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Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs

Julia A Martinez, Kimberly A Mallett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Tim Stockwell, Tanya Chikritzhs, Timothy Naimi, Jinhui Zhao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Alain Braillon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Paul Gow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Elizabeth Barrett-Connor, Giovanni de Gaetano, Luc Djoussé, R Curtis Ellison, Ramon Estruch, Harvey Finkel, Tedd Goldfinger, Ulrich Keil, Dominique Lanzmann-Petithory, Fulvio Mattivi, Erik Skovenborg, Creina Stockley, Arne Svilaas, Pierre-Louis Teissedre, Dag S Thelle, Fulvio Ursini, Andrew L Waterhouse
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Tara Kelley-Baker, Eduardo Romano
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of U.S. child-endangerment laws on the prevalence of child passengers fatally injured in motor vehicle crashes in which the adult driver was drinking. METHOD: We used data from the 2002-2012 Fatality Analysis Reporting System. We conducted both bivariate and multivariate analyses using Heckman selection models. RESULTS: After adjusting for several cofactors, including driver demographics and blood alcohol concentration, child seat positioning, and seat belt laws, we found that passing a DUI child-endangerment law may have no impact at all on the likelihood of finding impaired drivers among those driving with children...
September 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Rebecca L Monk, Charlotte R Pennington, Claire Campbell, Alan Price, Derek Heim
OBJECTIVE: The current study examined the impact of varying pictorial cues and testing contexts on implicit alcohol-related expectancies. METHOD: Seventy-six participants were assigned randomly to complete an Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) in either a pub or lecture context. The IRAP exposed participants to pictorial cues that depicted an alcoholic beverage in the foreground of a pub (alcohol-congruent stimuli) or university lecture theater (alcohol-incongruent stimuli), and participants were required to match both positive and negative alcohol-related outcome expectancies to these stimuli...
September 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Melvin D Livingston, Xiaohui Xu, Kelli A Komro
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined factors associated with recall error in the measurement of alcohol use onset and whether there was a tendency toward earlier or later self-reported age at alcohol use onset. METHOD: This study estimated the effect of predictors on the presence and direction of recall error for age at alcohol use onset. The sample (n = 1,044) was from an existing longitudinal alcohol prevention trial in urban Chicago. Estimates were derived from a series of logistic regression models comparing agreement between a retrospective and a prospective measure of age at alcohol use onset...
September 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Paul J Gruenewald, Meme Wang-Schweig, Christina Mair
OBJECTIVE: Many different measures of alcohol use are applied in survey-based epidemiological studies of alcohol-related risks. Differences in the selection of drinking measures and alternative specifications of quantitative relationships of these measures to problem outcomes limit researchers' abilities to compare and assess alcohol effects across studies. We used a quantitative definition of drinking patterns to identify relationships among drinking measures and uncover sources of bias in assessments of drinking risks...
September 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Yusuf Ransome, Stephen E Gilman
OBJECTIVE: To date, a paradox in the social epidemiology of alcohol use disorders (AUDs) remains unresolved: non-Hispanic Blacks experience higher socioeconomic disadvantage, stressor exposures, and individual stress-prominent AUD risk factors, yet have lower than expected AUD risk compared with non-Hispanic Whites. Religious involvement is associated with lower AUD risk. Non-Hispanic Blacks are highly religiously involved. Together, those facts may account for Black-White differences in AUD risk...
September 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Kelli A Komro, Melvin D Livingston, Brady A Garrett, Misty L Boyd
OBJECTIVE: This study examined social-and individual-level factors associated with alcohol use among young women and tested whether differences exist between Native American and non-Native young women. METHOD: School-based surveys were conducted among 952 young women (ages 14-19) attending four high schools within the tribal jurisdictional service area of the Cherokee Nation in northeastern Oklahoma. Structural equation modeling using Mplus was used to assess the direct and indirect effects of social-and individual-level factors on subsequent alcohol use among Native and non-Native young women...
September 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Meredith C Meacham, Steffanie A Strathdee, Gudelia Rangel, Richard F Armenta, Tommi L Gaines, Richard S Garfein
OBJECTIVE: Although persons who inject drugs (PWID) in the western United States-Mexico border region are known to inject both heroin and methamphetamine, little is known about the prevalence and risks associated with co-injection of this depressant-stimulant combination (also known as "goofball" and "Mexican speedball"). METHOD: Baseline data from parallel cohort studies of PWID conducted concurrently in San Diego, CA, and Tijuana, Mexico, were used to estimate the prevalence and identify correlates of heroin-methamphetamine co-injection...
