journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Mucosal Immunology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853442/po-and-id-bcg-vaccination-in-humans-induce-distinct-mucosal-and-systemic-immune-responses-and-cd4-t-cell-transcriptomal-molecular-signatures
#1
D F Hoft, M Xia, G L Zhang, A Blazevic, J Tennant, C Kaplan, G Matuschak, T J Dube, H Hill, L S Schlesinger, P L Andersen, V Brusic
Protective efficacy of Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) may be affected by the methods and routes of vaccine administration. We have studied the safety and immunogenicity of oral (PO) and/or intradermal (ID) administration of BCG in healthy human subjects. No major safety concerns were detected in the 68 healthy adults vaccinated with PO and/or ID BCG. Although both PO and ID BCG could induce systemic Th1 responses capable of IFN-γ production, ID BCG more strongly induced systemic Th1 responses. In contrast, stronger mucosal responses (TB-specific secretory IgA and bronchoalveolar lavage T cells) were induced by PO BCG vaccination...
August 30, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853441/enteroendocrine-cells-sensory-sentinels-of-the-intestinal-environment-and-orchestrators-of-mucosal-immunity
#2
REVIEW
J J Worthington, F Reimann, F M Gribble
The intestinal epithelium must balance efficient absorption of nutrients with partitioning commensals and pathogens from the bodies' largest immune system. If this crucial barrier fails, inappropriate immune responses can result in inflammatory bowel disease or chronic infection. Enteroendocrine cells represent 1% of this epithelium and have classically been studied for their detection of nutrients and release of peptide hormones to mediate digestion. Intriguingly, enteroendocrine cells are the key sensors of microbial metabolites, can release cytokines in response to pathogen associated molecules and peptide hormone receptors are expressed on numerous intestinal immune cells; thus enteroendocrine cells are uniquely equipped to be crucial and novel orchestrators of intestinal inflammation...
August 30, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853440/airway-t-cells-protect-against-rsv-infection-in-the-absence-of-antibody
#3
E Kinnear, L Lambert, J U McDonald, H M Cheeseman, L J Caproni, J S Tregoning
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/mi.2017.46.
August 30, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832027/protein-kinase-c-delta-pkc%C3%AE-a-marker-of-inflammation-and-tuberculosis-disease-progression-in-humans-is-important-for-optimal-macrophage-killing-effector-functions-and-survival-in-mice
#4
S P Parihar, M Ozturk, M J Marakalala, D T Loots, R Hurdayal, D Beukes, M Van Reenen, D E Zak, S K Mbandi, F Darboe, A Penn-Nicholson, W A Hanekom, M Leitges, T J Scriba, R Guler, F Brombacher
We previously demonstrated that protein kinase C-δ (PKCδ) is critical for immunity against Listeria monocytogenes, Leishmania major, and Candida albicans infection in mice. However, the functional relevance of PKCδ during Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection is unknown. PKCδ was significantly upregulated in whole blood of patients with active tuberculosis (TB) disease. Lung proteomics further revealed that PKCδ was highly abundant in the necrotic and cavitory regions of TB granulomas in multidrug-resistant human participants...
August 23, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832026/tgf-%C3%AE-1-alters-esophageal-epithelial-barrier-function-by-attenuation-of-claudin-7-in-eosinophilic-esophagitis
#5
N Nguyen, S D Fernando, K A Biette, J A Hammer, K E Capocelli, D A Kitzenberg, L E Glover, S P Colgan, G T Furuta, J C Masterson
Barrier dysfunction has been implicated in the pathophysiology of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), a potent pleiotropic molecule, is increased in EoE; however, no study has evaluated its influence on esophageal epithelial barrier. We hypothesized that TGF-β1 regulates barrier dysfunction in EoE. We aimed to determine the role of TGF-β1 in the epithelial barrier in models of EoE. To examine the impact of TGF-β1 on esophageal barrier, immortalized human esophageal epithelial (EPC2-hTERT) cells were exposed to TGF-β1 during the three-dimensional air-liquid interface (3D-ALI) model in vitro...
