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Iranian Journal of Psychiatry

Saxby Pridmore, Stephane Auchincloss, Jamshid Ahmadi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to better understand the triggers of suicide, particularly among the ancient Greek and Persian soldiers and commanders. METHOD: 'Herodotus:TheHistories' is a history of the rulers and soldiery who participated in the Greco-Persian wars (492-449 BCE). A new translation (2013) of this manuscript was studied. Accounts of suicide were collected and collated, with descriptions of circumstances, methods, and probable triggers. RESULTS: Nine accounts of suicide were identified...
April 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Manijeh Yazdanshenas Ghazwin, Mohammad Kavian, Mohsen Ahmadloo, Alemeh Jarchi, Shaghayegh Golchin Javadi, Sahar Latifi, Seyed Amir Hossein Tavakoli, Mahsa Ghajarzadeh
OBJECTIVE: The determinants of satisfaction of life (SWL) are poorly described among Iranian employed nurses. This study aimed to assess the effect of various factors including age, gender, marital status, depression, anxiety and stress on SWL among Iranian nurses. METHOD: Employed nurses in three teaching hospitals were invited to participate in this study. Ninety-four nurses (65 women and 29 men) participated in this study. Depression, anxiety, stress scale (DASS-21) was used to measure the related variables...
April 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Seyyed Salman Alavi, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Fereshteh Jannatifard, Soroush Mohammadi Kalhori, Ghazal Sepahbodi, Mohammad BabaReisi, Sahar Sajedi, Mojtaba Farshchi, Rasul KhodaKarami, Vahid Hatami Kasvaee
OBJECTIVE: The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) classified mobile phone addiction disorder under "impulse control disorder not elsewhere classified". This study surveyed the diagnostic criteria of DSM-IV-TR for the diagnosis of mobile phone addiction in correspondence with Iranian society and culture. METHOD: Two hundred fifty students of Tehran universities were entered into this descriptive-analytical and cross-sectional study...
April 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Mohammadrasoul Khalkhali, Setareh Aram, Homa Zarrabi, Moosa Kafie, Abtin Heidarzadeh
OBJECTIVE: Serotonin reuptake inhibitors are frequently used in first-line treatments for patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder. Nevertheless, many of these patients do not respond well to initial therapy. The hypothesis of glutamatergic dysfunction in specific brain regions has been proposed in the pathophysiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder. This study was designed to evaluate the possible efficacy of lamotrigine, a glutamatergic agent in Serotonin reuptake inhibitors-resistant patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder...
April 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Banafsheh Aliabadi, Rozita Davari-Ashtiani, Mojgan Khademi, Fariba Arabgol
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare creativity in children with and without attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. METHOD: This was an analytic and descriptive study. Participants were 33 children aged 7-12 years selected from a child and adolescent psychiatric clinic at Imam Hossein hospital (Tehran, Iran), who were diagnosed with ADHD by a child and adolescent psychiatrist. They met the DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for ADHD and had no comorbidity according to K-SADS (Kiddi-Scadule for Affective disorders and Schizophrenia)...
April 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Nastaran Ahmadi, Maryam Salmanian, Fatemeh Asadian-Koohestani, Ahmad Ghanizadeh, Ali Alavi, Ayyoub Malek, Saeed Dastgiri, Fatemeh Moharreri, Paria Hebrani, Soroor Arman, Javad Khoshhal Dastjerdi, Ali Motavallian
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the epidemiology of psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents in five provinces of Iran: Tehran, Shiraz, Isfahan, Tabriz and Mashhad. METHOD: In the present study, we selected 9,636 children and adolescents aged 6-18 years through multistage cluster random sampling method from Tehran, Shiraz, Isfahan, Tabriz and Mashhad. We instructed the clinical psychologists to complete the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) for the participants, andthose who received a high score on SDQ, completed the Persian version of Kiddie-SADS-Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL)...
