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Iranian Journal of Psychiatry

Hoda Doos Ali Vand, Banafsheh Gharraee, Ali-Asghar Asgharnejad Farid, Mir Farhad Ghaleh Bandi, Mojtaba Habibi
Objective: Similar cognitive and behavioral factors underlie and perpetuate insomnia and emotional disorders. This brief case report aims to evaluate the effectiveness of the Unified Protocol (UP), a transdiagnostic treatment designed to target emotional disorders in treating comorbid insomnia. Method : The patient was a 32-year-old male, who met the DSM-IV-TR criteria for chronic insomnia, major depressive disorder, and generalized anxiety disorder. After 3 baseline weeks, the patient underwent 14 sessions of UP and was retested after 1-month follow-up...
April 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Zeynab Khanjani, Shahin Azmoodeh, Majid Mahmoudaliloo, Gholamreza Noorazar
Objective: This study aimed to identify autistic like traits in relatives of patients with schizophrenia and autism spectrum disorder. Method : causal-comparative research design was utilized. Fifty individuals among the first degree relatives of patients with autism spectrum disorder and 50 individuals among the first degree relatives of patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorder were selected. Autistic-like traits were evaluated by Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ). Multivariate analysis of variance was used to compare the autistic like traits in two groups...
April 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Padideh Ghaeli, Fatemeh Shahhatami, Mojtaba Mojtahed Zade, Mostafa Mohammadi, Mohammad Arbabi
Objective: Delirium is a clinical syndrome associated with multiple short- and long-term complications; therefore, prevention is an essential part of its management. This study was conducted to review the effective non-pharmacological interventions that can reduce the incidence or duration of delirium in critically ill patients. Method : A search was made in PubMed, Scopus, Psych INFO and Google Scholar databases without any time constraints. The information available was collected and sorted, and a secondary study of narrative review was done...
April 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Maryam Davoodvandi, Shokouh Navabi Nejad, Valiollah Farzad
Objective: The present study aimed at examining the effectiveness of Gottman couple therapy on improving marital adjustment and couples' intimacy. Method : This was a semi- experimental study with pretest, post-test, and follow-up assessments. A total of 16 couples (32 individuals) were selected using convenience sampling method considering inclusion- exclusion criteria; they were then randomly assigned into experimental (N = 16) and control (N = 16) groups. Participants of the experimental group received ten 45-minute sessions of Gottman's couple therapy...
April 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Seyed Omid Sotoudeh Navroodi, Mojgan Nicknam, Ameneh Ahmadi, Fatemeh Pooragha Roodbarde, Saeed Azami
Objective: Parents of children with autism spectrum disorders are exposed to mental distress because of having a disabled child more than parents with children with other psychological disorders, and their children's disorder has a negative effect on their hope and life satisfaction. The present study aimed to examining the effectiveness of group positive parenting training on increasing hope and life satisfaction in mothers of children with autism. Method : This was a quasi-experimental study with pretest, posttest, and control and experimental groups...
April 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Saeed Vaghee, Masoud Kashani Lotfabadi, Azam Salarhaji, Nastaran Vaghei, Bibi Maryam Hashemi
Objective: Empathy is an important and valuable tool in therapeutic communication. Improvement barriers of empathy in psychiatric nursing education are associated with challenges, such as stress due to negative attitudes toward psychiatric disorders. The current study aimed at comparing the effects of contact-based education and commitment and acceptance-based training on empathy toward mental illnesses among nursing students. Method : In this clinical trial, 111 nursing students were selected using cluster and quota sampling methods in Mashhad, Iran...
April 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Ronak Mihan, Zahra Shahrivar, Javad Mahmoudi-Gharaei, Alia Shakiba, Mostafa Hosseini
Objective: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is common in adulthood, and it is associated with different high- risk behaviors, particularly substance use. Evidence suggests a high prevalence of ADHD in adults who take methamphetamine (METH). This study aimed at comparing functional level, quality of life, and psychiatric comorbidities in METH users with and without adult ADHD (A-ADHD). Method : In this cross-sectional study, 134 patients who had a history of METH use (at least once in lifetime) were selected from among inpatient and outpatient referrals to a psychiatric hospital...
