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Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936377/broad-thinking-an-interview-with-harold-kalant
#1
Harold Kalant
In this interview, Harold Kalant, M.D., Ph.D., professor emeritus at the University of Toronto, talks about his career in addiction science; his professional associations with E. M. Jellinek, Griffith Edwards, and other luminaries; the growth of the addiction field; and the issue of cannabis legalization in Canada, among other topics.
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936376/peer-network-counseling-as-brief-treatment-for-urban-adolescent-heavy-cannabis-users
#2
Michael J Mason, Roy Sabo, Nikola M Zaharakis
OBJECTIVE: A small body of evidence supports targeting adolescents who are heavy users of cannabis with brief interventions, yet more research is needed to confirm the effectiveness of these studies. We conducted a secondary analysis of our Peer Network Counseling (PNC) study (Mason et al., 2015), focusing on 46 adolescents of the sample of 119 who reported heavy cannabis use at baseline. METHOD: Urban adolescents (91% African American) presenting for primary health care were randomized to intervention or control conditions and followed for 6 months...
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936375/putting-adolescents-at-risk-riding-with-drinking-drivers-who-are-adults-in-the-home
#3
Sion K Harris, Julie K Johnson, Lon Sherritt, Sarah Copelas, Melissa A Rappo, Celeste R Wilson
OBJECTIVE: Alcohol-related car crashes are a leading cause of adolescent death, and one in five U.S. adolescents reports recent riding in a car with a drinking driver. How often the driver is an adult in the home (e.g., parent) is unknown. Pediatric visits offer an opportunity to counsel families to reduce this risk. Our study aim was to determine the prevalence of recent riding with a drinking driver (RWDD) who was an adult in the home among adolescent primary care patients and to identify the demographic and environmental (substance use among family members) profiles of those at increased risk...
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936374/testing-a-matching-hypothesis-for-emerging-adults-in-project-match-during-treatment-and-one-year-outcomes
#4
Jordan P Davis, Brandon G Bergman, Douglas C Smith, John F Kelly
OBJECTIVE: Compared with older adults, emerging adults (18-29 years old) entering treatment typically have less severe alcohol use consequences. Also, their unique clinical presentations (e.g., modest initial abstinence motivation) and developmental contexts (e.g., drinking-rich social networks) may make a straightforward implementation of treatments developed for adults less effective. Yet, this has seldom been examined empirically. This study was a secondary analysis of Project MATCH (Matching Alcoholism Treatments to Client Heterogeneity) data examining (a) overall differences between emerging adults and older adults (≥30 years old) on outcomes during treatment and at 1-year follow-up, and (b) whether emerging adults had poorer outcomes on any of the three Project MATCH treatments in particular...
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936373/is-4-20-an-event-specific-marijuana-holiday-a-daily-diary-investigation-of-marijuana-use-and-consequences-among-college-students
#5
Adrian J Bravo, Matthew R Pearson, Bradley T Conner, Jamie E Parnes
OBJECTIVE: Given the popular association between April 20 ("4/20") and marijuana, the present study examined marijuana use and consequences on 4/20 compared with other days in order to test whether 4/20 is a high-risk, event-specific marijuana use holiday among college student marijuana users. METHOD: Fifty-nine college student marijuana users from three different, large U.S. universities located in Virginia, New Mexico, and Colorado completed daily brief surveys (<10 minutes) over a 12-day (April 15-April 26) period assessing prior-day marijuana use (i...
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936372/strategic-self-presentation-or-authentic-communication-predicting-adolescents-alcohol-references-on-social-media
#6
Femke Geusens, Kathleen Beullens
OBJECTIVE: The current study is one of the first to examine how self-reported alcohol consumption, friends' perceived alcohol consumption, and the perceived number of friends sharing alcohol references on social networking sites (SNS) is associated with adolescents' sharing of alcohol references on SNS. METHOD: A cross-sectional paper-and-pencil survey was administered among 3,172 adolescents (n = 3,133 used for analyses, mean age = 17.16 years, SD = 0.93; 50.7% male)...
