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Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203275/diagnostic-profiles-and-predictors-of-treatment-outcome-among-children-and-adolescents-attending-a-national-psychiatric-hospital-in-botswana
#1
Anthony A Olashore, Bechedza Frank-Hatitchki, Olorunfemi Ogunwobi
BACKGROUND: Attention is currently being drawn to child psychiatric care, most especially in the developed countries. This type of care is still rudimentary in the developing countries. Botswana is one of the African countries with good health care services but mental illness is given the low priority. Child and adolescent mental health care (CAMHC) is almost non-existent likely due to the dearth of research which would drive a policy change in this direction. Hence the need for this research as a step towards establishing a well-structured CAMHC...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184243/prevalence-of-depressive-symptoms-among-schoolchildren-in-cyprus-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-correlational-study
#2
Sokratous Sokratis, Ζilides Christos, Panagi Despo, Karanikola Maria
BACKGROUND: Depressive symptoms in the young constitute a public health issue. The current study aims to estimate: (a) the frequency of depressive symptoms in a sample of final grade elementary-school children in Cyprus, (b) the association among frequency of depressive symptoms, gender and nationality and, (c) the metric properties of the Greek-Cypriot version of the children's depression inventory (CDI). METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study with internal comparison was performed...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115987/prevalence-of-psychiatric-disorders-comorbidity-patterns-and-repeat-offending-among-male-juvenile-detainees-in-south-korea-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Johanna Inhyang Kim, Bongseog Kim, Bung-Nyun Kim, Soon-Beom Hong, Dong Woo Lee, Ju-Young Chung, Ji Young Choi, Bum-Sung Choi, Young-Rim Oh, Miwon Youn
BACKGROUND: High rates of psychiatric disorders and comorbidities have been reported in juvenile detainees, and both phenomena are thought to contribute to repeat offending. However, research on this topic has been limited in Asian countries, like South Korea. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of psychiatric disorders, comorbidity patterns, and the relationship between psychiatric disorders and repeat offending among a cross-section of youths detained in a male juvenile detention center in South Korea...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105068/overdiagnosis-of-mental-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-in-developed-countries
#4
REVIEW
Eva Charlotte Merten, Jan Christopher Cwik, Jürgen Margraf, Silvia Schneider
During the past 50 years, health insurance providers and national registers of mental health regularly report significant increases in the number of mental disorder diagnoses in children and adolescents. However, epidemiological studies show mixed effects of time trends of prevalence of mental disorders. Overdiagnosis in clinical practice rather than an actual increase is assumed to be the cause for this situation. We conducted a systematic literature search on the topic of overdiagnosis of mental disorders in children and adolescents...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101133/temperament-and-character-traits-in-female-adolescents-with-nonsuicidal-self-injury-disorder-with-and-without-comorbid-borderline-personality-disorder
#5
Taru Tschan, Claudia Peter-Ruf, Marc Schmid, Tina In-Albon
BACKGROUND: Temperament and character traits of adolescents with nonsuicidal self-injury disorder (NSSI) might differentiate those- with and without comorbid borderline personality disorder (BPD). METHODS: Participants were 57 female adolescents with NSSI disorder without BPD (NSSI - BPD), 14 adolescents with NSSI disorder and BPD (NSSI + BPD), 32 clinical controls (CC), and 64 nonclinical controls (NC). Temperament and character traits were assessed with the Junior Temperament and Character Inventory, and impulsivity with the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale and a Go/NoGo task...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096898/characteristics-of-adolescents-frequently-restrained-in-acute-psychiatric-units-in-norway-a-nationwide-study
#6
Astrid Furre, Ragnhild Sørum Falk, Leiv Sandvik, Svein Friis, Maria Knutzen, Ketil Hanssen-Bauer
BACKGROUND: The use of restraints in adolescent psychiatric settings requires particular professional, ethical, and legal considerations. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the number of restraint episodes per patient was related to any of several characteristics of the adolescents. METHODS: In this nationwide study, we included all adolescents restrained during the period 2008-2010 (N = 267) in Norwegian adolescent acute psychiatric inpatient units...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077966/marital-relationship-parenting-practices-and-social-skills-development-in-preschool-children
#7
Rikuya Hosokawa, Toshiki Katsura
