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Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs

Yusuke Shono, Susan L Ames, Michael C Edwards, Alan W Stacy
OBJECTIVE: The Rutgers Alcohol Problem Index (RAPI) has been used extensively as a measure of alcohol-related problems experienced by adolescents and young adults. The present study aimed to comprehensively examine the psychometric profile and criterion-related validity of an 18-item RAPI adapted to measure negative consequences resulting from alcohol and other drug use in an at-risk adolescent population. METHOD: Categorical confirmatory factor analysis and the graded response model were used for evaluations of the latent factor structure, item properties, test information, and item invariance across gender, age groups (middle vs...
July 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Bonnie McRee, Thomas F Babor, Miranda L Lynch, Janice A Vendetti
OBJECTIVE: The Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST), developed for the World Health Organization (WHO), screens for risks associated with the use of tobacco, alcohol, and seven categories of drugs. Although the ASSIST has acceptable psychometric properties, it is relatively long for a screening test. This study was designed to identify a subset of questions from the full ASSIST instrument having comparable psychometric properties for the classification of low-, moderate-, and high-risk substance use...
July 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Florian Labhart, Rutger Engels, Emmanuel Kuntsche
OBJECTIVE: Young people often drink more alcohol than intended over the course of a night. This study investigates individual and night-specific factors predicting young people's acknowledgment of having drunk more than intended. METHOD: Using the Youth@Night smartphone application, 176 people aged 16-25 documented 757 Friday and Saturday nights. Participants recorded their drinking intentions at the beginning of the night, the composition of the social and physical environment over the course of the night, and, the next morning, the previous night's total consumption and whether they had drunk more than intended or experienced other alcohol-related consequences...
July 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Jordan Sparks Waldron, Stephen M Malone, Matt McGue, William G Iacono
OBJECTIVE: The effect of drinking during adolescence on adult functioning is a public health concern. A variety of mechanisms have been proposed where drinking in adolescence has an adverse impact on later outcomes; unfortunately, few studies have included methodologies that account for confounding influences that might link adolescent drinking with subsequent problems. To address this limitation, the current study used a co-twin control design, which uses members of twin pairs that differ from each other on their adolescent drinking...
July 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Nathaniel S Thomas, Amy Adkins, Fazil Aliev, Alexis C Edwards, Bradley T Webb, E Clare Tiarsmith, Kenneth S Kendler, Danielle M Dick, Karen G Chartier
OBJECTIVE: Evidence suggests that the nature and magnitude of some genetic effects on alcohol use vary by age. We tested for moderation in the effect of an alcohol metabolizing polygenic score by time across the college years. METHOD: Participants (total n = 2,214) were drawn from three cohorts of undergraduate college students, who were assessed annually for up to 4 years starting in their freshman year. Polygenic risk scores (PRSs) were calculated from genes involved in the metabolism of alcohol, as many of these markers are among the best replicated in association studies examining alcohol use phenotypes...
July 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Jarrod M Ellingson, Wendy S Slutske, Alvaro Vergés, Andrew K Littlefield, Dixie J Statham, Nicholas G Martin
OBJECTIVE: Dual-systems models hypothesize that individuals who tend to be drawn to risky behavior and are low in self-control are at greatest risk for alcohol use disorder (AUD). Importantly, these models assume that behavioral approach tendencies and self-control are distinct. This study investigated hypotheses and assumptions central to dual-systems models. METHOD: Participants were 3,509 members of a national twin registry (58% female). Structured interviews assessed alcohol use and AUD symptoms...
July 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
John R Knight, Ladislav Csemy, Lon Sherritt, Olga Starostova, Shari Van Hook, Janine Bacic, Caroline Finlay, Jessica Tauber, Traci Brooks, Robert Kossack, John W Kulig, Judith Shaw, Sion Kim Harris
OBJECTIVE: Alcohol- and drug-related car crashes are a leading cause of death for adolescents in the United States. This analysis tested the effects of a computer-facilitated Screening and Brief Advice (cSBA) system for primary care on adolescents' reports of driving after drinking or drug use (driving) and riding with substance-using drivers (riding). METHOD: Twelve- to 18-year-old patients (N = 2,096) at nine New England pediatric offices completed assessments only during the initial 18-month treatment-as-usual (TAU) phase...
