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Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893318/sticks-stones-and-stigma-student-bystander-behavior-in-response-to-hearing-the-word-retard
#1
Avery B Albert, Holly E Jacobs, Gary N Siperstein
The present study explored the prevalence of the r-word in schools and students' bystander behavior in response to hearing the word. In total, 2,297 students from 12 high schools across the country participated in this study. Results revealed the r-word was used frequently among high school students, most often toward individuals without intellectual disability (ID). Students were more likely to take an active bystander role when hearing the r-word used toward students with ID than when hearing it used toward students without ID...
December 2016: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893317/the-relation-between-intellectual-functioning-and-adaptive-behavior-in-the-diagnosis-of-intellectual-disability
#2
Marc J Tassé, Ruth Luckasson, Robert L Schalock
Intellectual disability originates during the developmental period and is characterized by significant limitations both in intellectual functioning and in adaptive behavior as expressed in conceptual, social, and practical adaptive skills. In this article, we present a brief history of the diagnostic criteria of intellectual disability for both the DSM-5 and AAIDD. The article also (a) provides an update of the understanding of adaptive behavior, (b) dispels two thinking errors regarding mistaken temporal or causal link between intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior, (c) explains that there is a strong correlational, but no causative, relation between intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior, and (d) asserts that once a question of determining intellectual disability is raised, both intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior are assessed and considered jointly and weighed equally in the diagnosis of intellectual disability...
December 2016: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893316/is-it-worth-it-benefits-in-research-with-adults-with-intellectual-disability
#3
Katherine E McDonald, Nicole E Conroy, Robert S Olick
Including adults with intellectual disability in research promotes direct benefits to participants and larger societal benefits. Stakeholders may have different views of what count as benefits and their importance. We compared views on benefits in research with adults with intellectual disability among adults with intellectual disability, family and friends, service providers, researchers, and institutional review board members. We found that adults with intellectual disability value direct and indirect research benefits, and want to participate in research that offers them...
December 2016: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893315/presidential-address-2016-re-membering-the-gifts-of-professional
#4
Bill Gaventa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893314/r%C3%A3-sum%C3%A3-s-en-fran%C3%A3-ais
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893313/issues-in-the-medication-management-process-in-people-who-have-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-a-qualitative-study-of-the-caregivers-perspective
#6
Steven R Erickson, Teresa M Salgado, Xi Tan
People who have intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) often rely on caregivers to assist in the medication management process. The aim of this study was to learn from caregivers, who are either family or support staff, what major issues arise throughout the process of managing medication and how these might be addressed. Problems identified by caregivers include (a) prescribers understanding of insurance and agency policies regarding medication utilization; (b) lack of continuity of care and accuracy of the medication record as well as clinical records;...
December 2016: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893312/res%C3%A3%C2%BAmenes-al-espa%C3%A3-ol
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893311/more-job-services-better-employment-outcomes-increasing-job-attainment-for-people-with-idd
#8
Derek Nord
Job search, job placement, and on-the-job supports are valuable services provided to many people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) to obtain work in the community. Investigating those who were unemployed at the time of service entry, this study seeks to extend understanding about the effect of services. Using extant data, a sample of 39,277 people with IDD using Vocational Rehabilitation services were studied to understand the potential cumulative effects of these job-related services and individual characteristics on job attainment...
December 2016: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893310/participation-and-intellectual-disability-a-review-of-the-literature
#9
Evan E Dean, Kim W Fisher, Karrie A Shogren, Michael L Wehmeyer
Participation is a central aspect of human functioning and a key focus of research and practice in the intellectual disability field. However, there is not an accepted definition of participation that guides research and practice. To inform the development of a definition, a scoping review of the intellectual disability literature from 2001-2015 was conducted. Findings suggest that existing research rarely uses definitions of participation, but does examine participation across multiple domains and addresses issues of access and inclusion...
