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Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health

K Maasalo, T Fontell, J Wessman, E T Aronen
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the associations between sleep, mood and behaviour in young children in the early stages of developing psychopathology. The purpose here was to examine the association of emotional problems, especially mood, with family and child characteristics, sleep and behavioural problems in 4-12 year-old children. METHODS: The sample was population-based and included 1714 children. Parents filled in the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire and a background questionnaire on child and family characteristics...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Naixue Cui, Jianghong Liu
BACKGROUND: It has been well established that child physical abuse is a risk factor for cognitive deficits and behavioral problems. However, the possible link between cognitive deficits and behavioral problems placing children at a higher risk of physical abuse has been overlooked. Using a prospective design, the present study aims to examine whether previously measured cognition indicated by intelligence quotient (IQ), including performance IQ (PIQ) and verbal IQ (VIQ), and behavioral problems reported by multiple informants (i...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Joerg M Fegert, Benedetto Vitiello
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Hannes Bielas, Steffen Barra, Christine Skrivanek, Marcel Aebi, Hans-Christoph Steinhausen, Cornelia Bessler, Belinda Plattner
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and psychiatric disorders are common in juvenile detainees. Emotional dysregulation resulting from cumulated ACEs may be characterized by symptoms of irritability. The present study examined whether the accumulation of ACEs, irritability, or both predicted mental disorders in incarcerated adolescents with and without controlling for one another and for socio-demographic factors. METHODS: One hundred thirty male detained juvenile offenders (aged 13...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Julia Dray, Jenny Bowman, Megan Freund, Elizabeth Campbell, Rebecca K Hodder, Christophe Lecathelinais, John Wiggers
BACKGROUND: Population level data regarding the general mental health status, and the socio-demographic factors associated with the mental health status of adolescents in Australia aged 12-16 years is limited. This study assessed prevalence of mental health problems in a regional population of Australian students in Grades 7-10, and investigated associations between mental health problems and socio-demographic factors. METHODS: A web-based survey was conducted in 21 secondary schools located in disadvantaged local government areas in one regional local health district of NSW Australia...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Gerasimos Kolaitis, Christian G Bouwkamp, Alexia Papakonstantinou, Ioanna Otheiti, Maria Belivanaki, Styliani Haritaki, Terpsihori Korpa, Zinovia Albani, Elena Terzioglou, Polyxeni Apostola, Aggeliki Skamnaki, Athena Xaidara, Konstantina Kosma, Sophia Kitsiou-Tzeli, Maria Tzetis
BACKGROUND: This is a case with multiple chromosomal aberrations which are likely etiological for the observed psychiatric phenotype consisting of attention deficit hyperactivity and conduct disorders. CASE PRESENTATION: We report on an 11 year-old boy, admitted to the pediatric hospital for behavioral difficulties and a delayed neurodevelopmental trajectory. A cytogenetic analysis and high-resolution microarray comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) analysis was performed...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Jibril Abdulmalik, Cornelius Ani, Ademola J Ajuwon, Olayinka Omigbodun
BACKGROUND: Aggressive patterns of behavior often start early in childhood, and tend to remain stable into adulthood. The negative consequences include poor academic performance, disciplinary problems and encounters with the juvenile justice system. Early school intervention programs can alter this trajectory for aggressive children. However, there are no studies evaluating the feasibility of such interventions in Africa. This study therefore, assessed the effect of group-based problem-solving interventions on aggressive behaviors among primary school pupils in Ibadan, Nigeria...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Adeniran O Okewole, Abiodun O Adewuya, Ademola J Ajuwon, Tolulope T Bella-Awusah, Olayinka O Omigbodun
BACKGROUND: Children with recognized, diagnosable mental and neurological disorders are in addition prone to emotional and behavioral problems which transcend their specific diagnostic labels. In accessing care, these children are almost invariably accompanied by caregivers (usually mothers) who may also have mental health problems, notably depression. The relationship between child and maternal psychopathology has however not been sufficiently researched especially in low and middle income countries...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Yetunde C Adeniyi, Olayinka O Omigbodun
BACKGROUND: Studies have demonstrated that social skill interventions and classroom supports are effective for pupils with intellectual disability. Such interventions have been demonstrated to reduce the risk of developing mental disorders, majority of which have their onset during the period of youth. Most young people with intellectual disability in low-resource settings do not have access to interventions that would enable or enhance their participation in society. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a social skills training for pupils with intellectual disability attending a special school in Southwest Nigeria...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Mashudat Bello-Mojeed, Cornelius Ani, Ike Lagunju, Olayinka Omigbodun
BACKGROUND: Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) is a disabling and lifelong neuro-developmental disorder. Challenging behaviours such as aggression and self injury are common maladaptive behaviours in ASD which adversely affect the mental health of both the affected children and their caregivers. Although there is evidence-base for parent-delivered behavioural intervention for children with ASD and challenging behaviours, there is no published research on the feasibility of such an intervention in sub-Saharan Africa...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Olayinka Olusola Omigbodun, Myron Lowell Belfer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Elizabeth J Levey, Claire E Oppenheim, Brittany C L Lange, Naomi S Plasky, Benjamin L Harris, G Gondah Lekpeh, Isaac Kekulah, David C Henderson, Christina P C Borba
