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Iranian Journal of Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062375/a-report-of-a-novel-mutation-in-human-prostacyclin-receptor-gene-in-patients-affected-with-migraine
#1
Majid Kheirollahi, Mohammad Reza Pourreza, Fariborz Khorvash, Mohammad Kazemi, Gilda Amini
Objective: The human prostacyclin receptor gene encodes the human prostacyclin receptor, which is a part of the vasodilator system, during migraine attacks and almost certainly plays an important role in the mechanism of this disease. Method: The present study aimed at determining any variants in PTGIR gene by means of PCR and direct sequencing. Blood samples were taken from the patients, and genomic DNA was extracted. Polymerase chain reaction was performed on the extracted DNA. The PCR products were then sequenced using the Sanger method...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062374/why-do-emergency-medicine-residents-experience-burn-out-a-qualitative-study
#2
Atefe Kamaloo, Ahmad Ahmadipour, Ali Labbaf, Elham Hesari, Somaye Valadkhani, Jeyran Zebardast, Mohammad Arbabi
Objective: Emergency medicine residents are a high-risk group for burnout syndrome. This was a qualitative study with content analysis on emergency medical residents with 2 aims: evaluating the incidence of occupational burnout syndrome and identifying the points of view and attitudes of emergency medical residents about factors related to occupational burnout syndrome. Method: For this study, 2 sessions of focus group discussions were set up at Imam Khomeini hospital affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062373/comparison-of-the-effects-of-religious-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-rcbt-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-cbt-and-sertraline-on-depression-and-anxiety-in-patients-after-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Seyed Hamzeh Hosseini, Alireza Rafiei, Ali Gaemian, Abdolhakim Tirgari, Aliasghar Zakavi, Jamshid Yazdani, Jafar Bolhari, Mahmood Golzari, Zahra Esmaeili Douki, Nazanin Vaezzadeh
Objective: The present study aimed at comparing the effects of Religious Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (RCBT), Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), and sertraline on depression, anxiety, biomarker levels, and quality of life in patients after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Method: This was a randomized controlled trial with parallel groups. A total of 160 patients after CABG surgery will be screened for anxiety and depression according to clinical interviews based on Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) criteria and Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS) scores (≥ 8)...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062372/the-relationship-between-body-mass-index-bmi-and-depression-according-to-the-rs16139npy-gene
#4
Atieh Dolatian, Seyed Masoud Arzaghi, Mostafa Qorbani, Hamideh Pishva
Objective: Obesity and depression are likely to interact mutually, which makes it unclear whether obesity causes depression or depression leads to obesity, and how the genotypes have a role in obesity and depression. Method: This cross- sectional study was conducted on a sample of 400 individuals from the participants in the third phase of the comprehensive Iranian Multicenter Osteoporosis Study (IMOS). Anthropometric measurements and depression were assessed. PCR-RFLP was used to investigate the NPY polymorphism...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062371/eustress-and-malondialdehyde-mda-role-of-panax-ginseng-randomized-placebo-controlled-study
#5
Hayder M Al-Kuraishy, Ali I Al-Gareeb
Objective: The present study aimed at evaluating the effect of Panax Ginseng on malondialdehyde (MDA) serum levels during eustress on healthy volunteers. Method: In this study, 65 healthy volunteers were recruited from students of a medical school, with the mean age of 22.61±3.63 years. The volunteers were divided into 2 groups: Group A included 35 participants who were treated by Panax Ginseng 500 mg/day, which was regarded as the treated group; group B included 30 participants treated by placebo 500 mg/day, which was regarded as the control group...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062370/prevalence-of-risky-behaviors-and-related-factors-among-students-of-dezful
#6
Malihe Sohrabivafa, Mohammad Ali Tosang, Seyedeh Zeynab Molaei Zadeh, Elham Goodarzi, Zahra Sadat Asadi, Alireza Alikhani, Salman Khazaei, Seyedeh Leila Dehghani, Reza Beiranvand, Zaher Khazaei
Objective: There is a likelihood of risky behaviors such as drug abuse, risky sexual behavior, and adaptability issues in young ages. The present study aimed at investigating the prevalence of risky behaviors among students of Dezful University of Medical Sciences in 2014. Method: This was a descriptive-analytical cross sectional study, with a random sampling approach. Scale of measuring risky behaviors was used to measure the risky behaviors (high speed driving, maim, drug use, and sexual behaviors) and related factors...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062369/evaluation-of-bipolar-disorder-in-several-relapses-over-time-using-generalized-estimating-equations
#7
Payam Amini, Roya Najafi-Vosough, Ali Ghaleiha, Hossein Mahjub
Objective: Bipolar disorder is defined as a common and severe chronic disorder that causes several problems in a person's psychosocial functioning. This study aimed at modeling the development of bipolar disorder episodes using its determinant risk factors over time. Method: This retrospective cohort study was conducted in Hamadan province, the West of Iran, from April 2008 to September 2014. In this study, 124 patients with bipolar disorder (both Type I and Type II) participated. All patients had experienced 4 relapses...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062368/psychometric-properties-of-the-persian-version-of-death-depression-scale-revised-in-iranian-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction
#8
Hamid Sharif Nia, Saeed Pahlevan Sharif, Rebecca H Lehto, Kelly A Allen, Amir Hossein Goudarzian, Ameneh Yaghoobzadeh, Mohammad Ali Soleimani
Objective: Limited research has examined the psychometric properties of death depression scales in Persian populations with cardiac disease despite the need for valid assessment tools for evaluating depressive symptoms in patients with life-limiting chronic conditions. The present study aimed at evaluating the reliability and validity of the Persian Version of Death Depression Scale - Revised (DDS-R) in Iranian patients who had recent acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Method: This psychometric study was conducted with a convenience sample of 407 patients with AMI diagnosis who completed the Persian version of the DDS-R...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062367/stigma-barriers-of-mental-health-in-iran-a-qualitative-study-by-stakeholders-of-mental-health
#9
Arsia Taghva, Zahra Farsi, Yavar Javanmard, Afsaneh Atashi, Ahmad Hajebi, Mojgan Khademi
Objective: Many people who access mental health services usually do not seek treatment to avoid the consequences of stigma and label of mental illness. Thus, determining each aspect related to stigma reduction barriers seems necessary. This qualitative study was conducted to investigate stigma reduction barriers towards mental disorders in Iran. Method: In this study that was conducted from 2013 to 2015, content analysis was used and all stakeholders were selected by purposive sampling technique. All data were obtained through 16 individual interviews, 2 focus groups, and 6 written narratives...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062366/comparison-of-saffron-and-fluvoxamine-in-the-treatment-of-mild-to-moderate-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Sophia Esalatmanesh, Mojtaba Biuseh, Ahmad Ali Noorbala, Seyed-Ali Mostafavi, Farzin Rezaei, Bita Mesgarpour, Payam Mohammadinejad, Shahin Akhondzadeh
Objective: There are different pathophysiological mechanisms for obsessive- compulsive disorder (OCD) as suggested by the serotonergic, dopaminergic, and glutamatergic hypotheses. The present study aimed at comparing the efficacy and safety of saffron (stigma of Crocus sativus) and fluvoxamine in the treatment of mild to moderate obsessive- compulsive disorder. Method: In this study, 50 males and females, aged 18 to 60 years, with mild to moderate OCD, participated. The patients were randomly assigned to receive either saffron (30 mg/day, 15 mg twice a day) or fluvoxamine (100 mg/day) for 10 weeks...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062365/comparing-the-profile-of-temperament-and-character-dimensions-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-and-bipolar-mood-disorder-with-a-control-group
#11
Shahram Hajirezaei, Abolfazl Mohammadi, Mehdi Soleimani, Fatemeh Rahiminezhad, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, C Robert Cloninger
Objective: This study was conducted to compare the profile of temperament and character dimensions in patients with major depressive disorder and bipolar mood disorder with a control group. Method: In this causal-comparative study, the population consisted of 2 clinical groups (major depressive disorder and bipolar mood disorder) and a non-clinical group. The sample was 193 individuals (77 patients with major depressive disorder, 86 patients with bipolar mood disorder, and 30 controls), with an age range of 18 to 65 years and the mean age of 40...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659987/the-potential-role-of-naltrexone-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#12
Azadeh Moghaddas, Mehrnoush Dianatkhah, Saba Ghaffari, Padideh Ghaeli
Objective: Management of borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a difficult challenge due to the complex features of this disorder. This article reviews the use of naltrexone in the treatment of BPD. Method: Published articles and clinical trials were searched in Google Scholar, MedLine, ELSEVIER, and Cochrane database of systematic reviews abstracts in English language between 1990 and 2017. Results: Naltrexone (NTX), a nonspecific competitive opiate antagonist, has been noted to be helpful in controlling self-injurious behavior (SIB) and dissociative symptoms in patients with BPD...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659986/efficacy-of-n-acetylcysteine-augmentation-on-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-multicenter-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#13
Ahmad Ghanizadeh, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Shahla Bahraini, Zahra Keshavarzi, Ali Firoozabadi, Ali Alavi Shoshtari
Objective: Glutamate is considered a target for treating obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The efficacy and safety of the nutritional supplement of N-Acetylcysteine (NAC) as an adjuvant to serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) for treating children and adolescents with OCD has never been examined. Method: This was a 10-week randomized double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial with 34 OCD outpatients. The patients received citalopram plus NAC or placebo. Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (YBOCS) and Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL™) were used...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659985/the-effect-of-spiritual-intelligence-training-on-job-satisfaction-of-psychiatric-nurses
#14
Abbas Heydari, Ali Meshkinyazd, Parvaneh Soudmand