BACKGROUND: This study examined the pathways by which destructive and constructive marital conflict leading to social skills development in preschool children, are mediated through negative and positive parenting practices. METHODS: Mothers of 2931 Japanese children, aged 5-6 years, completed self-report questionnaires regarding their marital relationship (the Quality of co-parental communication scale) and parental practices (the Alabama parenting questionnaire)...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077965/distinct-profiles-of-reactive-and-proactive-aggression-in-adolescents-associations-with-cognitive-and-affective-empathy
#8
Felix Euler, Célia Steinlin, Christina Stadler
BACKGROUND: Aggression comprises a heterogeneous set of behavioral patterns that aim to harm and hurt others. Empathy represents a potential mechanism that inhibits aggressive conduct and enhances prosocial behavior. Nevertheless, research results on the relationship between empathy and aggression are mixed. Subtypes of aggressive behavior, such as reactive and proactive aggression might be differently related to empathy. The aim of the present study was to investigate the interrelations of cognitive and affective empathy with reactive and proactive aggression...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035240/evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-an-online-transition-planning-program-for-adolescents-on-the-autism-spectrum-trial-protocol
#9
Megan Hatfield, Marita Falkmer, Torbjorn Falkmer, Marina Ciccarelli
BACKGROUND: The transition from high school to post-secondary education and work is difficult for adolescents on the autism spectrum. Transition planning can be an effective way of supporting adolescents on the autism spectrum to prepare for leaving school and to succeed in obtaining employment; however, there is a need for an autism-specific transition planning program with proven effectiveness. This paper describes a trial protocol for evaluating the Better OutcOmes & Successful Transitions for Autism (BOOST-A™); an online interactive program that empowers adolescents on the autism spectrum to plan their transition from school to further study, training, or employment...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999615/a-preliminary-study-of-movement-intensity-during-a-go-no-go-task-and-its-association-with-adhd-outcomes-and-symptom-severity
#10
Fenghua Li, Yi Zheng, Stephanie D Smith, Frederick Shic, Christina C Moore, Xixi Zheng, Yanjie Qi, Zhengkui Liu, James F Leckman
OBJECTIVE: At present, there are no well-validated biomarkers for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The present study used an infrared motion tracking system to monitor and record the movement intensity of children and to determine its diagnostic precision for ADHD and its possible associations with ratings of ADHD symptom severity. METHODS: A Microsoft motion sensing camera recorded the movement of children during a modified Go/No-Go Task. Movement intensity measures extracted from these data included a composite measure of total movement intensity (TMI measure) and a movement intensity distribution (MID measure) measure across 15 frequency bands (FB measures)...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933099/treating-nonsuicidal-self-injury-nssi-in-adolescents-consensus-based-german-guidelines
#11
Paul L Plener, Romuald Brunner, Jörg M Fegert, Rebecca C Groschwitz, Tina In-Albon, Michael Kaess, Nestor D Kapusta, Franz Resch, Katja Becker
BACKGROUND: Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a frequent and clinically relevant phenomenon in adolescence. Within Europe, Germany has one of the highest prevalence rates in youth with lifetime prevalence ranging between 25 and 35%. However, treatment guidelines for NSSI are not yet available. METHODS: Consensus based clinical guidelines were created by a working group consisting of members of eleven medical, psychological or psychotherapeutic professional national associations, and two members of patient self-help and prevention groups...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822305/childhood-traumatic-experiences-and-mental-health-problems-in-sexually-offending-and-non-sexually-offending-juveniles
#12
Cyril Boonmann, Thomas Grisso, Laura S Guy, Olivier F Colins, Eva A Mulder, P Vahl, Lucres M C Jansen, Theo A H Doreleijers, Robert R J M Vermeiren
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between a history of childhood abuse and mental health problems in juveniles who sexually offended (JSOs) over and above general offending behavior. METHODS: A sample of 44 JSOs incarcerated in two juvenile detention centers in the Netherlands between May 2008 and March 2014 were examined for childhood abuse history (Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form) and mental health problems (Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument-Version 2)...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822304/the-student-resilience-survey-psychometric-validation-and-associations-with-mental-health
#13
Suzet Tanya Lereya, Neil Humphrey, Praveetha Patalay, Miranda Wolpert, Jan R Böhnke, Amy Macdougall, Jessica Deighton
BACKGROUND: Policies, designed to promote resilience, and research, to understand the determinants and correlates of resilience, require reliable and valid measures to ensure data quality. The student resilience survey (SRS) covers a range of external supports and internal characteristics which can potentially be viewed as protective factors and can be crucial in exploring the mechanisms between protective factors and risk factors, and to design intervention and prevention strategies...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822303/emotional-dysregulation-and-trauma-predicting-psychopathy-dimensions-in-female-and-male-juvenile-offenders
