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Soft Matter

Ahmad R Mojdehi, Douglas P Holmes, David A Dillard
A generalized scaling law, based on the classical fracture mechanics approach, is developed to predict the bond strength of adhesive systems. The proposed scaling relationship depends on the rate of change of debond area with compliance, rather than the ratio of area to compliance. This distinction can have a profound impact on the expected bond strength of systems, particularly when the failure mechanism changes or the compliance of the load train increases. Based on the classical fracture mechanics approach for rate-independent materials, the load train compliance should not affect the force capacity of the adhesive system, whereas when the area to compliance ratio is used as the scaling parameter, it directly influences the bond strength, making it necessary to distinguish compliance contributions...
September 22, 2017: Soft Matter
S C O'Neill, Z H Bhuiyan, R S Tu
We have designed a peptide conjugated poly-ethylene glycol (PEG) bioconjugate system that allows us to examine the intra- and inter-molecular dynamics of gelation. We measure the kinetics of gelation for end-functionalized linear- and star-architectures, and we correlate the gelation behavior with the molecular structure and self-association. The 23-amino acid peptide sequence is known to form a coiled-coil structure as a function of the solution's electrolyte concentration, and the two topologies of the PEG are peptide end-functionalized to examine formation of supramolecular assemblies...
September 22, 2017: Soft Matter
Sukwoo Jang, Kyungtae Kim, Jonghyuk Jeon, Donghwi Kang, Byeong-Hyeok Sohn
Supracolloidal chains of diblock copolymer micelles were functionalized with gold and silver nanoparticles (NPs). Both NPs were independently synthesized in situ in the core of spherical micelles which were then converted to patchy micelles. With these patchy micelles as colloidal monomers, supracolloidal chains were polymerized by combining the patches of neighboring micelles. Since all micelles contained NPs, NPs were incorporated in every repeat unit of chains. In addition, a single gold NP was synthesized in the micellar core in contrast to several silver NPs so that we differentiated the chains with Au NPs from those with Ag NPs by the number of NPs in the repeat unit as well as by plasmonic bands in UV-Vis spectra...
September 22, 2017: Soft Matter
Alexander L Dubov, Taras Y Molotilin, Olga I Vinogradova
We propose a novel microfluidic fractionation concept suitable for neutrally buoyant micron-sized particles. This approach takes advantage of the ability of grooved channel walls oriented at an angle to the direction of an external electric field to generate a transverse electroosmotic flow. Using computer simulations, we first demonstrate that the velocity of this secondary transverse flow depends on the distance from the wall, so neutrally buoyant particles, depending on their size and initial location, will experience different lateral displacements...
September 22, 2017: Soft Matter
Michiel A J van Limbeek, Paul B J Hoefnagels, Chao Sun, Detlef Lohse
In many applications, it is crucial to control the heat transfer rate of impacting drops on a heated plate. When the solid exceeds the so-called Leidenfrost temperature, an impacting drop is prevented from contacting the plate by its own evaporation. But the decrease in the resulting cooling efficiency of the impacting drop is yet not quantitatively understood. Here, we experimentally study the impact of such water drops on smooth heated surfaces of various substances. We demonstrate that, in contrast to previous results for other liquids, water exhibits spray in the vertical direction when impacting sapphire and silicon...
September 22, 2017: Soft Matter
Qi Lin, Peng-Peng Mao, Yan-Qing Fan, Pei-Pei Jia, Juan Liu, You-Ming Zhang, Hong Yao, Tai-Bao Wei
A novel ionic supramolecular gel (is-G) is synthesized using N-(pyridinium-4-yl)-naphthalimide (G1) and n-pentanoic acid. By rationally introducing competitive coordination into is-G, two ion coordinated ionic supramolecular gels is-IG and is-FeG (coordinated with I(-) and Fe(3+), respectively) are obtained. is-IG could fluorescently "turn-on" detect Hg(2+) and l-Arg with specific selectivity, whereas, is-FeG could accurately identify l-Ser via fluorescence in water. Moreover, ion or amino acid responsive films based on these ionic supramolecular gels are prepared...
