journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Zoonoses and Public Health

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451368/public-health-response-to-an-imported-case-of-canine-melioidosis
#1
C W Ryan, K Bishop, D D Blaney, S J Britton, F Cantone, C Egan, M G Elrod, C W Frye, A M Maxted, G Perkins
Melioidosis in humans presents variably as fulminant sepsis, pneumonia, skin infection and solid organ abscesses. It is caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei, which in the United States is classified as a select agent, with "potential to pose a severe threat to both human and animal health, to plant health or to animal and plant products" (Federal Select Agent Program, http://www.selectagents.gov/, accessed 22 September 2016). Burkholderia pseudomallei is found in soil and surface water in the tropics, especially South-East Asia and northern Australia, where melioidosis is endemic...
February 16, 2018: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441690/hepatitis-e-virus-infection-of-slaughtered-healthy-pigs-in-brazil
#2
A R Amorim, G S Mendes, G P A Pena, N Santos
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is an emerging pathogen that can be transmitted through contaminated raw or undercooked meat derived from domestic pigs. HEV infections have been documented among pig herds, pig products and environmental samples raising concern about the spread of the virus. HEV genotypes 3 and 4 are considered zoonotic and have been linked to human cases. HEV was detected in 51 of 335 bile samples (15.2%) from healthy pigs in Minas Gerais, Brazil. Phylogenetic analysis of partial sequences from ORF1 and ORF2 regions yielded discordant results, assigning isolates to subtypes 3c and 3i, respectively, suggesting intragenotypic HEV recombination...
February 13, 2018: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430859/rabies-risk-and-use-of-post-exposure-prophylaxis-associated-with-dog-bites-in-tennessee
#3
H Henderson, L R Carpenter, J R Dunn
The canine variant of the rabies virus has been eliminated in the United States. Among the public and many healthcare providers, however, dog bites are still associated with risk for rabies transmission. This study examined the risk of rabies in biting dogs and the use of rabies post-exposure prophylaxis (rPEP) for dog bite victims in Tennessee. The study included a retrospective analysis of laboratory testing requisitions for dogs from 2002 to 2016, collection of clinical data on confirmed rabies-positive dogs from 2008 to 2016 and analysis of hospital discharge data for rPEP from 2007 to 2014...
February 12, 2018: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430857/phenotype-diffusion-and-one-health-a-proposed-framework-for-investigating-the-plurality-of-obesity-epidemics-across-many-species
#4
REVIEW
J D Voss, M S Goodson, J C Leon
We propose the idea of "phenotype diffusion," which is a rapid convergence of an observed trait in some human and animal populations. The words phenotype and diffusion both imply observations independent of mechanism as phenotypes are observed traits with multiple possible genetic mechanisms and diffusion is an observed state of being widely distributed. Recognizing shared changes in phenotype in multiple species does not by itself reveal a particular mechanism such as a shared exposure, shared adaptive need, particular stochastic process or a transmission pathway...
February 12, 2018: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424092/characterization-of-rabies-post-exposure-prophylaxis-in-a-region-of-the-eastern-amazon-state-of-par%C3%A3-brazil-between-2000-and-2014
#5
N S De Paula, E A Saraiva, I M Araújo, K K G Nascimento, D A Xavier, K S Santos, E M N Abreu, R J P S Guimãraes, I Abel
Animal bites are a serious public health issue, and prevention strategies have been consistently documented worldwide. The aim of this study was to characterize human anti-rabies treatment in 11 counties of the Salgado microregion, Pará state, Brazil, which borders the Bragantina microregion, where exposures of human rabies were reported in 2004 and 2005. A descriptive retrospective study was conducted using anti-rabies treatment notifications registered in the Information System for Notifiable Diseases (SINAN) database of the State Department of Public Health of Pará (SESPA) from January 2000 to December 2014...
February 8, 2018: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423934/zoonotic-disease-transmission-associated-with-feral-cats-in-a-metropolitan-area-a-geospatial-analysis
#6
S J Taetzsch, A S Bertke, K R Gruszynski
Feral cats raise public health concerns due to their large population numbers and ability to harbour pathogens that cause disease in people, pets, and wildlife. Information regarding the potential for feral cats to intersect with areas frequented by humans is lacking. This study examined the potential for feral cats and human territories to overlap in the Richmond metropolitan area of Central Virginia. Feral cats (n = 275) were trapped for monthly trap-neuter-release (TNR) clinics from July to November 2016...
February 8, 2018: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411541/exploring-an-alternative-approach-to-lyme-disease-surveillance-in-maryland
#7
H Rutz, B Hogan, S Hook, A Hinckley, K Feldman
In Maryland, Lyme disease (LD) is a reportable disease and all laboratories and healthcare providers are required to report to the local health department. Given the volume of LD reports and effort required for investigation, surveillance for LD is burdensome and subject to underreporting. We explored the utility of International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification (administrative) codes for use with LD surveillance. We aimed to collect the administrative codes for a 10% sample of 2009 LD reports (n = 474) from 292 facilities stratified by case classification (confirmed, probable, suspected and not a case)...
