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Journal of Surgical Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456075/qualitative-analysis-of-a-cultural-dexterity-program-for-surgeons-feasible-impactful-and-necessary
#1
Rhea Udyavar, Douglas S Smink, John T Mullen, Tara S Kent, A Green, Alyssa F Harlow, Manuel Castillo-Angeles, Alexandra B Columbus, Adil H Haider
OBJECTIVES: Ineffective cross-cultural communication contributes to adverse outcomes for minority patients. To address this, the authors developed a novel curriculum for surgical residents built on the principle of cultural dexterity, emphasizing adaptability to clinical and sociocultural circumstances to tailor care to the needs of the individual patient. This study's objective was to evaluate the feasibility, acceptability, and perception of this program upon conclusion of its first year...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449163/orthopaedic-surgery-residency-rotations-and-correlation-with-orthopaedic-in-training-examination-performance
#2
Aaron I Karlen, Erik J Solberg, Deborah S Quanbeck, Ann E Van Heest
OBJECTIVE: The Orthopaedic In-Training Examination (OITE) is administered annually and is used to assess medical knowledge of orthopedic surgery residents. Beginning in the 2013 to 2014 academic year, the ACGME expanded the postgraduate year (PGY)-1 curriculum from 3 to 6 months of orthopedic surgery rotations. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of increased PGY-1 orthopedic surgery exposure on medical knowledge as measured by the OITE. DESIGN: From 2011 to 2013, 24 PGY-2 residents completed 3 months of PGY-1 orthopedic training (Group 1)...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449162/is-video-based-education-an-effective-method-in-surgical-education-a-systematic-review
#3
Akgul Ahmet, Kus Gamze, Mustafaoglu Rustem, Karaborklu Argut Sezen
OBJECTIVE: Visual signs draw more attention during the learning process. Video is one of the most effective tool including a lot of visual cues. This systematic review set out to explore the influence of video in surgical education. We reviewed the current evidence for the video-based surgical education methods, discuss the advantages and disadvantages on the teaching of technical and nontechnical surgical skills. METHODS: This systematic review was conducted according to the guidelines defined in the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses statement...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449161/ultrasound-training-in-surgical-critical-care-fellowship-a-survey-of-program-directors
#4
Thomas W Carver
OBJECTIVE: Surgical critical care (SCC) fellows are expected to receive training in critical care ultrasound (CCUS) but training is sporadic and there is no standardized curriculum to guide educators. Previous studies show wide variation in CCUS training during fellowship across specialties but SCC has been underrepresented. This study was performed to assess SCC program directors' views regarding CCUS during fellowship training. DESIGN: Adult SCC program directors were surveyed regarding the role of CCUS in fellowship training...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433996/gelatin-thoracic-paravertebral-teaching-model-for-placement-of-a-continuous-infusion-catheter-in-the-extrathoracic-paravertebral-space
#5
Shruti Sevak, Ashley Woodfin, Zachary Hothem, Rose Callahan, James Robbins, Kathryn Ziegler
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to develop an ultrasound-guided training curriculum for continuous infusion catheter placement in the paravertebral space and to create a gelatin thoracic spine-rib model for use in this training. We sought to create a model that was inexpensive and reusable such that multiple participants could use one model during training. DESIGN: The model was prepared by embedding a firm foam thoracic spine replica with bilateral attached ribs into an opaque gelatin mixture...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428368/leaders-growing-leaders-designing-a-tier-based-leadership-program-for-surgeons
#6
Laura Torbeck, Grace Rozycki, Gary Dunnington
BACKGROUND: Leadership has emerged as a crucial component of professional development for physicians in academic medicine. Most leadership skills can be learned and therefore best practices of delivering leadership development are in high demand. For practicing surgeons, specific strategies to teach leadership have been lacking. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to describe the structure of a tier-based leadership development program called Leaders Growing Leaders, to identify the major curricular components to each tier including measures and outcomes, and to share lessons learned for those who may want to begin a similar leadership development program...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422405/simulation-based-learning-strategies-to-teach-undergraduate-students-basic-surgical-skills-a-systematic-review
#7
Iakovos Theodoulou, Marios Nicolaides, Thanos Athanasiou, Apostolos Papalois, Michail Sideris
