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Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine

Nadia A Kotb, Samah F Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy-associated deaths are a widely recognized phenomenon, that warrants in-depth investigation. Of the 319 suspicious deaths of adult women (>20 years) autopsied during 2011-2012, in the Cairo and Giza governorates, 37 (11.7%) women were pregnant at the time of the autopsy. This paper analyzes the corresponding demographic data, autopsy findings, and toxicological screening. THE RESULTS: Reveal that the number of deaths of pregnant women were higher in 2012 than in 2011...
September 7, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Magda Mokhtar, Sonya M S Azab, Shaimaa Hassan, Hanan Said Ez-Elarab
Medico-legal case (MLC) represents an integral part of medical practice in the emergency departments and causalities. Therefore, the physicians should have the sufficient knowledge of their roles and responsibilities while handling these cases to aid legal justice. This study on the physicians working in governmental hospitals in Cairo aimed to assess physicians' knowledge, practice and attitude regarding handling of MLCs. The study included 452 physicians working in 7 governmental hospitals in Cairo. There were non-significant differences in physicians' knowledge, practice and attitude scores according to their age groups, gender, job titles or duration of work experience...
September 5, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Emma Raynor, Praveen Konala, Anthony Freemont
OBJECTIVE: Skeletal survey is a commonly used means of detecting fractures in infants, and is used as a screen in suspected cases of physical abuse. It is recognised that in live infants, a repeat survey some days after a suspected episode of injury will detect more fractures than one taken shortly after the suspected injury, indicating that the latter lacks sensitivity. In infants who die soon after a suspected episode of physical abuse, the managing clinicians do not have the option of a second survey; however there is the opportunity for the microscopic examination of bones removed at autopsy...
September 5, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Ana Miguel Fonseca Pego, Sarah Carobini Werner de Souza Eller Franco de Oliveira, Tiago Franco de Oliveira, Vilma Leyton, Ivan Miziara, Mauricio Yonamine
Violence is a dreadful phenomenon spread throughout the world, resulting in unfortunate events that can ultimately cause death. It is known that some countries play a much worrying role in this scenario than others. Brazil is one of them. The present work has focused on identifying the use of cocaine in 105 postmortem cases arriving at the Institute of Legal Medicine of Sao Paulo (IML-SP), the largest Brazilian city. Both blood and hair samples have been analyzed through ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled to electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-ESI-MS/MS) in order to distinguish between recent or chronic cocaine use...
August 28, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Rachael Farrington, Ian Musgrave, Christine Nash, Roger W Byard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 21, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Robin James Jamieson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Anthea B M Paul, Lary Simms, Abraham Ebenezer Paul, Jojo Yorke, Tarnjot Saroya, Christopher Schmidseder, Andrew A Mahesan, Arnold M Mahesan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Raheleh Heidari, Tenzin Wangmo, Serena Galli, David M Shaw, Bernice S Elger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Damian Jacob Sendler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Noboru Ishikawa, Marin Takaso, Yoshihisa Akasaka, Hitoshi Yamamoto, Hiroshi Ikegaya
Intramuscular bleeding of the tongue (ImBT) is occasionally found during post mortem examination. Despite its frequent reports, its cause has not yet been clarified. In this study, forensic autopsy data of 799 cadavers were examined and the relationship between ImBT and cause of death was investigated. A total of 74 cases showed ImBT (16 of 66 cases of fire fatality, 17 of 108 cases of drowning, 23 of 74 cases of asphyxiation, and 18 of 551 cases of other causes of death). The frequency of bleeding was significantly greater in cases with causes of death including fire fatality, drowning, and asphyxiation compared to those with other causes of death (p < 0...
October 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Priyanka Kapoor, Vanshika Jain
With an alarming increase in number of juveniles in conflict with the law, in India as well as worldwide, more emphasis lies on radiographic dental age estimation (DAE) methods for different ethnic populations having specific formulas based on large sample databases. Of these, Chaillet and Demirjian modification of original Demirjian method was devised to increase the applicability to 18-year-old individuals. However, this method is cumbersome with multiple tables and difficulty in comprehension, thus deterring its use on a wider scale...
October 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Claudio Terranova, Margherita Zen, Nicola Maguolo, Tommaso Cirillo, Massimo Montisci
From the epidemiological and criminological points of view, murders committed by minors, including both victims and perpetrators, differ from those observed in adults. Analysis of trends and characteristics of murders at national level could provide useful information to assess the phenomenon and address political and social choices aiming at preventing violence involving children and adolescents. This study focuses on the trends of murders in Italy during the period 2007-2015 and compares the data with those for other age groups...
