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Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777982/documentation-and-analysis-of-traumatic-injuries-in-clinical-forensic-medicine-involving-structured-light-three-dimensional-surface-scanning-versus-photography
#1
Awatif Shamata, Tim Thompson
Non-contact three-dimensional (3D) surface scanning has been applied in forensic medicine and has been shown to mitigate shortcoming of traditional documentation methods. The aim of this paper is to assess the efficiency of structured light 3D surface scanning in recording traumatic injuries of live cases in clinical forensic medicine. The work was conducted in Medico-Legal Centre in Benghazi, Libya. A structured light 3D surface scanner and ordinary digital camera with close-up lens were used to record the injuries and to have 3D and two-dimensional (2D) documents of the same traumas...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778924/cerbera-odollam-toxicity-a-review
#2
REVIEW
Ritesh G Menezes, Muhammad Shariq Usman, Syed Ather Hussain, Mohammed Madadin, Tariq Jamal Siddiqi, Huda Fatima, Pradhum Ram, Syed Bilal Pasha, S Senthilkumaran, Tooba Qadir Fatima, Sushil Allen Luis
Cerbera odollam is a plant species of the Apocynaceae family. It is often dubbed the 'suicide tree' due to its strong cardiotoxic effects, which make it a suitable means to attempt suicide. The plant grows in wet areas in South India, Madagascar, and Southeast Asia; and its common names include Pong-Pong and Othalanga. The poison rich part of the plant is the kernel which is present at the core of its fruit. The bioactive toxin in the plant is cerberin, which is a cardiac glycoside of the cardenolide class...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777981/bare-footprint-metric-analysis-methods-for-comparison-and-identification-in-forensic-examinations-a-review-of-literature
#3
REVIEW
Richa Mukhra, Kewal Krishan, Tanuj Kanchan
Footprint is one of the most common types of physical evidence recovered at a crime scene. The forensic footprint evidence may play an important role in establishing the identity of a person; therefore, its examination is of prime importance. A link may be established by observing and comparing the morphological features of footprints with the perpetrator. These barefoot prints may be present as a two-dimensional print or a three-dimensional imprint depending on the substrate upon which they have been impressed upon and accordingly different methods and techniques are implemented in order to identify the questioned prints...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775918/determining-gender-by-taking-measurements-from-magnetic-resonance-images-of-the-patella
#4
Hacer Yasar Teke, Özge Ünlütürk, Elif Günaydin, Semra Duran, Sait Özsoy
BACKGROUND: A key step in making a positive identification in forensic medicine is the establishment of a biological profile, which involves determining factors such as gender, age, ancestry, and stature. The goal of this study was to determine if gender could be established by taking various measurements of the patella taken from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images and analyzing the variations by gender. METHODS: The sample group consisted of 220 patients (110 male and 110 female) whose patella were measured using MRI images of their left knee...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775917/difficulties-in-interpretation-when-assessing-prolonged-and-subacute-exposure-to-the-toxic-effects-of-chlorine
#5
Marek Wiergowski, Ireneusz Sołtyszewski, Jacek Sein Anand, Michał Kaliszan, Jolanta Anita Wilmanowska, Zbigniew Jankowski, Marcin Łukasik
The purpose of this study was a toxicological interpretation of exposure to chlorine with unusual course. Medical, clinical and court records, as well as reviews of the literature, served as the basis for this interpretation. The first case of poisoning concerns a 52-year-old man who for a short time (probably several hours), during the industrial cleaning of facilities with sodium hypochlorite, was exposed to chlorine in a presumed high concentration. The man was obese and suffered from hypertension and moderate atherosclerosis, and therefore could be more susceptible to the toxic effects of chlorine...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772452/epidemiological-aspects-of-drowning-and-non-fatal-drowning-in-the-waters-of-amsterdam
#6
G Reijnen, M van de Westeringh, M C Buster, P J E Vos, U L J Reijnders
We examined who, when, and where people non-fatally drowned of drowned in Amsterdam between January 2011 and December 2015 so that in the future more targeted and effective measures can be taken to prevent drowning. Data on non fatal drownings (N = 515, fire department database) were combined with the forensic medicine data on drowning fatalities (N=88). Who drowns in Amsterdam? The majority of those who drowned were men (82%). A high percentage of the people who drowned were under the influence of alcohol or drugs (up to 55%)...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772451/a-15-years-survey-for-dental-malpractice-claims-in-rome-italy
