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Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645660/corrigendum-to-prevalence-of-mutations-within-major-hydrophilic-region-of-hepatitis-b-virus-and-their-correlation-with-genotypes-among-chronically-infected-patients-in-egypt-arab-j-gastroenterol-17-2016-34-40
#1
Walaa M Abu Zeid, Dalia I Ramadan, Omar A Taha, Mohamed A Shemis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625529/comparative-study-on-the-effect-of-low-intensity-laser-and-growth-factors-on-stem-cells-used-in-experimentally-induced-liver-fibrosis-in-mice
#2
Eman Naguib, Ashraf Kamel, Osama Fekry, Gamal Abdelfattah
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: The therapeutic effects of human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs) exposed to diode laser and/or hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) were compared in mice with experimental liver fibrosis induced by carbon tetra chloride (CCl4). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Animal model of liver cirrhosis was induced by intraperitoneal injection of CCl4 in a dose of 0.4ml/kg, twice a week for 6weeks. UC-MSCs were obtained from normal full term placentas and were exposed to diode laser and/or HGF...
June 15, 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624158/novel-use-of-fully-covered-self-expandable-metal-stent-for-drainage-of-perirectal-abscess-a-case-series
#3
Mindy Lee, Manhal Izzy, Sammy Ho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622882/stent-migration-during-eus-guided-hepaticogastrostomy-in-a-patient-with-massive-ascites-troubleshooting-using-additional-eus-guided-antegrade-stenting
#4
Ken Kamata, Mamoru Takenaka, Kosuke Minaga, Shunsuke Omoto, Takeshi Miyata, Kentaro Yamao, Hajime Imai, Masatoshi Kudo
EUS-guided hepaticogastrostomy (EUS-HGS) is useful for treating obstructive jaundice. However, stent migration may sometimes occur both during and after the procedure. This report describes a patient with pancreatic cancer and massive ascites who underwent EUS-HGS combined with EUS-guided antegrade stenting (EUS-AS), with additional EUS-AS playing a role in troubleshooting for stent migration during EUS-HGS.
June 13, 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619357/a-case-of-cystic-type-intraductal-papillary-neoplasm-of-the-bile-duct-diagnosed-by-spyglass-ds-a-novel-peroral-cholangioscopy
#5
Takeshi Kuwada, Masahiro Shiokawa, Norimitsu Uza, Yuzo Kodama
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583322/ocular-findings-in-patients-with-cholestatic-disorders-of-infancy-a-single-centre-experience
#6
Hanaa El-Karaksy, Dalia Hamed, Hanan Fouad, Engy Mogahed, Heba Helmy, Fotouh Hasanain
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Neonatal cholestasis can be associated with ocular findings that might aid in its diagnosis, e.g., Alagille syndrome (AGS) and Niemann Pick disease (NPD). We aimed to investigate the frequency of ocular manifestations in infants with cholestasis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included cholestatic infants presenting to the Paediatric Hepatology Unit, Cairo University Paediatric Hospital, Cairo, Egypt. All infants underwent examination of lid, ocular motility, anterior and posterior segments and measurement of intraocular pressure, cycloplegic refraction, ocular ultrasonography and vision...
June 2, 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579345/efficacy-and-safety-of-midazolam-and-ketamine-in-paediatric-upper-endoscopy
#7
Ahmet Basturk, Reha Artan, Aygen Yılmaz
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIM: Upper endoscopy can be successfully carried out in children under deep sedation and anaesthesia. However, the best method of upper endoscopy for children who require gastrointestinal intervention has yet to be defined. The aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy and safety of the sedation induced by intravenous midazolam and ketamine during upper endoscopy in children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included patients ages 3-18years who had undergone upper endoscopy...
