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European Journal of Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729806/evidence-provided-for-the-use-of-oscillating-instruments-in-restorative-dentistry-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Panagiotis Ntovas, Spyridon Doukoudakis, John Tzoutzas, Panagiotis Lagouvardos
Oscillating diamond instruments are considered gentle sources for the removal of demineralized tooth hard tissues and the preparation of cavity angles and margins needed in minimally invasive dentistry. However, there is a question if literature provides enough evidence for their efficacy in restorative dentistry procedures. A literature search until May 2016 was conducted, using PubMed, Scopus, and The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases. The quality of the studies was assessed using the recommendation of the Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine...
April 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729805/dental-treatment-considerations-for-a-pediatric-patient-with-incontinentia-pigmenti-bloch-sulzberger-syndrome
#2
Amy Yi-Ling Chen, Kevin Chen
Incontinentia pigmenti (IP) is a uncommon gene disorder, heritage with X-linked dominant mode. IP patients have a characteristic dentition varying from marked hypodontia to delayed eruption and conical crowns on both dentitions. A 5½-year-old girl, whose mother and younger sister were also diagnosed with IP, has the whirling-like pigmented skin lesion over her trunk and four extremities. Four primary teeth and multiple permanent tooth germs were found to be congenital missing. Dental considerations of further treatment were discussed with her parents including the preservation of primary molars, possible interim prosthesis in mixed or permanent dentition, full mouth rehabilitation with orthodontic and prosthodontic combined treatment, and implant therapy in adulthood...
April 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729804/a-case-of-tooth-fracture-occurred-upon-medicating-bisphosphonate-for-an-elderly-person-preservation-therapy-and-responses-for-stage-0-of-bisphosphonate-related-osteonecrosis-of-jaw
#3
Noriko Suzuki, Hitoshi Oguchi, Yu Yamauchi, Yasuyo Karube, Yukimi Suzuki, Noriyasu Hosoya
This case report aimed to report the progress of preservation therapy and response of symptoms and signs for Stage 0 of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of jaw (BRONJ). A 68-year-old female was recognized having a tooth at the left upper first molar fracture upon medicating bisphosphonate (BP) in 2007. At that time, the extraction of the tooth was an absolute contraindication. Therefore, we performed preservation therapy. We observed the symptoms and signs every month. After 5 months, swelling and redness in the entire first molar tooth were seen and fistula formed partly...
April 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729803/anterosuperior-rehabilitation-with-metal-free-fixed-prosthesis-based-on-zirconia
#4
Sthelen Nayara Cenci, Igor Alessandro Gontarsky, Marcella Goetz Moro, Lidia Olga Bach Pinheiro, Adriana Postiglione Bührer Samra
The loss of upper front dental elements causes functional and psychosocial problems to the affected individuals. In this case report, the treatment planning considered hard and soft tissue loss for a complex fixed partial denture (FPD) rehabilitation. The six-element, all-ceramic FPD was manufactured using a computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing system with zirconia framework, veneered with leucite-reinforced ceramic. Ceramic artificial gum was also produced to guarantee tooth-facial proportions as well as lip support, promoting both esthetics and phonetics...
April 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729802/size-discrepancies-in-molars-and-first-key-to-optimal-occlusion
#5
Ahmet Arif Celebi, Sam H Lee, Chung How Kau
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this research project was to determine whether the sizes of the first molars allow clinicians to achieve the first goal of an ideal clinical outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seventy-eight sets of dental casts that have been presented to the American Board of Orthodontics were evaluated. A Boley gauge was used to measure the length from the mesiobuccal cusp to the distobuccal cusp of the maxillary first molar and the length from the mesiobuccal groove of the mandibular first molar to the occlusal embrasure between the mandibular first and second molars...
April 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729801/evaluation-of-dimensional-accuracy-for-different-complete-edentulous-impressions-immersed-in-different-disinfectant-solutions
#6
Hussein Abdelfattah Ismail, Hamada Z Mahross, Suaad Shikho
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of two different disinfectant solutions' immersion on the dimensional accuracy of different complete edentulous impressions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A specific custom-made metallic cast template was constructed and used for making both 120 alginate and zinc oxide eugenol (ZOE) paste impressions (60 for each). Disinfectants with 1% sodium hypochlorite and 2% glutaraldehyde were used for 10 and 60 min immersion of both impressions...
April 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729800/dentition-status-and-treatment-needs-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-positive-patients-on-anti-retro-viral-therapy-in-raichur-taluk-karnataka-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Shrikanth Muralidharan, Arunkumar Acharya, Shanthi Margabandhu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the dentition status and the treatment needs of the HIV-positive patients on ART for more than a year in Raichur, Karnataka. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Convenience sampling was followed. The sample size was 170. The dentition status and treatment needs of the patients were recorded as per the WHO guidelines. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of dental caries was 79.4%. Males had higher percentage of dental caries than the females, and this was found to be statistically significant...
