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Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988790/recent-diagnostic-procedures-for-colorectal-cancer-screening-are-they-cost-effective
#1
REVIEW
Mostafa Ahmed Arafa, Karim Hamda Farhat
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer worldwide and the fourth most common cause of death. Reduction in mortality rates in some countries worldwide are most likely ascribed to CRC screening and/or improved treatments. We reviewed the most relevant articles which discuss the cost-effectiveness of colorectal cancer screening procedures, in particular, the recent ones through the last eight years. The effectiveness of screening estimated by discounted life years gained (LYGs) compared to no screening, differed considerably between the studies...
October 4, 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988789/highlights-from-gastro-update-europe-vienna-april-6-8-2017
#2
Guido N J Tytgat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988788/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-on-the-treatment-of-liver-hydatid-cyst-comparing-laparoscopic-and-open-surgeries
#3
REVIEW
Massoud Sokouti, Ramin Sadeghi, Saeid Pashazadeh, Saeed Eslami Hasan Abadi, Mohsen Sokouti, Peyman Rezaei-Hachesu, Morteza Ghojazadeh, Babak Sokouti
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: There is an academic debate regarding surgical interventions for liver hydatid cyst disease. The purpose of the current systematic review and meta-analysis study was to analyse the pros and cons of open surgery and laparoscopic techniques, considering the outcomes of liver hydatid cysts. METHODS: Descriptive Boolean queries were used to search PubMed and Scopus for articles published between January 2000 and December 2016 to evaluate the outcomes of liver hydatid cyst in terms of mortality, post-operative complications, cure rate and recurrences...
October 4, 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988787/fascioliasis-a-report-on-a-case-presenting-with-abdominal-pain
#4
Nahed A Makhlouf, Ehab Moustafa, Mohamed Zakaria, Hisham M Imam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974362/biliary-intervention-using-spyglass-ds-cholangioscopy-through-a-cap-attached-variable-stiffness-colonoscope-in-a-patient-following-billroth-ii-gastrectomy
#5
Tesshin Ban, Hiroshi Kawakami, Yoshimasa Kubota
The SpyGlass DS system is currently used as a direct video cholangioscope for biliary diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. In general, the SpyGlass DS cholangioscope is passed through the working channel of a duodenoscope and inserted into a bile duct via duodenal papilla. However, the procedure has been challenging in patients with altered gastrointestinal anatomy due to the retrograde route through a potentially tortuous afferent limb. A therapeutic colonoscope with variable stiffness can offer alternative guidance for SpyGlass DS cholangioscope in patients with surgically altered gastrointestinal anatomy...
September 30, 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958641/effectiveness-and-impact-of-rotavirus-vaccines-in-saudi-arabia-a-single-hospital-based-study
#6
Ahmed Zaki, Mohamed Abousekkien, Usama M Alkholy, Abdelrahman Eid
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Rotavirus is the most important cause of severe gastroenteritis in children. The primary public health intervention is vaccination. Rota vaccine has been included to the national vaccination schedule in Saudi Arabia since 1 January 2013. Here we aim to evaluate the effectiveness and impact of rotavirus vaccines in Saudi Arabia following the addition of rotavirus vaccine to the national vaccination schedule. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of electronic data of children admitted to al Jeddani Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, with gastroenteritis between 1 September 2011 and 31 August 2012 (1year before the implementation of Rota vaccine; group 1) compared to those admitted between 1 September 2015 and 31 August 2016 (3years after the implementation of the vaccine; group 2)...
September 25, 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958640/crosstalk-between-liver-related-micrornas-and-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-pathway-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-patients
#7
Abeer M Ashmawy, Khaled M Elgeshy, El-Said T Abdel Salam, Mohamed Ghareeb, Mohamed H Kobaisi, Hebat Allah A Amin, Sabry K Sharawy, Abdel Hady A Abdel Wahab
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common cancers worldwide with highest incidence in Asia and Africa. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), a class of non-coding single stranded RNA, which not only post transcriptionally regulate gene expression but also respond to signaling molecules to affect cell functions such as Wnt/β-catenin signaling specifically in HCC. The goal of this study is to investigate the crosstalk between Wnt/β-catenin signaling proteins and microRNAs expression in HCC patients...
September 25, 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958639/egyptian-liver-library-rebuilding-the-pyramid-of-liver-disease-evidence-in-egypt
#8
LETTER
Mohamed Alboraie, Naglaa F Yousef, Mohamed El Kassas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 25, 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958638/gallbladder-polypoid-lesions-15mm-as-indicators-of-t1b-gallbladder-cancer-risk
#9
Inanc Samil Sarici, Ozgul Duzgun
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Gallbladder polyps (GBPs) are found in 5-7% of the adult population. However, it is very important to differentiate between benign and malignant polyps to establish an appropriate treatment. The present study aimed to determine the relevance of the 10-mm size criterion and attempted to determine the cut-off diameter of T1b tumours, which requires additional surgical intervention. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cases with GBPs were collected between January 2005 and January 2015...
September 25, 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958486/predictors-of-hepatitis-c-virus-recurrence-after-living-donor-liver-transplantation-mansoura-experience
#10
Mohamed Abdel-Wahab, Ehab E Abdel-Khalek, Abdel-Hady El-Gilany, Amr M Yassen, Mohamed Al-Shobari, Usama Shiha, Mahmoud Ali, Mohamed Sadani, Tarek Salah, Ahmad M Sultan, Ahmed N Elghawalby, Mohamed Elmorshedi, Al-Refaey K Al-Refaey, Usama Abdalla
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related cirrhosis is the leading cause of liver transplantation (LT). All patients who undergo LT with detectable serum HCV-RNA experience graft reinfection, which is the most frequent cause of graft loss and death in these patients. We estimated the rate of HCV recurrence and evaluated the current therapeutic regimens. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The records of consecutive 325 living donor LT (LDLT) surgeries performed between May 2004 and August 2014 were retrospectively analysed; 207 of them were followed-up throughout the study...
