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Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348074/standardized-medical-image-registration-for-radiological-identification-of-decedents-based-on-paranasal-sinuses
#1
Dominic Gascho, Hinderberger Philipp, Patricia M Flach, Michael J Thali, Sören Kottner
Image registration software is frequently used in clinical radiology, e.g., for follow-up diagnosis. To a certain extent, the radiological identification of decedents (RadID) is comparable to a clinical follow-up diagnosis, in that two datasets from different dates are compared in terms of their anatomical characteristics (e.g., paranasal sinuses) or surgical implants. Due to the increasing use of computed tomography (CT) for head examinations in clinical radiology and the increased use of postmortem CT (PMCT) in forensic imaging, the comparison of three-dimensional (3D) clinical CT (termed as antemortem CT (AMCT) in this article) and PMCT datasets for RadID is becoming increasingly practical...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331713/repeated-attempted-homicide-by-administration-of-drugs-documented-by-hair-analysis
#2
Valérie Baillif-Couniou, Christophe Bartoli, Caroline Sastre, Marjorie Chèze, Marc Deveaux, Georges Léonetti, Anne-Laure Pélissier-Alicot
Attempted murder by repeated poisoning is quite rare. The authors describe the case of a 62-year-old man who was admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) for neurological disturbances complicated by inhalation pneumopathy. He presented a loss of consciousness while his wife was visiting him at the ICU (H0). Forty-eight hours later (H48), police officers apprehended the patient's wife pouring a liquid into his fruit salad at the hospital. Toxicological analyses of a blood sample and the infusion equipment (H0), as well as the fruit salad and its container (H48), confirmed the attempted poisoning with cyamemazine (H0) and hydrochloric acid (H48)...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334635/the-effect-of-altitude-and-climate-on-the-suicide-rates-in-turkey
#3
Mahmut Asirdizer, Erhan Kartal, Yasin Etli, Ertugrul Tatlisumak, Orhan Gumus, Yavuz Hekimoglu, Sıddık Keskin
Suicide is one of the most important public health problems. There was an association between suicide and several factors such as psychiatric diseases and psychological characteristics, somatic illness, cultural, socioeconomic, familial, occupational and individual risk factors. Also, high altitude and climatic factors including high temperature, cloudiness, more sunshine and low rainfalls were defined as some of these risk factors in the literature. In this study, we aimed to investigate correlation between suicide rates and altitudes of all cities in Turkey and between suicide rates and climatic factors including Rainfall Activity Index, Winter Mean Temperatures, Summer Mean Temperatures and Temperature Difference between January and July previously defined by several authors in the broad series in Turkey...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324319/dental-age-estimation-employing-cbct-scans-enhanced-with-mimics-software-comparison-of-two-different-approaches-using-pulp-tooth-volumetric-analysis
#4
Muhammad Khan Asif, Phrabhakaran Nambiar, Shani Ann Mani, Norliza Binti Ibrahim, Iqra Muhammad Khan, Prema Sukumaran
The methods of dental age estimation and identification of unknown deceased individuals are evolving with the introduction of advanced innovative imaging technologies in forensic investigations. However, assessing small structures like root canal volumes can be challenging in spite of using highly advanced technology. The aim of the study was to investigate which amongst the two methods of volumetric analysis of maxillary central incisors displayed higher strength of correlation between chronological age and pulp/tooth volume ratio for Malaysian adults...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331714/stature-estimation-formulae-for-mexican-contemporary-population-a-sample-based-study-of-long-bones
#5
Antinea Menéndez Garmendia, Gabriela Sánchez-Mejorada, Jorge A Gómez-Valdés
Stature estimation is an important step to create a biological profile for human identification of unknown individuals in forensic anthropological practice, and it is well known that the long bone length is highly correlated with this feature. The purpose of the present study is to develop formulae for height estimation, based on simple linear regression model for humerus, femur and tibia in Mexican contemporary population. Stature was taken in 56 males and 30 female corpses as well as maximum length of three long bones of the limbs after autopsy following the Menéndez et al...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328966/cementum-as-a-source-of-dna-in-challenging-forensic-cases
#6
Hussam Mansour, Oliver Krebs, Jan Peter Sperhake, Christa Augustin, Till Koehne, Michael Amling, Klaus Püschel
Each forensic case is characterized by its own uniqueness. Deficient forensic cases require additional sources of human identifiers to assure the identity. We report on two different cases illustrating the role of teeth in answering challenging forensic questions. The first case involves identification of an adipocere male found in a car submersed in water for approximately 2 years. The second scenario, which involves paternity DNA testing of an exhumed body, was performed approximately 2.8 years post-mortem...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324320/first-survey-of-forensically-important-insects-from-human-corpses-in-shiraz-iran
#7
