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Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772155/external-foam-and-the-post-mortem-period-in-freshwater-drowning-results-from-a-retrospective-study-in-amsterdam-the-netherlands
#1
G Reijnen, M C Buster, P J E Vos, U J L Reijnders
INTRODUCTION: Determining the time of death of bodies recovered from water can be difficult. A feature of drowning is the presence of external foam. This study describes the presence of external foam in relation to the post-mortem period. METHOD: The study utilizes a database of death reports dated between January 2011 and July 2016. For bodies recovered from fresh water, the presence or absence of external foam was noted. RESULTS: In this study, 112 death reports are included...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797659/a-preliminary-evaluation-study-of-new-generation-multiplex-str-kits-comprising-of-the-codis-core-loci-and-the-european-standard-set-loci
#2
Jolena Ying Ying Tan, Yuen Peng Tan, Shilen Ng, Annabel Suan Tay, Yong Han Phua, Wei Jie Tan, Terenze Yao Rui Ong, Li Min Chua, Christopher Kiu Choong Syn
The GlobalFiler™ (Life Technologies), Investigator(®) 24plex QS (Qiagen), and PowerPlex(®) Fusion 6C (Promega) kits are the latest generation 6-dye fluorescent chemistry STR-PCR amplification kits. These kits allow for the simultaneous amplification of the CODIS core loci and the European Standard Set loci, as well as a few Y-STR loci in addition to the standard sex-determining marker Amelogenin. The present study was designed to be a preliminary evaluation of the three STR-PCR kits in terms of sensitivity, profile recovery from degraded DNA samples, tolerance to PCR inhibitors, and detection of minor components in DNA mixtures...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772157/femur-fracture-biomechanics-and-morphology-associated-with-torsional-and-bending-loading-conditions-in-an-in%C3%A2-vitro-immature-porcine-model
#3
Gina Bertocci, Angela Thompson, Mary Clyde Pierce
PURPOSE: The objectives of this study were to describe fracture morphology resulting from common loading mechanisms such as bending and torsion in immature bone and to identify differences in the energy required to produce various fracture types under these two loading mechanisms using an immature porcine animal model. METHODS: Twenty-six in vitro immature porcine femora were mechanically tested in 3-point-bending and torsion. Femur specimens were tested with and without soft tissue and at both quasi-static and dynamic loading rates...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772109/differentiation-of-cannabis-subspecies-by-thca-synthase-gene-analysis-using-rflp
#4
Natasa Cirovic, Miljana Kecmanovic, Dusan Keckarevic, Milica Keckarevic Markovic
Cannabis sativa subspecies, known as industrial hemp (C. sativa sativa) and marijuana (C. sativa indica) show no evident morphological distinctions, but they contain different levels of psychoactive Δ-9-tetrahidrocanabinol (THC), with considerably higher concentration in marijuana than in hemp. C. sativa subspecies differ in sequence of tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA) synthase gene, responsible for THC production, and only one active copy of the gene, distinctive for marijuana, is capable of producing THC in concentration more then 0,3% in dried plants, usually punishable by the law...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763711/what-do-clinicians-understand-about-deaths-reportable-to-the-coroner
#5
Amanda Charles, Wendy Cross, Debra Griffiths
SETTING: The study setting is a tertiary referral hospital of over 980 beds, in Victoria, Australia. The hospital is a long established major academic public health service providing healthcare, health professional education and health research. The hospital has 103,756 in-patient admissions, 190,756 outpatient attendances and over 82,000 presentations to the Emergency Department annually. PARTICIPANTS: 22 clinicians completed an in-depth, audio-recorded interview: 12 medical and 10 nursing staff, with a variety of clinical experience...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763710/osteoarchaeological-evidence-of-an-unknown-medieval-battle-in-northern-italy-a-case-of-forensic-anthropology
#6
LETTER
Marta Licata, Chiara Rossetti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 25, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763709/similar-mechanisms-of-traumatic-rectal-injuries-in-patients-who-had-anal-sex-with-animals-to-those-who-were-butt-fisted-by-human-sexual-partner
#7
Damian Jacob Sendler
Sexual pleasure comes in various forms of physical play, for many it involves stimulation of the vagina, while the anus for others; some enjoy both. A recent report by Cappelletti et al.(1) shows a meta-analysis of cases describing anal trauma due to sexual fisting in human partners. This clinical article reports four cases of males diagnosed with zoophilia, and who received anal sex from animals, resulting in injuries. Surgical and psychiatric evaluations are summarized. Unusual etiology of sexual activity with animals caused peri-anal trauma in men who engaged in anal sex with dogs and farm animals...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759777/color-stability-of-dental-restorative-materials-submitted-to-cold-temperatures-for-forensic-purposes