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify and critically appraise all literature surrounding simulation-based learning (SBL) courses, to assess their relevance as tools for undergraduate surgical education, and create a design framework targeted at standardizing future SBL. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of the literature using a specific keyword strategy to search at MEDLINE database. RESULTS: Of the 2371 potentially eligible titles, 472 were shortlisted and only 40 explored active interventions in undergraduate medical education...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422404/new-challenges-for-a-core-procedure-development-of-a-faculty-workshop-for-skills-maintenance-for-abdominal-hysterectomy
#8
Lori R Berkowitz, Kaitlyn James, Emil Petrusa, Carey York-Best, Anjali J Kaimal
OBJECTIVE: To describe the development of a low-cost educational module for OB/GYN faculty skills maintenance for total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH), a low frequency core procedure in obstetrics and gynecology. DESIGN: After review of existing educational tools and utilization of a modified Delphi method to establish consensus regarding key procedural components for skills maintenance, a 2-hour workshop was developed to review knowledge and participate in a simulation focused on the critical steps in performing TAH...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422403/medical-officers-in-sierra-leone-surgical-training-opportunities-challenges-and-aspirations
#9
Lucy Wilks, Andrew Leather, Peter Matthew George, Thaim Bay Kamara
BACKGROUND: The critical shortage of human resources for healthcare falls most heavily on sub-Saharan nations such as Sierra Leone, where such workforce deficits have grave impacts on its burden of surgical disease. An important aspect in retention and development of the workforce is training. This study focuses on postgraduate surgical training (formal and short course) and perceptions of opportunities, challenges and aspirations, in a country where more than half of surgical procedures are performed by medical officers...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402668/female-surgeons-as-counter-stereotype-the-impact-of-gender-perceptions-on-trainee-evaluations-of-physician-faculty
#10
Magali Fassiotto, Jie Li, Yvonne Maldonado, Nishita Kothary
OBJECTIVE: Similar to women in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics disciplines, women in medicine are subject to negative stereotyping when they do not adhere to their sex-role expectations. These biases may vary by specialty, largely dependent on the gender's representation in that specialty. Thus, females in male-dominated surgical specialties are especially at risk of stereotype threat. Herein, we present the role of gender expectations using trainee evaluations of physician faculty at a single academic center, over a 5-year period (2010-2014)...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398631/enhancing-confidence-in-graduating-general-surgery-residents-establishing-a-chief-surgery-resident-service-at-an-independent-academic-medical-center
#11
Benjamin T Jarman, Colette T O'Heron, Kara J Kallies, Thomas H Cogbill
OBJECTIVE: Providing opportunities for autonomy to enhance the development of independence and confidence during surgery residency remains among the greatest challenges of the current training paradigm. The objective of this study was to evaluate the implementation and outcomes of a chief resident service (CRS). DESIGN: A CRS was designed with operative, call and office responsibilities. Supervision and evaluation were consistent with institutional guidelines. CRS operative logs from 2011 to 2014 were compared with logs from the participants' first year in practice...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398630/a-program-for-promoting-clinical-scholarship-in-general-surgery
#12
Madhukar S Patel, David Tomich, Tara S Kent, Elliot L Chaikof, James R Rodrigue
OBJECTIVE: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education mandates resident physician training in the principles and applications of research. To provide a robust early foundation for effective engagement in scholarship, we designed a novel clinical scholarship program (CSP) for PGY1 general surgery residents. SETTING, DESIGN AND OUTCOMES: In a general surgery residency training program, we assessed resident academic productivity (i.e., presentations, publications, and sustained engagement in clinical research) and self-efficacy to conduct clinical research, as well as the overall satisfaction of both residents and faculty mentors...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398629/post-op-a-strategy-to-improve-clinical-documentation-in-the-early-postoperative-period
#13
Paul M Cromwell, Michael Flood, Emer O Connell, Waqar Khan, Ronan Waldron, Iqbal Khan, Kevin Barry
OBJECTIVE: To construct and pilot an educational tool to improve the quality of postoperative documentation at Mayo University Hospital. DESIGN: Retrospective data were collected from 100 consecutive patients treated surgically during October to November 2016. The first written ward based note following surgery was analyzed against RCS quality standards outlined in "Good Surgical Practice." An educational tool was then constructed to improve postoperative documentation...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397357/using-technological-advances-to-improve-surgery-curriculum-experience-with-a-mobile-application
#14
Courtney A Green, Edward H Kim, Patricia S O'Sullivan, Hueylan Chern
