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Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499118/ethanol-concentration-of-traditional-alcoholic-beverages-in-northern-tanzania
#1
Joel M Francis, Heiner Grosskurth, Saidi H Kapiga, Helen A Weiss, Joseph Mwashiuya, John Changalucha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499117/conclusion-overreach-in-alcohol-and-pregnancy-article-the-authors-reply
#2
Omayma Alshaarawy, James C Anthony
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499116/postgraduate-alcohol-and-other-drug-practitioner-training-in-new-zealand-significant-influences
#3
Peter J Adams, Doug Sellman, David Newcombe, Simon Adamson, Sam White, Daryle Deering, Fraser Todd
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to present a case study of the evolution of postgraduate-level training programs for alcohol and other drug (AOD) practitioners provided by two universities in New Zealand. METHOD: The case study compiles details on relevant treatment contexts and systems in New Zealand and key milestones and significant developments in postgraduate AOD practitioner programs in two locations over a 30-year period. The details were compiled by the authors, all of whom were closely involved with the development of the training programs...
May 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499115/a-comparison-of-long-vs-short-term-recall-of-substance-use-and-hiv-risk-behaviors
#4
Tim Janssen, Jordan M Braciszewski, Adam Vose-O'Neal, Robert L Stout
OBJECTIVE: The Timeline Follow-back (TLFB) questionnaire has become a pre-eminent tool in substance use and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) risk research, allowing researchers to assess fine-grained changes in risk behavior over long periods. However, data on accuracy of recall over long (12-month) periods are sparse, especially combined data on HIV risk and substance use from post-treatment samples. Studies on the development of substance use and HIV risk stand to benefit from data on the accurate recall of such behavior over longer retroactive spans of time...
May 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499114/fathers-alcohol-and-cannabis-use-disorder-and-early-onset-of-drug-use-by-their-children
#5
Kimberly L Henry
OBJECTIVE: The unique influence of fathers' alcohol and cannabis use disorder on children's onset of use of these same substances has been rarely studied. A clear understanding of family history in this context is important for the development of family-based prevention initiatives aimed at delaying the onset of substance use among children. METHOD: Prospective, longitudinal, and intergenerational data on 274 father-child dyads were used. Logistic regression models were estimated to assess the association between fathers' lifetime incidence of an alcohol and cannabis use disorder and children's onset of use of these same substances at or before age 15...
May 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499113/social-and-individual-level-predictors-of-alcohol-use-initiation-and-escalation-replicating-and-extending-tests-of-differential-effects
#6
Hector I Lopez-Vergara, Jennifer E Merrill, Tim Janssen, Kristina M Jackson
OBJECTIVE: Although alcohol use is considered a developmental phenomenon, there is a relative dearth of studies disaggregating predictors of alcohol use initiation versus early escalation of drinking. One perspective that has emerged is that social levels of influence may be relevant for the initiation of drinking, whereas individual levels of influence may be relevant for the early escalation in level of drinking among initiators, which we refer to as the specificity hypothesis. METHOD: A sample of alcohol-naive youth (n = 944; mean age = 12...
May 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499112/polygenic-risk-personality-dimensions-and-adolescent-alcohol-use-problems-a-longitudinal-study
#7
James J Li, Jeanne E Savage, Kenneth S Kendler, Matthew Hickman, Liam Mahedy, John Macleod, Jaakko Kaprio, Richard J Rose, Danielle M Dick
OBJECTIVE: Alcohol use problems are common during adolescence and can predict serious negative outcomes in adulthood, including substance dependence and psychopathology. The current study examines the notion that alcohol use problems are driven by polygenic influences and that genetic influences may indirectly affect alcohol use problems through multiple pathways of risk, including variations in personality. METHOD: We used a genome-wide approach to examine associations between genetic risk for alcohol use problems, personality dimensions, and adolescent alcohol use problems in two separate longitudinal population-based samples, the Finnish Twin Cohort (FinnTwin12) and the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC)...
May 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499111/late-life-drinking-problems-the-predictive-roles-of-drinking-level-vs-drinking-pattern
#8
Charles J Holahan, Penny L Brennan, Kathleen K Schutte, Carole K Holahan, J Gregory Hixon, Rudolf H Moos
OBJECTIVE: Research on late-middle-aged and older adults has focused primarily on average level of alcohol consumption, overlooking variability in underlying drinking patterns. The purpose of the present study was to examine the independent contributions of an episodic heavy pattern of drinking versus a high average level of drinking as prospective predictors of drinking problems. METHOD: The sample comprised 1,107 adults ages 55-65 years at baseline. Alcohol consumption was assessed at baseline, and drinking problems were indexed across 20 years...
