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Iranian Journal of Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050189/the-effect-of-life-skills-training-on-mental-health-of-iranian-middle-school-students-a-preliminary-study
#1
Saman Jamali, Sekineh Sabokdast, Hamid Sharif Nia, Amir Hossein Goudarzian, Sima Beik, Kelly-Ann Allen
Objective: This research aimed to study the effect of life skill training on mental health of Iranian middle school students. Method: This experimental study was conducted In 2015 on 100 students of city of Ghaemshahr (North of Iran), who were randomly selected and divided into two equal groups of intervention (n = 50) and control (n = 50). Qualified trainers provided eight sessions (two sessions a week for 2 hours) of life skills training to the intervention group for one month. The control group did not participate in any training sessions during the same period...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050188/psychometric-properties-of-the-sexual-interest-and-desire-inventory-female-for-diagnosis-of-hypoactive-sexual-desire-disorder-the-persian-version
#2
Mina Malary, Mehdi Pourasghar, Soghra Khani, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Zeinab Hamzehgardeshi
Objective: Hypoactive sexual desire Disorder (HSDD) is a common sexual problem among women. Sexual interest and desire inventory -female (SIDI-F) has been widely validated and used to measure sexual desire in women. The aim of this study was to determine the psychometric properties of the Persian version of SIDI-F for Iranian population. Method: This was a methodological study on the psychometric properties of SIDI -F. This report describes the process and principles used in the translation and cultural adaptation of the SIDI-F on 40 women of reproductive age who were selected using convenience sampling method...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050187/detection-of-borna-disease-virus-bdv-in-patients-with-first-episode-of-schizophrenia
#3
Hasan Soltani, Serwa Mohammadzadeh, Manoochehr Makvandi, Siroos Pakseresht, Alireza Samarbaf-Zadeh
Objective: Schizophrenia is a complex widespread neuropsychiatric disorder. This illness encompasses a complex debilitating mental disorder causing illusion, delusion, disturbed relationship, low motivation and decline of emotion. Viral infection of the brain including Borna Disease Virus (BDV) may play a role in transient or permanent neurological and behavioral abnormalities. This role of Borna virus has not been resolved outright yet, and based on published papers investigation examining the role of this virus in schizophrenia is in progress worldwide...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050186/reliability-and-validity-of-the-persian-version-of-compulsive-eating-scale-ces-in-overweight-or-obese-women-and-its-relationship-with-some-body-composition-and-dietary-intake-variables
#4
Seyed-Ali Mostafavi, Seyed Ali Keshavarz, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Saeed Hosseini, Mohammad Reza Eshraghian, Payam Hosseinzadeh, Maryam Chamari, Zeinab Sari, Shahin Akhondzadeh
Objective: Compulsive or binge eating is a kind of disturbed eating behavior, which is mostly observed among dieting women, and is integrated with appetite disorder, and uncontrolled eating of plenty of junk food. The Compulsive Eating Scale (CES) created first by Kagan & Squires in 1984, is an eight-item self-reporting instrument that is made to measure the severity of binge eating disorder. The aim of this study was to provide the reliability and validity of the Persian version of Compulsive Eating Scale (CES) among overweight and obese women in Iran...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050185/comparing-acceptance-and-commitment-group-therapy-and-12-steps-narcotics-anonymous-in-addict-s-rehabilitation-process-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Manoochehr Azkhosh, Ali Farhoudianm, Hemn Saadati, Fateme Shoaee, Leila Lashani
Objective: Substance abuse is a socio-psychological disorder. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of acceptance and commitment therapy with 12-steps Narcotics Anonymous on psychological well-being of opiate dependent individuals in addiction treatment centers in Shiraz, Iran. Method: This was a randomized controlled trial. Data were collected at entry into the study and at post-test and follow-up visits. The participants were selected from opiate addicted individuals who referred to addiction treatment centers in Shiraz...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050184/lack-of-association-between-dopamine-beta-hydroxylase-dbh-19-bp-insertion-deletion-polymorphism-and-risk-of-schizophrenia
