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Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs

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November 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Mark B Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Kevin A Hallgren, David C Atkins, Katie Witkiewitz
OBJECTIVE: Statistical analyses in alcohol clinical trials often use longitudinal daily drinking data (e.g., percentage of drinking days) to test treatment efficacy. Such data can be aggregated and analyzed in many ways. To assess how statistical analytic decisions may influence substantive results, the current report compares different aggregation methods (e.g., computing percentages of drinking days vs. using daily binary indicators of drinking) and statistical methods (i.e., least squares regression, linear mixed-effects models [LMM], generalized linear mixed models [GLMM], and generalized estimating equations [GEE]) for testing the effects of treatment on drinking outcomes in clinical trials...
November 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Mike C Parent, Tyler C Bradstreet, Margaret Piper, Travis Brace, Thomas J Parkman
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the association between team sport participation and substance use, and racial/ ethnic disparities, among U.S. adolescents. METHOD: Data from 6,721 male and 6,761 female high school students in the 2013 Youth Behavior Risk Survey were used. Logistic regression was used to assess the relationship between team sport participation and substance use across gender and race/ethnicity. RESULTS: Among males, participation in team sports was associated with increased risk for use of smokeless tobacco (odds ratio [OR] = 1...
November 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Mark Asbridge, Jenny Cartwright, Kevin Wilson, Donald Langille
OBJECTIVE: This article examines early age at first drink (AFD) (14 years and younger) and alcohol-related problems, with a focus on experiences of drunkenness. It challenges the assumption that all early AFD is harmful by investigating whether early drinkers who typically consume alcohol in moderation experience minimal problems or harms. METHOD: Participants were drawn from the 2012 Student Drug Use Survey in Canada's Atlantic Provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Newfoundland and Labrador, an anonymous cross-sectional survey of high school students (ages 15-19 years)...
November 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Jennifer L Brown, Ralph J DiClemente, Jessica M Sales, Eve S Rose, Nicole K Gause, Polina Safonova, Olga Levina, Nikolay Belyakov, Vadim V Rassokhin
OBJECTIVE: Alcohol use is a prominent factor correlated with HIV risk behavior engagement. Hazardous drinking is prevalent among Russian women and may contribute to decreased condom use. Event-based studies suggest that HIV risk behaviors may vary based on situational factors including partner characteristics and alcohol use. This study investigated the effect of situational factors on condom use during the most recent sexual encounter among a sample of HIV-infected Russian women. METHOD: HIV-infected women (n = 239; mean age = 30...
November 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Adrian J Bravo, Mark A Prince, Matthew R Pearson
OBJECTIVE: In the present study, we examined whether we could replicate previous findings that use of protective behavioral strategies (PBSs) mediates the associations between distal antecedents and alcohol-related outcomes in an independent sample. Further, we examined a more comprehensive model to determine which constructs uniquely (i.e., controlling for other distal antecedents) relate to PBS use and alcohol-related outcomes. METHOD: Participants were recruited from a psychology department participant pool at a large, southwestern university in the United States (N = 628)...
November 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Chloe S Gordon, Steven J Howard, Sandra C Jones, Lisa K Kervin
OBJECTIVE: A 10-lesson alcohol media literacy program was developed, underpinned by the message interpretation processing model, inoculation theory, and constructivist learning theory, and was tailored to be culturally relevant to the Australian context. This program aimed to increase students' media deconstruction skills and reduce intent to drink alcohol. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the program in achieving these goals through a short-term quasi-experimental trial...
November 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Melina Bersamin, Sharon Lipperman-Kreda, Christina Mair, Joel Grube, Paul Gruenewald
OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to better understand the situational, contextual, and social event-level characteristics that contribute to youth drinking behavior in the home. METHOD: We used survey data from 1,217 adolescents (15-18 years, 47.7% female) living in 24 midsized, noncontiguous California cities. The study focused on those who reported at least one drink during their last drinking occasion at home or a friend's home (n = 336). We obtained data about total drinks at last event as well as contextual and situational characteristics at last event, including adult presence, number of people present, participant's home or friend's home, ease of alcohol access, and gender ratio...
November 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Mona Christina Backhans, Natalja Balliu, Andreas Lundin, Tomas Hemmingsson
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the associations between unemployment and alcohol-related hospitalization or mortality and to what extent these associations may be confounded by alcohol consumption and alcohol problems before unemployment. METHOD: The study was based on the Stockholm Public Health Cohort (SPHC), a population-based stratified random sample with a baseline questionnaire in 2002/2003 and record linkages up to year 2011. The final sample in the study consists of 15,841 people aged 18-60 years...
November 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Karen J Derefinko, Richard J Charnigo, Jessica R Peters, Zachary W Adams, Richard Milich, Donald R Lynam
OBJECTIVE: The transition to college is an important developmental period for the development of alcohol, marijuana, and hard drug (cocaine, opiates, inhalants, stimulants, hallucinogens, Ecstasy, club drugs) use. The current study explored specific changes in substance use patterns during and after the transition to college through the use of trajectory analyses. METHOD: Participants were 526 students who reported retrospectively and prospectively on their substance use from age 13 through the junior year of college...
