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Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919924/comparison-of-parent-report-and-direct-assessment-of-child-skills-in-toddlers
#1
Lauren E Miller, Kayla A Perkins, Yael G Dai, Deborah A Fein
BACKGROUND: There are unique challenges associated with measuring development in early childhood. Two primary sources of information are used: parent report and direct assessment. Each approach has strengths and weaknesses, particularly when used to identify and diagnose developmental delays. The present study aimed to evaluate consistency between parent report and direct assessment of child skills in toddlers with and without Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) across receptive language, expressive language, and fine motor domains...
September 2017: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170682/adaptive-skill-trajectories-in-infants-with-fragile-x-syndrome-contrasted-to-typical-controls-and-infants-at-high-risk-for-autism
#2
Kelly E Caravella, Jane E Roberts
Background: Adaptive behaviors are essential for optimal outcomes and independence in individuals with developmental disabilities. This study examined longitudinal trajectories of adaptive behavior in infants with fragile X syndrome (FXS), compared to typical development (TD) and infant siblings of children diagnosed with autism (ASIBs). Method: Participants included 76 male infants (FXS =25, ASIBs=27, TD = 24) assessed up to 4 times between 6 and 24 months of age for a total of 215 assessments of adaptive behavior...
August 2017: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098015/parents-perceptions-of-dental-care-challenges-in-male-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-an-initial-qualitative-exploration
#3
Leah I Stein Duker, Benjamin F Henwood, Ricky N Bluthenthal, Emma Juhlin, José C Polido, Sharon A Cermak
Background: Many children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) experience barriers to oral care in the dental office setting. The purpose of this study was to provide an increased understanding of these challenges experienced during oral care in the dental office by children with ASD. Method: This study was part of a larger mixed methods design and builds on quantitative results from a survey of parents of children with ASD ages 2-18 in which parents reported difficulties with access to care, sensory processing, and uncooperative behaviors...
July 2017: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081833/parent-reported-problematic-sleep-behaviors-in-children-with-comorbid-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#4
Katharine C Reynolds, Michelle Patriquin, Candice A Alfano, Katherine A Loveland, Deborah A Pearson
BACKGROUND: Sleep problems are frequent and well documented in children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and children with internalizing problems, however limited work has examined sleep problems in children presenting with comorbid ASD/ADHD. In healthy children, sleep problems negatively impact social, emotional, and academic functioning. The current study sought to examine diagnostic severity as predictors of sleep problems in children with comorbid ASD/ADHD...
July 2017: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057009/behavioral-comparisons-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-developmental-coordination-disorder-a-systematic-literature-review
#5
Priscila Caçola, Haylie L Miller, Peace Ossom Williamson
BACKGROUND: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) are developmental disorders that, since the DSM-5, can be diagnosed as co-occurring conditions. While some recent studies suggest that ASD and DCD have similar traits, others show clear behavioral distinctions between the two conditions. By gathering all studies that included (1) an ASD group and a DCD group, (2) an ASD+DCD group and a DCD group, or (3) ASD, ASD+DCD, and DCD groups, we aimed to identify similarities and differences in behaviors between the two disorders...
June 2017: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983326/inter-trial-coherence-of-medial-frontal-theta-oscillations-linked-to-differential-feedback-processing-in-youth-and-young-adults-with-autism
#6
Stefon van Noordt, Jia Wu, Archana Venkataraman, Michael J Larson, Mikle South, Michael J Crowley
BACKGROUND: Impairment in prediction and appreciation for choice outcomes could contribute to several core symptoms of ASD. We examined electroencephalography (EEG) oscillations in 27 youth and young adults diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and 22 IQ-matched neurotypical controls while they performed a chance-based reward prediction task. METHOD: We re-analyzed our previously published ERP data (Larson et al., 2011) and examined theta band oscillations (4-8 Hz) at frontal midline sites, within a timing window that overlaps with the feedback-related negativity (FRN)...
May 2017: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970862/utility-of-the-cbcl-dsm-oriented-scales-in-assessing-emotional-disorders-in-youth-with-autism
#7
Caroline I Magyar, Vincent Pandolfi
BACKGROUND: Youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are at risk for one or more emotional disorders (ED) including depressive and anxiety conditions. DSM-5 diagnostic guidelines indicate that co-occurring ED must be specified when present (APA, 2013). While ED may be evaluated for during initial diagnostic assessment, routine monitoring and screening is needed to identify emerging ED in later childhood and adolescence, a period of high risk. METHOD: Confirmatory factor analysis, convergent and divergent validity analyses, criterion-related validity, and diagnostic accuracy analyses of the CBCL's Affective Problems and Anxiety Problems DSM Oriented Scales was completed on 93 well-characterized youth, ages 6 to 18 years with ASD (6:1 M:F), with and without intellectual impairment...
