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Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161616/the-deceleration-of-a-spherical-projectile-passing-through-porcine-organs-at-laboratory-temperature-16%C3%A2-%C3%A2-c-and-core-body-temperature-37%C3%A2-%C3%A2-c
#1
Caitlin Humphrey, Maciej Henneberg, Christian Wachsberger, Jaliya Kumaratilake
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 18, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149651/anthropometric-measurements-in-iranian-men
#2
Jaber Gharehdaghi, Maryam Baazm, Masoud Ghadipasha, Sadra Solhi, Farhoud Toutounchian
There is inevitable need for data regarding anthropometric measurements of each community's population. These anthropometric data have various applications, including health assessment, industrial designing, plastic & orthopedic surgery, nutritional studies, anatomical studies and forensic medicine investigations. Anthropometric parameters vary from race to race throughout the world, hence providing an anthropometric profile model of residents of different geographic regions seems to be necessary. To our knowledge, there is no report of bone parameters of the Iranian population...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125998/suicides-by-hanging-and-its-association-with-meteorological-conditions-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo
#3
Talita Zerbini, Victor Alexandre Percínio Gianvecchio, Damaris Regina, Tamy Tsujimoto, Victor Ritter, Julio M Singer
The main goal of this study was to evaluate the association between daily cases of hanging suicides and meteorological conditions in São Paulo, Brazil. We considered a retrospective observational study based on the analysis of all necroscopic medical-expert reports available in digital form from the central unit of the Instituto Médico Legal (Medical Legal Institute) of São Paulo between July 1, 2006 and June 31, 2007. The meteorological variables were combined via Principal Components Analysis. In order to explain their association with the frequency of suicides, Poisson regression models were employed...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125997/non-suicidal-self-injury-emotional-eating-and-insomnia-after-child-sexual-abuse-are-those-symptoms-related-to-emotion-regulation
#4
Esra Demirci
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article was to assess the effects of child sexual abuse (CSA) on emotion regulation (ER) in adolescents and to evaluate the relationships between non suicidal self-injury (NSSI), emotional eating, insomnia and emotion disregulation (ED). METHOD: Fifty two adolescents, aged 10-18 years, without who weren't diagnosed a psychiatric disease before abuse and completed 6-months of follow-up after abuse included the study. Control group consisted of 33 healthy voluntary participants without any known psychiatric disorders...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127890/the-role-of-ethyl-glucuronide-in-supporting-medico-legal-investigations-analysis-of-this-biomarker-in-different-postmortem-specimens-from-21-selected-autopsy-cases
#5
Anna Laura Santunione, Patrizia Verri, Filippo Marchesi, Cecilia Rustichelli, Federica Palazzoli, Daniele Vandelli, Manuela Licata, Enrico Silingardi
Ethanol determination in postmortem blood is one of the most frequently requested analyses in legal medicine and forensic toxicology. Ethyl glucuronide is a non-oxidative ethanol metabolite. It is also a useful marker of ante-mortem alcohol ingestion when ethanol itself has been completely eliminated from the body and could be considered in autopsy cases to obtain more reliable indications. The aim of the present study was to investigate the ethyl glucuronide distribution in postmortem specimens from autopsy cases found to be positive for ethanol...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149652/estimation-of-stature-from-hand-and-handprint-measurements-in-iban-population-in-sarawak-malaysia-and-its-applications-in-forensic-investigation
#6
Nuranis-Raihan Zulkifly, Roswanira Abd Wahab, Elizabeth Layang, Dzulkiflee Ismail, Wan Nur Syuhaila Mat Desa, Salina Hisham, Naji A Mahat
Handprints and dismembered hands are commonly found during crime scene investigations and disaster victim identifications, respectively. It has been indicated that the accuracy of handprint and hand measurements for estimating stature maybe population specific. Since Iban is the largest ethnic population in Sarawak, Malaysia and because the application of anthropometry of hand and handprint within this population as well as other populations within the Southeast Asian countries remain unreported, this present study that investigated the reliability and accuracy of these two anthropometric aspects acquires forensic significance...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101814/injuries-associated-with-bunk-beds-that-occur-in-jail
#7
Randall T Loder, Jocelyn Cole Young
BACKGROUND: There are many studies of bunk bed injuries, but none specifically addressing those occurring in jails. It was the purpose of this study to investigate the magnitude and patterns of bunk bed injuries occurring in correctional institutions. METHODS: The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) data for the 10 year period 2006 through 2015 due to bunk beds was accessed. Injuries involving bunk beds were identified and the mechanism of injury determined...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125952/getting-to-the-core-of-medicine-developing-undergraduate-forensic-medicine-and-pathology-teaching
