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Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914998/mathematical-model-in-post-mortem-estimation-of-brain-edema-using-morphometric-parameters
#1
Nemanja Radojevic, Bojana Radnic, Jelena Vucinic, Dragana Cukic, Ranko Lazovic, Bogdan Asanin, Slobodan Savic
Current autopsy principles for evaluating the existence of brain edema are based on a macroscopic subjective assessment performed by pathologists. The gold standard is a time-consuming histological verification of the presence of the edema. By measuring the diameters of the cranial cavity, as individually determined morphometric parameters, a mathematical model for rapid evaluation of brain edema was created, based on the brain weight measured during the autopsy. A cohort study was performed on 110 subjects, divided into two groups according to the histological presence or absence of (the - deleted from the text) brain edema...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846452/patterns-of-abuse-amongst-sri-lankan-women-returning-home-after-working-as-domestic-maids-in-the-middle-east-an-exploratory-study-of-medico-legal-referrals
#2
Kolitha Wickramage, Malintha De Silva, Sharika Peiris
OBJECTIVE: Migrant worker abuse is well recognised, but poorly characterised within the scientific literature. This study aimed to explore patterns of abuse amongst Sri Lankan women returning home after working as domestic maids. METHODS: Sri Lanka has over 2 million of its citizens employed overseas as international labor migrants. A cross-sectional study was conducted on Sri Lankan female domestic maids returning from the Middle East region who were referred for medico-legal opinion...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835836/recommendations-for-teaching-upon-sensitive-topics-in-forensic-and-legal-medicine-in-the-context-of-medical-education-pedagogy
#3
Kieran M Kennedy, Stacey Scriver
Undergraduate medical curricula typically include forensic and legal medicine topics that are of a highly sensitive nature. Examples include suicide, child abuse, domestic and sexual violence. It is likely that some students will have direct or indirect experience of these issues which are prevalent in society. Those students are vulnerable to vicarious harm from partaking in their medical education. Even students with no direct or indirect experience of these issues may be vulnerable to vicarious trauma, particularly students who are especially empathetic to cases presented...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825046/talin-a-potential-protein-biomarker-in-postmortem-investigations
#4
Zahra K Campell, Insu Kwon, Sheree J Finley, Youngil Lee, Gulnaz T Javan
The determination of the postmortem interval is of utmost importance in medicolegal death investigations. There are a number of ways to estimate the postmortem interval; however, the current established methods are susceptible to numerous biotic and abiotic factors. Previously published studies state that protein concentrations in postmortem brain tissues can detect protein changes via immunoblotting and densitometry techniques. The objective of the current study was to determine if there is a correlation between protein expression in cadaver tissues and postmortem interval...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821309/sleepiness-driving-and-motor-vehicle-accidents-a-questionnaire-based-survey
#5
Daniel Zwahlen, Christian Jackowski, Matthias Pfäffli
In Switzerland, the prevalence of an excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) in drivers undergoing a driving capacity assessment is currently not known. In this study, private and professional drivers were evaluated by means of a paper-based questionnaire, including Epworth Sleepiness Scale, Berlin Questionnaire, and additional questions to sleepiness-related accidents, near-miss accidents, health issues, and demographic data. Of the 435 distributed questionnaires, 128 completed were returned. The response rate was 29%...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821308/application-of-the-kvaal-method-for-adult-dental-age-estimation-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography-cbct
#6
Talia Yolanda Marroquin Penaloza, Shalmira Karkhanis, Sigrid Ingeborg Kvaal, Firdaus Nurul, Shalini Kanagasingam, Daniel Franklin, Sivabalan Vasudavan, Estie Kruger, Marc Tennant
Different non-invasive methods have been proposed for dental age estimation in adults, with the Kvaal et al. method as one of the more frequently tested in different populations. The purpose of this study was to apply the Kvaal et al. method for dental age estimation on modern volumetric data from 3D digital systems. To this end, 101 CBCT images from a Malaysian population were used. Fifty-five per cent were female (n = 55), and forty-five percent were male (n = 46), with a median age of 31 years for both sexes...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816789/identification-of-a-discordant-genotype-at-the-d2s1338-locus-between-identifiler-plus-%C3%A2-16-kit-and-power-plex-%C3%A2-21-system-kit
#7
Lin Zhang, Hongyan Wu, Kejie Wang, Aiying Fan, Jiafeng Niu, Zhendong Zhu