April 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729799/evaluation-of-knowledge-among-general-dentists-in-treatment-of-traumatic-injuries-in-primary-teeth-a-cross-sectional-questionnaire-study
#8
Dhanalakshmi Ravikumar, Ganesh Jeevanandan, E M G Subramanian
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to assess the knowledge of General dentist regarding the management of dental traumatic injuries of primary teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 general dentists were selected and a validated questionnaire was distributed among the dentist to assess their knowledge on treatment strategies regarding traumatized primary teeth. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Data were entered into SPSS version 20...
April 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729798/evaluation-of-salivary-flow-rate-and-gustatory-function-in-hiv-positive-patients-with-or-without-highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy
#9
Neha Verma, Ranjitkumar Patil, Vikram Khanna, Vandana Singh, Anurag Tripathi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate the salivary flow rate and gustatory changes in HIV-positive patients on highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) and without HAART. We also correlated CD4 count and salivary flow rate and gustatory function in both groups. METHODS: Sample size for each group was thirty. After obtaining informed consent, we measured salivary flow rate using Schimer's method and gustatory function using four tastants (sweet, sour, bitter, and salty) of different concentrations...
April 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729797/hypochlorite-solution-for-root-canal-irrigation-that-lacks-a-chlorinated-odor
#10
La-Ongthong Vajrabhaya, Vanida Sangalungkarn, Ratchapin Srisatjaluk, Suwanna Korsuwannawong, Chareerut Phruksaniyom
OBJECTIVES: This is an in vitro study to develop a formulation of a hypochlorite solution for root canal irrigation that lacks a chlorinated odor. The antibacterial effect, tissue dissolution efficacy, and the cytotoxicity of the solution were assessed in cell culture and were compared with those of commercial sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) solutions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Trichloroisocyanuric acid (TCA) was used as the source of hypochlorite ions in solution. All required properties of the NaOCl irrigant were evaluated and compared with those of original 2...
April 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729796/effect-of-clasp-type-and-pullout-location-on-clasp-retention-in-different-environment-in-vitro-study
#11
Bilal Mourshed, Fuad Abdo Al-Sabri, Nashwan Ahmed Qaed, Nader Alaizari, Hashem Motahir Al-Shamiri, Amal Alfaqih
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the importance of pullout location and clasp types in two different environments to dislodge the clasp. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mandibular test models with natural premolars and molar teeth were used to test four types of clasp (each 12) (Akers, Rest plate Akers, Half and Half, and Ring clasp) with three different pullout location for each type (ring on the rest, loop on the saddle, and wax arising from both rests) in dry and natural fresh saliva environment...
April 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729795/cone-beam-computed-tomographic-evaluation-of-styloid-process-a-retrospective-study-of-1000-patients
#12
Merve Donmez, Ozlem Okumus, Filiz Namdar Pekiner
OBJECTIVE: The styloid process (SP) is a bony projection, located just anterior to the stylomastoid foramen, the normal length of which is approximately 20-30 mm. The length of SP when exceeds 30 mm it is said to "elongated." The purpose of this retrospective study was to assess the prevalence of elongated SP (ESP) by cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) examination in Turkish subpopulation and its relation to gender and age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study analyzed CBCT of 1000 patients who were randomly selected to participate and were aged from 14 to 78 years...
April 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729794/assessment-of-resin-dentin-interfacial-morphology-of-two-ethanol-based-universal-adhesives-a-scanning-electron-microscopy-study
#13
Mohamed Moustafa Awad
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the resin-dentin interfacial morphology created by two universal adhesives using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The occlusal surfaces of ten (n = 5) molars were reduced to expose a flat surface of dentin. Two universal adhesives, Scotchbond Universal Adhesive and Tetric N-Bond Universal, were independently applied to air-dried dentin. Light-cured resin-based composite restorative materials were used to incrementally build a composite "buildup...
April 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729793/assessment-of-consistency-in-the-dimension-of-gutta-percha-cones-of-protaper-next-and-waveone-with-their-corresponding-number-files
#14
Nitika Bajaj, Prashant Monga, Pardeep Mahajan
OBJECTIVES: To compare the dimensions of gutta-percha (GP) cones of ProTaper Next (25/0.06) and WaveOne (25/0.08) in relation to their corresponding instruments of the same dimension, respectively. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two groups of GP cones were made with 25 cones in each group. Group 1 consisted of 25 GP cones # 25/0.06 (ProTaper Next). Group 2 consisted of 25 GP cones # 25/0.08 (WaveOne). Measurements were done at D1 (1 mm short of the tip), D3 (3 mm short of the tip), and D11 (11 mm short of the tip) for GP cones of both groups and were compared with their corresponding instruments...