#7
R Manca, V Bruti, S Napoletano, E Marinelli
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, dental malpractice claims seems to have increased dramatically worldwide without a clear explanation. The aim of our work is to shed more light on this phenomenon to better understand its magnitude and trend, and to point out possible critical factors that, if changed, can mitigate it. MATERIAL AND METHOD: 458 cases of dental malpractice sentenced by the civil court of Rome, Italy, from 2001 to 2015, were collected. Useful information was extracted, reported in a grid and statistically analyzed...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763752/commentary-disclosure-in-the-criminal-justice-system
#8
Carole McCartney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 7, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753971/development-and-validation-of-an-hplc-ms-ms-method-for-the-detection-of-ketamine-in-calliphora-vomitoria-l-diptera-calliphoridae
#9
Paola A Magni, Marco Pazzi, Jessica Droghi, Marco Vincenti, Ian R Dadour
Entomotoxicology is a branch of forensic entomology that studies the detection of drugs or other toxic substances from insects developing on the decomposing tissues of a human corpse or animal carcass. Entomotoxicology also investigates the effects of these substances on insect development, survival and morphology to provide an estimation of the minimum time since death. Ketamine is a medication mainly used for starting and maintaining anesthesia. In recent years ketamine has also been used as a recreational drug, and occasionally as a sedating drug to facilitate sexual assault...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751222/development-of-forensic-medicine-in-post-reform-indonesia
#10
Yoni Fuadah Syukriani, Nita Novita, Deni K Sunjaya
Forensic medicine practice in Indonesia was introduced through the Dutch colonial criminal justice system in the early twentieth century. After more than 70 years of national independence, the development of forensic medicine still faces fundamental challenges, including confusion in the distribution of responsibility with law enforcement agencies, difficulties in managing conflicts of interest, and impediments in scientific practice and professional development. Despite of the golden opportunity from the Indonesian Reform movement in the late 1990s, the impact on forensic medicine development has been less than expected...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747081/characterization-and-microbial-analysis-of-first-recorded-observation-of-conicera-similis-haliday-diptera-phoridae-in-forensic-decomposition-study-in-romania
#11
Lavinia Iancu, Emily N Junkins, Cristina Purcarea
The identification of necrophagous insect diversity and dynamics has forensic significance for postmortem interval estimation specific to burial. Few studies regarding the necrophagous entomofauna from buried remains have been performed to date. In contrast to the exposed carcasses, the accessibility of soil to insects is limited due to burial depth and is dependent on soil type. This study highlights the colonization behavior of Conicera similis (Haliday 1833) (Diptera: Phoridae) during carcass decomposition, a previously unobserved taxon in Romania...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730481/age-threshold-for-proper-definition-of-premature-coronary-artery-disease-in-males
#12
REVIEW
Hasan A Abderrahman, Imad M Al-Abdallat, Ahmed K Idhair
BACKGROUND: There is no universally accepted definition for the cut point age before which atherosclerosis is considered "premature." This is a retrospective study aimed to utilize the medico legal autopsy information for finding a proper definition of the age threshold of premature atherosclerosis in males. OBJECTIVES: This work aimed to utilize autopsy reports data that were issued at Jordan University Hospital to evaluate age-related differences in the distribution of coronary atherosclerotic and myocardial lesions and the determination of the age threshold at which such differences became apparent in male deaths...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704724/both-sided-native-valve-infective-endocarditis-in-a-drug-addict-with-incidental-pneumoconiosis
#13
Shashank Tyagi, Swati Patki, Pradeep Vaideeswar, Vikas Meshram
Involvement of both right and left heart chambers with infective endocarditis is extremely rare. In this case report, we aimed to present a rare case of Infective endocarditis (IE) in an intravenous & inhalational drug misuse involving both cardiac chambers with incidental pneumoconiosis.
