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Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822305/childhood-traumatic-experiences-and-mental-health-problems-in-sexually-offending-and-non-sexually-offending-juveniles
#1
Cyril Boonmann, Thomas Grisso, Laura S Guy, Olivier F Colins, Eva A Mulder, P Vahl, Lucres M C Jansen, Theo A H Doreleijers, Robert R J M Vermeiren
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between a history of childhood abuse and mental health problems in juveniles who sexually offended (JSOs) over and above general offending behavior. METHODS: A sample of 44 JSOs incarcerated in two juvenile detention centers in the Netherlands between May 2008 and March 2014 were examined for childhood abuse history (Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form) and mental health problems (Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument-Version 2)...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822304/the-student-resilience-survey-psychometric-validation-and-associations-with-mental-health
#2
Suzet Tanya Lereya, Neil Humphrey, Praveetha Patalay, Miranda Wolpert, Jan R Böhnke, Amy Macdougall, Jessica Deighton
BACKGROUND: Policies, designed to promote resilience, and research, to understand the determinants and correlates of resilience, require reliable and valid measures to ensure data quality. The student resilience survey (SRS) covers a range of external supports and internal characteristics which can potentially be viewed as protective factors and can be crucial in exploring the mechanisms between protective factors and risk factors, and to design intervention and prevention strategies...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822303/emotional-dysregulation-and-trauma-predicting-psychopathy-dimensions-in-female-and-male-juvenile-offenders
#3
Kathrin Sevecke, Sebastian Franke, David Kosson, Maya Krischer
BACKGROUND: Psychopathy is a specific syndrome that predicts future violent and aggressive behavior in adults. Studies in youth and adults have demonstrated a strong association between early traumatic incidents and later dissocial behavior. Moreover, the impact of personality pathology and emotional dysregulation on aggressive and violent behavior is well established. However, few studies have addressed the relationship between early traumatization and psychopathic traits in adolescents...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822302/do-post-trauma-symptoms-mediate-the-relation-between-neurobiological-stress-parameters-and-conduct-problems-in-girls
#4
Kimberly A Babel, Tijs Jambroes, Sanne Oostermeijer, Peter M van de Ven, Arne Popma, Robert R J M Vermeiren, Theo A H Doreleijers, Lucres M C Jansen
OBJECTIVE: Attenuated activity of stress-regulating systems has consistently been reported in boys with conduct problems. Results in studies of girls are inconsistent, which may result from the high prevalence of comorbid post-trauma symptoms. Therefore, the aim of the present study is to investigate post-trauma symptoms as a potential mediator in the relation between stress-regulation systems functioning and conduct problems in female adolescents. METHODS: The sample consisted of 78 female adolescents (mean age 15...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822301/thematic-series-capmh-forensic-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-and-mental-health
#5
EDITORIAL
Klaus Schmeck, Cyril Boonmann, Jörg M Fegert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822300/mental-health-problems-in-male-young-offenders-in-custodial-versus-community-based-programs-implications-for-juvenile-justice-interventions
#6
Daniel Rijo, Nélio Brazão, Ricardo Barroso, Diana Ribeiro da Silva, Paula Vagos, Ana Vieira, Ana Lavado, Ana Margarida Macedo
BACKGROUND: Young offenders are known to be a population with high prevalence of mental health disorders. In most cases, these disorders are neither identified nor treated properly, with the majority of them being chronic and difficult to treat. In many countries, the prevalence rates of psychopathology in male young offenders are still unknown and no psychotherapeutic interventions are delivered. Therefore, the main goal of the present study was to assess mental health problems in Portuguese male young offenders placed in either custodial or community-based programs and discuss treatment implications within the juvenile justice interventions...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822299/do-seriously-offending-girls-differ-from-their-age-and-offence-type-matched-male-counterparts-on-psychopathic-traits-or-psychopathy-related-background-variables
#7
Nina Lindberg, Svetlana Oshukova, Jouko Miettunen, Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino
