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Zoonoses and Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084673/applying-the-one-health-concept-to-mycobacterial-research-overcoming-parochialism
#1
REVIEW
S Thirunavukkarasu, K M Plain, K de Silva, B J Marais, R J Whittington
Mycobacterial infections remain a public health problem. Historically important, globally ubiquitous and with a wide host range, we are still struggling to control mycobacterial infections in humans and animals. While previous reviews have focused on individual mycobacterial infections in either humans or animals, a comprehensive review of the zoonotic aspect of mycobacteria in the context of the One Health initiative is lacking. With the purpose of providing a concise and comprehensive resource, we have collated literature to address the zoonotic potential of different mycobacterial species and elaborate on the necessity for an inter-sectorial approach to attain a new vision to combat mycobacterial infections...
January 13, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068003/brucella-abortus-is-prevalent-in-both-humans-and-animals-in-bangladesh
#2
A K M A Rahman, C Saegerman, D Berkvens, F Melzer, H Neubauer, D Fretin, E Abatih, N Dhand, M P Ward
To determine the role of different Brucella (B.) spp. in Bangladesh, 62 animal samples and 500 human sera were tested. Animal samples from cattle, goats and sheep (including milk, bull semen, vaginal swabs and placentas) were cultured for Brucella spp. Three test-positive human sera and all animal samples were screened by Brucella genus-specific real-time PCR (RT-PCR), and positive samples were then tested by IS711 RT-PCR to detect B. abortus and B. melitensis DNA. Only B. abortus DNA was amplified from 13 human and six animal samples...
January 9, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068002/response
#3
LETTER
L V Wicker, P J Canfield, D P Higgins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067995/antibody-prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-in-women-from-multan-pakistan
#4
M M Nazir, M Akhtar, A Maqbool, A Waheed, M A Sajid, M A Ali, M Oneeb, M A Alam, A N Ahmad, N Nazir, S Fatima, D S Lindsay
Toxoplasma gondii infections are prevalent in humans and warm-blooded animals. Maternal infections during pregnancy may have devastating consequences for transplacentally infected neonates. This study was conducted to examine the seroprevalence of antibodies to T. gondii in pregnant women of childbearing age and determine risk factors associated with pregnancy history, pet ownership, social and cultural factors at Nishtar Hospital, Multan. Samples were collected from 403 women and examined using a commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
January 9, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067990/familial-hepatitis-e-outbreak-linked-to-wild-boar-meat-consumption
#5
A Rivero-Juarez, M Frias, A Martinez-Peinado, M A Risalde, D Rodriguez-Cano, A Camacho, I García-Bocanegra, F Cuenca-Lopez, J C Gomez-Villamandos, A Rivero
An HIV-infected patient was diagnosed with acute hepatitis E infection in our hospital. An epidemiological inquiry was performed to collect demographic, food and animal exposure variables in order to identify the potential route of transmission. The patient reported that his family traditionally hunted wild boar for food. All family members were analysed for hepatitis E virus infection. Additionally, route of transmission by wild boar meat consumption and prevalence of HEV infection among wild boar from the same hunting area were investigated...
January 9, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045227/severe-outbreak-of-sorbitol-fermenting-escherichia-coli-o157-via-unpasteurized-milk-and-farm-visits-finland-2012
#6
A Jaakkonen, S Salmenlinna, R Rimhanen-Finne, H Lundström, S Heinikainen, M Hakkinen, S Hallanvuo
Shiga toxin-producing, sorbitol-fermenting Escherichia coli O157 (SF O157) has emerged as a cause of severe human illness. Despite frequent human findings, its transmission routes and reservoirs remain largely unknown. Foodborne transmission and reservoir in cattle have been suspected, but with limited supporting evidence. This study describes the outbreak of SF O157 that occurred in Finland in 2012. The outbreak originated from a recreational farm selling unpasteurized milk, as revealed by epidemiologic and microbiological investigations, and involved six hospitalized children and two asymptomatic adults with culture-confirmed infection...
January 3, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032696/high-incidence-of-respiratory-involvement-in-a-cluster-of-brucella-suis-infected-workers-from-a-pork-processing-plant-in-argentina
#7
J C Wallach, J L García, P S Cardinali, A P Seijo, A G Benchetrit, S E Echazarreta, S L Garro, B Deodato, P C Baldi
Epidemiological and clinical aspects of Brucella suis infection in 17 workers from a pork processing plant in Argentina occurring between January 2014 and July 2015 are presented. All patients reported working 9 h daily without adequate personal protection garment. Blood cultures were positive for Brucella spp. in 14 of the 17 patients (82.3%). All isolates were identified as B. suis biovar 1. Although fever, sweats, asthenia, myalgia and hepatic involvement were the most frequent clinical manifestations, an unusually high incidence of respiratory involvement was found...
