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Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924450/comorbidities-and-correlates-of-conduct-disorder-among-male-juvenile-detainees-in-south-korea
#1
Bum-Sung Choi, Johanna Inhyang Kim, Bung-Nyun Kim, Bongseog Kim
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine the rate and distribution of comorbidities, severity of childhood maltreatment, and clinical characteristics of adolescents with conduct disorder detained in a juvenile detention center in South Korea. METHODS: In total, 173 juvenile detainees were recruited. We analyzed the distribution of psychiatric disorders among the sample and compared the rate of comorbidities between groups with and without conduct disorder...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878818/socioeconomic-position-and-self-harm-among-adolescents-a-population-based-cohort-study-in-stockholm-sweden
#2
Bereket T Lodebo, Jette Möller, Jan-Olov Larsson, Karin Engström
BACKGROUND: Understanding the association between parental socioeconomic position and self-harm in adolescence is crucial due to its substantial magnitude and associated inequality. Most previous studies have been either of cross-sectional nature or based solely on self-reports or hospital treated self-harm. The aim of this study is to determine the association between parental socioeconomic position and self-harm among adolescents with a specific focus on gender and severity of self-harm...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878817/children-s-mental-health-problems-and-their-relation-to-parental-stress-in-foster-mothers-and-fathers
#3
Arnold Lohaus, Sabrina Chodura, Christine Möller, Tabea Symanzik, Daniela Ehrenberg, Ann-Katrin Job, Vanessa Reindl, Kerstin Konrad, Nina Heinrichs
BACKGROUND: This study focuses on children living in foster families with a history of maltreatment or neglect. These children often show adverse mental health outcomes reflected in increased externalizing and internalizing problems. It is expected that these adverse outcomes are associated with increased parental stress levels experienced by foster mothers as well as foster fathers. METHODS: The study sample included 79 children living in foster families and 140 children living in biological families as comparison group...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855964/youth-in-the-midst-of-escalated-political-violence-sense-of-coherence-and-hope-among-jewish-and-bedouin-arab-adolescents
#4
Sarah Abu-Kaf, Orna Braun-Lewensohn, Tehila Kalagy
BACKGROUND: During stressful events, individuals (particularly adolescents) from minority groups are often more vulnerable to distress. This claim will be examined in terms of coping resources and stress reactions to escalated political violence. This study aimed to compare coping resources and stress reactions among adolescents from two ethnic groups in southern Israel-Jews and Bedouin Arabs-during a period of escalated political violence (November 2012). The Bedouin Arab group is the ethnic minority of the sample and thus may be more at risk compared to the Jewish group...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852420/co-rumination-buffers-the-link-between-social-anxiety-and-depressive-symptoms-in-early-adolescence
#5
Nejra Van Zalk, Maria Tillfors
OBJECTIVES: We examined whether co-rumination with online friends buffered the link between social anxiety and depressive symptoms over time in a community sample. METHODS: In a sample of 526 participants (358 girls; Mage  = 14.05) followed at three time points, we conducted a latent cross-lagged model with social anxiety, depressive symptoms, and co-rumination, controlling for friendship stability and friendship quality, and adding a latent interaction between social anxiety and co-rumination predicting depressive symptoms...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814972/mental-health-literacy-in-adolescents-ability-to-recognise-problems-helpful-interventions-and-outcomes
#6
Udena Ruwindu Attygalle, Hemamali Perera, Bernard Deepal Wanniarachchi Jayamanne
BACKGROUND: Although mental health literacy has been widely studied in adults, there are still relatively few studies on adolescent populations. In Sri Lanka, adolescents account for about one fifth of the population. Current evidence shows that most mental health problems diagnosed in adulthood begin in adolescence. There is also growing evidence that the trajectories of these disorders can be altered through early recognition and intervention. Although, help-seeking for mental health problems is known to be poor in adolescents, mental health literacy improves help-seeking...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814971/quality-of-life-in-anxious-adolescents
#7
Solfrid Raknes, Ståle Pallesen, Joseph A Himle, Jon Fauskanger Bjaastad, Gro Janne Wergeland, Asle Hoffart, Kari Dyregrov, Åshild Tellefsen Håland, Bente Storm Mowatt Haugland
