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Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis

Holta Zhuzhuni, Andrea Nazaret, Lanfranco Iodice, Saverio Celletti, Sabrina Anticoli, Luigi Di Cioccio, Francesco Cipolla
Charles Bonnet Syndrome (CBS) is a disorder with visual deficit and complex recurrent visual hallucination in conscious patients, described for the first time by Charles Bonnet. It has been found in association with variable pathologic conditions of the eyes, central visual pathways and occipital lobe. Occipital lobe lesion is an important cause of visual field deficit associated with elementary simple hallucinations, whereas complex hallucinations are related to occipitotemporal and occipitoparietal visual association neocortex damage...
June 15, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Renato Costi, Alban Zarzavadjian Le Bian, Maria Teresa Mita, Assamoi Brou Fulgence Kassi, Leopoldo Sarli, Vincenzo Violi
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: Pancreatic pseudocyst endoscopic drainage by pancreatogastrostomy "pigtail" drain placement is spreading worldwide, with high success-rate and low morbidity, and is increasingly performed as outpatient procedure. The paper reports an unusual very early complication of this procedure and discusses the peculiar aspects of this event in an outpatient setting. METHODS: The first case of a 56-year-old outpatient developing a postoperative diffused acute peritonitis by gastric juice spilling caused by the  misplacement of the distal end of two transgastric drains not reaching the pseudocyst is reported...
June 15, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Georgios Touloupakis, Alessio Maione, Maria Gabriella Lettera, Wilfried Stuflesser, Fabrizio Ferrara, Guido Antonini, Cornelio Crippa
The "heart" of the calcar is the internal cortical septum called "femoral thigh spur". Nevertheless, the integrity of the femoral thigh spur and its extensions in Garden I and II  femoral neck fractures has not been examined in depth, in CT scan-based studies. The aim of this retrospective study is to analyze characteristics as integrity of upper thigh spur area of the intra-capsular femoral neck using precise CT scans, as well as features of the medial cortical bone interruption of orthopedic calcar, in femoral fractures that are radiographically defined as Garden type I-II...
June 15, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Maurizio Vanelli, Alberto Munari, Donata Fabbri, Brunella Iovane, Chiara Scarabello, Icilio Dodi, Carla Mastrorilli, Valentina Fainardi, Dora Di Mauro, Carlo Caffarelli
AIM: to finding what young patients with type-1 diabetes (T1D) knows about their body and also on their illness in perspective to tailor educational interventions to their real ability to understand. METHODS: the present study involved 68 children with T1D , 5 to 14 years old with a duration of diabetes ranging from 2 to 6 years and a total HbA1c mean value of 7.96±0.87%. The sample was divided into two age Groups: 28 children 5 to 10 years old were gathered in the Group 1 and 40 teenagers aged from 11 to 14 years in the Group 2...
June 15, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Silvia Marinozzi, Silvia Iorio, Marta Licata, Matteo Gulino
AIM: The article provides an overview on the beginning and evolutions of medical observations on tobacco induced diseases between Eighteenth and Nineteenth century. METHODS: By searching for historical medical literature, first studies on tobacco-induced diseases focused on production risks rather than on adverse effects that the use of tobacco has for the human health. RESULTS: The approach induced first eighteenth-century authors to define this substance as a non-pathogenic and, consequently, not to consider tobacco factories dangerous for health workers...
June 15, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Sara Patuzzo, Francesco De Stefano, Rosagemma Ciliberti
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Medical deontology is increasingly important, owing to the interests and rights which the medical profession involves. This paper focuses on the relationships of the Italian Code of Medical Deontology (CMD) with both the ethical and legal dimensions, in order to clarify the role of medical ethics within the medical profession, society and the overall system of the sources of law. METHODS: The authors analyze the CMD from an ethical perspective and through the new doctrinal guidelines and current trends in the Italian law courts...
June 15, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Valentina Fainardi, Enrico Lombardi
Pulmonary function tests are routinely used in the diagnosis and follow-up of respiratory diseases. In preschool children assessment and evaluation of lung function has always been challenging but improved techniques that require only minimal collaboration allowed obtaining reliable and useful results even in this group of patients. In this review we will describe the different techniques used in clinical practice to measure lung function in preschool children.
June 14, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Javier Yanguas, Sacramento Pinazo-Henandis, Francisco José Tarazona-Santabalbina
Loneliness is a prevalent and global problem for adult populations, and a number of different studies have linked it to multiple chronic conditions, including: heart disease, lung disease, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, atherosclerosis, stroke, and metabolic disorders, such as obesity and metabolic disease. Is a major predictor of psychological problems, such as depression, psychological stress, and anxiety. Loneliness is linked to overall morbidity and mortality in adult populations. But limited interventions have demonstrated long-term effectiveness in reducing loneliness in adults with these same chronic conditions...
June 7, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Suresh I S Rattan
Biogerontology is the study of the biological basis of ageing and age-related diseases. The phenomenon and the process of ageing are well understood in evolutionary and biological terms; and a conceptual framework has been established within which general principles of ageing and longevity can be formulated. The phenotype of ageing in terms of progressive loss of physical function and fitness is best seen during the period of survival after the evolution-determined essential lifespan (ELS) of a species. However, the ageing phenotype is highly heterogenous and individualistic at all levels from the whole body to the molecular one...
June 7, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Ligia J Dominguez, Mario Barbagallo
Cognitive impairment results from a complex interplay of many factors. The most important independent predictor of cognitive decline is age but other contributing factors include demographic, genetic, socio-economic, and environmental parameters, including nutrition. The number of persons with cognitive decline and dementia will increase in the next decades in parallel with aging of the world population. Effective pharmaceutical treatments for age-related cognitive decline are lacking, emphasizing the importance of prevention strategies...
