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Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918770/the-forgotten-need-of-disaster-relief
#1
Leonardo Tamariz, Cynthia Cely, Ana Palacio
Disasters in countries with limited resources can put the emergency preparedness of the country to the test. The first major task after a disaster is to take care of the wounded. In countries where the epidemiological transition has occurred, chronic disease can place a major strain on public health preparedness after a disaster. The purpose of this field report is to alert public health practitioners of an infrequently reported public health problem: the impact of natural disasters on adherence to chronic medications...
September 18, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918766/measuring-and-comparing-hospital-accessibility-for-palm-beach-county-s-elderly-and-nonelderly-populations-during-a-hurricane
#2
Shivangi Prasad
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether, during a hurricane, geographic accessibility to hospitals with emergency care is compromised disproportionately for the elderly than for the nonelderly. METHODS: The locations of hospitals with emergency health care and a subset of those hospitals functional during a hurricane were compared with the distribution of the elderly population at the block group level in Palm Beach County, Florida. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) proximity analysis (minimum distance to closest hospital) and cumulative distribution functions were used to measure and compare hospital accessibility during normal and hurricane conditions for the elderly and nonelderly populations...
September 18, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918763/identifying-factors-that-may-influence-decision-making-related-to-the-distribution-of-patients-during-a-mass-casualty-incident
#3
Trevor Nt Hall, Andrew McDonald, Kobi Peleg
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify and seek agreement on factors that may influence decision-making related to the distribution of patients during a mass casualty incident. METHODS: A qualitative thematic analysis of a literature review identified 56 unique factors related to the distribution of patients in a mass casualty incident. A modified Delphi study was conducted and used purposive sampling to identify peer reviewers that had either (1) a peer-reviewed publication within the area of disaster management or (2) disaster management experience...
September 18, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914224/rapid-risk-assessment-report-for-schistosomiasis-epidemic-in-jianli-county-caused-by-the-sunk-oriental-star-cruise-ship
#4
Ziling Ni, Xiaodong Tan, Bei Liu, Zhaoyu Ying, Xudong Gao, Fen Yang
BACKGROUND: At 9:28 pm on June 1, 2015, the cruise ship "Oriental Star" sank into Yangtze River in Jianli County, with 422 people killed. When the accident occurred, the Chinese government took immediate action and dispatched more than 9000 rescuers. The risk for outbreak of schistosomiasis was increased because of the shipwreck. Obviously it is critical to carry out risk assessment as soon as possible. METHODS: By means of the Delphi method, the situation was analyzed so that the government could fathom the severity of the accident...
September 15, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903795/rapid-triage-of-mental-health-risk-in-emergency-medical-workers-findings-from-typhoon-haiyan
#5
Lauren Sylwanowicz, Merritt Schreiber, Craig Anderson, Carlos Primero D Gundran, Emelie Santamaria, Jaifred Christian F Lopez
OBJECTIVE: To determine the ability of a novel responder mental health self-triage system to predict post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in emergency medical responders after a disaster. METHODS: Participants in this study responded to Typhoon Haiyan, which struck the Philippines in November 2013. They completed the Psychological Simple Triage and Rapid Treatment (PsySTART) responder triage tool, the PTSD Checklist (PCL-5) and the Patient Health Questionnaire-8 (PHQ-8) shortly after responding to this disaster...
September 14, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899442/applications-of-256-slice-spiral-computed-tomography-perfusion-scanning-in-limb-salvage-after-high-voltage-electrical-injury
#6
Pengcheng Ma, Yong Sun, Xintang Zhang, Hui Liu, Canli Liu, Jing Zhao
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the applications of intelligent 256-slice computed tomography (iCT) perfusion imaging in high-voltage electrical injuries (HVEIs). METHODS: 256-slice iCT was used to perform perfusion scanning for 48 patients with HVEI to detect the perfusion parameters. RESULTS: The blood flow (BF) and peak enhancement intensity (PEI) values of the plane lower than the amputation level of the diseased side (ALD) were smaller than those of the corresponding healthy side (P<0...