April 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Abdul-Aziz Aflakseir, Mohammad-Saleh Mohammad-Abadi
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the prediction of depression on a group of Iranian older adults based on components of health locus of control. METHOD: Sixty-six men and 42 women over the age of 55 were recruited from the retirement clubs in Shiraz, using convenience sampling. The participants completed the research questionnaires including the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) and the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scale (MHLC). RESULTS: The findings on health locus of control revealed that the highest score was on internal locus of control followed by God, powerful others and chance...
April 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Zahra Ramezani, Changiz Rahimi, Nourollah Mohammadi
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have emphasized the important role of cognitive beliefs in etiology and maintenance of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). OCD has different subtypes, but the specific role of cognitive beliefs in OCD symptomatology is not clear. The aim of the current study was to determine whether the cognitive factors proposed by Obsessive Compulsive Cognitions Working Group (OCCWG) could specifically predict subtypes of OCD. METHOD: The question was investigated in a sample of 208 university students (mean age = 21, SD = 1...
April 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Maryam Mahmoodi, Reza Moloodi, Ata Ghaderi, Zahra Babai, Zeinab Saleh, Haniye Alasti, Farnush Naghashian, Zinat Mohammadpour
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to provide norms of Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q) and Clinical Impairment Assessment (CIA) for undergraduate women in Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Undergraduate women (N = 516) completed the EDE-Q, CIA, and the Binge Eating Scale (BES). RESULTS: Average score, standard deviation, and percentile rank of EDE-Q and its subscale as well as CIA were reported. In addition, the frequency of key eating disordered behaviors was presented...
April 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Kemal Utku Yazici, Ipek Percinel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Atefeh Goshvarpour, Ataollah Abbasi, Ateke Goshvarpour
OBJECTIVE: It has been recognized that sleep has an important effect on emotion processing. The aim ‎of this study was to investigate the effect of previous night sleep duration on autonomic ‎responses to musical stimuli in different emotional contexts.‎ METHOD: A frequency based measure of GSR, PR and ECG signals were examined in 35 healthy ‎students in three groups of oversleeping, lack of sleep and normal sleep. ‎ RESULTS: The results of this study revealed that regardless of the emotional context of the musical ‎stimuli (happy, relax, fear, and sadness), there was an increase in the maximum power of ‎GSR, ECG and PR during the music time compared to the rest time in all the three ‎groups...
January 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Hiwa Mohammadi, Habibolah Khazaie, Mansour Rezaei, Mohammad Taghi Joghataei
OBJECTIVE: There are controversial reports about factors that affect recovery from stuttering. In the ‎present study, the effect of hand dominancy, fine motor and inhibition control on late ‎recovery from stuttering was investigated among a group of Kurdish-Persian children who ‎stuttered in Iran.‎ METHOD: Twenty-two Kurdish-Persian children aged 7-14 years who stuttered were followed for 6 ‎years. Based on the evaluation of three experienced speech therapists and parental judgments, ‎these children were classified into recovered or persistent groups...
January 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Naser Kalantari, Saeid Doaei, Maedeh Gordali, Ghazal Rahimzadeh, Maryam Gholamalizadeh
OBJECTIVE: A significant increase in violence in the world and its impact on public health and ‎society can be an important reason to offer solutions to reduce or control anger. Studies ‎have shown that specific food groups may be effective in controlling mental disorders ‎such as depression, anxiety and anger. The purpose of this study was to determine the ‎relationship between food intake and Body Mass Index on state-trait anger expression ‎in female students of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences...
January 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Seyyed Salman Alavi, Mohammadreza Mohammadi, Hamid Soori, Soroush Mohammadi Kalhori, Neda Sepasi, Rasoul Khodakarami, Mojtaba Farshchi, Niloofar Hasibi, Soodabeh Rostami, Hadis Razi, Mohammad Babareisi
OBJECTIVE: Since the study of driving behavior is of great importance, we conducted this research to ‎investigate the psychometric properties and the factorial structure of the Manchester Driver ‎Behavior Questionnaire (DBQ) in Iranian drivers.‎ METHOD: This cross - sectional research was performed on a sample of 800 drivers (of category D and ‎C) aged 23- 75 who were referred to Imam Sajjad Centre for drug Addiction Diagnosis. ‎Manchester Driver Behavior Questionnaire (DBQ), a demographic questionnaire, were ‎conducted to the sample...
