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Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051774/effectiveness-of-the-boost-a%C3%A2-online-transition-planning-program-for-adolescents-on-the-autism-spectrum-a-quasi-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Megan Hatfield, Marita Falkmer, Torbjorn Falkmer, Marina Ciccarelli
BACKGROUND: The majority of existing transition planning programs are focused on people with a disability in general and may not meet the specific need of adolescents on the autism spectrum. In addition, these interventions focus on specific skills (e.g. job readiness or self-determination) rather than the overall transition planning process and there are methodological limitations to many of the studies determining their effectiveness. The Better OutcOmes & Successful Transitions for Autism (BOOST-A™) is an online program that supports adolescents on the autism spectrum to prepare for leaving school...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046716/a-multi-national-comparison-of-antipsychotic-drug-use-in-children-and-adolescents-2005-2012
#2
Luuk J Kalverdijk, Christian J Bachmann, Lise Aagaard, Mehmet Burcu, Gerd Glaeske, Falk Hoffmann, Irene Petersen, Catharina C M Schuiling-Veninga, Linda P Wijlaars, Julie M Zito
Over the last decades, an increase in antipsychotic (AP) prescribing and a shift from first-generation antipsychotics (FGA) to second-generation antipsychotics (SGA) among youth have been reported. However, most AP prescriptions for youth are off-label, and there are worrying long-term safety data in youth. The objective of this study was to assess multinational trends in AP use among children and adolescents. A repeated cross-sectional design was applied to cohorts from varied sources from Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom (UK) and the United States (US) for calendar years 2005/2006-2012...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042906/low-mood-in-a-sample-of-5-12-year-old-child-psychiatric-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Katri Maasalo, Jaana Wessman, Eeva T Aronen
BACKGROUND: Not much is known about low mood and its associates in child psychiatric patients. In this study, we examined the prevalence of low mood, how it associates with disruptive behaviour, and affects clinician-rated global functioning in child psychiatric outpatients. METHODS: The study population consisted of 862 5-12 year-old child psychiatric patients. The study sample was a subsample of all 1251 patients attending a child psychiatric outpatient clinic at Helsinki University Hospital in 2013-2015 formed by excluding 4 year-old and 13 year-old patients and those with missing or incomplete data...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042905/photo-elicitation-with-adolescents-in-qualitative-research-an-example-of-its-use-in-exploring-family-interactions-in-adolescent-psychiatry
#4
J Sibeoni, E Costa-Drolon, L Poulmarc'h, S Colin, M Valentin, J Pradère, A Revah-Levy
BACKGROUND: Photo-elicitation is a method used increasingly often in qualitative health research, and its positive effect on the research process is well established today. Photo-elicitation appears to facilitate verbalization and insight and to improve relationships between the researcher and participants, thereby enriching the quality of the data collected. Nonetheless, it is barely used at all in the field of adolescent psychiatry. With the aim of exploring the potential of these methods for research with adolescents receiving psychiatric care, we conducted a qualitative photo-elicitation data collection study with this population, asking them about family interactions around food...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021825/suicidal-deaths-in-elementary-school-students-in-korea
#5
Minha Hong, Han Nah Cho, Ah Reum Kim, Hyun Ju Hong, Yong-Sil Kweon
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the characteristics of childhood suicidal deaths among elementary school students that occurred from 2011 to 2015 in Korea. METHODS: The report form of each suicide case by the teacher in charge to the Education Ministry was reviewed retrospectively. RESULTS: There were 19 suicidal deaths (12 boys, 7 girls) in elementary school students. The youngest case was a third grader (n = 1). Jumping from heights (n = 12) was the most frequently used method...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021824/intense-obsessional-interests-in-children-with-gender-dysphoria-a-cross-validation-study-using-the-teacher-s-report-form
#6
Kenneth J Zucker, A Natisha Nabbijohn, Alanna Santarossa, Hayley Wood, Susan J Bradley, Joanna Matthews, Doug P VanderLaan
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed whether children clinically referred for gender dysphoria (GD) show symptoms that overlap with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Circumscribed preoccupations/intense interests and repetitive behaviors were considered as overlapping symptoms expressed in both GD and ASD. METHODS: To assess these constructs, we examined Items 9 and 66 on the Teacher's Report Form (TRF), which measure obsessions and compulsions, respectively. RESULTS: For Item 9, gender-referred children (n = 386) were significantly elevated compared to the referred (n = 965) and non-referred children (n = 965) from the TRF standardization sample...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974983/child-maltreatment-in-germany-prevalence-rates-in-the-general-population
#7
Andreas Witt, Rebecca C Brown, Paul L Plener, Elmar Brähler, Jörg M Fegert
