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European Journal of Dentistry

Claudio Poggio, Lodovico Vialba, Riccardo Marchioni, Marco Colombo, Giampiero Pietrocola
Objective: The purpose of this research was to evaluate and compare bacterial adhesion on five esthetic restorative materials, three glass ionomer cements (GIC), and two GIC with coat. All the materials were considered after acidic drink exposure. Materials and Methods: Thirty cylindrical sample of each of the 10 materials were prepared and then divided into three groups: group 1 (baseline), Group 2 (1 day in acidic soft drink), and Group 3 (7 days in acidic soft drink)...
April 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
Hafize Ozturk Ozener, Kubra Kundak, Nimet Gul Sipahi, Ece Yetis, Basak Dogan
Localized gingival overgrowths belong to a common group of lesions designated as focal reactive overgrowths. They occur in response to chronic, low-grade irritation caused by plaque or any other irritant. They have multifactorial etiopathology but exhibit similar clinical features with slight variations in patient complaints. Success of the lesions' management depends on formation of healthy contours of the surgical area after excision of lesion and absence of a recurrence. The purpose of case series is to present 6 different cases of localized gingival overgrowths and their management with the following techniques: nonsurgical periodontal treatment, gingivectomy, flap surgery, free gingival graft, gingival unit, and connective tissue graft...
April 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
Thamer Almohareb, Mohammed S Alkatheeri, Fahim Vohra, Ali Alrahlah
Objective: This study presents a comparative analysis of the color stability of computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM)-fabricated provisional restorations with those of conventional restorations. Materials and Methods: Three different provisional restorative materials (Systemp C&B, 3M Protemp 4, and Telio CAD) were inspected for their color stability using four solutions (Pepsi, coffee, tea, and distilled water). All samples used were fabricated using A1 shade by following the manufacturer's instructions...
April 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
Khaled Rateb Al-Hallak, Mohammad Zakaria Nassani, Mohammed Moustafa Heskul, Mazen Deib Doumani, Mahmoud Darwish
Objective: This study aimed to identify reasons and influential factors for choosing dentistry as a career among dental students in Saudi Arabia. The preferred field of dental specialty following graduation will also be investigated. Materials and Methods: A questionnaire was developed and circulated among undergraduate dental students studying at a private dental college in Saudi Arabia. A list of 16 reasons that possibly influenced students' decision to study dentistry was presented and participants were invited to indicate on a 5-point Likert scale the extent each reason influenced their choice of dentistry as a career...
April 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 136 in vol. 12, PMID: 29657539.].
April 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
Vassiliki Taraslia, Ema Anastasiadou, Christina Lignou, Georgios Keratiotis, Anastasia Agrafioti, Evangelos G Kontakiotis
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the viability of human periodontal ligament (PDL) cells on MTA-Fillapex, GuttaFlow 2, TotalFill Sealer, and BioRoot™ RCS in comparison to conventional epoxy resin-based (AH Plus) and zinc oxide-eugenol-based (Roth's 801) sealers. Materials and Methods: Sealers were divided into two groups, and five coverslips for each material per group were prepared. In the first group, PDLs were added immediately after the preparation of sealers (Fresh Group), and in the second, PDLs were added after 24 h...
April 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
Seyed Amir Mousavi, Alireza Farhad, Shirin Shahnaseri, Abbas Basiri, Erfan Kolahdouzan
Objective: The apical constriction (AC) and the apical foramen (AF) are the principal reference points used to determine the apical limit for instrumentation and root canal filling. AC varies in different races, and the aim of the current study was to measure and compare the distances from AC to AF and the anatomical apex (AA) in incisor and molar teeth in the Iranian population. Materials and Methods: Forty-five roots of incisor teeth and 45 roots of molar teeth were selected randomly in Isfahan Province, Iran...
April 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
Ricardo Danil Guiraldo, Sandrine Bittencourt Berger, Marilia Franco Punhagui, Thais Staut Moretto, Murilo Baena Lopes, Alcides Gonini-Júnior, Mário Alexandre Coelho Sinhoreti
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the stability of elastomer through detail reproduction and its dimensional stability (DS) after disinfection with 0.2% chloramine-T. Materials and Methods: The elastomeric impression dental materials used in this study were polydimethylsiloxane (Oranwash L), polyvinyl siloxane (Express), polysulfide (Permlastic), and polyether (Impregum Soft). The entire press procedure was performed on a matrix in accordance with the ISO 4823...
April 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
Paul Ikhodaro Idon, Joan Emien Enabulele
Objectives: The objective was to assess the prevalence of all forms of dental fluorosis (DF), the severity, and the request for treatment as a measure of the burden of the condition among adult patients seen at a tertiary health facility in an endemic region of Northeastern Nigeria. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study that collected required information using a questionnaire from adult dental patients followed by dental examination to assess for DF...
April 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
Marina Rolo Pinheiro da Rosa, Juliana Lopes de Sá, Valber Barbosa Martins, Marcelo Vinícius de Oliveira
Central giant cells lesion (CGCL) is defined as a benign intraosseous destructive pathology. It is classified as aggressive or nonaggressive, depending on their clinical, imaginologic, and histological behavior. The behavior, location, and extension of the lesion added to the patient's age will determine the choice of the treatment, either surgical or clinical. Thereby, the aim of this work is to review the literature related to the CGCL, as well as to present a clinical case report of a 22-year-old female patient, affected with an injury on the left side of her jaw...