August 23, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812548/bacteroidales-recruit-il-6-producing-intraepithelial-lymphocytes-in-the-colon-to-promote-barrier-integrity
#6
K A Kuhn, H M Schulz, E H Regner, E L Severs, J D Hendrickson, G Mehta, A K Whitney, D Ir, N Ohri, C E Robertson, D N Frank, E L Campbell, S P Colgan
Interactions between the microbiota and distal gut are important for the maintenance of a healthy intestinal barrier; dysbiosis of intestinal microbial communities has emerged as a likely contributor to diseases that arise at the level of the mucosa. Intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs) are positioned within the epithelial barrier, and in the small intestine they function to maintain epithelial homeostasis. We hypothesized that colon IELs promote epithelial barrier function through the expression of cytokines in response to interactions with commensal bacteria...
August 16, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812547/lung-epithelial-cells-therapeutically-inducible-effectors-of-antimicrobial-defense
#7
REVIEW
M M Leiva-Juárez, J K Kolls, S E Evans
Lung epithelial cells are increasingly recognized to be active effectors of microbial defense, contributing to both innate and adaptive immune function in the lower respiratory tract. As immune sentinels, lung epithelial cells detect diverse pathogens through an ample repertoire of membrane-bound, endosomal, and cytosolic pattern-recognition receptors (PRRs). The highly plastic epithelial barrier responds to detected threats via modulation of paracellular flux, intercellular communications, mucin production, and periciliary fluid composition...
August 16, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792004/adjuvant-selection-regulates-gut-migration-and-phenotypic-diversity-of-antigen-specific-cd4-t-cells-following-parenteral-immunization
#8
D R Frederick, J A Goggins, L M Sabbagh, L C Freytag, J D Clements, J B McLachlan
Infectious diarrheal diseases are the second leading cause of death in children under 5 years, making vaccines against these diseases a high priority. It is known that certain vaccine adjuvants, chiefly bacterial ADP-ribosylating enterotoxins, can induce mucosal antibodies when delivered parenterally. Based on this, we reasoned vaccine-specific mucosal cellular immunity could be induced via parenteral immunization with these adjuvants. Here, we show that, in contrast to the Toll-like receptor-9 agonist CpG, intradermal immunization with non-toxic double-mutant heat-labile toxin (dmLT) from enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli drove endogenous, antigen-specific CD4(+) T cells to expand and upregulate the gut-homing integrin α4β7...
August 9, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792003/vaccine-modified-nf-kb-and-gr-signaling-in-cervicovaginal-epithelium-correlates-with-protection
#9
L Shang, A J Smith, C S Reilly, L Duan, K E Perkey, S Wietgrefe, M Zupancic, P J Southern, R P Johnson, J V Carlis, A T Haase
Cervicovaginal epithelium plays a critical role in determining the outcome of virus transmission in the female reproductive tract (FRT) by initiating or suppressing transmission-facilitating mucosal immune responses in naïve and SIVmac239Δnef-vaccinated animals, respectively. In this study, we examined the very early responses of cervical epithelium within 24 h after vaginal exposure to SIV in naive and SIVmac239Δnef-vaccinated rhesus macaques. Using both ex vivo and in vivo experimental systems, we found that vaginal exposure to SIV rapidly induces a broad spectrum of pro-inflammatory responses in the epithelium associated with a reciprocal regulation of NF-kB and glucocorticoid receptor (GR) signaling pathways...
August 9, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766556/antigen-specific-regulatory-t-cell-responses-to-intestinal-microbiota
#10
REVIEW
E V Russler-Germain, S Rengarajan, C-S Hsieh
The mammalian gastrointestinal tract can harbor both beneficial commensal bacteria important for host health, but also pathogenic bacteria capable of intestinal damage. It is therefore important that the host immune system mount the appropriate immune response to these divergent groups of bacteria-promoting tolerance in response to commensal bacteria and sterilizing immunity in response to pathogenic bacteria. Failure to induce tolerance to commensal bacteria may underlie immune-mediated diseases such as human inflammatory bowel disease...