February 6, 2018: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399978/randomized-control-trial-to-test-the-effect-of-a-feed-additive-on-campylobacter-contamination-in-commercial-broiler-flocks-up-to-slaughter
#8
A Huneau-Salaün, M Guyard-Nicodème, G Benzoni, X Gautier, S Quesne, T Poëzevara, M Chemaly
A randomized controlled trial (RCT) was carried to evaluate the effect of a feed additive on Campylobacter contamination of broilers reared in commercial conditions. Twenty-four broiler flocks naturally contaminated with Campylobacter were enrolled in the RCT: 12 were assigned to a control group (C) fed with a conventional finishing feed from 4 weeks of age to slaughter (around 35 days), and the other group of 12 flocks (S) was fed with a finishing feed supplemented with 250 ppm of a patented feed additive (an ion-exchanged clay compound) previously proven to reduce Campylobacter contamination in broiler caeca under experimental conditions...
February 4, 2018: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380552/outbreak-of-salmonella-typhimurium-associated-with-feeder-rodents
#9
L Vrbova, S Sivanantharajah, R Walton, Y Whitfield, C Lee, I Picard, N Chapinal, C Gaulin, L Tschetter, J Tataryn
In December 2012, an increase in human Salmonella Typhimurium cases was identified in the province of Ontario, Canada launching an outbreak investigation. The outbreak spanned 3 years (2012-2014), with 134 cases reported from five Canadian provinces. There was a substantial burden of illness among children: 45% of cases were children 12 years old or under, and 23% of cases were under 5 years old. Epidemiologic, traceback and laboratory findings linked this outbreak to feeder rodents (used to feed snakes) supplied by a network of rodent breeders in Ontario...
January 29, 2018: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377579/identical-genotypes-of-community-associated-mrsa-st59-and-livestock-associated-mrsa-st9-in-humans-and-pigs-in-rural-china
#10
Z Bi, C Sun, S Börjesson, B Chen, X Ji, B Berglund, M Wang, M Nilsson, H Yin, Q Sun, A Hulth, Y Wang, C Wu, Z Bi, L E Nilsson
This study investigated the prevalence of MRSA in samples taken in households, with and without backyard pigs in villages in a rural area of Shandong Province, China. Community-associated MRSA and livestock-associated MRSA, belonging to ST59 and ST9, respectively, were identified in both humans and pigs. The genotypic and phenotypic comparison of isolates indicates that bidirectional transmission of MRSA has occurred between humans and pigs in the villages.
January 27, 2018: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314752/distance-to-pig-farms-as-risk-factor-for-community-onset-livestock-associated-mrsa-cc398-infection-in-persons-without-known-contact-to-pig-farms-a-nationwide-study
#11
J C H Anker, A Koch, S Ethelberg, K Mølbak, J Larsen, M R Jepsen
MRSA CC398 is an emerging MRSA strain found in livestock, mainly in pigs. Direct occupational livestock contact is the principal risk factor for human MRSA CC398 infection. Nonetheless, in recent years, an increasing number of MRSA CC398 cases has been observed in persons without known pig contact. Such cases, referred to as MRSA CC398 of unknown origin (MUO CC398), have, like livestock-onset (LO) MRSA CC398 cases, been found concentrated in rural, livestock-producing areas. The presence of MUO CC398 cases indicates alternative and unknown MRSA CC398 transmission pathways into the community...
January 3, 2018: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274119/beyond-abundance-how-microenvironmental-features-and-weather-influence-bartonella-tribocorum-infection-in-wild-norway-rats-rattus-norvegicus
#12
J L Rothenburger, C G Himsworth, N M Nemeth, D L Pearl, C M Jardine
Norway rats (Rattus norvegicus) inhabit cities worldwide and carry a number of zoonotic pathogens. Although many studies have investigated rat-level risk factors, there is limited research on the effects of weather and environment on zoonotic pathogen transmission ecology in rats. The objective of this study was to use a disease ecology approach to understand how abiotic (weather and urban microenvironmental features) and biotic (relative rat population abundance) factors affect Bartonella tribocorum prevalence in urban Norway rats from Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada...
December 23, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29265701/high-diversity-of-medically-important-gastrointestinal-rodent-borne-helminths-in-singapore
#13
I H Mendenhall, L Ch'ng, E S Neves, S A Borthwick, G J D Smith
Small mammals are important reservoirs of zoonotic diseases and are definitive hosts for medically important parasitic helminths. Several rodent and shrew species are peridomestic, bringing them into close contact with both humans and the intermediate hosts that maintain the transmission cycle. Here, we screened DNA extracted from large intestine tissue homogenate from 108 individuals comprised of 10 species. We detected two species known to infect humans, Dicrocoelium dendriticum and Moniliformis moniliformis...
