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Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112707/in-the-kingdom-of-tortelli-ravioli-like-pasta-plant-poisoning-is-still-a-threat-a-case-report-of-near-fatal-poisoning-from-digitalis-purpurea-accidentally-confused-with-borago-officinalis
#1
Laura Bonfanti, Giuseppe Lippi, Irene Ciullo, Fiorenza Robuschi, Rosalia Aloe, Sara Tarasconi, Riccardo Vassallo, Gianfranco Cervellin
A 58 years healthy old woman was admitted to the Emergency Department (ED) with cardiac arrest due to ventricular fibrillation (VF). Appropriate cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), multiple DC shocks and oro-tracheal intubation (OTI) were effective to induce recovery of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). After ROSC was achieved, the electrocardiogram (ECG) showed an idio-ventricular rhythm with atrioventricular dissociation. A transcutaneous pacing was hence applied and the patient was administered with isoproterenol...
January 16, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112706/does-the-numeric-rating-scale-nrs-represent-the-optimal-tool-for-evaluating-pain-in-the-triage-process-of-patients-presenting-to-the-ed-results-of-a-muticenter-study
#2
Rebecca Capponi, Valentina Loguercio, Stefania Guerrini, Giampietro Beltrami, Andrea Vesprini, Fabrizio Giostra
: Pain evaluation at triage in Emergency Department (ED) is fundamental, as it influences significantly patients color code determination. Different scales have been proposed to quantify pain but they are not always reliable. This study aims to determine a) how important is for triage nurses pain measurement b) reliability of Numeric Rating Scale (NRS), the most used instrument to evaluate pain in Italian EDs, because it frequently shows higher pain scores than others scales. METHODS: End point 1: a questionnaire was administered to triage nurses in some hospitals of northern Italy...
January 16, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112705/antibiotics-alone-for-uncomplicated-acute-appendicitis-in-high-operative-risk-adult-patients-analytical-review-of-rcts-and-proposal-of-evidence-based-treatment-decision
#3
Hariscine Keng Abongwa, G Cervellin, A Tarasconi, G Perrone, G Baiocchi, N Portolani, F Catena
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials have so far shown controversial results as regards the standard of care for treating uncomplicated acute appendicitis (uC-AA). High operational risk adult patients (HORAP) could represent selected patients where primary antibiotic conservative therapy (pACT or A) could be indicated. METHODS: We carried a comprehensive search of the PubMed searching engine in the English language scientific literature from 1995 to 2015, using medical subject headings "antibiotics", "uncomplicated appendicitis", "appendicectomy", "conservative treatment", "surgery" and "randomized clinical trial"...
January 16, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112704/evaluation-and-treatment-of-hyperglycemia-in-critically-ill-patients
#4
Andrea Balloni, Federico Lari, Fabrizio Giostra
The hyperglycemic reaction to stress is part of adaptive metabolic response to critical illness, especially hypoxia, hemorrhage and sepsis. It involves neuro-endocrine and immune pathways leading to the development of insulin resistance and hepatic glucose production by gluconeogenesis and glycogenolysis. Over the last years the concept of stress related hyperglycemia has been replaced by the concept of dysglycemia and its three domains: hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia and glycemic variability. Each of the three domains is independently associated with increased risk of mortality in patients admitted in intensive care unit and non critically ill patients, both medical and surgical...
January 16, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112703/learning-more-and-spending-less-with-neglected-laboratory-parameters-the-paradigmatic-case-of-red-blood-cell-distribution-width
#5
Giuseppe Lippi, Camilla Mattiuzzi, Gianfranco Cervellin
Due to increasing shortage of public healthcare resources in many countries around the globe, the use of simple, rapid and inexpensive laboratory parameters may be seen as a valuable aid for preliminary and cost-effective risk stratification of patients. Anisocytosis, conventionally measured by hematologic analyzers as the red blood cell distribution width (RDW), is an index of the heterogeneity of erythrocytes volumes. Several lines of evidence now attest that increased RDW values are commonplace in patients with many disorders, especially in those with the most prevalent conditions such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer and infections...
January 16, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112702/driving-and-effectively-treated-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#6
Andrea Alberto Conti
Not available.
January 16, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112701/subcapsular-liver-hematoma-after-fibrinolytic-therapy-for-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-rare-case-report
#7
Morteza Safi, Isa Khaheshi, Mehdi Memaryan, Mohammadreza Naderian
Hemorrhagic complications of thrombolytic therapy are rare but also serious and sometimes life-threatening. Liver hematoma is a very uncommon complication following thrombolytic therapy. We present a rare case of sub-capsular liver hematoma following streptokinase therapy of acute myocardial infarction as a challenging condition. This case report highlights that emergency physicians and cardiologists should be familiar with the significant and uncommon complications of thrombolytic agents, particularly streptokinase which is used generally in under- developed countries...
