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Iranian Journal of Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496505/suicide-in-iran-the-facts-and-the-figures-from-nationwide-reports
#1
Hossein Hassanian-Moghaddam, Nasim Zamani
Objective: Data on national rates of suicide is limited in Iran, preventing an action plan for health scope of suicide prevention. The current brief study was conducted to review available national published data on suicide and to interpret the probable discrepancies. Method: We evaluated all 20-year recent published original articles on committed suicides searching Iranian scientific databases, PubMed, and Google Scholar with the keywords of suicide, mortality, and Iran. Results: Articles showed an overall increased trend of suicidal deaths in Iran...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496504/epidemiology-of-psychiatric-disorders-in-iranian-children-and-adolescents-ircap-and-its-relationship-with-social-capital-life-style-and-parents-personality-disorders-study-protocol
#2
Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Nastaran Ahmadi, Koorosh Kamali, Ali Khaleghi, Ameneh Ahmadi
Objective: We aimed at designing a cross sectional study to investigate the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in Iranian children and adolescents (IRCAP) and to determine its relationship with social capital, life style, and parents' personality disorders. Method: This cross sectional study was a national project implemented in all provinces of Iran. In this community-based study, using ‎multistage cluster sampling method, we selected 1000 children and adolescents aged 6 to 18 years in each province. The total sample size reached to 31 000...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496503/sexual-therapy-for-women-with-multiple-sclerosis-and-its-impact-on-quality-of-life
#3
Maryam Zamani, Azadeh Tavoli, Behjat Yazd Khasti, Neda Sedighimornani, Masood Zafar
Objective: Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a disease with a detrimental effect on functional status. The present study investigated the effect of a sexual therapy program on the quality of life (QOL) of women with multiple sclerosis. Method: Women with multiple sclerosis and sexual dysfunction (n = 30) were selected, and were randomly assigned into the treatment (n = 15), or the control groups (n = 15). Participants of the treatment group (n = 15) received 12 weekly sessions of sexual therapy. Participants in both groups completed the Female Sexual Function Inventory (FSFI) and the MS Quality of Life- 54 (MSQOL-54) in the onset of the program and at the end of the program...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496502/the-effect-of-creative-tasks-on-electrocardiogram-using-linear-and-nonlinear-features-in-combination-with-classification-approaches
#4
Sahar Zakeri, Ataollah Abbasi, Ateke Goshvarpour
Objective: Interest in the subject of creativity and its impacts on human life is growing extensively. However, only a few surveys pay attention to the relation between creativity and physiological changes. This paper presents a novel approach to distinguish between creativity states from electrocardiogram signals. Nineteen linear and nonlinear features of the cardiac signal were extracted to detect creativity states. Method: ECG signals of 52 participants were recorded while doing three tasks of Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking (TTCT/ figural B)...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496501/evaluation-of-knowledge-and-attitude-of-parents-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-children-towards-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-clinical-samples
#5
Nasrin Dodangi, Roshanak Vameghi, Nastaran Habibi
Objective: Knowledge and attitude of parents about attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is an important factor in management of the disorder in children. This study investigates the parents' knowledge and attitude towards ADHD, its symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. Method: In this cross-sectional descriptive study, the subjects were 150 parents (120 mother and 30 father) of ADHD children who were referred to a child psychiatry clinic affiliated in university of social welfare and rehabilitation sciences in Tehran...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496500/transition-of-mental-health-to-a-more-responsible-service-in-iran
#6
Behzad Damari, Siamak Alikhani, Sahand Riazi-Isfahani, Ahmad Hajebi
Objective: This study proposed a model for provision of an effective universal coverage for mental health services based on global and national experiences, available resources and the nature of primary health care system of Iran to reduce the burden of mental health conditions. Method: A framework with prioritized mental and social health services was devised through a review of literature and policy documents. It was then adapted using inputs from the stakeholders and experts. Results: The new model included 2 basic and specialized service strata: a PHC-based infrastructure and essential requirements needed to establish the service...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496499/psychiatric-comorbidities-and-environmental-triggers-in-patients-with-chronic-daily-headache-a-lifestyle-study
#7
Fakhrudin Faizi, Abbas Tavallaee, Aboulfazl Rahimi, Masoud Saghafinia
Objective: Patients with chronic daily headache (CDH) suffer from several significant psychiatric comorbidities and have unhealthy lifestyle. We aimed at studying psychiatric comorbidities, environmental triggers, lifestyle factors, and intensity of CDH in patients referred by the department of neurology from 2011 to 2014. Method: Through medical and psychiatric interviews and using 0 to 10 visual analogue scale (VAS), we assessed patients with CDH, using a checklist, to elicit psychiatric comorbidities, intensity of CDH, environmental factors, and lifestyle derangement...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496498/effectiveness-of-psychoeducational-group-training-on-quality-of-life-and-recurrence-of-patients-with-bipolar-disorder