#8
Richard Martin Jones
Teaching and learning of forensic medicine and pathology in the undergraduate medical curriculum has been in decline for decades in the UK, and yet graduates are expected to be able to recognise, and protect, those who are most vulnerable in society - i.e. at risk of abuse or neglect - a matter highly relevant to the role of the forensic medical practitioner. When Cardiff University School of Medicine created a new 'learner-centred' undergraduate curriculum, championing case-based discussion in small groups, and earlier clinical contact, residual teaching on 'the pathology of trauma' disappeared...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035840/characteristics-of-mexican-children-and-adolescents-who-died-by-suicide-a-study-of-psychological-autopsies
#9
Thelma Beatriz González-Castro, Carlos Alfonso Tovilla-Zárate, Yazmín Hernández-Díaz, Isela E Juárez-Rojop, Alejandra Giovanna León-Garibay, Crystell Guadalupe Guzmán-Priego, Lilia López-Narváez, Ana Frésan
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, suicide in children and adolescents has increased considerably, becoming the second cause of death in this age group. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify characteristics and factors that could precipitate deaths by suicide in children and adolescents. METHODS: Using the psychological autopsy method, we studied 28 suicide cases of children and adolescents between 10 and 17 years old. Socio-demographic factors, characteristics of the suicide and family history were documented...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091905/the-effect-of-range-and-ammunition-type-on-fracture-patterns-in-porcine-postcranial-flat-bones
#10
Kleio Fragkouli, Eyad Al Hakeem, Ozgur Bulut, Tal Simmons
Pig half-carcasses were shot in scapulae, ribs and mandibles with either 0.243 hunting rifle using high velocity expanding ammunition (N = 30) or AK47 using full metal jacketed (FMJ) ammunition (N = 12) from a range of either 5 or 20 m. Fracture patterns related to distance of fire and ammunition type were compared on de-fleshed, macerated, and reconstructed bones. For expanding ammunition, location of fracture on ribs affected the resulting pattern. Scapulae shot from 5 m presented a comminuted pattern different from those shot from 20 m...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040938/age-estimation-using-olze-s-method-in-an-adult-brazilian-population
#11
Geovane Praxedes Lavez, Andrea Sayuri Silveira Dias Terada, Thais Uenoyama Dezem, Rodrigo Galo, Ricardo Henrique Alves da Silva
OBJECTIVES: Age estimation is important to set an anthropological profile in human remains, as well as in legal issues where the suspect or victim doesn't have documents that prove the real age. The age estimation, in adults, is a challenge, and it can be analyzed through some dental stages. This study aimed to test Olze's method in a Brazilian sample composed by adults, aged between 20 and 70 years old, both sex. METHODS: For experiments, 306 orthopantomography from Brazilian individuals between 20 and 70 years were selected...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031233/forensic-and-clinical-significance-of-serum-amylase-lipase-and-gamma-glutamyl-transferase-as-predictors-of-outcome-in-head-injured-patients
#12
Mona Mohamed Abo El-Noor, Naema Mahmoud ElHosary, Hytham Ibrahim Elatrozy, Hussein Mohamed Abou Elgheit, Ahmed Mohamed Elbelkasy, Ahmed Gamal Fath, Ghada Hamed El-Shafy
Head trauma is one of the leading causes of death and disability worldwide. Combined head lesions consist of more than one form of lesions. Biochemical markers of brain injury are used in determining the extent of brain injury and predicting its outcomes. The aim of this study was to investigate the forensic and clinical significance of serum amylase, lipase and gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT) as predictors of the outcome in head injured patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty head injured patients were enrolled and subjected to personal history taking, general and local physical examination...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028567/accessibility-of-prison-healthcare-for-elderly-inmates-a-qualitative-assessment
#13
Raheleh Heidari, Tenzin Wangmo, Serena Galli, David M Shaw, Bernice S Elger
Aging in custody and the rising population of elderly prisoners are creating compelling challenges for criminal justice, prison and public healthcare systems. Geriatric syndrome and higher prevalence of co-morbidities amongst older inmates result in heightened vulnerability in prison environments. Empirical research addressing older adults' access to medical care in detention is scarce; therefore, this study assessed access to medical care in prison from the perspective of older prisoners in Switzerland. We interviewed a sample of 35 older inmates (average age 61 years) on their experience of healthcare accessibility in prison; data were qualitatively analysed and major themes regarding evaluation of their access to medical services were extracted...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963945/rupture-portions-in-the-vertebral-artery-in-traumatic-basal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#14