#8
Roberto Cesar Biancalana, Sergio Augusto Freitas Vincenti, Ricardo Henrique Alves da Silva, Fernanda Carvalho Panzeri Pires-de-Souza
In the post-mortem examination of the dental arches of accident victims in cold locations, dental restorative materials can be found. Cold temperatures can be capable of causing color changes of aesthetic materials, such as composite resin (CR) and glass ionomer cement (GIC). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the cold action on the color stability of CR and GIC restorations, in order to discriminate them and enable the adequate comparison between antemortem and post-mortem data. Sixty bovine teeth (30 CR and 30 GIC) were prepared (6 × 6 × 2 mm) and separated into groups (n = 10)...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759776/fatal-poisoning-by-butane-sniffing-a-forensic-analysis-and-immunohistochemical-detection-of-myocardial-hypoxic-damage
#9
Francesco Ventura, Rosario Barranco, Maria Celeste Landolfa, Massimo Gallo, Andrea Gianelli Castiglione, Giulio Fraternali Orcioni, Francesco De Stefano
Although less widespread than twenty years ago, inhalant abuse remains an on-going problem, whose incidence among U.S. teenagers and young adults ranges from 10 to 15%. Death due to the inhalation of vapor from halogenated hydrocarbons is a well-known phenomenon, yet few cases of fatal butane-gas poisoning have been described. Many cases of volatile substance abuse in prison populations have been reported: drug-addicted inmates often resort to this alternative practice when unable to get their habitual drugs of abuse...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759775/forensic-mental-health-evaluations-of-military-personnel-with-traumatic-life-event-in-a-university-hospital-in-ankara-turkey
#10
Huseyin Balandiz, Abdullah Bolu
INTRODUCTION: The definition of psychological trauma has been rephrased with the DSM-5. From now on, witnessing someone else's traumatic event is also accepted as a traumatic life event. Therefore, the psychiatric examination of forensic cases gains importance for not overlooking a psychiatric trauma. This research aims to discuss the psychiatric examinations of military personnel who had a traumatic life event and to reveal psychiatric states of soldiers after trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The forensic reports prepared at Gulhane Military Medical Academy (GMMA), Forensic Medicine polyclinic between January 1, 2011 and November 30, 2014 were examined, and among them the cases sent to GMMA Psychiatry polyclinic for psychiatric examination were analyzed retrospectively...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756370/microbial-communities-in-burial-soil-layers
#11
LETTER
Beuy Joob, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 25, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755562/stabilisation-of-dental-structures-of-severely-incinerated-victims-at-disaster-scenes-to-facilitate-human-identification
#12
John Berketa, Denice Higgins
Fatalities due to fire events such as bushfires, domestic and industrial fires and vehicle accident related incineration, leave victims with limited prospects of being accurately identified. Due to their morphology and anatomical position teeth are uniquely protected in incineration cases and via comparison to dental records often provide the only scientifically valid means of identification. However, extreme heat and direct exposure to flame can render the teeth extremely fragile and vulnerable to damage and loss especially during collection and transportation to the mortuary...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734198/length-of-stay-for-25-791-california-patients-found-incompetent-to-stand-trial
#13
Matthew Renner, Carol Newark, Bradley J Bartos, Richard McCleary, Nicholas Scurich
Referrals and admissions to state psychiatric hospitals of criminal defendants found Incompetent to Stand Trial (IST) are on the rise in the state of California and other parts of the country. Studies of treatment outcomes of this population have primarily focused on factors that determine competency and/or restorability. However, as IST patients place an increasing resource burden on state psychiatric hospital systems, other outcomes such as length of stay (LOS) are becoming increasingly important for practitioners and policy makers to understand...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750353/old-and-dangerous-prison-and-dementia
#14
REVIEW
Gabriele Cipriani, Sabrina Danti, Cecilia Carlesi, Mario Di Fiorino
Older prisoners are the fastest growing group of prisoners in many countries. The purpose of this study is to explore the phenomenon of detention of persons suffering from dementia. Medline searches were conducted for relevant articles, chapters and books published until August 2016. Search terms included dementia, elderly, prison and criminal. Publications found through this indexed search were reviewed for further relevant references. As results, there is a lack of data about elderly with dementia in prisons...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738212/the-pattern-of-self-harm-in-fars-province-in-south-iran-a-population-based-study