September 21, 2017: Soft Matter
Armelle Keiser, Ludovic Keiser, Christophe Clanet, David Quéré
We discuss in this paper the nature of the friction generated as a drop glides on a textured material infused by another liquid. Different regimes are found, depending on the viscosities of both liquids. While a viscous drop simply obeys a Stokes-type friction, the force opposing a drop moving on a viscous substrate becomes non-linear in velocity. A liquid on an infused material is surrounded by a meniscus, and this specific feature is proposed to be responsible for the special frictions observed on both adhesive and non-adhesive substrates...
September 21, 2017: Soft Matter
Miroslav Jurásek, Robert Vácha
The design of complex self-assembled structures remains a challenging task due to the intricate relationship between the properties of the building blocks and the final morphology of the aggregates. Here, we report such a relationship for rod-like particles with one or two attractive patches based on a combination of computer simulations and analytical theory. We investigated the formation of finite aggregates under various conditions and constructed structure diagrams, which can be used to determine and extrapolate the system composition...
September 21, 2017: Soft Matter
Qi Lin, Xiao-Mei Jiang, Lu Liu, Jin-Fa Chen, You-Ming Zhang, Hong Yao, Tai-Bao Wei
A novel organic gelator (PZ) has been synthesized by rationally connecting a pillar[5]arene moiety and a bis(hexadecyloxy)phenyl functionalized acylhydrazone moiety. PZ could self-assemble into a supramolecular polymer and form a stable organogel (OPZ) in cyclohexanol by multi-self-assembly driving forces such as C-Hπ, ππ, vdW and hydrogen bonding interactions. The organogel (OPZ) shows blue aggregation-induced emission (AIE). Interestingly, the organogel OPZ could sense iodide ions (I(-)) in the gel-gel state with high selectivity and sensitivity...
September 21, 2017: Soft Matter
Daniel Vågberg, Brian P Tighe
We use simulations to probe the flow properties of dense two-dimensional magnetorheological fluids. Prior results from both experiments and simulations report that the shear stress σ scales with strain rate [small gamma, Greek, dot above] as σ ∼ [small gamma, Greek, dot above](1-Δ), with values of the exponent ranging between 2/3 < Δ ≤ 1. However it remains unclear what properties of the system select the value of Δ, and in particular under what conditions the system displays a yield stress (Δ = 1)...
September 21, 2017: Soft Matter
Laura Vogel, Dietmar Janietz, Marko Prehm, Carsten Tschierske
2,4-Diamino-6-phenyl-1,3,5-triazines grafted with one or two semiperfluorinated chains at the phenyl substituent have been investigated in binary mixtures with one-chain and two-chain oligo(dimethylsiloxy) terminated 4-alkoxy- and 3,4-dialkoxybenzoic acids. Equimolar mixtures of the triazines with the complementary acids form discrete double hydrogen-bonded heterodimers with an elongated central core. Mesomorphic properties are observed only if at least two terminal fluoroalkyl chains are attached to the triazine entity...
September 20, 2017: Soft Matter
Junying Yang, Yi Hu, Rong Wang, Daiqian Xie
We investigated the co-assembly of nanoparticles P and amphiphilic diblock copolymers AB in selective solvents using a dissipative particle dynamics (DPD) method. By controlling the nanoparticle concentration and the interaction parameter between the hydrophobic blocks and the solvents, we found that the aggregation morphology can be changed from rod-like micelles to disk-like micelles and further to vesicles. The ratio of the hydrophobic/hydrophilic block and the nanoparticle concentration largely affects the structural characteristics of vesicles and the dispersion of nanoparticles...
September 20, 2017: Soft Matter
Anastasiia B Petrova, Christoph Herold, Eugene P Petrov
Membrane-mediated interactions and aggregation of colloidal particles adsorbed to responsive elastic membranes are challenging problems relevant for understanding the microscopic organization and dynamics of biological membranes. We experimentally study the behavior of rodlike semiflexible fd virus particles electrostatically adsorbed to freestanding cationic lipid membranes and find that their behavior can be controlled by tuning the membrane charge and ionic strength of the surrounding medium. Three distinct interaction regimes of rodlike virus particles with responsive elastic membranes can be observed...