BACKGROUND: Child maltreatment and its consequences are considered a major public health problem. So far, there is only one study from Germany reporting prevalence rates on different types of maltreatment. METHODS: A representative sample of the German general population was examined for experiences of child maltreatment using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) between September and November 2016. A total of 2510 (53.3% female) participants between 14 and 94 years (M = 48...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959356/predictors-of-adolescents-mental-health-problems-in-saudi-arabia-findings-from-the-jeeluna-%C3%A2-national-study
#8
Oraynab Abou Abbas, Fadia AlBuhairan
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety among adolescents require further attention as they have profound harmful implications on several aspects of adolescents' wellbeing and can be associated with life threatening risk behaviors such as suicide. OBJECTIVE: To examine the underlying risk factors for feeling so sad or hopeless and for feeling worried among adolescents in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: Data from Jeeluna(®) national survey was used. A cross-sectional, multi-stage, stratified, cluster random sampling technique was applied among a sample of students aged 10-19 years attending intermediate and secondary schools in Saudi Arabia...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947915/impediments-and-catalysts-to-task-shifting-psychotherapeutic-interventions-for-adolescents-with-ptsd-perspectives-of-multi-stakeholders
#9
Tanya van de Water, Jaco Rossouw, Elna Yadin, Soraya Seedat
BACKGROUND: This qualitative study was nested within a randomized controlled trial (RCT) where two psychotherapeutic interventions (supportive counselling and prolonged exposure for adolescents) were provided by supervised nurses (who served as 'nurse counsellors') to adolescents with PTSD in school settings. This paper describes the perspectives of nurse counsellors (NCs) and school liaisons (SLs). SLs were teachers or administrative personnel at the schools who coordinated the study visits of participants with the NCs...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947914/autism-in-adult-and-juvenile-delinquents-a-literature-review
#10
REVIEW
A X Rutten, R R J M Vermeiren, Ch Van Nieuwenhuizen
BACKGROUND: Here we present an overview of the literature on autism in adult and juvenile delinquents. We analyzed both the prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in groups of delinquents and the prevalence of offending in people with ASD. There is a high prevalence of psychiatric disorders amongst people in custody, but there is disagreement about the prevalence of ASD in this population. Some studies have found overrepresentation of people with ASD in forensic populations whereas others have found that people with ASD have a similar rate of offending to the general population...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924450/comorbidities-and-correlates-of-conduct-disorder-among-male-juvenile-detainees-in-south-korea
#11
Bum-Sung Choi, Johanna Inhyang Kim, Bung-Nyun Kim, Bongseog Kim
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine the rate and distribution of comorbidities, severity of childhood maltreatment, and clinical characteristics of adolescents with conduct disorder detained in a juvenile detention center in South Korea. METHODS: In total, 173 juvenile detainees were recruited. We analyzed the distribution of psychiatric disorders among the sample and compared the rate of comorbidities between groups with and without conduct disorder...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878818/socioeconomic-position-and-self-harm-among-adolescents-a-population-based-cohort-study-in-stockholm-sweden
#12
Bereket T Lodebo, Jette Möller, Jan-Olov Larsson, Karin Engström
BACKGROUND: Understanding the association between parental socioeconomic position and self-harm in adolescence is crucial due to its substantial magnitude and associated inequality. Most previous studies have been either of cross-sectional nature or based solely on self-reports or hospital treated self-harm. The aim of this study is to determine the association between parental socioeconomic position and self-harm among adolescents with a specific focus on gender and severity of self-harm...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878817/children-s-mental-health-problems-and-their-relation-to-parental-stress-in-foster-mothers-and-fathers
#13
Arnold Lohaus, Sabrina Chodura, Christine Möller, Tabea Symanzik, Daniela Ehrenberg, Ann-Katrin Job, Vanessa Reindl, Kerstin Konrad, Nina Heinrichs
BACKGROUND: This study focuses on children living in foster families with a history of maltreatment or neglect. These children often show adverse mental health outcomes reflected in increased externalizing and internalizing problems. It is expected that these adverse outcomes are associated with increased parental stress levels experienced by foster mothers as well as foster fathers. METHODS: The study sample included 79 children living in foster families and 140 children living in biological families as comparison group...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855964/youth-in-the-midst-of-escalated-political-violence-sense-of-coherence-and-hope-among-jewish-and-bedouin-arab-adolescents
#14
Sarah Abu-Kaf, Orna Braun-Lewensohn, Tehila Kalagy