#15
Saeid Gholamzadeh, Mozhghan Zahmatkeshan, Mohammad Zarenezhad, Elaheh Ghaffari, Sanaz Hoseni
Non-suicidal self-harm includes cutting, scratching, burning and minor overdosing. There have been few studies that have examined the rate and pattern of self-harm among different individuals of the society. We performed a population-based study to determine different aspects of non-suicidal self-harm in cases referred to legal medicine organization of Fars Province and south Iran. In a population-based longitudinal survey, we applied data from cases referred to legal medicine organization of Fars province...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734199/endosulfan-poisoning-an-overview
#16
REVIEW
Ritesh G Menezes, Tooba Fatima Qadir, Ariba Moin, Huda Fatima, Syed Ather Hussain, Mohammed Madadin, Syed Bilal Pasha, Fatima A Al Rubaish, S Senthilkumaran
Endosulfan, an organochlorine (OC) insecticide, is a widely used agricultural pesticide, despite its life threatening toxic effects. In this review, the pharmacokinetics of endosulfan, mechanism of endosulfan toxicity, clinical presentations and management, histopathological findings, and toxicological analysis are described, in addition to its environmental toxicity. The toxic effects of endosulfan can affect many organs and systems presenting in a wide array of signs and symptoms. Although termed a restricted OC-classed pesticide, it continues to be used, especially in the developing world, owing to its beneficial effects on agriculture...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709048/intentional-burn-injury-assessment-of-allegations-of-self-infliction
#17
Juliet Cohen, Jo Pettitt, Emily Wilbourn
This study investigates the question of whether there is evidence that suggests the possibility of self-infliction, or self-infliction by proxy, of burn injury among a group of asylum claimants in the UK who have attributed such injuries to torture, and how such evidence might be assessed. The question arose from the observations of doctors at the UK-based charity Freedom from Torture that increasing numbers of individuals from Sri Lanka who described a history of torture had suffered severe and disfiguring burn injuries from heated metal objects, and the suggestion from asylum decision-makers that in some cases such injuries could have been acquired deliberately by self-infliction or self-infliction by proxy rather than by torture as claimed...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709047/persistence-of-immersed-blood-and-hair-dna-a-preliminary-study-based-on-casework
#18
Christophe Frippiat, Agathe Gastaldi, Séverine Van Grunderbeeck
In some cases, evidence is collected from rivers, canals, lakes or sink pipes. To determine the utility of analyzing these samples and for cases in which DNA was recovered from submerged bulletproof vest parts, we evaluated the time necessary to degrade the blood and, subsequently, DNA on bulletproof vests. In a second experiment, also based on cases, blood was diluted in water from a kitchen sink pipe and incubated at room temperature for different times. Subsequently, DNA quality was assessed. In a parallel experiment, hair roots were incubated in spring water for different time periods...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708981/a-comparison-of-the-validity-of-the-demirjian-willems-nolla-and-h%C3%A3-%C3%A3-vikko-methods-in-determination-of-chronological-age-of-5-15-year-old-indian-children
#19
Sapna Hegde, Akash Patodia, Uma Dixit
BACKGROUND: Demirjian's method has been the most popular and extensively tested radiographic method of age estimation. More recently, Willems' method has been reported to be a better predictor of age. Nolla's and Häävikko's methods have been used to a lesser extent. Very few studies have compared all four methods in non-Indian and Indian populations. Most Indian research is limited by inadequate sample sizes, age structures and grouping and different approaches to statistical analysis...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704796/prison-mental-health-in-reach-teams-serious-mental-illness-and-the-care-programme-approach-in-england
#20
Charlie Brooker, Russell Webster
The delivery of prison mental health services in England is examined over the last 12 years. Resources for services have grown significantly during this period and improved organisational models for the delivery of services are now in place. During this period however the challenges of working in the prison environment have increased. The paper argues that a history of sexual abuse or violence are common amongst prisoners and the Care Programme Approach (CPA) provides the vehicle to assess these histories through the use of routine enquiry...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
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