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European Journal of Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042280/advancements-in-all-ceramics-for-dental-restorations-and-their-effect-on-the-wear-of-opposing-dentition
#1
REVIEW
Haroon Rashid, Zeeshan Sheikh, Syed Misbahuddin, Murtaza Raza Kazmi, Sameer Qureshi, Muhammad Zuhaib Uddin
Tooth wear is a process that is usually a result of tooth to tooth and/or tooth and restoration contact. The process of wear essentially becomes accelerated by the introduction of restorations inside the oral cavity, especially in case of opposing ceramic restorations. The newest materials have vastly contributed toward the interest in esthetic dental restorations and have been extensively studied in laboratories. However, despite the recent technological advancements, there has not been a valid in vivo method of evaluation involving clinical wear caused due to ceramics upon restored teeth and natural dentition...
October 2016: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042279/clinical-management-of-an-atypical-dental-invagination
#2
Zahi Badran, Serena Lopez-Cazaux, Eléonore Crauste, Estelle Bray, Assem Soueidan, Valérie Armengol
Dental invagination (DI) is a tooth malformation that usually affects permanent teeth. Its precise etiology is still controversial and represents a clinical challenge as it can favor the development of carious lesion or periodontal inflammation. This paper presents a case of a 23-year-old Caucasian male, where an atypical buccal DI could not be completely diagnosed in the dens invaginatus category. Furthermore, other differential diagnoses could not be confirmed. The dental malformation was seen on a permanent maxillary first incisor and was associated with periodontal inflammation and attachment loss...
October 2016: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042278/restorative-rehabilitation-in-a-patient-with-sports-trauma
#3
Haroon Rashid, Fahim Vohra, Graeme R Lillywhite
Sports trauma frequently involves insult to oral soft and hard tissues resulting in loss of tooth structure and tooth loss. Multiple sporting equipment's are employed to prevent irreversible damage to oro-facial structures, and to reduce the overall cost of treatment. However in the undesired consequence of loss of oral structures, multiple treatment options are utilized to restore, esthetics, comfort and function. Osseointegrated implant supported rehabilitation of oral structures in trauma cases provides highly predictable treatment outcomes along with preservation of remaining tissues...
October 2016: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042277/distal-extension-mandibular-removable-partial-denture-with-implant-support
#4
Canan Bural, Begum Buzbas, Sebnem Ozatik, Gulsen Bayraktar, Yusuf Emes
This case report describes the fabrication of a distal extension removable partial denture (RPD) of a 65-year-old man with implant support. Loss of fibroelasticity of the peripheral tissues and reduced mandibular vestibular sulcular depth due to a previous surgical resection and radiotherapy at the right side were the main clinical factors that created difficulty for denture retention and stability. The fabrication of a mandibular RPD supported by anterior teeth and two bilaterally placed implants in the molar area to convert from Kennedy Class 1 design to Kennedy Class 3 implant-bounded RPD is reported...
October 2016: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042276/endodontic-management-of-dens-invaginatus-type-iiib-case-series
#5
Jorge N R Martins, Rui Pereira da Costa, Craig Anderson, Sérgio André Quaresma, Luís S M Corte-Real, Adam D Monroe
Dens invaginatus may be seen as a developmental malformation. It is characterized by an invagination of the enamel and dentin, creating a lumen inside the affected tooth, which may extend as deep as the apical foramen. Oehlers Type IIIb is considered the most challenging clinical conditions. The purpose of this study is to discuss the nonsurgical endodontic management of vital and necrotic dens invaginatus Type IIIb cases. Due to the complex anatomical consideration of dens invaginatus Type IIIb, endodontic treatment is extremely technique sensitive...
October 2016: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042275/the-level-of-beta-defensin-2-in-saliva-and-its-expression-in-parotid-gland-epithelial-cells-after-probiotic-lactobacillus-reuteri-induction-to-inhibit-streptococcus-mutans-in-caries
#6
Tuti Kusumaningsih, M S Subijanto, Retno Indrawati, R Rini Devijanti
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to prove that administrating L. reuteri probiotics can increase the level of BD-2 saliva and BD-2 expression in the epithelial parotid glands of Wistar rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Experimental design in this study was randomized control group post test only. Twenty-four white male Rattus norvegicus Wistar strain rats were divided into four groups. The negative control group included rats not induced by S. mutans whereas the positive control group included rats induced by S...