April 23, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704725/external-foam-and-the-post-mortem-period-only-the-positive-finding-counts
#14
LETTER
Guido Reijnen, Marcel Buster, Petra Vos, Udo Reijnders
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679838/medico-legal-investigation-in-an-explicable-case-of-congenital-central-hypoventilation-syndrome-due-to-a-rare-variant-of-the-phox2b-gene
#15
Francesco Ventura, Rosario Barranco, Tiziana Bachetti, Paolo Nozza, Ezio Fulcheri, Antonella Palmieri, Isabella Ceccherini
The heterozygous PHOX2B gene mutation is related to congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS). It is characterized by defective autonomous nervous system development leading to inadequate breathing response to hypoxia and hypercapnia, leading to hypoventilation especially during non-REM sleep, but also during waking in the more severe cases. Herein we report a case of sudden death in a 28-day-old child. The mother reported the infant was found lying on her own bed in the prone position. The infant was wearing a romper and lying in her crib without any blanket or other objects...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684845/medico-legal-aspects-of-disabilities-due-to-orthopedic-injuries-and-compensations-in-egypt
#16
Sherien Salah Ghaleb, Dalia Abd Elwahab Hassan, Alla Mohamed Shehab, Soad Abd El-Ghafar Mohamed Hassan
Disability is a complex problem that results in detrimental effects on the victim. The number of disabled has increased considerably. The development constitutes a good reason for paying more specific attention to society's growing number of disabled. The physician's duties are not only to describe the anatomic and physiological defects present in the injured individual, but also to answer questions regarding the patient ability to perform specific economic or social function. This study aimed to clear up some of the problems or difficulties that may face the medico-legal physician or any personal that may be concerned with the process of evaluation...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680493/teens-drugs-vegas-toxicological-surveillance-of-illicit-prescription-and-illegal-drug-abuse-in-adolescents-12-17-years-using-post-mortem-data-in-clark-county-nevada-from-2005-to-2015
#17
Anthea B Mahesan Paul, Lary Simms, Andrew A Mahesan, Eric Charles Belanger
Illegal drug abuse, particularly prescription drug abuse is a growing problem in the United States. Research on adolescent drug abuse is based on national self-reported data. Using local coroner data, quantitative prevalence of illegal substance toxicology and trends can be assessed to aid directed outreach and community-based prevention initiatives. Retrospective analysis was conducted on all cases aged 12-17 years referred to the Office of the Medical Examiner, Clark County from 2005 to 2015 (n = 526)...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679840/estimation-of-stature-from-sternum-exploring-the-quadratic-models
#18
Ashish Saraf, Tanuj Kanchan, Kewal Krishan, Navneet Ateriya, Puneet Setia
Identification of the dead is significant in examination of unknown, decomposed and mutilated human remains. Establishing the biological profile is the central issue in such a scenario, and stature estimation remains one of the important criteria in this regard. The present study was undertaken to estimate stature from different parts of the sternum. A sample of 100 sterna was obtained from individuals during the medicolegal autopsies. Length of the deceased and various measurements of the sternum were measured...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684846/changing-trends-in-suicides-using-helium-or-nitrogen-a-15-year-study
#19
Roger W Byard
A study was undertaken of autopsy cases of suicide where either helium or nitrogen gas had been used (taken from Forensic Science SA files, 2003-2017). 33 deaths involved helium (age range 19-94yrs, average 47yrs; M:F-2.7:1), compared to 23 cases of nitrogen inhalation (age range 29-93yrs, average 66yrs; M:F-2.3:1). The combined numbers of deaths due to both helium and nitrogen inhalation showed a steady increase (5: 2003-2007; 31: 2013-2017); however, while helium deaths plateaued (14: 2008-2012, 15: 2013-2017) nitrogen-related deaths increased 16-fold...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679839/xenon-detection-in-human-blood-analytical-validation-by-accuracy-profile-and-identification-of-critical-storage-parameters
#20
Cécile Frampas, Julia Ney, Mark Coburn, Marc Augsburger, Vincent Varlet
Xenon is a rare, mostly inert, noble gas that has applications in a wide range of fields, including medicine. Xenon acts on the human body as a useful organ-protective and anesthetic agent and has also been previously studied for potential applications in fields such as optics, aerospace and medical imaging. Recently, it was discovered that xenon can boost erythropoietin production, and it has been used as a performance-enhancing agent in international sports competitions such as the Sochi Olympic Games. Therefore, screening methods to detect the misuse of xenon by analysis of biological samples and to monitor anesthesia kinetics and efficiency are being investigated...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
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