#14
Kathrin Sevecke, Sebastian Franke, David Kosson, Maya Krischer
BACKGROUND: Psychopathy is a specific syndrome that predicts future violent and aggressive behavior in adults. Studies in youth and adults have demonstrated a strong association between early traumatic incidents and later dissocial behavior. Moreover, the impact of personality pathology and emotional dysregulation on aggressive and violent behavior is well established. However, few studies have addressed the relationship between early traumatization and psychopathic traits in adolescents...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822302/do-post-trauma-symptoms-mediate-the-relation-between-neurobiological-stress-parameters-and-conduct-problems-in-girls
#15
Kimberly A Babel, Tijs Jambroes, Sanne Oostermeijer, Peter M van de Ven, Arne Popma, Robert R J M Vermeiren, Theo A H Doreleijers, Lucres M C Jansen
OBJECTIVE: Attenuated activity of stress-regulating systems has consistently been reported in boys with conduct problems. Results in studies of girls are inconsistent, which may result from the high prevalence of comorbid post-trauma symptoms. Therefore, the aim of the present study is to investigate post-trauma symptoms as a potential mediator in the relation between stress-regulation systems functioning and conduct problems in female adolescents. METHODS: The sample consisted of 78 female adolescents (mean age 15...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822301/thematic-series-capmh-forensic-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-and-mental-health
#16
EDITORIAL
Klaus Schmeck, Cyril Boonmann, Jörg M Fegert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822300/mental-health-problems-in-male-young-offenders-in-custodial-versus-community-based-programs-implications-for-juvenile-justice-interventions
#17
Daniel Rijo, Nélio Brazão, Ricardo Barroso, Diana Ribeiro da Silva, Paula Vagos, Ana Vieira, Ana Lavado, Ana Margarida Macedo
BACKGROUND: Young offenders are known to be a population with high prevalence of mental health disorders. In most cases, these disorders are neither identified nor treated properly, with the majority of them being chronic and difficult to treat. In many countries, the prevalence rates of psychopathology in male young offenders are still unknown and no psychotherapeutic interventions are delivered. Therefore, the main goal of the present study was to assess mental health problems in Portuguese male young offenders placed in either custodial or community-based programs and discuss treatment implications within the juvenile justice interventions...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822299/do-seriously-offending-girls-differ-from-their-age-and-offence-type-matched-male-counterparts-on-psychopathic-traits-or-psychopathy-related-background-variables
#18
Nina Lindberg, Svetlana Oshukova, Jouko Miettunen, Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino
BACKGROUND: More research is needed to improve our understanding of the manifestation of psychopathic traits in violently offending girls. Our aim here was to assess psychopathic traits and psychopathy-related background variables in a Finnish nationwide consecutive sample of girls charged with violent crimes and referred to a pretrial forensic psychiatric examination. These girls were then compared to their male counterparts. METHODS: The forensic psychiatric examination statements of 15- to 17-year-old juveniles who underwent a pretrial forensic psychiatric examination over a 31-year period (1980-2010) were reviewed...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800012/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-depression-symptoms-among-school-going-adolescents-in-central-uganda
#19
Joyce Nalugya-Sserunjogi, Godfrey Zari Rukundo, Emilio Ovuga, Steven M Kiwuwa, Seggane Musisi, Etheldreda Nakimuli-Mpungu
BACKGROUND: Depression in adolescents constitutes a global public health concern. However, data on its prevalence and associated factors are limited in low income countries like Uganda. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional descriptive study design, 519 adolescent students in 4 secondary schools in Mukono district, Uganda, were randomly selected after meeting study criteria. The 4 school types were: boarding mixed (boys and girls) school; day mixed school; girls' only boarding school; and, boys' only boarding school...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713765/sleep-and-behavioural-problems-associate-with-low-mood-in-finnish-children-aged-4-12%C3%A2-years-an-epidemiological-study
#20
K Maasalo, T Fontell, J Wessman, E T Aronen
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the associations between sleep, mood and behaviour in young children in the early stages of developing psychopathology. The purpose here was to examine the association of emotional problems, especially mood, with family and child characteristics, sleep and behavioural problems in 4-12 year-old children. METHODS: The sample was population-based and included 1714 children. Parents filled in the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire and a background questionnaire on child and family characteristics...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
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