LETTER
Seongho Kim, Young Jin Jun, Jong In Na, Minjung Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 23, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963944/new-records-of-forensic-entomofauna-in-legally-buried-and-exhumed-human-infants-remains-in-buenos-aires-argentina
#15
Roxana Mariani, Rocío García-Mancuso, Graciela L Varela, Ivana Kierbel
The study of carrion fauna associated with buried human corpses from a forensic perspective could provide useful information in criminal investigations. Insects and other arthropods remains sampled of 44 legally exhumed infant skeletons from La Plata (Buenos Aires, Argentina). They were identified at different taxonomic levels depending on the state of preservation. The specific diversity, abundance and frequency were analyzed and each taxon was assigned to the hypothetical colonization sequence: burial colonization, post-exhumation contamination at cemetery deposit or soil fauna...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950233/prosopography-prosoporecognography-and-the-prosoporecognographical-chart
#16
E F Santos-Filho, H B B Pereira
Recognizing and identifying an individual based on his or her face is a technical and scientific challenge and the objective of our investigation. This article's goal is to establish a method, a foundation and an instrument for carrying out the process of recognizing and identifying an individual. Both the construction of the term and the deepening, conceptualization and epistemology of the process of describing and representing the face through a particular method of recognizing and identifying individuals are described in this article...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946081/intra-and-inter-rater-agreement-of-the-genital-injury-severity-scale
#17
Dana L Kelly, Hillary J Larkin, Lauri A Paolinetti
INTRODUCTION: The Genital Injury Severity Scale (GISS) is a clinimetrically-tested tool in use for quantifying and qualifying external genital injury after sexual intercourse. PURPOSE: To evaluate inter- and intra-rater agreement of the GISS amongst examiner/raters in an urban, ethnically diverse, emergency department based sexual assault center. METHODS: The study was conducted in three phases. Six examiners with various years of experience rated their own cases and each others' cases greater than one year after the initial exam...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963943/effects-of-microbial-dna-on-human-dna-profiles-generated-using-the-powerplex-%C3%A2-16-hs-system
#18
Gina M Dembinski, Christine J Picard
Most crime scenes are not sterile and therefore may be contaminated with environmental DNA, especially if a decomposing body is found. Collecting biological evidence from this individual will yield DNA samples mixed with microbial DNA. This also becomes important if postmortem swabs are collected from sexually assaulted victims. Although genotyping kits undergo validation tests, including bacterial screens, they do not account for the diverse microbial load during decomposition. We investigated the effect of spiking human DNA samples with known concentrations of DNA from 17 microbe species associated with decomposition on DNA profiles produced using the Promega PowerPlex(®) HS system...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946082/genital-piercings-in-the-context-of-acute-sexual-assault
#19
Amy P Goldberg
After an acute sexual assault, children and adolescents often present for medical evaluation and treatment. Physicians have an important role in both the medical and legal components of these cases. Careful physical examination and questioning are important in determining the origin of the trauma. In the presented case report, genital trauma after an acute sexual assault was noted and attributed to the alleged offender's penis piercing. The genital trauma caused by the piercing provided physical evidence linking offender to victim and may have implications for the victim's risk of HIV infection and other blood borne pathogens...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961551/vulnerability-and-revictimization-victim-characteristics-in-a-dutch-assault-center
#20
E Zijlstra, G Esselink, M L Moors, S LoFoWong, G Hutschemaekers, A Lagro-Janssen
Sexual and family violence are highly prevalent problems with numerous negative health consequences. Assault centres, such as the Centre for Sexual and Family Violence (CSFV) in the Netherlands, have been set up to provide optimal care to victims. We wanted to gain insight into characteristics of the population that presented to the Centre in order to customize care to their needs. File analysis was conducted of victims who attended the CSFV between 2013 and 2016. Data were analyzed in SPSS. A total of 121 victims entered the Centre, 93% of them being female...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
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