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Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803583/cross-sectional-survey-of-long-term-care-facilities-in-the-rockaway-peninsula-preparedness-and-response-during-hurricane-sandy
#1
Lynn Jiang, Christopher Tedeschi, Saleena Subaiya
BACKGROUND: Few studies have described the challenges experienced by long-term care facilities (LTCFs) following Hurricane Sandy. This study examined LTCF preparedness and experiences during and after the storm. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted 2 years after Hurricane Sandy to assess LTCF demographics, preparation, and post-storm resources. Surveys were conducted at LTCFs located on the Rockaway Peninsula of New York City. All LTCFs located in a heavily affected area were approached...
August 14, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803582/recovery-of-surgical-equipment-sterile-processing-during-a-floodwater-boil-advisory
#2
Stephen Shelton, Jay Hamm, Bankole Olatosi, R Ory Johnson
Excessive rainfall and dam failures resulted in floodwater contaminating our public water supply. The endotoxin risk in the contaminated water created challenges in recovery of sterile processing for our surgical equipment. Recovery plans should include a potable water source and a method to connect it to the required location. We share our solution of plumbing our sterile processing equipment to tanker-transported potable water sources. (Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. 2017;page 1 of 4).
August 14, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803579/zika-virus-and-neurological-disease-investing-in-prevention
#3
Valentina Chiesa, Pietro Ragni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 14, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789726/disaster-coverage-predication-for-the-emerging-tethered-balloon-technology-capability-for-preparedness-detection-mitigation-and-response
#4
Saeed H Alsamhi, Mohd Samar Ansari, Navin S Rajput
OBJECTIVE: A disaster is a consequence of natural hazards and terrorist acts, which have significant potential to disrupt the entire wireless communication infrastructure. Therefore, the essential rescue squads and recovery operations during a catastrophic event will be severely debilitated. To provide efficient communication services, and to reduce casualty mortality and morbidity during the catastrophic events, we proposed the Tethered Balloon technology for disaster preparedness, detection, mitigation, and recovery assessment...
August 9, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770699/risk-and-protective-factors-for-mental-health-and-community-cohesion-after-the-2013-calgary-flood
#5
Erin Hetherington, Sheila McDonald, Muci Wu, Suzanne Tough
OBJECTIVE: To examine mental health and community cohesion in women living in Calgary after a natural disaster considering previously collected mental health data. METHODS: Data from an ongoing longitudinal cohort, the All Our Families study, were used to examine mental health and community cohesion 5 months after a major flood in Calgary, Canada. Participants who had completed a baseline questionnaire before the flood were eligible for inclusion in this study (N=923)...
August 3, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766475/vulnerability-of-older-adults-in-disasters-emergency-department-utilization-by-geriatric-patients-after-hurricane-sandy
#6
Sidrah Malik, David C Lee, Kelly M Doran, Corita R Grudzen, Justin Worthing, Ian Portelli, Lewis R Goldfrank, Silas W Smith
OBJECTIVE: Older adults are a potentially medically vulnerable population with increased mortality rates during and after disasters. To evaluate the impact of a natural disaster on this population, we performed a temporal and geospatial analysis of emergency department (ED) use by adults aged 65 years and older in New York City (NYC) following Hurricane Sandy's landfall. METHODS: We used an all-payer claims database to analyze demographics, insurance status, geographic distribution, and health conditions for post-disaster ED visits among older adults...
August 2, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764818/emergency-response-of-iranian-hospitals-against-disasters-a-practical-framework-for-improvement
#7
Ali Janati, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Edris Hasanpoor, Mobin Sokhanvar, Elaheh HaghGoshyie, Abdollah Salehi
OBJECTIVE: Hospital emergency management is a continuous process that requires monolithic integration of planning and response attempts with local and national schemes. The aim of the current study is to evaluate emergency response by hospitals against potential disasters in Tabriz, north-west Iran. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the city of Tabriz, in Iran, in 2016. The study population included all hospitals in Tabriz. A total of 18 hospitals were assessed...
August 2, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760169/the-importance-of-self-efficacy-in-parental-emergency-preparedness-a-moderated-mediation-model
#8
Meagan T Ryan, Cynthia A Rohrbeck, Philip W Wirtz
OBJECTIVE: Disasters occur without warning and can have devastating consequences. Emergency preparedness can reduce negative effects. It is especially important that parents prepare, as children are particularly vulnerable after disasters. This study tested 2 hypotheses: (1) adults with more children are likely to be better prepared than those with fewer or no children because greater caretaking is linked to greater perceived threat of disaster leading to greater preparedness and (2) the strength of this mediational link varies as a function of parental self-efficacy...