April 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
Soghra Yassaei, Akramsadat Emami, Sanam Mirbeigi
Objective: This study aimed to determine the cephalometric association of mandibular size/length to the surface area and dimensions of the frontal and maxillary sinuses. Materials and Methods: This descriptive study was conducted on 116 digital lateral cephalograms of 38 patients with skeletal Class I malocclusion (normal), 40 patients with skeletal Class II malocclusion with mandibular deficiency, and 38 patients with skeletal Class III malocclusion with mandibular excess...
April 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
Sogra Yassaei, Hossein Aghili, Neda Shahraki, Isa Safari
Objective: This study aimed to assess the efficacy of erbium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Er:YAG) laser, pastes containing casein phosphopeptide amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) with and without fluoride and their combination for prevention of white spot lesions in the enamel. Materials and Methods: This in vitro experimental study was conducted on 90 extracted sound premolars. The teeth were then randomly divided into six groups of 15: (1) Control, (2) laser, (3) CPP-ACP with fluoride (GC MI Paste, Recaldent™ 900 ppm as NaF), (4) CPP-ACP without fluoride (GC Tooth Mousse Recaldent™), (5) laser + CPP-ACP with fluoride, and (6) laser + CPP-ACP without fluoride...
April 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
Ruby Ramya Vincent, Devapriya Appukuttan, Dhayanand John Victor, Aruna Balasundaram
Objective: Oxidative stress (OS) refers to the disequilibrium between free radicals and antioxidant defense mechanisms and is significantly implicated in the pathogenesis of chronic degenerative and inflammatory diseases such as chronic periodontal disease (CP) and diabetes mellitus (DM). This study aimed to evaluate the total antioxidants capacity (TAOC) and total oxidants status (TOS) in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) in CP participants with type II DM. Materials and Methods: A total of 80 participants were allotted into four groups as follows: Group 1: Generalized CP (GCP) without type II DM ( n = 20); Group 2: GCP with type II DM ( n = 20); Group 3: Type II DM without CP ( n = 20); and Group 4: Systemically and periodontally healthy (PH) ( n = 20)...
April 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
Muhammad Ehsan Ul Haq, Abdul Samad Khan
Objectives: The objective of this study was to report causes, management options, and complications of facial fractures among children. Materials and Methods: The groups were defined on the basis of age, gender, cause of injuries, location, and type of injuries. The treatment modalities ranged from no intervention, closed reduction alone or with open reduction internal fixation (ORIF). Statistical Analysis: Descriptive statistics were generated by using SPSS software for the entire range of the variables under study...
April 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
Foroogh Abdalla Khadri, Vellore Kannan Gopinath, Mark P Hector, Elizabeth S Davenport
Objective: The objective is to study the effect of obesity on dental caries among schoolchildren in Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. Materials and Methods: The sample comprised 803, 11-17-year-old schoolchildren. The study was in the form of a randomized cross-sectional manner. Method used was two questioners. The first assessed socioeconomic and general health and the second detailed their demographic, oral hygiene, and dietary habits. Dental examination included dental caries assessment using the World Health Organization 1997 criteria and gingival health valuation...
April 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
Azam Nahvi, Alireza Razavian, Hoorieh Abedi, Jamshid Yazdani Charati
Objective: The present study was conducted to compare microleakage in self-etching fissure sealants and conventional fissure sealants with total-etch or self-etch adhesive systems. Settings and Design: This experimental in vitro study was conducted on 60 healthy third molars extracted from humans. The first group received Acid etch + Clinpro sealant, the second group received Acid etch + Single bond 2 + Clinpro sealant, the third group received Single bond universal (self-etching bonding) + Clinpro sealant, and the fourth group received prevent seal self-etching sealant...
April 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
Marco Cicciù
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
Celso Afonso Klein-Júnior, Roberto Zimmer, Guilherme Scotta Hentschke, Denise Cantarelli Machado, Rubem Beraldo Dos Santos, Eduardo Galia Reston
Objective: The aim of the study was to assess, in vitro , the influence on cytotoxicity of heat treatment applied before photopolymerization, while mixing three self-adhesive resin cements, in an NIH/3T3 fibroblast cell culture, based on cell viability measures. Methods: Samples were divided into three groups: (1) no heat treatment while mixing (control), (2) 37°C, and (3) 60°C heat treatment while mixing. Cements were light-cured immediately after mixing and immersed in Dulbecco's Modified Eagle Media for the extraction of possibly uncured products after 24 h and 7 days...
April 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
Ludmilla Azevedo Linhares, Larissa Fernanda Pottmaier, Guilherme Carpena Lopes
Objective: The purpose of the study was to compare the fracture resistance of ceramic veneers and composite resin veneers with and without dental preparation. Materials and Methods: Forty freshly extracted mandibular premolars were selected and randomly assigned into four groups ( n = 10): Group NPR = no dental preparation and direct veneer with 0.2 mm thick composite resin (Amelogen Plus, Ultradent); Group NPC = no dental preparation and 0.2 mm thick lithium disilicate ceramic veneer (IPS e...
April 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
Faten A Alluqmani, Ola M Omar
Objective: This study aimed to assess the knowledge of primary and intermediate schoolteachers about the management of TDIs in Al-Madinah city, Saudi Arabia. Materials and Methods: A previously validated, self-administered, anonymous, close-ended structured questionnaire was administered to schoolteachers in 13 different schools. It included two parts: basic demographic information (part one) and questions regarding the management of dental traumatic injuries (part two)...
April 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
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