April 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Malihe Farahani, Seyyed Salman Alavi, Mahmood Mirzamani Bafghi, Sudeh Esmaili Alamuti, Zohreh Taghavi, Mohammadreza Mohammadi
Objective: Problematic internet use is an important social problem among adolescents and has become a global health issue. This study identified predictors and patterns of problematic internet use among adult students. Method : In this study, 401 students were recruited using stratified sampling technique. Participants were selected among students from 4 universities in Tehran and Karaj, Iran, during 2016 and 2017. Internet Addiction Test (IAT), Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory - Third Edition (MCMI-III), Structured Clinical Interview for DSM (SCID-I), and semi-structured interview were used to diagnose internet addiction...
April 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Ahmad Ali Noorbala, Hassan Rafiey, Fardin Alipour, Amir Moghanibashi-Mansourieh
Objective: Nowadays stress and tensions are among the most important factors affecting health. Identifying the stressors and their determinants provides substantial information for understanding the health of the community. Method : This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on citizens over 18 years who were living in all 22 districts of Tehran in 2017. The participants were selected using multistage cluster sampling method. The research tool was a checklist that evaluated various factors. Different statistical tests, such as descriptive tests and logistic regression, were used for data analysis...
April 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Alice Caldiroli, Marta Serati, Giulia Orsenigo, Elisabetta Caletti, Massimiliano Buoli
Objective: Purposes of the present study were to assess the social cognitive impairment in schizophrenia and to detect if some clinical variables (particularly age at onset) are predictive of general/social cognitive deficit in schizophrenia patients. Method: Thirty-five clinically stabilized schizophrenia outpatients were assessed by the Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia (BACS) and by Torralva's social cognition battery. Binary logistic models were performed to find an eventual association between continuous clinical variables and cognitive test failures...
April 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Nahid Momeni Safarabad, Ali-Asghar Asgharnejad Farid, Banafsheh Gharraee, Mojtaba Habibi
Objective: This study aimed at reporting the effect of the 3-phase model of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing in the treatment of a patient with borderline personality disorder. Method : A 33-year-old female, who met the DSM-IV-TR criteria for borderline personality disorder, received a 20-session therapy based on the 3-phase model of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing. Borderline Personality Disorder Checklist (BPD-Checklist), Dissociative Experience Scale (DES-II), Beck Depression Inventory-II-second edition (BDI-II), and Anxiety Inventory (BAI) were filled out by the patient at all treatment phases and at the 3- month follow- up...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Mohammad Arbabi, Fatemeh Shahhatami, Mojtaba Mojtahedzadeh, Mostafa Mohammadi, Padideh Ghaeli
Objective: Delirium is a brain dysfunction syndrome. In most cases, this syndrome is neither diagnosed accurately nor treated properly. The incidence of delirium by itself increases hospitalization period, mortality rate and the cost in health spectrum. If appropriate attempts are not made to treat this complication, the outcomes could become worse. Thus, the present study aimed at conducting a review on medications which are prescribed to treat delirium and establishing a general view on their advantages and disadvantages...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Diana Sarokhani, Masoumeh Parvareh, Ali Hasanpour Dehkordi, Kourosh Sayehmiri, Abbas Moghimbeigi
Objective: depression is one of the most serious and prevalent mood disorders. Aging population is an important economic, social, and health challenge of the 21st century. The present study aimed at estimating the prevalence of depression among the Iranian elderly through meta-analysis method. Method : Studies were searched in ISI, Scopus, Pub Med, Google Scholar, and in Iranian databases including Iran Medex, Magiran, SID, and Med Lib using the following keywords: "depression", "prevalence", and "elderly"...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Ali Salarian, Mehri Kadkhodaee, Maryam Zahmatkesh, Behjat Seifi, Enayatollah Bakhshi, Shahin Akhondzadeh, Soheila Adeli, Hassan Askari, Mohammad Arbabi
Objective: Frequent use of opioids produces reactive oxygen species, upregulates inflammatory factors, and contributes to opiate dependence. In this study, we examined perturbations of plasma oxidative and inflammatory markers in patients with opioid use disorder in two phases. In the first phase, we compared the oxidative status in patients with opioid use disorders and in healthy controls; and in the second phase, we examined oxidative changes before and after methadone maintenance treatment. Method: To explore whether oxidative changes were associated with opioid use disorder, we compared plasma oxidative and inflammatory markers in patients with opioid use disorder and in smoking and non-smoking healthy participants...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Saeed Tabatabaei Barzoki, Parvin Rafieinia, Imanollah Bigdeli, Mahmood Najafi
