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Retinal Cases & Brief Reports

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621043/erratum
#1
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April 4, 2018: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621042/experience-with-ocriplasmin-in-patients-with-vitreomacular-traction-syndrome-a-retrospective-study-of-10-patients
#2
Caroline Bormann, Bianca C Apitzsch, Anke Habermann, Ute Hammer, Thomas Hammer
PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy of ocriplasmin in patients with vitreomacular traction (VMT) syndrome <1,500 μm with or without a full-thickness macular holes of <400 μm. METHODS: In this study, a retrospective analysis of 10 eyes of 10 patients with VMT who were treated with ocriplasmin between December 2014 and January 2016 was performed. Ocriplasmin 0.125 mg was injected only once in all cases. Outcome measures included the detachment of VMT, best-corrected visual acuity, the evaluation of optical coherence tomography, including the closure of full-thickness macular holes, and the reduction of macular edema (if present) and the decrease of metamorphopsia if present...
April 4, 2018: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596114/acute-macular-neuroretinopathy-in-susac-syndrome-a-new-association
#3
Yong-Sheng Yang, Lily Zhang, Negar Asdaghi, Christopher R Henry, Janet L Davis
PURPOSE: To report a case of acute macular neuroretinopathy in a patient with Susac syndrome. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 39-year-old male patient presented with severe headache, photopsias, and a sudden onset of hearing loss in the right ear. Fluorescein angiography of the right eye revealed multiple branch retinal artery occlusions. Clinical presentation of encephalopathy, hearing loss, and branch retinal artery occlusions, along with characteristic magnetic resonance imaging findings, led to a diagnosis of Susac syndrome...
March 28, 2018: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595560/spironolactone-as-a-therapeutic-alternative-for-the-bullous-variant-of-central-serous-chorioretinopathy
#4
Eva C Ramos-Yau, Ediberto Muñoz-Domínguez, Silvia P Contreras-Mérida, Luis M Valencia-Londoño
PURPOSE: To report a case of the bullous variant of central serous chorioretinopathy successfully treated with spironolactone, a mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist. METHODS: Case report of a patient including fluorescein angiography, optical coherence tomography, and color fundus photography. RESULTS: Initially managed as a multifocal choroiditis, the use of oral and peribulbar corticoids worsened the serous retinal detachment. Taking in consideration this response, she was then diagnosed with a bullous variant of central serous chorioretinopathy and treated with 50 mg of spironolactone per day...
March 27, 2018: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578935/penetrating-ocular-injury-with-retained-intraocular-foreign-body-from-drywall
#5
Reema Syed, Sung-Hye Kim, Agustina Palacio, William R Nunery, Shlomit Schaal
PURPOSE: To present a case of open globe injury and retained intraocular foreign body secondary to drywall. METHODS: Interventional case report. RESULTS: A 21-year-old man presented with corneal laceration, iris defect, and vitreous hemorrhage after hammering drywall. Computed tomography scan was negative for intraocular foreign body, but a drywall intraretinal foreign body was found on 25-gauge vitrectomy. Intraoperative findings and 6-month follow-up are presented...
March 23, 2018: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561336/optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-of-acute-macular-neuroretinopathy-reveals-deep-capillary-ischemia
#6
Julia Nemiroff, David Sarraf, Juan Pablo Davila, Damien Rodger
PURPOSE: To present the multimodal retinal imaging findings, including optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography, of an atypical case of acute macular neuroretinopathy (AMN). METHODS: The multimodal retinal imaging findings, including structural OCT and OCT angiography, of an atypical case of AMN are presented. RESULTS: A 23-year old woman, with a history of an unrelenting sinusitis treated with prednisone therapy and decongestants, presented with an acute scotoma of the right eye...
March 20, 2018: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557850/a-novel-technique-for-extraction-of-dropped-broken-haptics-of-hard-posterior-chamber-intraocular-lens
#7
Mohamed Mamdouh Elwan
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: To report a novel technique for extraction of dropped haptics of hard posterior chamber intraocular lens. METHODS: A 58-year-old woman had undergone cataract extraction, and while implanting the posterior chamber intraocular lens it was dislocated in the anterior vitreous, and the cataract surgeon, tried to remove it by the anterior approach, but he succeeded to remove the optic part only, leaving the haptics dropped, then he referred the case after giving topical and systemic medications to control intraocular inflammation and, the case was prepared for pars plana vitrectomy, then injection of perfluorodecaline to keep the haptics away from the posterior pole then by 23 G vitrectomy probe and, the use of vacuum only, the haptics were removed and the perfluorodecaline was removed...
