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Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475950/calling-for-advice-aspects-of-telephonic-consultation-in-post-mortem-examinations
#1
L J H Smits, T Dorn, K Bakker, U J L Reijnders
INTRODUCTION: Research on telephonic consultation in forensic medicine is scarce. This study aimed to create insight in different aspects of telephonic consultation in post-mortem examinations. Besides, the accuracy of advice given by forensic physicians and associations between accuracy and characteristics of forensic physicians were evaluated. METHODS: A descriptive, retrospective study was conducted. Data were obtained from the electronic information system used by the department of forensic medicine in Amsterdam...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431271/investigation-of-pathology-malpractice-claims-in-china-from-2002-2015
#2
Yuan Li, Dong Gao, Meng Tu, Ying-Zhen Luo, Zhen-Hua Deng
OBJECTIVE: To examine pathology-related medical claims in China and identify the most common errors to result in such claims. METHOD: A retrospective analysis was performed of 71 forensic evaluation reports carried out in two Chinese institutes of forensic medicine between 2002 and 2015 due to suspicion of medical malpractice. The judicial outcomes of each case were also reviewed when available. RESULTS: Of 71 cases, 54 cases had judicial outcomes...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437717/traumatic-axonal-injury-a-clinical-pathological-correlation
#3
N Davceva, A Sivevski, Neli Basheska
Traumatic axonal injury (TAI) is a distinct clinicopathological entity that can cause serious impairment of the brain function and can sometimes be found as a concrete cause of death. It has been discussed from the perspective of its biomechanical importance, and also from the standpoint of certain criteria for the pathological diagnosis of TAI. However, since the time when DAI (diffuse axonal injury) was initially described, there have been few, if any, discussions about the clinical-pathological correlation in TAI...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454050/forensic-genetic-analyses-in-isolated-populations-with-examples-of-central-european-valachs-and-roma
#4
REVIEW
Edvard Ehler, Daniel Vanek
Isolated populations present a constant threat to the correctness of forensic genetic casework. In this review article we present several examples of how analyzing samples from isolated populations can bias the results of the forensic statistics and analyses. We select our examples from isolated populations from central and southeastern Europe, namely the Valachs and the European Roma. We also provide the reader with general strategies and principles to improve the laboratory practice (best practice) and reporting of samples from supposedly isolated populations...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419893/carbon-monoxide-related-fatalities-a-60-year-single-institution-experience
#5
Martin Janík, Michaela Ublová, Štepánka Kučerová, Petr Hejna
OBJECTIVE: Though carbon monoxide (CO) poisonings account currently for a relatively small percentage of total non-natural deaths in Europe, they represent a serious public health burden and significant component of avoidable mortality in many countries. Our aim was to investigate long-term trends and to determine epidemiologic characteristics of the CO-related deaths in the Czech Republic, recorded at the Department of Forensic Medicine in Hradec Králové. METHODS: This was an autopsy-based single-centre retrospective cohort study of all fatalities caused by CO poisoning over six decades (1947-2006)...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399461/measurement-of-open-apices-in-tooth-roots-in-colombian-children-as-a-tool-for-human-identification-in-asylum-and-criminal-proceedings
#6
REVIEW
Marcela Rivera, Stefano De Luca, Lina Aguilar, Luz Andrea Velandia Palacio, Ivan Galić, Roberto Cameriere
Dental age estimation was recognized as an imperative issue in clinical and medico-legal practice. However, very few studies on dental age estimation in children have been published in Colombia. This study evaluated the accuracy of Cameriere's method of measurement of open apices on tooth roots in a sample of 526 digital panoramic radiographs (OPTs) of children (274 boys and 252 girls), aged between 6 and 14 years, from Bogotá, Valle del Cauca, Buga and Villavicencio, in Southwest Colombia. Only first seven permanent lower teeth, except third molar, from the left side of mandible were studied...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463760/how-not-to-bite-the-bullet-a-novel-technique-for-intra-operative-handling-of-bullets
#7
Sarvnaz Sepehripour, Vikki Coulthard, George Filobbos
Ballistic trauma caused by bullets can be fatal or cause serious injury. Despite the abundance in literature in management of bullet injuries, there is paucity in describing how the operating surgeon should handle the bullet intra operatively. Bullets are important pieces of evidence and evidence preservation becomes the responsibility of the surgeon. We suggest a novel technique in handling bullets intraoperatively which, to the best of our knowledge, has not been published before. We also suggest general recommendations in handling bullets intraoperatively...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614757/the-diagnostic-value-of-anthropometric-indices-of-maxillary-sinuses-for-sex-determination-using-ct-scan-images-in-iranian-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Mitra Akhlaghi, Khadijeh Bakhtavar, Artin Kamali, Jaleh Maarefdoost, Ardeshir Sheikhazadi, Farinaz Mousavi, Seyed Hossein Saberi Anary, Elham Sheikhazadi
BACKGROUND: The identification of human remains is an essential part of forensic science. Studying paranasal sinuses is very useful in identification of mutilated or burnt bodies from accidents such as plane crashes. We aimed to assess the diagnostic value of anthropometric indices of maxillary sinuses for sex determination using CT-scan images in Iranian adults. METHODS: CT-scan slices of 228 maxillary sinuses (from 144 men and 144 women) were studied. The maximum height, maximum anterior-posterior diameter, maximum width, and maximum distance between the sinuses were measured in both sexes...