#6
Mansour Shakiba, Mohammad Hashemi, Sara Shahrabadi, Maryam Rezaei, Mohsen Taheri
Objective: Interaction between genetic and environmental factors is considered as major factors in Schizophrenia (SCZ). It has been shown that dopaminergic and noradrenergic neurotransmission dysfunction play an essential role in the SCZ pathogenesis. This study aimed to find the impact of functional 19-bp insertion/deletion (ins/del) polymorphism in dopamine beta-hydroxylase (DBH) gene on SCZ risk in a sample of Iranian population. Method: This case-control study was conducted on 109 SCZ patients and 116 matched healthy subjects...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050183/the-effects-of-sertraline-in-controlling-refractory-hypertension-in-women-with-premenstrual-syndrome
#7
Fatemeh Ranjbar, Fariborz Akbarzadeh, Mahboub Asadlou
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) treatment with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) on treatment response of refractory hypertension of the patients. Method: This was a triple-blind randomized clinical trial conducted on female patients suffering from refractory hypertension and PMS at the same time. We obtained informed consent from 40 patients who had inclusion criteria and selected 20 patients for the intervention (sertraline 50 mg daily) and 20 for the control groups...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050182/working-memory-training-in-the-form-of-structured-games-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#8
Fatemeh Khalili Kermani, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Fariba Yadegari, Fatemeh Haresabadi, Seyed Mehdi Sadeghi
Objective: In this study, a new training method of working memory (WM) was used in the form of structured games, and the effect of training was evaluated with a controlled design. The training method of WM in the form of structured games includes 20 sets of structured games that can improve WM and performance of executive functions. Method: Sixty children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) aged 8.5 to 11.2 years (35 boys), using no stimulant medication were selected. We randomly assigned 30 participants to the experimental group and provided them with WM training...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050181/factors-associated-with-depressive-symptoms-in-young-adults-with-coronary-artery-disease-tehran-heart-center-s-premature-coronary-atherosclerosis-cohort-thc-pac-study
#9
Seyed Hesameddin Abbasi, Seyed Ebrahim Kassaian, Saeed Sadeghian, Abbasali Karimi, Soheil Saadat, Flora Peyvandi, Arash Jalali, Tahereh Davarpasand, Shahin Akhondzadh, Nazila Shahmansouri, Masoumeh Lotfi-Tokaldany, Maryam Amiri Abchouyeh, Farah Ayatollahzade Isfahani, Frits Rosendaal
Objective: Depressed coronary artery disease (CAD) patients may experience a poorer prognosis than non-depressed patients. The aim of this study was to find the associated factors for depressive symptoms in young adults with CAD. Method: This was a cross-sectional study within Tehran Heart Center's Premature Coronary Atherosclerosis Cohort (THC-PAC) study. Young adult CAD patients (men ≤ 45 year-old and women ≤ 55 year-old) were visited from March 2013 to February 2014. Demographic, clinical and laboratory data were collected and all patients were asked to fill in the Beck Depression Inventory II...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050180/an-investigation-into-the-roles-of-theory-of-mind-emotion-regulation-and-attachment-styles-in-predicting-the-traits-of-borderline-personality-disorder
#10
Hamed Ghiasi, Abolalfazl Mohammadi, Pouria Zarrinfar
Objective: Borderline personality disorder is one of the most complex and prevalent personality disorders. Many variables have so far been studied in relation to this disorder. This study aimed to investigate the role of emotion regulation, attachment styles, and theory of mind in predicting the traits of borderline personality disorder. Method: In this study, 85 patients with borderline personality disorder were selected using convenience sampling method. To measure the desired variables, the questionnaires of Gross emotion regulation, Collins and Read attachment styles, and Baron Cohen's Reading Mind from Eyes Test were applied...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050179/psychopathology-of-the-general-population-referred-by-primary-care-physicians-for-urgent-assessment-in-psychiatric-hospitals