PURPOSE: To examine associations between health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and anxiety symptoms across anxiety domains (obsessions/compulsions, social anxiety, panic disorder, agoraphobia, separation anxiety, physical injury fears, generalised anxiety, and posttraumatic stress) in a general adolescent population. Expanded knowledge about these associations can provide valuable information for improving interventions and prevention strategies for adolescent anxiety. METHODS: Cross-sectional data about anxiety were collected via a school survey from a community sample of Norwegian adolescents aged 12-17 (N = 1719)...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794798/mortality-of-young-offenders-a-national-register-based-follow-up-study-of-15-to-19-year-old-finnish-delinquents-referred-for-forensic-psychiatric-examination-between-1980-and-2010
#8
Nina Lindberg, Jouko Miettunen, Anni Heiskala, Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino
BACKGROUND: The mortality rate of young offenders is high. Furthermore, mortality in young offenders is associated with psychiatric and substance use disorders. The primary aim of this national register-based follow-up study was to investigate the mortality rate of Finnish delinquents who underwent a forensic psychiatric examination between 1980 and 2010. As delinquency is not a solid entity, we further aimed to compare the risk of premature death among different subgroups of the delinquents; violent versus non-violent offenders, offenders with alcohol use disorders versus those with no such diagnoses, offenders with schizophrenia spectrum disorders versus conduct- and personality-disordered offenders, under-aged versus young adult offenders, and, finally, boys versus girls...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781609/the-association-of-monthly-diurnal-and-circadian-variations-with-suicide-attempts-by-young-people
#9
Türkan Akkaya-Kalayci, Nestor D Kapusta, Thomas Waldhör, Victor Blüml, Luise Poustka, Zeliha Özlü-Erkilic
BACKGROUND: Different psychosocial factors might have an impact on suicidal behaviour and evidence shows that there may be an association between monthly, diurnal and circadian changes and suicidal behaviours. METHODS: In the present study we analysed retrospectively records of 2232 youth, who were treated in emergency units of state hospitals in Istanbul/Turkey after attempting suicide. RESULTS: The majority of the suicide attempters were females (81...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747993/adolescent-adaptive-behavior-profiles-in-williams-beuren-syndrome-down-syndrome-and-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
Carolina Grego Del Cole, Sheila Cavalcante Caetano, Wagner Ribeiro, Arthur Melo E E Kümmer, Andrea Parolin Jackowski
BACKGROUND: Adaptive behavior can be impaired in different neurodevelopmental disorders and may be influenced by confounding factors, such as intelligence quotient (IQ) and socioeconomic classification. Our main objective was to verify whether adaptive behavior profiles differ in three conditions-Williams Beuren syndrome (WBS), Down syndrome (DS), and autism spectrum disorder (ASD), as compared with healthy controls (HC) and with each other. Although the literature points towards each disorder having a characteristic profile, no study has compared profiles to establish the specificity of each one...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729882/breastfeeding-is-associated-with-enhanced-learning-abilities-in-school-aged-children
#11
Johanna Inhyang Kim, Bung-Nyun Kim, Jae-Won Kim, Soon-Beom Hong, Min-Sup Shin, Hee Jeong Yoo, Soo-Churl Cho
OBJECTIVE: The majority of studies on the associations between breastfeeding and cognitive functioning have focused on IQ, with only a few investigating learning skills, and none of the latter adjusting for maternal IQ. We examined the association between breastfeeding and learning abilities in school-aged children using a cross-sectional design. METHODS: We recruited 868 children, aged 8-11 years and parents completed the Learning Disability Evaluation Scale (LDES)...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725261/health-risk-behavior-among-chronically-ill-adolescents-a-systematic-review-of-assessment-tools
#12
REVIEW
Derrick Ssewanyana, Moses Kachama Nyongesa, Anneloes van Baar, Charles R Newton, Amina Abubakar
BACKGROUND: Adolescents living with chronic illnesses engage in health risk behaviors (HRB) which pose challenges for optimizing care and management of their ill health. Frequent monitoring of HRB is recommended, however little is known about which are the most useful tools to detect HRB among chronically ill adolescents. AIMS: This systematic review was conducted to address important knowledge gaps on the assessment of HRB among chronically ill adolescents. Its specific aims were to: identify HRB assessment tools, the geographical location of the studies, their means of administration, the psychometric properties of the tools and the commonest forms of HRB assessed among adolescents living with chronic illnesses globally...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717393/erratum-to-prevalence-of-child-and-adolescent-psychiatric-disorders-in-india-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Savita Malhotra, Bichitra Nanda Patra
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/1753-2000-8-22.].
