis-on-root-and-canal-morphology-of-mandibular-first-permanent-molar-among-multiracial-population-in-western-european-population
#8
Gianluca Gambarini, Lucila Piasecki, Priscilla Ropini, Gabriele Miccoli, Dario Di Nardo, Luca Testarelli
Objectives: In the present study, confluent canals in the mandibular first molar's mesial root were investigated in an Italian population by means of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Materials and Methods: A total of 200 molars, selected from the CBCT examinations of 130 patients who required this type of X-ray study as part of their dental treatment, were examined. The evaluated parameters were number of canals, root canal system configuration, presence of apical confluences, distance between confluences and apical foramina, which canal had a higher degree of curvature, and symmetry between left and right elements in the same individual...
July 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30147411/color-changes-of-esthetic-elastomeric-ligatures-evaluated-with-the-commission-internationale-d-%C3%A3-clairage-color-system
#9
Vanessa Dias da Silva, Caroline Dias, Leandro Berni Osório, Paulo Ricardo Baccarin Matje, Luciane Macedo de Menezes, Eduardo Martinelli Santayana de Lima
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess and compare color changes in esthetic elastomeric ligatures after 30 days in situ using a spectrophotometer and the Commission Internationale d'Éclairage (CIE) color system. Materials and Methods: The sample comprised elastomeric ligatures of four color groups ( n = 42): blue pearl (BP); colorless; white pearl (WP); and pearl. Four samples from each group were allocated in for quadrants of seven patients in a split-mouth model...
July 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30147410/cone-beam-computed-tomographic-survey-of-the-mesiobuccal-root-canal-anatomy-in-the-maxillary-first-and-second-molar-teeth-of-an-iranian-population
#10
Negar Khosravifard, Zahra Dalili Kajan, Homayoon Hasanpoor
Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the mesiobuccal (MB) root canal(s) anatomy of the maxillary first and second molar teeth in an Iranian population. Materials and Methods: Cone beam computed tomography images of 280 teeth (145 maxillary first molars and 135 maxillary second molars) were analyzed to determine the number and types of the MB root canals. Chi-square test was used to examine the relationship between the number of MB canals and sex and Mann-Whitney analysis was used to define the relationship between the number of canals and the buccopalatal dimension of the MB roots...
July 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30147409/effects-of-resterilization-and-storage-time-on-sterility-of-paper-plastic-pouches
#11
Yada Puangsa-Ard, Sroisiri Thaweboon, Nattinee Jantaratnotai, Praewpat Pachimsawat
Objectives: Paper/plastic pouches are widely used packaging materials for autoclaving medical and dental equipment. Although these pouches are recommended for single use, they are generally reused in Thailand. This study aimed to determine the ability of paper/plastic pouches to maintain sterility after multiple sterilization processes and stored in a closed environment for up to 6 months. Materials and Methods: A total of 6720 paper/plastic pouches were divided into four experimental groups: new pouches, 1 time, 3 times, and 5 times resterilized pouches...
July 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30147408/cone-beam-computed-tomography-analysis-on-root-and-canal-morphology-of-mandibular-first-permanent-molar-among-multiracial-population-in-east-coast-malaysian-population
#12
Prunella Ubung Deng, Mohamad Syahrizal Halim, Sam'an Malik Masudi, Saaid Al-Shehadat, Basaruddin Ahmad
Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the variations in the number of root and canal in the mandibular first permanent molars (MFPMs) teeth in East Coast Malaysian population using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Materials and Methods: CBCT images which show MFPMs recorded in HUSM Dental Clinic between January 2015 and June 2016 was obtained and analyzed for their number of roots and canals. A total of 208 CBCT images of MFPMs were collected; 118 patients had unilateral molars and 90 patients had bilateral molars...
July 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30147407/residual-smear-layer-after-root-canal-instrumentation-by-using-niti-m-wire-and-cm-wire-instruments-a-scanning-electron-microscopy-analysis
#13
Ricardo Machado, Daniel Comparin, Eduardo Donato Eing Engelke Back, Lucas da Fonseca Roberti Garcia, Luiz Rômulo Alberton
Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare the amount of residual smear layer after root canal instrumentation by using Ni-Ti, M-Wire, and CM-Wire instruments. Materials and Methods: Seventy-two mandibular incisors were randomly divided into six groups according to the system used: WaveOne (WO), Reciproc (RP), Unicone (UC), ProTaper Next (PN), Mtwo (MT), and HyFlex (HF). Afterward, the specimens were cleaved in the mesiodistal and buccolingual direction for analysis by scanning electron microscopy...
