journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984677/advances-in-the-understanding-and-management-of-mucositis-during-stem-cell-transplantation
#1
Joanne M Bowen, Hannah R Wardill
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Mucositis is a severe and common side effect of anticancer treatments, with an incidence of between 40 and 80% depending on the cytotoxic regimen used. The most profound mucositis burden is experienced during conditioning regimens for hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT), where the use of highly mucotoxic agents with or without total body irradiation leads to serious damage throughout the alimentary tract. Currently, the assessment and management of both oral and gastrointestinal mucositis lack authoritative guideline, with recommendations only achieved in narrow clinical scenarios...
October 3, 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984676/advances-in-understanding-and-management-of-lymphoedema-cancer-primary
#2
Vaughan Keeley
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite being neglected both clinically and in research in the past, primary lymphoedema, and lymphoedema secondary to cancer treatment have been the subject of an increasing number of studies in recent years. This review will focus on new developments relevant to clinical practice. RECENT FINDINGS: The main themes covered by the review include the incidence and prevalence of lymphoedema, early detection and intervention in cancer-related lymphoedema, risk reduction for the development of cancer-related lymphoedema, surgical treatment, palliative care for lymphoedema in advanced cancer and developments in the genetics of primary lymphoedema...
October 3, 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957884/palliative-and-end-of-life-care-for-adults-with-advanced-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-rapid-review-focusing-on-patient-and-family-caregiver-perspectives
#3
Gillian Mathews, Bridget Johnston
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of the review was to explore patient and family caregiver perspectives on key issues for ensuring quality of end-of-life care for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The growing evidence on the value of specialist palliative care services demonstrates significant improvements in treatments and provisions; however, much of the literature is generic in nature or centred on people with a cancer diagnosis. In this review, we examine the literature to ascertain the views and needs of patients and carers affected by advanced COPD, a highly debilitating condition that can have a profoundly negative impact on the quality of end-of-life experience...
September 27, 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957883/what-is-next-after-anamorelin
#4
Jose M Garcia
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In spite of its relevance, treatments for the cancer anorexia and cachexia syndrome (CACS) are not available. One of the agents that recently reached phase III clinical trials is anamorelin. Its development, along with that of other agents for this indication, will be reviewed here, with a focus on the gaps in the current knowledge and future directions. RECENT FINDINGS: In spite of several targets showing promising results in early development, their difficulties obtaining regulatory approval underscore the need to reconsider the current strategies in drug development and the challenges in the field of CACS...
September 27, 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957882/impact-of-advance-care-planning-on-end-of-life-management
#5
Urška Lunder, Branka Červ, Hana Kodba-Čeh
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this review is to critically appraise the recent evidence on different aspects of impact of advance care planning (ACP) in palliative care and to reflect on further implications on practice and research in the future. RECENT FINDINGS: Evidence about various ACP impacts is rapidly growing and most common outcome measures are still advance directive completion, change in hospital admission rate and patients' and families' views and experiences with ACP...
September 27, 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957881/practical-approaches-to-managing-cancer-patients-with-weight-loss
#6
Egidio Del Fabbro, Tamara A Orr, Susan M Stella
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Poor appetite and weight loss are a source of family conflict, psychological distress, and associated with poor tolerance to chemotherapy, impaired quality of life, and decreased survival. Despite clinicians' concern about the effect of cachexia on their patients, few oncological professional organizations provide guidelines for the treatment of cancer-related weight loss. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent publications indicate there is an unmet need for addressing cachexia in patients with cancer...
September 27, 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957880/research-priorities-in-cancer-cachexia-the-university-of-rochester-cancer-center-nci-community-oncology-research-program-research-base-symposium-on-cancer-cachexia-and-sarcopenia
#7
Richard F Dunne, Karen M Mustian, Jose M Garcia, William Dale, Reid Hayward, Breton Roussel, Mary M Buschmann, Bette J Caan, Calvin L Cole, Fergal J Fleming, Joe V Chakkalakal, David C Linehan, Aram F Hezel, Supriya G Mohile
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cancer cachexia remains understudied and there are no standard treatments available despite the publication of an international consensus definition and the completion of several large phase III intervention trials in the past 6 years. In September 2015, The University of Rochester Cancer Center NCORP Research Base led a Symposium on Cancer Cachexia and Sarcopenia with goals of reviewing the state of the science, identifying knowledge gaps, and formulating research priorities in cancer cachexia through active discussion and consensus...
September 27, 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922291/population-based-models-of-planning-for-palliative-care-in-older-people
#8
David C Currow, Jane Phillips, Meera Agar
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Health service planning requires demographic, clinical, and health systems data and is unique to each health system. Planning for palliative care in older people must include patients and their carers. This review explores literature from the last 24 months. RECENT FINDINGS: The proportion of people living in skilled nursing facilities is increasing and many residents require quality palliative care. Simultaneously, the complexity of care for older people is also increasing...
September 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922295/spiritual-needs-of-patients-with-cancer-in-palliative-care-an-integrative-review
#9
Ana Cláudia Mesquita, Érika de Cássia Lopes Chaves, Guilherme Antônio Moreira de Barros
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The experience of a life crisis, such as the experience of end-of-life terminality whenever facing cancer can make the spiritual needs of patients clear. The goal of this revision was to synthesize the existing evidence regarding the spiritual needs of patients with cancer in palliative care. RECENT FINDINGS: An integrated revision of the literature was conducted regarding the database sources from PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, LILACS and Scopus, without publishing year restrictions...