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706563/quality-of-life-in-children-and-adolescents-with-bipolar-i-depression-treated-with-olanzapine-fluoxetine-combination
#14
Daniel J Walker, Melissa P DelBello, John Landry, Deborah N D'Souza, Holland C Detke
BACKGROUND: We examined the efficacy of olanzapine/fluoxetine combination (OFC) in improving health-related quality of life (QoL) in the treatment of bipolar depression in children and adolescents. METHODS: Patients aged 10-17 years with bipolar I disorder, depressed episode, baseline children's depression rating scale-revised (CDRS-R) total score ≥40, Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) total score ≤15, and YMRS-item 1 ≤ 2 were randomized to OFC (6/25-12/50 mg/day olanzapine/fluoxetine; n = 170) or placebo (n = 85) for up to 8 weeks of double-blind treatment...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690672/emulsified-omega-3-fatty-acids-modulate-the-symptoms-of-depressive-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-a-pilot-study
#15
Jana Trebatická, Zuzana Hradečná, František Böhmer, Magdaléna Vaváková, Iveta Waczulíková, Iveta Garaiova, Ján Luha, Igor Škodáček, Ján Šuba, Zdeňka Ďuračková
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of mood disorders in children is a growing global concern. Omega-3 fatty acids (FA) are emerging as a promising adjuvant therapy for depressive disorder (DD) in paediatric patients. The primary objective of this pilot, single-centre, randomized, double-blind controlled study was to compare the efficacy of an Omega-3 FA fish oil emulsion with a control oil emulsion alongside standard treatment for depressive symptoms in children and adolescents suffering from depressive disorder (DD) and mixed anxiety depressive disorder (MADD)...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652862/dysfunctional-maltreatment-related-cognitions-in-children-and-adolescents
#16
Anke de Haan, Helene G Ganser, Annika Münzer, Andreas Witt, Lutz Goldbeck
BACKGROUND: Dysfunctional trauma-related cognitions correlate highly with chronic stress. Studies on maltreatment-related cognitions and their predictors in children and adolescents are rare. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 231 children aged 8-17 years who had experienced maltreatment including domestic violence, emotional abuse, neglect, physical, and sexual abuse. Using multiple linear regression analysis, gender, age, index-event, multi-type maltreatment, out-of-home-care, and migration background were investigated as possible predictors of dysfunctional maltreatment-related cognitions...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596800/a-comparative-study-of-the-prevalence-and-correlates-of-psychiatric-disorders-in-almajiris-and-public-primary-school-pupils-in-zaria-northwest-nigeria
#17
Aishatu Abubakar-Abdullateef, Babatunde Adedokun, Olayinka Omigbodun
BACKGROUND: 'Almajiris' are children and adolescents sent far away from their homes to study in Islamic schools under the care of Muslim scholars. Over the years, there has been a decline in the capacity of the scholars to cater to these pupils. Consequently, Almajiris spend significant periods of time on the streets begging and carrying out menial jobs to earn a living thereby increasing their risk for physical and mental disorders. The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of psychiatric disorders among Almajiris and public primary school pupils in Zaria...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580012/one-year-trajectory-analysis-for-adhd-symptoms-and-its-associated-factors-in-community-based-children-and-adolescents-in-taiwan
#18
Chia-Jui Tsai, Yi-Lung Chen, Hsiang-Yuan Lin, Susan Shur-Fen Gau
BACKGROUND: Several longitudinal studies have shown the partial symptomatic persistence of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in clinic-based samples. However, little is known about the patterns and trajectories of ADHD symptoms in community-based populations. METHODS: To differentiate developmental trajectories of ADHD symptoms over 1 year, with a four-wave quarterly follow-up in children and adolescents in the community of Taiwan, we conducted this prospective study in 1281 students in grade 3, 5, and 8...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559924/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-universal-prevention-program-for-adolescents-a-feasibility-study
#19
Rowan Burckhardt, Vijaya Manicavasagar, Philip J Batterham, Dusan Hadzi-Pavlovic, Fiona Shand
BACKGROUND: There is a need to prevent anxiety and depression in young people and mindfulness contains important emotion regulation strategies. Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), a mindfulness-based therapy, has yet to be evaluated as a prevention program, but has demonstrated an ability to reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression in adult and adolescent populations. This study examines the feasibility of using an ACT-based prevention program in a sample of year 10 (aged 14-16 years) high school students from Sydney, Australia...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507595/differential-therapeutic-effects-of-atomoxetine-and-methylphenidate-in-childhood-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-as-measured-by-near-infrared-spectroscopy
#20
Yoko Nakanishi, Toyosaku Ota, Junzo Iida, Kazuhiko Yamamuro, Naoko Kishimoto, Kosuke Okazaki, Toshifumi Kishimoto
BACKGROUND: The stimulant methylphenidate (MPH) and the nonstimulant atomoxetine (ATX) are the most commonly-prescribed pharmacological treatments for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, the drug-specific mechanism of action on brain function in ADHD patients is not well known. This study examined differences in prefrontal hemodynamic activity between MPH and ATX in children with ADHD as measured by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) using the Stroop color-word task...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
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