December 29, 2016: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026910/participatory-policy-making-by-dairy-producers-to-reduce-anti-microbial-use-on-farms
#8
L van Dijk, A Hayton, D C J Main, A Booth, A King, D C Barrett, H J Buller, K K Reyher
Pressures for more responsible use of anti-microbial (AM) medicines in food animals are likely to increase from policymakers and the food industry, including retailers. To address this challenge, participatory approaches to welfare interventions and disease prevention may also be necessary alongside more conventional regulatory measures. This article describes the process of enabling groups of dairy producers to use a participatory policy making approach to develop an AM stewardship policy. The policy includes measures agreed to by all producers for more responsible use of AMs, whilst maintaining or improving dairy herd health and welfare...
December 27, 2016: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026907/campylobacter-fetus-bacteremia-in-a-healthy-patient-returning-from-a-trip-to-the-ecuadorian-amazonia
#9
A C Chávez, S Barrera, A Leon, G Trueba
Campylobacter fetus is an opportunistic pathogen which causes bacteremia and other invasive infections in immunocompromised patients who have been exposed to livestock or ingested animal products (uncooked meat or unpasteurized milk). The present report describes a C. fetus infection in a healthy adult (immunocompetent) who returned from a visit to the Ecuadorian Amazonia and who did not report exposure to the typical sources of infection.
December 27, 2016: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026905/identification-of-visceral-leishmaniasis-susceptible-areas-using-spatial-modelling-in-southern-caucasus
#10
M Rajabi, P Pilesjö, A Bazmani, A Mansourian
This study explores the application of spatial modelling techniques to generate susceptibility maps for a neglected zoonotic disease, visceral leishmaniasis (VL), in an endemic area in southern Caucasus that includes Iran, Armenia and Azerbaijan. The social and physical environment of southern Caucasus has been mainly characterized by the presence of several factors that are strongly associated with VL, which has caused a significant number of infections during the past decade. Three popular spatial modelling techniques, consisting of the weights of evidence, logistic regression and fuzzy logic methods, were evaluated and trained using a study area in north-western Iran where an inventory of highly infected areas and high-quality evidential factors was available...
December 27, 2016: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012251/public-health-follow-up-of-suspected-exposure-to-echinococcus-multilocularis-in-southwestern-ontario
#11
L A Trotz-Williams, N J Mercer, J M Walters, D Wallace, B Gottstein, E Osterman-Lind, A K Boggild, A S Peregrine
In the 3 years since the first report of canine alveolar echinococcosis (AE) in Ontario, three additional cases have been diagnosed in the province. Of the four cases reported to date, three have had no known history of travel outside the province. It is possible that this development is an indication of previously unrecognized environmental contamination with Echinococcus multilocularis eggs in some areas of the province. If so, there is the potential for an emerging threat to human health. This article describes a local public health department's investigation of the possible exposure to E...
December 24, 2016: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009107/detection-of-salmonella-enterica-serovar-montevideo-and-newport-in-free-ranging-sea-turtles-and-beach-sand-in-the-caribbean-and-persistence-in-sand-and-seawater-microcosms
#12
A-K Ives, E Antaki, K Stewart, S Francis, M T Jay-Russell, F Sithole, M T Kearney, M J Griffin, E Soto
Salmonellae are Gram-negative zoonotic bacteria that are frequently part of the normal reptilian gastrointestinal flora. The main objective of this project was to estimate the prevalence of non-typhoidal Salmonella enterica in the nesting and foraging populations of sea turtles on St. Kitts and in sand from known nesting beaches. Results suggest a higher prevalence of Salmonella in nesting leatherback sea turtles compared with foraging green and hawksbill sea turtles. Salmonella was cultured from 2/9 and identified by molecular diagnostic methods in 3/9 leatherback sea turtle samples...
December 23, 2016: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009105/prevalence-and-antimicrobial-resistance-of-salmonella-enterica-serovar-indiana-in-china-1984-2016
#13
REVIEW
J Gong, P Kelly, C Wang
Salmonella enterica serovar Indiana, first described in 1955, is generally regarded as having a low frequency worldwide with outbreaks of gastroenteritis and abortions described in North America and Europe. In China, S. Indiana was first reported in 1984 and in the subsequent 71 surveys in 35 cities/municipalities from 18 provinces, 70% of which were after 2012, S. Indiana has been shown to have become widely prevalent in people, animals, food and the environment around abattoirs and meat processing facilities...
December 23, 2016: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009103/experts-perceptions-on-china-s-capacity-to-manage-emerging-and-re-emerging-zoonotic-diseases-in-an-era-of-climate-change
#14
A Hansen, J Xiang, Q Liu, M X Tong, Y Sun, X Liu, K Chen, S Cameron, S Hanson-Easey, G-S Han, P Weinstein, C Williams, P Bi
Zoonotic diseases transmitted by arthropods and rodents are a major public health concern in China. However, interventions in recent decades have helped lower the incidence of several diseases despite the country's large, frequently mobile population and socio-economic challenges. Increasing globalization, rapid urbanization and a warming climate now add to the complexity of disease control and prevention and could challenge China's capacity to respond to threats of emerging and re-emerging zoonoses. To investigate this notion, face-to-face interviews were conducted with 30 infectious disease experts in four cities in China...
