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Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis

Nicholas G Kounis, Ioanna Koniari
Metals are ubiquitous in the surrounding environment and constitute an important class of substances that can act as allergens. Consumer products such as earings, zip, jewellery, cosmetics, paints, dental and body implants as well as endovascular, intracardiac and orthopedic devices are made from metals. Metal anions eluted from various metals  are common allergic sensitizers. In Europe nickel, chromium and cobalt induce allergic skin reactions in about 20%, 4%, and 7% while in the United States14%, 4%, and 9% respectively...
October 8, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Marta Betti, Patrizia Vergani, Gianluca Raffaello Damiani, Antonio Pellegrino, Edoardo Di Naro, Giuseppe Trojano, Cecilia Pirovano, Massimo Stomati, Matteo Loverro
BACKGROUND: Unilateral twin tubal pregnancy is an extremely rare condition, occurring in 1/20.000-250.000 pregnancies and represents a major health risk for reproductive-aged women, leading to even life-threatening complications. AIM: We present a case of a 31-year-old woman with unilateral twin tubal pregnancy, treated with methotrexate and then surgically because of failure, followed by review of the literature. METHODS: Researches for relevant data were conducted utilizing multiple databases, including PubMed and Ovid...
October 8, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Alessio Biazzo, Massimiliano De Paolis, Davide Maria Donati
Scapulectomy and limb-salvage surgery are indicated for low and high-grade tumors of the scapula and soft-tissue sarcomas that secondary invade the bone. After total or partial scapulectomy there are 3 options of reconstruction: humeral suspension (flail shoulder), total endoprosthesis and massive bone allograft. Nowadays prosthesis and allograft reconstructions are the most used and humeral suspension is reserved only as salvage technique when no other surgery is possible. Several studies reported dislocations and wound infections as the most frequent complications of scapular prosthesis, account for 10-20%...
October 8, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Alexandra Kalogeraki, Dimitrios Tamiolakis, Iris Zoi, John Segredakis, Maria Kafousi, Antonios Vakis
Schwannomas affect mainly head and neck peripheral nerves, are benign tumors and derive from Schwann cells. Schwannoma of right cerebellopontine angle is extremely rare to diagnose by cytology. We report one such rare case presenting the cytological features in material obtained during the resection of the tumor. Case report: A 47-year-old female was diagnosed by MRI with a tumor of right cerebellopontine angle.. Cytologic material from the tumor was obtained intraoperatively and diagnosed cytologically as a neurilemoma...
October 8, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Cesare Braggio, Giovanni Bocchialini, Luigi Ventura, Paolo Carbognani, Michele Rusca, Luca Ampollini
Black hairy tongue (BHT) is a self-limiting disorder characterized by abnormal hypertrophy and elongation of filiform papillae on the surface of the tongue. The exact mechanism of drug-induced BHT is unknown. Several factors have been implicated and included smoking or chewing tobacco, drinking alcohol, poor oral hygiene and antibiotics such as tetracyclines and penicillins. We report a quite uncommon case of Linezolid-induced BHT in a patient with a long-lasting history of chest wall infection.
October 8, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Sema Avcı
Deep neck infection is life-threatening and mortal condition that requires immediate treatment. This infection is generally polymicrobial and frequently seen after upper respiratory infections, poor dental hygiene, trauma and surgery to the head and neck region. The symptoms of deep neck infections are swelling, dysphagia, pain, trismus, dysphonia and otalgia. Deep neck infections can be seen at any age and its mortality is about 20-50%. Initial management of the deep neck infection is intravenous antibiotic, protection of airway and drainage of abscess...
October 8, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Cesare Brandi, Roberto Cuomo, Giuseppe Nisi, Luca Grimaldi, Carlo D'Aniello
INTRODUCTION: The slowing of the aging process is subject of great research and attention in modern society, particularly aging of face. Processes involved are very complex. Mesotherapy. hyaluronic acid and carbon dioxide injection can be used for biorevitalization and skin rejuvenation. METHODS: Three groups were made and 62 patients were enrolled. Patients with superficial wrinkles of the face, neck and/or décolleté, without presence of nasolabial folds and marionette wrinkles were included in group 1...