September 20, 2017: Soft Matter
Mingming Ding, Xiaozheng Duan, Tongfei Shi
Using a hybrid simulation method that combines a lattice-Boltzmann approach for the flow and a molecular dynamics model for the polymer, we investigated the effect of solvent quality on the flow-induced polymer translocation through a nanopore. We demonstrate the nontrivial dependence of the translocation dynamics of polymers on the solvent quality, i.e., the enhancement in the polymer insolubility increases the critical velocity flux and shortens the translocation time. Accordingly, we propose a new strategy to separate polymers with different solubilities via their translocations in the nanopore by adjusting the velocity flux of the flow, which appears to be promising for the design of micro-scaled polymer separation devices...
September 20, 2017: Soft Matter
José Ferreira, Alesya Mikhailovskaya, Alexis Chenneviere, Frédéric Restagno, Fabrice Cousin, François Muller, Jéril Degrouard, Anniina Salonen, Eduardo F Marques
The self-aggregation, surface properties and foamability of the catanionic surfactant mixture cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB)/sodium octyl sulfonate (SOSo) have been investigated to obtain insight on the relation between bulk nanostructures, surfactant packing, and foam stability and aging. Light microscopy, SANS, cryo-TEM, DLS, surface tension, rheometry and direct photography were used to characterize mixtures with varying CTAB molar fraction, xCTAB. In the bulk, self-assembly is richer in the excess CTAB region than in the excess SOSo one...
September 20, 2017: Soft Matter
N A Traugutt, R H Volpe, M S Bollinger, M O Saed, A H Torbati, K Yu, Natalia Dadivanyan, C M Yakacki
This study presents the first direct comparison of the influence of liquid-crystal order during synthesis on the thermo-mechanical behaviors of main-chain liquid-crystal elastomers (LCEs) in thiol-acrylate networks. Six polydomain nematic elastomer (PNE) chemistries were compared directly by synthesizing with the mesogens in either an isotropic state (i-PNE) or a nematic state (n-PNE). The i-PNE networks were created in the presence of solvent, which disrupted any liquid-crystal order during network formation...
September 20, 2017: Soft Matter
A D Glova, S V Larin, S G Falkovich, V M Nazarychev, D A Tolmachev, N V Lukasheva, S V Lyulin
We present results from all-atom molecular dynamics simulations for the structural properties of oligomeric lactic acid chains (OLA) grafted to the surface of cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) and immersed in the melt of polylactic acid (PLA). Earlier, we have found that the distribution of free ends of OLA molecules is bimodal [Glova et al., Polym. Int., 2016, 65(8), 892]. The results cannot be explained within the standard picture of uncharged polymer brushes exposed to the melt of a chemically identical polymer...
September 19, 2017: Soft Matter
Michael Lerond, Daniel Bélanger, W G Skene
Diazonium chemistry concomitant with in situ electrochemical reduction was used to graft an aryl aldehyde to indium-tin oxide (ITO) coated glass substrates. This served as an anchor for preparing electroactive azomethines that were covalently bonded to the transparent electrode. The immobilized azomethines could undergo multiple step-wise component exchanges with different arylamines. The write-erase-write sequences were electrochemically confirmed. The azomethines could also be reversibly hydrolyzed. This was exploited for multiple azomethine-hydrolysis cycles resulting in discrete electroactive immobilized azomethines...
September 19, 2017: Soft Matter
Artem M Rumyantsev, Elena Yu Kramarenko
The phenomenon of spinodal decomposition in weakly charged polyelectrolyte solutions is studied theoretically within the random phase approximation. A novel feature of the theoretical approach is that it accounts for the effects of ionic association, i.e. ion pair and multiplet formation between counterions and ions in polymer chains, as well as the dependence of local dielectric permittivity on the polymer volume fraction Φ. The main focus is on the spinodal instability of polyelectrolyte solutions towards microscopic phase separation...
September 19, 2017: Soft Matter
Dong Woo Kang, Mina Lee, Kyung Hak Kim, Ming Xia, Sang Hyuk Im, Bum Jun Park
We investigated the electrostatic interactions between particles acting through heterogeneous fluid phases. An oil lens system floating on the surface of water was used to trap particles at different fluid-fluid interfaces. The inner particles are located at the centrosymmetrically curved oil-water interface inside the oil lens while satellite particles are located at the curved air-water interface, separated by a particular distance from the triple phase boundary. The satellite particles are likely to be captured in an energy minimum state due to electrostatic repulsions by the inner particles balanced with the gravity-induced potential energy...
September 19, 2017: Soft Matter
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