August 2, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766555/the-tlr9-agonist-mgn1703-triggers-a-potent-type-i-interferon-response-in-the-sigmoid-colon
#11
A R Krarup, M Abdel-Mohsen, M H Schleimann, L Vibholm, P A Engen, A Dige, B Wittig, M Schmidt, S J Green, A Naqib, A Keshavarzian, X Deng, R Olesen, A M Petersen, T Benfield, L Østergaard, T A Rasmussen, J Agnholt, J R Nyengaard, A Landay, O S Søgaard, S K Pillai, M Tolstrup, P W Denton
Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) agonists are being developed for treatment of colorectal and other cancers, yet the impact of these drugs on human intestines remains unknown. This, together with the fact that there are additional potential indications for TLR9 agonist therapy (e.g., autoimmune and infectious diseases), led us to investigate the impact of MGN1703 (Lefitolimod) on intestinal homeostasis and viral persistence in HIV-positive individuals. Colonic sigmoid biopsies were collected (baseline and week four) from 11 HIV+ individuals on suppressive antiretroviral therapy, who received MGN1703 (60 mg s...
August 2, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766554/campylobacter-jejuni-impairs-sodium-transport-and-epithelial-barrier-function-via-cytokine-release-in-human-colon
#12
R Bücker, S M Krug, V Moos, C Bojarski, M R Schweiger, M Kerick, A Fromm, S Janßen, M Fromm, N A Hering, B Siegmund, T Schneider, C Barmeyer, J D Schulzke
Campylobacter jejuni is the most prevalent cause of foodborne bacterial enteritis worldwide. Patients present with diarrhea and immune responses lead to complications like arthritis and irritable bowel syndrome. Although studies exist in animal and cell models, we aimed at a functional and structural characterization of intestinal dysfunction and the involved regulatory mechanisms in human colon. First, in patients' colonic biopsies, sodium malabsorption was identified as an important diarrheal mechanism resulting from hampered epithelial ion transport via impaired epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) β- and γ-subunit...
August 2, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766553/regulatory-t-cells-with-superior-immunosuppressive-capacity-emigrate-from-the-inflamed-colon-to-draining-lymph-nodes
#13
Y Nakanishi, R Ikebuchi, T Chtanova, Y Kusumoto, H Okuyama, T Moriya, T Honda, K Kabashima, T Watanabe, Y Sakai, M Tomura
Foxp3(+) Regulatory T cells (Tregs) play a critical role in the maintenance of colon homeostasis. Here we utilized photoconvertible KikGR mice to track immune cells from the caecum and ascending (proximal) colon in the steady state and DSS-induced colitis. We found that Tregs from the proximal colon (colonic migratory Tregs) migrated exclusively to the distal part of mesenteric lymph nodes (dMLN) in an S1PR1-dependent process. In the steady state, colonic migratory CD25(+) Tregs expressed higher levels of CD103, ICOS, LAG3 and CTLA-4 in comparison with pre-existing LN Tregs...
August 2, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745328/diacylglycerol-kinase-synthesized-by-commensal-lactobacillus-reuteri-diminishes-protein-kinase-c-phosphorylation-and-histamine-mediated-signaling-in-the-mammalian-intestinal-epithelium
#14
B P Ganesh, A Hall, S Ayyaswamy, J W Nelson, R Fultz, A Major, A Haag, M Esparza, M Lugo, S Venable, M Whary, J G Fox, J Versalovic
Lactobacillus reuteri 6475 (Lr) of the human microbiome synthesizes histamine and can suppress inflammation via type 2 histamine receptor (H2R) activation in the mammalian intestine. Gut microbes such as Lr promote H2R signaling and may suppress H1R proinflammatory signaling pathways in parallel by unknown mechanisms. In this study, we identified a soluble bacterial enzyme known as diacylglycerol kinase (Dgk) from Lr that is secreted into the extracellular milieu and presumably into the intestinal lumen. DgK diminishes diacylglycerol (DAG) quantities in mammalian cells by promoting its metabolic conversion and causing reduced protein kinase C phosphorylation (pPKC) as a net effect in mammalian cells...
July 26, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745327/seminal-vesicle-fluid-increases-the-efficacy-of-intravaginal-hsv-2-vaccination
#15
A Varese, F Remes Lenicov, M Gonzalez Prinz, A Paletta, G Ernst, C Maeto, A Merlotti, J Sabatte, S Símula, M P Holgado, E Dantas, J Geffner, A Ceballos
Once considered merely as a vehicle for spermatozoa, it is now clear that seminal plasma (SP) induces a variety of biological actions on the female reproductive tissues able to modulate the immune response against paternal antigens. To our knowledge, the influence of SP on the immune response against sexually transmitted pathogens has not been yet evaluated. We here analyzed whether the seminal vesicle fluid (SVF), which contributes almost 60% of the SP volume in mice, could modulate the immune response against herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2)...
