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Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine

Sharda Shah Peshin, Y K Gupta
Extensive use of different chemicals in various fields and their easy availability has led to an increased incidence of accidental and intentional poisoning in developing countries including India. A diverse range of household products commonly used for domestic purposes comprise pesticides, household cleaners, thermometer mercury, antiseptics, kerosene, paint thinners etc. Any of these products, if misused or mishandled can cause poisoning. In India, the National Poisons Centre (NPIC) at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, provides information on management of poisoning to treating physicians...
July 10, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Marisa Nunes Ferreira David
Despite the theme stalking was only being given attention in the final decades of the 20th century, the truth is that this phenomenon has always existed. It consists in a series of persistent harassment behaviour of which one person is the victim of another, there may exist or have existed a relationship between them or they may be unknown to each other. This behaviour may be of the most varied nature and, frequently, if seen in an isolated form, may appear to be simple acts of courtship and demonstrations of affection, which are not taken very seriously by society...
July 10, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Nuwan Darshana Wickramasinghe, Pushpa Ranjan Wijesinghe
Even though policing is associated with very high levels of occupational stress and burnout, no studies have been conducted to explore burnout subtypes among police officers globally. Hence, this cross-sectional study was conducted among 750 police officers working in a police division in Sri Lanka to determine the distribution and associations of burnout subtypes using the Burnout Clinical Subtype Questionnaire. The police officers had high scores for frenetic and worn-out subtypes in comparison to the underchallenged subtype...
July 10, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Attila J Trájer
Mosquitoes can be of importance in forensic context as a source of the perpretator's DNA. The aim of this study was to find how can we optimize the selection of appropriate mosquito individuals. The study was based on the data of 177833 trapped female mosquitoes and 105236 individuals which were collected directly from human skin. The mean human-specific biting willingness value of Aedes species was the highest (mean: 0.8). Significant differences were found between the human-specific biting willingness value variances of Aedes and Culex (p=0...
July 7, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
S D'Errico, S Niballi, D Bonuccelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 7, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Pierre Boucher, Sébastien Robidoux, Sarah Chahine
In litigated cases, the suspected causes of cervical artery dissections (CADs) are a source of considerable debate among experts. In this study, we sought to examine the factors influencing court decisions and discover how Canadian tribunals analyzed and arbitrated conflicting expert opinions in CAD cases. Cases for this review were identified through searches of the Canadian CANLII database. First, the results of this study show that there is no standardized methodology to assist health care personnel in the processing and interpretation of data in individual cases of CAD...
June 28, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Luiz Eugenio Nigro Mazzilli, Rodolfo Francisco Haltenhoff Melani, Cesar Angelo Lascala, Luz Andrea Velandia Palacio, Roberto Cameriere
Age estimation plays an important role in clinical and forensic dentistry. Cameriere's 2007 open apices method for age estimation was applied in a sample of 612 digital panoramic orthopantomographs from Brazilian subadult individuals of known age and sex. The sample was composed of 290 males and 322 females individuals aged between four and 16 years of age from São Paulo metropolitan area who had undertaken radiographs for clinical purposes. Participant's ethnicity data was not available. An open code computer-aided drafting software (ImageJ) was used to measure the variables according to the author's published guidelines...
June 28, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Johannes B Laurens, Frances J J Sewell, Marleen M Kock
Sterile ante-mortem blood specimens were spiked with ethanol at the South African blood alcohol legal concentration limits of 0.20 g/L and 0.50 g/L and were stored in tubes containing sodium fluoride over a period of twenty-nine weeks under refrigeration (4 °C) and at room temperature (22 °C) to study the stability of the ethanol concentrations over time. Those stored under refrigeration were found to be stable, while a significant decrease in ethanol concentration at 99% confidence was observed in those stored at room temperature...
June 27, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
E L Gómez-Durán, C Martin-Fumadó, J Benet-Travé, J Arimany-Manso
Professional liability and patient safety are worldwide concerns and efforts to identify claimed physicians' characteristics cross borders. Interventions with "at risk populations" would help to better address the underlying problems that lead to many claims. We analyzed physicians' characteristics of every paid claim between 2005 and 2014 in Catalonia region (Spain). We identified 808 physicians involved in 725 paid claims. A total of 12.38% physicians had at least two paid claims over the study period...
June 27, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Renate R Zilkens, Debbie A Smith, S Aqif Mukhtar, James B Semmens, Maureen A Phillips, Maire C Kelly
OBJECTIVES: To i) describe the demographic and assault characteristics of males alleging recent sexual assault, ii) determine the severity and frequency of general body injury and the frequency of anal and genital injury, iii) identify vulnerability factors and assault characteristics associated with injury. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Sexual Assault Resource Centre (SARC), Western Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Total of 103 post-pubertal males attending SARC from Jan-2009 to Dec-2016...
June 27, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Scheila Mânica, Ferranti S L Wong, Graham Davis, Helen M Liversidge
Estimating chronological age accurately in young adults is difficult and additional methods are required to increase the accuracy. This study explored a new semi-automated method to assess shape change of third cervical vertebra (C3) with age in the living; comparing this as a method to determine whether individuals could be categorised into being less than 18 years of age (<18), or at least 18 years of age (≥18) with tooth formation of the second and third mandibular molars (M2 and M3). The sample was panoramic and lateral skull radiographs of 174 dental patients (78 males, 96 females aged 15-22 years)...
