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Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health

Victoria Williamson, Sharon A M Stevelink, Eve Da Silva, Nicola T Fear
Background: Children in military families have uniquely different childhood experiences compared to their civilian peers, including a parent in employment and a stable familial income, frequent relocations, indirect exposure to and awareness of conflict, and extended separation from parents or siblings due to deployment. However, whether children from military families have poorer wellbeing than non-military connected children is not well understood. Method: We conducted a systematic review to explore the relationship between military family membership (e...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Pola Heimann, Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann, Jonas Buning, Norbert Wagner, Claudia Stollbrink-Peschgens, Astrid Dempfle, Georg G von Polier
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s13034-018-0239-y.].
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Ana Luiza Ache, Paula Fernandes Moretti, Gibsi Possapp Rocha, Rogéria Recondo, Marco Antônio Pacheco, Lucas Spanemberg
Objective: To evaluate the quality of life and risk of psychopathology in the infant and adolescent offspring of psychiatric inpatients from a general hospital unit. Methods: Offspring (4-17 years old) of psychiatric inpatients were interviewed face-to-face and assessed with the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). Interviews with caregivers and the hospitalized parents were also performed. The quality of life of the offspring, psychopathology of their hospitalized parents, and their current caregivers were investigated in order to evaluate any associations between these aspects and psychopathology in the offspring...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Thimo M van der Pol, Vincent Hendriks, Henk Rigter, Moran D Cohn, Theo A H Doreleijers, Lieke van Domburgh, Robert R J M Vermeiren
Background: Substance use and delinquency are considered to be mutual risk factors. Previous studies have shown that multidimensional family therapy (MDFT) is effective in tackling both conditions on the short term. The current study examines the long-term effects of MDFT on criminal offending. Methods: 109 adolescents with cannabis use disorder and comorbid problem behavior were randomly assigned to either MDFT or cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). Police arrest data were collected for 6 years: 3 years prior to and 3 years after treatment entry...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Josephine D Kliewer-Neumann, Janin Zimmermann, Ina Bovenschen, Sandra Gabler, Katrin Lang, Gottfried Spangler, Katja Nowacki
Background: Standardized methods for assessing attachment disorders are scarce but needed for research and practice. Methods: In the current study, several assessments for attachment disorder symptoms are used within a German sample of foster children after being exposed to neglect and maltreatment in their biological families. The symptoms were assessed with four established assessment methods based on both parents' report and behavioral observation: The Rating for Infant Stranger Engagement, the Stranger at the Door, the Disturbances of Attachment Interview and the Reactive Attachment Disorder Questionnaire...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Hannes Bohman, Sara B Låftman, Neil Cleland, Mathias Lundberg, Aivar Päären, Ulf Jonsson
Background: Somatic symptoms are common and costly for society and correlate with suffering and low functioning. Nevertheless, little is known about the long-term implications of somatic symptoms. The objective of this study was to assess if somatic symptoms in adolescents with depression and in their matched controls predict severe mental illness in adulthood by investigating the use of hospital-based care consequent to different mental disorders. Methods: The entire school population of 16-17-year-olds in the city of Uppsala, Sweden, was screened for depression in 1991-1993 (n = 2300)...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Sabine Loos, Naina Walia, Thomas Becker, Bernd Puschner
Background: The transitioning of young patients from child and adolescent to adult mental health services when indicated often results in the interruption or termination of service. The personal views of young service users on current clinical practice are a valuable contribution that can help to identify service gaps. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the perceptions of health care of young people with mental health problems in the transition age range (16-25 years), and to better understand health behaviour, care needs and the reasons for disengaging from care at this point in time...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Teresia Mutavi, Anne Obondo, Donald Kokonya, Lincoln Khasakhala, Anne Mbwayo, Francis Njiri, Muthoni Mathai
Background: Children who experience sexual abuse undergo various negative psychosocial outcomes such as depressive symptoms. Unfortunately, not many studies have been conducted on the incidence of depressive symptoms among sexually abused children in Kenya. This study sought to ascertain the incidence of depressive symptoms among children who have experienced sexual abuse in Kenya. Methods: This was a longitudinal study design. It was conducted at Kenyatta National Teaching and Referral Hospital and Nairobi Women's Hospitals in Kenya...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Elisabeth Ness, Hanne-Sofie Johnsen Dahl, Peter Tallberg, Svein Amlo, Per Høglend, Agneta Thorén, Jens Egeland, Randi Ulberg
Background: Diagnostic interviews and questionnaires are commonly used in the assessment of adolescents referred to child and adolescent mental health services. Many of these rating scales are constructed for adults and focus on symptoms related to diagnosis. Psychodynamic Functioning Scales (PFS) focus on relational aspects and how the patients handle affects and solve problems, rather than manifest symptoms. As these aspects are considered important for mental health, the PFS were developed to assess change in adults, consistent with the relational and intrapsychic concepts of dynamic psychotherapy...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Eva-Maria Annerbäck, Carl Göran Svedin, Örjan Dahlström
Background: Child physical abuse (CPA) is an extensive public health problem because of its associations with poor health outcomes. The aim of this study was to examine which of the background factors of CPA committed by a parent or other caregiver relates to self-reported poor health among girls and boys (13; 15 and 17 years old): perpetrator, last year exposure; severity and frequency; socioeconomic load and foreign background. Methods: In a cross-sectional study in a Swedish county (n = 8024) a path analysis was performed to evaluate a model where all background variables were put as predictors of three health-status variables: mental; physical and general health problems...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Thomas Dodsworth, David D Kim, Ric M Procyshyn, Colin J Ross, William G Honer, Alasdair M Barr
