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Iranian Journal of Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472955/improving-depression-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-using-group-cognitive-behavior-therapy
#1
Zahra Noroozi, Sajedeh Hamidian, Niloofar Khajeddin, Mahnaz Mehrabi Zadeh Honarmand, Yadollah Zargar, Homeira Rashidi, Behrooz Dolatshahi
Objective: Depression is a chronic condition comorbid with diabetes type 2 that often remains untreated. Dealing with diabetes is a challenging task for patients and can lead to depression in long term. These two conditions have a negative influence on each other and on the individual's quality of life. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of group cognitive behavior therapy on depression, quality of life in women with diabetes type 2. Method : We conducted a clinical trial among 30 women with diabetes type 2 comorbid with depression...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472954/evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-the-friends-for-life-program-on-children-s-anxiety-and-depression
#2
Fatemeh Moharreri, Aazam-Sadat Heydari Yazdi
Objective: Anxiety disorders and depression during childhood and adolescence are among highly prevalent serious mental health problems, which lead to reduced performance in children and can also negatively affect children's emotional and social long-term development. This study, which was conducted in Mashhad in 2015, aimed at evaluating the effectiveness of the Friends for Life cognitive-behavioral program in reducing the symptoms of anxiety and depression in children. Method: In this controlled clinical trial, 248 male students aged 10 were screened for mild to moderate symptoms of anxiety and depression using the Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety (RCMA) and the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI)...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472953/catechol-o-methyltransferase-comt-gene-val158met-and-brain-derived-neurotropic-factor-bdnf-val66met-genes-polymorphism-in-schizophrenia-a-case-control-study
#3
Ramin Saravani, Hamid Reza Galavi, Marzieh Lotfian Sargazi
Objective: Several studies have shown that some polymorphisms of genes encoding catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT), the key enzyme in degrading dopamine, and norepinephrine and the human brain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF), a nerve growth factor, are strong candidates for risk of schizophrenia (SCZ). In the present study, we aimed at examining the effects of COMT Val158Met (G>A) and BDNF Val66Met (G>A) polymorphisms on SCZ risk in a sample of Iranian population. Method: This case- control study included 92 SCZ patients and 92 healthy controls (HCs)...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472952/spiritual-psychotherapy-for-adolescents-with-conduct-disorder-designing-and-piloting-a-therapeutic-package
#4
Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Maryam Salmanian, Bagher Ghobari-Bonab, Jafar Bolhari
Objective: Spiritual psychotherapy has been conceptualized in the context of love and belief as principles of existence. Spiritual psychotherapy can provide an opportunity to design programs to treat conduct disorder. The aim of this study was to introduce the Spiritual Psychotherapy Package for Adolescents with Conduct Disorder and execute it as a pilot study. Method: The intervention is a manual-guided program conducted over 14 group sessions, using the perspectives of object relations and attachment approach...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472951/psychiatric-disorders-and-personality-profiles-of-middle-aged-suicide-attempters-with-no-evidence-of-specific-psychopathological-profiles-referred-to-an-emergency-department
#5
Serge Brand, Mehri Nejat, Mohammad Haghighi, Alireza Rahimi, Leila Jahangard, Dena Sadeghi Bahmani, Hafez Bajoghli, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Mohammad Ahmadpanah
Objective: The present study aimed at assessing the sociodemographic and psychiatric characteristics of 40 to 65 year- old suicide attempters, who were referred to an emergency department within 4 hours of the attempt. Method: A total of 93 suicide attempters (Mean age=46.59 years) who were referred to an emergency department, were assessed in this study. Patients completed questionnaires covering sociodemographic data, personality traits, mood, and impulsivity. Psychiatric status of the patients was rated by experts...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472950/psycho-socio-cultural-determinants-of-food-choice-a-qualitative-study-on-adults-in-social-and-cultural-context-of-iran
#6
Arezoo Haghighian Roudsari, Abouali Vedadhir, Parisa Amiri, Naser Kalantari, Nasrin Omidvar, Hassan Eini-Zinab, Seyed Mohammad Hani Sadati
Objective: Food choice is a process through which people think, feel, and eat food. It does not only influence individuals' health and well-being, families and communities, but also it has an effect on regional, national, and global levels. This qualitative study was conducted to explore perceptions and lived experiences of Tehran adult residents on psychological, social and cultural determinants of food choice. Method: In this qualitative design, we recruited 33 adults aged 30 to 64 years from various districts of Tehran, capital of Iran, and we explored how people make decisions about food choice in practice and shape their perception, attitude, and eating practices...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472949/the-relationship-between-motor-imitation-and-early-social-communication-skills-in-children-with-autism
#7
Hooshang Dadgar, Javad Alaghband Rad, Zahra Soleymani, Anahita Khorammi, Joe McCleery, Saman Maroufizadeh
