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Journal of Robotic Surgery

Pooya Banapour, George A Abdelsayed, Zoe Bider-Canfield, Peter A Elliott, Patrick S Kilday, Gary W Chien
To compare perioperative outcomes in the three most common partial nephrectomy modalities: robotic (RPN), laparoscopic (LPN), and open (OPN), matched for nephrometry scores. Patients aged 16-85 who underwent RPN, LPN, or OPN from 2007 to 2014 for localized renal carcinoma within our healthcare system were enrolled. Age, sex, body mass index, and Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) as well as perioperative outcomes of estimated blood loss (EBL), length of hospital stay (LOS), ischemia time (IT), change in eGFR, positive margin rate, operative time (OT), and emergency room visit rates were compared between RPN, LPN, and OPN using the R...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Luis G Medina, Oscar Martin, Giovannni E Cacciamani, Nariman Ahmadi, Juan C Castro, Rene Sotelo
The reported incidence of intraoperative retained instruments, such as needles, hangs around 0.06-0.11%. Leaving a needle inside the abdominal cavity can have significant medical and legal consequences. In addition, the retrieval can be hampered due to the limited visualization of the scope during minimally invasive surgery. Factors associated with an increased probability for NL have been described. Prevention for this situation includes: having one needle at a time inside the cavity, effective communication between all personnel in the operating room, evaluation of the strength of the suture-needle connection, avoid parking of needles intraoperatively, and a proper needle withdrawal...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Andreas Martinschek, G Welzel, M Ritter, E Heinrich, C Bolenz, L Trojan
To prospectively evaluate the possible loss of attention among console surgeons performing robotic-assisted procedures using a validated psychological test. The concentration of one console surgeon was assessed before and after 25 robotic-assisted procedures (radical prostatectomies) using the validated d2 attention test (computer-assisted, Hogrefe test systems, Germany). Error frequency, work rate, and accuracy of task performance were evaluated as parameters of the fluctuation in concentration. Data were correlated with clinical parameters, including console times, positive surgical margin rates and the use of a nerve-sparing procedure...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Amine Harichane, Dorian Chauvet, Stéphane Hans
This study was made to assess the possibilities and limits of minimally invasive transoral approach to the nasopharynx using the Da Vinci surgical robot. It was conducted on eleven corpses, without need for palatine split; using surgical robots Da Vinci models S HD and Si HD. We have defined "anatomical key landmarks" on all sides of the nasopharynx, to confirm our hypothesis. All of the nasopharynx could be visualized and transorally reached by the robot with a validation of all the key landmarks...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Wenjie Zhong, Kayvan Haghighi, Prem Rathore, Eddy Wong, Pascal Mancuso
Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy to treat localized prostate cancer has increased in popularity, although other options exist, including radiotherapy and active surveillance. The decision about choosing the right treatment has become pertinent for many patients. This literature review aimed to assess the current state-of-the-art regarding decisional aids and the associated decisional outcomes for the purpose of designing a method for both patients and doctors to use to make the best treatment decision for the patient...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Mark C Kendall, Lucas J Castro-Alves
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Noah E Canvasser, Jeffrey Gahan, Igor Sorokin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Kannan Sridharan, Gowri Sivaramakrishnan
No consensus has been attained regarding the utility of open retropubic radical prostatectomy (RRP), laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) and robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALRP) for localized prostate cancer (PCa). We carried out a network meta-analysis and cumulative meta-analysis comparing RRP, LRP and RALRP on peri-operative and functional outcome measures. Electronic databases were searched for either randomized clinical trials or cohort studies comparing RALRP either with LRP or RRP in patients with localized PCa...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
James Chi-Yong Ngu, Yvonne Ying-Ru Ng
Comparisons between robotic and laparoscopic right hemicolectomy have been confounded by variations in operative technique. This study evaluates the two procedures after standardizing the intraoperative steps and perioperative management. Patients who underwent robotic right hemicolectomy with intracorporeal bowel anastomosis between July 2015 and June 2017 were matched with a laparoscopic group. Perioperative management was in accordance to an enhanced recovery protocol. Outcomes and histopathological data were compared...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
James G Bittner Iv, Lawrence W Cesnik, Thomas Kirwan, Laurie Wolf, Dongjing Guo
Few publications describe the potential benefit of robotic-assisted inguinal hernia repair on acute postoperative groin pain (APGP). This study compared patients' perceptions of APGP, activity limitation, and overall satisfaction after robotic-assisted- (R), laparoscopic (L), or open (O) inguinal hernia repair (IHR). Random samples of patients from two web-based research panels and surgical practices were screened for patients who underwent IHR between October 28, 2015 and November 1, 2016. Qualified patients were surveyed to assess perceived APGP at 1 week postoperatively, activity disruption, and overall satisfaction...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Annelisse Ashton, Ricardo Soares, Venkata Ramana Murthy Kusuma, Dimitrios Moschonas, Matthew Perry, Krishna Patil