December 2016: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673740/erratum
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673739/res%C3%A3%C2%BAmenes-al-espa%C3%A3-ol
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673738/r%C3%A3-sum%C3%A3-s-en-fran%C3%A3-ais
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673737/the-reinforcement-of-ableism-normality-the-medical-model-of-disability-and-humanism-in-applied-behavior-analysis-and-asd
#13
Eric Shyman
The field of educating individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder has ever been rife with controversy regarding issues ranging from etiology and causation to effective intervention and education options. One such basis for controversy has been between humanism, and humanistic philosophical concepts, and its fundamental differences with behaviorism, and behavioristic philosophical concepts. These differences have long been debated, and the belief that the two orientations are generally mutually exclusive has been largely maintained...
October 2016: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673736/systemwide-initiative-documents-robust-health-screening-for-adults-with-intellectual-disability
#14
Marisa Brown, Diane Jacobstein, Irene Seyoung Yoon, Bruno Anthony, Kim Bullock
It is well documented that adults with intellectual disability (ID) experience higher rates of a series of health conditions compared to their peers without disability. These health conditions include cardiovascular disease, obesity, diabetes, gastrointestinal disorders, and psychiatric and behavioral disorders. With life expectancy approximating the general population, adults with ID are also now experiencing health conditions related to aging, further increasing their risk for diminished function and well-being...
October 2016: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673735/outdated-language-use-of-mental-retardation-in-medicaid-hcbs-waivers-post-rosa-s-law
#15
Carli Friedman
Rosa's Law, which changed references of "mental retardation" to "intellectual disability" within federal legislation, marked recognition by the federal government that the term "mental retardation" is outdated and pejorative. However, Rosa's Law did not apply to many notable federal programs related to disability, such as Medicaid. This article explores if and how the term "mental retardation" was used within Medicaid Home and Community Based Services 1915(c) waivers, as they are the most prevalent provider of long-term services and supports for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities...
October 2016: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673734/sibling-caregivers-of-people-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-sociodemographic-characteristics-and-material-hardship-prevalence
#16
Rajan A Sonik, Susan L Parish, Eliana S Rosenthal
In growing numbers, people with intellectual and developmental disabilities are outliving their parents, or at least their parents' ability to care for them. Consequently, adult siblings without intellectual and developmental disabilities are increasingly taking on primary caregiving responsibilities. However, adult siblings have received little study generally, and sibling caregivers have received even less. We used nationally representative data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) to describe the social characteristics and material hardship levels of sibling caregivers, in comparison to the general working age adult population...
October 2016: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673733/culture-in-better-group-homes-for-people-with-intellectual-disability-at-severe-levels
#17
Christine Bigby, Julie Beadle-Brown
Building on cultural dimensions of underperforming group homes this study analyses culture in better performing services. In depth qualitative case studies were conducted in 3 better group homes using participant observation and interviews. The culture in these homes, reflected in patterns of staff practice and talk, as well as artefacts differed from that found in underperforming services. Formal power holders were undisputed leaders, their values aligned with those of other staff and the organization, responsibility for practice quality was shared enabling teamwork, staff perceived their purpose as "making the life each person wants it to be," working practices were person centered, and new ideas and outsiders were embraced...
October 2016: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673732/foster-care-outcomes-for-children-with-intellectual-disability
#18
Elspeth M Slayter
The promotion of speedy, permanent outcomes for foster children is a central child welfare policy goal. However, while children with intellectual disability (ID) are at greater risk for child welfare involvement, little is known about their case outcomes. This cross-sectional national study explores between-group foster care outcomes. Foster children with intellectual disability were more likely to have experienced an adoption disruption or dissolution but less likely to be reunified with a parent, primary caretaker or other family member...
October 2016: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27494129/res%C3%A3%C2%BAmenes-al-espa%C3%A3-ol
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27494128/r%C3%A3-sum%C3%A3-s-en-fran%C3%A3-ais
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
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