Objective: Nurses are the most important staff in the health care system, thus, their job satisfaction is important in nursing management. The present study aimed at determining the impact of teaching spiritual intelligence on the job satisfaction of psychiatric nurses. Method: The participants were divided into 2 groups by random allocation. Data were collected in 3 stages of before intervention, 4 weeks, and 8 weeks post intervention using Brayfield & Rother Job Satisfaction Questionnaire. Results: The results of this study revealed that the mean score of job satisfaction in the experimental group was 65...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659984/the-effect-of-multidimensional-motivation-interventions-on-cognitive-and-behavioral-components-of-motivation-testing-martin-s-model
#15
Fatemeh Pooragha Roodbarde, Siavash Talepasand, Issac Rahimian Boogar
Objective: The present study aimed at examining the effect of multidimensional motivation interventions based on Martin's model on cognitive and behavioral components of motivation. Method: The research design was prospective with pretest, posttest, and follow-up, and 2 experimental groups. In this study, 90 students (45 participants in the experimental group and 45 in the control group) constituted the sample of the study, and they were selected by available sampling method. Motivation interventions were implemented for fifteen 60-minute sessions 3 times a week, which lasted for about 2 months...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659983/the-psychometric-properties-of-attentional-control-scale-and-its-relationship-with-symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-a-study-on-iranian-population
#16
Imaneh Abasi, Parvaneh Mohammadkhani, Abbas Pourshahbaz, Behrouz Dolatshahi
Objectives: The attentional control scale is a self- report questionnaire that assesses individual differences in attentional control. Despite its extensive use, the psychometric properties of the Persian version of the ACS are not well understood. Thus, the present study aimed at investigating the psychometric properties of the attentional control scale and its relationship with symptoms of anxiety and depression in Iranian population. Method: Using quota sampling, we asked a community sample of 524 to respond to Attentional Control Scale, mindfulness, emotion regulation, social anxiety, depression, generalized anxiety, worry, and rumination...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659982/the-reliability-and-validity-of-the-persian-version-of-three-factor-eating-questionnaire-r18-tfeq-r18-in-overweight-and-obese-females
#17
Seyed-Ali Mostafavi, Shahin Akhondzadeh, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Mohammad Reza Eshraghian, Saeed Hosseini, Maryam Chamari, Seyed Ali Keshavarz
Objective: The Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire Reduced (TFEQ-R18) is one of the most widely used instruments for assessing eating behavior worldwide. The present study aimed at confirming the reliability and validity of the Persian version of TFEQ-R18 among overweight and obese females in Iran. Method: In the present study, 168 overweight and obese females consented to participate. We estimated the anthropometric indices and asked the participants to complete the TFEQ-R18. Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Spielberger Anxiety Scale, Appetite Visual Analogue Rating Scale, Food Craving Questionnaire (FCQ), Compulsive Eating Scale (CES), and Restraint Eating Visual Analogue Rating Scale were performed simultaneously to assess concurrent validity...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659981/effectiveness-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-on-spiritual-well-being-and-emotional-intelligence-of-the-elderly-mourners
#18
Abas Solaimani Khashab, Hosain Ghamari Kivi, Davod Fathi
Objective: Grief is one of the most painful experiences of the humans after linking emotions. In the literature of trauma, grief and mourning can be seen on many topics. Intervention and treatment of grief seems necessary as the period of mourning is prolonged. Thus, this study aimed at understanding the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy on spiritual well-being and emotional intelligence in the elderly bereavement. Method: This was an experimental study with pre-and posttest design, and control group...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659980/comparing-facial-emotional-recognition-in-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-and-patients-with-schizotypal-personality-disorder-with-a-normal-group
#19
Aida Farsham, Tahereh Abbaslou, Reza Bidaki, Bonnie Bozorg
Objective: No research has been conducted on facial emotional recognition on patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and schizotypal personality disorder (SPD). The present study aimed at comparing facial emotion recognition in these patients with the general population. The neurocognitive processing of emotions can show the pathologic style of these 2 disorders. Method: Twenty BPD patients, 16 SPD patients, and 20 healthy individuals were selected by available sampling method. Structural Clinical Interview for Axis II, Millon Personality Inventory, Beck Depression Inventory and Facial Emotional Recognition Test was were conducted for all participants...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659979/the-cognitive-and-psychological-factors-personality-driving-behavior-and-mental-illnesses-as-predictors-in-traffic-violations
#20
Seyyed Salman Alavi, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Hamid Soori, Maryam Ghanizadeh
Objective: Driving is a complex behavior and is affected by several factors. This cohort study aimed at representing the main determinants such as personality features, driving behavior, and mental illnesses on driving violation based on logistic regression. Method: In this cohort study, 800 heavy truck and lorry drivers were recruited. Participants were selected from those individuals who referred to Imam Sajjad hospital in Tehran, Iran during fall 2013 to summer 2015. Manchester Driving Behavior Questionnaire (MDBQ), Big Five Personality Test (NEO Personality Inventory), and SADS (Semi-Structural Interview) were used in this study...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
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