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M S Themistocleous, I K Antoniadis, D E Sakas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Hippokratia
R Csorba, P Tsikouras
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Hippokratia
A Tsiogka, E Tsiogka, J Koller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Hippokratia
A Athanasiadis, P Petrakis, T Mikos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Hippokratia
C Koutserimpas, M Angeli, M Ehlen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Hippokratia
A Zachariou, A Kolynou, M Filiponi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Hippokratia
E Papadopoulou-Alataki, K Garganis, E Dalpa, S Alataki, M Spilioti
BACKGROUND: The involvement of the immune system in the pathogenesis of certain types of epilepsy has been supported in the past. The use of intravenous immunoglobulin in the treatment of neurologic diseases has shown a progressive trend over the last years. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 9.5-year-old boy with refractory epilepsy who was admitted for investigation of his persistent seizures and severe psychomotor regression. He experienced persistent tonic-clonic over the preceding six months and long lasting atonic seizures since the age of six and did not respond to multiple anticonvulsant drugs...
January 2017: Hippokratia
D Kitridis, N P Sachinis, N Daniilidis, P Givissis
BACKGROUND: Tendon entrapment as a consequence of forearm fracture is rare. Only a few such tendon incarcerations have been described in the literature. CASE REPORT: An 8-year-old boy presented with inability to extend the middle, ring, and little fingers of his right hand. Six months earlier, he had sustained an open Salter-Harris II distal radius and greenstick ulna fractures treated elsewhere with an external fixator and a Kirshner wire. After clinical evaluation, surgical exploration was decided...
January 2017: Hippokratia
V K Kimiskidis, E Papadakis, V Papaliagkas, S Papagiannopoulos, D K Galanakis
BACKGROUND: The inherited dysfibrinogenemias comprise rare congenital coagulation disorders which are clinically characterized by bleeding diathesis and, in occasional patients, by thrombotic tendency or combined bleeding-thrombotic events. In recent years, accumulating evidence suggested that fibrinogen has a critical role in the pathogenesis of neuroinflammatory disorders, including multiple sclerosis. We describe the presentation and long-term follow-up of a patient with inherited dysfibrinogenemia and concomitant clinical and laboratory evidence of demyelinating disease...
January 2017: Hippokratia
A Krzyżanowski, M Kwiatek, T Gęca, B Barczyński, A Kwaśniewska
BACKGROUND: Amniotic band syndrome (ABS) is a rare disorder which leads to a number of deformities of the fetus body. The treatment depends on the severity of the defect and the extent of the deformity. CASE REPORT: A 36-year-old primigravida with a dichorionic diamniotic (DCDA) twin pregnancy was diagnosed during the first-trimester ultrasonography with fetal lower part edema of one twin caused by amniotic bands. A selective termination of the affected fetus was performed...
January 2017: Hippokratia
C Demosthenous, G Rizos, E Vlachaki, G Tzatzagou, M Gavra
BACKGROUND: Hemosiderosis in the absence of blood transfusions has been encountered in conditions associated with ineffective erythropoiesis but not in sickle-cell disease (SCD). Description of the case: We report a case of a 34-year-old Caucasian male, with a history of SCD and beta thalassemia (Hb S/β+ -thal) who presented with acute painful crises. Despite never having received regular blood transfusions in the past, the patient demonstrated elevated ferritin levels and transferrin saturation of 83 %...
January 2017: Hippokratia
K Ditsios, S I Stavridis, P Savvidis, H Dinopoulos, G Petsatodis
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this retrospective, case series was to report the clinical and radiological outcomes of plate fixation of AO Type C distal humeral fractures and to compare the two techniques, the double plate parallel fixation with the double plate orthogonal fixation. CASE SERIES: Twenty-six consecutive patients had their AO type C distal humeral fracture treated either with the orthogonal (group A: 15 patients; mean age 53.5 years, range 21-96) or the parallel (Group B: 11 patients; mean age 56...