June 7, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Rocco Salvatore Calabrò
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 7, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Alessio Biazzo, Elisabetta Armiraglio, Antonina Parafioriti, Norberto Confalonieri
We reported the case of a 22 year-old boy who suffered a periosteal osteoblastoma of the distal fibula. The radiographic features of our case did not correlate with the majority of periosteal osteoblastomas of the long bones reported in the literature and were identical to a periosteal aneurysmal bone cyst. Periosteal osteoblastoma is a very rare tumor with a wide range of clinical and radiological features, showing in 15% of cases association with secondary aneurysmal bone cyst. Radiologist and orthopaedic surgeon should be aware of the atypical behavior of this rare entity in order to avoid mistakes with other more common tumors arising on the surface of the long bones...
June 7, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Alexandrai Kalogerak, Dimitrios Tamiolakis, Iris Zoi, Iliana Karvela-Kalogeraki, Mihailos Karvelas-Kalogerakis, John Segredakis, Galateia Datseri
Small cell glioblastoma is a high anaplastic variant of GBM characterized by a monomorphic proliferation of small or medium cells with oval nuclei and scanty cytoplasm. CASE STUDY: The cytologic findings of a small cell glioblastoma in 11-year-old male and histologic features of the tumor using immunocytohistochemistry are reported. CONCLUSION: The accurate preoperative diagnosis of a small cell glioblastoma is crucial to developing a curative surgical plan. Cytology- confirmed by histology- provides a convenient, safe and effective approach to solving a challenging differential diagnosis...
June 7, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Ernesto Crisafulli, Chiara Lazzari, Chiara Longo, Nicol Bernardinello, Veronica Alfieri, Alfredo Chetta
We report a case of a 68-year-old woman with an occasional image of a wide paratracheal oval air cyst of not easy definition. Patient had never received a chest X-ray and she had never suffered from symptoms that needed to investigate the trachea or the neck. The diagnostic hypothesis was a wide tracheal diverticulum or a bronchogenic cyst.
June 7, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Francesco Simonacci, Nicolò Bertozzi, Michele Pio Grieco, Eugenio Grignaffini, Edoardo Raposio
INTRODUCTION: Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) is the second most common skin cancer, with an excellent prognosis after surgical removal. However, nodal metastasis are present in about 5% of cases and the death rate is about 2%. PRESENTATION OF CASE: The aim of this study is to report our experience about the surgical treatment of cSCC at the Cutaneous, Regenerative, Mininvasive and Plastic Surgery Unit, University of Parma, Italy, between January 2014 and February 2016...
June 7, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Mohammad Hasan Namazi, Saeed AlipourParsa, Kobra Roohigilani, Morteza Safi, Hossein Vakili, Isa Khaheshi, Fatemeh Abdi, Adel Zare, Shooka Esmaeeli
BACKGROUND: Although metformin is not directly nephrotoxic, it has been postulated that it can impair gluconeogenesis from lactate, which may lead lactate to be accumulated under circumstances such as contrast-induced nephropathy. The present study aims to assess the role of metformin in lactate production in a group of diabetic patients with GFR > 60 ml/min per 1.73 m2undergoing coronary angiography. METHODS: In the present randomized clinical trial, 162 metformin-treated diabetic patients were enrolled...
June 7, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Umberto Maestroni, Francesco Morandin, Stefania Ferretti, Francesco Dinale, Francesco Ziglioli
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in men over 50 years of age. Surgery, radiotherapy and hormonal manipulation represent its typical treatment. High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) is an alternative choice in localized prostate cancer. To date, an index for prediction of recurrence in patients treated with HIFU is not availabe. Our study proposes a novel index for the predition of recurrence able to determine if a candidate is fit for this tratment...
June 7, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Ahmad Mirdamadi, Asadolahi Arefeh, Mohammad Garakyaraghi, Ali Pourmoghadas
BACKGROUND: Anemia is now considered as an important contributing factor to the deterioration of chronic heart failure. The present study aimed to assess the effects of intravenous iron therapy on clinical condition, left ventricular function and also quality of life in patients who suffered of chronic heart failure and concomitant iron deficiency. METHODS: In this clinical trial, 25 consecutive patients with concomitant chronic heart failure and iron deficiency referred to Shariati hospital  in Isfahan, Iran in 2013...
June 7, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Hossein Vakili, Abdollah Mohamadian, Mohammadreza Naderian, Isa Khaheshi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Cystatin C, an endogenous indicator for kidney function, may be also an original indicator for coron Background and Aim: Cystatin C, an endogenous indicator for kidney function, may be also an original indicator for coronary atherosclerosis. In the current study, we intended to assess its role in establishing the existence of coronary artery disease. We also attempted to present the best cut off point for Cystatin C to discriminate coronary disease from normal coronary condition...
June 7, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan, Nayyereh Ayati, Amirhossein Sahebkar, Mohsen Moohebati, Narjes Ayati, Sepideh Elyasi, Amir Houshang Mohammadpour
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that Asymmetric Dimethyl Arginine (ADMA) is increased significantly during coronary artery diseases (CAD). However it is not clear either this increase is due to cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors or ADMA is increased independently in CAD. The aim of this study is to evaluate ADMA's plasma level as an independent biomarker in CADs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In current study a total of 165 subjects with no traditional CVD's RFs, who fulfilled the inclusion and exclusion criteria, were recruited; 55 CAD+ patients which had more than 50% stenosis (CAD+); 55 CAD- patients which had less than 50% stenosis in their coronary arteries (CAD-), based on their angiography record and 55 healthy individuals as controls...
June 7, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
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