journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Clinical Evidence

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26983641/subarachnoid-haemorrhage-spontaneous-aneurysmal
#1
Kieron Sweeney, Nicholas Silver, Mohsen Javadpour
INTRODUCTION: Subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) may arise spontaneously or as a result of trauma. Spontaneous SAH accounts for about 5% of all strokes. Ruptured aneurysms are the cause of 85% of spontaneous SAH. The most characteristic clinical feature is sudden-onset severe headache. Other features include vomiting, photophobia, and focal neurological deficit or seizures, or both. As the headache may have insidious onset in some cases, or may even be absent, a high degree of suspicion is required to diagnose SAH with less typical presentations...
March 17, 2016: Clinical Evidence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26881888/mrsa-treating-people-with-infection
#2
Nikolas Rae, Anna Jarchow-MacDonald, Dilip Nathwani, Charis Ann Marwick
INTRODUCTION: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has a gene that makes it resistant to methicillin, as well as to other beta-lactam antibiotics, including flucloxacillin, beta-lactam/beta-lactamase inhibitor combinations, cephalosporins, and carbapenems. MRSA can be part of the normal body flora (colonisation), especially in the nose, but it can cause infection, particularly in people with prolonged hospital admissions, with underlying disease, or after antibiotic use...
February 16, 2016: Clinical Evidence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26854496/colonic-diverticular-disease-medical-treatments-for-acute-diverticulitis
#3
David Humes, Robin C Spiller
INTRODUCTION: Diverticula (mucosal outpouchings through the wall of the colon) are rare before the age of 40 years, after which prevalence increases steadily and reaches over 25% by 60 years. However, only 10% to 25% of affected people will develop symptoms such as lower abdominal pain. Recurrent symptoms are common, and 5% of people with diverticula eventually develop complications such as perforation, obstruction, haemorrhage, fistulae, or abscesses. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic overview, aiming to answer the following clinical question: What are the effects of medical treatments for acute diverticulitis? We searched: Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and other important databases up to August 2014 (Clinical Evidence overviews are updated periodically; please check our website for the most up-to-date version of this overview)...
February 4, 2016: Clinical Evidence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26927582/malaria-fluid-therapy-in-severe-disease
#4
Susanne Helena Hodgson, Brian John Angus
INTRODUCTION: Severe malaria mainly affects children aged under 5 years, non-immune travellers, migrants to malarial areas, and people living in areas with unstable or seasonal malaria. Cerebral malaria, causing encephalopathy and coma, is fatal in around 20% of children and adults, and may lead to neurological sequelae in survivors. Severe malarial anaemia may have a mortality rate of over 13%. The role of fluid resuscitation in severe malaria is complex and controversial. Volume expansion could help to improve impaired organ perfusion and correct metabolic acidosis...
January 22, 2016: Clinical Evidence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26808098/sickle-cell-disease
#5
Martin M Meremikwu, Uduak Okomo
INTRODUCTION: Sickle cell disease causes chronic haemolytic anaemia, dactylitis, and painful acute crises. It also increases the risk of stroke, organ damage, bacterial infections, and complications of blood transfusion. In sub-Saharan Africa, up to one third of adults are carriers of the defective sickle cell gene, and 1% to 2% of babies are born with the disease. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic overview, aiming to answer the following clinical question: What are the effects of pharmaceutical interventions to prevent sickle cell crisis and other acute complications in people with sickle cell disease? We searched: Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and other important databases up to January 2015 (Clinical Evidence overviews are updated periodically; please check our website for the most up-to-date version of this overview)...
January 22, 2016: Clinical Evidence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26763675/generalised-anxiety-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents
#6
Christopher K Gale, Jane Millichamp
INTRODUCTION: Generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) in a child or adolescent is excessive worry and tension about everyday events that the child or adolescent cannot control and that is expressed on most days for at least 6 months, to the extent that there is distress or difficulty in performing day-to-day tasks. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic overview, aiming to answer the following clinical question: What are the effects of pharmacological treatments for generalised anxiety disorder in children and adolescents? We searched: Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and other important databases up to August 2014 (Clinical Evidence reviews are updated periodically; please check our website for the most up-to-date version of this review)...
