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Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428818/does-parent-child-agreement-vary-based-on-presenting-problems-results-from-a-uk-clinical-sample
#1
Kalia Cleridou, Praveetha Patalay, Peter Martin
BACKGROUND: Discrepancies are often found between child and parent reports of child psychopathology, nevertheless the role of the child's presenting difficulties in relation to these is underexplored. This study investigates whether parent-child agreement on the conduct and emotional scales of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) varied as a result of certain child characteristics, including the child's presenting problems to clinical services, age and gender. METHODS: The UK-based sample consisted of 16,754 clinical records of children aged 11-17, the majority of which were female (57%) and White (76%)...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428817/prevalence-and-correlates-of-adhd-among-adolescents-in-a-beirut-community-sample-results-from-the-bei-psy-study
#2
Elias Ghossoub, Lilian A Ghandour, Fadi Halabi, Pia Zeinoun, Al Amira Safa Shehab, Fadi T Maalouf
BACKGROUND: This study aims to investigate the prevalence, correlates and treatment seeking behavior related to ADHD among adolescents from Lebanon. METHODS: Five hundred and ten adolescents were recruited through multistage stratified cluster sampling of households in Beirut, and separately interviewed along with one parent/legal guardian, using the DAWBA. All adolescents completed the PRQ and the SDQ; the parent/legal guardian also completed the SDQ and provided basic demographic information, including attitudes towards seeking mental health services...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413442/specific-coping-strategies-moderate-the-link-between-emotion-expression-deficits-and-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-an-inpatient-sample-of-adolescents
#3
Kristel Thomassin, Camille Guérin Marion, Myriam Venasse, Anne Shaffer
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a behavior of increasing prevalence in adolescents with links to various negative mental health and adjustment outcomes. Poor emotion expression has been linked with NSSI use, whereas the use of adaptive coping strategies has been identified as a protective factor against NSSI. The current study examined whether specific coping strategies moderate the relation between poor emotion expression and NSSI, and whether moderation is conditional on adolescent gender...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413441/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-among-ugandan-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Joan Wamulugwa, Angelina Kakooza, Sabrina Bakeera Kitaka, Joyce Nalugya, Mark Kaddumukasa, Shirley Moore, Martha Sajatovic, Elly Katabira
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neuropsychiatric disorder among the children. The burden of ADHD or its associated factors in Uganda are not known. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and the associated factors of ADHD among children attending the neurology and psychiatry clinics at Mulago National Referral Hospital. METHODS: Using the disruptive behavior scale (45 items), we investigated the presence of ADHD symptoms among children attending Mulago Hospital...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405216/effect-of-a-mental-health-training-programme-on-nigerian-school-pupils-perceptions-of-mental-illness
#5
Adeola Oluwafunmilayo Oduguwa, Babatunde Adedokun, Olayinka Olusola Omigbodun
BACKGROUND: Stigmatizing attitudes and discriminatory behaviour towards persons with mental illness are known to start in childhood. In Nigeria, it is not unusual to see children taunting persons with mental illness. This behaviour continues into adulthood as evidenced by the day-to-day occurrences in the community of negative attitudes and social distance from persons with mental illness. School-based interventions for pupils have been found to increase knowledge about mental illness...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344643/goliah-gaming-open-library-for-intervention-in-autism-at-home-a-6-month-single-blind-matched-controlled-exploratory-study
#6
Anne-Lise Jouen, Antonio Narzisi, Jean Xavier, Elodie Tilmont, Nicolas Bodeau, Valentina Bono, Nabila Ketem-Premel, Salvatore Anzalone, Koushik Maharatna, Mohamed Chetouani, Filippo Muratori, David Cohen
BACKGROUND: To meet the required hours of intensive intervention for treating children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), we developed an automated serious gaming platform (11 games) to deliver intervention at home (GOLIAH) by mapping the imitation and joint attention (JA) subset of age-adapted stimuli from the Early Start Denver Model (ESDM) intervention. Here, we report the results of a 6-month matched controlled exploratory study. METHODS: From two specialized clinics, we included 14 children (age range 5-8 years) with ASD and 10 controls matched for gender, age, sites, and treatment as usual (TAU)...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331541/identifying-cross-cultural-variations-in-psychostimulant-use-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-using-linked-data
#7
Manonita Ghosh, C D'Arcy J Holman, David B Preen