September 22, 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943131/recurrent-anaemia-in-a-patient-with-lymphocytic-gastritis-and-vitamin-b12-deficiency
#11
Marcos Antônio Thereza-Filho, Emília T O Bansho, Débora Tonon, Lee I-Ching, Esther B Dantas-Corrêa, Viriato J L Cunha, Leonardo L Schiavon, Janaína L Narciso-Schiavon
Lymphocytic gastritis is an idiopathic disease, characterized by intraepithelial infiltration of large numbers of T lymphocytes and often described in association with coeliac disease and Helicobacter pylori infection. Although usually associated with iron deficiency anaemia, there is no description on the association between lymphocytic gastritis and secondary vitamin B12 deficiency anaemia. We describe a rare case of recurrent anaemia in a patient with lymphocytic gastritis reversed with vitamin B12 replacement...
September 22, 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943132/types-and-microbiological-spectrum-of-infections-in-patients-with-cirrhosis-a-single-centre-experience-in-upper-egypt
#12
Hussein El-Amin, Abeer M M Sabry, Rabab E Ahmed, Nahed A Makhlouf
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Egypt has a high prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) and high morbidity and mortality related to cirrhosis complications. Patients with cirrhosis have an increased risk of bacterial infections. Approximately 25-35% of cirrhotics had infections at admission or during hospitalisation. Data on infection among cirrhotics in Egypt are limited. This study aimed to determine the frequency and microbiological spectrum of infections in cirrhotics and possible risk factors...
September 21, 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645660/corrigendum-to-prevalence-of-mutations-within-major-hydrophilic-region-of-hepatitis-b-virus-and-their-correlation-with-genotypes-among-chronically-infected-patients-in-egypt-arab-j-gastroenterol-17-2016-34-40
#13
Walaa M Abu Zeid, Dalia I Ramadan, Omar A Taha, Mohamed A Shemis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625529/comparative-study-on-the-effect-of-low-intensity-laser-and-growth-factors-on-stem-cells-used-in-experimentally-induced-liver-fibrosis-in-mice
#14
Eman Naguib, Ashraf Kamel, Osama Fekry, Gamal Abdelfattah
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: The therapeutic effects of human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs) exposed to diode laser and/or hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) were compared in mice with experimental liver fibrosis induced by carbon tetra chloride (CCl4). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Animal model of liver cirrhosis was induced by intraperitoneal injection of CCl4 in a dose of 0.4ml/kg, twice a week for 6weeks. UC-MSCs were obtained from normal full term placentas and were exposed to diode laser and/or HGF...
June 15, 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624158/novel-use-of-fully-covered-self-expandable-metal-stent-for-drainage-of-perirectal-abscess-a-case-series
#15
Mindy Lee, Manhal Izzy, Sammy Ho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622882/stent-migration-during-eus-guided-hepaticogastrostomy-in-a-patient-with-massive-ascites-troubleshooting-using-additional-eus-guided-antegrade-stenting
#16
Ken Kamata, Mamoru Takenaka, Kosuke Minaga, Shunsuke Omoto, Takeshi Miyata, Kentaro Yamao, Hajime Imai, Masatoshi Kudo
EUS-guided hepaticogastrostomy (EUS-HGS) is useful for treating obstructive jaundice. However, stent migration may sometimes occur both during and after the procedure. This report describes a patient with pancreatic cancer and massive ascites who underwent EUS-HGS combined with EUS-guided antegrade stenting (EUS-AS), with additional EUS-AS playing a role in troubleshooting for stent migration during EUS-HGS.
June 13, 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619357/a-case-of-cystic-type-intraductal-papillary-neoplasm-of-the-bile-duct-diagnosed-by-spyglass-ds-a-novel-peroral-cholangioscopy
#17
Takeshi Kuwada, Masahiro Shiokawa, Norimitsu Uza, Yuzo Kodama
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583322/ocular-findings-in-patients-with-cholestatic-disorders-of-infancy-a-single-centre-experience
#18
Hanaa El-Karaksy, Dalia Hamed, Hanan Fouad, Engy Mogahed, Heba Helmy, Fotouh Hasanain
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Neonatal cholestasis can be associated with ocular findings that might aid in its diagnosis, e.g., Alagille syndrome (AGS) and Niemann Pick disease (NPD). We aimed to investigate the frequency of ocular manifestations in infants with cholestasis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included cholestatic infants presenting to the Paediatric Hepatology Unit, Cairo University Paediatric Hospital, Cairo, Egypt. All infants underwent examination of lid, ocular motility, anterior and posterior segments and measurement of intraocular pressure, cycloplegic refraction, ocular ultrasonography and vision...
June 2, 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709575/a-tribute-to-prof-dr-najet-belhadj
#19
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624157/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-and-cytology-for-differentiating-benign-from-malignant-lymph-nodes
#20
Hussein Okasha, Shaimaa Elkholy, Mohamed Sayed, Ahmed Salman, Yahia Elsherif, Emad El-Gemeie
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Intra-abdominal and mediastinal lymphadenopathy are often difficult to diagnose, particularly in the absence of a primary lesion. Endosonography (EUS)-guided fine-needle aspiration and cytology (FNAC) has provided an easy and safe access to these lymph nodes, sparing the use of invasive and costly interventions. The main aim of this study is to assess the specificity, sensitivity, and predictive value of EUS-guided FNAC in the diagnosis of benign and malignant lymph nodes...
June 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
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