January 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Maryam Maddineshat, Sodabe Keyvanloo, Hossein Lashkardoost, Mina Arki, Mahbubeh Tabatabaeichehr
OBJECTIVE: Standards of care and treatment of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) vary. Non-drug ‎psychosocial intervention therapy is recommended for women with any kind of ‎discomfort or distress caused by PMS. The current study examined the effectiveness of ‎group cognitive-behavioral therapy on the symptoms of PMS at a girls' dormitory of ‎North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences. METHOD: In this quasi-experimental study, 32 female students with PMS who were majoring in ‎nursing and midwifery and residing in the dormitory were selected using the ‎convenience sampling method and were assigned to experimental and control groups...
January 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Frough Riahi, Maryam Izadi-Mazidi, Niloufar Khajeddin, Shahriar Nasirzadeh, Fatemeh Shafieian, Ammar Helalinasab, Mozhgan Deilamani
OBJECTIVE: Medically unexplained symptoms are physical symptoms, which cannot be explained by organic ‎causes. This study aimed to investigate mental health in patients with medically unexplained ‎physical symptoms. ‎ METHOD: One hundred outpatients who were admitted to the Electro Diagnosis Clinic of Imam Khomeini ‎hospital, Ahvaz/Iran, participated in this study. Data were collected using physical examination, ‎paraclinical examinations, and SCL-90-R, and analyzed through multivariate analysis of variance ‎‎ (MANOVA), Chi-square test and Fisher's exact test...
January 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Mehdi Hormozpour, Homayoun Amini, Sara Pajouhanfar, Masoomeh Faghankhani, Arash Rahmani, Vandad Sharifi
OBJECTIVE: Schizophrenia and other psychoses have devastating personal and social impacts and many efforts have been devoted to study ‎prodromal syndromes for psychosis in order to achieve earlier detection and interventions. However, only few studies have been ‎performed in developing countries on this subject, and there is a dearth of evidence in the Iranian population. In this study, we ‎focused on conversion rate to psychosis and changes in prodromal symptoms in a group of first-degree relatives of patients with ‎schizophrenia and to compare the conversion rate in those with and without prodromal symptoms as assessed by the Structured ‎Interview for Prodromal Syndromes (SIPS) and Scale of Prodromal Symptoms (SOPS)...
January 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Maryam Daneshparvar, Seyed-Ali Mostafavi, Maryam Zare Jeddi, Masud Yunesian, Alireza Mesdaghinia, Amir Hossein Mahvi, Shahin Akhondzadeh
OBJECTIVE: Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common behavioral ‎disorders in children effecting the families and society. This systematic review examined ‎the literature on the role of lead exposure in children with ADHD‏ ‏symptoms. Articles were ‎analytically compared, focusing on the methodology used to assess exposure and‏ ‏adverse ‎effects‏ ‏on children with ADHD. ‎ METHOD: Using the search strategy from six databases (Pub Med, PsycINFO, Web of Science, SID, ‎IRAN Medex, IRAN DOC), hand searching in key journals, list of references of selected ‎articles and gray literature, without time and language limitation, articles up to May 2014 ‎were entered into this review...
January 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Sourav Das, Manju Saini, Mohan Dhyani, Ravi Gupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2015: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Maryam Salmanian, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Aabbas Ali Keshtkar, Fatemeh Asadian-Koohestani, Seyyed Salman Alavi, Neda Sepasi
BACKGROUND: The global burden of conduct disorder is a major public health concern. Although there are different reports on the prevalence of conduct disorder in different Middle Eastern countries, to date, no research has reviewed them. Therefore, we aimed to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis on the literature and present the prevalence of conduct disorder among children and adolescents in Middle Eastern countries. METHODS: Those cross-sectional studies with any type of random or non-random sampling, which described the prevalence of conduct disorder prior to age of 18, for at least one gender in the general or school-based populations who resided in Middle Eastern countries were included in this review...
September 2015: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
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