Genotyping errors can perturb estimates of genetic diversity and adversely affects the reliability of forensic identification, which has become increasingly recognized. During our daily laboratory work, we hit upon a discordant short tandem repeat (STR) genotype at the D2S1338 locus between Identifiler Plus(®)16 system kit and Power Plex(®)21 system kit. To figure out the reason of the discordance, nested PCR was performed to amplify the D2S1338 locus and then the final amplicons were sequenced. We found a G to G/A transition at the position on which caused an allele dropout of Identifiler Plus(®)16 kit...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810587/pathways-through-the-criminal-justice-system-for-prisoners-with-acute-and-serious-mental-illness
#8
Karen Slade, Chiara Samele, Lucia Valmaggia, Andrew Forrester
PURPOSE: To evaluate pathways through the criminal justice system for 63 prisoners under the care of prison mental health services. RESULTS: A small number (3%) were acutely mentally ill at prison reception, which may reflect the successful operation of liaison and diversion services at earlier stages in the pathway. However, a third (33%) went onto display acute symptoms at later stages. Cases displaying suicide risk at arrest, with a history of in-patient care, were at increased risk of acute deterioration in the first weeks of imprisonment, with a general absence of health assessments for these cases prior to their imprisonment...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810586/evaluation-of-geriatric-suicides-in-turkey
#9
Erdal Özer, Burak Gümüş, Hüseyin Balandiz, Güven Seçkin Kırcı, Halil İlhan Aydoğdu, Ramazan Tetikçok
INTRODUCTION: Suicide is defined as an individual taking action towards themselves with the intention of terminating their own life. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), 800,000 deaths per year worldwide are due to suicide. In 2012, suicide cases constituted 1.4% of all the deaths worldwide. In most countries throughout the world, the suicide rates of the elderly are higher than those of other age groups. Epidemiological studies have concluded that suicide rates increase with advancing age in all societies, this increase accelerates after the age of 65 years and the highest rates are reached after the age of 75 years...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810585/violence-towards-women-is-a-public-health-problem
#10
REVIEW
Ramazan Tetikcok, Erdal Ozer, Lutfullah Cakir, Ozgur Enginyurt, M Dogan İscanli, Soner Cankaya, Filiz Ozer
BACKGROUND: Violence within the family is a significant health problem which threatens the health of the community. The global rates of domestic violence directed at women have been reported as 10%-69% and in Turkey as 25%-30%. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data of our study were obtained from the database of the official internet website of the Turkish Statistics Institute as the data related to violence between 2007 and 2012. In the evaluation of the data, SPSS 11...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810584/dermal-digital-ridge-density-of-a-penal-population-analysis-of-association-and-individualization
#11
Maninder Kaur, Krishan Sharma
The present study is an attempt to analyze an association between dermal digital ridge density and explosive personality based on the study of 100 male prisoners and 50 controls. The control group had higher ridge density than the prisoners. Bilateral differences revealed higher ridge density on left hand than right hand in both the groups, but differences between two groups for directional asymmetry were not significant. Surface area is not correlated with ridge density in all the digits. About 50% of the variation in ridge density may be explained by a single factor which in all probability is the genetic component of variation...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810583/searching-for-the-mother-missed-since-the-second-world-war
#12
Irena Zupanič Pajnič, Anja Petaros, Jože Balažic, Ksenija Geršak
The aim of the study was to perform the genetic identification of a human cranium from a Second World War gravesite in Slovenia and find out if it belonged to the mother of a woman used as a family reference. Both genetic and anthropological examinations were carried out. The genetic examination was performed on 2 molars and petrous bone. Prior to DNA isolation 0.5 g of tooth and bone powder was decalcified. The DNA was purified in a Biorobot EZ1 (Qiagen) device. The nuclear DNA of the samples was quantified and short tandem repeat (STR) typing performed using two different autosomal and Y-STR kits...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771576/conductometric-titration-to-determine-total-volatile-basic-nitrogen-tvb-n-for-post-mortem-interval-pmi
#13
Zhiyuan Xia, Xiandun Zhai, Beibei Liu, Yaonan Mo
Precise measurement of cadaver decomposition rate is the basis to accurate post-mortem interval (PMI) estimation. There are many approaches explored in recent years, however, it is still unsolved completely. Total volatile basic nitrogen (TVB-N), which is an important index to predict meat freshness and shelf life in food science, could serve as an indicator for measuring PMI associated decomposition rate of cadavers. The aim of this work was to establish a practical method to determine TVB-N in cadaver soft tissues (mainly skeletal muscle) for measuring decomposition rate...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769017/infant-mortality-in-coroner-medical-examiner-investigations
