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Libyan Journal of Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982295/location-of-the-internal-carotid-artery-and-ophthalmic-artery-segments-for-non-invasive-intracranial-pressure-measurement-by-multi-depth-tcd
#1
Yasin Hamarat, Mantas Deimantavicius, Evaldas Kalvaitis, Lina Siaudvytyte, Ingrida Januleviciene, Rolandas Zakelis, Laimonas Bartusis
The aim of the present study was to locate the ophthalmic artery by using the edge of the internal carotid artery (ICA) as the reference depth to perform a reliable non-invasive intracranial pressure measurement via a multi-depth transcranial Doppler device and to then determine the positions and angles of an ultrasonic transducer (UT) on the closed eyelid in the case of located segments. High tension glaucoma (HTG) patients and healthy volunteers (HVs) undergoing non-invasive intracranial pressure measurement were selected for this prospective study...
December 2017: Libyan Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971737/translation-and-cultural-adaptation-of-the-leeds-assessment-of-neuropathic-symptoms-and-signs-lanss-pain-scale-into-arabic-for-use-with-patients-with-diabetes-in-libya
#2
Sabri Garoushi, Mark I Johnson, Osama A Tashani
In Libya neuropathic pain is rarely assessed in patients with diabetes. The Leeds Assessment of Neuropathic Symptoms and Signs (LANSS) pain scale is used worldwide to screen for neuropathic pain. There is no Arabic version of LANSS for use in Libya. The aim of this study was to develop an Arabic version of LANSS and to assess its validity and reliability in diabetic patients in Benghazi, Libya. LANSS was translated into Arabic by four bilingual translators and back translated to English by a university academic...
December 2017: Libyan Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891419/effects-of-listening-to-holy-qur-an-recitation-and-physical-training-on-dialysis-efficacy-functional-capacity-and-psychosocial-outcomes-in-elderly-patients-undergoing-haemodialysis
#3
Bechir Frih, Wajdi Mkacher, Abir Bouzguenda, Hamdi Jaafar, Salem Ali ALkandari, Zohra Ben Salah, Bart Sas, Mohamed Hammami, Ameur Frih
The purpose of this study was to determine whether listening to Holy Qur'an recitation would augment the beneficial effects of physical exercise on physiological and psychological measures in elderly patients undergoing haemodialysis. Fifty-three male haemodialysis patients were randomly assigned to an intervention group (listening to Holy Qur'an recitation in combination with endurance-resistance training, n = 28) or a control group (endurance-resistance training only, n = 25). Functional capacity was assessed using the Timed Up and Go test (TUG) and the Six-Minute Walk Test (6MWT)...
December 2017: Libyan Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859554/effects-of-ecballium-elaterium-on-brain-in-a-rat-model-of-sepsis-associated-encephalopathy
#4
Demet Arslan, Aysun Ekinci, Akgul Arici, Eda Bozdemir, Esref Akil, Hasan Huseyin Ozdemir
Despite recent advances in antibiotic therapy, sepsis remains a major clinical challenge in intensive care units. Here we examined the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects of Ecballium elaterium (EE) on brain, and explored its therapeutic potential in an animal model of sepsis-associated encephalopathy (SAE) [induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP)]. Thirty rats were divided into three groups of 10 each: control, sepsis, and treatment. Rats were subjected to CLP except for the control group, which underwent laparatomy only...
December 2017: Libyan Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678645/evaluation-of-complications-of-root-canal-treatment-performed-by-undergraduate-dental-students
#5
Mothanna K AlRahabi
This study evaluated the technical quality of root canal treatment (RCT) and detected iatrogenic errors in an undergraduate dental clinic at the College of Dentistry, Taibah University, Saudi Arabia. Dental records of 280 patients who received RCT between 2013 and 2016 undertaken by dental students were investigated by retrospective chart review. Root canal obturation was evaluated on the basis of the length of obturation being ≤2 mm from the radiographic apex, with uniform radiodensity and good adaptation to root canal walls...
December 2017: Libyan Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452604/effects-of-dexmedetomidine-on-renal-tissue-after-lower-limb-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats
#6
Meral Erdal Erbatur, Şaban Cem Sezen, Aslıhan Cavunt Bayraktar, Mustafa Arslan, Mustafa Kavutçu, Muhammed Enes Aydın
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate whether dexmedetomidine - administered before ischemia - has protective effects against lower extremity ischemia reperfusion injury that induced by clamping and subsequent declamping of infra-renal abdominal aorta in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. MATERIAL AND METHODS: After obtaining ethical committee approval, four study groups each containing six rats were created (Control (Group C), diabetes-control (Group DM-C), diabetes I/R (Group DM-I/R), and diabetes-I/R-dexmedetomidine (Group DM-I/R-D)...