December 23, 2016: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009097/comments-to-potential-pathogens-reported-in-species-of-the-family-viverridae-and-their-implications-for-human-and-animal-health
#15
LETTER
J Millán, L V Wicker, P J Canfield, D P Higgins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 23, 2016: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991739/paediatric-hus-cases-related-to-the-consumption-of-raw-milk-sold-by-vending-machines-in-italy-quantitative-risk-assessment-based-on-escherichia-coli-o157-official-controls-over-7%C3%A2-years
#16
F Giacometti, P Bonilauri, S Piva, G Scavia, S Amatiste, D M Bianchi, M N Losio, S Bilei, G Cascone, D Comin, P Daminelli, L Decastelli, G Merialdi, R Mioni, A Peli, A Petruzzelli, F Tonucci, G Liuzzo, A Serraino
A quantitative risk assessment (RA) was developed to estimate haemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS) cases in paediatric population associated with the consumption of raw milk sold in vending machines in Italy. The historical national evolution of raw milk consumption phenomenon since 2008, when consumer interest started to grow, and after 7 years of marketing adjustment, is outlined. Exposure assessment was based on the official Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O157:H7 (STEC) microbiological records of raw milk samples from vending machines monitored by the regional Veterinary Authorities from 2008 to 2014, microbial growth during storage, consumption frequency of raw milk, serving size, consumption preference and age of consumers...
December 19, 2016: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966835/the-epidemiology-and-characteristics-of-q-fever-and-co-infections-with-scrub-typhus-murine-typhus-or-leptospirosis-in-taiwan-a-nationwide-database-study
#17
C-H Lai, W Sun, C-H Lee, J-N Lin, M-H Liao, S-S Liu, T-Y Chang, K-F Tsai, Y-C Chang, H-H Lin, Y-H Chen
Q fever (QF) is a worldwide zoonosis associated with outbreaks. Only a few nationwide studies regarding the surveillance and epidemiology of human QF have been reported. Although QF is endemic in Taiwan, a nationwide database investigation of the epidemiology and characteristics of QF and its associations with scrub typhus (ST), murine typhus (MT) and leptospirosis (LS) has never been reported. We analysed nationwide databases of suspected QF, ST, MT and LS cases from October 2007 to December 2014 obtained from the Centers for Disease Control, Taiwan...
December 14, 2016: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966833/stable-transmission-of-borrelia-burgdorferi-sensu-stricto-on-the-outer-banks-of-north-carolina
#18
J F Levine, C S Apperson, M Levin, T R Kelly, M L Kakumanu, L Ponnusamy, H Sutton, S A Salger, J M Caldwell, A J Szempruch
The spirochaete (Borrelia burgdorferi) associated with Lyme disease was detected in questing ticks and rodents during a period of 18 years, 1991-2009, at five locations on the Outer Banks of North Carolina. The black-legged tick (Ixodes scapularis) was collected at varied intervals between 1991 and 2009 and examined for B. burgdorferi. The white-footed mouse (Peromyscus leucopus), house mouse (Mus musculus) marsh rice rat (Oryzomys palustris), marsh rabbit (Sylvilagus palustris), eastern cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus) and six-lined racerunner (Cnemidophorus sexlineatus) were live-trapped, and their tissues cultured to isolate spirochaetes...
December 14, 2016: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918151/reservoir-driven-heterogeneous-distribution-of-recorded-human-puumala-virus-cases-in-south-west-germany
#19
S Drewes, H Turni, U M Rosenfeld, A Obiegala, P Straková, C Imholt, E Glatthaar, K Dressel, M Pfeffer, J Jacob, C Wagner-Wiening, R G Ulrich
Endemic regions for Puumala virus (PUUV) are located in the most affected federal state Baden-Wuerttemberg, South-West Germany, where high numbers of notified human hantavirus disease cases have been occurring for a long time. The distribution of human cases in Baden-Wuerttemberg is, however, heterogeneous, with a high number of cases recorded during 2012 in four districts (H districts) but a low number or even no cases recorded in four other districts (L districts). Bank vole monitoring during 2012, following a beech (Fagus sylvatica) mast year, resulted in the trapping of 499 bank voles, the host of PUUV...
December 5, 2016: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918150/seroprevalence-and-risk-factors-for-leptospira-seropositivity-in-beef-cattle-sheep-and-deer-farmers-in-new-zealand
#20
J M Sanhueza, C Heuer, P R Wilson, J Benschop, J M Collins-Emerson
Leptospirosis is a global zoonosis that in New Zealand affects primarily people occupationally exposed to livestock. The objective of this study was to estimate the seroprevalence of five Leptospira serovars in farmers working on cattle, sheep and deer farms that had the serological status of animals previously assessed and to identify risk factors for farmer seropositivity. A total of 178 farmers from 127 properties participated in the study. Blood samples were tested using the microscopic agglutination test (MAT) for the presence of antibodies to Leptospira...
December 5, 2016: Zoonoses and Public Health
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