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IET Nanobiotechnology

Shariq Qayyum, Asad Ullah Khan
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were biosynthesized via a green route using ten different plants extracts (GNP1- Caryota urens, GNP2-Pongamia glabra, GNP3- Hamelia patens, GNP4-Thevetia peruviana, GNP5-Calendula officinalis, GNP6-Tectona grandis, GNP7-Ficus petiolaris, GNP8- Ficus busking, GNP9- Juniper communis, GNP10-Bauhinia purpurea). AgNPs were tested against drug resistant microbes and their biofilms. These nanoparticles (NPs) were characterised using UV-vis spectroscopy, transmission electron microscope, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and Image J software...
October 2016: IET Nanobiotechnology
Sreevani Pothireddy, Adilaxmamma Kaliki, Alpha Raj Mekapogu, Muralidhar Yegireddy, Eswara Prasad Pagadala, Tollamadugu Naga Venkata Krishna Vara Prasad
Wound healing requires a series of cellular events and a cascade of co-ordinated and systemic biochemical events. Silver nanoparticles possess many beneficial properties for wound management including antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and pro-healing properties. In this study, the authors investigated the wound healing properties of Cinnamomum verum extract mediated nanosilver (CENS) particles in comparison with 1% povidone iodine, citrate mediate NS and CE treatments. The topical application of CENS showed good antibacterial activity and accelerated wound healing with complete epithelialisation and normal re-growth of hair in all three models of study: namely, excision, incision and dead space models in rats compared with all other treatments...
October 2016: IET Nanobiotechnology
Jiyu Sun, Wei Wu, Weiliang Xue, Jin Tong, Xianping Liu
Bovine horns are durable that they can withstand an extreme loading force which with special structures and mechanical properties. In this study, the authors apply quasi-static nanoindentation and modulus mapping techniques to research the nanomechanical properties of bovine horn in the transverse direction (TD) and longitudinal direction (LD). In quasi-static nanoindentation, the horn's modulus and hardness in the inner layer and the outer layer demonstrated a gradual increase in both TD and LD. Laser scanning confocal microscopy revealed microstructure in the horn with wavy morphology in the TD cross-section and laminate in the LD cross-section...
October 2016: IET Nanobiotechnology
Jayanta Kumar Patra, Kwang-Hyun Baek
This paper investigated the green synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using aqueous extract of silky hairs of corn (Zea mays L.) which is a waste material of the crop, as both a reducing and stabilising/capping agent. The AgNPs were characterised by UV-visible spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). The average size of AgNPs was found to be 249...
October 2016: IET Nanobiotechnology
Meenakshi Agarwal, Akhshay Singh Bhadwal, Nishant Kumar, Archana Shrivastav, Braj Raj Shrivastav, Manoj Pratap Singh, Fahmina Zafar, Ravi Mani Tripathi
This study reports the unprecedented, novel and eco-friendly method for the synthesis of three-dimensional (3D) copper nanostructure having flower like morphology using leaf extract of Ficus benghalensis. The catalytic activity of copper nanoflowers (CuNFs) was investigated against methylene blue (MB) used as a modal dye pollutant. Scanning electron micrograph evidently designated 3D appearance of nanoflowers within a size range from 250 nm to 2.5 μm. Energy-dispersive X-ray spectra showed the presence of copper elements in the nanoflowers...
October 2016: IET Nanobiotechnology
E O Haberal, A SalmanOgli, B Nasseri
In this article, a patch-clamp low noise current amplification based on nanoparticles plasmonic radiation is analyzed. It is well-known, a very small current is flowing from different membrane channels and so, for extra processing the current amplification is necessary. It is notable that there are some problems in traditional electronic amplifier due to its noise and bandwidth problem. Because of the important role of the patch-clamp current in cancer research and especially its small amplitude, it is vital to intensify it without adding any noises...
October 2016: IET Nanobiotechnology
Sathyanarayanan Ravi Sathish Kumar, Kokati Venkata Bhaskara Rao
The present study focuses on the biosynthesis of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) using Streptomyces coelicoflavus (S. coelicoflavus) SRBVIT13 isolated from marine salt pan soils collected from Ongole, Andhra Pradesh, India. The biosynthesised AuNPs are characterised by UV-visible spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and energy-dispersive X-ray analysis. Transmission electron microscopy study suggests that the biosynthesised AuNPs are spherical in shape within a size range of 12-20 nm (mean diameter as 14 nm)...
