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European Journal of Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279688/dental-amalgam-fillings-and-the-use-of-technological-devices-as-an-environmental-factor-updating-the-cumulative-mercury-exposure-based-hypothesis-of-autism
#1
Isadora Argou-Cardozo, José Antonio Cano Martín, Fares Zeidán-Chuliá
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279687/prosthodontic-maintenance-and-peri-implant-tissue-conditions-for-telescopic-attachment-retained-mandibular-implant-overdenture-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#2
REVIEW
Ahmed Mohamed Keshk, Ahmed Yaseen Alqutaibi, Radhwan S Algabri, Mostafa S Swedan, Amal Kaddah
The mandibular implant-retained overdentures (MIRO) are a highly successful prosthetic treatment option. However, an argument still present regarding its design and type of attachment system. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to perform a qualitative and quantitative analysis of the scientific literature regarding the telescopic attachments versus other attachment systems retaining mandibular implant overdentures. Manual and electronic database (PubMed and Cochrane) searches were performed to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing telescopic versus other attachment systems...
October 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279686/abutment-misfit-in-implant-supported-prostheses-manufactured-by-casting-technique-an-integrative-review
#3
REVIEW
Lorena M S Pereira, Mariane B Sordi, Ricardo S Magini, Antônio R Calazans Duarte, Júlio C M Souza
The aim of this study was to perform an integrative review of the literature on the clinically usual prosthesis-abutment misfit over implant-supported structures manufactured by conventional casting technique. The present integrative review used the PRISMA methodology. A bibliographical search was conducted on the following electronic databases: MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine), Scopus (Elsevier), ScienceDirect (Elsevier), Web of Science (Thomson Reuters Scientific), Latin American and Caribbean Center on Health Sciences Information (BIREME), and Virtual Health Library (BVS)...
October 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279685/psychological-factors-in-oral-mucosal-and-orofacial-pain-conditions
#4
REVIEW
Mohammad S Alrashdan, Mustafa Alkhader
The psychological aspects of chronic pain conditions represent a key component of the pain experience, and orofacial pain conditions are not an exception. In this review, we highlight how psychological factors affect some common oral mucosal and orofacial pain conditions (namely, oral lichen planus, recurrent aphthous stomatitis, burning mouth syndrome, and temporomandibular disorders) with emphasis on the significance of supplementing classical biomedical treatment modalities with appropriate psychological counseling to improve treatment outcomes in targeted patients...
October 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279684/self-ligating-versus-conventional-metallic-brackets-on-streptococcus-mutans-retention-a-systematic-review
#5
Juliano N Longoni, Beatriz M Lopes, Irlan A Freires, Kamile L Dutra, Ademir Franco, Luiz R Paranhos
Objective: The present study aimed to review the literature systematically and assess comparatively whether self-ligating metallic brackets accumulate less Streptococcus mutans biofilm than conventional metallic brackets. Material and methods: The systematic search was performed following PRISMA guidelines and registration in PROSPERO. Seven electronic databases (Google Scholar, LILACS, Open Grey, PubMed, SciELO, ScienceDirect, and Scopus) were consulted until April 2016, with no restriction of language and time of publication...
October 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279683/evaluation-of-child-preference-for-dentist-attire-and-usage-of-camouflage-syringe-in-reduction-of-anxiety
#6
Prashant Babaji, Pavni P Chauhan, Vikram Rathod, Swapnil Mhatre, Uttam Paul, Guneet Guram
Objectives: The aim of this study is to evaluate the child preference for dentist attire and camouflage versus conventional syringe in reduction of anxiety. Materials and Methods: A total of 600 children aged 6-14 years were made to look at a set of six photos of an individual dressed with different colored apron of pink, green, blue, white colors, formal dress, and cartoon character along with conventional syringe and camouflage syringe with a toy-like appearance to permit injection of local anesthesia...
October 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279682/dental-prosthetic-status-and-prosthetic-needs-of-geriatric-patients-attending-the-college-of-dentistry-al-jouf-university-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#7
Bader K AlZarea
Objective: To evaluate the dental prosthetic status and prosthetic needs of geriatric patients attending the College of Dentistry, Al Jouf University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Materials and Methods: Patients aged 60 years and above were included in this study. The World Health Organization oral health assessment pro forma was employed to record the data pertaining to the prosthetic status and prosthetic treatment needs of participants. Data obtained were analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS, Chicago, IL, USA) Version 20...