Objective: Development of early social skills in children is a complex process. To understand this process, it is important to assess how strengths or weaknesses in other developmental domains may be affected by these skills. The present study aimed at investigating the association of motor skills and imitation ability with early social communication skills in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Method: In this study, 20 children with ASD aged 3 to 5 years (M = 4.05, SD = 0.55) participated. All children were diagnosed as ASD based on the DSM-V criteria by an independent child psychiatrist...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472948/craving-and-drug-reward-a-comparison-of-celecoxib-and-ibuprofen-in-detoxifying-opiate-addicts
#8
Sara Jafari, Sana Khajehpour, Emran Mohammad Razzaghi, Kazem Heidari, Mehdi Soleimani, Padideh Ghaeli
Objective: Craving for substance abuse is a usual and complicated problem in patients, with opioid addiction who are in opioid detoxifying process. Craving has been added as one of the diagnostic criteria of substance use disorders in DSM-5. The present trial aimed at comparing the effects of celecoxib versus ibuprofen in reducing pain and decreasing the desire to use opiates in patients undergoing opiate detoxification (n = 32). Method: A total of 32 patients (both inpatients and outpatients), who were undergoing opiate detoxification procedure and met the inclusion criteria entered this 4- week study...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472947/comparison-of-the-prevalence-of-psychiatric-disorders-in-performance-enhancing-drug-users-and-nonuser-bodybuilders
#9
Afshin Ostovar, Mohammad Javad Haerinejad, Samad Akbarzadeh, Mojtaba Keshavarz
Objective: The present study aimed at comparing the prevalence of major psychiatric disorders including major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and generalized anxiety disorder between performance-enhancing drug users and nonuser bodybuilders. Moreover, the prevalence of major psychiatric disorders in bodybuilders was also reported. Method: In this study, 453 athletes were recruited from Bushehr bodybuilding gyms from February to May 2015. A structured questionnaire was used to collect the participants' information, including demographic characteristics, sports' status and performance-enhancing drug use...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062375/a-report-of-a-novel-mutation-in-human-prostacyclin-receptor-gene-in-patients-affected-with-migraine
#10
Majid Kheirollahi, Mohammad Reza Pourreza, Fariborz Khorvash, Mohammad Kazemi, Gilda Amini
Objective: The human prostacyclin receptor gene encodes the human prostacyclin receptor, which is a part of the vasodilator system, during migraine attacks and almost certainly plays an important role in the mechanism of this disease. Method: The present study aimed at determining any variants in PTGIR gene by means of PCR and direct sequencing. Blood samples were taken from the patients, and genomic DNA was extracted. Polymerase chain reaction was performed on the extracted DNA. The PCR products were then sequenced using the Sanger method...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062374/why-do-emergency-medicine-residents-experience-burn-out-a-qualitative-study
#11
Atefe Kamaloo, Ahmad Ahmadipour, Ali Labbaf, Elham Hesari, Somaye Valadkhani, Jeyran Zebardast, Mohammad Arbabi
Objective: Emergency medicine residents are a high-risk group for burnout syndrome. This was a qualitative study with content analysis on emergency medical residents with 2 aims: evaluating the incidence of occupational burnout syndrome and identifying the points of view and attitudes of emergency medical residents about factors related to occupational burnout syndrome. Method: For this study, 2 sessions of focus group discussions were set up at Imam Khomeini hospital affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062373/comparison-of-the-effects-of-religious-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-rcbt-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-cbt-and-sertraline-on-depression-and-anxiety-in-patients-after-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Seyed Hamzeh Hosseini, Alireza Rafiei, Ali Gaemian, Abdolhakim Tirgari, Aliasghar Zakavi, Jamshid Yazdani, Jafar Bolhari, Mahmood Golzari, Zahra Esmaeili Douki, Nazanin Vaezzadeh
Objective: The present study aimed at comparing the effects of Religious Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (RCBT), Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), and sertraline on depression, anxiety, biomarker levels, and quality of life in patients after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Method: This was a randomized controlled trial with parallel groups. A total of 160 patients after CABG surgery will be screened for anxiety and depression according to clinical interviews based on Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) criteria and Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS) scores (≥ 8)...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062372/the-relationship-between-body-mass-index-bmi-and-depression-according-to-the-rs16139npy-gene
#13
Atieh Dolatian, Seyed Masoud Arzaghi, Mostafa Qorbani, Hamideh Pishva
Objective: Obesity and depression are likely to interact mutually, which makes it unclear whether obesity causes depression or depression leads to obesity, and how the genotypes have a role in obesity and depression. Method: This cross- sectional study was conducted on a sample of 400 individuals from the participants in the third phase of the comprehensive Iranian Multicenter Osteoporosis Study (IMOS). Anthropometric measurements and depression were assessed. PCR-RFLP was used to investigate the NPY polymorphism...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062371/eustress-and-malondialdehyde-mda-role-of-panax-ginseng-randomized-placebo-controlled-study
#14
Hayder M Al-Kuraishy, Ali I Al-Gareeb