May 2017: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177005/altered-pre-ejection-period-response-to-social-evaluative-threat-in-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#8
E Kale Edmiston, Rachael A Muscatello, Blythe A Corbett
Introduction: The autonomic nervous system (ANS) is involved in regulating social behavior; Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is characterized by alterations in social behavior and reduced physiological response to threat. We hypothesized that adolescents with ASD would show reduced ANS response to social threat. Methods: Eighteen males with ASD and thirteen males with typical development (TD), ages 12 to 17, completed a social threat paradigm while wearing an impedance cardiography apparatus...
April 2017: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839456/correlates-of-social-functioning-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-the-role-of-social-cognition
#9
Lauren Bishop-Fitzpatrick, Carla A Mazefsky, Shaun M Eack, Nancy J Minshew
BACKGROUND: Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) experience marked challenges with social function by definition, but few modifiable predictors of social functioning in ASD have been identified in extant research. This study hypothesized that deficits in social cognition and motor function may help to explain poor social functioning in individuals with ASD. METHOD: Cross-sectional data from 108 individuals with ASD and without intellectual disability ages 9 through 27...
March 2017: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966659/relationship-between-brain-stem-volume-and-aggression-in-children-diagnosed-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
Rebecca A Lundwall, Kevin G Stephenson, E Shannon Neeley-Tass, Jonathan C Cox, Mikle South, Erin D Bigler, Emily Anderberg, Molly D Prigge, Blake D Hansen, Janet E Lainhart, Ryan O Kellems, Jo Ann Petrie, Terisa P Gabrielsen
BACKGROUND: Aggressive behaviors are common in individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and may be phenotypic indicators of different subtypes within ASD. In current research literature for non-ASD samples, aggression has been linked to several brain structures associated with emotion and behavioral control. However, few if any studies exist investigating brain volume differences in individuals with ASD who have comorbid aggression as indicated by standardized diagnostic and behavioral measures...
February 2017: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947912/examining-the-relationship-between-social-communication-on-the-ados-and-real-world-reciprocal-social-communication-in-children-with-asd
#11
Lydia R Qualls, Blythe A Corbett
BACKGROUND: While many children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) communicate better with adults than peers, diagnostic measures are given by adult examiners. These measures may not accurately capture the deficits that children with ASD have in communicating with their peers. METHOD: This study examined the ability of the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) Social Communication scale to predict reciprocal communication in children with ASD during natural play with peers using the Peer Interaction Paradigm (PIP)...
January 2017: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138338/categorizing-the-cries-of-infants-with-asd-versus-typically-developing-infants-a-study-of-adult-accuracy-and-reaction-time
#12
M H Bornstein, K Costlow, A Truzzi, G Esposito
BACKGROUND: The cries of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) contain atypical acoustic features. The cries of typically developing infants elicit automatic adult responses, but little is known about how the atypical cries of children with ASD affect the speed with which adults process them. METHOD: We used a reaction time (RT) categorical task to analyze adults' categorization of typically developing cries, atypical (ASD) cries, mammalian animal cries, and environmental noise control sounds...
November 2016: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168003/cognitive-and-adaptive-correlates-of-an-ados-derived-joint-attention-composite
#13
Ashley Johnson Harrison, Zhenqiu Laura Lu, Rebecca L McLean, Stephen J Sheinkopf
Joint attention skills have been shown to predict language outcomes in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Less is known about the relationship between joint attention (JA) abilities in children with ASD and cognitive and adaptive abilities. In the current study, a subset of items from the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS), designed to quantify JA abilities, were used to investigate social attention among an unusually large cross-sectional sample of children with ASD (n = 1061). An examination of the association between JA and a range of functional correlates (cognitive and adaptive) revealed JA was significantly related to verbal (VIQ) and non-verbal (NVIQ) cognitive ability as well as all domains of adaptive functioning (socialization, communication, and daily living skills)...