BACKGROUND: In 2008, 5 years after the Liberian civil war ended, there were an estimated 340,000 orphans in Liberia, 18 % of the total child population of the country. Given that children make up half the population and that these children experienced significant trauma and loss both through direct exposure to the war and then to the Ebola epidemic, and indirectly as a result of the trauma experienced by their parents, the recovery of these children is essential to the recovery of the nation as a whole...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Kristina Bressem, Ute Ziegenhain, Claudia Doelitzsch, Alexandra Hofer, Tanja Besier, Joerg M Fegert, Anne K Kuenster
BACKGROUND: In recent years, a number of government-sponsored initiatives have been implemented in Germany that are focused on early preventive intervention in child protection. In response to the need for interdisciplinary training in this area, the internet-based e-learning program "Early Preventive Intervention and Child Protection" was developed for professionals in the child welfare and health care systems working with families with infants and toddlers. The program is currently undergoing evaluation for effectiveness and user satisfaction...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Nicole Wolff, Katya Rubia, Hildtraud Knopf, Heike Hölling, Julia Martini, Stefan Ehrlich, Veit Roessner
BACKGROUND: The present study examined pain perception in children and adolescents with ADHD and the interaction between pain perception and the administration of methylphenidate (MPH) in order to generate hypotheses for further research that will help to clarify the association between ADHD diagnosis, MPH treatment and pain perception. METHODS: We included 260 children and adolescents of the "German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents" (KiGGS) and analyzed parent's assessments of children's pain distribution and pain perception, as well as the influence of MPH administration on pain perception in affected children and adolescents...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Audri Lamers, Chijs van Nieuwenhuizen, Jos Twisk, Erica de Koning, Robert Vermeiren
BACKGROUND: In a semi-residential setting where children switch daily between treatment and home, establishment of a strong parent-team alliance can be a challenge. The development of alliance with parents and the symptoms of the child might be strengthened by a structured investment of treatment team members. METHODS: Participants were caregivers and treatment team members of 46 children (6-12 years) who received semi-residential psychiatric treatment. An A-B design was applied, in which the first 22 children were assigned to the comparison group receiving treatment as usual and the next 24 to the experimental group, where treatment team members used additional alliance-building strategies...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Minna Rytilä-Manninen, Sari Fröjd, Henna Haravuori, Nina Lindberg, Mauri Marttunen, Kirsi Kettunen, Sebastian Therman
BACKGROUND: The Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90) is a questionnaire that is widely used to measure subjective psychopathology. In this study we investigated the psychometric properties of the SCL-90 among adolescent inpatients and community youth matched on age and gender. METHODS: The final SCL-90 respondents comprised three subsets: 201 inpatients at admission, of whom 152 also completed the instrument at discharge, and 197 controls. The mean age at baseline was 15...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Lukka Popp, Sabrina Fuths, Sabine Seehagen, Margarete Bolten, Mirja Gross-Hemmi, Dieter Wolke, Silvia Schneider
BACKGROUND: Regulatory problems such as excessive crying, sleeping-and feeding difficulties in infancy are some of the earliest precursors of later mental health difficulties emerging throughout the lifespan. In the present study, the inter-rater reliability and acceptance of a structured computer-assisted diagnostic interview for regulatory problems (Baby-DIPS) was investigated. METHODS: Using a community sample, 132 mothers of infants aged between 3 and 18 months (mean age = 10 months) were interviewed with the Baby-DIPS regarding current and former (combined = lifetime) regulatory problems...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Anne E Ferrey, Nicholas D Hughes, Sue Simkin, Louise Locock, Anne Stewart, Navneet Kapur, David Gunnell, Keith Hawton
BACKGROUND: When faced with the discovery of their child's self-harm, mothers and fathers may re-evaluate their parenting strategies. This can include changes to the amount of support they provide their child and changes to the degree to which they control and monitor their child. METHODS: We conducted an in-depth qualitative study with 37 parents of young people who had self-harmed in which we explored how and why their parenting changed after the discovery of self-harm...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Anne Mari Undheim, Stian Lydersen, Nanna Sønnichsen Kayed
BACKGROUND: Studies show that adolescents living in residential youth care (RYC) institutions experience more mental health problems than others. This paper studies how well teachers and primary contacts in RYC institutions recognize adolescents' mental health problems as classified by The Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Assessment diagnostic interviews (CAPA). METHODS: All residents between 12 and 23 years of age living in RYC institutions in Norway and enrolled in school at the time of data collection were invited to participate in the study...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Christabel Owens, Nigel Charles
BACKGROUND: There are few interventions that directly address self-harming behaviour among adolescents. At the request of clinicians in Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS) in England and working with them, we redeveloped an adult SMS text-messaging intervention to meet the needs of adolescents under the care of CAMHS who self-harm. METHODS: We used normalisation process theory (NPT) to assess the feasibility of delivering it through CAMHS. We planned to recruit 27 young people who self-harm and their clinicians, working as dyads and using the intervention (TeenTEXT) for 6 months...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
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