July 26, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745326/defective-positioning-in-granulomas-but-not-lung-homing-limits-cd4-t-cell-interactions-with-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-infected-macrophages-in-rhesus-macaques
#16
K D Kauffman, M A Sallin, S Sakai, O Kamenyeva, J Kabat, D Weiner, M Sutphin, D Schimel, L Via, C E Barry, T Wilder-Kofie, I Moore, R Moore, D L Barber
Protection against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection requires CD4 T cells to migrate into the lung and interact with infected macrophages. In mice, less-differentiated CXCR3(+) CD4 T cells migrate into the lung and suppress growth of Mtb, whereas CX3CR1(+) terminally differentiated Th1 cells accumulate in the blood vasculature and do not control pulmonary infection. Here we examine CD4 T-cell differentiation and lung homing during primary Mtb infection of rhesus macaques. Mtb-specific CD4 T cells simultaneously appeared in the airways and blood ∼21-28 days post exposure, indicating that recently primed effectors are quickly recruited into the lungs after entering circulation...
July 26, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745325/the-regulation-of-gut-mucosal-iga-b-cell-responses-recent-developments
#17
REVIEW
N Y Lycke, M Bemark
The majority of activated B cells differentiate into IgA plasma cells, with the gut being the largest producer of immunoglobulin in the body. Secretory IgA antibodies have numerous critical functions of which protection against infections and the role for establishing a healthy microbiota appear most important. Expanding our knowledge of the regulation of IgA B-cell responses and how effective mucosal vaccines can be designed are of critical importance. Here we discuss recent developments in the field that shed light on the uniqueness and complexity of mucosal IgA responses and the control of protective IgA responses in the gut, specifically...
July 26, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745324/a-committed-postselection-precursor-to-natural-tcr%C3%AE-%C3%AE-intraepithelial-lymphocytes
#18
Christoph S N Klose, Jonas F Hummel, Lena Faller, Yannick d'Hargues, Karolina Ebert, Yakup Tanriver
The intestine is a major immune organ with several specialized lymphoid structures and immune cells. Among these are thymus-derived natural intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs) that lack expression of the classical co-receptors CD4 or CD8αβ (double negative (DN)). Natural IELs are both αβ(+) and γδ(+) T cells that play important roles in the maintenance of the epithelial barrier at steady state and during inflammation. The transcription factor T-bet is essential for the peripheral development of natural IELs, but its role during thymic development has remained less clear...
July 26, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677664/allergenic-proteases-cleave-the-chemokine-cx3cl1-directly-from-the-surface-of-airway-epithelium-and-augment-the-effect-of-rhinovirus
#19
M Loxham, D E Smart, N J Bedke, N P Smithers, I Filippi, C Blume, E J Swindle, K Tariq, P H Howarth, S T Holgate, D E Davies
CX3CL1 has been implicated in allergen-induced airway CD4(+) T-lymphocyte recruitment in asthma. As epidemiological evidence supports a viral infection-allergen synergy in asthma exacerbations, we postulated that rhinovirus (RV) infection in the presence of allergen augments epithelial CX3CL1 release. Fully differentiated primary bronchial epithelial cultures were pretreated apically with house dust mite (HDM) extract and infected with rhinovirus-16 (RV16). CX3CL1 was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and western blotting, and shedding mechanisms assessed using inhibitors, protease-activated receptor-2 (PAR-2) agonist, and recombinant CX3CL1-expressing HEK293T cells...
July 5, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656964/il-33-promotes-gastrointestianl-allergy-in-a-tslp-independent-manner
#20
H Han, F Roan, L K Johnston, D E Smith, P J Bryce, S F Ziegler
Atopic dermatitis (AD) often precedes asthma and food allergy, indicating that epicutaneous sensitization to allergens may be important in the induction of allergic responses at other barrier surfaces. Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) and interleukin (IL)-33 are two cytokines that may drive type 2 responses in the skin; both are potential targets in the treatment of allergic diseases. We tested the functional role of IL-33 and the interplay between IL-33 and TSLP in mouse models of atopic march and gastrointestinal (GI) allergy...
June 28, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
journal
journal
41566
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"