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Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness

Qiaolan Liu, Min Jiang, Yang Yang, Huan Zhou, Yanyang Zhou, Min Yang, Huanyu Xu, Yuanyi Ji
OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and its determinants among adolescents more than 4 years after the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake. METHOD: Adolescents (1,125 total) from 2 junior high schools in areas affected by the catastrophic earthquake were followed up for 3 years. The self-rating PTSD scale based on the Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition (DSM-IV) and the Chinese Classification and Diagnostic Criteria of Mental Disorders, 2nd Edition, Revised (CCMD-2-R) was collected at 53 months, and determinant data were collected repeatedly...
September 12, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Dorothy Bernard, Souleymane Konate, Elena Savoia
ABSTRACTThe Northeastern United States experienced some of its coldest and snowiest conditions ever recorded during the winter of 2014-2015. The snowfall and extreme temperatures created significant challenges for local health departments attempting to continue critical services and respond to storm-related needs of the community. This report from the field aims to describe the impact of the severe weather on local health departments' operations, to examine the disruption to public health services, and to document public health support provided to vulnerable populations during the 2014-2015 winter season...
September 7, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Tim G Adams, Neelima Yeddanapudi, Matthew Clay, Jason Asher, Jessica Appler, Rocco Casagrande
OBJECTIVE: Beta radiation from nuclear weapons fallout could pose a risk of cutaneous radiation injury (CRI) to evacuating populations but has been investigated only cursorily. This work examines 2 components of CRI necessary for estimating the potential public health consequences of exposure to fallout: dose protraction and depth of dose. METHODS: Dose protraction for dry and moist desquamation was examined by adapting the biological effective dose (BED) calculation to a hazard function calculation similar to those recommended by the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements for other acute radiation injuries...
August 31, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Aya Ishiguro, Machiko Inoue, Jane Fisher, Mariko Inoue, Shoko Matsumoto, Kazue Yamaoka
OBJECTIVES: Women and men might experience psychological distress differently during a disaster. This study investigated gender differences in the factors associated with psychological distress among working-age people 1 to 2 years after the Great East Japan Earthquake. METHODS: A cross-sectional household survey of victims who remained living in their homes was conducted between May and December 2012 in Ishinomaki City, Japan. Psychological distress was defined as a Kessler Psychological Distress Scale ≥5, and gender differences were examined using a logistic regression analysis...
August 28, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Jeanne Bertolli, Joseph Holbrook, Nina D Dutton, Bryant Jones, Nicole F Dowling, Georgina Peacock
OBJECTIVE: The study's purpose was to investigate readiness for an increase in the congenital Zika infection (CZI) by describing the distribution of pediatric subspecialists needed for the care of children with CZI. METHODS: We applied county-level subspecialist counts to US maps, overlaying the geocoded locations of children's hospitals to assess the correlation of hospital and subspecialist locations. We calculated travel distance from census tract centroids to the nearest in-state children's hospital by state (with/without > 100 reported adult Zika virus cases) and by regions corresponding to the likely local Zika virus transmission area and to the full range of the mosquito vector...
August 24, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Moran Bodas
Despite best intentions and considerable effort, promoting households' preparedness to emergencies remains insufficiently low globally. It seems that, in some cases, particularly those in which populations are frequently exposed to any given threat, a more complex sociopsychological framework emerges - one in which classical motivators, such as threat perception cues, are no longer capable of turning salient belief into action. Recent studies suggest that this phenomenon, called victimization, has considerable implications on the efficacy of risk communication efforts and could jeopardize the success in promoting public readiness...
August 17, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Lauren Sylwanowicz, Merritt Schreiber, Craig Anderson, Carlos Primero D Gundran, Emelie Santamaria, Jaifred Christian F Lopez, Hilton Lam, Anna Cristina Tuazon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 15, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Hanadi Hamadi, Emma Apatu, Osayande Osagiede, Aaron Spaulding
OBJECTIVE: This study explores the impact of economic hazard areas on hospital-based emergency departments to determine whether economically hazardous environments, characterized by the change of population, income per capita, and unemployment rate, experience a higher number of emergency room visits than areas of lower rated economic hazard risk in the United States. METHOD: A cross-sectional design was used of a nationally constructed data set of hospital-based emergency departments of over 6,000 hospitals in the United States...
August 8, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Nasim Sadat Hosseini Divkolaye, Fariba Seighali, Ali Akbar Pourfathollah, Mitra Radfar, Frederick M Burkle
ABSTRACTCrises require a timely and well-prepared response by health services, especially those that are directly engaged with the lives of the patients such as blood services. The Iranian Blood Transfusion Organization as a single national authority of blood transfusion has left many crises behind. In this study, we examined the main international crises that the blood transfusion organization has faced during its 44-year history and objectively evaluated the methods for crisis risk reduction, both administrative and operational, all of which have led to fundamental advances in the organization...
August 1, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Yoshikazu Noda, Kenichi Asano, Eiji Shimizu, Yoshiyuki Hirano
OBJECTIVE: We examined the impact of demographic confounding factors on responses to the Impact of Event Scale-Revised. METHODS: Participants were rescue workers aged 20 to 65 years who had responded during the Great East Japan Earthquake in 2011. A multiple indicators, multiple causes model was used to examine associations between covariates and latent factors or items in the Impact of Event Scale-Revised. RESULTS: Participants were recruited from April to August 2015...