October 2016: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042274/effectiveness-of-behavioral-modification-techniques-with-visual-distraction-using-intrasulcular-local-anesthesia-in-hearing-disabled-children-during-pulp-therapy
#7
Kausar Sadia Fakhruddin, Mehmet Omer Gorduysus, Hisham El Batawi
OBJECTIVE: Assessing the effectiveness of behavioral modification techniques in combination with visual distraction with/without video eyewear using computerized delivery system-intrasulcular (CDS-IS) during the application of local anesthetic in hearing-impaired pediatric patients undergoing pulp therapy of primary molars. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized, crossover clinical study includes 15 children (7 boys and 8 girls), mean age was 6.1 years. Children were randomly distributed into two groups (Group A, n = 7; Group B, n = 8)...
October 2016: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042273/gingival-crevicular-fluid-periostin-levels-in-chronic-periodontitis-patients-following-nonsurgical-periodontal-treatment-with-low-level-laser-therapy
#8
Dhanangchaayan Kumaresan, Aruna Balasundaram, Vanaja Krishna Naik, Deva Priya Appukuttan
OBJECTIVE: Periostin is a matricellular protein highly expressed in periosteum, periodontal ligament and is essential for tissue integrity and maturation. It plays a role in collagen fibrillogenesis and is downregulated in periodontal disease. Biostimulation utilizing low-level laser therapy (LLLT) influences periodontal ligament fibroblast proliferation. This study was conducted with the objective of estimating periostin levels in chronic periodontitis (CP) patients following LLLT as an adjunct to root surface debridement (RSD)...
October 2016: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042272/assessment-of-the-role-of-cross-section-on-fatigue-resistance-of-rotary-files-when-used-in-reciprocation
#9
Vadhana Sekar, Ranjith Kumar, Suresh Nandini, Suma Ballal, Natanasabapathy Velmurugan
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the role of cross section on cyclic fatigue resistance of One Shape, Revo-S SU, and Mtwo rotary files in continuous rotation and reciprocating motion in dynamic testing model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 90 new rotary One Shape, Revo-S SU, and Mtwo files (ISO size 25, taper 0.06, length 25 mm) were subjected to continuous rotation or reciprocating motion. A cyclic fatigue testing device was fabricated with 60° angle of curvature and 5 mm radius...
October 2016: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042271/knowledge-and-attitudes-of-dental-interns-toward-denture-adhesives-in-king-saud-university-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#10
Sara Mohammad Al Taweel, Huda Ahmed Al Shehri
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the knowledge and attitudes of dental interns at King Saud University College of Dentistry (KSUCD) regarding denture adhesives (DAs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Surveys were distributed to dental interns at KSUCD (n = 100). Cross-tabulations with the Pearson-™s Chi-square test were used to compare variables using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (P ≤ 0.05). RESULTS: Approximately, 85...
October 2016: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042270/prevalence-of-c-shaped-mandibular-molars-in-the-portuguese-population-evaluated-by-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#11
Jorge N R Martins, António Mata, Duarte Marques, João Caramês
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of first and second C-shaped mandibular molars in a Western European population of Portuguese Caucasians. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients having both routine panoramic radiograph and presurgical cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) exams were selected. The CBCT examination was performed at five different axial levels and the mandibular molars were classified as C-shape according to the Fan criteria...
October 2016: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042269/clinical-evaluation-of-fiber-reinforced-composite-crowns-in-pulp-treated-primary-molars-12-month-results
#12
Zahra Mohammadzadeh, Iman Parisay, Maryam Mehrabkhani, Azam Sadat Madani, Fatemeh Mazhari
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical performance of tooth-colored fiber-reinforced composite (FRC) crowns in pulp-treated second primary mandibular teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This split-mouth randomized, clinical trial performed on 67 children between 3 and 6 years with two primary mandibular second molars requiring pulp treatment. After pulp therapy, the teeth were randomly assigned to stainless steel crown (SSC) or FRC crown groups...
October 2016: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042268/comparing-the-effects-of-manual-and-ultrasonic-instrumentation-on-root-surface-mechanical-properties
#13
Muhammad Sohail Zafar
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study is to analyze the surface profiles of healthy and periodontal-treated roots. In addition, manual and ultrasonic instrumentation methods have been compared in terms of surface mechanical properties of root surfaces including surface roughness, hardness, and elastic modulus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted using extracted teeth that were randomly divided into two study groups (1 and 2). Root planing was performed using either Gracey curettes (Group 1) or ultrasonic scaler (Group 2)...
October 2016: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042267/comparison-of-temporary-anchorage-devices-and-transpalatal-arch-mediated-anchorage-reinforcement-during-canine-retraction
#14
Defne Kecik
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the dental and skeletal effects of canine retraction using conventional anchorage reinforcement systems and comparing them with the usage of TADs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample consisted of 50 patients having Class I malocclusions with bimaxillary protrusion indicated for first premolar extraction, and allocated into two groups. The first group consisted of 25 patients with a mean age of 18,7 years (min:14, max:22 years, 16 girls and 9 boys) that TADs were applied as an anchorage mechanic between attached gingiva of upper second premolar and first molar teeth...