BACKGROUND: More research is needed to improve our understanding of the manifestation of psychopathic traits in violently offending girls. Our aim here was to assess psychopathic traits and psychopathy-related background variables in a Finnish nationwide consecutive sample of girls charged with violent crimes and referred to a pretrial forensic psychiatric examination. These girls were then compared to their male counterparts. METHODS: The forensic psychiatric examination statements of 15- to 17-year-old juveniles who underwent a pretrial forensic psychiatric examination over a 31-year period (1980-2010) were reviewed...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800012/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-depression-symptoms-among-school-going-adolescents-in-central-uganda
#8
Joyce Nalugya-Sserunjogi, Godfrey Zari Rukundo, Emilio Ovuga, Steven M Kiwuwa, Seggane Musisi, Etheldreda Nakimuli-Mpungu
BACKGROUND: Depression in adolescents constitutes a global public health concern. However, data on its prevalence and associated factors are limited in low income countries like Uganda. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional descriptive study design, 519 adolescent students in 4 secondary schools in Mukono district, Uganda, were randomly selected after meeting study criteria. The 4 school types were: boarding mixed (boys and girls) school; day mixed school; girls' only boarding school; and, boys' only boarding school...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713765/sleep-and-behavioural-problems-associate-with-low-mood-in-finnish-children-aged-4-12%C3%A2-years-an-epidemiological-study
#9
K Maasalo, T Fontell, J Wessman, E T Aronen
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the associations between sleep, mood and behaviour in young children in the early stages of developing psychopathology. The purpose here was to examine the association of emotional problems, especially mood, with family and child characteristics, sleep and behavioural problems in 4-12 year-old children. METHODS: The sample was population-based and included 1714 children. Parents filled in the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire and a background questionnaire on child and family characteristics...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713764/cognitive-and-behavioral-risk-factors-for-child-physical-abuse-among-chinese-children-a-multiple-informant-study
#10
Naixue Cui, Jianghong Liu
BACKGROUND: It has been well established that child physical abuse is a risk factor for cognitive deficits and behavioral problems. However, the possible link between cognitive deficits and behavioral problems placing children at a higher risk of physical abuse has been overlooked. Using a prospective design, the present study aims to examine whether previously measured cognition indicated by intelligence quotient (IQ), including performance IQ (PIQ) and verbal IQ (VIQ), and behavioral problems reported by multiple informants (i...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688800/new-journal-structure-of-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-and-mental-health
#11
EDITORIAL
Joerg M Fegert, Benedetto Vitiello
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688799/the-associations-of-cumulative-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-irritability-with-mental-disorders-in-detained-male-adolescent-offenders
#12
Hannes Bielas, Steffen Barra, Christine Skrivanek, Marcel Aebi, Hans-Christoph Steinhausen, Cornelia Bessler, Belinda Plattner
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and psychiatric disorders are common in juvenile detainees. Emotional dysregulation resulting from cumulated ACEs may be characterized by symptoms of irritability. The present study examined whether the accumulation of ACEs, irritability, or both predicted mental disorders in incarcerated adolescents with and without controlling for one another and for socio-demographic factors. METHODS: One hundred thirty male detained juvenile offenders (aged 13...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651830/mental-health-problems-in-a-regional-population-of-australian-adolescents-association-with-socio-demographic-characteristics
#13
Julia Dray, Jenny Bowman, Megan Freund, Elizabeth Campbell, Rebecca K Hodder, Christophe Lecathelinais, John Wiggers
BACKGROUND: Population level data regarding the general mental health status, and the socio-demographic factors associated with the mental health status of adolescents in Australia aged 12-16 years is limited. This study assessed prevalence of mental health problems in a regional population of Australian students in Grades 7-10, and investigated associations between mental health problems and socio-demographic factors. METHODS: A web-based survey was conducted in 21 secondary schools located in disadvantaged local government areas in one regional local health district of NSW Australia...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651829/a-boy-with-conduct-disorder-cd-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-borderline-intellectual-disability-and-47-xxy-syndrome-in-combination-with-a-7q11-23-duplication-11p15-5-deletion-and-20q13-33-deletion
#14
Gerasimos Kolaitis, Christian G Bouwkamp, Alexia Papakonstantinou, Ioanna Otheiti, Maria Belivanaki, Styliani Haritaki, Terpsihori Korpa, Zinovia Albani, Elena Terzioglou, Polyxeni Apostola, Aggeliki Skamnaki, Athena Xaidara, Konstantina Kosma, Sophia Kitsiou-Tzeli, Maria Tzetis
