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Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743942/what-do-young-adolescents-think-about-taking-part-in-longitudinal-self-harm-research-findings-from-a-school-based-study
#1
Joanna Lockwood, Ellen Townsend, Leonie Royes, David Daley, Kapil Sayal
Background: Research about self-harm in adolescence is important given the high incidence in youth, and strong links to suicide and other poor outcomes. Clarifying the impact of involvement in school-based self-harm studies on young adolescents is an ethical priority given heightened risk at this developmental stage. Methods: Here, 594 school-based students aged mainly 13-14 years completed a survey on self-harm at baseline and again 12-weeks later. Change in mood following completion of each survey, ratings and thoughts about participation, and responses to a mood-mitigation activity were analysed using a multi-method approach...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743941/cost-effectiveness-of-dialectical-behaviour-therapy-vs-enhanced-usual-care-in-the-treatment-of-adolescents-with-self-harm
#2
Egil Haga, Eline Aas, Berit Grøholt, Anita J Tørmoen, Lars Mehlum
Background: Studies have shown that dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT) is effective in reducing self-harm in adults and adolescents. Aims: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of DBT for adolescents (DBT-A) compared to enhanced usual care (EUC). Methods: In a randomised study, 77 adolescents with repeated self-harm were allocated to 19 weeks of outpatient treatment, either DBT-A ( n  = 39) or EUC ( n  = 38). Cost-effective analyses, including estimation of incremental cost-effectiveness ratios, were conducted with self-harm and global functioning (CGAS) as health outcomes...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719564/current-research-on-child-maltreatment-epidemiology
#3
EDITORIAL
Andreas Jud
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682005/global-burden-of-mental-disorders-among-children-aged-5-14-years
#4
Marie Laure Baranne, Bruno Falissard
Background: The global burden of disease (GBD) study provides information about fatal and non-fatal health outcomes around the world. Methods: The objective of this work is to describe the burden of mental disorders among children aged 5-14 years in each of the six regions of the World Health Organisation. Data come from the GBD 2015 study. Outcomes: disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) are the main indicator of GBD studies and are built from years of life lost (YLLs) and years of life lived with disability (YLDs)...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588657/feasibility-study-of-a-family-and-school-based-intervention-for-child-behavior-problems-in-nepal
#5
Ramesh P Adhikari, Nawaraj Upadhaya, Emily N Satinsky, Matthew D Burkey, Brandon A Kohrt, Mark J D Jordans
Background: This study evaluates the feasibility, acceptability, and outcomes of a combined school- and family-based intervention, delivered by psychosocial counselors, for children with behavior problems in rural Nepal. Methods: Forty-one children participated at baseline. Two students moved to another district, meaning 39 children, ages 6-15, participated at both baseline and follow-up. Pre-post evaluation was used to assess behavioral changes over a 4-month follow-up period (n = 39)...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568326/determinants-of-early-child-development-in-rural-tanzania
#6
Ingeborg G Ribe, Erling Svensen, Britt A Lyngmo, Estomih Mduma, Sven G Hinderaker
Background: It has been estimated that more than 200 million children under the age of five do not reach their full potential in cognitive development. Much of what we know about brain development is based on research from high-income countries. There is limited evidence on the determinants of early child development in low-income countries, especially rural sub-Saharan Africa. The present study aimed to identify the determinants of cognitive development in children living in villages surrounding Haydom, a rural area in north-central Tanzania...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545829/disruptive-behavior-scale-for-adolescents-disba-development-and-psychometric-properties
#7
Mahmood Karimy, Ahmad Fakhri, Esmaeel Vali, Farzaneh Vali, Feliciano H Veiga, L A R Stein, Marzieh Araban
Background: Growing evidence indicates that if disruptive behavior is left unidentified and untreated, a significant proportion of these problems will persist and may develop into problems linked with delinquency, substance abuse, and violence. Research is needed to develop valid and reliable measures of disruptive behavior to assist recognition and impact of treatments on disruptive behavior. The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate the psychometric properties of a scale for disruptive behavior in adolescents...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515647/treatment-expectancy-working-alliance-and-outcome-of-trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-with-children-and-adolescents