March 19, 2018: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553995/optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-findings-in-a-case-of-choroidal-neovascularization-secondary-to-traumatic-choroidal-rupture
#8
Chiara Preziosa, Federico Corvi, Marco Pellegrini, Sara Bochicchio, Ana P Rosar, Giovanni Staurenghi
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: To document by optical coherence tomography angiography, the onset of a choroidal neovascularization (CNV) secondary to traumatic choroidal rupture and describe its changes after an intravitreal injection of bevacizumab. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 20-year-old woman presented referring vision loss after a blunt ocular trauma in her left eye. The patient underwent a complete ophthalmic examination. Best-corrected visual acuity was 20/200...
March 16, 2018: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547452/panretinal-ritonavir-induced-retinopathy-a-report-of-long-term-use
#9
Leonardo R C Mesquita, Maria L G da Fonseca, Rodrigo M da Silva, Eduardo H Morizot
PURPOSE: To report a case involving a patient with presumed panretinal ritonavir-induced retinopathy. METHODS: A 52-year-old, HIV-positive patient, with no criteria for AIDS associated with the use of ritonavir for more than 10 years, underwent clinical examination, fundus photography, spectral domain optical coherence tomography, and fundus autofluorescence imaging. RESULTS: Fundus examination revealed areas of atrophy and hypertrophy in the retinal pigment epithelium throughout the retina...
March 15, 2018: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547451/retinal-microstructure-in-poems-syndrome
#10
Ryutaro Tomita, Tetsuju Sekiryu, Hiroaki Shintake, Kuniharu Saito
PURPOSE: To report a 67-year-old woman with polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal gammopathy, and skin changes (POEMS) syndrome, showing bilateral serous retinal detachment. The retinal lesion was evaluated by multimodal imaging using spectral domain optical coherence tomography and an adaptive optics (AO) camera. METHODS: A case report. RESULTS: Optical coherence tomography showed hyperreflective foci mainly in the inner retina in both eyes...
March 15, 2018: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543621/retinal-neovascularization-from-a-patient-with-cutis-marmorata-telangiectatica-congenita
#11
Thérèse M Sassalos, Taylor S Fields, Robert Levine, Hua Gao
PURPOSE: To report a rare case of peripheral retinal neovascularization in a patient diagnosed with cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita (CMTC). METHODS: Observational case report. RESULTS: A 16-year-old girl was referred to clinic for retinal evaluation. The patient had a clinical diagnosis of CMTC later confirmed by skin biopsy. Examination revealed temporal peripheral retinal sheathing, as well as lattice degeneration in both eyes...
March 14, 2018: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533389/rapidly-progressive-neovascular-glaucoma-from-cytomegalovirus-retinitis-in-a-non-human-immunodeficiency-virus-patient
#12
Jane Cho, Nicole Siegel, Manju L Subramanian, Howard Ying, Steven Ness
PURPOSE: To describe a case of neovascular glaucoma from cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis in a human immunodeficiency virus-negative patient with immunosuppression after stem-cell transplant for multiple myeloma. METHODS: Retrospective case report. RESULTS: A 71-year-old man on monthly infusion of daratumumab for multiple myeloma after stem-cell transplant presenting with a 2-week history of floaters, photophobia, and blurry vision was found to have polymerase chain reaction-confirmed CMV retinitis associated with diffuse occlusive vasculitis...
March 12, 2018: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528887/localization-of-macular-crystals-associated-with-chronic-retinal-detachment-to-the-posterior-hyaloid-using-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography
#13
Elizabeth A Atchison, Timothy P Flood
PURPOSE: To present a case of crystalline retinopathy associated with chronic retinal detachment and localize the macular crystals using spectral domain optical coherence tomography. METHODS: Case Report. RESULTS: A 37-year-old man with previously treated chronic retinal detachment presented with normal vision and crystalline maculopathy. Spectral domain optical coherence tomography localized the macular crystals to the posterior hyaloid membrane and on the internal limiting membrane, but not within the retina...
March 8, 2018: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528886/paracentral-acute-middle-maculopathy-after-preworkout-havok-ingestion
#14
Kevin F Elwood, Robert W Wong
PURPOSE: To describe a case of transient, partial, central retinal artery occlusion with paracentral acute middle maculopathy optical coherence tomography presentation in a young healthy patient after ingestion of the synephrine-containing supplement, Havok. METHODS: Retrospective case report with fundus photography, fluorescein angiography, and optical coherence tomography. RESULTS: A 20-year-old man presented with severe acute vision loss in the right eye...