October 2016: IET Nanobiotechnology
Claramaría Rodríguez-González, Pamela Velázquez-Villalba, Pedro Salas, Víctor M Castaño
A green facile method has been successfully used for the synthesis of graphene oxide sheets decorated with silver nanoparticles (rGO/AgNPs), employing graphite oxide as a precursor of graphene oxide (GO), AgNO3 as a precursor of Ag nanoparticles (AgNPs), and geranium (Pelargonium graveolens) extract as reducing agent. Synthesis was accomplished using the weight ratios 1:1 and 1:3 GO/Ag, respectively. The synthesised nanocomposites were characterised by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, X-ray diffraction, UV-visible spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis...
October 2016: IET Nanobiotechnology
Jafar Ali, Abdul Hameed, Safia Ahmed, Muhammad Ishtiaq Ali, Shama Zainab, Naeem Ali
Biological routes of synthesising metal nanoparticles (NPs) using microbes have been gaining much attention due to their low toxicity and eco-friendly nature. Pseudomonas aeruginosa JP2 isolated from metal contaminated soil was evaluated towards extracellular synthesis of silver NPs (AgNPs). Cell-free extract (24 h) of the bacterial isolate was reacted with AgNO3 for 24 h in order to fabricate AgNPs. Preliminary observations were recorded in terms of colour change of the reaction mixture from yellow to greyish black...
October 2016: IET Nanobiotechnology
Jerusha A Hema, Rajkumari Malaka, Narayanan P Muthukumarasamy, Akilandeswari Sambandam, Subakanmani Subramanian, Murugan Sevanan
The biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) has been proved to be a cost effective and environmental friendly approach toward chemical and physical methods. In the present study, biosynthesis of AgNPs was carried out using aqueous extract of Zea mays (Zm) husk. The initial colour change from golden yellow to orange was observed between 410 and 450 nm which confirmed the synthesis of AgNPs. Also, dynamic light scattering-particle size analysis confirmed the average size to be 113 nm and zeta potential value of -28 kV...
October 2016: IET Nanobiotechnology
Bashir Ahmad, Farah Shireen, Shumaila Bashir, Ibrar Khan, Sadiq Azam
The current study was performed to synthesize stable, eco-friendly and bio-compatible silver nano-particles (AgNPs) of Agave americana, Mentha spicata and Mangifera indica leaves and to screen them for biological activities. The ultraviolet-visible spectroscopic analysis revealed that λ-max for AgNPs range from 350-500 nm. All AgNPs possessed polycrystalline structure as notified as intense graphical peaks in complete spectrum of 20 values ranging from 10-80° in X-ray diffraction measurements and supported by scanning electron microscopy data...
October 2016: IET Nanobiotechnology
Mukesh Singh
Elucidation of the role of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) in combating bacterial infection is important for the development of new antimicrobial compounds. In this study, several key factors underlying biological effects of biogenic AgNPs were investigated on recombinant Escherichia coli (XL1-Blue) which contains a reporter gene encoding β-galactosidase enzyme. Biogenic AgNPs were prepared from the tea decoction. Cytotoxicity effects were profound on the bacteria tested by the synthesised NPs. The β-galactosidase activity of the released intracellular proteins in the supernatant of E...
October 2016: IET Nanobiotechnology
Victor Hugo Perez-Gonzalez, Roberto Carlos Gallo-Villanueva, Sergio Camacho-Leon, Jose Isabel Gomez-Quiñones, Jose Manuel Rodriguez-Delgado, Sergio Omar Martinez-Chapa
Circulating tumour cells (CTCs) are active participants in the metastasis process and account for ∼90% of all cancer deaths. As CTCs are admixed with a very large amount of erythrocytes, leukocytes, and platelets in blood, CTCs are very rare, making their isolation, capture, and detection a major technological challenge. Microfluidic technologies have opened-up new opportunities for the screening of blood samples and the detection of CTCs or other important cancer biomarker-proteins. In this study, the authors have reviewed the most recent developments in microfluidic devices for cells/biomarkers manipulation and detection, focusing their attention on immunomagnetic-affinity-based devices, dielectrophoresis-based devices, surface-plasmon-resonance microfluidic sensors, and quantum-dots-based sensors...
