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Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine

Francesco Paolo Busardò, Simona Pichini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 10, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Damian Jacob Sendler
INTRODUCTION: Erotic asphyxiation is a sexual phenomenon in which one partner reduces the other person's brain oxygen level through strangulation. This study analyzes deaths caused by sexually-motivated strangulation to cases of homicidal choking - summarizing criminal penalties for defendants, depending on the presence of drugs, or alcohol intoxication. METHODS: The mode of analysis involves three sources of data. First, a retrospective chart review of our clinics' two recent cases...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Léonard Fumeaux, Maria Pia Scarpelli, Camilla Tettamanti, Cristian Palmiere
Liver function tests have been investigated in the forensic setting in several biological fluids collected at autopsy. Nevertheless, the results of these investigations have provided diverging information on postmortem stability of liver function markers and postmortem reliability of liver function assessment. The first aim of this study was to determine gamma-glutamyltransferase, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, total bilirubin, total proteins, and albumin in antemortem and postmortem serum samples in a series of cases that underwent forensic investigations and had both samples available...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Amanda Charles, Wendy Cross, Debra Griffiths
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Yusuf Atan, Murat Akbaba, Seval Kul, Zekeriya Tataroğlu, Ebru Temiz, Gülper Nacarkahya, Ahmet Arslan
Suicide is an important public health problem. The aim of the present study is to determine the incidence of serotonin receptor gene polymorphisms (rs6313and rs6314) in patients with a history of suicide attempt by blood sampling and to evaluate whether a causal relation exists between gene polymorphisms and suicide. After obtaining the necessary approvals for the study, we included 178 patients with attempted suicide history admitted to the emergency room between December 14, 2016 and July 31, 2016; 174 control subjects were also included...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
F Zack, V Blaas, A Büttner
A case of an unusual head injury by a forklift vehicle is presented.
March 7, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Concetta Federico, Debora Lombardo, Noemi La Porta, Anna Maria Pappalardo, Venera Ferrito, Francesco Lombardo, Salvatore Saccone
The arrival of arthropods at a corpse exhibits specific temporal patterns, and Diptera play a key role in the initial stages of the decomposition process. Thus, the correct species assignment of the insect larvae found on a decomposing body is an important step in forensic investigations. Here, we describe a molecular procedure to define the species at larval age found on a corpse more quickly and easily than current systems. Our method involves a unique PCR amplification of a DNA segment within the evolutionarily conserved wingless gene, involved in embryo development...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Jonatan Hedlund, Jonas Forsman, Joakim Sturup, Thomas Masterman
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Alcohol is associated with violent behavior, although little is known regarding to what extent alcohol increases homicide risk. We aimed to estimate risks of homicide offending and victimization conferred by the presence of ethanol in blood by using toxicological data from homicide victims and offenders and from controls who had died in vehicle-related accidents. METHODS: From nationwide governmental registries and databases, forensic-toxicological results were retrieved for victims (n = 200) and offenders (n = 105) of homicides committed during the years 2007-2009 and individuals killed in vehicle-related accidents (n = 1629) during the years 2006-2014...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
D M G Fernando, S M K Gamage, S Ranmohottige, I Weerakkody, H Abeyruwan, H Parakrama
Mothers of alleged infanticides might claim that umbilical cord broke during precipitate delivery causing injuries detected on baby at autopsy. There is paucity of evidence regarding this possibility. The objective of the study was to determine relationship between tensile strength and diameter or weight per unit length of cord. Diameters and weights per unit length of fresh umbilical cords were determined. Tensile strengths were measured by Hounsfield Testing Machine. Relationship between tensile strength versus cord diameter and weight per unit length were analyzed...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
M N Arslan, Ç Kertmen, I Esen Melez, D O Melez
Traumatic asphyxia is a rare clinical syndrome usually caused by sudden and severe thoracic and/or thoracoabdominal compression. It presents with craniofacial cyanosis, petechiae, and subconjunctival haemorrhages. The present study employed a postmortem retrospective methodology to analyse autopsy findings and accompanying injuries in cases of death due to traumatic asphyxia. Four years of case files from a morgue department at a forensic medicine institute were searched and 53 cases of lethal traumatic asphyxia were found...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Luisa M Díaz-Aranda, Daniel Martín-Vega, Aída Gómez-Gómez, Blanca Cifrián, Arturo Baz
The variation in decomposition and insect succession among the four seasons of one year was studied for the first time in a periurban area of central Spain. During the winter trial, the carcasses showed corification, a cadaveric preservation phenomenon which apparently leaded to a significant delay in decomposition processes. The composition of the insect fauna breeding on carcasses changed significantly between trials. Active decay was mainly driven by Calliphoridae (Diptera) larvae in every season except in winter trial, when larvae of Thanatophilus species (Coleoptera: Silphidae) were the main consumers of soft tissues...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Yin-Hui Leong, Adilah Mohamed Ariff, Halilol Rahman Mohamed Khan, Noor Afiza Abdul Rani, Mohamed Isa Abdul Majid