October 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279681/awareness-of-basic-life-support-among-saudi-dental-students-and-interns
#8
Hashem Motahir Al-Shamiri, Sadeq Ali Al-Maweri, Bassam Shugaa-Addin, Nader Ahmed Alaizari, Abdulrahman Hunaish
Objective: Fatal medical emergencies may occur at any time in the dental clinic. The present study assessed the level of awareness and attitudes toward basic life support (BLS) among Saudi dental students and interns. Materials and Methods: A self-administered questionnaire comprising 23 closed-ended questions was used in this survey. The first part of the questionnaire assessed the demographical profile of the students such as age, gender, and educational level...
October 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279680/smile-esthetics-impact-of-variations-in-the-vertical-and-horizontal-dimensions-of-the-maxillary-lateral-incisors
#9
Amjad Al Taki, Ahmad Mohammad Hamdan, Ziad Mustafa, Mawada Hassan, Sami Abu-Alhuda
Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the perception of trained dental professionals and laypersons toward the esthetic impact of variations in the vertical position, width, and gingival height of the maxillary lateral incisor. Materials and Methods: The present study analyzed the perspective of smile photographs by dental professionals such as "fifty orthodontics and fifty general dental practitioners (GDPs)" as well as fifty laypersons, consisting of an equal number of male and female participants...
October 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279679/effectiveness-of-platelet-rich-fibrin-in-the-management-of-pain-and-delayed-wound-healing-associated-with-established-alveolar-osteitis-dry-socket
#10
Ashish Sharma, Nimish Aggarwal, Sanjay Rastogi, Rupshikha Choudhury, Siddhi Tripathi
Objective: To assess the efficacy of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) on the pain and healing of the extraction socket related with established alveolar osteitis (dry socket, AO) after the removal of maxillary and mandibular molars. Materials and Methods: One hundred consecutive adult patients with age group ranging from 18 to 40 years along with established dry socket after maxillary and mandibular molar extractions who have not received any treatment for the same were included in this single-arm clinical trial...
October 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279678/cytotoxic-and-the-proliferative-effect-of-cuttlefish-bone-on-mc3t3-e1-osteoblast-cell-line
#11
La-Ongthong Vajrabhaya, Suwanna Korsuwannawong, Rudee Surarit
Objective: To evaluate the cytotoxic and the proliferative effect of cuttlefish bone on MC3T3-E1 osteoblast cell line. Materials and Methods: MC3T3-E1 cells were treated with 0.5, 1, 5, 25, 50, 100, or 200 μg/ml cuttlefish bone powder (CBP). Cytotoxicity was evaluated using the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay. This assay was also used to determine cell proliferation over 16 days of treatment with 0.5, 25, or 100 μg/ml CBP. Results: CBP was not cytotoxic to MC3T3-E1 cells at any concentration...
October 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279677/on-the-synthesis-and-characterization-of-%C3%AE-tricalcium-phosphate-scaffolds-coated-with-collagen-or-poly-d-l-lactic-acid-for-alveolar-bone-augmentation
#12
Isadora S Deschamps, Gabriel L Magrin, Ricardo S Magini, Márcio C Fredel, Cesar A M Benfatti, Júlio C M Souza
Objectives: After tooth loss, dimensional alterations on the alveolar bone ridge can occur that can negatively affect the placement of dental implants. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the synthesis, and mechanical properties of β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) scaffolds coated with bioabsorbable polymers, namely, collagen and poly (D, L-lactic acid) (PDLLA). Materials and Methods: β-TCP powder was obtained by reactive milling and then characterized by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM/EDS)...
October 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279676/comparative-evaluation-of-calcium-phosphate-based-varnish-and-resin-modified-glass-ionomer-based-varnish-in-reducing-dentinal-hypersensitivity-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#13
Harshul Sharma, Charu Gupta, Sophia Thakur, Sanjeev Srivastava
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of MI varnish and Clinpro XT varnish in reducing dentinal hypersensitivity. Materials and Methods: Patients with cervical dentinal hypersensitivity were selected for the study. The teeth to be tested were isolated. Then, a blast of air and ice cold water was applied on the tooth surface, and the score was measured by visual analog scale. The patients were randomly assigned to one of the treatment groups (Group 1: MI varnish; Group 2; Clinpro XT varnish)...