September 13, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899438/facilitators-and-barriers-to-preparedness-partnerships-a-veterans-affairs-medical-center-perspective
#7
Susan Schmitz, Tamar Wyte-Lake, Aram Dobalian
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to understand facilitators and barriers faced by local US Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center (VAMC) emergency managers (EMs) when collaborating with non-VA entities. METHODS: Twelve EMs participated in semi-structured interviews lasting 60 to 90 minutes discussing their collaboration with non-VAMC organizations. Sections of the interview transcripts concerning facilitators and barriers to collaboration were coded and analyzed...
September 13, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899435/optimizing-visits-to-the-site-of-death-for-bereaved-families-after-disasters-and-terrorist-events
#8
Pål Kristensen, Atle Dyregrov, Lars Weisæth, Marianne Straume, Kari Dyregrov, Trond Heir, Renate Grønvold Bugge
In recent years it has been common after disasters and terrorist events to offer bereaved families the opportunity to visit the place where their loved ones died. Many report that such visits are beneficial in processing their loss. Various factors, both cognitive (eg, counteracting disbelief) and existential or emotional (eg, achieving a sense of closeness to the deceased), are associated with the experienced benefit. Nonetheless, exacerbations of trauma and grief reactions (eg, re-enactment fantasies) are common, with some of the bereaved also reporting adverse reactions after the visit...
September 13, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877779/adverse-health-complaints-of-adults-exposed-to-benzene-after-a-flaring-disaster-at-the-bp-refinery-facility-in-texas-city-texas
#9
Mark A D'Andrea, G Kesava Reddy
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the adverse health symptoms experienced by adult subjects who were exposed to benzene after a flaring disaster at the BP refinery in Texas City, Texas. METHODS: A total of 2162 adults aged 18 years or older and exposed to benzene were included. Using the patients' medical charts, we collected and analyzed data on health complaints as well as the patients' serum levels of beta-2-microglobulin and urinary excretion of phenol...
September 7, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870277/lessons-learned-from-implementing-an-incident-command-system-during-a-local-multiagency-response-to-a-legionnaires-disease-cluster-in-sydney-nsw
#10
Emma Quinn, Travers Johnstone, Zeina Najjar, Toni Cains, Geoff Tan, Essi Huhtinen, Sven Nilsson, Stuart Burgess, Matthew Dunn, Leena Gupta
The incident command system (ICS) provides a common structure to control and coordinate an emergency response, regardless of scale or predicted impact. The lessons learned from the application of an ICS for large infectious disease outbreaks are documented. However, there is scant evidence on the application of an ICS to manage a local multiagency response to a disease cluster with environmental health risks. The Sydney Local Health District Public Health Unit (PHU) in New South Wales, Australia, was notified of 5 cases of Legionnaires' disease during 2 weeks in May 2016...
September 5, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854997/midwives-professional-competencies-for-preventing-maternal-mortality-in-disasters-a-cross-sectional-study-in-iran
#11
Ziba Taghizadeh, Mahsa Khoshnam Rad, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad
OBJECTIVE: Maternal mortality may increase after a disaster. Because midwives are at the frontline of offering reproductive health care services in disasters, they should be competent. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive study carried out in 2015 in Tehran. The sample consisted of 361 midwives selected by use of a cluster random sampling method. Data were collected by using a questionnaire on professional competency for preventing maternal mortality in disasters...
August 31, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851475/disaster-mental-health-services-review-of-care-for-older-persons-after-disasters
#12
Allison Gibson, Jessica Walsh, Lisa M Brown
As older persons make up an ever greater proportion of the world's population, a range of concerns are being voiced by policy-makers, program managers, and care providers about best or optimal practices for serving this population's needs during all stages of disasters. Given that age-related vulnerabilities are common in late life, this article describes existing systems of care in the United States for the provision of disaster mental health services. Second, it evaluates the evidence for disaster treatment interventions with this subgroup of the population...
August 30, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851469/community-resilience-psychological-resilience-and-depressive-symptoms-an-examination-of-the-mississippi-gulf-coast-10-years-after-hurricane-katrina-and-5-years-after-the-deepwater-horizon-oil-spill
#13
Joohee Lee, Bret J Blackmon, David M Cochran, Bandana Kar, Timothy A Rehner, Mauri Stubbs Gunnell
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the role of community resilience and psychological resilience on depressive symptoms in areas on the Mississippi Gulf Coast that have experienced multiple disasters. METHODS: Survey administration took place in the spring of 2015 to a spatially stratified, random sample of households. This analysis included a total of 294 subjects who lived in 1 of the 3 counties of the Mississippi Gulf Coast at the time of both Hurricane Katrina in 2005 and the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in 2010...