September 2016: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083073/experience-sampling-of-positive-affect-in-adolescents-with-autism-feasibility-and-preliminary-findings
#14
Megan Kovac, Maya Mosner, Stephanie Miller, Eleanor K Hanna, Gabriel S Dichter
BACKGROUND: Experience sampling is a powerful method for obtaining ecologically valid data from research participants in real-world contexts. Given the urgent need for innovative and sensitive outcome measures in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) research, the present study sought to examine the feasibility of using experience sampling of positive affect and behavior in adolescents with ASD. METHOD: Nineteen high functioning adolescents with ASD and 20 sex and age matched controls completed smartphone- and Qualtrics® -based experience sampling of positive affect and behavior six times over four days...
September 2016: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807466/a-systematic-review-of-peer-mediated-interventions-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#15
Ya-Chih Chang, Jill Locke
BACKGROUND: Peer mediated intervention (PMI) is a promising practice used to increase social skills in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). PMIs engage typically developing peers as social models to improve social initiations, responses, and interactions. METHOD: The current study is a systematic review examining PMIs for children and adolescents with ASD conducted using group designs. Five studies met the pre-specified review inclusion criteria: four randomized controlled trials and one pre- and post-test design...
July 2016: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668011/the-effects-of-embodied-rhythm-and-robotic-interventions-on-the-spontaneous-and-responsive-verbal-communication-skills-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd-a-further-outcome-of-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Sudha M Srinivasan, Inge-Marie Eigsti, Timothy Gifford, Anjana N Bhat
The current manuscript is the second in a mini-series of manuscripts reporting the effects of alternative, movement-based, rhythm and robotic interventions on the social communication skills of 36 school-age children with ASD. This pilot randomized controlled trial compared the effects of 8-weeks of rhythm and robotic interventions to those of a standard-of-care, comparison intervention. The first manuscript reported intervention effects on the spontaneous and responsive social attention skills of children...
July 2016: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27453721/the-effects-of-embodied-rhythm-and-robotic-interventions-on-the-spontaneous-and-responsive-social-attention-patterns-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Sudha M Srinivasan, Inge-Marie Eigsti, Linda Neelly, Anjana N Bhat
We compared the effects of 8-weeks of rhythm and robotic interventions with those of a comparison, standard-of-care intervention, on the spontaneous and responsive social attention patterns of school-age children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Attention patterns were examined within a standardized pretest/posttest measure of joint attention (JA) and a training-specific social attention measure during early, mid, and late training sessions. The rhythm and comparison groups demonstrated improvements in JA. Social attention was greater in the rhythm followed by the robot and lastly the comparison group...
July 2016: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27103941/-you-re-telling-me-the-prevalence-and-predictors-of-pronoun-reversals-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-and-typical-development
#18
Letitia R Naigles, Michelle Cheng, Nan Xu Rattansone, Saime Tek, Neha Khetrapal, Deborah Fein, Katherine Demuth
Social and linguistic explanations have been proposed for pronoun reversals in young typically developing (TD) children and those with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The current study breaks new ground in investigating both explanations, comparing 18 TD toddlers and 15 children with ASD at similar language levels. Spontaneous speech was sampled every four months for six visits. Vocabulary and joint attention were also measured. Both groups produced pronoun reversals at low rates. The ASD group produced somewhat more reversals than the TD group, overall and at multiple visits...
July 2016: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936232/retention-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-diagnosis-the-role-of-co-occurring-conditions-in-males-and-females
#19
Yen-Tzu Wu, Matthew J Maenner, Lisa D Wiggins, Catherine E Rice, Catherine C Bradley, Maya L Lopez, Russell S Kirby, Li-Ching Lee
This study examined associations between ASD diagnosis retention and non-ASD co-occurring conditions (CoCs) by child sex. The sample included 7077 males and 1487 females who had an ASD diagnosis documented in their school or health records in a population-based ASD surveillance system for 8-year-old children. ASD diagnosis retention status was determined when an initial ASD diagnosis was not later ruled out by a community professional. We found that ASD diagnosis remains fairly stable, with only 9% of children who had an initial documented ASD diagnosis later being ruled-out...
May 2016: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27019670/a-pilot-study-promoting-participation-of-families-with-limited-resources-in-early-autism-intervention
#20
Themba Carr, Catherine Lord
BACKGROUND: Relatively little research about autism early intervention has occurred in families of low socioeconomic status. Barriers to participation for under-resourced families (i.e., families with low incomes or limited education), pose a significant problem. The purpose of this pilot study was to apply empirically supported methods promoting participation of families with low-income and low-education levels to an established intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD)...
May 1, 2016: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
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