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Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health

Michelle Siu Min Lauw, Abishek Mathew Abraham, Cheryl Bee Lock Loh
Background: Deliberate self-harm (DSH) is a prominent mental health concern among adolescents. Few studies have examined adolescent DSH in non-Western countries. This study examines the prevalence, types and associated risk factors of DSH in a clinical sample of adolescents in Singapore. Methods: Using a retrospective review of medical records, demographic and clinical data were obtained from 398 consecutive adolescent psychiatric outpatients (mean age = 17...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Pola Heimann, Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann, Jonas Buning, Norbert Wagner, Claudia Stollbrink-Peschgens, Astrid Dempfle, Georg G von Polier
Background: This naturalistic study assesses the effectiveness of inpatient multidisciplinary treatment of children and adolescents with somatic symptom disorders (SSD) and investigates the role of pain coping strategies and psychiatric comorbidity (anxiety, depression). Methods: Sixty children and adolescents (mean age 14.4 years) with SSD who underwent inpatient multidisciplinary treatment were assessed regarding their school attendance, levels of discomfort, coping strategies and psychiatric comorbidity (depression, anxiety) at pretreatment, discharge and 6 months following treatment...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Pernille Darling Rasmussen, Ole Jakob Storebø, Yael Shmueli-Goetz, Anders Bo Bojesen, Erik Simonsen, Niels Bilenberg
Background: Relatively little is known about the role of maternal functioning in terms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms, attachment style and resilience as predictive factors for treatment outcome when offspring are diagnosed with ADHD. Objective: To investigate whether maternal functioning is associated with treatment outcome in children with ADHD. Methods: The study formed part of a larger naturalistic observational study of children with ADHD...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Yuko Urao, Michiko Yoshida, Takako Koshiba, Yasunori Sato, Shin-Ichi Ishikawa, Eiji Shimizu
Background: The efficacy of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for anxiety related problems in children is empirically supported. In addition, universal anxiety prevention programmes based on CBT have been demonstrated in recent years. The purpose of this study was to verify the effectiveness of a CBT based original programme 'Journey of the Brave,' aiming to prevent anxiety disorders and anxiety-related problems for Japanese children aged 10-12 years old. Methods: Intervention groups from two classes of 5th grade elementary students ( n  = 41) received ten 45-min programme sessions...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Han Byul Lee, Kyoung Min Shin, Young Ki Chung, Namhee Kim, Yee Jin Shin, Un-Sun Chung, Seung Min Bae, Minha Hong, Hyoung Yoon Chang
Background: Dysfunctional cognitions related to trauma is an important factor in the development and maintenance of post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms in children and adolescents. The Child Post-traumatic Cognitions Inventory (CPTCI) assesses such cognitions about trauma. We investigated the psychometric properties of the Korean version of CPTCI and its short form by surveying child and adolescent survivors of sexual violence. Methods: Children and adolescents aged 7-16 years ( N  = 237, M age  = 12...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Anselme Simeon Sanou, Abdoulaye Hama Diallo, Penny Holding, Victoria Nankabirwa, Ingunn Marie S Engebretsen, Grace Ndeezi, James K Tumwine, Nicolas Meda, Thorkild Tylleskär, Esperance Kashala-Abotnes
Background: In Burkina Faso, stunting affects children and is a public health problem. We studied the association between stunting and child's neuro-psychological outcomes at 6-8 years of age in rural Burkina Faso using the Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children, 2nd edition (KABC-II), the Children's Category Test 1 (CCT-1) and the Test of Variable of Attention (TOVA). Methods: We re-enrolled children of a previously community-based Exclusive breastfeeding trial in Burkina Faso...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Phoenix K H Mo, Ting Ting Ko, Mei Qi Xin
Suicide is a leading cause of death in adolescence. School provides an effective avenue both for reaching adolescents and for gatekeeper training. This enables gatekeepers to recognize and respond to at-risk students and is a meaningful focus for the provision of suicide prevention. This study provides the first systematic review on the effectiveness of school-based gatekeeper training in enhancing gatekeeper-related outcomes. A total of 815 studies were identified through four databases (Ovid Medline, Embase, PsycINFO and ERIC) using three groups of keywords: 'school based', 'Suicide prevention programme' and 'Gatekeeper'...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Judy Wanjiru Mbuthia, Manasi Kumar, Fredrik Falkenström, Mary Wangari Kuria, Caleb Joseph Othieno
Background: Mental illness affects every segment of population including young adults. The beliefs held by young patients regarding the causes of mental illness impact their treatment-seeking behaviour. It is pertinent to know the commonly held attributions around mental illness so as to effectively provide psychological care, especially in a resource constrained context such as Kenya. This helps in targeting services around issues such as stigma and extending youth-friendly services...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Grace Nduku Wambua, Anne Obondo, Antonia Bifulco, Manasi Kumar
Background: There is a significant link between insecure attachment and the development of psychopathology in adolescence. We investigated the relationship between adolescent attachment styles and the development of emotional and behavioral problems among adolescents in Kenya. We also examined the modifying influence of socio-economic-status (SES). Method: One hundred and thirty-seven adolescents who were attending two schools participated in the study. One school (low SES school) catered for children from predominantly low-income households, while the second school (middle SES school) catered for children from predominantly middle-income households...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Nuwan Darshana Wickramasinghe, Devani Sakunthala Dissanayake, Gihan Sajiwa Abeywardena