November 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Brian Suffoletto, Tammy Chung
OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify patterns of response (latent classes) to a text-message (short message service) intervention based on weekend drinking cognitions (e.g., drinking plans, commitment to a low consumption goal), and to examine how the latent classes differed in baseline characteristics and alcohol consumption outcomes. METHOD: We conducted a secondary analysis of 384 non-treatment seeking young adults with hazardous alcohol use randomly assigned to a 12-week short message service intervention...
November 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Liza Jachens, Jonathan Houdmont, Roslyn Thomas
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to explore the prevalence of heavy alcohol consumption and its association with stress-related working conditions-defined in terms of effort-reward imbalance (ERI)-among a large sample of humanitarian aid workers operating across four continents. Research has shown employee alcohol consumption has potential detrimental implications for health and work outcomes and is associated with exposure to work stressors. Research to identify links between stressful aspects of work and heavy alcohol consumption among humanitarian aid workers could usefully inform the design of sector-specific interventions concerned with the reduction of alcohol consumption...
November 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Matthew E Rossheim, Dennis L Thombs, Sumihiro Suzuki
OBJECTIVE: The current study examines associations between on- and off-premise alcohol retail outlets and HIV prevalence in counties across the United States during a 3-year period. METHOD: Health department and U.S. Census Bureau surveillance data were analyzed from 1,523 counties in 47 states, representing more than 86% of the U.S. population. Multilevel Poisson regression models were used to examine the association between the number of on- and off-premise alcohol outlets in a county and HIV prevalence in the same county, adjusting for the between-year correlation of HIV prevalence within each county...
November 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Samantha G Farris, Jane Metrik, Marcel O Bonn-Miller, Christopher W Kahler, Michael J Zvolensky
OBJECTIVE: The tendency to react with fear to anxiety-related sensations (anxiety sensitivity) and the inability to tolerate distressing psychological or physiological states (distress intolerance) are implicated in the comorbidity between affective psychopathology and cannabis use disorders. Emotionally vulnerable cannabis users may be particularly apt to use cannabis to cope with distress, which may both lead to and maintain its problematic use (e.g., dependence, craving). The current study tested a comprehensive model of anxiety sensitivity and distress intolerance as predictors of the number of cannabis dependence symptoms and problems, and severity of cannabis craving following deprivation from cannabis, and the mediating role of cannabis coping motives...
November 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Megan E Patrick, Bethany C Bray, Patricia A Berglund
OBJECTIVE: This study examines reasons for marijuana use among young adults age 19/20 in the United States and the extent to which patterns of reasons are associated with marijuana use and problems 15 years later. METHOD: The national Monitoring the Future study provided data on marijuana users at age 19/20 who were also surveyed at age 35 (n = 2,288; 50% women; 83% White). Latent class analysis was used to identify distinct patterns of reasons for marijuana use, which were then used as predictors of later marijuana use and problems...
November 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Lauren R Few, Julia D Grant, Elliot C Nelson, Timothy J Trull, Richard A Grucza, Kathleen K Bucholz, Karin J H Verweij, Nicholas G Martin, Dixie J Statham, Pamela A F Madden, Andrew C Heath, Michael T Lynskey, Arpana Agrawal
OBJECTIVE: Cannabis use, particularly at an early age, has been linked to suicidal thoughts and behavior, but minimal work has examined the association between cannabis use and lifetime nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI). The current study aims to characterize the overlap between lifetime and early cannabis use and NSSI and to examine genetic and environmental mechanisms of this association. METHOD: Adult male and female twins from the Australian Twin Registry (N = 9,583) were used to examine the odds of NSSI associated with lifetime cannabis use and early cannabis use (i...
November 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
David B Buller, W Gill Woodall, Robert Saltz, Randall Starling
OBJECTIVE: Four states are creating a regulated industry for the retail sale of cannabis products. This pilot study assessed refusal rates of sales to underage-appearing individuals without valid identification (ID) at retail outlets in Colorado. METHOD: State-licensed retail marijuana outlets (n = 20) in Colorado were included in the sample. Pseudo-underage assessment teams of a buyer and an observer visited each retail outlet once between 11 A.M. and 5 P.M. on four weekdays in August 2015...
November 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Jon Randolph Haber, Brooke Harris-Olenak, Thomas Burroughs, Theodore Jacob
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the residual effects of young adult diagnostic drinking on health outcomes four decades later in late life. Results were differentiated by drinking status during midlife. METHOD: A subsample of Vietnam Era Twin Registry members, all of whom had a lifetime diagnosis of alcohol dependence, was grouped according to life span drinking patterns as assessed by the Lifetime Drinking History interview in 2001. Those drinking at diagnostic levels (endorsing three or more alcohol dependence symptoms) before age 30 were then grouped based on their midlife drinking status (i...
November 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Stephen A Maisto, Katie Witkiewitz, Dezarie Moskal, Adam D Wilson
OBJECTIVE: Alcohol use disorder (AUD) relapse is a construct that has been of major clinical and research interest but has been inconsistently defined. The purpose of this study was to review the definitions of AUD relapse that have been used in clinical research as a basis for drawing conclusions about its heuristic value. METHOD: A systematic review of the literature was conducted on empirical studies that (a) were published in peer-reviewed journals, (b) were published between 2010 and 2015, (c) were written in English, and (d) provided a definition of alcohol relapse (or lapse) that was used in the study...
November 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
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