October 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279675/the-effect-of-two-cross-linking-agents-on-dentin-bond-strength-of-resin-modified-glass-ionomer
#14
Fereshteh Shafiei, Maryam Firouzmandi, Moona Zamanpour
Objectives: The hybrid layer at the interface of resin-modified glass ionomer cements and dentin is prone to degradation by endogenous matrix metalloproteinases. We aimed to investigate the effect of two types of collagen crosslinkers, carbodiimide and proanthocyanidin (PA), on immediate and medium-term bond strength of a resin-modified glass ionomer to dentin. Materials and Methods: Seventy-two molars were flattened on the occlusal surface to expose dentin. The specimens were divided into control, 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropy) carbodiimide hydrochloride (EDC), and PA groups (n = 24)...
October 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279674/the-prevalence-of-halitosis-oral-malodor-and-associated-factors-among-dental-students-and-interns-lahore-pakistan
#15
Muhammad Ashraf Nazir, Khalid Almas, Muhammad Irfan Majeed
Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of halitosis and the factors associated with it among dental students and interns in Lahore, Pakistan. Methods: A cross-sectional study design was chosen, and a sample of dental students and interns was collected from seven dental colleges in Lahore, Pakistan. A total of 833 participants were approached in person as convenient sample population. A self-reported questionnaire was administered and informed consent was obtained...
October 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279673/impact-of-preventive-care-orientation-on-caries-status-among-preschool-children
#16
Hisham Yehia El Batawi, Kausar Sadia Fakhruddin
Objective: This study aims to study the impact of preventive care orientation given to caregivers of child daycare centers on their knowledge and on the prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC) among preschool children. Materials and Methods: Caregivers of twenty child daycare centers in Emirate of Sharjah were interviewed and 435 children attending these centers were surveyed for decayed missing filled teeth (dmft). The sample data were analyzed using t-tests and one-way ANOVA to assess the statistical significance of the differences in dmft score found between groups...
October 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279672/smartphone-application-as-an-aid-in-determination-of-caries-risk-and-prevention-a-pilot-study
#17
Veerale Panchal, Deepa Gurunathan, A K Shanmugaavel
Objective: To assess the dietary and oral hygiene pattern before and after the usage of cariometer app. Materials and Methods: Dietary score recorded by cariometer was assessed for 7 days for preschool children in the age group of 2-6 years. The frequency of brushing and mouth rinsing was assessed before and after the usage of app. Paired t-test was conducted to compare the dietary score, brushing frequency, and rinsing frequency pre and post the use of the app...
October 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279671/dental-students-knowledge-of-medication-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw
#18
Daniele Rosella, Piero Papi, Giorgio Pompa, Mario Capogreco, Francesca De Angelis, Stefano Di Carlo
Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate and assess knowledge and attitude of dental students about medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ), to optimize future training programs in this field. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was administrated. Ninety-eight participants agreed to complete an anonymous questionnaire. It was divided into two sections: the first section was about general information such as interviewer's gender and date of birth; the second section included questions about bisphosphonates (BPs), others medication associated to osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ), risk factors, and prevention of osteonecrosis...
October 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279670/a-survey-of-fissure-sealants-and-dental-caries-prevalence-in-the-first-permanent-molars-among-primary-school-girls-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#19
Hessa M Alwayli, Sattam A Alshiha, Yazeed K Alfraih, Mohammed A Hattan, Abdullah A Alamri, Mohammed S Aldossary
Objectives: To investigate the prevalence of caries and fissure sealants on the first permanent molars (FPMs) among 6-9-year-old girls in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Materials and Methods: The FPMs of 17,891 school girls from 120 randomly selected public primary schools were evaluated by visual and tactile examination for the carious status and the presence of fissure sealants. Chi-square test was used to analyze the data at level of 5%. Results: A total of 58,140 FPMs were assessed in the 17,891 children...
October 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279669/the-clinical-evaluation-of-platelet-rich-plasma-on-free-gingival-graft-s-donor-site-wound-healing
#20
Mahmoud Khosravi Samani, Bardia Vadiati Saberi, S M Ali Tabatabaei, Mahdjoube Goldani Moghadam
Objective: It has been proved that platelet-rich plasma (PRP) can promote wound healing. In this way, PRP can be advantageous in periodontal plastic surgeries, free gingival graft (FGG) being one such surgery. Materials and Methods: In this randomized split-mouth controlled trial, 10 patients who needed bilateral FGG were selected, and two donor sites were randomly assigned to experience either natural healing or healing-assisted with PRP. The outcome was assessed based on the comparison of the extent of wound closure, Manchester scale, Landry healing scale, visual analog scale, and tissue thickness between the study groups at different time intervals...
October 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
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