Mohammad D Moemenbellah-Fard, Davood Keshavarzi, Mehran Fereidooni, Aboozar Soltani
The presence of insects on human cadavers has potential judicial value in medicolegal cases. This research emphasized the important role of insects in postmortem decomposition. It was conducted to investigate the composition and abundance of insects from human corpses during autopsies in legal medicine. It was implemented in the city of Shiraz, south Iran. Insects associated with human corpses were carefully collected and put into labelled vials. They were then identified using valid taxonomic keys. Fifteen outdoor (67%) and indoor discovered cadavers were examined...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310018/assessment-of-the-mental-health-status-of-a-one-year-cohort-attending-a-two-sexual-assault-referral-centres-in-england
#8
Charlie Brooker, Karen Tocque, Sheila Paul
A one year audit was undertaken of the mental health (MH) status of adult attendees to the Thames Valley Sexual Assault Centres (SARC). There were 301 relevant referrals over the twelve month period of whom 126 (42%) either fully or partially completed the mental health assessments. 38% (n = 66) of the population did not consent to the research. Participation in the study was felt inappropriate by the case clinician in the rest of the cases. To summarise the findings: 36% were moderately or severely depressed; 30% experienced moderate to severe anxiety; 28% were drinking at hazardous/harmful levels; and 12% had a drug problem that was moderate to severe...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310017/age-determination-by-spheno-occipital-synchondrosis-fusion-in-central-indian-population
#9
Rajeshwar Sambhaji Pate, Chaitanya Vidyadhar Tingne, Pradeep Gangadhar Dixit
The spheno occipital suture synchondrosis is a vital contributor to adolescent and adult age estimation in that it can provide an upper or lower age bound depending on its state of fusion. The present study evaluates the utility of the spheno-occipital suture fusion in age estimation of the Central Indian population. The sample includes 198 (117 males and 81 females) cadavers aged between 8 to 26 years. Grading was done using Mitra-Akhlaghi Scale as - Open, Semi closed and Closed. Our study demonstrates that a significant linear correlation exists between the age of an individual and spheno-occipital suture closure for both the sexes and observation of the degree of fusion of this single suture allows the prediction of age in mature individuals...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316504/health-behind-bars-can-exploring-the-history-of-prison-health-systems-impact-future-policy
#10
Kathryn M Weston, Louella R McCarthy, Isobelle Barrett Meyering, Stephen Hampton, Tobias Mackinnon
The value of history is, indeed, not scientific but moral … it prepares us to live more humanely in the present, and to meet rather than to foretell, the future - Carl Becker. Becker's quote reminds us of the importance of revealing and understanding historical practices in order to influence actions in the future. There are compelling reasons for uncovering this history, in particular to better inform government policy makers and health advocates, and to address the impacts of growing community expectations to 'make the punishment fit the crime'...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306795/a-retrospective-study-of-sexual-offences-in-zambia
#11
Innocent Makasa, Laura Jane Heathfield
Zambia has recently reported high incidences of sexual abuse against women and children. Zambian law categorises sexual offences into rape, defilement, incest and others, with defilement constituting the majority of the reported cases (>89%). Between 2010 and 2012, convictions of defilement cases were achieved in only 13% of cases reported to the police. DNA evidence has shown prominence in resolving crimes, specifically as an identification tool in sexual offences. Currently there is no empirical evidence describing the role of forensic evidence in sexual crimes in Zambia; as such a retrospective study was conducted to evaluate this between 2007 and 2014 (n = 1154)...
December 24, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328965/excited-delirium-syndrome-after-withdrawal-from-10-days-long-recreationally-used-ghb
#12
LETTER
Dirk Corstens
We describe a case of a 51-year old man who used GHB only in the afternoon and evening during 10 consecutive days in a recreational way: 20 ml a day in 4 ml per 2-3 hrs. He developed an excited delirium syndrome at the second day after stopping. Apparently even after relatively short recreational use severe disruptive behavior can develop. This is a unique case in literature. References are provided.
December 23, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291497/a-descriptive-study-of-accidental-skeletal-injuries-and-non-accidental-skeletal-injuries-of-child-maltreatment
#13
Maha A H Ghanem, Tarek A Moustafa, Haidy M Megahed, Naglaa Salama, Sara A Ghitani
BACKGROUND: Lack of awareness and recognition of child maltreatment is the major reason behind underreporting. All victims often interact with the health care system for routine or emergency care. In several research works, non-accidental fractures are the second most common injury in maltreated children and it is represented up to one-third of cases. AIM OF THE STUDY: To determine the incidence of different types of accidental and non-accidental skeletal injuries among children, estimate the severity of injuries according to the modified injury severity score and to determine the degree of fractures either closed or opened (Gustiloe-Anderson open fracture classification)...
