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Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health

Mahmood Karimy, Ahmad Fakhri, Esmaeel Vali, Farzaneh Vali, Feliciano H Veiga, L A R Stein, Marzieh Araban
Background: Growing evidence indicates that if disruptive behavior is left unidentified and untreated, a significant proportion of these problems will persist and may develop into problems linked with delinquency, substance abuse, and violence. Research is needed to develop valid and reliable measures of disruptive behavior to assist recognition and impact of treatments on disruptive behavior. The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate the psychometric properties of a scale for disruptive behavior in adolescents...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Veronica Kirsch, Ferdinand Keller, Dunja Tutus, Lutz Goldbeck
Background: It has been shown that positive treatment expectancy (TE) and good working alliance increase psychotherapeutic success in adult patients, either directly or mediated by other common treatment factors like collaboration. However, the effects of TE in psychotherapy with children, adolescents and their caregivers are mostly unknown. Due to characteristics of the disorder such as avoidant behavior, common factors may be especially important in evidence-based treatment of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), e...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Anna T Maier, Rebecca C Brown, Joerg M Fegert
Background: Transfer of knowledge is an important issue throughout all scientific disciplines, especially in the medical and psycho-social field. The issue of worldwide knowledge transfer in child mental health is one of the aims and goals of the journal Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health (CAPMH). The demand for mental health training is high worldwide, and especially in low- to lower-middle income countries, where inadequate access to knowledge resources in the field of child and adolescent mental health (CAMH) is prevalent...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Melissa DeJonckheere, Andre Fisher, Tammy Chang
The 2016 presidential election season and subsequent political events have had physical and emotional impacts on youth. We collected qualitative insights from 14 to 24 year olds across the US related to these events over time. Open-ended probes were sent via text message at three time points before and after the 2016 presidential election. The majority of youth reported emotional stress during all three time points, and female participants were significantly more likely to experience emotional responses. White participants were more likely to report negative symptoms than their peers both pre-election and at 4-months post-election...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Nikhat Hoosen, Eugene Lee Davids, Petrus J de Vries, Maylene Shung-King
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s13034-017-0212-1.].
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Jingjing Lu, Feng Wang, Pengfei Chai, Dongshuo Wang, Lu Li, Xudong Zhou
Purpose: Although adolescents' mental health problems and self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs) have been a serious public health concern worldwide, descriptions of risk factors for SITBs often fail to take migration into account. There are roughly 35.8 million migrant children in China who, with their parents, moved from original rural residence to urban areas. Little is known about migrant children's mental health status and levels of SITBs. This study aims to explore the mental health status and SITBs of migrant children living in eastern coastal China in comparison to their urban counterparts...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Soo Jin Kwon, Yoonjung Kim, Yeunhee Kwak
Background: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) persists into adolescence and adulthood; however, few studies have analyzed the experiences of university students with ADHD. This study explored the difficulties experienced by university students with ADHD symptoms. Methods: Between December 2015 and February 2016, face-to-face interviews were conducted with 12 university students with self-reported ADHD symptoms. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Kathrin Schuck, Simone Munsch, Silvia Schneider
Theoretical background: Body image distortions such as perception biases are assumed to be precursors of eating disorders (ED). This study aims to investigate body image perceptions and symptoms of disturbed eating behavior among a sample of 11-17 year-old students in Germany. Methods: A cross-sectional survey study was carried out among 1524 students of twelve secondary schools from all school types in North Rhine-Westphalia (Germany). A naturalistic photograph-rating consisting of photographs of young women's bodies was used to examine children's perceptions of female bodies (i...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Ricardo Orozco, Corina Benjet, Guilherme Borges, María Fátima Moneta Arce, Diana Fregoso Ito, Clara Fleiz, Jorge Ameth Villatoro
Background: Students' mental health is associated to academic performance. In high income countries, higher students' grades are related to lower odds of suicidal behaviors, but studies on other indicators of academic performance are more limited, specially in middle income countries. Methods: Data from 28,519 middle and high school students selected with multistage clustered sampling in the Mexican National Survey of Student's Drug Use. Using a self-administered questionnaire, lifetime suicidal attempt and four indicators of academic performance were assessed: age inconsistency with grade level, not being a student in the last year, perceived academic performance and number of failed courses...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Cyril Boonmann, Jörg M Fegert, Klaus Schmeck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Nikhat Hoosen, Eugene Lee Davids, Petrus J de Vries, Maylene Shung-King
Background: Child and adolescent mental health in Africa remains largely neglected. Quick and cost-effective ways for early detection may aid early intervention. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) is globally used to screen for mental health problems, but little is known about its use in Africa. We set out to perform a scoping review to examine existing studies that have used the SDQ in Africa. Methods: A comprehensive scoping review methodology was used to identify all peer-reviewed studies ever published that have used the SDQ in Africa...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
J M Fegert, C Diehl, B Leyendecker, K Hahlweg, V Prayon-Blum