December 2017: Libyan Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452603/effects-of-music-therapy-under-general-anesthesia-in-patients-undergoing-abdominal-surgery
#7
Mohamed Kahloul, Salah Mhamdi, Mohamed Said Nakhli, Ahmed Nadhir Sfeyhi, Mohamed Azzaza, Ajmi Chaouch, Walid Naija
BACKGROUND: Music therapy, an innovative approach that has proven effectiveness in many medical conditions, seems beneficial also in managing surgical patients. The aim of this study is to evaluate its effects, under general anesthesia, on perioperative patient satisfaction, stress, pain, and awareness. METHODS: This is a prospective, randomized, double-blind study conducted in the operating theatre of visceral surgery at Sahloul Teaching Hospital over a period of 4 months...
December 2017: Libyan Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449627/lornoxicam-use-to-reduce-the-pain-associated-with-propofol-injection
#8
Nihal Başak, Yakup Aksoy, Ayhan Kaydu, Ömer Fatih Şahin
AIM: To investigate the efficacy of lornoxicam in the prevention of the pain associated with propofol injection. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Approval for this study was granted by the ethics committee of our hospital. Using a computer randomisation software, 120 patients undergoing elective surgery were assigned to four equal groups. In Group I (control group), immediately before anaesthesia induction, 10 ml of isotonic 0.9% NaCl solution (placebo) was administered intravenously (IV)...
December 2017: Libyan Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385119/computational-identification-of-mutually-homologous-zika-virus-mirnas-that-target-microcephaly-genes
#9
Ewen McLean, Roshan Bhattarai, Brandon W Hughes, Kuhanandha Mahalingam, Omar Bagasra
Background Zika virus (ZIKV) has been associated with a variety of neuropathologies, including microcephaly. We hypothesize that ZIKV genes activate host microRNAs (miRNAs) causing dysfunctional development of human fetal brains. Objectives/methods A bioinformatics search for miRNA genome-wide binding sites in the prototypic ZIKV (strain MR766) was undertaken to hunt for miRNAs with significant similarities with MCPH genetic sequences responsible for inducing MCHP in human fetal brains. Results Six ZIKV miRNAs were found to share mutual homology with 12 MCPH genetic sequences responsible for inducing MCPH...
December 2017: Libyan Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357909/nitrite-enhances-liver-graft-protection-against-cold-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-through-a-nos-independent-pathway
#10
Amani Cherif-Sayadi, Kaouther Hadj Ayed-Tka, Mohamed Amine Zaouali, Mohamed Bejaoui, Najet Hadj-Abdallah, Ahlem Bouhlel, Hassen Ben Abdennebi
INTRODUCTION: Nitrite has been found to protect liver graft from cold preservation injury. However, the cell signaling pathway involved in this protection remains unclear. Here, we attempt to clarify if the NOS pathway by using the NOS inhibitor, L-NAME (L-N(G)-Nitroarginine methyl ester). ANIMALS AND METHODS: Rat livers were conserved for 24 h at 4°C in (IGL-1) solution enriched or not with nitrite at 50 nM. In a third group, rats were pretreated with 50 mg/kg of L-NAME before their liver procurement and preservation in IGL-1 supplemented with nitrite (50 nM) and L-NAME (1 mM)...
December 2017: Libyan Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347204/the-effect-of-echis-coloratus-venom-on-biochemical-and-molecular-markers-of-the-antioxidant-capacity-in-human-fibroblasts
#11
Hazem K Ghneim
This study was undertaken to examine the activities and levels of major antioxidants/oxidants in cultured human fibroblasts incubated with a sublethal dose of Echis coloratus venom (EcV). Glutathione peroxidase (GPx), catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione reductase (GR) activities and gene expression levels as well as reduced glutathione (GSH) levels, and the concurrent hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), superoxide anions (SOA), lipid peroxides (LPO) and oxidized glutathione (GSSG) generation rates were assayed in fibroblast cultures and sonicates incubated with 0...
December 2017: Libyan Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266252/preliminary-findings-on-the-correlation-of-saliva-ph-buffering-capacity-flow-rate-and-consistency-in-relation-to-waterpipe-tobacco-smoking
#12
Mehdi Khemiss, Mohamed Ben Khelifa, Helmi Ben Saad
The aim of the present comparative study was to compare some salivary characteristics between exclusive waterpipe smokers (EWPS) and non-smokers. 72 males (36 EWPS) were recruited. The volume of stimulated saliva was determined and divided by the duration of saliva collection. The pH was measured directly using a pH meter. The buffering capacity was determined using a quantitative method which involved the addition of 10 µl HCl. Up to a total of 160 µL was titrated up to obtain a pH titration curve. At 50 µL of titrated HCl, buffering capacity was ranked into three categories: high, medium and low...
December 2017: Libyan Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245727/cirrhotic-cardiomyopathy-is-there-any-correlation-between-the-stage-of-cardiac-impairment-and-the-severity-of-liver-disease
#13
Rania Hammami, Mouna Boudabbous, Jihen Jdidi, Fatma Trabelsi, Fakher Mroua, Rahma Kallel, Ali Amouri, Dorra Abid, Nabil Tahri, Leila Abid, Samir Kammoun
Cirrhotic cardiomyopathy is associated with poor prognosis and risk of acute heart failure after liver transplantation or interventional procedures. We aimed to assess the relationship between the severity of cardiac impairment and hepatic disease. Eighty patients and eighty controls underwent echocardiography, tissue Doppler imaging and speckle tracking measures. We assess the correlation between echocardiographic parameters and Child and MELD scores. Systolic parameters function (s wave, p < 0.001) and global longitudinal strain (p < 0...