#8
Veronica Kirsch, Ferdinand Keller, Dunja Tutus, Lutz Goldbeck
Background: It has been shown that positive treatment expectancy (TE) and good working alliance increase psychotherapeutic success in adult patients, either directly or mediated by other common treatment factors like collaboration. However, the effects of TE in psychotherapy with children, adolescents and their caregivers are mostly unknown. Due to characteristics of the disorder such as avoidant behavior, common factors may be especially important in evidence-based treatment of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), e...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467818/knowledge-transfer-a-worldwide-challenge-in-child-mental-health-a-recommendation-to-the-readership-of-capmh-concerning-the-revised-version-of-the-iacapap-textbook-of-child-and-adolescent-mental-health
#9
Anna T Maier, Rebecca C Brown, Joerg M Fegert
Background: Transfer of knowledge is an important issue throughout all scientific disciplines, especially in the medical and psycho-social field. The issue of worldwide knowledge transfer in child mental health is one of the aims and goals of the journal Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health (CAPMH). The demand for mental health training is high worldwide, and especially in low- to lower-middle income countries, where inadequate access to knowledge resources in the field of child and adolescent mental health (CAMH) is prevalent...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456615/how-has-the-presidential-election-affected-young-americans
#10
EDITORIAL
Melissa DeJonckheere, Andre Fisher, Tammy Chang
The 2016 presidential election season and subsequent political events have had physical and emotional impacts on youth. We collected qualitative insights from 14 to 24 year olds across the US related to these events over time. Open-ended probes were sent via text message at three time points before and after the 2016 presidential election. The majority of youth reported emotional stress during all three time points, and female participants were significantly more likely to experience emotional responses. White participants were more likely to report negative symptoms than their peers both pre-election and at 4-months post-election...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436523/correction-to-the-strengths-and-difficulties-questionnaire-sdq-in-africa-a-scoping-review-of-its-application-and-validation
#11
Nikhat Hoosen, Eugene Lee Davids, Petrus J de Vries, Maylene Shung-King
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s13034-017-0212-1.].
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434657/mental-health-status-and-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviors-of-migrant-children-in-eastern-coastal-china-in-comparison-to-urban-children-a-cross-sectional-survey
#12
Jingjing Lu, Feng Wang, Pengfei Chai, Dongshuo Wang, Lu Li, Xudong Zhou
Purpose: Although adolescents' mental health problems and self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs) have been a serious public health concern worldwide, descriptions of risk factors for SITBs often fail to take migration into account. There are roughly 35.8 million migrant children in China who, with their parents, moved from original rural residence to urban areas. Little is known about migrant children's mental health status and levels of SITBs. This study aims to explore the mental health status and SITBs of migrant children living in eastern coastal China in comparison to their urban counterparts...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434656/difficulties-faced-by-university-students-with-self-reported-symptoms-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-qualitative-study
#13
Soo Jin Kwon, Yoonjung Kim, Yeunhee Kwak
Background: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) persists into adolescence and adulthood; however, few studies have analyzed the experiences of university students with ADHD. This study explored the difficulties experienced by university students with ADHD symptoms. Methods: Between December 2015 and February 2016, face-to-face interviews were conducted with 12 university students with self-reported ADHD symptoms. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410705/body-image-perceptions-and-symptoms-of-disturbed-eating-behavior-among-children-and-adolescents-in-germany
#14
Kathrin Schuck, Simone Munsch, Silvia Schneider
Theoretical background: Body image distortions such as perception biases are assumed to be precursors of eating disorders (ED). This study aims to investigate body image perceptions and symptoms of disturbed eating behavior among a sample of 11-17 year-old students in Germany. Methods: A cross-sectional survey study was carried out among 1524 students of twelve secondary schools from all school types in North Rhine-Westphalia (Germany). A naturalistic photograph-rating consisting of photographs of young women's bodies was used to examine children's perceptions of female bodies (i...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410704/association-between-attempted-suicide-and-academic-performance-indicators-among-middle-and-high-school-students-in-mexico-results-from-a-national-survey