January 16, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112700/a-case-of-solitary-fibrous-pleura-tumor-associated-with-severe-hypoglycemia-the-doege-potter-s-syndrome
#8
Silvia Haddoub, L Gnetti, A Montanari, R Di Ruvo, P Carbognani, F Maccanelli, M G Magotti, M C Calderini, Federico Cioni, S M Tardio
Solitary fibrous pleura tumor is a rare primary intrathoracic tumor of the pleura. It usually has an indolent clinical course, but sometimes it can have an aggressive behaviour. In 1930 Doege and Potter independently described this neoplasm, presenting with symptoms of hypoglycemia, hence the eponim of Doege-Potter's Syndrome. In this report, we illustrate a case of Doege Potter's Syndrome, treated with complete surgical resection.
January 16, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112699/leydig-cell-tumor-in-the-post-menopausal-woman-case-report-and-literature-review
#9
Sahar Sherf, Dorothy Martinez
Leydig cell tumors of the ovary account for less than 0.1% of all ovarian tumors (1). We present two cases in which patients had markedly elevated serum testosterone levels and frank hirsutism. Both cases revealed right ovarian Leydig cell tumors upon oophorectomy with post-surgical resolution of hypertestosteronemia. While rare and difficult to diagnose, androgen secreting tumors should be suspected in women with hyperandrogenism and hirsutism, especially in the postmenopausal population.
January 16, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112698/ericksonian-hypnotherapy-for-selective-mutism-a-single-case-study
#10
Mauro Cavarra, Adelina Brizio, Nicoletta Gava
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: Children affected by selective mutism don't speak in contexts that are unfamiliar to them or in which speaking is expected or required (e.g. school, kindergarten…). Such disorder interferes with the child's normal activities, may have invalidating consequences in the long run if left untreated, is associated to anxious conditions and is considered hard to treat. Contemporary research is still in need of methodologically rigorous outcome studies and the results described in the small number of published randomized controlled trials and retrospective studies indicate cognitive-behavioral interventions lasting 20-24 sessions as the best therapeutic option...
January 16, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112697/socioeconomic-determinants-and-metabolic-syndrome-results-from-the-isfahan-healthy-heart-program
#11
Mojgan Gharipour, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Fatemeh Nouri, Pouya Nazafati, Saleem S Qader, Marzieh Taheri, Maryam Maghroun, Ali Abdalvand, Bahram Soleimani, Nizal Sarrafzadegan
:  Introduction: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) is increasing in Iran. We assessed the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and Mets components in the Iranian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample for this study comprised a random cross-section of men and women from two province districts who participated in the Isfahan Healthy Heart Program (IHHP) in 2007. Each participant completed a questionnaire, underwent anthropometric testing and blood pressure measurements, and provided a blood sample...
January 16, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112696/socio-demographic-and-clinical-profile-of-substance-abuse-patients-admitted-to-an-emergency-department-in-ankara-turkey
#12
Sema Avci, Ridvan Sarikaya, Nezih Kavak, Fatma Nihal Özmen, Macit Aydin, Engin Deniz Arslan, Fatih Büyükcam
BACKGROUND: Illicit drug abuse is an important health problem around the world. Cannabis is the most commonly used illicit drug, followed by amphetamines, opioids, and cocaine. In this study, we searched the socio-demographic features of drug abusers admitted to an emergency department. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was performed in the emergency department of an education and training hospital in Ankara, Turkey. The socio-demographic features, substances commonly consumed, and the reason for the patients' presentation were recorded...
January 16, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112695/comparative-analysis-of-the-structure-of-temporomandibular-joint-in-human-and-rabbit
#13
Giovanni Tomasello, Alessandra Sorce, Margherita Mazzola, Rosario Barone, Chiara Lo Piccolo, Felicia Farina, Giovanni Zummo, Francesco Carini
In order to increase knowledge on the morphology and structure of the articular disc of the TMJ for a better understanding of the functional role of the same, it proceeded with an investigation on histological samples in the block of 'TMJ and periarticular tissues of adult rabbits and human fetuses at different stage of development.
January 16, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112694/risks-of-subsequent-contralateral-fractures-of-the-trochanteric-region-in-elderly
#14
Francesco Pogliacomi, Andrea Pellegrini, Fabrizio Tacci, Martina Francesca Pedrini, Cosimo Costantino, Alessio Pedrazzini, Giuseppe Pedrazzi, Fulvio Lauretani, Enrico Vaienti, Francesco Ceccarelli
BACKGROUND: Fractures in elderly are always a dramatic event and the healing is often not complete. In a context of bone fragility, repeated fractures are a growing problem in the industrialized world, in which the mean age of population is increasing. The aim of this study was to identify those general factors which may increase the risk of subsequent trochanteric fractures after an initial lesion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three-hundred and thirty-one patients who underwent intramedullary fixation for trochanteric fractures between January 2012 and December 2013 were studied...