October 2016: IET Nanobiotechnology
Pradipta Ranjan Rauta, Niladri Mohan Das, Debasis Nayak, Sarbani Ashe, Bismita Nayak
Clindamycin hydrochloride (CLH) is a clinically important oral antibiotic with wide spectrum of antimicrobial activity that includes gram-positive aerobes (staphylococci, streptococci etc.), most anaerobic bacteria, Chlamydia and certain protozoa. The current study was focused to develop a stabilised clindamycin encapsulated poly lactic acid (PLA)/poly (D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) nano-formulation with better drug bioavailability at molecular level. Various nanoparticle (NPs) formulations of PLA and PLGA loaded with CLH were prepared by solvent evaporation method varying drug: polymer concentration (1:20, 1:10 and 1:5) and characterised (size, encapsulation efficiency, drug loading, scanning electron microscope, differential scanning calorimetry [DSC] and Fourier transform infrared [FTIR] studies)...
August 2016: IET Nanobiotechnology
Ponnusamy Senthil Kumar, Anbalagan Saravanan, Kodyingil Anish Kumar, Ramesh Yashwanth, Sridharan Visvesh
In the present study, a novel activated carbon was prepared from low-cost eucalyptus seeds, which was utilised for the effectively removal of toxic zinc from the water/wastewater. The prepared adsorbent was studied by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopic characterisation studies. Adsorption process was experimentally performed for optimising the influencing factors such as adsorbent dosage, solution pH, contact time, initial zinc concentration, and temperature for the maximum removal of zinc from aqueous solution...
August 2016: IET Nanobiotechnology
Mehrdad Khatami, Meysam Soltani Nejad, Samira Salari, Pooya Ghasemi Nejad Almani
In recent years, biosynthesis and the utilisation of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) has become an interesting subject. In this study, the authors investigated the biosynthesis of AgNPs using Trifolium resupinatum (Persian clover) seed exudates. The characterisation of AgNPs were analysed using ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy. Also, antifungal efficacy of biogenic AgNPs against two important plant-pathogenic fungi (Rhizoctonia solani and Neofusicoccum Parvum) in vitro condition was evaluated...
August 2016: IET Nanobiotechnology
Ahmad SalmanOgli, Farshad Farhadnia, Erhan Piskin
In this study, nanoparticles near-field plasmonic resonance is used to improve the traditional cell separation main outputs such as viability and efficiency. The live cells viability is severely depend on stresses, which are applied on cells in the microfluidics channel. Hence, for improving the cell viability, the enforced stresses inside of the structure should be declined. The major factors of the enforced stresses are related to the electric field non-uniformity, which are attributed to the hurdles and applied voltage magnitude...
August 2016: IET Nanobiotechnology
Shihan Yan, Hao Zhang, Yan Huang, Junjun Tan, Pu Wang, Yapei Wang, Haoli Hou, Jin Huang, Lijia Li
Organisms are constantly exposed to environmental stimuli and have evolved mechanisms of protection and adaptation. Various effects of nanoparticles (NPs) on crops have been described and some results confirm that NPs could enhance plant growth at the physiological and genetic levels. This study comparatively analysed the effect of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) on rice growth. The results showed that single-wall CNTs were located in the intercellular space while multi-wall CNTs penetrated cell walls in roots. CNTs could promote rice root growth through the regulation of expression of the root growth related genes and elevated global histone acetylation in rice root meristem zones...
August 2016: IET Nanobiotechnology
Vikas Sarsar, Manjit K Selwal, Krishan K Selwal
To eliminate the elaborate processes employed in other non-biological-based protocols and low cost production of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), this study reports biogenic synthesis of AgNPs using silver salt precursor with aqueous extract of Aspergillus fumigates MA. Influence of silver precursor concentrations, concentration ratio of fungal extract and silver nitrate, contact time, reaction temperature and pH are evaluated to find their effects on AgNPs synthesis. Ultraviolet-visible spectra gave surface plasmon resonance at 420 nm for AgNPs...
August 2016: IET Nanobiotechnology
Jaleh Varshosaz, Ali Jahanian-Najafabadi, Jila Ghazzavi
The purpose of this study was to design a targeted anti-cancer drug delivery system for breast cancer. Therefore, doxorubicin (DOX) loaded poly(methyl vinyl ether maleic acid) nanoparticles (NPs) were prepared by ionic cross-linking method using Zn(2+) ions. To optimise the effect of DOX/polymer ratio, Zn/polymer ratio, and stirrer rate a full factorial design was used and their effects on particle size, zeta potential, loading efficiency (LE, %), and release efficiency in 72 h (RE72, %) were studied. Targeted NPs were prepared by chemical coating of tiptorelin/polyallylamin conjugate on the surface of NPs by using 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carboiimid HCl as cross-linking agent...
August 2016: IET Nanobiotechnology
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