May 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499110/the-influence-of-paternal-separation-paternal-history-of-alcohol-use-disorder-risk-and-early-substance-use-on-offspring-educational-attainment-by-young-adulthood
#9
Brooke E Sadler, Julia D Grant, Alexis E Duncan, Carolyn E Sartor, Mary Waldron, Andrew C Heath, Kathleen K Bucholz
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the associations among paternal alcohol problems, separation, and educational attainment in European American and African American offspring and whether offspring early alcohol/tobacco/marijuana use influenced these associations. METHOD: Families with offspring ages 13-19 years at intake were selected from state birth records and screened by telephone to determine high-risk or low-risk status (with/without paternal heavy drinking)...
May 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499109/public-stigma-toward-people-with-drug-addiction-a-factorial-survey
#10
Sebastian Sattler, Alice Escande, Eric Racine, Anja S Göritz
OBJECTIVE: Stigmatizing attitudes toward people with a drug addiction have detrimental effects on the lives of these people. However, the factors that influence stigma toward people with a drug addiction have not yet been thoroughly investigated, compared with the stigma of other mental illnesses. Based on attribution theory, our experiment examined to what extent individual and contextual characteristics of people with a drug addiction influence stigmatizing attitudes toward people with a drug addiction...
May 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499108/alcohol-outcomes-by-sexual-orientation-and-race-ethnicity-few-findings-of-higher-risk
#11
Paul A Gilbert, Laurie Drabble, Jason Daniel-Ulloa, Karen F Trocki
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to confirm a previously identified race by sexual orientation interaction and to clarify men's alcohol-related risk by using an expanded classification of sexual orientation. METHOD: We collapsed three waves of National Alcohol Survey data, restricting the analytic sample to White (n = 5,689), Black (n = 1,237), and Latino (n = 1,549) men with complete information on sexual orientation and alcohol use. Using self-reported sexual identity and behavior, respondents were categorized as exclusively heterosexual (referent), behaviorally discordant heterosexuals (i...
May 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499107/bias-in-assessing-effects-of-substance-use-from-observational-studies-what-do-longitudinal-data-tell-us-a-commentary-on-staff-and-maggs-2017
#12
Tanya Chikritzhs, Timothy S Naimi, Tim Stockwell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499106/alcohol-and-cigarette-use-from-ages-23-to-55-links-with-health-and-well-being-in-the-long-term-national-child-development-study
#13
Jeremy Staff, Jennifer Maggs
OBJECTIVE: Using longitudinal data from the National Child Development Study, an ongoing study of a nationally representative British cohort born in 1958 (n = 9,137; 51% female), we examined how patterns of alcohol and cigarette use from young adulthood (age 23) to midlife (age 55) are associated with health and well-being. METHOD: We first used a nonparametric multilevel latent class specification to identify eight unique paths of alcohol and cigarette use from ages 23 to 55, and then assessed how these long-term latent paths related to overall health, heart problems, chronic illness, and quality of life at midlife...
May 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499105/whether-low-volume-alcohol-use-is-cardio-protective-is-important-for-public-health-policy-so-the-available-evidence-deserves-critical-analysis-the-authors-respond
#14
Tim Stockwell, Jinhui Zhao, Tanya Chikritzhs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499104/robustness-of-the-j-shaped-association-of-alcohol-with-coronary-heart-disease-risk
#15
Eric L Ding, Kenneth J Mukamal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499103/no-benefit-of-light-to-moderate-drinking-for-mortality-from-coronary-heart-disease-when-better-comparison-groups-and-controls-included-a-commentary-on-zhao-et-al-2017
#16
Jennifer L Maggs, Jeremy Staff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499102/alcohol-consumption-and-mortality-from-coronary-heart-disease-an-updated-meta-analysis-of-cohort-studies
#17
Jinhui Zhao, Tim Stockwell, Audra Roemer, Timothy Naimi, Tanya Chikritzhs
OBJECTIVE: Previous meta-analyses estimate that low-volume alcohol consumption protects against coronary heart disease (CHD). Potential errors in studies include systematic misclassification of drinkers as abstainers, inadequate measurement, and selection bias across the life course. METHOD: Prospective studies of alcohol consumption and CHD mortality were identified in scholarly databases and reference lists. Studies were coded for potential abstainer biases and other study characteristics...
May 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499101/targeting-stress-neuroadaptations-for-addiction-treatment-a-commentary-on-kaye-et-al-2017
#18
Terril L Verplaetse, Sherry A McKee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499100/probing-for-neuroadaptations-to-unpredictable-stressors-in-addiction-translational-methods-and-emerging-evidence
#19
Jesse T Kaye, Daniel E Bradford, Katherine P Magruder, John J Curtin
Stressors clearly contribute to addiction etiology and relapse in humans, but our understanding of specific mechanisms remains limited. Rodent models of addiction offer the power, flexibility, and precision necessary to delineate the causal role and specific mechanisms through which stressors influence alcohol and other drug use. This review describes a program of research using startle potentiation to unpredictable stressors that is well positioned to translate between animal models and clinical research with humans on stress neuroadaptations in addiction...
May 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499098/editor-s-corner-does-a-little-drinking-make-your-heart-grow-stronger
#20
Raul Caetano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
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