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Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis

Daniela Schenone, Laura Rasero, Bruno Cavaliere
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The objective of this study is to demonstrate the feasibility of a possible fee system based on the performance of the nursing function, validating the theoretical and methodological assumption of an economic analysis for nursing. METHOD: The I.C.A. Methodology (Indexes of Complexity of Assistance) was chosen as a system able to produce the reading, in an economic sense, of nursing performance to a sufficiently accurate degree, by its use of "assistance settings" and "nursing assistance plans"...
July 18, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Alfonso Sollami, Luca Caricati
Background and aims of the work: All societies are organised as hierarchies based on prestige or status. Similarly, healthcare organizations (as well as many other types of organization) are composed by professional hierarchies in which some professional groups are powerful and higher in status  and other groups are powerless and lower in status. This research investigated the effects of social status and hope for future group advancement on perceptions of social identity threat and legitimacy of social stratification...
July 18, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Stefano Bambi, Chiara Foà, Christian De Felippis, Alberto Lucchini, Andrea Guazzini, Laura Rasero
BACKGROUND: Negative interactions among nurses are well recognized and reported in scientific literature, even because the issues may have major consequences on professional and private lives of the victims. The aim of this paper is to detect specifically the prevalence of workplace incivility (WI), lateral violence (LV) and bullying among nurses. Furthermore, it addresses the potential related factors and their impact on the psychological and professional spheres of the victims. METHODS: A review of the literature was performed through the research of papers on three databases: Medline, CINAHL, and Embase...
July 18, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Sabrina Picchi, Claudia Bonapitacola, Elisa Borghi, Silvia Cassanelli, Paola Ferrari, Barbara Iemmi, Emanuela Alfieri, Giovanna Artioli
INTRODUCTION: Due to the rise of the average age, chronic-degenerative diseases, including diabetes, are in constant increase, resulting in high complications, in terms of social-economical costs and of the quality of life of the people affected by it. For these reasons, adherence to therapeutic prescriptions becomes essential. Through the implementation of motivation, clear information and follow-up, health professionals can help patients with diabetes to increase therapeutic adherence and maintain healthy lifestyles...
July 18, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Annalisa Tonarelli, Chiara Cosentino, Cristina Tomasoni, Liliana Nelli, Ilaria Damiani, Stefano Goisis, Leopoldo Sarli, Giovanna Artioli
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: From a previous study (1) was highlighted that Expressive writing is an important strategy for preventing and managing the effects of compassion fatigue (2). It helps educate caregivers in recognising these feelings and providing them with a "space" and a time for their reflection. This, in turn, results in significant positive repercussions on the quality of service, reducing burnout risk, implementing coping strategies, and increasing perceived work satisfaction...
July 18, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Simona Gabrielli, Elena Maggioni, Laura Fieschi
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the second most common women's cancer in less developed regions and it is the leading cause of cancer mortality among women in Senegal. Because of the high costs, cervical cancer prevention is very rare in developing countries and it is often based on visual inspection methods. The University of Parma (CUCI)  and the MANI association have developed a cervical cancer screening project addressed to rural Senegal communities. The aim of the project was to disseminate the cytocervical sampling technique among Senegalese nurses and midwives, as a completion to the local visual inspection method...
July 18, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Rosaria Di Lorenzo, Laura Vecchi, Cecilia Artoni, Francesca Mongelli, Paola Ferri
BACKGROUND: In Italy, psychiatric compulsory treatments are regulated by Law 180 of 13-5-1978 that establishes three criteria: 1) acute psychiatric conditions requiring urgent treatment, 2) patient's refusal of treatment, 3) inpatient treatment is necessary and cannot be postponed. AIM: To highlight demographic and clinical risk factors for involuntary treatments. METHODS: We retrospectively collected all hospitalizations in the Service of Psychiatric Diagnosis and Treatment of a northern Italian town from 1-1-2015 to 31-12-2015...
July 18, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Leopoldo Sarli, Chiara Cosentino
July 18, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Volkan Susam, Marie Friedel, Patrizia Basile, Paola Ferri, Loris Bonetti
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: procedural pain is a significant issue for paediatric patients. In particular, needle pain is amongst the most stressful for children. Studies revealed that a large number of children do not receive adequate pain prevention during the procedures. Neglecting the prevention of needle pain can cause several psychological effects such as anxiety and phobias, and increase perceptions of pain in the future. We aimed to verify the efficacy of Buzzy System in reducing pain during venipuncture...
July 18, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Holta Zhuzhuni, Andrea Nazaret, Lanfranco Iodice, Saverio Celletti, Sabrina Anticoli, Luigi Di Cioccio, Francesco Cipolla
Charles Bonnet Syndrome (CBS) is a disorder with visual deficit and complex recurrent visual hallucination in conscious patients, described for the first time by Charles Bonnet. It has been found in association with variable pathologic conditions of the eyes, central visual pathways and occipital lobe. Occipital lobe lesion is an important cause of visual field deficit associated with elementary simple hallucinations, whereas complex hallucinations are related to occipitotemporal and occipitoparietal visual association neocortex damage...