December 19, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250914/risk-of-exposure-to-coxiella-burnetii-from-ruminant-livestock-exhibited-at-iowa-agricultural-fairs
#14
K M Still Brooks, W R Stensland, K M Harmon, A M O'Connor, P J Plummer
Coxiella burnetii is a zoonotic pathogen typically associated with clinical and asymptomatic infection in ruminant livestock. A re-emerging pathogen of significant public health importance, C. burnetii has caused recent epidemics in the United States and Europe, and public livestock exhibitions are increasingly scrutinized as a potential source of C. burnetii exposure. Although C. burnetii prevalence data among North American domestic ruminants are extremely limited, contemporary studies suggest that this pathogen is both geographically widespread and highly prevalent on a herd basis, especially in dairy cattle and goat populations...
December 17, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239118/zoonotic-origin-and-transmission-of-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-in-the-uae
#15
C R Paden, M F B M Yusof, Z M Al Hammadi, K Queen, Y Tao, Y M Eltahir, E A Elsayed, B A Marzoug, O K A Bensalah, A I Khalafalla, M Al Mulla, K A Elkheir, Z B Issa, K Pradeep, F N Elsaleh, H Imambaccus, J Sasse, S Weber, M Shi, J Zhang, Y Li, H Pham, L Kim, A J Hall, S I Gerber, F I Al Hosani, S Tong, S S M Al Muhairi
Since the emergence of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in 2012, there have been a number of clusters of human-to-human transmission. These cases of human-to-human transmission involve close contact and have occurred primarily in healthcare settings, and they are suspected to result from repeated zoonotic introductions. In this study, we sequenced whole MERS-CoV genomes directly from respiratory samples collected from 23 confirmed MERS cases in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). These samples included cases from three nosocomial and three household clusters...
December 13, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235263/detection-and-genetic-characterization-of-diverse-bartonella-genotypes-in-the-small-mammals-of-singapore
#16
E S Neves, I H Mendenhall, S A Borthwick, Y C F Su, G J D Smith
Bartonella species are arthropod-borne bacterial pathogens that infect numerous mammalian species. Small mammals play an important role as natural reservoirs of many Bartonella species, maintaining the greatest diversity of Bartonella described to date. Although Bartonella research has been conducted in Southeast Asia, no studies have been undertaken on small mammals in Singapore. Here, we report the detection and description of Bartonella in small mammals in Singapore during the period of November 2011 to May 2014...
December 12, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226606/the-challenges-of-implementing-an-integrated-one-health-surveillance-system-in-australia
#17
I Johnson, A Hansen, P Bi
As 75 per cent of emerging infectious diseases are of animal origin, a One Health approach that integrates the health of humans, animals and the environment could provide an earlier opportunity for zoonotic disease detection and prevention. In Australia, human, animal and ecological health are managed by separate sectors with limited communication. This study aims to explore how professionals in these fields perceive a One Health approach to zoonotic disease surveillance, aiming to identify the challenges to the implementation of an integrated system in Australia...
December 10, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218859/looking-for-new-approaches-for-the-use-of-serology-in-the-context-of-control-programmes-against-pig-salmonellosis
#18
R C Mainar-Jaime, A Casanova-Higes, S Andrés-Barranco, J P Vico
Most swine Salmonella national control programmes in Europe have been based on the categorization of herds according to risk levels based on serological results. However, none of the non-Scandinavian countries have reported of any significant success on Salmonella infection reduction in fattening pigs or the number of human cases attributable to pigs or pork. The limited accuracy of the tests used, the small number of animals sampled and the likely lack of herd representativeness of the samples used could be major factors affecting the suitability of these programmes...
December 8, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218847/potential-exposure-to-australian-bat-lyssavirus-is-unlikely-to-prevent-future-bat-handling-among-adults-in-south-east-queensland
#19
M K Young, S Banu, B J McCall, S Vlack, H Carroll, S Bennett, R Davison, D Francis
Despite ongoing public health messages about the risks associated with bat contact, the number of potential exposures to Australian bat lyssavirus (ABLV) due to intentional handling by members of the general public in Queensland has remained high. We sought to better understand the reasons for intentional handling among these members of the public who reported their potential exposure to inform future public health messages. We interviewed adults who resided in a defined geographic area in South East Queensland and notified potential exposure to ABLV due to intentional handling of bats by telephone between 1 January 2012 and 31 December 2013...
December 8, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218843/potential-of-saprophage-diptera-to-acquire-culturable-livestock-associated-antibiotic-resistant-bacteria
#20
S M Russell, V A Chittick, D T Sangweme, E C Lampert
The increasing prevalence of antibiotic resistance among bacteria is one of the most intractable challenges in 21st-century public health. Dipterans that associate with livestock, livestock waste products and cadavers have the potential to acquire livestock-associated antibiotic-resistant bacteria (LA-ARB) and transmit them to humans. In this study, piglet cadavers were used to attract saprophage dipterans from the environment and those dipterans were sampled for the presence of LA-ARB. In the first trial, culturable microbes resistant to both aminoglycoside and β-lactam antibiotics were found in all cadavers and masses of dipteran larvae, and in three-quarters of adult dipterans...
December 8, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
journal
journal
41590
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"