#15
Ricardo Orozco, Corina Benjet, Guilherme Borges, María Fátima Moneta Arce, Diana Fregoso Ito, Clara Fleiz, Jorge Ameth Villatoro
Background: Students' mental health is associated to academic performance. In high income countries, higher students' grades are related to lower odds of suicidal behaviors, but studies on other indicators of academic performance are more limited, specially in middle income countries. Methods: Data from 28,519 middle and high school students selected with multistage clustered sampling in the Mexican National Survey of Student's Drug Use. Using a self-administered questionnaire, lifetime suicidal attempt and four indicators of academic performance were assessed: age inconsistency with grade level, not being a student in the last year, perceived academic performance and number of failed courses...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371882/thematic-series-capmh-forensic-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-and-mental-health-2017
#16
EDITORIAL
Cyril Boonmann, Jörg M Fegert, Klaus Schmeck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344084/the-strengths-and-difficulties-questionnaire-sdq-in-africa-a-scoping-review-of-its-application-and-validation
#17
REVIEW
Nikhat Hoosen, Eugene Lee Davids, Petrus J de Vries, Maylene Shung-King
Background: Child and adolescent mental health in Africa remains largely neglected. Quick and cost-effective ways for early detection may aid early intervention. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) is globally used to screen for mental health problems, but little is known about its use in Africa. We set out to perform a scoping review to examine existing studies that have used the SDQ in Africa. Methods: A comprehensive scoping review methodology was used to identify all peer-reviewed studies ever published that have used the SDQ in Africa...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344083/psychosocial-problems-in-traumatized-refugee-families-overview-of-risks-and-some-recommendations-for-support-services
#18
EDITORIAL
J M Fegert, C Diehl, B Leyendecker, K Hahlweg, V Prayon-Blum
This article is an abridged version of a report by an advisory council to the German government on the psychosocial problems facing refugee families from war zones who have settled in Germany. It omits the detailed information contained in the report about matters that are specific to the German health system and asylum laws, and includes just those insights and strategies that may be applicable to assisting refugees in other host countries as well. The focus is on understanding the developmental risks faced by refugee children when they or family members are suffering from trauma-related psychological disorders, and on identifying measures that can be taken to address these risks...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321809/quality-of-life-delinquency-and-psychosocial-functioning-of-adolescents-in-secure-residential-care-testing-two-assumptions-of-the-good-lives-model
#19
C S Barendregt, A M Van der Laan, I L Bongers, Ch Van Nieuwenhuizen
Background: In this study, two assumptions derived from the Good Lives Model were examined: whether subjective Quality of Life is related to delinquent behaviour and psychosocial problems, and whether adolescents with adequate coping skills are less likely to commit delinquent behaviour or show psychosocial problems. Method: To this end, data of 95 adolescents with severe psychiatric problems who participated in a four-wave longitudinal study were examined. Subjective Quality of Life was assessed with the ten domains of the Lancashire Quality of Life Profile and coping skills with the Utrecht Coping List for Adolescents...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308087/mobilizing-agencies-for-incidence-surveys-on-child-maltreatment-successful-participation-in-switzerland-and-lessons-learned
#20
Andreas Jud, Céline Kosirnik, Tanja Mitrovic, Hakim Ben Salah, Etienne Fux, Jana Koehler, Rahel Portmann, René Knüsel
Background: Many countries around the world lack data on the epidemiology of agency response to child maltreatment. They therefore lack information on how many children in need get help and protection or if children stand equal chances across regions to get services. However, it has proven difficult to commit child protection agencies to participation in incidence studies. Methods: The Optimus Study invested in a continuous collaborative effort between research and practice to develop a data collection for the first national study on the incidence of agency responses to all forms of child maltreatment in Switzerland...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
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