December 2017: Libyan Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245709/the-effect-of-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-1-expression-on-survival-of-advanced-colorectal-cancer-patients
#14
Riyad Bendardaf, Ahmed El-Serafi, Kari Syrjänen, Yrjö Collan, Seppo Pyrhönen
Colorectal cancer is third leading cause of cancer mortality. About 60% of patients had already developed metastasis at the time of diagnosis. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is crucial for the development of neovascularization and hence metastasis. This study aimed at investigating the relation between the expression of VEGF in biopsies from surgically dissected colon cancer and the survival of those patients. Biopsies were collected from 86 patients with advanced colon cancer and sections were stained by immunohistochemistry for VEGF...
December 2017: Libyan Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349850/development-and-validation-of-a-food-photography-manual-as-a-tool-for-estimation-of-food-portion-size-in-epidemiological-dietary-surveys-in-tunisia
#15
Mongia Bouchoucha, Mouna Akrout, Hédia Bellali, Rim Bouchoucha, Fadwa Tarhouni, Abderraouf Ben Mansour, Béchir Zouari
Background Estimation of food portion sizes has always been a challenge in dietary studies on free-living individuals. The aim of this work was to develop and validate a food photography manual to improve the accuracy of the estimated size of consumed food portions. Methods A manual was compiled from digital photos of foods commonly consumed by the Tunisian population. The food was cooked and weighed before taking digital photographs of three portion sizes. The manual was validated by comparing the method of 24-hour recall (using photos) to the reference method [food weighing (FW)]...
January 2016: Libyan Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349849/the-establishment-of-ethical-guidelines-for-biomedical-research-in-libya
#16
LETTER
Iman Bugaighis, Asma El-Howati, Ahmed S Ali Elmusrati, Arheiam Arheiam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Libyan Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349848/vitamin-d-inadequacy-is-widespread-in-tunisian-active-boys-and-is-related-to-diet-but-not-to-adiposity-or-insulin-resistance
#17
Ikram Bezrati, Mohamed Kacem Ben Fradj, Nejmeddine Ouerghi, Moncef Feki, Anis Chaouachi, Naziha Kaabachi
Background Vitamin D inadequacy is widespread in children and adolescents worldwide. The present study was undertaken to assess the vitamin D status in active children living in a sunny climate and to identify the main determinants of the serum concentration of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD). Methods This cross-sectional study included 225 children aged 7-15 years practicing sports in a football academy. Anthropometric measures were performed to calculate body mass index (BMI), fat mass, and maturity status. A nutritional enquiry was performed including 3-day food records and food frequency questionnaire...
January 2016: Libyan Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349847/how-does-serum-brain-natriuretic-peptide-level-change-under-nasal-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome
#18
Sameh Msaad, Rim Marrakchi, Malek Grati, Rahma Gargouri, Samy Kammoun, Kamel Jammoussi, Ilhem Yangui
Background Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, which can be improved by using continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy. However, the pathophysiological links between the two kinds of disease and the mechanism of the CPAP effect remain incompletely understood. We aimed to inquire into the myocardial involvement in this relationship. We suggested that serum brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) is sensitive enough to detect myocardial stress caused by OSAHS...
January 2016: Libyan Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349846/irritable-bowel-syndrome-among-nurses-working-in-king-abdulaziz-university-hospital-jeddah-saudi-arabia
#19
Nahla Khamis Ibrahim, Randa Ibrahim Al-Bloushy, Salma Hani Sait, Hatoon Wahid Al-Azhary, Nusaybah Hussain Al Bar, Ghazal A Mirdad
Background Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a highly prevalent gastrointestinal disorder that can cause disability and economic burden. Nurses are a vital part of the medical team and their well-being is an important issue. Yet, few studies have been done concerning IBS among nurses. Objectives To determine the prevalence, severity, and predictors of IBS among nurses working at King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Materials and methods A cross-sectional study was conducted among 229 nurses who fulfilled the eligibility criteria...
January 2016: Libyan Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349845/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-psychometric-properties-of-an-arabic-language-version-of-the-brief-illness-perception-questionnaire-in-lebanon
#20
Stéphanie Saarti, Hicham Jabbour, Nada El Osta, Aline Hajj, Lydia Rabbaa Khabbaz
Background Patients' positive illness perceptions (IPs) significantly contribute to treatment success. The Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire (Brief IPQ) is widely used in various diseases for assessing IPs. It was developed in English-speaking countries and studies on it in Arab countries are scarce. Objectives, Setting and design This observational cross-sectional study aimed to cross-culturally adapt the Brief IPQ English version into a modern Arabic language version and determine its psychometric properties in a sample of Lebanese cardiac disease patients...
January 2016: Libyan Journal of Medicine
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