July 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30147406/alexidine-versus-chlorhexidine-for-endodontic-irrigation-with-sodium-hypochlorite
#14
Kanav Jain, Padmanidhi Agarwal, Supriya Jain, Mukut Seal, Twisha Adlakha
Objective: The objective of this study was to chemically evaluate precipitate formation on irrigation by different concentrations of chlorhexidine (CHX) and alexidine (ALX) with sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl). Materials and Methods: Six test tubes were prepared with 1 ml of 4% NaOCl. One milliliter of 2%, 1%, 0.5%, and 0.25% ALX was added to the first four, and in the last two, 1 ml of 2% CHX and 0.2% CHX was added, respectively. Samples were observed for color changes or precipitates at multiple time intervals...
July 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30147405/cephalometric-changes-in-nasopharyngeal-area-after-anterior-maxillary-segmental-distraction-versus-le-fort-i-osteotomy-in-patients-with-cleft-lip-and-palate
#15
Soodeh Tahmasbi, Abdolreza Jamilian, Rahman Showkatbakhsh, Fereydoun Pourdanesh, Mohammad Behnaz
Objective: The present study was designed to compare the effects of two surgical methods, anterior maxillary segmental distraction (AMSD) versus conventional Le Fort I osteotomy, on cephalometric changes of velopharyngeal area of patients with cleft lip and palate. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted on 20 CLP in two groups. The first group had classic Le Fort I maxillary advancement and the second group had AMSD with a modified hyrax as an intraoral tooth-borne distractor...
July 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30147404/diffusion-of-calcium-hydroxide-through-dentinal-tubules-of-retreated-root-canals-an-in-vitro-study
#16
Mohammed Mustafa, Wafa Hassan Alaajam, Ahmed Abdul Azeim, Najla Aedh Alfayi, Rahaif Misfer Alqobty, Shahad Alghannam
Objective: Studies about the dispersion of hydroxyl ions through dentin of endodontically retreated teeth are scarce. The present study aims at examining the diffusion of calcium hydroxide in vitro by recording the pH changes of retreated root canal using two types of calcium hydroxide preparations. Materials and Methods: A total of 45 recently extracted single-rooted mandibular first premolars were collected and cleaned from calculus and remains of periodontal tissue...
July 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30147403/effect-of-the-er-yag-laser-on-the-shear-bond-strength-of-conventional-glass-ionomer-and-biodentine%C3%A2-to-dentine
#17
Abtesam Aljdaimi, Hugh Devlin, Mark Dickinson
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine if Er: YAG laser etching improves the shear bond strength (SBS) of Biodentin™ and GC Fuji IX® to dentine. Materials and Methods: Forty human dentine specimens were standardized and embedded in stone. The specimens were randomized into four groups ( n = 10). Twenty samples were treated with the Er: YAG laser radiation and 10 of these restored with GC Fuji IX® and 10 with Biodentine™. The remaining 20 specimens acted as controls (no laser treatment); 10 were restored with GC Fuji IX® and 10 with Biodentin™...
July 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30147402/different-pontic-design-for-porcelain-fused-to-metal-fixed-dental-prosthesis-contemporary-guidelines-and-practice-by-general-dental-practitioners
#18
Syed Murtaza Raza Kazmi, Zahid Iqbal, Muhammad Usman Muneer, Samiya Riaz, Muhammad Sohail Zafar
Objective: The current study aimed to assess the knowledge and practice of pontic design selection by the general dental practitioners (GDPs) in the light of contemporary guidelines. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among the GDPs of Karachi. A questionnaire was designed to collect data from 100 GDPs. The questionnaire included general/demographic information (practitioner's education, experience, and place of practice) and an average number of fixed prosthesis constructed by the GDP...
July 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30147401/micro-computed-tomography-evaluation-of-microleakage-of-class-ii-composite-restorations-an-in-vitro-study
#19
Angelo Zavattini, Manuele Mancini, James Higginson, Federico Foschi, Guido Pasquantonio, Francesco Mangani
Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the microleakage attained with three resin-based material used to restore deep Class II cavities. A null hypothesis was chosen: there is no difference in microleakage among the tested materials. Materials and Methods: A total of 30 Class II cavities were prepared in freshly extracted molars with the proximal mesial and distal margins located, respectively, 1.5 mm apically and 1.5 mm coronally to the cementum-enamel junction...
July 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30147400/usefulness-of-measuring-bone-density-of-mandibular-condyle-in-patients-at-risk-of-osteoporosis-a-cone-beam-computed-tomography-study
#20
Mustafa Alkhader, Ammar Aldawoodyeh, Nour Abdo
Objective: Using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images, the aim of the study was to evaluate the usefulness of measuring bone density of mandibular condyle (BDMC) in patients at risk of osteoporosis. Materials and Methods: Two hundred and four mandibular condyles (46 condyles from males and 158 condyles from females) were examined by CBCT. Using inVivo software (Anatomage, San Jose, Calif), BDMC and mental index (MI) were measured by two observers and correlated using Pearson's correlation coefficients...
July 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
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