BACKGROUND: During stressful events, individuals (particularly adolescents) from minority groups are often more vulnerable to distress. This claim will be examined in terms of coping resources and stress reactions to escalated political violence. This study aimed to compare coping resources and stress reactions among adolescents from two ethnic groups in southern Israel-Jews and Bedouin Arabs-during a period of escalated political violence (November 2012). The Bedouin Arab group is the ethnic minority of the sample and thus may be more at risk compared to the Jewish group...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852420/co-rumination-buffers-the-link-between-social-anxiety-and-depressive-symptoms-in-early-adolescence
#15
Nejra Van Zalk, Maria Tillfors
OBJECTIVES: We examined whether co-rumination with online friends buffered the link between social anxiety and depressive symptoms over time in a community sample. METHODS: In a sample of 526 participants (358 girls; Mage  = 14.05) followed at three time points, we conducted a latent cross-lagged model with social anxiety, depressive symptoms, and co-rumination, controlling for friendship stability and friendship quality, and adding a latent interaction between social anxiety and co-rumination predicting depressive symptoms...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814972/mental-health-literacy-in-adolescents-ability-to-recognise-problems-helpful-interventions-and-outcomes
#16
Udena Ruwindu Attygalle, Hemamali Perera, Bernard Deepal Wanniarachchi Jayamanne
BACKGROUND: Although mental health literacy has been widely studied in adults, there are still relatively few studies on adolescent populations. In Sri Lanka, adolescents account for about one fifth of the population. Current evidence shows that most mental health problems diagnosed in adulthood begin in adolescence. There is also growing evidence that the trajectories of these disorders can be altered through early recognition and intervention. Although, help-seeking for mental health problems is known to be poor in adolescents, mental health literacy improves help-seeking...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814971/quality-of-life-in-anxious-adolescents
#17
Solfrid Raknes, Ståle Pallesen, Joseph A Himle, Jon Fauskanger Bjaastad, Gro Janne Wergeland, Asle Hoffart, Kari Dyregrov, Åshild Tellefsen Håland, Bente Storm Mowatt Haugland
PURPOSE: To examine associations between health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and anxiety symptoms across anxiety domains (obsessions/compulsions, social anxiety, panic disorder, agoraphobia, separation anxiety, physical injury fears, generalised anxiety, and posttraumatic stress) in a general adolescent population. Expanded knowledge about these associations can provide valuable information for improving interventions and prevention strategies for adolescent anxiety. METHODS: Cross-sectional data about anxiety were collected via a school survey from a community sample of Norwegian adolescents aged 12-17 (N = 1719)...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794798/mortality-of-young-offenders-a-national-register-based-follow-up-study-of-15-to-19-year-old-finnish-delinquents-referred-for-forensic-psychiatric-examination-between-1980-and-2010
#18
Nina Lindberg, Jouko Miettunen, Anni Heiskala, Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino
BACKGROUND: The mortality rate of young offenders is high. Furthermore, mortality in young offenders is associated with psychiatric and substance use disorders. The primary aim of this national register-based follow-up study was to investigate the mortality rate of Finnish delinquents who underwent a forensic psychiatric examination between 1980 and 2010. As delinquency is not a solid entity, we further aimed to compare the risk of premature death among different subgroups of the delinquents; violent versus non-violent offenders, offenders with alcohol use disorders versus those with no such diagnoses, offenders with schizophrenia spectrum disorders versus conduct- and personality-disordered offenders, under-aged versus young adult offenders, and, finally, boys versus girls...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781609/the-association-of-monthly-diurnal-and-circadian-variations-with-suicide-attempts-by-young-people
#19
Türkan Akkaya-Kalayci, Nestor D Kapusta, Thomas Waldhör, Victor Blüml, Luise Poustka, Zeliha Özlü-Erkilic
BACKGROUND: Different psychosocial factors might have an impact on suicidal behaviour and evidence shows that there may be an association between monthly, diurnal and circadian changes and suicidal behaviours. METHODS: In the present study we analysed retrospectively records of 2232 youth, who were treated in emergency units of state hospitals in Istanbul/Turkey after attempting suicide. RESULTS: The majority of the suicide attempters were females (81...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747993/adolescent-adaptive-behavior-profiles-in-williams-beuren-syndrome-down-syndrome-and-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Carolina Grego Del Cole, Sheila Cavalcante Caetano, Wagner Ribeiro, Arthur Melo E E Kümmer, Andrea Parolin Jackowski
BACKGROUND: Adaptive behavior can be impaired in different neurodevelopmental disorders and may be influenced by confounding factors, such as intelligence quotient (IQ) and socioeconomic classification. Our main objective was to verify whether adaptive behavior profiles differ in three conditions-Williams Beuren syndrome (WBS), Down syndrome (DS), and autism spectrum disorder (ASD), as compared with healthy controls (HC) and with each other. Although the literature points towards each disorder having a characteristic profile, no study has compared profiles to establish the specificity of each one...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
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