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936371/testing-cross-sectional-and-prospective-mediators-of-internalized-heterosexism-on-heavy-drinking-alcohol-problems-and-psychological-distress-among-heavy-drinking-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#7
Alexis Kuerbis, Ethan H Mereish, Marie Hayes, Christine M Davis, Sijing Shao, Jon Morgenstern
OBJECTIVE: Minority stress theory is one of the primary theories used to understand substance use among lesbian, gay, and bisexual populations. This study tested whether drinking to cope with stress (DTC), loneliness, and gay community participation (GCP) mediated the relationship between one type of minority stress (i.e., internalized heterosexism) and behavioral health outcomes. METHOD: Using secondary data analysis and the PROCESS procedure, relationships between internalized heterosexism, the mediators (DTC, loneliness, and GCP), and outcomes (heavy drinking, alcohol problems, and psychological distress) were explored, both cross-sectionally and in a lagged manner, among both treatment-seeking and non-treatment-seeking problem drinking men who have sex with men...
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936370/episodic-future-thinking-involving-the-nonsmoking-self-can-induce-lower-discounting-and-cigarette-consumption
#8
Wen-Bin Chiou, Wen-Hsiung Wu
OBJECTIVE: Building on recent advances showing that the engagement in episodic future thinking (EFT) rather than semantic future thinking (SFT) can induce individuals to delay gratification and that activation of the ideal self may promote goal attainment, we tested whether imagining life events after smoking cessation led to lower discounting and reduced smoking. METHOD: Ninety smokers (21 women, 69 men) with intentions to quit or reduce smoking were randomly assigned to one of the three experimental conditions: EFT, SFT, and control...
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936369/the-association-between-body-image-and-behavioral-misperception-bibm-and-alcohol-use-among-high-school-girls-results-from-the-2013-youth-risk-behavioral-survey
#9
Anna C Schlissel, Taylort T Schwartz, Margie R Skeer
OBJECTIVE: The need to be thin is pervasive in adolescent culture and is associated with increased risk outcomes among adolescent girls. Body image and behavioral misperception (BIBM) exists when there is a disconnect between body weight perception and actions taken related to perceived weight status. To understand this further, we examined the relationship between BIBM and alcohol use among high school girls in the United States. METHOD: Using 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey data, we ran survey-weighted multivariable logistic regression analyses to examine BIBM and (a) lifetime alcohol use, (b) current alcohol use, and (c) current heavy episodic drinking (≥5 drinks in a few hours) among female high school students (N = 6,579)...
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936368/utility-of-brief-versions-of-the-alcohol-use-disorders-identification-test-audit-to-identify-excessive-drinking-among-patients-in-hiv-care-in-south-africa
#10
Neo K Morojele, Sebenzile Nkosi, Connie T Kekwaletswe, Paul A Shuper, Samuel O Manda, Bronwyn Myers, Charles D H Parry
OBJECTIVE: In sub-Saharan Africa, large proportions of patients who are on antiretroviral therapy (ART) engage in excessive alcohol use, which may lead to adverse health consequences and may go undetected. Consequently, health care workers need brief screening tools to be able to routinely identify and manage excessive alcohol use among their patients. Various brief versions of the valid and reliable 10-item Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) (i.e., the AUDIT-C, AUDIT-3, AUDIT-QF, AUDIT-PC, AUDIT-4, and m-FAST) may potentially replace the full AUDIT in busy HIV care settings...
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936367/alcohol-warning-label-perceptions-do-warning-sizes-and-plain-packaging-matter
#11
Mohammed Al-Hamdani, Steven M Smith
OBJECTIVE: There is a dearth of research on the effectiveness of stringent alcohol warning labels. Our experiment tested whether increasing the size of an alcohol health warning lowers product-based ratings. We examined whether plain packaging lowers ratings of alcohol products and the consumers who use them, increases ratings of bottle "boringness," and enhances warning recognition compared with branded packaging. METHOD: A total of 440 adults (51.7% female) viewed one of three warning sizes (50%, 75%, or 90% of label surface) on either a plain or branded bottle of distilled spirits, wine, and beer...
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936366/the-association-between-secondhand-harms-from-alcohol-and-mental-health-outcomes-among-postsecondary-students
#12
Kara Thompson, Parnell Davis-MacNevin, Michael Teehan, Sherry Stewart
OBJECTIVE: There is a paucity of research on the prevalence and consequences of secondhand harms from alcohol. The current study (a) investigated whether secondhand harms can be clustered into latent factors that reflect distinct but related types of harms and (b) examined the associations between experiencing secondhand harms and mental health outcomes, including anxiety, depression, and subjective mental well-being, among first-year Canadian postsecondary students. The moderating effect of living arrangement (i...