December 23, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287275/-appearances-are-deceptive-external-foam-as-an-indicator-of-post-mortem-period
#14
LETTER
Tanuj Kanchan, Ashish Saraf, Navneet Ateriya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 23, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324321/injuries-sustained-in-falling-fatalities-in-relation-to-different-distances-of-falls
#15
Hasan Abder-Rahman, Mohanad S O Jaber, Shrouq S Al-Sabaileh
BACKGROUND: Falling from a distance is an important issue worldwide, which happens in different ages, genders and circumstances. It is usually not considered a medicolegal case in many countries hence no autopsy is performed. This study focused on analyzing injuries sustained in victims of falling in relation to different distances of fall. METHODS: Retrospective study of 352 autopsy reports of falling victims brought to the forensic pathology department at Jordan University Hospital during the period from January 1990 to March 2016...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277020/sex-estimation-from-the-patella-in-an-african-american-population
#16
Tanya R Peckmann, Brooke Fisher
The skull and pelvis have been used for the estimation of sex for unknown human remains. However, in forensic cases where skeletal remains often exhibit postmortem damage and taphonomic changes the patella may be used for the estimation of sex as it is a preservationally favoured bone. The goal of the present research was to derive discriminant function equations from the patella for estimation of sex from an historic African American population. Six parameters were measured on 200 individuals (100 males and 100 females), ranging in age from 20 to 80 years old, from the Robert J...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306796/drivers-perceived-legitimacy-of-enforcement-practices-for-sleep-related-crashes-what-are-the-associated-factors
#17
Christopher N Watling
The purpose of traffic law enforcement is to deter risky driving behaviours. The aim of this study was to examine the individual factors of demographic, personality constructs, and attitudes for their association with perceived legitimacy of traffic law enforcement of sleep-related crashes. In total, 293 drivers completed a survey that assessed perceived legitimacy of enforcement and attitudes towards sleepy driving, as well as individual factors of demographic, personality and risk taking factors. The results demonstrate that younger drivers, drivers with higher levels of extraversion, and those with tolerant attitudes towards sleepy driving were less likely to agree that it is legitimate to charge someone if they crash due to sleepiness...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289802/epidemiological-profile-of-snake-bite-cases-from-haryana-a-five-year-2011-2015-retrospective-study
#18
Saurabh Bhargava, Ramanjeet Kaur, Rajvinder Singh
Varieties of venomous snakes inhabit in the world which accidentally take thousands of human lives every year. This severe medical emergency constantly persuades national and international health agencies to look at efficient epidemiological profiling of snake-bite cases for the proper management of this sympathetic problem. Establishing the accurate database of snake-bite in humans from different localities of India may perhaps lack certainty due to few inevitable reasons such as consideration of this problem as less emergent problem in disparity to pesticide poisoning, difficulty in the accessibility to rural and tribal areas where chances of snake-bite remain ceiling, lack of inspiring models of snake-bite management training, reduced reporting system, and pitiable maintenance of hospital data in India...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207328/age-estimation-approaches-using-cranial-suture-closure-a-validation-study-on-a-thai-population
#19
Sittiporn Ruengdit, Sukon Prasitwattanaseree, Karnda Mekjaidee, Apichat Sinthubua, Pasuk Mahakkanukrauh
Cranial suture closure, one of the most commonly used age estimation methods, for decades, however, is often viewed with caution and its reliability is still debated. Few methods of estimating age using the skeleton, especially cranial suture, have been tested on Thais. This study aims to test the traditional aging techniques using cranial suture closure on Thai individuals in order to identify the error rate of each method when applied to a Thai sample. Meindl and Lovejoy (1985), Acsádi and Nemeskéri (1970), and Mann (1991) methods were applied to 175 Thai dry crania...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220732/carbon-monoxide-poisoning-in-iran-during-1999-2016-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Seyed Mohammad Hosseininejad, Hamed Aminiahidashti, Iraj Goli Khatir, Seyed Khosro Ghasempouri, Ali Jabbari, Mahmoud Khandashpour
BACKGROUND: Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning is a common cause of emergency department (ED) visits worldwide with high levels of morbidity and mortality. No inclusive nationally statistics of CO poisoning in Iran is available. The present review aimed to describe and review the pattern of CO poisoning in Iran. METHODS: The search of Medline, SCOPUS, Cochrane library, Google Scholar, Magiran, IranDoc and SID (Scientific Information Database) yielded only 10 studies discussing the epidemiology of CO poisoning in Iran...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
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