January 16, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112693/laparotomic-vs-laparoscopic-ovariectomy-comparing-the-two-methods-the-ovariectomy-in-the-bitch-in-laparoscopic-era
#15
Giovanni Cassata, Vincenzo Davide Palumbo, Luca Cicero, Giuseppe Damiano, Antonio Maenza, Aldo Migliazzo, Gioacchino Di Paola, Domenico Vicari, Salvatore Fazzotta, Attilio Ignazio Lo Monte
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The aim of the present work is to evaluate the effectiveness of the use of ultrasound scalpel during laparoscopic ovariectomy in the bitch. METHODS: Two groups of 10 subjects each, of different races and ages, were compared. In the first group, ovariectomy was performed laparoscopically, using harmonic scalpel to remove ovary. In the second group surgery was performed by means of classical laparotomy. RESULTS: Pre-operative time was similar in both groups...
January 16, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112692/symphysis-fundal-height-predicts-difficult-evolution-of-induced-labours
#16
Ugo Indraccolo, Lia Nardocci, Romolo Di Iorio, Marco Bonito, Salvatore Renato Indraccolo
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Symphysis-fundal-height (SFH) could be prove useful for the management of labour. This study aims to assess the behaviour of induced labours in relationship with SFH values. METHODS: Prospective observational study in a sample of 158 women underwent induction with intravaginal dinoprostone for different indications. SFH, SFH corrected for station, gestational age and parity were considered independent variables in multivariable models. Vaginal delivery, operative vaginal delivery, Cesarean section, Cesarean section for dystocia, Cesarean section for cardiotochographyc abnormalities, oxytocin infusion (for potentiating labour), need of Kristeller's maneuvre, epidural anesthesia (on demand), episiotomy, time from the first dose of dinoprostone to delivery, and time of active phase of labour were considered dependent variables in multivariable models...
January 16, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112691/positive-clinical-outcomes-derived-from-using-a-proprietary-mixture-of-selected-strains-during-pregnancy
#17
Francesco Di Pierro, Annamaria Parolari, Benedetta Brundu, Raffaele Nigro
BACKGROUND: While the use of antibiotic prophylaxis is clearly advantageous to prevent streptococcal infection, it alters the composition of the gut microbiota in mothers and infants. Enterococcus faecium L3 is one of the best studied probiotic strains and shows strong antagonistic activity against Streptococcus agalactiae due to the production of bacteriocins able to inhibit common gut and vaginal pathogens. METHODS: We tested an L3-based probiotic formula (iNatal®) on 127 pregnant women attending our gynaecological unit in 2015...
January 16, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112690/assessment-of-oxidative-stress-markers-and-hearing-thresholds-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnoea-treated-with-cysteine-and-superoxide-dismutase-therapy
#18
Agostino Serra, Luigi Maiolino, Salvatore Cocuzza, Milena Di Luca, Gianluca Campione, Luisa Licciardello, Paola Di Mauro
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: In OSAHS, the hypoxia and reoxygenation cicles, maintain a state of oxidative stress, which seems to cause a change in the oxidative balance. Our aim is to compare the markers of oxidative stress with audiological findings and OSAHS severity, in OSAHS patients untreated and also treated ones, with cysteine and superoxide dismutase. METHODS: 65 patients (42 Men, 23 Women) with 30-65 years age range have been enrolled, with a mean age of 52...
January 16, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112689/circulating-concentrations-of-free-thyroxine-after-an-oral-intake-of-liquid-lt4-taken-either-during-fasting-conditions-or-at-breakfast
#19
Michela Marina, Gian Paolo Ceda, Rosalia Aloe, Cecilia Gnocchi, Graziano Ceresini
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: Liquid levothyroxine (LT4) given at breakfast normalizes TSH in hypothyroid patients. However, a few studies are available on circulating free thyroxine (FT4) concentrations after liquid vs solid LT4 preparations. METHODS: During an "ad interim" analysis on serum FT4 after 200 mcg liquid LT4 consumption while fasting in thyroidectomized thyroid cancer patients, we found that seven subjects fortuitously took liquid LT4 at breakfast...
January 16, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112688/dysmenorrhea-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-a-review-in-different-country
#20
Vincenzo De Sanctis, Ashraf T Soliman, Heba Elsedfy, Nada A Soliman, Rania Soliman, Mohamed El Kholy
BACKGROUND: Dysmenorrhea is still an important public health problem which may have a negative impact on female health, social relationships, school or work activities and psychological status. METHODS: The aim of this review is a better understanding of the epidemiology of dysmenorrhoea and its effect on public health. Published studies in English providing relevant information on dysmenorrhea were identified by searching PubMed, Embase and Google; restricting the population to  adolescents and young adult women and the year of publishing from 2010 to August 2015, based on the keywords 'dysmenorrhea', 'adolescents' and 'epidemiology'...
January 16, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
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