Objective: Burnout and poor mental health are among the most important issues in workplace, which may lead to serious consequences for organizations. The present study aimed at finding possible prediction of the variables based on existential aspects of responsibility, freedom, self- transcendence, and self-distance. Method : A total of 385 junior high school and high school teachers, who worked in Tehran schools (Dist.17), participated in this cross-sectional study. They were given Maslach Burnout Inventory, General Health Questionnaire, and Existence Scale to assess burnout, mental health problems, and existence aspects...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Zahra Pourmovahed, Seyed Saied Mazloomy Mahmoodabad, Hassan Zareei Mahmoodabadi, Hossein Tavangar, Seyed Mojtaba Yassini Ardekani, Ali Akbar Vaezi
Objective: Problem-solving ability is one of the most important means of family stability that enables the families to understand their roles, functions, and performances. Self-efficacy deficiency in problem-solving runs through many families. This qualitative study was conducted to investigate and describe how couples solve problems in their families. Method: This study was conducted to detect couples' self-efficacy deficiency in problem-solving using purposive sampling method. Several deep semi-structured interviews based on McMaster model and observations were conducted by nine family therapists and psychiatrists on four couples (eight persons) living in Yazd (Iran)...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Mehdi Akbari, Sayed Morteza Hossaini
Objective: The World Health Organization's definition of health now stands open to severe criticism due to changes in today's world and the accompanying mental void; in addition to physical, psychological, and social aspects, spiritual health and its interaction with the other aspects has been studied in scientific literature and recent research. The present study was conducted to investigate the mediating role of emotional regulation in the relationship between spiritual health with quality of life, psychological health, and burnout...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Seyyed Salman Alavi, Maryam Ghanizadeh, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Soroush Mohammadi Kalhory, Fereshteh Jannatifard, Ghazal Sepahbodi
Objective: Smart phones have rapidly become an integral, and for some, an essential communication device worldwide. The issue of identity has always been a subject of interest among psychologists. The present study was conducted to compare personal and national identity and their subscales between cell phone addicts and non-addicts. Method : In this cross-sectional study, 500 student cell phone users from various universities in Tehran were recruited using stratified sampling. Participants completed cell phone addiction questionnaires including Mobile Phone Problematic Use Scale (MPPUS), Cell Phone Dependency Questionnaire (CPDQ), Personal Identity Development Questionnaire, Extended Objective Measure of Ego Identity Status (EOMEIS) and National Identity Questionnaire...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Omid Massah, Afsaneh Moradi
Objective: To date, there has been no specific survey of the prevalence of methamphetamine (MA) dependence among Iranian women in methadone maintenance therapy (MMT). The current study aimed at addressing this critical gap in the literature. Method : This study was part of a larger cross-sectional survey, which was conducted in 36 MMT clinics in Tehran during 2015 and 2016. A researcher-designed questionnaire was devised to collect data on demographics and drug and treatment characteristics. Data were analyzed using SPSS Version 19...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Somaye Arabzadeh, Atefeh Zeinoddini, Seyed-Ali Mostafavi, Mehdi Hamedi, Abolfazl Ehyaii, Ali Ghaleiha, Arefeh Zeinoddini, Shahin Akhondzadeh
Objective: Although the pathogenesis of schizophrenia is still uncertain, a variety of predisposing mechanisms have been implicated including inflammatory cascades. The present study was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of acetaminophen as a cyclooxygenase inhibitor in treating patients with schizophrenia. Method : A double-blind clinical trial was performed on 52 patients with chronic schizophrenia. Patients received risperidone (up to 6 mg/day) plus either acetaminophen (975mg/day) or placebo. Psychotic symptoms were assessed by the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) at the onset of the trial, and at 2, 4, 6, and 8 weeks post therapy...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
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