Background: Even though the concept of burnout has been widely explored across the globe, the evidence base on burnout among high school students in the South Asian context is scanty. Against the backdrop of ever-increasing educational demands and expectations, the present study was designed to determine the prevalence and correlates of burnout among collegiate cycle students in Sri Lanka. Methods: A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 872 grade thirteen students in 15 government schools in an educational zone, Kegalle district, Sri Lanka selected by a stratified cluster sampling technique...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Yao-Jun Shao, Tong Zheng, Yan-Qiu Wang, Ling Liu, Yan Chen, Ying-Shui Yao
Background: With the development of economy and technology, the Internet is becoming more and more popular. Internet addiction has gradually become a serious issue in public health worldwide. The number of Internet users in China has reached 731 million, with an estimated 24 million adolescents determined as having Internet addiction. In this meta-analysis, we attempted to estimate the prevalence of Internet addiction among College Students in the People's Republic of China in order to improve the mental health level of college students and provide evidence for the prevention of Internet addiction...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Andreas Witt, Heide Glaesmer, Andreas Jud, Paul L Plener, Elmar Brähler, Rebecca C Brown, Jörg M Fegert
Background: Child maltreatment of all types is a serious concern for society, and it is important to monitor trends in incidence in order to inform child welfare agencies and policy-makers about emerging issues. In Germany, however, information on such trends is limited: apart from official sources, the only published study is a comparison of surveys conducted in 1992 and 2011 that had focused primarily on sexual abuse. The present study is the first to look at more recent trends and to examine other types of maltreatment as well...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Joanna Lockwood, Ellen Townsend, Leonie Royes, David Daley, Kapil Sayal
Background: Research about self-harm in adolescence is important given the high incidence in youth, and strong links to suicide and other poor outcomes. Clarifying the impact of involvement in school-based self-harm studies on young adolescents is an ethical priority given heightened risk at this developmental stage. Methods: Here, 594 school-based students aged mainly 13-14 years completed a survey on self-harm at baseline and again 12-weeks later. Change in mood following completion of each survey, ratings and thoughts about participation, and responses to a mood-mitigation activity were analysed using a multi-method approach...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Egil Haga, Eline Aas, Berit Grøholt, Anita J Tørmoen, Lars Mehlum
Background: Studies have shown that dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT) is effective in reducing self-harm in adults and adolescents. Aims: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of DBT for adolescents (DBT-A) compared to enhanced usual care (EUC). Methods: In a randomised study, 77 adolescents with repeated self-harm were allocated to 19 weeks of outpatient treatment, either DBT-A ( n  = 39) or EUC ( n  = 38). Cost-effective analyses, including estimation of incremental cost-effectiveness ratios, were conducted with self-harm and global functioning (CGAS) as health outcomes...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Andreas Jud
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Marie Laure Baranne, Bruno Falissard
Background: The global burden of disease (GBD) study provides information about fatal and non-fatal health outcomes around the world. Methods: The objective of this work is to describe the burden of mental disorders among children aged 5-14 years in each of the six regions of the World Health Organisation. Data come from the GBD 2015 study. Outcomes: disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) are the main indicator of GBD studies and are built from years of life lost (YLLs) and years of life lived with disability (YLDs)...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Ramesh P Adhikari, Nawaraj Upadhaya, Emily N Satinsky, Matthew D Burkey, Brandon A Kohrt, Mark J D Jordans
Background: This study evaluates the feasibility, acceptability, and outcomes of a combined school- and family-based intervention, delivered by psychosocial counselors, for children with behavior problems in rural Nepal. Methods: Forty-one children participated at baseline. Two students moved to another district, meaning 39 children, ages 6-15, participated at both baseline and follow-up. Pre-post evaluation was used to assess behavioral changes over a 4-month follow-up period (n = 39)...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Ingeborg G Ribe, Erling Svensen, Britt A Lyngmo, Estomih Mduma, Sven G Hinderaker
Background: It has been estimated that more than 200 million children under the age of five do not reach their full potential in cognitive development. Much of what we know about brain development is based on research from high-income countries. There is limited evidence on the determinants of early child development in low-income countries, especially rural sub-Saharan Africa. The present study aimed to identify the determinants of cognitive development in children living in villages surrounding Haydom, a rural area in north-central Tanzania...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Mahmood Karimy, Ahmad Fakhri, Esmaeel Vali, Farzaneh Vali, Feliciano H Veiga, L A R Stein, Marzieh Araban
Background: Growing evidence indicates that if disruptive behavior is left unidentified and untreated, a significant proportion of these problems will persist and may develop into problems linked with delinquency, substance abuse, and violence. Research is needed to develop valid and reliable measures of disruptive behavior to assist recognition and impact of treatments on disruptive behavior. The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate the psychometric properties of a scale for disruptive behavior in adolescents...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Veronica Kirsch, Ferdinand Keller, Dunja Tutus, Lutz Goldbeck
Background: It has been shown that positive treatment expectancy (TE) and good working alliance increase psychotherapeutic success in adult patients, either directly or mediated by other common treatment factors like collaboration. However, the effects of TE in psychotherapy with children, adolescents and their caregivers are mostly unknown. Due to characteristics of the disorder such as avoidant behavior, common factors may be especially important in evidence-based treatment of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), e...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
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