#11
Judith McLenan, Carlo Lazzari, Gail McMillan, Robert Mackie
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the type, severity and progression of psychiatric pathologies in a sample of 372 outpatients (age range 18-65 years) referred by their primary general practitioners (GPs) to an Urgent Referral Team (URT) based in a psychiatric hospital in Aberdeen, Scotland. This team offers immediate appointments (1- to 7-day delays) for rapid assessments and early interventions to the outpatients referred by their primary family doctors. Method: One-sample t-test and z statistic were used for data analysis...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928253/marital-satisfaction-in-refereed-women-to-gorgan-health-%C3%A2-centers
#12
Hashem Heshmati, Nasser Behnampour, Samira Arabameri, Samane Khajavi, Nooshin Kohan
Objective: One of the most important goals of marriage is the will to attain marital satisfaction. Marital ‎satisfaction is of prime importance and has the highest effect on the stability and failure of the ‎marriage. This study aimed to investigate marital satisfaction in the women who referred to ‎Gorgan Health centers.‎ Method: This was a descriptive-analytical study conducted in Gorgan. Two hundred seventy married ‎women who referred to health centers were selected using multi stage sampling method...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928252/effects-of-passion-flower-extract-as-an-add-on-treatment-to-sertraline-on-reaction-time-in-patients-%C3%A2-with-generalized-anxiety-disorder-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#13
Mandana Nojoumi, Padideh Ghaeli, Samrand Salimi, Ali Sharifi, Firoozeh Raisi
Objective: Because of functional impairment caused by generalized anxiety disorder and due to cognitive side ‎effects of many anti-anxiety agents, in this study we aimed to evaluate the influence of Passion ‎flower standardized extract on reaction time in patients with generalized anxiety disorder.‎ Method: Thirty patients aged 18 to 50 years of age, who were diagnosed with generalized anxiety disorder and ‎fulfilled the study criteria, entered this double-blind placebo-controlled study. Reaction time was ‎measured at baseline and after one month of treatment using computerized software...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928251/%C3%A2-factors-affecting-the-choice-of-psychiatry-as-a-specialty-in-%C3%A2-psychiatry-residents-in-iran
#14
Seyed Saeed Sadr, Razieh Nayerifard, Seyed Mehdi Samimi Ardestani, Massood Namjoo
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the current factors affecting the choice of ‎psychiatry as a specialty and to detect the main factors in their choice.‎ Method: This descriptive study included 75 first year psychiatry residents in the academic year of ‎‎2014/2015. A Likert-type anonymous questionnaire consisting of academic and ‎demographic data with 43 questions, which evaluated the reason for choosing ‎psychiatry as a specialty, was given to the residents.‎ Results: The participants had a positive opinion about 28 items of the questionnaire, meaning that ‎these items had a positive effect in choosing psychiatry as a specialty (questions with P ‎value less than 0...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928250/correlates-of-process-of-suicide-attempt-and-perception-of-its-prevention
#15
Dushad Ram, Darshan Mahegowda, Basavana Gowdappa H
Objective: Suicide attempt may follow a process right from the inception of the first information about ‎suicide until the act itself. This study was conducted to determine the relationship between ‎perception of suicide prevention with the process of suicide attempt and demographic ‎variables following a suicidal attempt.‎ Method: In this hospital based cross-sectional study, 168 consecutive admitted participants with a ‎suicide attempt were screened, and 109 who met the study criteria were recruited to ‎participate in this study before discharge...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928249/%C3%A2-recurrence-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-and-its-risk-factors
#16
Roya Najafi-Vosough, Ali Ghaleiha, Javad Faradmal, Hossein Mahjub