#8
Farhad Faridhosseini, Mehdi Baniasadi, Mohammad Reza Fayyazi Bordbar, Meysam Pourgholami, Samira Ahrari, Negar Asgharipour
Objective: Bipolar disorder (BD) is a disabling psychiatric disorder with frequent recurrences. Besides pharmacotherapy, psychoeducation could be helpful in reducing symptoms as well as recurrence of this disorder, leading to improvement of patients' quality of life. This study aimed at investigating the effectiveness of a culturally adjusted structured program for training Iranian BD patients. Method: In a 6-month course (spring and summer 2014), 24 BD patients, visiting the outpatient clinic of Ibn-Sina Hospital in Mashhad and experiencing euthymic phase, were allocated in to 2 groups of intervention and control...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496497/investigation-of-content-and-face-validity-and-reliability-of-sociocultural-attitude-towards-appearance-questionnaire-3-sataq-3-among-female-adolescents
#9
Somayeh Mousazadeh, Mahnaz Rakhshan, Fateme Mohammadi
Objective: This study aimed to determine the psychometric properties of sociocultural attitude towards appearance questionnaire in female adolescents. Method: This was a methodological study. The English version of the questionnaire was translated into Persian, using forward-backward method. Then the face validity, content validity and reliability were checked. To ensure face validity, the questionnaire was given to 25 female adolescents, a psychologist and three nurses, who were required to evaluate the items with respect to problems, ambiguity, relativity, proper terms and grammar, and understandability...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496496/environmental-enrichment-prevents-methamphetamine-induced-spatial-memory-deficits-and-obsessive-compulsive-behavior-in-rats
#10
Samira Hajheidari, Hossein Miladi-Gorji, Imanollah Bigdeli
Objective: This study was designed to examine the effect of environmental enrichment during methamphetamine (METH) dependency and withdrawal on methamphetamine-induced spatial learning and memory deficits and obsessive-compulsive behavior. Method: Adult male Wistar rats (200 ± 10 g) chronically received bi-daily doses of METH (2 mg/kg, sc, with 12 hours intervals) for 14 days. Rats reared in standard (SE) or enriched environment (EE) during the development of dependence on METH and withdrawal. Then, they were tested for spatial learning and memory (the water maze), and obsessive-compulsive behavior as grooming behavior in METH-withdrawn rats...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496495/cortical-alpha-activity-in-schizoaffective-patients
#11
Mahdi Moeini, Ali Khaleghi, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Hadi Zarafshan, Rachel L Fazio, Hamid Majidi
Objective: Electrophysiological studies have identified abnormal oscillatory activities in the cerebral cortex in schizophrenia and mood disorders. Biological and pathophysiological evidence suggests specific deficits in serotonin (5-HT) receptor function in schizoaffective disorder (SA), a clinical syndrome with characteristics of both schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. This study investigated alpha oscillations in patients with SA. Method: Electroencephalography was used to measure ongoing and evoked alpha oscillations in 38 adults meeting Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) criteria for SA, and in 39 healthy controls...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050189/the-effect-of-life-skills-training-on-mental-health-of-iranian-middle-school-students-a-preliminary-study
#12
Saman Jamali, Sekineh Sabokdast, Hamid Sharif Nia, Amir Hossein Goudarzian, Sima Beik, Kelly-Ann Allen
Objective: This research aimed to study the effect of life skill training on mental health of Iranian middle school students. Method: This experimental study was conducted In 2015 on 100 students of city of Ghaemshahr (North of Iran), who were randomly selected and divided into two equal groups of intervention (n = 50) and control (n = 50). Qualified trainers provided eight sessions (two sessions a week for 2 hours) of life skills training to the intervention group for one month. The control group did not participate in any training sessions during the same period...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050188/psychometric-properties-of-the-sexual-interest-and-desire-inventory-female-for-diagnosis-of-hypoactive-sexual-desire-disorder-the-persian-version
#13
Mina Malary, Mehdi Pourasghar, Soghra Khani, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Zeinab Hamzehgardeshi
Objective: Hypoactive sexual desire Disorder (HSDD) is a common sexual problem among women. Sexual interest and desire inventory -female (SIDI-F) has been widely validated and used to measure sexual desire in women. The aim of this study was to determine the psychometric properties of the Persian version of SIDI-F for Iranian population. Method: This was a methodological study on the psychometric properties of SIDI -F. This report describes the process and principles used in the translation and cultural adaptation of the SIDI-F on 40 women of reproductive age who were selected using convenience sampling method...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050187/detection-of-borna-disease-virus-bdv-in-patients-with-first-episode-of-schizophrenia
#14
Hasan Soltani, Serwa Mohammadzadeh, Manoochehr Makvandi, Siroos Pakseresht, Alireza Samarbaf-Zadeh
