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Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine

Y Nouma, W Ben Amar, M Zribi, S Bardaa, Z Hammami, S Maatoug
We report a case of a Tunisian footballer who was found dead abroad under suspicious circumstances. The cause of death was, originally, attributed to a lightning strike. The corpse was buried without/autopsy. Over thirty years later, the family requested the exhumation to verify the identity and the cause of death. The exhumation was performed in 2011. DNA profiling from teeth and femur bone samples confirmed the identity of the deceased. The dry bone study revealed defects in the skull and the pelvis evoking firearm injuries...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Karen E van den Hondel, Anne Linde Saaltink, Peter Paul M Bender
BACKGROUND: Forensic physicians are responsible for first-line medical care of detainees (individuals held in custody) in the police station. The Dutch police law contains a 'duty of care', which gives the police responsibility for the apparent mentally ill and/or confused people they encounter during their work. The police can ask a forensic physician to do a primary psychiatric assessment of any apparent mentally ill detainee. The forensic physician determines if the apparent mentally ill behavior of the detainee is due to a somatic illness, or has a psychiatric cause for which the detainee needs admission to a psychiatric hospital...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Manal H Abdel Aziz, Fatma M M Badr El Dine, Nourhan M M Saeed
INTRODUCTION: Identification of sex and ethnicity has always been a challenge in the fields of forensic medicine and criminal investigations. Fingerprinting and DNA comparisons are probably the most common techniques used in this context. However, since they cannot always be used, it is necessary to apply different and less known techniques such as lip prints. AIM OF THE WORK: Is to study the pattern of lip print in Egyptian and Malaysian populations and its relation to sex and populations difference...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Kenan Karbeyaz, Mehmet Toygar, Adnan Çelikel
INTRODUCTION: In this study student suicides are classified as a distinct group in Eskisehir-a city located in the western part of our country and famous as a student city. The study aims at describing demographic and suicide specification of cases and compare some important issues between males and females. METHOD: All the judicially deaths in Eskisehir in a 12 year period between 2004 and 2015 have been evaluated. 75 cases that were deemed as suicide cases as a result of criminal investigation have been included in the study...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Teresa Bonacci, Pierpaolo Storino, Stefano Scalercio, Pietro Brandmayr
Many environmental and intrinsic factors (e.g. limited access to the body) can disrupt insect activity, causing a delay in the colonization of a corpse. These elements could hinder an accurate estimation of the minimum Post-mortem Interval (minPMI), raising questions about the limits of forensic entomology. Blow fly are considered mainly diurnal and relatively inactive at night, at extreme temperatures and in dark conditions. Data on their ability to lay eggs in darkness and in laboratory conditions are scarce...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Tanya R Peckmann, Susan Meek, Natasha Dilkie, Andrew Rozendaal
The skull and pelvis have been used for the determination of sex for unknown human remains. However, in forensic cases where skeletal remains often exhibit postmortem damage and taphonomic changes the patella may be used for the determination of sex as it is a preservationally favoured bone. The goal of the present research was to derive discriminant function equations from the patella for estimation of sex from a contemporary Spanish population. Six parameters were measured on 106 individuals (55 males and 51 females), ranging in age from 22 to 85 years old, from the Granada Osteological Collection...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Maria Nittis, Michele Franco, Clint Cochrane
Standard collection procedure for the investigation of allegations of penile - oral assault has traditionally been the oral swab. Review of both the literature and NSW forensic laboratory results from oral swabbing has highlighted the sub-optimal nature of this method for the recovery of both sperm and offender DNA. 554 oral swabs, collected in NSW from 2010 to 2015, were analysed. Sperm detection occurred in only 4.2%. In the same period there was analysis of 104 oral rinses (of which 16.4% were positive for sperm) and 71 peri-oral samples (of which 18...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Anthea B Mahesan Paul, Lary Simms, Abraham Ebenezer Paul, Jojo Yorke, Tarnjot Saroya, Christopher Schmidseder, Andrew A Mahesan, Arnold M Mahesan
This study reports descriptive data assessing the prevalence of various risk factors and associations among pregnancy-related death by unnatural causes (PRUD), namely suicide, homicide and accidental causes in the city of Las Vegas. In 7215 women referred for autopsy, results showed PRUD 0.1% (n = 37) was more common in the Caucasian race 45.9% (n = 17), and ages 20-30 years 43.2% (n = 16). We also identified high prevalence of mental illness 51.3% (n = 19) and low prenatal care 37.8% (n = 14), particularly in our suicide cohort 100...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Elizabeth Scruggs, Timothy C Guetterman, Anna C Meyer, Jamie VanArtsdalen, Michele Heisler
A key challenge for asylum seekers in the United States is being able to provide evidence of prior persecution in their home countries. Medical/psychological affidavits corroborating applicants' accounts often make the difference between successful and unsuccessful applications. The purpose of this study was to identify the unmet demand for and features of effective medical/psychological affidavits in the asylum process, as well as the personal and systemic barriers for asylum seekers. This is a qualitative study of semi-structured interviews with legal professionals who work in asylum law...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Ivan Jerković, Željana Bašić, Kristijan Bečić, Gordana Jambrešić, Ivan Grujić, Antonio Alujević, Ivana Kružić
Although in the cases of war crimes the main effort goes to the identification of victims, it is crucial to consider the execution event as a whole. Thus, the goal of the research was to determine the trauma type and probable cause of death on skeletal remains of civilians executed by partisans from WWS found in the three karst sinkholes and to explain the context in which the injuries occurred. We determined biological profiles, pathological conditions, traumas, and assessed their lethality. Nineteen skeletons were found, 68...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Maryam Paknahad, Mehrdad Vossoughi, Fatemeh Ahmadi Zeydabadi