Objective: The aim of this study was to identify prognosis factors associated with recurrence in patients ‎with bipolar disorder.‎‎ Method: This retrospective cohort study was conducted in Hamadan Province, the west of Iran. All ‎patients (n = 400) with bipolar disorder who were hospitalized for the second time or more ‎during April 2008 to September 2014 were included in this study. Ordinal logistic regression ‎analysis was employed to determine the effective factors in each recurrence, and odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were obtained...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928248/the-effect-of-combining-mindfulness-based-cognitive-%C3%A2-therapy-with-pharmacotherapy-on-%C3%A2-depression-and-emotion-%C3%A2-regulation-of-patients-with-dysthymia-a-clinical-study
#17
Sajedeh Hamidian, Abdollah Omidi, Seyyed Masoud Mousavinasab, Ghasem Naziri
Objective: Mindfulness skills are assumed to be related with emotions. Deficits in emotion ‎regulation could lead to development and persistence of mood disorders. Dysthymia and double ‎depression are two chronic types of depression. This chronicity can be attributed to the one's ‎inability to regulate his/ her mood. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of mindfulness-‎based cognitive therapy (MBCT), which is one of the proposed methods for emotion regulation, ‎on depression and the ability of emotion regulation of patients with dysthymia...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928247/the-comparison-of-iranian-normative-reference-data-with-five-countries-%C3%A2-across-variables-in-eight-rorschach-comprehensive-system-cs-clusters
#18
Abufazel Hosseininasab, Mohammadreza Mohammadi, Samira Jouzi, Maryam Esmaeilinasab, Ali Delavar
Objective: This study aimed to provide a normative study documenting how 114 five-seven year-old non-‎patient Iranian children respond to the Rorschach test. We compared this especial sample to ‎international normative reference values for the Comprehensive System (CS).‎ Method: One hundred fourteen 5- 7- year-old non-patient Iranian children were recruited from public ‎schools. Using five child and adolescent samples from five countries, we compared Iranian ‎Normative Reference Data- based on reference means and standard deviations for each sample...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928246/%C3%A2-association-between-neuregulin-1-gene-variant-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-rs2439272-and-schizophrenia-and-its-negative-%C3%A2-symptoms-in-an-iranian-population
#19
Sadegh Yoosefee, Esmaeil Shahsavand Ananloo, Mohammad-Taghi Joghataei, Morteza Karimipour, Mahmoudreza Hadjighassem, Hoorie Mohaghghegh, Mehdi Tehrani-Doost, Amir-Abbas Rahimi, Hamid Mostafavi Abdolmaleky, Maryam Hatami
Objective: Although the etiology of schizophrenia is unknown, it has a significant genetic component. ‎A number of studies have indicated that neuregulin-1 (NRG1) gene may play a role in the ‎pathogenesis of schizophrenia. In this study, we examined whether the rs2439272 of NRG1 ‎is associated with schizophrenia and its negative symptoms in an Iranian population.‎ Method: Rs2439272 was genotyped in 469 participants including 276 unrelated patients with schizophrenia and 193 healthy controls. The association of genetic risk with negative ‎symptoms (by using panss) was examined in the total, male and female samples...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928245/%C3%A2-anxiety-sensitivity-dimensions-and-generalized-anxiety%C3%A2-%C3%A2-severity-the-%C3%A2-mediating-role-of-experiential-avoidance-and-repetitive%C3%A2-%C3%A2-negative-thinking%C3%A2-%C3%A2
#20
Parvaneh Mohammadkhani, Abbas Pourshahbaz, Maryam Kami, Mahdi Mazidi, Imaneh Abasi
Objective: Generalized anxiety disorder is one of the most common anxiety disorders in the general ‎population. Several studies suggest that anxiety sensitivity is a vulnerability factor in generalized ‎anxiety severity. However, some other studies suggest that negative repetitive thinking and ‎experiential avoidance as response factors can explain this relationship. Therefore, this study ‎aimed to investigate the mediating role of experiential avoidance and negative repetitive thinking ‎in the relationship between anxiety sensitivity and generalized anxiety severity...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
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