June 1, 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579344/evaluation-of-gastro-oesophageal-reflux-disease-in-wheezy-infants-using-24-h-oesophageal-combined-impedance-and-ph-monitoring
#8
Ahmed Abdallah, Tarek El-Desoky, Khalid Fathi, Wagdi Fawzi Elkashef, Ahmed Zaki
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is incriminated as a cause of non-asthmatic infantile wheeze. To date, no diagnostic test is considered standard for GERD-related airway reflux diagnosis. Oesophageal combined multiple channel intraluminal impedance and pH (MII-pH) monitoring is proposed to be a sensitive tool for evaluation of all GERD including infantile wheeze. We aimed to determine the GERD prevalence amongst wheezy infants in the first year of life using combined MII-pH versus pH monitoring alone and evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of objective MII-pH monitoring parameters in GERD-associated infantile wheeze diagnosis compared to those of lipid-laden macrophage index (LLMI)...
June 1, 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579343/relationship-between-liver-injury-and-serum-cytokeratin-18-levels-in-asymptomatic-hepatitis-b-virus-carriers-and-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-b-infection
#9
Ayhan Balkan, Nimet Yılmaz, Yasemin Balkan, Irfan Koruk, Mustafa Örkmez, Musa Aydınlı, Mehmet Koruk
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Apoptosis represents a well-known mechanism of cell death involved in most chronic liver injuries. Our aim was to investigate the serum fragment level of cytokeratin 18 (CK18), M30, in asymptomatic hepatitis B virus (HBV) carriers and patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and to evaluate the relationship between serum M30 levels and the severity of hepatic injury. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Asymptomatic HBV carriers (n=169), patients with CHB (n=100), and healthy control subjects (n=43) were enrolled in the study...
June 1, 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579342/prevalence-of-hepatitis-c-virus-genotypes-and-subtypes-in-lebanese-population-and-major-high-risk-groups
#10
Antoine Abou Rached, Cesar Yaghi, Leda Khalil, Jowana Saba, Walid Ammar
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: The prevalence of hepatitis C in Lebanon is low. It is estimated at 0.2% of the total population. The aim of our study is to evaluate the exact prevalence of each genotype on a large scale population and in each potential source of infection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed all the data in the Ministry of Public Health related to patients who have submitted their file for treatment during a period of 9years ranging from January 2005 till December 2013...
June 1, 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579341/percutaneous-ultrasound-guided-fiducial-marker-placement-for-liver-cancer-robotic-stereotactic-radio-surgery-treatment-a-comparative-analysis-of-three-types-of-markers-and-needles
#11
Maria Marsico, Tommaso Gabbani, Sarah Lunardi, Andrea Galli, Maria Rosa Biagini, Vito Annese
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Percutaneous placement of fiducial markers is required to perform stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for liver neoplastic lesions. This prospective trial was designed to evaluate the feasibility and safety of percutaneous ultrasound-guided placement of three different types of markers in patients with liver cancer referred for SBRT. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty patients underwent percutaneous ultrasound-guided implantation of a fiducial marker in the liver...
June 1, 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579340/apri-test-and-hyaluronic-acid-as-non-invasive-diagnostic-tools-for-post-hcv-liver-fibrosis-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Magdy Amin El Serafy, Abdel Meguid Kassem, Heba Omar, Mohammad Shaaban Mahfouz, Maissa El Said El Raziky
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) accounts for a sizable proportion of chronic liver disease cases and represents the most common indication for liver transplantation. Precise diagnosis of hepatic fibrosis stage is considered a funnel-neck in proper management and follow-up of HCV-infected patients. Given the possible complications of liver biopsy, a non-invasive method for assessing hepatic fibrosis is needed. This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of APRI and hyaluronic acid as non-invasive diagnostic assessment tools for post HCV liver fibrosis...