June 15, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Renato Costi, Alban Zarzavadjian Le Bian, Maria Teresa Mita, Assamoi Brou Fulgence Kassi, Leopoldo Sarli, Vincenzo Violi
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: Pancreatic pseudocyst endoscopic drainage by pancreatogastrostomy "pigtail" drain placement is spreading worldwide, with high success-rate and low morbidity, and is increasingly performed as outpatient procedure. The paper reports an unusual very early complication of this procedure and discusses the peculiar aspects of this event in an outpatient setting. METHODS: The first case of a 56-year-old outpatient developing a postoperative diffused acute peritonitis by gastric juice spilling caused by the  misplacement of the distal end of two transgastric drains not reaching the pseudocyst is reported...
June 15, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Georgios Touloupakis, Alessio Maione, Maria Gabriella Lettera, Wilfried Stuflesser, Fabrizio Ferrara, Guido Antonini, Cornelio Crippa
The "heart" of the calcar is the internal cortical septum called "femoral thigh spur". Nevertheless, the integrity of the femoral thigh spur and its extensions in Garden I and II  femoral neck fractures has not been examined in depth, in CT scan-based studies. The aim of this retrospective study is to analyze characteristics as integrity of upper thigh spur area of the intra-capsular femoral neck using precise CT scans, as well as features of the medial cortical bone interruption of orthopedic calcar, in femoral fractures that are radiographically defined as Garden type I-II...
June 15, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Maurizio Vanelli, Alberto Munari, Donata Fabbri, Brunella Iovane, Chiara Scarabello, Icilio Dodi, Carla Mastrorilli, Valentina Fainardi, Dora Di Mauro, Carlo Caffarelli
AIM: to finding what young patients with type-1 diabetes (T1D) knows about their body and also on their illness in perspective to tailor educational interventions to their real ability to understand. METHODS: the present study involved 68 children with T1D , 5 to 14 years old with a duration of diabetes ranging from 2 to 6 years and a total HbA1c mean value of 7.96±0.87%. The sample was divided into two age Groups: 28 children 5 to 10 years old were gathered in the Group 1 and 40 teenagers aged from 11 to 14 years in the Group 2...
June 15, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Silvia Marinozzi, Silvia Iorio, Marta Licata, Matteo Gulino
AIM: The article provides an overview on the beginning and evolutions of medical observations on tobacco induced diseases between Eighteenth and Nineteenth century. METHODS: By searching for historical medical literature, first studies on tobacco-induced diseases focused on production risks rather than on adverse effects that the use of tobacco has for the human health. RESULTS: The approach induced first eighteenth-century authors to define this substance as a non-pathogenic and, consequently, not to consider tobacco factories dangerous for health workers...
June 15, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Sara Patuzzo, Francesco De Stefano, Rosagemma Ciliberti
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Medical deontology is increasingly important, owing to the interests and rights which the medical profession involves. This paper focuses on the relationships of the Italian Code of Medical Deontology (CMD) with both the ethical and legal dimensions, in order to clarify the role of medical ethics within the medical profession, society and the overall system of the sources of law. METHODS: The authors analyze the CMD from an ethical perspective and through the new doctrinal guidelines and current trends in the Italian law courts...
June 15, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Valentina Fainardi, Enrico Lombardi
Pulmonary function tests are routinely used in the diagnosis and follow-up of respiratory diseases. In preschool children assessment and evaluation of lung function has always been challenging but improved techniques that require only minimal collaboration allowed obtaining reliable and useful results even in this group of patients. In this review we will describe the different techniques used in clinical practice to measure lung function in preschool children.
June 14, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Javier Yanguas, Sacramento Pinazo-Henandis, Francisco José Tarazona-Santabalbina
Loneliness is a prevalent and global problem for adult populations, and a number of different studies have linked it to multiple chronic conditions, including: heart disease, lung disease, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, atherosclerosis, stroke, and metabolic disorders, such as obesity and metabolic disease. Is a major predictor of psychological problems, such as depression, psychological stress, and anxiety. Loneliness is linked to overall morbidity and mortality in adult populations. But limited interventions have demonstrated long-term effectiveness in reducing loneliness in adults with these same chronic conditions...
June 7, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Suresh I S Rattan
Biogerontology is the study of the biological basis of ageing and age-related diseases. The phenomenon and the process of ageing are well understood in evolutionary and biological terms; and a conceptual framework has been established within which general principles of ageing and longevity can be formulated. The phenotype of ageing in terms of progressive loss of physical function and fitness is best seen during the period of survival after the evolution-determined essential lifespan (ELS) of a species. However, the ageing phenotype is highly heterogenous and individualistic at all levels from the whole body to the molecular one...
June 7, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Ligia J Dominguez, Mario Barbagallo
Cognitive impairment results from a complex interplay of many factors. The most important independent predictor of cognitive decline is age but other contributing factors include demographic, genetic, socio-economic, and environmental parameters, including nutrition. The number of persons with cognitive decline and dementia will increase in the next decades in parallel with aging of the world population. Effective pharmaceutical treatments for age-related cognitive decline are lacking, emphasizing the importance of prevention strategies...
June 7, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Rocco Salvatore Calabrò
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 7, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
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