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Hippokratia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416312/the-relationship-between-neutrophil-lymphocyte-and-platelet-lymphocyte-ratios-with-oxidative-stress-in-active-crohn-s-disease-patients
#1
F C Eraldemir, M Musul, A E Duman, B Oztas, C Baydemir, S Hulagu
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the relationship between the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) values with oxidative stress in active Crohn's disease (CD) patients. We investigated whether these parameters were useful for follow-up assessments of CD activity. METHODS: Forty-nine patients with a confirmed diagnosis of CD (24 active and 25 inactive) and 38 control subjects were enrolled in the study. We measured serum activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels using a spectrophotometric method...
October 2016: Hippokratia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416311/rectovaginal-tear-after-sexual-intercourse-in-a-young-woman-a-case-report
#2
A Daniilidis, N Panteleris, N Symeonidis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Hippokratia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416310/sarcoidosis-with-muscular-involvement-demonstrated-on-gallium-67-scintigraphy
#3
G Meristoudis, S Tryfon, A Notopoulos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Hippokratia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416309/giant-hypopharyngeal-fibrovascular-polyp
#4
Z Radovanovic, M Stankovic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Hippokratia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416308/microrna-expression-in-patients-with-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-tongue
#5
K Paraskevopoulos, P Touplikioti, K Antoniades
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Hippokratia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416307/anal-canal-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumors-report-of-a-rare-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
D Paramythiotis, P Bangeas, A Karakatsanis, G Karayannopoulou, A Michalopoulos
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are considered as rare gastrointestinal tumors, and their location in the anal track is exceptionally unusual. We describe the case of a 28-year-old man with anal GIST, and a review of the cases that have been reported so far in the literature. CASE REPORT: The patient was referred for treatment of a gradually enlarging perianal mass. Clinical examination and imaging including orthosigmoidoscopy, transanal ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a mass sized 7...
October 2016: Hippokratia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416306/effects-of-radial-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-on-hand-spasticity-in-poststroke-patient
#7
C Gjerakaroska Savevska, E Nikolikj Dimitrova, M Gocevska
BACKGROUND: Hand spasticity after a stroke greatly increases the difficulties of the daily living activities and limits the effectiveness of rehabilitation. Radial extracorporeal shock wave therapy (RESWT) has been suggested as an alternative treatment for spasticity reduction. We demonstrate the effectiveness of RESWT regarding hand spasticity in a stroke patient. CASE DESCRIPTION: We describe the case of a 42-year-old woman with right hemiparesis after ischaemic stroke...
October 2016: Hippokratia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416305/multifocal-splenic-abscesses-in-immunocompetent-adult-due-to-cat-scratch-disease
#8
E Gkamprela, V Papadimitropoulos, N Papadopoulos, M Deutsch
BACKGROUND: Cat-scratch disease is caused by Bartonella henselae and transmitted to humans via the cats. Patients usually present with cutaneous lesions, regional lymphadenopathy and a brief period of fever. CASE REPORT: We report a rare case of an isolated splenic cat-scratch disease in an immunocompetent 27-year-old woman who presented with prolonged fever and multifocal splenic lesions. The patient was treated successfully with a long course of antibiotics. CONCLUSION: Isolated splenic lesions and fever is a rare manifestation of the cat-scratch disease...
October 2016: Hippokratia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416304/anesthesia-management-of-a-patient-with-a-femoral-neck-fracture-and-hered-itary-hemorrhagic-telangiectasia
#9
T Tsoleridis, L Galanou, S Tsoleridis
BACKGROUND: The hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) or Osler-Weber-Rendu syndrome is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder affecting the small blood vessels due to mutations in specific genes that lead to angiogenesis errors. HHT represents a clinical entity with great clinical interest as severe, unpredicted, and life-threatening bleeding, sepsis, ischemia, and hemodynamic failure might occur. Literature regarding anesthesia and perioperative management of such patients is limited, with no published papers for orthopedic surgery in patients with HHT...
October 2016: Hippokratia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416303/endonasal-endoscopic-repair-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-leaks-versus-craniotomy-comparison-of-the-outcomes
#10
A Christoforidou, P P Tsitsopoulos, P Selviaridis, V Vital, J Constantinidis
BACKGROUND: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks have been traditionally managed via craniotomy with an intradural repair. The endonasal endoscopic approach represents a minimally invasive alternative. This study aimed to compare the outcomes of the two methods. CASE SERIES: This is a prospective case series of 18 consecutive patients who underwent endonasal repair of a CSF leak. Thirteen variables were evaluated during the study, including age, gender, body mass index, site of the defect, CSF leak etiology, days of hospitalization, use of lumbar drainage, the success of repair, complications, recurrence, duration, and cost of surgery as well as patient satisfaction...