August 1, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760166/quantifying-network-dynamics-and-information-flow-across-chinese-social-media-during-the-african-ebola-outbreak
#9
Shihui Feng, Liaquat Hossain, John W Crawford, Terry Bossomaier
OBJECTIVE: Social media provides us with a new platform on which to explore how the public responds to disasters and, of particular importance, how they respond to the emergence of infectious diseases such as Ebola. Provided it is appropriately informed, social media offers a potentially powerful means of supporting both early detection and effective containment of communicable diseases, which is essential for improving disaster medicine and public health preparedness. METHODS: The 2014 West African Ebola outbreak is a particularly relevant contemporary case study on account of the large number of annual arrivals from Africa, including Chinese employees engaged in projects in Africa...
August 1, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760165/diagnostic-imaging-in-disasters-a-bibliometric-analysis
#10
Bo Gong, Mohammed F Mohammed, Savvas Nicolaou, Muazzam Nasrullah, Bruce B Forster, Faisal Khosa
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of diagnostic imaging in the clinical diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up management of patients in response to disasters. METHODS: A MEDLINE (OVID) search of original research articles identified 177 articles on this topic published since 2000. A bibliometric analysis was conducted on the top 100 articles ranked by average yearly citation. RESULTS: The most frequently studied disaster categories were disease outbreak (55 articles), armed conflict (23 articles), terrorist incident (10 articles), and earthquake (7 articles)...
August 1, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760164/acute-chemical-incidents-with-injured-first-responders-2002-2012
#11
Natalia Melnikova, Jennifer Wu, Alice Yang, Maureen Orr
Introduction First responders, including firefighters, police officers, emergency medical services, and company emergency response team members, have dangerous jobs that can bring them in contact with hazardous chemicals among other dangers. Limited information is available on responder injuries that occur during hazardous chemical incidents. METHODS: We analyzed 2002-2012 data on acute chemical incidents with injured responders from 2 Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry chemical incident surveillance programs...
August 1, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758614/the-ongoing-syrian-arab-republic-health-care-crisis
#12
Steven J Phillips
Prior to the Syrian civil war, access and delivery of health care and health care information over the past 4 decades had steadily improved. The life expectancy of the average Syrian in 2012 was 75.7 years, compared to 56 years in 1970. As a result of the civil war, this trend has reversed, with the life expectancy reduced by 20 years from the 2012 level. The Syrian government and its allies have specifically targeted the health care infrastructure not under government control. (Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness...
July 31, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758606/emergency-preparedness-in-elderly-care-in-sweden-a-study-of-staff-perspectives
#13
Carin Björngren Cuadra
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate the interface between elderly care and emergency preparedness from the elderly care staff's perspective. METHODS: A web-based questionnaire was sent to elderly care staff in 4 Swedish municipalities. The questions involved experiences of extraordinary events, education and exercises, and risk and vulnerability analyses, evaluations of main risks and emergency preparedness, and familiarity with preparedness plans. In total, 568 elderly care staff responded...
July 31, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758601/application-of-a-theoretical-model-toward-understanding-continued-food-insecurity-post-hurricane-katrina
#14
Lauren A Clay, Mia A Papas, Kimberly Gill, David M Abramson
OBJECTIVE: Disaster recovery efforts focus on restoring basic needs to survivors, such as food, water, and shelter. However, long after the immediate recovery phase is over, some individuals will continue to experience unmet needs. Ongoing food insecurity has been identified as a post-disaster problem. There is a paucity of information regarding the factors that might place an individual at risk for continued food insecurity post disaster. METHODS: Using data from a sample (n=737) of households severely impacted by Hurricane Katrina, we estimated the associations between food insecurity and structural, physical and mental health, and psychosocial factors 5 years after Hurricane Katrina...