BACKGROUND: To validate the association between country-of-birth and disparities in the stimulant use for ADHD among individuals in Western Australia. METHODS: Using linked data, a population-based retrospective cohort of individuals admitted to hospital before age 25 years was followed through to identify having stimulants for ADHD in 2003-2007. Multivariate logistic and linear regressions were used to characterise associations between stimulants and country-of-birth, geographical remoteness and socioeconomic status...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331540/effect-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-training-program-on-the-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-primary-school-teachers-in-kaduna-north-west-nigeria
#8
Dupe Lasisi, Cornelius Ani, Victor Lasebikan, Lateef Sheikh, Olayinka Omigbodun
BACKGROUND: There are indications that teachers have limited knowledge about attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), despite its high prevalence in childhood and its long-term effects on students such as academic underachievement, reduced self-esteem, and social and behavioural difficulties. This study is therefore aimed at assessing the effect of an ADHD training program on the knowledge of ADHD among primary school teachers in Kaduna, Nigeria and their attitudes towards pupils with ADHD...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293286/who-seeks-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-care-in-kenya-a-descriptive-clinic-profile-at-a-tertiary-referral-facility
#9
Judy Wanjiru Kamau, Olayinka O Omigbodun, Tolulope Bella-Awusah, Babatunde Adedokun
BACKGROUND: The presence of psychiatric morbidity in the child and adolescent age group is demonstrable in various studies conducted in various settings in Kenya. This study set out to determine the psychiatric morbidity and socio-demographic profile of patients who eventually present for care at a tertiary specialist child and adolescent mental health clinic in Kenya. Knowledge of the patterns of presentation of disorders is crucial for planning of service scale up as well as serving as a useful training guide...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293285/body-image-drawings-dissociate-ethnic-differences-and-anorexia-in-adolescent-girls
#10
Galit Goldzak-Kunik, Micah Leshem
OBJECTIVES: To distinguish between ethnic differences among segregated schoolgirls and restrictive anorexia nervosa using a simple culture-fair test of body image (BI) figure drawings. METHODS: Several responses to BI figure drawings by 178 adolescent schoolgirls from three ethnically distinct and segregated schools and communities in Israel, Jewish secular (JS), Jewish Haredi (H), and Christian Arab (C), and a group of 14 severely restricting anorexic girls (AN)...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286550/risk-and-protective-factors-for-mental-health-problems-in-preschool-aged-children-cross-sectional-results-of-the-bella-preschool-study
#11
Olga Wlodarczyk, Silke Pawils, Franka Metzner, Levente Kriston, Fionna Klasen, Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems (MHPs) in preschoolers are precursors of mental disorders which have shown to be associated with suffering, functional impairment, exposure to stigma and discrimination, as well as enhanced risk of premature death. A better understanding of factors associated with MHPs in preschoolers can facilitate early identification of children at risk and inform prevention programs. This cross-sectional study investigated the association of risk and protective factors with MHPs within a German representative community sample...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286549/relations-of-mother-s-sense-of-coherence-and-childrearing-style-with-child-s-social-skills-in-preschoolers
#12
Rikuya Hosokawa, Toshiki Katsura, Miho Shizawa
BACKGROUND: We examined the relationships between mothers' sense of coherence (SOC) and their child's social skills development among preschool children, and how this relationship is mediated by mother's childrearing style. METHODS: Mothers of 1341 Japanese children, aged 4-5 years, completed a self-report questionnaire on their SOC and childrearing style. The children's teachers evaluated their social skills using the social skills scale (SSS), which comprises three factors: cooperation, self-control, and assertion...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286548/the-link-between-infant-regulatory-problems-temperament-traits-maternal-depressive-symptoms-and-children-s-psychopathological-symptoms-at-age-three-a-longitudinal-study-in-a-german-at-risk-sample
#13
Anna Sidor, Cristina Fischer, Manfred Cierpka
BACKGROUND: Difficult conditions during childhood can limit an individual's development in many ways. Factors such as being raised in an at-risk family, child temperamental traits or maternal traits can potentially influence a child's later behaviour. The present study investigated the extent of regulatory problems in 6-month-old infants and their link to temperamental traits and impact on externalizing and internalizing problems at 36 months. Moderating effects of maternal distress and maternal depressive symptoms were tested as well...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265299/self-reported-frequency-of-sex-as-self-injury-sasi-in-a-national-study-of-swedish-adolescents-and-association-to-sociodemographic-factors-sexual-behaviors-abuse-and-mental-health
#14
Cecilia Fredlund, Carl Göran Svedin, Gisela Priebe, Linda Jonsson, Marie Wadsby