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936365/how-much-is-too-much-patterns-of-drinking-during-alcohol-treatment-and-associations-with-post-treatment-outcomes-across-three-alcohol-clinical-trials
#13
Katie Witkiewitz, Corey R Roos, Matthew R Pearson, Kevin A Hallgren, Stephen A Maisto, Megan Kirouac, Alyssa A Forcehimes, Adam D Wilson, Charles S Robinson, Elizabeth McCallion, J Scott Tonigan, Nick Heather
OBJECTIVE: This secondary data analysis examined patterns of drinking during alcohol treatment and associated drinking outcomes during the first year following treatment. The goal was to provide clinicians with guidance on which patients may be most at risk for negative long-term outcomes based on drinking patterns during treatment. METHOD: This study was an analysis of existing data (N = 3,851) from three randomized clinical trials for alcohol use disorder: the COMBINE Study (n = 1,383), Project MATCH (n = 1,726), and the United Kingdom Alcohol Treatment Trial (n = 742)...
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936364/parent-offspring-resemblance-for-drinking-behaviors-in-a-longitudinal-twin-sample
#14
Gretchen R B Saunders, Matt McGue, William G Iacono, Irene J Elkins
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current study was to evaluate parent-offspring resemblance for alcohol consumption and dependence symptoms, including sex-specific effects, and how these patterns change across adolescence and early adulthood. METHOD: Three cohorts of twins were assessed longitudinally at five time points between ages 14 and 29 years, with parents directly assessed at intake, using structured interviews. Twin offspring and parents from the population-based Minnesota Twin Family Study were included for a total sample size of 3,762 offspring (52% female) and their parents...
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936363/predictors-of-patterns-of-alcohol-related-blackouts-over-time-in-youth-from-the-collaborative-study-of-the-genetics-of-alcoholism-the-roles-of-genetics-and-cannabis
#15
Marc A Schuckit, Tom L Smith, Alexandra Shafir, Peyton Clausen, George Danko, Priscila Dib Gonçalves, Robert M Anthenelli, Grace Chan, Samuel Kuperman, Michie Hesselbrock, Victor Hesselbrock, John Kramer, Kathleen K Bucholz
OBJECTIVE: Alcohol-related blackouts (ARBs) are anterograde amnesias related to heavy alcohol intake seen in about 50% of drinkers. Although a major determinant of ARBs relates to blood alcohol concentrations, additional contributions come from genetic vulnerabilities and possible impacts of cannabis use disorders (CUDs). We evaluated relationships of genetics and cannabis use to latent class trajectories of ARBs in 829 subjects from the Collaborative Study of the Genetics of Alcoholism (COGA)...
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936362/prevalence-of-self-reported-prescription-drug-use-in-a-national-sample-of-u-s-drivers
#16
Tara Kelley-Baker, Geetha Waehrer, Robin A Pollini
OBJECTIVE: Drug-involved driving has become an increasing concern. Although the focus has been on illegal drugs, there is evidence that prescribed medications can impair driving ability. The purpose of this study was to determine the self-reported prevalence of prescription drug use, including medical and nonmedical use, among a nationally representative sample of drivers and to report related driver characteristics. METHOD: As part of the 2013-2014 National Roadside Survey, drivers from 60 sites were randomly recruited and asked to complete a survey on prescription drug use...
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936361/the-relationship-between-drinking-pattern-social-capital-and-area-deprivation-findings-from-the-health-survey-for-england
#17
Linda Ng Fat, Shaun Scholes, Stephen Jivraj
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to establish the relationships between heavy episodic and drinking frequency with area-deprivation and social capital in England. METHOD: Using the Health Survey for England 2002-2006, a nationally representative crosssectional survey (N = 54,422), multilevel logistic regression models with individuals nested within primary sampling units were carried out, stratified by sex, on (a) drinkers versus nondrinkers, (b) heavy episodic drinking versus drinking less (on the heaviest drinking day), and (c) fewer than 2 drink-free days versus at least 2 drink-free days...
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936360/it-depends-on-how-you-look-at-it-the-role-of-alcohol-in-men-s-sexual-aggression-perpetration
#18
Maria Testa, Michael J Cleveland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936359/does-alcohol-really-contribute-to-college-men-s-sexual-assault-perpetration-a-commentary-on-testa-and-cleveland-2017
#19
William H George, Kelly Cue Davis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936358/moving-beyond-simple-answers-to-complex-questions-how-does-context-affect-alcohol-s-role-in-sexual-assault-perpetration-a-commentary-on-testa-and-cleveland-2017
#20
Antonia Abbey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
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