July 31, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756796/identification-of-keywords-from-twitter-and-web-blog-posts-to-detect-influenza-epidemics-in-korea
#15
Hyekyung Woo, Hyeon Sung Cho, Eunyoung Shim, Jong Koo Lee, Kihwang Lee, Gilyoung Song, Youngtae Cho
OBJECTIVE: Social media data are a highly contextual health information source. The objective of this study was to identify Korean keywords for detecting influenza epidemics from social media data. METHODS: We included data from Twitter and online blog posts to obtain a sufficient number of candidate indicators and to represent a larger proportion of the Korean population. We performed the following steps: initial keyword selection; generation of a keyword time series using a preprocessing approach; optimal feature selection; model building and validation using least absolute shrinkage and selection operator, support vector machine (SVM), and random forest regression (RFR)...
July 31, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748777/reflection-on-lessons-learned-an-analysis-of-the-adverse-outcomes-observed-during-the-hurricane-rita-evacuation
#16
Karen Baker
In September 2005, nearly 3.7 million people evacuated the Texas coastline in advance of Hurricane Rita's landfall, making the event the largest emergency evacuation in US history. The Rita evacuation underscored the importance of planning for domestic mass-evacuation events, as the evacuation itself led to over 100 of the at least 119 deaths attributed to the storm. In the days preceding Rita's landfall, several cascading, interrelated circumstances precipitated such adverse outcomes. This article explores the series of events leading up to the evacuation's poor outcomes, the response following Rita to amend evacuation plans, and how Texas successfully implemented these changes during later storms to achieve better outcomes...
July 27, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748769/the-role-of-victimization-in-shaping-households-preparedness-for-armed-conflicts-in-israel
#17
Moran Bodas, Maya Siman-Tov, Shulamith Kreitler, Kobi Peleg
OBJECTIVES: One of the most prominent threats to the Israeli population is the risk from armed conflicts. Yet, promoting preparedness behavior proves to be highly difficult. Arguably, this is partially due to the chronic exposure of the Israeli public to this threat, a.k.a. "Victimization." The purpose of this study was to examine whether victimization plays a prominent role in shaping preparedness behavior toward armed conflicts in Israel. METHODS: An online survey of 502 participants representing the adult Jewish population in Israel was carried out...
July 27, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735594/facilitating-partnerships-with-community-and-faith-based-organizations-for-disaster-preparedness-and-response-results-of-a-national-survey-of-public-health-departments
#18
Rachel M Adams, Michael L Prelip, Deborah C Glik, Ian Donatello, David P Eisenman
OBJECTIVE: We identify characteristics of local health departments, which enhance collaborations with community- and faith-based organizations (CFBOs) for emergency preparedness and response. METHODS: Online survey data were collected from a sample of 273 disaster preparedness coordinators working at local health departments across the United States between August and December 2011. RESULTS: Using multiple linear regression models, we found that perceptions of CFBO trust were associated with more successful partnership planning (β=0...
July 24, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735591/-we-expect-seniors-to-be-able-to-prepare-and-recover-from-a-cyclone-as-well-as-younger-members-of-this-community-emergency-management-s-expectations-of-older-adults-residing-in-aging-remote-hamlets-on-australia-s-cyclone-prone-coastline
#19
Sandra Astill, Evonne Miller
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the extent to which older residents feel they can remain "self-reliant" during future natural disasters and to compare the findings with the viewpoints of local policy-makers and with those charged with caring for the elderly both on a day-to-day basis and in times of crisis. METHODS: This study used an array of non-probability snowballing techniques to seek the participation of senior citizens over the age of 65 years, emergency services officers, community health carers, and local government disaster managers located in aging, remote, coastal Australian communities vulnerable to cyclones and storm surges...
July 24, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724472/appraisal-of-the-preparedness-of-midwives-and-nurses-in-bahrain-to-conduct-early-screening-for-zika-virus-infection-in-pregnant-women
#20
Asokan G V, Mariam Mohammed Baqer Nama, Feryal Juma Salman, Zainab Habib Ali AlGhareeb, Ali Moosa Almoosawi, Ridha Abdulla Al Hammam, Muyssar Sabri Awadhalla
OBJECTIVE: To appraise the awareness and knowledge levels of midwives and nurses concerning early screening for Zika virus (ZIKV) infection among pregnant women attending health care facilities in Bahrain. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, purposely chosen study of Bahraini and expatriate midwives, nurses, and supervisors employed in gynecology/obstetrics and labor wards of Salmanya hospital, a maternity hospital, 4 private hospitals, and health centers in Bahrain...
July 20, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
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