BACKGROUND: Sex as self-injury has become a concept in Swedish society; however it is a largely unexplored area of research, not yet conceptualized and far from accepted in the research field. The use of sex as a way of affect regulation is known in the literature and has, in interviews with young women who sell sex, been compared to direct self-injury, such as cutting or burning the skin. The aim of this study was to investigate the self-reported frequency of sex as self-injury and the association to sociodemographic factors, sexual orientation, voluntary sexual experiences, sexual risk-taking behaviors, sexual, physical and mental abuse, trauma symptoms, healthcare for psychiatric disorders and non-suicidal self-injury...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203275/diagnostic-profiles-and-predictors-of-treatment-outcome-among-children-and-adolescents-attending-a-national-psychiatric-hospital-in-botswana
#15
Anthony A Olashore, Bechedza Frank-Hatitchki, Olorunfemi Ogunwobi
BACKGROUND: Attention is currently being drawn to child psychiatric care, most especially in the developed countries. This type of care is still rudimentary in the developing countries. Botswana is one of the African countries with good health care services but mental illness is given the low priority. Child and adolescent mental health care (CAMHC) is almost non-existent likely due to the dearth of research which would drive a policy change in this direction. Hence the need for this research as a step towards establishing a well-structured CAMHC...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184243/prevalence-of-depressive-symptoms-among-schoolchildren-in-cyprus-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-correlational-study
#16
Sokratous Sokratis, Ζilides Christos, Panagi Despo, Karanikola Maria
BACKGROUND: Depressive symptoms in the young constitute a public health issue. The current study aims to estimate: (a) the frequency of depressive symptoms in a sample of final grade elementary-school children in Cyprus, (b) the association among frequency of depressive symptoms, gender and nationality and, (c) the metric properties of the Greek-Cypriot version of the children's depression inventory (CDI). METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study with internal comparison was performed...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115987/prevalence-of-psychiatric-disorders-comorbidity-patterns-and-repeat-offending-among-male-juvenile-detainees-in-south-korea-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Johanna Inhyang Kim, Bongseog Kim, Bung-Nyun Kim, Soon-Beom Hong, Dong Woo Lee, Ju-Young Chung, Ji Young Choi, Bum-Sung Choi, Young-Rim Oh, Miwon Youn
BACKGROUND: High rates of psychiatric disorders and comorbidities have been reported in juvenile detainees, and both phenomena are thought to contribute to repeat offending. However, research on this topic has been limited in Asian countries, like South Korea. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of psychiatric disorders, comorbidity patterns, and the relationship between psychiatric disorders and repeat offending among a cross-section of youths detained in a male juvenile detention center in South Korea...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105068/overdiagnosis-of-mental-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-in-developed-countries
#18
REVIEW
Eva Charlotte Merten, Jan Christopher Cwik, Jürgen Margraf, Silvia Schneider
During the past 50 years, health insurance providers and national registers of mental health regularly report significant increases in the number of mental disorder diagnoses in children and adolescents. However, epidemiological studies show mixed effects of time trends of prevalence of mental disorders. Overdiagnosis in clinical practice rather than an actual increase is assumed to be the cause for this situation. We conducted a systematic literature search on the topic of overdiagnosis of mental disorders in children and adolescents...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101133/temperament-and-character-traits-in-female-adolescents-with-nonsuicidal-self-injury-disorder-with-and-without-comorbid-borderline-personality-disorder
#19
Taru Tschan, Claudia Peter-Ruf, Marc Schmid, Tina In-Albon
BACKGROUND: Temperament and character traits of adolescents with nonsuicidal self-injury disorder (NSSI) might differentiate those- with and without comorbid borderline personality disorder (BPD). METHODS: Participants were 57 female adolescents with NSSI disorder without BPD (NSSI - BPD), 14 adolescents with NSSI disorder and BPD (NSSI + BPD), 32 clinical controls (CC), and 64 nonclinical controls (NC). Temperament and character traits were assessed with the Junior Temperament and Character Inventory, and impulsivity with the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale and a Go/NoGo task...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096898/characteristics-of-adolescents-frequently-restrained-in-acute-psychiatric-units-in-norway-a-nationwide-study
#20
Astrid Furre, Ragnhild Sørum Falk, Leiv Sandvik, Svein Friis, Maria Knutzen, Ketil Hanssen-Bauer
BACKGROUND: The use of restraints in adolescent psychiatric settings requires particular professional, ethical, and legal considerations. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the number of restraint episodes per patient was related to any of several characteristics of the adolescents. METHODS: In this nationwide study, we included all adolescents restrained during the period 2008-2010 (N = 267) in Norwegian adolescent acute psychiatric inpatient units...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
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