Objective: The present study aimed at evaluating the effect of Panax Ginseng on malondialdehyde (MDA) serum levels during eustress on healthy volunteers. Method: In this study, 65 healthy volunteers were recruited from students of a medical school, with the mean age of 22.61±3.63 years. The volunteers were divided into 2 groups: Group A included 35 participants who were treated by Panax Ginseng 500 mg/day, which was regarded as the treated group; group B included 30 participants treated by placebo 500 mg/day, which was regarded as the control group...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062370/prevalence-of-risky-behaviors-and-related-factors-among-students-of-dezful
#15
Malihe Sohrabivafa, Mohammad Ali Tosang, Seyedeh Zeynab Molaei Zadeh, Elham Goodarzi, Zahra Sadat Asadi, Alireza Alikhani, Salman Khazaei, Seyedeh Leila Dehghani, Reza Beiranvand, Zaher Khazaei
Objective: There is a likelihood of risky behaviors such as drug abuse, risky sexual behavior, and adaptability issues in young ages. The present study aimed at investigating the prevalence of risky behaviors among students of Dezful University of Medical Sciences in 2014. Method : This was a descriptive-analytical cross sectional study, with a random sampling approach. Scale of measuring risky behaviors was used to measure the risky behaviors (high speed driving, maim, drug use, and sexual behaviors) and related factors...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062369/evaluation-of-bipolar-disorder-in-several-relapses-over-time-using-generalized-estimating-equations
#16
Payam Amini, Roya Najafi-Vosough, Ali Ghaleiha, Hossein Mahjub
Objective: Bipolar disorder is defined as a common and severe chronic disorder that causes several problems in a person's psychosocial functioning. This study aimed at modeling the development of bipolar disorder episodes using its determinant risk factors over time. Method: This retrospective cohort study was conducted in Hamadan province, the West of Iran, from April 2008 to September 2014. In this study, 124 patients with bipolar disorder (both Type I and Type II) participated. All patients had experienced 4 relapses...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062368/psychometric-properties-of-the-persian-version-of-death-depression-scale-revised-in-iranian-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction
#17
Hamid Sharif Nia, Saeed Pahlevan Sharif, Rebecca H Lehto, Kelly A Allen, Amir Hossein Goudarzian, Ameneh Yaghoobzadeh, Mohammad Ali Soleimani
Objective: Limited research has examined the psychometric properties of death depression scales in Persian populations with cardiac disease despite the need for valid assessment tools for evaluating depressive symptoms in patients with life-limiting chronic conditions. The present study aimed at evaluating the reliability and validity of the Persian Version of Death Depression Scale - Revised (DDS-R) in Iranian patients who had recent acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Method: This psychometric study was conducted with a convenience sample of 407 patients with AMI diagnosis who completed the Persian version of the DDS-R...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062367/stigma-barriers-of-mental-health-in-iran-a-qualitative-study-by-stakeholders-of-mental-health
#18
Arsia Taghva, Zahra Farsi, Yavar Javanmard, Afsaneh Atashi, Ahmad Hajebi, Mojgan Khademi
Objective: Many people who access mental health services usually do not seek treatment to avoid the consequences of stigma and label of mental illness. Thus, determining each aspect related to stigma reduction barriers seems necessary. This qualitative study was conducted to investigate stigma reduction barriers towards mental disorders in Iran. Method: In this study that was conducted from 2013 to 2015, content analysis was used and all stakeholders were selected by purposive sampling technique. All data were obtained through 16 individual interviews, 2 focus groups, and 6 written narratives...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062366/comparison-of-saffron-and-fluvoxamine-in-the-treatment-of-mild-to-moderate-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Sophia Esalatmanesh, Mojtaba Biuseh, Ahmad Ali Noorbala, Seyed-Ali Mostafavi, Farzin Rezaei, Bita Mesgarpour, Payam Mohammadinejad, Shahin Akhondzadeh
Objective: There are different pathophysiological mechanisms for obsessive- compulsive disorder (OCD) as suggested by the serotonergic, dopaminergic, and glutamatergic hypotheses. The present study aimed at comparing the efficacy and safety of saffron (stigma of Crocus sativus) and fluvoxamine in the treatment of mild to moderate obsessive- compulsive disorder. Method: In this study, 50 males and females, aged 18 to 60 years, with mild to moderate OCD, participated. The patients were randomly assigned to receive either saffron (30 mg/day, 15 mg twice a day) or fluvoxamine (100 mg/day) for 10 weeks...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062365/comparing-the-profile-of-temperament-and-character-dimensions-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-and-bipolar-mood-disorder-with-a-control-group
#20
Shahram Hajirezaei, Abolfazl Mohammadi, Mehdi Soleimani, Fatemeh Rahiminezhad, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, C Robert Cloninger
Objective: This study was conducted to compare the profile of temperament and character dimensions in patients with major depressive disorder and bipolar mood disorder with a control group. Method: In this causal-comparative study, the population consisted of 2 clinical groups (major depressive disorder and bipolar mood disorder) and a non-clinical group. The sample was 193 individuals (77 patients with major depressive disorder, 86 patients with bipolar mood disorder, and 30 controls), with an age range of 18 to 65 years and the mean age of 40...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
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