We aim to outline our technique of performing a robotic-assisted bladder diverticulectomy at our institution and report our surgical outcomes. We report the cases of three robotic-assisted bladder diverticulectomies, performed at the Royal Surrey County Hospital during the period of January 2014 to December 2015. Patient was positioned in low dorsal lithotomy position. A 6Fr double-J stent was prophylactically inserted at the start of the procedure. Foley catheter was placed over guide wire into the diverticulum and balloon inflated on the diverticulum neck...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Natasha Gupta, Shanti Mohling, Rebecca Mckendrick, Rayan Elkattah, Jenny Holcombe, Robert S Furr, Todd Boren, Stephen DePasquale
To compare perioperative outcomes in patients undergoing robotic hysterectomy and extraction of specimen via mini-laparotomy (RHML) versus open hysterectomy (OH) when uterus weighs more than 250 g. To study the factors determining the length of hospital stay in 2 groups. A retrospective analysis of all hysterectomies performed for uterus weighing more than 250 g from the year 2012 to 2015 was conducted. A total of 140 patients were divided into 2 groups based on the type of surgery; RHML (n = 82) and OH (n = 58)...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Christos Iavazzo, Evelyn Eleni Minis, Ioannis D Gkegkes
Single-incision approach in robotic gynecology is a relatively new concept. The role of single-port systems in robotic hysterectomy, their advantages and disadvantages, as well as the technical challenges, are still under investigation. A systematic review was performed by searching in PubMed and Scopus databases. In 810 out of 1225 patients, hysterectomy was performed for non-neoplastic disease. Single-Site ® was the most common port system. Duration of the procedure and relative blood loss ranged from 60 to 311 min and 7 to 750 ml, respectively...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Zi Qin Ng, Richard Pemberton, Patrick Tan
Trocar site hernia is not a common acute complication encountered after robot-assisted surgery, especially in the urological cohort of patients. A few case reports of small bowel obstruction secondary to incarceration by trocar site hernia have been described in gynaecological surgery and prostatectomies. As the clinical presentation is non-specific, late diagnosis has significant implication on morbidity and mortality. Here, we present a rare case of a patient with recent robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for a renal cell carcinoma presented with features of impending bowel obstruction secondary to incarcerated small bowel in the trocar site...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Vishnu Raveendran, Ramaprasad Manasseri Koduveli, Roy John, Deepak Varma, Kishore Thekke Adiyat
INTRODUCTION: Renal transplant recipient surgery is conventionally performed using open technique which is total extra-peritoneal in approach whereas robot assisted renal transplant recipient surgery is performed through a transperitoneal approach. We present a case where a total extraperitoneal robot assisted renal transplant recipient surgery was performed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 30 year old gentleman with Ig A nephropathy and diffuse glomerulosclerosis underwent total extra-peritoneal robot assisted renal transplant recipient surgery (TERT) with sister as donor...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Judd H Fastenberg, Marc J Gibber, Richard V Smith
Transoral robotic surgery (TORS) is becoming an integral part of the otolaryngology resident experience. While there is widespread agreement that a formal, validated curriculum for TORS training is needed for residents, none presently exists. The primary objective of this study is to evaluate an introductory resident curriculum for TORS training that could be easily adopted at other institutions. This is a prospective study of otolaryngology residents (PGY1-5) in an academic medical center from 2015 to 2016...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Patrick F Vining, Timothy M Lee, Costas S Bizekis, Michael D Zervos
Robotic resection of pulmonary lesions has become a more common approach in the field of thoracic surgery. The greatest drawback of robotic resection is the lack of tactile feedback as compared to open approaches, making identification of intrapulmonary lesion difficult. Electromagnetic navigational bronchoscopy (navibronch) enables pre-incisional marking of pulmonary lesions for intraoperative identification. We sought to determine how effective navibronch was in our institution's robotic cases. Thirty-one patients underwent robotically assisted resection of 35 lesions with the assistance of navibronch from 7/2014 to 9/2015...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Kishore Thekke Adiyat, Kumar K Vinod, Raveendran Vishnu, M K Ramaprasad, Vavullipathy N Unni, Roy P John
The aim of the study is to elucidate the method of complete extraperitonealization of the graft while performing transperitoneal robotic renal transplant recipient operation. This is a retrospective study of 34 robotic-assisted kidney transplant (RAKT) utilizing our technique from July 2015 to June 2017. The study is performed in a quaternary private hospital setting. The surgery was performed using our novel peritoneal flap technique allowing complete extraperitonealization of the kidney. Total of 34 patients underwent RAKT in our hospital...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Andrea Moglia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Zuliang Feng, Michael P Feng, David P Feng, Mark J Rice, Carmen C Solórzano
In recent years, the use of robotic-assisted adrenalectomy (RA) has increased; however, many surgeons question its reported higher cost. In this study, we review our experience and strategies to reduce the cost of RA comparing it to Laparoscopic adrenalectomy (LA). Since May of 2010, 122 consecutive patients underwent minimally invasive adrenalectomy (58 RAs and 64 LA) by a high-volume adrenal surgeon at our institution. A cost analysis was performed for RA versus LA. Cost calculations included anesthesia professional fee, procedure time and consumables fees...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
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