The second generation antipsychotic drug risperidone is widely used in the field of child and adolescent psychiatry to treat conditions associated with disruptive behavior, aggression and irritability, such as autism spectrum disorders. While risperidone can provide symptomatic relief for many patients, there is considerable individual variability in the therapeutic response and side-effect profile of the medication. One well established biological factor that contributes to these individual differences is genetic variation in the cytochrome P450 enzyme 2D6...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Yukiyo Nagai, Kayo Nomura, Masako Nagata, Tetsuji Kaneko, Osamu Uemura
Background: It is important for children to maintain high self-perceived competence and self-esteem, and there are few measures to evaluate them through elementary to junior high school days in Japan. To evaluate psychometric properties of the Children's Perceived Competence Scale (CPCS). Methods: Data were collected from 697 elementary school and 956 junior high school students. Some of these students completed measures for construct validity, whereas others repeated the CPCS...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Michelle Siu Min Lauw, Abishek Mathew Abraham, Cheryl Bee Lock Loh
Background: Deliberate self-harm (DSH) is a prominent mental health concern among adolescents. Few studies have examined adolescent DSH in non-Western countries. This study examines the prevalence, types and associated risk factors of DSH in a clinical sample of adolescents in Singapore. Methods: Using a retrospective review of medical records, demographic and clinical data were obtained from 398 consecutive adolescent psychiatric outpatients (mean age = 17...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Pola Heimann, Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann, Jonas Buning, Norbert Wagner, Claudia Stollbrink-Peschgens, Astrid Dempfle, Georg G von Polier
Background: This naturalistic study assesses the effectiveness of inpatient multidisciplinary treatment of children and adolescents with somatic symptom disorders (SSD) and investigates the role of pain coping strategies and psychiatric comorbidity (anxiety, depression). Methods: Sixty children and adolescents (mean age 14.4 years) with SSD who underwent inpatient multidisciplinary treatment were assessed regarding their school attendance, levels of discomfort, coping strategies and psychiatric comorbidity (depression, anxiety) at pretreatment, discharge and 6 months following treatment...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Pernille Darling Rasmussen, Ole Jakob Storebø, Yael Shmueli-Goetz, Anders Bo Bojesen, Erik Simonsen, Niels Bilenberg
Background: Relatively little is known about the role of maternal functioning in terms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms, attachment style and resilience as predictive factors for treatment outcome when offspring are diagnosed with ADHD. Objective: To investigate whether maternal functioning is associated with treatment outcome in children with ADHD. Methods: The study formed part of a larger naturalistic observational study of children with ADHD...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Yuko Urao, Michiko Yoshida, Takako Koshiba, Yasunori Sato, Shin-Ichi Ishikawa, Eiji Shimizu
Background: The efficacy of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for anxiety related problems in children is empirically supported. In addition, universal anxiety prevention programmes based on CBT have been demonstrated in recent years. The purpose of this study was to verify the effectiveness of a CBT based original programme 'Journey of the Brave,' aiming to prevent anxiety disorders and anxiety-related problems for Japanese children aged 10-12 years old. Methods: Intervention groups from two classes of 5th grade elementary students ( n  = 41) received ten 45-min programme sessions...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Han Byul Lee, Kyoung Min Shin, Young Ki Chung, Namhee Kim, Yee Jin Shin, Un-Sun Chung, Seung Min Bae, Minha Hong, Hyoung Yoon Chang
Background: Dysfunctional cognitions related to trauma is an important factor in the development and maintenance of post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms in children and adolescents. The Child Post-traumatic Cognitions Inventory (CPTCI) assesses such cognitions about trauma. We investigated the psychometric properties of the Korean version of CPTCI and its short form by surveying child and adolescent survivors of sexual violence. Methods: Children and adolescents aged 7-16 years ( N  = 237, M age  = 12...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Anselme Simeon Sanou, Abdoulaye Hama Diallo, Penny Holding, Victoria Nankabirwa, Ingunn Marie S Engebretsen, Grace Ndeezi, James K Tumwine, Nicolas Meda, Thorkild Tylleskär, Esperance Kashala-Abotnes
Background: In Burkina Faso, stunting affects children and is a public health problem. We studied the association between stunting and child's neuro-psychological outcomes at 6-8 years of age in rural Burkina Faso using the Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children, 2nd edition (KABC-II), the Children's Category Test 1 (CCT-1) and the Test of Variable of Attention (TOVA). Methods: We re-enrolled children of a previously community-based Exclusive breastfeeding trial in Burkina Faso...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Phoenix K H Mo, Ting Ting Ko, Mei Qi Xin
Suicide is a leading cause of death in adolescence. School provides an effective avenue both for reaching adolescents and for gatekeeper training. This enables gatekeepers to recognize and respond to at-risk students and is a meaningful focus for the provision of suicide prevention. This study provides the first systematic review on the effectiveness of school-based gatekeeper training in enhancing gatekeeper-related outcomes. A total of 815 studies were identified through four databases (Ovid Medline, Embase, PsycINFO and ERIC) using three groups of keywords: 'school based', 'Suicide prevention programme' and 'Gatekeeper'...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Judy Wanjiru Mbuthia, Manasi Kumar, Fredrik Falkenström, Mary Wangari Kuria, Caleb Joseph Othieno
Background: Mental illness affects every segment of population including young adults. The beliefs held by young patients regarding the causes of mental illness impact their treatment-seeking behaviour. It is pertinent to know the commonly held attributions around mental illness so as to effectively provide psychological care, especially in a resource constrained context such as Kenya. This helps in targeting services around issues such as stigma and extending youth-friendly services...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
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