March 8, 2018: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528885/acute-retinal-necrosis-and-contralateral-cutaneous-eruption-after-the-shingles-vaccine
#15
Amro Ali, Malka Davina Kirschenbaum, Sansar Sharma, Thaddeus L Wandel
PURPOSE: To the best of our knowledge, we present a rare case report describing an occurrence of acute retinal necrosis in an otherwise healthy individual who received the shingles vaccine. METHODS: Observational case report. PATIENT: A 63-year-old healthy and immunocompetent white man presented with change of vision in the left eye after blunt trauma. A diagnosis of corneal abrasion was made. During follow-up, a detailed history discovered a progressive deterioration in vision over the past few weeks...
March 8, 2018: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505489/retinal-cavernous-hemangioma-with-intralesional-phleboliths
#16
Michael D Yu, Lauren A Dalvin, Carol L Shields
PURPOSE: To report a case of retinal cavernous hemangioma with intralesional phleboliths, simulating retinoblastoma. METHODS: A healthy 5-month-old girl developed left esotropia and was noted to have atraumatic vitreous hemorrhage with underlying partially calcified mass, suspicious for retinoblastoma. RESULTS: On examination, the visual acuity was fix and follow in the right eye and absent fixation in the left eye. Evaluation of the right eye revealed normal findings...
March 2, 2018: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489563/sildenafil-citrate-induced-retinal-toxicity-electroretinogram-optical-coherence-tomography-and-adaptive-optics-findings
#17
Fatoumata Yanoga, Ronald C Gentile, Toco Y P Chui, K Bailey Freund, Millie Fell, Rosa Dolz-Marco, Richard B Rosen
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: To report a case of persistent retinal toxicity associated with a high dose of sildenafil citrate intake. METHODS: Single retrospective case report. RESULTS: A 31-year-old white man with no medical history presented with complaints of bilateral multicolored photopsias and erythropsia (red-tinted vision), shortly after taking sildenafil citrate-purchased through the internet. Patient was found to have cone photoreceptor damage, demonstrated using electroretinogram, optical coherence tomography, and adaptive optics imaging...
February 27, 2018: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489562/bilateral-enterococcus-faecalis-endophthalmitis-with-multiple-recurrences
#18
Christopher M Aderman, Daniel L Chao, Anthony Obeid, Daniel M Schwartz, Robert B Bhisitkul, Cynthia S Chiu
PURPOSE: To describe the first case report of a bilateral recurrent Enterococcus faecalis endophthalmitis postcataract surgery. METHODS: Case report with a description of the timeline, diagnosis, and management of a patient with bilateral recurrent E. faecalis endophthalmitis. RESULTS: An 89-year-old man presented 6 weeks' postcataract surgery with pain, tearing, and blurred vision in the left eye. B-scan ultrasonography revealed vitritis and cultures postvitrectomy grew E...
February 27, 2018: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485478/tenon-capsule-vitreous-cavity-fistula-after-hydrogel-scleral-buckle-removal
#19
Carl S Wilkins, Vaidehi S Dedania, Devon H Ghodasra, Mark W Johnson
PURPOSE: To report a rare case of vitreous cavity-Tenon capsule fistula formation after removal of a symptomatic hydrogel scleral buckle. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 43-year-old man presented with chronic headache and involuntary gaze deviation for over 1 year after hydrogel scleral buckle surgery 25 years prior. After removal of the scleral buckle, the patient developed a fluid-filled inflation of the buckle capsule, surrounding a previously noted area of severe scleral thinning...
February 26, 2018: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474223/inverted-internal-limiting-membrane-flap-technique-for-optic-disk-pit-maculopathy-morphologic-and-functional-analysis
#20
Giancarlo Sborgia, Nicola Recchimurzo, Luigi Sborgia, Alfredo Niro, Alessandra Sborgia, Marina Piepoli, Giovanni Alessio
PURPOSE: To analyze morphologic and functional changes after inverted internal limiting membrane-flap technique for optic disk pit maculopathy using optical coherence tomography, multifocal electroretinography, and microperimetry. METHODS: One case report. RESULTS: A 30-year-old woman presented us with decreased visual acuity (20/63) in the left eye because of retinoschisis and serous macular detachment associated with optic disk pit. Optical coherence tomography did not localize the source of intraretinal and subretinal fluid...
February 22, 2018: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
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