January 2017: Hippokratia
A Koukouliata, E Nena, N Koutlaki, V Liberis, T C Constantinidis
AIM: Aim of this study was to explore possible associations between the timing of natural menopause and occupational status and other determinant epidemiologic factors among women living in the Prefecture of Kavala, a region of North-East Greece. METHODS: The sample of the study comprised of 827 naturally menopausal women, who consented to participate in this questionnaire-based interview study between 2011 and 2016. The study population was recruited from women who were hospitalized or visited the outpatient clinics of the General Hospital of Kavala and women working in the public sector services and private companies in the Prefecture of Kavala...
January 2017: Hippokratia
K Thisiadou, V Liakopoulos, G Dimas, G Koliakos, M Karamouzis
BACKGROUND: In the past few years, a distinct and multifactorial clinical entity called chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD) that leads to decreased bone density and osteoporosis has been identified. The aim of this study was to assess the levels of the matrix metalloproteinase-1 and -2 (MMP-1 and MMP-2) in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients of various disease stages in correlation to other bone turnover markers (BTM). This study is an initial investigative approach to a possible role of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in the evaluation of bone disease in uremic patients...
January 2017: Hippokratia
S Charalampidou, Μ Simitsopoulou, L Skoura, K Tziomalos, V Koulourida, D G Goulis
BACKGROUND: Soluble receptor of advanced glycation end-products (sRAGE) is widely expressed in various organs including male genital tract and spermatozoa. Their regulation depends on many simultaneous conditions that may occur. Male fertility is a multifactorial condition which is influenced by various parameters, some of which are detrimental to the spermatozoa. The aim of this study was to detect possible differences in sRAGE concentrations between serum and seminal plasma of infertile men, compared to fertile men population...
January 2017: Hippokratia
G Papazisis, I Tsakiridis, I Koulas, S Siafis, T Dagklis, D Kouvelas
AIM: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of illicit drug use among medical students in Northern Greece, to identify the motivations for cannabis use and also to investigate the possible associations with smoking and alcohol misuse. METHODS: A sample of undergraduate students completed an anonymous, self-administered, web-based survey assessing lifetime and past-year illicit substance use. To further evaluate the motivation to use, the responders were classified into three subtypes (self-medication, recreational, and mixed)...
January 2017: Hippokratia
D Yildirim
AIM: The aim of the current study was to evaluate the level of the basic knowledge of the Turkish gynecologists regarding electrosurgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey was undertaken to evaluate the level of basic knowledge and attitudes regarding electrosurgery use among gynecology specialists and residents. The questionnaire used comprised of two parts: a) questions evaluating the participants' professional experience, whether they had received formal electrosurgery training, and their course of action concerning the use and safety precautions of the electrosurgery unit, and b) questions designed to evaluate the knowledge level of the participants on the basic electrosurgical principles...
January 2017: Hippokratia
G I Mitrou, K P Poulianiti, Y Koutedakis, A Z Jamurtas, M D Maridaki, I Stefanidis, G K Sakkas, C Karatzaferi
BACKGROUND: The exact causes of skeletal muscle weakness in chronic kidney disease (CKD) remain unknown with uremic toxicity and redox imbalances being implicated. To understand whether uremic muscle has acquired any sensitivity to acute redox changes we examined the effects of redox disturbances on force generation capacity. METHODS: Permeabilized single psoas fibers (N =37) from surgically induced CKD (UREM) and sham-operated (CON) rabbits were exposed to an oxidizing (10 mM Hydrogen Peroxide, H2 O2 ) and/or a reducing [10 mM Dithiothreitol (DTT)] agent, in a blind design, in two sets of experiments examining: A) the acute effect of the addition of H2 O2 on maximal (pCa 4...
January 2017: Hippokratia
F C Eraldemir, M Musul, A E Duman, B Oztas, C Baydemir, S Hulagu
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the relationship between the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) values with oxidative stress in active Crohn's disease (CD) patients. We investigated whether these parameters were useful for follow-up assessments of CD activity. METHODS: Forty-nine patients with a confirmed diagnosis of CD (24 active and 25 inactive) and 38 control subjects were enrolled in the study. We measured serum activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels using a spectrophotometric method...
October 2016: Hippokratia
A Daniilidis, N Panteleris, N Symeonidis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Hippokratia
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