July 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Sarah C Boyle, Andrew M Earle, Nate McCabe, Joseph W LaBrie
OBJECTIVE: Despite its prominence in the health communication literature, psychological reactance has rarely been considered as a factor that may undermine web-based Personalized Normative Feedback (PNF) alcohol interventions for college students. This study built on recent gamification work to examine how chance-based uncertainty, a popular game mechanic associated with motivation and attention in digital games for learning, might be leveraged to reduce the psychological reactance experienced by heavy drinking students receiving alcohol PNF, thereby leading to larger reductions in their alcohol consumption...
July 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Sarah M Wilson, Thomas K Burroughs, Amie R Newins, Eric A Dedert, Alyssa M Medenblik, Scott D McDonald, Jean C Beckham, Patrick S Calhoun
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine among veterans (a) whether alcohol consumption patterns are associated with probability of psychiatric symptoms and (b) whether an alcohol use disorder (AUD) history explains psychiatric symptoms among nondrinkers. METHOD: Data were collected from 3,003 veterans (20.5% women). Gender-stratified logistic models examined the association between alcohol consumption pattern and the odds of symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and suicidality...
July 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Joseph Studer, Nicolas Bertholet, Stéphanie Baggio, Jacques Gaume, Véronique S Grazioli, Ansgar Rougemont-Bücking, Jean-Bernard Daeppen, Gerhard Gmel
OBJECTIVE: Although several studies have investigated longitudinal associations between social norms and alcohol use behaviors, less is known about associations between social norms and use of other substances, such as cigarettes and cannabis. The present study aimed to examine the temporal ordering of descriptive norms and cigarette and cannabis use over time. METHOD: A sample of 5,158 young Swiss men from the Cohort Study on Substance Use Risk Factors (C-SURF) completed baseline and 15-month follow-up questionnaires assessing frequency of use and descriptive norms of cigarette and cannabis use...
July 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Thor Norström, Mats Ramstedt
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have suggested a weakening of the relationship between population drinking and harm in Sweden. The aim of the present article was to estimate this association on the basis of more recent Swedish time-series data. METHOD: The Swedish state monopoly's (Systembolaget) alcohol sales were used as a proxy for population drinking, expressed in liters 100% alcohol per capita ages 15 and older. As indicators of harm we used mortality (cirrhosis mortality, accidents, and suicide), police-reported assaults, and drink driving...
July 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Bohyun Joy Jang, Megan S Schuler, Rebecca J Evans-Polce, Megan E Patrick
OBJECTIVE: Young adult substance use is linked with the risk of substance use disorders (SUDs) later in adulthood. Marriage may be part of this pathway because of both selection effects (early substance use reducing marriage) and socialization effects (marriage reducing later substance use and disorder). We examine whether marital status mediates the association between young adult substance use and subsequent SUDs, using causal mediation methods to strengthen inferences. METHOD: Using panel data from high school seniors in 1990-1998, we examined whether the effects of two exposures (level of alcohol/marijuana use at age 19/20) on the outcomes (alcohol use disorder [AUD]/ marijuana use disorder [MUD], nondisordered use, or abstinence at age 35) were mediated by marital status at age 29/30...
July 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Pernille Bendtsen, Anette Andersen, Mogens Trab Damsgaard, Pernille Due, Mette Rasmussen, Bjørn E Holstein
OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether social inequality in frequent drunkenness among Danish adolescents changed from 1991 to 2014. METHOD: We used data from the international Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study, which provided nationally representative samples of 15-year-olds from seven comparable cross-sectional studies in Denmark (N = 8,655). The students provided data about frequency of drunkenness and parents' occupation. RESULTS: In total, 38...