October 2016: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042266/a-self-disinfecting-irreversible-hydrocolloid-impression-material-mixed-with-povidone-iodine-powder
#15
Hussien Abdalfatah Ismail, Hani Asfour, Souaad Abdulelah Shikho
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to evaluate the effect of adding povidone (PVP) iodine powder with different concentrations to irreversible hydrocolloid on both microbiological and dimensional stability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Regular set of (alginate) irreversible hydrocolloid was selected as control group. PVP-iodine powder was mixed with the alginate powder at concentrations of 1, 5, 10, 15, and 20% by weight (test groups). All specimens were tested for their antimicrobial effect against Streptococcus mutans and Staphylococcus aureus as well as dimensional stability...
October 2016: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042265/comparative-evaluation-of-platelet-rich-fibrin-versus-beta-tri-calcium-phosphate-in-the-treatment-of-grade-ii-mandibular-furcation-defects-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#16
Zeba Rahman Siddiqui, Rajesh Jhingran, Vivek Kumar Bains, Ruchi Srivastava, Rohit Madan, Iram Rizvi
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate clinically and radiographically the efficacy of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) versus β-tri-calcium phosphate (β-TCP) in the treatment of Grade II mandibular furcation defects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-five Grade II furcation defect in mandibular molars which were assigned to open flap debridement (OFD) with PRF Group I (n = 15), to OFD with β-TCP Group II (n = 15), and to OFD alone Group III (n = 15) were analyzed for clinical parameters (probing pocket depth [PPD], vertical clinical attachment level [VCAL], horizontal clinical attachment level [HCAL], gingival recession, relative vertical height of furcation [r-VHF], and relative horizontal depth of furcation [r-HDF]) and radiographical parameters (horizontal depth of furcation [H-DOF], vertical height of furcation [V-HOF]) using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) at 6 months interval...
October 2016: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042264/the-effect-of-education-on-oral-health-students-attitudes-in-australia-and-new-zealand
#17
Liyana Tanny, Takashi Komabayashi, D Leann Long, Yoshio Yahata, Susan M Moffat, Helen Tãne
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the oral health attitudes and behavior of students in the oral health curriculum in Australia and New Zealand. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Hiroshima University - Dental Behavioral Inventory was administered to students in the first (year 1) and final years (year 3) of the oral health curriculum at Charles Sturt University in Australia and the University of Otago in New Zealand. A total of fifty-two year 1 students and forty-five year 3 students completed English version of the questionnaire in 2013...
October 2016: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042263/efficacy-of-la-axxess-burs-gates-glidden-drills-and-protaper-sx-in-obtaining-straight-line-access-in-mesiobuccal-roots-of-mandibular-first-molars-a-cone-beam-computed-tomography-assessment
#18
Promila Verma, Rhythm Bains, A P Tikku, Anil Chandra, Shibha Mehta
OBJECTIVE: This study aims at cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) evaluation of the ability of Gates Glidden (GG) drills, Protaper Sx, and LA Axxess burs to produce a straight line access (SLA) in mesiobuccal canals of mandibular first molars. METHODOLOGY: Forty-five freshly extracted mandibular teeth with a canal curvature of 10-20° were taken for the study and divided into three groups according to the instruments used for cervical preflaring: Group I (LA Axxess burs), Group II (GG drills), and Group III (Protaper Sx)...
October 2016: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042262/dentists-knowledge-and-practice-regarding-prevention-of-infective-endocarditis
#19
Soukaina Ryalat, Yazan Hassona, Mohammad Al-Shayyab, Mais Abo-Ghosh, Faleh Sawair
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to assess the knowledge and practice of dentists from Jordan, regarding prevention of infective endocarditis (IE) in dental practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sample of Jordanian dentists was interviewed regarding their IE knowledge and practice using a validated and pretested survey instrument. RESULTS: Most of the dentists have encountered a patient with IE who needed prophylactic antibiotic (PA) and have prescribed antibiotics to prevent IE...
October 2016: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042261/periodontal-health-status-and-implication-of-periodic-acid-schiff-diastase-a-key-in-exfoliative-cytology-among-diabetics-mellitus-patients-a-case-control-study
#20
Aesha Imran, Mayank Kumar Parakh, Satish Muthu Kumar, N Nachiammai, K Sriram
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study are: (i) To determine if periodic acid-Schiff (PAS)-Diastase is an effective tool to diagnose DM noninvasively, (ii) to use three different types of staining procedures to identify the staining pattern over the exfoliated cells of normal and diabetic patients, (iii) to study the periodontal health status of DM and normal subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Basic questions regarding the demographic data were asked, following which community periodontal index (CPI) was recorded...
October 2016: European Journal of Dentistry
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