October 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Alan M Langford, Jennifer R Bolton
Although the past few years have seen a significant increase in the use of synthetic cannabinoids, very few fatalities have been reported whereby synthetic cannabinoids have contributed or were solely responsible for the death of an individual. We report a rapid death of an individual following ingestion of 5 F-PB-22 and 5 F-AKB-48. Case information and autopsy findings are presented. Post-mortem blood samples were obtained and 5 F-PB-22 and 5 F-AKB-48 were detected along with 311 mg/100 ml alcohol...
October 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
L Trefan, C Harris, S Evans, D Nuttall, S Maguire, A M Kemp
BACKGROUND: It is standard practice to image concerning bruises in children. We aim to compare the clarity and measurements of bruises using cross polarized, infra-red (IR) and ultra-violet (UV) images to conventional images. METHODS: Children aged <11 years with incidental bruising were recruited. Demographics, skin and bruise details were recorded. Bruises were imaged by standard protocols in conventional, cross-polarized, IR and UV lights. Bruises were assessed in vivo for contrast, uniformity and diffuseness, and these characteristics were then compared across image modalities...
October 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Alan Gunn
This article discusses the ability of adults of the coleopteran beetle Dermestes maculatus (De Geer) to colonise fresh remains. It also considers whether colonisation results in localised thermogenesis in a similar manner to that induced by blowfly larvae. In the laboratory, adult D. maculatus instantly colonised fresh killed rats and mice. The adults entered the oral cavity within 1-2 h and the eyes and ears were among the first parts of the body consumed. Egg laying occurred on the torso and head within an hour of death and eggs hatched within 3-4 days...
October 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Jakob Heimer, Dominic Gascho, Barbara Fliss, Rosa Maria Martinez, Niklaus Zoelch
We report a fetal loss following maternal ketoacidosis in a case of cryptic pregnancy. Biochemical analysis of peripheral blood revealed highly elevated levels of beta-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) in the mother (9.2 mmol/l) and the fetus (4.2 mmol/l). Fetal ketoacidosis with hypoxic-ischemic brain damage was determined to be the cause of death. 1 H-MRS of the right cerebral hemisphere presented with distinctive resonances of BHB and acetone. Acetoacetate and glucose were not detected. Due to reported chronic abuse of ethanol and a period of fasting, alcoholic ketoacidosis was concluded to be the cause of the metabolic disorder...
October 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Rosagemma Ciliberti, Francesca Monza, Francesco De Stefano, Marta Licata
More than a century after the death of Cesare Lombroso, who still today is considered the founder of Criminal Anthropology, the debate on the atavisms theory seems far from over. The theories of Lombroso that, in the middle of the nineteenth century, have affected the course of investigations and criminal trials have once again been used to achieve success in the courtroom with the recent decision issued by the Italian Court on 16th May 2017. At the center of the judicial dispute is the legitimacy of detention of the skull of Giuseppe Villella exhibited at the "Cesare Lombroso" Museum of Criminal Anthropology in Turin...
October 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Ming-Yuan Ye, Di Xu, Jin-Cen Liu, Hao-Pin Lyu, Ye Xue, Jie-Tao He, Hong-Yan Huang, Kai-Kai Zhang, Xiao-Li Xie, Qi Wang
The detection of vitality of wounds is very important in forensic practice. This study is performed using quantitative real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) in both mouse and human skin wounds for the application of IL-6 and IL-20 in order to differentiate intravital wounds from postmortem wounds. RT-qPCR analysis of contused mouse skin showed that increased IL-6 and IL-20 mRNA levels were found in comparison to intact skin tissues. The increased mRNA expressions of IL-6 and IL-20 were observed until 72 h after death in contused mouse skin, whereas there were no marked changes in these two cytokines in the postmortem contusion group...
October 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Mark Pilla, Corinna van den Heuvel, Ian Musgrave, Roger W Byard
A retrospective study was undertaken at Forensic Science South Australia of all homicides in individuals aged <18 years from January 1970 to December 2014. 166 cases were identified (M:F = 1.5:1). The number of cases steadily declined, with the highest numbers and death rate occurring between 1970 and 1974 (N = 26; 0.37/100,000 population), and the lowest between 2010 and 2014 (N = 8; 0.1/100,000) (p < 0.01). Deaths were due to blunt force trauma (37%), gunshot wounds (19%), asphyxiation (18%), sharp force trauma (8%), poisoning (8%), burns (3%) and neglect (1%), or were undetermined (6%)...
October 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
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