January 13, 2016: Clinical Evidence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27479367/rheumatoid-arthritis-previously-untreated-early-disease
#7
Wiranthi M A Gunasekera, John R Kirwan
INTRODUCTION: Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic autoimmune disease, which most often presents as a symmetrical polyarthritis of the hands and feet. Pharmacological treatments include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), glucocorticoids (GCs) and other disease-modifying anti-rheumatoid drugs (DMARDs), which may be synthetic (either conventional [csDMARDs] or targeted [tsDMARDs]) or biological (bDMARDs). METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic overview, aiming to answer the following clinical questions: What are the effects of methotrexate in combination with other csDMARDs versus methotrexate monotherapy in people with rheumatoid arthritis who have not previously received any DMARD treatment (first-line treatment)? What are the effects of bDMARDs as monotherapy versus methotrexate or other csDMARDs in people with rheumatoid arthritis who have not previously received any DMARD treatment (first-line treatment)? What are the effects of bDMARDs in combination with methotrexate versus methotrexate monotherapy or other csDMARDs in people with rheumatoid arthritis who have not previously received any DMARD treatment (first-line treatment)? What are the effects of glucocorticoids in combination with methotrexate or with other csDMARDs versus methotrexate or other csDMARDs in people with rheumatoid arthritis who have not previously received any DMARD treatment (first-line treatment)? We searched: Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library and other important databases up to December 2014 (Clinical Evidence overviews are updated periodically; please check our website for the most up-to-date version of this overview)...
2016: Clinical Evidence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27031563/diabetic-retinopathy-intravitreal-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-inhibitors-for-diabetic-macular-oedema
#8
Quresh Amir Mohamed, Emily C Fletcher, Miranda Buckle
INTRODUCTION: Diabetic retinopathy is the most common microvascular complication of diabetes. It is also the most common cause of blindness in working-age adults in industrialised nations. Older people and those with worse diabetes control, hypertension, and hyperlipidaemia are most at risk. Diabetic macular oedema, which can occur at any stage of diabetic retinopathy, is related to increased vascular permeability and breakdown of the blood retinal barrier, in part related to increased vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels...
2016: Clinical Evidence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26909890/age-related-macular-degeneration-anti-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-treatment
#9
Jennifer J Arnold
INTRODUCTION: Sight-threatening (late) age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is found in about 1.4% of people of European ancestry aged 70 years, with prevalence increasing with age. Early-stage disease is marked by normal vision but retinal changes (drusen and pigment changes). Disease progression leads to worsening central vision, but peripheral vision is generally preserved. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic overview, aiming to answer the following clinical question: What are the effects of treatments for exudative age-related macular degeneration? We searched: Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and other important databases up to January 2014 (Clinical Evidence overviews are updated periodically; please check our website for the most up-to-date version of this overview)...
2016: Clinical Evidence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26860629/trachoma
#10
Van Charles Lansingh
INTRODUCTION: Active trachoma is caused by chronic infection of the conjunctiva by Chlamydia trachomatis, and is the world's leading infectious cause of blindness. Infection can lead to: scarring of the tarsal conjunctiva; inversion of the eyelashes (trichiasis), so that they abrade the cornea; and corneal opacity, resulting in blindness. Trachoma is a disease of poverty, overcrowding, and poor sanitation. Active disease affects mainly children, but adults are at increased risk of scarring...
2016: Clinical Evidence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26859719/headache-chronic-tension-type
#11
Mona Ghadiri-Sani, Nicholas Silver
INTRODUCTION: Chronic tension-type headache (CTTH) is a disorder that evolves from episodic tension-type headache, with daily, or very frequent, episodes of headache lasting hours or they may be continuous. It affects up to 4% of the general population, and is more prevalent in women (up to 65% of cases). METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic overview, aiming to answer the following clinical questions: What are the effects of drug treatments for CTTH? What are the effects of non-drug treatments for CTTH? We searched: Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and other important databases up to December 2013 (Clinical Evidence overviews are updated periodically; please check our website for the most up-to-date version of this overview)...
2016: Clinical Evidence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26788739/malignant-melanoma-non-metastatic-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy
#12
Andy Pay
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of malignant melanoma has increased over the past 25 years in the UK, but death rates have remained fairly constant. The 5-year survival rate ranges from 20% to 95%, depending on disease stage. Risks are greater in white populations and in people with higher numbers of skin naevi. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic overview, aiming to answer the following clinical question: What is the evidence for performing a sentinel lymph node biopsy in people with malignant melanoma with clinically uninvolved lymph nodes? We searched: Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library and other important databases up to October 2014 (Clinical Evidence overviews are updated periodically; please check our website for the most up-to-date version of this overview)...
2016: Clinical Evidence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26771825/venous-leg-ulcers
#13
E Andrea Nelson, Una Adderley
INTRODUCTION: Leg ulcers usually occur secondary to venous reflux or obstruction, but 20% of people with leg ulcers have arterial disease, with or without venous disorders. Between 1.5 and 3.0 in 1000 people have active leg ulcers. Prevalence increases with age to about 20 in 1000 people aged over 80 years. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic overview, aiming to answer the following clinical questions: What are the effects of treatments for venous leg ulcers? What are the effects of organisational interventions for venous leg ulcers? What are the effects of advice about self-help interventions in people receiving usual care for venous leg ulcers? What are the effects of interventions to prevent recurrence of venous leg ulcers? We searched: Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and other important databases up to March 2014 (Clinical Evidence overviews are updated periodically; please check our website for the most up-to-date version of this overview)...