OBJECTIVE: Our previous home-video basic surgical skills curriculum required substantial faculty time and resources, and was limited by delayed feedback and technical difficulties. Consequently, we integrated that curriculum with a mobile application platform. Our purpose is to describe this application and learner satisfaction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The mobile platform incorporates a patented pedagogical design based on Ericsson's deliberate practice and Bandura's social learning theory...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397356/the-benefit-of-a-formal-plastic-surgery-in-service-conference
#15
Sagar T Mehta, Cori Agarwal, Faizi Siddiqi, William B Rockwell, Barbu R Gociman
INTRODUCTION: Annually, residents are expected to take an in-service examination to gauge their understanding of plastic surgery knowledge and prepare them for the American Board of Plastic Surgery written examination. In addition, in-service score are now being used as an assessment tool for fellowship applicants. Because of the breadth of Plastic Surgery material, it is difficult to prepare a resident for such a comprehensive examination. At the University of Utah, a weekly conference was instituted to help prepare residents for the in-service and board examination with the goal of improving scores...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397355/the-incidence-of-overconfidence-and-underconfidence-effects-in-medical-student-examinations
#16
Raúl A Borracci, Eduardo B Arribalzaga
BACKGROUND: Overconfidence is the tendency to overestimate the knowledge, capacity, or performance one really possesses. This cognitive bias could be potentially dangerous in medical decision-making, considering the impact it could have on patient health care. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of overconfidence and underconfidence in medical student knowledge on general surgery by using traditional and new statistical approaches. METHODS: During the application of a multiple-choice examination, 251 next-to-graduate medical students were invited to express the accuracy of their responses by choosing their own perceived confidence level for a set of questions...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396277/simulation-based-testing-of-pager-interruptions-during-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#17
Joseph A Sujka, Karen Safcsak, Indermeet S Bhullar, William S Havron
OBJECTIVE: To determine if pager interruptions affect operative time, safety, or complications and management of pager issues during a simulated laparoscopic cholecystectomy. DESIGN: Twelve surgery resident volunteers were tested on a Simbionix Lap Mentor II simulator. Each resident performed 6 randomized simulated laparoscopic cholecystectomies; 3 with pager interruptions (INT) and 3 without pager interruptions (NO-INT). The pager interruptions were sent in the form of standardized patient vignettes and timed to distract the resident during dissection of the critical view of safety and clipping of the cystic duct...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396276/evaluating-fitness-to-perform-in-surgical-residents-after-night-shifts-and-alcohol-intoxication-the-development-of-a-fit-to-perform-test
#18
Coen R H Huizinga, Marieke L de Kam, Hein B A C Stockmann, Joop M A van Gerven, Adam F Cohen, Koen E A van der Bogt
OBJECTIVE: To develop a self-test to measure clinical fitness to perform in surgical residents, with alcohol-induced impairment as reference. DESIGN: Observational, exploratory study to evaluate night shift-induced impaired performance in surgical residents followed by a randomized blinded, placebo-controlled, crossover study to evaluate impaired performance as a result of ethanol intoxication. Impairment was quantified using the Mini-NeuroCart, a psychomotor and cognitive test battery for assessment of subjective and objective measures of alertness, concentration, eye-hand coordination, mood, and self-assessed ability to perform...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396278/internet-based-digital-simulation-for-cleft-surgery-education-a-5-year-assessment-of-demographics-usage-and-global-effect
#19
Rami S Kantar, Natalie M Plana, Court B Cutting, Jesus Rodrigo Diaz-Siso, Roberto L Flores
BACKGROUND: In October 2012, a freely available, internet-based cleft simulator was created in partnership between academic, nonprofit, and industry sectors. The purpose of this educational resource was to address global disparities in cleft surgery education. This report assesses demographics, usage, and global effect of our simulator, in its fifth year since inception. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the global effect, usage, and demographics of an internet-based educational digital simulation cleft surgery software...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396275/transpedicular-approach-on-a-novel-spine-simulator-a-validation-study
#20
David Fürst, Marianne Hollensteiner, Stefan Gabauer, Benjamin Esterer, Klemens Trieb, Felix Eckstein, Andreas Schrempf
OBJECTIVE: The popularity of simulation in the medical field has increased dramatically over the last decades. However, the majority of studies focused on laparoscopic or other endoscopic procedures. In this study, participants performed an image-guided surgery task on a novel spine simulator. Face, content, construct, and concurrent validity were examined. DESIGN: A surgical access through both pedicles (transpedicular) into the vertebral body of artificial L3 vertebrae was performed...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
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