October 8, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Marilena Mangiardi, Guido Alfano
BACKGROUND: Nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy (NFLE) is a focal epilepsy with seizures arising mainly during sleep and characterized by complex motor behavior or sustained dystonic posturing. First described in 1981, it was considered a motor disorder of sleep and was indicated as nocturnal paroxysmal dystonia (NPD). The debated on epileptic origin of this condition was demonstrated in 1990 and the term NFLE was introduced. Since then it has been demonstrated that the heterogeneous aspects of morpheic seizures were responsive to antiepileptic drugs (AED's) with sodium blocking action mechanism, especially the carbamazepine (CBZ)...
October 8, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Michele Pio Grieco, Nicolò Bertozzi, Eugenio Grignaffini, Edoardo Raposio
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The aim of breast reduction is to reduce excessive breast volume, ensuring an adequate vascular supply and sensitivity of the nipple-areola complex, as well as to produce an aesthetically pleasing final shape. The authors report on their experience with medial-pedicle-based breast reduction combined with both vertical and inverted-T skin resection patterns for different types of breast hypertrophy. METHODS: From January 2012 to June 2015, 27 female patients (mean age: 49 years) underwent reduction mammoplasty with the medial pedicle technique...
October 8, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Diego Zanetti, Filippo Di Lella, Maurizio Negri, Vincenzo Vincenti
BACKGROUND AND AIM: As in other syndromes characterized by craniofacial anomalies, middle ear cholesteatoma is known to have a high prevalence in Turner syndrome. The aim of this study was to review a multicenter experience with the surgical management of middle ear cholesteatoma in children with Turner syndrome. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed sixteen girls with Turner syndrome who underwent otologic surgery for middle ear cholesteatoma between January 2000 and December 2012...
October 8, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Morteza Safi, Mohammad Ali Mehrabi, Saeed Alipour Parsa, Isa Khaheshi, Mohammadreza Naderian
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Applying fractional flow reserve (FFR) recently helped to assess borderline coronary defects and also facilitates assessment of these lesions. The present study aimed to assess cost-effectiveness of FFR in detection of these borderline lesions. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on140 consecutive patients with 219 diseased arteries who underwent coronary angiography and suffered intermediate coronary lesions. RESULTS: Of 18 patients who candidate for CABG before FFR, only one patient underwent CABG after determining FFR (P-value<0...
October 8, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Gökhan Perincek, Osman Nuri Hatipoğlu, Erhan Tabakoğlu, Sema Avcı
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to find the relationship between incidence rate and mortality of acute pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE), and seasonal and meteorological factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data from 234 patients who were hospitalized due to acute PTE in the emergency service or policlinics between 2001 and 2008 were investigated retrospectively. Cases that developed APE (acute pulmonary embolism) in the hospital were excluded. Seasons and months in which acute PTE was diagnosed were recorded...
October 8, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Saeed Nazemi, Atefeh Rezapour, Seyed Mohammad Hassan Moallem, Mohammad Afshar, Sepideh Elyasi, Hamid Reza Mashreghi Moghadam, Mahmoud Dargahi Zaboli, Amir Hooshang Mohammadpour
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Nowadays there is a strong necessity in identifying patients who may be exposed to the risk for future cardiovascular events like progressive atherosclerotic disease. Biomarkers are valuable tools for this purpose. Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is utilized as an important tool for the global risk assessment of cardiovascular events in individuals with intermediate risk. Decorin (DCN) is a small leucine-rich proteoglycan that induces calcification of arterial smooth muscle cell and localizes to mineral deposition in human atherosclerotic plaque...