2016: Clinical Evidence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26761432/asthma-in-adults-acute-magnesium-sulfate-treatment
#14
Ruth H Green
INTRODUCTION: About 10% of adults have suffered an attack of asthma, and up to 5% of these have severe disease that responds poorly to treatment. Patients with severe disease have an increased risk of death, but patients with mild to moderate disease are also at risk of exacerbations. Most guidelines about the management of asthma follow stepwise protocols. This overview does not endorse or follow any particular protocol, but presents the evidence about a specific intervention, magnesium sulfate...
2016: Clinical Evidence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26745781/burning-mouth-syndrome
#15
Joanna Zakrzewska, John A G Buchanan
INTRODUCTION: Burning mouth syndrome mainly affects women, particularly after the menopause, when its prevalence may be 18% to 33%. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic overview, aiming to answer the following clinical question: What are the effects of selected treatments for burning mouth syndrome? We searched: Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and other important databases up to January 2015 (Clinical Evidence overviews are updated periodically; please check our website for the most up-to-date version of this overview)...
2016: Clinical Evidence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26741128/testicular-cancer-germ-cell-tumours
#16
Peter Chung, Padraig Warde
INTRODUCTION: More than half of painless solid swellings of the body of the testis are malignant, with a peak incidence in men aged 30 to 34 years. Most testicular cancers are germ cell tumours and half of these are seminomas, which tend to affect older men and have a good prognosis. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic overview, aiming to answer the following clinical question: What are the effects of treatments following orchidectomy in men diagnosed with stage 1 germ cell tumours (confined to testis)? We searched: Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and other important databases up to October 2014 (Clinical Evidence overviews are updated periodically; please check our website for the most up-to-date version of this overview)...
2016: Clinical Evidence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26732118/primary-prevention-of-cvd-modification-of-diet-in-people-with-hypertension
#17
Raj Padwal, Daniel Hackam, Nadia Khan, Sheldon Tobe
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension (persistent diastolic blood pressure of 90 mmHg or greater or systolic blood pressure 140 mmHg or greater) affects 20% to 35% of the world's adult population and increases the risk of cardiovascular disease, end-stage renal disease, and mortality. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic overview, aiming to answer the following clinical question: What are the effects of selected dietary modification for people with hypertension? We searched: Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and other important databases up to October 2013 (Clinical Evidence overviews are updated periodically; please check our website for the most up-to-date version of this overview)...
2016: Clinical Evidence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26731564/amblyopia-in-children-aged-7-years-or-less
#18
Stephanie West, Cathy Williams
INTRODUCTION: Amblyopia is reduced visual acuity not immediately correctable by glasses, in the absence of ocular pathology. It is commonly associated with squint (strabismus) or refractive errors resulting in different visual inputs to each eye during the sensitive period of visual development (aged <7-8 years). The cumulative incidence is estimated at 2% to 4% in children aged up to 7 years. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic overview, aiming to answer the following clinical question: What are the effects of medical treatments for amblyopia in children aged 7 years or less? We searched: Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and other important databases up to January 2014 (Clinical Evidence overviews are updated periodically; please check our website for the most up-to-date version of this overview)...
2016: Clinical Evidence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26683208/systemic-lupus-erythematosus-lupus-nephritis
#19
Rajan Madhok
INTRODUCTION: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) occurs predominantly in young women, but also in children. The prevalence of SLE varies worldwide, ranging from about 1 in 3500 women (regardless of race) in the UK, to 1 in 1000 women in China, to 1 in 250 African-American women in the US. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic overview, aiming to answer the following clinical questions: What are the effects of immunosuppressants in people with proliferative lupus nephritis? What are the effects of different immunosuppressants compared with each other in people with proliferative lupus nephritis? We searched: Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and other important databases up to April 2014 (Clinical Evidence overviews are updated periodically; please check our website for the most up-to-date version of this overview)...
December 18, 2015: Clinical Evidence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26678329/essential-tremor
#20
Theresa Ann Zesiewicz, Sheng-Han Kuo
INTRODUCTION: Essential tremor is one of the most common movement disorders in the world, with prevalence in the general population of 0.4% to 3.9%. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic overview, aiming to answer the following clinical question: What are the effects of drug treatments in people with essential tremor of the hand? We searched: Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and other important databases up to January 2014 (Clinical Evidence overviews are updated periodically; please check our website for the most up-to-date version of this overview)...
December 15, 2015: Clinical Evidence
journal
journal
41521
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"