Objective: Schizophrenia is a complex widespread neuropsychiatric disorder. This illness encompasses a complex debilitating mental disorder causing illusion, delusion, disturbed relationship, low motivation and decline of emotion. Viral infection of the brain including Borna Disease Virus (BDV) may play a role in transient or permanent neurological and behavioral abnormalities. This role of Borna virus has not been resolved outright yet, and based on published papers investigation examining the role of this virus in schizophrenia is in progress worldwide...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050186/reliability-and-validity-of-the-persian-version-of-compulsive-eating-scale-ces-in-overweight-or-obese-women-and-its-relationship-with-some-body-composition-and-dietary-intake-variables
#15
Seyed-Ali Mostafavi, Seyed Ali Keshavarz, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Saeed Hosseini, Mohammad Reza Eshraghian, Payam Hosseinzadeh, Maryam Chamari, Zeinab Sari, Shahin Akhondzadeh
Objective: Compulsive or binge eating is a kind of disturbed eating behavior, which is mostly observed among dieting women, and is integrated with appetite disorder, and uncontrolled eating of plenty of junk food. The Compulsive Eating Scale (CES) created first by Kagan & Squires in 1984, is an eight-item self-reporting instrument that is made to measure the severity of binge eating disorder. The aim of this study was to provide the reliability and validity of the Persian version of Compulsive Eating Scale (CES) among overweight and obese women in Iran...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050185/comparing-acceptance-and-commitment-group-therapy-and-12-steps-narcotics-anonymous-in-addict-s-rehabilitation-process-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Manoochehr Azkhosh, Ali Farhoudianm, Hemn Saadati, Fateme Shoaee, Leila Lashani
Objective: Substance abuse is a socio-psychological disorder. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of acceptance and commitment therapy with 12-steps Narcotics Anonymous on psychological well-being of opiate dependent individuals in addiction treatment centers in Shiraz, Iran. Method: This was a randomized controlled trial. Data were collected at entry into the study and at post-test and follow-up visits. The participants were selected from opiate addicted individuals who referred to addiction treatment centers in Shiraz...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050184/lack-of-association-between-dopamine-beta-hydroxylase-dbh-19-bp-insertion-deletion-polymorphism-and-risk-of-schizophrenia
#17
Mansour Shakiba, Mohammad Hashemi, Sara Shahrabadi, Maryam Rezaei, Mohsen Taheri
Objective: Interaction between genetic and environmental factors is considered as major factors in Schizophrenia (SCZ). It has been shown that dopaminergic and noradrenergic neurotransmission dysfunction play an essential role in the SCZ pathogenesis. This study aimed to find the impact of functional 19-bp insertion/deletion (ins/del) polymorphism in dopamine beta-hydroxylase (DBH) gene on SCZ risk in a sample of Iranian population. Method: This case-control study was conducted on 109 SCZ patients and 116 matched healthy subjects...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050183/the-effects-of-sertraline-in-controlling-refractory-hypertension-in-women-with-premenstrual-syndrome
#18
Fatemeh Ranjbar, Fariborz Akbarzadeh, Mahboub Asadlou
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) treatment with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) on treatment response of refractory hypertension of the patients. Method: This was a triple-blind randomized clinical trial conducted on female patients suffering from refractory hypertension and PMS at the same time. We obtained informed consent from 40 patients who had inclusion criteria and selected 20 patients for the intervention (sertraline 50 mg daily) and 20 for the control groups...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050182/working-memory-training-in-the-form-of-structured-games-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#19
Fatemeh Khalili Kermani, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Fariba Yadegari, Fatemeh Haresabadi, Seyed Mehdi Sadeghi
Objective: In this study, a new training method of working memory (WM) was used in the form of structured games, and the effect of training was evaluated with a controlled design. The training method of WM in the form of structured games includes 20 sets of structured games that can improve WM and performance of executive functions. Method: Sixty children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) aged 8.5 to 11.2 years (35 boys), using no stimulant medication were selected. We randomly assigned 30 participants to the experimental group and provided them with WM training...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050181/factors-associated-with-depressive-symptoms-in-young-adults-with-coronary-artery-disease-tehran-heart-center-s-premature-coronary-atherosclerosis-cohort-thc-pac-study
#20
Seyed Hesameddin Abbasi, Seyed Ebrahim Kassaian, Saeed Sadeghian, Abbasali Karimi, Soheil Saadat, Flora Peyvandi, Arash Jalali, Tahereh Davarpasand, Shahin Akhondzadh, Nazila Shahmansouri, Masoumeh Lotfi-Tokaldany, Maryam Amiri Abchouyeh, Farah Ayatollahzade Isfahani, Frits Rosendaal
Objective: Depressed coronary artery disease (CAD) patients may experience a poorer prognosis than non-depressed patients. The aim of this study was to find the associated factors for depressive symptoms in young adults with CAD. Method: This was a cross-sectional study within Tehran Heart Center's Premature Coronary Atherosclerosis Cohort (THC-PAC) study. Young adult CAD patients (men ≤ 45 year-old and women ≤ 55 year-old) were visited from March 2013 to February 2014. Demographic, clinical and laboratory data were collected and all patients were asked to fill in the Beck Depression Inventory II...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
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