October 8, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Silvia Migliari, Antonino Sammartano, Carla Cidda, Giorgio Baldari, Maura Scarlattei, Giulio Serreli, Caterina Ghetti, Silvia Pipitone, Giuseppe Lippi, Livia Ruffini
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Labeled leukocytes with 99mTc-HMPAO are routinely used for infection imaging. Although cell labeling with 99mTc-HMPAO represents an imaging probe to detect infection sites, the diagnostic efficiency of the probe is largely influenced by cell manipulation, multidisciplinary interventions (i.e., biologist, technicians) and available technology (i.e., SPECT, SPECT/CT). The aim of the study was to assess in vitro and in vivo accuracy of a comprehensive approach for quality assessment (QA) of all steps of the procedure...
October 8, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Claudio Costantino, Gianmarco Ventura, Claudia Marotta, Stefania Enza Bono, Evelina Arcidiacono, Carlo Roberto Gambino, Maurizio Gentile, Sara Palmeri, Giovanna Ripoli, Claudia Emilia Sannasardo, Pierfrancesco Sannasardo, Francesco Scarpitta, Carlotta Vella, Walter Mazzucco, Alessandra Casuccio, Vincenzo Restivo
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: Bullying involves a significant percentage of school-age children. According to the latest available surveillance data, in Sicily, the estimated prevalence among 11-15 years old children is 14%. This study aimed to estimate a prevalence of the bullying phenomenon, observed by teachers, in a sample of secondary schools of Palermo, Sicily. Moreover, after the conduction of preventive interventions among teachers, aimed to evaluate any modification in bullying prevalence...
October 8, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Sara Patuzzo, Giada Goracci, Rosagemma Ciliberti
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: In 1803, the English physician Thomas Percival published Medical Ethics, a work destined to become a milestone in the development of modern codes of medical ethics, starting from the first edition of the American Medical Association's ethical code. Notwithstanding the undeniable influence that this book has exerted upon the codification of the principles of medical ethics, researchers and experts foster different and opposing points of views on its real nature...
October 8, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Luca Cicero, Salvatore Fazzotta, Vincenzo Davide Palumbo, Giovanni Cassata, Attilio Ignazio Lo Monte
BACKGROUND: A suitable, effective and free of complications anesthetic protocol is very important in experimental studies on animal models since it could bias the outcome of a trial. To date there is no universally accepted protocol for induction, maintenance and recovery from anesthesia. The endotracheal intubation with the use of inhalation anesthesia is used very especially in the from of large size laboratory animals, because it is a secure and easy control mode. However, it is not common for small laboratory animals because of the high technical skills required...
October 8, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Andrea Alberto Conti
"Health" is a positive multi-dimensional concept involving a variety of features, ranging from ability to integrity, from fitness to well-being. According to the first principle of the constitution of the World Health Organization "Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity". This constitution was adopted by the International Health Conference held in New York in June-July 1946 and became operative in April 1948...
October 8, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Matteo Vigna, Marina Aiello, Giuseppina Bertorelli, Ernesto Crisafulli, Alfredo Chetta
The response to a bronchodilator is considered as crucial to diagnose COPD and to distinguish COPD from asthma. COPD is characterized by progressive airflow obstruction that is only partly reversible, whereas asthma is associated with airflow obstruction that is often reversible either spontaneously or with treatment. In spite of the partly reversible airflow obstruction, patients with COPD may show a significant bronchodilator response both in terms of an increase in forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) or in forced vital capacity (FVC) after an adequate dose of an inhaled bronchodilator...
October 8, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Vincenzo Restivo, Francesca Caracci, Claudia Emilia Sannasardo, Francesco Scarpitta, Carlotta Vella, Gianmarco Ventura, Fabio Tramuto, Claudio Costantino
Background and aim of the works: Rotavirus (RV) is considered the main cause of gastroenteritis in children from 0 to 59 months and vaccination represents the only strategy to prevent hospitalizations due to RV. In 2013 Sicilian Region introduced universal RV vaccination for all newborns. The present study aims to estimate the reduction rotavirus gastroenteritis (RVGE) hospitalization rates among Sicilian children and their relations with vaccination coverages of the nine Sicilian Local Health Units (LHUs)...
October 8, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
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