This article is an abridged version of a report by an advisory council to the German government on the psychosocial problems facing refugee families from war zones who have settled in Germany. It omits the detailed information contained in the report about matters that are specific to the German health system and asylum laws, and includes just those insights and strategies that may be applicable to assisting refugees in other host countries as well. The focus is on understanding the developmental risks faced by refugee children when they or family members are suffering from trauma-related psychological disorders, and on identifying measures that can be taken to address these risks...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
C S Barendregt, A M Van der Laan, I L Bongers, Ch Van Nieuwenhuizen
Background: In this study, two assumptions derived from the Good Lives Model were examined: whether subjective Quality of Life is related to delinquent behaviour and psychosocial problems, and whether adolescents with adequate coping skills are less likely to commit delinquent behaviour or show psychosocial problems. Method: To this end, data of 95 adolescents with severe psychiatric problems who participated in a four-wave longitudinal study were examined. Subjective Quality of Life was assessed with the ten domains of the Lancashire Quality of Life Profile and coping skills with the Utrecht Coping List for Adolescents...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Andreas Jud, Céline Kosirnik, Tanja Mitrovic, Hakim Ben Salah, Etienne Fux, Jana Koehler, Rahel Portmann, René Knüsel
Background: Many countries around the world lack data on the epidemiology of agency response to child maltreatment. They therefore lack information on how many children in need get help and protection or if children stand equal chances across regions to get services. However, it has proven difficult to commit child protection agencies to participation in incidence studies. Methods: The Optimus Study invested in a continuous collaborative effort between research and practice to develop a data collection for the first national study on the incidence of agency responses to all forms of child maltreatment in Switzerland...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
George Nikolaidis, Kiki Petroulaki, Foteini Zarokosta, Antonia Tsirigoti, Altin Hazizaj, Enila Cenko, Jelena Brkic-Smigoc, Emir Vajzovic, Vaska Stancheva, Stefka Chincheva, Marina Ajdukovic, Miro Rajter, Marija Raleva, Liljana Trpcevska, Maria Roth, Imola Antal, Veronika Ispanovic, Natasha Hanak, Zeynep Olmezoglu-Sofuoglu, Ismail Umit-Bal, Donata Bianchi, Franziska Meinck, Kevin Browne
Background: Children's exposure to violence is a major public health issue. The Balkan epidemiological study on Child Abuse and Neglect project aimed to collect internationally comparable data on violence exposures in childhood. Methods: A three stage stratified random sample of 42,194 school-attending children (response rate: 66.7%) in three grades (aged 11, 13 and 16 years) was drawn from schools in Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Former Yugoslavian Republic of Macedonia (FYROM), Greece, Romania, Serbia and Turkey...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Ingvild Oxås Henriksen, Ingunn Ranøyen, Marit Sæbø Indredavik, Frode Stenseng
Background: Self-esteem is fundamentally linked to mental health, but its' role in trajectories of psychiatric problems is unclear. In particular, few studies have addressed the role of self-esteem in the development of attention problems. Hence, we examined the role of global self-esteem in the development of symptoms of anxiety/depression and attention problems, simultaneously, in a clinical sample of adolescents while accounting for gender, therapy, and medication. Methods: Longitudinal data were obtained from a sample of 201 adolescents-aged 13-18-referred to the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry in Trondheim, Norway...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Laura van Duin, Floor Bevaart, Carmen H Paalman, Marie-Jolette A Luijks, Josjan Zijlmans, Reshmi Marhe, Arjan A J Blokland, Theo A H Doreleijers, Arne Popma
Background: Most multi-problem young adults (18-27 years old) have been exposed to childhood maltreatment and/or have been involved in juvenile delinquency and, therefore, could have had Child Protection Service (CPS) interference during childhood. The extent to which their childhood problems persist and evolve into young adulthood may differ substantially among cases. This might indicate heterogeneous profiles of CPS risk factors. These profiles may identify combinations of closely interrelated childhood problems which may warrant specific approaches for problem recognition and intervention in clinical practice...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Sauharda Rai, Safar Bikram Adhikari, Nanda Raj Acharya, Bonnie N Kaiser, Brandon A Kohrt
Background: Adolescent aspirational models are sets of preferences for an idealized self. Aspirational models influence behavior and exposure to risk factors that shape adult mental and physical health. Cross-cultural understandings of adolescent aspirational models are crucial for successful global mental health programs. The study objective was elucidating adolescent aspirational models to inform interventions in Nepal. Methods: Twenty qualitative life trajectory interviews were conducted among adolescents, teachers, and parents...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Sanne L Hillege, Eddy F J M Brand, Eva A Mulder, Robert R J M Vermeiren, Lieke van Domburgh
Background: The population in juvenile justice institutions is heterogeneous, as juveniles display a large variety of individual, psychological and social problems. This variety of risk factors and personal characteristics complicates treatment planning. Insight into subgroups and specific profiles of problems in serious juvenile offenders is helpful in identifying important treatment indicators for each subgroup of serious juvenile offenders. Methods: To identify subgroups with combined offender characteristics, cluster-analyses were performed on data of 2010 adolescents from all juvenile justice institutions in the Netherlands...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
L E W Leenarts, C Dölitzsch, T Pérez, K Schmeck, J M Fegert, M Schmid
Background: Studies have shown that youths with high psychopathic traits have an earlier onset of delinquent behavior, have higher levels of delinquent behavior, and show higher rates of recidivism than youths with low psychopathic traits. Furthermore, psychopathic traits have received much attention as a robust indicator for delinquent and aggressive behavior in both boys and girls. However, there is a notable lack of research on gender differences in the relationship between psychopathic traits and delinquent behavior...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
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