OBJECTIVE: It has been suggested that the level of sexual dimorphism in deciduous dentition is relatively lower than that in permanent dentition. However, in sub adult skeletal remains whose osseous morphological traits of the sex have not defined yet, predicting sex on the basis of odontometric features may be the most precise technique. The aim of the present study was to assess the degree of sexual dimorphism in marginal enamel, dentin and pulp dimensions of second molar deciduous teeth in a pediatric population...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Annette Opitz-Welke, Katharina Bennefeldt-Kersten, Norbert Konrad, Justus Welke
Specific risk factors for suicide among female prisoners were examined using an exhaustive sample of all suicides in German prisons between 2000 and 2013. The rate of prison suicide was lower among female (53,5/100,000) than among male prisoners (101/100,000). Differences between the genders regarding the various risk factors for prison suicide are few. Significant differences were observed only for bullying among men and higher percentages of drug withdrawal syndrome among women. Factors specific to the prison setting that contribute to suicide risk in incarcerated women should be examined...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Ye-Hui Lv, Jian-Long Ma, Hui Pan, Heng Zhang, Wen-Can Li, Ai-Min Xue, Hui-Jun Wang, Kai-Jun Ma, Long Chen
Precisely determining the postmortem interval (PMI) is crucial to civil, criminal and forensic cases. A technique to exploit the postmortem RNA transcript level was developed to increase the accuracy and practicality of PMI estimation. For this purpose, lung tissues and muscle tissues were removed at twelve time points (0-144 h) from rat corpses that had been stored at three different temperatures (10, 20 and 30 °C). Human tissues were collected at autopsy from twelve real cases with known PMI values and other parameters...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Shahnaz Shabbir Tambawala, Freny R Karjodkar, Kaustubh Sansare, Nimish Prakash, Amaresh Chandra Dora
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the foramen magnum (FM) dimensions could be used for sex determination using the Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT). METHODS: Two hundred and sixty six CBCT full Field Of View (FOV) scans (111 males and 115 female subjects) of the skull were retrospectively selected and the FM length, width measured on reconstructed axial cross section by two observers using the CS 3D imaging software at a slice thickness of 300 μm and the FM area subsequently calculated using two established formulae by Routal and Teixeira...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Morris S Odell, Gregory R Young
Of all the drugs of forensic interest, none are more common or pervasive than alcohol. A thorough understanding of all aspects of alcohol pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics is essential for any clinical forensic practitioner. In rare cases interpretation of blood alcohol results may require questions to be asked about laboratory analysis. We present a case where an apparently positive blood alcohol result could have resulted in an unnecessary avenue of coronial investigation of a child death.
August 26, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Karen E van den Hondel, Marcel Buster, Udo J L Reijnders
INTRODUCTION: Annually about 28% of the 5800 death of unnatural cause in the Netherlands are a result of suicide. In 2012 and 2013 a movie and a book were published about a "dignified end of life" which also described the suicide using the exit bag to establish asphyxia using helium. The purpose of this study is to investigate if the suicide methods changed since the publicity in 2013 about suicidal asphyxiation by using helium gas. This study especially focuses on suicide using the 'exit bag' with or without helium gas...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Simone Cappelletti, Mariarosaria Aromatario, Edoardo Bottoni, Paola Antonella Fiore, Vittorio Fineschi, Natale Mario di Luca, Costantino Ciallella
Fisting is an uncommon and potentially dangerous sexual practice. This is usually a homosexual activity, but can also be a heterosexual or an autoerotic practice. A systematic review of the forensic literature yielded 14 published studies from 8 countries between 1968 and 2016 that met the inclusion/exclusion criteria, illustrating that external anogenital (anal and/or genital) trauma due to fisting is observed in 22.2% and 88.8% (reported consensual and non-consensual intercourse, respectively) of the subjects, while internal injuries are observed in the totality of the patients...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Bindu Aggarwal, R K Gorea, Abhinav Gorea, Arshdeep Gorea
The identification of gender is of significance in case of major disasters where bodies are often damaged beyond recognition Teeth are the hardest and chemically the most stable structure in the body. Moreover teeth show signs of least amount of changes in morphology and are easily accessible for examination. Therefore teeth are a first-rate material for genetic and forensic investigations. Out of all the teeth mandibular canines are considered as the "key teeth" for personal identification. Many studies have not been conducted simultaneously intra-orally and on the dental casts to establish the sexual dimorphism in the mandibular canines...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Ismar Eduardo Martins Filho, Thais Torralbo Lopez-Capp, Maria Gabriela Haye Biazevic, Edgard Michel-Crosato
Sex dimorphism is an important part in the identification process. The teeth are an excellent material for anthropological analysis and it can be considerate a valuable tool for sex determination. This study aims to analyze sexual dimorphism through the dental measures in Brazilian adults using three different statistical methods. The sample consists of maxillary and mandibular plaster models of 200 Caucasoid Brazilian individuals (100 male and 100 female), aged between 20 and 30 years. The mesiodistal (MD) and buccolingual (BL) diameters were measured of all teeth, excluding third molars...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Cristian Palmiere
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 24, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
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