April 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729792/evaluation-of-accuracy-of-shade-selection-using-two-spectrophotometer-systems-vita-easyshade-and-degudent-shadepilot
#15
Mohammad Hassan Kalantari, Seyed Ahmad Ghoraishian, Mina Mohaghegh
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the accuracy of shade matching using two spectrophotometric devices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirteen patients who require a full coverage restoration for one of their maxillary central incisors were selected while the adjacent central incisor was intact. 3 same frameworks were constructed for each tooth using computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing technology. Shade matching was performed using Vita Easyshade spectrophotometer, Shadepilot spectrophotometer, and Vitapan classical shade guide for the first, second, and third crown subsequently...
April 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729791/correlation-between-salivary-cortisol-levels-and-dental-anxiety-in-children-of-smokers-and-nonsmokers
#16
S Pavani Reddy, M Ghanashyam Prasad, A Naga RadhaKrishna, Kaniti Saujanya, N V K Raviteja, B Deepthi
OBJECTIVES: The present study was undertaken to evaluate salivary cortisol levels in children of smokers and nonsmokers and thereby establishing the relationship between cortisol levels in response to anxiety in children based on their father's habit of smoking. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population aged between 8 and 10 years includes two groups. Group 1 is comprised 20 children of cigarette smokers and Group 2 is comprised 20 children of nonsmokers. The passive drooling technique was used to collect unstimulated saliva from the children using a sterile container...
April 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729790/new-dental-implant-selection-criterion-based-on-implant-design
#17
Mohamed I El-Anwar, Mohamed M El-Zawahry, Eman M Ibraheem, Mohammad Zakaria Nassani, Hisham ElGabry
OBJECTIVE: A comparative study between threaded and plain dental implant designs was performed to find out a new criterion for dental implant selection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Several dental implant designs with a systematic increase in diameter and length were positioned in a cylindrical-shaped bone section and analyzed using finite element method. Four loading types were tested on different dental implant designs; tension of 50 N, compression of 100 N, bending of 20 N, and torque of 2 Nm, to derive design curves...
April 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729789/in-vitro-evaluation-of-microleakage-under-orthodontic-brackets-bonded-with-different-adhesive-systems
#18
Ramin Atash, Ali Fneiche, Sibel Cetik, Babak Bahrami, Alain Balon-Perin, Maria Orellana, Régine Glineur
OBJECTIVE: Adhesives systems have a drawback when utilized for bonding orthodontic brackets: they shrink during photopolymerization creating microleakage. The aim of this study was to assess the stability of different orthodontic adhesives around brackets and enamel. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty noncarious mandibular premolars extracted for orthodontic reasons were randomly divided into six groups of adhesives used for bonding brackets to dental enamel: NeoBond(®) Light Cure Adhesive Kit, Transbond™ Plus Self-Etching, Victory V-Slot APC PLUS(®) + Transbond™ MIP, Rely-A-Bond(®) Kit, Light Cure Orthodontic Adhesive Kit (OptiBond(®)), and Transbond™ MIP...
April 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729788/a-comparative-in-vitro-study-on-fluoride-release-and-water-sorption-of-different-flowable-esthetic-restorative-materials
#19
Asmaa Youssif Harhash, Iman Ibrahim ElSayad, Ahmad G S Zaghloul
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to evaluate fluoride release and water sorption of three flowable esthetic restorative materials: a giomer, a fluoride-releasing resin composite, and a nonfluoridated resin composite. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten samples from a giomer, a fluoride releasing nano-hybrid, and a nonfluoridated nano-hybrid composite were prepared and immersed in deionized water. Fluoride measurements were done using an ion-specific electrode attached to a microprocessor-based fluoride meter after 1 day, 1 week, and 4 weeks...
April 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729787/patterns-of-dental-caries-among-school-children-assessed-using-caries-assessment-spectrum-and-treatment-tool
#20
Hisham El Batawi, Kausar Sadia Fakhruddin
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to assess and monitor patterns of dental caries among primary and permanent molars using Caries Assessment Spectrum and Treatment (CAST) index and to evaluate integration of CAST tool into patient health information (PHI) system of a Teaching Dental Hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dental records of n = 348 children, aged 7-9-years, attending University Dental Hospital Sharjah, for routine checkup and treatment as part of School Dental Program were assessed and translated into CAST codes...
April 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
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