July 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Nathalie Auger, Thuy Mai Luu, Jessica Healy-Profitós, Annick Gauthier, Ernest Lo, William D Fraser
OBJECTIVE: Infants with neonatal abstinence syndrome have significant morbidity, but the association with birth defects is poorly understood. This study aimed to determine how neonatal abstinence syndrome is related to birth defects, including the joint impact of neonatal abstinence syndrome and birth defects on infant morbidity. METHOD: A population-based cohort of 1,944,804 neonates born in the hospitals of Quebec, Canada (1989-2013), was compiled with data on maternal exposures and infant outcomes after delivery...
July 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Eduardo Romano, Pedro A Torres-Saavedra, Hilda I Calderón Cartagena, Robert B Voas, Anthony Ramírez
OBJECTIVE: Using data from 2013-2014, this article aims to update alcohol-related fatal crash relative risk estimates, defined as the risk of dying in those crashes at different blood alcohol concentrations (BACs) relative to the risk of dying in a crash when sober (BAC = .00 g/dl), and to examine any change in risk that could have taken place between 2007 and 2013-2014. More specifically, we examine changes in risk among BAC = .00 g/dl drivers and among BAC > .00 g/ dl drivers. METHOD: We matched and merged crash data from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) and exposure data from the National Roadside Survey (NRS)...
July 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Tetsuya Matsubayashi, Kanako Yoshikawa
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies showed that reducing the minimum legal drinking age (MLDA) could cause negative health outcomes among youth. This evidence was drawn primarily from a limited set of geographical regions. This study seeks to widen available evidence by using data from Japan, where the government started considering reducing the MLDA from 20 to 18. METHOD: Using a regression discontinuity design, we compared emergency service event rates related to alcohol intoxication and mortality rates through external causes between those who were slightly younger and older than the age of 20...
July 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Nason Maani Hessari, Cecile Knai, Karine Gallopel-Morvan, Mark Petticrew, Morgane Guillou Landreat
OBJECTIVE: The Loi Évin legislation restricts alcohol advertising in France and is more comprehensive than the self-regulation-based U.K. approach. Through contributions to news media and parliamentary processes, stakeholders can play an important role in framing the debate around public policy. This project therefore aimed to analyze how the Loi Évin has been represented since its inception in U.K. media and Parliament by the advertising and alcohol industries, politicians, and nongovernmental organizations...
July 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Amie L Haas, Robert E Wickham, Kevin McKenna, Emily Morimoto, Lisa M Brown
OBJECTIVE: This study summarizes the association between medical amnesty policy (MAP) implementation and drinking behaviors at a 4-year university. METHOD: First-year students (N = 1,246; 50.8% male) were assessed in the academic year pre- (2009-2010, n = 571) and post-implementation (2010-2011, n = 675). A cohort-sequential design was used. Students were assessed at college entry and end-of-year. Self-report measures assessed recent alcohol use, physiological consequences, and helping behaviors specific to alcohol-related medical emergencies...
July 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Dan Chisholm, Daniela Moro, Melanie Bertram, Carel Pretorius, Gerrit Gmel, Kevin Shield, Jürgen Rehm
OBJECTIVE: Evidence on the comparative cost-effectiveness of alcohol control strategies is a relevant input into public policy and resource allocation. At the global level, this evidence has been used to identify so-called best buys for noncommunicable disease prevention and control. This article uses global evidence on alcohol use exposures and risk relations, as well as on intervention costs and impacts, to re-examine the comparative cost-effectiveness of a range of alcohol control strategies...
July 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Thomas F Babor, Judit H Ward
The name predatory publisher has been applied by academic librarian Jeffrey Beall to describe an open-access, scholarly publishing business model in which publication fees are charged to authors without providing the editorial judgment, peer-review process, and publishing services associated with more established journals. In the addiction field, as many as 20 journal titles now operate according to this model, and most of their editors are either nonexistent or impossible to contact. Although predatory publishing should not be equated with open access, this article argues that predatory publishers are diluting scientific quality in the addiction field by taking advantage of the open-access movement...
July 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
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