July 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601787/getting-out-of-self-harm-s-way-a-study-of-factors-associated-with-self-harm-among-asylum-seekers-in-australian-immigration-detention
#9
Kyli Hedrick
The monitoring of self-harm among asylum seekers in Australian immigration detention has not occurred routinely or transparently. Thus whilst concerns regarding rates of self-harm among asylum seekers have been frequently raised, a paucity of systematic information regarding key factors associated with self-harm among asylum seekers exists. The present study was designed therefore to fill a number of gaps in government monitoring by examining the government's own archived self-harm data. Via a descriptive analysis of self-harm incident reports from all operational Australian immigration detention facilities over a 20-month period to May 2011, obtained under Freedom of Information, the present study identified that 959 incidents of self-harm occurred during this period...
July 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601041/results-of-domestic-migration-on-juvenile-delinquency-in-adana-turkey
#10
Sunay Firat, Yigit Iltas, Mete K Gulmen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine the effect of migration on children in the juvenile justice system. The study takes into account whether these children arrived in the city via migration or not, the types of crimes against property and persons committed by the children brought before the Juvenile Courts, and the types, frequency, and durations of punishments and precautionary decisions they received. In addition, the study examines the children's ability to realize the meaning and consequences of their crimes and to lead their future behaviors effectively...
July 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599232/the-relationship-between-subjective-experience-of-childhood-abuse-and-neglect-and-depressive-symptoms-during-pregnancy
#11
Sinem Yildiz Inanici, Mehmet Akif Inanici, A Tevfik Yoldemir
INTRODUCTION: Childhood abuse and neglect have devastating effects in adulthood such as depression. During pregnancy, depression's effects in women have great importance due to its serious consequences for both children and families. It is aimed to find out a relationship between childhood abuse/neglect and depression among pregnant women. METHOD: One-hundred-forty-four married and healthy volunteer pregnant women were recruited between February-May 2015 during their regular hospital visit...
July 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586732/the-virtual-approach-to-the-assessment-of-skeletal-injuries-in-human-skeletal-remains-of-forensic-importance
#12
Petra Urbanová, Ann H Ross, Mikoláš Jurda, Ivana Šplíchalová
While assessing skeletal injuries in human skeletal remains, forensic anthropologists are frequently presented with fractured, fragmented, or otherwise modified skeletal remains. The examination of evidence and the mechanisms of skeletal injuries often require that separate osseous elements be permanently or temporarily reassembled or reconstructed. If not dealt with properly, such reconstructions may impede accurate interpretation of the evidence. Nowadays, routine forensic examinations increasingly incorporate digital imaging technologies...
July 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558311/prevalence-of-the-number-of-cusps-and-occlusal-groove-patterns-of-the-mandibular-molars-in-a-saudi-arabian-population
#13
Nayef H Felemban, Bhari S Manjunatha
A dental trait in humans can be a valuable diagnostic tool in anthropological studies for classifying and characterizing different ethnic groups. Many studies have attempted to relate the prevalence of dental morphologies with different factors. Several variations, such as variations in the size, number of cusps, and groove pattern, have been observed in the mandibular molars of diverse populations. The morphological features of the occlusal surfaces of the mandibular molars have been described by Gregory and Hellman...
July 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551503/a-profile-of-child-branding-cases-in-kashmir-valley
#14
Arsalaan F Rashid, Kaiser Ahmed, Farida Noor
The article deals with child branding cases that were researched over a period of two years. Child branding practice is a common occurrence in the rural areas of the Kashmir valley where it is often practiced by faith healers [quacks] having no knowledge of underlying disease processes or the possible differentials of the same; leaving treatment protocols a distant possibility for the same. These illiterate so called healers possibly relieve the initial stigmata of the disease process that is pain by many procedures including burning the affected population with hot coals; embers; and various other pain inducing processes...