June 27, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Kristiane Barington, Kerstin Skovgaard, Nicole Lind Henriksen, Anne Sofie Boyum Johansen, Henrik Elvang Jensen
The assessment of the age of bruises inflicted on livestock is an important component of veterinary forensic pathology investigations. However, the sampling site within a bruise, the anatomical location and the mass and speed of the object inflicting the blunt trauma might influence the intensity of the inflammatory reaction. In the present study, the variation of the inflammatory reaction within and along experimental porcine bruises was evaluated in order to determine the optimal sampling site. Moreover, we evaluated if a combination of histological characteristics and gene expression signatures was able to differentiate bruises according to anatomical location, age of bruises and the speed and mass of the object used to cause the impact...
June 23, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Marin Takaso, Hajime Tsuboi, Noriko Komeda, Mami Morimoto, Hiroshi Ikegaya
To investigate the relationship between blood thyroglobulin (Tg) levels and neck compression, the Tg levels of right cardiac blood were measured using a chemiluminescence immunoassay in 256 autopsy cases. There were 11 cases in which neck compression was confirmed based on autopsy findings and other information, in which the mean Tg level was 3155 ng/mL (range: 179-16,500 ng/mL). In the remaining cases, the mean Tg level was 4160 ng/mL (range: 0.3-139,000 ng/mL). There was no significant difference between the mean Tg levels of the two groups...
June 22, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Silvia Perotti, Maria Cristina Russo
Work-related deaths represent an important social problem. We report all the occupational fatal injuries recorded by the Brescia Institute of Forensic Medicine from 1982 to 2015. A total of 426 post-mortem examinations due to accidental work injuries were retrospectively analysed according to temporal distribution (year, month and day of the workplace accident); workers' characteristics (sex, age, nationality); type of occupation; cause of death; anatomical region of fatal injuries and timing of death. The accidental occupational events occurred with a mean of 12...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Charlie Brooker, Sheila Paul, Coral Sirdifield
A national survey of Forensic Physicians (FPs) working in Sexual Assault Referral Centres was undertaken. The survey was advertised in the weekly bulletin sent out by the Faculty of Forensic and Legal Medicine. Response was relatively low (n = 45). It is estimated that this figures represents about 12% of the workforce. The aim of the survey was to investigate FPs experience of accessing mental health pathways out of a SARC for complainants of all ages. The results concurred with a previous survey of SARC clinical managers with mental health services proving unresponsive...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Awatif Shamata, Tim Thompson
Non-contact three-dimensional (3D) surface scanning has been applied in forensic medicine and has been shown to mitigate shortcoming of traditional documentation methods. The aim of this paper is to assess the efficiency of structured light 3D surface scanning in recording traumatic injuries of live cases in clinical forensic medicine. The work was conducted in Medico-Legal Centre in Benghazi, Libya. A structured light 3D surface scanner and ordinary digital camera with close-up lens were used to record the injuries and to have 3D and two-dimensional (2D) documents of the same traumas...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Ritesh G Menezes, Muhammad Shariq Usman, Syed Ather Hussain, Mohammed Madadin, Tariq Jamal Siddiqi, Huda Fatima, Pradhum Ram, Syed Bilal Pasha, S Senthilkumaran, Tooba Qadir Fatima, Sushil Allen Luis
Cerbera odollam is a plant species of the Apocynaceae family. It is often dubbed the 'suicide tree' due to its strong cardiotoxic effects, which make it a suitable means to attempt suicide. The plant grows in wet areas in South India, Madagascar, and Southeast Asia; and its common names include Pong-Pong and Othalanga. The poison rich part of the plant is the kernel which is present at the core of its fruit. The bioactive toxin in the plant is cerberin, which is a cardiac glycoside of the cardenolide class...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Richa Mukhra, Kewal Krishan, Tanuj Kanchan
Footprint is one of the most common types of physical evidence recovered at a crime scene. The forensic footprint evidence may play an important role in establishing the identity of a person; therefore, its examination is of prime importance. A link may be established by observing and comparing the morphological features of footprints with the perpetrator. These barefoot prints may be present as a two-dimensional print or a three-dimensional imprint depending on the substrate upon which they have been impressed upon and accordingly different methods and techniques are implemented in order to identify the questioned prints...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Hacer Yasar Teke, Özge Ünlütürk, Elif Günaydin, Semra Duran, Sait Özsoy
BACKGROUND: A key step in making a positive identification in forensic medicine is the establishment of a biological profile, which involves determining factors such as gender, age, ancestry, and stature. The goal of this study was to determine if gender could be established by taking various measurements of the patella taken from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images and analyzing the variations by gender. METHODS: The sample group consisted of 220 patients (110 male and 110 female) whose patella were measured using MRI images of their left knee...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Marek Wiergowski, Ireneusz Sołtyszewski, Jacek Sein Anand, Michał Kaliszan, Jolanta Anita Wilmanowska, Zbigniew Jankowski, Marcin Łukasik
The purpose of this study was a toxicological interpretation of exposure to chlorine with unusual course. Medical, clinical and court records, as well as reviews of the literature, served as the basis for this interpretation. The first case of poisoning concerns a 52-year-old man who for a short time (probably several hours), during the industrial cleaning of facilities with sodium hypochlorite, was exposed to chlorine in a presumed high concentration. The man was obese and suffered from hypertension and moderate atherosclerosis, and therefore could be more susceptible to the toxic effects of chlorine...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
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