August 30, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847343/the-great-east-japan-earthquake-analyses-of-disaster-impacts-on-health-care-clinics
#14
Sae Ochi, Shigeaki Kato, Ken-Ichi Kobayashi, Yasuhiro Kanatani
OBJECTIVE: Local health facilities play a critical role in mitigating the deterioration of health after catastrophic disasters. However, limited information is available on clinic damage. Therefore, the National Institute of Public Health conducted surveillance on clinic damage after the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE) to identify risk factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using a paper-based questionnaire was conducted that targeted 728 clinics located in coastal areas in the 3 prefectures most affected by the GEJE...
August 29, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838329/using-an-education-intervention-to-increase-preparedness-among-pet-owners-results-of-a-pilot-study
#15
Lisa R Baker, Loretta A Cormier, Laura K Vogtle
OBJECTIVES: Households with pets are considered a high-risk population, presenting many challenges to response and recovery efforts. Research indicates that households with pets are less likely to evacuate during disasters, and pets left behind pose a health risk to relief workers and the general public. This pilot study explores a brief education intervention targeting households with pets as a method of increasing general household preparedness, with the purpose of facilitating evacuation and protective behaviors in this population...
August 25, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835312/geospatial-distribution-of-local-health-department-tweets-and-online-searches-about-ebola-during-the-2014-ebola-outbreak
#16
Roger Wong, Jenine K Harris
OBJECTIVE: This study compared the geospatial distribution of Ebola tweets from local health departments (LHDs) to online searches about Ebola across the United States during the 2014 Ebola outbreak. METHODS: Between September and November 2014, we collected all tweets sent by 287 LHDs known to be using Twitter. Coordinates for each Ebola tweet were imported into ArcGIS 10.2.2 to display the distribution of tweets. Online searches with the search term "Ebola" were obtained from Google Trends...
August 24, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831950/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-among-children-of-kathmandu-1-year-after-the-2015-earthquake-in-nepal
#17
Shneha Acharya, Dharma Nanda Bhatta, Sawitri Assannangkornchai
OBJECTIVE: The 2015 earthquake in Nepal affected the country in terms of economy, and by causing damage and stress reactions. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and determine individual child- and family-level predictors of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was carried out in Kathmandu district 15 months after the earthquake. Multistage cluster sampling was adopted to collect 800 earthquake-affected children aged 7-16 years and a face-to-face interview was conducted...
August 23, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831947/an-inter-regional-us-blood-supply-simulation-model-to-evaluate-blood-availability-to-support-planning-for-emergency-preparedness-and-medical-countermeasures
#18
Arianna Simonetti, Hussein Ezzeldin, Mark Walderhaug, Steven A Anderson, Richard A Forshee
OBJECTIVES: Planning for a response to threats like pandemics or mass casualty events is a national priority. The US blood supply system can be particularly vulnerable to such events. It is important to understand the impacts of emergency situations on blood availability and the resiliency of the US blood supply system. METHODS: On the basis of the Stock-and-Flow simulation model of the US blood supply system, we developed an inter-regional blood transfer system representing the action of multiple blood collectors and distributors to enable effective planning of strategies to minimize collection and donation disruptions to the blood supply system in the event of a national emergency...
August 23, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831946/long-term-recovery-from-hurricane-sandy-evidence-from-a-survey-in-new-york-city
#19
Elisaveta P Petkova, Jaishree Beedasy, Eun Jeong Oh, Jonathan J Sury, Erin M Sehnert, Wei-Yann Tsai, Michael J Reilly
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine a range of factors influencing the long-term recovery of New York City residents affected by Hurricane Sandy. METHODS: In a series of logistic regressions, we analyzed data from a survey of New York City residents to assess self-reported recovery status from Hurricane Sandy. RESULTS: General health, displacement from home, and household income had substantial influences on recovery. Individuals with excellent or fair health were more likely to have recovered than were individuals with poor health...
August 23, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829013/zika-virus-related-photo-sharing
#20
Sora Yasri, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 22, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
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