BACKGROUND: This is a case with multiple chromosomal aberrations which are likely etiological for the observed psychiatric phenotype consisting of attention deficit hyperactivity and conduct disorders. CASE PRESENTATION: We report on an 11 year-old boy, admitted to the pediatric hospital for behavioral difficulties and a delayed neurodevelopmental trajectory. A cytogenetic analysis and high-resolution microarray comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) analysis was performed...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594903/effects-of-problem-solving-interventions-on-aggressive-behaviours-among-primary-school-pupils-in-ibadan-nigeria
#15
Jibril Abdulmalik, Cornelius Ani, Ademola J Ajuwon, Olayinka Omigbodun
BACKGROUND: Aggressive patterns of behavior often start early in childhood, and tend to remain stable into adulthood. The negative consequences include poor academic performance, disciplinary problems and encounters with the juvenile justice system. Early school intervention programs can alter this trajectory for aggressive children. However, there are no studies evaluating the feasibility of such interventions in Africa. This study therefore, assessed the effect of group-based problem-solving interventions on aggressive behaviors among primary school pupils in Ibadan, Nigeria...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594902/maternal-depression-and-child-psychopathology-among-attendees-at-a-child-neuropsychiatric-clinic-in-abeokuta-nigeria-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Adeniran O Okewole, Abiodun O Adewuya, Ademola J Ajuwon, Tolulope T Bella-Awusah, Olayinka O Omigbodun
BACKGROUND: Children with recognized, diagnosable mental and neurological disorders are in addition prone to emotional and behavioral problems which transcend their specific diagnostic labels. In accessing care, these children are almost invariably accompanied by caregivers (usually mothers) who may also have mental health problems, notably depression. The relationship between child and maternal psychopathology has however not been sufficiently researched especially in low and middle income countries...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594901/effect-of-a-classroom-based-intervention-on-the-social-skills-of-pupils-with-intellectual-disability-in-southwest-nigeria
#17
Yetunde C Adeniyi, Olayinka O Omigbodun
BACKGROUND: Studies have demonstrated that social skill interventions and classroom supports are effective for pupils with intellectual disability. Such interventions have been demonstrated to reduce the risk of developing mental disorders, majority of which have their onset during the period of youth. Most young people with intellectual disability in low-resource settings do not have access to interventions that would enable or enhance their participation in society. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a social skills training for pupils with intellectual disability attending a special school in Southwest Nigeria...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594900/feasibility-of-parent-mediated-behavioural-intervention-for-behavioural-problems-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-nigeria-a-pilot-study
#18
Mashudat Bello-Mojeed, Cornelius Ani, Ike Lagunju, Olayinka Omigbodun
BACKGROUND: Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) is a disabling and lifelong neuro-developmental disorder. Challenging behaviours such as aggression and self injury are common maladaptive behaviours in ASD which adversely affect the mental health of both the affected children and their caregivers. Although there is evidence-base for parent-delivered behavioural intervention for children with ASD and challenging behaviours, there is no published research on the feasibility of such an intervention in sub-Saharan Africa...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594899/building-research-capacity-for-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-in-africa
#19
EDITORIAL
Olayinka Olusola Omigbodun, Myron Lowell Belfer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525038/a-qualitative-analysis-of-factors-impacting-resilience-among-youth-in-post-conflict-liberia
#20
Elizabeth J Levey, Claire E Oppenheim, Brittany C L Lange, Naomi S Plasky, Benjamin L Harris, G Gondah Lekpeh, Isaac Kekulah, David C Henderson, Christina P C Borba
BACKGROUND: In 2008, 5 years after the Liberian civil war ended, there were an estimated 340,000 orphans in Liberia, 18 % of the total child population of the country. Given that children make up half the population and that these children experienced significant trauma and loss both through direct exposure to the war and then to the Ebola epidemic, and indirectly as a result of the trauma experienced by their parents, the recovery of these children is essential to the recovery of the nation as a whole...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
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