This study analyses the incidences and patterns of paraquat poisoning from calls received at the Malaysia National Poison Centre (NPC) since 2004 following the ban of the herbicide (2004-2006) and subsequent restriction up to year 2015. Related reported cases to the centre over twelve years (2004-2015) were retrieved and studied in respect to socio-demographic characteristics, mode and type of poisonings, exposure routes and location of incident. Ages of poisoned victims range from 10 months old to 98 years with males being intoxicated more frequently than females (ratio male to female = 2...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Antonios Paraschakis, Ioannis Michopoulos, Vasiliki Efstathiou, Christos Christodoulou, Ilias Boyokas, Athanassios Douzenis
We investigated all cases of completed suicide in the city area of Piraeus -the largest port in Greece- for the years 2006 up to 2015. We searched, among others, parameters regarding the victims' psychiatric medication intake and drug and alcohol use that -to the best of our knowledge- had never been investigated before by a study on suicides in Greece within the crisis' years. We documented variations before (2006-2010) and during (2011-2015) crisis. Information was provided by the victims' forensic records at the Piraeus Department of Forensic Medicine...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Sunil M Doshi, Kalpesh Zanzrukiya, Lavlesh Kumar
Paraphilic disorders range from nearly normal behaviour to a behaviour which may be considered as destructive or menacing to the society at large. In accordance with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-V, the terms Paraphilia and Paraphilic disorders, denote different interpretations. Multiple paraphilias connected to childhood either directly or indirectly has been documented in scientific literature. Paraphilic Infantilism, Diaperism and Pedophilia constitute major portion among them. Paraphilic infantilism denotes paraphilic desire of being a baby...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Gil Graziani, Sigal Tal, Adi Adelman, Chen Kugel, Tali Bdolah-Abram, Alon Krispin
INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND: Post-mortem CT (PMCT) is becoming an essential tool available to forensic pathologists worldwide, but its validity with respect to evidence for legal purposes still requires more comprehensive large-scale studies, comparing PMCT to autopsy. This article compares PMCT and autopsy findings of the head, neck, and spine during a period of five years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 203 cases for which both autopsy and PMCT were performed...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Paolo Rocco, Sonia Selletti, Paola Minghetti
Unlike generics, biosimilars are similar, but not equivalent, to the reference biological medicinal product. Therefore, if a patient experiences an adverse event, or a loss of efficacy, when transitioned to a biosimilar, the distribution of medical liability will be different from the case of both the originator and generics. Moreover, the case of naïve patients is different from that of non-naïve patients. In the case of naïve patients, physicians make their choice from a range of medicinal products that pose the same risk, since it is not possible to know with any certainty the patients' response to each therapeutic option until they have taken the drug...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Ke Wang, Zhiping Cai, Peidong Zhu, Pengshuai Cui, Haoyang Zhu, Yangyang Li
The near-repeat effect is a well-known phenomenon in crime analysis. The classic research methods focus on two aspects. One is the geographical factor, which indicates the influence of a certain crime risk on other similar crime incidents in nearby places. The other is the social network, which demonstrates the contacts of the offenders and explain "near" as degrees instead of geographic distances. In our work, these coarse-grained patterns discovering methods are summarized as bundled-clues techniques...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Miranda A H Horvath, Kristina Massey
INTRODUCTION: The coping strategies, resilience and psychological distress of members of the Faculty of Forensic and Legal Medicine (FFLM) were measured in an attempt to establish how they are affected by, and accommodate potentially traumatic encounters with patients. Belief in a just world was also measured as it was deemed to be a mediating factor in the psychological distress exhibited in the medical practitioners who participated in this study. METHODS: 120 members of the FFLM (65 females, 54 males and 1 undisclosed) volunteered to complete an online survey...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Tanuj Kanchan, Alok Atreya
Hanging is one of the most lethal methods of suicide, where survival is an obvious rarity. Those who survive the initial act of hanging mostly suffer from hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, and show some form of neurological damage. Intracranial haemorrhages are rarely associated with hanging. We report the first case of Duret haemorrhages in a 58 years old victim who survived for 8 days after the attempted hanging. Duret haemorrhage is mostly associated with fatal outcome. It is thus implied that cerebral edema should be brought under control at the earliest to prevent transtentorial herniation and subsequent Duret haemorrhages...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Awatif Shamata, Tim Thompson
Non-contact three-dimensional (3D) surface scanning methods have been applied to forensic medicine to record injuries and to mitigate ordinary photography shortcoming. However, there are no literature concerning practical guidance for 3D surface scanning of live victims. This paper aimed to investigate key 3D scanning issues of the live body to develop a series of scanning principles for future use on injured victims. The Pico Scan 3D surface scanner was used on live test subjects. The work focused on analysing the following concerns: (1) an appropriate 3D scanning technique to scan different body areas, (2) the ideal number of scans, (3) scanning approaches to access various areas of the body and (4) elimination of environmental background noise in the acquired data...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
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