September 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922294/health-professionals-quality-of-life-in-relation-to-end-of-life-care
#10
Juan P Linzitto, Gladys Grance
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Palliative care professionals are frequently exposed to stressful and demanding situations in the assistance of patients and their families, therefore research related to their quality of life is a relevant topic to provide evidence on interventions oriented to professional self-care. RECENT FINDINGS: Research about professionals' quality of life is having a profuse development with core concepts being under review. SUMMARY: Currently, burnout syndrome and compassion fatigue are considered relevant determinants of professionals' quality of life...
September 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922293/the-role-of-vitamin-d-in-cancer-cachexia
#11
Fabio Penna, Andrea Camperi, Maurizio Muscaritoli, Nicoletta Filigheddu, Paola Costelli
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The possibility to use vitamin D supplementation to improve muscle wasting, with particular focus on cancer cachexia, is discussed. RECENT FINDINGS: Vitamin D exerts biological actions on myogenic precursor proliferation and differentiation, impinging on muscle regeneration. However, the effects of VitD supplementation in diseases associated with muscle atrophy, such as cancer cachexia, are poorly investigated. Data obtained in experimental models of cancer cachexia show that the administration of vitamin D to tumor-bearing animals is not able to prevent or delay both muscle wasting and adipose tissue depletion, despite increased expression of muscle vitamin D receptor...
September 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922292/advances-in-delivery-of-ambulatory-autologous-stem-cell-transplantation-for-multiple-myeloma
#12
Jack Khouri, Navneet S Majhail
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) is generally performed in the inpatient setting in its entirety. Several centers have demonstrated the feasibility of performing ASCT for myeloma in the ambulatory setting. We review the safety, cost-effectiveness, complications and outcomes of outpatient ASCT for myeloma. RECENT FINDINGS: Published studies are heterogeneous but suggest that outpatient ASCT for myeloma is cost-effective and associated with a shorter or no initial hospitalization, albeit there is a high rate of readmission for complications...
September 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914643/cancer-associated-weight-loss-releasing-its-firm-grip-on-negative-clinical-outcomes
#13
Naima Yusuf, Aminah Jatoi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914642/implications-of-weight-loss-for-cancer-patients-receiving-radiotherapy
#14
Steven Kai Ming Lau, Puneeth Iyengar
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cancer-associated weight loss is a common comorbid condition best described among patients with advanced malignancy receiving systemic therapy, but its relationship to patients undergoing radiation treatment is less well described. We review the interaction between cancer-associated weight loss and radiation treatment as well as its prognostic significance. RECENT FINDINGS: Multiple studies demonstrate a consistent detrimental effect of cancer-associated weight loss either existing prior to treatment or developing during radiotherapy...
September 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901973/identifying-palliative-care-needs-in-people-with-dementia
#15
Mari Lloyd-Williams, Caroline Mogan, Karen Harrison Dening
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Dementia is now recognized as a progressive life-limiting illness where many patients can benefit from access to palliative care. RECENT FINDINGS: The present review has focused on three areas namely, advanced care planning in supporting palliative care for dementia, hospice provision for people with dementia and provision of care within family home. In advanced care planning, there is little research on systematically developed and implemented advance care planning interventions or whether they achieve desired outcomes for end-of-life care...
September 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885263/the-use-of-methylphenidate-to-relieve-fatigue
#16
Rocío Rojí, Carlos Centeno
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review recent evidence on the efficacy and safety of methylphenidate as a symptomatic treatment of patients with cancer-related fatigue (CRF). RECENT FINDINGS: Five clinical trials published since 2011 were identified. Two of these concluded that methylphenidate is more efficacious than placebo in providing relief from CRF, but the remaining three showed no difference in favour of methylphenidate. The studies were heterogeneous as per the dosage, scales used for evaluating fatigue and the target group studied...
September 6, 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763349/late-respiratory-effects-of-cancer-treatment
#17
Clare Harris, Clare R Sander
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this article is to examine significant advances in our understanding of the late respiratory effects of cancer treatment, including surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, biological therapies and haematopoietic stem cell transplant, and to provide a framework for assessing such patients. RECENT FINDINGS: Oncology therapies have advanced considerably over recent years but pulmonary toxicity remains a concern. Advances have been made in our understanding of the risk factors, including genetic ones that lead to toxicity from radiotherapy and chemotherapy and risk stratification models are being developed to aid treatment planning...
September 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700361/persistent-pain-in-cancer-survivors
#18
Elaine G Boland, Sam H Ahmedzai
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: As people are living longer after a diagnosis and primary treatment for cancer, or indeed living with cancer as a chronic disease, new problems are emerging in this growing population of so-called 'survivors'. Persistent or chronic pain is one of the commonest complaints, arising from the tissue damage caused by the original neoplasm, consequences of surgery and other therapies, and - especially in older people - multimorbidity. This review explores some of the principle causes and mechanisms of this phenomenon and reviews the evidence for their management...
September 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692491/a-growing-epidemic-cancer-treatment-consequences
#19
Diana M Greenfield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682818/respiratory-problems-in-low-resource-settings
#20
Mhoira E F Leng, Sunitha Daniel, Daniel Munday
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Chronic breathlessness is common in patients with advanced illness who require palliative care. Achieving good symptom control can be challenging. More people with advanced illness live in low and middle income than in high-income countries, but they are much less likely to receive palliative care. Most of the emerging evidence for the palliative management of chronic breathlessness is from high-income countries. This review explores the context of chronic breathlessness in low-income settings, how evidence for control of chronic breathlessness might relate to these settings and where further work should be focused...
September 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
journal
journal
41546
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"