July 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527363/postmortem-microbial-communities-in-burial-soil-layers-of-skeletonized-humans
#15
Torri B Thomas, Sheree J Finley, Jeremy E Wilkinson, Daniel J Wescott, Azriel Gorski, Gulnaz T Javan
Microorganisms are major ecological participants in the successional decomposition of vertebrates. The relative abundance, or the scarcity, of certain microbial taxa in gravesoil has the potential to determine the ecological status of skeletons. However, there are substantial knowledge gaps that warrant consideration in the context of the surrounding terrestrial ecosystem. In the current study, we hypothesized that i.) soil microbial diversity is disparate in the latter stage of decomposition (skeletonization) compared to the earlier stages (fresh, bloat, active and advanced decay), and ii...
July 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501717/assisting-asylum-seekers-in-a-time-of-global-forced-displacement-five%C3%A2-clinical-cases
#16
Katherine C McKenzie, Arielle Thomas
According to the United Nations High Commissioner on Refugees, over 65 million people were displaced from their homes due to conflict and persecution in 2015. Many physicians express an interest in human rights and a desire to assist this group of refugees and asylum seekers. Physicians are able to use their unique skills by performing medical forensic evaluations of individuals seeking asylum. Some asylum seekers have psychological or physical scars or functional abnormalities relating to injuries or ill-treatment they experience due to persecution...
July 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500879/role-of-forensic-medicine-in-evaluating-non-fatal-physical-violence-against-women-by-their-husbands-in-jordan
#17
Hasan Abedr-Rahman, Hafsah Omar Salameh, Rakiz J Salameh, Laith I Alabdallat, Imad M Al-Abdallat
OBJECTIVE: Intimate partner violence against women is a major health problem in most nations, but to date, there has been little awareness of the extent or seriousness of this issue in Jordan. Forensic medical practitioners play a significant role in diagnosing, evaluating and reporting these cases. The Jordanian judicial system is dependent on forensic reports. This study aims to assess the role of forensic medicine in evaluating the physical injuries sustained by women who are abused by their husbands...
July 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494249/evaluation-of-problematic-psychoactive-substances-use-in-people-placed-in-police-custody
#18
Marie Gérardin, Gabriel Guigand, Laura Wainstein, Pascale Jolliet, Caroline Victorri-Vigneau, Renaud Clément
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: In France, the law states that any person held in custody could be examined by a doctor. The main objective of the medical examination is to give medical evidence of health compatibility with custody. This review identifies health risks such as addictive behaviour. We wanted to know which psychoactive substances are used in this particular population, and how problematic these uses are. DESIGN AND METHODS: A prospective, monocentric, open-ended study conducted via a structured questionnaire was carried out on detainees who reported having taken drugs or illegal substances...
July 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486143/association-between-frontal-sinus-morphology-and-craniofacial-parameters-a-forensic-view
#19
Suleyman Kutalmış Buyuk, Ahmet Karaman, Yasin Yasa
The aim of this study was to evaluate the morphologic structure of the frontal sinuses with postero-anterior cephalometric radiographs in Turkish adolescents and to compare the findings between genders. The study sample consisted of 148 subjects divided into two groups (74 male subjects; mean age: 14.55 ± 1.42 years-74 female subjects; mean age: 14.95 ± 1.80 years). The right and left maximum height and width of the frontal sinus, maxillary width, nasal width, cranial width, antegonial width parameters were measured in 148 postero-anterior cephalometric radiographs...
July 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486142/the-age-related-expression-decline-of-ercc1-and-xpf-for-forensic-age-estimation-a-preliminary-study
#20
Xiao-Dong Deng, Qin Gao, Wei Zhang, Bo Zhang, Ying Ma, Li-Xia Zhang, Cheer Muer, Ying Xie, Yun Liu
The age-related capacity decline of DNA damage repair in human peripheral blood has been demonstrated. Excision repair cross-complementation group1 (ERCC1) and Xeroderma pigmentosum complementation group F (XPF) were rate-limiting enzyme in nucleotide excision repair (NER) which was known as the most important DNA damage repair system. Consequently, we hypothesized that the expression and/or activity of ERCC1 and XPF may be associated with age. However, little was known about the quantitative relationship of ERCC1 and XPF expression levels with age...
July 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
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