September 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Annie D Park, Layla N Farrahi, Raina D Pang, Casey R Guillot, Claudia G Aguirre, Adam M Leventhal
OBJECTIVE: Negative urgency-the tendency to act rashly during negative affective states-is a risk factor for regular cigarette smoking. This human laboratory study tested a novel theoretical model of the underlying mechanisms linking negative urgency and smoking motivation, which purports that smokers with high negative urgency are at increased susceptibility to abstinence-induced increases in negative affect, which, in turn, provokes the urge to smoke to suppress negative affect. METHOD: Smokers (N = 180, >10 cigarettes/day) attended a baseline session at which they completed self-report measures of negative urgency and other co-factors and subsequently attended two counterbalanced within-subject experimental sessions (i...
September 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Wendy Swift, Tim Slade, Natacha Carragher, Carolyn Coffey, Louisa Degenhardt, Wayne Hall, George Patton
OBJECTIVE: There is little research examining alcohol use disorder (AUD) symptoms (based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition [DSM-5]) in young adulthood. We assessed symptom structure at 24 years using latent class analysis (LCA), examining relationships between class membership and (a) concurrent alcohol use and DSM-5 AUD severity and (b) adolescent risk factors. METHOD: A stratified, random sample of 1,943 adolescents ages 14-15 years was recruited from 44 secondary schools in Victoria, Australia, and interviewed during adolescence and young adulthood...
September 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Margot Peeters, Ina Koning, Karin Monshouwer, Wilma A M Vollebergh, Reinout W Wiers
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies suggest that the predictive effect of implicit alcohol associations is context dependent. Findings indicate that implicit associations are more easily retrieved in an alcohol-associated setting or context (e.g., bar) compared with a neutral setting. In line with this reasoning, we hypothesized that alcohol availability at home might moderate the relationship between implicit alcohol associations and future drinking behavior of adolescents. METHOD: Participants were 262 at-risk adolescents (235 boys, 27 girls, adolescents with externalizing behavioral problems) with a mean age of 14...
September 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Robert C Dempsey, John McAlaney, Stefanie M Helmer, Claudia R Pischke, Yildiz Akvardar, Bridgette M Bewick, Helen J Fawkner, Francisco Guillen-Grima, Christiane Stock, Bart Vriesacker, Guido Van Hal, Ferdinand Salonna, Ondrej Kalina, Olga Orosova, Rafael T Mikolajczyk
OBJECTIVE: Perceptions of peer behavior and attitudes exert considerable social pressure on young adults to use substances. This study investigated whether European students perceive their peers' cannabis use and approval of cannabis use to be higher than their own personal behaviors and attitudes, and whether estimations of peer use and attitudes are associated with personal use and attitudes. METHOD: University students (n = 4,131) from Belgium, Denmark, Germany, the Slovak Republic, Spain, Turkey, and the United Kingdom completed an online survey as part of the Social Norms Intervention for Polysubstance usE in students (SNIPE) Project, a feasibility study of a web-based normative feedback intervention for substance use...
September 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Eveline Lensvelt, Wenbin Liang, William Gilmore, Elise Gordon, Michelle Hobday, Tanya Chikritzhs
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of a specific tax increase on ready-to-drink beverages (the "alcopops" tax) on male injuries presenting to emergency departments during times likely to be highly alcohol related in two Australian states. METHOD: Poisson regression was used to compare annual risk of Western Australian and Victorian male emergency department injuries occurring during high alcohol-related times before and after the implementation of the alcopops tax...
September 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Timothy S Naimi, Craig S Ross, Michael B Siegel, William DeJong, David H Jernigan
OBJECTIVE: Although studies demonstrate that exposure to brand-specific alcohol advertising is associated with an increased likelihood of youth consuming particular brands, the relationship between quantity of brand-specific advertising exposure and quantity of brand-specific consumption has not been firmly established. METHOD: Using the Alcohol Brand Research Among Underage Drinkers (ABRAND) national sample of 1,031 young drinkers (ages 13-20), this study examined the relationship between their aggregated past-year exposure to advertising (in adstock units, a measure based on gross rating points) for 61 alcohol brands that advertised on the 20 most popular nonsports television programs viewed by underage youth and their aggregated total consumption of those same brands during the past 30 days...
September 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Gregorio González-Alcaide, Amador Calafat, Elisardo Becoña, Bart Thijs, Wolfgang Glänzel
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to introduce a new methodology in the field of substance abuse, namely, co-citation analysis, which uses the bibliographic references of publications to establish the main thematic areas being researched and to identify the seminal documents that have contributed to establishing the intellectual foundation of the discipline at the present time. METHOD: We identified all bibliographic references that were cited in documents published in the substance abuse journals included in the Journal Citation Reports in the 2001-2012 period, generating a co-citation matrix...
September 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Sharon R Sznitman, Danielle S Taubman
OBJECTIVE: Drug use normalization, which is a process whereby drug use becomes less stigmatized and more accepted as normative behavior, provides a conceptual framework for understanding contemporary drug issues and changes in drug use trends. Through a mixed-methods systematic review of the normalization literature, this article seeks to (a) critically examine how the normalization framework has been applied in empirical research and (b) make recommendations for future research in this area...
September 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
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