#14
Laura M Seske, William C Ralston, Louis J Muglia, James M Greenberg
Infant mortality rate is generally regarded as a fundamental indicator of population health and is often used to validate public health interventions. Hamilton County, Ohio, has one of the highest rates in the nation. Most deaths that do not occur in the hospital fall under the jurisdiction of a coroner/medical examiner. We reviewed all infant deaths evaluated by the Hamilton County Coroner from 2006 to 2013 in order to identify opportunities for public health interventions. We predicted that the majority of these infant deaths were unintentional, but preventable...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764751/forensic-examination-after-exhumation-contribution-and-difficulties-after-more-than-thirty-years-of-burial
#15
Y Nouma, W Ben Amar, M Zribi, S Bardaa, Z Hammami, S Maatoug
We report a case of a Tunisian footballer who was found dead abroad under suspicious circumstances. The cause of death was, originally, attributed to a lightning strike. The corpse was buried without/autopsy. Over thirty years later, the family requested the exhumation to verify the identity and the cause of death. The exhumation was performed in 2011. DNA profiling from teeth and femur bone samples confirmed the identity of the deceased. The dry bone study revealed defects in the skull and the pelvis evoking firearm injuries...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755988/eight-years-of-psychiatric-examination-of-detainees-by-forensic-physicians-in-the-netherlands
#16
Karen E van den Hondel, Anne Linde Saaltink, Peter Paul M Bender
BACKGROUND: Forensic physicians are responsible for first-line medical care of detainees (individuals held in custody) in the police station. The Dutch police law contains a 'duty of care', which gives the police responsibility for the apparent mentally ill and/or confused people they encounter during their work. The police can ask a forensic physician to do a primary psychiatric assessment of any apparent mentally ill detainee. The forensic physician determines if the apparent mentally ill behavior of the detainee is due to a somatic illness, or has a psychiatric cause for which the detainee needs admission to a psychiatric hospital...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865156/an-unusual-case-of-murder-suicide-the-importance-of-studying-knots
#17
Cristian D'Ovidio, Enrica Rosato, Aldo Carnevale
An atypical murder-suicide that involved a married couple over 80 years of age was investigated at the Institute of Legal Medicine of the University of Chieti-Pescara and is presented and discussed here. The whole story allows us to confront the difficulties involved in the discovery of a dead body in water when the circumstantial evidence does not allow any unique interpretation of the facts. The atypical and misleading element appeared to be how the body of the man was tied, with the interpretation inclined towards a homicidal manner of death...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743546/regression-equations-for-sex-and-population-detection-using-the-lip-print-pattern-among-egyptian-and-malaysian-adult
#18
Manal H Abdel Aziz, Fatma M M Badr El Dine, Nourhan M M Saeed
INTRODUCTION: Identification of sex and ethnicity has always been a challenge in the fields of forensic medicine and criminal investigations. Fingerprinting and DNA comparisons are probably the most common techniques used in this context. However, since they cannot always be used, it is necessary to apply different and less known techniques such as lip prints. AIM OF THE WORK: Is to study the pattern of lip print in Egyptian and Malaysian populations and its relation to sex and populations difference...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744134/completed-suicide-among-university-student-in-eskisehir-turkey
#19
Kenan Karbeyaz, Mehmet Toygar, Adnan Çelikel
INTRODUCTION: In this study student suicides are classified as a distinct group in Eskisehir-a city located in the western part of our country and famous as a student city. The study aims at describing demographic and suicide specification of cases and compare some important issues between males and females. METHOD: All the judicially deaths in Eskisehir in a 12 year period between 2004 and 2015 have been evaluated. 75 cases that were deemed as suicide cases as a result of criminal investigation have been included in the study...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721180/darkness-as-factor-influencing-the-oviposition-delay-in-calliphora-vicina-diptera-calliphoridae
#20
Teresa Bonacci, Pierpaolo Storino, Stefano Scalercio, Pietro Brandmayr
Many environmental and intrinsic factors (e.g. limited access to the body) can disrupt insect activity, causing a delay in the colonization of a corpse. These elements could hinder an accurate estimation of the minimum Post-mortem Interval (minPMI), raising questions about the limits of forensic entomology. Blow fly are considered mainly diurnal and relatively inactive at night, at extreme temperatures and in dark conditions. Data on their ability to lay eggs in darkness and in laboratory conditions are scarce...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
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