July 27, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Saide Faydalı, Sibel Küçük, Maide Yeşilyurt
OBJECTIVE: School-aged children are a risk group in terms of accidents and injuries, and these factors may be the primary causes of death in children. Teachers have important roles in preventing accidents and injuries and giving first aid. The purpose of this research was to identify situations in which teachers most frequently encounter the need to administer first aid to children and whether the teachers performed the correct application in these events. METHODS: This descriptive study was conducted with 331 teachers in a city in the Central Anatolia Region...
July 26, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Jeffrey D Freeman, Brigette Blacker, Grace Hatt, Sophia Tan, Jeremy Ratcliff, Thomas B Woolf, Craig Tower, Daniel J Barnett
ABSTRACTNovel approaches to improving disaster response have begun to include the use of big data and information and communication technology (ICT). However, there remains a dearth of literature on the use of these technologies in disasters. We have conducted an integrative literature review on the role of ICT and big data in disasters. Included in the review were 113 studies that met our predetermined inclusion criteria. Most studies used qualitative methods (39.8%, n=45) over mixed methods (31%, n=35) or quantitative methods (29...
July 26, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Nicole A Errett, Alexa Tanner, Xuesi Shen, Stephanie E Chang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify maritime transportation disruption impacts on available health care supplies and workers necessary to deliver hospital-based acute health care in geographically isolated communities post-disaster. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 25 key informants knowledgeable about the hospital-based acute health care supply chain and workforce emergency management plans and procedures in 2 coastal communities in British Columbia...
July 26, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Peter Lucas, Michael Annear, Wayne Harris, Helen Eyles, Auston Rotheram
OBJECTIVE: This paper reports on undergraduate health care students' perception of societal vulnerability to disasters in the context of population aging. Forecast increases in extreme weather events are likely to have a particularly devastating effect on older members of the community. METHODS: Undergraduate paramedicine and nursing students were surveyed using the Perceptions of Ageing and Disaster Vulnerability Scale (PADVS) to determine their views on the risks posed to older members of the community by disasters...
July 25, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Jessica Liddell, Regardt J Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: Literature explores which factors most impact resilience and how these factors impact an individual and communities' ability to cope with disaster. Less research has focused on how age impacts resilience. This research adapts several previous conceptual models used to investigate resilience. To investigate the unique vulnerabilities faced by older individuals in post-disaster settings, this analysis was undertaken to investigate predictors of individual resilience. METHODS: Data for the study were derived from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Gulf States Population Survey (GSPS)...
July 25, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Wei Wei, Jie Ge, Sha Xu, Ming Li, Zhe Zhao, Xiaoxue Li, Jingchen Zheng
OBJECTIVE: We analyzed research themes in the field of disaster medicine in China to provide references for researchers to understand the research status and developing trends of this field. METHODS: Published journal articles were retrieved. A social network analysis was conducted to visualize the relations of high-frequency key words. A cluster analysis was used to classify key words. A strategic diagram analysis was conducted to visualize clusters across the entire research field...
July 23, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Nicola Liguori, Nicola Tarque, Celso Bambaren, Sandra Santa-Cruz, Juan Palomino, Michelangelo Laterza
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to research the basic seismic response capability (BSRC) of hospitals in Lima Metropolitana. A large number of wounded could be registered in case of an earthquake; therefore, operational hospitals are necessary to cure the injured. The study focused on the operational performance of the hospitals, autonomies of essential resources such as power, water, medical gases, and medicine, in addition to the availability of emergency communication system and ambulances...
July 19, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Alyssa M Falise, Isabel Griffin, Danielle Fernandez, Xeniamaria Rodriguez, Emily Moore, Anne Barrera, Juan Suarez, Lidice Cutie, Guoyan Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The Florida Department of Health in Miami-Dade County (DOH-Miami-Dade) investigated 106 reported carbon monoxide (CO) exposures over a 9-day timeframe after Hurricane Irma. This report evaluates risk factors for CO poisoning and the importance of heightened surveillance following natural disasters. METHODS: Data on CO poisoning cases from September 9 to 18, 2017 were extracted from Merlin, the Florida Department of Health Surveillance System. Medical records were obtained and follow-up interviews were conducted to collect data on the confirmed CO poisoning cases...
July 17, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Simone Dell'Era, Olivier Hugli, Fabrice Dami
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to provide a comprehensive assessment of Swiss hospital disaster preparedness in 2016 compared with the 2006 data. METHODS: A questionnaire was addressed in 2016 to all heads responsible for Swiss emergency departments (EDs). RESULTS: Of the 107 hospitals included, 83 (78%) returned the survey. Overall, 76 (92%) hospitals had a plan in case of a mass casualty incident, and 76 (93%) in case of an accident within the hospital itself...
July 5, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Mary Hall, Chris Cartwright, Andrew C K Lee
OBJECTIVE: While carrying out a scoping review of earthquake response, we found that there is no universal standardized approach for assessing the quality of disaster evidence, much of which is variable or not peer reviewed. With the lack of a framework to ascertain the value and validity of this literature, there is a danger that valuable insights may be lost. We propose a theoretical framework that may, with further validation, address this gap. METHODS: Existing frameworks - quality of reporting of meta-analyses (QUORUM), meta-analysis of observational studies in epidemiology (MOOSE), the Cochrane assessment of bias, Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP) checklists, strengthening the reporting of observation studies in epidemiology (STROBE), and consensus guidelines on reports of field interventions in disasters and emergencies (CONFIDE)-were analyzed to identify key domains of quality...
July 5, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
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