October 2016: Hippokratia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416302/ultrastructural-evaluation-of-intramuscular-applied-botulinum-toxin-type-a-in-striated-muscles-of-rats
#11
H Kocaelli, M Yaltirik, M Ayhan, F Aktar, B Atalay, S Yalcin
BACKGROUND: Botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) is clinically utilized for therapeutic and cosmetic purposes in maxillofacial surgery as well as many other medical specialties. There is no sufficient ultrastructural research about BTX and it is controversial whether BTX-A causes muscle degeneration to some extent, in the course of therapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the histological effects of BTX-A when injected into masseter and gluteal muscles. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 male Sprague-Dawley rats were used and randomly divided into experimental (n =15) and control groups (n =15)...
October 2016: Hippokratia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416301/prevalence-and-social-determinants-of-smoking-in-the-adult-greek-cypriot-population
#12
S A Nicolaou, A Heraclides, K S Markides, A Charalambous
BACKGROUND: Smoking remains a major public health concern in Europe. In the current study, we investigate the prevalence and socioeconomic factors that contribute to smoking disparities in Greek Cypriot adults.  Material and methods: In 2009, using the Countrywide Integrated Noncommunicable Disease Intervention questionnaire a representative sample of Greek Cypriot adults was surveyed (response rate 100%).  Socioeconomic and demographic data were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: The prevalence of smoking in Greek Cypriot adults was 50...
October 2016: Hippokratia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416300/home-intravenous-antibiotic-therapy-in-children-with-cystic-fibrosis-clinical-outcome-quality-of-life-and-economic-benefit
#13
E A Chrysochoou, E Hatziagorou, F Kirvassilis, J Tsanakas
BACKGROUND: Pediatric home care has improved therapeutic options for children with chronic disease. Home intravenous (IV) antibiotic treatment against Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PsA) in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients has offered increased flexibility to these patients and family life. A prospective clinical study was conducted to compare safety, efficacy, and cost benefits of home versus hospital IV antibiotic treatment among CF children and adolescents. METHOD: The clinical outcome, quality of life, and cost benefits of home versus hospital antibiotic treatment were assessed...
October 2016: Hippokratia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416299/epidemiology-and-outcome-of-elderly-admitted-to-the-ward-for-sepsis
#14
A Pyrpasopoulou, P Pateinakis, A Varouktsi, E Georgianou, I Zografou, E Roilides, A Karagiannis
BACKGROUND: The elderly represent a significant cohort of patients presenting at the emergency department, especially in the developed countries. They are characterized by impaired physical condition, comorbidities, and little immune system resources and make frequent use of the healthcare system and its facilities. This study aimed to describe the features and prognostic factors of sepsis in elderly patients (>60 years old) admitted to an internal medicine ward. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two hundred eighty eight consecutively patients aged >60 years who were admitted with sepsis during a two-year-period were retrospectively included in the study...
October 2016: Hippokratia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416298/the-atrial-fibrillation-effect-on-quality-of-life-afeqt-questionnaire-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-greek-version
#15
P Tailachidis, Z Tsimtsiou, P Galanis, M Theodorou, D Kouvelas, K Athanasakis
AIM: To adapt cross-culturally the Atrial Fibrillation Effect on QualiTy-of-Life (AFEQT) for use in Greek patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and to evaluate its psychometric properties. METHODS: Professional translators were involved in the inverse translation procedure. Twenty patients with AF participated in the cultural adaptation procedure. One hundred two consecutive patients participated in the validation process that included reliability (internal consistency, test-retest reliability) and validity assessment (face validity, construct validity)...
October 2016: Hippokratia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416297/the-adipokines-in-the-pathogenesis-and-treatment-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#16
REVIEW
C Boutari, K Tziomalos, V G Athyros
Insulin resistance, abdominal obesity, and inflammation play important roles in the pathogenesis of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Several adipokines, particularly adiponectin but also leptin, resistin, irisin, ghrelin, and visfatin modulate these pathogenetic mechanisms and appear to play a role in the development of hepatic steatosis and the progression to steatohepatitis and cirrhosis. Accordingly, these adipokines might represent attractive targets in patients with NAFLD. Notably, both lifestyle changes and many pharmacological agents that are used in the management of NAFLD, particularly pioglitazone and statins, exert favorable effects on adipokine levels...
October 2016: Hippokratia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097901/aberrant-right-hepatic-artery-originating-from-the-superior-mesenteric-artery-discovered-incidentally-during-longmire-traverso-operation
#17
B Papaziogas, S Kapoulas, E Christoforidis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Hippokratia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097900/the-effect-of-thoracic-aortic-balloon-occlusion-during-hemorrhagic-shock-on-spinal-cord-and-visceral-organ-damage
#18
Undefined DemiropoulosF, K Papazoglou, D Miliaras
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Hippokratia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097899/double-valvular-dysfunction-in-a-4-year-old-girl-with-tuberous-sclerosis
#19
M Gogou, A Keivanidou, A Giannopoulos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Hippokratia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097898/metastatic-tumors-to-the-head-and-neck-region-a-fifteen-year-long-retrospective-study
#20
D Krasic, M Trajkovic, N Zivkovic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Hippokratia
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