June 1, 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709575/a-tribute-to-prof-dr-najet-belhadj
#13
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624157/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-and-cytology-for-differentiating-benign-from-malignant-lymph-nodes
#14
Hussein Okasha, Shaimaa Elkholy, Mohamed Sayed, Ahmed Salman, Yahia Elsherif, Emad El-Gemeie
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Intra-abdominal and mediastinal lymphadenopathy are often difficult to diagnose, particularly in the absence of a primary lesion. Endosonography (EUS)-guided fine-needle aspiration and cytology (FNAC) has provided an easy and safe access to these lymph nodes, sparing the use of invasive and costly interventions. The main aim of this study is to assess the specificity, sensitivity, and predictive value of EUS-guided FNAC in the diagnosis of benign and malignant lymph nodes...
June 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601610/therapeutic-success-with-bismuth-containing-sequential-and-quadruple-regimens-in-helicobacter-pylori-eradication
#15
Oguzhan Ozturk, Levent Doganay, Yasar Colak, Feruze Yilmaz Enc, Celal Ulasoglu, Kamil Ozdil, Ilyas Tuncer
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: The success rate of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication with the classical triple therapy is gradually declining. In this study, we aimed to compare and assess the efficacies of six different eradication regimens including sequential protocols. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Endoscopically confirmed nonulcer dyspepsia patients were enrolled. H. pylori presence was determined either histologically or by a rapid urease test. Treatment-naive patients were randomly assigned to an either one of three 10-day (OAC, OTMB, and OACB) or one of three sequential protocols (OA+OCM, OA+OCMB, and OA+OMDB) (O=omeprazole, A=amoxicillin, C=clarithromycin, T=tetracycline, M=metronidazole, B=bismuth, D=doxycycline)...
June 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579346/combined-spontaneous-bacterial-empyema-and-peritonitis-in-cirrhotic-patients-with-ascites-and-hepatic-hydrothorax
#16
Anwar Mohamed, Mohammed Atef, Ayman Alsebaey, Mahmoud Musa Elhabshy, Mohsen Salama
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Spontaneous bacterial empyema (SBEM) is an underestimated condition in patients with ascites and hepatic hydrothorax with a high mortality. This study aimed to find whether spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a prerequisite for SBEM. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 3000 HCV-related cirrhotic patients with ascites and hydrothorax were screened for the presence of SBP (ascitic fluid neutrophils >250/mm(3)) and SBEM (positive pleural fluid culture and neutrophils >250/mm(3) or negative pleural fluid culture and neutrophils >500/mm(3) with no evidence of pneumonia/parapneumonic effusion on chest radiograph or CT)...
June 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532623/improving-the-standard-sequential-treatment-of-helicobacter-pylori-with-either-extended-treatment-or-by-adding-bismuth
#17
Zehra Akpinar, Sinan Akay, Belkis Unsal
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Standard sequential treatment for Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication has less success because of increasing clarithromycin resistance. Extended treatment and bismuth containing regimens were, therefore, investigated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Consecutive H. pylori-positive patients with dyspepsia were randomly allocated to one of the three sequential regimens: The first group was given lansoprazole 30mg b.i.d. plus amoxicillin 1g b...
May 19, 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433226/a-note-from-editor-s-desk
#18
EDITORIAL
Abdel Meguid Kassem
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341534/the-declaration-of-rabat-an-update
#19
LETTER
Naima Amrani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336227/aqueous-calyxes-extract-of-roselle-or-hibiscus-sabdariffa-linn-supplementation-improves-liver-morphology-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats
#20
Akhtar Husin Nazratun Nafizah, Siti Balkis Budin, Abd Hamid Zaryantey, Abd Rahman Mariati, Raj Louis Santhana, Mohamad Osman, Md Idris Muhd Hanis, Mohamed Jamaludin
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: The complex series of deleterious events among diabetes patients leads to multiple organ failure. Therefore, a holistic approach of treatment is urgently required to prevent worsening of complications. The present investigation was carried out to study the possible protective effects of Roselle or Hibiscus sabdariffa Linn (HSL) calyxes aqueous extract, as an antidiabetic and antioxidant agent against oxidative liver injury in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats...
March 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
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